LATINOS & HIV/AIDS PREVENTION
Matteo Leggett, Whitman College
Executive Summary, November 27, 2006
I felt rejected by the people because they thought that I was positive, even though I didn’t show any signs of being
positive, I never said I was positive, because in the community in which we reside, we are many Hispanics, and the
community has yet to educate itself, they think that by touching them, or greeting them, or sitting with friends, that
oh, you’ll pass on the disease. — Anonymous, Latino HIV/AIDS educator.
Topic: In this report, I examine the most effective ways to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS
among Latinos. In addition, I address why Latinos are disproportionately affected by
HIV/AIDS, by focusing on two (among many) contributory factors: the dearth of effective
prevention programs targeted specifically towards Latinos and the role of stigma in inhibiting
testing for HIV.
Methods: From the HIV/AIDS literature that I reviewed, the most effective way to prevent the
spread of HIV/AIDS among Latinos is by considering cultural specificities, gender role norms,
language, and the role of stigma and fear in the implementation of prevention interventions.
Cognizant of these important factors, I collected quantitative data on a national and state level,
carried out a case study on Blue Mountain Heart to Heart’s Latino outreach program, and
conducted an interview with a Latino HIV/AIDS educator.
• There are substantial gaps in the HIV/AIDS literature. Specifically, there has not been
enough research on prevention interventions targeted directly towards Latinos.
• Stigma attached to the disease as well as the HIV test itself inhibits HIV prevention
efforts. More generally, fear of being perceived as promiscuous, gay, or a drug abuser
inhibits HIV prevention efforts.
• Statistics on a national and state level indicate that Latinos are disproportionately affected
by HIV and AIDS.
• Blue Mountain Heart to Heart’s Latino Outreach Program has helped prevent the spread
of HIV/AIDS in the local area.
• More prevention interventions with proven effectiveness should be geared towards
• The prevention interventions developed for Latinos should be culturally specific as well
as gender sensitive. Further, prevention interventions should consider both English and
Spanish speaking Latinos.
• HIV/AIDS statistics from the Centers for Disease and Control and the Washington State
Department of Health should consider inhibitory factors to HIV testing such as stigma
and religion. Moreover, the Latino category in statistics should be expanded into more
Community Partner: Another source of information and support for this report has been my
Community Partner, Suzanne Morrissey. Professor Morrissey is the director of Blue Mountain
Heart to Heart.