SUMMARY OF PROCEDURES FOR PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

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SUMMARY OF PROCEDURES FOR PROBLEM BEHAVIOR Powered By Docstoc
					       SUMMARY OF PROCEDURES FOR PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
CHILD WANTS SOMETHING THEY CAN’T HAVE AT THIS TIME
Procedure #1 – WALK AND PEEL (Home Version)
 Say no, and if accepted, reinforce
 If problem behavior occurs, walk in opposite direction
 DO NOT REDIRECT to a fun activity
 Return only to protect the child or property with no talking, then walk away again
 If child grabs you, peel and go about your business
 When problem behavior stops for 1 minute, return and redirect

Procedure #2 – WALK AND PEEL (School or Outside of Home Version)
 Say no, and if accepted, reinforce
 If problem behavior occurs, place a compliance demand on the child specific to the setting. If in
   school, direct to next activity or run some contrived compliance trials.
 DO NOT REDIRECT to a fun activity
 Use the promise technique of showing a strong reinforcer before placing the demand in order to
   reduce motivation for escape.


CHILD WANTS SOMETHING THEY CAN HAVE, BUT NOT FOR DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR
Procedure #3 – COUNT AND MAND
 Tell child to stop behavior or “quiet”. Begin counting off to 10 by showing fingers.
 If problem behavior continues, restart count.
 If child runs off, stop count. Go about your business. DO NOT follow child.
 When you reach 10 without a behavior, prompt the child to request the desired item/activity with
   acceptable form of communication
 Deliver the desired item/activity. Use the motivation for that item to run mand trials.


CHILD IS INSTRUCTED TO DO SOMETHING BUT REFUSES OR ESCAPES
Procedure #4 – COMPLIANCE TEACHING
 After placing demand, allow 3 seconds for compliance. If compliance occurs, reinforce.
 If noncompliant, guide child to complete the task.
 In some cases, you may want to use the promise technique of showing a strong reinforcer before
   placing the demand in order to reduce motivation for escape.
 If the promise is ineffective, remove the promise and physically guide with no reinforcer.
 When practicing this technique, start with easy demands


CHILD IS USING MALADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR TO GAIN ATTENTION
Procedure #5 – EXTINCTION
 Withdraw attention (“Time out” or ignore).
 NEVER give reinforcement (attention) to behavior again.
 Teach child a communicative behavior to ask for attention. (Replacement behavior)
 Give lots of attention and enrich the environment to prevent the behavior from happening again.