SUMMARY OF PROCEDURES FOR PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
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SUMMARY OF PROCEDURES FOR PROBLEM BEHAVIOR CHILD WANTS SOMETHING THEY CAN’T HAVE AT THIS TIME Procedure #1 – WALK AND PEEL (Home Version) Say no, and if accepted, reinforce If problem behavior occurs, walk in opposite direction DO NOT REDIRECT to a fun activity Return only to protect the child or property with no talking, then walk away again If child grabs you, peel and go about your business When problem behavior stops for 1 minute, return and redirect Procedure #2 – WALK AND PEEL (School or Outside of Home Version) Say no, and if accepted, reinforce If problem behavior occurs, place a compliance demand on the child specific to the setting. If in school, direct to next activity or run some contrived compliance trials. DO NOT REDIRECT to a fun activity Use the promise technique of showing a strong reinforcer before placing the demand in order to reduce motivation for escape. CHILD WANTS SOMETHING THEY CAN HAVE, BUT NOT FOR DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR Procedure #3 – COUNT AND MAND Tell child to stop behavior or “quiet”. Begin counting off to 10 by showing fingers. If problem behavior continues, restart count. If child runs off, stop count. Go about your business. DO NOT follow child. When you reach 10 without a behavior, prompt the child to request the desired item/activity with acceptable form of communication Deliver the desired item/activity. Use the motivation for that item to run mand trials. CHILD IS INSTRUCTED TO DO SOMETHING BUT REFUSES OR ESCAPES Procedure #4 – COMPLIANCE TEACHING After placing demand, allow 3 seconds for compliance. If compliance occurs, reinforce. If noncompliant, guide child to complete the task. In some cases, you may want to use the promise technique of showing a strong reinforcer before placing the demand in order to reduce motivation for escape. If the promise is ineffective, remove the promise and physically guide with no reinforcer. When practicing this technique, start with easy demands CHILD IS USING MALADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR TO GAIN ATTENTION Procedure #5 – EXTINCTION Withdraw attention (“Time out” or ignore). NEVER give reinforcement (attention) to behavior again. Teach child a communicative behavior to ask for attention. (Replacement behavior) Give lots of attention and enrich the environment to prevent the behavior from happening again.