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KWADUKUZA SDF DRAFT1 FEB08

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					 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                       SDF AND LUMS


                                                                       DRAFT




                          KWADUKUZA SDF AND LUMS
                          SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK
                                       IYER ROTHAUG PROJECT TEAM - FEBRUARY 2008



IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                               1
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                              SDF AND LUMS

  1 INTRODUCTION                                      7.4 SDF COMPONENTS
                                                      7.4 OVERALL SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK
       1.1   KWADUKUZA SDF AND LUMS                   7.5 SDF DETAIL EXPLORATIONS
       1.1   PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES OF THE SDF
       1.2   UNDERLYING PRINCIPLES AND APPROACHES   8 IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK
       1.3   PLANNING METHODOLOGY
       1.4   SDF AND LUMS PROGRAMME                 9 WAY FORWARD
       1.5   THE STUDY AREA

  2    CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS SUMMARY

  3    LOCAL STATUS QUO SUMMARY

       3.1 EXISTING PLANS AND PLANNING SUMMARY
       3.2 SOCIO-ECONOMIC ISSUES SUMMARY
       3.3 SITE ANALYSIS SUMMARY

  4    SUMMARY OF ISSUES AND INFLUENCES

  5    DEVELOPMENT VISION

  6    DEVELOPMENT CONCEPTS

  7    SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK

       7.1 SDF PLANNING INTENTIONS
       7.2 DEVELOPMENT SCENARIOS
       7.3 APPLICATION OF PLANNING PRINCIPLES




                                                                                         CONTENTS
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                    2
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                             SDF AND LUMS




                          The following section provides an
                          introduction to the Spatial Development
                          Framework        for    the    KwaDukuza
                          Municipality including a broad description
                          of the present condition, an outline of the
                          purpose and objectives of the Spatial
                          Development Framework (SDF), a brief
                          description of planning principles and
                          approaches underlying the compilation of
                          the SDF, an overview of the planning
                          methodology applied and the resulting
                          planning programme, as well as a
                          description of the study area.


                          1      INTRODUCTION


IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                        3
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                                                      SDF AND LUMS
  The Kwadukuza Municipality represents the development engine
  of the district. It contains the majority of Ilembe’s coast line and
  the coastal development corridor between Durban and Richards
  Bay.

  Abutting onto the Ethekwini Municipality in the south,
  substantial development pressures are occurring in particular in
  the south of the municipality and on the coast. The planned
  development of the King Shaka Airport and the Dube Tradeport
  located in the north of the Ethekwini Municipality and in close
  proximity of the southern boundary of KwaDukuza is likely to
  increase development pressures. While the locational
  opportunities need to be harnessed, a development balance
  needs to be created throughout the municipality as well as with
  the unique and sensitive environment and other land uses and
  requirements.

  The Spatial Development Framework is envisaged to provide
  strategic guidance for the future physical and spatial
  development of the municipality and in so doing will reflect the
  social, economic, environmental etc development issues
  identified in the IDP.

  The Land Use Management System takes the guidance of the
  SDF further in terms of detail establishing a control and
  management tool for the land use and development of the
  municipality.

  While this report primarily describes the establishment of the         EXISTING KWADUKUZA STRATEGIC SPATIAL FRAMEWORK
  SDF, it provides detail and methodology for a seamless
  translation into the LUMS which is presented in a separate
  report.

                                                                                            KWADUKUZA SDF AND LUMS
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                                          4
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                    SDF AND LUMS

  In overall terms the objectives for the KwaDukuza SDF and
  LUMS are suggested to include:

  PROVIDING STRATEGIC GUIDANCE FOR THE FUTURE
  PHYSICAL / SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE MUNICIPALITY,
  i.e. establishing in consensus with the variety of local
  stakeholders and existing policy and wider guide plans, a widely
  understood and supported development plan and land use
  scheme which guides and co-ordinates the balanced physical /
  spatial development of the municipality.

  ENSURING THAT THE ENVISAGED PHYSICAL / SPATIAL
  DEVELOPMENT       REFLECTS      THE    SOCIAL,     ECONOMIC,
  ENVIRONMENTAL ETC DEVELOPMENT ISSUES IDENTIFIED IN
  THE IDP, i.e. while the SDF and LUMS provides primarily
  guidance for the existing and future physical / spatial
  development of the municipality, such development can only be
  considered appropriate if it adequately addresses the social,
  economic, environmental, institutional issues identified in the
  IDP.

  While being strategic in its approaches to development, THE SDF
  NEEDS TO BE REALISTIC AND IMPLEMENTABLE providing
  detailed guidance for the phasing and implementation of the
  envisaged development.

  CREATING A MANAGEMENT TOOL FOR THE FUTURE
  DEVELOPMENT, i.e. providing a municipal-wide comprehensive
  town planning scheme which reflects the various existing
  development conditions and which provides development
  management for the first steps of realising the SDF.


                                                                     PLANNING OBJECTIVES
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                       5
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                                SDF AND LUMS
 ESTABLISHING A DEVELOPMENT STRUCTURE, i.e. identifying
 basic structuring elements which provide development
 guidance, certainty, growth opportunities and flexibility,

 FACILITATING INTEGRATION, i.e. ensuring appropriate
 vertical and horizontal linkage of policies, intentions and
 development,

 CREATING GENERATIVE SYSTEMS, i.e. encouraging the
 establishment of development which generates additional
 activities, variety and growth,

 PROMOTING      INCREMENTALISM,    i.e.  acknowledging
 development as a continuous process and facilitating an
 ongoing development process,

 CREATING A SENSE OF PLACE, i.e. building on the specific
 opportunities of each location and encouraging the creation of
 unique environments,

 CLUSTERING DEVELOPMENT AND ESTABLISHING A CENTRE
 STRATEGY,        i.e.   discouraging    development sprawl,
 encouraging the clustering of compatible development and
 establishing a hierarchy of service nodes,

 IDENTIFYING ACCESS ROUTES AS INVESTMENT LINES, i.e.
 utilising levels of accessibility as guidance for the location of
 development components,

 RECOGNISING NATURAL RESOURCES AS PRIMARY ASSETS,
 i.e. positively integrating natural elements in the creation of a
 human and sustainable environment,

                                                                     UNDERLYING PLANNING APPROACHES
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                  6
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                                                       SDF AND LUMS

  • PROJECT      INITIATION, i.e. agreeing with the              •   IDENTIFICATION OF A CORRIDOR HIERARCHY, i.e.
    municipality on details of the planning process and              establishing an accessibility structure and hierarchy,
    outcome, identifying the role and potential members of
    the project steering committee as well as channels of        •   IDENTIFICATION OF A HIERARCHY OF ACTIVITY
    communication,                                                   NODES, i.e. establishing a service node hierarchy,

  • REVIEWING PRESENT IDP, SDF AND DEVELOPMENT                   •   ESTABLISHMENT OF NATURAL ENVIRONMENTAL
    STATUS QUO, i.e. establishing a solid understanding of           SYSTEMS, i.e. identifying and appropriately integrating
    the existing development, its causes, trends,                    the variety of environmental resource areas,
    opportunities etc as well as intentions expressed in the
    municipal IDP and wider guide plans, both at the local       •   ESTABLISHING DOMINANT LAND USES, i.e. providing a
    municipal level, its district context, development               guide for the location, extent and contents of major land
    influences from adjacent municipalities, the provincial          uses areas,
    and wider national context,
                                                                 •   PROVIDING      IMPLEMENTATION      GUIDANCE,        i.e.
  • AGREEING ON UNDERLYING PRINCIPLES AND                            identifying components of the development process,
    APPROACHES, i.e. expressing a common understanding               priorities, focus   areas, actions,   responsibilities,
    of the foundation of good planning and appropriate               programmes, projects and budgets as part of an
    development,                                                     implementation framework

  • ESTABLISHING A DEVELOPMENT VISION, CONCEPTS                  •   PARTICIPATION AND STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT,
    AND STRATEGIES, i.e. agreeing on a visionary but                 i.e. ensuring that all relevant components of the
    realistic aim for the future development of the                  municipality are involved in the creation of the SDF, that
    municipality and outlining concepts and strategies for its       the framework represents the development needs and
    realisation,                                                     opportunities as expressed by the stakeholders and that
                                                                     these stakeholders are able to contribute to the realisation
  • ESTABLISHING    THE     SPATIAL     DEVELOPMENT                  of the framework “on the ground”.
    FRAMEWORK, i.e. creating guidelines for the various
    components of existing and future physical spatial
    development as part of a continuous development
    process,


                                                                                                       SDF METHODOLOGY
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                                                    7
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                SDF AND LUMS




                          LUMS AND SDF RELATIONSHIP
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                      8
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                          SDF AND LUMS

   •    COLLECTION, ASSEMBLY AND ANALYSIS OF EXISTING
        PLANNING SCHEMES AND DEVELOPMENT

   •    BUILDING ON THE VISION OF THE SDF

   •    INCLUSION OF LOCAL KNOWLEDGE

   •    IDENTIFICATION OF PRESSURE POINTS

   •    ALIGNMENT AND TRANSLATION OF EXISTING TOWN
        PLANNNG SCHEME AND KWAZULU TOWNS

   •    MODIFICATION AND PARTIAL REVIEW

   ƒ    APPLICATION OF THE LAND USE SCHEME INTO NON
        URBAN AREAS

   ƒ    MANAGEMENT OVERLAYS AND MANAGEMENT PLANS

   ƒ    FINAL DRAFT SCHEME AND PLAN

   ƒ    PREPARTION OF THE PLAN

   ƒ    PREPARATION OF A WRITTEN DOCUMENT

   ƒ    ALIGNMENT OF THE LAND USE SCHEME AND REVISED
        SDF




                                                        4




                                                            LUMS METHODOLOGY
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                            9
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                               SDF AND LUMS

                                      LAND USE SCHEME SYSTEM


                     ZONES              MANAGEMENT OVERLAY          MANAGEMENT PLAN


              USES:                      Characteristics
              9 Permitted                ™ Identifies/Flags         ¾ Formally Adopted
              9 Dev Permits                  boundaries               detailed Site Specific
              9 Conditional Consent      ™ Directs to appropriate     Plan's)
              9 Prohibited                   Policy or Plan         ¾ Formally Adopted
                                         ™ Directs to Data/           Generic Guidelines
                                             information source     ¾ Suite of Statutory
                                         ™ Can direct to a map        requirements
              DEVELOPMENT                                           ¾ Policy guidelines from
              REGULATIONS:              Types of Overlays             legislation
              9 Height                                              ¾ Suite of data sets or
              9 Floor Area              ™   Urban design              sources for
              9 Set-backs               ™   Environmental             consideration and
              9 Coverage                ™   Future Zone               negotiation
              9 Parking                 ™   Quarrying and Mining
              9 Minimum Lot Size        ™   Action Required
                                        ™   Elementary Nodes



                                                                                    LUMS OVERLAYS
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                 10
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                                                                             SDF AND LUMS

 NO       ACTIVITY                                                                                          MONTH
          SDF AND LUMS JOINT PROGRAMME                                                  1   2       3   4           5       6          7       8
          PROJECT START UP AND INITIATION/ ESTABLISH STEERING COMM/PROJECT PRINCIPLES
      1   AND CHARTER (1)
          WORKSHOP 1 (2)
      2
          STATUS QUO SDF AND LUMS
      3   PRESENTATION OF DATA MAPS (3)

      4   ISSUES AND INFLUENCES SDF AND LUMS (4)

      5   VISION SDF AND LUMS PRINCIPLES (5)

      6   WORKSHOP 2 (6)

      7   OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES SDF AND LUMS (7)

      8   SPATIAL CONCEPTS SDF AND LUMS (8)

      9   SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK (9)
 STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK

   10     WORKSHOP 3

   11     SDF DEVELOPM. FOCUS AREAS

   12     SDF IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK

   13     WORKSHOP 4
 LAND USE SCHEME

   14     INTERACTIVE WORKSHOP 5
          LUMS AND IDENTIFICATION OF ISSUES

   15     TRANSLATE AND ALIGN EXISTING SCHEMES
   16     WORKSHOP 6
          ALIGNMENT AND TRANSLATION OF TPS INTO LUS

   17     REVIEW CONSOLIDATED LAND USE SCHEME – RE PRESSURE POINTS

   18     WORKSHOP 7
          LUMS LEARNING AREA PILOTS

   19     DEVELOPING THE RURAL COMPONENT

   20     INCORPORATE AND ALIGN WITH SDF

   21     WORKSHOP 8
          INTERACTIVE GIS

   22     FINAL SCHEME AND PLAN
 SDF AND LUS

   23     SDF FINAL REPORT AND ALIGNMENT

   24     LUMS FINAL REPORT AND ALIGNMENT

   25     STAKEHOLDER PRESENTATIONS
          MILESTONES                                                                            1           2           3       4          5       6



                                                                                                                    PLANNING PROGRAMME
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                                                                       11
    KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                                                                            SDF AND LUMS

EXPLANATORY NOTES TO THE SDF / LUMS PROGRAMME

1      Agreeing with the client on a detailed contents and programme for the       11   Identifying specific development focus areas such as economic,
       SDF and LUMS, the role and composition of a project steering                     agriculture, tourism, service provision etc in accordance with the IDP,
       committee, the level and format of participation and stakeholder
       involvement, access to existing background information etc,                 12   Establishing the implementation guidelines as outlined before,

2      First workshop with the steering committee agreeing on format,              13   Forth workshop with the steering committee presenting, discussing
       contents and programme for the SDF and LUMS project, identifying                 and agreeing on focus areas and implementation guidelines
       potential  additional stakeholders,     agreeing     on    channels of
       communication and establishing roles and responsibilities,

3      Development status quo description and analysis, as well as identifying
       development opportunities, constraints, trends etc which are relevant to
       both SDF and LUMS components of the project,

4      Deducting and agreeing on the dominant development issues and
       influences affecting the SDF and LUS,

5      Establishing a vision for the potential future development to be depicted
       in the SDF as well as the principles expected to form the basis of the
       Land Use Schemes,

6      Second workshop with the steering committee presenting, discussing
       and agreeing on status quo, dominant issues and influences, SDF vision
       and LUS principles,

7      Identifying SDF and LUS strategies and objectives,

8      Developing spatial and other concepts underlying the establishment of
       the SDF and LUS,

9      Establishing a draft Spatial Development Framework for discussion,


10     Third workshop with the steering committee presenting, discussing and
       agreeing on strategies, concepts and the draft SDF,



                                                                                                                     PLANNING PROGRAMME
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                                                                           12
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                       SDF AND LUMS

  The study area for the Kwadukuza SDF and LUMS covers the
  area of the Kwadukuza Municipality.

  The area extends from the vicinity of the Tugela River and the
  Endondakusuka Municipality in the north to the Ethekwini
  Municipality and the Tongati River in the south.

  In the west Kwadukuza borders onto the Maphumulo and
  Ndwedwe Local Municipalities.

  The KwaDukuza Municipality accommodates a 50km coast
  line with sensitive coastal environments, a great number of
  unique river mouths and lagoons and significant urban
  developments in the south.

  Kwadukuza represents the develoment engine of the Ilembe
  District and forms an important link between Ethekwini and
  Richards Bay.

  Main north-south access consists of the N2 and the R102,
  main east-west linkages include the R74 to Kranskop and the
  R614 to Wartburg

  Major urban areas consist of KwaDukuza Town and
  surrounding areas and in particular the Ballito area abutting
  onto Ethekwini

  Outside urban developments, much of the flattish coastal strip
  is used for agricultural activities

  The natural environment is under threat mainly from urban and
  tourism developments on the coast and in the south.

                                                                   SDF AND LUMS STUDY AREA
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                             13
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                                      SDF AND LUMS




                          The following section provides a brief overview of issues external to the
                          KwaDukuza Municipality which are likely to have an impact on development within
                          the municipality. Such influences may derive from the national planning level, the
                          provincial level, the Ilembe District as well as from adjacent municipalities. The
                          close proximity of KwaDukuza to Ethekwini and its development intentions,
                          provincial planning guidelines as well as national environmental planning legislation
                          may of particular importance.



                          2 CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS SUMMARY


IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                                  14
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                    SDF AND LUMS

CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS AND SUMMARY OF IMPLICATIONS


Located along the coast and coastal development corridor
between the Ethekwini Municipality, its harbour and new airport,
and the Richards Bay Harbour,

Major coastal development opportunities but also requirements for
appropriate conservation, New national environmental legislation
requires a much more sensitive approach to coastal development.


Potential increased development pressures and opportunities
emanating from the south already visible in terms of pressure for
additional coastal accommodation and various forms of economic
development,

Potential for skewed development favouring the south,

Adjacent municipalities to west and north of rural character with
the potential to provide additional agricultural and tourism
activities,

PSEDS suggests concentration on opportunities relating to beach
coastal tourism, improved inland linkage, agriculture and agri-
processing,


Providing some regional and district east-west linkages.




                                                                    CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                      15
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                           SDF AND LUMS




                          The following section provides a summary of the local status quo analysis
                          including a summary of existing plans and planning intentions, a summary
                          of socio-economic and economic conditions in the municipality and a brief
                          presentation of physical development aspects. The section also outlines
                          some of the more important implications derived from this analysis.


                          3 LOCAL STATUS QUO SUMMARY

IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                      16
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                                                SDF AND LUMS

  The following are considered to be the major local planning
  initiatives having influence on the development of KwaDukuza
  and consequently the SDF and LUMS.

  KWADUKUZA IDP AND SDF representing the local planning
  initiative which is expected to govern all development in the
  municipality, the IDP suggests foci on more efficiency in
  terms of infrastructure provision, economic development,
  people empowerment and integration of development
  components. The existing strategic SDF is too broad to
  provide development guidance.

  KWADUKUZA SECTOR PLANS covering in greater detail
  specific aspects of the IDP, while a number of those plans
  have been completed or are in progress, significant aspects
  still have to be attended including infrastructure, agriculture,
  tourism etc.                                                                         The following sector plans still have to be
                                                                                       established:

  KWADUKUZA TOWN PLANNING SCHEMES including nine                                       INTEGRATED WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT
                                                                                       PLAN,
  urban schemes with significant variations in definitions and
                                                                                       WATER SERVICES AND SANITATION PLAN,
  regulations while present rural areas are in general not
  covered.                                                                             MUNICIPAL INFRASTRUCTURE PLAN,

                                                                                       TRANSPORT AND ROADS PLAN,

  DEVELOPMENT IMPLICATIONS include inter alia the                                      CEMETERY AND CREMATORIA,
  establishment of locational definition for issues identified in                      LAND REFORM PLAN,
  the IDP and available sector plans – including guidance for
                                                                                       TOURISM PLAN,
  sector plans still to be established, such as quantification of
                                                                                       AGRICULTURE PLAN,
  development and location, promoting greater development
  balance while utilising the development opportunities created                        GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM,

  by KwaDukuza’s location, protecting sensitive natural                                EDUCATION PLAN,

  environments and promoting the creation of unique
  developments and places.

                                                                     EXISTING PLANS AND PLANNING SUMMARY
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                                                     17
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                                        SDF AND LUMS

  KING SHAKA AIRPORT AND DUBE TRADE PORT

  Although located outside of the municipality, the close proximity
  of the planned new airport and related trade port is expected to
  provide significant development opportunities for KwaDukuza.
  Strategic Objectives include inter alia

  •The potential for tapping into the growing tourism industry,
  driving tourism growth through access to international flights
  and accommodating increased passenger demand especially as
  the 2010 World Cup approaches,
  •The potential for tapping into the increasing growth and
  sophistication of the Global Logistics market, creating air freight
  logistical efficiencies and stimulating growth in competitiveness
  in global supply chains.
  •Supporting high value manufacturing, value added logistics and
  export perishables production with ICT support and co-ordinated
  government services in one place.
  •Attracting a wide range of investors, operators, users and
  tenants, with world class facilities.
  •Socio-economic benefits for KwaDukuza could include growing
  employment, increasing empowerment, alleviating poverty and
  providing broad access to infrastructure.
  •The southern part of the KwaDukuza, the already burgeoning
  Ballito and environs, is likely to gain added development impetus
  as an established high income residential area with high end
  services, industrial areas, etc. The area is likely to experience
  more development pressures in the future which needs to
  managed       appropriately    and    balanced   throughout     the
  municipality..



                                                                        EXISTING PLANS AND PLANNING SUMMARY
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                          18
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                                     SDF AND LUMS

  SOCIO-ECONOMIC OVERVIEW

  Total permanent population 159 000 people (Census 2001)
  Peak Holiday season population 200 000 people
  A youthful population : 60% is under 30 years old
  26% of the population have achieved grade 10 or higher
  education qualification – 20 % have no schooling
  33% of the economically active population are classified as
  elementary workers, 10 % service workers
  34% of the economically active population are unemployed
  1995-2004: slight increase in highly skilled workers and
  decrease in semi and unskilled worker
  HIV and Aids – 30% infected (KZN Dept Health) up to 40%
  antenatal attendees infected in 2004

  THE COUNCIL AND ITS PORTFOLIO COMMITTEES

  Being KwaDukuza’s executive decision-making body, the Council
  consists of approx. 40 councillors. Half are elected by 20 wards,
  the other half in proportion to political party power.

  EXCO and the Portfolio Committees recommend policy
  guidelines which Council votes on. EXCO consists of
  councillors, the speaker and the major. The Portfolio Committees
  deliberate issues and make recommendations to EXCO.

  ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE

  The office of the Municipal Manager provides the link between
  the Political and Administrative Structures of the Municipality.

  The Director of IDP is located in the office of MM.
                                                                      SOCIO-ECONOMIC ISSUES AND SUMMARY
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                          19
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                         SDF AND LUMS
LAND OWNERSHIP majority of land is privately owned and is
therefore governed by the Town Planning Ordinance no 27 of
1949, a smaller area in the north-west of the municipality is in the
ownership if the Ingonyama Trust
NATURAL ASPECTS AND LAND FORM much of the municipality
exhibits gentle rolling countryside with the exception of some of
the western periphery containing steeper and fragmented
topography, with the exception of the coast and the western
periphery much of elevation of the municipality ranges between
100 and 250m above sea level
COAST, RIVERS AND WETLANDS                 providing major natural
structuring elements influencing both existing and future
development representing on the one hand a unique and sensitive
environment while on the other hand being under severe pressure
for development, environmental legislation establishes specific
restrictions on land use and development, the Umvoti and Umhlali
catchment areas are considered stressed from a water resources
point of view
SETTLEMENT, existing urban development is located in the
formally established towns of KwaDukuza, Ballito,Umhlali,
Shaka’s Kraal, Prince’s Grant, Blythedale Beach, Tinley Manor,
Zinkwazi as well as portions of Groutville, peri-urban to semi-rural
settlement occurs throughout much of the centre of the
municipality, extending from the northern boundary via
KwaDukuza, Groutville and Umhlali to the southern edge abutting
Ethekwini, densities and development qualities vary significantly,
Although some rural settlement occurs in the Groutville area,
much of the rural and tranditional settlement is concentrated in
the north-western Ingonyama Trust areas. A variety of new
housing areas are in the process of being established throughout
the municipality from Ballito in the south to Darnall in the north.


                                                                       SITE ANALYSIS SUMMARY
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                               20
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                                                              SDF AND LUMS
 LAND CLAIMS a significant number of gazetted land claims occur        western municipalities are more limited. The North Coast Rail
 in band from Blythedale Beach to KwaDukuza Town and                   extends through the length of the municipality always in
 westwards, this may influence the potential phasing of                proximity of the R102 providing an important complementary
 development                                                           service. Besides some private airfields, there is no existing
 SOCIAL FACILITIES most of the facilities are located in urban and     infrastructure. The Ilembe SDF suggests inter alia that
 peri-urban areas, with the exception of basic education facilities,   KwaDukuza as the local and district node should consider the
 there is expected to exist a backlog in the rural areas               establishment of an appropriate airfield at KwaDukuza Town.
 COMMERCIAL local level activities are located in all urban and        The planned development of the King Shaka Airport just south
 peri-urban areas, the major commercial development is located in      of KwaDukuza will have a significant impact on the
 the KwaDukuza and Ballito areas                                       development of the municipality. The present provision of
 INDUSTRIAL manufacturing investments in KwaDukuza include             services such as water and electricity supply, sanitation etc
 the Stanger Sappi Paper Mill and Sugar Mills in Darnall and           appears mostly adequate in the central and eastern parts of
 Gledhow.The Isithebe Industrial Estate in the Mandini area is of      the municipality, this will however provide constraints for the
 significance in the north and the Tongaat / Maidstone industrial      development in the near future.
 areas in Ethekwini in the south.Smaller scale light industrial
 activities exist north of Ballito and in the Groutville area.         In overall terms the development implications of the local
 AGRICULTURE is the dominant economic sector in KwaDukuza              status quo analysis suggests that
 contributing 23% of the total gross domestic product. The
 dominant agricultural product is sugar cane. There are however        • there are significant development pressures in the south of
 also other agricultural products such as vegetables, flower and       the municipality as well as on the coastal strip, this is likely to
 sub-tropical vegetables. The majority of the commercial farming       increase as the planned King Shaka Airport gets developed,
 areas consist of large-scale activities. The municipality also        these pressures for a wide range of development need to be
 accommodates areas of afforestation and related paper mills at        appropriately managed
 Mandini and KwaDukuza.                                                • as in most municipalities there exists a great need for
 TOURISM AND RECREATION The sector has significant potential           additional appropriate accommodation and economic
 and the municipality has identified the need to enhance and           development, future residential development needs to be
 extend the sector. Primary factors attracting tourist to the area     more structured and relate on the one hand to the creation of
 include beaches, culture and wildlife.                                employment opportunities while on the other hand ensuring
 INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES KwaDukuza accommodates a                  the maintenance of a functional and attractive natural
 basic transportation network consisting of the N2, the R102, the      environment
 R74, the R614 and a series of local access roads, in particular in    • the coastal and riverine environments require a greater level
 the coastal and central zone, linkages in the west and to the         of sensitive approach and protection, both for the retention of


                                                                                                     SITE ANALYSIS SUMMARY
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                                                         21
 KWADUKUZA MUNICIPALITY                                                             SDF AND LUMS

 a good human environment, a functional agricultural sector as
 well as an increased tourism and recreation development.
 • while the present agricultural development is at present the
 most significant contributor to the economic development of the
 municipality, pressures for other development are likely to reduce
 its significance in the future. Pressure on land at present used for
 agricultural activities, mostly in the form of sugar cane farming,
 may therefore require in future a more efficient land utilisation as
 well as a greater diversification.
 • a significant number of land claims in a central band of the
 municipality may have a delaying implication on develoment in
 this region.
 • in overall terms, KwaDukuza has great development
 opportunities through its location and contents, in particular if it
 is possible to manage development pressures and balance
 development better throughout the area and if the municipality
 develops an appropriate capacity level for the management and
 promotion of appropriate development.




                                                                          EXISTING LAND CLAIMS




                                                                        SITE ANALYSIS SUMMARY
IRC PROJECT TEAM                                                                                 22

				
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posted:1/25/2011
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