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Executive Summary of Resettlement Action Plan for Ageremariam by Sfusaro

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									Executive Summary of Resettlement Action Plan for Ageremariam -
               Moyale Road Upgrading Project

1. Background

The Ageremariam – Moyale road is part of Addis Ababa – Moyale trunk road and is
approximately 300km long. Besides that, it is part of the Trans-African Highway n°4, the Cairo-
Gaborone-Cape Town highway, the longest amongst the Trans-African highways, covering a total
of more than 10,000km and linking, within its central part, Addis Ababa with Kenya and the port
of Mombasa. The Kenyan section, from Moyale to Isilo and Nairobi, is under rehabilitation and
thus the rehabilitation of the Ethiopian part, will complete the upgrading/rehabilitation of the link
Addis-Mombasa. The rehabilitation of Ageremariam – Moyale road is a continuation of
Government efforts to improve the standard of Trans-East African Highway as a member of
COMESA countries and its import-export corridors to minimize the cost of its transit traffic. AIC
PROGETTI in association with SABA, MGM has signed the contract for the Consultancy
Services for Feasibility Study, ESIA, Detailed Engineering Design and Tender document
preparation for the Ageremariam - Moyale Road Project on July 31st 2007.

The Ageremariam – Moyale Road is located in southern part of Ethiopia, in five woredas of the
Borena Zone of the Oromia NRS. The project starts in Bule Hora Woreda in the north and passes
through Dugda Dawa, Yabello, Dire and Miyo Woredas, and terminates in Moyale Woreda in the
south. Ageremariam town, the start of the project, is located at 467km from Addis Ababa, along
the national trunk road n°6. According to the ERA Geometric Design Manual, DS4 design
standards have been considered for upgrading of the Ageremariam - Moyale road.

2. Objective
The scope of the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) includes the preparation of a
Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) for the Ageremariam – Moyale Road Project. The RAP assesses
the adverse social impacts of the construction works and suggest mitigation measures including
budget, to address the issues at stake.

3. Legal Framework
The Constitution of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) and its development
strategies; legal and institutional frameworks for land acquisition, compensation and
rehabilitation measures for Project Affected Persons (PAPs) provide the policy, legal and its
administrative framework. Apart from the broad policy frameworks at national level, the main
reference behind the preparation of a Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) is ERA’s guiding
principles as stipulated in its Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy Framework. The principles
in the framework are adopted basically from the World Bank’s policy on resettlement and
rehabilitation. Sectoral institutions have established in house Environmental Protection Units to
ensure harmony with respect to implementation of the Environmental Proclamations and other
environmental protection requirements. These units are institutions operating at Federal and
Regional level.

The Federal legislation on Expropriation of Land for Public Purposes & Compensation
(Proclamation No. 455/2005) removed the barriers for planned land acquisition, substantially
raised the amount of compensation payable to expropriated owners of properties and displaced
people. In addition to financial compensation in an amount sufficient to reinstate the displaced
people to the economic position prior to displacement, the relevant Regional administration is
required to give replacement land to any person who has lost land in favour of a public project.

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4.   Potential Social Impacts


4.1 Positive Impacts
The positive impacts, due to the construction of the project road include; reductions in vehicle
operating cost; reduced transport and time costs for passengers and freight transports, and
improved availability of transport facilities and services in the short and medium term. The
project road, in its long term will create impacts that will bring about economic growth and
changes and improved quality of life for the people residing in the project area. The project road
will result in appreciable benefits to the people in its area of influence and bring opportunities for
livestock, agricultural development, trade and tourism to the project area.

4.2 Negative Impacts
In the field survey it was found that only conventional houses built in the villages and towns are
the ones to be affected displaced due to the construction of the project road. The area is sparsely
populated and almost all the rural the population live in make-shift housing, and therefore, their
properties will not be demolished due the road project. No farm plots, will be affected by the
project.

5. Houses Affected by the Project

5.1 Houses Affected at 50 meters ROW

The first field work was carried out in January 2009. During this field work assessment was
carried out on the properties affected within 50 meters ROW of the proposed road alignment.
The findings of the field work showed that the project will affect a total of 721 houses distributed
over 10 towns and villages. Out of the total affected houses only 2 households will be losing their
houses and compound area fully, and will be relocated away from their present premises. 225
houses will lose their buildings fully and compound plots partially. They will have enough space
compound area for rebuilding new building that they will not be required to be relocated. 494
houses will lose their buildings and compounds partially and will remain in their present
premises. (Table 1)

5.2. Houses Affected at 30 meters ROW

A second field trip was organized on April 2009 following the comment made by the client and
AFDB officials to assess the impact of the project by reducing the horizontal width of the ROW
to 30 meter. The findings of the assessment showed that the impact of the project at 30 meter
ROW will be reduced to 100 houses distributed over four towns. The project will affect
compounds and houses partially. (Table 1)




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Table 1Affected Property at 50m and 30m ROW Width

                   Total Houses Affected within 50 meters ROW                                              Total Houses Affected within 30 meters ROW
                   Compound Fully       Compound Partially         Compound Partially       Affecetd      Compound Fully       Compound Partially       Compound Partially         Affecetd
                   Building Fully       Building Fully             Building Partially       Fence (mt)    Building Fully       Building Fully           Building Partially         Fence (mt)
Moyale                              2                        80                         199          1660                                                                     76                480
Mega                                                          6                          98           100                                                                      6
One forty seven                                               4                          45                                                                                    4
Dubluk                                                       14                          71                                                                                   14
Fenchwuha                                                                                74                                                                                    0
Sigborad Village                                             45                                                                                                                0
Fishka                                                       28                                                                                                                0
Surpa                                                        21                                                                                                                0
Yabelo                                                                                    7           67                                                                       0
Rural Villages                                                27                                                                                                               0
Total                               2                        225                        494        1827                    0                        0                        100                480



                   Households Affected within 50 meters ROW                                                Households Affected within 30 meters ROW
                   Compound Fully       Compound Partially         Compound Partially       Affecetd     Compound Fully        Compound Partially       Compound Partially         Affecetd
                   Building Fully       Building Fully             Building Partially       Fence (mt)   Building Fully        Building Fully           Building Partially         Fence (mt)
Moyale                              2                        74                         163          748                                                                      70                413
Mega                                                          6                          87          100                                                                       6
One forty seven                                               4                          44                                                                                    4
Dubluk                                                       14                          70                                                                                   14
Fenchwuha                                                                                73                                                                                    0
Sigborad Village                                             44                                                                                                                0
Fishka                                                       28                                                                                                                0
Surpa                                                        20                                                                                                                0
Yabelo                                                                                    2           67                                                                       0
Rural Villages                                                27                                                                                                               0
Total                               2                        217                        439         915                    0                        0                         94                413



                   Institutions Affected within 50 meters ROW                                              Institutions Affected within 30 meters ROW
                   Compound Fully       Compound Partially         Compound Partially       Affecetd     Compound Fully        Compound Partially       Compound Partially         Affecetd
                   Building Fully       Building Fully             Building Partially       Fence (mt)   Building Fully        Building Fully           Building Partially         Fence (mt)
Moyale                                                        6                          36          912                                                                      6                 67
Mega                                                                                     11                                                                                   0                  0
One forty seven                                                                           1                                                                                   0                  0
Dubluk                                                                                    1                                                                                   0                  0
Fenchwuha                                                                                 1                                                                                   0                  0
Sigborad Village                                              1                                                                                                               0                  0
Fishka                                                                                                                                                                        0                  0
Surpa                                                         1                                                                                                               0                  0
Yabelo                                                                                    5                                                                                   0                  0
Rural Villages                                                                                                                                                                0                  0
Total                                                         8                          55         912                    0                        0                         6                 67




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6. Comparison of Budget Requirement for RAP at 50 Meter Vs 30 Meter ROW

6.1 Compensation for affected houses and fences at 50 meter ROW

The total estimated budget requirement for RAP at 50 meter ROW would be Birr 90,170,9265.00.
The costs include compensation for affected houses, relocation and M&E cost including 15%
contingency. (Table 2).

Table 2: Summary of Budget Requirement At 50 meter Vs 30 meter ROW
                                                   Total Budget for 50     Total Budget for 30 meter
              Item Description                        meter ROW                     ROW
                                                         ( Birr)                    ( Birr)
 Compensation for affected houses                          76,359,980.00               22,568,060.00
 Compensation for affected fences                             376,600.00                     8,600.00
 Relocation cost                                                  600.00                            0
 Compensation for affected trees                              250,320.00                  250,320.00
 Compensation for affected electric and
                                                             454,000.00                   454,000.00
 tele poles
 Compensation for affected water supply
                                                             868,000.00                   868,000.00
 systems
 M&E budget                                                  100,000.00                   100,000.00
 Sub-Total                                                78,409,500.00               24,248,980.00
 Contingency (15%)                                        11,761,425.00                3,637,347.00
 Grand Total                                              90,170,925.00               27,886,327.00
Source: Compiled from data obtained field survey

In the 50 meter ROW 2 households will fully lose all of their compound plot area and housing
facility. These households will receive full compensation to rebuild new houses The households
will also be relocated to plots of land given to them in replacement to the lost area. Budget
requirement for compensating fully affected houses and compounds is estimated to be Birr
1,053,780. Relocation allowances that cover costs of moving all housing facilities to new houses
(moving allowance ) shall be paid to the 2 fully affected households. These allowances which are
estimated to 300 Birr per household. Budget for covering relocation costs will be Birr 600.

The households that will lose housing facilities fully or partially, but still have compound plot to
reconstruct new building, will be able to continue living within their present premises without any
need for relocation on new plot of land. Budget requirement for compensating these households is
estimated to be Birr 75,306,200 (Birr 49,968,360 in Moyale, Birr 10,538,800 in Mega, 4,917,320
in Dubluk, 4,226,160 in Fenchwuha and 2,504,260 in 147 towns.

The highest proportion of the compensation budget is allocated to cement block houses (Birr
45,534,00), followed by houses made from mud wall with corrugated sheet houses (Birr
24,605,400). Block house main building types affected in Moyale (124). The number of block
houses is insignificant in the rest of the towns (below 10). Among the mud wall corrugated sheet
houses the majority are located in Moyale town (101) followed by Mega (89), Dubluk (71), and
Fenchwuha (67) respectively.

Compensation cost for fences is estimated to be Birr 376,600.00 out of which Birr 332,000.00 is
for Moyale, Birr 31,200.00for Mega, and Birr 13,400.00 for Yabelo.



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6.2. Compensation for affected houses and fences at 30 meter ROW

At 30 meter ROW the budget requirement for RAP will be reduced to Birr 27,886,327.00. (Table
2). Compensation for affected houses and fences comprise the major cause for this budget
reduction. At 30 meter ROW the affected households that will partially lose housing facilities and
will have compound plot to reconstruct new building. Therefore, they will be able to continue to
live within their present premises without any need for relocation on new plot of land. Budget for
compensating the affected households is estimated to be Birr 21,248,780.00 in Moyale, Birr
713,880.00 in Dubluk, 437,400.00 in Mega, and 168,000.00 in Metoarbasebat.

7. Compensation for Eucalyptus Trees

An estimated 1788 eucalyptus trees could be affected during the project road construction. The
compensation budget requirement for the affected eucalyptus trees is estimated to be Birr 250,320
at the rate of Birr 140 per tree. The calculation of the compensation rate for eucalyptus trees takes
into account the multiplication of stems in the coming 10 years.

8. Compensation for Affected Services

8.1 Compensation for Electricity and Telephone Lines
Relocation telephone and electric poles are normally carried out by the service providers upon
payment of relocation cost by ERA. An estimate of Birr 274,000.00 is considered for the sake of
relocating electricity poles. The total budget requirement for relocating ETC poles is estimated to
be Birr 180,000.00.

8.2 Water Supply System
The following table presents the total budget requirement of the water supply, which needs to be
relocated during construction of the road. Relocation budget was prepared by Moyale,
Finchwuha, water offices and the Zonal Water Bureau at Yabelo.. The total estimated budget to
compensate for loss of water supply system is Birr 868,000.00.

Table 3: Compensation for Drainage and Water Supply Schemes (Birr)
     Town              Public Water Supply                    Scheme
 Moyale                                                         400,000.00
 Mega                                                           288,000.00
 Finchwuha                                                      180,000.00
 Total                                                          868,000.00

9 Conclusions and Recommendation

The actual relocation identified and addressed in this Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) is for the
houses in villages/towns found along the alignment. The gravity of the negative impact of the
road construction becomes more aggravated at 50 meter horizontal ROW than in the case of 30
meter ROW. At 50 meter ROW the project road causes a huge negative social impact by affecting
721 houses located in 10 villages and towns. The number affected houses will be significantly
reduced to 100, that are located in 4 towns, if the chosen ROW is 30 meter. The budget
requirement for implementing the resettlement action plan (RAP) is three folds more (90 million)
at 50 meter ROW than at 30 meter ROW (27 million).




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Therefore, in order to minimize the negative consequences of the road construction we
recommend the selection and application of 30 meter ROW for the Agermariam-Moyale road
project.

                                    MAIN FINDINGS

                     Descriptions
      •   Road length                                     300 km
                                                          Double surface
      •   Current status of the road                      treatment
      •   Road Functional Classification                  Trunk road
                                                          50 mm asphalt
      • Proposed Surface type                             concrete
Impact of the project at 50m and 30m ROW
                                                          50 meter ROW     30 meter ROW
      •  Number of households who lose compound fully
         and house fully                                         2               0
      • Number of households who lose compound
         partially and house fully                              217              0
      • Number of households who lose compound
         partially and house partially                          439             94
      • Private fences affected in meters                       915             413
      • Number of institutions that lose compound fully
         and house fully                                         0               0
      • Number of institutions that lose compound
         partially and house fully                               8               0
      • Number of institutions that lose compound
         partially and house partially                           55              6
      • Number of institutional fences in meters                912             67
      • Loss of agricultural lands permanently (in
         hectares)                                               0               0
      • Loss of agricultural lands temporarily (in
         hectares)                                                0              0
      • Loss of tress in Number                                 1788           1788
      • Loss of fruit trees                                       0              0
      • Loss of telephone poles affected (in number)             240            240
      • Electric poles affected (in number)                      274            274
      • Budget for relocating water pipe affected in
         Fenchwuha, Moyale and Mega (Birr)                   868,000.00      868,000.00
      • Compound fully and building fully affected
         houses                                                  2               0
      • Compound partially and building fully affected
         houses                                                 225              0
      • Compound partially and building partially
         affected houses                                        494             100
      Total number of project affected houses                   721             100




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For your Comments or Suggestions please Contact:
      Ato Abdissa Megersa
      Tel: 0115 53 04 24
      Email: abdimegersa@yahoo.com
      Ethiopian Roads Authority
      Addis Ababa, Ethiopia




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