Chicken Pox Poliomyelitis polio chicken pox_ varicella by mikeholy


									Chicken Pox (Varicella)
Chickenpox is a highly infectious disease that usually causes in itchy red rash with
blisters. It commonly occurs in children but can affect adults as well. The virus is
spread by coughing or direct contact with the skin sores. It begins with a sudden
onset of slight fever, runny noise feeling generally unwell and a skin rash. People are
infectious one to two days before the rash appears and up to five days after when all
the blisters have formed crusts.

People rarely get chicken pox twice, however the virus remains in the body after the
initial infection and sometimes causes a condition called “shingles” later in life.
Shingles occurs more commonly among older people and is characterised by the
development of painful groups of small skin eruptions generally occurring on an area
on one side of the body. You cannot catch shingles but an adult with shingles can
spread the virus and cause chicken pox in a susceptible person.

While most people recover fully from the chicken pox disease it can cause serious
complications such as skin infections, pneumonia, inflammation of the brain and in
some cases it can be fatal.

Infection in the first half of pregnancy can cause malformations, skin scarring and
other problems in the baby.

Chicken Pox Immunisation
Vaccination can prevent serious medical problems and for children who have not had
chickenpox, it can help protect them against shingles in later life as well as the actual
chickenpox illness.
A vaccine is available for children 12 months and older, adolescents and adults. In
NSW and in line with the National Immunisation Program, it is free for children born
on or after 1 May 2004 as they turn eighteen months of age. Only one dose is
required. It is also available free, through school programs, for Year 7 children. Two
doses, at least one month apart, are required for people aged 14 years and older
which can be purchased privately with a script from your doctor.

Possible Side Effects of Chicken Pox Vaccine
All vaccines and medicines can have side effects, however, serious side effects are
very rare. Mild side effects may include:
       • Redness, swelling, pain at the injection site
       • Mild temperature
       • Chicken pox like rash may develop 6 to 20 days after vaccination (avoid
           contact with people who have low immunity while the rash lasts although
           virus transmission is extremely rare and most rashes after vaccination are
           due to other causes, especially in children)

Common side effects can be reduced by:
      •   Giving your child extra fluids to drink
      •   Giving your child a tepid sponging or bath
      •   Not overdressing your child
      •   Placing a cold wet cloth on the sore injection spot
      •   Giving your child appropriate doses of paracetamol to lower fever (check
          label for correct dose)
      •   If reactions are sever or persistent or you are worried about your child
          contact your doctor or hospital
Pre-Immunisation checklist

Before you have your child immunised, tell
the doctor or nurse if your child:

   • Is unwell today
   • Had a severe reaction following any
   • Has any severe allergies (to anything)
   • Has a disease that lowers the
     immune system (eg. Leukaemia,
     cancer, HIV/AIDS) or is having
     treatment which lowers the immune                    Recommended NSW
     system (eg. radiotherapy,                            VACCINAT ION
     chemotherapy, oral steroid medicines                  SCHEDULE
     such as cortisone and prednisone)          AGE           IMMUNISATION
   • Lives with someone who has a
     disease which lowers the immunity, or      Birth                Hepatitis B

     is having treatment which lowers             2         Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis
                                                                     Hepatitis B
     immunity                                              Haemophilus influenzae type B
   • Has recently had a vaccine containing                              (Hib)
     live viruses within the last month (eg.                            Polio
     measles, oral poliomyelitis,                                  Pneumococcal
     chickenpox (varicella), yellow fever or                          Rotavirus
     rubella vaccines) or an injection of        4          Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis
                                               months                Hepatitis B
     immunoglobulin or a blood                             Haemophilus influenzae type B
     transfusion within the last 3 months                               (Hib)
   • Is pregnant                                                        Polio
   • Living with someone who is not                                Pneumococcal
     vaccinated                                                       Rotavirus

   • Identifies as an Aboriginal or Torres       6          Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis
                                                                     Hepatitis B
     Strait Islander person                                Haemophilus influenzae type B
                                                 12           Measles/Mumps/Rubella
                                               months             Meningococcal
                                                           Haemophilus influenzae type B
                                                  4        Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis
                                                years        Measles/Mumps/Rubella
                                                10-13               Hepatitis B
                                                years                Varicella
                                                           Human Papillomavirus(girls only)
                                                            (school based program – Yr 7)
                                               15 years     Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis
                                                            (school based program Yr 10
                                                                    ceases 2012)

                                               If i mmunisation doesn’t
                                                 catch on disease will

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