Malawi_report_2010 by wanghonghx

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									               REPORT OF THE



              LILONGWE, MALAWI.
I.     Introduction.

1.      The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) Green customs initiative was
held at Kalikuti Hotel in Lilongwe, Malawi from 12th to 14th October 2010.

2.      The purpose of the Green Customs Initiative (GCI) was to raise the awareness and
capacity of customs officers on enforcement of control measures of several multilateral
environmental agreements including capacity to detect and act on illegal trade in
environmentally-sensitive items covered by the related agreements. This was achieved through
awareness-raising on all related MEAs and agreements, to make customs officers aware of the
issues by developing common tools and programs across partners to this initiative.
3.     Since the establishment of the Green Customs Initiative, several fora have been used to
make it widely known in the African Region. The GCI and its activities have been presented in
the Montreal Protocol Compliance Network meetings, in the customs officials’ training
programmes, National and Sub-Regional Green Customs Workshop among others.
Environmental and Customs Officers have recognized the importance of providing training and
awareness-raising on MEA trade controls.
4.      The Secretariats of MEAs that include trade provisions, such as the Basel Convention on
the Trans-boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, the Convention on
International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), and the Montreal
Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, have already instituted capacity building
programs for customs officials, in cooperation with the WCO, at both the national and regional

5.      Customs officers’ training is also an important element of the national implementation of
the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) Procedure for Certain Hazardous
Chemicals in International Trade, and, to a different extent, the Stockholm Convention on
Persistent Organic Pollutants.

2.     Opening of the workshop

6.      The Meeting was opened at 10.30 a.m. on Tuesday, 12th October 2010 by Hon. Ephraim
Mganda Chiume, Deputy Minister of Natural Resources, Energy and Environment. In his key
note address, he welcomed delegates to Malawi and to the SADC Green Customs workshop and
encouraged the participants to actively take part in the proceedings of the workshop. He
highlighted the important role customs officers in the SADC region place in combating illegal
trade in ―environmentally-sensitive‖ commodities such as ozone depleting substances (ODSs),
toxic chemicals, hazardous wastes and endangered species. He further indicated that illegal trade
in these chemicals directly threatens human health and the environment, contributes to species
loss, and results in revenue loss for governments. As such customs officers constitute the
frontline of every country’s defence against trans-boundary illegal trade. They are the first link in
the compliance and enforcement chain available in all customs border stations to control entry of
prohibited and restricted commodities. He commended SADC and UNEP for this initiative of
training law enforcement officers on all the MEAs and further encouraged customs officers in
the region to continue implementing the related MEAs so that illegal trade in environmental
sensitive commodities is prevented and controlled.

7.       Brief opening remarks were also made by Mr. Alex Banda, Senior Programme Officer,
from SADC Secretariat, Mr. Patrick Salifu, Regional Policy and Enforcement Officer,
Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP),
Mr. John Bisonga, Director of Regional Office for Capacity Building and Mr. Emanuel
Kaluluma, Commissioner of Customs and Excise Department in the Malawi Revenue Authority.
8.       In his brief opening remarks, Mr. Alex Banda thanked the government of Malawi for
their hospitality and expressed gratitude to all participants, in particular, for making the effort to
attend the workshop. He indicated that SADC will continue supporting the Green Customs
initiative programmes in order to curb illegal trade in environmentally sensitive commodities in
the region.

9.      In his brief remarks, Mr. Patrick Salifu expressed his appreciation and gratitude to SADC
Secretariat, and the Government of Malawi for organising the workshop. He highlighted that
environmental crime is a big and increasingly lucrative business- a multi-billion dollar enterprise
and that smugglers worldwide earn an estimated US$20-30 billion dollars annually from
hazardous waste dumping, proscribed hazardous materials, and exploiting and trafficking
protected natural resources. It was reported that UNEP recognised that there is great potential to
achieve synergies by developing a customs training approach that involve not only the Montreal
Protocol, but other MEAs, in particular, with trade related provisions as well. The Green
Customs concept was developed with several partners including WCO, Interpol, The
organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, and secretariats of the Basel convention,
CITES, Cartagena Protocol, Montreal Protocol, and Rotterdam convention.

10.     In his brief opening remarks, a representative from World Customs Organization, Mr.
John Bisonga, thanked UNEP and SADC Secretariat for organization such an important
workshop where customs officers would be equipped with information on the environmental
multilateral agreements. He reported that WCO is implementing a number of initiatives aimed at
preventing illegal trade in environmental sensitive commodities. He encouraged the officers to
make use of the knowledge gained during the workshop in the implementation of the legal
instruments included in all the MEAs.

11.     In his opening remarks, Mr. Emanuel Kaluluma thanked SADC secretariat and UNEP for
choosing the Government of Malawi to host such an important workshop. He indicated that
Customs department in Malawi is collaborating well with the Environmental Affairs Department
in the Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Environment especially on the implementation
of the Montreal Protocol activities for the protection of the ozone layer. He further indicated that
the training on all the related MEAs will strengthen the capacity of the customs officers in the
region on the identification of the prohibited environmental goods and also they would be
familiar with the environmental safe guards that are in place in the SADC region.

3.      Organization of work

12.    The chair introduced the provisional agenda which was discussed by the participants, and
was adopted without an amendment.

4.      Workshop Proceedings

     A. Introduction to the Green Customs Initiative by UNEP

13.     In his presentation, Mr. Patrick Salifu, a representative from UNEP, introduced the issues
of environmental crime, highlighted the objectives of the workshop, coordinated method of
capacity building and overview of the GCI. It was reported that environmental crime is a
significant and increasingly lucrative business where national and international crime syndicates
worldwide earn an estimated US$ 20-30 billion dollars annually from hazardous waste dumping,
smuggling proscribed hazardous materials, and exploiting and trafficking protected natural
resources. He further indicated that this illegal trade directly threatens human health and the
environment; contributes to species loss; results in revenue loss for governments; and
undermines the success of international environmental agreements by circumventing agreed rules
and procedures. It was indicated that environmental problems are trans-boundary and global in
impact, and they can only be addressed effectively through international co-operation and shared

14.    He indicated that the objective of the workshop was to raise awareness on all the related
MEAs and training, in conformity with the objective of the Green Customs Initiative. It was
highlighted that the training would enhance capacity of the officers and encouraged creation of
links at both sub-regional and national level between key MEA enforcement stakeholders:
customs officers, customs training institutes, MEA national focal points, judges, prosecutors.

15.    It was indicated that the expected outcome of the workshop would be availability of
resource persons familiar with the Green Customs curriculum and aware of MEA issues related
to customs, Synergies created between international, regional and national stakeholders
(especially customs) on the implementation of trade regulations of MEAs; and awareness raised
among other non-customs agencies and the public on the role of customs in protecting
environmentally-sensitive goods.

   B. SADC Secretariat Presentation on their role in controlling trade activities in the
region and customs capacity building activities.

16.    The representative from SADC Secretariat reported that the mission of SADC is to
promote sustainable and equitable economic growth and socio-economic development so that the
region emerges as a competitive and effective player in the international relations and the world
economy. It was indicated that the overall objective of the SADC Trade Protocol is to attain a
Free Trade Area as a step towards achieving a Customs Union and subsequently a Common

17.     It was reported that SADC implemented a modernization project that had seven key
result areas which include: establishment of legal and institutional framework for a SADC
customs union; establishment of a common external tariff; implementation of a wide area
network; establishment of a regional SADC Customs training network; implementation of a
regional transit management systems; collaborative mechanism and customs cooperation and
development of regional and national strategies for customs modernization.

18.    It was indicated that currently SADC is facilitating implementation of E-learning project
within the region, training courses on tariff classification and valuation, transit pre
implementation sensitization, conformity assessments and alignment of customs instruments in
all member states, facilitating development of a joint COMESA – SADC transit system and
development of a common valuation system / guideline for second hand vehicle for the region.

  C. Capacity building activities for Customs officers in the SADC region and the Role of
World Customs Organization in the fight against Environmental Crime.

19.     The representative of WCO indicated that illegal trade in wildlife undermines
conservation efforts, affects income of rural populations, have driven some species to the brink
of extinction, destroys biodiversity, and facilitate spreading of virulent wildlife diseases. He
however, indicated that customs officers are better located, they are frontline or last defense
officers empowered to physically check, investigation and seize illegal goods. They have
expertise of dealing with trans-border trafficking and offenders and world wide information and
intelligence exchange network in place.

20.     It was reported that Customs’ role is critical in implementing trade–related MEAs at the
border, by: ensuring compliance with MEAs; detecting and investigating illegal trade; compiling
trade statistics to enable monitoring; collecting applicable duties and taxes and help bring
awareness of the public on environmental prohibited goods.

21.     He further highlighted a number of WCO instruments/ initiatives to build up the capacity
of Customs, such as revised Kyoto Convention on simplification and harmonization of Customs
procedures; Harmonized Commodity Coding System (HS) is also used to monitor the trade and
prevent illegal trafficking; and Columbus Programme has been implemented since 2006. It was
indicated that customs enforces a good number of laws and regulations. However, the
procedures, methodology and techniques used by Customs worldwide are standardized in line
with the Revised Kyoto Convention. That’s to say the global Customs officers speak one single
language. All instruments developed by the WCO can be used by Customs and other border
agencies to control trans-boundary movements of all kinds of commodities.
   D. What are Multilateral Environmental Agreements and what is the role of customs.

22.     The representative of UNEP, Division of Environmental Law and Conventions, Ms Lara
Ognibene, Associate Legal Officer, defined what MEAs are and highlighted the role of customs
officers in the implementation of the agreements. It was reported that MEAs are agreements
between several parties—that is, States or, in some cases, regional economic integration
organizations such as the European Union—to pursue specific measures aimed at protecting the
environment and conserving natural resources and they are legally binding. It was reported that
there is general lack of implementation of the MEAs due to: limited awareness, limited capacity,
iinstrumental and policy fragmentation, lack of cooperation, cconvention congestion‖ at the
national level, and limited resources (to develop implementing legislation and regulations, to
identify violations, to prosecute cases, to decide cases, etc.).

23.     It was further indicated that the role of customs officers in the implementation of MEAs
is to check the validity of transit documents, ensure that the documents correspond to the actual
goods, combat fraud, ensure that restriction measures are complied with, assess and collect
applicable duties and taxes, be involved in investigations regarding alleged illegal trade and
inform the public about the impacts and consequences of illegal trade and measures to curb such
trade. She further indicated that customs officers can carry out these duties by familiarizing
themselves with legislation and regulations, identification of the controlled items, collecting the
necessary evidence and knowing, and communicating with, the relevant national authority on an
ongoing basis (before and after seizure of items).

   E. Introduction to the Montreal Protocol and Combating of Illegal trade in ODS

24.     The representative from UNEP, Mr. Patrick Salifu, presented on the implementation of
the Montreal Protocol, role of the customs officers regarding the phase-out of ozone depleting
substances and combating of illegal ODS trade. The presentation highlighted on the effects of
ozone layer depletion that included suppression of the immune system, eye cataracts, skin
cancers, lowering plant production etc. The presentation also highlighted on international and
national commitments to the implementation of the activities of the Montreal Protocol. With
regard to the issue of illegal ODS trade, the presentation focused on the causes of illegal trade in
ODS, routes and methods used in illegal ODS trade and action taken by the meeting of the
parties to prevent illegal trade in ODS

25.     It was further reported that UNEP is implementing various programme aimed at phasing
out use of ozone depleting substances and combating illegal trade in ODS. The programmes
include; training programmes of customs officers whereby issues of the Montreal Protocol have
been incorporated in the customs training curriculum of countries in the region; regional
networks of ozone officers where they share experiences in the implementation of the protocol;
training programmes for refrigeration technicians on good refrigeration practices. He further
highlighted the role of customs officers in controlling illegal trade on ozone depleting

   F. Introduction to Cartagena Protocol

26.    The National focal point for the implementation of the Cartagena Protocol in Malawi, Dr.
Aloysius Kamperewera presented an overview of the protocol. He indicated that Biosafety
Protocol is the only international instrument that deals exclusively with living modified
organisms (LMOs). He further outlined other international instruments and standard-setting
processes addressing other aspects of biosafety such as : International Plant Protection
Convention (IPPC) - GM plant pests, Codex Alimentarius - GM food safety, World Organization
for Animal Health (OIE) – for health of GM animals, e.g. for GM vaccines for animals and WTO
Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures.

27.     It was reported that living modified organism (LMOs) is any living organism that
possesses a novel combination of genetic material obtained through the use of modern
biotechnology, also frequently referred to as genetically modified organisms (GMOs). He
indicated that the objective of the protocol is to contribute to ensuring the safe transfer, handling
and use of LMOs resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on the
conservation & sustainable use of biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human
health in accordance with the precautionary approach.

28.      It was indicated that the role of customs officials in implementing the Biosafety Protocol
is to: ensure proper approvals for LMO imports ( Final decisions regarding the import or release
of LMOs are to be posted on the Biosafety Clearing-House), ensure that LMO shipments are
accompanied with proper documentation, verifying that contents of shipments match
accompanying documentation, detect illegal LMO imports and take appropriate measures.

   G. Introduction to Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions

29.    The representative from African Institute presented the three conventions and he
highlighted that the three work together and ha a common objective of protecting human health
and the environnent.

30.     It was indicated that the Basel Convention on the Control of Trans-boundary Movements
of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was adopted in 1989 in response to concerns about
developed country companies dumping hazardous wastes in developing countries and it entered
into force on 5 May 1992. It was reported that Basel covers wastes listed in Annex I, as further
elaborated in Annexes VIII and IX, and possessing hazardous characteristics (e.g. explosive,
flammable, poisonous, infectious, corrosive, toxic, ecotoxic), as well as household wastes (―other
wastes‖of Annex II).
31.     Further indicated that the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent
Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade was adopted in
1998 in response to dramatic growth in chemicals trade, and vulnerability of developing
countries to uncontrolled imports and entered into force on 24 February 2004. It was reported
that Rotterdam Convention covers pesticides and industrial chemicals that have been banned or
severely restricted for health or environmental reasons by Parties and which have been notified
by Parties for inclusion in the PIC procedure.

32.     He also indicated that the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants was
adopted in 2001 in response to an urgent need for global action on ―POPs‖ (chemicals that are
―persistent, bio accumulates in fatty tissues and bio magnify through the food chain‖) and
entered into force on 17 May 2004. It was reported that Stockholm Convention covers 21 POPs:
13 pesticides, 8 industrial chemicals and by-products.

   H. How can Interpol assist to fight against Environmental Crime

33.     The representative from INTERPOL, Ms Khetase Yiwombe presented the role Interpol is
implementing in the fight against environmental crime. It was indicated that the mission of
Interpol is to assist member countries in the effective enforcement of national and international
environmental laws and treaties in order to conserve the world’s environment, biodiversity and
natural resources.

34.    It was indicated the Interpol further investigate the links and perform tactical analysis,
provide sustainable integrated solutions for awareness, Intelligence, Prevention and
Enforcement, set up intelligence led global joint operations.

   I. Practical session on the use of the refrigerant identifier

35. The national focal point for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol in Malawi, Mr.
Peter Mmora demonstrated on the use of the identifier for the identification of different
refrigerants. Participants were able to use it in the identification of refrigerants that were present.
5. Recommendations

36.   The following were recommendations from the workshop;


                                                                            Follow up with
Submit reports of the workshop to                                           authority on the
management, such as DGs, proposing 2 weeks         All participants         proposed   actions
actions for implementation of MEAs                                          and

Disseminate information on Green 2 weeks           All participants         Individual briefings
Customs initiative to all staff                                             will be encouraged
                                                                            at various stations

Develop strategy and action plan on 4 weeks        Training institute and Coordination and
implementation of MEAs within the                  policy and procedures cooperation     with
customs set up                                     dept                   other agencies

                                                                            Identify individuals
                                                                            already exposed to

Identification of national focal point 1 week      Training institute and To      open      up
within every customs administration for            policy and procedures channels           of
respective MEAs and setting up of                  dept                   communication
communication platform                                                    nationally, regional
                                                                          and international

Acquisition of equipment and tools 12 months       Commissioner Customs     The equipment to
such as refrigerant identifies                                              be provided to
                                                   UNEP/EAD                 boarder staff

Sensitization and awareness of other On going      Customs/Focal points     Time frame can be
stakeholders on Green Customs                                               reviewed at interval

Capacity building of customs officers On going     Customs/UNEP/MEAs        Donor    Budgetary
on all the relevant MEAs. This include                    Secretariat                    support needed
conducting of training programme for
customs officers

Sharing of seizure information through On going           RILOs,            MEAs
CEN comm, Ozone Officers Network                          Secretariat,     UNEP,
and any other relevant available                          Regional Organizations
communication channels

Incorporate MEAs in the training 2            months National focal Point                Donor       funds
curricula for customs national training and      on-                                     needed to support
schools, and other learning institutions going                                           curriculum

2. Major obstacles to the implementation and enforcement of MEAs by Customs Officers
include the following:

      Limited financial resources
      Changing mind set
      Lack of equipment and tools
      Low political will and interference (political influence) in the customs duties
      Inadequate skills, competences and low commitment
      Lack of collaboration and cooperation of various agencies
      Unavailability of National Legal Instrument for implementation of MEAs
      Performance for customs officers is measured in terms of revenue collection
      High level of corruption and lack of integrity in many African countries
      High staff turn over
      Limited storage space and handling facilities for seized goods

3. Support and assistance needed by customs authority, and where that support and
assistance might come from:

      Technical assistance in terms of support and general capacity building of customs
       administration to implement various MEAs to be supported by various MEAs
       Secretariats and UNEP
      Exchange programmes to be initiated and supported by WCO
      Provision of the following equipments to customs administration
       – Refrigerant identifiers
       -Leak Detectors
       -Storage facilities
       - Safety clothes
       - Fire Extinguishers
 4. Ways to enhance cooperation with stakeholders in control of environmentally sensitive
commodities and cooperation between countries in the SADC Region include the following:

      Information sharing
      Involving and engaging them through various platforms e.g. meetings, MOUs
      Implementation of border post concept
      Identify and form partnership with stakeholders
      Establish regional liaison centre for sharing of information within the region
      Establish regional data bases on environmental crime
      Conduct joint training programmes of local boarder officers to enhance cooperation and
       team work and foster common problem solving techniques
                           HOTEL IN LILONGWE,

                           MALAWI, 12TH - 14TH OCTOBER 2010

NAME                         DESIGNATION                  ORGANISATION CONTACTS OF CELL,
                                                          PHONES & EMAIL
Henry Sukati                 Senior customs officer       Department of customs & Excise
                                                          P/Bag Mbabane Swaziland
                                                          Cell: +26876132835
                                                          Tel: +2684045370/1/2/3
                                                          Fax: +2684040774
Patricia Besa Lungu          Senior customs officer       Zambia Revenue Authority
                                                          P.O. Box 35710 Lusaka
                                                          Cell: +260977750073
                                                          Tel: +260211229409
                                                          Fax: +260211222693

Kankonde Kayembe Moise       Customs Inspector            DRC Customs Officer
                                                          Kinshasa Bld 30 suin Building DGDA
                                                          Cell: +243999956542

George John Ngoso            Customs Officer              DAR ES SALAAM Tanzania
                             Oil Products Unit            Tanzania Revenue Authority
                                                          Cell: +255756407407
                                                          Tel: +25522212783/4/6/8

Lameck Tatswareyi            Training Officer             Kurima House (Training)
                                                          Zimbabwe Revenue Authority
                                                          P.O. Box 4360, Harare, Zimbabwe
                                                          Cell: +263712424726/773856726
                                                          Tel: +263 4 795 720-47
                                                          Fax: +263 795 769

Humphrey Stanley Gurirab     Chief Customs and Excise     Namibia
                             Officer                      Private Bag 13185
                                                          Windhoek, Namibia
                                                          Cell: +264 (0) 812795023
                                                          Tel: +264 61 2092937
                                                          Fax: +264 61 230719
                                                          Email: Stanley

Alex M. Banda                Senior Programme Officer –   Gaborone Botswana
                             ESD                          SADC Secretariat
                                              SADC House, New Business District
                                              Private Bag 0095, Gaborone
                                              Cell: +267 72939726
                                              Tel: +267 3641742
                                              Fax: +267 392 4099/3972848

Enock Tchinga       Station Supervisor        Mwanza Boarder
                                              Malawi Revenue Authority
                                              P.O. Box 57, Mwanza
                                              Cell: +265999388620/888897010
                                              Tel: +2651432494
                                              Fax: +2651432207

Raphael Banda       Station Supervisor        Muloza Border – Malawi
                                              Malawi Revenue Authority
                                              Private Bag 247, Blantyre
                                              Cell: 0888 518 358
                                              Tel: 01 467 419
                                              Fax: 01 467 419

Ellard Muwa         Station Manager           Songwe Border – Malawi
                                              Malawi Revenue Authority
                                              P.O. Box 15, Iponga, Karonga
                                              Cell: 0888 362 730
                                              Tel: 01 362 591
                                              Fax: 01 362 591

Patrick Kachingwe   Customs Officer           Flexible and Antismuggling Team-Blantyre
                                              Malawi Revenue Authority
                                              Private Bag 247, Blantyre
                                              Cell: 0884810000
                                              Tel: 01 876 789
                                              Fax: 01 880 803

Alinafe Bonongwe    Custom Officer            Mchinji Border – Malawi
                                              Malawi Revenue Authority
                                              P.O. Box 17
                                              Cell: 0993886688
                                              Tel: 01 906499

Redman Mothera      Police Officer Interpol   National Police Headquarter (Interpol)
                                              Malawi Police Service
                                              Private Bag 305, Lilongwe, Malawi.
                                              Cell: 0999369427
                                              Tel: 01 796 333
                                              Fax: 01 797 979
P.I.P. Chisasa            Station Manager           Dedza
                                                    Malawi Revenue Authority
                                                    Private Bag 247, Blantyre
                                                    Cell: 0888 460 450/0993961104

Martha Mmadi              Customs Officer           Lilongwe
                                                    Malawi Revenue Authority
                                                    P.O. Box 507, Lilongwe
                                                    Cell: 0888 306574
                                                    Tel: 01 762 895
                                                    Fax: 01 762 897

Deborah Chapenga          Customs Officer           Malawi Revenue Authority
                                                    Private Bag 247, Blantyre
                                                    Cell: 0888 863 546
                                                    Tel: 01 871 871
                                                    Fax: 01 880 803

Mary J. Chimasula         Station Supervisor        Chileka Airport
                                                    Malawi Revenue Authority
                                                    Private Bag 247, Blantyre
                                                    Cell: 0888 955 004
                                                    Tel: 01 692 177/185
                                                    Fax: 01 692 240

Victor Msesa              Station Supervisor        Chiponde
                                                    Malawi Revenue Authority
                                                    Private Bag 247, Blantyre
                                                    Cell: 0999 729 624

Tseko Nyesemane           Manager                   Lesotho Revenue Authority, Customs
                                                    Maseru Bridge Border
                                                    P.O. Box 1082, Maseru, Lesotho
                                                    Cell: +266 58910702
                                                    Tel: +26622316997/5221 5000
                                                    Fax: +26622316997

Godfrey Zacharia Mokone   Senior Customs & Excise   Botswana Unified Revenue Service
                          Officer                   P/Bag 0013, Gaborone, Botswana
                                                    Cell: +267 71650593
                                                    Tel: +267 3638465
                                                    Fax: +267 3953101
Kutowaroo Dhiraj      Customs Officer II        Seaport/Examination Section, Customs
                                                Mouritius Revenue Authority (MRA)Customs
                                                Mer Rouge, Port Louis, Mauritius
                                                Cell: +230 751 3361
                                                Tel: +230 202050/1
                                                Fax: +230 216 5471

Taelo Letsela         Executive Director        Africa Institute
                                                Private Bag x447
                                                Cell: +27 765943113
                                                Tel: +27 12-3103627
                                                Fax: +27 12-320550

Lara Ognibene         Associate Legal Officer   Nairobi, Kenya
                                                Tel: +254 20 7623106
                                                Fax: +254 20 7623410

Khetase Kunje         2nd In Charge Interpol    National Police Headquarter (Interpol)
                      Malawi                    Malawi Police Service
                                                Private Bag 305, Lilongwe, Malawi.
                                                Cell: 0888 044 636/0995331181
                                                Tel: 01 796 333
                                                Fax: 01 797 979

Michael Makonombera   Assistant Director        Environmental Affairs Department
                                                Private Bag 394, Lilongwe 3
                                                Cell: 0999 872 282
                                                Tel: 01 771 111
                                                Fax: 01 773 379

Kassee Dmunraj        Programme Officer,        Botswana (SADC Secretariat)
                      Customs                   Cell: +267 72553270
John Bisonga          Director                  Regional Office for Capacity Building
                                                World Customs Organisation
                                                P.O. Box 54497-00200
                                                Nairobi, Kenya
                                                Cell: +254 723467018
                                                Tel: +254 20 2737444
                                                Fax: +254 20 2773968
Emmanuel Kaluluma     Acting Commissioner of    Malawi Revenue Authority
                      Customs                   Blantyre
                                                Tel: 1822 588
Sustain Libamba      Head of Technical- Customs   Malawi Revenue Authority
                                                  Tel: 1822 588

Edina Changaya Mrs   Customs Officer-             Malawi Revenue Authority
                     International Relations      Blantyre
                                                  Tel: 1822 588

Nelles N. Kabvala    Secretary                    Environmental Affairs Department
                                                  Private Bag 394, Lilongwe 3
                                                  Cell: 0 999 209 671/0 884 451 097
                                                  Tel: 01 771 111
                                                  Fax : 01 773 379
                                                  Email :

Mr. Patrick Salifu   Regional Policy and          Compliance Assistance Programme (CAP)
                     Enforcement Officer          UNEP Regioanl Office for Africa/ Ozone Unit
                                                  UN Gigiri, United Nations Avenue
                                                  X-Block Ground Floor, West Wing (X-101)
                                                  P.O Box 47074, G.P.O. 00100
                                                  Nairobi, Kenya
                                                  Phone: +254 20 7623956
                                                  Fax:     +254 20 7623165

Ms. Eunice Njuguna   Administrative Assistant     UNEP/Regional Office for Africa
                                                  OzonAction Compliance Assistance
                                                  X-Block, Ground Floor, West Wing (X-104A)
                                                  P.O. Box 30552, GPO 00100
                                                  Nairobi, Kenya
                                                  Tel No: (254-20) 7623812
                                                  Fax No: (254-20) 7623165/7623928

Mr. Peter Mmora      Environmental Officer        Environmental Affairs Department
                                                  P/Bag 394, Lilongwe 3.
                                                  Tel No: +265 1 771 111
                                                  Fax No: +265 1 773 379


                                    12TH - 14TH OCTOBER 2010

                                   12-14TH oCTOBER, 2010

                                   LILONGWE, MALAWI


                              Welcome Address:
                              Opening remarks by
                                  The Representative of SADC Secretariat
                                  UNEP Representative
                                  WCO Representative
                                  Comptroller General of Customs
                                  Official Opening Statement by the Guest of Honor , Deputy Minister of
                    GROUP PHOTOGRAPH

10.30 – 11.00       TEA / COFFEE BREAK


11:30– 12.30        by UNEP

                              Introduction to issue of Environmental crime
                              Introduction to the Green Customs Initiative (including video)
                              Objectives of the Workshop
                              Coordinated Method of Capacity Building
                              Overview of GCI guide
                              Where to get information on GCI
                          Role of SADC Secretariat in controlling trade activities in the region and Customs
                           Capacity building activities
13:00 – 14:00     LUNCH BREAK

14:00 – 15:00     WCO/ Regional Capacity Building Centre for Eastern and Southern Africa
                          Capacity building activities for Customs Officers in the SADC Region and the role
                           of WCO in the fight against Environmental Crime
                  IS THE ROLE OF CUSTOMS?
                  by UNEP DELC
                       What are MEAs? Why should Customs care?
                       UNEP Manual on Compliance with and Enforcement of MEAs
                  Questions and Discussion
16:00 – 16:30     TEA BREAK

16:30 – 17:30     by UNEP OzonAction and the National Ozone Office Unit, Malawi
                          Introduction to the Protocol
                          Implementation of the Montreal Protocol in Africa and Malawi
                          The role of Customs with practical examples from Malawi and any other country

                  DAY 2

9:00 – 10:00      by the Secretariat or National Focal Point

                        Introduction to the Convention
                        The role of Customs & practical examples
                        Who and what can help you in your daily work?
                        Specificity of implementation of the Cartagena Protocol in Malawi
                        Lessons learnt in this session - Questions and Answers

                  by African Institute

                      Introduction to the Convention

                     o The role of Customs & practical examples
                     o Who and what can help you in your daily work?
                     o Lessons learnt in this session - Questions and Answers
                  AND STOCKHOLM CONVENTION by African Institute

                 by African Institute

                 INTRODUCTION TO CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL                                  TRADE      IN
                     o    Introduction to the Convention and the role of Customs
                     o    Who and what can help you in your daily work? – the CITES CD-Roms and other
                     o    Questions and Answers
13:00 – 14:00    LUNCH BREAK
                     o    How can Interpol assist to fight against Environmental Crime

16:00- 16: 30    TEA/ COFFEE BREAK

                         National Ozone Unit

                                              DAY 3
9:00 – 12:00     WORKING GROUP SESSION

                          National Customs experiences and major obstacles to implementation and
                           enforcing MEAs
                          Case studies
                          What support and assistance is needed by customs, and where that support and
                           assistance might come from
                          Cooperation with stakeholders in control of environmentally sensitive commodities
                           and Cooperation between countries in the Region

                 Two groups to be formulated and each country in the group to be given 10-15
                 minutes for presentation, followed by general discussion

12:00 – 12: 30   Evaluation of the Workshop
12:30 – 13: 30   LUNCH BREAK
13:30 – 14:30    Adoption of the Recommendations from the working groups
14:30 – 15: 00   CLOSING CEREMONY
                          Closing remarks
                          Certificates handling
                          Any other issue
15:00 – 18:00
                 Field visit to customs facilities

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