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Inter and Intra Characteristics and Dynamics of Philanthropy
                       in South Africa

         Philanthropy is natures DNA to help one another – a survival value

                “Indigenous Philanthropy”

              A study presented by the Giving and Sharing Foundation
                         Chairman Mokhehti Moshoeshoe

Authors & Contributors: Dr Bruce Copley, Ann Bown, Vivian Grenfell & David Cuthbert

                                   August 2004
                    (Association incorporated under Section 21)

Governing Body:                    Board of Directors:
                                   Mokhethi Moshoeshoe - African Institute of Corporate
                                   Mvuyo Manyungwana - Umtafo Peace Education ,
                                   Northern Cape
                                   Nomgcobo Sangweni - National Ploughback Trust
                                   boardmember & IDT Director
                                   Solly Mokgata - SA Federation of Mental Health - national
                                   Louise Abrahams - Constitution & Bill of Rights Projects -
                                   Western Cape
                                   Venessa Padayachee - NICRO, National Office
                                   Peter Just – NanHua Buddhist Temple, Gauteng &
                                   Religious Leaders Forum
                                   Naledi Deane - Nisaa - National
                                   Joan Daries - VolunteerSA - national
                                   Solva Burger - Iscor Saldanha Steel, Western Cape

Executive Director:                Ann Bown ( Acting)

Advisory Panel:                    African Institute of Corporate Citizenship
                                   Age in Action
                                   Aids Consortium
                                   Charities Aid Foundation Southern Africa
                                   Department of Social Development – SA Government
                                   Department of Communications – SA Government
                                   Direct Marketing Solutions
                                   Epilepsy SA
                                   Family Life Centre
                                   Girl Guides Association of South Africa
                                   Ithuba Trust
                                   Nan Hau Buddhist
                                   National PloughBack Trust
                                   Order of St John’s
                                   Public Relations Institute of South Africa
                                   Religious Leaders Forum
                                   SA Council of Churches
                                   SA Scout Association
Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                                2
                                   SA Dance
                                   SA Institute of Fundraising
                                   SA Police
                                   SANGONet (Thusanang)
                                   Scouting South Africa
                                   Soul City
                                   South African Music & Dance Association
                                   Talking Beads
                                   Tamil Federation
                                   The Salvation Army
                                   Volunteer Centre
                                   Volunteer Services Overseas
                                   Volunteer South Africa
                                   Volunteers Via Africa

Postal Address:
P O Box 78512

Tel: 011 794 1234
Fax: 011 795 3271

Bank Account::
Name: The Giving & Sharing Foundation
Bank: Nedbank
Branch: Northgate 169805
Account No: 1698 060505

Legal Advisors:
JD Verster, Attorney at Law (employment)
Karen Triebiger – Edward Nathan (copyright)

Auditors: Malherbe Lourens, Rivonia Rd, Sandton

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                             3
Contents:                                 Page

Message from the Patron                      2

Foreword                                     3

What is Indigenous Philanthropy              3

Introduction                                 3

Methodology                                  4

Background & Vision                          5

Overview of Philanthropy                     6-9

The Study & Learningshop                     9-29

Inter & Intra Characteristics               30-33

Conclusion                                   34

Appendix                                     35-38

List of participants
Traditional Theories on Why People Give
I will do more…. By William Arthur Ward
Reference Materials

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                     4
Message from the Patron – Ms Yvonne Chaka Chaka

I have always heard an inner voice, a voice telling me to make a difference to help
another person or to try and change circumstance. Often I have wondered if by doing
my bit either as an entertainer or as a volunteer adult educator; did I make a difference,
did I really reach out and touch another persons’ life, give hope and some new direction?

Through this study I now believe that I have played a role and that others will also hear
their little inner-voice and make a contribution to the lives of many. Some of the
revelations within this report I knew instinctively but now I have confirmation that we are
integral, part of a greater plan and that the role of philanthropy, particularly that of what
has now been identified as indigenous philanthropy is vital in addressing poverty and the
elimination of suffering on the African continent.

I salute the team for pulling this report together and to the many ‘faces’ who have
willingly contributed their inner most feelings and provided substance.

We must continue with our traditions and hold dear our inborn inheritance of caring for
each other – this has been a gift from the ancestors – we must strive to maintain it and
ensure that we pass this onto the next generation – it is indeed our DNA for survival.


Foreword – Mr Mokhethi Moshoeshoe

I hope and pray that one day soon, humanity can come to understand, appreciate and
embrace life’s myriad paradoxes. That day will mark the beginning of a new era in
human history. A single major cause of human pain and suffering is based on and
fuelled by a misguided belief that in order for each of us to succeed, we have to exclude,
divide, fragment, separate, create boundaries and shield ourselves from each other.

Amongst life’s myriad paradoxes, Margaret Wheatley and Myron Kellner-Rogers, in a
brilliant article entitled, “The Promise and Paradox of Community”1 write about one of the
most fundamental paradoxes of life. On the one hand there is an absolute need for
individual freedom, primal freedom to create, the capacity to be different, to be a
different and innovative solution to survival, the freedom to be unique, the freedom that
gives rise to the boundless wealth of diversity that is the universe.

On the other hand human beings have an indisputable need for one another. We are
diverse yet intertwined and interdependent beings. We each belong to some
community. Our everyday lives are an endless web of relationships and social,
economic and political systems that support and sustain our livelihoods.

The biggest challenge facing humanity today is the one on which our common future
depends to find a balance between individualism and our connectedness to one another
and the natural environment. How do we contribute our individuality, our talents, our

    In the Community of the Future. Jossey-Bass 1998.
Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                           5
creativity and gifts for the well-being of our fellow humans and ourselves. It is our
individual contributions that will make the overall system stable and healthy.

Giving and Sharing campaign is based on and guided by one of the most fundamental
human instincts – giving, receiving, and sharing, and instinct of community. In traditional
African and other human communities, conditions of freedom and connectedness are
kept vibrant by focusing on what’s going on in the heart of the community rather than in
being fixated on the forms and structures that divide and isolate us from one another.
We believe that by exercising our individual choice to acknowledge, respect and love our
neighbours and to care for our natural environment, by being in mutually beneficial
relationships, forming communities, those communities will support our individual
freedoms to grow and express our individuality.

I am because we are. A person is a person because of other persons.

We are indeed grateful for the support of The Ford Foundation, Dr Gerry Salole and his
team, without their belief and ongoing encouragement this work would not have been
driven to a new space in our hearts and minds.


What is Indigenous Philanthropy? A definition given by Ann Bown and Peter Just

Indigenous philanthropy is performed by anybody within a specific geographical or
cultural area. Their work is for the benefit of those local people within that specific
community. Their love for humankind is expressed by addressing the immediate social
needs and future development of all living beings and the environment. [Indigenous
philanthropists share their knowledge, culture, and faith, and believe that by sharing, the
tradition will live through to the next generation.]


1. Introduction:

The study is based on a consultative process over a four year period comprising of
individuals who have demonstrated a high commitment of dedicated service either in a
voluntary capacity or through the donation of gifts and resources to communities in
South Africa in order to promote the well-being of humankind through the spirit of ubuntu
and philanthropy. This study acknowledges the often overlooked and greatly under-
appreciated Indigenous Philanthropic work that is taking place in South Africa every
single day to alleviate the suffering and pain of fellow citizens.

The purpose of the study is to produce a document that will bring all the old and new
knowledge into one place, a document that will identify commonalities between
indigenous philanthropists and to explore the dynamics of philanthropy, service and
altruism in modern day South Africa.

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                          6
It was truly amazing to discover that each person that we engaged with had experienced
similar experiences in life – all of them shared a belief that life was preparing them for
their ‘passion’ – many had worked in dead-end jobs or worse were unemployed or badly
(emotionally as well as physically) beaten under the old Apartheid system or in hurtful
relationships that were soul destroying; later those ‘bad’ experiences became the keys to
unlocking new potential. All agreed that it was a journey worth enduring and that they
would take the same pathways again if it was to lead them to the joy that they are
experiencing today! A common thread was a deep religious commitment to a higher
power that helped them hold on for better days.

All philanthropist have a desire and a need to engage with one another, exchanging their
experiences and, as we have discovered, expressing their concerns. There is a need for
them to connect and share. One of the recommendations from Dr Copley, the facilitator
of the learningshop, is the urgent need to provide an Indaba, an annual meeting point for
practitioners to rejuvenate their energy levels and to broaden their philosophies.

Co-ordination of such an event should become the future role of the Giving & Sharing
Foundation – creating a community of indigenous philanthropist.


2. Methodology and tools used during this process

2.1      Commonalities of life’s experiences as recorded in the many personal interviews
         and stories that we have covered over the past 4 years.
2.2      Interviews with members of the Giving & Sharing Advisory Panel and Directors of
         the Giving and Sharing Foundation.
2.3      Observations and contributions from individuals who are interested in the act of
         philanthropy and volunteerism
2.4      Hosting of a learningshop Facilitated by Dr Bruce Copley using the science of
         cogmotics and holism to explore the deeper senses and emotions.


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3. Background:

Establishment of Giving & Sharing

Giving & Sharing is a special week set aside from the 2nd - 3rd Friday of every November.
The purpose of this week is to highlight, honour and strengthen volunteerism and
philanthropy in South Africa.

Giving & Sharing Week provides an opportunity to reflect on the meaning of giving,
ubuntu and all that has been made possible by ordinary South Africans and their
respective organisations or companies. It is also a way to promote indigenous
philanthropy, traditional African ways of giving, and to lift the profile of all good causes
within the Non-Profit sector.

The official launch and first week was held and celebrated in November 2002 although
two Awards were bestowed in recognition of outstanding contributions the previous year;
to Ms Yvonne Chaka Chaka, now the Patron of Giving & Sharing and to Investment
Solutions for Corporate Citizenship – the date was September 12 2001, a date that will
be etched onto our minds, the day after 9/11 when the world was trying to make sense
of the devastating news and outpouring of pain and shock.

Through G&S we are able to show appreciation for all those who have made a
difference and shine the spotlight onto those who are showing the human face and spirit
of giving.

In April 2003 the Advisory Panel agreed that the time was right for Giving & Sharing to
become its own legal entity – a Section 21 Company known as The Giving & Sharing
Foundation. Directors were nominated and appointed in October 2003.

The kernel for the idea was simmered by the Southern Africa Institute of Fundraising
during a conference in 1999 when ways of improving philanthropic giving to fight poverty
and improve the lives of people and the planet were sought. The campaign has been
strongly influenced by the National Peace Accord Initiative of 1993/1994 when South
Africans joined hands and made a Miracle happen. Similar concepts exist in other
countries – but this is the first of its kind to bring to the fore stories that can raise the
spirit of humanity and harmony, stories that will bring tears of joy and mobilise a nation
to say YES… it does start with me!

The Vision
“Great powers of the world have done wonders in giving the world an industrial
look, but the great gift still has to come from Africa – giving the world a more
human face.”

                                                                                  Steve Biko

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4. Overview of Philanthropy - by David Cuthbert CFRE, FSAIF
(extracted from “Fundraising – Enables Giving for Community Good” edited by Ann

The word “philanthropy” which entered the English language in the 17th Century from
the Greek (philanthropia - “The love of mankind”), has been used to describe many
ethical and religious systems, movements of thought, and social situations. It has been
associated with charity, civic spirit, humanitarianism, social control and social work.

Little has been researched or written on the past, present and future of giving, or of
“philanthropy”. Very little has been researched or written about giving in the African
context, however, the Centre for Civil Society based at Natal University has recently
(April 2003) embarked on a two year study on Indigenous Giving – this should be
completed by mid 2004. Philanthropy is a powerful force affecting the quality and values
of the human race. For over 6000 years, philanthropy has funded wars, erected
temples, built universities, established movements, preserved cultures and changed the
course of world history.

The Chinese were taught that the care for others is a personal virtue. Looking back into
Jewish history, we find that the act of giving (Isaiah 58:7) and tithing (Deuteronomy
14:22) was part of social life and relationships. Judaism influenced early Christian ideas
and practices in philanthropy. The apostle Paul developed the Hebrew idea of steward-
ship, which assumes that the rich man is not the owner but merely the steward of the
wealth in his hand (Genesis 1.26), and must therefore use it in accordance with God's
commands (2 Corinthians 8,9). The early Christian commitments to those in need, to
the sharing of wealth, and to building a sense of fellowship in the community of
believers, were regarded as expressions of Christian love.

Philanthropy can also be traced back to Egyptian writings which talked of giving to make
life happier and better for others. The Greek and Roman ideas of philanthropy differ
from the Egyptians in that it was directed for kindly acts "towards people", not just the
poor and needy. Their guiding policy preferred the idea of public responsibility in the
form of work relief projects or doles.

In Catholic countries the church continued to function in charitable and educational roles
with little state supervision.

The idea of voluntary organisation in charity developed with new social and economic
forces associated with overseas expansion, including the slave trade, the industrial
revolution, and the need for a cheap but stable and reliable labour force.

Modern philanthropic ideas were spread world-wide when religious movements
undertook to “Christianise” and “civilise” indigenous peoples overseas, and to support
growing colonial empires, as in the case of Southern Africa. In the later part of the 19th
century and in the early years of the 20th, we experienced a “golden” chapter in the
history of philanthropy. A great deal of giving, both during the lives of donors and in
provisions in their estates (possessions left behind when someone dies), continued to be
directed toward charitable and religious institutions and causes. An increasing emphasis
was put on the use of philanthropy for the prevention of shortcomings in the social order,
and for the general improvement of the quality of civilisation.

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Most religious movements teach caring and charity to their followers. Apart from
Judaism and Christianity we find that Buddha teaches that there are four things which
bring happiness to man in this world. One of them is: “He should practise charity,
generosity, without attachment and craving for wealth.” Among the moral and
ceremonial teachings of Islam, emphasis is placed on: “Selflessness as a form of
gratitude to God. And feed with food the needy wretch, the orphan and the prisoner, for
love of Allah only. We wish no reward nor thanks from you.” In the Hindu tradition, the
stress in the Vedic hymns on the offering of gifts to the gods is an essential feature of
religious experience. This is generalised to include the concept of the duty of liberality to
all who are in need. The motivation for charity is not, therefore, an appeal to
compassion based on an understanding of human suffering or of common brotherhood,
but rather a recognition of the right of the recipient of a gift to share in the good fortune
of the donor.

Philanthropy in The African Context

Seipati Mokoka, Eva Mokoka, Maki Zweni, Amie Chhaya, Kulsam Chhaya, Chris Mhikzi and Louis Mahlangu
– some of the participants in the learningshop hosted at Shangri La (Dr Copley and Marinda Bastiaans in the

How well has this philanthropic movement been transferred into Africa? Over 90% of
Non-profits throughout Southern, Central, East and West Africa are church or mission
related. Up until recent times most of us have been relying on foreign funding for nearly
all of our programme budgets.

A researcher at Daystar University, Nairobi, asks the question: "Are we committed to
planting, facilitating and/or growing churches that are truly mature and independent - not
only in leadership and theology, but in vision, mission, and finances as well?" A Kenyan
Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                                       10
once wrote: “Missionaries have often been blamed for not teaching about giving. It is
true that some missionaries implied that the only gift God appreciated was cash, not for
example, produce from the farm such as grains, fruits and animals. Consequently
Africans who had no cash could not participate in the giving. Gradually African believers
became mere spectators. “By ignorance, or at best minimizing, the resources available
in the churches of Africa we bypass and discourage opportunities for growth and self-

“Philanthropy” is a household name in the African culture. Unlike in first world countries
such as the USA, Britain and other European countries, Africa, although it is not a well-
developed continent has a rich philanthropic tradition. Giving is part of the African
culture. In the African culture people receive satisfaction if they are given an opportunity
to give and to share the little that they have with others. The concept of ‘Umuntu’,
‘Botho’, and ‘Wolanani’ hospitality is inborn among Africans and normal to their

Other ways of demonstrating what some call rural volunteerism, which dates back
farther than we know is the pulling together in times of strife such as Letsema when the
villagers would converge on the field of a another villager, to plough, hoe or harvest as a
group. There was no payment either in monetary or material form but the feast
afterwards was the ‘thank you’ for caring for one another. The women of the village
would do something known as Ibhoxo – gather wood and pile it at the house of one of
their neighbours; these cycles would continue until the whole village was almost equally
or evenly resourced. In Africa a women can spend up to seven hours a day in gathering
wood and finding water. Women, who cannot afford their own fields, help those who
have ploughed. At harvest time, they are given a year’s share to feed their families.
Extended families stay together.

Voluntary cooperation is still very visible in communities during weddings and funerals
when everyone contributes towards the event. In the case of the loss of a family
member, often the whole village will participate in a night vigil of prayer – sharing the
grief and pain. This act is cathartic as well as therapeutic counselling for the mourners.
It is known as Siyavelana or Ngiyazwele depending on the ethnic group.

Julius Nyerere, the late Tanzanian leader, referred to “Ujamaa” as a familyhood or
brotherhood being a communal philosophy of tribal culture – shared ownership of land
and property with equal distribution of wealth ensuring non-exploitation of poor people.

In African societies people do not live in isolation. People stay together, to support one
another in times of need. A man stays with others of his clan in what is termed ‘kgoro’.
Their houses are built very close to each other, only divided by a thin boundary of either
a mud wall, reeds or what is called ‘lefuo’. In this way communication between or
amongst households is easy, and this encourages sharing. Men only go inside their
houses during bedtime. Men of the same clan stay at ‘kgoro’ to receive visitors and to
guard their belongings. They eat together and help each other in providing guidance for
their boys. Each household has a kraal, but when it is milking time or caring for the
livestock in the fields, all boys of the same clan go together - even those who don’t have
livestock in their homes. They share the chores and even share the milk, food and
everything that each household has. Boys from poor families will be allocated livestock
of their own when they come of age, to start their own kraal.

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                         11
Elderly people are cared for by their own children. The concept of ‘Ubuntu’ goes to the
extent that a girl is allocated to her cousin in marriage, so that she can look after an aunt
who may be poor or ill, or who maybe does not have girls. If a woman does not have
children her younger sister is allocated to go and bear children for her. In some cases
women get married to houses. That means a household without boys can marry so that
it continues to exist; and other men of the same clan will take care of these women. In
this way a man is allowed to marry as many women as he can afford so that no woman
in the community is without a man to care for her. This ensures that all fatherless
children are cared for.

Africans derive pleasure in giving and sharing. A chief makes sure the needy are cared
for. Grain and meat ‘lehlakore’ and other gifts like beer, used on special occasions, are
taken by the chief to feed the poor and the needy. These gifts supplement where the
state or those in power do not give aid. They fill the gap. In these and many other ways
the African philanthropic movement has developed over the years to satisfy the desire to
give as individuals, as groups (clubs and societies are prominent in African culture);
giving in many forms even free labour and services.

Donors and philanthropists from the western world have overlooked the ability of
grassroots communities to care for their own needs, often called Communal Coping, in
ways that have allowed them to survive and grow over many centuries. Communal
village life has taught us to care for our neighbour. Whether the need of a family has
been food, or medical help for a sick child, or finding money to send a child to school or
college, the relatives and the community found a way to provide. In the spirit of ubuntu
those who have reach out to those who have not. This movement has become well
organised through the stokvel system of saving and sharing.

In looking back 6000 years, what golden thread can be seen in philanthropic history? A
consistent motivation seems to have driven people to give - in ancient Egypt, Greece,
Rome, Europe and Africa. Each culture with its own religion and values has created
philanthropists who have carried on these ideals and values by giving away their
resources. In the words of the best known modern writer on the subject: "Philanthropy
has become to be known in the 20th century as voluntary action for public good, through
voluntary action, voluntary association and voluntary giving." (Robert Payton: Center on
Philanthropy - Indiana).

5. The Study

Dr. Bruce Copley of Aaha Learning was awarded this assignment of creating an
authentic community for the study of inter and intra characteristics and dynamics of

A gathering of 22 special individuals; young and old, black and white, male and female,
Christian and Hindu, Buddhist and Muslim, Xhosa and Zulu from remote villages and
bustling cities contributed to the findings within this learningshop. They came together

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                          12
under one roof for 2 days during July 2004 at the most aptly named place of Shangri La
Lodge in Bela Bela, Limpopo, South Africa.

The facilitation process, was different, very different; no flip charts, no whiteboard, no
rigid programme, no U-shape room layout, no data-projector, no laptop. Instead the
environment enticed sleep and relaxation under a thatched roof with bean bags
haphazardly strewn around the meeting room. This was one workshop where ‘resting’
your eyes was meditation and beating a drum out of tune was getting in sync with the
group. This was a holistic exploration of the dynamics to be played out in the minds and
hearts of both the individuals and the group itself. This was a journey of discovery
through holistic intelligence and a learning system known as cogmotics that stimulates
five important faculties namely; mental, physical, social, spiritual and emotional.

     Dr Bruce Copley, bean-bags and the pop-up G&S banner – a relaxed learning environment

5.1 The Learningshop Objectives

1.     A deeper understanding of philanthropy, service and altruism.
2.     Characteristics and qualities of the philanthropist.
3.     The dynamics of giving and sharing and in particular; indigenous philanthropy.
4.     Examples of indigenous philanthropy.
5.     Creating a community of philanthropists who can learn from one another.

Providing philanthropists with tools and techniques that will broaden their perspectives
and assist them to become effective philanthropic messengers

Holistic exploration and demonstration of the holoprint as it relates to philanthropic work
in society was one of the greatest moments for all the participants and we share these
similarities below, however, a number of other experiences were applied during the
course of the two days and we have listed the Learning Review hereafter the discussion
on the holoprint, as previously stated this was different.

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                                THE    ANCIENT        PATTERN       OF     THE    FUTURE
                                The holoprint is a magical work of art which may be formed
                                in any viscous substance (toothpaste, grease, cream,
                                honey, etc.). This beautiful design emerges when the
                                substance is compacted between 2 smooth transparent
                                sheets and the sheets are then separated. The holoprint
                                design is found in countless material structures both
                                animate and inanimate. A few examples are veins,
              nerves, muscle fibres, bones, leaves, roots, trees, branches, coral, cones,
              flowers, sponges, cork, grass, fire, lightning, crystals, fossils, rocks,
              snowflakes, rivers, sand-dunes, waterfalls, electricity, clouds, labyrinths,
              fireworks, wood grains, etc., etc. The HOLOPRINT design is a material
              manifestation of what can only be described as a universal and timeless
              HOLISTIC MORPHOLOGICAL PRINCIPLE constantly expressing itself in
              living organisms, inanimate material structures and other natural phenomena
              - DR. BRUCE COPLEY

This wonderful, yet thought-provoking experiment immediately gave us all a sense of
belonging but more importantly, a sense of connectedness – no matter what race,
culture, religion, sex, status, we are.

It is almost like Nature’s way of verifying who we are in this world and what our
purpose/goal in this world is (or should be)…Nature’s DNA…

“Pressing the transparent sheets together creates a VACUUM and the design emerges
out of this vacuum.”

So to does our need to do something in the community, or our sudden realization of
where we want to be in this world and what we want to do – it is a feeling of almost
starting from scratch (a Vacuum) or even your life before felt like it was in a “vacuum”
until you have learned significant values through helping people – social upliftment
through empowerment.

THE CONNECTEDNESS was a very strong message for all. No matter how many times
we tried to ruin this design, by following previous procedures (i.e. placing the 2 discs
together and pressing hard) the same pattern would emerge. Hence, the CONTINUITY
of this CONNECTEDNESS, or better still, the connected spirit amongst philanthropists.

“While the design has a very clear circular boundary or edge, every part of the boundary
is open to the outside.”

Examples of various charity, non-profit organizations spring to mind, or any community
project or social development, which stands for a specific cause and outcome, yet is
open to anyone who wants to get involved, therefore growing further branches
(connections) as a result and becoming a bigger, powerful community programme or
organization with the benefits, multiplied.

Hence, “The BIG PICTURE is revealed with all the branches masterfully connected.”

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                           14
What Philanthropists do, without realizing is, they are focused on the Bigger picture and
do not concern themselves with the obstacles that do come their way. As long as the
Bigger picture is clear in their minds, and that bigger picture is one of COMMUNITY,

Very often, society tries to change that, or other people being put off by all these
‘negative’ events/obstacles that happen in their lives, which then prevents them from
even starting to volunteer or promote an organization. Nature has a way of looking after
us, it is no wonder that philanthropists feel so strongly about the work that they do – and
this Holoprint example simply proved this point. It is Nature’s way of say, “you’re on the
right track – keep going”…

It’s also no wonder that most philanthropists seem to have a genuine appreciation and
wonder of nature.

Mother Nature has her own natural way of bringing back the ‘equilibrium’ in our world
through “getting rid of the rubbish, disease, pollution” and brining things back to basics,
back to it’s normal (natural) state – Holistic cleansing.
So too do all organizations (be it profit or non) go through cycles of change only to end
up right where they started – be it decades or centuries before. That is the basic
fundamental principles of CONNECTEDNESS & WHOLENESS, no matter who or what
we are.

    Quote: Altruistic impulse is embedded in our genes, reflecting the survival value of
    helping each other (reference from Susan Berresford of the Ford Foundation in her
    remarks during a presentation to Washington University on ‘Philanthropy in the 21st
    Century’ forum)

5.2 The Learning Review

This LEARNING REVIEW which is a summary of what happened in our learningshop,
has been lovingly compiled for you. Hopefully it will serve as a fitting closure to what
was certainly a most delightful and memorable experience for all involved.

Take some quiet uninterrupted time to make a careful study of the contents.


The following objectives and goals were identified prior to and at the beginning of our
session: To learn as much as possible from others; Make new friends and deepen
existing friendships; To share experiences and stories with each other; Better
understanding of what motivates/drives people to become philanthropists; Obstacles that
hinder people from giving and sharing; Techniques and tools to enliven philanthropic
messages and communication; Assisting practitioners to become messengers and
communicators of philanthropy; Identifying the principles of philanthropy.

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                           15
       This learningshop review honours the principle and practice of customer
       service in education and training. Our passionate commitment to going the
       extra mile before, during and after our learningshops greatly enhances the
       potential for growth and learning. In the Cogmotic art making process
       something new is understood or something is newly understood.


              One of the great gifts of life is that it offers us an ongoing opportunity to
              grow and learn. Any experience we may have (good, bad or indifferent) can
              be made more meaningful and useful if we simply become mindful, i.e. think
              about, analyse and interpret what really happened. This is really nothing
              more than accessing the “wisdom of hindsight”. This wisdom is an important
              constituent of that thing we call “experience”. Bear in mind that experience
              is not just what happens to you but also what you make of what happens to
              you. It is the objective of this communiqué to refresh your holistic memory,
              revisit what you experienced and evaluate whether anything has changed in
              your life since the learningshop.


              Traditional education, teaching and training do not encourage and engender
              learning responsibility, accountability or intrinsic motivation. Instead they
              tend to foster fear, promote competition and cause stress. With few
              exceptions students have little or no say or input into the what, why, where,
              when and how of their education and training. This approach promotes
              learned helplessness and seriously retards taking real ownership and
              responsibility for the learning process. “Response-ability” or the ability to
              respond is very largely a learned skill acquired through practice and
              application. The learning which inevitably occurs when we engage in our
              hobbies takes place because of an abundance of interest, responsibility and
              energy in the learning process. A key element of taking responsibility for
              ones learning is firstly to ask yourself and others questions and more
              questions and secondly, to vigorously and creatively do whatever it
              takes to satisfy these questions and your curiosity. When a person is
              encouraged and empowered to question, explore and actively participate in
              the learning process, it becomes patently evident that the responsibilities,
              challenges and rewards of learning lie not with the teacher/trainer/educator
              but with the learner.

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                        16


              The efficiency of traditional education and teaching (talk and chalk approach)
              rarely exceeds 10% in terms of what is understood, remembered and applied
              or used. It is clear that the problem does not lie with a lack of knowledge or
              information but rather with the way in which this information is
              communicated, integrated and used. If it is done holistically (physically,
              mentally, spiritually, socially and emotionally) then we should not be
              surprised if we simply get what we have always got – not much in terms of
              understanding, retention and application. Unless education and training
              addresses the real needs and wants of the learner, the process can never be
              considered as learner centred. Teachers, educators, parents and leaders
              should consistently ask themselves the question : Whose needs are being
              met here?


              The ring of truth resonates in all holistic experiences and Cogmotics has the
              potential to transform such experiences into an alarm clock. The ring of this
              clock may be short or long, fuzzy or clear, soft or loud, grossly irritating or
              profoundly beautiful. As with all alarm clocks you get to decide whether to
              continue sleeping or to wake up.


              By calling a CIRCLE we rekindle an ancient process of COMMUNION and
              DIALOGUE that for tens of thousands of years has held communities
              together and shaped their lives. The CENTRE of the circle acts as a
              symbolic place for both head and heart energy where everyone’s
              CONSECRATED SPACE which "enables interaction to slow down and
              provide breathing and thinking space - a type of COLLECTIVE
              CONTEMPLATION - it prepares us for the      fire   of    LIVING  IN

       A ceremony is any individual or collective action which is taken with
       mindfulness and respect. It provides a time and space that reminds us to be
       open, receptive, humble and aware. Spiritual essence, energy and wisdom
Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                          17
              are brought into focus and awareness to create a kind of sacred atmosphere.
              A ceremony which is done repeatedly becomes a RITUAL and frequently a
              ritual evolves into a traditional custom. The great danger with rituals and
              customs is that they can very easily become dead, mindless, habitual actions
              devoid of their original essence, effect and meaning. Simple and appropriate
              modern holistic ceremonies which creatively utilise things such as light, form,
              sound, colour, stories, music, etc., have the potential to create very
              meaningful and effective ways to connect, remember, learn, honour and


              Silence is the absence of external sound or noise while stillness is the
              absence of internal thought/activity. Stillness is more easily achieved when
              there is silence. In true stillness or noble silence, great things fashion
              themselves. To be comfortable with both our own silence and in particular
              the silence of others, is a most desirable quality of personal mastery.


              Tell them and they will forget …… show them and they may remember ……
              involve them and they will understand (Confucius)

              If a picture is worth a thousand words then a holistic experience is worth a
              thousand pictures. (Copley)

              We trust that the inherent truth of these 2 statements become apparent in
              your experiences and that in the years to come they will bring back learning
              filled memories.


              In our busy lives there is a real need to consciously create a space for
              relaxation, solitude and ceremony. Without these experiences, we are
              unlikely to be able to live healthy and balanced lives.

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                          18
              The 5 faculties which accord us status as human beings are the physical,
              mental, emotional, spiritual and social. Cogmotics strives to consciously
              involve and integrate all 5 faculties and in so doing ensure that the whole
              person is stimulated, challenged and engaged.


The paradigm twig you were given has the potential to teach you something valuable. If you have
not yet discovered what it was SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED for and would like to be given a clue,
please continue :


NOTE: Only when you have the … aaha … should you read the remainder of this

TEACHER STICK is very happy that you have “stuck to the point” and also that you

have seen the “lead/ink for the wood”. Now you are invited to deepen your learning by

considering the following:

   *   What have you learnt from this experience and specifically from the state of
   mystery, the stage of inventing creative meanings and the aaha revelation?

   *   What assumptions, habits or perceptions prevented you from thinking about or
   actually removing the cotton wool tip?

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                            19
   *   What do you imagine you would have done with the stick if it was given to you as
   a child?

   *   Do you think that your “blind spots”, and of course we all have them, have
   anything to do with your answers to the above questions?

   *   What would be the advantages of reawakening the curiosity you had as a child
   and how would this impact on your ability to learn, unlearn and relearn?

   *     What would happen if you used your stick to write down your dreams?

   *   Traditional education teaches a lesson and then gives a test – could TEACHER
   STICK reverse the process by giving you a test which teaches a lesson?? This is the
   question and you are the answer!


              Very often when faced with a problem, we think that the solution lies within
              the problem and consequently narrow our focus and attention. Frequently
              the solution is outside our focus and whenever we become stuck we may like
              to remember this.


              Our ability to fully understand or know anything is simply a function of the
              number of different perspectives or angles we are prepared to employ and
              explore.     By limiting our perspective for whatever reason, we
              proportionately reduce our holistic insight.


Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                       20
              New advances in science and in particular systems thinking, holography and
              quantum mechanics and physics are demonstrating connections and
              relationships within and between the physical and metaphysical realms. The
              holistic rod is visibly and invisibly connected and is a startling and fun-filled
              reminder that there is infinitely more than meets the eye and engages the


              This experience of imagining a new musical instrument provides insights into
              how you make sense of your world and attempt to match the unknown with
              the known.

              Although there are considerable differences in both the sounds and form
              perceptions of the Hung when it is only heard and not seen or played, it is
              clear that REAL KNOWING can only occur when the instrument is holistically
              experienced … without the full experience we are compelled to rely on
              assumptions and guesswork which as you may have found with the hung
              can be very misleading. For further information on this amazing instrument


              We are continually having experiences in life but if we wish to really learn
              from them we need to do more than just have an experience. A useful way
              of grounding any natural life or educationally designed experience is to
              consider the following 5 questions: (1) What was difficult or challenging? (2)
              What surprised or awed me? (3) What moved or touched me? (4) What
              was new or confirmed to me? (5) What was unfinished or incomplete about
              the experience? Doing this verbally and/or through journalling Is an
              important step in learning or being changed by an experience.


              This delightful and responsive little moose has much to teach provided we
              are open and receptive. It is a potent reminder of some important principles
              pertaining to learning such as: creating surprise, delight and fun,
              engendering curiosity and challenge, focused energy, dealing creatively and
              positively with failure, being prepared to move into the unknown, extending
              our boundaries, pacing oneself and realising that anything can be our


              There are many mysteries in life which defy rational thought and direct
              experience. The strange ability of being able to easily lift a heavy weight
              using only our 2 forefingers after a simple hand stacking act, is a startling
              example of such a phenomenon. This is a potent reminder that here are
              many invisible forces and energies at work that are not subject to
              conventional time and space constraints. Experiences like this invite us to
              become comfortable with not knowing and simply living with the question.
Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                            21

              The simple exercise of writing on 7 slips of paper, the most significant things
              in our lives and then systematically having to give up these in pairs until we
              are left with only one, is a powerful and gut-wrenching reminder of the real
              priorities in our lives. Ultimately we will all have to let go of everything that we
              love and value including our material existence. When we do so, let us not
              forget that it is we who take our final breath and no one else.


              This classic beautifully made and painted wooden doll which hails from
              Russia contains within it, exact replicas of itself. Each of the 7 dolls
              becomes progressively smaller fitting perfectly into one another.

              People in leadership roles commonly attempt (consciously or unconsciously)
              to get their followers or sub-ordinates to become SMALLER CARBON
              COPIES of themselves. Power and the need to control, manipulate and
              contain people lies at the core of this approach which ensures a collective
              (family, company, society, nation) of MIDGETS.

              Any truly great leader consciously strives to reverse this process so that their
              followers become bigger, better and greater than themselves. They also
              recognise and encourage the uniqueness and virtue of each person and
              actively strive to support and guide rather than to mould and manipulate.


              In this simple yet surprising profound exercise a card is randomly drawn from
              a pack of 36 representing the elements of earth, water, fire and air and a
              variety of animals. Each beautifully illustrated card contains the outstanding
              universal qualities or characteristics of a particular African animal, its
              symbolic meaning and a specific message of guidance and advice.

              When studying these cards we are invited to open our hearts and minds and
              to search for the sparks of connection and truth. In a very mysterious and
              almost uncanny way we are, to a greater is lesser extent, able to catch
              valuable glimpses of ourselves and our strengths, weaknesses and
              aspirations from these voices of Africa.


              Balancing sixteen, 6 inch nails on the head of a single nail without using any
              other materials appears to be an impossible feat. This is also true of many
              problems we encounter on our life journey. All problems have contained
              within them a solution which is usually very simple. This principle is
              stunningly revealed when through a process of counter balancing, 2 parallel
              horizontal nails and diagonally positioned nails threaded between the 2
              parallel nails and held in position by their heads, all the nails are easily
              balanced on the head of a single nail. When we know how to do something
Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                               22
              and are prepared to share this with others, we can assist people with
              problems that seem insurmountable. The principle of giving and sharing is
              the cement which holds humanity together and blesses all.


              Fun at work may be the single most important trait of a highly effective and
              successful organisation. There is a direct scientifically established link
              between fun at work and: CREATIVITY, PRODUCTIVITY, MORALE,
              TO COPE WITH PRESSURE. Fun fosters lightness, positive energy, group
              spirit, high self esteem and motivates and promotes an attitude of “want to”
              as opposed to “must do”. Fun and the energy it creates are contagious and
              may be used as an ORGANISATIONAL STRATEGY to achieve
              extraordinary results in all areas of an organisation from training
              interventions to meetings to recruitment procedures.

              Frivolity can unleash ingenuity and through impulsive acts of silliness
              exquisite turns of innovation can be manifested. In an hour of play and fun it
              is possible to discover more about others than in a year of conversation. In
              conclusion it is important to realise that fun in the workplace always remains
              a personal choice and for it to be in place, it must be valued as important and
              worth the effort.


              ∗      Laughter loves company and companies love laughter
              ∗      Try connecting the bottom line with the funny line
              ∗      Humour helps people travel at the speed of lightness
              ∗      The fun and gains of humour
              ∗      Humour prevents the hardening of both our arteries and attitudes
              ∗      Everyone can live happily ever laughter
              ∗      Magic happens when you connect your sense of worth with your sense
                     of mirth
              ∗      The key to creativity lies in our bones – our funny bones
              ∗      What is your laugh ability and is your communication funformative


              ∗      Start a meeting with everyone completing the sentence which starts:
                     Wouldn’t it be fun if …… or The funniest thing I have seen at work is
              ∗      Have meetings in different settings such as local historical places
                     which normally only attract visitors, parks, bars, swimming pools, golf
                     courses, etc.
              ∗      Have a potluck lunch meeting with people bringing eats and drinks to

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                          23
              ∗      Start a meeting with a short personalised check-in and check-out
              ∗      Sit in a circle and co-create a circle centre-piece.
              ∗      To heighten awareness of common meeting dynamics get people
                     either openly or secretively to role play conventional meeting
                     personalities such as the joker, interrupter, controller, sleeper, babbler,
                     stirrer, etc.
              ∗      Experiment with ways in which meetings can be transferred into 30
                     minutes coffee/tea talks with the challenge being to discover creative
                     ways to share information (funformation) in short periods of time.


              When we allow a person to communicate with us and do so at their own
              pace without interruption but with focused listening and attention, we are
              demonstrating respect and kindness.


              When we authentically tell our own story there is no going back. When we
              listen with a still mind to the stories of others, we are changed. In recent
              years a whole science has emerged around storytelling and is known as
              narrative therapy.


              If a group (large or small) is to function efficiently then the SECONDARY
              process (thoughts, feelings, expectations) must never be allowed to go
              unexpressed. The unseen and unheard messages which constitute the
              secondary process should always move into the PRIMARY process which
              involves speaking, leading or holding a space, UNLESS THIS HAPPENS,
              FORWARD. Remember that at a fundamental level, right and wrong are
              relative and subjective and all viewpoints are equally valid. The following
Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                             24
              “Relationship Economics” succinctly summarise the dynamics and outcome
              of human relationships.
                 Competitive/Adversarial: 1 + 1 < 1
                 Dependent:                  1+1<2
                 Independent:                1+1=2
                 Interdependent:             1+1>2

              When we work together we are also living and learning collectively. Any
              activity which fosters or promotes meaningful living and holistic learning will
              impact on the bottom line. Creating opportunities for people to talk about
              their hobbies and interests and their fears and aspirations in an informal,
              relaxed setting are simple practices with significant positive implications.


              Everything in our known world is a really a system which consists of parts
              and processes. Very often we see only our part and function within the
              system in which we operate. While this focused or specialised view has its
              obvious advantages, seeing the "bigger picture" is the other vital side of the
              coin. While all the parts of a system are fundamentally of equal importance,
              where the system is incomplete, then it is the missing parts that become
              really important.

          The giving and receiving of gifts is usually dependent on some kind of long
          standing custom or annual event. Something special emerges when this
          happens outside of such settings. In traditional and indigenous communities
          gift giving was not restricted to such occasions and happened
          spontaneously. Maybe you experienced the joy and excitement of a different
          kind of “gifting” in our little ceremony?


Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                          25
              While change is often viewed as an uncertain and risky occasional event or
              happening which should be cautiously approached or avoided, the reality is
              that since life is a process or movement, everything is always changing.
              Whenever you learn something you are changed. Skilled learners are
              agents of change who are continually exploring, risking discovery and
              growing. By resisting, obstructing and/or avoiding natural and necessary
              change we retard our learning and short circuit our lives.


              "When the chains of conditioning and the ties of learning that bind the human
              mind again and again are loosed, and we are introduced finally to ourselves,
              the real self that has no limitation, then the bells of heaven ring for joy and
              we are thrust forward into a grand rendezvous with life


              A prosperous investment banker was at the pier of a small coastal Mexican
              village when a small boat with just one fisherman docked. Inside the small
              boat were several large yellow fin tuna.

              The American complimented the fisherman on the quality of his fish and
              asked how long it took to catch them. The fisherman replied, only a little

              The American then asked why didn’t he stay out longer and catch more fish?
              The fisherman said he had enough to support his family’s immediate needs.

              The American then asked, but what do you do with the rest of your time ?
              The fisherman said, “I sleep late, fish a little, play with my children, take
              siesta with my wife, Maria, stroll into the village each evening where I sip
              wine and play guitar with my amigos, I have a full and busy life”.

              The American scoffed, “I am a Harvard MBA and could help you. You
              should spend more time fishing and with the proceeds buy a bigger boat,
              with the proceeds from the bigger boat you could buy several boats,
              eventually you would have a fleet of fishing boats. Instead of selling your
              catch to a middleman you would sell directly to the processor, eventually
              opening your own cannery. You would control the product, processing and
              distribution. You would need to leave this small coastal fishing village and
              move to Mexico City, then LA and eventually NYC where you will run your
              expanding enterprise”.

              The fisherman asked, “But, how long will this all take”?        To which the
              American replied, “15-20 years”.

              “But what then” the fisherman enquired” ?

              The American laughed and said, “That’s the best part. When the time is right
              you would sell your company stock to the public and become very rich, you
              would make millions”.
Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                          26
              “Millions ….hum …. Then what” asked the fisherman ?

        The American said, “Then you would retire, move to a small coastal fishing
   village where you would sleep late, fish a little, play with your kids, take siesta with
   your wife, stroll to the village in the evenings where you could sip wine, and play your
   guitar with your amigos”.

         I am the most ancient of the arts. I am more than ancient; I am eternal.
         Even before life began upon this earth, I was here - in the winds and the
         waves. When the first trees and flowers and grasses appeared, I was
         among them. And when humanity came, I at once became the most
         delicate, most subtle and most powerful medium for the expression of

              In all ages I have inspired people with hope, kindled their love, given a voice
              to their joys, cheered them on to valorous deeds, and soothed them in times
              of despair. I have played a great part in the drama of life, whose end and
              purpose is the complete perfection of human nature. Through my influence,
              humanity has been uplifted, sweetened and refined. With the aid of
              humanity, I have become a Fine Art. I have a myriad of voices and

              I am in the hearts of all and on their tongues, in all lands among all peoples,
              the ignorant and unlettered know me, not less than the rich and the learned.
              For I speak to All, in a language that all can feel. Even the deaf hear me, if
              they but listen to the voices of their own souls. I am the food of love. I have
              taught people gentleness and peace; and I have led them onward to heroic
              deeds. I am comfort for the lonely, and I harmonise the discord of crowds. I
              am a necessary luxury to all. I am music.


              I went to the store the other day, and I was in there for only about 5 minutes.
              When I came out there was a motorcycle cop writing a parking ticket. So I
              went up to him and said, "Come on, buddy, how about giving a guy a
              break?" He ignored me and continued writing the ticket. So I called him a
              pencil-necked Nazi. He glared at me and started writing another ticket for
              worn tires! So I called him a piece of horse shit. He finished the second
              ticket and put it on the windshield with the first. Then he started writing a
              third ticket! This went on for about 20 minutes... the more I abused him, the
              more tickets he wrote. I didn't care. My car was parked around the corner. I
              try to have a little fun each day. It's important.

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                          27

              A prism reveals the colour inherent in white light. Overtone vocal harmonies
              reveal the rich harmonies of a single tone or note. These "lenses", like a
              microscope, reveal the extraordinary in the seemingly ordinary.

              Listening to music with a still mind has the potential to relax you, enhance
              your mind control, expand your musical tastes, surprise you and improve
              your communication skills.

              Rhythm is a universal language which has, for thousands of years, found
              expression through percussion instruments and in particular the drum.
              Known as the instrument of the heart, drum playing provides an enjoyable
              and integrated learning experience to better understand things such as non-
              verbal communication, synergy, chaos, creativity, altered states of
              consciousness, stress release and letting go.

              -      When we are surrounded by the powerful beat of drums and other
                     percussion instruments our bones, muscles, internal organs and
                     nervous system including the brain begin to vibrate in response and
                     match or synchronise with the external beat that is being
                     produced. This blocks out the usual left brain activity and promotes
                     emotional and intuitive processes, creativity and non-verbal

              -      The healing power of drumming is clearly evident when a group of
                     sceptical non-musicians are transformed into a tribe of foot-
                     stomping, hand-clapping, whistling and singing participants with
                     shining eyes and smiling faces - think back to what you experienced
                     and saw in our session!!

              -      The drum reminds us of our rhythmic heartbeat which is our
                     constant companion in life and which connects us to the timeless
                     rhythms of day and night, the four seasons and the movement of the

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                       28
              -      Since the beginning of human existence man has expressed the pulse
                     of life through rhythm. From ancient bone rattles to modern
                     electronic synthesisers, people have used percussion in ceremonies of
                     celebration, mourning, worship, war, etc.

              -      In modern society it is difficult to hear the rhythms/pulses of our own
                     bodies, fellow human beings and nature. At best we pay to listen to
                     the rhythms created by professional musicians but rarely create and
                     explore our own rhythms and tempos. Somehow we seem to have
                     forgotten the joy and pleasure that spontaneously emerges when we
                     play our drums and dance our dances together.


              The use of sound for health, healing and community building is an ancient
              practice. Re-discovering and experiencing natural human sounds such as
              groaning, moaning, grunting, sighing, screaming, laughing and crying has
              the potential to release emotions, muscle spasms, mental blocks and
              cumulative stress.


        We live in a vibrating universe in which everything, both animate and inanimate,
   not only vibrates but also makes some kind of sound/noise. Sound, whether it occurs
   naturally or is mechanically produced, has profound effects on the mind, heart, body
   and soul. The sound of the sea or music are two examples. Music therapy has
   become a science which is very effective in treating physical and mental disorders or

              Sound journeys like the one you experienced create the potential for healing
              on many levels. Overtone chanting or vocal harmonies reveal the rich and
              multi-dimensional aspects of a single note or tone. In much the same way
              as a prism reveals the colour inherent in white light, vocal harmonies reveal
              the rainbow of the voice. In many ancient and indigenous cultures these
              harmonies are considered to be sacred sound with inherent healing and
              integrative properties.


The sparks of novel experiences, creative ideas, imaginative visions and profound
insights are bright and pleasing but short-lived. In order to survive, these sparks must
Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                         29
be transformed into a contained and focused flame. Although not as spectacular as the
spark, the flame is constant and intense and if nurtured and applied, is a powerful
catalyst for change.

If you did not enjoy the session view it as evidence that life has its ups and downs.
Realise that the rewards inherent in any experience you may have in your life, are often
hidden and obscure. To not enjoy an experience is a pity but to not learn from one is a
lost opportunity.

The manual you were given contains a variety of thought provoking articles, stories and
quotes which make great bedside, fireside or holiday side reading.

If you would like to stay in contact please visit our website ( and
if you would like to be included in our network mailing list, kindly contact me (083 459
9894 or

If your learningshop adventure and in particular your experience of Cogmotics was
meaningful and impactful, then we ask that you mindfully communicate this with others
who may be interested in new and better ways of learning, teaching and living. Our
approach has never been to advertise and market Cogmotics in conventional ways and
we rely on personal referrals and recommendations. We would be happy to personally
contact anyone who you believe would be interested in attending one of our
learningshops or making use of any one of our many unique services.

A useful way to ground a learning experience, see the big picture and better understand
how the learningshop you attended worked for you, is to ponder and ideally answer in
writing the following questions:

∗   What did I learn, unlearn and/or relearn?
∗   Who and/or what were my teachers, mentors or guides?
∗   Were there any obstacles to my learning and if so, what were they and which of them
    were of my own doing?
∗   What role did I play in the learnings or insights of my fellow delegates?
∗   Has anything changed in my life as a direct or indirect result of the learningshop?
∗   Was there anything I resolved to do or change because of the learningshop but have
    not done yet … if so why?

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                     30
Perceptions? Each person peered through a pin-hole with one eye closed to guess what
object was under wraps. Both Mokhethi and Louis guessed within minutes the rest
debated the possibilities. (Joshua Langa, Mo, Linda Schimidt, Noxie Gogo) Louis’s
group is in the background.


By creating a series of whole person (physical, mental, social, spiritual and emotional)
experiences delegates were able to gain insights into themselves, their fellow delegates
and the individual and collective objectives of the learningshop. Some of the
experiences were:

1.     Contrasting a formal teaching environment with a relaxed and informal learning
2.     The amazing HOLOPRINT which demonstrates the connectedness of everything
       in the universe.
3.     African cards of guidance and interconnectedness.
4.     Hidden object under a holed cover to illustrate the importance of many and
       different perspectives in order to understand any concept, object or phenomenon.
5.     Living stories told to a drum beat with powerful messages.
6.     Commusication or communal music making, drumming, singing and dancing along
       African traditions. Done without a leader or conductor and an inspiring experience
       of SYNERGY at work.
7.     A 2 hour sound journey to open the mind and relax the body.
8.     Teacher sticks and the importance of seeing the bigger picture.
9.     Gifts given and received.

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                      31

•      The experiences and techniques we were exposed to will add value to my work
       and approach to Giving and Sharing (Chris)
•      What we have taught through experience is like soil erosion, like soft rain which
       saturates the earth, sinking into the earth (our minds) to bring forth new life. (Mr
       Ami Chhaya)
•      I regained my strength to go on with my work. I feel energetic and inspired. Young
       and old created magic. (Maki)
•      I feel lighter and unburdened of worry (Eva)
•      I witnessed tremendous humbleness. I realised that amidst the chaos there will
       always be an outcome. I know now that you have the strength of the universe
       within yourself, when I apply it I will draw inner strength. (Sharon)
•      My life is a journey – a discovery of God filled with many milestones. This
       adventure is another milestone. I learnt so much in such a short time in such a
       relaxed environment. This experience grounds you to mother earth. I realise you
       have to do something to improve the lives of others. (Mokethi Moshoeshoe)
•      Learnt that Giving and Sharing is a two way process, a journey where detours
       must be tolerated to wait for the right time for the right thing to happen. (Ann)
•      This experience taught me the value of communicating to people in an
       extraordinary way if you want them to remember your message (Louis)
•       ‘Moose’ taught me to be focused, more bold (Nox)
•      I gained strength from Nature and realise that we are creative and capable
       of anything we set our minds to – (Viv)

And on the lighter side “we’re starting a band baby, we’re starting a band” –
Louis, Seipati and Mrs Zweni.

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                        32

All the delegates participated with great enthusiasm and focus and the learningshop was
characterised by fun, enjoyment and deep listening. From the feedback received it was
obvious that much was learned, many things were confirmed and new friendships

Some important empirical observations were:

1.     Philanthropists tend to work in isolation from one another and as a consequence,
       there is little giving and sharing between philanthropists themselves. The
       learningshop clearly demonstrated the value of and need for creating a
       philanthropic community. This will enable philanthropists to share ideas and be
       inspired by others dedicated to serving humankind.

2.     Philanthropists have truly remarkable stories to tell and these need to be heard by
       fellow philanthropists, the general public and in particular by people in leadership

3.     The outstanding qualities evident in every single philanthropist in the learningshop
       a)    Kindness and love
       b)    Humility and compassion
       c)    Respect and patience
       d)    Listening skills
       e)    A no nonsense and practical approach to life
       f)   Sensitive and fun-loving
       g)    Passion and commitment to make a difference

     4. Philanthropists focus primarily on being practitioners and place little importance
     on being messengers. Their work and stories need to be told and steps should be
     taken to ensure that they are seen and heard … lights of this beauty should not be
     hidden from a world desperately in need of role models worth emulating.

In conclusion a quote by the famous Greek poet and philosopher Nikos Kazantzakis
whose words succinctly describe the very essence of philanthropy:

     “And I strive to discover how to signal my companions……to say in
     time a simple word. Let us merge our hearts. Let us create for
     earth a heart and a brain. Let us give meaning to the superhuman
     struggle “

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6. Characteristics of philanthropist and (inter and intra)

    Intra (existing within the individual mind)       Inter (interactions between individuals)

Listen with a quiet, non-judgmental               Recognise that there is no right or wrong
mind                                              way, only different ways.

∗     Desire for people’s well-being              ∗    Leadership skills.
∗     Understanding of people’s situation &       ∗    Systematic in their approach to
      needs                                            community – involved in managing and
∗     Readiness to help,                               structuring an effect organization or
∗     Sympathy, compassion,                            community project.
∗     Fear for those in danger,                   ∗    Persuasive
∗     Worry for people’s circumstances            ∗    Creative & charismatic
∗     Hope for success of people’s                ∗    Strong communication skills
∗     Deep regret when things don’t always
      work out.

Excited and challenged to effect change –         Focused on increasing the well-being of
great visionaries                                 mankind.

Some are bold, others are shy/modest              Actively engaged in projects that become
prefer to give quietly and not publicly           passions

Generous to a fault                       Give readily, charity & generosity without
Aware and sensitive of their community People-centric (affinity for people) – they
                                          give to people and not to organisations
Passion-driven & committed (focused)      Build relationships, empower communities
Selflessness (importance on others)       Action-orientated – get involved
Feel-good factor (uplifts their soul)     Personal enrichment & growth (through
                                          enriching the lives of others)
Humility & compassionate                  Positive outlook on life – see solutions
Respectful & patient                      Volunteer and get involved
Sensitive & fun-loving                    Good management of self and emotions
Honest & Kind                             Respect life regardless
Sympathy / empathy                        Energetic & Enthusiastic in work they do
Strong faith in people/humanity           Family-orientated – have role models they
                                          look up to
Spiritually in tune with self             Religious. Will afford dignity to others
                                          whilst doing good works without acting
Humorous                                  Will laugh with others and relate through
                                          past experiences
Instinct-driven     (inward-drive)    and Like to network or mix with like-minded
Insightful – deeper understanding         positive people

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    7. Dynamics – what stimulates & motivates philanthropy in society?

         -   They are not wealth-driven, but driven from the heart – emotionally,
             spiritually. It is like a “calling” within people, deep-rooted.
         -   Pace-setters and trend-setters – they strongly believe in their cause.
         -   People-driven with no attachments or expectations of wealth in return
             (except spiritual wealth).
         -   Their need to keep in touch with the community they serve and to act
             as one “voice”.
         -   Emotional through past experience (hurt, anger, passion) or externally
             through peer pressure, news article, video clip, etc
         -   Basic needs: this depends on what “life stage” people are in their lives
             – Maslow’s hierarchy theory is a good indicator which outlines the
             various stages people can find themselves in, starting from basic
             physiological needs to the more personal psychological needs. An
             example, activating an existing need in people’s lives such as fear of
             dying from Aids or Cancer.
         -   Specific needs to be satisfied, be it organizing an organization within a
             community or gaining a specific positive result in measurable terms as
             proof of making a difference…Some people need to see it in numbers
             in order to continue their financial support.
         -   Compassion, Sympathy or empathy – concern for a specific industry
             they either relate to through past experiences or which has touched
             them emotionally
         -   People’s abilities such as, ordinary people doing extraordinary work in
             the communities (even when most of these people have nothing
             themselves), and thus ensuring that such people get recognized &
             valued. These are positive people who have a richness in heart &
             spirit even when times are bad – such people help motivate
             philanthropists to continue doing their job.
         -   Family – be it their early childhood memories of philanthropy or seeing
             how their ‘new’ family and children grow up with good values in these
             difficult times.
         -   Orphaned children with HIV/Aids is a strong emotional trigger for most
             philanthropists – no one likes to see ANY child suffer in any
         -   Nature, the beauty of our world – the fact that we still have trees,
             plants, sun, stars, sea to enjoy means that people will strongly support
             any work that will protect their environment and produce healthy
             nourishment for it’s people.
         -   Meditation – it helps people to calm down from their stressful lives and
             remain focused on their community projects. Also to help from the
             sadness a philanthropist often faces when people, inspite help being
             given, do eventually die, e.g. HIV/Aids orphans.

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         -   Philanthropists feel they have a sense of purpose in life – at last they
             have a clear direction of where they want to be, it just feels right and
             they feel this from their hearts as justification thereof.
         -   Creating many opportunities in life for those less fortunate, thus
             helping these people to regain their self-worth keeps philanthropists
         -   Positive people – being surrounded by such people make’s their job
         -   Fear of similar circumstances and the future, exclusivity – being the
             agent of change, Guilt – for not helping enough, Anger – at the
             circumstances that people find themselves in (poverty, Aids, lack of
             human rights, etc)

    8. What prevents others from participating in philanthropy?

The key problems in our society such as poverty, education, health seem so
immense for anyone to be able to make an impact – a case of where does one
start, and immediately a sense of panic and fear that they give up even making a
start somewhere.

Others feel that their own life, family, career requires enough time and attention
to even think about helping anyone else. They also tend to feel that the only way
they could help is to first MAKE enough money and that is through focusing all
their energies on their career, because without money, one can’t live comfortably
and have anything extra to afford to others. Such people are also simply driven
to succeed in their work no matter how damaging the work environment is to their
emotional and spiritual being – work late hours, don’t really like the work but the
pay is good, no personal growth only financial wealth, and so forth.
Whereas, philanthropists don’t even consider money, they make a plan and find
creative ways of funding because they have found an “uplifting” and “soul-
enhancing” role/career in their lives and they are committed to make it work.

Perhaps, people’s past experiences of non-profit sectors might have put them off
– corruption as a result of someone pursuing their own needs, not being involved
or being rejected, lack of organization within the group, disappointment with
people’s attitudes and philosophies, and as a result become wary and discount
the whole social industry/community as merely visionary and a waste of time.

“We live in a world that has virtually forgotten the glory of what it means to be
fully human.”

Again, people’s upbringing could be a factor although this is not always an
indication as some rich families produce great philanthropists and some poor
families produce stingy billionaires…

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“Unwillingness to give up some of their individual defenses and habitual
behaviours. Only through the acceptance and understanding of their increased
personal risk, vulnerability and responsibility, can they gradually discover the
path towards personal growth, healing and self-discovery.”

These people are in various stages of their lives that requires them to go through
a certain path before eventually realizing that their life is worth nothing unless
they make a start somewhere, regardless of financial wealth. Maslows hierarchy
qualifies this theory. For some this realization comes sooner than others,
sometimes it does not happen at all.

         To sum up, negative characteristics of a luke warm philanthropist are
         identified as: fear, scepticism, negative experience, content with current
         situation, financial focus, self-importance
         Sometimes they feel sabotaged by others who envy the power of an individual or
         a group to make a difference
         Needs to be a part of a particular community but can’t gain acceptance
         A belief that life has a purpose but can’t identify with a social need (a mind-set
         that government will provide)
         Can often feel unappreciated and ready to give up but the cause is often greater
         than the ego
         Tend to push themselves too hard, often leading to burnout and even anger

    9. Conclusion:

Giving and Sharing has evolved over the last four years from an individual
passion and vision of its initiators to a national campaign involving several
thousand individuals who identified with the passion and whose lives have been
touched by the goodness of hearts of others and who in turn they have gone out
of themselves, extended themselves and touched the lives of others in many
ways. Giving and Sharing Foundation is another level in this evolution. It is not
just an organization it is fast evolving into a human movement, a human
community coming together to share and celebrate something significant to each
and all – life.

 We would like to mould a community whose members behaviour and decisions
are based on three simple rules that were once developed for a junior high
school. Take care of yourself, Take care of each other. Take care of this place!

Sponsored by The Ford Foundation                                                         37

All philanthropist have a desire and a need to engage with one another,
exchanging their experiences and, as we have discovered, expressing their
concerns. There is a need for them to connect and share. One of the
recommendations from Dr Copley was the urgent need to provide an
Indaba, an annual meeting point for practitioners to rejuvenate their energy
levels and to broaden their philosophies.

Co-ordination of such an event could become the future role of Giving &
Sharing Foundation – creating a community of indigenous philanthropist.

List of Participants in the Learningshop:
Bastiaans         Marinda              Aaha Learning - Facilitator
Bown              Ann                  G&S Fdn/CEO Charisma Communications
Chhaya            Amie                 Rainbow Blanket Project
Chhaya            Kulsam               Rainbow Blanket Project
Copley            Bruce                Aaha Learning
Gogo              Noxie                part volunteer/employee of G&S
Grenfell          Vivian               part employee/volunteer G&S
Langa             Joshua               Multi-Service Funeral director and local
                                       philanthropist in Kwemethwa
Mahlangu          Zakele               Student & Vuka Lova Dancer
Mahlangu          Louis                Jumbo Tours
Maqadi            Nomfundo             Business Trust
Mkhize            Chris                CEO of Uthungulu Community Foundation
                                       & G&S Task Team member in KZN
Mokoka            Eva                  Kliptown Clinic & Creche
Mokoka            Seipati              Student and Eva’s helper
Moshoeshoe        Mokhethi             G&S Chairperson/ CEO of Civa
                                       Innovations & AICC Director.
Moshoeshoe        Sharon               Volunteer team member
Naidoo            Sammy                On-Time Printers
Schmidt           Linda                RAU Audio Visual student
Seepei            Sam                  BHP Billiton Trust
Tshivhase         Shadrack             Ubuntu Self-Help
Zweni             Maki                 Cel'izapholo Project
Invited Guest
Quoma             Khulani              Student helper on the project
Salole            Gerry                Grantmaker
Hooper-Box        Caroline             Journalist and story writer

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⇒    Concern – probably the most important reason. This will embrace the person who is worried about the
     environment, the elderly, children. It will be the parent who is horrified about child abuse, starving
     children and battered women. Giving provides someone with the opportunity to do something
     significant for a cause they believe in.

⇒    Duty –The idea that we may have more wealth and are rich whilst others are poor. Or perhaps the
     feeling that life has been good to me and I should put-something-back into the community. Share my
     good fortune with another.

⇒    Guilt – If people give out of guilt then it will not often lead to a long-term relationship – Guilt means that
     the donor wants the problem to go away very fast.

⇒    Personal experience – perhaps had an illness like a heart attack or a cancer survivor. Or it could be
     that they have children at school and want to support education. Personal interest is one of the most
     powerful motivators.

⇒    Personal benefit – Many people like status and recognition from their community. Publicity might be a
     spin-off and an opportunity to elevate their position in society

⇒    That they were asked – the main reason most people don’t give is because NO ONE every bothered to
     ask them.

⇒    Peer pressure – It can be hard for one member of a group to refuse a donation if everyone else had
     chipped in

⇒    Tax concession – Tax is not always the prime motivator but can be a very persuasive factor in
     encouraging a generous donation.

I WILL DO MORE…. By William Arthur Ward – Ward’s Words.

I will do more than belong – I will participate
I will do more than care – I will help
I will do more than believe – I will be kind
I will do more than forgive – I will forget
I will do more than dream – I will work
I will do more than teach – I will inspire
I will do more than earn – I will enrich
I will do more than give – I will serve
I will do more than live – I will grow
I will do more than be friendly – I will be a friend

Reference Materials and contributions:

1.       Holistic Intelligence – A presentation by Dr Bruce Copley for Swedbank,
         Dublin, Ireland, 14 September 2000.
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2.       A Man and His Vision – by Rose de la Hunt. A review of the book The
         Holistic Smuts – a study in personality by Piet Beukes published by
         Human &^ Rousseau (1989).
3.       Excerpts on Philanthropy – from the Dictionary of the History of Ideas,
         Electronic Text Centre, Virginia, USA.
4.       Philanthropy – excerpts from American Philanthropy Abroad – by Robert
         Bremner 1988.
5.        Calling Circle, Crafting Council, Co-Creating Community and Making the
         World Round Again. By Dr Bruce Copley
6.       Community Building Principles & Practices – By Dr Bruce Copley
7.       Beyond Human Rights – A Universal Declaration of Human
         Responsibilities 1999 (House of Commons address)
8.       Lessons from Geese – by Milton Olson
9.        I Will Do More.. a poem by William Arthur Ward from Ward’s Words
10.       Workaholism – The Pain Others Applaud – Excerpts from “Working
         ourselves to death: the high cost of workaholism and the reward of
         recovery” by Dr Diane Fassel, Harper Collins, 1990.
11.       NPO Sustainability; excerpts from a series of booklets by David Cuthbert
12.      Caring for the Needs of Others (extracts from the Resource Mobilisation &
         fundraising Development workbook – David Cuthbert & Ann Bown)
13.      Women are Giving Away More Money Than Ever, by Luchina Fisher
14.      The Honour of Giving – Philanthropy in Native America by Ronald Austin
15.      The New Face of Philanthropy – Business Week Article by John A Byrne
         with Julia Cosgrove, Brian Hindo and Adam Dayan
16.       Philanthrophically Speaking – A Rich Tradition of African American
         Philanthropy –Smart Women Magzine by Buffy Beaudoin-Schwartz –
         February 2004.
17.      Volunteering in Africa – Website article and comment by the South African
         Red Cross President Mandia Kalako Williams.
18.      Creating Tomorrow’s Philanthropist – New Directors for Philanthropic
         Fundraising – Patricia O Bjorhovede. (AFP and Centre for Philanthropy at
         Indiana University)

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