Summary of the general lithology and environmental setting of each stratigraphic unit sampled in this study.
Country Stratigraphic Unit Lithology and Environment Reference
Carbonates with abundant corals deposited on exposed reefs with little Klaus and Budd (2003)
Dominican Republic Pleistocene Terrace
Carbonates including massive and branching coral facies typical of shallow fore- Perry (2000)
Jamaica Falmouth Formation
reef or low-energy and back-reef habitats.
Curacao Middle Terrace Carbonates deposited in shallow-water coral reef setting. de Buisionje (1974)
Seroe Domi Coralgal limestones interbedded with siliciclastics deposited on a steep upper Budd et al. (1998)
Formation reef slope or shelf characterized by coral-rich grainstones.
Abundant foliaceous corals preserved in floatstones and bafflestones with Borne et al. (1999); Budd
Costa Rica Moin Formation abundant fine siliciclastics deposited in a deep fore-reef habitat characterized by et al. (1999)
low light levels and coastal upwelling.
Fine to medium grained siliciclastics with minor interbedded carbonates deposited Evans (1986); Saunders
in a shelf and slope setting. Corals more abundant in the shallow water et al. (1986); Klaus and
Baitoa, Cercado, carbonates of the Baitoa and Cercado Formations than in the deeper slope Budd (2003)
Dominican Republic Gurabo, and Mao deposits of the Gurabo and Mao Formations, and were living in small patches
Formations with distinct ecological zonation.
Coarse to median-grained volcaniclastics with minor reef lens interbeds. Corals Coates et al. (2003)
Panama Valiente Formation were living in small, localized reef buildups on the slopes of active volcanic
Thin carbonates (the "Emperador Limestone") within a thick section of Johnson and Kirby
Panama Culebra Formation siliciclastics. Corals were probably deposited along a narrow fringing reef with (in press)
associated lagoonal and fore reef slopes.
Nearly pure carbonates deposited on patch reefs and fringing reef systems Weiss (1994); Johnson (in
Antigua Antigua Formation
developed on a carbonate shelf/slope system press)
Pure carbonates developed along a broad platform with diverse coral Mitchell (2004); Stemann
communities that lived in a range of habitats including local patches and (2004)
Moneague and extensive reef systems.
Montebello Member, Carbonates deposited on fringing and barrier reef habitats characterized by slight Monroe (1980)
Cibao Formation terrigenous influence.
Juana Diaz Carbonates deposited on carbonate shelf and fringing reef complex (= "New Moussa and Seiglie
Puerto Rico Formation" of Frost et al., 1983). (1975); Frost et al. (1983)
Carbonates and siliciclastics deposited in an extensive complex of shelf reefs. Frost et al. (1983);
Puerto Rico Lares Formation
Edinger and Risk (1994)