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British Columbia Curriculum Connections

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					  PDAC Mining Matters “Discovering Diamonds”


British Columbia Curriculum Connections
Senior High School Courses identified with content and outcomes that can be wholly or partially
satisfied by activities in the “Discovering Diamonds” resource:
    Existing Curricula:
    • Science & Technology 11
    • Geography 12
    • Earth Science 11
    • Geology 12

    2007 Draft Integrated Resource Packages and Curricula:
    • Science Grade 10 (2008/2009 Implementation)
    • Science and Technology 11 Natural Resources and the Environment
    • Sustainable Resources 11 Mining
    • Sustainable Resources 12 Mining




                                                                BRITISH COLUMBIA CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS   1
    Overview Chart - Exisiting Curricula
    Descriptors of the individual outcomes are provided in the course details following.


                                                                    Science and      Geography 12     Earth        Geology 12
                                                                    Technology 11                     Science 11



      Topic 1: The Earth’s Interior Where are diamonds formed?
      1.1     Differentiated Earth                                                         X             X             X
      1.2     Seismic Waves                                                                X             X             X
      1.3     Seismometer Design                                          X                X             X
      1.4     Shadow Zones                                                X                X             X             X

      Topic 2: Tectonic Processes How do diamonds reach the surface?
      2.1     Plate Boundaries and Stable Cratons                         X                X             X             X
      2.2     The Formation of Diamond Indicator Minerals                                  X                           X
      2.3     Volcanic Eruptions and Kimberlite                                            X             X             X

      Topic 3: Surficial Processes and the Rock Cycle What happens when diamonds reach the surface?
      3.1     The Rock Cycle                                                               X             X             X
      3.2     Alluvial Processes                                          X                X             X             X
      3.3     Glacial Processes                                           X                X             X             X
      3.4     Stratigraphic Detectives                                                     X             X             X

      Topic 4: The Science of Exploration How are diamonds found?
      4.1     Geophysics as a Tool to Locate Kimberlites                  X                X             X             X
      4.2     A Case Study: Using Indicator Minerals to
              Locate Kimberlites                                          X                X             X             X
      4.3     A Case Study: Using Garnet Chemistry to
              Find Diamond Bearing Kimberlites                            X                X             X             X
      4.4     Soil Survey                                                 X                X             X             X
      4.5     A Case Study: Using Soil Geochemistry to
              Locate Kimberlites                                          X                X             X             X
      Topic 5: Diamond Mining in Canada and the Mining Sequence
      5.1     Canada’s First Diamond Mines                                X                X             X
      5.2     Processing Diamonds                                         X                X             X
      5.3     Reclamation                                                 X                X             X
      5.4     Career Connection                                           X                X             X             X
      5.5     A Multi-Faceted Industry                                    X                X             X             X




2            BRITISH COLUMBIA CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS
Overview Chart - Draft Curricula
Descriptors of the individual outcomes are provided in the course details following.

                                                                Science 10        Science and      Sustainable   Sustainable
                                                                                  Technology 11    Resources     Resources
                                                                                                   11            12


  Topic 1: The Earth’s Interior Where are diamonds formed?
  1.1     Differentiated Earth                                        X
  1.2     Seismic Waves                                               X
  1.3     Seismometer Design                                          X
  1.4     Shadow Zones                                                X

  Topic 2: Tectonic Processes How do diamonds reach the surface?
  2.1     Plate Boundaries and Stable Cratons                         X
  2.2     The Formation of Diamond Indicator Minerals
  2.3     Volcanic Eruptions and Kimberlite

  Topic 3: Surficial Processes and the Rock Cycle What happens when diamonds reach the surface?
  3.1     The Rock Cycle                                              X
  3.2     Alluvial Processes                                          X
  3.3     Glacial Processes
  3.4     Stratigraphic Detectives                                    X

  Topic 4: The Science of Exploration How are diamonds found?
  4.1     Geophysics as a Tool to Locate Kimberlites                  X                 X              X             X
  4.2     A Case Study: Using Indicator Minerals to
          Locate Kimberlites                                                            X              X             X
  4.3     A Case Study: Using Garnet Chemistry to
          Find Diamond Bearing Kimberlites                            X                 X              X             X
  4.4     Soil Survey                                                 X                 X              X             X
  4.5     A Case Study: Using Soil Geochemistry to
          Locate Kimberlites                                          X                 X              X             X
  Topic 5: Diamond Mining in Canada and the Mining Sequence
  5.1     Canada’s First Diamond Mines                                X                 X              X             X
  5.2     Processing Diamonds                                                           X              X             X
  5.3     Reclamation                                                                   X              X             X
  5.4     Career Connection                                                                                          X
  5.5     A Multi-Faceted Industry                                    X                 X              X             X




                                                                          BRITISH COLUMBIA CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS          3
    Course Descriptors
    Science & Technology 11


     Module 1 The Nature and Interation of Science, Technology and Society (core)                      Activity
     apply the methods and principles of science to specific questions                                 3.2, 3.3, 4.4
     identify problem-solving strategies used in the development of a technology                       1.3
     apply problem-solving strategies to a specific technological activity                             1.3, 4.4
     distinguish between fact and opinion                                                              5.5
     demonstrate an appreciation that issues are influenced by people’s values                         5.1, 5.5
     identify and analyse the interrelationships among science, technology, and society                5.1, 5.3, 5.5
     apply a decision-making model to science, technology, and society issues                          5.1, 5.5
     demonstrate an awareness that today’s science and technology decisions will influence
                                                                                                       5.3, 5.5
     the future of society



      Module 5: Resource Management and Environmental Planning                                         Activity
      describe the technological advances in the use and management of resources over the
      past 100 years                                                                                   5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5

      describe the changes in the skills required by the workforce involved in resource use
      and management (e.g., global positioning system, geographical information system)                5.4

      demonstrate an awareness of the challenges faced by resource management and predict
                                                                                                       5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5
      how technology might address these concerns
      describe the role of current scientific research in improving resource use and management        1.4, 2.1, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3
                                                                                                       4.4, 4.5, 5.1, 5.2, 5.5
      analyse the effects of economics and politics, and the environmental impact on resource
                                                                                                       5.1, 5.3, 5.5
      use and management
      relate energy use to resource use and management                                                 5.1, 5.5
      apply decision-making models to the management and use of resources                              5.1, 5.3, 5.5
      analyse the economic significance of our resources in the context of political and
      ecological concerns                                                                              5.3, 5.5

      identify, compare, or analyse techniques used to extract resources from their natural location   4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5
                                                                                                       5.1, 5.2, 5.3




4            BRITISH COLUMBIA CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS
Geography 12


 Themes and Skills                                                                                Activity
 A2 describe the major interactions of the four spheres:                                          1.1, 1.4
 A3 demonstrate geographic literacy through analysis of geographic data or information            1.4, 2.1, 3.1, 3.3, 3.4,
    to assess reliability and identify trends and relationships; interpretation of topographic    4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5,
    maps and aerial and satellite images; description of the role of geography as a discipline    5.1, 5.4, 5.5
 A4 apply effective written, oral, and graphic communication skills to geography topics           1.1, 1.4, 3.1, 4.1, 4.2,
                                                                                                  4.4, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5
 A5 describe the geographic applications of current information and imaging technologies          1.3, 2.1, 3.3, 4.1, 4.2
                                                                                                  4.3, 4.4, 4.5



  Tectonic Processes                                                                              Activity
  B1 describe the features and processes associated with plate tectonics, including the           1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 2.1,
     Earth’s layers; volcanism; folding and faulting; earthquakes                                 2.2, 2.3, 3.1
  B2 explain the effects of volcanism and earthquakes                                             1.2, 1.4, 2.3



  Gradational Processes                                                                           Activity
  C1 describe the features and processes associated with weathering and mass wasting              3.1
  C2 describe the features and processes associated with running water; ground water;
                                                                                                  3.1, 3.2, 3.3
     glaciers; wind; waves
  C3 assess the effects of gradation on humans                                                    3.3, 4.2



 Resources and Environmental Sustainability                                                       Activity
 F1 assess the various considerations involved in resource management, including
    sustainability; availability; social/cultural consequences; economic consequences;            5.1, 5.3, 5.5
    political consequences
 F2 assess the environmental impact of human activities, including … mining                       5.1, 5.3, 5.5




Earth Science 11


  Introduction to Earth and Space Science                                                         Activity
  A1 explain the significance of Earth and space science                                          1.1, 1.4, 2.1, 3.3
                                                                                                  4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4
                                                                                                  4.5, 5.4




                                                                     BRITISH COLUMBIA CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS            5
     Earth Materials (Rocks and Minerals)                                                         Activity
     C1 differentiate between rocks and minerals                                                  2.3, 3.1, 3.3
     C2 assess the extraction and use of geological resources                                     5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5



     Geological Time                                                                              Activity

     D1 assess the significance of age dating, the fossil record, and the Geological Time Scale   3.4



     Internal Processes and Plate Tectonic Theory                                                 Activity
     E1 explain the significance of seismology                                                    1.2, 1.3, 1.4
     E2 compare extrusive and intrusive volcanic features and action                              2.3, 3.1
     E3 outline the development of plate tectonic theory                                          1.1, 2.1



      Surface Processes and the Hydrosphere                                                       Activity
      F2 describe the function of the hydrologic cycle                                            3.1
      F3 relate the processes associated with weathering and erosion to the resulting features    3.1, 3.2



    Geology 12


     Introduction to Geology                                                                      Activity
     A1 explain the significance of geology as a discipline                                       1.1, 1.4, 2.1, 3.3, 4.1,
                                                                                                  4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 5.4



      Earth Materials (Rocks and Minerals)                                                        Activity
      B1 differentiate between igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks                        2.3, 3.1
      B3 compare igneous rocks                                                                    2.3
      B4 compare igneous features                                                                 2.3
      B6 relate sedimentary features to their depositional environments                           3.2



      Earth Resources                                                                             Activity
      C1 trace the origins of geological resources including mineral deposits, coal, petroleum,
                                                                                                  1.1, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3
      and natural gas
      C2 explain the significance of geological resources and their economic development          4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4,
                                                                                                  4.5, 5.5



6           BRITISH COLUMBIA CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS
 Geological Time                                                                                  Activity
 D1 relate relative age dating to the development of the Geological Time Scale                    3.4
 D2 contrast relative and absolute age dating                                                     3.4



  Internal Processes and Plate Tectonic Theory                                                    Activity
  E1 analyse and evaluate applications of seismology                                              1.2, 1.4
  E2 demonstrate knowledge of the Earth’s layers                                                  1.1, 1.4
  E4 analyse structures, processes, and evidence that support plate tectonic theory               1.1, 2.1



  Surface Processes and the Hydrosphere                                                           Activity
  F1 analyse features and processes associated with weathering and erosion                        3.1
  F2 analyse features and processes associated with stream erosion and deposition                 3.2
  F4 explain the processes and features associated with glaciation                                3.3



Science Grade 10 (Draft IRP for 2008/2009 Implementation)


  Processes of Science                                                                            Activity
  A1 demonstrate safe procedures                                                                  1.3, 3.2, 4.4
  A2 perform experiments using the scientific method                                              3.2, 4.4
  A3 represent and interpret information in graphic form                                          1.1, 1.4, 2.1, 3.1, 3.4,
                                                                                                  4.1, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5
  A4 demonstrate scientific literacy                                                              5.1, 5.5
  A5 demonstrate ethical, responsible, cooperative behaviour                                      5.1, 5.5
  A6 describe the relationship between scientific principles and technology                       1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 2.1
  A7 demonstrate competence in the use of technologies specific to investigative
     procedures and research                                                                      2.1, 4.3, 5.1, 5.5



 Earth and Space Science: Plate Tectonics                                                         Activity
 D4 analyse the processes and features associated with plate tectonics                            1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 2.1, 3.1
 D5 demonstrate knowledge of evidence that supports plate tectonic theory                         2.1




                                                                     BRITISH COLUMBIA CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS            7
    Science and Technology 11 (2007 draft)


      Natural Resources and the Environment                                                         Activity
      E2 evaluate methods used in the extraction, processing, use and management of                 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5,
         a locally usedor produced resource                                                         5.1, 5.2, 5.3
      E3 discuss the impact of society on natural resource management and the environment           5.3, 5.5
      E4 analyse the impact of technologies on the environment                                      4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5,
                                                                                                    5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5

    Sustainable Resources 11 (Draft 2007) Mining

                                                                                                    Activity
      D1 analyze the environmental, social and economic impacts of acquiring mineral
         resources and hydrocarbons from fossil fuels at the local, provincial, and global levels   5.1, 5.3, 5.5

      D2 describe methods used for the exploration, extraction, and processing of                   4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5,
         hydrocarbon and mineral resources                                                          5.1, 5.2, 5.3
      D3 assess current practices related to the management of sustainable hydrocarbon and
                                                                                                    5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5
         mineral resources in British Columbia
      D4 investigate current practices related to the development of hydrocarbon and mineral
                                                                                                    5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5
         resource products
      D5 illustrate various roles of technology in the exploration, extraction, and processing of   4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5,
         hydrocarbon and mineral resources                                                          5.1, 5.2, 5.3
      D6 analyze challenges facing hydrocarbon and mineral resource industries in
                                                                                                    5.1, 5.3, 5.5
         British Columbia


    Sustainable Resources 12 (Draft 2007) Mining

      Hydrocarbon And Mineral Resources In British Columbia                                         Activity
      A1 examine the importance of hydrocarbon and mineral resources in British Columbia
         and Canada                                                                                 5.5

      A2 assess the impact of hydrocarbon and mineral exploration and extraction on global
         development and international relations                                                    5.5

      A4 examine the relationship between resource exploration and the development of
                                                                                                    5.5
         Canada with emphasis on British Columbia
      A5 assess the importance of hydrocarbon and mineral resources to Canada’s position
                                                                                                    5.5
         in world markets
      A6 investigate career information and job opportunities in hydrocarbon and mineral
         resources and related industries                                                           5.4




8            BRITISH COLUMBIA CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS
Geology And Exploration                                                                         Activity
B1 investigate techniques used for hydrocarbon and mineral exploration in British Columbia      4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5
B4 assess methods of regulating the environmental impact of hydrocarbon and
                                                                                                5.1, 5.5
   mineral resource exploration, extraction, and processing in British Columbia
B5 analyze the economic investment and costs needed for a typical hydrocarbon or
                                                                                                5.1, 5.5
   mineral extraction project



Extraction And Processing                                                                       Activity
C1 analyze processes related to planning and designing hydrocarbon or mineral
                                                                                                5.1
   extraction facilities and associated plants
C4 investigate methods of processing hydrocarbon and mineral resources                          5.2



Sustainability And Environmental Issues                                                         Activity
D1 evaluate the environmental assessment processes conducted during the design
   and construction of hydrocarbon and mineral extraction facilities and processing plants      5.1, 5.5

D2 evaluate the processes of site reclamation after hydrocarbon and mineral extraction
   operations are completed                                                                     5.3, 5.5

D3 assess the future of hydrocarbon and mineral resources                                       5.5



Mining Challenges                                                                               Activity
E1 assess the development and use of new extraction and processing methods                      5.5
E2 analyze environmental impacts of various activities related to hydrocarbon and
   mineral resources extraction, processing, and use                                            5.1, 5.3, 5.5

E3 investigate possible future activities in hydrocarbon and mineral extraction
   operations (e.g. seafloor, land fills, moon, asteroids)                                      5.5




                                                                   BRITISH COLUMBIA CURRICULUM CONNECTIONS            9

				
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