WIGA News Clips September 14, 2005 LOCAL SWINOMISH TRIBAL MEMBER FACES BIG TASK AS HEAD OF STATE OFFICE SKAGIT VALLEY HERALD 9/13/05 NATIONAL TRIBAL RECOGNITION DELAYED TILL OCT. 12 NORWICH BULLETIN 9/13/05 SHOWING OFF: EXPO FILLS MANY ROLES FOR GAMING INDUSTRY LAS VEGAS SUN 9/12/05 LOCAL SWINOMISH TRIBAL MEMBER FACES BIG TASK AS HEAD OF STATE OFFICE By LEVI PULKKINEN Staff Writer Craig Bill giving priority to tribal health, education and economic issues For the first time, a member of a Skagit County tribe has been appointed to the state's top Indian affairs position. Craig Bill, a Swinomish member, was appointed by Gov. Christine Gregoire to improve the sometimes-contentious relationship between the state and Washington's 29 tribal governments as director of the Governor's Office of Indian Affairs. Tribal health and education and the growing tribal economies are high on Bill's list of priorities. He'll also be helping develop new policies on the handling of Native American remains, a controversial issue that has resulted in numerous lawsuits and high-profile work stoppages in recent years. Since being appointed in July, Bill said he has been involved in strengthening the government-to-government relationship between the tribes and the state. "I understand that these issues aren't going to be undone overnight," he said. "But if we can make some strides in improving the lives of all, I'll feel like it was a great accomplishment when this is all over." The office Bill heads, which has been known under several titles since its establishment in 1969, is the state government's lead liaison office with Washington tribes. It is tasked with improving the relationship between state agencies and the tribes, and the well-being of Washington's tribal residents. In a statement issued earlier this month, Gregoire said Bill's "unique understanding" of Washington tribes' concerns will help him improve the relationship between the tribes and the state. "I think he's going to make a great liaison for those communities to my office," Gregoire said. Bill said he's enthusiastic about the possibilities the office holds. "I'm just really excited, and I look forward to working with a lot of the tribes," he said. Establishing an appropriate process to deal with Native American graves is one of the top priorities for his office, Bill said. The state has been faulted in recent years for its reaction to the discovery of several burial sites in Snohomish County and a large burial ground near Port Angeles. Bill said he hopes to fix the health care and education disparities between the state's Native American residents and Washington's population as a whole. By working with other directors of various minority affairs offices, Bill said he believes the Indian Affairs office can help improve the health of people of color in Washington. "We're really bringing together all the communities of color to address health disparities," he said. Bill also said the governor hopes to strengthen economic partnerships between the tribes and surrounding communities, as well as state workers' knowledge of tribal government. The state currently offers training in intergovernmental affairs to state workers through the Office of Indian Affairs. Bill said that program, which attempts to give state employees working with the tribes a better understanding of tribal governance and culture, will likely be expanded in coming years. "It has helped break down their barriers and their preconceived thoughts on how tribes interact," he said. "It's been really effective." A 1998 graduate of Central Washington University in Ellensberg, Bill has been active in tribal government for the past seven years. Bill said he worked as director of Intergovernmental Affairs for the Whatcom County- based Lummi Nation for five years before accepting the post in the governor's office. He also directed the state Democratic Party's Native American Vote campaign during the 2004 election. Levi Pulkkinen can be reached at 360-416-2138 or by e-mail at email@example.com. NATIONAL TRIBAL RECOGNITION DELAYED TILL OCT. 12 By BRIAN WALLHEIMER Norwich Bulletin NORTH STONINGTON -- The Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation has been waiting four months to see if it will regain its federal recognition. Monday the tribe learned it will have to wait another month. James E. Cason, associate deputy secretary for the secretary of the Interior, said Monday he needed until Oct. 12 to review the case before handing down a decision. The tribe expected to get the decision Monday. Cason, in a letter to Marcia Jones Flowers, Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation chairwoman, said he wanted to thoroughly consider all issues and accurately interpret relevant laws applying to the case. The Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation -- composed of the Eastern Pequot and Paucatuck Eastern Pequot tribes, which had applied separately for recognition -- received federal recognition in 2002 as one tribe. But the Interior Board of Indian Appeals vacated that decision in May and remanded it to Cason for reconsideration after State Attorney General Richard Blumenthal and the towns of Preston, Ledyard and North Stonington claimed the tribe failed to meet federal recognition standards and merging the tribes was illegal. Flowers said, in a statement, she realizes the delay is a disappointment to tribal members but understands the magnitude of the decision and is positive the tribe will prevail. "In a decision of this magnitude, integrity matters, not timing, and we have confidence in the (Office of Federal Acknowledgment's) process and that they will affirm that we meet the criteria for recognition," Flowers said. Blumenthal, in a statement Monday, said he hopes the delay is an indication the recognition will get "the deliberation -- and denial -- it deserves." Cason said the decision on recognition for the Schaghticoke Tribal Nation from Kent will also be delayed until Oct. 12. firstname.lastname@example.org SHOWING OFF: EXPO FILLS MANY ROLES FOR GAMING INDUSTRY By Liz Benston <email@example.com> LAS VEGAS SUN Starting today, thousands of casino operators and vendors will descend on the world's gambling capital for Global Gaming Expo, the industry's largest trade show. What began as a showcase for newfangled slot machines several years ago has ballooned into a major convention covering every aspect of the business, from restaurants and architecture to financing and legal compliance. "The industry worldwide realizes that this is the show to come to," said Judy Patterson, executive director of the American Gaming Association, the country's premier trade group for commercial casinos. The AGA organizes the event with Reed Exhibitions. The show runs through Thursday. About 27,500 people are expected to attend Global Gaming Expo, now in its fifth year. That's about 10 percent higher than a year ago, a growth rate that put the show in Tradeshow Week's top 50 fastest-growing events nationwide. More than 700 vendors from 107 countries will display their wares, and attendees will sit in on some 172 conference sessions, 23 percent more than a year ago. As the industry grows globally, international attendance has soared, organizers say. About 20 percent of the trade show floor is represented by non-U.S. companies -- a 32 percent increase from 2004. New this year are special exhibit areas on managing air quality and smoking in casinos, emerging technologies and nongaming amenities -- which are now making more money for some Strip casinos than gambling and are a growing part of smaller casinos worldwide. For the increasing number of casinos and operators that are newer to the business, the Global Gaming Expo is an opportunity to scout out Las Vegas casinos and see the latest games. For Las Vegas operators, which have regular meetings with slot makers and have easier access to new technology than some of their peers who are farther afield, it's a networking opportunity and an overview of what's available under one roof. For the more than 200 reporters and other media registered to attend, it's a rare moment to get acquainted with an insular industry that will throw off its veil of mystique, if only for four days, and offer a closer look at how slot machines are made and casinos are managed. For some attendees, it's an opportunity to strike deals. AGA members say the show is an "important part of their decision-making," Patterson said. "I don't think you'd see the growth in the number of exhibitors and growth in registration numbers (otherwise)," she said. "Each year the growth exceeds our expectations." Some celebrities will be on hand to introduce slot machines bearing their likenesses, including actress Morgan Fairchild, artist Gene Simmons and comedian George Lopez. Celebrity speakers include CNN's Larry King, former Cirque du Soleil Producer Franco Dragone and entertainers Clint Holmes, Rita Rudner and Wayne Newton. While hundreds of slot machines will be on display, some slot makers say they are more focused on showing games that can actually be purchased in the coming months rather than slots with a release date of a year or more or whizbang prototypes that might never make it into casinos. "Operators have asked us to concentrate on things they can buy now," said Ed Rogich, vice president of marketing for International Game Technology. "Instead of previewing a couple of years out, 90 percent of our product (will be released) in the next three to six months." Games face their true test on the casino floor rather than at Global Gaming Expo, he said. At Station Casinos properties, about 30 to 40 percent of the company's slot machines are replaced or otherwise converted in a year, Roy said. Operators say competition is better than ever among the slot makers now that they all have some form of "cashless" machine that accepts tickets instead of coins. Cashless machines with video displays have allowed manufacturers to introduce low- denomination machines such as penny slots, which let gamblers play longer by betting a penny or "credit" at a time. "Everybody's on the penny bandwagon now," Roy said. "The market is more competitive than it's been in years past because all the manufacturers have new product that's doing well. As an operator, you have more leverage." At Sam's Town, one of the largest off-Strip casinos in Las Vegas, Director of Operations Andre Filosi is also on the lookout for new technology. "Manufacturers are probably better able to explain (downloadable) gaming" than in years past, he said. "But there are lots of regulatory approvals that need to happen and a lot of steps that need to be taken first." Like other operators, Filosi said he's a shrewd buyer of licensed, or branded, slots. They are more expensive for operators because they require casinos to share their revenue with the slot makers. That means they will only take up a relatively small percentage of slots in the casino, regardless of how many catchy brands the slot makers introduce. "Those are looked at closely to make sure they are top performers," Filosi said. We believe there's a place on our floor for them." While slot machines with pop culture brands will once again take the limelight at this year's show, the major buzz will surround the innards of future slots. So-called downloadable games, which are not yet approved by regulators in Nevada and many other parts of the world, allow casinos to change out slot games from a central computer server. Today, casinos update their games by changing each slot's computer chip or by simply buying an entirely new game. "We'll have the ability to take games and adjust to what people want to play, said Dan Roy, senior vice president of operations for Station Casinos Inc. "We'll have a chance to go into a tournament mode very quickly." Alliance Gaming Corp. Chief Executive Richard Haddrill said the games will take a year or two to be approved and accepted by customers. It will likely be a slow process and will only be adopted on part of the casino floor to test customers' reactions, he said. After three or four years, downloadable games will become an important casino management tool allowing operators to raise the denomination of machines and change pay tables with the push of some buttons, Haddrill said. Game content also will improve, he said. "Video content has exploded and the shelf life is getting shorter," he said. With the continued popularity of poker, new versions of table games and table management systems -- which are still being tested at a handful of casinos -- will have a bigger presence at this show. The biggest game makers are using technology adopted by retail and other industries to develop "intelligent tables" that can read chips and cards -- allowing pit bosses to track exactly how much customers are betting, which cards are dealt and therefore, how profitable their games are. Two major systems will be on display at the show -- tables with "optical" readers and tables can read radio frequency identification (RFID) tags embedded in chips and cards.