Just What Does Greco-Roman Mean by aihaozhe2

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									Greco-Roman Religion in both Greece and Rome was polytheistic, embracing a
multitude of gods and goddesses, especially in the Roman Empire which tended to
absorb the deities of the countries it conquered. The Greco-Roman period of history
refers to the culture of the peoples who were incorporated into the Roman Republic
and Empire. The "classical" Greco-Roman period ends with the fall of the Western
Roman Empire in the 5th century AD. However, the Greco-Roman civilization
continued in the East for another millennium (although as with all civilizations it
changed over time). Terms such as Greco-Roman World are also coined by scholars to
denote the geographical borders of the culture's impact. After the Punic Wars,
Greco-Roman civilization dominated permanently over the Carthago Phoenician areas
and the entire Mediterranean basin. The Greco-Roman dominion reflects the essential
unity of the Mediterranean world at the time when this culture flourished, between the
3rd century BC and the 5th century AD.

In the succeeding centuries the notion of a common Greco-Roman culture in the
Mediterranean became more and more distant from reality. Within its educated class,
spanning all of the "Greco-Roman" era, the testimony of literary borrowings and
influences is overwhelming proof of a mantle of mutual knowledge. Imperial Rome is
identified with the cultural legacy of its forebears; it sustained that tradition without
innovation, until Constantine broke away from the attenuated religion of the
Greco-Roman past and transformed Rome's cultural matrix by acknowledging the
faith of a persecuted minority. The life of Constantine is arguably a better terminus of
the Greco-Roman age than any other; it may equally be considered as the herald of
the Middle Ages. In the cities of the Greco-Roman period, Greek ideas were
disseminated, Greek dress was fashionable, and the externals of Greek civilization,
baths, theaters, amphitheaters, hippodromes, fountains, aqueducts, arches, and the like
were highly visible.

The Greco-Roman world did not lack gods and goddesses. Although Caesarea was
home to many Jews, its population became primarily Hellenistic (Greek-speaking
inhabitants who worshiped Greco-Roman gods). Many Romans worshipped the
traditional Greco-Roman gods, but Romans were also Christians, Jews, and followers
of Eastern religions such as the cults of Mithras, Isis and Astarte. The major
Greco-Roman gods are illustrated, as are a number of depictions of Medusa, Heracles
performing his labors, and other mythological figures, such as genii on Roman
sarcophagi. In ancient times, Hebe was regarded as the goddess of youth and the
servant of the Greco-Roman gods.

Pompeii's large theatre underwent a structural change from the Hellenistic style to a
more Greco-Roman style.

So as you can see there are many studies and thoughts regarding the Roman-Greco
period.

								
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