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									                                                                                   January 2001




                                                   Interchange

14            The Railway Association of Canada
V o l u m e




                        EVERYONE WINS                                     Quebec Railway Corporation’s
                        Chemin de fer de la Matapedia et du Golfe, and its affiliate which operates the
                        railcar ferry between Baie Comeau and Matane, have begun transporting 1,200
                        carloads of logs a year from the Quebec North Shore to an Alliance Forest
                        Products’ sawmill near Mont Joli. Previously, the logs were trucked. The short
                        line’s service package included construction of a reload facility at Baie Comeau
                        and a new 275 metre rail siding at AFP’s mill in Price. The Government of
                        Quebec contributed one-third of those infrastructure costs.
Projects to   Revitalize VIA Rail
                      Underway


                              inister of Transport David Collenette        The modifications include removal of
                      M       and VIA Rail Chairman of the             overhead cabling, intended for use with
                                                                       five different electrical systems in Europe,
                      Board Marc LeFrancois unveiled plans in
                      mid-December to purchase 139 new, state-         changes to the head-end couplings to
                      of-the-art passenger cars for approximately      make the equipment compatible with
                      $125 million that will improve rail service      Canadian motive power, and changes to
                      throughout Canada.                               boarding steps for use at stations with
                          The modern equipment, valued at up to        lower passenger platforms. The new fleet
                      half a billion dollars, was originally ordered   includes 72 sleeper cars, 47 coaches and 20
                      from Alstom by a consortium of European          service cars with a lounge, galley, baggage
                      railways. But work on the order was              storage and a special compartment for pas-
                      halted in 1998 following changes in public       sengers with restricted mobility. The new
                      transport policies, privatization of British     trains also have waste retention facilities.
                      Rail and airline deregulation in Europe.
                          The shells for the 139 cars had been         Safety features
                      built, 64 cars are complete, and the bal-        The cars incorporate many advanced safety
                      ance are in various stages of construction.      features, including all steel construction
                      Delivery of the equipment will start             with energy absorption design; a high per-
                      immediately, and necessary assembly and          formance braking system, with three disk
                      modifications will be carried out by a sup-       brakes per axle; efficient fire detection and
                      plier to be named.                               containment systems; emergency break-out
                          “As a result of this exceptional oppor-      features on all windows; modern public
                      tunity, the first of the new cars are expected    address and passenger information systems,
                      to go into service by the fall of 2001.          and passenger-operated, powered exit
                      Normally, there is a three-year lead time        doors and doors between cars.
                      required to design and produce new                   The new equipment was designed to
                      passenger rail equipment,” said Minister         meet European UIC safety standards and
                      Collenette.                                      incorporates energy absorption technology,
                          The acquisition, and associated track,       similar to that used in the design of modern
                      signal and station improvements, will cut        automobiles. The structure of each car is
                      trip times in the Quebec City-Windsor            designed to absorb the energy of a colli-
                      corridor, improve overnight sleeper service      sion through special “crumple zones”
                      between Montreal, the Gaspe and the              which focus on protecting the passenger
                      Maritimes and free-up equipment to meet          from impact. When modified, the new
                      market growth in the western transconti-         equipment will be compliant with existing
                      nental service.                                  Transport Canada safety requirements.
                          The equipment, designed to operate at            The acquisition of the new passenger
                      up to 200 kph, has undergone extensive           cars is the latest, and most significant, in a
                      testing to ensure it will operate safely and     series of announcements involved in revi-
                      reliably. Two trainsets have completed           talizing passenger rail service in Canada.
                      400,000 kms of testing in Europe, and            Others have included the purchase of new
                      VIA began testing three cars in Canada in        passenger rail locomotives, initiatives to
                      June. As well, the equipment underwent           ensure safe train operations, additional
                      stringent “cold room” tests at European          high-speed services, modernization of
                      research facilities for operation at temper-     passenger stations and facilities, and
                      atures as low as -40 C.                          improved waste management practices.

   2
Those projects include:                     The Government of Canada has also              Ongoing Capital
• acquiring seven new passenger rail        asked VIA Rail to explore:                     • Improving station facilities: VIA will
  locomotives from General Motors to        • the possibility of restoring passenger         improve facilities in most of its stations
  begin replacing the existing LRC fleet        services to communities which were            across the passenger rail network to
  and expand VIA’s capacity to operate         served prior to network reductions in         ensure that they better serve the
  high-speed express trains. The LRC           1990; and                                     Canadian traveler. Improvements will
  locomotives, currently used on            • the role VIA might play in improving           include better, more consistent signage
  Montreal-Toronto express services,           commuter services in the greater              and information for passengers, and
  date from the 1970s. Modern, high-           Toronto area. VIA is also exploring           upgraded standards for basic customer
  speed locomotives are capable of deliv-      options for intermodal partnerships           amenities such as seating, heating and
  ering fast trip times at substantially       with commuter services in the greater         air conditioning.
  reduced operating and maintenance            Toronto area. Such partnerships could       • Redeveloping stations: VIA is aggres-
  costs;                                       include joint ticketing services, facili-     sively pursuing financial partnerships
• $7 million in signaling, grade crossing      ties, and integrated scheduling.              to redevelop and renovate stations
  protection and track upgrades for the                                                      across the country. Development agree-
                                            To reduce operating costs, and to ensure
  Montreal-Ottawa route, and up to $25                                                       ments have already been reached for
                                            safe, reliable operation, VIA also plans to
  million over the next three years. The                                                     stations in Jasper, Churchill, Prince
                                            repair and upgrade existing equipment,
  investments will improve safety, reduce                                                    Rupert, and Smith Falls, Ontario.
                                            including:
  trip times and allow for additional                                                        Capital projects have been approved in
                                            • The banking system on VIA’s LRC
  trains on the route, and                                                                   Toronto, Oakville, Oshawa and
                                               cars, which ensures passenger comfort
• over $8 million for redeveloping                                                           Kingston, and will be completed by the
                                               and safety when traveling at high
  London’s station and providing space                                                       first quarter of 2001. Redevelopment
                                               speeds, will be upgraded with current
  for more commercial and retail devel-                                                      plans are currently underway for addi-
                                               technology. Interiors will also be
  opment, as well as station improve-                                                        tional locations across Canada..
                                               refreshed.
  ments in Kingston, Oakville and
                                            • VIA will completely overhaul and
  Oshawa.
                                               refurbish six rail diesel cars used to
                                               provide service on Vancouver Island
                                               and in Northern Ontario to ensure
                                               long-term reliability and to reduce
                                               operating costs.

                                            Infrastructure improvements
                                            • Improved signaling and traffic control
                                               systems, especially in the high-traffic
                                               Quebec City - Windsor Corridor, will
                                               enhance the safe operation of passenger
                                               trains over tracks owned by VIA and
                                               the freight railroads. As well, corridor
                                               improvements will include extended
                                               passing tracks, sidings, and other mea-
                                               sures to reduce speed restrictions and
                                               increase track capacity.




                                                                                                                                          3
    Productivity and Canadian Railways


         he 4th edition of Productivity and        Industry and Network
    T    Canadian Railways, published by           Re-structuring
                                                   Since mid-1996, when the Canada
    the Railway Association of Canada in
    November, demonstrates that the                Transportation Act was proclaimed, more
    Canadian railway industry is moving            than 9,000 kilometres of track has been
    more freight today than ever before            transferred by the two major railways to
    and using fewer resources to do it.            short lines – more than a four-fold increase
    Complementary copies are available from        over what was accomplished in the entire
    the association, and details from its web-     10 years prior.
    site at www.railcan.ca.                           The change has been welcomed by rail
        In 1999, railway workload was almost       customers. In a recent RAC-sponsored
    29 per cent higher than in 1990. It was        survey, 87 per cent of shippers now served
    achieved with 14 per cent less track, 12 per   by short lines reported a positive impact
    cent fewer freight cars, seven per cent        on their businesses.
    fewer locomotives, and a workforce 35 per         Achieving higher utilization of main            It also has important implications for
    cent smaller.                                  line networks can also involve arrange-        Canadian industries that depend on the
        The industry has invested in improved      ments between the major carriers them-         railways, because the competitive position
    productivity, by using capital to reduce       selves. For example, in 2000, CN and           of the transport system serving any industry
    other costs. In the high-horsepower loco-      CPR reached co-production agreements           is a major factor in that industry’s success.
    motives of today, advanced microprocessor      for shared use of specific track segments in    And transportation competition is as
    control systems help three locomotives to      Ontario, and in the U.S. Midwest and           much about railway customers’ markets as
    do the work once done by five. Bigger           Northeast. As well, they reached a direc-      it is about freight carriers.
    units are being tested.                        tional running agreement on their parallel         Railways face indirect competition
        New materials and designs have cut         trackage in the Fraser Canyon west of          from shippers’ customers, who can substi-
    weight and raised capacity of freight cars.    Kamloops, B.C., and have agreed to             tute the shipper’s product or purchase a
    Mechanical track maintenance and instal-       consolidate some track in Winnipeg,            similar product from a source located in
    lation equipment are run by a few skilled      Edmonton, Ottawa and Toronto.                  another geographic region. If the shipper
    operators. Computers – the modern-day                                                         loses its customer, then the railway in turn
    workhorse of the industry – are the foun-      Canada-U.S.Comparisons                         loses its customer.
    dation for applications as diverse as          Since the onset of major deregulation 20           Although labour productivity (revenue
    advanced train control and safety-monitor-     years ago, American railroads have trans-      ton miles/tonne kilometres per employee)
    ing systems, automated container terminals     formed themselves into competitive pow-        grew on CN, CPR and American rail-
    and up-to-the-minute operations and            erhouses. The 21 Class 1 carriers of 1980      roads during the 80s and 90s, the increas-
    customer information.                          have re-formed into five large carriers,        es were more rapid in the U.S. The
        Shippers have gained from the overall      dominated by four “mega-railroads” –           220 per cent labour productivity growth
    lower prices. Today, Canadian and U.S.         two of which, Burlington Northern Santa        on CN and CPR between 1981 and 1998
    freight rates are by far the lowest in the     Fe and Union Pacific, are each bigger than      compared with 270 per cent for major
    industrialized world.                          CN and CPR combined.                           American railroads in the same period.
                                                      The competitive strength and scale              A similar trend has occurred in traffic
                                                   that the large U.S. carriers bring to the      density (gross ton miles/tonne kilometres
                                                   North American transport market raises         per track mile/kilometre). On U.S. rail-
                                                   important issues for the Canadian rail-        roads, traffic density grew 131 per cent
                                                   ways and their users, especially their         from 1981 to 1998, while combined
                                                   ability to fund massive investments in         CN/CPR traffic density in the same period
                                                   productivity-generating technology and         increased by 79 per cent.
                                                   improved services to customers.
4
    Part of the difference between              comparable U.S. federal fuel tax – amounts            Although the corporate tax rate for
Canadian and U.S. performance can be            to a tax on transportation use. It is inconsis-   high-taxed industries such as the railways
traced to the ability of the U.S. rail indus-   tent with the rationale for the Goods and         will be reduced in future, and the incentive
try to achieve vigorous growth in freight       Services Tax (GST) where more transpar-           for the Canadian railways to invest was
volume – especially since 1987. The             ent treatment avoids hidden taxes.                improved somewhat in the 2000 federal
sharpest divergence occurred in the 1987-           At the local/provincial level, substantial    budget, the Capital Cost Allowance rate is
96 period when U.S. volumes grew by 44          property taxes are levied on the railways’        still not on a par with the U.S. – Canada’s
per cent while Canadian volume increased        self-financed and self-maintained corri-           principal trading partner – where an
only five per cent.                              dors, unlike the competing trucking               investment is fully depreciated in half the
    The major Canadian railways were not        industry’s use of the taxpayer-financed            time it takes in Canada.
able to support the same proportionate lev-     highway system.
els of investment as other Canadian indus-
tries or American rail carriers during the
decade. While U.S. railroads’ annual               Canada Needs Transport Policy For The Future
investment was averaging some 15 per cent
                                                   Canada needs a new transportation               generates one-fifth of the greenhouse gas
of revenues, CN and CPR spending was
                                                   policy to meet the needs of the country’s       emissions of truck per tonne-kilometre.
generally below 10 per cent of revenues.
                                                   future, not its past. Commenting on                Rowat said that rail fuel efficiency
                                                   the RAC submission to the Canada                will grow twice as quickly as truck (1.2 per
Government Policies
                                                   Transportation Act Review Panel, Bill           cent per year compared to 0.5 per cent
In the same way as railway investment and
                                                   Rowat, President and CEO of The                 per year). By 2020, rail will be 35 per
productivity are closely linked, the ability
                                                   Railway Association of Canada, said             cent more efficient than it was in 1995.
of Canadian railways to help achieve the
                                                   such a policy should be national in scope,         The industry’s focus is shifting away
goals of Canada’s trade-dependent econo-
                                                   international in vision and multi-modal         from rationalization to expanding traffic,
my and industries is directly and indirect-
                                                   in concept.                                     emphasizing reliability, faster transit
ly affected by government policies.
                                                      “Canada’s new transport policy               times, and swift application of intermodal
    Federal and provincial tax policies
                                                   should be based on principles that foster       service and information technology.
affect the cost of such railway inputs as
                                                   balanced modal treatment, encourage             Re-regulation could disrupt these initia-
fuel, property and investment, and federal
                                                   market forces, and ensure financial and          tives, said Rowat.
economic regulation sets the rules for
                                                   environmental sustainability,” said                “Investment needs for infrastructure,
railway prices and where railways operate.
                                                   Rowat. “Rail already plays an important         equipment and information technology
Although some provincial governments
                                                   role in the Canadian economy, but it is         are large. But only the rail mode has
have taken initial steps toward easing
                                                   capable of doing much more.”                    to finance all three,” he said. “On top of
high levels of Canadian taxes on locomo-
                                                      Forty per cent of Canada’s exports           that, rail taxes are 52 per cent higher in
tive fuel (Alberta) and railway corridors
                                                   move by rail, and 52 million rail com-          Canada than in the U.S. That constrains
(Quebec), Canadian railways remain at a
                                                   muters and inter-city travelers help            and discourages investment.”
major disadvantage as far as taxation of
                                                   reduce road and airport congestion. The            Government policies and regulations
their key inputs is concerned.
                                                   RAC has 54 member companies that                need to include rail and intermodal ser-
    Overall, they pay out nearly 14 per cent
                                                   provide virtually all freight and passen-       vices in planning for transportation cor-
of their revenues in “input taxes”, com-
                                                   ger railway services in Canada.                 ridors, within Canada and cross-border,
pared with 7.5 per cent for U.S. railroads
                                                      “Fuel-efficient rail can minimize the         said Rowat. They need to recognize the
and about eight per cent for the Canadian
                                                   economic impact of rising fuel prices,”         potential for intelligent transportation
and U.S. trucking industries.
                                                   said Rowat. “Railways are already the           systems to expedite traffic flows, and to
    The federal excise tax on locomotive fuel
                                                   most fuel-efficient surface mode, and are        reduce highway congestion to, from,
– about two-and a half times the current,
                                                   getting better. Rail is five times more          and at, border gateways.
                                                   fuel-efficient than inter-city truck and

                                                                                                                                                  5
    S p e c t a c u l a r Tra i n o f L i g h t s

                                      Supports Food Banks
                                                                                   nent Canadian actor and musician whose
                                                                                   annual concert series, The Huron Carole,
                                                                                   raises money for food banks while enter-
                                                                                   taining thousands through live concerts
                                                                                   and television broadcasts on CBC and
                                                                                   CMT.
                                                                                      The Governor General of Canada
                                                                                   recently awarded Jackson the Order of
                                           anadian Pacific Railway’s Holiday
                                      C    Train 2000 left Montreal Dec. 5 on an
                                                                                   Canada in recognition of his outstanding
                                                                                   humanitarian efforts.
                                      18-day, 6,250-km cross-country journey,         The Canadian Pacific Charitable
                                      with special events scheduled in more        Foundation was an integral part of the
                                      than 20 Canadian communities as it made      Holiday Train project, on behalf of all
                                      its way to the West Coast.                   Canadian Pacific employees, as well as the
                                          The 368-metre Holiday Train 2000,        Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers,
                                      adorned with 6,000 lights donated by         Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way
                                      General Electric, made its spectacular,      Employees, Canadian Auto Workers,
                                      goodwill voyage in partnership with the      Canadian Pacific Police Association,
                                      Canadian Association of Food Banks           International Brotherhood of Electrical
                                      (CAFB). The train of lights was aimed at     Workers, TC/Local 1976 United Steel-
                                      raising awareness of the issue of hunger     workers, and the United Transportation
                                      and generating donations to Canadian         Union.
                                      food banks.                                     Other Holiday Train 2000 partners
                                          The journey began at Windsor Station     included Canadian Tire, Hudson’s Bay
                                      in Montreal and ended in Port Coquitlam,     Company, Consolidated Fastfrate, General
                                      B.C., near Vancouver, on Dec. 22. The        Electric, ICMX, and Agrium.
                                      Holiday Train was launched by CPR last
                                      year.
                                          “Last year, CPR employees showed
                                      overwhelming support for this special
                                      project by giving generously of time,
                                      effort, food and money. Without the
                                      efforts of our employees, and indeed all
                                      Canadians, the Holiday Train would not
                                      have been the success it was,” said Rob
                                      Ritchie, President and CEO, CPR. “CPR
                                      and its employees are proud to continue a
                                      tradition of support for the communities
                                      in which we live and operate.”
                                          CPR collaborated with customers and
                                      communities, as well as Tom Jackson and
                                      The Huron Carole. Jackson is a promi-



6
      Industry
                              developments             at a
                                                                    glance
                                               sawmills in the area. The centre offers a       offer together to short line customers.
RailAmerica Changes in Canada
                                               full range of client services, including dis-   We want them to gain the advantages of
As part of its international corporate debt
                                               patch of truck traffic direct to customers in    scheduled service.”
reduction plan, RailAmerica has sold its
                                               Quebec and Ontario, and customs docu-               Short line railroads are a big part of CN’s
26.5 per cent interest in Quebec Railway
                                               mentation for U.S. bound traffic.                business. Just five years ago, less than five per
Corporation and sold its 40-km Ontario
                                                   RailAmerica also recently sold its access   cent of CN’s business involved short lines.
L'Orignal short line to the QRC-owned
                                               line to the Alberta oil sands to Manitoba-      Today, CN connects with about 80 short
Ottawa Central Railway.
                                               based Cando Contracting. The new                lines, and nearly a quarter of its business
   RailAmerica remains the largest short
                                               Athabasca Northern Railway (ANR) pur-           either originates or terminates on short line
line operator in the world and still owns
                                               chased a portion of the Lakeland and            carriers in Canada and the U.S.
Canadian short lines in British Columbia,
                                               Waterways Railway, slated for abandon-              Tellier urged short line operators, at a
and in Alberta, Ontario and Nova Scotia
                                               ment, from RA's Canada Western Railway.         time of soaring fuel prices, to press govern-
following acquisition of RaiLink and
                                                   They negotiated an innovative revenue-      ments to lower punitive rail fuel taxes. He
RailTex during the past year.
                                               sharing agreement with CN to maintain           also invited short lines to work with CN to
   Quebec Railway Corporation's share-
                                               rail service to the oil sands and other ship-   show governments that railroad deregula-
holders now include Groupe Fournier,
                                               pers in the Fort McMurray area. It is a first    tion has benefited the economy, shippers and
Caisse de Dépôt and Placement and private
                                               for a short line to interchange traffic with     the entire rail industry. The Canada
individuals, who own 20 per cent each;
                                               another short line in Canada.                   Transportation Act, which largely deregulated
Logistec and QRC management, 15 per
                                                                                               railroads, did much to create Canada’s short
cent each; and Canadian National
                                               Wisconsin Central Pursuing                      line industry, and now is subject to a statu-
Railway, 10 per cent, which converted its
                                               Strategic Alternatives                          tory review by a federal panel.
minority shareholding in a railcar ferry
                                               Wisconsin Central Transportation Corp.’s            “The current system is delivering
company, Cogema, when that business
                                               Board of Directors is pursuing a full           excellent results: lower rates, improved
was sold to QRC.
                                               range of strategic alternatives to maximize     efficiency, and better service. But the
   QRC currently operates six businesses
                                               shareholder value. WC has retained the          review provides opportunities to improve
– five short lines, and the railcar ferry
                                               investment banking firm of Goldman,              the system further,” Tellier said. “The
between Baie Comeau and Matane. The
                                               Sachs & Co. to act as financial advisor to       system should be modified to make it eas-
short lines, which run over some 1,200 kms
                                               the Board in evaluating alternatives            ier for large railroads to transfer lines to
of track in eastern Canada, are the New
                                               including, but not limited to, sale of the      short line railroads. The rail industry
Brunswick East Coast Railway, Chemin
                                               company and divestiture of its interna-         needs a regulatory system where the bar is
de fer Baie des Chaleurs, Chemin de fer
                                               tional holdings.                                set very high before parties submit rate
de Charlevoix, Chemin de fer de la
                                                                                               disputes to final offer arbitration. And
Matapedia et du Golfe, and Ottawa
                                               Strengthens Ties With Short Line                railroads require a system that permits
Central Railway.
                                               Partners                                        them to earn their cost of capital to attract
   Together, the short lines originate and
                                               Canadian National President and Chief           the capital the industry needs to meet
deliver more than 90,000 carloads of
                                               Executive Officer, Paul M. Tellier says CN       customer requirements.”
freight annually. The Chemin de Fer de
                                               is committed to making its connecting               Tellier also said CN is prepared to help
Charlevoix reload center at Clermont, for
                                               short line railroads full partners in its       short lines upgrade their rail lines to
example, transfers approximately 2,100
                                               scheduled freight service offering. Tellier,    accommodate heavier freight cars when
carloads of lumber annually, taking some
                                               speaking to CN’s 2000 Short Line                the investment is economically justified.
5,800 long-haul trucks off the highway.
                                               Workshop, said: “Scheduled service is the       CN recently agreed to provide US$2.4
   The center provides storage and trans-
                                               key to making us the best in customer ser-      million to the Columbus and Greenville
fer facilities for 200 million board feet of
                                               vice and efficiency. It’s the way to win         Railway (C&G) in Mississippi.
lumber annually that is produced by three
                                               back business. We must focus on integrat-
                                               ing the service we [CN and short lines]                                                           7
       Over the next 10 years, a major C&G        gathered as the LRT took another step
                                                                                                 New Intermodal Service
    shipper, Delta Western Feed Mill, Inc.,       closer to completion. The train service will
                                                                                                 Meets “need for speed”
    will use CN to route a substantial portion    run on existing rail lines and should start
                                                                                                 Canadian National’s intermodal service
    of grain and grain products to its plant in   operation in the summer of 2001.
                                                                                                 redesign has trimmed 24 hours off their
    Indianola, Miss.
                                                                                                 Toronto to Vancouver delivery service.
                                                  COSCO Group Executive
                                                                                                 CN’s Movin magazine highlights the ben-
    Shippers Respond to CPR                       Gives speech in Vancouver
                                                                                                 efits of this new service and describes how
    Grain Logistics Program                       In a speech to the Canada/China Business
                                                                                                 they were able to eliminate so much time
    CPR’s new grain car-ordering program          Council, COSCO Group vice-president
                                                                                                 from the trip.
    has been met with a quick and positive        Gao Weijie described Vancouver as an
    response from shippers. CPR launched its      increasingly important North American
                                                                                                 Transport Institute Awarded Contract
    new car-ordering system to fill a void after   gateway, and “one of the most trade-ori-
                                                                                                 The University of Manitoba Transport
    grain companies and the Canadian Wheat        ented cities, with strong links through
                                                                                                 Institute has been awarded a $300,000
    Board advised CPR they had failed to          North America and Asia. Last year,
                                                                                                 consulting contract to assist the province
    reach agreement to continue using the         COSCO carried approximately 25 per cent
                                                                                                 with transportation policy and planning
    former voluntary car-allocation system.       of the port’s container tonnage.” It became
                                                                                                 developments. The announcement was
    CPR met with the industry, including the      the second-largest carrier in the Port,
                                                                                                 made by Manitoba Highways and
    CWB, prior to the launch of its program to    improving from fourth position in 1998,
                                                                                                 Government Services Minister Steve
    outline details about the new car-ordering    since COSCO decided to make Vancouver
                                                                                                 Ashton. Projects being considered for
    process.                                      the first port of call in its trans-Pacific
                                                                                                 UMTI participation deal with issues
                                                  trade, and to use CPR and CN as
                                                                                                 ranging from the impact of e-commerce
    Communications Line                           COSCO’s intermodal rail carriers to the
                                                                                                 on Manitoba’s transportation sector to
    Through Estevan Area                          U.S. Midwest.
                                                                                                 grain reform and infrastructure develop-
    A state-of-the-art communication system
                                                                                                 ment strategies.
    for North America is being buried under-      CPR Holds Short Line Meeting
    ground and a small part of the work           Canadian Pacific Railway held a short line
                                                                                                 CN, BNSF Make Western Canada-U.S.
    passed through Estevan, SK. Ed Goodwin,       meeting in Calgary in October, making
                                                                                                 Pacific Coast Market Initial Priority
    CPR maintenance supervisor said Ledcor        conference attendees feel welcome at every
                                                                                                 Canadian National Railway Company
    intended to lay eight to nine conduit         turn, with a magical train ride through
                                                                                                 (CN) and The Burlington Northern and
    pipes, using a plow train. Ledcor has         the mountains and an ideal setting at the
                                                                                                 Santa Fe Railway Company (BNSF) have
    entered into a long-term leasing agree-       Palliser Hotel. E-commerce is growing
                                                                                                 agreed to implement highly-competitive,
    ment with CPR for access to their right-      thanks to a six-figure budget and top
                                                                                                 customer-focused interline rail services
    of-way network in Canada. CPR worked          management support. Car management
                                                                                                 for new carload business.
    in concert with Ledcor, providing flagging     and supply is being streamlined.
                                                                                                    CN’s and BNSF’s first interline service
    service so that the communication             Operations and Marketing are being com-
                                                                                                 under the agreement will link markets
    groundwork didn’t interfere or pose any       bined in the field to enhance customer
                                                                                                 in British Columbia, Alberta and
    danger to regular rail traffic. Goodwin        satisfaction.
                                                                                                 Saskatchewan with markets in Washing-
    said CPR crews also operated the plow             CPR generates about 10 per cent of its
                                                                                                 ton, Oregon, Idaho, California, Nevada,
    trains.                                       revenue base from short lines and is looking
                                                                                                 Utah, Arizona, New Mexico and El Paso-
                                                  for more as they go to longer trains on
                                                                                                 Sierra Blanca, Texas.
    Light Rail Transit In Ottawa Closer           core routes. Asked how short lines could
                                                                                                    The marketing agreement gives the
    A spike pounding ceremony commemo-            do more for CPR, one CPR short line
                                                                                                 two railroads authority to market and
    rated the experimental light rail transit     team leader remarked, “More from the
                                                                                                 price carload traffic originating on one
    system in Ottawa at the end of October.       short lines? I only wish we could do more
                                                                                                 carrier and terminating on the other with-
    Local politicians and interested citizens     for them.”
                                                                                                 out first having to negotiate the terms and
                                                                                                 conditions of the movement. This joint
                                                                                                 authority will simplify pricing, enhance

8
response time, and increase customer sat-          CN said it will actively support and
isfaction. New carload interline services      promote the use of FreightWise by                 People
are also being contemplated by CN and
BNSF in other corridors.
                                               Canadian shippers and carriers. Shippers
                                               will have the choice of purchasing CN’s           on the Move
    The Western Canada-Pacific coast           domestic Canadian and transborder
interline initiative will take advantage of    (Canada/United States) intermodal ser-            Paul Clark, vice-president of com-
BNSF’s comprehensive new service pack-         vices through FreightWise. FreightWise            munications and public affairs for
age for carload freight moving between         plans to include other modes of trans-            CPR, has been selected as a member
Vancouver, B.C., Northern California,          portation and expanded services in the            of the board of directors of the
Southern California and Arizona. It            future.                                           Canadian Chamber of Commerce for
includes:                                          FreightWise provides load matching            2000-2001.
• Five-day service between Vancouver           for buyers and sellers of transportation and
    and the San Francisco Bay area;            fulfilment capability through committed
                                                                                                 Sean Finn has been appointed as
• Five-day service between Vancouver           carrier capacity, enabling complete multi-
                                                                                                 CN’s senior vice-president, chief legal
    and the Los Angeles area, and              modal freight movements. FreightWise
                                                                                                 officer and corporate secretary. He
• Seven-day service between Vancouver          also allows exchange users to conduct
                                                                                                 was most recently CN’s vice-presi-
    and the Phoenix region.                    entire transactions online – from load
                                                                                                 dent, treasurer and principal tax
                                               matching through financial settlement.
The marketing agreement is the latest in a                                                       counsel, and played key roles in CN’s
                                                   Sellers on FreightWise can offer their
series of co-operative ventures announced                                                        highly-successful 1995 privatization
                                               capacity through standard rates and auc-
by CN and BNSF following their decision                                                          and equally successful acquisition of
                                               tions. Shippers, particularly small shippers,
last July to terminate their combination                                                         Illinois Central Corporation in 1998.
                                               will benefit from greater choice and a
agreement. The railroads have recently
                                               seamless process to find a carrier, get a price,
implemented a service agreement creating
                                               order equipment, and track, trace and pay –       Bruce Burrows has been appointed
a bimodal RoadRailer network linking
                                               all online. The service will also make it eas-    vice-president, government and pub-
Montreal, Toronto, Chicago and the
                                               ier for carriers to find back-hauls.               lic affairs; Robert Taylor, executive
Pacific Southwestern states of California
                                                                                                 director, policy development; and
and Arizona for perishable and dry van
                                               CN Logo One of Top 50                             Gerald Gauthier, director, industry
traffic, and a second service agreement
                                               A prestigious international panel of lead-        relations.
providing agricultural products new effi-
                                               ers in design and business has chosen CN’s
cient routings over CN and BNSF lines in
                                               logo as one of the Top 50 Corporate
Illinois and Iowa.                                                                               Dan Di Tota has been named
                                               Logos of All Time – the only Canadian
                                               company to make the list.                         national director, Operation Lifesaver
CN Acquires Minority Stake in                                                                    – the RAC program jointly funded
                                                  The judging panel, made up of archi-
FreightWise                                                                                      by Transport Canada and Canadian
                                               tects, industrial and graphic designers and
Canadian National has made a strategic                                                           railways – to reduce highway-railway
                                               business leaders, chose the 50 global win-
investment in FreightWise, Inc., a neutral,                                                      crossing collisions and trespasser inci-
                                               ners for a competition jointly sponsored by
comprehensive and multi-modal Internet                                                           dents.
                                               the Financial Times and Report on Business
marketplace for buyers and sellers of
                                               (ROB) Magazine.
transportation. CN will also use
                                                  When it was created in 1960, the logo
FreightWise as a sales channel for its key
                                               was considered bold and audacious, and as
intermodal services.
                                               the judges remarked, the trademark still
   FreightWise recently launched its
                                               looks modern 40 years after its creation.
online marketplace with leading
                                               Industrial designer Jasper Morrison called
American shippers and carriers, and is
                                               CN’s logo “a perfect blend of symbol,
scheduled to offer coast-to-coast and trans-
                                               typography and intent.”
border truckload and intermodal services
in Canada in mid-2001.
                                                                                                                                            9
 Interview with the New President
                               I welcome the challenge. Since my first         tant public policy issue – infrastructure
                               day on the job September 25, I have trav-      investment. The province approved capital
                               elled extensively and met many RAC             spending to help upgrade a railway bridge
                               members in their offices, and in their own      on the Cape Breton Central Nova Scotia
                               yards. I have been made welcome, which I       Railway, not because it was a rail bridge but
                               appreciate. I have also been impressed by      because it was a critical link to continuing,
                               the knowledge and experience of this           heavier traffic loads from several major,
                               industry’s leaders, and by the enthusiasm      expanding industries in the province.
                               with which they approach their daunting            There are other railway industry ini-
                               workloads. They care, and it shows.            tiatives underway in Ontario, and else-
                                   I have also become increasingly aware      where, to press rail’s case. Government, I
                               of the issues facing the industry. They fall   believe, is developing some enlightened
                               under several categories but add up to an      self-interest in rail-related issues and
                               imbalance in modal competition as a            developments. If you are in government
                               result of fragmented public policies. They     today looking for options to help cope with
 Editor’s Note:
                               didn’t occur all at once, and generally        rising fuel costs, increasingly congested
 Bill Rowat, a career civil    speaking, their effects on overall transport   roads, and voter concern about the envi-
 servant, was recently         policy weren’t well thought through.           ronment, who can you turn to?
                                   The reality is that many of those public       The railway, because the railway is the
 named President and Chief
                               policies were developed for an earlier era,    right way in this environment! Rail is part
 Executive Officer of the       and like many policies, were based on past     of the solution. It is not part of the prob-
 RAC with a mandate to         results, not future needs.                     lem. We made that point before the
                                   Is change possible? I believe it is.       Standing Committee of Finance by argu-
 develop the association’s     There have been positive signs. Many of        ing for the elimination of the federal
 newly-expanded public         them have been in provincial jurisdictions,    excise tax on locomotive fuel through a
                               which I find very interesting. Quebec           phased reduction of the tax by one cent per
 policy responsibilities on
                               introduced a 75 per cent tax rebate on its     litre per year. Canada’s railways paid out
 behalf of the industry, and   railway corridors as a move to level the so-   almost $166 million in federal and provincial
 to help accelerate its rate   called “playing field” of competition          locomotive fuel taxes across the country in
                               between trucking and rail.                     1999. That’s money not available for rein-
 of improvement in a very
                                   Alberta recently introduced improve-       vestment in the business, to grow the
 competitive business          ments in the province’s business tax struc-    business, and to attract long-haul traffic off
 environment. In this issue    ture, which will save Alberta railways         congested continental highways.
                               between $15 and $20 million annually. I            The federal excise tax on locomotive
 of Interchange, Bill talks
                               am proud to say that the RAC and its           fuel was to have been a temporary, deficit-
 about the future.             Alberta members participated actively,         fighting tax when it was first introduced
                               and effectively, in the work of Alberta        in 1985. It has since outlived its usefulness.
                               Business Tax Review Committee. Alberta         As an “input” tax, it is inconsistent with
                               has progressively lowered its provincial       the Goods and Services Tax credit or
                               locomotive fuel taxes over the past three      refund process which was intended to
                               years to three cents a litre, second only to   avoid hidden taxes.
                               Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia is a province             The Canadian federal tax is almost two
                               which wisely recognized the extreme            and a half times higher than the current,
                               importance of rail transportation to its       comparable U.S. federal fuel tax. And the
                               trade-dependant economy years earlier.         State fuel taxes are either zero, or less – in
                                   And Nova Scotians got up earlier than      some cases, much less – than our provincial
                               the rest of the mainland on another impor-     locomotive fuel taxes. That is especially

10
important in a country whose North-              isfaction rating with short line
South trade growth is so critical to its         service. Those results are the
economic health.                                 envy of many industries,
    Particularly at this time, government        including segments of the
should be recognizing rail’s fuel efficiency,     financial services sector and
and encouraging intermodal transport as a        cable broadcasting. Just as
way to make greater use of existing road and     important was the benchmark
rail infrastructure. Because rail is five times   that the survey set for future
more fuel efficient than truck. And              tracking, and for performance measure-        interesting sports-related concepts being
Canadian railways have improved their fuel       ment by individual companies.                 developed for the future, playing off the
efficiency, at their own expense, by almost           What is the RAC focusing on right         speed and weight of trains to that of a
two per cent a year every year since 1975.       now, and for the near term? We made our       fastball, a slapshot and the rush and crush
    Rail is also environmentally-friendly.       submission to the Canada Transportation       of professional football. Stay tuned.
Rail generates only four per cent of all         Act Review Committee on October 6.               There will be a workshop early in the
transportation-related Greenhouse Gas            That addressed, primarily, the concerns of    new year to get the railways ready for new
Emissions, compared with almost 24 per           the short lines and regional railways to      medical rules. As well, new work rest
cent generated by trucks. A 100-car train        forced access to their lines and customers.   rules for train crews and fatigue measure-
hauls the equivalent payload of 275 big          A more detailed submission, addressing        ment plans will soon be submitted for rail-
trucks, and we all know what that means          other issues before the Review Panel, was     way review.
to road congestion.                              prepared in advance of that deadline,            There are a couple of other staff
    Unfortunately, environmentally-friend-       November 17, and is available on our          changes at the RAC that are significant.
liness by itself doesn’t get the traffic on       website at www.railcan.ca.                    Brad Taylor resigned as Dangerous
rail. Current public policies result in              The RAC recently relocated its head-      Commodities Officer for Quebec and the
trucking under-paying its share of the           quarters to Ottawa. In terms of new staff,    Maritimes last summer for health reasons.
wear and tear heavy trucks inflict on             I was mandated by the RAC Board of            Brad did an excellent job is helping get
roads and bridges. That allows our prin-         Directors to build a new advocacy func-       the dangerous goods team successfully
cipal competitor to under-price its service,     tion, and to staff up that side to more       launched. His successor is Jean-Pierre
and has attracted most of the growth in          effectively lobby governments, in particu-    Couture who joined the RAC from CN.
freight traffic to road, rather than rail.        lar federal and provincial governments, to       Also, Ben Levesque, national director
    Trucking is pressing for longer hours        get the changes our industry needs.           of Operation Lifesaver, had heart trouble
of work for drivers that would increase              Bruce Burrows has been hired from         last summer. Ben had a pacemaker
their productivity at the expense of rail,       Canadian Pacific as Vice-President of         installed and has fully recovered. It did
and for the spread of Canadian truck             Government and Public Affairs for the         help him decide what he wants to do with
weights across the border into the United        RAC. Robert Taylor has joined us from         the rest of his life, though, and Ben will
States. The effect on railroad traffic, par-      the Newfoundland and Labrador Power           help us train his successor – Dan Di Tota,
ticularly in Ontario, Quebec and the U.S.        Commission as Executive Director, Policy      a locomotive engineer and rail network
northeast, would be devastating.                 Development to lead a new policy and          administrator from CPR. We want to give
    We are not seeking special treatment,        economic analysis function at the RAC,        you an opportunity to say good-bye, and
just fair treatment, and a recognition by        and Gerald Gauthier is our new Director       thank you, to Ben in an appropriate way.
policy makers that their decisions have an       of Industry Relations. Other appointments     Because Ben has done an excellent job,
impact – sometimes a massive impact – on         will be made shortly.                         both for the industry, and for public safety
competitive balances between modes of                The public service announcements          over the past 11 years. We were fortunate
transportation.                                  which the RAC helped produce for              to find someone as capable, and as caring.
    We know that reliable rail service sells     Operation Lifesaver and Direction 2006,          I look forward to working with the
well. The RAC-sponsored Angus Reid               Real People on Rail Safety, were finalists     industry, and with those who influence the
Group survey of short line customers in          in an international radio competition in      degree of our success within Canada, and
the fall of 1999 showed an 87 per cent sat-      New York last summer. There’s some            on international trade routes.

                                                                                                                                          11
     canada’s
     railways
           safe
        & getting
         safer                                             Woman Killed
                                                           CPR crews and police were on the scene
                                                           after 54 year old Claudette Boyer was
                                                           struck and killed by a southbound freight
                                                           train in Parry Sound, ON recently. It was
                                                           the third time someone’s been hit by a
            Railway Roulette                               train in the community in the past four
            Wayne Law, CN police officer, has seen          years. CPR and CN both have rail lines
            enough youngsters injured and killed by        that run through the town. That’s
            getting too close to moving trains, and it     prompted concerned citizens to develop a
            could happen in Truro. “We’ve recently         rail safety committee to work on ways to
            had several incidents of train riding in the   stop accidents from happening in the
            Truro area,” Law said. “Teens, usually         future. CPR and CN are working with
            between 15 and 18 years of age, jump on        the Rail Safety Committee on developing
            the trains as they pass through town at a      a set of overall safety recommendations.
            speed of approximately 16 kilometres per
            hour. The incidents usually occur in the       Danger on Rails
            evening.”                                      The Niagara Railway Safety Task Force
             Const. Dennis Wright of Truro Police          started a display in Welland, ON designed
            Service joined Law at the Young Street         to make the public aware of safety issues
            highway/railway crossing to hand out           as well as the laws against trespassing on
            information pamphlets to junior and            railway property, and fines levied for dis-
            senior high school students on their way       obedience. A puppet show by Andrew
            home for lunch. Wright also gives infor-       Cappadocio helps children become aware
            mation talks to elementary school students     of the dangers of playing on railway prop-
            on the subject of railway safety, using as     erty, and why they shouldn’t. Participants
            his guide a national program called            in the promotion include the NRP, CN,
            Operation Life Saver.                          CP police units, four railway companies
                                                           in the region, Regional Health Department,
                                                           school boards, and Laidlaw Transporta-
                                                           tion.
                                                               Railway property laws, and the danger
                                                           that lurks upon the property, is not a
                                                           laughing matter, officials said. They want
                                                           the public to be concerned with their own
                                                           welfare as well as others, and stay away
                                                           from railway property.




12
The Life You Save May Be Your                   ing to reduce those statistics by another 50
Own                                             per cent by the year 2006. “In an ideal
Days are short, winter is long and you’re       world, it will be zero, because such colli-
dead for the rest of your life. One of those    sions are preventable,” said Mr. Levesque.
three you have some control over, accord-           He added: “Trains can’t stop quickly,
ing to Operation Lifesaver National             they require up to two kilometres, and
Director Ben Levesque. He was on the            they certainly can’t swerve to avoid a
road again with a public safety message,        collision. To a large degree, it is in the
urging motorists to exercise care and cau-      hands of drivers to save their own lives,
tion at highway-railway crossings, partic-      and those of their families and friends.
ularly at this time of year.                    Familiarity breeds complacency, and the
   Speaking to a Transport Canada train-        majority of collisions take place within         Safe, Secure, Profitable
ing seminar on safety in Rigaud, Qc.            40 kilometres of driver’s homes.”                Handling of Sulphur By-products
before Christmas, Mr. Levesque said: “              The safety record along Canada’s rail-       Canadian National’s Movin magazine
Canadians visiting relatives and friends        ways has been improving. According to            recently profiled CN’s new long-term
may encounter bad weather conditions            Transportation Safety Board statistics for       agreement with Marsulex. Marsulex con-
and unfamiliar surroundings. That’s all         the first three-quarters of 2000, there were      verts sulphur emissions into sulphuric acid
the more reason for them to exercise care       30 fewer crossing collisions (174) than in       and sulphur dioxide and then transports
and good judgment, so the holidays really       1999, and 22 fewer (54) trespassing inci-        these to suppliers, battery makers and
are merry and bright!”                          dents than a year ago.                           pulp and paper mills. The company relies
   He also cautioned snowmobilers                   Although crossing fatalities were up by      primarily on CN to transport its products.
against operating on and around railway         one to 26, serious injuries were down by         The new agreement extends and expands
tracks. “The sound of snowmobile engines        nine from 1999 to 20. Trespassing fatalities     their relationship in innovative ways. CN
can mask the sound of approaching trains,       were down by 15 to 36 and serious                is committing to cycle time reduction and
or a ski can get caught in track switches.      injuries, by 11, to a total of 15 for the same   is giving Marsulex access to new markets
Either way, the result can be deadly,” said     period, year over year.                          through its extended U.S. route network.
Mr. Levesque.                                       “We ask motorists to make a habit of
   He said a better, and safe, alternative is   approaching crossings with extreme cau-          Close Call Brings
to operate on designated snowmobile             tion and as much a part of driver safety as      Out CPR Safety
trails. Operation Lifesaver is the national     the habit of putting on your seat belts,”        After a student from Tanner’s Crossing
public safety program sponsored by              said Mr. Levesque. “Approaching cross-           School in Manitoba was caught crawling
Transport Canada and the Railway                ings cautiously, looking in both direction,      underneath a train that was about to
Association of Canada. It works in part-        listening for approaching trains, obeying        move, the CPR safety crew spent some
nership with provincial safety councils,        the warning signs and staying off railway        time with all the classes at the local school,
police, unions and community groups to          property, saves lives. The life you save         to remind them of the dangers of such
reduce crossing collisions and trespasser       may be your own!”                                actions.
deaths and injuries.
   The program already has an excellent
track record, and has helped reduce high-
way/railway crossing collisions by 60 per-
cent since its beginning 20 years ago. A
special initiative, Direction 2006, is work-


                                                                                                                                             13
 Anatomy of a
        Very Special Train
                By Mona Aubin




                     ike many Canadians, I had forgotten       the clock, to ensure all aspects of the task
                L    the rumours in the media about the        were progressing smoothly.
                gravity of Pierre Elliott Trudeau’s health.       In the meeting room throughout
                So it was a shock to hear, in late             Friday evening, Saturday and Sunday
                September, that he had passed away qui-        were key senior executives from VIA
                etly at his Montreal residence, surrounded     Rail, as well as the Director of Montréal
                by his family.                                 Central Station, the Director of Public
                    Little did I realize, as I “surfed” the    Affairs, the Director of Security, the
                channels that evening for news coverage        Manager of Transportation Planning, the
                and tributes across the country, how per-      Manager of Media Relations, the Manager
                sonally and professionally involved I          of Corporate Affairs, and the Directors of
                would be in his final voyage home.              the Ottawa Station and of Corridor
                    As Public Affairs officers at VIA Rail      Maintenance by phone.
                Canada, my colleagues and I are regularly         The principal objective was to ensure
                called upon to organize special events         the absolutely safe and dignified trans-
                ranging from news conferences to product       portation of the former Prime Minister on
                launches.                                      his final voyage home. This challenge
                    There are certain special events, how-     would include the boarding of the coffin
                ever, that extend well beyond these para-      onto the special train at Ottawa station.
                meters, assignments so unique and elite,          Dimensions were taken and it was
                that their very execution surpass duty to      soon decided that the only way to ade-
                the level of privilege. Such was the expe-     quately place the coffin into the domed
                rience of participating in the detailed        Park Car was to discreetly move it
                organization of the former Prime               through a window, which would have to
                Minister’s funeral train.                      be removed and replaced in two minutes
                    Heritage Canada was the federal            or less, out of the eye of the probing cam-
                department charged with ensuring the           eras at Ottawa station. Experts from VIA’s
                wishes of the Trudeau family would be          maintenance team were brought in to
                appropriately fulfilled, while guiding all      meet this significant challenge.
                parties through the dictates of protocol.         Then, on Sunday morning, the
                    Their chief representative was in direct   Director of Public Affairs, Paul Raynor,
                contact with VIA from Friday evening,          and I met at Montréal City Hall with
                Sept. 30, through the completion of our        some 50 representatives from various
                mandate, which was the safe arrival of Mr.     organizations involved in the Montréal
                Trudeau’s coffin by VIA train at Central        portion of the Trudeau funeral.
                Station in Montréal Monday morning,               They included Radio-Canada, the
                Oct. 2.                                        PMO, RCMP, CUM, SPCUM, the
                    The details were many, ever-changing       Mayor’s office, Cathédrale Notre-Dame,
                and sensitive, and our entire VIA team         and Urgel Bourgie under the chair of
                remarkably adjusted and re-adjusted its        Heritage Canada. Following the meeting,
                course as required. Dedicated VIA pro-         we walked through the entire scenario,
                fessionals gathered every two or three         accompanied by the Heritage Canada
                hours throughout the weekend, around           spokesperson and his entourage, RCMP
                                                               officers, and when all parties were satisfied

14
with the privacy and security of the                When the train slowly pulled out of         minutes. The cars proceeded to exit the garage by
arrangements, a few of us then boarded          the station, I was seated, alone, leaning on    LaGauchetière, turning left towards Old
the special three-car, two-locomotive train     the window overlooking the large crowd          Montréal, where Montrealers would have their
from Montréal, en route for Ottawa.             who spontaneously clapped as they stole         chance to pay their respects at City Hall an hour
    When we arrived late that afternoon,        one last glance. I was surprised at the         or so later.
the RCMP honour guards were waiting             lump in my throat, as my eyes scanned the          And VIA Rail Canada was extremely proud to
for us, shirt sleeves rolled up, ready to       faces of the crowd, and the sound of their      have brought Pierre Elliott Trudeau home—
rehearse their portion of the boarding of       clapping was not so much heard as …felt.        safely and respectfully.
the coffin. They tirelessly went through it          I could not have ever imagined the
again and again, while VIA employees            scenes I was to witness along the route to
efficiently put the last touches on the          Montréal, over the next two hours: white-       Funeral Train VIA Staff
draping surrounding the entry point.            haired ladies, wheeled onto balconies by
About midnight, everyone felt prepared          their nurses, waving, crying, as the train      Locomotive Engineers, Ottawa
for the next morning’s mission.                 passed the sprawling lawn of their seniors’       Barry Halverson
    The VIA crew working on train No.           residence.                                        Raymond Saumur
638 was honoured to be there, as we all             School kids, with their teachers hold-
were. Some were fortunate enough to             ing onto them, extended single red roses        On Board Service
have their schedule fall on this assignment     to the doorway of the family’s part of the        Christine Sinet
by regular board posting; others, for many      train. Farmers jumped off their tractors in       Mario Nascimento
reasons, had been personally asked.             the middle of their fields, to stand at atten-     Claude Huot
    From about 0600 Monday morning,             tion, saluting, until the train had com-          Herman Jobin
Oct. 2, the press began to gather at Ottawa     pletely passed. One man, standing not too         Jean-Paul Dupuy
station. They were joined by members of         far from the track, clutched his video            Normand Plante
the public who quietly arrived, individu-       camera to his eye with his left hand, hold-
ally or in small groups, most with flowers,      ing his right hand in salute as the tears       Maintenance
keeping a courteous distance behind the         streamed down his cheeks.                         Michel Bertrand
stanchions, watching, waiting, realizing            These flash portraits left imprints on         Gilles Charlebois
they were about to witness a moment of          all of us on that train. I felt I had been
history.                                        given a special and profound opportunity        Customer Service
    As the minutes passed, the crowd            to glimpse directly into the hearts of            Michel Chiasson
increased, more cameras, more press             Canadians, grieving together, as one com-         Richard Guérin
cards, more people. Some 30 members of          munity. I will never, ever, forget it.            Dagmar Stroka, Chief, Corridor East
the press had been selected by draw to              When we arrived at Central Station,
board the first car, for the trip to Montréal.   our VIA colleagues were gathered on the
They had agreed to not seek interviews on       platform, black curtains enclosing the
the train.                                      space reserved for the family’s discreet
    Between the media car and the family’s      exit. The flag-draped coffin was removed
car was the only other car, the one I was       from the train as quickly and privately as
on, along with a group of about 15 other        it had been boarded.
people who were there by honour, or duty,           The hours of practising, measuring
or both — the RCMP, Heritage Canada             and detailing throughout the weekend
officials, VIA Rail executives, and aides        were beneficial: the entire Trudeau group
from funeral home Urgel Bourgie.                had been led to the waiting Urgel Bourgie
                                                limousines in lower Central Station in
                                                                                                                                        15
More than $1 billion invested
CPR Industry Leader in Adopting New
High-Performance Locomotive Technology

                                      anadian Pacific Railway (CPR)
                                C     moved one step closer to building the
                                most modern, and reliable locomotive
                                fleet in North America, with its order for
                                51 high-performance alternating current
                                (AC) locomotives from General Electric
                                Transportation Systems.
                                    This latest order, to be delivered in
                                2001, brings CPR’s total AC-traction fleet
                                to 381 locomotives. Price of the order was
                                not disclosed; however, the railway has
                                invested more than $1 billion in AC loco-
                                motives since 1995.
                                    “The greatest measure of a railway is its ability to move products to market
                                reliably, quickly and efficiently. By investing in new AC locomotives, we are
                                making a commitment to the highest standards of customer service and relia-
                                bility,” said Ed Dodge, Executive Vice-President of Operations for CPR.
                                    “CPR is quickly acquiring one of the most modern locomotive fleets in
                                North America, providing dramatically improved service across our system,
                                safer and more efficient freight handling and reduced operating expenses.”
                                    CPR has been the rail industry leader in adopting AC locomotive technology.
                                With 381 AC units in its fleet this year, the railway will have the highest fleet
                                proportion of AC locomotives of any major railway in North America.
                                    The high-performance characteristics of AC traction technology will make
                                the fleet of 381 locomotives equivalent in hauling capacity to about 690 con-
                                ventional direct current (DC) road locomotives. The GE locomotives are rated
                                at 4,400 hp. each. The AC-traction technology also brings improved fuel
                                efficiency and a more than 20-per-cent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by
                                the railway’s entire locomotive fleet.
                                    The AC locomotive fleet was a main building block for new train operating
                                methods introduced in late 1999 that have seen train lengths extended to more
                                than 3,000 metres in main corridors with-
                                out adversely affecting overall transit                  RAC Moves
                                times. These long, heavy trains have                     The new address for the Railway
                                made railway operations more efficient,                   Association of Canada in Ottawa is
                                increasing asset utilization and reducing                as follows:
                                operating expenses.
                                    With the new acquisitions, the average               Railway Association of Canada
                                age of CPR’s heavy-duty locomotive fleet                  99 Bank Street
                                will be 16 years, compared with 21 years                 Suite 1401
                                at the beginning of 1995. CPR’s AC loco-                 Ottawa, ON K1P 6B9
                                motives have been supplied by GE and by                  Telephone (613) 567-8591
                                the Diesel Division, General Motors of                   Fax (613) 567-6726
                                Canada.
                                                                                         Internet: www.railcan.ca
                                                                                         Email RAC@RAILCAN.CA
                                                                                         Publisher Roger Cameron

								
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