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VIEWS: 762 PAGES: 48

									    SA SOLDIER
    The official monthly magazine of the SA Department of Defence

            Letters:                                                                                      How to manage HIV and
      6     feedback from our readers           16        Remembrance Sunday
                                                          in Johannesburg                      28         Aids in the military

            New Year's message:                           SA Army                                         Exercise Young Eagle
    10      Minister of Defence                 18        Seminar                              30         spreads its wings

    11      New Year's message:
            Deputy Minister of Defence          19        SAN TV scooped first prize
                                                          at international film festival       31         First black General Officer
                                                                                                          to command Air Command

            New Year's message:                           Young soldier                                   Peace Support
    12      Secretary for Defence               20        honoured                             36         Operations Seminar

    13      New Year's message:
            Chief of the SANDF                  21        Together
                                                          we can
                                                                                               40         Helicopter causes
                                                                                                          deaf kids to hear

            Gone,                                         Women of Africa                                 A gentleman's
    14      but still alive                     22        come together as one                 42         sport

    15      Our sailors
            returned from Burundi               24        Focus on
                                                          battlefield trauma                   43         Blind cricketer
                                                                                                          competed in Pakistan

                                                          Phidisa                                         Loyalty is a
                                                27        expands                              47         jewel worth wearing

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                                             c/o Nossob and Boeing St     SA SOLDIER             Tel: 012 355 6341 Fax: 012 355 6399
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                                             PRETORIA                     PRETORIA, 0001         website:

                      EDITORIAL BOARD                 Col P.M. Motlhabane                Ms I.D. Jacobson
                                           Mr S.B. Mkhwanazi               Col S.P. Zeeman                    Ms J. Render
                                           (Acting Editor-in-Chief)        Ms N. Pienaar                      Lt J. Sverdloff
                                           Col L.W. Magxwalisa             Maj J.V. du Toit                   Sgt L.F. Letaoana
                                           Col M.T. Masuku                 Mr L.R.M. Netshirembe              (Secretary)
2    Although all possible care is taken
     with articles, the editorial staff    2005 - Winner of the Government Communicator of the Year Award (GCIS).
     cannot take any responsibility for    2005 - Winner of the National Ubungcweti Award (GCIS).
     lost articles and photographs.
                                           EDITORIAL STAFF                                 Text Editor:        Mr Eugene Muller
     Reproduction & Printing:              Editor:            Ms Nelda Pienaar
                                                                                           Translation         Directorate Language
     Formeset Printers Johannesburg
                                                                                           Consultant:         Services
     (Pty) Ltd,                            Assistant Editor: Mr Lufuno Netshirembe
     44-66 Wriggle Road,                                                                Photo Processing: 5 ASU Photo Section
     Heriotdale, Ext 13, 2094              Editorial Staff:   Ms Nomonde Vuthela
     Tel: +27 11 626 1330/2/3                                                           Distribution:     Mr Jim Tshabalala
                                                              F Sgt David Nomtshongwana
                                                                                                          Tel: 012 355 6341
     Fax: +27 11 626 1331                                     Sgt Lebohang Letaoana
                                                              Amn Arnaus Rakoma         Layout & Design: Mr Werner v/d Westhuizen

    SA SOLDIER                     JANUARY 2007
    Rewarding determination, fltr: Nonkululeko Sisulu (daughter of Ma Albertina
    Sisulu), Mama Epainette Mbeki (mother of President Thabo Mbeki),
    Beryl Sisulu (daughter of Mama Albertina Sisulu) and Col Nontobeko Mpaxa
    (Officer Commanding Army Support Base Port Elizabeth) share the magic.

    SA SOLDIER is published monthly - 12 issues per year. The views and opinions
    expressed by the authors of articles are those of the authors and do not neces-
    sarily represent those of the Department of Defence (DOD). Acceptance and
    publication of advertorial and advertising matter in SA SOLDIER does not con-
    stitute DOD endorsement or warranty in respect of goods or services therein
    described. The DOD does not assume any liability in respect of any claims made
    in advertisements.
    COPYRIGHT: No article or picture in this magazine may be reproduced without
    the written consent of the Editor.

    FRONT COVER: Children of the Louis Botha Orphanage with Maj Lauren
    Pipes, a pilot at 17 Squadron, and Cpl Samson Masilela, airspace control,
    before enjoying a helicopter flight. Read all about their special day on page 40.
    (Photo: F Sgt David Nomtshongwana)

For the latest news on defence matters in South Africa,
  visit our website at:

                                JANUARY 2007                      SA SOLDIER

     From the                                                          Ho tswa ho
     Editor's desk                                                     Mohlophisi

    S                                                             S
              A Soldier wishes all our readers a prosperous                A Soldier e lakaletsa babadi bohle ba rona Selemo se
              New Year. May 2007 be all you wish it to be!                 Setjha sa katleho. Ha 2007 e be sohle seo le labalabelang
                  In this issue we reflect on some of the mem-             hore e be sona!
              bers who did our Department proud towards                         Kgatisong ena re sheba morao ho lekola ditho tse
              the end of last year. SAN TV scooped the first               ileng tsa etsa lefapha la rona motlotlo ho ya mafelong a
              prize at an international film festival. Col                 selemo se fetileng. SAN TV e ile ya ikgapela moputso wa
              Nontobeko Mpaxa, the Officer Commanding                      pele Festivaleng ya Matjhaba ya Difilimi. Kol Nontobeko
    Army Support Base Port Elizabeth, was presented with                   Mpaxa, Ofisiri e Laolang Army Support Base Port
    the Metropolitan Eastern Cape Award for Leadership.           Elizabeth, o ile a fumantshwa Kgau ya Boetapele ya Metropolitan
                                                                  Eastern Cape. CO Arend Hoffman yena o ile a fumana Kgau ya
    CO Arend Hoffman received the President's Award for
                                                                  Mopresidente bakeng sa Matlafatso ya Batjha (Setifikeite sa
    Youth Empowerment (the Gold Level Certificate).
                                                                  Boemo ba Kgauta). Mahlohonolo ho bona kaofela! Hle bala hahol-
    Congratulations to them all! Please read about their
                                                                  wanyane ka katleho ya bona e kgolo maqepheng a 18, 20 le 21.
    remarkable achievements on pages 18, 20 and 21.
                                                                      Sedikadikweng sa dipapadi, baatlelete ba rona le bona ba
        In the sports arena our athletes also excelled. Our       ipabotse. Mmapala krikete wa rona ya foufetseng o nkile karolo
    blind cricketer competed in Pakistan (read page 43). Our      ho la Pakistan (bala leqephe la 4). Borakolofo ba phomeletse ho la
    golfers did it in Ireland, at the 3rd CISM World Military     Ireland, Ditlhodisanong tsa Kolofo tsa 3rd CISM tsa Sesole sa
    Golf Championships (see page 45).                             Lefatshe (sheba leqephe la 45).
        On 1 December 2006 World AIDS Day was marked                  Ka 1 Tshitwe 2006, Letsatsi la Lefatshe la AIDS le ile la bona-
    by a variety of events held simultaneously all over the       hala ka lethathama la diketsahalo tse ileng tsa tshwarwa hong
    world with a single common theme: "Let's all take a           lefatsheng ka bophara ka temana e le nngwe: "Ha bohle re nkeng
    moment to look HIV/AIDS in the eye". Phidisa seized           motsotso re shebe HIV/AIDS ka mahlong". Phidisa e ile ya nka
    the moment to unite against AIDS by officially opening        monyetla ho ipopa kgahlanong le AIDS ka ho bula semmuso set-
    its 6th Phidisa site in Ba-Palaborwa in the Limpompo          sha sa Phidisa sa bo 6 mane Ba-Phalaborwa Profensing ya
    Province. Read all about the expanding of Phidisa on          Limpopo. Bala ka ho atoloswa ha Phidisa leqepheng la 27.
    page 27.                                                          Bala melaetsa ya Selemo se Setjha ho tswa ho baetapele ba rona
        Do read the New Year's messages of our principals on      maqepheng a 10 ho ya ho 13.
    pages 10 to 13.                                                   Ke rata ho hopotsa babadi ba rona hore kgatiso e latelang ya
        I should like to remind our readers that the next SA      SA Soldier e tla ba ka kgwedi ya Tlhakubele, le ha kwana ka
    Soldier edition you will receive will be the March edition,   Hlakola le tla fumantshwa almanaka ya rona e ratwang haholo
    although in February you will receive our very popular        bakeng sa 2007.
    calendar for 2007.                                                Re phethela kgatiso ena ka molaetsa o bohloko: re le ba ha SA
        We end this edition on a sad note:                                                 Soldier re rata ho fetisetsa kutlwelobohloko
    we at SA Soldier would like to convey                                                  le matshediso a rona ho ba lelapa la Lt Gen
                                                                                           S. Z. Binda ya seng a re siile. Hopolang hle,
    our sincere sympathy and condo-
                                                                                           hore le dithapelong tsa rona le mehopolong
    lences to the family of the late Lt Gen
                                                                                           ya rona nakong ena e bosula. Ka kopo
    S.Z. Binda. Please remember you
4                                                                                          balang ka tsa bophelo ba Hlooho ya
    are in our prayers and thoughts dur-
                                                                                           mehleng ya Joint Operations maqepheng a
    ing this difficult time. Please read                                                   6 le 14.
    the tributes of the former Chief of
    Joint Operations on pages 6 and 14.                                                       Ditumediso tsa Selemo se Setjha.

       New Year's greetings.                                                                  (Translated by Lebohang Mathibela)

    Nelda Pienaar                                                                         Nelda Pienaar
    Editor                                                                                Mohlophisi

    SA SOLDIER                     JANUARY 2007

                                                                                                             Winning letter
     Tribute to our hero: the late Lt Gen S.Z. Binda
    We, 4 SA Infantry Battalion, are cur-       Minister of Defence was impressed            "Men, you don't have to worry, you
    rently deployed in the Eastern              when I conveyed this message to him.         have a very capable leader". Thanks for
    Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).             You have altered the most famous         the trust and this external deployment
    We want to take the opportunity to          words to your children of 4 SA Infantry      in the DRC. MONUC will be dedicated
    express our heartfelt condolences to the    battalion: "You are here deployed exter-     to you, Sir. On the completion of our
    family of the late Lt Gen Sipho Binda,      nally. As ambassadors of your country,       mission, after six months, you will smile
    our hero, our military father and my        each of you sitting here is busy writing     from the heavens above, because we are
    mentor.                                     history, even your own history. One day      going to make you proud.
         I can recall in 2003/4 I informed      you must look back and be proud of           Lt Col Barney Klaasin, OC RSA Bn
    you of shortages of equipment and the       your achievements, or you can fall along     (4 SAI Bn)
    challenges we were facing with the ex-      the road and throw your family name
    combatants. You've worked with us           away".                                           * SA Soldier would like to convey our
    through the challenges shoulder to              Thanks for the extra mile you have       sincere sympathy and condolences to the
    shoulder and together we won the bat-       walked with us. We appreciate the fact       family of the late Lt Gen S.Z. Binda. Please
    tle. You surprised me with the cow the      that we had a soft spot in your heart.       read the tribute of the former Chief of Joint
    ex-combatants demanded. Even the            You mentioned on our final parade that       Operations published on page 14. - Ed.

    Research done                               Corporal embodies Ubuntu
    via SA Soldier                              This letter is meant to convey our           I hope that he can extend the same to
    In the September 2002 issue of SA           appreciation of the humane and exem-         others far less fortunate than myself.
    Soldier, you published an article on the    plary civic duty required of the Public      He is indeed a true patriot imbued with
    African Union (AU). Thereafter anoth-       Service personnel as exemplified by          the requisite civil spirit and is an
    er two articles appeared in the October     Corporal X.L. Ntshangase. On 20              embodiment of Ubuntu, something
    2002 and November 2002 editions. Our        October 2006 I lost my wallet with all its   which is sadly lacking in others within
    children are very interested in obtain-     valuable contents in the parking bay of      the Public Service.
    ing copies of these three articles for a    the Pick 'n Pay at Heidelberg, and to my     Mr D.K. Maluleke (MP), Whip: ANC
    project that they have to do at their       great amazement it was found by              Study Group - Environmental Affairs
    school. However, we cannot find these       Corporal Ntshangase who perused the          and Tourism
    three issues of SA Soldier. We would        contents to see if he could get a possible
    like to know if it is in any way possible   lead as to the owner, which he found
    to send us these copies? Lt Col J.U. vd
    Westhuijzen, Malmesbury
                                                and immediately called to inform me.
                                                    I was really impressed by this, as I
                                                                                              Thanks for
                                                was myself oblivious of the loss until he     support in
        * Thank you for your keen interest in
    our magazine. The three copies are being
                                                called me, and the more so, because on
                                                the same weekend I was on my way to
                                                                                              Eastern Cape
    posted to you. - Ed.                        the Democratic Republic of Congo              I would like to take this opportunity to
                                                (DRC) as part of the South African
                                                                                              thank you, your Ministry and your
                                                Election Observer Mission in that coun-
     Women's service                            try, and I could only imagine the terri-
                                                                                              Department for the integral role you
                                                                                              are playing in assisting the province to
     in the South                               ble inconvenience of not having had the
                                                necessary and important transactional
                                                                                              grow and develop. Your continued
     African forces                             and business cards had he not alerted
                                                                                              visits to the province and your com-
                                                                                              mitment to service delivery in the
                                                me and ensured that I received them
6    I am doing research for a book I want      back. It is his concern for the losses of     Eastern Cape have been lauded in all
     to write about women in uniform in         others that needs to be commended and         quarters - from the smallest communi-
     the South African armed forces                                                           ties in Mzimvubu to Tsitsikamma.
     through the ages. If you know of any-                                                    Thank you for helping me and my col-
     one who served in the South African        cover the history of women's service,         leagues to deliver on our promise of "a
     armed forces at any time (Air Force,       and will include personal accounts.           better life for all". Without your con-
     Army, Navy, Medical Services,              Former SAAF member, email                     tinued support for local, district,
     WAAF, etc) please pass on their                                                          provincial and national initiatives we
     details via my email address. I have           * Readers who can assist Anne             would not be where we are today.
     already done an article on the women       Lehmkuhl can contact her via her email            I look forward to seeing you again
     in aviation in South Africa, but any       address: -          in the province. Mrs Nosimo
     information is welcome. The book will      Ed.                                           Balindlela, Premier Eastern Cape

    SA SOLDIER                     JANUARY 2007
International learners enrol in Potch                                                Last year Col V.D. Ntlokwana, Officer
                                                                                     Commanding of the School of Tactical
                                                                                     Intelligence, welcomed international
                                                                                     learners to enrol for various intelligence
                                                                                     courses presented at the unit in
                                                                                     Potchefstroom. Soldiers came from as far
                                                                                     away as the Botswana Defence Force and
                                                                                     Zimbabwean Defence Force for intelli-
                                                                                     gence courses, such as the Intelligence
                                                                                     Orientation Course, the Squadron
                                                                                     Sergeant Major Course and the Staff
                                                                                     Officer Class 2/Counter-intelligence
                                                                                     Course. These international learners
                                                                                     came to Potchefstroom to acquire more
                                                                                     knowledge about how things are done in
                                                                                     the South African intelligence environ-
                                                                                     ment. This initiative also improves the
During their course the Botswana members had the opportunity to enjoy                bond of friendship between the countries
a formal dinner introducing them to the SANDF way and culture.                       involved. It will also help to create a bet-
Fltr: Sgt B. Mosetha (Botswana Defence Force), Sgt M. Gagomokgwa (BDF),              ter intelligence community in Southern
Col V.D. Ntlokwana (OC School of Tactical Intelligence), Sgt C.D. Monametsi          Africa and not only in South Africa.
(BDF), WO1 C.P. Appelgryn (RSM School of Tactical Intelligence) and                  S Sgt S.G. Phirisi and
S Sgt A. Mpaphadzi (BDF). (Photo: Cpl W.P. Myburgh)                                  Cpl W.P. Myburgh, Potchefstroom

Family Day bridges differences
The annual International Family Day at    encouraged to play
the Joint Services Command and Staff      music, to prepare
College at Shrivenham in Swindon in       their national dish-
the United Kingdom took place on 18       es and drinks and
November 2006. The event was organ-       to display them.
ised by the international students and    Members of the
their families. It provided an opportu-   Defence Advisers'
nity for the students to learn more       Office in London
about the countries and customs of        assisted Lt Col Ga-
their fellow students and to meet the     briel Katane, cur-   The team that did all the work, fltr: S Sgt Mandy
families in a friendly, fun atmosphere.   rently the only stu- Strauss, Military Attaché Assistant, Mrs Katane, wife of
The students and their families were      dent at the Col-     Lt Col Katane, Lt Col Gabriel Katane, Ms Therinia
                                          lege, and his wife,  Strauss, daughter of S Sgt Strauss, and Ms Lindiwe
                                          Henrietta, with the  Poswa, the secretary of the Defence Advisers Office.
                                          preparations for     (Photo: Miempie Louw)
     tion   s!
Atten member Fr                           the event.                                music encouraged many of the visi-
               ee o
 DOD               f cha
                                              The South African table was very      tors to join the team in dancing to the
                   e              g       popular and the merry South African       music. Col Riaan Louw, London
South African
Soldier Classifieds                       Best leader with leadership qualities
To advertise in the South African         As a member of the National Defence          important, I never received an oppor-
Soldier Classifieds, please write your
                                          Force, I am proud to state that the cur-     tunity to be an officer because of my
advert in fewer than 200 characters
                                          rent Officer Commanding, Col N.              age, but under her leadership I got an
and send it together with your contact
details and force number to:              Mpaxa, is the best leader, with all her      opportunity and although not success-
SA Soldier, Advertisements, Private       leadership qualities.                        ful, something nevertheless happened.
Bag X158, Pretoria, 0001, or email:           I have worked under her leadership           I am a tertiary student who would, or Fax: (012) 355       at the ASB Port Elizabeth. She does not      like to complete my degree, because
6399. The Editor reserves the right to    fear to voice what is true. She leads        for the SA Army and the SANDF to
withhold any inappropriate material.      according to our Code of Conduct. She        recognise me I must have a degree.
Publication of adverts may take up to
                                          is not influenced by the soldiers' for-      Leaders need to appreciate the abili-
four months. SA Soldier does not
accept any responsibility for any loss-   mer forces. I am not writing this para-      ties and/or efforts made by some
es suffered or damages incurred as a      graph to impress, but to encourage           members.
result of any published classifieds.      other leaders to follow suit. More           Cpl K.T. Liwani, Port Elizabeth

                                                                   JANUARY 2007                           SA SOLDIER
    ATE adding value to SA Soldier
     ATE, as a South African Registered          prestigious show. ATE furthermore                you could notify me how such could be
     Private Company, is honoured to be          wishes to supply information to your             arranged. Thanking you once again for
     regarded as one of the major Defence        magazine as and when new develop-                the positive ATE coverage.
     Industries in South Africa. As such,        ments get launched within ATE. As I              Mr Lorris Duncker,
     ATE has committed major company             am responsible for Business Develop-             Director Business Development (ATE)
     resources to make the AAD 2006 Show         ment in the Company, I would wish to
     at AFB Ysterplaat a truly special occa-     be a recipient of your magazine on a reg-            * We welcome you on board as a
     sion. ATE wishes to thank your mag-         ular basis and wish to enquire whether           contributor to and reader of SA Soldier. We
     azine sincerely for the coverage given      either a free or paid subscription could         are looking forward to receiving military
     to ATE prior to and during this             be arranged. It would be appreciated if          related news from you. - Ed.

    Col Godschalk retiring after 27 years
    On behalf of all environmental person-       and environmental planning. During
    nel in the DOD, we would like to say         this time he also initiated the highly suc-
    farewell to the oldest serving environ-      cessful Annual Environmental Awards
    mental member in the military, Col           Programme. Since the shift to Military
    Seakle Godschalk. He will be leaving         Integrated Environmental Management
    the Department at the end of 2006 after      (MIEM) in 1992, there have been a num-
    a colourful career of 27 years, first as a   ber of achievements, including the
    National Serviceman in the early 1980s       launch of the video We Manage with Care,
    and later as a Permanent Force mem-          the inclusion of land and environmental
    ber. For the first ten years of his career   issues in the White Paper on Defence
                                                                                                     Col Seakle Godschalk.
    he was not staffed and was already a         and the Defence Review and Col
    Commandant in 1989 when a post for           Godschalk's appointment as Co-chair of           tees and was invited to various interna-
    an environmental officer was approved        the Environmental Security Working               tional conferences to address the inter-
    for the first time. Up to that time he was   Group under the DefCom with the US.              national community on a range of envi-
    the only permanent environmental             Other highlights include the adoption of         ronmental issues. He was also instru-
    officer, and was assisted by scores of       the      1st    Edition     Environmental        mental in arranging the first global con-
    suitably qualified national servicemen.      Implementation Plan (EIP) for Defence,           ference on MIEM held in Pretoria,
    In 1990 other Permanent Force officers       the development of the concept of                which was attended by 120 delegates
    were appointed, and of this initial          Environmental         Considerations        in   from 26 countries in 5 continents.
    number only Commander Adri                   Operations (ECOps) and his coining of                Col Godschalk will be joining the
    Liebenberg still serves in the DOD.          the phrase Green Soldiering in 1996.             private sector as an environmental con-
        Under his thorough direction,            During his service he completed all the          sultant, specialising in environmental
    Environmental Services developed             required military courses. At the                accounting. Good luck to you in your
    from nature conservation and base            Executive National Security Programme            future endeavours. We hope it will be
    beautification into the fully-fledged        (ENSP) his research topic was: Waging            as rewarding and enriching as the last
    function that it has today, incorporat-      war over water in Africa - the conflict poten-   27 years. Your direction, advice and
    ing cultural resource management,            tial of water scarcity. He also represented      friendship will be sorely missed by all.
    environmental education and training         the Department on numerous commit-               Cdr Adri Liebenberg, Pretoria

    The Gift from God                                                                               Grateful
     How can I forget the bona fide true
     leader of this country. I am very happy
                                                 their loved ones.
                                                 A man who believes and trusts God.
     and proud to congratulate Chaplain          A man who heals the wounds of those who            I would like to take this opportuni-
8    Ngesi, an angel, a true leader that we      are injured.                                       ty to say thanks to the SA Soldier
     had in our contingent to the Sudan          A man who has confidence in himself and his        magazine's editor, the editorial
     over the period 28 October 2005 to 26       subordinates.                                      team and its committee. Since this
     April 2006.                                 A man who believes and sticks to the               magazine began, I have always
                                                 Constitution of this country.                      been informed about everything
     A man who believes in himself and the                                                          relating to my Service and the other
     truth.                                      Congratulations Chaplain Ngesi - God               Services. I am very proud of being a
     A man who is on the ground level with his   will give you what you deserve. God                soldier in South Africa. Forward
     subordinates.                               bless you! L Cpl M. Ketelo,                        with the good work.
     A man who consoles those left behind by     1 Military Printing Regiment                       Spr E.X. Mothisi, Lohatlha

    SA SOLDIER                      JANUARY 2007
Be what you want to be
Dream what you want to dream. Go              want to go. In the battles of life we       heads and even a friend. Tell him or
where you want to go. Be what you             fight to win, not to lose. However, not     her. Do not keep your problem inside.
want to be, because you only have one         all successes are victories and not all     Do not be scared to speak out. The
life and one chance to do all the things      failures are defeats, but people, let us    world outside is full of surprises.
you want to do.                               be strong.                                  Failure is what we cry over. Pain is
     Every morning when I wake up I               Life is much like writing in ink. All   what we grieve over. Dreams are what
look outside my window and see a              you can do is read over, pass and look      we go after. Goals are what we want
new day and only I can determine              forward to a blank page. Life is like       to achieve. Success is what we are
what kind of day it will be. It could be      shooting rapids with rocks: you may         rewarded with for all we have been
a rough, lousy day. It can be sunny,          fall and either be hurt by the rocks or     through.
boring, unhappy or cold, but my state         you can use them as stepping stones.            I have been through so much this
of mind is the key determinant, for I         We often tend to forget that when you       past year, but thank God the social
am the person I let myself be.                hit rock bottom, the only way is to get     worker of Waterkloof Air Force Base,
     Actually, I would like to send out a     back up!                                    Lt Nyoni, helped me to overcome it. I
message to all my fellow colleagues in            I count the person braver who con-      thank her, may she continue with her       9
the SANDF, in fact everyone in uni-           quers his or her desires than the per-      superb service, even to those who are
form, about this habit of killing them-       son who conquers his or her enemies,        scared to speak out. Lt Nyoni, I know
selves or any form of killing.                for the hardest victory is the victory      sometimes it is not easy to intervene in
     I am a firm believer that all of us to   over oneself. Remember, we have only        certain problems, but your friendly
a very large extent are truly masters of      one life and one chance to do what we       and professional service of a high
our own health, happiness, success            want in life.                               standard did work for me.
and destiny in life, simply by the                Comrades, if you have a problem,            People, let us share our problems.
thoughts we think, the words we               discuss, speak out, talk about it to any-   I am sure that we can overcome them.
speak, and the actions that we take.          one next to you, then maybe you will        Talk about your problems; leave the
     Comrades, never forget where you         get the solution. Talk to social work-      guns, ropes and knives alone. F Sgt
were, where you are and where you             ers, chaplains, line managers, section      Mxolisi Botya, Waterkloof AFB

                                                                         JANUARY 2007                       SA SOLDIER
      new year's message from the Ministry of Defence

                                 We have reason to be

               he Deputy Minister and I       this outlook and this reflect-
               have great pleasure in         ed itself in the way new
               greeting you at this time of   ideas, concepts and pro-
               the year - the time of cele-   grammes were introduced.
               bration of the Festive         Sadly, however, it does not
               Season and the welcoming       seem that this paradigm
               of the New Year.               shift has been institution-
          Many presents will be exchang-      alised       within       the
      ing hands during this period and        Department of Defence.
      families will be meeting and cele-      This introspection and inter-
      brating together in an atmosphere       rogation of our state of
      of happiness and relaxation.            affairs seem to be something
          2006 has been a relatively suc-     that belongs to the Ministry
      cessful year for the Department of      and not the Department as a
      Defence (DOD) and it seems a num-       whole. This has to be pur-
      ber of the problems we have had are     sued vigorously in 2007.
      beginning to get solved. However,           The elections in the
      much still has to be done and           Democratic Republic of the
      achieved!                               Congo (DRC) has given our            Mr Mosiuoa Lekota.
          When we addressed the Plenary       region a new hope and
      Defence Staff Council (PDSC) at the     strengthens the President's
      beginning of 2006 we deliberated on     and Commander-in-Chief's State of          after SAS AMATOLA - and the
      the State of Readiness of the DOD to    the Nation Address that in 2006 our        opening of Air Force Base Makhado
      implement its mandate. We asked         country has entered its "Age of Hope".     as the training school for the Gripen
      the question: "If we say we are         The holding of successful elections        figher aircraft also fall into the
      ready. Are we ready to do what?"        in Burundi also testifies to the fact      armoury of our achievements. Let
          This question challenged the        that the South African National            the critics of the Special Defence
      DOD to embrace a new way of look-       Defence Force (SANDF) is and has           Packages (SDPs) eat a humble pie as
10    ing at things: at programmes,           been the "midwife of democracy" on         we celebrate these achievements. It
      deployments, etc.                       our continent. This was further            was with a source of glee and pride
          We also introduced the concept      evinced by the successful elections        that members of the Portfolio
      of "relevant readiness". We said        in the Comoros and Madagascar in           Committee on Defence (PCD) sailed
      "ready" for the sake of being seen to   which the SANDF played a pivotal           off the Cape Town harbour into the
      be busy and not yielding any tangi-     role. This is a cause for celebration      sea to experience what the corvet-
      ble results is not what the nation is   as part of our festive activities, and     te was capable of achieving - and
      expecting from us. In other words,      all of us have every right to pop          they were not disappointed! They
      we called for a paradigm shift in the   champagne to these achievements!           experienced our State of Readiness -
      way we do and view things.                  The commissioning of SAS               relative and relevant readiness!
          A number of people embraced         ISANDLWANA - following soon                    Our Department also continued

     SA SOLDIER                   JANUARY 2007
proud of ourselves                                                                           We wish
                                                                                               you a
                                                                                            New Year!
to make strides in terms of transfor-    mined to keep this country a
mation. During the course of 2006 a      prisoner of the old order.
number of Blacks were promoted to            The DOD continued
officers' ranks, especially from war-    making      progress       with
rant officers to captains and majors     regards to the empower-
and a significant number of women        ment of military veterans
of various race groups were promot-      and the preparation of our
ed during the present financial year     soldiers for civilian life. We
to the rank of brigadier-general.        are hopeful that with the
    The introduction of pilot instruc-   restructuring of the Human
tors from Zimbabwe at the Central        Resource Division we shall
Flying School Langebaanweg -             be able to improve on our re-
working hand in hand with our own        skilling programme.
people - has contributed to the              The last part of 2006 has
improvement of the numbers and           been very difficult as a result
success rate of cadets who come          of what seemed to be a sus-
from previously disadvantaged            tained siege from the media
backgrounds. A number of cadets          reporting on various issues
received their wings on 7 December       that reflected weaknesses in        Mr Mluleki George.
2006. In 2007 we expect to qualify       our systems. We will contin-
twelve women pilots, half of whom        ue to work on these and seek
are Black.                               to eliminate qualifications from our        and to ensure that we Arrive Alive
    The SA Navy also promoted a          Audited Financial Statements.               wherever we go.
number of women and a few were           This will only be achieved if all of            We, therefore, remember and
given command of ships. The suc-         us commit ourselves to have a               salute the late Lieutenant General
cesses achieved so far by the South      clean audit, to improve on our              Sipho Binda and all those whose
African Air Force (SAAF) and the         monitoring and control systems,             souls have departed us and those
South African Navy (SAN) were            and to improve on our governance            women and children who have
mainly due to the Military Skills        structures so that we achieve deep-         been victims of violent behaviour    11
Development        System      (MSDS)    er accountability.                          and abuse.
through which we were able to                As we go about celebrating the              We wish you and your loved
recruit quality trainees who will        Festive Season and welcoming the            ones an enjoyable and happy
contribute to the rejuvenation of the    New Year, we need to remember               Festive Season and prosperous
SANDF and also to address the issue      our fallen compatriots and to pray          New Year.
of representativity.                     for their families to gather strength
    We have cause to be proud of         in the light of their lost ones. We         Mr Mosiuoa Lekota,
this achievement as it represents        need to continue to observe and             Minister of Defence and
the success of our transformation        to continue to preach and obser-            Mr Mluleki George,
agenda and a defeat of those deter-      ve non-violence against women               Deputy Minister of Defence

                                                                 JANUARY 2007                      SA SOLDIER
     new year's message

     Persist in measuring
     our performances

          t gives me great pleasure to write      and      presented      to     the
          the 2007 New Year's message for         International Relations, Peace
          the SA Soldier. As Accounting           and Security (IRPS) Director
          Officer and Head of the                 General (DG) Cluster. We envis-
          Department of Defence (DOD) I           age presenting it to Cabinet and
          would like to use this opportunity      Parliament in the first quarter of
          not only to give a broad overview       2007, and will commence with
     of the DOD's performance against pre-        the roll-out of the balance-score-
     determined objectives for the 05/06          card at the end of 2007. The
     financial year, but also reflect on some     Defence Work Group (DODW),
     of the successes and challenges that         tasked with organisational
     confronted us during the period under        restructuring, completed its
     review.                                      work and the macro-organisa-
         As many of you will be aware,            tional design and the new man-
     Government sets its Programme of             agement bodies await ministeri-
     Action and cluster priorities within the     al approval.
     Medium-term Strategic Framework.                 I am happy to report that the
     During the January and July Cabinet          new performance incentive sys-
     Makgotlas respectively, Government           tem for levels 1-12 has been          Mr January Masilela.
     outlined its strategy and plan of action     approved and personnel who
     against which we must measure our            duly qualify for merit bonuses will be      in the past few months we were bom-
     performance.                                 rewarded accordingly before the end of      barded with stories in the press that
         In line with our strategic objective     the 06/07 financial year. Having            sought to portray the Department nega-
     of support to the people of South Africa     approved the performance incentive          tively, particularly regarding the equip-
     was the assistance rendered by the           system, the challenge that lies ahead is    ment allegedly lost in our peacekeeping
     DOD during the local government elec-        to ensure that it is aligned to the         operation in Burundi and the conduct of
     tions. One of the highlights of this peri-   achievement of predetermined organi-        our troops in these operations. The
     od was the importing of the rotor,           sational objectives. I urge managers to     Minister and I have responded to these
     which was brought to South Africa in         ensure that performance bonuses are         allegations and have sought to clarify
     the SA Navy vessel, SAS DRAKENS-             managed effectively, without bias, to       and refute allegations, many of which
     BERG, for the Koeberg power station to       enhance performance and service deliv-      are extraordinarily malicious.
     provide electricity in the Western Cape.     ery. However, the year was not without          During November last year the DOD
     The DOD continues to play an integral        challenges. One of the challenges we        was deeply shocked by the sudden,
     part in supporting the Government's          continue to face is the qualified finan-    unexpected death of the Chief of Joint
     foreign policy initiatives through its       cial statements by the Auditor-General,     Operations, Lt Gen Sipho Binda. I trust
     peacekeeping       missions      in   the    which highlight the lack of controls and    that the Binda family will find strength
12   Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC),          compliance with the policy and legisla-     and comfort in this difficult time.
     the Sudan, Côte d'Ivoire and Ethiopia.       tive framework. In order to address this        I wish to take this opportunity to
     The first and second rounds of the elec-     problem we have embarked on                 wish all members of the DOD, and in
     tions in the DRC were successfully held      'Operation Clean Audit' to ensure that      particular the Minister of Defence, Mr
     with the assistance of our men and           we receive a clean audit report in the      Mosiuoa Lekota, the Deputy Minister of
     women deployed there.                        next reporting cycle. Let me hasten to      Defence, Mr Mluleki George, and the
         I am also happy to report that we        add that there are obviously 'quick         Chief of the South African National
     have made significant strides with           wins', and these qualifications and an      Defence Force, Gen Godfrey Ngwenya,
     many of the Parys Resolutions. The           emphasis on matters that will require a     a prosperous 2007.
     Update of the White Paper and the            medium and long-term strategy to
     Defence Review were approved by the          address them.                               Mr January Masilela
     Plenary Defence Staff Council (PDSC)             Secondly, many are now aware that       Secretary for Defence

     SA SOLDIER                      JANUARY 2007
Upholding the image
of the SANDF

          he year 2006 was marked by a     Democratic Republic of Congo
          number of momentous events       (DRC), the Sudan and Côte d'
          and achievements. Thank you      Ivoire. The AU's Head of
          to those members whose out-      Mission, Francisco Madera,
          standing behaviour and per-      commended our forces for
          formances have contributed       their professional perfor-
          to the successes of the South    mance during the presidential
African National Defence Force.            election in the Comoros in
    During 2006 the SANDF has yet          May.     SANDF       personnel
again proved that it is capable of exe-    ensured credible multi-party
cuting successful missions as ordered      elections in the DRC and they
by Government. By consolidating our        again assisted with the presi-
resources we achieved optimal pre-         dential run-off elections in
paredness and the Reserve Force con-       October.
tributed well as an integral part of our       Plans to establish the
forces. The rejuvenation of the human      Southern African Develop-
resources continued, with the Military     ment Community Standby
Skills Development System (MSDS)           Brigade (SADCBRIG) are now
feeding 4 569 young, healthy members       at an advanced stage. The inte-     General Godfrey Ngwenya.
into our system. The DOD Youth             gration of peace support oper-
Foundation Training Programme              ations doctrine into the African Union     Aerospace and Defence 2006 exhibi-
again provided suitable candidates for     framework during 2006 is a definite        tion held in Cape Town.
the scares skills musterings.              step forward.                                  2006 was a challenging, but also a
    During 2006 the SANDF has inte-            As planned, the SANDF continued        fruitful year. The SANDF has done
grated more of the Strategic Defence       its withdrawal from internal opera-        extremely well in spite of budget con-
equipment into the Services. Two of        tions. Training remained a priority        straints. However, the negative public-
our Valour Class MEKO A-200                and during 2006 our Navy and Air           ity we received as a result of ill-disci-
frigates, the SAS AMATOLA and the          Force participated in a combined force     pline and negligence is unacceptable.
SAS ISANDLWANA, were commis-               training exercise with German forces       Let us uphold the image of the SANDF
sioned into the SA Navy and our first      off the Cape coast. The SA Army's          as a professional, well-trained force.
submarine, the SAS MANTHATISI,             Exercise SEBOKA enhanced conven-               Sadly, Lt Gen Sipho Binda, the
arrived in April. The SA Air Force         tional capabilities. Sixteen countries     Chief of Joint Operations passed away
received the first ten British Hawk Mk     attended the first-ever International      last year. Lt Gen Binda was an exem-
120 lead-in fighter trainers, while the    Warrant Officers Conference in             plary soldier and a great strategist who
first Gripen fighter aircraft arrived      Bloemfontein, with the National            will be sorely missed.
from Sweden. Twelve Augusta-               Conference of Women in Defence                 Please continue with the fight
Westland A109 light utility helicopters    being a definite highlight. The            against HIV/AIDS through the
are now fully operational at Air Force     International Blast and Ballistic          Masibambisane campaign and Project
bases around the country.                  Trauma Conference allowed 250              Phidisa.
    SANDF members who have been            national and international military            Thank you for supporting me in
deployed externally in support of          and civilian medical experts to share      2006; I wish you the best for 2007.
United Nations (UN) and African            information on the saving of lives.
Union (AU) peace missions served in        More than 400 exhibitors from 25           General Godfrey Ngwenya
Ethiopia and Eritrea, Burundi, the         countries participated in the Africa       Chief of the SANDF

                                                                     JANUARY 2007                         SA SOLDIER

      Gone but still alive
      By Sgt Lebohang Letaoana                   of the late Lt Gen Sipho Binda. Minister
      Photos: Sgt Lebogang Tlhaole               George advised young soldiers to learn
                                                 something from the departed Lt Gen

               he late Lt Gen Sipho Binda        Binda because he had sacrificed a lot for
               (may his soul rest in peace) is   the struggle. The Chief of the SA Navy,
               probably one of the South         V Adm Johannes Mudimu, described
               African soldiers that members     Lt Gen Binda as a "revolutionary sol-
               of the defence industry and       dier" who served with pride. The
               SANDF members will not for-       National Director of Public Prosecutions
               get. Yes, he has been buried      and Head of the National Prosecuting
      but he remains alive in the hearts and     Authority, Mr Vusi Pikoli, said death
      minds of many, especially those who        has robbed them of a loyal servant of
      were close to him.                         the country.
          On the day of the memorial ser-            The funeral service of the late Lt Gen
      vice, 22 November 2006, the hall was       Binda was held at Vista University on
      packed to capacity. Speaker after          25 November 2006. He was buried with
      speaker shared moments they had            full military honours at Avalon
                                                                                              The late Lt Gen Sipho Binda
      spent with the departed gallant soldier    Cemetery in Soweto. He is survived by        (13 January 1952 - 14 November 2006).
      at home and in exile.                      his wife (Irene), son (Nhlanhla), daugh-
          The Deputy Minister of Defence,        ter (Nokululeko), and three grandchil-       miss him too. SA Soldier and the
      Mr Mluleki George, members of the          dren (Nkanyezi, Nolwadle and                 Department of Defence acknowledge
      defence industry, SANDF members            Amadla).                                     and appreciate all the tributes and/or
      and the family of the deceased gath-           Not only those who were close to         condolences expressed.
      ered at the Thaba Tshwane City Hall        him will miss him, South Africa and             Hamba Kahle Vilakazi, Binda,
      in remembrance of the life and times       world leaders who knew him will              Mphephete!


      The Chaplain General, Reverend (Brig Gen) Marius Cornelissen, leading the way to the cemetery.

     SA SOLDIER                     JANUARY 2007
Our sailors returned
from Burundi
Article and photo by PO Denzyl              operations, such as the Burundi peace-      churches and families and tell them of
Williams                                    keeping operations because of their         this great experience that you have
                                            importance to our continent, especial-      achieved through the SA Navy for the
    n the beginning of 2006 the SA          ly in the Great Lakes region.               history of South Africa."

    Navy deployed a maritime con-               Speaking about his
    tingent of approximately 65             experiences in Burundi,
    sailors to Burundi to assist the        AB T.D. Makouholola
    United Nations (UN) and African         said that he enjoyed the
    Union (AU) in peacekeeping              deployment        opera-
    operations.                             tionally and socially. He
    On 2 November 2006 the contin-          said for him it was an
gent returned home from Burundi             excellent opportunity
and was met by the Director Maritime        because they were the
Warfare, R Adm (JG) Rusty Higgs,            last SA Navy contingent
who represented the Chief of the SA         to be deployed to
Navy. He welcomed the contingent            Burundi, and for him to
back and expressed how proud South          be part of such a history
Africa and the SA Navy were of them         for the SA Navy, the
and that they did our Department            SANDF        and   South
proud once again.                           Africa at large made him
    The Admiral commended the               a proud South African.
behaviour and discipline of the con-            In his last words to
tingent, as there were very few inci-       the group R Adm (JG)
dents that needed to be addressed           Higgs said: "You must         R Adm (JG) Rusty Higgs, Director Maritime
through the Military Discipline Code.       be proud of what you          Warfare, with CPO S.K.N. Govender, who was
He also highlighted how important it        have done. Go back to         one of the Coxswains in charge of the harbour
was for the SA Navy to play a role in       your communities,             patrol boats and the namacurras.

Assisting Mozambique learners
By Mrs G. Bezuidenhout,                     Chingodzi in the Tete province of          and Tshwane South College to assist in
Service Corps                               Mozambique.                                this venture. The training of the
                                                The Service Corps is ideal for these   Organic Farm Group will consist of a
The assistance of the South African         tasks due to the experience it has as a    full agriculture instructors' course for
Department of Defence with the skills       redeployment agent of the South            22 members, followed by a (practical)      15
development of members of the               African Department of Defence. The         second phase on site at Chingodzi.
Mozambique Defence Force who need           Service Corps is an institution focus-         Staff of the Organic Farm Group
to be integrated into society has result-   ing on the skills enhancement of per-      will mentor this phase. The Tshwane
ed in bilateral negotiations between        sons eligible to become empowered,         South College will combine its
the two departments.                        employable and self-sustainable in         resources with that of the Centre for
    The Service Corps was identified        society.                                   Advanced Training (CAT) to provide
by the South African National Defence           Owing to the urgency of the            for technical and construction training
Force to assist the Mozambique              Mozambican Skills Development              of 44 Mozambique trainers who will
Defence Force with skills development       Project, coupled to its economic           complete their first phase in December
and the establishment of a vocational       revival, the Service Corps was obligat-    2006. They will return to South Africa
and agricultural training centre in         ed to utilise the Organic Farm Group       in January 2007 for phase 2.

                                                                       JANUARY 2007                      SA SOLDIER
     remembrance service

      Remembrance Sunday
      in Johannesburg
                                                              By Lebohang Letaoana
                                                              Photos: F Sgt David Nomtshongwana

                                                                      ohannesburg paid tribute to all the heroes and heroines
                                                                      who lost their lives in war and armed struggles for free-
                                                                      dom, democracy and peace in South Africa at the
                                                                      Cenotaph on 12 November 2006.
                                                                          The year 2006 marked the 86th National
                                                                      Remembrance Sunday Service. The Executive Mayor of
                                                                      Johannesburg, Mr Amos Masondo, hosted the occasion
                                                              as Patron of this national event. Participants included the
                                                              SANDF, Freedom Regiments of the City of Johannesburg and
                                                              military veterans.
                                                                  Since the inception of the war memorial in 1926 the
                                                              Cenotaph has always been the place where the National
                                                              Remembrance Sunday Service has been held. In 1996 the City of
                                                              Johannesburg rededicated the memorial to all the war and free-
                                                              dom heroes and heroines.
                                                                  The service commenced with a march-past by a military
                                                              band, the SANDF and military veterans. This was followed by a
                                                              solemn wreath-laying ceremony conducted by senior SANDF
                                                              officials, ex-service organisations, civic dignitaries and diplo-
                                                              matic representatives. SAPS widows, orphans and youth groups
                                                              were also given an opportunity to pay respect to their fallen
                                                                  On this day special tribute was paid to members of the SAPS
                                                              killed on official duty, especially the shooting of four policemen
                                                              in Jeppestown, Johannesburg, in June 2006.


 The Executive Mayor of Johannesburg, Mr Amos Masondo,
 leads the way to the Cenotaph on Remembrance Day.

          Right: Lt Gen Solly Shoke, Chief of the SA Army, lays a
         wreath on behalf of the Chief of the SANDF, Gen Godfrey
                     Ngwenya, at the Cenotaph in Johannesburg.

     SA SOLDIER               JANUARY 2007
We will remember them

Article and photos by Margaret               or embassy representatives of all coun-       who died were remembered and
Neethling from Cairo, Egypt                  tries affected during the War then fol-       admired for their courage by young
                                             lowed accompanied by their defence            and old alike, who read the names on

     n the ancient Egyptian desert on        attachés serving in Egypt. After the offi-    the tombstones or on the walls of the
     the shores of the Mediterranean         cial wreath-laying, family members who        Memorial. Here, a further 1 255 names
     Sea lies the battlefield of El          had made the journey to Alamein paid          of South African soldiers whose bodies
     Alamein where three main ceme-          tribute.                                      were never found or identified, are
     teries bear witness to fierce battles        As we planted the colourful South        recorded.
     fought during World War II.             African flags in front of each of the 495         The Act of Remembrance is thus
     Nowadays the region is frequently       South African tombstones we were              even more stirring: "They shall grow
visited by international tourists to         struck by the fact that the surnames of       not old, as we that are left grow old,
the El Alamein Military Museum and           those brave men were truly drawn from         Age shall not weary them, nor the years
the Commonwealth Cemetery, the               all sectors of South Africa - possibly then   condemn them. At the going down of
German Cemetery, the Italian                 the beginning of our Rainbow Nation?          the sun and in the morning, we will
Cemetery and the Greek Memorial.                  Here in apparent desolation, those       remember them."
    More than 60 years have passed
since the bitterly fought battles of
World War II and very few of the
survivors have ever been able to re-
visit this area to pay homage to their
    The annual Commemoration Ser-
vice is held on a rotational basis. The
United Kingdom co-ordinated last
year's ceremony on 20 October 2006.
First a veteran from the battle laid a
wreath, followed by representatives of
the Egyptian Government and the
Egyptian Armed Forces. Ambassadors


Tombstones and National flags at El Alamein.

                                                                         JANUARY 2007                        SA SOLDIER

      SA Army Seminar 21
      By Lebohang Letaoana                                                                                     Africa: Future Chal-
      Photo: F Sgt David                                                                                       lenges"       critically
      Nomtshongwana                                                                                            examined the limita-
                                                                                                               tions of military inter-
                  ne of the renowned classi-                                                                   vention in addressing

                  cal military strategists, Carl                                                               Africa's chronic con-
                  von Clausewitz, once said it                                                                 flicts, while drawing
                  is essential to understand the                                                               our     attention     to
                  kind of war on which we are                                                                  strategies for sustain-
                  embarking.                                                                                   able      post-conflict
                      Academics and military                                                                   reconstruction.
      practitioners from abroad and SANDF                                                                           Col John Hutche-
      high-ranking officers met in Midrand                                                                     son, Director Opera-
      at the end of last year to discuss and                                                                   tions Army from the
      share information about the SA Army                                                                      Australian       Army,
      Vision 2020 seminar.                                                                                     presented Australian
          The theme of the seminar was                                                                         Army operations in
      "Security Challenges Shaping the                                                                         East Timor and the
      Future SA Army: A Reality Check for                                                                      Solomon Islands: "In
      SA Army Vision 2020". In his welcom-                                                                     East Timor and the
      ing address the Chief of the SA Army,                                                                    Solomon Islands the
      Lt Gen Solly Shoke, told the delegates                                                                   Australian Army has
      that their active participation in dis-                                                                  discovered that the
      cussions was of the utmost impor-                                                                        modern battle space
      tance, as this added value to SA Army                                                                    is complex, diverse,
      Vision 2020. The seminar was not                                                                         lethal and diffused
      aimed at discussing any documents                                                                        regardless of the lev-
                                                   Dr Martin Rupiya (Lt Col Ret) from the Institute
      written under the auspices of SA                                                                         el of intensity," said
                                                   for Security Studies making his point during the
      Army Vision 2020, but should be a                                                                        Col Hutcheson.
                                                   plenary discussions.
      military interpretation of world trend                                                                        Prof André Roux
      security aspects.                            peace support operations," said            from the Institute for Future
          The Minister of Defence, Mr              Minister Lekota.                           Research, University of Stellenbosch
      Mosiuoa Lekota, who officially                   After opening the seminar, the         spoke about the "Guns versus Butter
      opened the seminar said the SA Army          Minister of Defence paved the way for      in SA: An economic Analysis." Two
      Seminar 21 was appropriate and rele-         the plenary session to begin. A variety    aspects of the guns versus butter
      vant, and that through this seminar          of topics were discussed, such as inter-   debate were explored in his presenta-
      the SA Army would look more closely          nal, continental and global security       tion. First, an analysis was undertak-
      at the trends characterising future          challenges and the role that technolo-     en of the forces and interrelationships
18    warfare so that we would have a bet-         gy will play in future military opera-     that have shaped the linkages
      ter grasp of the threat patterns and         tions in an integrated, joint, multina-    between defence spending and eco-
      wars our Army could be engaged in            tional, interagency and interdepart-       nomic growth in South Africa.
      during the course of the 21st century.       mental context, and reference was          Secondly, the economic and financial
          "Through this seminar the SA             made to case studies and emerging          implications of some degree of secu-
      Army, as the key custodian of our            world trends.                              rity co-operation in SADC were
      Constitutional mandate and military                                                     examined.
      strategy, will seek to further consoli-      Comments from some                             The Chief of the SA Army, Lt Gen
      date their quest to be prepared at all       of the speakers                            Solly Shoke, intends on the basis of
      times to defend and support the peo-             Dr Martin Rupiya (Lt Col Ret)          the successful first SA Army Seminar
      ple and territorial integrity of South       from the Institute for Security Studies    21, to make this event a biennial
      Africa and participate effectively in        (ISS) said his presentation "Conflict in   event.

     SA SOLDIER                       JANUARY 2007
SAN TV scooped first
prize at international
film festival
Article and photo courtesy                 tool to be used by the SA Navy Diver's
Mrs Marianne Dirker                        Branch for active recruiting of new
                                           divers among South African youth.

         he SANDF was formally                 This year, 27 countries participated
         invited to participate in, and    with 90 films in this prestigious event
         attend, the 17th International    in seven different categories. As this
         Military Film Festival which      competition is of a high standard,
         took place in Rome in             countries with a combination of
         November last year. This was      advanced technology, excellent visu-
         the fifth consecutive year that   als and high budgets have a distinct
the DOD/SANDF participated in this         advantage.
festival/competition and it was a sec-         The SAN TV section under the
ond for the SA Navy.                       leadership of Mrs Marianne Dirker
    This is the only opportunity avail-    worked tirelessly to provide the SA        behalf of the SANDF/DOD. The SAN
able to the DOD to show its military       Navy Diver's Branch with a high-qual-      TV team believed that their DVD was
audio-visual capability on an interna-     ity, professional product (DVD).           of a high standard and that it had an
tional level, benchmark its products       Working with a limited budget the          excellent chance to win in its category
and initiate an international network      dedicated team of SAN TV made a            and so they waited in anticipation for
with other countries' defence forces       concerted effort to produce a DVD of       the results. In the end SAN TV
and their audio-visual sections.           which the SA Navy could be proud.          achieved the first prize in the
    SAN TV entered the DVD "South              The prize-giving ceremony was          Promotion category for their DVD
African Navy Diver's Branch" in the        held at Bracciano near Rome and the        "South African Navy Diver's Branch".
Promotion category, as it was created      South African Military Attaché in              The DVD has already been utilised
as a communication and promotional         Rome, Col Sue Palmer, attended on          by various recruiting facilities within
                                                                                            the DOD, including the recruit-
                                                                                            ing section in Cape Town (the
                                                                                            Castle) and Pretoria (DPAC)
                                                                                            and was well received. The
                                                                                            DVD was recently shown at the
                                                                                            Africa Aerospace and Defence
                                                                                            (AAD) exhibition held in Cape
                                                                                            Town, with excellent and posi-
                                                                                            tive feedback.
                                                                                                In addition to this presti-
                                                                                            gious achievement SAN TV has        19
                                                                                            also been advised by the Gov-
                                                                                            ernment Communication and
                                                                                            Information System (GCIS) that
                                                                                            the DVD "South African Navy
                                                                                            Diver's Branch" has been chosen
                                                                                            as a finalist in the National
                                                                                            Government Communicators'
                                                                                            Awards in the Ubungcweti cate-
                                                                                            gory. The SA Navy's SAN TV
The winning team, fltr: Cdr Z.G. Sithole, WO2 G. Harman, Mrs V. Staack,                     section is definitely going
Mrs M. Dirker and PO A. van der Merwe.                                                      places …

                                                                      JANUARY 2007                     SA SOLDIER

      Young soldier honoured
     By Lebohang Letaoana                          The award is divided into three        In 2003 he went to Kenya on
     Photo: Sgt Lebogang Thlaole               levels. The Bronze level for those overanother exchange programme. "After
                                               14 years, and the minimum period of    this African cultural exchange I
                overty is not an excuse to     participation to gain this award is sixrealised that how many times do we

 “P             commit crime; I could have
                been a gangster or drug
                addict, but I chose to be an
                example to my peers to live
                a clean life." These were
                                               months. The Silver level (over 15
                                               years) for which the period of partici-
                                               pation is 12 months. The Gold level is
                                               for those over 16 years, and the mini-
                                               mum period is 18 months.
                                                                                      question our surroundings. There's so
                                                                                      much we have here at home com-
                                                                                      pared to our neighbouring countries,
                                                                                      but we still complain of poverty
                                                                                      while there are people who are suf-
                the words of CO Arend              CO Hoffman joined the pro-         fering and struggling for survival.
     Hoffman.                                  gramme in March 1998 when he par-      We must appreciate what we have,"
         The former President, Mr Nelson       ticipated in the sport of hiking. "Whensaid CO Hoffman who joined the
     Mandela, recently honoured him with       I accomplished my first level I was    SANDF in January 2006 as a Military
     the Presidential Award for Youth          informed after a week that I was cho-  Skills Development System (MSDS)
     Empowerment.          The   President's   sen as the Best Bronze Level member    member.
     Award was founded in 1983 under the       in the President's Award nationally,"      In 2004 he finished his Gold level
     banner of the Golden Shield Award. In     said CO Hoffman. From there he start-  and he represented South Africa in
     1994 it was re-launched as the            ed with his Silver level. "It was very Hong Kong in September 2005. He felt
     President's Award with Mr Mandela                                                wonderful and worthy of achieving
                                               nice; we integrated with lots of schools
     as its Patron-in-Chief. The fundamen-     in the area. We did many joint pro-    this milestone, but his tasks did not
     tal aim of the programme is to            grammes and activities, which really   end there. He had to do months of
     empower young people from all walks       boosted my morale," he added. For all  research and undertake tasks in differ-
     of life to believe in themselves, devel-  his hard work and dedication CO        ent provinces before he could attend
     op new skills, keep physically fit, be of Hoffman has been rewarded with trips   the International Global Event in
     service to others and to challenge        to abroad. He was on an exchange pro-  Hong Kong. According to CO
     themselves.                               gramme for 16 days in Europe.          Hoffman this experience was the best
                                                                                                 moment of his life, which
                                                                                                 he would not trade it for
                                                                                                 anything else. He felt proud
                                                                                                 to represent his country as
                                                                                                 a young enthusiastic leader
                                                                                                 of tomorrow.
                                                                                                     What is next for this
                                                                                                 enthusiastic youngster? "If I
                                                                                                 am accepted in Saldanha in
                                                                                                 2007 I would like to pro-
                                                                                                 mote the programme in our
                                                                                                 four Services and among
20                                                                                               the MSDS members and
                                                                                                 enrol them for the Gold
                                                                                                 level. We certainly will be
                                                                                                 promoting the name of the
                                                                                                 SANDF and showing other
                                                                                                 departments, the business
                                                                                                 community and others that
                                                                                                 the new leaders in the
                                                                                                 SANDF are really capable
     Col Nelson Mangesi, Commandant Personnel Service School (right), congratulating             of taking this organisation
     CO Arend Hoffman on receiving his Gold Level Certificate as the President's Award           to a new level," concluded
     for Youth Empowerment.                                                                      CO Hoffman.

     SA SOLDIER                  JANUARY 2007
Together we can
By Nomonde Vuthela
Photos: Sgt Lebogang Tlhaole

          leader is a leader through giv-
          ing and contributing selfless-
          ly," said the Vice-Chancellor
          of the University of Johannes-
          burg, Dr Ihron Rensburg, dur-
          ing the keynote address at the
          6th Annual Metropolitan
Eastern Cape Awards 2006.
    This auspicious occasion was held
at the Walter Sisulu University in
Mthatha on 18 November 2006. The
award ceremony celebrated heroes and
heroines, created role models and
motivated the youth for action. On this
day, daughters and sons of the Eastern
Cape were acknowledged for the job
well done. Sponsored by Metropolitan        Col Nontobeko Mpaxa, the Officer Commanding Army Support Base Port
Life, the awards represent moments to       Elizabeth, receives the Metropolitan Eastern Cape 2006 Leadership Award
reflect on people's fragile yet signifi-    from Mr Edgar Maphekula of Metropolitan Life.
cant attempts to play a role in the         and understanding. The idea of estab-       Metropolitan Eastern Cape Awards
building of society.                        lishing the Eastern Cape Awards was         2006: continue to help shape the future
    Presented with the Metropolitan         founded seven years ago. The awards         of this great country!
Eastern Cape Award for Leadership           go hand-in-hand with the
was none other than our very own            "plough back campaign" and
SANDF member, Col Nontobeko                 should influence young peo-
Mpaxa, the Officer Commanding               ple to desire playing a more
Army Support Base Port Elizabeth. As        meaningful role in the devel-
the SANDF's first female battalion          opment of a better South
commander Col Mpaxa made history            Africa.
as the first woman to command a mili-            Col Mpaxa shared centre
tary base. "I don't believe it, but         stage with formidable achiev-
because I am standing here, I have to       ers, such as Mama Epainette
believe that it is really happening," she   Mbeki, mother of President
said accepting the award.                   Thabo Mbeki, who was pre-
    With a 10 Year Service Medal and a      sented with the Lifetime
military career spanning almost 20          Award for the contribution
years, Col Mpaxa said determination         she continues to make in
and hard work were the secrets to
                                            the economic upliftment of
achieving command of an army base.          the underprivileged in her
"We in the military always think that       community.
because most of our time as members is           Struggle stalwart, Ma
spent in army barracks, South Africans      Albertina Sisulu, was award-
don't know us and are unaware of            ed the Legend Award for her
what we are doing." Col Mpaxa also          lifetime fight for social justice
added that even though an award of          and freedom. Her daughters,       SA Soldier's Nomonde Vuthela (right) with
this nature could only be accepted by       Beryl and Nonkululeko,            local singer, Simphiwe Dana, winner of the
a single individual, it should not be       accepted the award on her         Arts and Culture Award for making her pres-
forgotten that awards were achieved         behalf.                           ence felt in the music industry by singing in
collectively, through strong teamwork            To all the recipients at the her mother tongue, Xhosa.

                                                                     JANUARY 2007                         SA SOLDIER
      focus on women

      Women of Africa
      come together as one
      By Nomonde Vuthela                        reason for the existence of defence        women and men in all AU operations
      Photos: Sgt Lebogang Tlhaole              forces and how gender mainstreaming        and decision-making structures. Mr
                                                could add value. "We are serious!"         Lekota advised women to speed up
                outh Africa hosted the 5th      asserted Dr Juma.

                                                                                           the processes of implementing what
                African Women's Peace               When the Minister of Defence, Mr       would be decided at this meeting.
                Table Seminar from 27 to 29     Mosiuoa Lekota, declared the second            Shedding some light on how
                November 2006 in                day of the conference officially opened,   things have been happening within
                Centurion, Pretoria. Invited    he noted that the timing of the seminar    the AU, Ms Bineta Diop, the Executive
                to the conference were senior   was crucial as it coincided with the       Director Femmes Africa Solidarité,
                women officers serving in       16 Days of Activism period.                said the Organisation for African
      the SADC defence forces.                      Mr Lekota said that it was impera-     Unity (OAU) was exclusively male.
          Hosted by the Department of           tive to have more women play their         "While the OAU was expected to tack-
      Defence in collaboration with Safer       roles in the defence forces of the coun-   le post- independent challenges by
      Africa, the seminar focused on the        tries of our region, adding that those     transforming Africa and being the
      state of gender equity in the SANDF.      present should help complete the           force for positive change, it lacked the
      Entitled, "Gender Equity in the           promises made to South African             contributions of even one woman,"
      Defence Forces of the Southern            women in the course of the National        said Ms Diop.
      African Development Community             Democratic Revolution.                         "During the 4th World Conference
      (SADC) Region", the overall objective         The Minister added that the            on Women held in Beijing in 1995 (the
      of the seminar was to facilitate the      African     Union's    (AU)      Solemn    Beijing Conference) we suddenly
      alignment of national policies and        Declaration on Gender Equity in Africa     woke up. With the assistance of the
      practices on gender equity with           adopted by the Heads of State in Addis     UN Economic Commission for Africa
      regional standards and benchmarks.        Ababa provides for the pursuit of gen-     and other UN agencies, the Beijing
          A partnership has started! It was a   der parity - a 50/50 representation of     conference was used to bridge African
      very special moment when the DOD
      Chief Director of Equal Opportunities,
      Maj Gen Ntsiki Motumi, welcomed all
      the special guests, including delegates
      from the SADC countries, United
      Nations Development Fund for
      Women (UNIFEM), the Office of the
      Presidency, the SA Police Service, the
      Correctional Services, the Department
      of Foreign Affairs, and South African
22    Women in Dialogue (SAWID).
          On behalf of the co-host of the
      seminar, Safer Africa, Dr Monica Juma
      (Senior Researcher), commended the
      delegates for availing themselves of
      the first SADC Women's Peace Table
      and emphasised that gender equality
      had become an international impera-
      tive. She touched on the envisaged
      outcomes of gender mainstreaming
                                                The SANDF co-hosted the 1st SADC Women's Peace Table, fltr: Ms Lizzy
      and the extent to which gender equity     Kubushi, Legal Advisor to the Minister of Defence, Defence Minister Mosiuoa
      will improve on mandates and the          Lekota and Maj Gen Ntsiki Motumi, Chief Director Equal Opportunities.

     SA SOLDIER                     JANUARY 2007
                                                                                               first SADC Women's
                                                                                               Peace Table, the Senior
                                                                                               Gender International
                                                                                               Consultant     UNIFEM
                                                                                               (Nairobi, Kenya), Ms
                                                                                               Monique Kande, said it
                                                                                               was amazing how most
                                                                                               of the time when the
                                                                                               issue of gender arose
                                                                                               people thought only of
                                                                                               government,       parlia-
                                                                                               ment, civil society and
                                                                                               communities in general.
                                                                                               They rarely think about
                                                                                               women in the defence
                                                                                               forces. "We know that
                                                                                               the security forces play
Delegates from the Zimbabwean, Namibian, Swaziland, Zambia, Lesotho defence forces             a critical role in our
attending the first SADC Women's Peace Table.                                                  nations, but we do not
                                                                                               ask about the situation
women together in pursuit of a com-    of State". Representing the Govern-      of the women in the security forces,"
mon cause," Ms Diop added. "We thus    ment, Ambassador January Bardill         Ms Kande alleged.
waged our advocacy campaign to         stated that South Africa women, both         Bringing to the fore some of the
establish the African Women's Com-     in the Presidency and in the             critical, but not unique challenges to
mittee on Peace and Development        Department of Defence, had spear-        transformation, representatives from
(AWCPD). Mrs Kazibwe, the Vice-        headed programmes that seek to assist    the various armed forces spoke
President of Uganda, was elected       women in conflict-ridded countries.      earnestly and honestly. Delegates from
Chairperson of the Committee and I         "In Burundi women have played a      the Armed Forces of Swaziland,
was made Secretary-General."           significant role in bringing belliger-   Tanzania,        Angola,       Lesotho,
    "Regardless of obstacles we decid- ents to the table. The South African     Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Zambia and
ed that the AWCPD would mobilise       Women in Dialogue (SAWID) has            Namibia openly explained to the
and become an efficient mechanism      played a major role in facilitating dia- house all the challenges and obstruc-
within the OAU. We needed to use       logue between women from opposing        tions to gender mainstreaming in their
strategies that would allow us to use  camps," Ambassador Bardill said.         home countries.
the transformation of the OAU into         "South Africa was at the forefront       In terms of the relatively high
the AU as an opportunity to push for-  of the campaign to ensure that women     number of female senior officers in
ward the agenda," Ms Diop contin-      were equitably represented in the        South Africa, the SANDF is, without
ued. "The AWCPD has been trans-        International Criminal Court.            doubt, well ahead of its counterparts.
formed into an advisory mechanism          "In 2005 South Africa appointed its      Essentially, the prevailing eupho-
for the Chairperson of the AU          first female Deputy President. Overall   ria that binds all the SADC women
Commission. In addition, the New       there is a 43.33% representation of      representatives can be summed up in
Partnership for African Development    women in the Cabinet. Three women        the notion: "No women, no peace".
(NEPAD) has established a gender       have been appointed as Office-Bearers        Maj Gen Motumi remarked that           23
unit with a woman as the Head of the   in the National Assembly. They con-      the above statistics only served as a
Peer Review Board."                    stitute 37.5% of Office-Bearers in the   stark reminder of just how much more
    Detailing the good news and        National Assembly. The Chairperson       work still had to be done. "I therefore
marking the milestones, Ms Diop said:  and the Deputy Chairperson of            urge each one of you to share your
"The Protocol to the AU on Human       Committees for the National Council      experiences openly and honestly
and People's Rights adopted in         of Provinces (NCOP) are women.           about these matters so that workable
Maputo in 2002 finally entered into    Twenty-nine (28.15%) women were          strategies can be designed to enhance
force in November 2005. In 2004 we     appointed as Ambassadors, High           women's role in the furtherance of
saw the successful adoption of the     Commissioners and Consul-Generals        the peace and security agenda. Let
Solemn Declaration of Gender Equity    in 2006."                                us engage constructively and build
in Africa (ADGEA) by African Heads         Making her contribution to the       networks."

                                                                  JANUARY 2007                      SA SOLDIER
      international blast and ballistic trauma congress

      Focus on battlefield

      A practical demonstration of the Scientific Instrumented Impulse Measurement Apparatus (SIIMA) resulting in the
      explosion of only one rear wheel of a Casspir.

     Article courtesy Milmed                         The purpose of the congress was to       of injury, blast trauma to the abdomen,
     Photos: F Sgt David                         afford delegates the opportunity to          pre-hospital management, robotic
     Nomtshongwana                               interact with one another and to discuss     combat casualty extraction and evacu-
                                                 on an international level the impact,        ation, tactical combat casualty care and

              wo hundred and fifty local         treatment and prevention of blast and        extremity trauma management of war
              and foreign delegates attended     ballistic trauma in terms of both military   wounds.
              the International Blast and        and civilian casualties who are caught           In his opening address the Surgeon
              Ballis-tic Trauma Congress         up in conflict situations throughout the     General, Lt Gen Vejaynand Ramlakan,
              held at the Armscor confer-        world today. It furthermore allowed          said: "Fortunately, South Africa has
              ence facility in Pretoria at the   engineers, scientists, medical profession-   not been involved in any mine or non-
              end of September last year.        als and project officers an opportunity to   accidental blast situations during the
     Countries represented included Aus-         learn how the rest of the world was pro-     last fourteen years. This, however,
     tralia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Canada,         gressing in this technological era.          emphasises the importance of learning
     Egypt, Germany, the United States, the          More than 30 scientific presentations    from our colleagues who have been
     United Kingdom and the Russian              were made during the congress, which         involved in these incidents more
     Federation.                                 included blast and ballistic mechanisms      recently to keep our skills up to date.

     SA SOLDIER                     JANUARY 2007
                                                                                            promote peace and stability in our
                                                                                            region. The much spoken about
                                                                                            "African battle space" must now be
                                                                                            analysed and defined so that it can
                                                                                            guide our doctrine and the develop-
                                                                                            ment of our weapons systems, our
                                                                                            treatment regimes and our evacua-
                                                                                            tion resources. We need African
                                                                                            solutions and we must work
                                                                                            towards the interoperability of
                                                                                            armies in our region. Since 2003 the
                                                                                            SANDF has become involved in
                                                                                            central Africa on a significant scale.
                                                                                            I am sure that this fact not only cre-
                                                                                            ates unique opportunities for our
                                                                                            local industry, but also holds seri-
                                                                                            ous challenges in optimal combat
                                                                                            casualty care.
                                                                                                 "When users, like ourselves,
                                                                                            specify our vehicle requirements for
                                                                                            wheeled armoured vehicles we tend
                                                                                            to lay down stringent specifications
                                                                                            to meet our firepower, mobility and
The remains of a mine boot after a demonstration of the reduced effects of                  survivability requirements. Further-
an anti-personnel mine on a lower leg.                                                      more, we want this equipment to
                                                                                            cost as little as possible and we
    "Mine and improvised explosive          Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, the        always need it urgently.
device (IED) awareness training is the      Chemical and Biological Weapons                  "This is always a challenge to engi-
activity that can have the most imme-       Conventions, the Missile Technology          neers and scientists and it is up to them
diate impact on reducing the suffering      Control Regime and the Nuclear               to come forward with an affordable
caused by such weapons. Such train-         Suppliers Group.                             solution that is well balanced. By
ing, coupled with education in self-aid                                                  affordable I mean it is affordable
and buddy aid for victims, has been                                                      throughout the life cycle of the
                                                  One person is either
shown to reduce greatly the injury and                                                   weapons system.
                                               maimed or killed by a mine
death rate.                                                                                  "The tools available to scientists
                                                   every 20 minutes.
    "This needs to be followed by com-                                                   and engineers today are much more
petent emergency care within the                                                         advanced than thirty years ago and
proverbial golden hour and effective            "To limit these horrendous injuries      vehicles are more optimised. The man-
evacuation processes. The need for          South Africa is party to the                 machine interface is better managed
proficient medical and nursing person-      Conventional Weapons Convention,             and soldiers experience better all-
nel receiving the casualty, maintaining     which controls or prohibits the use of       round protection in vehicles.
control over bleeding and implement-        weapons with non-detectable frag-                "When I look back into history at
ing definitive care cannot be overem-       ments, mines and booby traps, incendi-       the South African vehicle designs, I
phasised. I hope that this congress will    ary weapons and blinding laser               realise that we have come a long way
benefit all the military medical services   weapons.                                     in the development of mine-protected
present to achieve this.                        "South Africa is also a signatory to     vehicles. South Africa is delivering
    "During the past decade South           the Ottawa Convention, also referred         vehicles to various foreign countries,
Africa has established a well-defined       to as the Mine Ban Treaty, which pro-        including the USA, Sweden and the
national arms control and non-prolif-       hibits the use, stockpiling, production      United Nations. These products have
eration policy and control system that      and transfer of anti-personnel mines.        contributed to the saving of many sol-
is embedded in legislation, for exam-       This Convention also requires signato-       diers' lives.
ple the National Conventional Arms          ries to destroy all stockpiled anti-per-         "The SANDF is mindful and appre-
Control Act and the Non-proliferation       sonnel mines, including mines current-       ciative of the work done on its behalf
of Weapons of Mass Destruction Act.         ly planted in the soil, within a specified   by Armscor and industry. It is through
    "As a responsible member of the         period of time.                              design and a systems approach that
international community South Africa            "The SANDF strategy and concept          acquisition and technology develop-
has also acceded to a number of inter-      of operations, which are aligned with        ment for the SA Army were entrusted
national arms control and non-prolif-       government intent and policy, are clear      to the said parties as part of the trans-
eration agreements, such as the             - we will deploy and serve in Africa to      Continued on page 26
                                                                        JANUARY 2007                        SA SOLDIER
     international blast and ballistic trauma congress
      Continued from page 25
      formation of the DOD.
          "The motto of the South African
      Military Health Service summarises
      the purpose of this congress - We save
      the Brave. As medical personnel or
      engineers we are all here because we
      believe that we can contribute to sav-
      ing the brave - be it an innocent
      bystander or weathered soldiers."

     Practical Demo
        On the last day of the four-day
     congress a practical demonstration
     was hosted by Armscor at the
     Paardefontein Range.
        The following technologies were
        SIIMA - Scientific Instrumented
        Impulse Measurement Apparatus           The main objective of the bomb disposal suit is to save the lives of
        - Measures impulse explosions of        operators whose job it is to go willingly into the most dangerous known
        up to 8 kg                              blast zone and try to defuse or disarm potential improvised explosives
                                                ordinance devices.
        LLST - Lower Leg System Tester -
        Measurement of the lower leg            per 334 inhabitants, has the highest rate   devices or so-called improvised explo-
        during landmine incident                of amputees per inhabitant in the           sive devices (IEDs). These devices vary
        Casspir Mine Protected Vehicle -        world: about 1.5% of the population has     from a liquid petroleum gas cylinder
        Demonstration of a typical
                                                been injured in mine or unexploded          with artillery shells tied around it and
        landmine protected vehicle
                                                ordnance incidents.                         detonated from a distance, to massive
        IED - Demonstration of a typical
                                                    Increasingly, mines have shifted        truck bombs carrying tons of explo-
        Improvised Explosive Device
                                                from being primarily a defensive, tacti-    sives. The United States has already
        Mine Boot - Demonstration of
                                                cal battlefield weapon, to being an         lost 2 400 soldiers and almost 18 000
        the reduced effects of an anti-
                                                offensive, strategic weapon. It is often    have been injured in this conflict, main-
        personnel mine on a lower leg
                                                aimed deliberately at civilians in order    ly due to blast and ballistic trauma.
        Soft skin car explosion
        Casualty evacuation exercise            to empty territory, destroy food sources        These devices cause unspeakable
                                                and create refugee flows, or simply to      suffering as they inflict appalling phys-
                                                spread terror. Such use has been espe-      ical injuries, which often lead to ampu-
      Maimed or killed by mines                 cially prevalent in internal conflicts      tation, severe disability and psycho-
          Over the last sixty years anti-per-   involving insurgents or other types of      logical trauma. Dirt, debris, metal or
      sonnel mines have caused more deaths      unconventional forces. This is partly       plastic fragments from the casing,
      and injuries than nuclear, biological     because of the limited financial and        vehicle and environment may be driv-
      and chemical weapons combined.            material resources of insurgent forces      en deep into the bodies of victims.
          The International Committee of the    (mines are cheap), and partly because       Treatment is needed urgently, with
      Red Cross estimates that 800 people       mines are particularly effective in ter-    surgical intervention close to the in-
      are killed by mines every month, and      rorising civilian populations for politi-   jury often the only life-saving option
      another 1 200 are maimed: a total of 2    cal gain. However, governments and          to control bleeding.
      000 victims a month. This means that      conventional armies have also prac-             Surgeons who treat such injuries
26    one person is either maimed or killed     tised mine use against civilian popula-     daily consider them to be among the
      by a mine every 20 minutes. Most of       tions. Targeting civilians in this way is   most horrendous of war injuries and
      these victims are civilians killed or     a blatant violation of international        have expressed profound abhorrence
      injured after hostilities have come to    humanitarian law, which explicitly          at the effects and continued use of
      an end.                                   bans such practices.                        IEDs.
          Nearly a third of mine victims have                                                   Suicide attacks, where the blast is
      at least one limb amputated. In the       Improvised explosive device                 caused by detonating explosives often
      USA there is on average one amputee           Mines are, however, not the only        wrapped around the body, have even
      per 22 000 inhabitants. In Cambodia,      form of blast trauma. The United States     more unique challenges. Shrapnel and
      one of the countries worst affected by    has experienced severe casualties in        bony fragments from the attacker in-
      mines, there is one amputee per 384       Iraq, specifically from the new weapon      termix to penetrate deep into often
      inhabitants. Angola, with one amputee     of the day, viz improvised explosive        innocent bystanders.

     SA SOLDIER                    JANUARY 2007
Phidisa expands!
By Nomonde Vuthela                        Surgeon General of SAMHS, Lt Gen
Photos: Sgt Lebogang Tlhaole              Vejaynand Ramlakan, said that he
                                          wanted to use World AIDS Day as an   and AIDS activist, S Sgt Philisiwe

         variety of events to mark        opportunity to encourage those who   Ntshangase, said she was lighting a
         World AIDS Day were held         remained negative and to salute the  candle for abused women, members
         simultaneously       on      1   bravery of those who are living with who are living with HIV/AIDS, scien-
         December 2006 all over the       the virus positively. Urging those   tists working hard for a cure, our
         world with a single common       members who are negative to stay     Government's HIV/AIDS campaign,
         theme: "Let's all take a         negative, the Surgeon General said:  access to ARVs for all and for all of us
         moment to look HIV/AIDS          "Our results show without any doubt  to support one another.
in the eye". Commemorated annually        that ARVs do save lives. I therefore     Seeking to understand fully the
on 1 December, this significant occa-     ask you not to wait until you are very
                                                                               extent of communication work being
sion provides the perfect opportunity     sick to seek treatment".             done for this sort of occasion to be suc-
for the SANDF to participate in this          "You have our support, but we    cessful, SA Soldier spoke to Capt
universal event.                          also ask you to help yourselves, live a
                                                                               Sheila Senokwanyane, the Phidisa
    Phidisa seized the moment to unite    proper and healthy life-style," said the
                                                                               Communications Officer, who said
against AIDS by dedicating site num-      Surgeon General, adding: "test early that they engaged soldiers by talking
ber six of the Phidisa Project to Ba-     and test frequently." He also stated to them before any site was opened.
Palaborwa in the Limpompo Province.       that before they begin to celebrate the  She elaborated: "First of all we vis-
The great news is: Phidisa is expand-     fact that the HIV epidemic is under  ited all the units around the site and
ing! This means SANDF members             control, there was also an indicationdid some groundwork by marketing
have evolved. To a large extent the       that more people with HIV were       Phidisa. Our presentation was very
growth of Phidisa demonstrates the        dying. "The dedication of this Phidisa
                                                                               unique in that we reminded members
extent to which members are now           site shows our commitment to         of how important life was, then we
willing to participate in a more elabo-   improve the lives of these people andtalked about health, then moved a
rate manner in the fight to curb the      their families in all parts of South step further to HIV and finally we
devastating effects of HIV/AIDS.          Africa," he continued.               introduced Phidisa."
    Proclaiming and announcing the            Lighting the candle for the Age of   When it conducts work on the
6th Phidisa site in Ba-Palaborwa, the     Hope, an SANDF and Phidisa member    ground, Phidisa usually works in a
                                                                                                     group of three or
                                                                                                     more, comprised
                                                                                                     mainly of the
                                                                                                     principal investi-
                                                                                                     gator of a given
                                                                                                     area, a member of
                                                                                                     and a Phidisa
                                                                                                     officer. "People
                                                                                                     should not be         27
                                                                                                     afraid of Phidisa,
                                                                                                     it is a benefit.
                                                                                                     Come      forward
                                                                                                     and use it," Capt
                                                                                                     said.      In the
                                                                                                     near future new
                                                                                                     sites will also
                                                                                                     be opened in
Members of Area Military Health Unit Limpompo in Ba-Palaborwa come out to see                        Ladysmith and
our Surgeon General, Lt Gen Vejaynand Ramlakan, opens the Phidisa site in Ba-Palaborwa.              Grahamstown.

                                                                    JANUARY 2007                    SA SOLDIER
      health issues

     How to manage HIV
     and Aids in the military
      By Dr Dhesi Achary,                        care, prevention and impact mitiga-        stigma and gender, risk management,
      SSO Medical Services                       tion. There has been a sharp increase      capacity building, monitoring and
      Photo courtesy Milmed                      in available funding for HIV/AIDS in       evaluation and cooperation and coor-
                                                 low and middle-income countries,           dination that complete the strategic

                  ver the last 25 years the      which has marked a new era in inter-       approach of the DOD towards HIV
                  HIV and AIDS (Human            national public health. It focuses on      and AIDS management.
                  Immunodeficiency Virus         providing access to treatment, care            The vision of the DOD in this
                  and Acquired Immuno-           and prevention for the people most in      regard is to achieve a "healthy and
                  deficiency Syndrome) epi-      need, despite poverty and other            HIV - free" military community. The
                  demic has escalated world-     daunting obstacles. The collective         mission of the DOD in this regard is to
                  wide to pandemic propor-       efforts of many countries and their        provide a comprehensive, multipro-
      tions. This pandemic has continued to      international partners have generated      fessional, multi-layered, military spe-
      highlight obstacles to progress in the     real momentum in scaling up HIV            cific response to reduce the impact of
      global development agenda.                 treatment and prevention.                  HIV and AIDS on the operational
           Of the eight key areas covered by         In South Africa HIV and AIDS           capability of the DOD and all its offi-
      the Millennium Development Goals,          remain a major health risk and as          cials, dependants and approved clien-
      six, namely reduced poverty and child      such, is also a major health risk to the   tele. So in terms of equality, and to
      mortality, increased access to educa-      SA DOD. If the HIV epidemic were           ensure a non-discriminatory environ-
      tion, gender equality, improved            allowed to continue unabated in the        ment free of stigmatisation, officials in
      maternal health and efforts to combat      military, it would inevitably have a       the DOD living with HIV and AIDS
      major infectious diseases are being        negative impact on national security       must be treated the same as any other
      undermined by high rates of HIV in         and the operational capability of the      officials with a chronic, debilitating
      many low and middle-income coun-           SANDF. The DOD would thus not be           and life- threatening illness/disease.
      tries. Sub-Saharan Africa and, in par-     able to fulfil its mandate towards the         The Cabinet instructed the
      ticular, South Africa have experienced     Republic of South Africa.                  Minister of Health on 8 August 2003 to
      the most devastating impact of this            The DOD, having realised this          plan for the roll-out of ARVs in the
      epidemic.                                  impact, developed a comprehensive          Public Sector. The South African
           Since the cause of AIDS was iden-     approach to the management of HIV          Military Health Service (SAMHS),
      tified in the early 1980s, standards of    and AIDS, including the provision of       being the health care arm of the DOD,
      treatment and care have evolved con-       ART. The approach, more commonly           had      to     follow     suit.    The
      siderably, primarily in high-income        known as Masibambisane, is based on        Comprehensive HIV and AIDS Care,
      countries. Yet, the human immunode-        the seven generic disease processes of     Management and Treatment Plan for
      ficiency virus has spread across politi-   prevention, promotion, diagnostics,        South Africa is a significant milestone
      cal, social and economic boundaries        treatment, rehabilitation, palliative      both as a health sector intervention
28    much more quickly than have the clin-      care and research and development. It      and a socio-economic enhancement
      ical and public health responses that      is important to note that prevention       strategy. The National Department of
      help curb the epidemic and its impact.     interventions remain the foundation        Health (NDOH) has established exten-
      Until recently, antiretroviral therapy     of HIV management in the workplace         sive minimum guidelines for the
      (ART) was accessible only to the fortu-    and that prevention and health pro-        achievement of comprehensive man-
      nate few, while millions were denied       motion should be integrated with           agement of HIV and AIDS, which has
      their fundamental right to benefit         treatment and care to ensure a disease     formed the basis of the programme
      from the advances of science.              management continuum that starts           and plan for the provision of ART in
           In recent years an international      with prevention and ends with termi-       the DOD.
      consensus has emerged on the need to       nal/palliative care. There are various         The Comprehensive HIV and
      fight HIV/AIDS with a comprehen-           enabling and/or cross-cutting pro-         AIDS Care, Management and
      sive response, including treatment,        cesses of governance, communication,       Treatment Plan for the DOD is there-

     SA SOLDIER                      JANUARY 2007
fore in line with that of the NDOH             Standard human resource compe-             training, updates and refresher cours-
plan. An important paradigm within             tency of on-site personnel to pro-         es form part of the ongoing profes-
which the plan is conceived and                vide ARV care, management and              sional development.
developed is the reality that singular         treatment. Therefore specialist                The objective is to address the
problems, including HIV and AIDS,              training in this regard is essential       acquisition of medication necessary to
can only be addressed successfully in          Standard diagnostic services               provide antiretroviral treatment to
a context where the entire health sys-         available                                  members and their dependants,
tem is simultaneously being strength-          Standard pharmacy capacity to              including the cost of diagnostic inves-
ened and developed to adequately               manage HIV treatment protocols             tigations currently supported through
sustain equitable and quality care             Standard care and support                  donor funding by the US President's
while promoting healthy lifestyles.            services, including linkages to            Emergency Plan for HIV and AIDS
The plan envisions significant invest-         community support structures               Relief. However, funding allocated as
ments to ensure that the highest avail-        Standard access requirements to            a conditional grant by the SA DOD to
able quality of care is provided to            ensure      patient
approved clientele of the SANDF in             accessibility and
line with international and local              transport of pa-
norms and standards. The care and              tients, laboratory
treatment protocols are thus based on          specimens      and
international best practice.                   drugs/consum-
    The primary goal of ARV treat-             ables
ment is to decrease HIV-related mor-           Geographical con-
bidity and mortality. ARV treatment        siderations       have
is aimed at ensuring fewer oppor-          guided the establish-
tunistic diseases and other HIV-relat-     ment of ART facilities
ed illnesses, to increase the immune       to ensure that all
function as measured by the CD-4           members of the DOD
count and to reduce the viral load to      who qualify for treat-
undetectable amounts.                      ment can access ART.
    ARV treatment is offered to any        The DOD provides
individual qualifying for such medi-       ART through re-
cation according to current policy. The    search and non-re-
infrastructure, human resource avail-      search sites. Six ART
ability and capabilities of the Military   research sites provid-
Health Units may limit the availability    ed through Project
of facilities that can provide such        Phidisa have been
treatment, but it is envisaged that the    established at 1, 2,
SAMHS will maintain at least one           and 3 Military Hos-
such facility in every region.             pitals. Mthatha, Mtu-        Different kinds of antiretroviral drugs. Treatment is
    Accreditation of ARV treatment         batuba and Ba-Phala-         administered in the form of highly active anti-
facilities according to the minimum        borwa which opened           retroviral treatment, as a triple combination therapy.
standards set by NDOH is crucial to        on 1 December 2006
ensure quality of care within the          to coincide with World AIDS Day. In            combat HIV and AIDS is an indication
DOD. These standards include the fol-      addition, six other ARV roll-out sites         of sustained commitment to fight HIV
lowing components:                         have been accredited in partnership            and AIDS and the accumulated cost in
    Standard facilities (physical) that    with the NDOH at 1, 2, and 3 Military          this regard will be transferred soon to
    are accessible and adequate, with      Hospitals, viz Nelspruit, Potchef-             the departmental budget.
    reliable electricity and safe waste    stroom and Durban. Ten more sites                  All members are encouraged to
                                           are envisaged for accreditation within         visit their nearest military health unit
    Standard data reporting and            a year to ensure wider access to treat-        sickbay, Phidisa clinic or ARV clinic to
    management information systems         ment sites.                                    get tested and to know their status in
    Standard clinical services with            Healthcare professionals involved          order to access comprehensive treat-
    regard to the capacity of facilities   in the management of ARVs have                 ment and support, including the pro-
    for diagnosis and treatment and        received accredited training as spon-          vision of ARV treatment.
    referral systems                       sored by donor funding from DFID (ie               It must be noted that ARV treat-
    Standard human resource capacity       from the British Government), in part-         ment is not a cure for HIV/AIDS, but
    with regard to the on-site avail-      nership with the University of                 does improve the quality of life of
    ability of particular categories       Pretoria. To date approximately 150            an HIV infected person, which makes
    of health care professionals           healthcare professionals have been             HIV/AIDS a chronic, manageable
    (multidisciplinary approach)           trained. Further hands-on practical            disease.

                                                                      JANUARY 2007                          SA SOLDIER

      Exercise Young Eagle
      spreads its wings
     By Lebohang Letaoana                                                                                     this     exercise.    Pte
     Photo: F Sgt David                                                                                       Leburu from Mang-
     Nomtshongwana                                                                                            aung started her Basic
                                                                                                              Military Training at

               he SA Army wrapped up its                                                                      Oudtshoorn on 16
               conventional capability exer-                                                                  January 2006.
               cises for 2006 with EXERCISE                                                                       While she was in
               YOUNG EAGLE at the De                                                                          Oudtshoorn she volun-
               Brug Training Area near                                                                        teered to join the air-
               Bloemfontein from 5 to 24                                                                      borne soldiers at 44
               November 2006. Similar exer-                                                                   Parachute Regiment.
     cises under various code names have                                                                      Asked why she wanted
     been presented annually since 1996.                                                                      to join the paratroopers
     The name EXERCISE YOUNG EAGLE                                                                            she said she liked the
     was officially approved in 2005.                                                                         adventure and failed to
         The goal of EXERCISE YOUNG                                                                           understand why MSDS
     EAGLE was the mastering of airborne                                                                      female members could
     doctrine, tactics, techniques and proce-                                                                 not pass the parachute
     dures at tactical level during and inde-                                                                 selection training if
     pendent airborne operation.                                                                              given      the    proper
         SA Soldier and other independent                                                                     preparation. However,
     media attended the open day demon-                                                                       she wanted to prove
     stration on 17 November 2006. The                                                                        that she could make it.
     exercise was aimed at training the SA                                                                    She       started     the
     Army's Airborne and Air Assault                                                                          parachute course on 11
     forces to enhance airborne capability                                                                    September 2006. It last-
     and combat readiness. The code name                                                                      ed until 8 October 2006,
     EXERCISE YOUNG EAGLE was cho-               Pte Regina Mantoa Leburu, the first female soldier           and she passed all her
                                                 of the recent MSDS intake who passed the                     jumps and qualified as
     sen because most of the participants
                                                 parachute training and became the first female
     were Military Skills Development                                                                         a fully fledged para-
                                                 soldier within the ranks of 1 Parachute Battalion
     System (MSDS) members. Basically            to participate in this exercise.                             trooper. Approximate-
     EXERCISE YOUNG EAGLE was the                                                                             ly 834 recruits of the
     culmination of the training of new          Premier of the Free State and other dis-     January 2006 intake participated in the
     recruits.                                   tinguished guests. The SA Air Force          exercise.
         The exercise was commanded by           supported the exercise with their air-           On the day of EXERCISE YOUNG
     Brig Gen Sipho Msi, GOC 46 SA               craft, such as the C130 Hercules fixed       EAGLE it was her 10th jump from the
30   Brigade. He said the design of the exer-    wing aircraft and helicopters (BK 117,       aircraft. Asked how she felt about
     cise was derived from the eventuality       Oryx and Agusta A 109 LUH). This was         jumping, she said: "It feels great! I can
     of a rapid airborne mobile assault over     the first time that this light utility heli- do this every day now because I have a
     a distance. This capability would very      copter was used during an airborne           passion for it." Pte Leburu's current
     valuable if the SANDF were urgently         exercise.                                    base is 1 Parachute Battalion.
     requested to assist in African Union            The highlight of the exercise was the        The Chief of the SA Army, Lt Gen
     (AU) peace support operations.              historic moment when Pte Regina              Solly Shoke, said that he was
         The members of 44 Parachute             Mantoa Leburu (22), the first female sol-    impressed with the overall success of
     Regiment demonstrated live fixed            dier of the recent MSDS intake who           the exercise. "It is refreshing to see
     wing assault landings and helicopter        passed the parachute training, became        young men and women giving their
     assault operations (fast roping) to local   the first female soldier within the ranks    best and performing their tasks with
     learners, members of the Office of the      of 1 Parachute Battalion to participate in   zeal," said Lt Gen Shoke.

     SA SOLDIER                     JANUARY 2007
First black
General Officer to
command Air Command
By Lebohang Letaoana
Photo: F Sgt David Nomtshongwana

           t the Air Force Gymnasium,
           Maj Gen Frans "Lappies"
           Labuschagne officially hand-
           ed over command as General
           Officer Commanding Air
           Command to Maj Gen
           Mandla Mangethe. On 15
November 2006 Maj Gen Mangethe
made history in the SA Air Force as the
first black General Officer to command
Air Command.
    Handing over of the command
marked the conclusion of his 39 year
military career. In his speech Maj Gen
Labuschagne expressed his wish that he
had done enough in the course of his
career to add value to the future SA Air
Force, referred to in Vision 2015 and
beyond. Maj Gen Labuschagne has
been the GOC Air Command since
January 2004.
    "We need quality recruits in the SA
Air Force especially in the field of
pilots," said Maj Gen Mangethe after
taking over the command. He urged
parents to encourage their children to
take maths and science as subjects at
school so that they could become pilots
and fighter pilots in the SA Air Force.
Supporting what was said by Maj Gen
Mangethe, Maj Gen Labuschagne said
that the main challenge in the foresee-
                                           Maj Gen Mandla Mangethe, General Officer Commanding Air Command.                 31
able future would be to ensure an
affordable SA Air Force and one that       Incoming General Officer Commanding
would be comprised of sufficient
people with specialised skills. "You          Maj    Gen      Mandla    Mbube     and thereafter a military flying course
will need to recruit the right people,     Mashobane Mangethe was born in         with the Ethiopian Air Force. He was
provide them with an enabling learn-       Johannesburg on 27 December 1952       integrated into the SANDF as a line
ing environment and the highest            and matriculated at Musi High School   pilot at 44 and 41 Squadron in 1994.
quality of training, while taking prop-    in 1972. He served in the ANC's        He was the Chief Director Air Policy
er care of our people to ensure their      armed wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe,         and Plans, after which he resumed his
undivided loyalty and dedication," said    from 1976 to 1994. From 1977 to 1979   duties as the new GOC Air Command
Maj Gen Labuschagne.                       he did his flying course in Nigeria,   on 1 January 2007.

                                                                   JANUARY 2007                     SA SOLDIER

      Conferring the
      freedom of Overstrand
      By Amn Arnaus Rakoma                       locals at this historic moment, were due   Pierce, said that on behalf of Regiment
      Photos: Sgt Lebogang Tlhaole               to the armoured cars, and the              Westelike Provincie he wanted to
                                                 Regimental colours were marched and        thank the Council and citizens of
                 n Saturday 11 November          displayed.                                 Overstrand for the honour you had

                 2006 Regiment Westelike             On accepting of the Freedom of         bestowed upon us by granting the free-
                 Provincie was granted free-     Entry to Regiment Westelike Provincie,     dom of entry to the area of jurisdiction
                 dom of entry into the           the Officer Commanding, Lt Col Steven      of the Overstrand Municipality.
                 Overstrand Municipality by
                 its    Executive      Mayor,
                 Councilor Theo Beyleveld, a
                 retired Brigadier General of
      the SANDF. The parade was held in
      Magnolia Street in Hermanus. The
      annual remembrance parade, com-
      memoration service and wreath-laying
      ceremony in honour of the fallen heroes
      who lost their lives in World War I
      were all held on that Saturday.
          Reverend Michiel de Kock and
      Chaplain Steven Bredenhann of
      Regiment Westelike Provincie conduct-
      ed the commemoration service, which
      was held at the Cenotaph at the Old
      Harbour where wreaths were laid.
      Members of Regiment Westelike              Clockwise: Brig Gen Les Fouche from Infantry Formation, Mr Jan Koekemoer,
      Provincie and ex-servicemen (military      Municipal Manager of Overstrand, and Brig Gen (Ret) Theo Beyleveldt,
      veterans) took part in the annual          Executive Mayor of Overstrand, taking the salute from members of Regiment
      remembrance parade and sentries were       Westelike Provincie during the Freedom of Entry Parade in Hermanus.
          Of special note were ex-members of
      the Regiment, military veterans, mem-
      bers of the Overstrand Municipality,
      Brig Gen Les Fouche of the Infantry
      Formation as the guest of honour,
      Honorary Col Pat McLoughlin from the
      Cape Town Highlanders, local digni-
      taries and members of the public.
32        Councilor Beyleveldt in his address
      invited every Overstrander to partici-
      pate in the occasion. "Let's roll the
      drums, fly the colours and open our
      hearts to the protectors of our glorious
      nation," said Brig Gen (Ret) Beyleveldt.
      The Regiment Westelike Provincie
      Band played and the unit members
      paraded through the streets where the
      Executive Mayor, the Municipal
      Manager, Mr Jan Koekemoer, Brig Gen        Members of Regiment Westelike Provincie presenting arms during the annual
      Fouche and local dignitaries took the      remembrance parade and wreath-laying ceremony at the Cenotaph at the Old
      salute. Much of the excitement of the      Harbour in Hermanus.

     SA SOLDIER                     JANUARY 2007
Freedom Regiments
march through Jozi
Compiled by Lebohang Letaoana               of trust placed in a specific military    as the Transvaal Scottish, Witwaters-
Photo: F Sgt David                          regiment by the civilian population.      rand Rifles, Rand Light Infantry, etc.
Nomtshongwana                                   On 11 November 2006 members of        These regiments had already had the
                                            the Freedom Regiments Association of      Freedom of Entry to the City of

         he Freedom of Entry Parade         Johannesburg took to the streets of       Johannesburg bestowed on them and
         resulted from the tradition        Johannesburg to celebrate the             felt that they should form an associa-
         that started in London in          Freedom of Entry Parade.                  tion in order to foster the esprit de
         1769, when armed soldiers              Expressing her pride that the City    corps that they had developed and
         shocked the people by march-       Council of Johannesburg is associated     keep in touch with the city fathers. In
         ing in the streets. As a result    with the Regiments, Councillor Nandi      1986 as part of the centenary celebra-
         of this incident the minister of   Mayathula-Khoza, MMC, said it was         tions of Johannesburg, the Freedom
war agreed that military units had to       an honour and a privilege to host the     Regiments presented the city with a
get official permission from the city       regiments     on   the    streets    of   huge 1,5 m sword, which hangs in the
mayor to enter the city.                    Johannesburg in gratitude for the con-    ante-room of the Council Chambers in
    Only regiments which have been          tribution they have made since World      the Civic Centre.
granted the Freedom of Entry to a city      War II.                                       Inscribed on the sword are the
or town are permitted to march                  The Freedom Regiments Associa-        city's crest and all the regimental
through the streets with fixed bayo-        tion of Johannesburg was started in       names and badges. Since then the
nets, colours flying and drums beat-        1986 by R Adm (JG) L.M. Bakkes of         Freedom of Entry has been granted to
ing. This privilege is a symbolic token     SAS Rand and a few regiments, such        the Witwatersrand Medical Com-
                                                                                                     mand and 6 Light
                                                                                                     Anti-Aircraft     Regi-
                                                                                                     ment, while in the case
                                                                                                     of the Sandton, Rand-
                                                                                                     burg and Roodepoort
                                                                                                     Commandos           the
                                                                                                     Council ratified their
                                                                                                     Freedom of Entry in
                                                                                                     October 1999.
                                                                                                         Regiment President
                                                                                                     Kruger had the Free-
                                                                                                     dom of Entry ratified
                                                                                                     in November 2003. On
                                                                                                     25 January 2007 the        33
                                                                                                     Regiment will receive
                                                                                                     its scroll of the Free-
                                                                                                     dom of Entry to the
                                                                                                     City of Johannesburg.
                                                                                                     Unfortunately some
                                                                                                     of these regiments
                                                                                                     have been closed,
                                                                                                     but the tradition and
                                                                                                     close working rela-
Some of the regiments that attended the Freedom of Entry to the City Parade in                       tionship with the city
Johannesburg formed up at the Cenotaph.                                                              carries on.

                                                                      JANUARY 2007                     SA SOLDIER

      Enable greatness in
      people and organisations
     By Lt Col Neil Bennett,
     British Peace Support Team (SA)

            he SA National War College, in
            a joint venture with the UK,
            ran a personal development
            course, "The 7 Habits of Highly
            Effective People" on the Joint
            Senior Command & Staff
            Programme. Lt Gen T.T. Ma-
     tanzima, Chief of Human Resources,
     accompanied by Maj Gen M.A.
     Ntshinga, Chief of Joint Training, Brig
     Gen T.Z. Manyma, Commandant of
     the Military Academy, Brig Gen V.R.
     Masondo, Director Human Resource
     Centre, and other members of the
     SANDF representing the SA National                      Effective Habits create Effective People who become
     War College (SANWC) and the Centre                          Effective Leaders of Effective Organisations
     for Advanced Training (CAT) attend-
     ed Dr Stephen R. Covey's 7 Habits                  By using these 7 Habits we could              "We, the military, have a require-
     presentation.                                  all develop further into becoming             ment for knowledge warriors in the
                                                    "Highly Effective Soldiers" in our            21st century, who are able to under-
     The key to high-performance                    daily lives, at work and also in peace        take their roles in peace missions as
     organisations                                  support operations.                           soldiers, diplomats and developers, as

      The 7 Habits:                            People who apply the 7 Habits:
      1.    Be proactive                       Grasp opportunity with determination rather than react poorly, blame others or circum
                                               stances and make excuses. They don't wait around for things to change and don't play
      2.    Begin with the end in mind         Be driven by a compelling mission, vision and strategy, along with a strong set of core
34                                             values and competencies.
      3.    Put first things first             Stay highly focused on a few mission-critical goals that are ambitious, clearly articulated
                                               and measured. They believe execution is paramount and have a powerful desire for
      4.    Think win-win                      They are trusted partners with suppliers and customers, valuing and continuously build-
                                               ing key relationships to their mutual benefit.
      5.    Seek first to understand           Listen carefully to stakeholders and learn to open the door to creative solutions and get
            then to be understood              the best out of others.
      6.    Synergise                          Attract and value diversity. They collaborate creatively, constantly seeking innovative
                                               solutions - the "third alternative" - in alliances and partnerships.
      7.    Sharpen the saw                    Place a strong premium on continuous self-renewal.

     SA SOLDIER                      JANUARY 2007
well as the various roles throughout          "Dr Covey is an internationally        permission of        Franklin     Covey
the SANDF/DOD," said Mr Paul              respected leadership authority, family     Southern Africa.
Boateng, British High Commission-         expert, teacher, organisational consul-
er, at the SANWC Leadership               tant and author who has dedicated              * For more information, please contact
Symposium 2006.                           his life to teaching principle-centred     Lt Col Neil Bennett, Royal Marines, UK
    The 7 Habits of Highly Effective      living and leadership to build both        Directing Staff (British Peace Support
People is one solution that was piloted   families and organisations.                Team) at SANWC at Cell No: 083 456
at the SA National War College. The           Extracts from: The 8th Habit From      2081 or or Mrs
next course for the Joint Senior          Effectiveness to Greatness - Stephen R     Marlinie Ramsamy, FranklinCovey at
Command & Staff Programme is from         Covey. Published by Franklin Covey,        Cell    No:     083   461      6877     or
24 to 26 January 2007.                    London, 2004 and reproduced with 

Unite for Women Against Rape
By Lt Col Neil Bennett,                   WAR empowers through establish-           Restaurant, Whistletree Lodge, MTN,
British Peace Support Team (SA)           ing safe houses, beading projects, and    Rion, Smoke Restaurant, Thomas
                                          by providing comfort parcels to SA        Jewell and BIT.
The spouses of the British Peace          Police Service stations in greater            The British High Commissioner,
Support Team and the British High         Gauteng.                                  Mr Paul Boateng, popped in to sup-
Commissions Defence Section held a             "All hands to the decks" was the     port the event, as did Brigadier Andy
coffee and cake charity event at the      call for the day as the spouses made      Mantell, the Defence Advisor.
British High Commission for Women         cakes, brewed coffee, generated talk          WAR also used the event to sell
Against Rape in the run-up to the 16      and organised a hugely successful raf-    their exquisite beaded fashion acces-
Days of Activism.                         fle. Maj Bill Blyth and Warrant Officer   sories and scrumptious chocolates. In
    Women Against Rape (WAR)              Trevor Simmonds found numerous            an excellent joint effort over R11 000
encourages all South Africans to exer-    sponsors and prizes during their daily    was raised for WAR!
cise their rights by teaching them that   shenanigans, including Waterkloof             Well done to the spouses of the
their bodies and spirits are sacred. No   Guesthouse, Isandlwana Lodge, Cor-        British Peace Support Team and the
other person may violate these rights     nerways Guesthouse in Plettenberg         British High Commission's Defence
in any manner.                            Bay, Furniture City, Casa De Fiori,       Section, and well done to Janine
    In the event of violation or abuse,   Catherine Moore, Greek Easy Restau-       Rowley, war@womanagainstrape.
all South African victims have the        rant, Virgin Atlantic Airways,  , the founder of WAR. Thank
right to be heard and counselled          Waltons, Prosola Restaurant, Magna        you for being great in what you do for
through empathetic and skilled care.      International       Movers,    Ritrovo    society.

Peace Support Operations Seminar
By Commander Ben Liebenberg,              for Peace Africa Pro-
Directing Staff SANWC                     gramme through the
Photo: Sgt Lebogang Tlhaole               Norwegian Institute
                                          for International Af-
The 2006 Joint Senior Command and         fairs. The theme of the
Staff Programme presented at the SA       seminar was "Com-
National War College (SANWC) cul-         plex     Emergencies:
minated its programme business with       New Security Chal-                                                                      35
a final exercise called EXERCISE          lenges in the 21st
THLONTHLORI (meaning the apex)            Century: Implications
in November 2006.                         for the United Nations
    A College management decision         (UN), the African
was made to present a two-day securi-     Union      (AU)    and
ty studies seminar at the Tshwane         International Peace
University of Technology in Pretoria      Operations". The sem-
on 13 and 14 November 2006. The           inar was a befitting
seminar was co-organised by the           end to a year's work to   Mr Steven Gruzd, Deputy Head African Peer Review
Institute of Security Studies (ISS),      educate and train the     Mechanism, responds to a question during the Peace
Pretoria, and funded by the Training      Continued on page 36      Support Operation Seminar.

                                                                    JANUARY 2007                        SA SOLDIER
     Peace Support Operations Seminar
     Continued from page 35                      delivered the keynote address.              Reconciliation Committee: A substi-
     future commanders and staff officers        Speakers interrogated issues such as        tute for justice in post conflict coun-
     of the SANDF in a joint and multi-          interstate wars and complex emergen-        tries and a presentation on the conduct
     national environment.                       cies and the understanding of such          and discipline with specific reference
         Local and international speakers        matters in the African security envi-       to issues to be considered when
     attended the seminar. Thought pro-          ronment, the DDR dimension in rela-         deployed in international capacity.
     voking issues, such as the nature of        tion to post conflict societies, the post       Mr Festus Aboagye, Head of
     post cold war conflicts in Africa,          cold war peacekeeping trends and the        ISS/TfP, played a key role in all the
     emerging African security architec-         African Standby Force developmental         arrangements for the seminar. He
     ture, challenges of peace operations        peacekeeping concept. The role played       invited the speakers to empower the
     and policy and legal framework for          by the Pan African Parliament and pri-      2006 Joint Senior Command and Staff
     impunity and serious misconduct             vate security companies in peace sup-       Programme learners. It was a very
     were thoroughly deliberated upon            port operations and in dealing with         successful seminar aimed at exposing
     during the seminar.                         impunity, the role of the ICC and spe-      the officers to the contemporary issues
         The seminar was graced with the         cial courts were also on the agenda.        in the security domain that might be
     presence of the Ambassador of Ghana,            The last issues that were scru-         experienced in the near future in the
     Mr James E.K. Aggrey-Orleans, who           tinised were the Truth and                  African context.

      All the feathers of the eagle soar
      By Lt Col Neil Bennett,                    issues during his speech, including the     ability to contribute significantly to
      British Peace Support Team (SA)            increase of democracy in Africa and the     stability and future prosperity.
      Photo: Sgt Lebogang Tlhaole                African Renaissance, the requirement            The British High Commissioner
                                                 for integrated and co-ordinated gov-        told the 120 senior officers that mili-
      The British High Commissioner, Mr          ernments to work effectively to meet        tary personnel are required to be sol-
      Paul Boateng, was the keynote speaker      the ongoing challenges, the key role of     diers, diplomats and developers in
      at the Leadership Symposium of the         South Africa and President Thabo            order to assist in solving long-term
      Joint Senior Command & Staff               Mbeki in the region and on the conti-       conflicts on the continent. The military
      Programme held at the SA National          nent, and the need for mature and           inspires     qualities   of    courage,
      War College in Pretoria on 16              responsible partnerships to achieve         endurance, of comradeship, and these
      November 2006. The symposium was           national, regional, African Union (AU)      qualities must be brought to the peace
      a fitting finale to the year-long course   and United Nations (UN) goals. There        and security environment in the
      and focused on strategic leadership        is a community of interests across the      numerous peace missions within
      across the diplomatic, military and        world that wishes to help Africa in         Africa.
      economic sectors of national power.        pursuit of its sustained development,           Finally, Mr Boateng encouraged
          Mr Boateng covered a range of          and South Africa and the UK have the        everybody to "Get up and do it!"


     Members attending the Leadership Symposium, fltr: Commander Ben Liebenberg (Directing Staff),
     Lt Col Victor Thafeni (President of the learners), Col Xolani Mabanga (Chief Instructor), Brig Gen Willy Nkonyeni
     (Commandant SANWC), Mr Paul Boateng (British High Commissioner), Brig Andy Mantell (British Defence Advisor),
     Col Jeff Sims (Commander British Peace Support Team), Lt Col Jacobo Hoabeb (Namibian International Fellows
     Representative) and Lt Col Neil Bennett (British Peace Support Team/Directing Staff).

     SA SOLDIER                     JANUARY 2007
Developmental Peace

By Richard Gueli, CSIR researcher

            ver the years, the functional

            gap between military peace-
            keeping and civilian peace-
            building (or "post-conflict
            reconstruction") has re-
            ceived a lot of attention
            because it remains a weak-
ness in the policy framework of the
United Nations (UN) conflict resolu-
tion repertoire, particularly in peace
    But why is it necessary to bridge
the divide between military opera-
tions and development work in inter-
national peace missions? More impor-
tantly, is this idea even welcome or
practicable?                                Members of 44 Parachute Regiment jumping from a C130 Hercules
    While the debate over the proper        fixed wing aircraft.
roles of, and relationship between, mil-
itary peacekeepers and civilian peace-      goods and services, and enables the       level - no doubt a contentious point - it
builders is relatively young, one thing     creation and functioning of public and    means changing the way peacekeeping
is certain: the causes of contemporary      private institutions. Needless to say,    operations are staffed to support,
conflicts are too complex to be             without access to proper infrastructure   among other things, the deployment of
addressed by security interventions         and basic services, the disillusioned     civilians alongside soldiers in order to
alone. If anything, peacekeeping            and the disempowered are more likely      jump-start essential reconstruction
efforts in Africa, such as those in         to support "generous" warlords than       efforts (ie "integrated action").
Liberia, Sierra Leone, the Democratic       internationally brokered peace agree-         Of course, sustained efforts to pro-
Republic of Congo (DRC), and Côte           ments (which, in some cases, tend to      mote development will be difficult in
d'Ivoire, have shown that military          offer little but starvation and some-     areas where armed attacks are fre-
activities can prove counter-produc-        times a wage).                            quent. But experience has shown that
tive if continued for too long, and not         Yet, the idea of putting down         the window of opportunity for recon-
complemented with real economic             infrastructure into what has tradition-   struction and development to start is
growth and social upliftment.               ally been seen as "military peacekeep-    very narrow: the first few months - if
    So where do we from here? The           ing space" raises significant issues in   not weeks - following an intervention       37
concept of "developmental peace mis-        terms of the way operations are nor-      are perhaps the more critical period for
sions" may suggest an answer. It has        mally conceptualised, planned and         laying the groundwork for lasting
been noted that the concept of current      implemented. On a conceptual level, it    peace and establishing the credibility of
peacekeeping approaches fails to pro-       requires understanding the importance     peace mission interventions. In consid-
vide a fundamental ingredient of secu-      of utilising development as both a        eration of this challenge, the concept of
rity and stability, namely baseline         "pre-war" and "post-war" strategy that    developmental peace missions calls
infrastructure, ie water, transport,        aims at both the prevention and cure of   for the rapid build-up of civilian and
energy, and telecommunications,             the underlying causes of conflict. On a   military assets in peace missions, and
which is vital to the functioning of any    planning level, it means synergising      at the same time the initial force mix
"normal" society. Infrastructure is         infrastructure and development plan-      should contain a fair amount of capa-
important: it provides the basis for        ning with military planning (ie "inte-    bility to kick-start reconstruction and
human capital, the provision of State       grated planning"). On an operational      development.

                                                                     JANUARY 2007                        SA SOLDIER
     news clippings

     Professor yearns for more military service
     The Centre for Military Studies and         in the South African full-
     the SA National Defence College             time forces.
     recently said farewell to the only serv-        As military academic
     ing professor in the full-time armed        Col Du Plessis conducted
     forces, Col Louis du Plessis. He joined     many workshops, pub-
     the South African armed forces at the       lished numerous articles
     age of seventeen on 1 January 1964. He      on security trends and
     has been serving as part-time and full-     was the co-editor of two
     time member for more than 42 years.         books on challenges for
     His mother unit was 1 Parachute             Africa. He participated in
     Battalion in Bloemfontein.                  fact-finding visits to
         In the more than four decades that      research centres and
     he has been in the Defence Force he         armed forces on all five
     has occupied the ranks from Corporal        continents and accompa-
     to Colonel and has served, inter alia, as   nied the Chief of the
     lecturer in Political Science at the        SANDF, Gen Godfrey
     Faculty of Military Science at the          Ngwenya, to several mili-         Col (Prof) Louis du Plessis received the Medal
     Military Academy. In 1989 he was            tary institutions in Europe       for Forty Years Dedicated Service from
     appointed as the first Director of the      and to a United Nations           Maj Gen Ashwin Hurribunce (now retired) at
     Centre for Military Studies, in which       Association meeting in            the Wonderboom Military Base.
     capacity he had to undertake security       Copenhagen. As academic
     and strategic analyses for the military     he has been playing a role in several         most important components of the
     and academic community. In 1996 he          prestigious bodies, such as the South         Department of Defence, since it has
     expanded the Centre from the Military       African Academy for Science and Arts          become our primary source of strate-
     Academy to the SA National Defence          and as an Advisory Board member of            gic research. It is the findings of this
     College.                                    the Institute for Strategic Studies at the    institution that guide our forward
         In 1988 Col Du Plessis obtained the     University of Pretoria.                       strategic planning and the research of
     degree D Phil at the University of              After the former Chief of the             security trends undertaken by other
     Pretoria with distinction. In 2002 the      SANDF, Gen Siphiwe Nyanda,                    defence force members".
     University of Stellenbosch conferred        received a study with strategic findings          The 42 years were probably not
     the academic rank of Associate              published by Cemis, he stated: "The           long enough, as Col (Prof) Louis du
     Professor on him, making him, on his        Centre for Military Studies of the            Plessis has already joined the Reserve
     retirement, the only professor serving      University of Stellenbosch is one of the      Force!

      Segopotšo sa Sontaga kua Johannesburg
      Temana ka Lebogang Letaoana                Johannesburg le bagale ba pele bao ba         le dihlopha tša baswa ba ile ba fiwa
      (Mofetoledi ka Onicca Boshoga)             ilego ba šomela sešole. Mathomong a           monyetla wa go hloboga maloko a
                                                 segopotšo se sa ntwa ka 1926, Monu-           bona ao a welego. Ka letšatši le go ile
      Johannesburg e ile ya swara segopotšo      mente wo wa go hlompha bagale ba              gwa ba le segopotšo se itšego go mal-
      sa bagale kamoka, bao ba ilego ba          ntwa e hlwa e e ba lefelo leo le swarela-     oko a SAPS ao a bolailwego ba le
      lahlegelwa ke maphelo a bona mo            go tirelo ya Sontaga ya Bosetšhaba. Ka        mošomong, kudu go thuntšhwa ga
38    ntweng ya go lwela tokologo, temo-         1996 Motsemogolo wa Johannesburg o            maphodisa a mane kua Jeppestown,
      krasi le khutšo mo Afrika Borwa mon-       ile wa gafela gape segopotšo go bagale        Johannesburg, ka June 2006.
      umenteng wa go hlompha bagale ba           ba ntwa le tokologo.                              * The English version of this article is
      ntwa ka la 12 Nofemere 2006. Ngwaga             Tirelo e thomile ka mogwanto wa          available on page 16. To obtain a transla-
      wo 2006, o kgethilwe go ba wa Sego-        bente ya sešole, SANDF le bagale ba           tion of this article or any article published
      potšo sa Bosetšhaba sa tirelo ya           pele bao ba ilego ba šomela sešole. Se se     in SA SOLDIER in any one of our official
      Sontaga. Meyara wa Khuduthamaga            ile sa latelwa ke moletlo wa go bea dik-      languages, please make use of the profes-
      wa Johannesburg, Mr Amos Masondo,          gare ka tlhompho, o dirwa ke baOfisiri        sional services rendered by Director-
      O swere moletlo wo bjalo ka Mošire-        ba bagolo, mekgahlo yeo ba bego ba e          ate Language Services of the DOD. For
      letši go tiragalo ye ya Bosetšhaba.        šomela, bahlomphegi ba motse le               assistance contact Col Daan Vorster,
      Batšeakarolo gotee le SANDF, Bal-          baemedi ba dinaga tša ka ntle.                Director Language Services, at tel no:
      welatokologo ba Motsemogolo wa             Bahlologadi ba Maphodisa, ditšhiwana          (012) 392 3176 - Ed.

     SA SOLDIER                     JANUARY 2007
                         Reunion/AGM for SANDCA
The Annual General Meeting (AGM) of the SA National               course in any other country, may become full members of the
Defence College Association (SANDCA) will be held on              SANDCA.
23 February 2007 at 15:00 at the SA National Defence
College in Pretoria. The AGM is for members of the                Honorary Members. Honorary membership of the SANDCA
SANDCA who have successfully completed the Joint                  is the highest honour that the Association can bestow on any
Staff Course or the Executive National Security                   person at the AGM. On the recommendation of the
Programme (ENSP). This is a genuine Alumni event to               Management Committee, the Association may award hon-
revitalise the aim of the Association, rather than a mere         orary membership to persons who do not qualify for full mem-
AGM.                                                              bership in terms of Article 14.

                                                                  Associate Members.            Associate Membership of the
The SANDCA was established in accordance with the deci-
                                                                  Association may be offered to persons who make a contribu-
sion of the Founders Meeting held at the SA National
                                                                  tion to the successful conduct of the Executive National
Defence College on 17 March 1978. The Association is reg-
                                                                  Security Programmes or who make a direct and continuous
istered with the Chief Director Human Resources
                                                                  contribution to the activities of the Association.
Management in terms of Chapter IX of the General
Regulations as an official association in the SANDF with the      Management. The Association is managed from the SA
purpose of affording members the opportunity to meet regu-        National Defence College, which serves as a Head Office for
larly to discuss matters of common concern in order to keep       the Association run by a partially elected Management
them abreast of interesting developments both in the pro-         Committee.
fessional field and with regard to the training of senior offi-
cers and senior officials.                                        * The Association is currently trying to locate all its
                                                                  members. Members who have not received news from
Full Members. All officials of the DOD, foreign defence           the Association must please update their contact
forces, officials of other State departments and organisa-        details with the Secretary, Lt Col Elize Lochenberg, at
tions who have successfully completed a full ENSP, as well        tel no: (012) 674 6507 or fax no: (012) 674 6564 or email:
as officers who have successfully completed an equivalent

                                                                     JANUARY 2007                        SA SOLDIER
      uplifting our youth

      Helicopter causes
      deaf kids to hear
      By Lufuno Netshirembe                       Special Education, and President            down. 17 Squadron, the donors and
      Photo: F Sgt David                          Kruger and Louis Botha orphanages.          sponsors were this day champions of
      Nomtshongwana                               In more ways than they could have           the Ubuntu concept.
                                                  expected the schools' true spirit of             I could not stop thinking of the love

           s it a big bird? Is it a plane? No, it family and giving prevailed during          and compassion that people could give
           is the Oryx. Once again 17             this festive season.                        if they really wanted to. When one
           Squadron brought smiles to the             The Squadron's Honorary Colonel,        looks at the faces of these kids one
           faces of the desperate and needy,      Brian Holmner (Gestetner), donated          thinks they are so "poor" yet full of life.
           but happy children of four             four photocopying machines valued at        They might be in need of some neces-
           orphanages and special schools in      R9 000 each for this worthy cause this      sities in life, but their faces are bright
           Pretoria. To be so close to an Oryx    year. Mr Marius Coetzee on behalf of        like stars.
      helicopter was the most exciting thing      Yebo Ticket, a subsidiary of Web                 For Bafana (14), a cancer patient
      that kids at these schools could have       Systems donated R5 000 in cash to           who has been at Louis Botha
      hoped for to end their year. It was an      Transoranje School for Special              Orphanage most of his life, even
      "angel helicopter" just for that day,       Education. Mr Charles Neser of              though this was the third time he was
      and just in that specific context it        Centurion Ice Cream and Sweets              flying in a helicopter, it was a special
      would have been a good name.                donated 400 packets of sweets to be         flight because it was not taking him to
          The helicopter rotor and engines        divided between President Kruger            the hospital emergency room, but
      (an Oryx has two engines of 1 400 kilo-     and Louis Botha orphanages.                 rather for a fun ride with his friends.
      watts each) produce an enormous                 The principal, Mr Allies Dill (54) of        After 20 November 2006, the day
      amount of sound that even deaf ears         Transoranje School for Special              17 Squadron delivered the donations
      can hear. The kids could hear the heli-     Education, was touched by this ges-         to these schools, it will take the devil
      copter approaching their school.            ture. According to him this donation        himself to convince me that the
      Hearing the sound was a very special        could not have come at a better time,       SANDF is not loving, compassionate
      moment for them.                            since their old copier had just broken      and does not care.
          20 November 2006
      has been imprinted in
      these children's minds.
      For most of them just
      seeing a helicopter so
      close was like a dream.
      Flying in the Oryx was
      just what dreams are
      made of.
          Not only did 17
      Squadron make the
      "kids" happy by flying
40    them, but in their social
      responsibility program-
      me that started two
      years ago they collabo-
      rated with Gestetner,
      Yebo Ticket and Cen-
      turion Ice Cream and
      Sweets to deliver donat-
      ed goods and sponsored
      cash to Olievenhout-
      bosch Christian School,
      Transoranje School for            Children of the Louis Botha Orphanage enjoying a helicopter flight.

     SA SOLDIER                    JANUARY 2007
Orphans fly high

By Amn Thabang Bapela, Ad Astra                Both children and teachers were         ers and the learners on safety issues
Photo: WO2 Christo Crous                    given this opportunity by the SA Air       and the risks involved in flying the
                                            Force to fly in an Oryx helicopter com-    helicopter.

         eachers from Motheong              manded by Capt Fran Allison and his            He also told them about the use
         Primary School in Atteridge-       co-pilot, Lt Henry du Toit, and flight     of the Oryx in the SANDF and the
         ville told members of 17           engineer, Sgt Michael Wilson, on 9         history of this magnificent aircraft.
         Squadron that flying with          November 2006.                                 Motheong Primary School is an
         their learners in a military          Also accompanying the children          independent institution, some of
         helicopter was a once in a life-   on this excursion were their teachers,     whose learners are believed to be HIV
         time experience. They hoped        Mrs Daphney Strubel, Mr Elias Moyo,        positive.
that more South African learners            Mrs Rushworth Moyo, Mrs Violet Pelo            These learners live at Mohaung
would have a similar privilege to fly       and Mrs Cynthia Morubane. Lt Du            Centre for Orphans at Kalafong
in future.                                  Toit held a brief lecture for the teach-   Hospital in Pretoria.


Members of 17 Squadron with the learners from Motheong Primary School after their helicopter flight.

                                                                      JANUARY 2007                      SA SOLDIER
     news clippings

      A gentleman's sport
      By Maj Marinda Oberholzer, SO2              Structure, and Lt Col Etienne Meyer,      guests. All the participants this year
      Com SA Army Armour Fmn HQ                   Project Officer Director Army             went home with a prize. "Our spon-
      Photo: F Sgt David                          Acquisition.                              sors and donors deserve our highest
      Nomtshongwana                                   The National Ceremonial Guard         admiration and appreciation. The SA
                                                  Entertainment Band and comedian,          Army values your friendship and com-

               he Chief of the SA Army, Lt        Ronny Madimola, entertained the           radeship," concluded Lt Gen Shoke.
               Gen Solly Shoke, hosted his
               annual golf day tourna-
               ment on 10 November 2006
               at Services Golf Club at
               Thaba Tshwane, Pretoria.
                  This event was institut-
      ed to strengthen relationships
      between the Chief of the SA Army,
      friends of the Defence Force and
      industry. The occasion was also
      used as a fund-raising exercise to
      generate funds for the SA Army
      Hospice. "Hopefully all the partici-
      pants enjoyed the day out of the
      office and as the Chief of the SA
      Army, the worst day on the golf
      course is still the best day out of
      your office," said Lt Gen Solly
      Shoke. The winners of the tourna-         The Chief of the SA Army, Lt Gen Shoke (middle), congratulating the winners
      ment were Brig Gen Addinall (Fred)        of the tournament, Brig Gen Addinall (Fred) Fredericks (right) and
      Fredericks, Director Army Force           Lt Col Etienne Meyer.

      Sweets bring sweet smiles
      By Amn Thabang Bapela, Ad Astra           tis and cholera. How-
      Photo: Sgt Lebo Vaarland                  ever, Maj Morake and
                                                his entourage seemed
      Sister Catherine Mashao of Kalafong       to have brought hap-
      Hospital, west of Pretoria, told mem-     piness to the children
      bers of the SA Air Force on 27            when they handed
      October 2006 that the hospital had a      them sweets. It be-
      cure rate of 78%, and that to be cured    came an absolute
42    a child had to undergo treatment for      pleasure on the part
      approximately six to seven months.        of the SAAF members
          This goodwill visit led by Maj        to see smiles and
      Mogorosi Morake from the SAAF             signs of joy on the
      Headquarters was mainly to inspire        faces of the children.
      the children and wish them a speedy       Maj Morake explain-
      recovery. Mrs Catherine Tladi, Public     ed that his unit visited
      Relations Officer of the hospital, wel-   hospitals, prisons and
      comed the visitors. She took them to      orphanages, adding
      the pediatric wards where these chil-     that such visits were
      dren suffer from various diseases,        conducted three times      Members of the SA Air Force visiting the tiny patients
      such as tuberculosis, cancer, meningi-    a year.                    at Kalafong Hospital.

     SA SOLDIER                     JANUARY 2007
Blind cricketer
competed in Pakistan
By Lebohang Letaoana
Photo: Sgt Lebogang Tlhaole

            r Johan Schroeder who is a
            switchboard operator at
            Defence Headquarters in
            Pretoria was selected to
            represent South Africa in
            the 2006 Blind Cricket
            World Cup.
    This was to be Johan's third World
Cup: his first appearance was in India
during the first World Cup in 1998.
South Africa played against Pakistan                                                          everything these days involves
in the finals and won the tournament.                                                         money," said Mr Schroeder.
South Africa was the runner-up in the                                                             Northern Gauteng blind
2002 Blind Cricket World Cup, hosted                                                          cricket had two players, Mr
by New Zealand.                                                                               Schroeder and Mr Schorn
    The United Cricket Board of South                                                         Schwan in the squad that repre-
Africa nominated Mr Schroeder the                                                             sented South Africa at the
first blind cricket player of the year in                                                     World Cup in Pakistan in
                                            Mr Johan Schroeder in his SA blazer
2004. He was also selected in the           before jetting off to Pakistan for the 2006       December 2006.
2004/05 season as the Northern              Blind Cricket World Cup.                              He is still an active playing
Gauteng blind cricketer of the year.                                                          member of the Pretoria Blind
    South Africa won the bid to host        finances and the bid was given to           Cricket Club, where he assists with
the World Cup in December 2006.             Pakistan. "It's sad to let such an oppor-   the coaching and development of
Unfortunately the team lacked               tunity fall through our fingers, but        young players.

Blinde krieketspeler speel in Pakistan
Deur Lebohang Letaoana                      Suid-Afrika het mnr Schroeder nomi-         Pakistan in Desember 2006 verteen-
Vertaling deur Eugene Muller                neer as die eerste blinde krieketspeler     woordig het, naamlik mnr Schroeder
                                            van die jaar vir 2004. Hy is ook verkies    en mnr Schwan.
Mnr Johan Schroeder, 'n skakelbord-         in die 2004/05 seisoen as die Noord             Hy is steeds 'n aktiewe, spelende
operateur by Verdedigingshoofkwar-          Gauteng blinde krieketspeler van die        lid van die Pretoria Krieketklub vir
tier in Pretoria, is gekies om Suid-        jaar.                                       Blindes, waar hy met die afrigting en
Afrika in die 2006 Krieketwêreldbeker           Suid-Afrika het die bod gewen om        ontwikkeling van jong spelers help.            43
vir Blindes te verteenwoordig.              die gasheer te wees vir die Wêreld-
    Dit was mnr Schroeder se derde          beker in Desember 2006. Ongelukkig              * The English version of this article is
Krieketwêreldbeker gewees. Sy eerste        was daar nie genoeg geld nie en die         available above. To obtain a translation
toernooi was in Indië tydens die eerste     bod is aan Pakistan afgestaan. "Dis         of this article or any article published in
Wêreldbeker in 1998, toe Suid Afrika        hartseer om so 'n geleentheid deur ons      SA SOLDIER in any one of our official
in die eindwedstryd teen Pa-kistan          vingers te laat glip, maar deesdae is       languages, please make use of the profes-
gespeel het en die toernooi gewen het.      geld van deurslaggewende belang," het       sional services rendered by Director-
Suid-Afrika was die naaswenner in die       mnr Schroeder gesê.                         ate Language Services of the DOD. For
2002 Krieket-wêreldbeker vir Blindes            Noord Gauteng het twee blinde           assistance contact Col Daan Vorster,
waar Nieu-Seeland die gasheer was.          krieketspelers in die span gehad wat        Director Language Services, at tel no:
    Die Verenigde Krieketraad van           Suid-Afrika by die Wêreldbeker in           (012) 392 3176 - Ed.

                                                                      JANUARY 2007                          SA SOLDIER

 Friendship through Sport

 By Lebohang Letaoana                      particularly soccer, because of the       directors meetings, medical symposia,
 Photo: Sgt Lebogang Tlhaole               FIFA World Cup 2010.                      the World Military Boxing Champion-
                                               In his keynote address the Surgeon    ships, and bilateral and trilateral

         he Annual General Assem-          General of the SANDF, Lt Gen              events with the armed forces of neigh-
         bly of the International Sports   Vejaynand Ramlakan, said: "For us in      bouring countries.
         Military Council (CISM)           the SANDF, being a member of the              "This Military Sports Council,
         Eastern Southern African          CISM family is more than just partici-    which is one of the largest multi-disci-
         Liaison Office (ESALO) was        pating in sport. Our membership           plinary sports organisations in the
         held in Durban in November        affords us an opportunity to foster       world, has a noble objective, which is
         2006.                             relations with our brothers and sisters   to unite the armed forces of countries
     The purpose of this Annual            from other parts of the continent. Such   that may have previously confront-
 General Assembly (AGM) was to set         relations are important to us as a        ed each other because of political
 the scene for the assembly's confer-      nation, in building bridges with our      and ideological differences. In so
 ence in May 2007.                         neighbouring countries."                  doing, and as it is outlined by its phi-
     The AGM dealt with the planning           Since joining the organisation back   losophy and the ideals stated in its
 of administrators of the Military         in 1994 the SANDF has participated        mission statement signed by all mem-
 Sports Council. This assembly took        in three World Military Games and         ber countries in 1998, this 126 member
 place in South Africa at a time           various world military champion-          Sports Council is contributing to
 when the spotlight at the highest lev-    ships and has had the opportunity to      building world peace," concluded the
 els in Government was on sport,           host CISM events, such as board of        Surgeon General.

 The Surgeon General of the SANDF, Lt Gen Vejaynand Ramlakan (centre), with the members of the International
 Military Sports Council at the opening of the CISM ESALO Annual General Assembly.

SA SOLDIER                     JANUARY 2007
Playing golf in Ireland
Article and photo courtesy                 long day for these players. On the last    death play-off on the 18th hole until a
Lt Col Karin Watts                         day of competition both the SANDF          winner was decided. The USA player
                                           men's and women's teams were in sec-       made a birdie on the first play-off hole

         he SANDF golf team was            ond position. As the day progressed        to beat Maj Collins to second place.
         invited to participate in the     the SANDF women's team retained            Maj Stefan Venter of 16 Squadron in
         3rd CISM World Military           their silver medal position, while the     Bloemfontein finished in fifth posi-
         Golf Championships hosted         men's team was in third place beaten       tion. In the women's individual com-
         by Ireland in August 2006.        by a strong German side.                   petition, Col Lizette Potgieter of Air
         This tournament was play-             The final result in the women's        Command finished fourth and Lt Col
         ed under the auspices of          competition was USA first, South           Karin Watts from Defence Intelligence
the Conseil International du Sport         Africa second and the Netherlands          was one shot further back in fifth posi-
Militaire (CISM), or International         third. In the men's competition the        tion.
Military Sports Council. The selection     USA were winners, with Germany                 The SANDF will host the 4th CISM
of the SANDF team was based on cur-        second and South Africa third.             World Military Golf Championships
rent form, track record and commit-            After regulation play, Maj Craig       at Sun City from 30 September to 5
ment to and involvement in SANDF           Collins of Area Military Health Unit       October 2007. The next SANDF Golf
golf.                                      Gauteng had lead draw with Arnell          Championships will take place at
    Teams from the defence forces of       Garza of USA in the men's individual       King David Golf Club in the Western
Ireland, America, Germany, Canada,         competition. This resulted in a sudden     Cape from 15 to 20 April 2007.
the Netherlands, Pakistan,
Namibia, Uganda and South
Africa participated in the
championships. Teams consist-
ed of two female and six male
    The     tournament      was
played over three rounds at the
Ballinrobe Golf Club in
Galway. The format was 54
holes of stroke play, and made
provision for both individual
and team competitions. In the
men's team competition, the
best four scores out of six
counted each day, while both
scores of the female team mem-
bers counted every day.
    The warm Irish summer
welcomed all the players on
the day of the practice round.
On the first day of competition
the sunny weather lasted only
for a few hours. The playing
conditions deteriorated during
the course of the morning, and
after five hours play was sus-
pended. This meant that some
players had to finish their first   Back, fltr: WO1 Frans Smith, Lt Col Wouter Kruger, Maj Stefan Venter and
round on the second day             Maj Ivan Henrico. Middle, fltr: Maj Craig Collins, CPO Bennie Basson,
before starting their second        WO2 April Prins, Col Sam Motau and Sgt Mogamat Jacobs.
rounds. This became a very          Front, fltr: Lt Col Karin Watts, Col Lizette Potgieter and Col Gideon Odendaal.

                                                                     JANUARY 2007                       SA SOLDIER
      news clippings

      Thanking our members with disabilities
      By Lebohang Letaoana                      Director Equity Strategic Direction, told       "It is important to note that people
                                                the audience that nothing substantial       with disabilities in the DOD still strug-
      SA Soldier was invited to attend this     and of lasting value could be achieved      gle to be recognised because they have
      year's DOD Disability Thanksgiving        in the DOD without actively involving       to deal more with perceptions and at-
      Service at SAAF Air Command in            people with disabilities in the struggle    titudes regarding their capability and
      Pretoria on 10 November 2006.             for equality, self-respect and indepen-     adequacy, as well as with the hostile
          The service was held to commemo-      dence.                                      environment in which they work," R
      rate the sacrifices and contributions         The service was an emotional and        Adm (JG) Jansen van Vuuren conclud-
      that people with disabilities had made    tearful one as two invited schools,         ed.
      to the Department of Defence (DOD)        Teruah Choir of the Prinshof School for         Chaplain Lentikile Phokontsi con-
      and to South African society.             the Blind and the Filadelfia School for     ducted the service. He said: "In the eyes
          Speak-ing on behalf of Chief          Children with Disabilities brought the      of God we are all equal and we should
      Director Equal Opportunities, R Adm       house down when they sang inspira-          not discriminate against people with
      (JG) Laura Jansen van Vuuren,             tional songs.                               disabilities."

      ISAN TV izikhelele ibhaso lokuqala kwitheko
      lomboniso-bhanya bhanya wezizwe
     Inqaku nomfanekiso ngoncedo luka           ndadi lomkhosi wamanzi woMzantsi            umabonakude womkhosi wamanzi
     Marianne Dirker                            Afrika. Kulonyaka amazwe angamashu-         eMzantsi Afrika waphumelela ibhaso
     Iguqulelwe esixhoseni ngu Ntombi           mi amabini anesixhenxe (27) athathe inx-    lokuqala kudidi lonyuselo lwecwecwe
     Ndlumbini-Madzidzela                       axheba nemiboniso bhanyabhanya anga-        labo i "South African Navy Divers'
                                                mashumi alithoba (90) kulo mnyadala         Branch".
     Umkhosi wokhuselo waseMzantsi Afri-        wodumo nesithozela kumacandelo asix-            Eli cwecwe sele lisetyenziswe zint-
     ka wamenywa ngokusesikweni okoku-          henxe (7) ohlukeneyo. Njengeko olukhu-      lobo ngentlobo zoncedo lokufumana
     ba uthathe inxanxheba, uzimase itheko      phiswano lukwizinga eliphezulu amaz-        amalungu amatsha emkhosini iquka
     lomboniso-bhanya bhanya wezizwe            we anendibanisela kubuchwephetshe           isebe lezokufumana amalungu amatsha
     zomkhosi ongowe shumi elinesixhenxe        obunzulu, imiboniso ebalaselayo kunye       eKapa (Inqaba) nase Pitoli (DPAC) yaye
     owawubanjelwe eRoma kweyeNkanga            neqingqo mali oluphezulu zine nzuzo         lamkelwa kakuhle. Icwecwe lisan-
     (November)       kunyaka     ophelileyo.   ecacilleyo.                                 dul'ukuboniswa kumboniso wesibhak-
     Ngokulandelelana kweminyaka, lo                Icandelo likamabonakude lomkhosi        abhaka nowezokhuselo awawubanjelwe
     yayingunyaka wesihlanu isebe lomkhosi      wamanzi phantsi kolawulo luka               eKapa onengxelo eyamkelekileyo nen-
     wokhuselo uthatha inxaxheba kweli          Nkosikazi Marianne Dirker lusebenze         cumisayo. Ukongeza kulempumelelo
     theko/ kukhuphiswano yaye kwakuko-         ngokuzinikela okukhulu ukunika isebe        yodidi umabonakude womkhosi wo-
     kwesibini kumkhosi wamanzi eMzantsi        lee ndadi lomkhosi wamanzi oMzantsi         Mzantsi uye wacetyiswa liSebe lonxi-
     Afrika.                                    Afrika imveliso enobulunga obupha-          belelwano nolwazi lukaRhulumente
         Eli lithuba elilodwa elifumanekayo     kamileyo nobuchule (DVD). Lisebenza         ukuba icwecwe Isebe lee ndadi lomkhosi
     kwiSebe lezomkhosi wokhuselo ukubo-        ngolwabiwo mali oluqingqiweyo eliqela       woMzantsi Afrika luye lwakhethwa
     nakalisa amandla ezixhobo ezibona-         lizinikeleyo lukamabonakude lomkhosi        kwisiqingatha sokugqibela sokhuphis-
     kalisayo zomkhosi kwinqanaba lez-          wamanzi lenze unako nako ukuveliza          wano lonikezelo mbasa sikazwelonke
     izwe,linokulinganisa imveliso nokusun-     icwecwe onokuthi umkhosi wamanzi            sabanxibelelanisi bakaRhululumente
     gula unxibelelwano lwezizwe kunye          uzidle ngalo.                               kwinqanaba Ubungcweti.
     namanye amazwe, imikhosi yokhu-                Inkonzo yonikezelo mabhaso yay-             Isebe lomabonakude lomkhosi wa-
46   selo kunye namaSebe abo ezixhobo           ibanjelwe eBracciano ngaseRoma, nono-       manzi womzantsi Afrika ngokuqiniseki-
     ezibonakalayo.                             zakuzaku iKoloneli uSue Palmer ongu-        leyo liyaphambili …
         Icandelo likamabonakude leSebe         nozakuzaku womkhosi woMzantsi Afri-
     lamanzi lomkhosi woMzantsi Afrika          ka eRoma, wayezimase elitheko emelele            * The English version of this article is
     kwicandelo lifake icwecwe lomboniso        umkhosi wokhuselo/isebe lomkhosi            available on page 18. To obtain a translation
     leSebe lezendadi kwiSebe lamanzi           wokhuselo eMzantsi Afrika. Iqela            of this article or any article published in SA
     lomkhosi woMzantsi Afrika kwicandelo       lomabonakude womkhosi wamanzi               SOLDIER in any one of our official lan-
     lokwazisa izinto ezithengwayo njengoko     eMzantsi Afrika ukholelwa ukuba             guages, please make use of the professional
     yayenziwe njengesinxibelelanisi kunye      icwecwe labo lisemgangathweni ophezu-       services rendered by Directorate Language
     nesixhobo sonyuselo esiza kusetyen-        lu yaye linethuba elibalaseleyo loku-       Services of the DOD. For assistance contact
     ziselwa ukufumana iindadi ezintsha         phumelela kudidi lwalo, yaye balindele      Col Daan Vorster, Director Language
     kulutsha loMzantsi Afrika liSebe lee       ngovuyo iziphumo.         Ekugqibeleni      Services, at tel no: (012) 392 3176 - Ed.

     SA SOLDIER                    JANUARY 2007
Loyalty is a jewel
worth wearing
By Cpln N.T. Magodi, JSB MOD               effective or efficient. Their efforts mat-    the SANDF? Can you be trusted? Does
                                           ter! Loyalty in this context means com-       your family trust you? Can your family

           r Martin Luther King Junior     mitment to keeping the SANDF flag             depend upon you? What has gone
           puts it succinctly: "Not        flying high.                                  wrong in our society? Across the world
           everyone can be famous, but         It means firstly that the Defence         citizens doubt the promises of politi-
           everyone can be great           Force can count on its members.               cians. Parents doubt their children's
           because greatness is deter-     Secondly, that all of us will strive to add   word and vice versa. The credibility of
           mined by service". The first    value to our organisation. Lastly, that       an employee's word is questioned by
           line of our Code of Conduct     we shall serve our organisation with          the employer. Creditors can no longer
for uniformed members of the SANDF         relentless determination. Let us never        believe a debtor's verbal promise to
reads as follows: "I serve in the SANDF    forget that it is indeed an honour to         pay. I ask again, where has loyalty
with loyalty and pride, as a citizen and   serve. We are called upon to serve.           gone? Very few people do what they
a volunteer".                              Ecclesiastes 9:10 says: "Whatever your        say they will do. Loyalty is in crisis.
    Members of the SANDF are assets        hand finds to do, do it with all your             Recently the name of the SANDF
to the organisation. Without their ded-    might, for in the grave, where you are        has been taking such a beating from the
ication, devotion, commitment, and         going, there is neither working not           print media. Together we can and must
loyalty the Defence Force will never be    planning nor knowledge nor wisdom."           change such bad publicity. No one can
                                                        You and I have the opportu-      restore our sense of dignity and pride
                                                        nity to make a difference        except ourselves. Let us all be faithful
                                                        now. We dare not miss the        men and women. Let us be faithful at
                                                        opportunity! Time wasted         home, faithful in the workplace, and
                                                        is never regained.               faithful in our society. Let us be role
                                                            Let us roll up our           models to our children and role models
                                                        sleeves. Let's take up the       in the workplace. Let us all stand for
                                                        challenge and make a dif-        truth and righteousness. Dishonesty
                                                        ference. Soldiers never          must be absent from our vocabulary
                                                        march backwards, but for-        and life-styles. Remember that as mem-
                                                        ward. Forward March, yes!        bers of the SANDF at home or in the
                                                        Backwards, never!                mission, we are constantly under
                                                            When I look at our soci-     surveillance.
                                                        ety today, I am deeply con-          The very best platform upon which
                                                        cerned. A rare breed of          we may build a case for soldiers at
                                                        loyal people is almost           work rests on the following values:
                                                        extinct. The Defence Force       faithfulness, quality work, pleasant
                                                        is no exception. The preva-      attitude and enthusiasm.
                                                        lence of the problem has             With such pillars in place our
                                                        caused the coining of terms      organisation will improve, and our
                                                        such as the "credibility gap".   skeptics will be impressed. In conclu-     47
                                                        Let me explain: to say that      sion: in judging yourself on the matter
                                                        something is "credible" is to    of loyalty, are you bridging or widen-
                                                        say it is authentic or capable   ing the credibility gap. Are you encour-
                                                        of being believed. In other      aging or discouraging others. Let us
                                                        words it is trustworthy. One     build each other up. Let us have the
                                                        can depend on it. On the         mind to work. Let us build our Defence
                                                        other hand to refer to a         Force.
                                                        "gap" suggests a reason for          Remember, loyalty is a jewel worth
                                                        doubt.                           wearing, a battle worth winning. Let us
Chaplain N.T. Magodi from the Joint                         I ask you, do people         all work at being loyal. May God bless
Support Base Ministry of Defence.                       doubt you as a member of         us all and our families!

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