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					                                                                    DABCHICK WILDLIFE RESERVE AND CONSERVANCY

                                                                                               GRASS CHECKLIST



PG                NAME                          COMMON                       NAME              PALATABLITY        GRAZING    ECOLOGICAL ECOLOGICAL                 COMMENTS                  SEEN
**             BOTANICAL                        ENGLISH                  AFRIKAANS                                VALUE        STATUS          SUCCESSION                                    Y/N
 48         Andropogon eucomus                Snowflake grass            Kleinwitbaardgras       Unpalatable         Low       3 Increaser      Subclimax          Vleis/poor drainage        Y
 50            Themida triandra                   Red grass                   Rooigras            Palatable         High       Decreaser         Climax           Indicator of good veld      Y
 52        Cymbopogon excavatus         Broad-leaved Turpentine grass Breeblaarterpentyngras     Unpalatable         Low       1 Increaser       Climax            Contains d-limonene        Y
 56            Hyparrhenia hirta          Common Thatching grass              Dekgras           Early palatable    Average     1 Increaser       Climax             Good for thatching        Y
 57        Hyparrhenia filipendula          Fine Thatching grass                                Early palatable    Average     1 Increaser       Climax             Good for thatching
 59         Hyparrhenia dissoluta          Yellow Thatching grass       Geeltamboekiegras       Early palatable    Average     1 Increaser       Climax              Difficult to control     Y
 65                Urelytrum                    Quinine grass              Varkstertgras         Unpalatable         Low       1 Increaser       Climax           Shady stoney slopes
 66        Heteropogon contortus                 Spear grass               Assegaaigras         Early palatable    Average     2 Increaser      Subclimax           Zebra & waterbuck         Y
 79            Elionurus muticus                  Wire grass                Koperdraad           Unpalatable         Low       3 Increaser       Climax             Increases thru' fire      Y
 80          Tragus bertoronianus             Carrot-seed grass       Gewone Wortelsaadgras      Unpalatable         Low       2 Increaser       Pioneer         Indictates overgrazing       Y
 81        Anthephora pubescens                   Wool grass               Borseltjiegras         Palatable         High       Decreaser         Climax                   Good hay
 82              Perotis patens                Cat's Tail grass             Katstertgras         Unpalatable         Low       2 Increaser       Pioneer    Indicates poor veld management    Y
 84          Fingerhuthia africana              Thimble grass            Vingerhoed gras          Palatable        Average     Decreaser        Subclimax          Low leaf production
 90   Setaria sphacelata var sphacelata     Common Bristle grass       Gewone Mannagras           Palatable         high       Decreaser         Climax                   Good hay            Y
 97    Aristida congesta var congesta         Tassel three-awn           Katstertsteekgras      Early palatable      Low       2 Increaser       Pioneer    Indicates poor veld management    Y
 98          Sporobolus africanus             Ratstail Dropseed                Taaipol           Unpalatable         Low       3 Increaser      Subclimax        Indicates trampled soil      Y
 99           Imperata cylindrica             Cottonwool grass              Donsgrass            Unpalatable         Low       1 Increaser       Pioneer     Used by reedbuck & thatching     Y
104            Setaria verticillata            Bur Bristle grass              Klitsgras           Palatable          Low       2 Increaser       Pioneer             Disturbed ground
122             Aristida stipitata           Long-awned grass          Langnaaldsteekgras        Unpalatable         Low       2 Increaser       Pioneer          Indicates overgrazing       Y
127           Eragrostis superba            Saw-tooth Love grass           Weeluisgras            Palatable        Average     2 Increaser      Subclimax          Ostriches like seeds       Y
130           Melinis nerviglumis          Bristle-leaved Red Top      Steekblaar-rooipluim       Palatable        Average     1 Increaser       Climax
140          Eragrostis trichphora            Hairy Love grass           Harige-pluimgras         Palatable        Average     2 Increaser      Subclimax          Preferred by goats         Y
143          Eragrostis gummiflua                 Gum grass                  Gomgras             Unpalatable         Low       2 Increaser      Subclimax         Makes good brooms           Y
148         Tricholaena monachne               Blue-seed grass             Blousaadgras           Palatable        Average     2 Increaser      Subclimax   Indicates poor veld management    Y
149              Melinis repens                 Natal Red Top             Natal-rooipluim         Palatable        Average     2 Increaser       Pioneer                Old lands             Y
160        Eragrostis lehmanniana           Lehman's Love grass            Knietjiesgras          Palatable        Average     2 Increaser      Subclimax           Disturbed ground          Y
161         Stipagrostis hirtigluma         Blue Bushman grass                Bloutwa            Unpalatable         Low       2 Increaser       Pioneer            Disturbed ground          Y
168               Avena fatua                Common Wild Oats          Gewone Wildehawer          Palatable         High      Exotic invader     Pioneer            Disturbed ground          Y
174             Sorghum bicolor            Common Wild Sorghum        Gewone Wildesorghum         Palatable        Average                       Pioneer          Wet disturbed ground
 PG               NAME                              COMMON                     NAME                PALATABLITY          GRAZING          ECOLOGICAL ECOLOGICAL                      COMMENTS                 SEEN
                BOTANICAL                           ENGLISH                  AFRIKAANS                                   VALUE             STATUS   SUCCESSION                                                Y/N
 179            Panicum maximum                     Guinea grass           Gewone Buffelsgras      Highly palatable       Very high         Decreaser          Climax                 Prefers shade           Y
 187    Aristida congesta var barbicollis       Spreading Three-awn           Lossteekgras           Unpalatable            Low             2 Increaser        Pioneer      Indicates poor veld management    Y
 188           Bothriochloa bladhii              Purple Plume grass          Persklossiegras         Unpalatable            Low             1 Increaser        Climax              Vleis/poor drainage
 192          Setaria lindenbergiana           Mountain Bristle grass         Randtjiesgras           Palatable           Average           Decreaser          Climax            Rocky ridges in shade
 194             Eragrostis plana                 Tough Love grass          Taaipol-eragrostis       Unpalatable            Low             2 Increaser       Subclimax             Disturbed ground
 201          Pogonarthria sqarrosa              Herringbone grass              Sekelgras            Unpalatable            Low             2 Increaser       Subclimax             Disturbed ground          Y
 207           Echinochloa colona                    Jungle rice                Waergras              Palatable             High            2 Increaser        Pioneer             Vleis/poor drainage
 211        Trichoneura grandiglumis             Small Rolling grass           Kleinrolgras          Unpalatable            Low             2 Increaser       Subclimax             Disturbed ground          Y
 213              Brewsia biflora                 False Love grass                                   Unpalatable            Low                                Climax                Open grassland
 216            Eleusine coracana                   Goose grass                   Osgras             Unpalatable            Low             2 Increaser        Pioneer         Most common weed in SA
 218          Bothriochloa insculpta                Pinhole grass               Stippelgras          Unpalatable            Low             2 Increaser       Subclimax             Disturbed ground          Y
 226             Digitaria eriantha            Common Finger grass        Vingergras/Smutsvinger   Highly palatable         High            Decreaser          Climax               Undisturbed veld          Y
 229            Cynodon dactylon                    Couch grass                 kweekgras             Palatable             High            2 Increaser        Pioneer              Disturbed ground          Y
 231              Chloris virgata                Feather-top Chloris          Witpluim-chloris        Palatable           Average           2 Increaser        Pioneer              Disturbed ground          Y
 234         Eustachys paspaloides               Brown Rhodes gras          Bruinhoenderspoor      Highly palatable       Average           Decreaser          Climax               Undisturbed veld          Y
 240       Diheteropogon amplectens            Broad-leaved Bluestem         Breeblaarblougras        Palatable           Average           Decreaser          Climax                Open bushveld
 249        Urochloa mosambicensis             Bushveld Signal grass         Bosveldbeesgras       Highly palatable         High            2 Increaser       Subclimax             Disturbed ground
 252         Brachiaria nigropedata           Black-footed Signal grass      Swartvoetjiesgras     Highly palatable         High            Decreaser          Climax               Undisturbed veld




NOTE: Decreaser:                            Decreases with over or undergrazing
      1 Increaser:                          Abundant in underutilized veld - usually unpalatable and robust climax grasses.               E.g. Thatch grasses
      2 increaser:                          Abundant in overgrazed veld - usually pioneers in lower rainfall areas.                       E.g. Natal red-top, Saw-tooth Love grass
      3 increaser:                          Abundant in overgrazed veld - usually unpalatable dense climax grasses in higher rainfall areaE.g. Rats-taildropseed, Snowflake grass & Wire grass


**     REFERENCE BOOK No.:                  Guide to the Grasses of Southern Africa, Eben van Wyk & Frits van Outshoorn, Briza Publications, 1999.

				
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