In the Spirit of by dfsdf224s

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 MÉTIS AT                                                           MÉTIS
 THE MOVIES                                                         LEADERS SIGN
 MARK WITH FILM TAKING                                              PROTOCOLS
 PAGE 20                                                            PAGE 3+4


YOUR METIS             In the Spirit of

                        The Métis Nation of Ontario follows up
                        this year’s Louis Riel Day ceremonies
                        on November 16th with a two day
                        SPECIAL PRESIDENTS’ ASSEMBLY/
                        AGA 2008 in Toronto, Ontario

                                      ark these dates on your calen- with respect to future MNO
                                      dar--November 16-18, 2008! The AGAs.” To this end, when
                                      MNO’s event of the year is rap- citizens receive their “kits”
                                      idly approaching. This year’s at the Presidents’ Assem-
                                      Special Presidents’ Assembly bly/AGA 2008 they will
                        and AGA 2008, is the official beginning of a also receive a question-
                        new era, one that will build upon the past naire seeking individual
                        but focus on the future, and one that will and family input on a
                        certainly have a different format. For preferred time frame for
                        starters, it’s in the fall, not the summer. It’s AGA 2009. Please note
SENIORS &               in the big city at a big hotel, that the MNO however, that this will
                        has been able to get for an amazing rate to not be discussed at the
SUBSTANCE               maximise participation! (See back page for assembly. There will be
                        details.) Despite the different venue and sea- opportunities to respond
ABUSE                   son the AGA will bring together Métis lead- online and further informa-
                        ers and citizens from across the province, tion will be available in sub-
PAGE 18                 including PCMNO, Senators, Community sequent Voyageurs.
                        Council Presidents and citizens, you too will
                        want to be there.                                 DAY ONE
                           Referring to the change of venue and NOVEMBER 16, 2008:
MÉTIS                   timing of the AGA, President Lipinski said: “I
                        want MNO citizens to know, their new lead-         What better way to start this
HARVESTERS’             ership did not make this decision lightly…. special three-day event than on
                        However, in considering                              Riel Day, November 16th?
GATHERING               the logistical, administra-                          Although Riel Day occurs
FILLING THE FREEZERS    tive and fiscal challenges                           on the anniversary of the
FOR THE NEEDY           holding the MNO AGA in                               day Louis Riel was hung in
                        July would create this                               1885, we come together to
PAGE 16                 year, we believe this new                            celebrate his heroic life.
                        direction for this year is                               For those wanting trans-
                        the right decision for the                           portation, shuttle buses will
                        MNO….” In another                                    be available at the host
                        interview Gary stated that                           venue, the Days Inn Hotel
                        the PCMNO had taken a                                and Conference Centre –
                        great deal of time and              MNO President    Toronto Airport East to take
                        considered all the factors          Gary Lipinski    people to Queen's Park where every-
                        and knew the conse-                                  one will assemble by 10:40 A.M. for the
                        quences and disappoint-                              raising of the Métis flag. Led by Aborig-
                        ment some would have in                              inal veterans, Elders and a Legion Hon-
                        delaying the AGA.                                    our Guard, participants will march to
                           “The MNO’s new lead-
                                                               THE           the Northwest Rebellion Monument,
                        ership is committed to a          MNO’S NEW where the opening prayer will be deliv-
                        ‘new way of doing busi-           LEADERSHIP ered. This year’s MC, Chair, France
                        ness’…. As a part of the IS COMMITTED Picotte, will open the ceremonies and
                        transparent, frank and                 TO A          make introductions and Vice-chair
                        two-way dialogue, I want           ‘NEW WAY Sharon McBride will speak on behalf of

                        to continue to reassure             OF DOING         the Women’s Secretariat of the Métis
                        MNO citizens that we will
                        consult with them over
                                                                                         Ontario. Other
                                                           BUSINESS’. Nation of representatives speakersFirst
                                                                             include                       from

                        the next year on how they
                        would like to proceed                                                    MORE ON BACK PAGE
2                                                                                                                                                               MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

                                                                                                            MNO STAFF:
                THE                                                                                                                                OBITUARY
          MÉTIS                                                                                             Welcome
VOYAGEUROCTOBER 2008, NO. 55                        O Creator                                               aboard!
                                                                                                                                                  by Gary Lipinski
                                                        by Senator Leora Wilson
                 editor                                                                                     Monique Richard joined MNO
                                                      Grey-Owen Sound Métis Council
               Linda Lord

                                                                                                            staff on September 2, 2008, as             t is with deepest regrets that
                                                                                                            Executive Assistant to the Presi-          we learned of the sudden
          design & production                 We ask you to teach us humility and wisdom                    dent.                                      passing of Norm Monaghan.
           Marc St. Germain                               in our everyday lives.                                Monique comes to us with          A founding member of the
                                           Lead us to the paths that you would have us travel.              over ten years of administrative      Northumberland Métis Council
              contributors                                                                                  experience. She was an executive      and a regular participant and vol-
            Scott Carpenter               Show us the way to give whatever we have in the way               assistant in a corporate organisa-    unteer at the MNO AGA. Norm’s
              Glen Lipinski                     that we can best give, be it time, talent                   tion, and most recently an event      optimism and generosity in shar-
           Stephen Quesnelle                           or community support.                                manager in the hospitality indus-     ing his rich experiences and out-
             Chelsey Quirk                                                                                  try. Monique is currently complet-    standing personal qualities has
                Tracy Bald
                                          Remind us that we are here for such a short time, and             ing her degree in administrative      left a significant impression on
               June Fogen
                                               that we may have only one chance to do                       studies at York University.           those who had the privilege of
        Siobhan Marie Laviendre
                                                   something special with our lives.                            “This position offers me the      knowing him.
         Ruth Wagner-Millington
                                                                                                            unique opportunity of working in          We will greatly miss his com-
           Sabrina Stoessinger
                                         Before we know it we become the elders of our nation.              the political arena. I am looking     panionship, vitality and convic-
              Leora Wilson
                                         Teach us the ways in which we can offer our life experi-           forward to assisting President Lip-   tions. On behalf of the Métis
                Jeff Wilson
                                                ence to our nation and our community.                       inski as he embarks on his quest      Nation of Ontario, I send our
             Barbara White
                                                                                                            to continually grow the Métis         heartfelt respect, gratitude, and
               Scott Dunn                Help us to reach out and take an opportunity to give of            Nation of Ontario. As well, I look    condolences to Norm’s wife
           Barbaranne Wright                ourselves to something that we truly believe in.                forward to meeting the MNO rep-       Margery and family.
                                                                                                            resentatives, employees and citi-         When a friend dies, one truly
                contact                 Show us that we are not indispensable. Someone else will            zens throughout Ontario and to        isn’t lost but is found in the lives
           Linda Lord, editor                 fill our shoes with new passion and energy.                   attending Métis cultural events,”     and the hearts of all of us. It’s
     RR1 Hartington, ON K0H 1W0                                                                             said Monique.                         good memories fused with time
         Ph/Fx: 613-374-3430              Keep us focused on our goals. Let us not be swayed by                 As part of the Operations         that help us through tomorrow.
                   the opinions of others when we know the                      Team, Monique will also assist
                                                            right way for us.                               Chief Operating Officer, Doug
       If undeliverable return to:
        Métis Nation of Ontario                  Let us not take our blessings for granted.
                                                                                                                Please join us in welcoming
                                                                                                                                                  Métis writer
      500 Old St.Patrick St, Unit D      All things have their time, and can be gone in an instant.         Monique Richard as a new mem-         Maria Campbell
         Ottawa, ON K1N 9G4                                                                                 ber to the Operations Team.
           PH: 613-798-1488                    Show us your truth and let us live in that reality.
                                                                                                                                                  receives Order

                                                                                                            CONTACT:                              of Canada
                                                                    Marci,                                  Monique Richard
                                                                   Migwetch,                                Executive Assistant to President                       Métis author and
    The next Voyageur deadline is                                    Amen                                   500 Old St.Patrick Street                              Elder, Maria
        December 1st, 2008                                                                                  Ottawa, Ont. K1N 9G4                                   Campbell, was
                                                                                                            Tel: 613-798-1488 x123                                 named to the
                                                                                                            Toll Free: 800-263-4889 x123                           Order of Canada
           Looking for a new job?                                      AMAZING RECIPES:                                    this past July.
                                                                                                                                                                   Campbell may be
                        Be sure to check out                           Wild Rice                            Familiar face is
                                                                                                                                                                   best known for
                                                                                                                                                                   her first book,

                 for employment opportunities.                         Blueberry                            Employment &
                                                                                                                                                  “Halfbreed”, which continues to
                                                                                                                                                  be taught in schools today. She is
                                                                                                                                                  honoured for “her contributions
                                                                       Pudding                              Training’s new                        to Canadian literature and media

                                                                                                                                                  as a writer, playwright, filmmaker

                                                                       by TRACY BALD                                                              and educator, as well as for her
                                                                                                                                                  advocacy on Métis and Aboriginal
                                                                       This year I have been able to        It is a pleasure to announce that,    issues.”
                                                                       freeze a great deal of wild blue-    effective June 30, 2008, Tammy
                                                                       berries. I love to have them on      Webb became the Acting Supervi-

     Kid r
                                                                       hand for pancakes, oatmeal, and      sor of Employment and Training,
                                                                       one of my favourites, wild rice      reporting to Jennifer St. Germain,
                                                                       pudding. I made this recipe for      Director Education and Training.

                                                                       an event we held to honour our           Among her other duties in this
                                                                       Elders back in June. The pud-        interim position, Tammy super-
                                                                       ding was enjoyed by all and
                                                                       many asked for the recipe. I
                                                                                                            vises staff; monitors regional
                                                                                                            sites; reviews regional activity;
                                                                       thought I would share it since I     oversees and reviews regional                      by KEN SIMARD
    Mars i !                                                           am not the only one that thinks      and provincial budgets; assists                    CAPTAIN OF THE HUNT, REG. 2
                                                                       it is delicious. Enjoy!              with program reporting require-
    My name is PJ the Snowy Owl !                                                                           ments and staff training; monitors
                                                                                                                                                  Moose on
                                                                       2 cups cooked wild rice              and co-ordinates expense claims;
    FALL IS HERE...and I have been busy these last few
    months learning how to fly long distances and I have
                                                                       2 cups cream or 2% evaporated milk
                                                                                                            co-ordinates and schedules staff
                                                                                                            reviews, and represents MNOTI
                                                                                                                                                  the loose!
                                                                       6 eggs                               at community meetings and                 Moose on the loose! Watch
    been losing some of my feathers along the way. Can                 1 tsp vanilla extract                other meetings as assigned.           out for wildlife on all roads,
    you find them for me? Search in the pages that fol-
                                                                       1 cup blueberries                        Tammy has been with the           hunting or not hunting.
    low and you will see a few.                                                                             MNO for many years, and has               Be safe; stay alert; stay alive.
                                                                       3/4 cup maple syrup
                                                                                                            gained a vast knowledge of the            Did you know that at 1.9m (6
    Do your grandma and grandpa tell you stories? It is                                                     communities, procedures, opera-       ft.) and 500 kg (1100 lbs.) a colli-
    important to listen because our grandparents are                      Whisk together the eggs,          tions and requirements of the         sion with a moose can be dead-
    wise and we can learn many lessons from them. My                   milk, vanilla and maple syrup.       branch. She has proven an inte-       ly? In northern and north-west-
    grandpa told me a few weeks ago to always tell my                  Over medium heat, stir together      gral and active participant in the    ern Ontario, one in four motor
    mommy and daddy anything that is bothering me                      the wild rice and blueberries in a   development of MNOTI and her          vehicle collisions, involved a wild
    because they will help me deal with it. So I told my               large sauce pan. Gradually add in    knowledge and experience are          animal on provincial highways.
    mommy that I was flying around the neighbourhood                   milk mixture and stir well. Sim-     key to this position.                     So be sure to take your winter
    with my friends who were making me fly too far. I                  mer over medium low heat for                                               survival kit and prepare for win-
                                                                       30 minutes, stirring frequently      CONTACT:                              ter travel. Make sure you have:
    was so happy to tell her because she told me to take
                                                                       until pudding thickens. Pour         Tammy P Webb/Acting Supervi-
                                                                                                                     .                            blankets; shovel; extra warm
    my own time, relax and listen to the wind.
                                                                       into bowls and cool slightly         sor of Employment & Training          clothing and footwear; flares;
                                                                       before serving. Serves 8.            26 Queen Street East                  matches; flashlight and new bat-
    I hope you also listen to your grandparents and tell                                                    Sault Ste. Marie, ON P6A 1Y3          teries; candle, and first-aid kit.
    your mommy and daddy if you are having any prob-                   Tracy Bald is the Community          Tel: 705-254-6530                         PS Have a successful harvest
    lems. HAPPY FEATHER HUNTING!                                       Wellness Coordinator for the         Fax: 705-254-3515                     this fall!
                                                                       Georgian Bay Métis Council.
  SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2008                                                                                                                                                                        3

  Our Métis Rights
THE CROWN’S DUTY TO CONSULT AND ACCOMMODATE:                                                                                                                 PROVINCIAL RELATIONS:

                                                                                                                                                              set to
                                                                                                                                                              meet with
                                                                                                                                                              of Ontario

                                                                                                                                                                     ngoing meetings with
                                                                                                                                                                     various provincial part-
                                                                                                                                                                     ners made September a
                                                                                                                                                              busy month for the Métis
                                                                                                                                                              Nation of Ontario (MNO)
                                                                                                                                                                 On the radar for the end
                                                                                                                                                              of September (at the time of
                                                                                                                                                              printing) was a scheduled
                                                                                                                                                              meeting between MNO Presi-
                                                                                                                                                              dent Gary Lipinski and the
                                                                                                                                                              Honourable Dalton McGuinty,
                                                                                                                                                              Premier of Ontario. (Look for
left to right: Timmins Métis Council President, Natalie Durocher; Temiskaming Métis Council President, Lillian Ethier; Northern Lights                        a follow-up in the next edi-
Métis Council President, Urgil Courvil; MNO President, Gary Lipinski, and PCMNO Councillor for Region 3, Marcel Lafrance.                                     tion of the Voyageur)
                                                                                                                                                                 President Lipinski plans to
                                                                                                                                                              meet with the Premier to fur-

Métis leaders sign historic                                                                                                                                   ther enhance the positive
                                                                                                                                                              relationship that the Métis
                                                                                                                                                              Nation of Ontario has with
                                                                                                                                                              the Ontario Government and

Protocol in Timmins                                                                                                                                           to advance negotiations sur-
                                                                                                                                                              rounding the Framework

ON JUNE 25TH, 2008, Métis              ing hydro-electric, mining and                                               what is being done on the lands
Nation of Ontario (MNO) Presi-         forestry developments in these               BY WORKING                      they have relied upon for genera-
dent, Gary Lipinski, joined local      territories.                          TOGETHER, THE MNO                      tions,” said President Lipinski.
and regional Métis leadership in          Based on this protocol, Métis      AND ITS COMMUNITY                          Lipinski concluded: “This
Timmins to sign an historic “pro-      will be participating in the          COUNCILS WILL                          community-driven initiative will
tocol”, which aims to ensure that      upcoming environmental assess-        ENSURE THAT ALL                        also ensure Métis in the region
the Crown fulfils its constitution-    ment on Ontario Power Genera-         MÉTIS CITIZENS HAVE                    begin to benefit from the energy,
al duty to consult and accommo-        tion’s Lower Mattagami Hydro-         A SAY ON WHAT IS                       forestry and mining development
date Métis rights, interest and        electric Project that is overseen     BEING DONE ON THE                      that is happening within their tra-
way of life in the region.             by the Canadian Environmental         LANDS THEY HAVE                        ditional territories. I want to con-
    The protocol is the first of its   Assessment Agency as well as          RELIED UPON FOR                        gratulate the local and regional
kind within the Métis nation. It       engaging mining companies to          GENERATIONS.”                          Métis leadership who have
commits various levels of Métis        ensure that Métis rights and                         — PRESIDENT LIPINSKI    worked so hard to see this proto-
government to work together to         interests are considered in future                                           col become a reality.”
ensure that all Métis citizens who     exploration and development in        mation of Métis rights in the land-        Copies of the English and
live in and use the Métis tradi-       the region.                           mark Powley case. By working           French versions of the protocol
tional territories of Abitibi/Temis-      “With this protocol, the Métis     together, the MNO and its com-         are available on the MNO’s web
camigue and James Bay will be          Nation is building on the             munity councils will ensure that       site at
consulted in relation to upcom-        Supreme Court of Canada’s affir-      all Métis citizens have a say on       sultation.                        ∞

MNO releases report from community consultations on
Crown’s Duty to Consult and Accommodate Métis Rights
ON JULY 29, 2008, the Métis            bearing Métis communities on          lection; and creating partnerships     recommendation in the Ipper-
Nation of Ontario (MNO)                activities that have the potential    with industry in the forestry, ener-   wash Inquiry Report.
released the final report from its     to impact Métis rights, interests     gy and mining sectors.                    “This report provides an
community consultations on             and way of life. The final report        The report will be used to          important foundation upon
developing an Ontario Métis            is based on over 17 community         inform ongoing bilateral and tri-      which the Métis Nation can
Consultation Framework.                consultation meetings held            lateral discussions with the           build, but it is clear that Métis cit-
    In January, 2008, the MNO          throughout southern, central          Ontario Government and the             izens and communities want to
announced province-wide com-           and northern Ontario, along           Government of Canada on                continue to be actively engaged
munity consultations, jointly          with input received from Métis        developing an Ontario Métis            as we move forward on this
supported by the Ontario Gov-          citizens via the MNO's web site       Consultation Framework as well         important rights-based initiative.
ernment and the Government of          dedicated to the consultations.       as the MNO's collaborative work        The MNO is optimistic that this
Canada, on developing an                   The final report includes over    with the Ontario Government            report will represent a starting
Ontario Métis Consultation             60 recommendations on a wide          on its recent announcements            point for a collaborative journey,
Framework. The proposed Con-           array of topics, including, princi-   relating to the protection of the      with both levels of government,
sultation Framework will               ples for an Ontario Métis Consul-     boreal region; revenue resource        in order to ensure Métis rights,
increase Métis engagement,             tation Framework; education,          sharing with First Nation and          interests and way of life in this
input and participation in plan-       training and communication ini-       Métis communities; reforming           province are respected and pro-
ning and development related to        tiatives on the duty to consult;      and modernising Ontario's Min-         tected for generations to come,”             A COMPLETE COPY
Ontario's natural resources con-       Métis representation issues;          ing Act, and the development           added Lipinski.                            OF THE FINAL REPORT
sistent with the Crown's consti-       capacity and funding issues; Métis    and implementation of the New                                                        IS AVAILABLE AT:
tutional duty to consult rights-       research, mapping and data col-       Relationship Fund, based on the                                       
4                                                                                                                                                                             MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

COMMUNITY CONSULTATIONS:                                                                                                                                     TIMELINE:
Métis Communities
have their say
by CHELSEY QUIRK                       on Métis traditional territories.                                              ton Transmission Line, in order
                                                                                                                                                             Métis Rights
                                           “Without question, develop-
                                                                                              OUR                     to ensure Métis rights and inter-
                                                                                                                                                             and the
        he first round of consulta-    ing and implementing an MNO                                                    ests are protected.” (See page
        tions on the Duty to Con-      Consultation Framework will            COMMUNITIES                             24)
        sult initiative was com-
        pleted at the end of June.
                                       assist us in achieving what Métis
                                       citizens desire. However, we also
                                                                              WANT TO                                     “What has become very clear
                                                                                                                      from all of this work is that fund-
                                                                                                                                                             Crown’s Duty
                                                                              SHARE IN THE
   “The attendance and interest
at the community meetings was
                                       heard from Métis citizens that
                                       we need to take our time in            BENEFITS FLOW-
                                                                                                                      ing and capacity are desperately
                                                                                                                      needed at the local, regional and
                                                                                                                                                             to Consult
very impressive,” said MNO Pres-       developing a consultation frame-       ING FROM ECO-                           provincial levels in order to          POWLEY
ident, Gary Lipinski. “It was clear    work so it is community-driven,        NOMIC DEVEL-                            ensure that our citizens and           19, September, 2003, in R. v.
from these consultation meet-          collaborative and strengthens          OPMENT                                  communities can effectively par-       Powley, the Supreme Court of Cana-
ings that Métis citizens and com-      Métis rights for generations to                                                ticipate in the consultation and       da recognised that Métis communi-
munities want to know what is          come. Similar to what we did in
                                                                              OCCURRING                               accommodation           processes.     ties hold constitutionally protected
going on around them, as it            developing our MNO Harvesting          ON MÉTIS                                Right now, we are simply unable        Aboriginal rights that must be
relates to and impacts our rights,     Policy, we need to take time and       TRADITIONAL                             to do all we need to do in order       respected by governments.
our way of life and our tradition-     ensure our citizens understand         TERRITORIES.”                           to protect Métis rights and par-
al territories. Our communities        and support what we are putting                                                ticipate effectively.                  HAIDA & TAKU
want to have an opportunity to         into place.                                          — President Lipinski          In order to assist MNO Com-        18, November, 2004, in the Haida
assess and have a say in what              “While we continue to con-                                                 munity Councils in responding          Nation v. British Columbia and Taku
governments and proponents             sult on developing an MNO Con-         now.” (See Timmins, page 3 and          to notice letters received from        River Tlingit v. British Columbia cases,
are doing or planning on doing         sultation Framework, the MNO           Sault Ste. Marie below)                 government and industry, the           the Supreme Court set out a new
on lands Métis have relied upon        is also working to ensure Métis           “In addition, the MNO is             MNO has developed a standard           legal framework--the duty to consult
for generations. Moreover, our         rights and interests are being         actively participating in hearings      response letter for councils to        and accommodate--which directs
communities want to share in           respected by government and            before the Ontario Energy Board         use. A copy of this letter is avail-   the Crown to consult with Aborigi-
the benefits flowing from eco-         industry in relation to develop-       on the Integrated Power Supply          able on the MNO’s web site at:         nal peoples and accommodate
nomic development occurring            ments that are going on right          Plan as well as the Bruce to Mil-       proven and asserted Aboriginal rights
                                                                                                                                                             when governments contemplate
                                                                                                                                                             developments that may affect Abo-

MATTAWA /                                                                                                                                                    riginal rights and way of life.

LAKE                                                                                                                                                         HARVESTING AGREEMENT
                                                                                                                                                             In July, 2004, based on the Powley,
                                                                                                                                                             Haida and Taku decisions, the MNO
NIPISSING                                                                                                                                                    and the Ontario Ministry of Natural
                                                                                                                                                             Resources (MNR) entered into a
PROTOCOL                                                                                                                                                     province-wide accommodation
                                                                                                                                                             agreement on Métis harvesting based

SIGNED                                                                                                                                                       on credible Métis harvesting rights
                                                                                                                                                             claims throughout the province.

SUDBURY---MNO President, Gary          left to right: Senator Marlene Greenwood; North Bay Métis Council President, Mel Jamieson; PCMNO                      COURT VICTORY
Lipinski, joined with local and        Councillor, Region 5, Maurice Sarrazin; MNO President, Gary Lipinski; Sudbury Métis Council Presi-                    In June, 2007, the MNO-MNR
regional Métis leadership and          dent, Richard Sarrazin, and Senator Rene Gravelle, Sudbury Métis Council.                                             agreement was upheld by the
more than 120 citizens in Sudbury                                                                                                                            Ontario Court of Justice in R. v. Lau-
on to sign a Protocol, which aims      mark Powley case. By working           work together to ensure all Métis       council and Métis people as a          rin as “legally defensible” and “highly
to ensure the Crown fulfills its       together, the MNO and its Com-         citizens who live in and use the        whole,” said Sudbury Métis Coun-       principled” based on Haida and Taku.
constitutional duty to consult and     munity Councils will ensure all        Métis traditional territories of Mat-   cil President Richard Sarrazin.
accommodate Métis rights, inter-       Métis citizens will have a say on      tawa/Lake Nipissing will be con-             “The Crowns Duty to Consult       NO APPEAL BY GOV’T
est and way of life in the region.     what is being done on the lands        sulted in relation to upcoming          is vital in our Métis communities,”    In July, 2007, the Ontario Govern-
   “With this Protocol, the Métis      they have relied on for genera-        hydroelectric, mining and forestry      said North Bay Métis Council           ment decided not to appeal the Laurin
Nation is building on the              tions,” said President Lipinski.       developments in these territories.      President Mel Jamieson. “Our           case and renewed discussions with
Supreme Court of Canada’s affir-          The Protocol commits various            “The signing of this protocol is    entire Métis community will bene-      the MNO in order to fully implement
mation of Métis rights in the land-    levels of Métis government to          a positive step forward for the         fit from this initiative.”             the MNO-MNR agreement.

                                                                                                                                                             IPPERWASH REPORT
INDUSTRY SECTOR MEETINGS:                                                                                                                                    31, May 2007, the Ipperwash
                                                                                                                                                             Inquiry report recommended that

Sault Métis again prepare to take                                                                                                                            the Ontario Government work with
                                                                                                                                                             Aboriginal peoples on implementing
                                                                                                                                                             the duty to consult and accommo-

lead in advancing Métis rights                                                                                                                               date in legislation, regulations, and
                                                                                                                                                             other applicable government policies
                                                                                                                                                             in order to promote respect and
                                                                                                                                                             understanding for this duty through-
The Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO) held a regional Métis commu-                                                        community together in order to         out the provincial government and
nity meeting in Sault Ste. Marie on June 11th, 2008, to develop an                                                    get the ball rolling,” said Anne       increase Aboriginal engagement in
                                                                                                                      Trudel, MNO Regional Councillor.       and benefit from the development
approach to increase Métis participation in the forestry sector,                                                          In attendance at the meeting       of natural resources in the province.
and other resource-based industries in the region.                                                                    were MNO President, Gary Lipin-
                                                                                                                      ski; MNO Chair, France Picotte;        INCREASING MÉTIS INPUT
    MNO President, Gary Lipinski,      decision.”                             (MNR) have reached a Métis har-         MNO Region 4 Councillor, Anne          IN FORESTRY, ENERGY
encouraged all Métis citizens liv-        In 2003, in its first decision on   vesting agreement, which accom-         Trudel; MNO Captain of the             AND MINING SECTORS
ing in the region to try to attend     Métis rights, the Supreme Court        modates Métis harvesting prac-          Hunt, Brent McHale; and promi-         In January, 2008, both the Ministry
this historic meeting. He referred     of Canada confirmed that the           tices and recognises the MNO’s          nent Métis lawyers Jean Teillet        of Aboriginal Affairs, on behalf of the
to the meeting as “an important        Métis community in the Sault St.       harvesters’ policy and cards. Now,      and Jason Madden, who have             Ontario Government, and the
next step in building on the           Marie region possesses a consti-       the MNR has indicated its willing-      acted as counsel in several Métis      Office of the Federal Interlocutor for
Supreme Court of Canada’s affir-       tutionally protected right to hunt     ness to discuss an arrangement          rights victories in Ontario and        Métis and Non-status Indians, on
mation that Métis people in            for food and confirmed that two        with the rights-bearing Métis           western Canada. Ms. Teillet also       behalf of the Government of Cana-
Ontario have constitutional            MNO citizens--Steve and Roddy          community in order to increase          was lead counsel for the Powley        da, agreed to provide resources to
rights.”                               Powley--did not need a provincial      Métis access to the forestry sec-       case at all levels of court.           the MNO to undertake consultation
    “It makes sense,” he said, “that   hunting license because they           tor.                                        Based on this meeting, a           on the duty to consult and accom-
the renowned Métis community           were members of the rights-bear-           “Métis rights are collective        working group, consisting of           modate with its citizens with a view
in the Sault Ste. Marie region will    ing Métis community and exercis-       rights. We need to ensure that          regional community representa-         to increasing Métis input and
once again be taking a lead in         ing the community’s right to           the entire rights-bearing commu-        tives, was established in order to     involvement in Ontario’s forestry,
advancing the Métis nation’s           hunt for food.                         nity is engaged and supports this       engage with the Ministry of Nat-       energy and mining sectors as well as
rights agenda, since it is the            Since 2003, the MNO and the         process. The purpose of this            ural Resources on forestry oppor-      developing an Ontario Métis Con-
home of the landmark Powley            Ministry of Natural Resources          meeting is to bring the Métis           tunities for Métis in the region.      sultation Framework.
  SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2008                                                                                                                                                                        5

  Provincial Relations

INDUSTRY SECTOR MEETINGS:                                                                                                                                    BUILDING BRIDGES:

                                                                                                                                                             MNO President, Gary Lipinski,
                                                                                                                                                             and Don MacKinnon, President
                                                                                                                                                             of the Ontario Power Workers'

Common Ground
Métis Nation of Ontario meets with provincial players in mining and energy
                                                                                                                                                             Union (PWU).

                                                                                                                                                             President Lipinski
                                                                                                                                                             meets with head
In the spirit of moving the               On the same day, President         established the context for a           oping an Aboriginal Consulta-
                                                                                                                                                             of Ontario Power
Métis Nation of Ontario                Lipinski met with Shane Pospisil,     modernised Mining Act when he           tion Approach for Mineral Sec-          Workers’ Union
(MNO) to the next level,               President and CEO of the              announced Ontario’s “Far North          tor Activities, and initiated a col-
President Lipinski and other           Ontario Energy Association            Planning Initiative” on July 14,        laborative engagement process           On June 26th, MNO President,
MNO representatives have               (OEA) and John Priddle, Vice-         2008.                                   with the goal of developing an          Gary Lipinski, met with Don
been meeting with private              president of Government Rela-             The Premier stressed that the       improved Aboriginal consulta-           MacKinnon, President of the
sector organisations and               tions and Public Affairs with OEA.    goal, both in the far north region      tion approach.                          Ontario Power Workers’ Union
companies in the energy and            During this meeting, President        and across the province, is to                                                  (PWU), as a part of the MNO’s
mining sectors from across             Pospisil presented OEA’s top five     strike the right balance between        COMMUNITY-BASED DICUSSIONS:             ongoing efforts to build bridges
the province. The meetings             priorities for 2008, which identi-    conservation and development.           The MNO held community-based            with key partners in the province.
were a first step in providing         fied common areas in which the        Ontario wants to ensure that its        discussions across Ontario, and             At the meeting, President Lip-
information about the MNO and          MNO could be involved. Discus-        mining industry remains strong.         through these discussions, we           inski provided President MacKin-
Métis rights as well as develop-       sions moved on to ways to pro-        This includes making certain            learned that Métis communities          non and other PWU representa-
ing relationships and creating         mote Aboriginal/private sector        that mining practices are up to         have a variety of views on miner-       tives information on the Métis
opportunities to grow partner-         partnerships; MNOTI-industry          date, and that Aboriginal rights        al sector activities, including         people and the MNO’s gover-
ships based upon common                MOUs related to increasing Métis      and interests are given the             when and how they want to be            nance structures and institutions,
objectives.                            employment opportunities and          appropriate consideration.              consulted. These recommenda-            including, the MNO’s employ-
    On August 14th, President Lip-     to assisting the MNO in securing          “We think exploration and           tions were reflected in the             ment and training branch.
inski met with Chris Hodgson,          funding commitments from gov-         mine development should only            MNO’s report, Toward Develop-               In particular, Presidents Lipins-
President of the Ontario Mining        ernment and industry for its pro-     happen with early consultation          ing an Aboriginal Consultation          ki and MacKinnon discussed
Association which represents 60        posal to create targeted bursaries    and accommodation with local            Approach for Mineral Sector             Ontario’s upcoming labour mar-
senior mining companies across         in the energy sector, and bring-      Aboriginal communities,” the            Activities. The report was shared       ket needs in the energy sector
the province, to discuss the possi-    ing OEA members to the MNO            Premier said.                           with the MNDM which resulted            and opportunities for the MNO
bility of establishing educational     for possible partnerships.                The Premier also announced          in further discussions and fund-        and PWU to partner in the future.
partnerships, “memorandums of                                                that Ontario will develop a sys-        ing to move forward on the next             It was agreed that officials from
understanding” (MOU) and               MINING ACT MODERNISATION:             tem of resource benefits sharing        steps identified in the report to       PWU and the MNO would hold
resource and revenue sharing           Ontario wants to ensure that          that would see Aboriginal com-          undertake a Métis legal review          follow up meetings to identify and
with Métis communities. Mr.            mining potential across the           munities benefit directly from          and analysis of the Mining Act          make progress on potential part-
Hodgson was very receptive to          province is developed in a sus-       resource development.                   and     its    regulations    and       nership initiatives, including,
working with the MNO and to            tainable way that continues to            In February, 2007, the Min-         MNO/MNDM conducting further             establishing targeted bursaries
assisting in the facilitation of       benefit the province and              istry of Northern Development           regional consultation meetings          and scholarships for Métis stu-
meetings with his member com-          respects communities.                 and Mines (MNDM) released a             on Mining Act modernisation.            dents pursuing careers in the
panies and the MNO.                       Premier Dalton McGuinty            discussion paper, Toward Devel-                                         ∞       energy sector.

MNO welcomes Province’s review
of Child and Family Services System
    he Métis Nation                    within the Aboriginal community           “We have continually heard            Manitoba Métis          Federation    to First Nations communities in
                                       in order to adequately address the     from our citizens that nothing is        through legislation.                  Ontario follows a delegated
    of Ontario (MNO)
                                       best interests of our children and     more important to the future                                                   model initially put in place by an
    has responded to                   families in Ontario.”                  well-being of our communities            Why is it important to consider       agreement between the province
the recently announced                     The MNO has formally written       than the protection of our chil-         Child & Family Services for Métis ?   and the federal government in
review of the Child and                to Ontario’s Attorney-General as       dren. This recently announced            In response to increasing atten-      1965. However, there is no such
Family Services system                 well as the Minister for Children      review, along with these two dis-        tion of Métis citizens in Ontario     arrangement for the Métis nation
                                       and Youth, requesting that the         cussion papers, will allow us to         to issues related to child and fam-   in Ontario and the child welfare
by Ontario’s Attorney                  Métis nation have an opportunity       begin more focussed discussions          ily services, the MNO is undertak-    system in Ontario is largely unac-
General, in response                   to provide its perspective in rela-    on the role the Métis nation             ing preliminary work aimed at         countable to the Métis nation as
to the tragic death of                 tion to the current system and its     should play within the current           gaining a more comprehensive          an Aboriginal people.
Katelynn Sampson.                      challenges and impacts on Métis        system in this province,” added          understanding of child welfare in         While there is evidence that
                                       children, families and communi-        MNO Chair, France Picotte.               Ontario.                              Métis, like First Nations and Inuit
   Sampson, a seven-year-old           ties in the province.                                                               The child welfare system in       are grossly over-represented in
Toronto girl was found dead, with          The MNO has also publicly           MÉTIS CHILD AND                         Ontario is a large, complex multi-    the child welfare system, ‘on the
signs of trauma on her body on         released two discussion papers,         FAMILY SERVICES                         faceted system that spends over       ground’ research demonstrates
August 3, 2008. Her guardian at        titled, Ontario’s Child and Fami-       AGENCIES EXIST IN                       $1.16 billion annually on child       that there is no formal surveil-
the time is being accused of her       ly Services: The Law, Current           ALBERTA AND                             protection services. Child and        lance, tracking and monitoring.
death. There is serious discus-        Policies and the Métis and How          BRITISH COLUMBIA                        family services, which generally      Child welfare is an emerging field
sion taking place around the pro-      the Ontario Child and Family                                                    refer to public social services       and it is timely for the Métis
ceedings regarding the custody         System Deals with Ontario Métis,                                                intended to protect children          Nation of Ontario to be consider-
of Katelynn Sampson and the            which it hopes will help inform           In several other jurisdictions,       from neglect, abuse and exploita-     ing these issues. The fundamen-
possibility of the absence of any      the government’s review as it          the Métis play a significant role in     tion, are growing rapidly in this     tal principle of self-determination
consideration of the best inter-       relates to Métis children. These       the delivery of child and family         province and in jurisdictions         will guide any approach aimed at
ests of the young child.               papers were completed as a part        services to their communities.           across Canada.                        mending quality of life for Métis
   President Lipinski expressed        of the MNO’s ongoing tripartite        For example, Métis child and fam-            Ontario was one of the first      citizens. The challenge ahead is
his distress by saying that “this      process with the Ontario Govern-       ily services agencies exist in           provinces in Canada to officially     to reconcile with the past and
tragedy emphasises the need for        ment and the Government of             Alberta and British Columbia. As         legislate consideration of the        build a foundation that is respect-
improved collaboration, enhanced       Canada. These documents can be         well, in Manitoba, the delivery of       Aboriginal identity of children in    ful of today’s aspirations of the
supports and stronger safeguards       found on our web site at               child and family services has            child welfare decisions. The pro-     Métis nation.
within the overall system as well as                   been successfully devolved to the        vision for child welfare services                                       ∞
6                                                                                                                                                                 MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

                          Métis Council News
                                      NORTH SHORE MÉTIS COUNCIL                  NORTHWEST MÉTIS NATION OF ONTARIO
                                      RR #2 Thessalon, ON                        34 B King Street, Dryden, ON P8N 1B3
                                      Tel: 705-842-3063                          Tel: (807) 223-8082

THE NIAGARA REGION MÉTIS COUNCIL JOINS WELLAND'S ROSE PARADE                                                                                          MÉTIS COMMUNITY VOICES:

                                                                                                                                                      paid a
                                                                                                                                                      by ALISON POWELL

                                                                                                                                                      On July 8th the Northwest
below, left to right: Derrick Pont, Margaret Quesnelle (wife of Senator Stephen), Stephen Ques-                                                       Métis Nation of Ontario in Dry-
nelle NRMC Senator), Janice Booth, Barbaranne Wright (NRMC President), Peter Rivers                                                                   den received a visit from the
(Region 9 Councillor), Richard Paquette (NRMC Chair), Karen Pierce and Amanda Lipinski.)                                                              Honourable Jean-Pierre Black-
                                                                                                                                                      burn, Minister of Labour and
                                                                                                                                                      Minister of the Economic
                                                                                                                                                      Development Agency of Cana-
                                                                                                                                                      da for the Regions of Quebec.
                                                                                                                                                      With him were his two aides,
                                                                                                                                                      Michael       Winterburn     and
                                                                                                                                                      Andrea Kant as well as Greg
                                                                                                                                                      Rickford, candidate for the
                                                                                                                                                      Kenora Conservative Associa-
                                                                                                                                                      tion and Anna Ayotte, president
                                                                                                                                                      of the association. The purpose
                                                                                                                                                      of their visit was to observe our
                                                                                                                                                      facility and see what we do for
                                                                                                                                                      the Métis community.
                                                                                                                                                          President of the Métis
                                                                                                                                                      Nation in Dryden, Alvina
                                                                                                                                                      Cimon, said: “We were pleased
                                                                                                                                                      and quite surprised to have the
                                                                                                                                                      honour of their visit to our
                                                                                                                                                      small town of Dryden. This
                                                                                                                                                      gave us the opportunity to

Métis on parade
                                                                                                                                                      meet a government official on
                                                                                                                                                      a personal level.”
                                                                                                                                                          The visitors were friendly
                                                                                                                                                      and appeared interested in
                                                                                                                                                      what we had to offer and say.
                                                                                                                                                          “It was a positive show of
By RICK PAQUETTE                                                                                               some modifications to the trailer      concern and support by a
                                                                                                               at Karen's and then assembled          member of parliament; as a

          elebrating Father's Day                                                                              and rearranged the pieces on the       health branch service worker, I
          and Welland's 150th                                                                                  float until they were satisfied        appreciated their sincere inter-
          anniversary on the                                                                                   with the look of the finished          est,” said Don McDonald, the
          same day did not                                                                                     design. On the day of the parade       Long Term Care Coordinator.
          sound like a very good                                                                               everything came together beauti-           Special thanks to Darleen
idea to me. However, as it turned                                                                              fully with a wonderful turnout of      Nordlum for all her informa-
out, it was a wonderful day!                                                                                   almost 40 Métis citizens.              tion and assistance.
    The NRMC participated in the                                                                                   Becky Vander Sanden and
Welland Rose Parade under beau-                                                                                Tammy Wintle from the MNO
tiful sunny skies and warm
weather. The parade had 150
                                                                                                               staff attended with their families.
                                                                                                               Becky's son Dalton was a good          Words
contributors in various forms
from marching bands, pipes and
drums, antique fire trucks, the
                                                                                                               sport and looked great in his
                                                                                                               costume. It was really terrific that
                                                                                                               our Region 9 Councillor, Peter
Shriners and a wide variety of
floats. Maybe I am a little biased,
                                       and hours sewing flowers onto
                                       material which was later attached
                                                                             “WE RECEIVED
                                                                             MANY CHEERS AS
                                                                                                               Rivers, and his fiancée drove all
                                                                                                               the way from Windsor to walk
but I think the entry for the Nia-     to the sides of our float. The fin-   THE FLOAT DROVE                   with us in the parade.
gara Region Métis Council was          ished product appeared to look        BY AND SEVERAL                        A special thanks goes to           by SENATOR R.E. SCOFIELD
one of the best. We received           like a Métis sash.                    PEOPLE JUMPED UP                  Amanda Lipinski who was our
many cheers as the float drove             Thanks to the efforts of Karen    AND STARTED TO                    photographer for the parade and        Well the staff in the Windsor
by and several people jumped up        Pierce, Councillor, we were able      DANCE WHEN THEY                   who did a great job of taking all      office is busy and keeping the
and started to dance when they         to secure a truck and trailer sup-    HEARD THAT                        those pictures. She had a difficult    work of the MNO up-to-date.
heard that Métis fiddle music          plied through the generosity of                                         task weaving her way through the       They are working in co-opera-
                                                                             MÉTIS FIDDLE
coming from our float. Others          her employer, Vancor Supply.                                            crowds on both sides of the            tion with the rest of the Abo-
tapped their feet from their lawn      Karen's husband, John, was our
                                                                             MUSIC COMING                      street and still keeping up with       riginal community.
chairs.                                driver for the day. John likes to
                                                                             FROM OUR FLOAT.”                  us, but she managed. Other peo-            Our council has been hold-
     When we first decided to          drive race cars, so this was a bit                                      ple who had a tough job were           ing meetings--starting in Sep-
enter the parade, there were           of a slower pace for him. Rick        were made through the com-        the ones assigned the task of          tember--to fill all the vacant
many details that we had to            Paquette, Chair, and Senator          bined efforts of Janice Booth,    pulling the Red River Cart. I think    positions and rebuild our
address. We formed a committee         Stephen put the banner together       Councillor, and Margaret Ques-    they had a taste of what some          council. We wish to thank the
right away that consisted of Der-      with the assistance of Rick's         nelle. These ladies spent many    early Métis went through because       PCMNO and the Hamilton
rick Pont, Councillor, and             daughter, Andrea. On the day of       hours working on the clothing     we had trouble with the wheels         office for their help.
Stephen Quesnelle, Senator.            the parade, Andrea and                and everyone looked just great.   which created a great deal of              A big thanks to Jim Turner
They came up with a great              Stephen's two daughters, There-          Stephen and Derrick spent a    work for them, but they did not        for sending the picture of the
theme: “Métis Then and Now”.           sa and Kathleen, were our colour      couple of weekends in Steve's     slow the parade down at all!           Métis flag pole in my front yard
Since the parade is the “Rose          guard with the red and blue           driveway building our Red River       Everyone deserves a great big      to the Voyageur. It was a real
Parade” the organisers encour-         Métis flags flanking the Canadian     Cart. Steve's son-in-law came     thank you for helping to make          surprise to me to see the pic-
age the use of flowers on the          flag. Some of the outfits that        over to help with the finishing   the Métis float the success that it    ture. The flag pole was a gift to
floats. Margaret Quesnelle, wife       were worn were borrowed from          touches. On the day before the    was. Each of you should be very        me, built by Jim and installed
of Senator Stephen, spent hours        Glen Lipinski, while the rest         parade Steve and Rick made        proud of your contribution!            by Jim and Roger Sleigh.
  SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2008                                                                                                                                                                      7

GRAND RIVER MÉTIS COMMUNITY FUNDRAISER:                                                                                COMMUNITY RELATIONSHIPS:
                                                                                                                        Thunder Bay’s new
                                                                                                                        Aboriginal Liaison
                                                                                                                        working to improve
                                                                                                                        community relations

                                                                                                                                 n August 5, 2008, the            As we enter the traditional
                                                                                                                                 City of Thunder Bay          “gathering” season, Anna has
                                                                                                                                 welcomed its new             begun gathering the people,
                                                                                                                       Aboriginal Liaison, Anna Gib-          ideas, resources, stories and
                                                                                                                       bon, into the fold. As part of         histories she will need to help
                                                                                                                       the city’s 2007-2010 Strategic         guide her on this new and
                                                                                                                       Plan, the Aboriginal Liaison will      exciting journey. She invites
                                                                                                                       work to improve relations              you to join her as she works to
                                                                                                                       between the city and its Aborig-       make things better for all mem-
                                                                                                                       inal community.                        bers of the Aboriginal commu-
                                                                                                                           Anna brings to this position       nity and the community as a
                                                                                                                       a unique cultural and profes-          whole.
                                                                                                                       sional background. A Thunder               Anna’s office is presently
                                                                                                                       Bay girl, born and mostly              located in the City Clerk’s
                                                                                                                       raised, she has always had her         office in Victoriaville Mall and
                                                                                                                       feet firmly planted in two cul-        she can be reached by calling
                                                                                                                       tures–Anishnawbek from her             (807) 625-2146 or email at:
                                                                                                                       mother’s family and western  
Built from a lightning-struck tree, Niimkii (thunder spirit) will be used to raise funds for council.                  European from her father’s

                                                                                                                           Anna’s professional career
                                                                                                                       spans both public and private
                                                                                                                       sectors. She has been a correc-
                                                                                                                       tional officer, consultant, train-
                                                                                                                       er, mediator, negotiator and a
By BARBARA WHITE                       The creator of this magnificent        up with the best plan to ensure          human resources manager.
                                       canoe has named it. It's called,       that everyone has a chance to win        Throughout her career, Anna

      n the last Voyageur, I wrote     “Niimkii”. The birch bark that Mar-    this wonderful piece of artwork.         has enjoyed working with vari-
      an article about an amazing      cel used is from a tree that was hit   Of course, we will require the           ous Aboriginal groups in and
      offer our community council      by lightning. This makes our           assistance of our Métis citizens to      around Thunder Bay, focussing
had received. Aboriginal artist,       canoe special. Niimkii is “thunder     accomplish the best fundraising          primarily on alternative justice
Marcel Labelle, has built and          spirit”. Niimkii was built with        effort ever!                             and dispute resolution. Her
donated a birch bark canoe to          tremendous heart, spirit, and gen-         We will be asking the MNO to         combined personal and profes-
raise funds for our local council.     erosity and is pictured above.         post this on their web site, as well     sional experiences have laid a
    It is with tremendous pride           The council will be discussing      as in the Voyageur so that all will      solid foundation on which to           Anna Gibbon is the City of
that I let our citizens know that      the fundraising efforts, and put-      know when this is going up for           build the Aboriginal Liaison           Thunder Bay’s new Aboriginal
the canoe has been completed!          ting our heads together to come        raffle.                                  Office.                                Liaison.

Owen Sound Métis celebrate heritage
by SCOTT DUNN                                                                                                        lived. Couture died in 1909 and         returned to fish, hunt and trap.
Monday, June 23, 2008                                                                                                his story was presented in 2005 at          He was tall, 6' 4'', big and
                                                                                                                     the museum as part of an exhibit        strong, a great boxer and wrestler.

           eora Wilson said she                                                                                      from Alberta about the Métis, at        “But with all his strength and all
           didn't know who the                                                                                       museum heritage department              his love for game, he was never
           Métis people were when                                                                                    head Petal Furness's initiative.        quarrelsome. He was always con-
           family research revealed                                                                                      From various sources, it is         sidered one of Owen Sound's
she herself was descended from                                                                                       believed that Joe Couture arrive        most peaceable and law-abiding
French and native Indian blood.                                                                                      in Owen Sound by boat as a sail         citizens.”
    That discovery more than 10                                                                                      maker's apprentice and remained             Yet Wilson said that when her
years ago led to her presence Sat-                                                                                   to fish. In 1902 an Owen Sound          great-grandfather died, his family
urday afternoon at Grey Roots,                                                                                       newspaper referred to the sight         had to leave home because they
where she welcomed visitors to a                                                                                     of an elderly Joe Couture “as he        were considered squatters.
celebration at the museum of                                                                                         rowed up to Town from the                   Another newspaper item
Métis heritage.                                                                                                      French Village.”                        announcing Couture's death in
    “Its been forgotten, or hidden,                                                                                      A school textbook describes         early September, 1909, at about
all this time,” Wilson said, wearing                                                                                 how legendary local painter Tom         80 years old, lamented the pass-
a traditional Métis sash and           Jeff Wilson, Rebekah Wilson, Jesse Couture and Leora Wilson hold a            Thomson went on fishing trips
dream catcher earrings. “Every-        photo of ancestor Joe Couture. Photo by James Masters for The Sun Times       with “old Joe Cloture, a French-        HE WAS KNOWN
body swept it under the table,                                                                                       Canadian fisherman who had a
didn't want to be half-breed or                                                                                      two-masted sailing boat that was
                                                                                                                                                             FOR WEARING
whatever you want to call it. Did-     began to populate the country,         a community.”                          said to be the fastest on the bay.”     “SHOEPACKS OR
n't want to be recognized as being     and as fur traders began to adopt          Her son, Jeff, is vice-president       An obituary from the Owen           MOCCASINS,
part native.”                          native customs, which troubled         of the group and his daughter,         Sound paper, printed Sept. 9,           NEVER SHOES.”
    Wilson, a retired Bell Canada      officials back home, interbreed-       Bekki, is also active in it. All of    1909, described how Couture had
operator, antique store operator       ing was officially discouraged.        them, and Leora's mom, Jessie          gashed his foot with an axe and
and Markdale chiropractic office       People who were Métis were             (Garvie) Couture, celebrated the       didn't recover. When his death          ing of “part of the French- Cana-
assistant, now holds the elected       made to feel ashamed of their ori-     day together.                          was imminent, he was returned           dian element of the area.” It said
post of senator in the Grey-Owen       gin and over time denied it.               Leora's great-grandfather was      home from the hospital to die.          he was one of the original settlers
Sound Métis community of about             Saturday was National Aborigi-     Joseph Couture, who lived with         He's buried in St. Mary's Ceme-         of the “French Village -- a hamlet
150 people. She is considered a        nal Day, so-called since 1996,         his wife Marie Jones and their         tery, the newspaper said.               that had extended along the east
role model.                            when the annual day of celebra-        family at what once was called             It said Couture said “his moth-     shores of the bay from the Imper-
    Métis people were critical to      tion was officially declared by the    Squaw Point and today is Hibou         er was a squaw [sic], his father a      ial Cement Works to Carney
the expansion of the fur trade and     governor general.                      Conservation Area. One son,            Frenchman, of the class known as        Mills.”
initial settlement of Canada. Inter-       “The main thing I feel is          Frank, began spelling the name         'coureurs de bois'.”                       He was known for wearing
marriage was encouraged by the         pride,” Leora Wilson said of the       Coture but they're from the same           The story said he lived “in Indi-   “shoepacks or moccasins, never
government and often it was the        revelation of her heritage. “We        family, Wilson said.                   an surroundings” for his first          shoes.”
Métis who bridged the language         have a wonderful community                 The area where the Coutures        three years before coming to this
barrier between French and later       here and we're all just discovering    lived was called The French Vil-       area. He later left to travel in        Story reprinted with the kind
British traders and the Indians.       ourselves. Here we were                lage, where a group of Métis fish-     Canada and the United States, the       permission of the Owen Sound
    As more European women             strangers and now we've become         ermen and their families also          newspaper said, before he               Sun Times.
8                                                                                                                                                                               MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

                                                                                                                            Kenora knits
G “bee” MC
                                                                                                                            for a cause
                                                                                                                           by CHELSEY QUIRK                        highly necessary–especially
                                                                                                                                                                   given the harsh temperatures

                                                                                                                                  he Kenora Métis Warmth           Kenora faces every winter.

       or nearly two years a group                                                                                                and Wellness Group are               “We need to keep children
       of women has gathered at                                                                                                   staying true to their            and those less fortunate warm
       the Georgian Bay Métis                                                                                              name and knitting up a storm            and healthy, and that is what
Council (GBMC) under the Abo-                                                                                              to ensure that less fortunate           we are working towards,” said
riginal Healing and Wellness                                                                                               Kenora citizens will find warmth        Quirk.
Strategy to make a quilt.                                                                                                  and wellness this winter.                   Since the group was formed
    A lot of thought and reflection                                                                                            What started as a few friends       in July, it has produced more
went into its making. The turtle                                                                                           sitting around with knitting            than 65 scarves, 50 pairs of mit-
reminded us of the Aboriginal                                                                                              needles and good conversation           tens, 8 pairs of slippers and
creation story and the reverence                                                                                           has turned into more than a             countless pairs of socks. Next
given to the turtle in Aboriginal                                                                                          dozen women with big hearts             on the list are throws for peo-
culture. The eight pointed star, a                                                                                         spending one evening each               ple in wheelchairs and quilts
symbol of the sun is a powerful                                                                                            week knitting for a great cause         for babies.
figure in traditional spiritual life.                                                                                      at the Kenora Métis Centre.                 On September 22nd, group
The choice of colours symbolise                                                                                                The project was initiated by        leader, Wendy Langlois, went
the four nations and the four                                                                                              Métis Nation of Ontario Senator,        into all of the schools across
directions. The turquoise repre-                                                                                           Emily Quirk, (grandmother of            Kenora to assess the needs of
sents the blue of the sky and the                                                                                          head office’s Communications            students, so that the knitters
green of the earth, the brown,                                                                                             Officer, Chelsey Quirk) with            can set some short and long
the soil of the earth, and the                                                                                             funding assistance
hand quilted waves are for the                                                                                             provided by a New         “WE WANT TO CHALLENGE
water, the basis of all life, and the                                                                                      Horizons Grant. The       OTHER COMMUNITIES OUT
infinity symbol in each corner for                                                                                         New Horizons for          THERE TO START THEIR
our Métis heritage.                                                                                                        Seniors Program           OWN VARIATION OF OUR
    The women contributing to                                                                                              (NHSP) supports the ‘MÉTIS WARMTH AND
the project include: Jeannette                                                                                             Government of Cana- WELLNESS’ GROUP                  .”
Brunelle; Barb Beaman; Rose                                                                                                da's overarching social
Cadeau; Anne Zoschke; Carole            Top: The Turtle Island Mother Earth quilt.                                         goals to enhance the quality of
Anne Moyer; Helen Bradley;              Bottom: Senator Helen Bradley working on the quilt.                                life and promote the full partici- term goals for the future.
Yvonne Bald; Marie Moreau;                                                                                                 pation of individuals in all          “We want to challenge other
Mary Pauze; Anita Laurin; Geor-         shows. Many thanks for every-           tion. The quilt was made as a              aspects of Canadian society.       communities out there to start
gette Robitaille; Gertrude Mari-        one’s hard work, for funding            memorial to the residential                     The idea came after Senator their own variation of our
on, and Mary Mackie.                    from the Aboriginal Healing             school intergenerational legacy.           Quirk was involved in a no-        ‘Métis Warmth and Wellness’
    The old fashioned quilting          Foundation, and for the contin-            For more information about              charge winter jacket program       Group,” added Quirk. “The
bees brought much sharing and           ued support of the Aboriginal           the quilt, or wish to join in on           last winter – the concept of       work we are doing really makes
joy to the women involved. The          Healing and Wellness Strategy.          future quilting projects, contact          “Drop a jacket off, take a jacket  a difference, and the outcome
quilt will be displayed at the new         The sewing circle started at         Tracy at 705-526-6335 or email:            home” stuck with her and she       has been phenomenal. Not
GBMC offices (355 Cranston              the end of the “Reclamation proj-                    quickly adapted the concept to     only are we helping people, but
Cres., Midland) and we hope to          ect” in 2006 with funding from             Tracy Bald is Community Well-           this vision. Something very sim- we have some darn good con-
enter the quilt into area quilt         the Aboriginal Healing Founda-          ness Coordinator for the GBMC..            ple, much appreciated, and         versations too!”

Gathering promotes awareness
MNO Community Wellness Worker                                                                                            youth are accessing the service          ing: Peel’s Aboriginal Celebra-
                                                                                 THE SEVEN                               more frequently as time goes on.         tion”.
promotes Healing and Wellness                                                    GRANDFATHER                                 So, where does the future of             This free, family-oriented
                                                                                                                         MNO AHWS Brampton lie? That’s            event took place between 10
at Brampton Aboriginal Gathering                                                 TEACHINGS:                              difficult to say with the upcoming       a.m. and 7 p.m. at the Sheridan
                                                                                 WISDOM and awareness of the             AHWS renewal lingering on the            Institute of Technology and
by SIOBHAN MARIE LAVERDIERE             impact in the community and sur-         physical, emotional, mental and spir-   sidelines. However, based on the         Advanced Learning in Brampton.
                                        rounding areas. One reason may           itual needs of self and the people;     feedback given by some clients               Hosted by the Region of

         n June 7th, 2008, Bramp-       have to do with the lack of cultur-      LOVE for one’s self and those           and community members, there             Peel’s Early Years Integration divi-
         ton held its first annual      ally appropriate services in the         around us to promote an atmos-          is a definite need for the program       sion, A Gathering featured First
         Aboriginal event to pro-       Brampton community, a con-               phere of healing;                       and more funding seems to be             Nations drummers and dancers;
         mote awareness in the          tributing factor to self-identity        RESPECT for self and others to          key to providing more staff.             Métis fiddlers and jiggers; Inuit
community and to recognise              and self-awareness.                      promote the same type of healing            As always, AHWS Brampton             throat singers; and teachings by
“Aboriginal month”. Hosted by               As of now, MNO continues to          atmosphere;                             continues to approach health on          elders. This year’s theme was, 7
the Region of Peel and in part-         provide the only Aboriginal-spe-         BRAVERY to continue along the           an holistic level. It is this worker’s   Grandfather Teachings.
nership with the MNO, Credit            cific health service in Brampton         path of wellness even when con-         hope that the Region of Peel,                In addition to Aboriginal
                                                                                 fronted with obstacles;
River Métis Council and Peel Abo-       and the surrounding suburban                                                     along with other Brampton com-           entertainment, guests experi-
                                                                                 HONESTY with self about those
riginal Network, A Gathering was        areas, with a staff of only one per-                                             munity agencies, will continue to        enced cultural displays highlight-
                                                                                 things in our lives that need to be
an entertaining and educational         son at that. Below is a breakdown                                                advocate for Aboriginal awareness        ing Aboriginal heritage while
event, featuring the “Grandfather       of the areas served by the pro-          HUMILITY in knowing that we             and that, A Gathering, is only the       community-based early child-
Teachings”, Métis, First Nations        gram and the corresponding pop-          are all souls on a journey toward       beginning of a bright path filled        hood-focused agencies and
and Inuit entertainment, cultural       ulation:                                 self-understanding and wellness;        with health and wellness for the         organisations exhibited informa-
displays, vendors and agency                Brampton: 2665 total Aborig-         TRUTH in the knowledge of what          entire community.                        tion on services and programs in
booths.                                 inal population, 785 total Métis         needs to be done to bring healing                                                Peel for families with children
    The Seven Grandfather Teach-        population.                              in our lives which will set us free.    Siobhan Marie Laverdiere                 from birth to six.
ings, the main theme of the June            Mississauga: 2475 total Abo-                                                 Community Wellness Coordinator               The Region of Peel’s Early
7th event, connected people and         riginal population, 760 total Métis                                              170 Steelwell Rd, Unit 102               Years Integration division has
their health.                           population.                                                                      Brampton, ON                             been working with the Credit
    According to the 2006 census,           Caledon: 360 total Aboriginal                                                Tel: 905-454-8951                        River Métis Council, Métis Nation
there are 2665 Aboriginal citizens      population, 100 total Métis popu-                                                       of Ontario, Peel Aboriginal Net-
residing in Brampton, 785 self-         lation.                                                                                                                   work, Peel Social Planning Coun-
identifying as Métis. MNO Aborig-           Oakville: 665 total Aboriginal                                                                                        cil and Sheridan College to
inal Healing and Wellness Strategy      population, 200 total Métis popu-                                                                                         address service/program gaps for
(AHWS) provided a booth at the          lation.                                                                          More about                               Peel’s Aboriginal children and
event to inform citizens about the
many health services (and other
                                            Toronto: 13,605 total Aborigi-
                                        nal population, 3,650 total Métis
                                                                                                                         “A Gathering”                            their families. Together, they
                                                                                                                                                                  established the Peel Aboriginal
services) MNO provides.                 population.                             MNO. It comes as no surprise that        in Peel Region                           Steering Committee in 2007, to
    Based on the trends of MNO              That’s a total of, 19,770 Aborig-   those aware of MNO AHWS                                                           raise awareness and to educate
AHWS Brampton clientele since           inal people and 5495 self-identi-       Brampton seem hungry to learn            On June 7, 2008, Peel celebrated         Peel’s residents about Aboriginal
July 2006, depression and anxiety       fied Métis, with only one Métis-        about their heritage and connect         Aboriginal peoples and their cul-        heritage and culture.
appear to have a significant            specific service in the area--the       with community Elders. The               ture in the first annual “A Gather-                                     •••
  SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2008                                                                                                                                                                         9

Walking                                                                                                                                                                  Métis
                                                                                                                                                                         by Gail LeBlanc

Medicine Walks in Brampton
by SIOBHAN MARIE LAVERDIERE                       in the stomach, intense thirst, vomit-
                                                                                                                                                             Lemon Squares
                                                  ing, faintness, vertigo, and dimness
                                                                                                                                                            1 cup all-purpose flour

            n July 5th, 2008, twenty-one partici- of eyesight, it does exhibit medicinal
            pants gathered to take part in a properties. According to M. Grieve,                                                                            1/2 cup butter/margarine, softened
            “medicine walk”, conducted by some values of the root include the                                                                               1/4 cup confectioners' sugar
            Elder Joe Paquette. The medicine lowering of high blood pressure, helping                                                                       2 eggs
            walk, which was planned by the with heart disease, reduction of ring-
                                                                                                                                                            1 cup granulated sugar
MNO Community Wellness Co-ordinator                                   worm      and      fungi
in Brampton, was a way to encourage                                   growth. Of course, you                                                                1/2 teaspoon baking powder
individuals to learn about cultural reme-                             should talk to a                                                                      1/4 teaspoon salt
dies, and also to initiate physical activity.                         health professional                                                                   2 tablespoons lemon juice
    The walk took place at the Cawthra                                before medicating
Trail, near Toronto, a hidden jewel                                   yourself. Blood-                                                                         Heat oven to 350F. Mix
behind the busy traffic and urban set-                                root was common-                                                                      thoroughly flour, butter and
ting. One participant mentioned that at                               ly used by Aborigi-                                                                   confectioners' sugar. Press in
one time, developers were trying to cut                               nal peoples for                                                                       ungreased square pan, 8x8x2
down the forest for condo buildings.                                  dying their bodies                                                                    inches building up a 1/2 inch
Thankfully, residents fought to keep the Queen Anne’s Lace            and clothing.                                                                         edge. Bake 20 minutes.
woods standing.                                                           The Elder also                                                                       Beat remaining ingredients
    Among the various plant medicines the told a story about a plant called,                                                                                about 3 minutes or until light
Elder covered, was Bloodroot. He dug up a Queen Anne’s Lace, a lovely, white,                                                                               and fluffy. Pour over hot crust.
sample to show participants. “Bloodroot is a flowering plant, with a purple floret                                                                             At 350F bake about 25 min-
perennial plant, one of the earliest and most in the centre. The premise of the                                                                             utes longer or until no imprint
beautiful spring flowers. It has a lovely white story goes that there was once a                                                                            remains when touched lightly
flower and produces only a single leaf and a good queen named, Anne, and her                                                                                in centre. Cool; cut into
flowering scape about six inches high. When evil twin. Queen Anne had a beauti-                                                                             squares.
the leaf first appears it is wrapped round the ful, white flowering umbrella that
flower bud and is a greyish-green colour cov- her sister replicated. The people
ered with a downy bloom, leaves palmate five were confused as to who was
to nine lobed, six to ten                               the    real     queen.
inches long. After flowering,                           Queen             Anne
the leaves increase in size,                            despaired. A forest fairy
the underside paler show-                               appeared to her and
ing prominent veins. The                                gave her a special pur-                                                                             Peanut
white flower is wax-like with
golden stamens. The root-
                                                        ple flower to place
                                                        on her umbrella so                                                                                  Butter Balls
stock is thick, round and                               everyone         would
fleshy, slightly curved at the                          know who the genuine                                                                                1 cup peanut butter
ends, about one to four                                 queen was. Participants                                                                             1 cup Rice Krispies
inches long, with orange-                               at the medicine walk                                                         above: Bloodroot       1 tsp butter or margarine
red rootlets that contain an                            learned that white flowers with the pur-
                                                                                                                                                            1 cup icing sugar
orange-red juice. When                                  ple floret are non-poisonous, whereas,        a skin irritant, so caution should be used
dried it breaks with a short Elder Joe Paquette         those without the floret are poisonous        when handling.                                        1/2 cup nuts (optional)
sharp fracture, little smell,                           (a plant called Water Hemlock).                   Additional walks were held on July 18th at        1 cup coconut to roll balls into
taste bitter acrid and persistent, powdered           Also known as, Wild Carrot, the root of         the Etobicoke Trail in Brampton and July 26th
root causes sneezing and irritation of the Queen Anne’s Lace is edible when it is young,              at Heart Lake Conservation Trail. Each walk           Cream peanut butter, icing
nose.”                                            but quickly becomes woody tasting as it             seems to rejuvenate participants on an holis-         sugar and butter. Add Rice
    Although Bloodroot is poisonous in large matures. The root has been used as a natural             tic level: physically, mentally, emotionally and      Krispies and nuts. Shape into
doses, including such symptoms as: burning contraceptive. The leaves of the plant can be              spiritually.                                          balls and roll in coconut.


Métis Community ‘By the Campfire’
by LISA PIGEAU                                                                                                      your contact information to me.        consider exploring this site to
                                                                                                                    My contact info is at the end of       assist you in making informed

       he Ottawa Regional Métis                                                                                     this article.                          decisions pertaining to your well-
       Council (ORMC) Commu-                                                                                            Technology does help us con-       ness. Further, in the Ottawa area,
       nity Wellness Program is                                                                                     nect with our community. The           you might want to explore the
currently planning for an eventful                                                                                  Métis Nation of Ontario Mental         City      of       Ottawa’s     site
2008-2009. Our largest gathering                                                                                    Health Demonstration project           ( You’ll find lots
each year, co-hosted by the                                                                                         uses the technology of video-con-      of great information on recre-
Ottawa Regional Métis Council is                                                                                    ferencing to facilitate the Mental     ational activities and other service
the “By the Campfire” event. This                                                                                   Health and Wellness initiatives        information in this area. Please
event highlights local Aboriginal                                                                                   across Ontario. Further, the MNO       use the internet as an information
musicians and artisans in celebra-                                                                                  Health Branch is able to use tech-     tool only; be cautious of the web
tion of National Aboriginal Day.                                                                                    nology to facilitate enhanced          sites you visit and remember the
    Last year, the event welcomed    “By the Campfire” on Victoria Island in Ottawa.                                training opportunities for staff.      information you discover should
a whopping 342 guests! These                                                                                        Along with providing tele-psychia-     only be used as a guideline and
types of gatherings require count-   cultural gathering/family fun day     ty invited to participate in a differ-   try interventions through Provi-       does not substitute for the advice
less hours of volunteer support      per season. We will also be host-     ent physical activity over each of       dence Care Centre, we look for-        given by your primary health care
and co-ordination. I would like to   ing various other learning and        the four weeks.                          ward to introducing provincial         provider.
take this opportunity to thank       growth opportunities aimed at             Although the moccasin tele-          Senator/Elder visits over the              I wish you all the best in your
everyone who contributed to the      improving Aboriginal health and       graph is an effective means of           video-conferencing units.              wellness journey.
success of the 2007 By the Camp-     reducing family violence. In the      message transmission, we are cur-            The internet is another way to
fire event. It is truly amazing to   month of July, we participated in a   rently trying to populate an email       seek out information pertaining        Lisa Pigeau is the Lead for Mental
see the culmination of all the       provincial Community Wellness         message list. If you live in Ottawa      to wellness. There are several reli-   Health and Community Wellness
efforts from the 25+ volunteers.     Initiative called “Nation in          or surrounding area and would            able sites that you may choose to      Co-ordinator for MNO in Ottawa.
    We look forward to continuing    Motion”. This initiative saw the      like to receive information on           visit such as Health Canada’s web         Tel: 613-798-1488 xt.102
our efforts to provide one large     Ottawa Regional Métis communi-        upcoming events, please forward          site You might 
10                                                                                                                                                                            MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

PCMNO PROFILES:                                                                                                                                  OFFICE OF THE CHIEF ELECTORAL OFFICER:

                                                                                                                                                 Notice of Community
Provisional Council                                                                                                                              Council Elections
                                                                                                                                                 for the HISTORIC

up close & personal                                                                                                                              SAULT STE. MARIE
                                                                                                                                                 MÉTIS COUNCIL
                                                                                                                                                 Consistent with the Métis Nation of Ontario Com-
                                                                                                                                                 munity Charter agreement, By-laws and Communi-
Sharon                                                                                                                                           ty Council electoral code, a ballot box election has
                                                                                                                                                 been called to fill vacancies and renew mandates of
McBride                                                                                                                                          the Historic Sault Ste. Marie Métis Council. All reg-
                                                                                                                                                 istered Métis citizens in the council area are
Vice-Chair                                                                                                                                       encouraged to participate fully in this election
                                                                                                                                                 process either as candidates or through exercising
                                                                                                                                                 their right to vote. The area of the council includes:

       haron was born in Win-                                                                                                                    east to the western boundary of the Garden River
       nipeg, Manitoba, and                                                                                                                      First Nations Reserve; north, from Sault Ste. Marie
       has lived in Ontario for                                                                                                                  following the shore line of Lake Superior to the
over 35 years. She currently                                                                                                                     Batchewana River, following the Batchewana River
resides in Brampton, Ontario,                                                                                                                    north-east until it reaches Wart Lake, draw a south-
with her husband Joseph of 22                                                                                                                    east line from Wart Lake through Ranger Lake until
                                                                                                                                                 you intersect with Garden River. Follow Garden
years and her two boys Ryan        left: Sharon McBride with Newfoundland Premiere DannyWilliams
                                                                                                                                                 River in a southern direction until St. Mary’s River,
and Shane. She can trace her       right: Sharon McBride with British Columbia Premiere Gordon Campbell                                          follow St. Mary’s River south to the United States
Métis ancestry to the historical                                                                                                                 Border. The election process is as follows:
Métis community of Penetan-        Mississauga Heritage and the         taken many courses on com-          tor Reta Gordon and Senator
guishene. Sharon became            Mississaugas of the New Cred-        munication skills and business      Lois McCallum, thank you for         POLLING STATION:
aware of her background in         it. She has received one of the      writing.                            your support and encourage-          Historic Sault Ste. Marie Métis Council
1999 and from that time on         highest honours from her                 The Métis Nation of             ment. I can tell you that I am       26 Queen Street East, Sault Ste. Marie, ON P6A 1Y3
has been actively involved         community and has earned             Ontario is something that           very overwhelmed with all the        Tel: 705-254-1768 Fax: 705-942-9802
within her community.              two eagle feathers.                  Sharon feels very passionate        support and such kind words
                                                                                                                                                 • Date and Time of Elections: November 23, 2008
    As an active volunteer for         With her current position        about. “I have so many people       from our citizens across               (Sunday) between hours of 9:00 a.m. to 5:00
the Métis nation, Sharon was       as Spokesperson for the              that I consider my family now.      Ontario.                               p.m.
the founding President of the      WSMNO she has been able to           I always look forward to the            This is a very exciting time     • General Advance Poll for all eligible MNO Citi-
Credit River Métis Council in      meet with, the Honourable            next AGA; it is like a big family   for the Métis Nation of                zens: November 19, 2008 (Wednesday) between
Brampton, and was the              Danny Williams, Premier of           reunion.” Her vision for the        Ontario. We have come so far           hours of 5:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.
Regional Councillor for            Newfoundland and Labrador;           Métis Nation of Ontario is          in the past 15 years and we
Region 8 and the spokesper-        The Honourable Gordon                quite simply to continue            couldn’t have done that with-        RETURNING OFFICER:
                                                                                                                                                 Hank Rowlinson
son for the Women’s Secre-         Campbell, Premier of British         building a strong Métis nation      out Tony Belcourt as our pres-
                                                                                                                                                 c/o Métis Nation of Ontario
tariat of the Métis Nation of      Columbia; Rod Bruinooge,             within Ontario for future gen-      ident. With the change in lead-      500 Old St. Patrick Street, Ottawa, ON K1N 9G4
Ontario (WSMNO). She is            Parliamentary Secretary to the       erations. The youth and other       ership I am looking forward to       Tel: 613-798-1488 or Toll Free: 800-263-4889
involved with and sits on          Minister of Indian and North-        citizens of the Métis nation        working with the newly elect-        Cell: 613-858-4809 Fax: 613-722-4225
many different boards: the         ern Affairs and Federal Inter-       need something that they can        ed team on the PCMNO to    
Peel Aboriginal Advisory Com-      locutor for Métis and Non-Sta-       be very proud of. With her          assist with the mandate of the
mittee; The Peel District          tus Indians; The Honourable          leadership qualities, prior         Métis Nation of Ontario over         VOTERS’ LIST:
School Board; Historical Com-      Michael Bryant, Minister of          PCMNO experience and pas-           the next four years.                 • October 24, 2008: Posting of the Preliminary Vot-
mittee, and was on the judg-       Aboriginal Affairs, and David        sion for the Métis Nation of            I would like to thank all cit-     ers’ List at the Historic Sault Ste. Marie Métis
                                                                                                                                                   Council office. Citizens are encouraged to con-
ing panel in the past. Sharon      Ramsay, the past Minister of         Ontario she is well equipped        izens that ran in this past elec-
                                                                                                                                                   tact the Returning Officer to ensure their correct
was appointed by the Minister      Aboriginal Affairs in Ontario.       for her position as Vice-chair.     tion; it is people like you that       address and name is listed.
of Culture to the Grant                Sharon’s diverse back-                                               help build a strong nation. I        • November 13, 2008: Posting of the Final Voters’
Review Team of the Trillium        ground includes attending            A letter to all citizens            would like to thank everyone           List at the Historic Sault Ste. Marie Métis Council
Foundation. She was awarded        Sheridan College where she           When I made my decision to          that believed in me; I will not        office. Official Candidates will be provided a
by the Chair of the Region of      earned her Ontario Manage-           run for the position of Vice-       let you down.                          copy of the Final Voters’ List upon request to the
Peel, “Volunteer of the Year”      ment Development Leader-             chair of the Métis Nation of                                               Returning Officer.
award in 2006. She also            ship Skills Certificate; Facilita-   Ontario I had to ask several        CONTACT:
                                                                                                                                                 COMMUNITY COUNCIL ELECTORAL CODE: A
received the Ontario Heritage      tion Skills Certificate; First       people that are very close to       Tel: 905-846-8645
                                                                                                                                                 copy will be posted at the Historic Sault Ste. Marie
Trust Award for her work with      Aid/CPR certificate, and has         my heart, among them--Sena-              Métis Council office.

                                                                                                                                                 VACANT POSITIONS ON COUNCIL:

Marcel                                                                   Maurice                                                                 There are 11 vacant positions as follows:

Lafrance                                                                 Sarrazin                                                                President
                                                                                                                                                 Women’s Rep
                                                                                                                                                                       Youth Rep
Region 3 Councillor                                                      Region 5 Councillor                                                     Councillors at Large (4 positions to be filled)

Hello, my name is Marcel                                                 My name is Maurice Sarrazin.                                            NOMINATION PROCESS:
Lafrance. I live in a small                                              I was born in Mattawa, a                                                • Deadline for Close of Nominations:
town in northern Ontario,                                                small town 45 km’s east of                                                 6:00 p.m. EST, October 24, 2008.
called Matachewan. It is                                                 North Bay. I am from a family                                           Nominations are to be submitted in writing to the
about 65 km's west of Kirk-                                              of seven children, five boys                                            Returning Officer by this date and time. Nomina-
land Lake. The Montreal River                                            and two girls. I attended high                                          tions are to include the name of the person being
                                                                                                                                                 nominated (the candidate), the position the candi-
runs through town and it is a                                            school at F.J. McElligot High
                                                                                                                                                 date is seeking, name and signature of two regis-
fantastic place to fish. In the                                          in Mattawa. I joined the                                                tered MNO citizens resident in the council area, sig-
fall I love to go hunting for                                            armed forces in 1977, and                                               nature of the candidate accepting the nomination.
moose. I am married to a           never”.                               was stationed in Val Cartier,      Liberal Party.                       Candidates may be nominated for one position only.
lovely woman named Debbie.             I am the Regional Council-        Quebec, where I trained in            I first became involved           • Announcement of Official Candidates: 6:00
She has been my partner for        lor for Region 3. We are work-        infantry with the Royal 22nd       with the Métis because of my            p.m. EST, November 14, 2008.
32 years. We have two chil-        ing on getting capacity fund-         Regiment. I was then sta-          brother Richard. This is my              All nominated candidates must have their docu-
dren, Samantha and Trevor.         ing for community councils.           tioned at the Citadel in Que-      second term as Region 5              mentation verified by the MNO Registrar who will
                                                                                                                                                 be asked to do so by the Returning Officer after the
Samantha gave us two grand-        The volunteers that run these         bec. While training for the        Councillor. My goal is to cre-
                                                                                                                                                 Close of Nominations. The verification process
children Sky-Lynn and Antho-       councils are the backbone of          Airborne, I was injured, and       ate a provincial veterans’           ensures that all required genealogical information
ny. Trevor has a little bundle     the MNO. With funding, the            given a medical release.           council that is funded, organ-       and proof of Aboriginal ancestry is in the records of
of joy called Izabella.            community councils will have             Then, I met my wife, and        ised, and self-reliant. I would      the candidate at the MNO Registry Office.
    I've been on a disability      the capability to keep the            moved to Sudbury, where we         also like to create a data base
pension for a few years.           Métis citizens better informed        have lived since 1980, and         of past and present veterans.        SCRUTINEERS:
Because of all the spare time      about the activities going on         where I attended Cambrian             Presently, I am working on        Candidates may appoint one person to be their
on my hands I decided to get       in their region. I hope to see        College. In 1981, I married        a Métis cemetery that has            scrutineer at the polling station. Candidates may
a college degree. Well, what       the Métis nation sign a consti-       my wife, Denise. We had two        been lost or forgotten. My           appoint alternative scrutineers but only the scruti-
                                                                                                                                                 neer or the alternate may be present at one time in
an eye-opener! The young           tution in the near future.            children, a boy who is now 23      goal is to preserve, protect
                                                                                                                                                 the polling station. The name of the scrutineer and
ones called me “old man”.          With the participation of all         years old, and a daughter,         and document this cite.              alternates must be provided in writing by the Can-
They were a great bunch of         Métis citizens the constitution       who is now 20 years old.                                                didate to the Returning Officer. One scrutineer per
kids. In the spring of 2007 I      is just on the horizon.                  I presently work as a main-     CONTACT:                             candidate may witness the counting of the ballots.
graduated. I felt proud of my                                            tenance person at a long           Tel: 705-897-6079
accomplishment. It was 35          CONTACT:                              term care facility. I am also a             FOR FURTHER INFORMATION:
years late, but you know what      Tel: 705-565-2342                     small business owner, and a                                              Any questions concerning this process may be
they say, “better late than                director for the Nickel Belt                      MORE ON PAGE 14
                                                                                                                                                 addressed to the Returning Officer.
  SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2008                                                                                                                                                                    11

  Homeland News

 BRITISH COLUMBIA                   MÉTIS NATIONAL COUNCIL NEWS:                                                                                                       ALBERTA
                                    Government of Canada
                                    signs Protocol with
                                    Métis National Council
                                    OTTAWA—On September 5th,
                                    the Honourable Chuck Strahl,
                                    Minister of Indian Affairs and
                                    Northern Development and Fed-
BRUCE DUMONT                        eral Interlocutor for Métis and                                                                                          AUDREY POITRAS
                                    Non-status Indians, announced
RE-ELECTED                          the signing of a protocol with the
PRESIDENT OF                        Métis National Council (MNC) to                                                                                          PRESIDENT OF
                                    begin discussions on a wide range
MÉTIS NATION                        of issues of interest to the Métis
                                                                                                                                                             MÉTIS NATION
OF BRITISH                          people represented by the MNC.                                                                                           OF ALBERTA
                                        “This agreement marks a sig-
COLUMBIA                            nificant turning point in Canada's                                                                                       Métis Nation of Ontario Presi-
                                    relationship with Métis in Cana-                                                                                         dent, Gary Lipinski, offered
Métis Nation of Ontario Presi-      da,” says Minister Strahl. “It ush-                                                                                      congratulations on behalf of
dent, Gary Lipinski, offered        ers in a new era of open dialogue                                                                                        the Métis Nation of Ontario to
congratulations on behalf of        between the federal government                                                                                           Audrey Poitras on her re-elec-
the Métis Nation of Ontario         and the Métis National Council,                                                                                          tion as President of the Métis
to Bruce Dumont on his re-          one that I believe will lead to con-                                                                                     Nation of Alberta (MNA).
election as President of the        structive change and improve-                                                                                                President Poitras is begin-
Métis Nation - British Colum-       ment in the lives of all Métis.”                                                                                         ning her fifth consecutive term
bia (MNBC).                             “This protocol is the result of                                                                                      as president of one of the
   President Lipinski said “I       several months of productive dis-                                                                                        Métis National Council’s oldest
wish to congratulate Bruce          cussions between the federal                                                                                             governing members. Under
and all of the candidates in the    government and the Métis                                                                                                 her leadership, the MNA has
Métis Nation British Colum-         National Council,” said Métis                                                                                            become a recognised leader in
bia’s recent election. The dem-     National Council President, Clé-                                                                                         financial management and
ocratic processes that are          ment Chartier. “If we can keep                                                                                           accountability; the delivery of
                                                                                                                                  PHOTO COURTESY OF :MNC
shared across the Homeland          this momentum going in the                                                                                               Métis training and employ-
are a vital part of the legitima-   coming months, and years, it           Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and Federal                   ment services; economic
cy and strength of our govern-      could lead to a real breakthrough      Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians, Chuck Strahl, and                  development, and Métis identi-
ments.                              with some substantial improve-         Métis National Council President, Clément Chartier.                               fication and registration.
   “The Provisional Council of      ments to the lives of Métis people                                                                                           President Lipinski said, “I
the Métis Nation of Ontario         in Canada.”                            look forward to working with              The range of issues expected            want to congratulate Audrey
(PCMNO) looks forward to                ''I commend Minister Strahl        Minister Strahl and the Govern-        to be covered under the protocol           and all of the candidates in the
working with President              for his commitment to build a          ment of Canada to address out-         include Métis Aboriginal rights,           Métis Nation of Alberta’s
Dumont and the MNBC Board           positive and productive relation-      standing issues including issues       economic development, roles                recent election. Our democrat-
of Directors to advance the         ship with the Métis nation. I also     faced by our Métis veterans, as        and responsibilities, jurisdiction-        ic processes across the Métis
Métis nation’s agenda,” added       thank him for extending his hand       well as moving forward on Métis        al questions, and possible areas           Nation Homeland are at the
Lipinski.                           in the spirit of partnership and       governance, economic develop-          of federal-provincial-Métis co-            heart of the legitimacy, vitality
                                    mutual respect,'' said MNC Vice-       ment and other priorities impor-       operation on socio-economic                and strength of our govern-
                                    President, David Chartrand. ''We       tant to the Métis community.''         and other Métis issues.                    ments. Everyone who partici-
                                                                                                                                                             pates in these processes--
THE DEMOCRATIC                                                                                                                                               whether it be by voting or put-
                                    CIBC celebrates culture                                                                                                  ting their name forward as a
                                                                                                                                                             candidate--should be thanked
                                                                                                                                                             for their contribution to
                                    of Aboriginal employees                                                                                                  strengthening Métis self-gov-
                                                                                                                                                                 “The entire Provisional
PART OF THE                         On June 20, the Canadian Imperi-                                                                                         Council of the Métis Nation of
LEGITIMACY                          al Bank of Canada (CIBC) cele-                                                                                           Ontario, looks forward to
AND STRENGTH                        brated the culture, accomplish-                                                                                          working collaboratively with
OF OUR                              ments and the contributions of its                                                                                       President Poitras and the
GOVERNMENTS.”                       Aboriginal employees across                                                                                              MNA’s new provincial council
                                    Canada as part of the bank’s diver-                                                                                      to advance the Métis nation’s
                                    sity celebrations.                                                                                                       agenda. Specifically, I look for-
    Dumont was first elected in         At a special event hosted by the                                                                                     ward to continuing to serve
December, 2005, when he won         bank’s Aboriginal affinity group,                                                                                        with President Poitras on the
a large majority in the MNBC        known as the CIBC Aboriginal                                                                                             Métis National Council’s Board
provincial by-election. Begin-      Employee Circle, more than 100                                                                                           of Governors,” concluded
ning his second term, Presi-        guests were treated to a tradition-                                                                                      President Lipinski.
dent Dumont said: “…I am            al smudge ceremony, storytelling
committed to continuing the         by Aboriginal Elder Derek Bres-        Traditional dancers at CIBC’s Aboriginal Day celebration.
level of excellence and profes-     sette, and dancing and drumming
sionalism we have built at the      by the Council Fire Singers &          occupations. The awards also help      since 2001.                              which takes a holistic and inte-
MNBC for the past few years.        Dancers. The celebrations were         build self esteem and pride and           In April, eight Aboriginal stu-       grated approach in providing spe-
Also I will ensure the MNBC         preceded by a semi-annual nation-      provide valuable role models for       dents graduated from CIBC’s six-         cialised financial services to First
Five Year Implementation Plan       al Aboriginal employee forum on        Aboriginal youth. In March of this     week Job Readiness Training pro-         Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples,”
will continue as we address the     promoting awareness of Aborigi-        year, CIBC donated $100,000 to         gram offered in Calgary. The grad-       said Frances McIsaac, Vice-Presi-
socio-economic issues of            nal culture at CIBC in the coming      the National Aboriginal Achieve-       uates received training as analysts,     dent of Training and Development
health, education, housing,         year.                                  ment Foundation (NAAF) educa-          transaction processors and in cus-       and Executive Sponsor of the
and economic development.”              CIBC has a rich history as a       tion program of annual bursaries       tomer service roles and are now          CIBC Aboriginal Employee Circle.
    MNBC immediately began          proud supporter of Canada’s Abo-       and scholarships that are provid-      pursuing new careers with the            “Our Aboriginal Banking Team
to prepare for the inaugura-        riginal communities. For the past      ed to more than 600 First Nations,     bank. CIBC was the first to offer        provides access to financial servic-
tion of the newly elected lead-     15 years, CIBC has been the lead       Inuit and Métis students enrolled      job readiness training as part of a      es in remote communities,
ers who were sworn into             sponsor of the National Aboriginal     in full-time post-secondary stud-      proactive recruitment strategy to        through seven on-reserve branch-
office on September 26th,           Achievement Awards, which              ies in a broad range of fields. This   attract and train prospective            es and an on-reserve agency to
2008, at the beginning of the       recognise outstanding career           year’s donation raised CIBC’s          employees for a career in the            help meet the personal and busi-
MNBC 11th Annual General            achievements of First Nations,         total sponsorship of NAAF schol-       financial services sector.               ness financial needs of our Aborig-
Meeting in Kelowna, BC              Inuit and Métis people in diverse      arships and bursaries to $800,000         “I am proud to work for CIBC,         inal clients.”
12                                                                                                                                                                                     INDIAN RESIDENTIAL

                          Canada apologises, b
     “The Government of Canada sincerely apologises and asks the forgiveness of the
                                                                                             mously said, “to kill the Indian in the      residential schools and others never         dinary courage for th
 On June 11th, 2008, in the House of Commons,                                                child.” Today, we recognise that this pol-   returned home.                               vivors that have com
 Prime Minister Stephen Harper delivered an                                                  icy of assimilation was wrong, has               The government now recognises            publicly about the ab
 apology for the residential school system                                                   caused great harm, and has no place in       that the consequences of the Indian res-        It is a testament t
                                                                                             our country.                                 idential schools policy were profoundly      individuals and to th
 which shattered so many Aboriginal families.                                                   Most schools were operated as ‘joint      negative and that this policy has had a      cultures. Regrettably
 Below is the text of that speech:                                                           ventures' with Anglican, Catholic, Pres-     lasting and damaging impact on aborigi-      dents are not with
                                                                                             byterian or United churches. The Gov-        nal culture, heritage and language.          never having receiv
                                                                                             ernment of Canada built an educational           While some former students have          from the Governme

             r. Speaker, I stand before         and administration of these schools.         system in which very young children          spoken positively about their experi-           The government
             you today to offer an apolo-          Two primary objectives of the resi-       were often forcibly removed from their       ences at residential schools – these sto-    absence of an apo
             gy to former students of           dential schools system were to remove        homes, often taken far from their com-       ries are far overshadowed by tragic          impediment to hea
 Indian residential schools.                    and isolate children from the influence      munities. Many were inadequately fed,        accounts of the emotional, physical and      tion. Therefore, on
    The treatment of children in Indian         of their homes, families, traditions and     clothed and housed. All were deprived        sexual abuse and neglect of helpless         ernment of Canada
 residential schools is a sad chapter in        cultures, and to assimilate them into the    of the care and nurturing of their par-      children and their separation from pow-      stand before you, i
 our history.                                   dominant culture.                            ents, grandparents and communities.          erless families and communities.             central to our life as
    In the 1870's, the federal govern-             These objectives were based on the           First Nations, Inuit and Métis lan-           The legacy of Indian residential         gise to aboriginal p
 ment, partly in order to meet its obliga-      assumption aboriginal cultures and spir-     guages and cultural practices were pro-      schools has contributed to social prob-      role in the Indian
 tion to educate aboriginal children,           itual beliefs were inferior and unequal.     hibited in these schools. Tragically, some   lems that continue to exist in many          system.
 began to play a role in the development        Indeed, some sought, as it was infa-         of these children died while attending       communities today. It has taken extraor-        To the approxim

     Aboriginal                                  mons is another first.
                                                     The New Democratic Party claims
                                                                                             only an hour before the apology that
                                                                                             they could speak in the Commons.
                                                                                                                                          pounding drums.
                                                                                                                                              Inuit leader Mary Simon also said
                                                                                                                                                                                       that it will resonate in
                                                                                                                                                                                       of those people who

     leaders respond                             credit for the government allowing
                                                 Fontaine, Simon, Chartier, Aboriginal
                                                                                                 Even though, the Native leaders had
                                                                                             no time to prepare speeches, speak
                                                                                                                                          she believed “a new day has dawned”.
                                                                                                                                          Métis National Council President,
                                                                                                                                                                                           The Prime Minist
                                                                                                                                                                                       of Indian Affairs know

     to historic                                 Peoples Congress leader Patrick
                                                 Brazeau and National Aboriginal
                                                                                             they did. Assembly of First Nations
                                                                                             Chief, Phil Fontaine, who personally
                                                                                                                                          Clement Chartier, said: “On behalf of
                                                                                                                                          the Métis Nation, I want to express a
                                                                                                                                                                                       am very sincere and
                                                                                                                                                                                       that this is happenin
     apology                                     Women's Association of Canada Presi-
                                                 dent, Beverley Jacobs to speak from the
                                                                                             suffered abuse at a residential school
                                                                                             and was one of the first to go public
                                                                                                                                          deep sense of thanks and gratitude to
                                                                                                                                          the Prime Minister today for offering
                                                                                                                                                                                       conflicted, because t
                                                                                                                                                                                       derstanding about th
     A prime minister delivering an apology      floor of the Commons.                       about it years ago, said the apology         this most sincere apology to those peo-      Métis Nation, our his
     to Native people in the House of Com-           A day earlier Harper rejected a         marked “a new dawn” in race relations.       ple who have experienced the Indian          temporary situation.
     mons is a first. That representatives of    request for that from Liberal Aboriginal    “I reach out to all Canadians today in a     residential schools system.                      We have had serio
     these Native people were actually              ,
                                                 MP Tina Keeper, citing precedent and        spirit of reconciliation,” he declared,          It has been a long time coming, but it   with the Minister of
     allowed to speak in the House of Com-       tradition. The Native leaders were told     provoking thunderous applause and            has been well received. I hope and I pray    have agreed, and I b

                                                                                                                                          through his children and grandchildren.      kids in Ontario, shou

             s we all know, many Métis were forced to attend residential schools.                                                         With affection and admiration.               that award. Those co
             They and their descendants are still suffering the consequences.                                                             •••
                                                                                                                                                                                       tracted me from the
                                                                                                                                                                                       ceedings until I watc
             Following are comments and reactions from some MNO citizens.                                                                 Dalton Mathias, son of Loma Rowlinson:       the First Nation's wo
                                                                                                                                                 i Mom, I went online and              She got to me and m
 Loma Rowlinson, Métis Human Health
 Resources Co-ordinator (Ottawa):
                                                and their families who were all victims
                                                of one of the most despicable human
                                                                                             ten. It is my hope that this part of Cana-
                                                                                             dian history will be written by Aborigi-
                                                                                                                                          H      watched the whole apology cause
                                                                                                                                          I know that this is an important [part]
                                                                                                                                                                                       most because you co
                                                                                                                                                                                       eyes and hear it in h
         his webcast ended a short while        rights violations of modern times.           nal people, supported by the govern-         of our family's past--that and because       her and was glad I w
 T       ago and my eyes and my heart are
 still filled with tears. My children walked
                                                    In listening to what the speakers had
                                                to say, and having all parties address
                                                                                             ment, and included in the education
                                                                                             system, so that future generations of
                                                                                                                                          you told me I had to watch it. I didn't
                                                                                                                                          think the apology would take so long. I
                                                                                                                                                                                       end. I talked to kids
                                                                                                                                                                                       school last year whe
 in from school and I could not speak           our survivors, then hearing what our         Canadians will know the truth; feel          am a bit confused about comments             her speech on this s
 with the lump in my throat that I was          Aboriginal leaders and representatives       shame and dismay, and will look at us        made by the President of the Métis           in her class didn't ev
 choking back. They stood next to me            had to say in response, I find myself        through new eyes, and with respect.          National Council when he said the            residential schools w
 and watched the final moments in the           stumbling for the right words to                                                          'Métis people of western Canada want         my grade believed m
 House of Commons and the first thing           express myself, but I feel the need to       •••                                          in'. He said that quite a few times and I    they know the truth
 that my son AJ asked was, “Is Grandpa          share with all of you nonetheless. As I      Jo MacQuarrie in reply to Loma (Ottawa):     don't know what that means. Did he           me watch this mom.
 Clifford watching this?” Then our              now sit here alone at my desk, absorb-           thank you very much for sharing          misspeak? Doesn't he represent me            to call Grandpa Cliffo
 daughter Shelbey asked, “Do you think
 he will be happy?” To both questions, I
                                                ing what has happened, at this moment
                                                I feel vindication, great sadness, relief,
                                                                                             I   your thoughts with me and our
                                                                                             Métis family. I just wanted to gather you
                                                                                                                                          too? I was proud when the national
                                                                                                                                          president gave me the National Métis
                                                                                                                                                                                       he's doing. Love, you

 answered truthfully, “I don't know”. I         despair, hope and trepidation all at the     up and say, “there, there, its all right”.   Youth Role Model award last year             •••
 am overwhelmed with so many emo-               same time. Apologies are not worth the       You are so fortunate to have such a          because I felt like I was part of some-      Jamie Panco-Fox, A
 tions for my father (who is suffering          mouths they come out of without sin-         father who survived the loneliness and       thing really important. But if he doesn't    Babies Healthy Childre
 from post traumatic stress disorder as         cerity and I pray to the Creator that the    pain of the residential schools. I can see   represent me then maybe the President        (Sault Ste.Marie):
 he works on being a survivor) and              Government of Canada, and all Canadi-        his special strength in both you and         of the MNO, who is proud of us Métis
 other members of my family and the             ans can share and understand what has        Angie, as well as in your children. In
 estimated 100,000 other Aboriginal chil-       transpired. This is such an important        spite of his pain he was able to raise a
 dren (Métis, First Nations and Inuit)          step in Canada's history for the reconcil-   fine family and will leave the
                                                       iation process that needs to con-     world a
                                                        tinue with the resources required    wonder-
                                                          to ensure that the residential     ful lega-
                                                           school system, the victims and    cy
                                                            their families are not forgot-
LSCHOOL SURVIVORS                                                                                                                                                                                                  13

but is sorry enough?
e aboriginal peoples of this country for failing them so profoundly. We are sorry.”
 he thousands of sur-     former students, and all family members      neglect and were inadequately con-          ly apologises and asks the forgiveness of     dians on the Indian residential schools
me forward to speak       and communities, the Government of           trolled, and we apologise for failing to    the aboriginal peoples of this country        system.
 buse they suffered.
 to their resilience as
                          Canada now recognises that it was
                          wrong to forcibly remove children from
                                                                       protect you.
                                                                          Not only did you suffer these abuses
                                                                                                                   for failing them so profoundly. We are
                                                                                                                                                                     It will be a positive step in forging a
                                                                                                                                                                 new relationship between aboriginal
                                                                           WE RECOGNISE
 he strength of their     their homes and we apologise for hav-        as children, but as you became parents,         In moving towards healing, reconcil-      peoples and other Canadians, a relation-
 y, many former stu-      ing done this.
                                                                           THAT THIS POLICY
                                                                       you were powerless to protect your own      iation and resolution of the sad legacy of    ship based on the knowledge of our
  us today and died,         We now recognise that it was wrong
                                                                           OF ASSIMILATION
                                                                       children from suffering the same experi-    Indian residential schools, implementa-       shared history, a respect for each other
 ved a full apology       to separate children from rich and
                                                                           WAS WRONG, HAS
                                                                       ence, and for this we are sorry.            tion of the Indian residential schools        and a desire to move forward together
ent of Canada.            vibrant cultures and traditions, that it         CAUSED GREAT
                                                                          The burden of this experience has        settlement agreement began on Sep-            with a renewed understanding that
  recognises that the     created a void in many lives and com-            HARM, AND HAS
                                                                       been on your shoulders for far too long.    tember 19, 2007.                              strong families, strong communities and
ology has been an         munities, and we apologise for having            NO PLACE IN OUR
                                                                       The burden is properly ours as a gov-           Years of work by survivors, commu-        vibrant cultures and traditions will con-
aling and reconcilia-     done this.                                       COUNTRY.
                                                                       ernment, and as a country. There is no      nities, and aboriginal organisations cul-     tribute to a stronger Canada for all of us.
   behalf of the Gov-        We now recognise that, in separating      place in Canada for the attitudes that      minated in an agreement that gives us a           God bless all of you and God bless
  and all Canadians, I    children from their families, we under-      inspired the Indian residential schools     new beginning and an opportunity to           our land.
 in this chamber so       mined the ability of many to adequately      system to ever again prevail.               move forward together in partnership.
  a country, to apolo-    parent their own children and sowed             You have been working on recover-            A cornerstone of the settlement           The speeches delivered by National
 eoples for Canada's      the seeds for generations to follow and      ing from this experience for a long time    agreement is the Indian residential           Chief Phil Fontaine, Liberal leader,
  residential schools     we apologise for having done this.           and in a very real sense, we are now        schools truth and reconciliation com-         Stephane Dion, and NDP leader, Jack
                             We now recognise that, far too often,     joining you on this journey.                mission. This commission presents a           Layton, may be found at:
mately 80,000 living      these institutions gave rise to abuse or        The Government of Canada sincere-        unique opportunity to educate all Cana-

 n the communities        Minister is supportive, that we will,        for the question of who paid. As for        do celebrate, with them, with you, with      been excluded from many things by the
  have been affected.     based on this apology today, address         who paid, it was those young people         all Canadians, because this is a day for     workings of this House and its policies,
 er and the Minister      those issues that are outstanding to our     who went there, people like Don (Don        all Canadians. It is a day for us to move    wants in.
 w that although I        people, the Métis. I believe those state-    Favel is a residential school survivor      forward.
  happy, perhaps,         ments made today about the dark days         who accompanied President Chartier in            I know deep in my heart that the        For more information on the Indian
ng, I also feel deeply    of the assimilation policies and I believe   the House of Commons.), people like         party leaders and the Prime Minister         residential schools, you can also go to
there is still misun-     those actions that took place in this        me. We paid.                                who spoke today spoke with sincerity,        the following web sites:
he situation of the       House will be addressed and hopefully            I hope and I do believe sincerely in    not with the theatrics of the Commons.       Legacy of Hope Foundation:
 story and our con-       corrected in the future.                     the words of the minister that we will      That has been set aside. I can see that. I
                              I really do feel conflicted, because I   address this. I said that the Métis         can feel that. I know that it is deep and    Aboriginal Healing Foundation:
 ous discussions          am one of the survivors of a Métis resi-     Nation would be here to share this day      it is real.                           
 Indian Affairs. We       dential school, which was no different       with those people who have waited for            Finally, Prime Minister, the Métis      Fallen Feather Productions:
 elieve the Prime         from Indian residential schools except       so long. We want to celebrate, and we       Nation of western Canada, which has   

 uld have given me              he healing for the survivors might     inal children in care is fewer than the     media displays have gone and the real         delivered and when the actions which
omments really dis-
   rest of the pro-
                          T     just be starting and I feel that
                          those are the voices we need to hear
                                                                       number of non-Aboriginal children in
                                                                                                                   moment of truth is upon them.
                                                                                                                       I ask the Creator to empower all
                                                                                                                                                                 caused the apology in the first place are
                                                                                                                                                                 changed. In this case, how govern-
ched and listened to      back from as they have their own sto-                                                    these victims to change the history           ments move forward will demonstrate if
oman at the end.          ries of what it was like being in those      •••                                         books, to put in laws that prevent this       they truly “get” the magnitude of the
made me feel the          schools. I too shed many tears yester-       Beverley Newton, MNO Manager                ever happening to any other people            inter-generational consequences of
 ould see it in her       day as my dad is also a survivor who         Human Resources (Ottawa):                   and to make sure that it never ever can       those past actions; how government
her voice. I believed     was extremely dysfunctional. As a front-          o many tears were shed yesterday,      happen again.                                 not only deals with those who have
watched it to the
  about this at
                          line worker I truly believe that in some
                          way the “sixties scope” still exists in a
                                                                       S    and for so many reasons. But we
                                                                       can only hope that each tear will wash
                                                                                                                       The healing for the survivors might
                                                                                                                   just be starting and I feel that those are
                                                                                                                                                                 been directly and indirectly affected by
                                                                                                                                                                 the past, as well as how those issues
 n Shelbey wrote          more politically correct manner. As the      away some of the suffering.                 the voices we need to hear back from          have affected the broader communities
  ubject. The teacher     prime minister was apologising yester-                                                   as they have their own stories of what it     and respective Aboriginal nations.
ven know what the         day the Children’s Aid Society (CAS)         •••                                         was like being in those schools.                 Going forward, we have to be opti-
were and no one in        was down at the hospital apprehending        Pauline Desroches-Saulnier, PCMNO                                                         mistic and take people at face value
me. Now, maybe            a new-born baby. I at this time have         Councillor, Region 7 (Midland):             •••                                           believing that they will live up to their
 . Thanks for making      more clients involved with CAS than                ven though my family was fortu-       GARY LIPINSKI                                 commitments. However, the proof will
 . I think I am going
 ord now to see how
                          not involved with CAS, so, to me, I'm
                          having a hard time buying into the
                                                                       E     nate not to be part of the residen-
                                                                       tial schools, the compassionate side of
                                                                                                                   President of the Métis Nation of Ontario:
                                                                                                                         hanks for…letting us know first
                                                                                                                                                                 only be there when we see action and
                                                                                                                                                                 commitment. Our hearts go out to all
 ur son, Dalton.          whole “we’re sorry” story….As we all
                          try to recover from some of the damage
                                                                       me tends to agree that the apologies
                                                                       are only worth anything if the person
                                                                                                                   T     hand the gambit of emotions
                                                                                                                   someone so closely connected is going
                                                                                                                                                                 those who have been affected by this. Let
                                                                                                                                                                 us be supportive of those individuals,
                          we may or may not have experienced as        mouthing the words is sincere, speak-       through. It truly was an historic day, an     families and communities in the future.
Aboriginal Healthy        children, we must understand that            ing the real truth, and it is coming from   emotional day, and a day of new hope
 en Co-ordinator          good things come in time. At 50 I truly      deep inside. Let’s see how far this gov-    for the future. Any apology is only as        Special thanks to Loma for sharing her
                          hope I'm still around to                     ernment will go once the                    good as the sincerity with which it is        correspondence with the Voyageur.
                          experience a time when
                          the number of Aborig-
14                                                                                                                                                                         MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

       N O T I C E T O M É T I S C I T I Z E N S I N O N TA R I O                                             PCMNO PROFILES:
                                                                                                              CONTINUED FROM PAGE 10

 IPPERWASHAND THE                                                                                               Audrey
 NEW RELATIONSHIP                                                                                               Vallee
 FUND                                                                                                           Senator

                                                                                                                    was born in Victoria Har-
                                                                                                                    bour, Ontario, a beautiful vil-
                                                                                                                    lage at the southern tip of
                                                                                                               Georgian Bay. I attended ele-
                                                                                                               mentary school there and high
                                                                                                               school in Midland.
                                                                                                                   After high school I worked for
                                                                                                               a few years in the monthly pay-
                                                                                                               ment department of Simpson’s
       What is the Ipperwash Inquiry?                                                                          mail order office in Toronto. In            avid promoter of the Métis
                                                                                                               1951 I came home and worked at              nation wherever I go.
     The Ipperwash Inquiry was established by the         tions that would avoid violence in similar cir-      Woolworth’s in Midland until I                  In 2005 I was appointed as
     Government of Ontario on November 12, 2003,          cumstances in the future. The Honourable Sid-        married Allan, my first and only            Senator for the GBMC, and later
     under the Public Inquiries Act. Its mandate was      ney B. Linden was appointed “Commissioner”           love. We will celebrate our 57th            elected Senator on the PCMNO. I
     to inquire and report on events surrounding          in November, 2003. The Commission delivered          wedding anniversary in Decem-               was appointed Senator Advisor
     the death of Dudley George, who was shot and         its final report containing its findings, conclu-    ber.                                        on the Women’s Senate of the
     killed in 1995 during a protest by First Nation      sions and recommendations (100 recommenda-               We had five children, two girls         MNO, Senator Advisor on the
     members at Ipperwash Provincial Park. The            tions) to the Attorney General of Ontario and        and three boys. When my                     Child and Family Service of the
     Inquiry was also asked to make recommenda-           the Report was made public on May 31, 2007.          youngest started school I went              MNO and Senator Advisor for
                                                                                                               back to work outside of our                 Veterans.
                                                                                                               home for a few years.                           I have attended many meet-
       What is “The New Relationship Fund”?                                                                        We have one grand daughter              ings and functions including the
                                                                                                               and two grandsons, one of                   Federal Liberal Convention in
     A key recommendation of Justice Linden’s                On May 15, 2008, Minister Michael Bryant,
                                                                                                               whom I raised from the age of               Montreal where I said the open-
     Ipperwash Inquiry Report was the establish-          along with MNO President, Gary Lipinski, and
                                                                                                               four to eighteen.                           ing prayers for the Aboriginal
     ment of a fund to improve the capacity of First      Chiefs of Ontario Regional Chief, Angus
                                                                                                                   In 1973 we bought a farm and            meeting. I also offered opening
     Nation and Aboriginal people in Ontario to par-      Toulouse, announced the creation of the “New
                                                                                                               raised beef cattle, swine, turkeys          and closing prayers at the HIV
     ticipate in the many land claim, treaty, or Abo-     Relationship Fund” ($25 million over the first
                                                                                                               and chickens. As Allan went to              Forum in Burlington, and attend-
     riginal policy and consultation processes under-     two years).
                                                                                                               work every day, I was left to tend          ed an Aboriginal Women’s
     way in the province at any given time.
                                                                                                               to the farm. I learned to look              Awards Ceremony at Queen’s
                                                                                                               after animals in distress. I also           Park; the Aboriginal Women’s
       What is the purpose of the Fund?                                                                        looked after the finances, did the          Forum at the Native Friendship
                                                                                                               farm books along with being the             Centre in Toronto; the 2007
     The Fund has two broad purposes:                                                                          “go-for”. Go for supplies; go for           Women’s Conference in Vancou-
                                                                                                               feed; go for machinery parts. I             ver, and the 2008 Women’s Sec-
      • supporting First Nations and Métis commu-          • supporting Aboriginal individuals, organisa-      could write a book about our                retariat of the Métis Nation of
        nities to enhance their consultation ability         tions and First Nations and Métis communi-        adventures on the farm; some                Ontario in Toronto where I said
        to participate in meaningful consultations           ties to enhance skills development, training      are funny and others not so                 opening Prayers. I have attended
        with government and the private sector on            and education and build business partner-         funny. We still farm, although we           many other functions, such as a
        important land, resource and other devel-            ships for sustainable economic develop-           do cash cropping now.                       Drum Birthing and the wind
        opment initiatives; and                              ment, and employment.                                 We got involved with the                down of the Reclamation Pro-
                                                                                                               farmers’ market where we sold               gram at GBMC.
                                                                                                               corn and vegetables, home bak-                  Allan and I attended the Har-
       What is being done?                                                                                     ing and crocheted and knitted               vesting court cases in North Bay
                                                                                                               baby outfits. I have won many               and Parry Sound.
     Following the May, 2008, announcement, the            • Beneficiaries of the Fund
                                                                                                               prizes at the local fairs for my                This is my third year on the
     Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs (MAA) engaged          • Governance structure
                                                                                                               crocheting, knitting and baking. I          Region 7 Rendezvous Planning
     the MNO in discussions on the details of the          • Funding requirements
                                                                                                               attended judging school and                 Committee. These three years
     Fund. MAA also engaged First Nations, Inuit           • Guiding principles
                                                                                                               received my judging certificate to          have been exciting and informa-
     organisations, other Aboriginal organisations,        • Recipients and programs eligible for funding
     financial and business institutions, industry, the    • Apportionment or targeting of fund for First      judge at fairs.                             tive enabling me to see the devel-
     federal government and Ontario Government               Nations and Métis                                     I do a lot of reading and do            opment of our Métis nation.
     ministries on the details of the Fund.                • Mechanism for Aboriginal input to opera-          crossword puzzles daily. I have                 I would like to say thank you
         Specifically, MAA is engaging partners on the       tion of the Fund                                  been a volunteer collector for              to my Senator sisters and broth-
     following issues related to the Fund:                 • Performance measures for the Fund                 the Cancer and Arthritis Soci-              ers for their support in the last
                                                           • Administration of the Fund                        eties. I was also a co-captain on           election. I would like to stand for
                                                                                                               the neighbourhood watch and                 re-election this year and I am
                                                                                                               Tay Township community polic-               once again asking you for your
       How can I get involved?                                                                                 ing in our area.                            support.
                                                                                                                   When Allan was on the Geor-
     Consultation material on the details of the Fund     local and regional leadership or respond via the     gian Bay Métis Council (GBMC) I
     have been circulated to MNO Community                MNO’s web site. A workshop on the details of         attended events and volunteered
     Councils and the PCMNO. As well, this material       the Fund was also held at the PCMNO meeting          with him in different positions.
     is available on the MNO’s web site at                in September. As well, the Fund has been dis-            In 1999 I received my citizen Métis citizens        cussed at various community meetings held            card. I am a proud Métis and an
     are encouraged to provide comments to their          during the summer and fall of 2008.

       What happens next?                                                                                                 The Uplifting Falls
                                                                                                                                          by Raymond D. Tremblay
     Based on the input received from these consul-       mission with Ontario, it will be brought to the
     tations, the MNO will be preparing a submis-         MNO’s upcoming AGA for review and validation
                                                                                                                                         Did you ever notice the elegant
     sion to the MAA on the Métis nation’s interest       by Métis citizens. Specifically, a workshop on
                                                                                                                                         And fluttering dance of leaves as
     and position in relation to the Fund.                the Fund will be held on November 17th, 2008
                                                                                                                                        They glided towards Mother Earth?
         Prior to the MNO formally tabling this sub-      at the MNO AGA.
                                                                                                                                      How so graceful! How so comforting!
                                                                                                                                    Did you admire them when they blanketed
       When will the Fund be operational?                                                                                          The ground with a myriad of colours? It is no
                                                                                                                                 Wonder that their innate beauty mesmerised you.
     It is likely that resources from the Fund will not   ment processes need to take place before fund-                    When you played in the fallen leaves, do you remember
     be available to Métis communities until the          ing flows. The MNO will continue to keep                         Their haunting cries when you stepped on them? You knew
     next fiscal year (starting in April 2009). The       Métis citizens updated on progress related to                You never meant to hurt them. They gingerly cushioned your falls.
     MNO is hoping that funding will be available         the Fund.                                                It was as if they were sacrificing their lives to uplift your wounded spirits.
     sooner, but various internal Ontario Govern-                                                               Do you remember when they welcomed the first snow fall? It was as if they were

                                                                                                                  Thirsty for sacred love. From birth, they knew that in the fall they would be
                                                                                           Nation of               Separated from their nurturing source only to return to Mother Earth and
                                                                                                                      To their Creator just like you and me. They died to remind us of Life.
  SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2008                                                                                                                                                                    15

 Métis Communities
                                                                               MÉTIS COMMUNITY COUNCIL UPDATES:

                                                                               Region 2: Thunder Bay
                                                                               area Métis community
                                                                               has busy summer
                                                                               By CAMERON BURGESS                    walleye and a fish fry. Thanks go       was enjoyed by all.
                                                                                                                     to the health staff for their partic-       August 15-17th: Fort William

                                                                                         e have had a busy           ipation.                                Historical Park invited MNO to
                                                                                         spring and summer;              June 19th: The 5th Annual           participate in their 2nd Annual
                                                                                         here are the details.       Métis Community Centre golf             Kesguin Pow Wow Days. On the
                                                                                  May: The Thunder Bay Métis         tournament was won by Cam's             Saturday night the fantastic
                                                                               Council and health staff hosted       foursome of Denise Kowolski             Asham Métis Dancers and Fid-
                                                                               two, first year Northern Ontario      (finance housing) her sister and        dlers from Winnipeg entertained
                                                                               Medical Students for the month        Edwin Martinez from Best West-          the large crowd and showcased
                                                                               of May. This is the third year of     ern Nor'Wester, retaining their         our culture. At this event we were
                                                                               hosting and the purpose is to         title from 2007.                        also given the contract for the
                                                                               show these future doctors Métis           July 12th: The David Thomp-         parking. Thanks go to John, Terry,
                                                                               governance and culture. This          son Brigade, composed of 160            Robbyn, Nancy, Ken and Cam for
                                                                               year, they were involved in a         paddlers, travelled across four         raising $2510.00 for the Commu-
                                                                               meet and greet with all the staff--   provinces to take part in the           nity Centre.
                                                                               luncheon, music and dancing; a        Great Rendezvous at Fort William            A $10,500.00 grant was award-
                                                                               day with a Métis commercial fish-     Historical Park. Two MNO canoes         ed to Thunder Bay Council from
                                                                               erman on Lake Superior (700 lbs.      with Métis citizens and invited         the City of Thunder Bay to pro-
                                                                               of fish caught); a day and night      guests paddled from the Fort to         duce and install a 16’ x 32’ mural
                                                                               spent at a Métis trappers shack,      meet the Brigade and guide them         on our building. More details to
                                                                               involved with skinning beaver         to the Fort where we were met by        follow in next issue.
                                                                               and deer; a day at the Regional       cannon fire, musket fire, singers
                                                                               Hospital in Geraldton, followed       and dancers and a welcome from          Cameron Burgess is the PCMNO
                                                                               by a day on the lake fishing for      the Fort's governors. A huge feast      Councillor for MNO Region 2.

Grey-Owen Sound Métis Councillor, Pete Coture (left); Councillor,
Peter Gendron (centre), and Vice President, Jeff Wilson (right),
proudly kick off the day's events with a traditional grand entry.

carry the
by REBEKAH WILSON                      races, as well as beading and edu-
                                       cational activity books about Abo-

           rey Owen Sound Métis        riginal history and culture.
           celebrated Aboriginal           Guests enjoyed musical enter-
           Day with community          tainment in the museum's the-
           Métis people from           atre. The headlining bands
           across Ontario at the       included Rudy and Jean Couture
Grey Roots Museum and                  of Bognor, David Dillon Blues
Archives near Owen Sound at            Band from London and Brenda             Thunder Bay Métis Council members participate in the David Thompson Brigade Event.
annual National Aboriginal Day         Willis and RBC Country Band of
celebrations.                          Grey & Bruce Counties.
    The event, which partnered             The Métis nation, who
Grey-Owen Sound Métis Council
and Grey Roots Museum and
Archives for a special cultural day,
                                       embraces diversity, was happy to
                                       welcome visitors from many
                                       walks of life. This year's guests
                                                                               Region 4: Métis Dance
took place on June 21st. Refresh-
ments and a lunch time meal
were served to attendees, who
                                       ranged in age from four weeks to
                                       98 years old, and came from
                                       towns all across Ontario. “I've
                                                                               Club of SSM leads
socialised outdoors and enjoyed
traditional drum music.
    All members of the Grey Owen
                                       never been to an Aboriginal cele-
                                       bration before, but I had a great
                                       time. Everyone is like a big family
                                                                               graduating class
Sound Métis Council were in            here; it really makes you feel wel-     by ANNE TRUDEL                        Dance Club of Sault Ste. Marie          cocoons, this dance
attendance, as were several long-      come,” said first-time attendee,                                              and area, was invited to choose         seemed most fit-

term members of the community,         Barbara O'Halloran.                           or many, high school grad-      whether to precede the students         ting to bring the
and surrounding Owen Sound                 MNO representative Scott Car-             uation ranks as a prestige      in or lead the grand exit of the        students out of the
area, as well as dignitaries repre-    penter of Midland attracted many              highlight of their school       graduates out. Jeri Powley and          auditorium and was
senting the City of Owen Sound         interested guests to view his           career and a marker into the          Rebekah Trudel, third year mem-         capitalised by Sena-
and various organisations from         indoor display of Aboriginal cul-       “adult” world. Jeri Powley of Sault   bers, and Tammy Hill, first year        tor Brenda Powley
the community.                         ture, including traditional cloth-      Ste. Marie was approached by          member of the Youth Dance               who gave a few Jeri
    Following a traditional grand      ing, flags and foods that tell a spe-   Alexander Henry High School of        Troupe who all belong to the            closing remarks.      Powley
entry onto the picnic grounds,         cial tale in history.                   the Algoma District School Board      Métis Dance Club, accepted this            “We had chosen
Senator Leora Wilson welcomed              The event was a resounding          and asked to participate in the       honour. They performed the              the butterfly dance to lead them
all, and introduced Council and        success, with many new friend-          June 25, 2008, graduation.            “butterfly dance” which requires        out, because it symbolised them
special guests. Vice-president, Jef-   ships made and promises of                 Traditionally, in some Region 4    three dancers to perform it.            soaring high as their dreams and
frey Wilson acted as the picnic's      return for next year. “It was a lot     schools, the students, when              For those who have not heard         ambitions would take them,” said
MC.                                    of hard work, but I hope every-         being marched in and out of the       of the butterfly dance, the dance       Senator Powley.
    Throughout the day, children       one enjoyed it,” said Senator           ceremonies are escorted by the        has three main sets of patterns            Among the graduating class
were encouraged to participate in      Leora Wilson. “We look forward          school‘s band, a highland bag-        done in sequence. Because but-          was award winning Métis stu-
traditional voyageur games,            to seeing familiar faces, and many      piper, or an Ojibwa Fancy Shawl       terflies eagerly spread their wings     dent, Jake Blais. Good Job Jake!
including snowshoe and sack            new ones next year.”                    Dancer. This year, the Métis          when they burst out of their
16                                                                                                                                                                     MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

Filling the freezers for the needy
by MICHELLE DALE                       munity freezers have sat empty!                                            teers will be preparing and cook-       long way in providing for our
                                          What I, and my co-workers in        MÉTIS HARVESTER                     ing you a delicious breakfast           community!

      he season is upon us, when       Region 4, as well as the Historic      GATHERING:                          (bacon, sausage, eggs, home
      we’re booking our holi-          Sault Ste. Marie Métis Council are                                         fries, toast, coffee and juice), pro-   For information contact:
      days, checking gear, round-      proposing is to get as many of         When: Nov. 1st 2008, 6AM            viding you with a warm and              Michele Dale
ing up our friends, all in the name    our Métis hunters together as          Where: 58 Blais Drive, (off Whit-   hearty lunch or a bag lunch if you      Community Wellness Coordinator
of harvesting/ hunting season.         possible for a gathering on            man Damn Rd.) Searchmont            wish to not come in, as well as a       26 Queen Street East
   This year, I would like to put      November 1st, 2008, starting at        (Louise and Michel Blais’ home)     family-style dinner.                    Sault Ste Marie, ON
out a “challenge” of sorts. In the     6:00 AM. This event will have the                                              If you are unable to make it to     Tel: 705-254-1768
past years the Métis Nation of         sole purpose of filling our local                                          our gathering, but have been able
Ontario health programs have           freezers and assisting our com-      selves will have access to meat       to harvest meat, please donate          Check with your local councils or
supported local community gath-        munity in ensuring that families     over the long cold winter.            some to your local health branch.       health branches in other Regions
erings for our hunts. However,         who fall on difficult times or who      Métis Nation of Ontario,           A pound of burger, or a roast, or       for information on their commu-
sadly enough, many of our com-         are not able to harvest for them-    Region 4 staff, council and volun-    steak from every hunter will go a       nity freezers and gatherings.

NAHO’s ‘08                                                                                                                                                  EDUCATION:
                                                                                                                                                            McGuinty Government
National                                                                                                                                                    offers more Support
Aboriginal                                                                                                                                                  for Students, Strength-
                                                                                                                                                            ens Programs
Role Models
                                                                                                                                                                  chool boards across the
announced                                                                                                                                                         province are strengthening
                                                                                                                                                                  programs and resources
                                                                                                                                                            that support First Nation, Métis
Her Excellency, the Right Hon-                                                                                                                              and Inuit students.
ourable Michaëlle Jean, Governor                                                                                                                                The McGuinty government
General of Canada, presented                                                                                                                                is increasing its annual invest-
awards to 12 role models on June                                                                                                                            ment in First Nation, Métis and
21, 2008, at Rideau Hall in Ottawa.                                                                                                                         Inuit education by $5 million, to
Chosen by the National Aborigi-                                                                                                                             help First Nation, Métis and
nal Health Organization (NAHO),                                                                                                                             Inuit students increase their
the new national Aboriginal role                                                                                                                            success.
models were also celebrated at                                                                                                                                  This new funding is part of a
the Summer Solstice Aboriginal                                                                                                                              $15.5 million annual grant for
Arts Festival in honour of Nation-                                                                                                                          culturally relevant education
al Aboriginal Day on Victoria
Island, (Ottawa).
    “Each of the Aboriginal Role
                                         Genealogical Jackpot                                                                                               programs to assist First Nations,
                                                                                                                                                            Métis and Inuit students.
                                                                                                                                                                These programs are open to
Models being honoured today                                                                                                                                 all students, which is part of the
has a story of success,” said Dr.        In the first Voyageur of 2008 we published a story about the genealogical quest of                                 government's strategy to edu-
Paulette C. Tremblay, CEO of             a new Métis citizen, Capt. Donald Maxwell Fowler, C.D., (Ret'd) of Brockville,                                     cate Ontarians about First
NAHO. “The National Aboriginal           Ontario. Donn was trying to sort out his ancestors and he shared some of his                                       Nation, Métis and Inuit histo-
Role Model Program supported                                                                                                                                ries, cultures and perspectives.
by Health Canada will provide
                                         research and findings with us in this article. At the end we asked that any read-
these 12 role models with the            ers who had information relevant to Donn’s search contact him. I am very
opportunity to share their accom-        pleased to report that someone did! —LL
plishments and inspire First
Nations, Inuit and Métis youth to        by DONN FOWLER                                          young Grant boy--who was adopted by Smith and
pursue the life journey of their
dreams.”                                 I have hit the “jackpot” big time, many thanks to
                                                                                                 renamed “Smith”--the Smiths had only the one nat-
                                                                                                 ural child, “Margaret Charlotte” (b.1854, d.1926)
     The role models--all Aboriginal
youth between the ages of 13 and
                                         Ms. Ethel MacDonald of Dryden, Ontario, who sent
                                         me a massive 109 page typewritten manuscript
                                                                                                 possibly named after my great grandmother Mar-
                                                                                                 garet Charlotte Corrigal (Scollie) Fowler (b.1850,
                                                                                                                                                            for MNO
30--were recognised for their            (which arrived here today, 23 July, 08) concerning      d.1936). Donald A. Smith was well acquainted with              t is a pleasure to announce
achievements and leadership. The         the HBC's Jenkin Daniel (b.1740 or 1750-- d. 29 Sep-    William Nourse and Anne (Corrigal) Nourse while                that Robert Waldon joined
Role Models for 08-09 are:               tember 1823) of Glamorganshire, Wales; my pri-          they were both posted to Labrador, and it is likely            MNO staff on September 2,
                                         mary paternal link to Mary (Daniel) Corrigal            that Donald A. Smith knew my great great grandfa-          2008, as Director of Natural
        John Carriere                    (b.1788-d. 23 Sept.1823), spouse of Jacob Corrigal      ther John Fowler who was a “contractor of pub-             Resources, Environment and
     Cumberland House, SK                (b.1772, d.1844), the parents of Mary (Corrigal)        lick(sic) works” and built railways and at one time        Community Relations.
   Robert Animikii Horton                Scollie my great great grandmother of Otonabee          owned the charter for the Ontario and Quebec Rail-             Bob has a strong background
  Rainy River First Nations, ON          Twsp. Peterborough County, who lived quite close        way now in the possession of the Canadian Pacific          of working with Aboriginal peo-
                                         to the Hiawatha First Nation at Rice Lake.              Railway. John Fowler's son, Robert Fowler C.E., held       ple, diverse interest groups and
            Inez Jasper
                                             The remarkable Daniel manuscript covers             contracts for several sections of the Canadian             local communities, as well as
           Chilliwack, BC
                                         almost all of the essential Daniel family, a massive    Transcontinental Railway near “Rat Portage” (Now           natural resource and environ-
          Jenna Kilabuk                  HBC archives’ work undertaken by Lynne C. (Begg)        Kenora, Ontario) and Robert's sister drove in the          mental agencies through man-
      Pangnirtung, Nunavut               Charles of North Vancouver and especially by a          last spike linking Ontario with Manitoba.                  agement and consulting roles
           Kyle Kuptana                  Mabel A. (Quirk) Hykaway who was the one who                The search continues. Ethel MacDonald (also            with business and government.
            Inuvik, NWT                  researched just about everything the HBC has on         related to Robert Goodwin [Goodwyn]) of Dryden,            He also brings experience as a
       Channing Lavallée                 Daniel records.                                         who so kindly sent Donn the 109 page manuscript            volunteer and board member
         St. Ambroise, MB                    Interestingly, I have now learnt that Jenkin        has been in communication with Mabel A. Hykaway            for non-profit organizations.
        Katelyn Matthew                  Daniel and Robert Goodwin originally came to the        of Winnipeg--the woman who did all the original                Bob says: “I feel confident of
             Chase, BC                   Bay from London on the same ship. Jenkin Daniel         Daniel family research at the HBC archives in Win-         working in an effective and
                                         was “illiterate” when signing on in 1781. (Note the     nipeg-- to check the HBC archives again to see if          respectful way within MNO and
             Ry Moran
                                         death dates of both Jenkin and “his daughter” Mary      Mabel can now find a clear and unambiguous Cor-            its governing structures. The
            Victoria, BC
                                         (Daniel) Corrigal. Quite an unusual coincidence);       rigal-Daniel connection one way or the other.              MNO statement that ‘every voice
         Candace Polson                  also Robert Goodwin died quite suddenly while on        Mabel is related to JENKIN DANIEL as is James T.           is heard’ resonates with me.”
  Timiskaming First Nation, QC           his way to Marten Falls in 1805. His Indian wife was    Charles of North Vancouver, whose wife Lynne edit-             We are confident that Bob’s
      Shaneen Robinson                   “Jenny” Mistagoose. They married in Manitoba on         ed and put out the entire manuscript, all neatly           past experience, insights,
  Pimicikamak Cree Nation, MB            23, Dec. 1841, a year after Jacob Corrigal retired to   bound.                                                     knowledge and enthusiasm will
          Heather Watts                  Cobourg, Ontario with three spinster daughters              Thanks to Ethel MacDonald for sharing her              be a great asset to the MNO as
Six Nations of the Grand River, ON       and one bachelor son.                                   research. If anyone else has information that might        we move forward. Please join
        Jennifer Williams                    I have many official HBC charts for Corrigal;       be helpful you can contact Donn by e-mail:                 us in welcoming Bob Waldon as
   Happy Valley-Goose Bay, NL            Daniel; Fowler (HBC ship captains in the 1700s); or phone: (613)-345-5430.                  a new member to our team.
                                         Goodwin/Goodwyn; Grant; Hardisty; Hodgson;
                                         Morriseau; Mowat; Nourse; Scollie; Sinclair; and           Readers are encouraged to share their                   CONTACT:
   Lead Your Way! is hosted by           lastly, Donald Alexander Smith, whose wife Isabella     genealogical stories and questions. Perhaps some-          Robert (Bob) Waldon, Director
the National Aboriginal Health           Sophia Hardisty Grant (b.1825, d.1913) a former         one you don’t know can break down a brick wall             of Natural Resources, Environment
Organization and funded by               aboriginal soulmate to a Grant, but later twice mar-    for you. Stories and queries can be sent to me for         and Community Relations
Health Canada.                           ried to Donald Alexander Smith. Aside from the          publication consideration     
  SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2008                                                                                                                                                                  17

 Métis Youth
10th Annual North Simcoe Children’s Festival:

Good time had by all                                                                                                                                          Métis students

         hildren and their parents,
         grandparents and care-
         givers had lots to do at
                                                                                                                                                              for their role
         the North Simcoe Chil-                                                                                                                               in making
dren’s Festival this year.
   Over 200 children and parents                                                                                                                              communities
attended the 10th Annual Chil-
dren’s Festival held out doors this                                                                                                                           better
past June at the Penetanguishene
Centennial Museum.                                                                                                                                                  wo Métis students are
   Mary Mackie, MNO’s Aborigi-
nal Healthy Babies Healthy Chil-
                                                                                                                                                              T     among the winners of
                                                                                                                                                              the 2008 Canada Millennium
dren worker in Midland, Region 7,                                                                                                                             Scholarship Foundation’s
with staff and volunteers from                                                                                                                                excellence awards. The
Simcoe Muskoka District Health                                                                                                                                award recognizes outstand-
Unit, Penetanguishene Centennial                                                                                                                              ing achievements in leader-
Museum, La Cle d’la Baie, Ontario                                                                                                                             ship, social innovation, aca-
Early Years and Canadian Action                                                                                                                               demic performance and
Program for Children (CAP-C), co-                                                                                                                             community service.
ordinated the day of free activi-                                                                                                                                The award’s goal is to
ties.                                   The younger members of the Moreau clan with Sparky the fire safety dog.                                               assist outstanding students
   It was exciting to have 20 dif-                                                                                                                            pursue a post-secondary
ferent groups/organisations and        ing, bike and helmet safety, obsta-      children (in the photo) were talk-    of the event. The plaque will be        education. This year’s 1,052
volunteers bring arts and crafts,      cle courses, family health display,      ing to Sparky the fire safety dog     hung in the Penetanguishene             entrance award laureates
interactive activities and educa-      wooden boat and knotting                 about fire safety at home. Sparky’s   Centennial Museum. Penetanguis-         have distinguished them-
tional material to one location.       demonstration, a bouncing castle,        home is at the Penetanguishene        gene’s Mayor, Anita Dubeau,             selves by their work in local,
Clowns and strolling musicians         and reptile petting zoo, just to         Fire Department.                      brought greetings from the town         regional and international
kept the crowd entertained while       name a few.                                 Garfield Dunlop, MPP for Sim-      and Bruce Stanton, MP for Simcoe        development projects, infor-
the children participated at the          Aboriginal Youth Drummers             coe North, presented a plaque to      North, brought greetings from           mation and biological tech-
various stations of activities such    (ages 8-12 years) and a jingle           the Children’s Festival committee     Parliament Hill.                        nologies and community
as Aboriginal beading, face paint-     dancer performed. The Moreau             recognising the 10th anniversary         A good time was had by all.          fund-raising initiatives, while
                                                                                                                                                              preparing themselves for
                                                                                                                                                              studies and, ultimately, a
 YOUTH & VET-                                                                                                                                                 career.
                                                                                                                                                                 Hard work and dedica-
 ERANS' COUNCIL                                                                                                                                               tion have spelled success
 BE FILLED AT                                                                                                                                                    Cheyne Dallyn a stu-
                                                                                                                                                              dent at Carpenter High
 SUMMER AGA                                                                                                                                                   School in Meadow Lake
 Vacancies for the Métis Nation of
 Ontario Youth Council (MNOYC)                                                                                                                                   Nicole Laplante, a
 and the Métis Nation of Ontario                                                                                                                              mother of two, attending
 Veterans Council (MNOVC) will                                                                                                                                Sakewew High School in
 be filled at the 2009 MNO Sum-                                                                                                                               North Battleford
 mer AGA, in accordance with Arti-                                                                                                                            Saskatchewan.
 cle 9 of the MNO Electoral Code:
                                                                                                                                                                  Cheyne and Nicole are
   ARTICLE 9. Vacancies filled at                                                                                                                             Provincial Award winners.
   Summer Assembly                                                                                                                                            They will both receive a cash
   9.1 If, after the close of nomi-                                                                                                                           award of $ 4,000 towards the
   nations there are offices that                                                                                                                             cost of studies at any univer-
   are vacant, the chief electoral                                                                                                                            sity or college this fall,
   officer shall, by May 15th,          Senator Gerry Bedford with his grandson Carter Dodds.                                                                 renewable to a maximum of
   announce in writing that                                                                                                                                   $ 16,000.
   elections to fill any such
   vacancies will be held at the
   next Annual Summer Assem-
                                        A young Métis’ first                                                                                                      “An investment in the
                                                                                                                                                              education of these outstand-
                                                                                                                                                              ing citizens is an investment
   bly. The chief electoral officer
   shall conduct any such
   Annual Summer Assembly
   elections to fill vacancies and
                                        harvesting expedition                                                                                                 in our society’s future,” said
                                                                                                                                                              Norman Riddell, executive
                                                                                                                                                              director and CEO of the Mil-
                                                                                                                                                              lennium Scholarship Foun-
   shall follow the rules set out       By GERRY BEDFORD                                                              action whatsoever.                      dation. “These individuals
   in this Code with any neces-                                                                                           After a couple of hours, it was     have already demonstrated

   sary practical amendments.                   arter Dodds, who is affec-                                            decided that we would head back         their ability to better the
                                                tionately referred to as “Sir                                         to the dock. We decided to try off      world around them; they
     Therefore, no vacancies will be            Carter” by Executive Sena-                                            the end of the dock, and almost         know how to make a differ-
 filled during the Special Presi-       tor, Reta Gordon, went on his                                                 right away Sir Carter had hooked        ence – something they will
 dents’ Assembly / AGA 2008 in          first fishing trip on August 16th,                                            onto an eight inch small mouth          continue to do long after the
 November and further informa-          2008. Sir Carter was accompanied                                              bass. His reaction was: “More!          Foundation’s mandate winds
 tion will be posted on or before       by his dad, Darryl Dodds, and his                                             More!” In 20 minutes he had             down at the end of next
 May 15, 2009.                          grandpa, PCMNO Senator, Gerry                                                 caught three bass, which we             year.”
     Should you require further         Bedford.                                                                      returned to their rightful domain.          Since 2000, the Millenium
 information please contact:                It was a beautiful hot summer                                                 We packed up and Carter             Foundation, through its dif-
                                        day on a private lake just outside                                            could not wait to tell his grand-       ferent awards programs, has
     HANK ROWLINSON                     of Orangeville, Ontario. Like real                                            ma-Carol and his mama, Coral            delivered 800,000 bursaries
    Deputy Chief Electoral Officer      Métis, the trio headed out onto          side and splashing his hands in      Dodds, (Women’s Representative          and scholarships, worth $2.3
     500 Old St. Patrick Street         the weedy lake with a 14’ alu-           the water. He had no trouble         of the Credit River Métis Coun-         billion, to students. For a
     Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9G4            minium boat and two paddles.             handling the dew worms and           cil), of the successful outing.         complete list of this year’s
         Tel: 613-764-1077              Carter was a little nervous in the       helping to put them on the hook.         It was a very good day for all of   laureates and more informa-
        Fax: 613-722-4225               boat at first, but it wasn’t long        Alas, like many fishing trips, the   us and we hope to do it again           tion visit: www.millennium-             before he was leaning over the           fish were not co-operating—no        soon.                         
18                                                                                                                                                                       MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

 Métis Health
SENIORS&                                                                                                           DRUG&ALCOHOL
                                                                                                                   ABUSE IN THE
SUBSTANCE                                                                                                          ABORIGINALCOMMUNITY

by GLEN LIPINSKI                      many of them are on regular pre-
                                                                                                                             hy are substances
                                                                                                                             like alcohol and
                                                                                                                             drugs abused?
                                                                                                                   Contact with Europeans and
                                                                                                                   European culture has harmed the
                                                                                                                   traditional way of life of First
                                                                                                                                                            • death from alcohol abuse
                                                                                                                                                            • depression and other illness
                                                                                                                                                              that may be caused by illegal
                                                                                                                                                              drugs and substance abuse
                                                                                                                                                            • cancer and serious health
                                                                                                                                                              issues as a result of non-tradi-
                                      scription medications? According                                             Nations, Inuit and Métis. This             tional use of tobacco

         n year three of our Sub-     to a survey by the Kaiser Family                                             damage includes the loss of              • brain damage from sniffing
         stance Abuse Program we      Foundation, 75% of seniors with                                              homelands, traditions, languages         • effects of the abuse of pre-
         will be focussing on sub-    at least three chronic health con-                                           and culture over generations,              scription drugs
         stance abuse and seniors.    ditions, take at least five or more                                          which in turn has damaged the                  ,
                                                                                                                                                            • HIV specifically from the use
         One of the most serious      medications regularly.                                                       overall health of Aboriginal com-          of injection drugs
         issues facing many of our        The “prescription drugs and                                              munities, families and individuals.      • alcohol abuse and depend-
Métis elders is the misuse and/or     seniors” issue is “pathetic” and                                                Some Aboriginal communities             ence which has been linked
overuse of prescription medica-       possibly even borders on elder                                               don’t have more substance abuse            to diabetes with some peo-
tions. Although medication is a       abuse according to one of our                                                problems than the rest of Canadi-          ple. It could be the cause or
part of reality for most seniors      Métis elders. Seniors are not                                                ans, but others do. Many Aborigi-          what is making a diabetic
there are concerns coming from        always aware of the side effects of                                          nal families have to live and deal         condition much worse.
seniors themselves. I spoke with      their medications. Improper use                                              with poverty, isolation and unem-

Métis elders and asked them for       of medication by our seniors is                                              ployment in their communities.                    ow can problems with
their comments on the subject.        another one of the problems that                                             Some people abuse alcohol,                        alcohol and other
    Are our seniors being used as     we need to be concerned about.                                               tobacco and prescription drugs as                 drugs be fixed?
guinea pigs? “Yes”, according to      Researchers at the University of                                             a way to deal with difficult life        The health of Aboriginal commu-
one of our elders. Doctors and        Manitoba conducted a study on                                                conditions.                              nities, families and individuals can
more important the pharmaceu-         prescription drug use. Results                                                  There are also very personal          be improved through a mixture of
tical companies are constantly        showed that 19% of acute care                                                reasons why someone might                physical, emotional, spiritual and
developing new medications and        admissions were due to improp-                                               abuse alcohol and drugs or other         mental healing. For some people
want our seniors and elders to        er use of medication by persons                                              substances, including:                   this involves learning about their
try them. Seniors often don’t feel    aged 50 and over.                                                              • escape from pain (could be           cultural traditions and values,
comfortable asking about med-             Prescription drug use and its                                                emotional and/or physical)           while for others it may involve
ications or just can’t be bothered.   costs are like a runaway train.                                                • a family history of substance        seeing a counsellor outside their
Drug expenditures are responsi-       Where is it heading? Can we,                                                     abuse                                community. Some people just
ble for an increasing proportion      should we, try to slow it? Is there                                            • child abuse                          decide on their own that they
of the Canadian health care cost,     an optimal balance between                                                     • the loss of a relative or friend     need to change, and they develop
$9.9 billion in 1993 and $14 bil-     effective medication use and                                                   • peer pressure.                       their own methods. Each person
lion in 1996. Approximately one-      overmedication?                                                                                                       has his/her own way of healing.

third of the increases in cost are        Here are some things seniors                                                        hat can drinking and              Some Aboriginal communities
related to new drugs entering         can do to reduce potential con-                                                         doing drugs do to             have taken action against sub-
the market, and 24% to increased      flicts and over medicating:                                                             your health?                  stance abuse problems by devel-
use by patients (more prescrip-         • When you receive a new                                                       Abusing alcohol, drugs and oping programs and policies that
tions per person)                         medication from your doctor         “THEY ALL                            other substances can cause physi- actively discourage substance
    Seniors, rather than youth or         have your son/daughter or           CARRY THEIR                          cal, emotional, spiritual and men- abuse. These actions recognise
the middle-aged, are more likely          family member research the          LITTLE BAG                           tal problems. Depending on what that healthy communities are
to receive prescriptions for med-
ications that are potentially inap-
                                          medication; check it on-line,
                                          to ensure it doesn’t conflict
                                                                              FILLED WITH                          is being abused, how
                                                                                                                   often and how much,
                                                                                                                                                                        made up of healthy
                                                                                                                                                                        people. For example,
propriate; nearly 46% of seniors          with your other medications.
                                                                              DRUGS. THE                           it can also:                 FOR                     some       communities
receive at least one inappropriate      • Inform the doctors about all        MAJORITY                               • cloud your think-        ASSISTANCE restrict the sale of alco-
prescription per year. Prescribing        medications currently being         OF SENIORS                               ing and affect co-       WITH                    hol, and other commu-
errors account for up to 36% of           used, including over-the            HAVE MANY                                ordination               SUBSTANCE nities plan cultural
drug-related hospital admissions.         counter (OTC) drugs.                DIFFERENT                              • increase risky/vio-      ABUSE                   activity nights (such as
    Western medicine is con-            • Always use the same pharma-                                                  lent behaviour                                   games, crafts and com-
cerned solely with treating the           cy to fill prescriptions.           DRUGS IN                               • cause problems
                                                                                                                                                or more info
                                                                                                                                                you can contact         munity meals) to offer
symptoms of a condition after           • Be aware of the signs and           THEIR ‘DRUG                              within family            any one of your         people something to
they become visible. Treatment            symptoms of adverse drug            BAG’.”                                 • cause permanent          local MNO Health        do that doesn’t involve
of these symptoms mostly                  effects, such as unsteadiness,                                               damage to a devel-       Branch Offices, the     alcohol or drugs.
involves prescribing some kind            drowsiness, confusion, dizzi-                                                oping baby during        Addictions Wellness         Remember, no one
of product from the “Big Phar-            ness, headaches, irritability                                                pregnancy. No            Coordinator in          has to wait for the
maceutical Companies”.                    and changes in heart rate                                                    known amount of          Welland or the          community to make a
    Seniors trust doctors to make         (Addiction Research Founda-                                                  alcohol is safe to       MNO Ottawa              decision on how it will
the best decisions for them and           tion, 1993b).                     effect you feel it is having on you.       drink during preg-       Office at               become more healthy.
will not question doctors about           There is not enough educa-            Note: This article is intended         nancy. Drugs also        1-800-263-4889          The best way to make
their choice of medications. All      tion out there for our seniors in     for information and educational            harm the unborn          ask for                 an impact is to ask our-
too often seniors are not aware       regard to the use of medications.     awareness only. The information            child. Ask yourself:     Health Services         selves what can I do to
or do not notice changes to their     In many cases medications are         contained in the article should            “would I give my                                 be more healthy? What
own bodies as a result of the         changed when the old ones work        not be considered a substitute             baby this after s/he is born?”       can my family do to become more
medications they are on. Most         just fine. Do we really need that?    for the medical advice of a doc-           Aboriginal people in Canada healthy? If we all take these basic
doctors do not have the time to       Canada needs improved policies        tor. Readers should not make any       have some of the most serious steps toward better health, imag-
make sure that the medications        to ensure safe, effective and         alterations or changes to any pre-     health problems because of sub- ine the impact we could have on
they are prescribing are not con-     accessible drugs/medications for      scription drug use without con-        stance abuse. These include:             our Métis nation.                 ∞
flicting with other medications.      seniors. Please pass on the infor-    sultation with a physician. This
    At least one of the seniors I     mation in this article to our Métis   article in no way recommends
spoke with referred to taking a       elders who may or may not be          changes to your current medica-
look at the typical senior visiting   aware of the issues surrounding       tion use without the permission
a doctor’s office; they all carry     prescription drug use. The care       of your doctor.
their little bag filled with drugs.   and well-being of our elders is
The majority of seniors have
many different drugs in their
                                      the responsibility of all of us.
                                          Make informed decisions
“drug bag”. The average number        regarding medication in consul-                  Glen Lipinski
of prescriptions is projected to      tation with your medical                 Addictions Wellness Coordinator
grow to 38 prescriptions per eld-     provider and pharmacist. If you          20 Division St., Welland, ON
erly person by 2010.                  have concerns ask your health                 Tel: 905-714-9864
    Think for a moment of all the     care provider team to help evalu- 
seniors that you know. How            ate your medications and the
  SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2008                                                                                                                                                                19

Sudbury volunteer drivers recognized
by JOYCE CAMERON                                                                                                                                       Burke of Killarney; John Haiste of
                                                                                                                                                       Killarney; Monique Boulard of

       he Sudbury Métis Council                                                                                                                        Verner; Norman Guerin of Alban;
       and Health Branch staff                                                                                                                         Yvette Gervais of McKerrow;
       held a Service Providers                                                                                                                        Angele Lemieux of Alban; Betty
Gathering on Friday July 4th,                                                                                                                          Fairbairn of Webbwood; Stella
2008, at Mine Mill Campsite on                                                                                                                         Dumont of St-Charles; Norman
Richard Lake.                                                                                                                                          and Alice Viau of Noelville;
   The MNO Long Term Care                                                                                                                              Armand Trottier of Warren, and
Program volunteer drivers were                                                                                                                         Kevin Dupuis.
recognised as valuable service                                                                                                                             We would like to thank Sena-
providers to the Sudbury MNO                                                                                                                           tor Rene Gravelle and the Sud-
LTC medical transportation pro-                                                                                                                        bury Métis Council President,
gram. These individuals provide      from left to right: Long Term Care Co-ordinator, Nancy Martel; Armand Trottier; Pamela Gagnon; Edward             Richard Sarrazin, for attending
transportation to MNO clients        Burke; Norman Guerin and AHWS Co-ordinator Joyce Cameron.                                                         and for their assistance, also our
and citizens to and from medical                                                                                                                       provincial Addiction Wellness Co-
appointments. They contribute        mentary lunch, a “Problem Gam-         a sharing circle. We concluded        clients. Unfortunately, not all of   ordinator, Glen Lipinski, for his
many hours monthly offering          bling” presentation, an “Individ-      the day by presenting the volun-      the drivers were able to attend.     presentation on Problem Gam-
individual support and friend-       ual Wellness Planning” presenta-       teers with certificates of appreci-       Certificates of Appreciation     bling. We would also like to thank
ship.                                tion, a focussed stretching activi-    ation for their ongoing dedica-       were prepared for: Pamela            everyone who attended and
   The day included a compli-        ty and an invitation to take part in   tion and contribution to our          Gagnon of Spanish; Edward            helped make this day special.

A terrifying tale about child services

                                                                                                                                                       Métis at
                                                                                                                                                       by KATHLEEN LANNIGAN

                                                                                                                                                       Hamilton and Welland Métis
                                                                                                                                                       community members, councils,
                                                                                                                                                       MNO staff and Six Nations of
                                                                                                                                                       the Grand River Territory citi-
                                                                                                                                                       zens attended the Aboriginal
                                                                                                                                                       Health Search Conference on
                                                                                                                                                       February 29, March 1st and 2nd,
                                                                                                                                                       2008. The focus of the confer-
                                                                                                                                                       ence was to explore the defi-
                                                                                                                                                       ciencies in health care for Abo-

Practice makes perfect
                                                                                                                                                       riginal communities in the
                                                                                                                                                       Province of Ontario. We dis-
                                                                                                                                                       cussed the changes that we
                                                                                                                                                       would like to see in the plan-
                                                                                                                                                       ning and financing of future
by SABRINA STOESSINGER                           see the giant purple welts that can’t be cov-     dren and people expect children to lie and          health care initiatives.
                                                 ered by her swimsuit.                             she even brings in another lady and she too            Kathleen Lannigan is the

          child comes to school with a red          One day the child and her sister run away      says it’s okay to say they lied. Mother turns       Regional Employment & Train-
          mark on her face and tears in          and the agency says, “you are safe now. We        the story around and confuses the children          ing Coordinator for Region 9.
          her eyes. Teacher says, “what’s        will protect you; tell us what is wrong.”         and tells them their little sister misses them
          the matter child?” Child says,            “Our mother beats us with shoes and            and if they would just tell everyone that they
“my mother is angry and hits me all the          hairbrushes and kitchen utensils. She makes       lied they could come home and see their lit-
time.” Teacher says, “don’t worry; you
are safe now,” and sends the agency.
                                                 us sleep in the garage and eat out of the
                                                 garbage can. She dents the walls and the
                                                                                                   tle sister.
                                                                                                       The children are scared and uneasy and
   Mother appeases agency with apologies
and promises not to do it again. After the
                                                 washing machine and the refrigerator with
                                                 our heads. She drags us down the stairs by
                                                                                                   don’t know what to say. So mother tells the
                                                                                                   judge the children lied. Mother says she is
agency leaves mother snarls at the child.
“Don’t ever tell anyone what happens
                                                                                                   outnumbered by the children and needs to
                                                                                                   protect herself. Mother says whatever she
                                                                                                   needs to say so the judge will believe her.
   Another year, another school, another
                                                 “MY MOTHER                                            The judge does believe her and says the
teacher who sees child is sullen and with-        PUNCHES ME AND                                   children must leave the agency and go back
drawn and wearing bruises. “Child what is         KICKS ME AND PULLS                               home and it’s no use how loud the children
the matter?”                                      MY HAIR OUT IN                                   wail and how tight they cling to the bench
   Child says nothing. “Don’t worry child         CLUMPS. SHE CALLS ME                             the judge just won’t change her mind.
you will be safe.” “No I won’t; I will be in      STUPID AND FAT AND                                   Six months later the child and her sister
trouble.” Teacher says, “I won’t let that hap-    UGLY AND DESTROYS                                run away again because the change didn’t                   REFLEXOLOGY
                                                                                                                                                          & MASSAGE TREATMENTS
pen. You will be safe if you tell me what is      AND SMASHES THE                                  last and both are homeless and both are on
wrong.” Child says, “my mother punches me         THINGS I LOVE.”                                  the street, but anything is better than being         HOT STONE TRADITIONAL
and kicks me and pulls my hair out in                                                              at home. They go to the agency and say                      MASSAGE
clumps. She calls me stupid and fat and ugly     our hair and throws knives at us. She beats       please, please, please, help our little sister.      CORPERATE WORKSHOPS &
and destroys and smashes the things I love.”     us until we can no longer stand and we pee        She is there with mother now all alone and                  CLINICS
   Again the agency comes, and again they        our pants. Please don’t make us go back.”         there is no one to protect her.
leave, and after they send a counsellor. The     The agency keeps the children until the               “Don’t worry” says the agency “your little          Pam Tremblay RRPr, CIMI
                                                                                                                                                            Practitioner / Instructor
counsellor talks and listens and gives advice.   court date.                                       sister must be safe because if she were being
Weeks later mother tells the counsellor all         Mother asks to meet with the children          hurt she would tell her teacher at school.”           Aboriginal & Non-Aboriginal
the right things and says she feels better and   before they talk to the judge, and the agency                                                            Communities Since 1994
says she is cured and the counsellor doesn’t     says “yes that is okay”. Mother tells the chil-
come back anymore.                               dren they have remembered things wrong            Sabrina Stoessinger is the Long Term Care
   Child can’t go swimming that summer           and she will forgive their mistakes if only       Coordinator for the Sunset Country Métis
                                                                                                                                                             Proud To Be Métis
even when it is so hot because people will       they will admit they lied. They are just chil-    Council in Fort Frances.
20                                                                                                                                                                        MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

 MÉTIS SENATORS:                                                                MÉTIS ARTISTS MAKING THEIR MARK:

 Moon River                                                                     Best
 Senator’s                                                                      director
 busy year                                                                      honours
 Continued from Métis Voyageur, June/July 2008, page 26

 Senator-Moon River Métis Council
       his past year has to be con-
       densed to make the overall
       picture simpler:
    Moon River Council’s Presi-
 dent, Louise Goulding, who is
 Captain of the Hunt for Region 7,
 arranged a grant through MNOTI
 and the Moon River Council, to
 research the history of the Métis
 people in the Penetanguishene                                                  by LINDA LORD
 Midland area and publish it in

 book form. I wrote a poem called                                                            reamspeakers Film
 The Métis Paddling Song describ-                                                            Festival, 2008: “And
 ing the progression of the history                                                          the winner for best
 of the Métis, and also composed                                                             director is Shane
 a fiddle tune, to which it was                                                              Belcourt.” Cheers.
 sung, and named the tune                                                       Applause. Whistles.
 Louise’s Waltz after our “go-get-                                                  Talking Stick Film Festival,
 ting” president, because she           Senator Wagner-Millington               2008: “And the winner for best
 takes on and accomplishes so                                                   director is Shane Belcourt.”
 much. The song was performed           McCallum, because she had a             More Cheers, more applause
 and sung at our spring general         version of what it was to be            and more whistles.
 meeting, which was the book            “Métis”. She kindly dictated it to          And “Bravo” too!
 launching. Then President Tony         me over the phone. I rewrote                Then there was the Cowichan
 Belcourt,     Registrar     Karole     and changed it many times until I       International Aboriginal Film Fes-
 Dumont-Beckett, and several fed-       got what I felt could be delivered      tival and the American debut at
 eral and provincial members of         quickly to a crowd of 450 stu-          the 2008 Palm Springs Festival of
 parliament who were there all          dents. I gave my version of what        Native Film and Culture.
 complimented me on how well it         it was like to be Métis. When it            All of the excitement began
 described the history of the Métis     was over, Lt. Governor James            last fall when Shane Belcourt’s
 people.                                Bartleman, Terry Souter, Director       film, “Tkaronto” was a highlight
                                        of the Huntsville Heritage Place,       of the 2007 imagineNATIVE Film          Melanie McLaren as Jolene in Tkaronto.
     Aboriginal Day                     and Julia Fitzpatrick of the Brace-     + Media Arts Festival. With over
     I saw in the local newspaper       bridge Examiner newspaper, all          100 people turned away from
 where the (former) Lieutenant          asked for copies of my speech,          the sold-out closing night gala         the greatest miracle since the     Globe and Mail, "In the city,
 Governor, The Honourable               and permission to print it.             screening, Kerry Swanson, the           loaves and fishes. But how         you see churches and mosques
 James Bartleman (whose mother             The following weekend I              Executive Director of the festi-        could a first movie made by        and other cultural places, but
 was First Nation and father Eng-       headed to Oshawa Council’s              val, called it “the most success-       Métis about Métis be made any      for Aboriginal people, the visual
 lish) was to be in Bracebridge for     Aboriginal and Heritage Day Cel-        ful closing night screening in          other way? Shane has been          reminders of your identity are
 a book signing. I wrote him an         ebration where I had been asked         the festival’s eight year history.”     training for this his whole life.  supposed to be outside the
 invitation, put on my coat which       to play O Canada on the fiddle,             Since its opening a year ago        It’s part of the culture.          city….But many aboriginals are
 has a Métis sash sewn down the         and do a Métis fiddle making            the film has received positive              The theme of the movie in      born and raised in cities, so
 front and around the hood,             demonstration. I was pleased to         reviews from just about every-          the broadest sense is something where is our place?…”
 drove to town; bought his book,        see Senator Olivene Tiedema             one—The Globe and Mail; EYE             like, “two people                            Largely autobiographi-
 and handed him the invitation I        presented with a Métis sash with        WEEKLY; NOW; The Ottawa                 trying to find them-                     cal, the story seems to ring
 had just written him to attend         her picture on it. This sash was        Sun, and The Ottawa Citizen.            selves.” It’s a theme                    true for many, native or
 our June 21st Aboriginal Day cel-      specially made, and is to be worn           In true Métis fashion, the          that recurs in                           not. "…I think if you take
 ebration held at the Huntsville        by the Oshawa Métis Council             movie was made on a minus-              almost every book                        it a step back, it's anyone
 Heritage Place. He looked at my        dancers, who will be called the         cule budget, with very few peo-         and every movie.                         who has mixed ancestry or
 coat with its sash and smiled.         Olivine Bousquet Dance Group,           ple and not enough time.                It’s the universal                       mixed identity or anybody
 Several weeks later I was phoned       in honour of all she has done for       Sound familiar? The actual              quest, but in this                       that is trying to fit into the
 by his secretary; he had accept-       the Métis cause.                        budget was $25,000; it was              case it is more per-                     North American thing but
 ed! And came!                                                                  filmed over 17 days--eight              sonal because the                        is still trying to maintain
     Huntsville Heritage Place has         Senators’ Forum                      months from script to post-pro-         two leading charac-                      their sorta cultural identity
 log cabins in which we demon-             I attended the Senators’             duction; there were six crew            ters are Aboriginal.       BELCOURT within that," said Belcourt.
 strated trapping, bannock mak-         Forum at the AGA in Thunder             members, and Shane Belcourt             They are travellers,                         TKARONTO has been
 ing, talking stick making, gourd       Bay, and during the tributes to         as filmmaker, writer, director,         as we all are—                           sold to superchannel.
 painting, drum making and tradi-       the recently deceased Senator           cinematographer, producer, and          metaphorically speaking—and        Check out
 tional clothing. I also did a          Marion Larkman, I composed a            songwriter. I think every review        they aren’t just looking for per-  where screenings will be posted
 demonstration of Métis fiddle          tune for Marion, and played it for      I read commented on the short-          sonal identity; they are looking   from now until January 2009.
 versus traditional violinmaking.       the Senators.                           age of money, time and people           for cultural identity. As Shane    DVDs will not be available until
 The Lieutenant Governor--wear-            As a Senator at the AGA, I was       as if the accomplishment were           said in an interview with The      July 2010.
 ing a Métis sash--along with other     asked by Christi Belcourt who
 invited dignitaries, 450 school        was doing an art class, to partici-
 children, their teachers and par-      pate, and interact with the kids      proud, not ashamed of who we                Métis Fiddle-making               forms to complete (only this
 ent volunteers looked on. We           who might attend. We spent a          are as Métis.                               Civic holiday, I did Métis fid-   time the stipend and gas
 unveiled a special plaque              very interesting morning. Three           At the AGA I also attended the      dle making at the Sault Ste.          allowance offered was half of the
 acknowledging the Métis people         of the boys and one of the            Senators -Youth story telling           Marie Canal locks in an exhibit of    year before). I phoned to inquire
 to be on permanent display at          teenage girls, told me about how      time. Where I was pleased to            Métis culture put on by Parks         and was told that the same peo-
 Huntsville Heritage Place. We          they were made fun of at school       have the opportunity to play the        Canada.                               ple would probably attend and
 passed out copies of the Métis         because of the way they talked--      fiddle along with the very talent-          In 2006, I was asked to attend    so possibly they already knew
 Paddling Song, to everyone. Our        with a Michif accent, because         ed auto harp player, Senator            a Métis Day celebration at Dis-       what I would say so they were
 chairperson, Verna Porter, her         that was spoken at home to live-      Leora Wilson, and Senator Elmer         covery Harbour in Penetan-            only offering half of the year
 cousin and I played it while           in grandparents, and about how        Ross on his Métis mouth organ.          guishene and do a Métis Fiddle        before! With gas prices going up,
 everyone sang the words.               they went hunting with their          Senator Leora asked me to play          making demonstration, which I         the trip from St.Joseph Island
     That same day at Huntsville        families, and although they liked     the Marion Larkman Song I had           did and received a nominal            and my time and effort staying
 Heritage Place there were              doing it, they felt different from    composed, and she picked up on          stipend and gas allowance. In         the same, I declined!
 speeches. As Senator, I was asked      their peers at school. We talked      it right away, and we had a good        2007, I was contacted and asked
 to speak. I phoned Senator Lois        about how we must learn to be         time jamming.                           to do it again, and was sent the                        continued page 22
  SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2008                                                                                                                                                                    21


                                                                                                                                                         New Aboriginal
                                                                                                                                                         Arts Officer
                                                                                                                                                         for OAC
                                                                                                                                                         This past July, Sara Roque was
                                                                                                                                                         named Aboriginal Arts Officer
                                                                                                                                                         for the Ontario Arts Council.
                                                                                                                                                         Ms. Roque is a filmmaker,
                                                                                                                                                         writer, arts administrator and
                                                                                                                                                         activist who has worked on a
                                                                                                                                                         number of community-based
                                                                                                                                                         arts projects and organisa-
                                                                                                                                                         tions. She has an Honours BA
                                                                                                                                                         in Indigenous Studies from
                                                                                                                                                         Trent University.
                                                                                                                                                             Her past work experience
                                                                                                                                                         includes development co-ordi-
                                                                                                                                                         nator at The Centre for Indige-
                                                                                                                                                         nous Theatre in Toronto; pro-
                                                                                                                                                         grammer at Te Wairiki Purea
The World Drum makes an appearance at at the Oshawa Metis Council’s Annual Heritage Celebrations in June 2008.                                           Trust, a Maori arts and cultural
                                                                                                                                                         organisation based in Rotorua,

The World Drum
                                                                                                                                                         New Zealand; and program-
                                                                                                                                                         mer of the O’Kaadenigan Wiin-
                                                                                                                                                         gashk Collective based in the
                                                                                                                                                         Kawarthas, a collective dedi-
                                                                                                                                                         cated to raising the profile of
                                                                                                                                                         Indigenous artists and training
A sacred drum created to encourage people to take care of our Mother Earth                                                                               in the region.

is seized by U.S. authorities. MNO’s Charlie Fife led the charge to get it back.
by LINDA LORD                                                                                                     release of The World Drum, and
                                                                                                                  especially Charlie Fife who has

        here are many unsung                                                                                      been most dedicated to this mat-
        heroes among us. Char-                                                                                    ter.
        lie Fife, MNO Region 8                                                                                        Also we would like to thank
        Councillor, is one such                                                                                   for all support from both partici-
person. Back in July a flurry of                                                                                  pants around the world, as well
emails regarding the seizure of                                                                                   as other people who have con-
the World Drum by U.S. Fish
and Wildlife officials caught my
                                                                                                                  tacted us regarding this matter
                                                                                                                  and who have been ready to take
                                                                                                                                                         Native Earth
attention. At first I thought it                                                                                  further action if needed.              Perfoming Arts
was a joke, but it wasn’t.                                                                                            Also our thanks go to the US
    In case, like me, you have not                                                                                Department of Fish & Wildlife          2008/09 Season
heard about the drum, It is the
aim of The World Drum Project
                                                                                                                  and the US Department of
                                                                                                                  Homeland Security Officials
to bring attention to the critical                                                                                whose realities would have never
condition of Mother Earth. The                                                                                    had the opportunity to be effect-      A Very Polite Genocide
drum, which made an appear-                                                                                       ed by The World Drum and its           by Melanie J. Murray
ance at the Ottawa Métis Council                                                                                  Sacred Mission, but who through        Dec 6-21 2008, Buddies in Bad
celebration in June (search           above: Young ones have fun                                                  this occurred situation got to         Times Theatre, Toronto
                                                                                                                                                         A young woman’s sense of identity is
YouTube for video), began its         with Métis history at the                                                   know The World Drum’s Sacred
                                                                                                                                                         buried under the scar tissue of the
around the world journey in Nor-      Oshawa Metis Council’s                                                      journey.
                                                                                                                                                         residential school system. A chance
way and was created by Birger         Annual Heritage Celebrations                                                    Fortunately, with the under-       encounter with a photograph expos-
Mikkelsen.                            in June 2008.                                                               standing that love is our most         es the legacy that binds Josie to her
    The drum’s goal is to draw                                                                                    powerful weapon, this matter has       family and its ghosts.
attention to pollution by having      right: PCMNO Councillor for                                                 now been solved and The World            •••••••••••••••••••
ceremonies in public places, and      Region 8 Charlie Fife with the                                              Drum released. Knowing the way         Weesageechak Begins to
generally encouraging people to       World Drum.                                                                 of our Creator sometimes can be        Dance XXI
take better care of the planet.                                                                                   difficult to understand. We also       February 5-8, 2009, Theatre
How could anyone object to that?                                                                                  know that all happens for a rea-       Passe Muraille Mainspace
Here’s what happened. Charlie                                                                                     son. And what we see now is that       Shocking. Ripped open. Raw.
Fife says: “After our wonderful       happen. He made it happen and                                               the situation occurred all togeth-     Emerging and established Indigenous
World Drum ceremonies in              when I next visited www.the-                                                er have united and brought peo-        writers from around the world pres-
Oshawa at the Oshawa Métis   I found the                                                   ple together in the Spirit and the     ent their latest works. Care to
Council’s Annual Heritage Cele-       posting below, reproduced here                                              Mission of The World Drum.             dance?
bration, June 28-29, we sent the      with the permission of The World                                                The World Drum will now be           •••••••••••••••••••
World Drum on to its next desti-      Drum Project, Morten Wolf Stor-                                             returned to Charlie Fife – Métis       Almighty Voice & His Wife
nation in Hot Springs national        eide, Norway.                                                               Nation of Ontario, in Canada           by Daniel David Moses
Park in Arizona where it was to be                                                                                untouched and with all objects         Mar 28-Apr 12 2009, Theatre
received by the Manataka Indian       The World drum released!                                                    and bundles attached. Knowing          Passe Muraille Mainspace
Council. The Drum was sent June           It is with great joy and grati-                                         that attached objects and bun-         18 years after its triumphant pre-
30th via UPS. Upon its arrival the    tude we now can celebrate the                                               dles may create several problems       miere, Native Earth mounts a new
World Drum was seized by US           release of The World Drum from                                              many places in the world in the        production of Almighty Voice & His
Fish and Wildlife service. An         its captivity by the U.S. Govern-     Morningstar Moore of Manata-          future and one of the goals for        Wife. Daniel David Moses’ seminal
                                                                                                                                                         play about the legendary 19th centu-
information package travelled         ment.                                 ka/AIC – American Indian Coun-        The World Drum is to be in
                                                                                                                                                         ry Saskatchewan Cree, explores
with the Drum clearly explaining          The unconditional release is,     cil, in co-operation with Maureen     motion, we have decided to
                                                                                                                                                         Almighty Voice as both accidental
the Drum and its mission. This        as far as we know, historical.        Angela Blanchard of the US            remove all objects from The            martyr and icon.
Drum is sacred; it is on a healing    Never before has such an object       Embassy in Canada together with       World Drum.                             •••••••••••••••••••
mission for Mother Earth and all      been released unconditionally         Annie Prigge of Canada’s Depart-          These objects and bundles are      Native Earth Performing Arts
her peoples….Let us offer our         from the US Department of Fish        ment of Foreign and Internation-      sacred and will for that reason be     is a not-for-profit organisation
prayers that the World Drum be        & Wildlife and the US Depart-         al Affairs and several others         treated as this. Removing these        dedicated to the creating,
allowed to continue its mission of    ment of Homeland Security.            involved.                             objects and bundles will be done       developing and producing of
healing Mother Earth and the              This “victory” and celebration        We in The World Drum Project      during a sacred ceremony with          professional artistic expression
hoop of life that includes us all.”   have become possible thanks to:       would like with much respect, to      Oshawa Métis Council.                  of the Aboriginal experience in
    Charlie did not sit on his            Charlie Fife of the Métis         express our warm and grateful                                                Canada.
hands waiting for something to        Nation of Ontario and Amanda          thanks to all those involved in the                      continued page 22
22                                                                                                                                                                                                   MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

MNO                                               HONOURING OUR VETERANS:                                                                                                ELECTION NOTICE:

Citizen leads                                                                                                                                             WOMEN'S SECRETARIAT
charge to                                                                                                                                                  OF THE MÉTIS NATION
                                                                                                                                                          OF ONTARIO ELECTIONS
free the                                                                                                                                              -- Office of the Chief Electoral Officer --
World Drum                                                                                                                                           The Office of the Chief Electoral Officer is accepting nomi-
from page 21                                                                                                                                         nations from MNO women citizens that are interested in
    This will be done with the                                                                                                                       standing for the four (4) women representatives in the
exception of the one feather                                                                                                                         Women’s Secretariat of the Métis Nation of Ontario.
attached to The World Drum on                                                                      PHOTO COURTESY OF   Métis vet, Tim Majovsky
its birth and which is a part of
The World Drum. A documenta-
                                                                                                                                                     In accordance to the MNO Electoral Code the nominees
tion of its origin and how it
become in possession of the
Sami-Medicineman (Sami is the
                                                  Wear a Poppy                                                                                       must be women who have been verified as MNO Citizens
                                                                                                                                                     and resident of Ontario for a minimum of one year.

Indigenous People of Norway)
who made The World Drum will
follow The World Drum’s further
                                                  on November 11th                                                                                   The committee of 4 women representatives will be elected
                                                                                                                                                     by the women citizens of the MNO for a term of 3 years.
                                                                                                                                                     These ballot box elections will be held on November 16,
journey.                                          RED FRIDAYS FOUNDATION OF                    particular policy, political position,
    After this ceremony (removal                  CANADA is an organisation to pro-            agenda or the nature of military
                                                                                                                                                     2008 between 2:00 pm and 4:00 pm during the MNO
of sacred objects) The World                      mote support for the men and                 missions. This support is for all                     Special President Assembly/AGA2008.
Drum will be sent back to Man-                    women who serve our country.                 Canadian troops regardless of their
ataka – American Indian Council                      Our Canadian military has made            activity whether at home or abroad.                                                                .M.
                                                                                                                                                     Nominations close November 10, 2008 at 4:00 P EST
in US, so that their organisation                 many sacrifices in the name of                  As Canadians we need to show
can be able to carry out the                      peace, not only for Canada but for           support for the men and women                                          Please send Nominations to:
planned ceremonies before The                     many other countries around the              who place themselves in harm’s                                  Hank Rowlinson / Deputy Chief Electoral Officer
World Drum continues its jour-                    world.                                       way for all Canadians. They are our                                      500 Old St. Patrick Street
ney to Europe.                                       Wearing red on Fridays is a sym-          national treasure.                                                     Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 9G4
    Finally we would like to share                bolic gesture to show fellow Cana-              United we stand for peace in                                             Fax: 613-722-4225
some of the words from Charlie                    dians and our troops that we care            Canada no matter of opinion,                                    
Fife of Métis Nation after he                     and honour those who fought for              creed, religion, colour or race.
received the message that The                     our freedom, our peace, our                  Show you care by becoming a part
World Drum would be released:                     resolve.                                     of this sweeping support. Wear
                                                     The foundation’s goal is to show          RED on Fridays to show you care.
The Gitchie Spirit Warriors                       non-partisan support for our mili-           (This message is excerpted from
    This is the story of The World                tary troops. It does not support any
Drum and the Eagle Feather and
how they united to challenge two
of the most powerful offices the
world has ever known: The Unit-
ed States Department of Fish and
                                                   Moon River Senator’s busy year
Wildlife and the powerful Depart-                 from page 20                                Senator Kay Lynch also attended.                                                         and had heard me fiddling. She
ment of Homeland Security.                                                                    There were representatives from                                                          recorded some of my thoughts,
    It is a win/win story of how the                  Moon River Council covers a             the Ministry of Natural Resources                                                        and a lot of my fiddling. It is to air
Eagle Feather used its power to                   large      geographic      area.   I        (MNR) and the provincial and                                                             on a programme dealing with
raise the issue of The World                      researched Trillium Foundation              federal government. Basically                                                            Métis heritage and harvesting.
Drum to an International status,                  grants, and brought the forms to            put, the water in the whole of                                                               I sit on the advisory board of
and how The World Drum used                       our council who inquired further            Canada has serious pollution                                                             the Orillia Campus of Lakehead
its powers to raise awareness of                  to see what was available for us to         issues.                                                                                  University as the Métis represen-
the plight of the Eagle Feather,                  acquire a meeting place, but we                When I was asked to go to                                                             tative, and as such attend meet-
both on a world stage. Like two of                decided that for the present we             Thunder Bay for the Chiefs of                                                            ings and functions.
the greatest warriors, uniting to                 would continue to meet at coun-             Ontario Elders forum, I was told                                                             Recently, I was asked by the
go into battle.                                   cillors’ homes for our monthly              by Paul Heighington (MNO                                                                 office of Aboriginal Initiatives of
    Like the story of the Eagle and               meetings because some of us                 Senior Policy Analyst) that I                                                            Lakehead University in Thunder
the Condor, uniting to gather                     have to drive an hour and a half            would be met at the airport by                                                           Bay, to sit on their advisory board
strength to speak with one voice                  each way to meetings. This way it           someone. When I arrived at the                                                           on behalf of the Aboriginal Man-
for all of the America’s Indige-                  spreads out the travelling. For             Thunder Bay airport I was wear-                                                          agement Council as a satellite
nous Peoples on the world stage,                  our two general meetings, we                ing my winter coat with the Métis                                                        member from the Orillia Lake-
the story of the Spirit of the                    choose Mactier, because there is            sash sewn down the front and                                                             head University Campus. In this
Feather and the Spirit of The                     a fairly large Métis citizen popula-        around the hood. As I looked at                                                          capacity I attend some meetings
World Drum is also a great occa-                  tion in the town and an arena               the sea of unknown faces around                                                          via teleconference, and other
sion that all mankind has a stake                 which facilitates our meeting and           the baggage carousel I felt lost,                                                        functions I will attend in person.
in. We are all connected. - Charlie               dinner.                                     and suddenly, across the room, I                                                             I grew up knowing that I was a
Fife.                                                 In the fall at the Métis Ren-           saw a girl holding up a Métis sash                                                       Métis and having the culture
                                                  dezvous, I was very pleased to              and smiling at me. I smiled back,                                                        shown to me. I would like the
    With these words we thank                     have the opportunity to make                and as she approached, I felt                      Olivine, Olivine, Olivine, and sud-   opportunity of helping the Métis
the Creator of all things, and look               music again with Senator Leora              found! Thanks to the Métis sash!                   denly, another composition came       Nation move forward with pride
forward to the continuing jour-                   Wilson, who is not only an auto             We all have such a marvellous way                  to mind. I grabbed manuscript         by focusing on all the wonderful
ney of The World Drum. The beat                   harp player and fiddler, but also a         of recognising each other, our                     paper and wrote it down—              diverse aspects of our Métis cul-
of the drum is the beat of Mother                 composer of some wonderful                  sashes and our infinity symbol.                    Olivine’s Birthday Waltz her          ture, not just hunting and fishing,
Earth as it is the beat of all that               tunes. It is too bad we live so far            I was invited to Senator                        birthday present, and a signature     but, to name some: story telling;
dwell upon her.                                   apart.                                      Olivine Tiedema’s 80th birthday                    dance piece for the dance group       games; beadwork; leatherwork;
                                                      In the winter I was asked to            party. I wondered what to give                     named after her!                      outdoor survival; camping; track-
      For more informationon                      attend an Elders forum in Thun-             her. I sat down at the piano to                       Recently, I was interviewed by     ing; canoeing; snow-shoeing, and
      the World Drum Project:                     der Bay put on by the Chiefs of             practice, and diddled with the                     a CBC reporter who had seen me        of course, jigging and fiddling!                         Ontario. Senator Elmer Ross and             keys, all the while thinking                       give my speech on being Métis                                             ∞

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     Ontario, is published six times a year. It
                                                   PUBLICATION SPECIFICS:
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     institutions throughout the province.         (PDF preferred)
SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2008                                                                                                                                                                     23

                                             NATIONAL ABORIGINAL DAY IN BRUCE MINES:

Métis hoop dancer and budding
poet Chantika Hazell.

I Am
I Am
                                             By SENATOR JACK LEROUX • The North Shore Council is keeping busy showing off Métis culture in the schools, at a local bank,

       he poem below was written             and by taking part in Bruce Mines’ July 1st celebrations and the Bruce Mines’ Community Day on July 28th.
       by my 13 year old niece,
       Chantika Hazell, who is a
Métis hoop dancer from Calgary.
The lake she refers to in this poem
is in Manitoba. It is named after her
late great uncle, Gabriel David
                                             New Métis Youth Group in Ottawa
LaPlante, who was 23 years old               by DAVID HARTLEY
when he died in a Japanese prisoner
of war camp. He is buried in Hong            On July 21st a small number of youth and
Kong.                                        adults got together at 500 Old St. Patrick
    Chantika has competed in the             Street for a meeting. The purpose of the
youth division in Phoenix, AZ at the         meeting was to facilitate an opportunity for
World Hoop Dance competition.                Métis youth to take the lead in planning,
She is proud of her Métis heritage           organising and participating in health pro-
and demonstrates this through her            motion activities. As a result of this meeting
dancing, whether it be hoop danc-            the Métis Youth Group/Council was formed.
ing or the Red River Jig. She has per-       First steps were taken toward organising a
formed across Alberta, at the Cal-           health camp for the fall and weekly meetings
gary Stampede, for the Premiere of           were planned with activities ranging from
Alberta and several other events.            bannock making to safe biking and baseball.
She invests her time to train hard              For more information contact: David
and to be the very best she can be. I        Hartley, tel: 613-798-1488 xt.102 or via email
would like to share her poem with            at
Voyageur readers.

   I am Canadian!
        by Chantika Hazell                   Voyageur-style family reunion
   I am Canadian when I stand for my flag,   by SENATOR JACK LEROUX
  I am Canadian when I fight for my Rights

   I am Canadian when I stand in Victoria,          gain this year, Senator Jacques Leroux
     I am Canadian when I hike in Alberta.          reports that the Leroux family and
  I am Canadian when I swim in our lakes,           cousins gathering, which took place
            I am Canadian, I’m not fake.     on the weekend of August 7th to 11th, was a
               I am Canadian in Halifax,     great success. Following in the foot steps of
          I am Canadian and that’s a fact.   their voyageur ancestors the family reunion
                                             enjoyed fishing and camping at Pimisi Lake
           I am Canadian in Hudson Bay,
                                             on the Mattawa River at the base of Lake
              I am Canadian all the way.
                                             Talon Chutes.
         I am Canadian at LaPlante Lake,        The Mattawa River has been used by
           I am Canadian isn’t that great?   native peoples as an important transporta-
            I am Canadian can’t you see,     tion corridor for many centuries. In 1610,
            I am Canadian from Calgary.      Étienne Brûlé and in 1615, Samuel de Cham-
       I am Canadian when I go to school,    plain were the first Europeans to travel the
   I am Canadian when I study our history,   river. For some 200 years thereafter, it
    I am Canadian when I make kids smile.    formed part of the important water route
        I am Canadian when I don’t fight,    leading from Montreal west to Lake Superi-       left to right: Senator Jack Leroux; Stephen Leroux (Jack’s son ); Steve Fleury (cousin) of
     I am Canadian when I do what’s right.   or. It was the primary access to the vast        Syracuse NY; Breanda Bradley (cousin) of Ottawa; Vern Larue (cousin ) of Ivy Lea ON;
     I am Canadian when I read the paper.    Canadian interior in the days of the fur         John Leroux (cousin) of Cornwall ON.
                                             trade. Canoes travelling west up the Ottawa
 I am Canadian when I stand for my peers,
                                             turned left at "the Forks" (the mouth of the     Brébeuf in 1626, Gabriel Lallemant in 1648,    of Lake Talon, was known to the voyageurs
I am Canadian when I stand up to my fears.
                                             Mattawa) to enter the "Petite Rivière" ("Small   Pierre-Esprit Radisson and Médard des Gro-     as the most difficult and treacherous on the
      I am Canadian when I was born free,    River", as compared to the Ottawa), reach-       seilliers in 1658, La Verendrye in 1731,       route to the west.
          I am Canadian it’s plain to see.   ing Lake Nipissing by way of "La Vase            Alexander MacKenzie in 1794, and David            There is a story that on one trip from the
            I am Canadian, proud to be,      Portage", an 11 kilometre (7 mile) stretch of    Thompson in 1812.                              east to Ft William the voyageurs transported
              I am Canadian, I am Métis      water and portages.                                   With its 45 degree climb and rocky ter-   a grand piano. Our ancestors were amazing
           But most of all, I am Canadian       Other notable travellers on the Mattawa       rain, the portage along side the Talon         people!
                    when I am me.            included Jean Nicolet in 1620, Jean de           Chutes, located at the south-eastern section      Enjoy your history.
24                                                                                                                                                                       MÉTIS VOYAGEUR


  PROPOSED POWER                                                                                                                                • conducting a preliminary survey of
                                                                                                                                                  holders of valid MNO Harvesters
  CORRIDOR                                                                                                                                        Cards for the Georgian Bay territory in
                                                                                                                                                  order to identify the number of Métis
  Hydro One Networks Inc. (Hydro One)                                                                                                             who actively harvest in and around the
  is proposing construction of a 180 kilo-                                                                                                        proposed location of the project;
  metre double-circuit 500 kilovolt elec-                                                                                                       • sending a mail-out to MNO citizens
  tricity transmission line adjacent to the                                                                                                       living in and around the project to pro-
  existing transmission corridor, extending                                                                                                       vide them with more information on
  from the Bruce Power Facility in Kincar-                                                                                                        the project and an opportunity to bring
  dine to Hydro One’s Milton Switching                                                                                                            any questions or concerns forward;
  Station in the Town of Milton (see map                                                                                                        • providing information on the project
  on this page).                                                                                                                                  to all potentially affected MNO citi-
      Hydro One has recently obtained                                                                                                             zens through the Métis Voyageur,
  approval from the Ontario Energy Board                                                                                                          MNO’s web site, etc.; and,
  (OEB) for the project. As well, an Envi-                                                                                                      • encouraging all potentially affected
  ronmental Assessment (EA) will be con-                                                                                                          MNO citizens who have concerns or
  ducted on the project based on terms of               Route of transmission corridor from Bruce Power Complex to Milton                         would like more information about the
  reference that have been approved by the                                                                                                        project to contact the MNO (contact
  Ontario Ministry of the Environment.            accommodation occurs with the poten-          informed about the project in order to            information below).
      An EA reviews the environmental             tially affected Aboriginal peoples. As can    make sure Métis rights, interests and way
  effects of the project on health and            be seen in the map, the proposed project      of life are considered and respected by             As new information about the project
  socio-economic conditions, archaeology,         passes through the Georgian Bay tradi-        the Ontario Government as well as               and the MNO’s work become available,
  wildlife, ecosystems, etc. As a part of the     tional Métis harvesting territory, which      Hydro One .                                     the MNO will ensure affected MNO
  EA process, the impact of the project on        has been recognised and accommodated              To see that Métis rights, interests and     citizens and chartered community coun-
  Aboriginal land use, way of life and tradi-     by the Ontario Government as a part of        claims are being considered and respect-        cils are made aware. In the meantime, if
  tional knowledge, are also reviewed.            the MNO's harvesting agreement with           ed, the MNO is participating in the EA          you would like additional information
  Métis Nation of Ontario citizens who            the Ontario Ministry of Natural               process to ensure Métis rights and inter-       about the project or if you would like
  are interested in more information on           Resources.                                    ests are recognised and respected.              the MNO to be made aware of, or
  the project, can visit www.hydroonenet-             Because the project does not fall sole-       To find out whether Métis harvesting        address specific issues or concerns related web site           ly within the geographic scope of one         practices, land use, sacred places, cultural    to the project, please contact:
  contains information, updates and docu-         MNO chartered community council and           interests, and way of life in the region will
  ments on both the OEB and EA process-           Métis right-holders throughout the            be affected by the project, the MNO has                        HANK ROWLINSON
  es.                                             entire Georgian Bay traditional harvest-      been engaged in discussions with Hydro                   Manager, Community Relations
      As part of both the OEB and EA              ing territory may be affected, the MNO        One. Based on these discussions and                          Tel: 1-800-263-4889
  processes, the Crown is obligated to            has taken the lead on ensuring all poten-     working co-operatively with Hydro One,                        Fax: 613-725-4225
  ensure that appropriate consultation and        tially affected MNO citizens are              the MNO will be doing the following:             

FROM PAGE 1                                 (Steve Berry) and MNO audi-      what is needed “…is a solid busi-     Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, M3L               From Highway 401 (east or
Nations; the federal government;            tor (Collins Barrow LLP);        ness plan on which to move for-       1A5. Our MNO Special Rate is            westbound): Exit on collectors for
Ontario Government; the Ontario           • Approval of 2007/08 audit        ward, a strategic plan that people    $87/night/room (single or double        Black Creek Drive. Exit at Jane
Conservative Party; the Ontario             and appointment of auditor       can contribute to….” Day three        occupancy) plus taxes.                  Street and turn left (north). Fol-
New Democratic Party, and Métis             for 2008/09.                     will see this intention begin to          Hotel Overview: The Days            low Jane Street to Wilson Avenue
Youth. Finally, Gary Lipinski, Presi-   Workshop on Duty to Consult          take shape…. “This new PCMNO          Inn Hotel & Conference Centre -         and turn left (west). Follow Wil-
dent of the Métis Nation of             and Accommodate including:           is committed to putting MNO on        Toronto Airport East is located         son to the Hotel.
Ontario, and Jean Teillet, repre-         • Update on Métis rights devel-    a solid foundation--going for-        where highways 401 and 400                  From Queen Elizabeth Way:
senting the Riel family will lay a          opments (Jean Teillet);          ward--and if it means making          intersect. Guests can access the        Follow QEW and exit on Highway
wreath. A moment of silence will          • Presentation on developing       tough decisions and changing          sunlit indoor swimming pool,            427 north. Follow Highway 427 to
follow before the closing remarks.          an Ontario Métis Consultation    how things have been done in the      sauna, whirlpool and fitness            Highway 401 east. Follow Highway
    Bus shuttles will be available to       Framework (Jason Madden);        past so be it!”                       room; free on-site parking and          401 and exit on Black Creek Drive.
return participants to the Days           • Question and Discussion;                                               complimentary airport shuttle           Exit at Jane Street and turn left
Inn Hotel and Conference Centre.          • Update on Ipperwash Report       DAY THREE                             service. Spacious guest rooms all       (north). Follow Jane Street to Wil-
The day will culminate in the Lady          implementation and New           NOVEMBER 18, 2008:                    come equipped with coffee               son Avenue and turn left (west).
Hilton Ballroom around 6:00 P     .M.       Relationship Fund (Jason Mad-                                          maker, complimentary coffee/tea,        Follow Wilson to the Hotel.
with a dinner feast, the swearing           den and/or Joanne Meyer);        • Strategic Planning Workshop on      iron and ironing board, hair                Reservations: To reserve
in of the new PCMNO including             • Question and Discussion;           Building a Stronger Métis           dryer, data port voice mail and         your room and secure our special
newly elected Senators, live enter-       • Resolutions from workshop          Nation and Empowering Métis         free high speed internet access.        corporate rate please contact
tainment, and the announcement              on Métis Rights and Crown’s        Communities & Métis Citizens;       The lobby features two restau-          Loma Rowlinson directly at the
of this year’s recipient of the             Duty to Consult.                 • Presentation and facilitated        rants, lounge, gift shop and a car      MNO Head Office 1-800-263-4889
Suzanne Rochon-Burnette Volun-             As President Lipinski said,         open discussion on developing       rental agency. In the immediate         extension 113. Please reserve
teer of the Year Award.                                                        a strategic plan for the MNO        neighbourhood, are the 75 store         soon to avoid disappointment as
    Beginning at 9:00 A.M. on                                                  (Institute on Governance)           North York Sheridan Mall, several       rooms are limited.
November 17th, the nation’s busi-                                              presentation on accessing eco-      plazas featuring restaurants,               Métis Vendors & trade show:
ness will get underway.                   Our Venue                            nomic opportunities and build-
                                                                               ing wealth and self-sustainabili-
                                                                                                                   banks, pharmacies, and numer-
                                                                                                                   ous other services. The hotel is
                                                                                                                                                           Be sure to watch for and support
                                                                                                                                                           our Métis vendors who can be
DAY TWO                                   DAYS INN HOTEL &                     ty with Métis communities and       situated five miles from Toronto's      found in the Trafalgar Room next
NOVEMBER 17, 2008:                        CONFERENCE CENTRE                    Métis nation.                       Lester B. Pearson International         to our large meeting room. Inter-
                                          TORONTO AIRPORT EAST                                                     airport, close to the Yorkdale Mall     ested vendors, institutions, indus-
The signing of the MNO/Ontario                                               Participants will be treated each     and only eight miles from the CN        tries and government are encour-
Framework Agreement;                      1677 Wilson Avenue, Toronto,       evening following dinner to Métis     Tower. Web:              aged to contact Loma as soon as
Reports from Finance and                  Ontario M3L 1A5                    music, dance and culture.                                                     possible to ensure that a spot is
Administration (including);               Tel: 416-249-8171                                                           Directions to Hotel:                 secured and available for you.
  • Report by MNO                         Fax: 416-243-7342                     Our Venue: As people are           From Highway 400: Exit on col-
    Secretary/Treasurer (Tim Pile),       Toll Free: 800-267-0997            preparing to attend this event,       lectors for Black Creek Drive. Exit        As always, we welcome you
  • Report by MNO Chief Oper-                        the MNO has negotiated a special      at Jane Street and turn left            and your family and hope that
    ating Officer (Doug Wilson),          Room rates: Single or Double -     corporate rate at the Days Inn        (North). Follow Jane Street to Wil-     you can join us as we continue
  • Presentation on 2007/08 audit         $87/night + tax                    Hotel and Conference Centre –         son Avenue and turn left (West).        to look to the future, together.
    by MNO Director of Finance                                               Toronto Airport East, 677 Wilson      Follow Wilson to the Hotel.

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