LIVESTOCK GUARDING DOG
Anatolian Shepherd Guarding Dog Project
In order to assist farmers in the reduction of livestock losses the following Anatolian Shepherd dogs
were placed on selected farms as a means of non-lethal predator control:
First set of Second set of Third set of Fourth set of Fifth set of Sixth set of
placements placements placements placements placements placements
(2005): (April 2006): (June 2006): ( June 2007): (October (January 2008):
1. Uthaya 1. Kiwi 1. Jo (Brey 1. Themba 1. Fox (All 1. Kilo
(Botriver) (Thabazimbi District) (Botriver) Days, (Jakkelsfontein)
2. Boleyn District) 2. Simba 2. Alpha Limpopo) 2. Juliet
(Thabazimbi 2. Warrior (Musina) (Baltimore, 2. Gia (Tolwe, (Gregory)
District) (Stockpoort, 3. Guardian, Limpopo) Limpopo) 3. Hank
3. Gillian Limpopo) renamed 3. Bravo 3. Pego (Klipvlei)
(Lepalale Beska (Thabazimbi) (Vhembe, 4. Sunny (Lema)
District) (Lephalale) 4. Charlie Limpopo) (Krokodilpan)
4. Inca (Brey (Thabazimbi) 5. Mike
District) 5. Delta (Maastroom)
5. Tau (Musina) (Limpopo) 6. Issy
6. Jedi 6. Echo (Matopi)
Seventh set of Eight set of Ninth set of Tenth set of Eleventh set of Twelfth set of
placements placements placements placements placements placements
(August 2008): (September (February (April 2009) (May 2009): ( May 2009):
1. Crikey 1. Neeake 1. Fola 1. Efendi 1. Felix 1. Sunny
Lephalale (Tosca (Tosca (Tsipise (Robertson (Vostershoop
District) District) District) District) District) District)
2. Kaitiaki 2. Masindi 2. Fezzik 2. Argus 2. Becki 2. Helen
(Swartwater (Tosca (Tosca (Alldays (Thabazim (Vostershoop
District District) District) District) bi District)
3. Kahu 3. Phoenix 3. Mandla 3. Spirit 3. Joe (Vostershoop
(Baltimore (Tosca (Tosca (Alldays (Thabazim District)
District) District) District) District) bi District) 4. Sadik
4. Charlie 4. Gloria 4. Amy 4. Felix 4. Shushka (Vostershoop
(Swartwater (Tosca (Tosca (Lephelale (Thabazim District)
District) District) District) District) bi District) 5. Thandi
5. Julliette 5. Oliver 5. Nemesis (Vostershoop
(Alldays (Alldays (Thabazim District)
District) District) bi District)
6. Rachel (Alldays
Thirteenth set Fourteenth set of Fifteenth set of Sixteenth set of Seventeenth set Eighteenth set of
of placements placements placements placements of placements placements
(June 2009): (January 2010): (January (February 2010): (February 2010): (July 2010):
1. Roxy 1. Andrew 1. Don 1. Khan (Bray 1. Merlin 1. Tara
(Thabazimbi (Vostershoop (Thabazim district) (Steenbok 2. Jasper
District) District) bi District) 2. Shumba pan) 3. Khaki
2. Patty 2. Savannah 2. Themba (Vostershoop 2. Aslan 4. Shadow
(Thabazimbi (Vostershoop (Thabazim District) (Thabazim 5. April
District) bi District) 3. Panther bi District) 6. Dave
(Thabazimbi 3. Harley 3. Juliette (Terra 7. Argus
District) (Vergelee (Alldays Vostershoop
4. Wellington District) District) District)
(Thabazimbi 4. Kibali (Tosca 4. Victor 4. Peace
District District) (Thabazim (Vostershoop
5. Malusi 5. Zeus (Tosca bi District) District)
District) 6. Thandi
To assess the progress of these dogs, continuous monitoring has been done during 2005, 2006, 2007,
2008, 2009 and 2010 by means of visitations, telephonic discussions and questionnaires.
A. First set of placements (2005)
Of the first set of placements the following results were obtained:
Uthaya is a very successful and well-established Anatolian placed on farm Paardenkloof in the Western
Cape near Botriver. No livestock losses have been suffered since the placement and the farm owner is
Boleyn’s owner sold his herd of goats and now Boleyn only has a few goats and 2 calves to guard. The
owner is still full of praise for her and feels that she has proven more successful in predator control than
the other methods he used.
Jedi still works as an ambassador at the Ann van Dyk Cheetah Centre and is doing excellent work in
promoting the project to visitors at this world-renowned facility.
Tau was the first dog placed on Martiens Opperman’s farm, Hartjiesveld, in the Limpopo Province. He
unfortunately disappeared when he was one year old, presumably to snakebite.
Gillian adapted well to her new environment when moved to a new farm, but after some time she started
roaming and ended up at the neighbors’ sheep. There she did her duty as guardian and killed a brown
hyena that threatened the herd. Shortly after this incident she was killed by a hyena while guarding the
Inca was removed from her farm because of inadequate bonding with her herd and undesirable play
behaviour. This could not be corrected even after numerous attempts at corrective training. She is now
a domestic guarding dog and she is doing an excellent job
B. Second set of placements (April 2006)
Kiwi is still a hard working, effective guardian. Her owners are full of praise for her and promote the
use of Anatolians at every opportunity. Kiwi was joined by Malusi during the latter part of 2009. He
was placed on the farm to assist and eventually replace Kiwi. This has worked out well and both dogs
are doing great. Kiwi is showing signs of turning deaf and she will be assessed closely.
Warrior is currently guarding a herd of approximately 300 sheep in a grazing area of 150 ha. He is a
hard working guardian and the farmer has not had any livestock losses. He is very happy with the
C. Third set of placements (June 2006)
Jo was removed from his farm near Bray in the Northern Cape after the farmer made it clear that he was
not willing to commit the necessary time and energy during the training period. Jo has successfully been
placed with new owners where he is now a family guarding dog.
Simba was the second dog placed on Mr Martiens Opperman’s farm to replace Tau. He has bonded very
well with his herd of 70 goats and escorts them while they roam over an area of up to 2400 ha.
The owner recently sold his farm and the herd that Simba is guarding and the new owner requested that
Simba be moved with the herd. The herd and Simba were moved to the new farm and he is still
functioning in free range cheetah area. Simba took the move to the new farm in his stride and has
settled in nicely on the new farm. He is still a very attentive guardian.
Guardian (Beska) is doing very well and the owner reports that he has had no stock losses since Beska
joined the flock of sheep. Beska’s owners had doubts about their future use of a guardian, but after
some thought they decided that they will keep him. He is doing an excellent job of guarding his herd.
D. Fourth set of placements (June 2007)
Themba was placed on farm Paardenkloof, Botriver, in February 2007 and had to be removed from the
farm due to unwanted roaming behaviour. He was then placed on a second sheep farm within the free
ranging cheetah area of South Africa. He started off well but then began to roam again shortly after the
bonding phase. He unfortunately had to be removed from the farm and was placed as a domestic
Alpha has developed into a very impressive looking dog. He continues to do very well and displays no
behavioural problems. He is still shy of other people but will as before let Mrs. Brandt and her sons
handle him. No livestock losses have been suffered since the placement and the farm owner is very
happy with Alpha’s placement. A lot of predator activity has been reported by the owner, but no losses
have been suffered.
Bravo started to display hunting behaviour and was removed from the farm. The hunting behavior may
have developed during the first placement. Bravo was removed and placed as a companion dog.
Charlie died of an unknown illness. The owner, however, saw the impact Charlie had on his farming
operation and has shown interest in acquiring a new dog.
Delta’s owner has sold his farm and moved out of free range cheetah area. He is so happy with Delta
that he took him to the new farm in the Virginia area in the Free State Province.
Echo was shot by a neighbour, but was an excellent guardian at the time of his death. He was replaced
during August 2008 by Crikey and during the time that there was no guardian with the herd of cattle the
owner reported losses to leopard.
The placements of Delta and Echo with cattle had gone exceptionally well, and this success allowed us
to place more dogs with cattle. This initiative has made it possible to explore a new avenue in terms of
cheetah conservation in South Africa.
E. Fifth set of placements (October 2007)
Fox had to be removed after developing behavioural problems and showing no response to corrective
training. He was placed as a companion dog.
Gia was placed on farm Drinkeling near Tolwe in the Limpopo Province on 25 October 2007. Gia was
killed in the kraal by a snake within two weeks of placement.
Pego is accompanying his goats to the veldt every day and is an integral part of the flock. The farmer is
satisfied with the placement. Pego is a very protective guardian and has been joined by a puppy in the
herd. This little female pup was bought by the owners to help Pego with his guarding duties.
F. Sixth set of placements (January 2008)
Kilo was poisoned by one of the farm workers on the farm. He was replaced by Kaitiaki.
Juliet is a very attentive guardian and never leaves her herd of goats. She is quite accepting of other
animals and has taken a young calf into her care. The owners report no stock losses with her herd and
they are very happy with her.
Hank is an attentive guardian and never leaves his goats. His is hard working and during the visit I found him
with his goats. I also found leopard, brown hyena and jackal tracks all within a few hundred meters from the
Sunny died due to snake bite.
Mike had to scale down in his working duties due to problems with his legs; he is receiving special
medical treatment to manage this problem. He was placed on a small holding with a herd of sheep and
is doing well guarding this herd of livestock outside of cheetah range.
Issy was injured severely by a goat ewe and died at the veterinarian clinic during treatment.
All the remaining dogs from this placement are progressing very well. Their healthcare is up to date in
terms of parasite control and vaccinations. Visitations to assess their development and to discuss the
placements with the farmers are done quarterly.
G. Seventh set of placements (August 2008)
Crikey came under threat from the people that shot Echo and the owner moved him out of the area closer
to his home, where he is still guarding cattle and the owner can keep a constant eye on him. Just after
the visit the owner phoned with the news that he will be selling all his cattle. A new home must now be
found for Crikey.
Kaitiaki is presumed lost due to snakebite.
Kahu is doing well on the farm and is guarding his herd of goats effectively. No losses have been
reported. The owner is full of praise for Kahu and promotes the programme actively.
Charlie is doing well and is successfully guarding his herd of sheep. The owner is happy with him and
there are no behavioural problems to report.
Juliette turned deaf and with a veterinarian’s recommendation was removed from the farm. She was
placed as a companion dog and was replaced by Juliette 2. At the time of her removal she was a
successful guardian with no losses reported within her herd.
Rachel was removed from the farm of Mr. Nel. The owner requested the removal due to lack of interest
and commitment. She was placed on a new farm and has settled in well under her closely monitored
H. Eight set of placements( October 2008):
This litter of puppies was placed in the Tosca area of the Northwestern Province of South Africa. The
area has long been regarded as a sink for cheetah and the decision was taken to focus delivery in this
area running parallel to the Botswana border where there is high cheetah traffic. This effort has
improved the profile of the cheetah in a farming community renowned for intolerance and exploitation
of all predators.
Neeake is doing well and is an attentive and hard working guardian. He has had no losses with his herd
and the owner reports regular sightings of cheetah on the farm. The owner is very happy with Neeake’s
working ability and advocates the use of Anatolians at every opportunity.
Masindi is working well and her owner is happy with her guarding abilities. She has lost none of the
herd to predation. She responded well to corrective training, but her owners sometimes still tie her up at
night as a precautionary measure.
Gloria is working hard and the owner is very happy with her as a guardian. He has reported no losses
since she joined the herd. She is an attentive guardian and can always be found in close proximity to her
Phoenix is hard working and in a good condition. The owner is very happy with her and says that he is
amazed at her working ability. He has no behavioural problems or stock losses to report. She was
moved to a new area on the farm with her herd and took the move in her stride. She settled in quickly
and is as hard working as ever.
I. Ninth set of placements (February 2009):
This litter of puppies was also placed in the Tosca area of the Northwestern Province of South Africa.
Amy went out with her herd as usual but at the end of the day did not return. A frantic search was
launched for her and her tracks were followed until they reached the Botswana border. Her owners
alerted everybody in the area as well as people in Botswana, but unfortunately she disappeared without a
trace and it is presumed that she is dead.
Fezzik was removed from the farm at the owner’s request. The owner stated that Fezzik no longer fitted
in with his farming operation. Fezzik was moved to a new farm and given a second chance. He
unfortunately displayed some behavioural problems and had to be removed. He was replaced by Zeus
on the farm.
Mandla is doing what he was trained to do. He has kept a brown hyena away from his herd and he
followed the hyena until it left his area. His owner further reports cheetah catching a kudu not far from
the kraal where Mandla and his herd stays.
Fola was killed in a freak accident she was on the farm and was replaced by Thandi.
J. Tenth set of placements (March 2009):
These dogs were placed in the Alldays and Lephalale areas in the Limpopo province of South Africa.
Felix is doing great on the farm; his owner cannot praise Felix enough. He is a hard working and
attentive guardian. He started roaming, but the reason for this was he was being fed by a neighbour’s
labourer. This was stopped and Felix’s behaviour returned to normal. Leopard tracks and sightings are
common on the farm.
Efendi is a hard working and attentive guardian; during my visit he was tracked with his VHF collar and
found with his herd. He immediately moved his herd away from me, until he was sure that I did not
pose a threat. Great dog!
Oliver is a very hard working and reliable guardian. He is well bonded to his herd and they fully accept
his presence. He does not appear to be over friendly but does let people touch and handle him. His
owner is happy with his progress and there are no problems to report.
Argus was placed on the farm of Mr. F Stegman but we had to remove him due to behavioural problems.
He was placed under corrective training but did not respond favourably. He has been replaced during
July 2010 as the owner wanted to continue with the program.
Spirit was placed on the farm of Mr. J Venter and when he sold his herd of sheep Spirit was moved to
his neighbour whom showed interest in the program. Spirit took the move well but developed
behavioural problems; returning home during the day when sheep were out grazing. He is currently
under corrective training and is responding to the training.
K. Eleventh set of placements (May 2009):
We placed five puppies in this group. Four of the puppies were placed in free range cheetah areas and
the 5th puppy was placed on a wine estate in the Western Cape where it is guarding a small herd of
springbok against roaming domestic dogs and caracal.
Felix the Springbok dog is doing extremely well. Since his placement the herd of Springbok has
doubled and there were no losses to report. He has defended the herd successfully on several occasions
against stray dogs and caracal. Although this trial is being done under ideal conditions, we are learning
a lot from it and we are gathering the data for future potential placements.
Becki has some behavioural problems and this has been aggravated by a change in herders on the farm.
The new herder did not know how to work with her and he had to be trained first; he even allowed her at
times to eat scraps at his house. She has been put onto a run wire at night to correct this and she is
allowing the herder to touch her, compared to before when she was very anti social. She is, however,
doing her job as we found brown hyena tracts within 50 meters of the kraal and there were no losses
Joe was removed from the farm due to behavioural problems and he was replaced by Don during the
first part of 2010.
Nemesis is a hard working guardian and is well bonded with his herd. During the last kidding season he
showed no interest in the new kids. This is preferable as some dogs will during their first lambing or
kidding season interfere with the ewes.
Shuska is doing well and her herder and owner is very proud of her. She is hard working and has no
behavioural problems. Her owner is a very prominent spokesperson for the dogs as a non lethal method
of predator control.
L. Twelfth set of placements (May 2009):
We placed five puppies in the Vostershoop district in the Northwest province of South Africa; this area
is known for the movement of illegally captured cheetah out of the area. There is also much movement
of cheetah between South Africa and Botswana in this area.
Sunny was placed on the farm of Mr. J Holtzhausen in the Vostershoop district. The farm is on the
border with Botswana and surrounded by game reserves. Sunny started off well but then bonded with
the animals (potbelly pigs) on the farmyard. He moved out with the herd but came back very quickly to
join his pigs. The decision was made to move him away from the house to a new herd and that proved
successful. He now joins his herd each day the whole day as they move out to graze.
Helen was placed on the farm of Mr. G Stoltz in the Vostershoop district. She developed into a very
attentive and reliable guardian. She moved out with the herd from an early age and had a strong bond
with them. One day she moved out with the herd but did not return that night. Her owners searched for
her but could not find her. Leopard tracks were found in the area where she went missing, so it is
assumed that she was killed by the leopard while doing her duty. She was replaced by Andrew during
the first part of 2010.
Romeo was placed on the farm of Mr. H Byleveldt in the Vostershoop district. The farm is right next to
the Molopo National park. He is doing well and is in a good condition. He was placed under corrective
training when he developed somewhat of a lazy attitude at one stage. He responded well to the training
and is now staying out with herd the whole time while they graze.
Sadik was placed on the farm of Mr. G Jones is the Bray district. He developed well and was an
attentive and trusted guardian. While out guarding his herd he was bitten by a snake and died. He was
replaced by Khan during the first part of 2010.
Thandi was placed on the farm of Mr. N Grobbelaar as a replacement for Fola. She started off well in
her training but during a fight amongst her cattle one of the cows stepped on her and she was killed
instantly. She was replaced by Thandi 2 during the first part of 2010.
M. Thirteenth set of placements (May 2009):
These five puppies where placed in the Thabazimbi area of the Limpopo province of South Africa.
Roxy was placed on the farm of Me H Burger in the Thabazimbi district. She is an attentive and hard
working dog. She has had no losses within her herd even with the sighting of 14 African wild dogs on
the farm. Her owner is very happy with her progress and working ability. On the road into the farm we
discovered cheetah tracts leading onto the farm.
Patty was placed on the farm of Mr. W du Plessis in the Lephalale district. She is doing well and is in a
good condition. There are some concerns about her working ability, as she is often found by the kraal.
This may be due to some sheep returning early to the kraal to feed their lambs and then staying close to
this area. She can always, however, be found in close proximity to members of her herd.
Steff was placed on a new farm after his first owner sold his herd of sheep. He has settled well into the
new routine and environment. The farm manager is leaving at the end of June and a close eye should be
kept on Steff to see if he and his new caretaker work well together.
Wellington is doing well on his farm. He was the first dog to be fitted with a radio collar and this makes
finding him much easier. He is hard working and in a good condition.
Malusi has developed into a very hard working and attentive guardian. Since joining Kiwi on the farm
they have become a formidable pair and their owners are extremely happy with them.
N. Fourteenth set of placements (January 2010)
These six puppies were placed along the South Africa Botswana border from Boshoek up to
Vostershoop. Three of the puppies were replacements for dogs that were either removed from the
program or died.
Andrew was the replacement for Helen (killed by leopard) on the farm of Mr. G Stoltz. He is a well
bonded, attentive and hard working guardian. His bond with his herd was tested when a jackal attacked
him close to the kraal and he had to spend three weeks at the veterinarian in Vryburg (300km away).
On his return to the farm, he just went on guarding as if nothing had happened. He is fully recovered
and working well.
Savannah was placed on the farm of Mr. L Bruwer and she is guarding his cattle. She is well bonded
and hard working. As Mr. Bruwer is a new owner he is very happy with her progress and what she has
achieved so far. At the same time last year he had already lost 9 animals to predators, but none so far
Harley was placed on the farm of Mr. P Knipe and he is guarding goats. He is well bonded and hard
working. Mr. Knipe is very happy with his performance and now with two Anatolians guarding his two
goat herds he does not expect any losses. There are regular sightings of cheetah on the farm and Mr.
Knipe is happy with their presence.
Kibali was placed on the farm of Mr. A van Zyl in the Tosca district, where she is guarding his sheep.
There are regular cheetah sightings on the farm and the owner is happy with their presence. Kibali is
well bonded and hard working. She is always with her herd and this makes her owner very happy.
Zeus was placed on the farm of Mr. A van Zyl as a replacement for Fezzik, who was removed due to
behavioural problems. Zeus is a well bonded and attentive guardian. He can always be found close to
his herd and has had no losses. There are regular cheetah sightings on the farm and during my visit I
came across brown hyena tracks leading into the farm.
Thandi was placed on the farm of Mr. N Grobbelaar as replacement for Thandi, who died in a cattle
fight. She is well bonded and her owner now takes extreme care not to have the incident repeated. She
moves out with her herd as they graze and stays out with them the whole day. Her owner is very happy
with her progress.
O. Fifteenth set of placements (January 2010):
Don was placed on the farm of Mr. L Oliver as a replacement for Joe, who was removed due to
behavioural problems. He has bonded well with his herd and is a very attentive guardian. He can
always be found close to his sheep and no undesirable behaviour has been reported.
Juliette 2 was placed on the farm of Mr. R Gallow as a replacement for Juliette, who turned deaf. She
was well bonded to her stock but did not let anybody touch her, affecting husbandry related issues.
There was also a clear lack of commitment and interest from the farmer. She was subsequently placed
on the farm of Mr. F Henrico, within the free range cheetah area.
The following two puppies were placed under EWT custodianship in free range cheetah areas. Ten dogs
annually will be placed in custodianship of EWT to continue delivery in this area; all dogs will be
eventually donated to farmers on whose land they are active.
Themba was placed on the farm of Mr. B Dekker in the Alldays district. She started off well in her
training but due to a serious attack by ticks she had to spend a lot of time either at the veterinarian or
recovering from wounds. She is now fully recovered and has become a hard working guardian.
Victor was placed on a farm right next to the Venetia diamond mine in the Alldays district. He started
off with cattle but after an incident with an aggressive cow, he was placed with sheep. He quickly
formed a bond with them and is now an attentive sheep guardian. His owner is happy with his
performance within the sheep herd.
P. Sixteenth set of placements (February 2010):
These puppies were placed in the Bray and Vostershoop districts. Three of the puppies were on new
farms and one was a replacement.
Khan was placed on the farm of Mr. G Jones as a replacement for Sadik who died of snake bite. He is
well bonded and has joined the grazing herd from an early age. He is hard working and his owner has
high expectations for him in terms of preventing predation.
Shumba was placed on the farm of Mr. P Bruwer in the Vostershoop district. The farm is surrounded on
three sides by the Molopo National park, so Shumba has his work cut out for him. He is a well bonded,
hard working and attentive guardian. He never leaves his herd of cattle and since he joined them no
losses were reported where as in the previous year the owner lost 11 animals to predation. Cheetahs are
also regularly seen on the farm.
Panther was placed on the farm of Mr. J Diedericks in the Bray district. She started off well with her
herd of sheep but unfortunately she was killed by a snake three weeks into her training. She will be
replaced on the farm with a new puppy during August 2010.
Peace was placed on the farm of Mr. A Stoltz in the Vostershoop district. He is a new owner and this
placement was part of a link we are trying to establish around the Molopo National park. She started off
well in her training and formed a strong bond with her herd. While out one day with her herd she was
bitten by a snake and died. She will also be replaced during August 2010.
Q. Seventeenth set of placements (February 2010):
These two puppies were placed under EWT custodianship in free range cheetah areas. 10 dogs annually
will be placed in custodianship of EWT to continue delivery in this area; all dogs will be eventually
donated to farmers on whose land they are active.
Merlin was placed on the farm of Mr. G Welgemoed in the Thabazimbi district. Merlin is well bonded
to his herd and is always alert and attentive. He is in a good condition and his owner is happy with his
Aslan was placed on the farm of Mr. R Bekker in the Thabazimbi district. Aslan is a hard working and
attentive guardian. He was suspected of chasing game and placed under corrective training. This
seemed to be a once off incident and he has never done it again. He is also a little playful but is
receiving corrective training for this.
R. Eighteenth set of placements (July 2010):
This set of 7 puppies was only placed during July 2010 and it is still too early in their training to make
any sort of assessment. They were placed under EWT custodianship in free range cheetah areas. Only
one puppy of this particular placement was a replacement.
Stock losses grid:
Nr. Dog Date of Stock Type Losses Losses Status of dog Cheetah
Name Placement before after sightings on
Anatolian Anatolian farm
1 Uthaya Sheep 17 sheep / 80 0 Working N
2 Boleyn Sheep 15 Sheep 0 Working N
3 Gillian Sheep 37 Sheep 0 Dead, killed by hyena Y
4 Inca Sheep 20 0 Removed due to behavioural problems N
5 Tau Goats 7 0 Dead due to snake bite Y
6 Jedi Goats ** 0 Removed due to illness, ambassador at **
Ann van Dyk Cheetah Centre
7 Warrior 07/04/2006 Sheep 20 Sheep 0 Working N
8 Kiwi 07/04/2006 Sheep/Goats 20 Sheep/Goats 0 Working Y
9 Beska 31/06/2006 Sheep 40 Sheep 0 Working Leopard
10 Simba 31/06/2006 Goats 7 Goat 0 Working Y
11 Jo 31/06/2006 Sheep 20 0 Removal due to inadequate bonding, Y
homed as a companion dog
12 Alpha * 05/06/2007 Goats New herd 0 Working Y
13 Bravo 05/06/2007 Sheep New herd 0 Removal due to hunting **
14 Charlie 05/06/2007 Goats ** 0 Dead poisoned **
15 Delta 05/06/2007 Cattle 5 0 Working, out of cheetah area **
16 Echo 05/06/2007 Cattle 4 0 Dead shot by neighbour Leopard
17 Themba 05/06/2007 Sheep 17 sheep / 80 0 Removed inadequate bonding N
18 Fox 26/10/2007 Sheep ** 0 Removal due to inadequate bonding N
19 Gia 26/10/2007 Sheep ** 0 Dead due to snake bite N
20 Pego 26/10/2007 Goats 40 Goats 0 Working Y
21 Kilo 29/01/2008 Sheep 7 0 Dead poisoned by farm worker N
22 Juliet 29/01/2008 Goats 3 Goats 2 Working N
23 Hank 29/01/2008 Goats 10 Goats 0 Working Y
24 Sunny 29/01/2008 Sheep 5 Sheep 0 Dead due to snake bite Y
25 Mike 29/01/2008 Sheep 0 Sheep 0 Working on small holding out of N
26 Issy 29/01/2008 Goats ** 0 Dead killed by goat N
27 Crikey 21/08/2008 Cattle 4 Cattle 0 Working Leopard
28 Kaitiaki 21/08/2008/21/02/20 Sheep 7 Sheep/5 0 Dead due to snake bite Y
both farms 09 Sheep
29 Kahu 21/08/2008 Goats 6 Goat 0 Working Y
30 Charlie 21/08/2008 Sheep 5 Sheep 1 Working Y
31 Rachel 21/08/2008 Sheep 5 Sheep 0 Working N
32 Juliette 21/08/2008 Sheep 15 Sheep 1 Removed turned deaf homed as Y
33 Neeaki 12/09/2008 Goats 50 Goat 0 Working Y
34 Masindi 12/09/2008 Sheep 40 Sheep 0 Working N
35 Gloria 12/09/2008 Sheep 40 Sheep 0 Working N
36 Phoenix * 12/09/2008 Goats New herd 0 Working N
37 Fezzik 04/02/2009 Sheep 10 sheep 0 Removed due to play behavior N
38 Fola 04/02/2009 Cattle 5 calves 0 Dead due to freak accident N
39 Mandla 04/02/2009 Sheep 30 lambs 0 Working Y
40 Amy 04/02/2009 Goats 25 goats, 0 Disappeared presumed dead N
41 Effendi 08/04/2009 Goats 20 goats, 0 Working N
42 Argus 08/04/2009 Sheep 18 sheep 0 Removed due to behavioural problems Y
43 Spirit 08/04/2009 Goats/Sheep 10 0 Working N
44 Felix 08/04/2009 Cattle 3 Calves 0 Working Y
45 Oliver 08/04/2009 Cattle 12 cattle 0 Working Y
46 Felix 09/05/2009 Springbok 20 Springbok 0 Working N
47 Becki 14/05/2009 Sheep 20 sheep 0 Working Y
48 Joe 14/05/2009 Sheep 10 sheep 0 Removed due to inadequate bonding Y
49 Shushka 14/05/2009 Goats 20 lambs 0 Working Y
50 Nemesis 14/05/2009 Goats 6 goats 0 Working Y
51 Sunny 26/05/2009 Sheep 10 sheep 2 sheep Working Y
52 Helen 26/05/2009 Sheep 30 sheep 0 Dead killed by leopard N
53 Romeo 26/05/2009 Sheep 20 sheep 0 Working Y
54 Sadik 26/05/2009 Sheep 30 sheep 0 Dead due to snake bite N
55 Thandi 26/05/2009 Cattle 5 cattle 0 Dead killed by cattle N
56 Roxy 08/06/2009 Sheep 30 Sheep 0 Working Y
57 Patty 08/06/2009 Sheep 30 sheep 0 Working Y
58 Steff 08/06/2009 Sheep 5 sheep 0 Working Y
59 Wellington 08/06/2009 Sheep 10 sheep 0 Working Y
60 Malusi 08/06/2009 Sheep 30 sheep 0 Working Y
61 Andrew 20/01/2010 Sheep 30 Sheep 0 Working N
62 Zeus 20/01/2010 Goats 25 Goats 0 Working N
63 Thandi 2 20/01/2010 Cattle 5 Cattle 0 Working N
64 Harley 20/01/2010 Goats 50 Goats 0 Working Y
65 Kibali 20/01/2010 Sheep 25 Sheep 0 Working N
66 Savannah 20/01/2010 Cattle 15 Cattle 0 Working Y
67 Don 20/01/2010 Sheep 10 Sheep 0 Working Y
68 Themba 20/01/2010 Sheep 20 Sheep 0 Working N
69 Juliette 2 20/01/2010 Sheep 15 Sheep 0 Working Y
70 Victor 20/01/2010 Cattle R 40 – 50 000 0 Working Y
71 Peace 10/02/2010 Sheep 10 Sheep 0 Dead due to snake bite N
72 Panther 10/02/2010 Sheep 32 Sheep 0 Dead due to snake bite Y
73 Shumba 10/02/2010 Cattle 20 Cattle 0 Working Y
74 Khan 10/02/2010 Sheep 30 Sheep 0 Working N
75 Aslan 10/02/2010 Sheep/Goats 0 Removed due to behavioural problems Y
76 Merlin 10/02/2010 Sheep 0 Working Y
77 Tara 19/07/2010 New Placement
78 Jasper 19/07/2010 New Placement
79 Khaki 19/07/2010 New Placement
80 Shadow 19/07/2010 New Placement
81 April 19/07/2010 New Placement
82 Dave 19/07/2010 New Placement
83 Argus 19/07/2010 New Placement
*These flocks were established only weeks before the arrival of the dogs on the farms.
**This information was not collected at the beginning of the project and these farms have not been
revisited since the death or removal of the dogs.
Note: 5 dogs are working on farms of red meat retailers outside of cheetah range.
Our Anatolian Shepherd Guarding Dog programme is off to a good start with 16 placements in January
and February. Six of these dogs were replacements for dogs previously lost or removed from farms.
The remaining ten dogs were all new placements and represent 50% of the dogs contracted to place this
7 puppies were placed in July under EWT custodianship in free range cheetah areas. Only one puppy of
this particular placement was a replacement.
All 16 puppies were bought from commercial breeders Hannelie Liebenberg and Dr Fanie Steyn, since
recent matings among our breeding dogs did not result in pregnancies. Puppies were bought from
breeders who were able to provide lineage and hip dysplasia free certificates for two generations.
7 more puppies will be placed in the near future as soon as puppies become available from commercial
breeders. These will represent 4 new placements and 3 replacements.
The Anatolian Shepherd Guard Dogs that currently represent Cheetah Outreach’s breeding animals
include the following:
Two 4-year-old females that were born at respected Anatolian Shepherd breeders, Liebenberg
Anatolians, Bloemfontein, South Africa housed at Eikendal Wine Estate near Stellenbosch.
A 5-year-old male, War Dance, bought from Grootfontein Agricultural College, is housed at
A 3-year old female, Mercedes that was imported from the US. She is housed at Eikendal Wine
Estate near Stellenbosch.
Dogs removed from breeding program
Three puppies imported from Turkey in 2008, one male and two females, were recently assessed for hip
dysplasia at 18 months of age. Disappointingly, all three tested positive for varying degrees of hip
dysplasia and had to be removed from the breeding programme.
All three were subsequently sterilized and Thor, the male, and Valkyrie, the one female, were
successfully homed. Chenin still has to be homed but may stay at Cheetah Outreach as an ambassador
for our Anatolian program.
The original plans to secure new genetic diversity for dissemination through the South African breeding
population and to be in a position to breed commercially have now been temporarily diverted by this
Expected breeding timeline and production
At present we have three breeding females; Angel, Melda and Mercedes. Mercedes and Melda both
came into season in June and spent time with War Dance at Cheetah Outreach. We are optimistic that at
least one of the breeding attempts will result in a pregnancy. If one or both of the matings were
successful, we expect the arrival of the puppies around the middle to end of August.
Angel is due to come into season in early to late July. We plan to breed her this year to sell some of the
puppies on the commercial market and also to replace some of the dogs that had to be pulled from the
Currently Eikendal Wine Estate supports Cheetah Outreach and De Wildt Cheetah and Wildlife Trust by
providing the use of a facility to hand raise cheetah ambassadors. Eikendal has demonstrated their
commitment to conservation issues by donating half a hectare of land for exclusive use by Cheetah
Outreach to house our breeding female dogs. This is essential, since newborn puppies need to be reared
in an area free of predators as to cultivate expected and desirable behavior. If the puppies were housed
at the Cheetah Outreach facility where cheetahs live in close proximity, the puppies might accept this as
There are six female camps for the dogs that are 15m by 9m each. A small wooden house was built in
each camp for the dogs to sleep in, additional shade is also provided. With the current design of the
camps all the dogs have access to a big area for play and energy release. This area is also used for
grazing for the sheep and in doing this all the dogs have contact with the livestock.
In addition to the housing camps we have also developed a whelping area where females can be kept in
isolation from the other females. This area provides shelter for the mom and puppies in a separate
concrete area closer to the veterinary facility, thus enabling easier and better hygiene and monitoring.
The whelping area is also set up with lighting and additional heating and fans if necessary in inclement
or very warm weather. When puppies reach a certain age and size, they would be moved down to the
female enclosure areas where there are puppy pens set up. The pens are set up so the sheep can be in the
larger enclosure with the puppies, but not be able to get into the puppy area so no puppy is accidentally
trampled. This gives the puppies some exposure to the livestock prior to being placed on the farms.
Cheetah Outreach currently house Merino and Dorper sheep.