A Bentham 2005 Entry Level English Scheme of Work: Literature ‘The Tyger’ and ‘The Lamb’ by William Blake Objectives Reading Develop students’ abilities to: ♦ Read a poem with clarity and understanding ♦ Read poetry for pleasure ♦ Make personal responses and appropriate references to a poem Writing Provide opportunities to: ♦ Describe aspects of a poem such as rhyme, rhythm, vocabulary ♦ Produce their own written response to a poem ♦ Write a letter for a stated purpose and audience Speaking and Listening Develop students’ abilities to: ♦ Read a poem with fluency and expression ♦ Understand and comment on the subject matter of a poem ♦ Express their ideas and views on a poem Tasks to be completed by the student: Coursework – S& L – Read aloud ‘The Tyger’ and ‘The Lamb’ by William Blake to a partner or small group. Say what you think each poem is about, giving examples of words and phrases in the poems. Say which you prefer and why. Reading – Complete the vocabulary quiz sheets on each poem using a dictionary to help. Complete the worksheet on innocence and experience. Explain which animal is linked to innocence and which is linked to experience. Writing – Complete a series of worksheets and use them to write a letter to a friend about the two poems. Tell your friend which poem you prefer and give reasons why. You could include: ♦ Language and vocabulary ♦ Rhyme and rhythm ♦ The poet’s attitude ♦ Your own ideas THERE IS NO SUPERVISED TASK IN THIS SCHEME OF WORK. A Bentham 2005 Outline Plan Resources 1. Pre-reading Activity (Powerpoint presentation) 2. Categorising Words worksheet 3. The Tiger and The Lamb table 4. The Tyger Language Activities sheet 5. The Tyger Vocab Quiz 6. The Lamb Language Activities sheet 7. The Lamb Vocab Quiz 8. The Tyger and The Lamb Innocence and Experience 9. Copies of the two poems (available on the internet) 10. Dictionaries and thesauruses Plan 1. Small group or paired work using the Pre-reading Activity to elicit prior knowledge, expectations and vocabulary. 2. In pairs, students cut out and sort words about each animal using the Categorising Words sheet. Elicit discussion about meanings of the words, prompt students to use dictionaries. 3. Students fill in The Tyger and The Lamb Table to consolidate their knowledge and understanding. 4. Teacher explains that the class will study two poems by William Blake. Give a brief background on the poet and his era. The teacher reads ‘The Tyger’ to the class and asks for first impressions. Encourage students to read aloud, along with the teacher. Provide support with pronunciation of words, but do not allow students to become anxious about meanings. Emphasis the use of rhythm and rhyme. What does the poem sound like? How does a tiger move? Why does the poet ask so many questions? H/W Prepare a reading of the poem. 5. Use The Tyger Language Activities and The Tyger Vocab Quiz and dictionaries to discuss and explore words and meanings in the poem. 6. Teacher reads The Lamb to the class and asks for first impressions. Again, encourage students to read aloud and provide support. Compare the rhythm and rhyme to The Tyger. Look at the number of questions in this poem. Elicit ideas about the poet’s attitude towards, and feelings about each animal. H/W Prepare a reading of the poem. 7. Use The Lamb Language Activities and The Lamb Vocab Quiz and dictionaries to discuss and explore words and meanings in the poem. 8. Tell the students that William Blake wrote these poems along with other poems named ‘Songs of Innocence’ and ‘Songs of Experience’. Ask the students what they understand by these words. Which animal is linked to innocence and which is linked to experience? Why? Use dictionaries and The Tyger and The Lamb Innocence and Experience worksheet to write down their findings. H/W Find out more about William Blake. When and where did he live? Find the titles of two or three other poems he wrote. 9. Speaking and Listening Lesson. Set and assess the task: Read aloud ‘The Tyger’ and ‘The Lamb’ by William Blake to a partner or small group. Say what A Bentham 2005 you think each poem is about, giving examples of words and phrases in the poems. Say which you prefer and why. (Use your worksheets and notes if you wish). 10. Set the written coursework task: use the ideas on your worksheets to write a letter to a friend about the two poems ‘The Tyger’ and ‘The Lamb’. Tell your friend which poem you prefer and give reasons why. You could include: ♦ Language and vocabulary ♦ Rhyme and rhythm ♦ New words you have learned ♦ The poet’s attitude ♦ Your own ideas Additional ideas to extend the unit: ♦ Reading - Research project on William Blake, using resources from the library and the internet. ♦ Writing – Write your own poem about an animal you find fascinating or amazing. Try to include some questions about how the animal was put together, and write about the parts of the body or actions that amaze you. ♦ Writing – Choose five of your favourite lines from the poems and storyboard or illustrate them with pictures. ♦ Speaking and Listening -Role play an interview with William Blake. Ask him questions about the poems and the animals he wrote about.
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