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					                                                                          The Good Guts
                                                                                       Official Newsletter of
                                                                         39th AUSTRALIAN INFANTRY BATTALION
                                                                        (1941-43) ASSOCIATION INCORPORATED
                                                                          Print Post Approval No. PP307790/00001

               Views expressed in material submitted are not necessarily the views of this Association or the Editor of The Good              No. 155
               Guts. Responsibility for all comment is that of the author of the article. Information may be given to other groups .        October 2008

Bill Sykes, MP for Benalla, and his wife Sally meet up with Fuzzy Wuzzy Angel Ovoru Idiki on the Kokoda Track. In Melbourne we
                                                                          th                   th
celebrated Kokoda Day and were proud to have the banner of the first 39 Bn on display. The 8 August was also significant for the
“originals” as they acquitted themselves very well on that day on the Hindenburg Line. Members weer happy to take shelter from
the cold before the service commenced. Having the afternoon tea at the Shrine proved to be a popular innovation.

On the Gold Coast they celebrated Kokoda Day on the actual day which was also the 2 Anniversary of the Raising of the 39 PSB
was there to join in. We see the crowd gathering at the Memorial, Jim Stillman & Bill Bellairs in the foreground, George Turner with
SOC Kienzle in the background.. The PIB/NGVR Wreath, which was hand made was laid in front of PIB panel of the Wall. In front
of Memorial, L to R: Cec Driscoll, Dudley Warhurst, Bill Bellairs and George Palmer. Same pic appeared in the GC Bulletin.

. After the observance at the Memorial Wall many travelled out to Kokoda Barracks at Canungra for a formal dinner in the Sergeants
Mess. We see pre-dinner drinks being enjoyed by Lt. Col. Anthony Draheim, CO 39 PSB, Bill Bellairs Kokoda Veteran of 39 Bn,
Evelyn Guy, Joy Bellairs and George Friend The Guest Speaker at dinner was Bill Bellairs (Joy on his left) and MAJ Rosalie 39
PSB on his right. After Dinner: George Palmer, Brig. David Saul (Comd. 17 Bde and RACT HOC &, Bill Bellairs enjoyed a cup of
coffee. The cake was cut by Bill Bellairs who turned 91 the next week; the youngest member of 39PSB and the CO.
                                                                                                                                       Melbourne’s Kokoda
                                                                                                                                       Day was bitterly cold
                                                                                                                                       so many preferred the
                                                                                                                                       warmth of the Shrine
                                                                                                                                       while other braver
                                                                                                                                       spirits visited the
                                                                                                                                       Memorial Trees for the
                                                                                                                                       39th Bn of both wars to
                                                                                                                                       lay wreaths in memory
                                                                                                                                       of the fallen.
        OFFICE BEARERS - 39th Australian Infantry Battalion 1941-1943 Association Inc.

LIFE PATRON                   Noel W Hall OAM ED    174 Rathmines Road, HAWTHORN EAST Vic 3123
                                                                     Telephone & FAX [03] 9882 5801
PRESIDENT                     Alan Jameson          47 Antibes Street PARKDALE Victoria 3194
                                                                      Telephone: H [03] 9587 5365
VICE PRESIDENT                Ross Darrigan         72 Eliza Street KEILOR PARK Vic 3042
                                                                    Telephone: [03] 9331 5387
                                                                                 MOBILE 0408 359 097
                                                    E-Mail :
HON. TREASURER                Lorraine Cochrane     76 Tarongo Drive ASPENDALE Vic. 3195
                                                                      Telephone: [03] 9580 1947
HON.SECRETARY                 Norman Stockdale      Post Office Box 689, GISBORNE Vic. 3437
                                                                     Telephone [03] 5428 8886
                                                                          Mobile 0408 592 609
MEMORABILIA OFFICER           Lorraine Cochrane     76 Tarongo Drive ASPENDALE Vic. 3195
                                                                      Telephone: [03] 9580 1947
AUDITOR                       Bruce Stockdale       212 Karingal Drive, KARINGAL Vic. 3199
                                                                     Telephone: [03] 9789 1888
NEWS LETTER EDITOR            Peter Holloway        55 French Road GREENVALE Victoria 3059
                                                                     Telephone [03] 9333 1214
                                                                         Mobile: 0408 552 662
                                                                     FAX          [03] 9333 1536
IMPORTANT Cheques etc must be made payable only to 39th Aust. Infantry Battalion Association
   PLEASE NOTE When posting us mail of any kind it is important to observe the following procedures
Subscriptions, Official Correspondence To the Secretary only.
Orders for Souvenirs etc               To the Memorabilia Officer
Items for The Good Guts                To the Editor [Including Items of Interest; News of members; Sick
                                       Parade & Death Reports; Newspaper cuttings & Pictures of interest;
                                       If requested, items will be copied and promptly returned]
Copies of Pictures Published           We do not charge for copies of pictures published. A donation
                                       towards costs is appreciated. Copies are usually larger than.


                       Editorial                                           Comment

Most people who watched the recently held Olympic Games on the television probably felt some degree of
disappointment, which no doubt they shared with the athletes concerned, when a relay runner dropped or failed to pick
up the baton in the course of the race. Likewise there was a sense of exhilaration when their efforts met with success.
Of course the important fact is that in most cases the baton was quite successfully transferred to each competitor in
Surely that is one of the great facts of life and indeed has been so throughout all ages. There have always been great
men and women on the world’s stage. Julius Caesar, Boadicea, Alfred the Great, Joan of Arc, Eve Curie and James
Fleming are just a few that come to mind The great fact of history is that there has always been someone able and
willing to carry on from where they left off.
We believe that the great strength of the 39th Battalion Association is that not only has its members been willing to
hand over their baton but there has always been a team of younger and fitter runners to accept the challenge.
To those of us members who can fairly be described as “the olds and bolds” the appearance of these younger
“runners” may not have always been appealing. They wear “way out” clothes; the young men are sometimes adorned
with jewellery, earrings and studs; the hairdos not what we might have chosen and so on. But you cannot judge a book
by its cover! So often therein lies a heart of gold as well as great ability.
So let us look back to the idea of exchanging the baton in a relay race. It is not always the recipient who drops the
baton. Quite frequently it is the person handing it on who fails to do so decisively and therein is the lesson for us.
Each of us must prepare ourselves so that the task we took over from our predecessors can be seamlessly and
competently handed on to the next generation. As in all of life we need to remember, lest we forget!
                                       A Message From The President

                               The 66th Anniversary of the Battle for Kokoda was commemorated at the Shrine in
                               Melbourne on Sunday 10th August. The rain eased long enough for a deputation to lay a
                               wreath at both the 1/39th and 2/39th Memorial Trees in the Shrine gardens. We did not
                               risk exposing the 1/39th banner to the rain. Holding both the commemorative ceremony
                               and the address by the guest speaker at the one location was well received, especially
                               by those with mobility issues. The staff at the Shrine was very helpful assisting people
                               and making available areas for our speaker and the afternoon tea.
                               Our guest speaker Mr. Charles Happel is the author of the book “The Boneman of
                               Kokoda”, Charles spoke to a packed room about how he came to meet the Japanese
                               veteran, his story was very informative and interesting...
                               A big thank you to all those involved in providing and serving afternoon tea, particularly
                               Mary Holloway, Merren and Norm Stockdale and Rob and Heather Kimm...
Several veterans and their family made the trip to the Gold Coast for the 25th July, the official blessing and opening of
the new Kokoda Wall in the Cascade Gardens at Broadbeach. The new memorial designed and built by David
Yardley, and financed by the Gold Coast Council and Rotary, will become a major tourist attraction. Our man Bill
Bellairs was the patron for the project and George Friend was the driving force behind its creation. Well done to all
August 8th as well as being Kokoda Day is the birthday of our 39th PSB battalion based at Randwick NSW. This year’s
Regimental Dinner celebrating their 2nd birthday was held at the Canungra Army Barracks in Queensland, I reluctantly
had to decline the offer to attend due to personal commitments. It’s pleasing that the 39th PSB continually involve our
Association and on all occasions acknowledge and honour the heritage of all previous 39th Battalions.
                                           All the Best,

                                                                      Alan Jameson       President

                                  Kipling’s Korner
                                   KOKODA’S THIRTY NINTH

Into its bosom ‘neath six feet of earth,                       They did not run, they did not hide,
They farewell their mate, just eighteen from birth.            They stood the ground, they turned the tide.
Whilst they may grow old and suffer with age,                  Commanders back home their judgement did lack,
His life is now etched into history’s page.                    The Vision That Life There Could Ooze So Black.
On this hallowed ground they salute their mate Jack,           But we that remember do avow and will sing,
The embodiment of sacrifice, on Kokoda’s steep track.          Of the 39th battalion and their courage within.

 They joined for adventure to play their part,                 ‘Twas with Spartan type spirit that they held on fast,
To defend their country was in their hearts.                   And fought for the right on that treacherous pass.
Dispatched to Kokoda, wet, mud fighting track,                 Raw Australian young men who did not cower,
It swallowed their lives many not coming back.                 Held back the hordes from that all conquering power.
The question oft asked, was it country, king or fate,          These great men of valor have defined the price,
They all speak as one, ‘twas done for our mates’.              Of courage, endurance, for their mates - sacrifice.

        Peter Baskerville wrote this poem to honour the men of the 39th battalion.
                                          From the Secretary’s Desk
Committee meetings are held at Caulfield RSL - 4 St George’s Road, ELSTERNWICK at 1015. on the 3rd
Wednesday of each month [Jan excepted] - All members are welcome to join the committee at the Bistro lunch
Wednesday 15 Oct 08       1015 Committee Meeting followed by Bistro Lunch
Tuesday     11 Nov 08     1100 Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital Memorial Service
Sunday      16 Nov 08     TBA     The Southport School Cadets Passing Out Parade – Contact Geo Friend
Wednesday 19 Nov 08       1015 Committee Meeting followed by Bistro Lunch
Tuesday     09 Dec 08     1015 Committee Meeting & Christmas Lunch All welcome Probable cost $25
Wednesday 18 Feb 09       1015 Committee Meeting followed by Bistro Lunch
Sunday      22 Feb 09     1030 Kokoda Track Walk
                          1200 BBQ Lunch              --- Ferntree Gully National Park – Gold Coin Donation
Wednesday 4 Mar 09        1145 Geelong Region BBQ Eastern Park
Wednesday 18 Mar 09       1015 Committee Meeting followed by Bistro Lunch
Wednesday 15 Apr 09       1015 Committee Meeting followed by Bistro Lunch
Friday      24 Apr 09     1055 Annual General Meeting – Caulfield RSL
                          1200 Annual Reunion Luncheon – Caulfield RSL
Saturday    25 Apr 09     0930 ANZAC DAY March “Step off time”

LOST OR CHANGED EMAILS                                             EXCURSION TO PUCKAPUNYAL
If any one has not been getting emails from the                       Sunday 26th October 2008
secretary it is probably because their email           A BBQ similar to Fern Tree Gully with the Association
messages keep bouncing back for various reasons        providing snags, bread, onions, sauce, tea, coffee,
which include address changes or mail box full.        milk, sugar, spoon, plastic cups. Arrival at the camp,
Could you please send the Secretay an email so         by own transport, to be at about 1030 start for morning
that you can be re-included on our email list.         tea, with lunch to be served at 1200.
Includes the following:-                               The museum would be open for inspection, and time
Terry Brennan                                          available for a walk around before we eat. Rides in
Graeme O'Donoghue                                      the afternoon until 1430 or so, then go home.
Lisa Cooper
Colin Slattery                                         Gold coin or so from members to cover expenses.
                                                       It is absolutely essential that we advise numbers to
                                                       our secretary (a week beforehand) of people/cars for
                                                       security check, to allow printing and distribution of
                                                       labels for car windows,
                                                       Puckapunyal Camp, known as "Pucka", opened in November 1939..
                                                       It was one of several new camps built for the training of the Second
                                                       AIF because existing military facilities were already occupied by
                                                       militia units.
                                                       Initially 5,714 hectares were compulsory acquired to the west of
                                                       Seymour (96 kilometres north of Melbourne); Seymour had been a
                                                       site for military training since the late 1800s.
                                                       The name was derived from the name of a large hill within the field
                                                       training area, today known as Mount Puckapunyal. It is an English
                        It’s                           rendering of an Aboriginal word the meaning of which is obscure. It
                   not too early                       has been variously translated as "death to the eagle", "the outer
                     to put                            barbarians", "the middle hill", "place of exile", and "valley of the
                                                       winds". Both AIF and militia units were trained there, and the camp
          Tuesday 9th December 2008                    was also home to several Army schools. Puckapunyal remains in use
                   in your diary.                      by the Australian Army today and the field training area now
              Christmas Luncheon                       encompasses almost 40,000 hectares. Since the Second World War
                                                       a wide array of units, of both the regular and reserve, have been
                        at                             based at Puckapunyal or used it for training. It remains best known,
                 Caulfield RSL                         however, as the home of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps, the
                                                       first units of which moved there in February 1941.
          4 St George’s Rd. Elsternwick

                  •   Depression is merely anger without enthusiasm.
                  •   When everything is coming your way, you're in the wrong lane.
                  •   Ambition is a poor excuse for not having enough sense to be lazy.
                  •   Hard work pays off in the future, laziness pays off now.
                  •   I intend to live far, so good
                                     THE MAGNIFICIENT ATHERTON TABLELANDS

                                      Rob Rotherham
                                      for ‘choko’ Bob V185338

Twelve months had gone quickly since I hiked Kokoda as the 39ths first “Adventure Kokoda Trek” recipient,
gratefully provided to the association by Charlie and Jill Lynn, and now here I was embarking with my wife
Jean from Cairns driving south towards Innisfail enroute to the Atherton Tablelands. This was to be my next
pilgrimage to seek out more knowledge and understanding of the war my ‘choko’ Dad never told me
Things got off to a bumpy start as I became ill and finished up in Innisfail Hospital. On sighting a rash on my
lower leg the doctor asked about its’ origin. I explained to him that the week before I had been caving at
Portland in Victoria’s far southwest with my Venturer Scouts and the rash was what was left after a leech had
had his fill of my blood and moved on. (I saw 1 leech in the whole 10 days of my Kokoda hike) I was to find
out that its’ infection was attacking the lymph nodes in my groin. The doctor gave me a week’s supply of
penicillin and sent me on my way.
Climbing the rainforest we entered the Tablelands from the south, to a land of waterfalls and explored the
dairy and timber industries, then finished up at Atherton for a couple of
nights. Our first bit of wartime interest came in finding out this area was
the world’s first tropical dairying area and that its operations were
revolutionized when the Yanks came during the war demanding
“pasteurised” milk. During 1943-45 the entire Atherton Tablelands
became the largest military base in Australia hosting between 100,000
and 300,000 troops from 140 different units. General Blamey had chosen
the area in 1942 as a forward staging, training and rehabilitation base
because of its closeness to the jungles of the north but with its cooler
temperatures at higher altitude from the coast. The area was also well
served by the railway for his troop trains.
                                        At Tolga and the Rocky Creek War Memorial Park we can report that
                                        the 39th’s plaque is in fine fettle. If anyone’s ever up there, cross the
                                        highway on the road up past the old igloo, over the railway line for a
                                        couple of hundred metres and there on the right you’ll come across
                                        the concrete pads of the hospitals which have recently been cleared.
                                        These are quite impressive showing the layout of wards, corridors,
                                        nurses’ stations, latrines, etc.
                                        We journeyed over to Tinnaroo and sighted the many camps that were
                                        along the Barron River, not much trace left but plenty of signs. Across
                                        the river where the bush became dense rainforest at Danbulla, one of
the original army igloos from there was transferred to Malanda (south a bit in the dairy area) and we visited
it. It now has a new life as the Malanda Show Pavilion.
Back at Atherton we admired the “Barron Valley Hotel” which was the official Officers Mess during the war,
then visited and paused to respect the 155 lads who peacefully lay in the Atherton War Graves Cemetery.
So sad to think those young men came home from so far away and nearly made it.
We enjoyed Devonshire tea at Lake Barrine Boathouse, which is positioned amongst beautiful gardens inside
an extinct volcanic crater full of water. It was seconded as a convalescence home during the war and
there are two 1000 year old giant kauri pines right at its doorstep. Many a recovering digger would have
inspected their magnificence.
The next day with Jean in complete charge of transportation and provisions, (I was still feeling a bit ordinary)
we headed further up the ranges and over to Herberton where we booked into the “Royal Hotel”
(Queensland’s longest continuously licensed hotel) and sat down for a quiet one. This was the first time on
                                    my trip I paused to think of my Dad and wondered if he had had the
                                    chance to have an ale here as Wondecla was just down the road. I
                                    suppose we’ll never know now. Just along the road from here a low
                                    railway bridge has been removed (would you believe so “tourist coaches”
                                    can use the area). This was ironic because the rail journey up to
                                    Wondecla from Cairns would be one of the most spectacular tourism
                                    journeys in Australia.
                                    At Wondecla we explored north, south, east and west from the old igloo
                                    eventually finding the original campsite of the 2/2nd where our boys were
disbanded. It’s now an avocado farm and while we were there
 a young mother with her children came along asking if we needed help. She was genuinely interested to
know we were “family” and told us this was the 6th Division area.
                                The end of the railway was about half
                                an hour further south at Ravenshoe.
                                On the Saturday we were able to
                                attend       the      opening      and
                                commemoration of a Heritage Walk at
                                the Millstream Falls National Park. The
                                Queensland Minister for Sustainability
                                was there amongst wartime
                                dignitaries, the 51st Cairns Army
Regiment, Nato’s and a magnificent display of wartime artefacts and memorabilia that had been found
throughout the Tablelands. Dog tags, bayonets, ordinance, shrapnel, and all types of things were on

The army staff showed me one of “Lady Blamey’s” glasses they had
found. Our veterans will recall, it was she, wife of General Blamey, who
showed soldiers how to wrap cloth or rope around the neck of a bottle,
douse it in kero, heat it up, then immerse it in cold water which would
‘snap’ the neck off resulting in a pretty fair beer glass.
                                    Millstream Falls is the widest natural
                                    waterfall in Australia and the park is the
                                    oldest in north Queensland, so it was apt
                                    to celebrate 100 years of National Parks in Queensland at this site and also
                                    very warming to see the wartime heritage perpetuated as well. The
                                    Heritage Walk has uncovered relics from the past and has interpretive
                                    signs along its way with some memories on the plaques written by boys
                                    from the 2/14. It was good to see Brownlow Medallist Malcolm Blight there
                                    too paying his respects as well as a flyover of a WWII Harvard Warbird.

I ran into Matt Power (2/14, yes still with that bullet in his back) and his
wife and he explained that the 2/14 had rested at Millstream after
Kokoda and prior to returning to PNG. The whole escarpment looks
down on a picture card gorge where most infantry units had their own
”swimming holes”, bar one spot where practice ordinance was fired into
the valley below (hopefully straight).
I said to Matt that while this area was a top spot, it must have been a
sad time for the remnants of the 2/14. He agreed with head bowed. I
then reinforced to him that the 39th were and still are very proud of “the boys of the 2/14th. Matt replied
simply “the gallant 39th”.
                                  On returning to Atherton we visited the new tourist information centre and I
                                  was amazed to discover how little information there was available for
                                  anyone to do a recon of the area like us. All I found was a faded
                                  photocopied couple of sheets of old maps with sites roughly marked that
                                  you could hardly read, and on top of that it cost a lousy five dollars.
                                  Perhaps our colleagues in the north could moot some push to Vet’s Affairs
                                  or Queensland government to get the Tablelands more approachable
                                  (wartime wise) for our next and younger
                                  generations. The only other place we
were told to find war history was the Tolga Railway Station Museum but this
was closed the whole time we were there (including Saturday and Sunday).
Our visit to the Tablelands was a very moving and rewarding experience,
also to for Jean as her Dad was up there with the 2/7th. I’ll go back again
for sure.
One interesting observation I made up there was while sighting every bend,
siding, station and tunnel along the railway I felt that this was actual living
wartime history and I could picture my Dad and his mates anywhere along its path. Landscapes change,
buildings are gone but the rusty rails are still there. I stood on Atherton Rail Station and pictured my Dad
standing next to me. Sadly, I’d like to advise everyone that bar one small section the railway is abandoned
and deteriorating fast.
                                                   Politicians Trekking Kokoda

The following report has been contributed by Bill Sykes who is the Member for Benalla in the Victorian Parliament’s Legislative Assembly. He
walked the track from 7th to 18th July of this year accompanied by five other MPs and other trekkers. He has also provided a detailed itinerary for
each day and this is available from the editor if anyone would like a copy. .
                                                          Bill Sykes MLA Benalla

My wife Sally and I were grateful for the opportunity to retrace the footsteps of our WW2 Diggers.
We were very fortunate to have Charlie Lynn as our trek leader. Charlie (ex 20 years Army including service in
Vietnam) has a great passion for the people of PNG and the wartime deeds of their forefathers and the Australian

Also on the trek were:

  Gary Blackwood, Member for Narracan;
  David Morris, Member for Mornington & wife Linda;
  Terry Mulder, Member for Polwarth;Hugh Delahunty,
  Member for Lowan
  Jim McLinty, WA Attorney General;
  Jackie Mullens, Vic. Parliamentary Catering Staff
  30 other trekkers and 60 support staff.
                                                                             L to R: Barry Mulder; Garry Blackwood : Charlie Lynn [Trek
                                                                             Leader]; Hugh Delahunty ; David Morris and Bill Sykes at
                                                                             the memorial at Brigade Hill.
 Physical/Mental Challenge
     The trek was physically and mentally tough for us – but nowhere nearly as tough as it was for the WWII Diggers
     and the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels.
     At least we were well fed, had good shelter and were not being shot at!
 The Environment
     The environment varies greatly from dense jungle (the best I've every been in) to open grassy areas and the
     “swamps” of Lake Myola.
     The track is generally in good condition especially in view of the increasing traffic and high rainfall.
     There is remarkably little litter on both the trail and in the villages – this is a credit to the local people, the trek
     companies and the trekkers.
 The People
     The PNG people are shy, generous people - “They have nothing but they share everything”.
 Socio – Economic Issues
     Unemployment is up to 80%. Health and many other basic services are rudimentary and life expectancy is only
     about 45 years.
 Political
     For reasons that are not obvious there is no seasonal work agreement to allow PNG Nationals to work in Australia.
     This denies PNG Nationals (who have a good work ethic) to work in Australia, to generate much needed income
     and to learn from our Western lifestyle.
 The War Time Experiences
     Exposure to the Kokoda Trail, the narrative of Charlie Lynn and meeting Ovoru Idiki, a Fuzzy Wuzzy Angel brought
     alive the stories which I had read about the heroic deeds of our Diggers and the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels.
The Future
The Kokoda Trail must be protected. Listing it as an Australian Heritage site will greatly facilitate this but heritage
listing must also be supported by ongoing political commitment and 'on ground' action.
     • The people must be helped
     • to generate income from trek related tourism;
     • by the provision of medical services eg Kokoda Hospital not remaining reliant for medical supplies on the
          unused supplies of trekkers who have completed their trek;
     • to generate income from seasonal work in Australia. This would seem to be a 'no brainer' with an abundance
          of vacancies for suitable jobs in northern Australia and an abundance of hardy people with a good work ethic
          just two hours away.
I gratefully acknowledge the efforts of Charlie Lynn (leader), his wife Jill (admin), Gary Blackwood and
Bernie Powell (assistant trek leaders), PNG Trek Leader Joe & Deputy Leader Sullivan and all of the PNG
staff and porters, especially my porter Raisat.
                                                                THE ROTARY FOUR WAY TEST
                                                             KOKODA MEMORIAL WALL DEDICATION
                                                       Judi Reid President Of Surfers Paradise Rotary Club
                                                          Delivered at the Dedication of the Wall – 25 July 2008

                                            those who fought and died for peace.       As we near the end of our time
                                            In Geraldton, in WA, Rotary instigated     together today, I would like to share
                                            the magnificent HMAS Sydney                with you a small tradition from Rotary.
                                            memorial, overlooking the harbour. In      It is our practice to acknowledge the
                                            WiIliamstown, in NSW, Rotary built the     Anniversaries and Birthdays of our
                                            memorial to HMAS Yarra. At St              members and visitors. Two years ago
                                            George, in Queensland, Rotary built the    when the Chief of the Army,
                                            Pilots’ Memorial, dedicated to two local   Lieutenant General Peter Leahy,
                                            WWII pilots - Squadron Leader              unveiled the first panel of the Wall at
                                            Jackson, after whom Port Moresby           Cascades Gardens, launching our
                                            International airport is named, and        annual Kokoda Memorial Walk from
                                            Flight Sargeant Waters, Australia’s only   Canungra to Cascades, the then
                                            aboriginal Kittyhawk pilot. This n e w     President of the 39th Battalion
                                            memorial is yet another reminder of the    Association, Alan Moore, led us all in
  Earlier this week I was honoured to core value that Rotary shares with our           singing Happy Birthday to General
  present a Rotary Paul Harris Veterans and soldiers – that of serving                 Leahy.
  Fellowship to Gold Coast City Council their community or, as Rotarians know
  on behalf of the Rotary Club of it - of “Service Above Self”.                        By coincidence, today also happens
  Broadwater Southport. To the best of                                                 to be the Birthday of . . . The Wall’s
  my knowledge, this is the first time a Rotarian, Herbert J. Taylor, once             artist - David Yardley! David would
  Paul Harris Fellow has been awarded defined Rotary as, “A maker of                   you and Jenny please come forward
  to a Local Government Authority in friendships, a builder of men and                 and accept this bottle of champagbe
  Australia and, possibly, in the World.      women and communities, and a             from us all?
                                              creator of goodwill and friendships      I can’t think of a more fitting day to
  The Paul Harris fellowship was between the peoples of the world." At
  awarded in recognition of Council’s the heart of Rotary is a call to all             ask the Wall’s Patron and an
  outstanding service to this community Rotarians to aspire to moral                   Honorary member of our Club, Bill
  and their support of our Club’s excellence. For Rotarians believe,                   Bellairs, to lead us all in singing
  community projects, in particular our that there is strength and protection          Happy Birthday to David on this most
  annual Kokoda Memorial Walk and for all in the Truth; that modern                    special of all days for him. And, for
  the construction of the Rotary Kokoda business can be done in a fair, honest         any other members of the audience
  Memorial Wall, which we are here to and trustworthy manner; that different           whose Birthday it is today… Happy
  dedicate today.       The Paul Harris peoples can be led to believe in and           Birthday to you too!!
  Fellow       Scheme       funds      t h e trust one another; and that, with         Bill, would you lead us in song?
  humanitarian and educational intelligence and goodwill, a way can                    In closing: I’d like to remind everyone
  programs of The Rotary Foundation, be found for all to share in the                  that you are welcome to come forward
  whose Mission is “To build world benefits of our labours. Rotary                     after the Service, or during morning
  understanding and peace”, and so I expresses those moral aspirations as              tea, and take some of the poppies or
  find it particularly apt that, while the The Four Way Test, and calls all in         native evergreens provided here for
  Kokoda Memorial Wall honours and Rotary to apply t h a t Test as a                   you, and lay them among the
  remembers those who fell in the measure of all they do.                              Wreaths.
  violence of war, it also incorporates a
  quiet, contemplative Peace Park.            I’d like to share Rotary’s Four Way      The Gold Coast City Council have
                                              Test with you now - if I may?            prepared a superb Kokoda Memorial
  Rotary’s ties with Kokoda are many.                                                  Wall Booklet as a reminder for you of
  Australian Rotarians past and present             • Is it the Truth?
                                                                                       this day so, please, ensure that you
  defended our freedom on The Track                 • Is it fair to all concerned?     take your copy home with you.
  and in other parts of Papua New                   • Will it build goodwill and
  Guinea; Australian Rotarians built the                                               On behalf of the Rotary Club of
                                                        better friendship?             Broadwater Southport and the Gold
  Rotary Kokoda Hospital and also the
  school at Menari; and, Australian                 • Will it be beneficial to all     Coast City Council, I thank you all for
  Rotarians regularly provide medical                   concerned?                     your attendance here today, and your
  supplies to the hospital and 12 Aid Please consider how you may use                  participation in making this a very
  Stations along the Kokoda Track.             Rotary’s Four Way Test in your own      special event. I wish the travellers
                                                                                       among you, a safe journey home and
Rotary in Australia also has a history of daily lives.                                 with that we conclude the ceremony.
initiating and building memorials to                                                   Thank you
Reprinted from Victorian RSL Journal “MUFTI” June 2008
                                       At the dedication of the Rotary Kokoda Memorial Wall
                                       the Key Note Speech was delivered by
                                       Major General Richard Wilson AM
                                       Commander 1st Division
                                       (representing Chief of Austraiian Defence Forces)

                               The famous British            39™ in late August. They chose not to leave. They
                               commander from World          voluntarily stayed in the line for another two weeks to
War II, Field Marshal Wavell, is alleged to have said        help their new mates of the 21st Brigade repel four
that, in the military, "Amateurs talk tactics while          battalions of Japanese.
Professionals talk logistics". This statement goes a         By the end of the Kokoda campaign, there were only
long way towards explaining why Kokoda, a dusty              50 men left from the original 39th Battalion strength of
airstrip on the side of a mountain range in Papua New        1460 when it landed in New Guinea just two months
Guinea, remains a name familiar to all Australians           earlier. It was clear that they had learnt their lessons
Some 66 years after the events that originally brought       hard.
it to prominence. for four months in 1942, Kokoda was        The men of the 39™ Battalion typified the
the focus as the northern defences of Australia were         characteristics that have become synonymous with the
measured in some of the most desperate and vicious           Australian Digger: Courage, Initiative, Compassion
fighting experienced by Australian soldiers during the       and Mateship. Despite all of the setbacks that they
Second World War. The campaign that was conducted            suffered: in training, manning, logistic support, and
around the village of Kokoda and along the famous            strategic leadership, they persevered and eventually
Kokoda Track claimed over 600 Australian lives with          halted the Japanese advance.
more than 6000 soldiers returned home, either
                                                             Today, the name, and the spirit, of the 39th Battalion
seriously wounded or with severe illness. However,
                                                             lives on in the army's 39™ Personnel Support
costly as it was, there was no alternative. If the
                                                             Battalion. This unit has a crucial role in preparing and
Japanese had been able to capture Port Moresby, they
                                                             supporting Australian soldiers deploying on operations.
would have secured a foothold that could be developed
                                                             It is a gate that all deploying soldiers must pass
to support campaigns across the wider Pacific region
                                                             through, and in doing so, they are encouraged to
or, potentially, to mount an assault on mainland
                                                             reflect on the characteristics of the Australian digger:
                                                             the characteristics that were so evident in the men of
With Australia's regular army units fighting in Europe       the 39th Battalion who fought along the Kokoda Track
and Africa, the responsibility for the defence of            in 1942.
Australia rested, at least in the short term, with the
                                                             In Australia's military history, Kokoda ranks behind only
militia forces. Ill-equipped and inadequately- trained,
                                                             Gallipoli in terms of a place in the national
many of these soldiers had not even had the
                                                             consciousness. It was a crucial campaign, one that has
opportunity to fire their rifles before they were
                                                             provided Australians with unforgettable examples of
                                                             courage and tenacity and iconic images of battle -
Units like the 39™ Militia Battalion from Victoria, with     weary soldiers being supported by their mates and the
an average age of just over 18 years, were sent to           wounded being carried by Fuzzy-Wuzzy Angels up
Papua New Guinea, into some of the most difficult            steep jungle ridges and through swollen streams. It is
country imaginable, to stop the advance of the               therefore my privilege to be here today, representing
undefeated Japanese army.                                    the Chief of the Defence Force, Air Chief Marshal
The 39™ Militia Battalion, often outnumbered,                Angus Houston, and an honour to participate in the
frequently crippled with sickness and always short of        unveiling of such a magnificent tribute to those brave
supplies, fought tirelessly to slow the Japanese until       soldiers who fought in the Kokoda campaign.
reinforcements could arrive to help stem the tide.           Thank you
Although exhausted after five weeks of continuous
fighting, when relief finally came for the men of the

                                                                                         Wreaths which had
                                                                                         been laid during the
                                                                                         Ceremony in the
                                                                                         Chapel were later
                                                                                         taken to the Wall and
                                                                                         reverently placed in
                                                                                         their proper position to
                                                                                         honour all the fallen
                          KOKODA DAY – MELBOURNE                     ANOTHER PERSPECTIVE
                    Address delivered by Charles Happell - Author of “The Bone Man of Kokoda”
                                I imagine you’ve had as your       was the one which had scarred Lomax so deeply and
                                guest speakers over the years      provoked in him such hatred. Lomax’s wife then sent a letter
                                all manner of historians,          to Nagase which set in train a series of events that resulted
                                military men, and authors - but    in Lomax, in 1992, meeting up with the Japanese man at the
                                perhaps no-one who’s come to       River Kwai Bridge in Thailand.
                                talk to you about a Japanese       The Scotsman was filled with apprehension, not knowing
                                soldier. And a Japanese            what to expect of this meeting, nor did he know how he
                                soldier who fought at Kokoda,      would react to the sight of Nagase, and whether he’d be able
                                no less. I don’t imagine such      to control his urge for vengeance. But much of the old
                                an invitation would have been      animosity, the hatred which had festered away at him for 50
                                issued 30 or 20 or even 10         years, began to melt away when he met the Japanese, and
                                years ago.                         was able to speak frankly with him over the next two days
                                I’m not here today to rewrite      about the terrible events which had bound their lives
                                wartime history. I’m not going     together. Lomax discovered Nagase had been so filled with
                                to tell you that black is white,   regret and remorse that he had been to Thailand 60 times
                                that the average Japanese          since the war, had opened a Museum of Peace on the River
soldier was misunderstood, or to try and paint them as             Kwai Bridge, and become a devout Buddhist. The two men
something they weren’t. You fought against them, you will          discovered they had many mutual interests and,
have your own definite views about them, and the way they          astonishingly, ended up becoming close friends.
conducted themselves in battle.                                    That tale brings us in a round-about way to Kokichi
I’m 46 years old, and a generation or two removed from             Nishimura, the Japanese soldier who is the subject of my
those horrors. I have only known Japan in peacetime. Our           book, the Bone Man of Kokoda. He, too, has wrestled with
generation has always driven Japanese cars, listened to            his demons for the 63 years since the war ended, and he
Japanese radios and used Japanese computers. I studied             says not a day goes by without him recalling some aspect of
the Japanese language for six years at my school. Two of my        those years between 1941 and 1945.
friends have opened businesses in Japan.                           I stumbled across Nishimura’s story while walking the
I was brought face-to-face with the old, rusted-on Australian      Kokoda Track in April 2006 with some mates from
attitudes towards Japan a year or two after I left school. My      Melbourne. As we passed through the village of Efogi, the
brother, who studied in Japan for a year in the early 1980s,       Papuan porter alongside me pointed out a stone monument
brought home a couple of his Japanese friends for a Sunday         on the edge of the village. The person who built that, he said,
lunch with my grandparents. My grandfather sat stiff and bolt      was a Japanese soldier and he has lived in New Guinea for
upright in his chair for the entire lunch; I’ve never seen him     more than 20 years trying to find the bodies of his friends
look less comfortable or more ill-at-ease. He did not              who died during the war. I’m a journalist by trade and I’ve
exchange one word with the guests, apart perhaps from Can          always liked a good story. This one piqued my interest, so I
You Pass the Salt?, and clearly did not enjoy the experience       began to research it further.
one bit. I knew the Japanese had done some terrible things         That chance sighting at Efogi set off a chain of events that
during the war, and had often treated their prisoners              resulted in me tracking down Nishimura in Japan, meeting
appallingly, but I couldn’t understand his behaviour 40 years      and interviewing him at his home outside Tokyo during two
on and I thought it was rude.                                      separate weeks, speaking to his comrades from the 144

It was only later, after I’d read and studied aspects of the       Infantry Regiment, attending the regiment’s annual reunion in
Pacific War more closely, that I began to understand his           Kochi City, visiting the Yasukuni Shrine and war museum in
reaction. The war did not end neatly in September 1945. For        Tokyo and then, of course, interviewing several members of
many people – especially the combatants, like those of the         the 39 Battalion in Melbourne, including John Akhurst, Noel
39 – it lived on in their minds for many years afterwards,         Hall, Allan Moore and finally Ralph Honner’s son, Brian, in
and perhaps still does.                                            Canberra. As I pieced together Nishimura’s story like a giant
I have just finished a book by Eric Lomax, a Scotsman, called      jigsaw puzzle, I came to realize not just that he’d led a truly
The Railway Man.. It is a fascinating account of his               extraordinary life, but that the New Guinea campaign was
experience as a POW during the war and his intense hatred          one of the most horrific imaginable.
                                                                                             th            nd                      th
of the Japanese for what they did to him during his                Nishimura was in the 5 company, 2 Battalion, of the 144
imprisonment on the Thai-Burma Railway, at a camp called           Infantry Regiment. His platoon of 56 men set off from Kokoda
Kanburi, in 1943.                                                  for Port Moresby on 24th of August, 1942 – 16 days after a
For years, Lomax plotted ways to kill those who had tortured       Company from the 39 had recaptured Kokoda in what was a
him at Kanburi. He remembered in particular the face of a          significant symbolic victory. Within a week of setting out from
Japanese soldier who had acted as an interpreter. Lomax            Kokoda, 14 members of Nishimura’s platoon – exactly a
had dreamed up dozens of ways to exact revenge on this             quarter – had been killed in skirmishes with Australian troops
man if ever he caught up with him again. As he says in his         at Kaile and Myola. They arrived at Brigade Hill in the first
book: ‘’The majority of people who hand out advice about           week of September with 42 fit men. But in that particularly
forgiveness have not gone through the sort of experience I         ferocious and bloody battle on September 8, about which
had; I was not inclined to forgive – not yet, probably never.’’    much has been written, 41 of those men died. Only
                                                                   Nishimura survived, and then with two machinegun bullets in
Lomax managed to avoid any contact at all with Japanese            his right shoulder. In the space of 15 days, his platoon had
people until 1991 – 46 years after he was released from            been wiped out. Nishimura was patched up, and one of the
Changi. One day someone forwarded to him an article that           bullets flicked out by a doctor from beneath the skin on his
appeared in the Japan Times in 1989. It was about a former         back. After being taken to Ioribaiwa on a stretcher, Nishimura
member of the Japanese Army by the name of Nagase,                 was just fit enough to get back on his feet and rejoin the
telling of his war experience and mentioned specifically the       Japanese retreat on September 26 back up the Track – past
torture of a British POW at Kanburi, an event which had            Nauro, Menari, Efogi and Myola once more - to the northern
caused the Japanese man flashbacks and nightmares. As he           beaches. And there, from November 19 to January 12, he
read the article, Lomax realized that Nagase was his much-         lived in a foxhole near the village of Giruwa, with barely half a
hated interpreter and that the incident he was referring to        cup of rice to eat a day, as well as seedlings he picked out of
the mire. His weight, about 70 kilograms a year earlier, was         face with its enemy once again, the first time a Japanese unit
down to barely 30 kilograms when he was finally evacuated            had met its former enemy in peacetime, in a formal reunion.
to Rabaul.                                                           John takes up the story: ‘’They gave us this cocktail party
I won’t tell you the whole story about Nishimura’s war – that        and it was quite extraordinary really, extraordinary. We were
would take too long – but he was patched up, fattened up             a bit hampered because most of them couldn’t speak English
and thrust into battle again. Later in 1943, his troopship was       and we couldn’t speak Japanese. We were there for more
sunk by an American submarine near Taiwan and he spent               than an hour. But it was a very successful evening. It was the
14 hours in the water. He fought the British in Burma where          most delightful and enjoyable experience.            ‘’I met a
his Company sustained casualties at almost the same rate it          gentleman who fired the mountain gun; I was interested to
did in New Guinea. He caught malaria several times, and              talk to him. I also met a general, Kengoro Tanaka, and we
was convalescing in hospital in Kochi City after one such            had quite a chat. His English was quite good. We established
attack, when the atom bombs were dropped on nearby cities            we were about 400 yards from one another at Sanananda in
of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. Still, he was one of the lucky            December 1942. He says to me: ‘’I’m glad I didn’t shoot you.’’
ones. Of the 3500 men in the 144 Regiment sent to war in             I said: ‘’I’m glad I didn’t shoot you’’. ‘’Tanaka gave me his
the South Pacific, only 236 returned home to Japan, a                card, as did the younger bloke who organized the whole thing
mortality rate of about 93%.                                         from the goodwill society, and I had them in my wallet but I
It was the memory of these men from his Company, and his             was sailing down at Corio Bay one day and lost my wallet
Platoon, some of whom Nishimura had grown up with in                 overboard. ‘’What it boiled down to was this: we did what we
Kochi City and several of whom had become his close                  were being told to do and they did what they were ordered to
friends, that forced him into his next major undertaking:            do. I had nothing against Tanaka, and he had nothing against
Becoming The Bone Man of Kokoda. For years after the                 me. We were just doing what we were told from higher up.
war, Nishimura had planned his return trip to New Guinea.            But if I’d seen him there at Sanananda in 1942, well, I would
He researched the exact movements of the 144 Regiment,               have shot at him. That’s the way it is.’’
and the battles his Company was engaged in. He even asked            One of the Japanese men I interviewed for the book was a
the Australian War Memorial for help in providing some of            member of the 144 Regiment, and he also hailed from
this information. Finally, in 1979, Nishimura said goodbye to        Kochi Prefecture. His name was Sadashige Imanishi. He,
his family – his wife and three children - and left Tokyo for        too, was at the Shiba Park reunion that night in 1972.
New Guinea. He was 60 years old, retiring age in Japan, but          Imanishi remembered the evening well, saying it was
still very fit.                                                      surprisingly relaxed and devoid of any ill-will. Most of the
In New Guinea, he built himself a two-storey home at                 discussions were conducted through interpreters but
Popondetta and a hut at Efogi and there he lived for the next        inevitably sign language was used then salt and pepper
25 years. With a metal detector, shovel and mattock, he              shakers, and cutlery, were brought out to indicate positions
would go to work in the places where he knew Japanese                on the battlefield. ‘’I think the memories of what happened
soldiers had died, from Giruwa, and Gona and Buna in the             had faded a lot,’’ Imanishi said. ‘’Many of my friends were
north all the way down to Efogi and Brigade Hill. It was only        killed in the war, but I certainly bore the Australians no
when he got sick in 2005, aged 85, that he reluctantly               animosity. I think once the war is finished, that’s it. What’s
abandoned his project and headed home to live with his               happened has happened. You need to move on. ‘’When we
daughter, Sachiko. She was the only member of his family             were fleeing from Kokoda to the beach, we had a greyish-
who had stuck by him during his fanatical mission.                   white horse carrying our medical equipment. We came to the
Nishimura had told his wife and two sons to leave the family         Kumusi River which was flowing very fast and which we had
home in Tokyo in 1979 because they had disagreed with his            to cross. We couldn’t take the horse with us so we tried to
decision to go back to New Guinea. That sort of                      shoo it away, saying: go away, go away. The Australian
insubordination was viewed very dimly in traditional                 soldiers found the horse later and when we met them that
Japanese households. So leave they did. And Nishimura has            day, they joked to us about it. What happened to your horse?
not seen them since that day, much less spoken to them. He           We found a horse that we think belongs to you.’’
is not even sure whether they are still alive.                       Both Imanishi and Nishimura liked Australians and were
So his crusade came at the cost of his flesh and blood.              unreserved in their praise for the way Australian soldiers
Through some warped reasoning, Nishimura felt it was worth           conducted themselves in New Guinea, saying their bravery
sacrificing his family in order to make good on a 37-year-old        was of the highest order. Imanishi said: ‘’The Australian
promise to his comrades. Somehow, in his mind, his loyalty           soldiers fought very, very, very well. They were very good
to his fellow-soldiers overrode his loyalty to his family. That is   soldiers, very different from the Chinese soldiers, and much
how scarred he was by the war. Like Eric Lomax, who                  better, too, than the Americans. American soldiers would
carried that burden of anger around with him for 50 years,           never advance from the same place that they were attacked
Nishimura needed almost 40 years to begin purging his                heavily. They always retreated. Australian soldiers kept
wartime demons.                                                      coming, no matter how heavily we attacked them. That’s
                                                                     what I loved about them. They never tried to retreat. They
As I said, in researching the book, I spoke to John Akhurst,         were a good enemy, a noble enemy.’’
Allan ‘Kanga’ Moore, Noel Hall, and Brian Honner about the
Kokoda campaign and their attitude to the Japanese now.              I finished writing the Bone Man of Kokoda late in 2007.
John recounted that extraordinary story of how he was one of         Within a year I had gone from the sports editor at The Age to
eight men from the 39 Battalion who flew to Tokyo from Port          the chronicler of a Japanese soldier’s life. It was not a career
Moresby in 1972, having just been on a pilgrimage to New             change I could ever have foreseen We know that history is
Guinea to commemorate the 30 anniversary of the Kokoda               written by the victors. Japanese accounts of the Kokoda
campaign. That contingent, as you know, comprised Alf                campaign are few and far between. But to get an accurate
Salmon, Jack Sutherland, Lloyd Lott, Ron Weakley, Jack               picture of what really happened in history, we need to get the
Boland, Len Murrell and Val Petersen, and their wives.               loser’s side of the story as well. That to me, is paramount,
Sadly, of that group of men, only John survives. Once they           otherwise we get a very skewed and subjective view of our
got to Tokyo they were invited, as guests of honour, to an           past. I hope, in writing the Bone Man of Kokoda, that I have
embassy reception thrown by the Australian Ambassador,               gone some small way towards bridging the gap in
Gordon Freeth. John said after the embassy function, the             understanding between the two countries. And I hope, had
group was taken to the Shiba Park Hotel. And, to their               he been alive, my grandfather might even have read it, and
astonishment, waiting there were these Japanese soldiers             learnt something from it.
who had fought in New Guinea. The 39 had come face-to-                                            Thank you for having me here toda
                                   Rob Kimm has garnered this item from e-Bay!
                                   He made this comment when he sent it to the editor.” This 39th Battalion Hat Badge
                                   was sold on ebay for $510.00 just recently (WOW)! Did any of you buy it? How
                                   many could be made for that amount?”
                                   The 39th Australian Infantry Battalion – “KOKODA.”
                                   Full sized hat badge – complete.  (approx. 52 mm high)
                                   The 39th Battalion was awarded 12
                                   Battle Honours and is the ONLY Unit in the Australian Army to be awarded the
                                   Battle Honour, “Kokoda.”
                                   The Battalion motto “FACTIS NON VERBIS” when translated, means “DEEDS
                                   NOT WORDS.”

                                 These full-sized badges are prized collector's items because of what they stand for
                                 and are VERY difficult to obtain.
                                 Please Note: A minor soldering repair has been carried out to the top 'lug' clasp
                                 holder, however the repair has NOT detracted from the obverse (frontal)
appearance of the badge in any way.     Winning bid:      AU $510. 00

                        The Southport School Newsletter of Thursday 7th August 2008 contained this comment
                        from the Headmaster:     “Kokoda Memorial Wall – The recent opening of the Kokoda
                        Memorial Wall and Peace Garden at Cascade Gardens was affected by the weather, and
                        TSS was delighted to be able to offer the Chapel as the wet weather venue.
                        Many local dignitaries joined ex-servicemen and women, and of course the hardy
                        Kokoda Track veterans in a very appropriate service organised by Mr. George Friend and
                        involving members of the TSS Cadets.”

                                                       A 39th BATTALION AFL FOOTBALL TEAM ?????

Ron Clarke, the Mayor of the Gold Coast City Council has come up with another suggestion to perpetuate the name of
The 39th Battalion. We re-print a memorandum he issued a short time ago
Should the licence be confirmed [for its establishment] there is another potential name for the GC17 AFL team on the
Gold Coast - ‘The Thirty-Niners'.
This would be in honour of the 39th Battalion who trained on the outskirts of the Gold Coast, and who performed so
heroically on the Kokoda Track in fighting a holding action against mostly numerically superior and more experienced
Japanese troops. This was the most important military action ever undertaken by the Australian Army in terms of
geography, as an invasion of the country would have been imminent, had they failed.
The name would be unique, while the image of courage, endurance and mateship that was so aptly applied to that
campaign also epitomises the spirit of Australian Football. And the 39th Battalion's motto - 'Deeds not Words' would be
the ideal slogan for the new club.
As far as I know, there is only one other team in the world whose name would compare with the Gold Coast Thirty-
niners - the NFL's San Francisco Forty-niners, named (I think) to honour the Californian gold rush of 1849.
The Gold Coast Thirty-niners guernsey could be brown over red - the colours of the battalion - and depict the classic
photo of a 25-pound artillery piece coming over a hill as per the Kokoda Memorial Wall in Cascade Gardens
Is it too late to add this to The Gold Coast Bulletin's surveys for the new name?

FOOTNOTE : Your committee supports the concept but has questioned the use of the name “Thirty-Niners” as this is
already used by another organisation EdGG
                                                    Our “I” Section
                            Where we try to locate former mates we’ve lost track of

         The editor often wonders how successful this column is in obtaining the information sought. For that reason he
was delighted when Harry Barkla rang to say that he had responded to the request for information about Lionel Bell in
the last issue. A message indicating success or failure will always be appreciated and allow us to assess the value of
this segment. Thank you.
        Jack Flanagan has “gone missing”. In January the editor called at his address in San Remo to find the house
vacant, and he was told that it had recently been sold. We continued to send his copy of The Good Guts to this address
and no copies were ever returned until the last issue. It would seem that that the “re-direction notice” at the Australia
Post had expired. [Incidentally veterans can have that notice period extended without cost if they wish] Does anybody
know where Jack is now? Up until the last months of 2007 he regularly kept in touch with us.
    Our secretary received the following message from: Ian Worley, whose email address is -
Sent: Tuesday, September 02, 2008 11:58 AM
Subject: W D Gleeson VX118194 - 39 Australian Infantry
When clearing out one of my sheds I discovered some medals in an old box with the above name and number on
From research through the internet it would appear that W D Gleeson served with the 39th Battalion.
I would like to return these medals to his descendants (should they wish to have them) and would be obliged to receive
any information you may have available that would assist.

Our immediate reaction was that they belonged to Bill [William J] Gleeson but in fact they were not his but belonged to
 William Daniel Gleeson who was also a member of the 30th .WD as born in Numurkah, lived in QLD when he enlisted,
and came to New Guinea with the 3rd reinforcements.
He was wounded in action on 6/12/1942 and did not return to the 39th. He had a number V45827 which meant that he
was a militia man before signing over to the AIF to get his VX118194 number. The fact that his number was more than
100,000 shows also that he was originally Militia. Official records show only service with the AIF from when he signed
His date of "enlistment" shows as 15/8/1942 when the 39th were just out of the Battle of Isurava where the 39th held of
the Japanese until relieved by the 2/14th Bn. Most of the 39th signed over to the AIF in July and August as the political
pressure was applied, some were ill in hospital in QLD. WD may have been in this situation as his enlistment place is
.As WD was discharged in 1946 he either spent the rest of the war in hospital or served with another unit. A lot of 39th
went to 2/2nd and 2/14 and other units.
We would like to be able to restore his medals to his family and we would like to hear from anybody who may be able
to help in this regard.

Contact either Ian Worley or one of our committee members. Any information no matter how insignificant it may
seem will be useful.

    Juanita Cooper whose email address is has sent the following email.
     I was just reading the "Good Guts" and was unsure if the little "Gaffe" where material disappeared into cyberspace
for all eternity included emails sent to you in August so I am resending my query to ensure that it has indeed been
received. Thank you for previously publishing our request for information on my Grand father Paul Poulsen
(VX.105406) in your magazine last year. Unfortunately no one has contacted us so perhaps no one remembers him.
My Grandfather received a Military Medal of which I think perhaps only 6 where awarded for Kokoda ? The MM was for
bravery and leadership at Deniki on 07th August (attached for your perusal). I know from the attached that under his
leadership and with a small patrol he penetrated enemy lines, inflicted considerable loss on the enemy and returned
with valuable information (he was also shot at this time). In all the books that we have read and hours of study on the
internet, I can find absolutely no reference to my Grandfather or the clash with the enemy for which he received his
Is there some way /where that we can gain further information on the above? His wife (my Gran) is currently in
hospital and I would love to be able to learn something of Grand Dad for her and for us.
Can any of our veterans help Juanita with this enquiry. We don’t often fail to get results so we are depending on
youto help her with this enquiry.
        Mark Hondow writes:” I noticed in the Good Guts (No 154, August 2008) that my mother’s (Mrs A.M Hondow)
mail has been returned marked "probably deceased". I can assure her many friends that she is still alive. We are sorry
not to have informed the 39th of her being relocated to the Noosa Nursing Home, Tewantin, Qld. I will send you her
postal address as soon as I can correctly verify said address. This was done suddenly thence the oversight. May
Hondow is the youngest sister of Hedley Proctor Norman, E Coy, 39th Battalion, KIA Gona. I know mum loves reading
the Good Guts, she glows with pride. God bless the 39th. Her address is “Douglas Wing”. Noosa Nursing Centre,
Moorindil Road, TEWANTIN Qld 4565.

         Camille Mrzyglocki, Merv Brown’s daughter has written saying; “Mervyn Kenneth BROWN of Mandurah, the
only remaining 39th Battalion member in Western Australia is in Peel Private hospital. Merv is still unwell but
improving. We have threatened to start drinking his port collection if he doesn't hurry up and get better.!! The editor
replied saying; “Tell Merv that a contingent will come from Melbourne to help you drink his port.”. We then received a
later message which reads; “Thank you so much for your kind thoughts. Dad continues to improve after a serious
episode of fluid on the lungs due to his poor heart function. Mum has moved into a care facility last Sunday so that has
not been easy for them. Dad will come home with us for as long as it takes to get a residency position with Mum -
should only be a few weeks if he is still classed as low care . The care facility is just across the road from our place so
they will be able to visit each other

       George Mackenzie, who as well as being a member of our Association is a Trustee of the Shrine of
Remembrance sent the following email to our president following Kokoda Day:- “Congratulations on an excellent
pilgrimage by the Association yesterday. I mentioned to a few that the Association is a shining example of what a
WW2 association can do if it's members involve family and friends. Unfortunately, many WW2 unit associations are
discontinuing Shrine pilgrimages as the members die or become too elderly to make the effort and they haven't had
family and friends in support. Obviously, there's a lot of life left in the 39th.

      Greg Wakefield rang to tell us about an item which appeared in both Melbourne newspapers, as well as on
television. The reports state that the body of a World War 2 pilot is believed to have been discovered by a group of
trekkers while taking photographs along the Kokoda Track near Myola, although the reports vary as to the exact
location of the find. It appears that the object, which looks like a human body covered with an accumulation of moss
and jungle debris is attached to some kind of harness which was caught in the upper levels of the forest canopy. It is
believed that a number of Kittyhawk fighters and one B52 bomber crashed in the vicinity during the war. The find is
being officially investigated and if it proves to be the body of a servicemen a proper service funeral and interment will

                                          Sick Parade
    Erica Hall’s health has improved sufficiently for her to be able to return home bit she is still very frail.
    Joe Dawson has had a stint in hospital and while he is not 100% he is making a good recovery, Keep up the good work, Keep
     up the good work, Joe.
    . Don Daniels is still going through a rough patch but he is out of hospital as we write this.
    Alan Sullivan is not as fit as he would like to be either.

                                                    New Members

               Turner PO Box 1301 Gympie 4570 QLD - Son of George Turner
     Camille Neil
    Daniel B McCunn 67 One Tree Hill Rd Ferny Creek VIC 3786 - Grandson of Keith Bellis
    Gregory J Ivey 3 Park Lane Buderim QLD 4556 - Secretary of PIB Assoc
    Faye L Enders 14 Bordeaux Pd Mermaid Waters QLD 4218 - Daughter of Ron Halsall
    Peter J Morrison 73/8 Dive St Matraville NSW 2036 - Works with Charlie Lynn
                                               An Archbishop’s Sermon
                              Once in every year the Anglican Archbishop of Melbourne invites the retired clergy of the
                              diocese to join him at a service in St Paul’s Cathedral and to share lunch with him in the
                              Chapter House afterwards. This year the service was held on Tuesday 2nd September – the
                              day set aside to commemorate the christian missionaries who were brutally slaughtered by
                              the Japanese invaders in 1942. Not surprisingly the archbishop chose to speak about the
                              New Guinea Martyrs at this service. Here is what he had to say,

                              T.S.Eliot In 'Murder In the Cathedral' evokes the language of the Prologue of St John's Gospel In
                              describing the significance of a martyr,
                              Saints are not made by accident. Still less is a Christian martyrdom the effect of a man's will to become
                              a Saint, as a man by willing contriving may become a ruler of men. ... A martyr, a saint, is always made
                              by the design of God, for His love of men, to warn them and to lead them, to bring them back to His
                            As much as the poet or playwright can skilfully craft words into expressions of the deepest emotions
and affections of the human heart there are other words that come to have a significance because of the events that are associated
with them.
Japan had entered the war in 7 December 1941 and by 23 January 1942 had captured Rabaul. The momentum of the Japanese
Imperial Forces seemed certain to overwhelm everything In their path. Bishop Philip Strong spoke on a radio broadcast, in January
1942, to the staff of the Anglican Missions these words, words that would soon be revealed as a prophetic call to the fullest
expression of Christian discipleship.
         "As far as I know, you are all at your posts, and I am very glad and thankful about this. I have from the first, felt that we
         must endeavour to carry on to any of us individually....we could never hold up our faces again, if for our own safety, we all
         forsook Him and fled when the shadows of the Passion began to gather round Him in His Spiritual and Mystical Body, the
         Church in Papua. Our life in the future would be burdened with shame and we could not come back here and face our
         people again; and we would be conscious always of rejected opportunities.....No, my brothers and sisters, fellow workers in
         Christ, whatever others may do, we cannot leave. We shall not leave. We shall stand by our trust. We shall stand by our
         vocation. We do not know what it may mean to us. Many already think us fools and mad. What does it matter? If we are
         fools, 'we are fools for Christ's sake'. I cannot foretell the future. I cannot guarantee that all will be well – that we shall all
         come through unscathed. One thing only I can guarantee, is that if we do not forsake Christ here in Papua in His Body the
         Church, He will not forsake us. He will uphold us; He will sustain us; he will strengthen us, and He will guide and keep us
         through the days ahead.... Let us trust and not be afraid."
Two young Australian missionaries, May Hayman a young nurse at Gona and Mavis Parkinson a teacher, from Ipswich, west of
Brisbane left at the urging of their priest, but a week later Insisted on returning and staying at the Mission. Betrayed into the hands
of the Japanese from where they had hidden when the Japanese advanced both women were bayoneted to death. Much older
than these women, Henry Matthews a predecessor of mine at Mitchell River Mission, was a veteran missionary of 33 years
experience. Accompanied by a young native teacher and evangelist, Leslie Gariardi, he set out from Port Moresby In the mission
boat for Daru, to be with the evacuees who had gone there for refuge. On the way their boat was sunk by the Japanese Airforce,
both men were killed.
Added to their number on 2 September 1942 were Henry Holland a long-time lay worker become priest, Vivian Redllch an
Englishman and veteran of the Bush Brotherhood in Queensland, Lllla Lashmar a teacher from Prospect, In Adelaide, Margery
Brenchley a nurse from Brisbane, John Dufflll also from Brisbane and Lucian Tapiedi, a native teacher who sought to protect the
missionaries from betrayal at the hands of unconverted Papuans. Tapiedi was the first to die, axed to death by the Papuans who
had betrayed the missionaries to the Japanese. The missionaries were beheaded on Buna Beach along with an army officer and a
family of three.
On New Britain, John Barge, a priest from Brisbane and a veteran of the First World War kept his mission station operating during
two years of the Japanese occupation. Even though he knew his life was in peril he resolutely kept to his post until the Japanese
found him In 1943 and took him away and murdered him.
Canon Maynard the Vicar of St Peter's Eastern Hill, who had been to Dogura In 1939, for the consecration of the Cathedral Church
of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, as well as to lead the clergy retreat, preached a sermon in Melbourne on the evening of 11 October,
1942 a little more than a month after the 10 were killed at Buna. He preached passionately about the mismatch of the world's Ideas
and the truth of the Gospel,
         'There are times when the world likes the fruits of the Christian Religion. There are times when it wakes up to the
         fact that without them it must perish. Men's selfishness and sins, their pride and their covetousness, create discord and
         strife, resentment and wars. Nation rises against nation. Race against race. The strong exploit the weak, and corrupt
         themselves with their ill-gotten gains.
         Then the tables are turned. Revolutions follow. Blood flows in abundance and new struggles for riches begin. That is the
         age old way of the world. Into this turmoil, into this world of distrust and suspicion. Into this world held down by force. Into
         this world of men, slaves to their sins, - comes the Blessed Lord Jesus Christ preaching that "It is more blessed to give
         than to receive."
         Rubbish cry the cynics. It's only another dodge to make money. Only we are more honest about it. But all the time their
         covetousness has blinded them. There is another principle of life abroad. There is another motive for living known to men.
         Of it Jesus Christ is the supreme example. But He still has His true followers. And these live for what they can give, not for
         what they can get.'
The Assistant Chaplain General of the Australian Army Padre Arthur Bell visited Sangara with Bishop Strong in 1943 after the
Japanese had retreated He recorded in his brief note published as 'Among the Ruins' that in 1934 Strong's predecessor, Bishop
Henry Newton, had appealed to the Australian church for funds to expand evangelistic work in that place. Occupied as Australia
was with recovery from the Great Depression his appeal failed to gain any support. The unconverted Papuans who had betrayed
Holland, Redlich Duffill, Brenchley and Lashmar were all from the place where Bishop Newton wanted to expand the mission. Bell
noted his shame that the Australian Church had not done more and earlier to resource the sacrificial ministry of these missionaries
before they were called upon to be 'faithful unto death.
As far as I know two churches In this diocese have memorial windows to the New Guinea Martyrs, St Mark's Camberwell and St
Peter's Eastern Hill. We of course must be careful not to lose the story of the Christian witness that
Is the true light behind these windows because It Is the light of Christ lived out with a faithfulness that did not falter.
At the recent Lambeth Conference I was privileged to be In a Bible Study group that Included two bishops from Papua New Guinea.
I know from their own words the many adversities that they and their people face as they live out their Christian lives in a country
that Is much different from our own. Improved post ordination training for the clergy was easily Identified as a high priority that we
here In Melbourne might be able to assist the Papua New Guinean Church with. Spending a few weeks or even months at Newton
College In Popondetta would make a big difference to the encouragement and equipping of these faithful servants of Christ.
Perhaps there Is scope for some of our Melbourne clergy who can withstand a difficult climate and only two hour's electricity a day
to be freed up by your generous support for this task.

                                                              Book Review

                                        Australia’s Greatest Peril - Bob Wurth
1942 was the year of Australia's greatest peril - as Darwin was destroyed by bombing, Australian ships were torpedoed
within sight of our coast, midget Japanese submarines attacked shipping in Sydney Harbour, and the Japanese army
invaded New Guinea on its inexorable march south. This is the real story of the genuine and imminent threat to
Australia in that fateful year. On the beautiful Inland Sea of Japan - the heartland of the Imperial Japanese Navy - and
in frenetic wartime Tokyo, zealous staff officers and their illogical admirals debated the invasion of an almost
                                        defenceless nation. The Imperial Japanese Army, meanwhile, opposed the
                                        attack, foreseeing a looming military quagmire. In Australia, Allied defence chiefs
                                        all but dismissed the chances of holding Darwin. For months, Australia's fate
                                        hung in the balance
                                             The Age Newspaper (Melbourne) published the following review by Rob Moran
                                             IN September 1942, Japan's Prime Minister, General Hedeki Tojo, boasted that
                                             he would be able to occupy Perth by January the following year. He had every
                                             reason to be confident: Singapore, the lynch-pin of Australia's imperial defence,
                                             had fallen to rhe Japanese in a bloody campaign. Further afield, Australian
                                             island garrisons on Rabaul,
                                             Ambon and Timor were overrun. Darwin had been attacked from the air, and
                                             New Guinea had been invaded, with the Japanese advancing over the Kokoda
                                             Track to try and take Port Moresby, from which Australia's north was wide open.
                                             The nation appeared to be under threat of a full-scale invasion.
                                        But was it? Some historians scoff at the suggestion, insisting Japan's only aim
                                        was to cut Australia off from both Britain and the US — anything more serious
                                        was mere chatter from a few junior officers. But a new book, 1942: Australia's
                                        Greatest Peril, by journalist and historian Bob Wurth, says the Japanese
archives reveal that there was a serious proposal for an invasion, with debate at the highest levels of the Japanese
military. It will lend support to those who argue that there was a Battle for Australia, the official commemoration of
which was observed on 27th August.
The book states that, as early as January 1942, senior Japanese military personnel such as Captain Yoshitake Miwa
were making plans. "We must think quickly about invading Australia," he noted in his journal on January 6. "The United
States is now in the middle of reinforcing Australia, Fiji and Samoa."
Wurth says there were many references in Japan's official war history to plans to invade Australia. There were more
references in memoirs and minutes taken by General Hajime Sugijama, chief of the Army General Staff, General
Hiromi Tanaka, and others, at meetings between the imperial navy and the army. There were about seven admirals
talking about an invasion in the first few months of 1942, says Wurth. There was also evidence that general Tomoyuki
Yamashita, the so-called Tiger of Malaya, proposed invading. When interviewed by British journalist John
Potter post-war, while awaiting trial as a war criminal, Yamashita said: "Why, there were hardly enough Australians to
have organised an effective resistance to the Japanese Army. All they could ever hope to do was make a guerrilla
resistance in the bush," Yamashita said. "With even Sydney and Brisbane in my hands it would have been
comparatively simple to subdue Australia . . We could have been safe there forever."
The invasion, of course, didn't happen. Disagreements between the Japanese navy and army, plus changes in the tide
of the war by the end of 1942, saw the threat diminish and pass.

                                     Another Veteran’s Story
Les Arnel, who now resides at Dunmunkle Lodge, 1 Mcleod Street, Minyip,Vic.3392. Telephone [03] 5385 7363, has
written the following story which we are happy to print.
As I never received an answer to a previous letter to          officers, however when Sam went down the Track I
the Secretary nearly two years ago nor any comments            heard a shot and never saw him again. The Jap's
in the Good Guts, I decided to write one time while I'm        obviously had us surrounded as their mortars were on
still in this mortal world .it's possible this was lost in the the go but I don't remember any hitting the Village.
mail but I thought, however, I write because of changes        That night with the aid of Sanopa the Papuan, we
to my lifestyle .                                              climbed down the cliff face so steep that I doubt we
I have been a resident of Dunmunkle Lodge since                would have tackled this in daytime. However the
December 2007 due to health problems I am in full              circumstances warranted this. Then we walked in
respite plus physical handicap with my writing hand,           water for hours eventually climbing out and up to
Macular Degeneration and Marriage breakdown after              Deniki village above Kokoda.. I know we stretched out
15 years These problems may have contributed to my             to dry, had a meal and a check up and 1 think we
inability to read or write for several years but since         moved back into Kokoda where a Battle royal took
coming to the Lodge I have been encouraged to learn            place on the end of the Plateau. With bullets (lying
the Computer plus aid from Vision Australia. The               around the next thing I knew we were retiring to Deniki
macular problem may have caused me to miss                     then eventually Isurava and then Euro Creek. Crossing
comments in the Good Gut's. I did record my time in            at Deniki I was in extreme pain. By the time we
the 39th. This I believe was lodged with War records in        reached the creek, the malaria; dysentery and Scrub
Canberra, however there's some queries 1 have .                Typhus and the abdominal pain had worsened. The
                                                               Doctor ordered us out with the walking sick and
I've seen on T.V that LARRY DOWNES passed away. I
                                                               wounded. I don't remember much about the walk back
would like to pass on my condolences to his family
                                                               until I woke up in the 17 mile Hospital. It was then onto
through the Good Out's. I also heard a man in the
                                                               the Hospital Ship, MANUNDA then to Redbank and
News state he lost a brother on the Kokoda Track. The
                                                               then Toowoomba, Gleney and Downlands, where my
name was Leans. I remember a fellow member of the
                                                               appendix was removed. After many months it was on
Coy. Captained by Sam Templeton that crossed the
                                                               to Glen limes, Bathurst, Liverpool, Sydney
Owen Stanleys that encountered the Jap's at the
                                                               Showgrounds then to Heidelberg where I was posted
Kumusi River, I think. We were deployed on the Buna
                                                               to the Salvage Depot at Fisherman’s Bend where I
side of the river but when the Jap's came around the
                                                               stayed until my discharge.
bend they must have suspected a trap or sensed
movement because they faded back into the Jungle. In           Due to various reasons I have only attended a few
his wisdom Sam. who I was lying beside, decided to             Reunions- but keep tabs through the Good Guts.
withdraw across the rope bridge ( Wairope ) I think and        However T have been in R.S.L. for 62 years, 10 years
we were redeployed on Kokoda side, at this stage I lost        with Legacy in S.A., 11 years Committee Member at
contact with Sam and finished up on the left flank. All        Stawell, during which time I did Hospital and Nursing
was quiet for some lime so I called quietly to my right        home visits. Addressed ANZAC Day Services at
and got no answer, so I crawled over. but no one was           Stawell and Great Western.
there so I crawled further and still no one so I realised      I have given a lot of my time serving fellow Service
the Coy had with withdrawn, I looked down the and              Men and Widows. In all my activities I have always
couldn't see any one except the Jap's who were at the          made mention of the 39th. BTN contribution to the War
side of the bridge, They must have thought it was a            effort in (he New Guinea Campaign.
trap because no shots were fired at me,                        I forgot to mention two instances that happened on a
I couldn't see the Coy; so I took off in the direction of      walk buck over the Range. I remember sloping at
Oivi Village, as that would be the way to go and I             Nauro Village for a half day but nothing more after that.
caught up as the Coy started to climb up the Plateau-          However, ! was told that I wandered off the track and
We were deployed along the edge but then called upon           two Fuzzy Wuzzy's spotted my footsteps going off the
to withdraw to the Village. This was when something            track and brought me back. I don't remember who 1
happened that 1 have put it out of my mind. a member           came back with but if they hadn't found me I'd still be
just behind me turned hack toward the advancing Japs,          there.
he still had his Rifle or weapon slung over his shoulder.      The other matter that I'm interested in is, I remember
I never saw him again. The name was Lebansky or a              most of my Section camped below Ackack Hill near 7
similar name, I know there was a fellow soldier 1 heard        mile drome but I can't remember what happened to
him Ivan Scarvinsky because of the Russian or middle           Les [Jumbo] Hutchins or Hutchison. Is there any
European name.                                                 knowledge of him? I volunteered to join Sam
Hearing this on the news prompted me to mention this.          Templeton's Coy, To go to Kokoda so I lost contact
It is off my mind at last. Someone else may have some          with my Section,
knowledge of this. I caught up with Sam Templeton in           Incidentally I was never Conscripted as some reports
the Village because he said I might be needed as a             say I was A member of the 8th Battalion. when the call
runner. However, he ordered me to remain behind                was made for Volunteers to form the 39th. Bat. So I put
when he decided to scout down the track towards                my name down and subsequently become a member
Kokoda, before doing so he was in conversation with            of the 39th.
two Officers and a Sergeant. I'm not sure, but I think
                                                                                    LESLIE BOLDEN ARNEL - V57965
Doug Mclean and Harry Mortimor were the two
                                       A Sprig of Lantana
     The use of the 39 Bn. Logo, when inserting a Death Notice in a newspaper, for a 39th Bn. Veteran, helps draw attention to that notice.
     In Victoria The Herald Sun & The Age both have a copy on file. In other states newspapers in the same group MAY be able to access the
     logo if requested. It is not necessary to seek permission for its use on death notices for 39th Bn members.
                                               The Reference Numbers which must be quoted are: The Herald Sun - B004          The Age - A796
     A metal replica of the 39th Bn Badge, for use on a gravestone, is available for purchase from the Memorabilia Officer

✝   Lawrence William (Larry) DOWNES - VX 103106 (V5 8286) - Sgt., late of 20 Cricket Street Station Flat Clunes
    VIC 3370, died on Aug. 31, 2008 peacefully at St. John of God Hospital, Ballarat, aged 89 years. He was the loved
    and loving husband of Olga for 63 years; much loved Dad of Vern and Joan; loved Pop of Renee (dec.), Rochelle
    and Richard; proud great-grandfather of Stephanie and Sebastian. Prayers celebrating his entry into Eternal Life
    were in St. Thomas Aquinas Church, Clunes on Friday 5th September followed by burial will follow at the Clunes
    Cemetery. The Association was well represented, with our banner proudly displayed, at the funeral.
✝   Jack McPhail, who was a member of B Company, died in Shepparton recently. We had lost track of both Jack and
    his brother Hugh who was also in B Coy, but noticed the report of Jack’s death in “Mufti” and as a result have been
    able to trace Hugh also.

                               Artist relives life on the Kokoda Track
                                                                              A Report from The Bendigo Advertiser
TWO tiers of Australian wartime history came together at
a presentation run by the Bendigo & District RSL
Kokoda veterans Harry Barkla and John Dawes received
watercolour paintings of areas of the track from leading
Australian artist, the son of a Kokoda veteran himself,
Terry Jarvis. Mr Jarvis was sponsored by the Bendigo
RSL to walk the Kokoda Track, painting as he went, and
he shared his experiences with residents at the function
at Village Life.
Residents were shown a documentary of the trek and a
selection of paintings he had done on the trail, before
presenting' one each to Mr Barkla and Mr Dawes.
"These two fellows knew the track that I now know but
without the snipers and as younger men than myself,"
he said. He said it was a privilege and an honour to present the paintings to the veterans.
"To be able to give to each warrior a representation of my visual memories of where they fought at Isurava, as it is
today, seemed highly inadequate considering the sacrifice they, and others, made." "I want to thank you for the
sacrifice you both made to defend our country and keep Australia safe," he said.
The men said that while time had passed, some of the track was as they remembered it. "Some of the crossings, just
two logs thrown over the water, are just as they were," said Mr Barkla. He was 21 years old when he served in the
jungles of Kokoda, John Dawes was just 17. "Terry really brings it all back," said Mr Dawes. "The paintings are terrific.
They really capture the real feel of the track."
The remaining paintings of the Kokoda track will feature in an exhibition by tin' RSL in November.

                                                                              Christmas Lunch
                                                                  Tuesday 9th December 2009
                                                             RSL - 4 St George’s Rd Elsternwick
                                                         All welcome           -        $25.00 each
                                                         Book with Lorraine Cochrane                             [03] 9580 1947
The usual impressive ceremony was held in the inner sanctum of the Shrine with the Guards escorting our banner. Our Life Patron,
followed by our President and then by members, laid the traditional red poppy and a sprig of lantana beside the Memorial Stone

After all had paid their respects we moved down to the Shrine’s undercroft where our Guest Speaker, Charles Happell, delivered a
most interesting address –see separate report - which was heard with great interest, After that a cuppa was most welcome.

This year was the first time we served the afternoon tea at the Shrine itself and everyone agreed it was a great innovation which we
will repeat again next year. Not many realised that we did have a caused by a plumbing fault which closed the kitchen. None the
less Mary and Merren met the problem with a smile and everybody got a hot drink and good food, as well as a chat with friends.

 Copies of most pictures published The Good Guts are available from the editor. No charge is made for these but a
 donation to cover costs is appreciated. Another thought – why not make a point of coming to our Christmas Lunch ?

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