Docstoc

Alex Benchmark Survey - ARP SURVEY 2005 PRESENTATION

Document Sample
Alex Benchmark Survey - ARP SURVEY 2005 PRESENTATION Powered By Docstoc
					Alex Benchmark Survey




                  Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
    Alexandra Renewal Project - Background
Alexandra (normally referred to as Alex), is characterised by over-
crowding and high densities, placing major strain on engineering and
social services. This is compounded by high levels of non-payment for
local government services and accommodation. A breakdown in urban
management has resulted in no building regulations being applied,
infringement of zoning laws and general disregard for all planning and
trading laws. Relatively low levels of education and lack of skills
among residents has resulted in high unemployment, widespread
poverty and high levels of social stress and crime.
In recognition of the severity of the problems facing Alexandra, in
2001 President Mbeki announced the Alexandra Renewal Project
(ARP), a far-reaching, seven-year plan to redevelop Greater Alexandra.



                                               Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
 The Alexandra Renewal Project - Objectives
The objectives of the ARP are to upgrade living conditions and
human development potential within Alexandra by:
• Substantially reducing levels of unemployment
• Creating a healthy and clean living environment
• Providing services at an affordable and sustainable level
• Reducing levels of crime and violence
• Upgrading existing housing environments
• Creating additional affordable housing opportunities and
• De-densification to appropriate land occupancy levels
These objectives are to be attained in a manner that encourages high
levels of community involvement, the generation of civic pride and
sustainable local authority administration.


                                              Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                      Survey Objectives
The Alexandra Benchmark Survey was designed from the input of a
broad cross-section of stakeholders with the objective of providing
information on living conditions in Alexandra against which the goals
and achievements of the ARP can be monitored in terms of:
  – Employment, household size, education, services and
     infrastructure, living standard, home improvements, household
     economics, businesses, shopping habits, media usage, financial
     services used, local authorities, security and crime, healthcare,
     social welfare, attitudes to living in Alex and whether or not
     conditions have improved, commitment to Alex, awareness of the
     Alexandra Renewal Project and its impact and effectiveness.
The survey represents a major investment on the part of the
Department of Housing and one that will provide highly effective,
strategic and actionable results.

                                                Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                    Awarding the Tender
The tender for the survey was advertised by the Gauteng Department
of Housing in 2004.
The contract was awarded to CASE (Community Agency for Social
Enquiry) a respected NGO with a long-established track record in the
area of social research, which met the tender requirements in terms of
ability to conduct the survey, empowerment component and cost.




                                                Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
      Recruitment and Training of Interviewers
The Tender stipulated that all interviewers were to be residents of
Alexandra in order to provide some skills training and income to the
community.
In view of the high levels of unemployment in Alex, it was critical that
employment and training opportunities were offered in a highly
transparent and democratic manner. A workshop was held with CLOs
who henceforth helped in the facilitation of the survey and in the
advertising and recruitment of candidate interviewers from each of their
areas.
70 interviewers were trained on 7 to 8 February in Alexandra.




                                                 Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                          Fieldwork
Interviewing took place in February and March 2005. Within each
household, a one hour interview was conducted with the head of the
household or the household member responsible for most of the
household decision-making. Interviews were conducted in the
respondent’s home language.
All interviewers worked in teams of 6-7 interviewers under the
supervision of an experienced CASE supervisor. Two calls were
made on the original household before substitution was permitted.
20% of the work of each interviewer was back-checked to ensure
veracity.
Questionnaire
A copy of the questionnaire used is available on request from the
Department of Housing.
                                             Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                     Sample & Sampling
A sample of 2,500 households was selected. Since over 80% of the
population lives in Old Alex, a disproportionate sampling method was
applied with the objective of having a large enough sample to represent
each of the areas. Alexandra Township was divided into 10 different
areas (clusters)and different sampling proportions were applied to each
area. Old Alexandra was divided into approximately 100 blocks of
formal stands, excluding flats and hostels. 75 blocks were randomly
selected from the total number of 100 blocks to obtain a sample of 764
households in Old Alex. In the remainder of Alex, a random sample
based on the number of household units and that was representative of
each was drawn. 4 interviews could not be collected and substitution
was not possible.
Marlboro Transit Village with 67 units and a population size of 201 was
not sampled in this study.

                                                Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
       Population Estimates and Sample Details
                       Estimated   Estimated   Estimated     Estimate   Actual       %
                       Number of   Pop (ARP)   Total Pop    Adult Pop   smple    sample
                      Households                (Survey)     (Survey)
Name of area

Old Alexandra             75,200     263,200     272,915      178,720     764    30.6%

Old Alex Hostels           4,982       8,379      13,841       10,440      251    10.1%

Old Alex Flats             1,855       9,500       7,340        4,780     240     9.6%

Warehouses/Marlboro        2,286       8,000       6,110        4,140     250     10.0%

Setswetla                  4,000      15,500      11,728        7,760      251    10.1%

East Bank                    820       3,000       3,849        2,620      191    7.7%

Far East Bank              2,500       8,750      10,451        6,620      128     5.1%

Tsutsumani                 1,700       7,250       7,158        4,200      121    4.8%

River Park                   748       3,100       2,822        1,770     200     8.0%

Alex Transit Camp            527       1,900       1,464        1,020      100    4.0%

TOTAL                     94,618     328,579     337,678      222,070    2,496   100.0%


                                                           Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                     Population Weights
Since the sample was disproportionate, data were weighted to
represent the estimated number of households as well as the adult
population of each of the targeted clusters/areas. The information on
the number of residents in each area collected during the actual survey
formed the basis of the population and adult population estimates
applied to the survey. The table showing population estimates and
sample details balancing indicates that the survey estimates were
closely related to those provided by the ARP Infrastructure
Department with the exception of the hostel population. It was
important that the survey weighting reflected the situation prevailing
in Alex and for this reason the population used in the weighting was
based on the survey findings.



                                                Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
 The Adult and Household Population Weights
ADULT POPULATION WEIGHT
Since the survey was based on adults (defined as 18 years and above),
the sample was grossed up to the estimated adult population of
Alexandra - calculated to be 222,070 people.
The adult weight is applicable to all data which reflect the attitudes or
opinions of the household member interviewed as well as all personal
demographic data.




                                                  Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
 The Adult and Household Population Weights
HOUSEHOLD POPULATION WEIGHT
The household weights were based on the estimates of the number of
households in each area provided by ARP Infrastructure Department.
Estimates of the number of households in hostels were based estimates
of the number of households per room derived from surveys of Helen
Joseph and M2 Men’s Hostels conducted by Bahlodi & Associates
2004.
The households were weighted to represent 94,600 households.
The household weight is applicable to all data which relate to the
household.



                                               Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
      The LSMs (Living Standard Measures)
The ten LSMs were developed by the South African Advertising
Research Foundation (SAARF) as a means of gauging the standard of
living of a household without relying on race, education or income.
The LSMs are derived from AMPS (All Media Product Survey)
conducted annually in urban and rural South Africa and used primarily
by the marketing and advertising community. In 2004 the sample was
24,489 households.
Once the LSM segmentation is complete a set of weights is calculated
from the AMPS database and can subsequently be applied to
responses to a series of pre-determined questions on other surveys in
order to classify each household or individual into an LSM group.



                                               Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
      The LSMs (Living Standard Measures)
The LSMs form a continuum from LSM 1 (rural with a very low
standard of living and poor access to services and infrastructure) to
LSM 10 (the most advantaged group).
The questions required to perform the LSM classification were
included in the Alex Benchmark Survey.
The following chart highlights the differences between Alexandra and
South Africa as a whole in terms of its LSM profile.




                                               Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                   LSMs Alexandra vs. South Africa
  Compared with South Africa (AMPS 2004) as a whole Alex is under-
represented in the lowest LSM’s (mainly rural and under-developed) and
        among the higher socio-economic groups (LSM 8 to 10).

    50

                                                South Africa        Alex




                                               28.9



                                                             26.6



                                                                         22.2
    25
%




                                        14.7
                                 13.1




                                                      13.1
                    12.7



                                  14




                                                                    14
         9.1




                                                                                  6.2




                                                                                                    5.9



                                                                                                                5.3
                                                                                          4.8
                                                                                3.8
                           2.7




                                                                                                          0.6



                                                                                                                      0.1
                                                                                                2
               0




     0

         LSM1       LSM2         LSM3   LSM4          LSM5          LSM6        LSM7      LSM8      LSM9 LSM10




                                                                                        Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                            LSM by Area
The LSMs indicate that the most disadvantaged households in terms of living
 standards are in Setswetla with those in East Bank being relatively well-off.
     100%   6    6     3              5                         2
                                 7              9         8
                      15   21                        18        15
                                     16                              LSM 7-10
      80%   22   22             24
                                               31         30
                                          62                         LSM 6
      60%   26   29   48
                                                     60
%




                           60   36                             67    LSM 5
                                               37         38
      40%                            79
            29   30                                                  LSM 4
      20%             34                  35
                                32                        25
            17             17                  23    21              LSM 1-3
                 13                                            16
       0%
                                        l
                                     ta

                                   lex




                                     k
                                     a

                                   nk




                                      i
                                  an
                                    k




                                  ar
                                 etl
                                 To




                    s/M ats




                                  p
                                 ls




                                 o




                               an
                             dA




                              Ba




                               m
                             rP
                              m
                            tsw
                              or
                              te

                               l




                           tB
                           -F




                          Ca
                          su
                          os




                           lb
                          Ol




                          st




                         ve
                        Se
                        ar




                        as
                      Ea
                       ex
                      -H




                        ut




                      sit
                      Ri
                     Ts
                    rE
                     Al




                   an
                   ex




                 Fa
                  d

                 se




                 Tr
                 Al

                Ol

              ou




              ex
               d
             Ol




           eh




            Al
         ar
        W




                                                     Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
The Main Findings




                Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                                                  Number of households




                                                           0
                                                                          100,000
                                                                                         200,000
                                               To
                                 O                   ta
                                   ld                  l
                                      Al
                                        ex                                  94,600
                                           H
                               O             /B
                                ld               /S
                                   Al
                                      ex
                                        -H                              75,165
                                           os
                                              te
                                  O               ls
                                    ld
                                       Al
                                         ex                    4,963
                                            -F
                                               lat
                                                   s
                                        M                  1,856
                                           ar
                                              lbo
                                                 ro
                                        Se                 2,273
                                            tsw
                                                et
                                                  la
                                        Ea                 4,016
                                           st
                                              Ba
                                   Fa            nk
                                     rE
                                                                                                                           (82,000) in Old Alex.




                                        as                 833
                                           tB
                                               an
                                                 k
                                     Ts
                                        ut                 2,500
                                           su
                                              m
                                                an
                                                   i
                                       Ri
                                          ve               1,705
                             Al              rP
                               ex
                                                                                                                                                                          Alexandra: Households by Area




                                                ar
                                  Tr
                                    an             k
                                      sit                  758
                                          Ca
                                              m
                                                p

                                                           530
                                                                                                   There are an estimated 94,600 households in Alexandra – the majority




Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
          Old Alexandra: Households Per Stand
34% of respondents claimed there was one household on their stand in Old
Alex (this could be one extended family as the definition of a household is
                         people who eat together).
    100



     80
                  On average there are 19 households
                         per stand in Old Alex
     60
%




           33.9




     40




                                                                            19.5
     20




                                                    11.8




                                                                  11.5
                                        13
                   5.5




                             3.9




      0

            '1     '2-5     '6-10      '11-15      16-20         21-30      31+
                            Number of Households per Stand

                                                           Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                       Alexandra: Population by Area
                   The population of Alexandra is estimated at 337,678, with 81% living in
                              houses, backyard rooms and shacks in Old Alex.
                             337,678

                   400,000
                                         272,915

                   300,000
Number of people




                   200,000


                   100,000
                                                   13,841




                                                                            11,728




                                                                                             10,451
                                                            7,340




                                                                                                      7,158
                                                                    6,110




                                                                                     3,849




                                                                                                              2,822


                                                                                                                      1,464
                        0
                                                l
                                              ta




                                                                                 la
                                                                                ro




                                                                                  k
                                                                                nk




                                                                                  i
                                                                               an
                                                                                k




                                                                               ar
                                            s




                                                                               et
                                        To



                                          /S


                                           ls




                                                                              an




                                                                               p
                                                                             lbo
                                        lat




                                                                             Ba
                                       te




                                                                             m


                                                                            rP


                                                                             m
                                      /B




                                                                           tsw




                                                                          tB
                                     -F
                                    os




                                                                          ar
                                    H




                                                                          su




                                                                         Ca
                                                                          st




                                                                         ve
                                  ex




                                                                       Se
                                                                       M
                                 -H




                                                                       Ea


                                                                       as


                                                                       ut
                                 ex




                                                                      Ri
                                Al




                                                                     sit
                                                                    rE


                                                                    Ts
                               ex
                               Al




                                                                   an
                             ld
                            Al




                                                                  Fa
                            ld




                           O




                                                                 Tr
                          O


                         ld




                                                              ex
                        O




                                                            Al
                                                                                             Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                             Alexandra: Population Distribution

                   100,000




                                                                                72,389
                    80,000




                                                                                            60,015
Number of People




                    60,000




                                                                      43,875
                                                   41,989



                                                            29,996
                                         29,584




                                                                                                      28,972
                    40,000
                              20,015




                                                                                                                  10,843
                    20,000


                        0

                             Babies    Children Children Children    Adults    Adults      Adults    Adults      Adults
                                       2-6 Years   7-13     14-18    19-24     25-34       35-49     50-64        65+
                                                   Years    Years    Years     Years       Years     Years       Years

                       %         5.9        8.8     12.4       8.9     13.0      21.4        17.8          8.6         3.2


                                                                                         Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                           Population Distribution by Area

                                                                           Adults 50+
               100%                   5
                            6              6              10          6
                      13         13             19   14         15
                            20        21   17                        17    Adults 35-49
               80%    18         17                  16   23    18
                                                19
% population




                                           27                        30    Adults 25-34
               60%    21         20   29             16   14    16
                            33                  15
                                                     15   9                Adults 19-24
                      13         13        15                   13
               40%                    12        14        13         16
                      9     15   9     4    7        11         9
                                                10                    8    Children 14-18
               20%    13    4    13   12   12        14   17    15    9
                            8                   12
                      9     7    9    10   9         9          9    11
                                                9         10               Children 7-13
                      6     6    6    7    8    3    5    4     6    5
                0%
                                                                           Children 2-6
                                        o




                                      nk




                                        k
                                      tla




                                        i
                                      S




                                      k
                                     or




                                    an
                                      s




                                     ar
                                     s




                                     p
                                   an
                                   B/




                                   lat




                                  we


                                  Ba
                                  tel




                                  m
                                 rP
                                  lb




                                 m
                                H/




                                -F




                               tB
                               os




                              Ca
                               ar


                               ts




                              su
                              st




                             ve
                             ex
                            ex




                           Se
                            M
                           -H




                           as
                           Ea




                           ut




                          sit
                          Ri
                          Al
                          Al




                                                                           Babies
                         ex




                        rE


                        Ts




                       an
                        d
     d


                      Al


                     Ol




                     Fa
   Ol




                     Tr
                    d
                  Ol




                 ex
               Al




                                                               Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
               Type of Family Structure by Area


    100%                             2
                                          9              11   10   12   Extended
               19   21   15          15        18   17
                                          5                             family
                                29
    80%                                                  23        16
                         13                    17             34        Single parent
               19   20                    33        25                  family
    60%                  16     15                                 22
                                     44
                                                                        Nuclear family
%




               30   30   8                16
    40%                                             31   51        17
                                34             55             39        Couple - no
                                     12                                 kids
               10   10                              1
    20%                  37               36
                                7                         3   7    32   Single person
               20                    22             25
                    18                         3                        h'hold
                                11                       12   11
     0%
                                               5
         tal




                                                      o

                                                    tla




                                                      k
                                                    nk




                                                      i
                                                   or




                                                    k

                                                   an
                            s




                                                   ar
       To


                            S


                           ls




                                                  an




                                                   p
                                                 we
                         lat




                                                 Ba
                         B/




                                                 lb




                                                rP
                                                 m




                                                 m
                        te




                                              tB
                       -F


                                               ar
                       H/


                      os




                                              ts




                                             su




                                             Ca
                                              st




                                            ve
                    lex


                                            M


                                          Se




                                           as
                    ex




                                          Ea




                                           ut
                   -H




                                          Ri


                                         sit
                dA




                                        rE


                                        Ts
                 Al

                lex




                                       an
                                      Fa
         d




              Ol
             dA




                                     Tr
       Ol




                                  ex
           Ol




                                Al


                                                         Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                                                    Number of people




                             %
                                                        0
                                                               20,000
                                                                          40,000
                                                                                   60,000
                                                                                             80,000
                                                                                                      100,000
                                      Employed Full-
                                                                                             74,547
                                           Time




                             33.6
                                       Work Past-
                                                                        27,807
                                     Time/Freelance




                             12.5
                                         Selling
                                                              13,216
                                    Things/Piecework




                             6.0
                                       Unemployed:
                                        Looking For                                         68,717

                             30.9
                                           Work



                                    Unemployed: not
                                                            3,868
                                    looking for work
                             1.7




                                         Pensioners /
                                                               15,572
                                           retired
                             7.0
                                                                                                                Alexandra: Number of Employed & Unemployed




Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                             Alexandra - Employment by Area
                    100
                                                                                                                                 Employed
                                                                                                                                 Full-time
                     80                35
                                                           43       35                                      25        38
                             33                 33                                      29        44
% of adults




                     60
                                                                                                                                 Employed
                                                                              43                            21                   Part-time /
                                       30                           20                                                21
                                                14         18                           14                                       Piecework
                     40      18
                                                                                                  13
                                                                               7                                                 Looking For
                                                                    38                  36                  42
                     20
                             30        33       35         33                                     29                  35         work
                                                                              21
                      0
                                                                                                                               Balance =
                                                                                                                               scholars,
                                                                       o


                                                                     tla




                                                                       k
                                                                     nk




                                                                       i
                                                                    an
                                                                     k
                                   s


                                                                    or




                                                                    ar
                                  S


                                 ls




                                                                    p
                                                                   an
                                lat




                                                                  we




                                                                                                                               housewives,
                                                                  Ba
                               B/




                                                                  lb




                                                                 rP


                                                                  m
                                                                  m
                              te


                             -F




                                                               tB
                             H/




                                                                ar
                            os




                                                               ts




                                                              su




                                                              Ca
                                                              st




                                                             ve
                           ex




                                                                                                                               students,
                                                             M


                                                           Se




                                                           as
                          ex




                                                           Ea




                                                           ut
                         -H




                                                          Ri


                                                          sit
                        Al




                                                         rE


                                                         Ts
                       Al


                      lex




                                                        an
                                                                                                                               pensioners
                      d




                                                       Fa
                d




                    Ol
                   dA




                                                      Tr
              Ol




                                                   ex
                 Ol




                                                 Al
                                                                                                                                   Alex
                                             Old Alex Old Alex- Old Alex- Marl-     Sets-    East     Far East Tsu-      River     Transit
                                             H/B/S    Hostels Flats       boro      wetla    Bank     Bank      tsumani Park       Camp
              Employed Full-time               59,128     3,618     1,601    1,764     2,704    1,121     1,934    1,846       443      387
              Employed Part-time / Piecework   32,663     3,164       665       745    1,520      175       957      549       371      212
              Looking For work                 54,012     3,460     1,686    1,346     2,976      545     2,403    1,198       735      355


                                                                                                       Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
        Where do Household Members Work?
                   Not answered   Alex
                        6%        23%

    Johannesburg
        21%                                                  37% of those who
                                                             are employed (full-
                                                             time, part-time or
                                                             doing piecework)
                                                             work in Alex.
                                                             Johannesburg and
                                             Greater Alex
                                                14%          Sandton are other
Kempton Park
    8%                                                       areas in which Alex
                                                             residents work.
                                   Sandton
               Midrand               20%
                 8%




                                                            Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
    Education and Training – Total and in Alex
An estimated 131,105 children and adults are currently at crèche, school,
university or undergoing skills training. With the exception of university,
most of this is taking place in Alex.
                                                Total    In Alex
          In Crèche - Number                   25,858    23,389
                                   % in Alex                90.5
          In Primary School                    47,163    34,959
                                   % in Alex                74.1
          In Secondary School                  29,733    21,370
                                   % in Alex                71.9
          Taking Skills Training                7,180      4,314
                                   % in Alex                60.1
          Attending University                 21,171      4,580
                                   % in Alex                21.6

                                                        Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
  Why 6-18 Year Olds Are Not Attending School
                                  Can't Afford To Pay
                                     School Fees
                                          27%
                                                                        2,6% of households
      Other                                                             (2,440) have children of
      40%
                                                                        school-going age (6-18
                                                                        years) who are not
                                                                        attending school. This
                                                                        increases to 6% in
                                                                        Setswetla and River Park
                                                                        and 5% in Old Alex
                                                                        Flats. Inability to pay
                                                                        school fees or to afford
Must Look After
 Someone Sick                                                           books or uniforms were
      1%
                             Can't Afford Books
                                                                        the main reasons given.
        Must Look After Kids        15%
              At Home                           Can't Afford Uniforms
                 1%                                      16%



                                                                         Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
HOUSEHOLD: Services & Infrastructure




                          Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                Alexandra: Water
                       Internal With Meter
                                8%
Free Communal Tap
       21%                               Internal Without Meter
                                                   9%                  There are major
                                                Internal & Yard Tap    differences by area.
                                                         5%
                                                                       Households in flats,
                                                                       East Bank and River
                                                                       Park have piped
                                                                       internal water. Those
                                                                       in Setswetla, hostels
                                                                       and Transit Camp
                                                                       share communal taps.
                                                 Yard Tap With Meter   In Tsutsumani
                                                         9%            households have
  Yard Without Meter
         48%                                                           internal and yard taps.
                          % of households



                                                                       Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                         Alexandra - Electricity
                              Households without electricity are mainly the Setswetlas.

                        100
                                          3                                           No electricity
                              10                                16
                               4               22
                         80   13                                                      Part of rent
                                                     55
% of households




                              10
                         60
                                    86                                                Connect to
                                          96   60         100        100   98   100   other source -
                                                                                      not paying
                         40                          6          83
                                                                                      Connected to
                              63                                                      neighbour -
                                                                                      pay
                         20                          33
                                                                                      Meter (mainly
                                                                                      pre-paid)
                                    13         17
                          0
                                                     6
                                                                o


                                                              tla




                                                                k
                                                              nk




                                                                i
                                                             an
                                                              k
                                      s


                                                             or




                                                             ar
                                     S


                                    ls




                                                             p
                                                            an
                                   lat




                                                           we


                                                           Ba
                                  B/




                                                           lb




                                                          rP


                                                           m
                                                           m
                                 te


                                -F




                                                        tB
                                H/




                                                         ar
                               os




                                                        ts




                                                       su




                                                       Ca
                                                       st




                                                      ve
                              ex


                                                      M


                                                    Se




                                                    as
                             ex




                                                    Ea




                                                    ut
                            -H




                                                   Ri


                                                   sit
                           Al




                                                  rE


                                                  Ts
                          Al


                         lex




                                                 an
                         d




                                                Fa
                    d




                       Ol
                      dA




                                               Tr
                  Ol




                                            ex
                    Ol




                                          Al


                                                                       Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
             Water & Electricity Accounts
Only 16% of households claim to receive a regular water account


51% believe the accounts are a     14% of households have ever
fair reflection of their           had their water or electricity
consumption – this declines to     disconnected for non-payment:
7% in East Bank and 19% in         32% in Marlboro warehouses,
Far East Bank                      25% in Tsutsumani and 21% in
                                   Alex Transit Camp.
56% have paid their account in
the last month, 8% in the last 3   With the exception of
months, 28% longer ago while       Setswetla (22%) over 90% of
7% never pay.                      households are currently
                                   connected.

                                             Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                    Alexandra: Energy Usage by Households
                    Results are for Alex as a whole but energy usage reflects the socio-
                                       economic profile of each area.

                   100
                          LIGHTING                             COOKING                                      HEATING
                         88




                    80
% of households




                    60




                                                                                                       52
                                                        44

                                                                40
                    40
                               29




                                                                        24




                                                                                                            17
                    20




                                                                                                                 8
                                        5




                                                                                5




                                                                                                                     5
                                                                                          2




                                                                                                                            1
                     0
                                                                          as




                                                                                                                      ier
                                 les
                                   y




                                                                                      e




                                                                                                                       e
                                                                   ve




                                                                                                                       e
                                                                         G
                                cit




                                                                                                                      r
                                                                  te




                                                                                    ov
                                ps




                                                                                                                   ov
                                                                                                                  ov
                                                                                                                   te




                                                                                                                  az
                              nd




                                                                 us




                                                                                                                    r
                                                                to
                                                               pla
                             tri




                             m




                                                                                                                 te
                                                                                  St




                                                                                                                 St
                                                                                                                ea

                                                                                                                St




                                                                                                               Br
                                                             rim
                            Ca




                                                              cS




                                                                                                              ea
                           La
                           ec




                                                             ot




                                                                                                              H
                                                                               al




                                                                                                              al
                                                                                                             us

                                                                                                             H
                         El




                                                           tri




                                                                             Co




                                                                                                           Co
                                                          e/P
                                                           H
                      ffin




                                                                                                 c

                                                                                                          im
                                                                                              tri




                                                                                                          in
                                                         ec
                                              c
                    ra




                                                        ov




                                                                                                       Pr


                                                                                                       aff
                                                                                            ec
                                           tri

                                                       El
                  Pa




                                                      St




                                                                                                     ar
                                                                                          El
                                         ec




                                                                                                   /P
                                                 ffin
                                       El




                                                                                                 as
                                               ra




                                                                                                G
                                             Pa




                                                                                                     Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                                  Alexandra: Household Toilet Usage
 The highest levels of usage per toilet occur in hostels closely followed by
Setswetlas. Low usage levels (family / household only) only occur in formal
               housing in the higher socio-economic areas.

                                     100
                                                                                                              22% of those living in
Average Number of Users per Toilet




                                     80
                                                                                                              Marlboro warehouses
                                                                   58.5



                                     60                                                                       use the veld as a toilet.



                                                                                                 48.2
                                                                                     39
                                               30.7



                                                            30.4




                                     40




                                                                                                                                                         20.6
                                     20




                                                                                                             4.6



                                                                                                                      4.2



                                                                                                                                   4.3



                                                                                                                                             3.8
                                                                          4




                                      0
                                           l
                                         ta




                                                                                                                                                     k
                                                                                ro



                                                                                            la



                                                                                                        nk




                                                                                                                               i
                                                                                                                  k



                                                                                                                             an



                                                                                                                                                   ar
                                                    /S




                                                                    s
                                       To




                                                                                          et
                                                                   ls




                                                                                                                                                   p
                                                                                                                an
                                                                             lbo
                                                                 lat




                                                                                                      Ba
                                                  /B



                                                                 te




                                                                                                                                                  m
                                                                                                                                                 rP
                                                                                                                            m
                                                                                       tsw




                                                                                                              tB
                                                               -F
                                                              os
                                                 H




                                                                           ar




                                                                                                                                                Ca
                                                                                                                          su
                                                                                                   st




                                                                                                                                               ve
                                                             ex




                                                                                     Se
                                                            -H




                                                                          M




                                                                                                            as
                                                                                                 Ea
                                              ex




                                                                                                                        ut




                                                                                                                                            sit
                                                                                                                                            Ri
                                                           Al




                                                                                                          rE
                                                          ex




                                                                                                                      Ts
                                            Al




                                                                                                                                          an
                                                        ld
                                                       Al




                                                                                                        Fa
                                            ld




                                                                                                                                        Tr
                                                       O
                                           O



                                                       ld




                                                                                                                                     ex
                                                      O




                                                                                                                                   Al
                                                                                                                       Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                          Alexandra: Household Toilet Usage
Old Alex stands mainly have flushing toilets which are shared by everyone on
  the stand. In Setswetla people are still using a communal bucket system.
                                 Old Alex: Houses, Shacks &                    Setswetlas (48,2 users)
                                Backyard Dwellings (30,4 users)
                          100
                                     Type                     Users                   Type           Users




                                                               73
                          80




                                                                                                67
        % of households




                                                                                                           65
                                      55



                          60




                                                                                                      33
                          40
                                                 26




                                                                                      20
                                                         19
                                16




                          20




                                                                                           12
                                                                      7
                           0




                                                                                 et
                                                   old




                                                                              oil
                                                 eh




                                                                            tT
                                               us




                                                                          Pi
                                             Ho
                                             n
                                           Ow




                                                                                       Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                     Rubbish Disposal
With the exception of the Setswetlas, over 90% of households’ rubbish is
            collected on a weekly basis by the municipality.


  In Setswetlas, 46% is collected by the municipality, 33%
  dispose of it in communal dumps and 20% throw it in the
  streets.
  Even in Setswetlas, 36% say their rubbish is collected
  weekly.




                                                 Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                               Items in Household
The three areas have been selected to reflect the socio-economic mix of Alex.

                                                             Setswetla           Old Alex - H/B/S                  East Bank
                 120




                                              100



                                                                    100




                                                                                                                                       99
                               97




                                                                                     97



                                                                                                      94



                                                                                                                        93
                                         89



                                                               87
% in household




                 80




                                                                                                                                  62
                                                                                                 48
                                    43




                 40




                                                                                                                                                     30
                                                                                                                   26
                                                                                23




                                                                                                                                                16
                                                                                                                             15
                                                                                                              12
                           9




                                                                                             7




                                                                                                                                            6
                       0




                                                        0



                                                                            0

                  0




                                                                                                               e
                                     y




                                                                                                             nc
                                                         t




                                                                                                                              r
                                                                                            rs
                                                      ile




                                                                                                                            er



                                                                                                                           ze
                                  cit
                      r
                   ate




                                                                                          Ba



                                                                                                           Fe
                                                                       nk




                                                                                                                          ez
                                                    To




                                                                                                                         ee
                               tri




                                                                     Si




                                                                                                                        re
                  W



                             ec




                                                                                    lar




                                                                                                                       Fr
                                             h




                                                                                                                      /F
                                                               en
                                           us
                           El
               g




                                                                                  rg




                                                                                                                    ep
                                                                                                                   ge
            nin




                                                            tch
                                         Fl




                                                                                Bu




                                                                                                                De
                                                                                                                 id
          un




                                                          Ki




                                                                                                               Fr
        tR




                                                          in
                                                      ilt-
      Ho




                                                    Bu




                                                                                                                    Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                                  Items in Household

                                                  Setswetla      Old Alex - H/B/S       East Bank
     120




                                                                             98
                              97




                                                                                            95
                                             85




                                                                                                            78
                 80




                                                                                       73
% in household




                                                            72
                                        67




                                                                        67




                                                                                                       62
                                   52




                                                                                                  41
                                                       36

                 40
                                                                   26




                                                                                  24




                                                                                                                         23
                          9




                                                   9




                                                                                                                     9
                                                                                                                 4
                      0




                 0
                        Hot        Radio             Hi-fi              TV        Electric       Any Books       Desk
                      Running                                                      Stove
                       Water



                                                                                                 Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                                                           % in household
                                               Te




                                                              0
                                                                       25
                                                                                  50
                                                                                                75
                                                                                                      100
                                                 lep
                                                    ho
                              M                       ne
                               -N                             0
                                 et/
                                    DS
                                              Ce
                                                 llp                  14
                                      tv             ho                                55
                                         Su            ne
                                           bs                                               67
                                             cr
                                               ipt                                          69
                                                   ion                                               87

                                                              0
                                    Pe                         3
                                      rs                              14
                                        on          VC
                                          al
                                             Co       R           4
                                               m                       17
                                                pu                                    50
                                                                                                          Setswetla




                                                  ter
                                               DV             1
                                                 D                6
                                        M          Pl
                                                      ay                   24
                             Po          irc             er
                                            ow
                               lis
                                  he           av                 3
                                    r/V          eO                        23
                                       ac            ve                           47
                                         uu             n
                                                                                                          Old Alex - H/B/S




                                            m
                                              Cl              2
                                                ea                          26
                                       W           ne
                                                      r                                     67
                                        as
                                           hi
                                             ng                   3
                                                M
                                                                                                                                                                                     Items in Household




                                                  ac                  11
                                                                                 39
                                                                                                          East Bank




                                                    hi
                                                       ne
                                           Tu
                                              m               1
                                                bl
                                                  eD                  11
                                                      ry                              50
                                                        er
                                                M             0
                                                               3
                                                                                                                             Only 2% have an internet connection – 6% in East Bank




                                                 ot
                                                   or                      23
                                                      Ca
                                                        r
                                                                  6
                                                                      13
                                                                                           60
Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                              Alexandra: Households doing Home
                               Improvements in Last 12 Months
                   Only 19% of households had done any home improvements – home
                  improvements are most likely to have taken place in the newer formal
                              suburbs where residents own their homes.
                  100
% of households




                                                                                                     54
                  50




                                                                            36



                                                                                 35



                                                                                         34
                                                21
                                 20
                            19




                                                                       11
                                                           4
                                       2




                                                                                                                 1
                   0
                        l
                      ta




                                                       o



                                                                  la


                                                                                   nk




                                                                                                             k
                                                                                     i
                                                                                    k
                                                     or




                                                                                  an
                                           /S




                                            s




                                                                                                           ar
                                                                et
                    To




                                           ls




                                                                                 an
                                         lat




                                                                                 Ba




                                                                                                          p
                                        /B



                                        te




                                                   lb




                                                                                                        rP
                                                             tsw




                                                                                m




                                                                                                         m
                                                                              tB
                                      -F
                                     os
                                     H




                                                 ar




                                                                              st




                                                                             su




                                                                                                      Ca
                                                                                                      ve
                                   ex




                                                           Se
                                  -H




                                                M




                                                                            as
                                                                           Ea
                                  ex




                                                                           ut


                                                                                                   Ri
                                 Al




                                                                                                  sit
                                                                         rE
                                ex
                                Al




                                                                         Ts




                                                                                                an
                              ld
                             Al




                                                                       Fa
                         ld




                           O




                                                                                              Tr
                        O



                          ld




                                                                                           ex
                         O




                                                                                         Al
                                                                                 Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
            Alexandra: Households doing Home
             Improvements in Last 12 Months
                             0                               50                         100
% Households

   Put Down Carpets,Tiles                           36

                New Roof                      25

          Built On A Room                17
                                                             Type of home
       Wall Around Stand             7                       improvements done
   Built A Garage/Car Port       3

   Built A Backyard Room         3

        Builder/Contractor                              39

                      Self                         33
                                                              Work done by
    Family Member/Friend                      25

Paid for with Cash Savings                                                   73

 Person/Builder From Alex                                                         78




                                                                   Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                             Alexandra - Tenure
                        The highest incidence of ownership occurs in the newer suburbs –
                                residents of Setswetla own their shack/structure.
                  100                   3
                                                          10        9    5
                                                6                   4                      Just Live
                              23   26                32   8              19
                   80                                                                      Here-no rent
% of households




                                                39                            6    71
                   60
                              22   17
                                                                                           Rent House
                                        91                     98             22
                                                          82        87
                   40
                                                     65                  75
                              52   53           48
                   20                                                         40   15      Own House

                                                                                   14
                    0
                                        6            3
                       L




                                                                      o


                                                                    tla




                                                                      k
                                                                    nk
                     TA




                                                                      i
                                                                   an
                                                                    k
                                            s


                                                                   or




                                                                   ar
                                           S


                                          ls




                                                                   p
                                                                  an
                                         lat




                                                                 we


                                                                 Ba
                                        B/




                                                                 lb




                                                                rP
                   TO




                                                                 m
                                                                 m
                                       te


                                      -F




                                                              tB
                                      H/




                                                               ar
                                     os




                                                              ts




                                                             su




                                                             Ca
                                                             st




                                                            ve
                                    ex


                                                            M


                                                          Se




                                                          as
                                   ex




                                                          Ea




                                                          ut
                                  -H




                                                         Ri
                                                                                        Balance = Other



                                                         sit
                                 Al




                                                        rE


                                                        Ts
                                Al


                               lex




                                                       an
                               d




                                                      Fa
                          d




                             Ol
                            dA




                                                     Tr
                        Ol




                                                  ex
                          Ol




                                                Al


                                                                          Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
HOUSEHOLD ECONOMICS




               Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                        Alexandra: Household Income Groups
                                   .
Only 7% of Alex households (6,510 households) earn more than R5,000 per
  month. 20% (18,905 households) exist on less than R1,000 per month.

                  50
                                      Number of Households Earning Per Month
                  40       Up To      R700 - R1 000 - R1 400 - R2 000 - R3 000 -
                            R699       R999   R1 399   R1 999   R2 999   R4 999 R5 000+
% of households




                  30       9,126       9,779  10,900   10,742   14,879   10,973   6,510




                                                                               15.7
                  20




                                                                                             11.6
                                                   11.5




                                                                 11.4
                                      10.3
                          9.6




                                                                                                           6.9
                  10


                  0

                       Up To R699 R700 - R999   R1 000 - R1   R1 400 - R1   R2 000 - R2   R3 000 - R4   R5 000+ Per
                       Per Month   Per Month     399 Per       999 Per       999 Per       999 Per        Month
                                                  Month         Month         Month         Month


                                                                                      Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                        Alexandra: Average Household Income
              The average household in Alex has 1.6 earners and an average income of
              R2448 per month. Lowest incomes are in Transit Camp & Setswetla and
                                      highest in East Bank.
                    10000
                              In total households in Alex earn an




                                                                                    7007
                              estimated R17.8 million per month.
  Rands per month




                    5000
                                                      2975




                                                                                                  2825
                                        2537
                               2448




                                                                 2200




                                                                                           2155




                                                                                                              1736
                                               1655




                                                                             1441




                                                                                                                          1352
 Average
number >0                         1.6    1.7    1.6    1.6        1.7        1.3     1.9   1.9     1.7        1.6         1.5
 earners
                           l
                         ta




                                                             o


                                                                        la


                                                                                         nk




                                                                                                                      k
                                                                                           i
                                                                                          k
                                               /S




                                                           or




                                                                                        an
                                                s




                                                                                                                    ar
                                                                      et
                       To




                                               ls




                                                                                       an
                                             lat




                                                                                       Ba




                                                                                                                   p
                                            /B



                                            te




                                                         lb




                                                                                                                 rP
                                                                   tsw




                                                                                      m




                                                                                                                  m
                                                                                    tB
                                          -F
                                         H


                                         os




                                                       ar




                                                                                    st




                                                                                   su




                                                                                                               Ca
                                                                                                               ve
                                       ex




                                                                 Se
                                      -H




                                                      M




                                                                                  as
                                      ex




                                                                                 Ea




                                                                                 ut


                                                                                                            Ri
                                     Al




                                                                                                           sit
                                                                               rE
                                    ex
                                    Al




                                                                               Ts




                                                                                                         an
                                  ld
                                 Al




                                                                             Fa
                             ld




                               O




                                                                                                       Tr
                            O



                              ld




                                                                                                    ex
                             O




                                                                                                  Al
                                                                                           Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
          Alex vs Gauteng and South Africa
 Household incomes in Alex in 2005 (R2467 per month) are well below the
 national average and the Gauteng average of 2004. They also remain well
below the Gauteng average and the average for black households in Gauteng
     while being well above the national average for black households.


 Average Household Income 2004
                       South Africa                         Gauteng
                            R's pm                           R's pm
 Total                        4092                             6714
 Black                        2410                             3806
 Source AMPS 2004




                                                  Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
    Pensions, Disability Grants & Child Grants
There are an estimated 33,000 child grants paid to households in Alex, more
than twice as many as other government welfare grants – 26% of households
       receive a child grant compared with 15% receiving a pension.

                                  Pensions       Disability      Child Grants
                                                  Grants
Number of households
receiving each type                14216           3630             24781
% of Alex households                15%           3.8%             26.2%
                                 Number      % Number         % Number          %
Number of Grants Received
                             1    11987    84%   3359     93%    17722   72%
                             2     1481    10%    259      7%     5488   22%
                            3+                                    1325    6%
TOTAL                              14949           3877            33019
Average per Household               1.1             1.1             1.3

                                                     Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                 Alexandra: Household Expenditure
    Overall only 24% of households are spending on rent or housing. Those
  paying for housing are mainly in hostels, East Bank, River Park or Marlboro.
                             Total Old Alex Old Alex Old Alex Marlboro      Se-      East Far East   Tsu-    River     Alex
                                     H/B/S Hostels      Flats   Ware-    tswetla     Bank    Bank tsumani    Park    Transit
                                                               houses                                                 Camp
Number of Households        94600    75165     4963     1856      2273     4016       833    2500    1705     758       530
Spend food & groceries
 % spending                    99       99      100      100      100        99       100       99     100     100      100
 Average                    R 467    R 474    R 342    R 577    R 390     R 323     R 975    R 493   R 625   R 500    R 301
Rent, Housing, Home Loans
 % spending                    24       17       96       44       65        7          83       5      38      69      20
 Average                     R 52     R 30     R 37    R 143    R 228       R9     R 1,698    R 37   R 210   R 175      R0
Cellphones / telephones
 % spending                    64       62       72       82       71        56        92       70      82      61       70
 Average                     R 74     R 69    R 110    R 109     R 97      R 47     R 200     R 86    R 92    R 60    R 176
Electricity & Water
 % spending                    61       60       69       83       4         37        99       82      95      96       61
 Average                     R 65     R 63     R 19    R 115      R6       R 40     R 251    R 142   R 159   R 145     R 27
School Fees/Education
 % spending                    56       57       41       70       43        37        79       74      82      70       54
 Average                    R 324    R 353     R 80    R 613     R 92      R 74     R 973    R 149   R 298   R 224     R 88
Transport
 % spending                    69       69       57       75       46        80        78       73      83      86       75
 Average                    R 207    R 209    R 126    R 236    R 118     R 176     R 391    R 266   R 312   R 271    R 178
Hire Purchase Payments
 % spending                    43       44       38       54       32        15        50       41      72      42       34
 Average                    R 207    R 220     R 77    R 205    R 102      R 71     R 478    R 163   R 354   R 234     R 93


                                                                                      Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Financial Services Used by Respondent or Other
              Household Members
                                    0                                       50                         100

         Bank or Saving Account                                                         65
                       ATM Card                                                    60
              Any Funeral Policy                                 30
                     HP Account                                  29
                        Pension                             11
              Any Life Insurance                        10
                                                                      65% have a savings account
                     Credit Card                        9
                                                                      at a bank (mainly accessed
   Loan Or Any Money Borrowed                           9
                                                                      by ATM). The incidence of
        Medical Aid/Hospital Plan                   7
                                                                      life insurance, medical aid or
   Post Office/Post Bank Account                5
                                                                      even credit or loans (other
   Housing Loan/Bond/Mortgage               4
                                                                      than HP) is low.
                 Vehicle Finance            3
                   Cheque Book          1


                                                                                 Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
           Alexandra: Which Households have Savings?
Overall 55% of households have savings. In relative terms it is the ‘wealthier’
households which are more likely to have savings. Those least likely to have
   savings are in River Park (67%) or earning less than R700 pm (69%).
                   100
                                         81



                                                      81



                                                                  76



                                                                             73



                                                                                          72



                                                                                                       71



                                                                                                                  69



                                                                                                                             69
 % of households




                                                                                                                                        63
                             55




                   50




                    0
                         l




                                                                                                                         6
                       ta




                                                              0
                                    nk



                                                 pm




                                                                                      i




                                                                                                                         M
                                                           7-1




                                                                                    an
                     To




                                                                                                  ts
                                                                         m




                                                                                                                                   ls
                                                                                                              m
                                  Ba




                                                                                                                       LS
                                                                                   m



                                                                                               Fla




                                                                                                                                 te
                                                                       9p
                                                         M




                                                                                                            9p
                                              0+




                                                                                                                               os
                               st




                                                                                 su
                                                       LS




                                                                                             -
                                            00




                                                                     99




                                                                                                          99
                             Ea




                                                                                                                              H
                                                                               ut



                                                                                          ex
                                         R5




                                                                             Ts
                                                                  R4




                                                                                                       R2




                                                                                                                                -
                                                                                        Al




                                                                                                                             ex
                                                                                     ld
                                                                0-




                                                                                                     0-




                                                                                                                           Al
                                                                                    O
                                                              00




                                                                                                   00




                                                                                                                        ld
                                                                                                                       O
                                                           R3




                                                                                                R2




                                                                                                            Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Financial Services Used by Respondent or Other
          Household Members by Area
East Bank is the most ‘affluent’ area of Alex and residents display the highest
usage of financial services.
                       120
                                                          East Bank       Old Alex - H/B/S         Setswetla
                             92


                                       86
                       80
            % adults




                                                 68
                              66


                                        62




                                                          56


                                                                   55
                                  50




                                                                            42


                                                                                     39
                       40
                                            33




                                                                                              31
                                                  30




                                                                             30




                                                                                                       30


                                                                                                                24


                                                                                                                      21


                                                                                                                               15
                                                                                                                       11
                                                                                                        10
                                                           9




                                                                                 9
                                                      8




                                                                                               8
                                                                                      7
                                                                     3




                                                                                                                  3
                                                               1




                                                                                          1


                                                                                                   1


                                                                                                            1




                                                                                                                                1
                                                                    0




                                                                                                                 0


                                                                                                                           0


                                                                                                                                0
                        0




                                                                                          d
                     k)




                                                                                        we
                   an




                                                                                     rro
               t (b




                                                                                   Bo
             un
           co




                                                                                ey
         Ac




                                                                              on
                                                                            /M
      gs




                                                                          an
   vin




                                                                        Lo
 Sa




                                                                                                   Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                             Source of Loans
                Base: 9% of adults with a loan or who have borrowed money


                                                     Family members and
Friend/Family
   Member                     Your Bank
                                                     friends are the major
     44%                        28%                  source of loans –
                                                     particularly for young
                                                     people and residents
                                                     of hostels, Setswetla
                                                     and Alex Transit
                                     Micro
                                  Lender/Loan        Camp. Residents of
                                   Company           East Bank and those in
                                      6%             the upper LSMs are
                                   Loan              most likely to get a
        Your                 Shark/Mashonisa
                                   13%
                                                     loan from a bank.
    Employer/Work
         9%



                                                            Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                 Shopping Habits
Residents are shopping for food inside Alex but clothing and electrical
                   goods are purchased elsewhere.

               100        Shopping Inside Alex   Shopping Outside Alex

                     80                          80
                80
                                                                         70
 % of adults




                60

                          43
                40

                                          23                    21
                20


                 0
                     Groceries              Clothes           Electrical Goods



                                                                Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                        Shopping in Alex
 Most residents tend to buy groceries, clothes and electrical goods from
formal shops within Alex. Spazas and street traders are mainly patronised
                         for groceries and food.

                100        Food/Groceries/Drinks    Clothes    Electrical Goods

                                             83
                 80

                                                        Base: 81% who shop in Alex.
  % of adults




                 60

                      43
                 40                                32
                                                        26
                                                                   19
                 20

                                                                         4
                             1      1                                         1
                  0
                           Spazas            Formal Shops          Street Traders


                                                                    Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                       Shopping outside Alex
Wynberg, Kew, Balfour Park areas are the preferred shopping areas of Alex
 residents, followed by Sandton and the Johannesburg CBD. Residents of
         East Bank and those in the higher LSMs favour Sandton.

                 100                    Food & groceries      Clothes    Electrical Goods


                  80

                                                                   Base: 86% who shop outside Alex.
   % of adults




                  60
                             51
                                  44
                        37                                   38
                  40
                                                                  31
                                              27
                                                   21
                  20
                                         17             14
                                                                        5 7 8         6 7 7
                   0
                        Wynberg/          Sandton       JHB CBD          Midrand        Other
                       Balfour Park


                                                                                Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                               Alexandra: Motor Vehicle in Household
 13,5% of households in Alex have a motor vehicle (car/bakkie). 10,4% have
     one vehicle and 3.1% have two or more vehicles. Overall there are an
estimated 16,780 vehicles in Alex – 13,577 of them in Old Alex houses / shacks
                             / backyard dwellings.
  % of households with a motor vehicle




                                         100




                                                                                                                61
                                         50
                                                                                    20




                                                                                                                             16
                                                   14



                                                              14




                                                                                                                     11




                                                                                                                                        11
                                                                                                           9
                                                                         8




                                                                                               8




                                                                                                                                                    3
                                          0
                                               l
                                             ta




                                                                                           o



                                                                                                      la


                                                                                                                       nk




                                                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                         i
                                                                                                                        k
                                                                                         or




                                                                                                                      an



                                                                                                                                              ar
                                                                                                    et
                                                       /S




                                                                               ts
                                           To




                                                                   ls




                                                                                                                     an




                                                                                                                                              p
                                                                                                                     Ba
                                                                            Fla
                                                     /B




                                                                                       lb
                                                                 te




                                                                                                                                            rP
                                                                                                 tsw




                                                                                                                    m




                                                                                                                                             m
                                                                                                                  tB
                                                                                     ar
                                                    H



                                                               os




                                                                                                                  st




                                                                                                                 su




                                                                                                                                          Ca
                                                                                                                                          ve
                                                                             -




                                                                                               Se
                                                                                    M




                                                                                                                as
                                                                                                               Ea
                                                              H




                                                                                                               ut
                                                    -




                                                                          ex




                                                                                                                                       Ri
                                                 ex




                                                                                                                                      sit
                                                                                                             rE



                                                                                                             Ts
                                                              -


                                                                        Al




                                                                                                                                    an
                                                           ex
                                               Al




                                                                                                           Fa
                                                                    ld




                                                                                                                                  Tr
                                                         Al
                                            ld




                                                                   O
                                           O



                                                         ld




                                                                                                                               ex
                                                        O




                                                                                                                             Al
                                                                                                                     Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
THE ALEXANDRA RENEWAL PROJECT




                    Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                              Awareness of ARP
73% of adults are aware of the Alexandra Renewal Project. Lowest awareness
    is in Setswetla and highest in East Bank, Tsutsumani and River Park
     100




                                                                       5
                                              11




                                                             7




                                                                            11
                                                                  9
               27


                         27




                                                                                 31
                                                   32
                                                                                       Unaware Of
                                     45
                                                                                       Project




                                                        57
     50




                                                                       95
                                                             93


                                                                  91
                                              89




                                                                            89
                                                                                       Aware Of
 %



               73


                         73




                                                                                       Project




                                                                                 69
                                                   68
                                     55




                                                        43


      0
         tal




                                                                    o


                                                                  tla




                                                                    k
                                                                  nk




                                                                    i
                                                                 an
                                                                  k
                                                                 or




                                                                 ar
       To




                                         ts
                   S




                                                                 p
                                                                an
                                                               we
                             ls




                                                               Ba
                                                               lb




                                                              rP
                 B/




                                      Fla




                                                               m
                                                               m
                          ste




                                                            tB
                                                             ar
               H/




                                                            ts




                                                           su




                                                           Ca
                                                           st




                                                          ve
                                       -


                                                          M
                        Ho




                                                        Se




                                                        as
                                                        Ea




                                                        ut
                -




                                    ex




                                                       Ri


                                                       sit
             ex




                                                      rE


                                                      Ts
                                  Al
                         -




                                                     an
           Al


                      ex




                                                    Fa
                                d




                                                   Tr
                    Al
        d




                              Ol
      Ol




                                                ex
                 d
               Ol




                                              Al


                                                                        Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                    Awareness of ARP (cont.)
 Highest awareness levels were recorded among the better-off sectors of Alex
society and among the youth and males. Women and the lower socio-economic
                    groups were less aware of the project.
      100




       50
                       91




                                   88
  %




                                               85




                                                           83




                                                                      79




                                                                                77
             73




        0
            Total   LSM 7-10   R5 000+ Per 16-19 Years R3 000 - R4   LSM 6     Male
                                 Month                  999 Per
                                                         Month


                                                                Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
     Has ARP had Positive Impact on Your Life?
     44% of adults felt the ARP had made a positive impact on their lives –
particularly the youth and those living in hostels, Far East Bank and the Transit
                                      Camp.
     100
                7




                                                                          7
                                                   34
                          40




                                                                    41
                                                             46
                                                        50
                                                                                 No




                                         47
           56




                                              57
                     58




                               63

                                    72
      50
                93




                                                                          93
 %




                                                                                 Yes




                                                   66
                          60




                                                                    57
                                                             54
                                                        50
                                         49
           44




                                              43
                     42




                               37

                                    28



       0
                               tal




                                o

                              tla


                              nk




                             -19
                               k
                                i
                            an
                              k
                             or
                            To




                              s
                              s




                            ar
                            /S


                            ls




                             p
                           an
                         we


                         Ba
                          lat
                           ld




                          lb




                        16
                         m
                         m

                       rP
                        /B


                         te




                      tB
                      ro




                      -F


                       ar


                      ts




                     su




                     Ca
                     os
                    -H




                      st




                    ed
                    ve
                    M
                   ea




                  Se




                   as
                  Ea




                   ut
                  ex
                 -H




                Ag
                 Ri


                 sit
                ex
               9y




               rE


               Ts
               Al




              an
             ex
              Al




            Fa
            -1




            d




           Tr
           Al
           d
          16




          Ol




                                                                  Balance = Don’t Know
         Ol




        ex
         d
      Ol




      Al


                                                         Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
             Where They Heard of the ARP
                               0                                  50                       100

Word Of Mouth/Friends/Family                                  45
                Newspapers                                   42
        Community Meetings                           30
                      Radio                     25
          Pamphlets/Posters                     23
                         TV                14             ‘Word of mouth’ followed
              Project Boards           10                 by newspapers were how
                  Billboards           10                 most adults in Alex heard
          Community Leader             9
                                                          about the ARP. Community
                                                          meetings also played an
                  Councillor           9
                                                          important role in informing
  Community Liaison Officers       3
                                                          the community.
      Business Organisation        2


                                                                       Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
              Rating of Successfulness of ARP
   The ARP has had some degree of success in terms of providing a more
affordable municipal service and cleaning the environment. It fares badly on
          housing, and reducing overcrowding and unemployment.
     Upgrade & Improve
     Existing Housing
                               18                   69
                                                                                  Successful
       Create Affordable
          Housing
                               20                   67

                                                                                  Unsuccess
   Reduce Overcrowding              26                   65                       ful
       Reduce Levels of
       Unemployment
                                         36                   56

    Reduce Levels Crime
        & Violence
                                         38                   52

    Create Healthy Clean
       Environment
                                              44                   48

      Provide Affordable
      Municipal service
                                              45               42

          % adults
                           0                       50                              100

                                                                   Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
         Non-Delivery: Who is Most Dissatisfied?

 Upgrade & Improve Existing Housing        69%      Reduce Levels Of Unemployment          56%
65+                                        81%   River Park                                72%
LSM 5                                      73%   East Bank                                 68%
Old Alex - houses,backyard,shack           73%   Marlboro                                  65%

 Create Affordable Housing                 67%      Create Healthy & Clean Environment     48%
65+                                        79%   LSM 1-3                                   54%
Old Alex - houses,backyard,shack           70%   East Bank                                 53%
Marlboro warehouses                        70%      Provide Affordable Municipal Service   42%
River Park                                 70%   East Bank                                 68%
Males                                      70%   LSM 7-10                                  52%
 Reduce Overcrowding                       65%   50-64 years                               51%
Old Alex Flats                             72%      Reduce Levels Of Crime & Violence      52%
East bank                                  71%   East Bank                                 62%
65+                                        71%   LSM 1-3                                   58%

                                   % DISSATISFIED


                                                                  Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
ATTITUDES TO ALEX




               Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
       Alexandra: Satisfaction & Dissatisfaction
Residents were most satisfied with water, schooling and rubbish removal.
     Satisfied     Dissatisfied          0                             50                                  100

           Quality of Water In Taps                               83                                  11
                       Water Supply                              78                                  16
 No. Primary & Secondary Schools                            70                             12
                 Removal Of Rubbish                         68                                  24
     Std of Educ. Primary Schools                       66                            12
                       No. Of Clinics                   65                             21
           Cleaning Of The Streets                     62                                  29
   Std of Educ. Secondary School                       60                        15
                              Roads                57                                 30
             No. of Police Stations               51                             34
                        Street Lights             51                              37
    Reliablity of Electricity Supply          47                                 40
      Service Provided By Clinics             46                            34
                    Library Facilities       43                             38
       Service Provided By Police            41                             41


                                                                            Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Alexandra: Satisfaction & Dissatisfaction (cont.)
Residents were most dissatisfied with housing, cemeteries, overcrowding
                    and employment opportunities.
    Satisfied    Dissatisfied          0                                 50                            100

                Shopping Facilities                       38                         49
           Storm Water Drainage                          31                     54
                         Air Quality                 26                         65
          Littering And Dumping                     23                         66
                 Sporting Facilities                22               49
     Skills Dev. & Training Prog.                   21               53
                             Parks             16                   60
                     Overcrowding              16                              78
      Employment Opportunities                 14                         73
        Quality Of Water In River              14                         73
         Entertainment Facilities              13              55
                        Cemeteries         9                         78
 Resolving Ownership Of Houses             6                    73
           Availability Of Houses          6                          85
                 Quality Of Houses         6                         83

                                                                                     Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
      Alexandra: Improved a LOT in last 2 Years

                                       0                       50                          100

               Removal of Rubbish                                   51
                 The Water Supply                                   50
           Quality of Water in Taps                             49
                Cleaning of Streets                            46
             The Number of Clinics                        41
    Std of Educ. In Primary Schools                   38
                  Quality of Roads                   36
No of Primary & Secondary Schools                    35
                                                               There is a correlation
          Reliablity of Elec. Supply             33            between level of
                      Street Lights              33            dissatisfaction and
     The Number of Police Stations              32
                                                               lack of improvement.
  Std of Edu In Secondary Schools               32
    The Service Provided By Police              32
       Service Provided By Clinics              31
                  Library Facilities       26


                                                                         Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Alexandra: Improved a LOT in last 2 Years (cont.)

                                   0                               50                     100

            Shopping Facilities                               22
         Storm Water Drainage                            17
              Quality of The Air                        16
   Quality of Water In The River                        15
  Skills Development & Training                     14
                          Parks                     14
         Littering And Dumping                      13
     Employment Opportunities                      12
             Sporting Facilities                   11
                 Overcrowding                      11
                    Cemeteries                 7
          Availability of Houses           6
        Entertainment Facilities           5
Resolving Ownership of Houses          4
             Quality of Houses         3


                                                                        Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                         Prime Problem Areas
                                Dissatisfaction   Improvement
                                                                Prime
                                            %              %
                                                                problem
Availability of Houses                      85              6   areas are
Quality of Houses                           83              3   those with
Cemeteries                                  78              7
                                                                high levels
                                                                of dissatis-
Overcrowding                                78             11
                                                                faction and
Resolving Ownership of Houses               73              4   little
Quality of Water In The River               73             15   perception
Employment Opportunities                    73             12
                                                                of improve-
                                                                ment in the
Littering And Dumping                       66             13
                                                                last 2 years.
Quality of The Air                          65             16

Parks                                       60             14

Entertainment Facilities                    55              5


                                                    Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
       Who is Dissatisfied and About What?
This section highlights where dissatisfaction is significantly ABOVE average.
Old Alex H/S/B:          Old Alex Hostels:           Setswetla:
•Quality of houses       •Water supply & quality     •Air quality
•Ownership of houses     •No. of police stations     •Water quality (river)
•Cemeteries              •Rubbish removal            •Electricity (reliability)
•Employment              •Quality of roads           •Quality of roads
opportunities
                         •Storm water drainage       •Storm water drainage
•Water quality (river)
                         •Cleaning of streets        •Littering & dumping
•Air Quality
                         •Sports and                 •Street lights
•Littering & dumping     entertainment facilities
                                                     •Entertainment facilities
                         •Overcrowding
                                                     •Parks
                         Old Alex Flats:             •Skills & development
                         •Overcrowding               training
                         •Storm water drains
                         •Roads

                                                     Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Who is Dissatisfied and About What? (cont.)
Marlboro Warehouses:        East Bank:               Far East Bank:
•Street lights              •Water quality (river)   •Shopping & library
•Entertainment facilities   •Cemeteries              •Employment
•Sports facilities          •Shopping facilities     •Cemeteries
•Parks                      •Employment              River Park:
                            opportunities
•Skills & development                                •Shopping facilities
training                    •Skills & development
                            training                 •Library facilities
•Library facilities
                            •Library facilities      Males:
Tsutsumani:
                            •No. police stations     •Littering & dumping
•Quality of houses**
                            •Police service          •Street lights
•Employment
                            •Clinic service          Youth:
•Shopping facilities
                            •Street lights           •Lack of parks
•Cemeteries
                                                     •Cleaning of streets


                                                     Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                Satisfaction with Life
      There has been some improvements in people’s feelings of satisfaction
                               with their lives.
                        100                                          4
                                 4

                         80                                         29              Very Dissatisfied
                                34
      % of households




                         60                                                         Dissatisfied
                                                                    17
                                16
                                                                                    Neither Satisfied/
                         40                Satisfaction                             Dissatisfied
                                38        has increased             44              Satisfied
                         20                somewhat -
                                          from 46% to
                                                                                    Very Satisfied
                                 8             50%                   6
                          0
                              Pre 2001                             2005


Q. How satisfied are you personally with life in general these days? Thinking back to before 2001, how
satisfied were you personally with then with life?

                                                                         Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                Shifts in Satisfaction by Area
                                                                                                                          Alex
                             Old Alex: Old Alex: Old Alex:                                Far East    Tsu-               Transit
                              H/B/S     Hostels    Flats    Marlboro Setswetla East Bank   Bank     tsumani River Park   Camp
      100
Mean Pre 2001                       3.1       3.1       2.8       2.6      3.1        3.1       3.1          3     3.1         3.4
Mean 2005                           3.2       3.1         3       2.9      3.2        3.2       3.4        3.4     3.3         3.5


                                                 Satisfaction Pre 2001     Satisfaction 2005
% in household




                                                                                                                   60
                                                                                                                  58
                                                                                        55
                                                                      53




                                                                                                   53



                                                                                                             53
                                  51
                        50




                                                                     50
                                 47
                       46




                                                46




                                                                                   46
                  50




                                                                                                        45
                                                                           40




                                                                                              40
                                                             39




                                                                           39
                                           36



                                                        28




                   0
                                                    o




                                                                                         k
                                                                 a


                                                                                       nk




                                                                                          i
                                                                                      an
                                  /S




                                                                                        k
                                                  or




                                                                                      ar
                                   s




                                                              etl




                                                                                      p
                                  s




                                                                                     an
                                lat




                                                                                     Ba
                               /B


                              tel




                                                                                     m
                                                                                    rP
                                                lb




                                                                                     m
                                                           tsw
                             -F




                                                                                  tB
                            :H




                                              ar




                                                                                  Ca
                            os




                                                                                  su
                                                                                  st




                                                                                 ve
                                                         Se
                                             M




                                                                               as
                                                                               Ea
                          ex
                          ex


                          -H




                                                                               ut


                                                                               Ri


                                                                              sit
                                                                             rE



                                                                             Ts
                        Al
                        Al




                                                                            an
                       ex




                                                                          Fa
                      d
        d




                                                                          Tr
                     Al


                    Ol
      Ol




                                                                       ex
                   d
                 Ol




                                                                     Al                      Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
COMMITMENT TO ALEX




               Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                                 Alexandra: Years Resident in Alex
The most recent arrivals are living in the warehouses in Marlboro, Setswetla,
Hostels and the Transit Camp. Residents of East Bank followed by Old Alex
                      flats have lived longest in Alex.
                                 100
 Number of years lived in Alex




                                 50




                                                                                    29.3


                                                                                           26.8
                                                      25.4




                                                                                                         25.2
                                               23.8




                                                                                                  23.1
                                                                   28




                                                                                                                12.3
                                                             9.8




                                                                              9.3
                                                                        7.5

                                  0
                                           l
                                         ta




                                                                                         o




                                                                                        k
                                                                                        a


                                                                                      nk




                                                                                         i
                                                             S




                                                                                     an
                                                             s




                                                                                       k
                                                                                     or
                                                            ls




                                                                                     ar
                                       To




                                                                                     etl




                                                                                     p
                                                          lat




                                                                                    an
                                                          B/




                                                                                   Ba
                                                         te




                                                                                   lb




                                                                                  rP



                                                                                   m
                                                                                   m
                                                                                 tsw
                                                       H/




                                                       -F




                                                                                tB
                                                      os




                                                                                 ar




                                                                                Ca
                                                                                su
                                                                                st




                                                                               ve
                                                     ex
                                                    ex




                                                                              Se
                                                                              M
                                                   -H




                                                                             as
                                                                             Ea




                                                                             ut


                                                                             Ri
                                                  Al




                                                                            sit
                                                  Al


                                                 ex




                                                                           rE


                                                                           Ts




                                                                          an
                                                d
                                          d


                                               Al


                                              Ol




                                                                        Fa
                                        Ol




                                                                        Tr
                                             d
                                           Ol




                                                                     ex
                                                                   Al
                                                                                           Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
     Alexandra: Location of Home Elsewhere
                     Base: 46% of adults with a home elsewhere
                         Alexandra
             Other          5%
SADC Areas   2%
                               Gauteng
   1%                           12%


                                  Elsewhere in SA-    Hostel, Setswetla and
                                      Town            Transit camp residents
                                       7%
                                                      are most likely to have
                                                      homes elsewhere in
                                                      South Africa’s rural
                                                      areas.



      Elsewhere in SA-
        Rural Area
           73%

                                                          Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
          Home Considered to be Main Home
 Of those with a home elsewhere, it is only residents of Setswetla, Transit
Camp or hostels who consider this other home to be their main home - most
             other residents regard Alex as their main home.
    100
               22

                    22

                         23

                              28




                                        32
                                   31




                                             51
          52




                                                                       Elsewhere




                                                  66

                                                          79

                                                               80
                                                                       In Alex
     50
%




               78

                    78

                         77

                              72

                                   68

                                        68

                                             49
          48




                                                  34

                                                          21

                                                               20
      0
                             tal




                              o




                            tla
                            nk
                             k
                              i
                          an




                           /S
                          or
                            k




                            s
                          ar
                         To




                          ls
                          p
                       we
                        an




                        lat




                                                                    Base: 46% of
                       Ba


                       /B
                       lb
                      rP




                       te
                       m




                      m
                    -F
                    tB




                     ar




                    -H




                   os
                    ts
                   su




                   Ca
                   st
                  ve


                  M




                 Se
                 as




                Ea




                -H
                                                                    adults with a
                ex
                 ut




                ex
                Ri




               sit
              Ts
              rE




              Al




              Al




             an


             ex
           Fa




                                                                    home elsewhere
            d




            d




           Tr


           Al
          Ol




          Ol




        ex


         d
      Ol
      Al




                                                       Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                                                           %




                                                          0
                                                                               50
                                                                                                               100
                                Ol
                                  d               To
                                                    tal
                                      Al
                                        ex
                             Ol            -   H/              29                    59           12
                               d                 B/
                                   Al              S
                                     ex
                                        -   Ho
                                              ste                  30                58           12
                                 Ol              ls
                                   d
                                       Al
                                         ex
                                            -   Fla           21             53                  26
                                                   ts

                                         M                         34                50           16
                                            ar
                                              lb
                                                or
                                                   o
                                       Se
                                           ts                  23                  65             12
                                              we
                                                 tla
                                       Ea
                                          st                   26                     69                   5
                                              Ba
                                   Fa            nk
                                     rE
                                       as
                                           tB                 20                    74                   6
                                               an
                                                 k
                                     Ts
                                       ut
                                          su                  14               75                 11
                                              m
                                                an
                                                   i
                                      Ri
                             Al
                               ex
                                         ve
                                             rP               19                    75                   6
                                  Tr            ar
                                    an             k
                                      sit
                                          Ca                  15                    82                         3
                                              m
                                                p

                                                              15            63                   22
                                                                                                                     59% of Alex residents are NOT planning to move out.




                                                                                    Out
                                                                        Plan To
                                                                                                                                                                           Plan to Move Out of Alex in Next Few Years




                                                                                    To Move


                                                                        Move Out
                                                                                    Don't Plan
                                                                                                  Don't Know




Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
      Alexandra: Planning to Move Out of Alex
Unfortunately it is younger residents and those in the higher socio-economic
                    groups who would like to leave Alex.

    100




    50
                     42
%




                               37



                                        35



                                                35



                                                          34



                                                                     33



                                                                             33
           29




     0
          Total    R5 000+  LSM 7-10   16-19   25-34   Old Alex -   20-24   LSM 6
                  Per Month            Years   Years     Flats      Years


                                                         Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                   Where Likely to Move To
                                 Base: 29% of adults considering moving out of Alex
        Other
100
                           12
        Rural areas




                                MOVE TO RURAL AREA: 50-64 (29%), Marlboro (26%),
80                         13
                                Old Alex Hostel (23%), LSM 1-3 (21%)


60                              MOVE TO OTHER ‘TOWNSHIP’: 16-19 years old (85%),
        Other ‘township’




                           37
                                Setswetlas (66%), 65years+ (54%), Alex Transit Camp (47%),
%




                                Marlboro (45%)
40

                                MOVE TO JHB SUBURBS: East Bank (63%), LSM 7-10
20                         38   (60%), Tsutsumani (57%), Old Alex Flats (56%), R3,000pm+
        Jhb Suburbs




                                (49%), 20-34 (48%)

    0



                                                                          Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                 Likely ‘Migration’ Patterns
                                                           Johannesburg
                                                             Suburbs

Home owned                                        East Bank
elsewhere in
rural areas of                                Tsutsumani
 South Africa
                                             Old Alex Flats

                                 Old Alex
            Hostels           houses, shacks,
                                 backyard Remain in Alex
          Marlboro                shacks
         Warehouses

                 Setswetlas
                 Alex Transit
                    Camp
                                       Other
                                    ‘Townships’

                                                    Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Alexandra: Volunteering for Community Service
Only 17% of adults say that they or any member of their household has ever
volunteered for any community service in Alex (such as picking up rubbish,
    fixing / repairing a local school, assisting welfare organisations etc.)
    100
                                                                           Received in return for services:
                                                                           - Food 38%
                                                                           - Money 22%
    50                                                                     - Transport 17%
%




                               35


                                            30


                                                        28


                                                                    27


                                                                                27


                                                                                           25


                                                                                                     22
                  17




                                                                                                               10


                                                                                                                            7
     0



                                                                                                           6
            tal




                                                    o




                                                                            0
                                                                k




                                                                                                                        s
                           i




                                                                                       M
                                                                         7-1




                                                                                                         k
                                                  or
                         an
          To




                                       ts




                                                              ar




                                                                                                                     tla
                                                                                                        p
                                                                                                       an
                                                                                     LS
                                                lb
                                    Fla




                                                                                                      m
                        m




                                                            rP




                                                                                                                   we
                                                                       M




                                                                                                     tB
                                              ar




                                                                                                    Ca
                      su




                                                                     LS
                                                          ve
                                    -



                                             M




                                                                                                                 ts
                                                                                                 as
                    ut



                                 ex




                                                        Ri




                                                                                                sit



                                                                                                               Se
                                                                                               rE
                  Ts



                               Al




                                                                                              an
                                                                                             Fa
                            d




                                                                                            Tr
                          Ol




                                                                                         ex
                                                                                       Al
                                                                                                Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                        Attitudes to Alex
In view of the level of dissatisfaction with services and amenities, there is a
           surprisingly high community spirit and pride in Alex.
                                    0                        50                             100

            Feel That I'm Part of
                 Community                                                           84
      Proud To Tell People that I
             Live in Alex                                                           82
        Happy & Satisfied About
            Living in Alex                                                     72
     People here Work together
      to Try To Reduce Crime                                            58
     People here Work together
        to Make Better Life                                            55
       People here Help & Look
          After One Another                                       51

     Gladly Leave Alex If I Could                       43
       Live Here because family
              lives here                               41
        Live In Alex, as close to
                  Work                            34

       Here To Try To Find Work                   33


                                                                       Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                                             %




                                                         0
                                                             50
                                                                       100
                                                 To
                                                   tal
                                  Fa                              84
                                    rE
                                      as
                                        tB
                                          an
                                            k
                                                                       96
                                       Ri
                                         ve
                                           rP
                                             ar
                                               k
                                                                       96
                                      Ts
                                        ut
                                          su
                                            m
                                             an
                                               i
                                                                       95
                                      16
                                        -1
                                          9Y
                                            ea
                                              rs
                             Al
                               ex
                                  Tr
                                    an
                                                                   93
                                      sit
                                          Ca
                                            m
                                                                                                                      Attitudes to Alex




                                             p
                                Ol
                                  d                                92
                                                                             “I feel that I am part of a community”




                                      Al
                                        ex
                                           -   Fl
                                                 at
                                                   s
                                                                   91
                                        65
                                          +
                                               Ye
                                                 ar
                                                   s
                                                                   91
Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                                          %




                                                      0
                                                          50
                                                                         100
                                              To



                                                                               Alex”
                                                tal
                                      Ri
                                         ve
                                            rP                      82
                                 Ol            ar
                                   d              k
                                     Al
                                       ex
                                          -F                             95
                                             lat
                                  Fa            s
                                     rE
                                        as
                                           tB                            93
                                              an
                                                 k
                                     Ts
                                        ut
                                          su                             93
                                            m
                                               an
                                                  i
                                                                         92


                                              To
                                                tal
                                      Ri
                                         ve
                                            rP                 72
                                                                                                                        Alex”




                                              ar
                                   Fa
                                     rE         k
                                       as                                92
                                           tB
                                             an
                                               k
                                                                                                                                                             Attitudes to Alex




                                     Ts
                                       ut                           84
                             Al           su
                               ex            m
                                  Tr          an
                                    an           i
                                      sit
                                          Ca                        83
                                             m
                                              p
                                        Ea
                                          st                        83
                                 Ol          Ba
                                   d            nk
                                     Al
                                       ex
                                          -F                        81
                                             lat
                                                s
                                                                               “I’m proud to tell people that I live in “Happy & satisfied about living in




                                                                78
Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                             Attitudes to Alex

          “People here work together to try to     “People here work
          reduce crime”                            together to try to make a
                                                   better life”
    100
                   78

                        75

                             74

                                  72




                                                                               70
                                                               69




                                                                          68
                                       67

                                             66




                                                                    65
              58




                                                          55
    50
%




     0

                                                    tal
        tal




                        la
                        k




                      nk




                                                               nk




                                                                 k
                                                               tla
                       rs




                                                                 i
                         i




                                                              an
                       k




                     an
                     ar




                                                  To
      To




                                                              ar
                     et


                    an
                    ea




                    Ba




                                                             we


                                                             Ba


                                                             m
                  rP




                                                            rP
                    w




                    m
                 tB
                9Y


                 ts




                                                          su
                su




                                                           ts
                 st




                                                          st
               ve




                                                         ve
              as
              Se




                                                        Se
              Ea




                                                       Ea


                                                        ut
              ut
              -1
             Ri




                                                       Ri
            rE




                                                      Ts
            Ts
            16




          Fa




                                                           Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                                                          %




                                                                 0
                                                                          50
                                                                                        100
                                                         To
                                                           tal
                                                  Ea
                                                     st                       51
                                                        Ba
                                             Fa            nk
                                               rE
                                                  as
                                                     tB                         60
                             R3                          an
                                00                         k
                                  0-            Ts
                                                                                              one another”

                                                  ut
                                     R4              su                            64
                                         99             m
                                           9P             an
                                               er            i
                                                  M
                                      Al
                                        ex
                                                    on
                                                       th
                                                                                   62
                                            Tr
                                              an
                                                 sit
                                      Ol             Ca                         61
                                         d              m
                                           Al             p
                                              ex
                                                 -H
                                                                                              “People here help & look after




                                                     os               35
                                                        te
                                                          ls

                                                                     28


                                                         To
                                                           tal
                                                                                                                               Attitudes to Alex




                                                   M                      43
                                                      ar
                                                        lb
                                                          or
                                                                                              could”




                                                             o
                                                  Se
                                                     ts                         60
                                                       we
                                                           tla
                                                  Ea
                                                    st                         53
                                                       Ba
                                                           nk
                                                  65
                                                    +                 35
                                                                                              “Gladly leave Alex if I




                                                       Ye
                                                          ar
                                                             s
                                                                     24
Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                                                        %




                                                          0
                                                                            50
                                                                                        100
                                               To
                                    16             tal
                                        -1
                                          9Y
                                              ea                        41
                                                  rs
                                                                                              here”
                             Ol       Ri
                               d         ve
                                 Al
                                   ex
                                             rP
                                                 ar
                                                                                        91
                                      -H           k
                                          os
                                Ol
                                  d          tel
                                                s                                  65
                                    Al
                                       ex
                                           -F
                                              lat                                 60
                                                  s
                                         M
                                            ar                          39
                                              lb
                                                 or
                                       Ea           o
                                           st
                                              Ba                             48
                                                  nk

                                                                   27
                                                                                              “Live here because family lives




                             Al
                               ex
                                  Tr            To
                                    an
                                       sit          tal
                                           Ca
                                               m                       34
                                                 p
                                          M
                                             ar                                   64
                                               lbo
                                                   ro
                                                                                                                                                  Attitudes to Alex




                             Ol         Se
                                d           ts
                                  Al
                                    ex         we                                 62
                                       - H tla
                                           os
                                               te
                                                 ls
                                                                                  60
                                     Ts
                                        ut
                                           su
                                               m                             49
                                                 an
                                        Ea           i
                                           st
                                               Ba                            48
                                                  nk
                                       Ri
                                          ve
                                              rP
                                                 ar
                                                                  19
                                                    k
                                                                                                               “Live in Alex, as close to work”




                                                              7
Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                                                              %




                                                               0
                                                                              50
                                                                                             100
                                                       To
                                   Ol
                                     d                   tal
                                         Al
                                           ex                                33
                                              -   Ho
                                                    ste
                                  Al                   ls
                                    ex
                                       Tr
                                         an
                                           sit
                                                                                        73
                                               Ca
                                                 m
                                                  p

                                                                                        70
                                                  Se
                                                    ts
                                                      we
                                                        tla
                                                                                    67
                             Up                    M
                                                    ar
                                  To                  lb
                                                        or
                                       R6                 o
                                         99
                                            Pe                                      63
                                              rM
                                                 on
                                                   th
                                        Ol
                                          d                                        57
                                            Al
                                                                                                                                    Attitudes to Alex




                                              ex
                                                                                                   “I’m here to try to find work”




                                                 -F
                                                   lat
                                                      s
                                                                        23
                                              Ri
                                                ve
                                                  rP
                                                    ar
                                                      k
                                                                   10
                                                  Ea
                                                    st
                                                       Ba
                                                         nk
                                                                   7
Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
SECURITY & CRIME IN ALEX




                   Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
              Alexandra: How Safe do Residents Feel?
  Only 20% of adults felt very safe living in Alex – 41% did not feel at all
  safe. Half felt safer than a year ago. Only 13% claim to have a family
  member who had been a victim of crime
                                                       Have you or any family
  in the past 6 months.                               member been a victim of
                                                                 crime in Alex in past 6
                                        Do you feel safer in
                                                                        months?
                                        Alex now than you
               How safe do you
% of adults




                                         did a year ago?          Hostel (20%) and 87
               personally feel in                                 East Bank (24%)
                    Alex?                                        residents are more
                                                  51       49
                       39       41                              likely to have been
                                                                            victims.
              20
                                                                           13


               Very   Quite      Not              Yes      No             Yes       No
              Safe    Safe     At All
                               Safe
                                                                Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                 Alexandra: Effects of Crime

    Those who feel safest in Alex                                     Victims of crime (personal or
    (20%) also feel safer than they                                   family) are less likely to feel safe
    did a year ago.                                                   living in Alex.

                    Feel safer than year ago   Don't feel safer                       Very safe   Quite safe    Not at all safe
              100                                                               100
                     88




                                                        81
                                    65




                                                                                                  63
                                                                  % of adults
% of adults




               50                                                                50




                                                                                                                    41

                                                                                                                         38
                                         35




                                                                                             25




                                                                                                               21
                                                   19




                                                                                        12
                          12




                0                                                                 0
                    Very safe     Quite safe   Not at all safe                          Victim: Yes            Victim: No




                                                                                             Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                    Alexandra: Who Feels Most Unsafe?
 Residents of the poorest and most densely populated areas with least secure
  housing and tenure are those who feel least safe living in Alex. Women,
 poorer residents, younger residents as well as those in wealthier (relatively)
                            East Bank feel unsafe.
              100



                                       67
                              60
% of adults




                                                                  55
                                                54




                                                                                                51
                                                                                      49
                                                                            47
                                                          46
               50
                    41




                0

                    Total   Marlboro Setswetla East Bank Female   16-19     20-24    Up To     LSM 1-3
                                                                  Years    Years    R699 Per
                                                                                     Month

                                                                          Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                     Alexandra: Type of Crime
      Base: Victims of crime in Alex (personally or household member) in last 6 months
                   Car Stolen
                       3%
  Domestic Violence             Murder                        Robbery is by far the
        3%                       2%    Rape                   most common crime
                                        1%
Car Hijacked
                                                              in Alex. Those most
     3%                                                       affected are:
   Other                                                      TOTAL                      73
    7%
                                                              River Park                 83
                                                              Alex Transit Camp          81
                                                              Marlboro                   79
                                                              East Bank                  76
                                                              16-19 Years                100
 Assaulted
                                                              20-24 Years                87
    8%



                                    Robbery
                                      73%

                                                               Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
HEALTH CARE




              Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
    Clinics in Alex: Attendance in Last 6 Months
                                      Base: All adults

100



80
              51
                                            ATTENDED A CLINIC IN LAST 6
        NO




                                            MONTHS
60
                                            - TOTAL        49%
%




                                            - Marlboro     67% (+18)
40                         16   4-6 times
                                            - River Park   60% (+11)
                                            - Tsutsumani   59% (+10)
        YES




              49
20
                           33               - Females      56% (+7)
                                1-3 times
                                            - East Bank    39% (-20)
    0
                                            - LSM 7-10     38% (-21)
        Attend clinic   No. Times


                                                           Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
      Reasons for Visit and Service Received
                Base: All adults attending a clinic in Alex in the past 6 months

                                       WAIT FOR                      AVAILABILITY OF
                                       TREATMENT: 76%                MEDICATION: 87%
    REASON FOR VISIT:                  waited less than 3            received the medication
    Mainly new illnesses or a
    100
                                       hours with 43%                required.




                                                                                   87
    check-up                           waiting less than one
                                       hour.




                                                   43
           41




     50
                    37




                                                         33
%




                                                                       13




                                                                                        12
                                                                10
                           9

                                   7

                                       6

      0
                               r
                             be
                           em
                          M
                      ily
                     m
                   Fa
                    d
                 nie
               pa
              m
            co
          Ac




                                                                 Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Alexandra: Private Doctors & Medical Insurance
 VISIT A PRIVATE DOCTOR IN      HAVE MEDICAL AID /
       PAST 6 MONTHS            MEDICAL INSURANCE
                                                      Yes
                          Yes                         9%
                          32%




        No                        No
       68%                       91%


 YES               32%           YES             9%
 LSM 7-10          58% (+16)     East Bank       46% (+37)
 East Bank         59% (+17)     R5000+pm        33% (+24)
 Tsutsumani        44% (+12)     LSM 7-10        29% (+20)
 16-19 years old   9% (-23)



                                        Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
             Alexandra: Hospitalisation
ADMITTED TO A HOSPITAL IN
 LAST 6 MONTHS (self or family
          member)
                  Yes
                  17%
                                 Hospital admitted to*
                                                                %
                                 Edenvale                      43
                                 Johannesburg General          45
                                 Any Other Govt Hospital        8

       No                        Any Private Hospital          10
      83%                        * Duplication may occur




                                                   Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
SOCIAL WELFARE & CIVIL SOCIETY




                     Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
            Assistance from Social Workers
Have you or any member of this household been visited by or requested help
from a social worker in the past 6 months?
                      Yes
                      10%
                                      Residents of Marlboro
                                      warehouses and River
                                      Park are more likely
                                      to have seen a social
                                      worker where those in
                                      Setswetla or Alex
                                      Transit Camp are least
                                      likely to have seen or
                                      requested to see a
                                      social worker.
         No
         90%


                                                   Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                         Attitudes to Social Issues
Unemployment, drugs, alcohol HIV/Aids and violence / abuse of women and
children are all major problems to residents of Alex.
                                          0                   50                      100

             Many Unemployed People                          95                       3
         Drugs Are Big Problem In Alex                   88                       3
      Alcohol Cause Of Violence/Abuse                    85                       7

      HIV/AIDS Have Impact On Families                  80                    3
                                                                                      Agree   Disagree
        Lots Of Violence/Abuse Of Kids                  77                   6
      Lots Of Violence/Abuse Of Women                   77                   6
         Ppl Scared To Report To Police             72                       14

        Lots Of Violence/Abuse-Old Ppl             64                   12
      More Abandoned/Street Children          46                   26
                                                                                  Balance = Don’t know

                                                                        Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                        Social Concerns
Many people are unemployed in          Drugs (dagga, glue, mandrax etc.)
Alex say 95% of residents: 99% in      are a big problem in Alex say 88%
River Park and only 91% in hostels.    of residents: 95% in River Park.

There is a lot of violence and abuse   72% of residents say they are
against kids in Alex say 77% of        scared to report violence and abuse
residents: 85% in River Park and       to the police: 87% in Far East Bank.
86% in Tsutsumani.
                                       80% of residents say that HIV/Aids
There is a lot of violence and abuse   is having an impact on families in
against women in Alex say 77% of       Alex: 91% in Far East Bank and
residents: 88% in Far East Bank        90% in East Bank compared with
and 86% in River Park.                 63% in Alex Transit Camp, 59% in
                                       Old Alex Hostels and only 51% is
There is a lot of violence and abuse   Setswetla.
against the elderly in Alex say 64%
of residents: 78% in River Park and
76% in Far East Bank and 71% in
flats in Old Alex.


                                                   Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                          HIV & Aids – Sufferers & Orphans
                                               Base: All Households
              100
                          14                       16

                  80                                         2,8% of households admit to a having
                                                             MEMBER WITH AIDS: 5% in Transit
                                                             Camp and 6% in households with an
% of households




                  60                                         income of R3,000 – R4,999 pm.
                                      97                     2,7% of households have TAKEN IN AN
                          83                                 AIDS ORPHAN: 9% in LSM 7-10, 8% in
                  40                               84
                                                             Tsutsumani, 7% in Far East Bank, 7% in
                                                             Marlboro and 5% in LSM 6.
                                                             Most households (84%) are taking in an
                  20
                                                             AIDS orphan who is related.


                  0        3           3
                       Household    Taken in   Orphans are
                       member has     AIDS       related
                          HIV       orphans
                         2,616       2,581        2,170
                        H’holds     H’holds      H’holds

                                                                        Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
         HIV & Aids – Sufferers & Orphans
Results suggest that there is little overlap between households with an
HIV/Aids sufferer and those that have adopted an AIDS orphan –
suggesting that orphans are HIV negative (or that the household is not
aware of the child’s HIV status). This suggests (bearing in mind the likely
under claiming) that at least 4,585 households in Alex have been affected
by HIV/Aids.

                                                            No
                                           HIV/AIDS      HIV/AIDS
                                          sufferer in   sufferer in   Don't
                                  Total   household     household     Know
Total Households                   94,600      2,616        78,718     12,188

Have taken in AIDS Orphans           2,581        280        1,969        194




                                                     Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
RECREATION




             Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                           Recreational Activities – Total and in Alex
                                          Most recreational activities take place within Alex with church-related
                                                     activities being those involving most residents.
% involvement self or household members




                                                                           Total   In Alex

                                              100
                                                    68
                                                    66




                                               50
                                                          20



                                                               20
                                                               19
                                                          18




                                                                     12


                                                                             8
                                                                             7

                                                                                    7


                                                                                             7
                                                                       6




                                                                                             6

                                                                                                  6
                                                                                    5




                                                                                                       5
                                                                                                       4

                                                                                                             4


                                                                                                                   4
                                                                                                 3




                                                                                                             3


                                                                                                                   2
                                                0




                                                                                                 Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                            Recreational Activities – Total and in Alex
                                                        16-19 Year Olds
                                          More activities of 16-19 year olds take place OUTSIDE Alex. Church
                                          remains important but more sports related and educational activities
% involvement self or household members




                                                                         emerge.
                                                  100
                                                                                           Total   In Alex
                                                           77
                                                            48




                                                   50
                                                                 38
                                                                 38
                                                                          29
                                                                          29
                                                                                  24
                                                                                  24
                                                                                         18

                                                                                                  12
                                                                                                  12
                                                                                                       9
                                                                                                       9
                                                                                                             5

                                                                                                                 5

                                                                                                                     5
                                                                                                                     5

                                                                                                                         5
                                                                                                                         4

                                                                                                                              4
                                                                                                                              4
                                                                                                                                   4
                                                                                                                                   4
                                                                                            3




                                                                                                             0

                                                                                                                 0
                                                    0                                                                      m
                                                                                            all
                                                               er




                                                                                            s




                                                                                                                          ll
                                                                                                                       Gy




                                                                                                                         r
                                                                                                                        e
                                                                                         tic
                                                      ch




                                                                                                                        s




                                                                                                                       ba
                                                             cc


                                                                                         tb




                                                                                                                        s




                                                                                                                       oi
                                                                                          a




                                                                                                                     es
                                                                                                                      rs
                                                                                       es




                                                                                                                     se
                                                                                                                    ub
                                                                                       m
                                                                                      hle




                                                                                                                   Ch
                                                                                      Ne
                                                    ur

                                                           So




                                                                                                                    et
                                                                                                                   te




                                                                                                                  Th
                                                                                     rs
                                                                                    ne




                                                                                                                  as
                                                                                                                  Cl




                                                                                                                 sk
                                                  Ch




                                                                                                                pu
                                                                                   At




                                                                                  ou




                                                                                                                in
                                                                                                                Cl
                                                                                  Ci




                                                                                                               Of
                                                                                                              To




                                                                                                              Ba
                                                                                                              m




                                                                                                             ng
                                                                               lC
                                              To




                                                                               To




                                                                                                              g

                                                                                                           ne
                                                                                                           Co
                                                                                                          ing




                                                                                                           in




                                                                                                           Si
                                                                             na
                                              g




                                                                           ing




                                                                                                         No
                                                                                                         nc
                                            in




                                                                                                       Go


                                                                                                        To
                                                                          io




                                                                                                      Da
                                          Go




                                                                       Go


                                                                        at




                                                                                                      g
                                                                      uc




                                                                                                    in
                                                                                                  Go
                                                                    Ed




                                                                                                                 Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                            Recreational Activities – Total and in Alex
                                                              Males
                                            Church remains important but men are more likely to go to soccer,
                                                   cinema, clubs and choir singing – mainly in Alex.
% involvement self or household members




                                              100
                                                                                            Total      In Alex
                                                           64
                                                           62




                                                  50
                                                                       22
                                                                       21


                                                                             18
                                                                             16

                                                                                          12


                                                                                                       9
                                                                                                       7

                                                                                                                  7
                                                                                                                  6

                                                                                                                        6


                                                                                                                                    6
                                                                                               5




                                                                                                                        5


                                                                                                                                    5

                                                                                                                                              5


                                                                                                                                                        4
                                                                                                                                             2


                                                                                                                                                        2
                                                   0




                                                                                                                        m
                                                                            er




                                                                                                                                                    s
                                                                                                                      Gy
                                                                                                              r




                                                                                                                                                 tic
                                                      ch



                                                                   e


                                                                          cc




                                                                                                   s


                                                                                                            oi
                                                                                      a




                                                                                                                                                rs
                                                                                                                                               es
                                                                 es




                                                                                                 ub
                                                                                     m




                                                                                                                                             hle
                                                                                                          Ch
                                                    ur




                                                                        So




                                                                                                                                              te
                                                               Th




                                                                                                                                            rs
                                                                                   ne


                                                                                               Cl




                                                                                                                                           pu
                                                  Ch




                                                                                                                                           At


                                                                                                                                          ou
                                                                                                       in
                                                                                 Ci
                                                            Of




                                                                                          To




                                                                                                                                         m
                                                                                                     ng




                                                                                                                                        lC
                                              To




                                                                            To
                                                         ne




                                                                                                                                       Co
                                                                                        g


                                                                                                   Si




                                                                                                                                      na
                                                                                      in
                                              g




                                                                          ing
                                                       No
                                            in




                                                                                    Go




                                                                                                                                   To
                                                                                                                                    io
                                          Go




                                                                        Go




                                                                                                                                  at


                                                                                                                                 g
                                                                                                                              uc


                                                                                                                               in
                                                                                                                            Go
                                                                                                                            Ed


                                                                                                                              Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                            Recreational Activities – Total and in Alex
                                                            Females
                                          The church plays a key role in the lives of women in Alex and most of
                                                   the activities they participate in take place in Alex..
% involvement self or household members




                                              100
                                                                             Total   In Alex
                                                           73
                                                           71




                                                  50
                                                                 21
                                                                 19


                                                                       19
                                                                       17


                                                                            13


                                                                                     8
                                                                                 7


                                                                                     7

                                                                                            7


                                                                                                           6
                                                                                                           5

                                                                                                                     5
                                                                                                                     5
                                                                                           4




                                                                                                                              4
                                                                                                                              3

                                                                                                                                         3
                                                                                                                                         2
                                                   0




                                                                                                                           all
                                                                er




                                                                                                       s


                                                                                                                 r
                                                      ch




                                                                                     e
                                                              cc




                                                                                                    tic
                                                                                     s




                                                                                                                         tb
                                                                                                               oi
                                                                                     a




                                                                                                                                    rs
                                                                                   es




                                                                                   es
                                                                                   ub
                                                                                   m




                                                                                                             Ch


                                                                                                                       Ne
                                                                                                 hle
                                                    ur


                                                            So




                                                                                                                                  te
                                                                                Th


                                                                                ne




                                                                                 rs
                                                                                Cl




                                                                                                                                pu
                                                  Ch




                                                                                               At
                                                                              ou




                                                                                                           in
                                                                              Ci
                                                                             Of




                                                                             To




                                                                                                                               m
                                                                                                        ng
                                              To




                                                                           lC
                                                                           To
                                                                          ne




                                                                                                                             Co
                                                                           g




                                                                                                      Si
                                                                         na
                                                                         in
                                              g




                                                                       ing
                                                                       No
                                            in




                                                                     Go




                                                                                                                         To
                                                                      io
                                          Go




                                                                   Go




                                                                    at




                                                                                                                         g
                                                                  uc




                                                                                                                       in
                                                                                                                     Go
                                                                Ed




                                                                                                             Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
   Rating of Existing Sporting Facilities in Alex
Only 22% of residents rated existing sporting facilities in Alex positively.
46% felt that they were poor of very poor.
                                            Negative                   %
                       Excellent            TOTAL                      46
                          5%                Old Alex - Hostels         65
 Don't Know
    32%                         Very Good   Tsutsumani                 55
                                   17%      Males                      52

                                            Positive                   %
                                            TOTAL                      22
                                            16-19                      82
                                            East Bank                  45
   Very Poor                                Alex Transit Camp          37
      14%                Poor
                                            Old Alex - Flats           35
                         32%
                                            Marlboro                   36




                                                       Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Prepared to Pay to Use Sporting Facilities in Alex
    39% of adults were prepared to pay to use sporting facilities in Alex.

                     Prepared To
                         Pay
                                        Prepared to Pay                      %
                         39%
                                        TOTAL                                39
                                        River Park                           74
                                        Far East Bank                        71
                                        Tsutsumani                           65
                                        Marlboro                             61
                                        Old Alex - Hostels                   52
                                        Setswetla                            46
 Not Prepared
    To Pay
     61%




                                                     Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Membership of Groups & Organisations in Alex
                                  0                            50                       100

      Church/Religious Group                                                 75
     Stokvel/Society/Syndicate                            42
         Sports Club Or Team                      13
    Choir/Drama/Dance Group                       13
                Political Party                   11   Residents are most likely to
              Women's Group                   7        belong to church groups or to
  Civic/Residents Associations            5            Stokvels.
 Trade Union/Labour Movement              4
            School Committee              4
                 Youth Group          3
     Other Group/Organisation         3
        Business Organisation         2
                         Gang         1


                                                                    Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Membership of Groups & Organisations in Alex
   Church/Religious Group      %    Choir/Drama/Dance Group           %
   TOTAL                       75   TOTAL                             13
   East Bank                   90   Tsutsumani                        30
   Far East Bank               88   Far East Bank                     18
   Tsutsumani                  87
   16-19                       86   Political Party                   %
   65+                         85   TOTAL                             11
   Female                      84   16-19                             29
                                    Far East Bank                     21
   Stokvel/Society/Syndicate   %    River Park                        18
   TOTAL                       42   Tsutsumani                        16
   LSM 7-10                    65   Civic/Residents Associations      %
   Tsutsumani                  55   TOTAL                              5
   East Bank                   52   Tsutsumani                        39
   Far East Bank               49   East Bank                         28
                                    Far East Bank                     24
   Sports Club Or Team         %
   TOTAL                       13
   16-19                       60
   Tsutsumani                  28
   Far East Bank               21



                                                      Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
COMMUNICATING WITH RESIDENTS




                    Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                                               TV or Radio in Household
       Around two thirds of households in Alex have radio or TV – this rises to
     100% TV ownership in LSM10. Residents of hostels or Setswetla are least
     120
                        likely to have either a radio or a TV.
                            Radio         TV




                                                                                          98




                                                                                                                92
                                                                 90




                                                                                     85



                                                                                                    77
% in household




                 80




                                                                                                                          74
                                     67
                                     67
                            65
                            64




                                                                                                                               62
                                                                                                           60


                                                                                                                     60
                                                            58


                                                                      58
                                                                      57




                                                                                               54
                                                                           52
                                               43




                                                                                                                                    38
                 40
                                                    32




                                                                                26
                 0
                      l
                    ta




                                                                                  o




                                                                                  k
                                                                                  a


                                                                                nk




                                                                                   i
                                                                                 k


                                                                               an
                                                                               or




                                                                               ar
                                                        s
                                 S
                  To




                                                                               etl




                                                                               p
                                                                              an
                                          ls


                                                      at
                               B/




                                                                             Ba




                                                                             m
                                                                            rP
                                                                             lb




                                                                             m
                                                                           tsw
                                       ste


                                                    Fl




                                                                          tB
                             H/




                                                                           ar




                                                                          Ca
                                                                          su
                                                                          st




                                                                         ve
                                     Ho



                                                    -




                                                                        Se
                                                                         M
                             -




                                                                        as
                                                                       Ea
                                                 ex




                                                                       ut
                          ex




                                                                       Ri


                                                                      sit
                                                                     rE
                                      -




                                                                     Ts
                                               Al
                        Al




                                                                    an
                                   ex




                                                                  Fa
                                             d
                        d




                                                                  Tr
                                 Al


                                           Ol
                      Ol




                                                               ex
                               d
                             Ol




                                                             Al                                          Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
TV Channels Personally Watched Most Often
                     0                   50            100                 150


          SABC 1                              68


          SABC 2                        41

                                               Overall, most adults are
          SABC 3                   32          watching SABC3.

             E-TV                 28


None In Particular           22


    M-Net / DSTV         2



                                                          Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
             Who Watches Each Channel?
 SABC 1                68    SABC 2                          41
East Bank              95   Tsutsumani                       77
Tsutsumani             93   East Bank                        74
LSM 6                  92   LSM 7-10                         66
LSM 7-10               92   Far East Bank                    63
LSM 5                  86   Old Alex - Flats                 60
Old Alex - Flats       83   LSM 6                            57
                            LSM 5                            53
 SABC 3                32
Tsutsumani             72    E-TV                            28
East Bank              69   Tsutsumani                       79
Far East Bank          59   East Bank                        72
LSM 7-10               57   Far East Bank                    69
Old Alex - Flats       51   LSM 7-10                         55
River Park             49   River Park                       55
LSM 6                  49   LSM 6                            49
LSM 5                  42   Old Alex - Flats                 44



                                            Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                       Radio Stations Listen to
                           0                                                          50
                               % Adults
              Metro FM                                           30
              Ukhozi Fm                                     23
                   YFM                                      23
            Thobela FM                                     22
                  None                                17
         Motsweding FM                               16
          Lesedi Stereo                              16
               Kaya FM                          14
   Umhlobo Wenene FM                        7
Jacaranda 94.2 (Gauteng)                6
           Highveld 94.7                6
  Munghana Lonene FM                5
          PhalaPhala FM             5
                   5FM          2
                    702         2
          Ikwekwezi FM          2


                                                                 Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
    Newspapers Bought or Read Regularly

                              0                        % Adults                              50
                Dailies
                 Daily Sun                                                31
                  The Star                8
                 Sowetan              5

              Weeklies
                 AlexNews                                                      33
Township News (Quarterly)                                         22
            Sunday Times                          11
                City Press                        11          Other than the Daily Sun,
                                                             local Alex papers are most
            Sunday World                      9               widely read and appear to
           Soccer Laduma                  8                   provide the most targeted
                                                            method of reaching residents.
Citizen Saturday (National)       2
  Saturday Star (Gauteng)         2


                                                                        Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
DETAILS OF RESPONDENT




                Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
             Profile of Respondents
         GENDER                    AGE GROUP


                                    65+
                                   Years          20-24
                           50-64    7%            Years
                           Years                   8%
                            18%
                  Male
Female            44%                              25-34
 56%
                                                   Years
                                                    31%


                                    35-49
                                    Years
                                     36%




                                    Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                         Profile of Respondents
    MONTHLY HOUSEHOLD                                LSM GROUP
         INCOME
                                                    LSM 7-
      Not            Up To                            10
    answere          R699                            7%
                              R700 -                          LSM 1-3
       d              9%
                              R999                              16%
      24%                                  LSM 6
                               10%          22%
R5 000+                         R1 000 -
  7%                            R1 399
                                 11%
  R3 000 -                                                          LSM 4
                           R1 400 -
  R4 999                                                             28%
                           R1 999
   12%        R2 000 -                      LSM 5
                            11%
              R2 999                         27%
               16%




                                                      Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Profile of Respondents – Type of Dwelling
                        Abandoned
                      Industrial Area    Other
                            2%           2%
       Backyard
     Room/Garage
        17%                                         Old Alex House
                                                         31%


  Shack/Zozo In
   Backyard
     10%
                                                        Formal /
Shack In Shack                                      Contractor Built
 Settlement                                             House
    10%                                                  14%

                  Hostel
                                        RDP House
                   5%          Flat       6%
                               3%



                                                    Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
    Profile of Respondents – Home Language

             Venda   Other           Zulu and Sepedi (North Sotho) are the
              5%     3%
   Xhosa                      Zulu   most common home languages spoken
    7%                       31%     in Alex. Zulu is particularly dominant
 Tsonga                              in the hostels in Old Alex.
  7%
                                     Home Language*                              %
                                      Hostels: Zulu                       63% (+31)
                                      Setswetla: Tsonga                   47% (+40)
Sesotho                                           Sepedi                  35% (+10)
 9%                                   East Bank: Sesotho                   15% (+6)
                                      Far East Bank: Zulu                  41% (+9)
                                      Alex Transit Camp: Xhosa             15% (+6)
                                     * Significantly Different
                      Sepedi
                      25%
          Setswana
           13%



                                                           Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
   Profile of Respondents: Employment & Skills
                                                              Overall, 57% of respondents were
        Student / housewife
              3%
                                 Pensioner                    employed and 29% were looking
                                   9%
                                                              for work. Most respondents are
Unemployed & Not
                                   Employed Full-time
                                         36%
                                                              unskilled or at best semi-skilled.
   Looking
     2%
                                                              The least skilled live in Tshwetla,
                                                              Semi-Skilled in Tsutsumani and
                                                              the most skilled in East Bank.
  Unemployed &
Looking For Work
      27%                                                    OCCUPATION / TRAINING                   %
                                                             Unskilled / Manual                      54
  Informal,Looking
                                        Employed Part-time
    Permanent
                                              12%            Semi Skilled / Blue Collar              17
        2%
                                                             Skilled Worker / Trade /Artisan         18
                               Self-Employed - Full
          Self-Employed - Part       Time
                 Time                                        Clerical / Admin / White Collar          5
                                      6%
                  3%
                                                             Professional/ Managerial / Supervisor    7




                                                                            Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
   Profile of Respondents – Place of Birth
                  Other Province
                        6%         Other Country
                                        2%
    North-West
       5%                                      Alex
                                              33%
Eastern Cape
    6%

                                              Johannesburg
                                                 Area         Gauteng
                                                              43%
  KwaZulu-Natal                                   6%
     12%
                                               Rest Of
                                              Gauteng
                                                4%


                       Limpopo
                        26%



                                               Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
       Profile of Respondent: Marital Status
   Alex has a relatively high proportion of single parent households.

                                0           %   10     20         30       40        50

       Married,With Children                                     27
         Married,No Children                5
Living Together,With Children                    10
 Living Together,No Children                5
      Divorced,With Children            3
        Divorced,No Children        1
        Widow,With Children                 6
          Widow,No Children         2
         Single,With Children                               24
          Single,No Children                          17
                       Other        2


                                                                 Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
 Profile of Respondents: Employment & Skills
                      Degree Complete or
                         Incomplete                                 Although most respondents
                             1%
                                  None                              can read or write only 34%
            Post-Matric           5%
               6%                          Some Primary: Up To
                                                                    have a matric or more
                                               Grade 4
                                                  6%
                                                                    education and 6% have a
                                                                    diploma with some high
                                               Primary Completed:   school education. This
                                                   Grade 5-7
       Matric                                        12%            reinforces the lack of skills
       27%
                                                                    found in Alex and poses a
                                                                    challenge in reducing
                                                                    unemployment levels.
Some High School
 Plus Diploma
      6%
                      Some High School:
                        Grade 8-11
                                                            Literacy                         %
                           37%                                Can Read Or Write             91
                                                              Can't Read Or Write            9


                                                                         Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Comparisons with Earlier Surveys




                        Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
            Comparison with ARP Survey

‘DETERMINING OUR OWN DEVELOPMENT’ – A COMMUNITY-
BASED SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE OF ALEXANDRA.
1000 interviews conducted with a randomly selected adult amongst a
representative sample of households in Alex in 1998. The survey was
undertaken by CASE for the CF Beyers Naude Development Foundation.




                                              Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
% Adults Living in each Type of Accommodation
  There has been a significant increase in the percentage living in formal
 housing and a decrease in those in backyard shacks and rooms on stands
          BUT an increase in those living in shack settlements.
 100%           3                    3.5
               7.3                   10
               3.9                                         Other
                                     4.7
    80%                              2.7
                                                           Shacks in shack
               45.2                 26.9                  settlement
    60%                                                    Hostel
%




                                                           Flats
    40%
                                                           Backyard shack /
                                    52.2                  room on stand
    20%        40.6                                        Formal house on
                                                          stand

    0%

              1998                  2005
                                                    Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Changing Accommodation Profile 1998 - 2005
       A significant improvement in standard of accommodation.
                                         1998             2005
                                      Adults      %     Adults       %
 Formal house on stand                63892     40.6   115811     52.2
 Backyard shack / room on stand       71060     45.2    59718     26.9
 Flats                                 6200      3.9     6030       2.7
 Hostel                               11454      7.3    10440       4.7
 Shacks in shack settlement            4723      3.0    22263     10.0
 Other                                     0     0.0     7808       3.5
 TOTAL                               157329     100    222070      100
                                         1998              2005
                                    H'holds       %    H'holds       %
 Formal House On Stand                15739     31.7     48230    51.0
 Backyard Shack /room On Stand        22308     44.9     25124    26.6
 Flats                                 1452      2.9      2364      2.5
 Hostel                                8411     16.9      4963      5.2
 Shacks In Shack settlement            1787      3.6     10116    10.7
 Other                                    0      0.0      3803      4.0
                                      49697     100      94600     100

                                                Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
         Energy: 1998 to 2005
                      1998   2005
                        %      %
Electricity in Home     62     88
Heating:
- Electricity           59     52
- Paraffin / Primus     28     25
- Coal / wood            5      6
Lighting:
- Electricity           62     88
- Candles               30     29
- Paraffin / gas         7      5
Cooking:
- Electricity           55     84
- Paraffin / primus     38     24
- Gas                    6      5
- Coal / wood            1      2


                              Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
          Water and Toilets: 1998 to 2005
                         1998   2005
WATER                      %       %
Inside Home                23     22
On Stand / in Yard         63     56
Communal                   13     21

Satisfied with Quality     63    77

TOILETS
- Flush inside             21    20               2005
- Flush outside            63    72           47 On stand
- Bucket                   11     3           25 Communal
- Chemical                  3     2
- None / veld               2     1

Share Toilets                                     2005
- Yes                      89    76           65 On stand
- Own household only        9    23           11 Communal

                                       Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
           Items in Home: 1998 to 2005
          The greatest increase has been in TVs and fridges.

    100
           69                              1998    2005
          65



                       64


                                 59
                  47




                                      44
%




    50

                            40



                                           34


                                                   16
                                                  13



                                                           10
                                                          6



                                                                     6


                                                                         3
                                                                 1


                                                                         1
     0




                                                               ter
                                                             pu
                                                            m
                                                          Co
                                                          Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                          Employment: 1998 to 2005
    There has been an increase in informal / self-employment, a decline in
                unemployment and an increase in pensioners.
          100
                                                            1998    2005
%




           50
                       37
                       37




                                                                    31
                                                                   27
                                     14
                                     12


                                                       11




                                                                                              9
                                                      7




                                                                            5
                                                            2
                                                            2




                                                                                    2

                                                                                          2
                                                                           1

                                                                                    1
               0




                                                                                  ife
                   e



                                                  e




                                                                                ew
                 im


                                             Tim



                                               al
                                           rm
             ll-T




                                                                              us
                                          rt-




                                                                            Ho
                                         fo
           Fu



                                       Pa



                                     / in
          ed



                      d


                                  ed
                    ye
        oy


                 plo



                                oy
      pl
    Em




                              pl
               Em



                             m
                         lf-e
                       Se




                                                                           Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
          Education Completed: 1998 to 2005
There has been some progress in terms of matriculants and post-matriculants

    50




                                 37
                                      36
              1998     2005




                                                             27
%




    25




                                                        20
                       15
                            12




                                                                        7
          6
              6




                                                 6




                                                                    3
                                             2
    0
          Up To      Grade 5-7 Grade 8-11    Some       Matric    Any Post-
         Grade 4                              High                 Matric
                                            School &
                                            Diploma

                                                       Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
               Household Income: 1998 to 2005
                   Average 1998 = R964 Average 2005 = R2467.
    50
           1998      2005


                        32




                                       23
%




    25
          18




                                  18




                                                16
                             14




                                                          12




                                                                      7
               6




                                            3




                                                      2




                                                                  1
    0
          Up to         R501-    R1001-    R2001-    R3001-    R5001+
         R500 per     R1000 per R2000 per R2999 Per R4999 Per per month
          month        month     month     Month     Month

                                                     Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
                 Household Income 1998 to 2005
 Household incomes in Alex have outstripped inflation – estimated to be 61%
higher than they would have been if increases had been based on inflation alone


 Year                        Average     CPIX    Based on inflation between
                    Household Income             1998 and 2005 the average
 1998                           964          7   household income in Alex
 1999*                         1031        6.9   would have increased from
 2000*                         1103        7.7   R964 pm to R1528 per
 2001*                         1188        5.7   month – 1.59 times.
 2002*                         1255        9.3
                                                 It increased from R964 to
 2003*                         1372        6.8
 2004*                         1465        4.3
                                                 R2467 – 2.55 times or 61%
 2005*                         1528        3.4   higher than it would have
 2005 (actual)                 2467              been based on inflation
 * estimate based on CPIX                        alone.



                                                      Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
          Alex vs Gauteng and South Africa
 Household incomes in Alex in 2005 (R2467 per month) are well below the
 national average and the Gauteng average of 2004. They also remain well
below the Gauteng average and the average for black households in Gauteng
     while being well above the national average for black households.


 Average Household Income 2004
                       South Africa                         Gauteng
                            R's pm                           R's pm
 Total                        4092                             6714
 Black                        2410                             3806
 Source AMPS 2004




                                                  Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Place of Birth & Home Language: 1998 to 2005
                                   1998     2005
  PLACE OF BIRTH                      %       %
   Gauteng                           39       42
   Limpopo                           29       26
   KwaZulu Natal                     13       12
   Eastern Cape                       7        6
   North West                         6        5
   Mpumalanga                         3        3
   Other SA                           1        3
   Other Country                      2        2
  HOME LANGUAGE                       %       %
   Zulu                              30       32
   Sepedi (North Sotho)              27       25
   Setswana                          12       13
   Xhosa                             10        7
   Tsonga                             8        7
   Sesotho (South Sotho)              6        9
   Venda                              5        5
   Other                              2        2

                              Alex Benchmark Survey 2005
Alex Benchmark Survey




                  Alex Benchmark Survey 2005

				
DOCUMENT INFO