RACQ Pre-Purchase Inspection Checklist by hjkuiw354

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									RACQ Pre-Purchase Inspection Checklist
Take a printed copy of this checklist every time you inspect a car – so you can compare vehicles "side-by-side”.



  1. Vehicle details                                                            Notes

                                                                      Date:



                                                  Owner/Sellers Name:




                                                                  Address:




                                             Vehicle Make and Model:



                                                  Registration Number:



                                                         Engine Number:




                              Vehicle Identification Number (VIN):



                                                    Odometer Reading:




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  2. Initial checks                                                             Notes

  Is a vehicle service history available?


  Has it been regularly serviced?

  Do odometer readings on service documents correspond with the
  odometer reading?

  Does the car have a current Safety Certificate (valid for < 2
  months and 2,000 km for private sales and < 3 months and 1,000
  km for dealer sales)?

  Additional considerations for private sales:

  Do the owner’s name & address, and the car’s engine number,
  registration number & VIN match those on the registration papers?

  Is there any sign of tampering around the engine number, body
  number or compliance plate?

  Does the compliance plate accurately reflect the car (body style,
  seating capacity etc)?

  Is the VIN on the plate the same as the number stamped on the
  body?



  3. Exterior checks*
  * Never inspect when it has been raining or at night, even if well- lit.      Notes

  Bodywork
  Almost every car has minor bumps and small dents that accumulate
  from normal usage. Be more concerned about panels that don’t line
  up and variations in paint colour and finish, these can indicate
  previous accident damage and warrant further investigation.




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  Doors
  Check that all doors open and close smoothly and do not sag or
  drop when opened. Make sure all windows wind up and down
  freely and that all locks work properly. Torn or perished rubbers
  may not appear significant, but can be costly to replace.

  Rust
  Look for bulges or blisters under the paint, particularly in lower
  panels. Check under door seals, the boot well and the lower
  sections of the mudguards. Lift mats and carpet if possible. Check
  around front and rear windscreen openings and in the roof drip
  rails. A fridge magnet can help identify where plastic filler has been
  used to conceal rust. If the magnet doesn’t stick to “metal” body
  panelling, it’s likely to be filled with plastic.

  On 4WD’s look carefully at the chassis rails for scaly rust and a
  build up of dirt and sand that can cause rust. Be suspicious of any
  vehicle that has been freshly coated with “body deadener”, you don’t
  know what’s under it. Very rusty vehicles should be avoided.

  Suspension
  Push down each corner of the car in turn, it should bounce once,
  then return to its normal position. Extra bounce suggests faulty
  shock absorbers.

  Stand back and look at the vehicle. It should be level with little
  difference side-to-side or front to back. Unevenness may indicate
  spring problems. Listen for knocks and unusual noises on rough
  roads and bumps. This may indicate worn suspension components.

  Tyres
  Legal tyres (for Safety Certificate approval) must have at least 1.5
  mm of tread across the full face of the tyre that contacts the road.
  Once the tread drops below this, the tyres must be replaced.

  Check that the spare is in good condition. Tyres should be free
  from cuts, bulges and uneven wear (which may indicate suspension
  or alignment problems). Tyre specifications are usually listed in the
  owner’s handbook and Tyre Placard (on the glovebox lid or in the
  driver’s door opening). Check this to ensure the car has the
  appropriate tyres fitted.




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  4. Interior checks                                                            Notes

  Lights
  Check all lights work and that lenses are not badly faded or broken.

  Windscreen wipers
  Check that they operate on all speeds and that the washers work.

  Instruments and gauges
  Make sure all instruments (including the odometer), gauges, and
  warning lights work.

  Stereo/radio
  Check all speakers and radio/stereo controls work. If the radio has
  a security code, remember to ask for the code before purchase.

  Air conditioning
  Air from the vents should feel cold when the air conditioning is
  operating. The fan should operate on all speeds and the air
  conditioning compressor should not be excessively noisy.

  Seats
  All seats should be securely mounted. Lift up any seat covers to
  check the condition of the upholstery. Press along the seats surface
  to check for broken or sagged springs. Check that all seat
  adjustments operate correctly, particularly if power seats are fitted.

  Seat belts
  Fully extend all seat belts, they should not be badly sun bleached,
  cut, frayed or in any way damaged. They should retract, and when
  given a sharp tug, the retractor should lock. Check that all seat belt
  buckles lock and release easily.


  5. Under the bonnet                                                           Notes

  Radiator
  For your safety only remove the radiator cap when the engine is
  cold. The coolant should be clean and full. Rusty coolant and/or low




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  coolant levels indicate that the vehicle may not be well serviced.

  Very rusty coolant or oil in the radiator are warning signs that the
  cooling system, and probably the engine, requires repairs or
  maintenance. Run your fingers over the radiator core fins. They
  should be solid and not crumble when touched. If they do the
  radiator has limited life.

  If the radiator has plastic tanks, check they have not begun to lose
  their black colouring, or to develop fine cracks. These conditions
  mean that the tank or tanks should be replaced to prevent serious
  engine damage.

  Hoses
  Water hoses that are very soft and spongy or very hard will need to
  be replaced to avoid serious engine damage.

  Oil
  The engine oil should be up to the full mark on the dipstick and
  should not be too dark in colour or smell burnt. If the oil level is
  low or the oil appears milky, dark, or smells burnt there may be
  serious engine trouble. Check the ground where the vehicle has
  been parked, there should be no evidence of oil leakage.

  Automatic Transmission fluid
  Automatic transmission fluid should be cherry pink. Dark, dirty or
  burnt smelling oil is an indication of major problems or lack of
  servicing.


  < NOW START THE ENGINE >

  It should start easily and idle smoothly even when cold. Let the
  engine warm up. Once warm, have someone rev the engine a few
  times while you watch the exhaust for smoke. Blue, black or white
  smoke may mean problems.

  Listen for rattling and knocking while the engine warms up and then
  again once it is fully warm. Have anything you are not sure about
  checked before you commit to the purchase.




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  6. The test drive*
  *If possible take someone with mechanical knowledge along on the test         Notes
  drive to help identify defects or unusual noises.

  Insurance
  Before you take the car for a test drive make sure it is covered by
  insurance. Failing to do so could leave you responsible for any damage
  resulting from an accident. Also identify any existing damage to the
  vehicle and draw it to the seller’s attention before the test drive.

  Brakes
  Before you go too far on the test drive pick a safe place to try the
  brakes. The pedal should feel solid when the brakes are applied and
  the car should pull up in a straight line. The hand brake should
  effectively hold the car on a hill in either direction. Brakes should
  not make grinding or squealing noises, pull to one side or be
  inefficient in stopping the car.

  Clutch and transmission
  Transmissions in both manual and automatic cars should shift
  smoothly. Automatics shouldn’t have any undue delay in selecting
  gears and manuals shouldn’t “crunch” during shifts. The clutch
  shouldn’t shudder or slip. Remember to check reverse too.

  Handling and noises
  The car should drive straight on a flat road, if it pulls to one side or
  has excessive free play in the steering there may be a steering or
  suspension fault. Drive over a variety of road surfaces at different
  speeds to find any abnormal behaviours and unusual noises.

  Keep the windows up and the radio off while checking for noises. If the
  car is front wheel drive, find a safe place to do some low speed
  circles on left and right full lock. A “clicking” noise from either front
  wheel indicates worn CV joints.

  After the test drive
  After the test drive while the engine is hot, check again for smoke,
  noises and oil leaks. Also remove the oil filler cap while the engine
  is idling to check for excessive fumes that indicate a worn engine.




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