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The Parsonage The Parsons Newsletter / Nuusbrief A member of the Balule Nature Reserve May 2007 Volume 8 Edited and compiled by John & Terry Sadie incident can be read in Crispian Barlow’s preliminary In this issue report, which is included in this newsletter. While most From the Editor … ...................................................................1 Parsons staff are able to get lifts to and from town, Tree of the month – the Marula................................................2 through the generosity of various people like the Quote of the month ..................................................................3 Hartman’s and others who pick them up in town, at the Letters from Parsons ...............................................................3 gate or on the road which has minimised the pedestrian Some years ago............................................................................... 3 traffic on the road, but what does concern me is the number staff that move about Parsons after working Sal jy bly staan om uit te vind of die olifant wil skrikmaak of doodmaak? ..............................................................................4 hours and off-duty times, visiting friends and family on neighbouring farms, often still on the road after dark. Deadly Elephant Encounter .....................................................5 The Night Skies over Parsons – Orion.....................................6 Terry and I witnessed an incident on the road that Snippets … ..............................................................................7 passes our residence. We were in the kitchen late one afternoon when we saw a large elephant bull strolling KNP cuts down on water usage....................................................... 7 down the road towards the river. It suddenly stopped New laws could tempt private landowners into conservation and turned around; facing the direction it had come field ..........................................................................................8 from. It raised itself up on its front legs and pointed its The Honey Badger of Yamani..................................................8 trunk straight out. Our immediate reaction was “Oh, The Gecko – Bibron’s thick-toed gecko ...................................8 sh.t!” We rushed outside to see what was happening. Totsiens Oom Pierre ................................................................9 The elephant had started to charge up the road and Petrus Stephanus van Zyl - 17/02/1927 – 03/05/2007 .................... 9 there were two male Parsons staff further up the road, Test your eyes!!! ....................................................................10 walking down towards the elephant, talking on the top of Sowaar as Padda Manel Dra .................................................10 their voices and totally oblivious to the elephant, which was about 250m away. Their conversation was abruptly Something a little different ... .................................................11 interrupted, before we could warn them, as they You know you live in SA when… ................................................... 11 suddenly became aware of the impending danger and The Hippo and the Tortoise ...................................................12 rapidly rushed in different directions into the bush. The Two Speed Crossword .................................................................. 13 elephant stopped, shook its head and trumpeted its Sudoku with a difference ............................................................... 13 displeasure and then proceeded to calmly continue back Our Banking Details ...............................................................14 down the road towards the river. We spoke to the two Parsons Nature Reserve Golf Shirts......................................14 staff members afterwards and they were badly shaken. From the Editor … Even though some landowners and lodges have had their staff sign indemnities to make them aware of the This has turned out a real bumper issue, reaching 14 risks and that moving about Parsons after hours and pages for the first time. during off-duty time is at their own risk, it has not It is with sadness that I report that Oom Pierre passed stopped them moving about after hours and after dark. I away peacefully in his sleep on the 3rd May. See page 9. sent out blank indemnities in English and Afrikaans in MSWord format to all landowners in February; please let There is still nothing to report on the land claim. It had me know if you want another copy. not been gazetted at the time of completing this newsletter. This month I continue gazing at the nights skies with a look at the constellation of Orion. One of our worst fears has happened; there has been a deadly elephant attack, and it is not with relief that I say Fans of Annie-Louisa’s elephant stories will be pleased that the incident occurred in Grietjie and not in Parsons, to see the next episode. as it can so easily happen here. There was no drama, This month we also see the first of Thomas Oschger’s no dramatic showdown, simply, a couple walking to work Letters from Parsons. Most of us know Thomas and one morning and encountered elephant on the road and his lovely wife Beryl and the Oschger family’s long decided to take evasive action. The details of the association with Parsons, being amongst the first Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 1 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief landowners in Parsons, dating back to the mid 1960’s. branches is smooth and grey with prominent scars Thomas’ father, Corrie or The Old Man as Thomas formed by the dropped leaves, but grey and flaking in affectionately calls him, originally owned what is now patches on older branches and stems. The leaves are Nyati, before buying a number of the smaller properties. unevenly compound with 7–13 pairs of leaflets plus a I am looking forward to reading some of the stories that terminal one that are crowded near the ends of made his father a legend, what some of the older branches. Young leaves are mostly toothed. It flowers in landowners call a notorious legend. 50–80 mm long sprays, with sexes on separate trees. The flowers are yellow and tinged with red. The fruit is My embarrassing blunder of sending out the April 2006 fleshy and spherical, 30–35 mm in diameter. The fruit is newsletter instead the April 2007 edition had one good yellow when mature with a white clinging flesh and a effect; it spurred Bosman Kruger of Yamani to respond large stone. The wood is light reddish brown to white, to the Honey Badger article in it. Most people noticed with no definite heartwood. The wood is soft and light that something was wrong, but no one picked up on the (air-dries to 560 kg/m3) and is susceptible to borer and date. termite attack if not treated. Wessel, paging through an old copy (November 2001) of the Balule Newsletter, came across an enjoyable tale about a tree frog, by Albertus Britz, a tale worth retelling. Another interesting submission by Wessel is the report by Tony Carnie of the World Parks Congress in Durban in 2003. The last weekend of April was a busy weekend with many landowners having guests. Unfortunately, the behaviour of many of the guests was not acceptable. They drove into homesteads, despite No Entry/Private Property signs. This is exceptionally annoying and I don’t blame landowners, whose privacy and peace and quite has been disturbed, to take serious exception and show their annoyance. I’m tired of excuses like “Ek het net verdwyn”, or “I just wanted to see where this road went”. I have no problem with someone who is genuinely lost, it does happen, but not a bakkie, obviously on a game drive, often with a load of drunken revellers on the back. In Afrikaans it is known as maroela, in Northern Sotho as morula, in Zulu as umGanu. The botanical name is I encountered a guest on the road who complained Sclerocarya birrea subspecies Caffra. The marula about an irate landowner. When I told him that he had belongs to the mango family (Anacardiaceae). The left the game drive route and had trespassed, he was name derivation come from sclerocarya meaning hard adamant he had not. I responded that the landowner nut and birrea from birr, the common name for the tree would have only got angry if he was trespassing. I then in Senegal, and caffra comes from Kaffraria, which noticed that there was wood on the back of his bakkie, means Eastern Cape. which he had obviously picked up along the way. I told him it was against the law to take wood out the veld and that it was considered poaching. His response was that there was plenty wood on the farm he was visiting. I told him again that taking ANY wood out the veld is considered poaching and if reported, he could have his vehicle impounded, at which, he drove off. There were further complaints that this particular individual and his friends were noisy and were driving around at all hours of the night. Well that is it from me for this month and I’ve had my rant, so be well, be happy and please read and enjoy … John John@sangasava.com Tree of the month – the Marula The tree flowers from September to November and the by John & Terry Sadie fruit occurs from January to March. It is found from Ethiopia in the north to KwaZulu-Natal in the south. It The marula is a deciduous tree that grows up to 18 m tall with a round to spreading crown. The bark on young Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 2 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief grows in various types of woodland on sand to sandy A decoction of the bark is taken to treat dysentery and loam. diarrhoea and prophyllactically for malaria. A brandy tincture of the bark is taken in small doses as a prophylactic against malaria. The bark contains 20.5% tannin and some alkaloids. The moist inner bark has an antihistaminic action against insect bites and the burns of hairy caterpillars. The skin of the fruit can be boiled in water to make a drink; it is also burnt and used either as a substitute for coffee or as a snuff. Burns and abscesses are treated with an essence made from the leaves. A relatively good-quality rope can be made from the inner bark. Cattle and game (elephant, giraffe, eland, kudu, waterbuck and warthog) are extremely fond of the fruit and leaves. The fruit falls to the ground while still green and ripens on the ground, where it turns to its distinctive yellow. Elephant are extremely fond of the bark and will often severely damage trees by completely ring-barking them. Meyer’s parrots feed on the kernels of green fruit. The wood is used for furniture and to a lesser extent, panelling. It is a popular wood for carvings and household articles. In the Okavango swamps of Botswana, straight trunks are often cut down and hollowed out to make traditional swamp canoes The marula tree is easily grown from seed. Plant seed (mokoros). The fruit is popular with humans and many directly into black nursery bags filled with river sand and bird and animal species and is rich in vitamin C, with up keep in the shade until seedlings appear. The best to 2 mg/cc being recorded. seeds to use are those from the fruit found in the dung of elephant. Truncheons of 100–150 mm in diameter Jelly and jam can be and 2 m long can be planted in early spring. It is one of Fruit analysis (Quinn, 1959 & Wehmeyer, 1967) made from the fruit. It the fastest growing trees in South Africa with a growth Average mass 17.99 g produces a good- rate of up to 15m per year. Skin 41% quality semi-sweet and Seed 52.51% sweet wine, port, beer, Edible flesh 6.47% juice and nectar. The Vitamin C 67.9 mg/100 g story that originated Calcium 6.2 mg/100 g from the Jamie Uys Magnesium 10.5 mg/100 g movie, Funny People, Phosphorus 8.7 mg/100 g while very appealing Potassium 54.8 mg/100 g and entertaining, is a Fructose 0.97 g/100 ml myth. It takes a very Glucose 0.75 g/100 ml large quantity of fruit to Sucrose 5.95 g/100 ml produce a sufficient quantity of liquor that would be enough to induce intoxication. Each seed contains two or three edible nuts and oil can be pressed from these and used as a preservative. The nuts can be Quote of the month eaten raw or roasted and taste not to different from chosen by Henneli Bronkhorst walnuts. Be careful the first time you eat these nuts, as overindulgence will get you going and you will have to When you get into a tight place and everything goes stay in close proximity to the toilet. The nut is high in against you, till it seems as though you could not hold on protein (28%). a minute longer, never give up then, for that is just the place and time that the tide will turn. – Harriet Beecher The marula makes a wonderful shade tree in the Stowe. garden. Improved strains of the marula can be planted in an orchard format for the commercial production of fruit. Letters from Parsons It is drought-resistant but young trees are frost-sensitive. Some years ago Plant young plants or truncheons in scattered groups of by Thomas Oschger 5 to 10 individuals in a suitable habitat. Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 3 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief After 2 to 3 windy and overcast days, towards late Take it easy, but take it. afternoon the weather settled and produced a really beautiful sunset. The crimson light and cloud formations Sal jy bly staan om uit te vind of die olifant made an absolutely beautiful show. Even now at 7.39pm wil skrikmaak of doodmaak? as I write this letter, it is still spectacular, with ribs of deur Annie-Louisa Schutte van Lala Ndlovu white and grey cloud; as If the ocean were turned upside My Liewe Bosveld Vriende, down and the tide was coming in, simply the best. Hier is nou die beloofde twee ander ware olifant stories Beryl has been catching up on her gardening, as we wat in ons geliefde Parsons plaasgevind het: haven’t been down to Kringgat as often as we would have wanted. Yesterday she had a run in with a wasp’s Gabby en Tokkie De Cort van Ikhayalengwe het ŉ nest and today she called me over to show me a snake beloofde kuiertjie by Tsakane gaan aflê toe Neil Smollen skin. I have seen many skins shed by snakes before, but met woes swaaiende arms hulle inwag, toe hulle die not a complete skin, this perfect, 3.35 meters long with kamp binne ry. Tokkie wat gedink het dat Neil darem the jaw and eye holes still intact. It’s amazing to think nou buitengewoon bly was om hulle te ontvang het this guy is now slithering around in a new outfit, chatting spoedig agtergekom, dat Neil hulle daarop probeer up the female snakes with new confidence, a pity us attent maak, dat ŉ yslike paarlustige olifantbul besig was humans can’t copy this act. om hulle van agteraf te bestorm. Gabby en Tokkie wat glad nie Tsakane se kamp geken het nie, het die kamp With the recent good rains we have had, the bush is binne gejaag en ŉ weg uit die kamp probeer soek om looking its best, but what with all the geel apels all over van die olifantbul te probeer wegkom. Toe hulle besef the veld, it’s amazing how every year we have a hulle pad eindig by ŉ doodloop het hulle elkeen met ŉ domination of some plant sort, which reminds me of a hond onder die arm, Gabby met Lizzie en Tokkie met story; no offence meant, but most of us will remember Sallie, uitgespring en na die naaste chalet laat spaander Mr Roodtman who persisted in keeping his goats and om skuiling te vind. Hulle was oortuig dat die olifant se cattle on his 2 plots which by law could only support 1.3 grief, om een of ander rede, teen die voertuig gemik was cows per plot. These animals roamed around at will and en nie teen hulle nie. Die eerste chalet se deur was later after many complaints a herdsman accompanied gesluit en so ook elke ander een wat hulle na toe them. Well, my story takes place before the employment gehardloop het. Teen hierdie tyd was dit baie duidelik of the herdsman. dat hierdie paarlustige olifantbul se grief nie teen die I would come down to Parson's to relax with nature but voertuig gemik was nie. Nee! Hy was kwaadwillig was repeatedly aggravated by the bleating of goats or teenoor mense! Om lewe en dood moes hulle van een the ringing of a cowbell outside my fence. chalet na die ander hardloop en skuiling soek teen ŉ verwoede bosreus wat hulle wou vermorsel. Gabby het die stalasie waarop die water tenk gestaan het met ŉ uitkyk bo-op, opgemerk en vir Tokkie gesê dat hulle soontoe moet hol en daar opklim om weg te kom van die olifant. Genadiglik het hulle, nog steeds met Lizzie en Sallie onder die arms, die uitkyk ongedeerd gehaal. Daar moes hulle vir ŉ goeie uur sit en wag voor die kwaadwillige ou bosreus pad gevat het. Almal was dit verseker eens, hierdie was nie ŉ skrikmaak nie, dit was beslis ŉ doodloop waaruit hulle ontsnap het. Ons kom een middag so om en by 16uur Lala Ndlovu se werf binne gery na ons maandelikse dorpsdag met ŉ vrag vol kruideniers en werkers van Parsons op die Isuzu, toe ons die grote Suaviter (fatsoenlik geaard) by On this particular Saturday afternoon I was busy outside die suiping op ons werf opmerk. Soos altyd is ons maar when again I heard this tinkling sound, damn, those versigtig, veral omdat ons teenaan hierdie groot goats again, this time I had had enough, I grabbed my olifantbul moet verby ry om voor ons huis te kan parkeer sons pellet gun and walked down the road towards the vir die groot aflaai. Ons klim af, laai af, hy gaan rustig sound which was coming from the approach road to my aan met takkies pluk en vreet van die sekelbos langs die house. Following the road, I came across the cause of suiping. Hy loer net so af en toe witoog na ons kant toe the sound. There was my Dad with a bottle of water and maar verder kon ons net sowel nie eers daar gewees a bottle of Mint Punch tied together with a riempie, the het nie. Hy swaai nie eers pantoffelvoet heen en weer cause of the tinkling sound. He was accompanied by his nie, want dis mos wat ŉ olifant gewoonlik doen as hy dog and his Siamese cat. All had walked from 21 to 31 onrustig raak. Suaviter is ŉ ou kuiergas hier op Lala because as he put it, “man, ek soek net so ŉ bietjie Ndlovu. Ons reken ons ken hom al. Hy is nog altyd geselskap.” fatsoenlik van geaardheid. Met die werkers weg na hulle Who could not welcome a guest of such calibre? huise toe, pak ek ons maand se voorraad weg en Johan Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 4 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief besluit om hom op ŉ tuinstoel, sowat 20 meter van ons bones. Rigor mortis had passed and the joints were kuiergas af, te gaan tuismaak. Sauviter het naderhand flexible. besluit hy het genoeg van die sekelbos verorber en The police were informed and after their investigation, stadig nader beweeg na Johan toe. Johan het bly sit the body was removed. totdat sy kuiergas die helfte van die afstand tussen hulle laat krimp het en toe stadig opgestaan en in die opening The Investigation van die motorhuis gaan staan. Nou was hulle seker so The area was searched by the warden on 15/04/07 and 12 meter van mekaar af. Nog steeds het Suaviter voetjie vir voetjie rustig nader beweeg terwyl hy sy slurp with the GNR tracker and later by Limpopo conservation nuuskierig na Johan toe uitgesteek het, sonder ŉ flap officers on 16/04/07. Spoor of elephants were located and examined and workers were spoken to. There were van die ore of enige teken van aggressie. Toe hy 8 meter van Johan af staan het hy wat manlief is, stadig no witnesses and the conclusion is based on the maar seker padgegee. Johan is heilig oortuig dat hierdie evidence of the scene, the investigators’ knowledge of gemoedelike ou bosreus wou vriende maak. Ja, elephant behaviour, and their familiarity with the area. moontlik maar my liewe vriende, wie sal nou bly staan An extensive search of the reserve for aggressive elephants was also conducted with no result. om uit te vind? Nie ek nie, nie jy nie en ook nie Johan nie. Wie weet dalk sou dit die storie van ŉ leeftyd The Results gewees het. Ons kon dalk ons volgende aankope gaan doen het “te olifant” soos “te perd”. Maar, dit kon ook net It is apparent that the two pedestrians encountered an sowel tragies uitgedraai het en was ek dan nou, ŉ elephant and detoured to go around it, heading away grafsteen weduwee met die trein op pad na Pretoria. from the tar road, crossing plot 126 and deeper into the bush. As they ran the man headed in a northerly Versigtige Groot Olifant Groete. direction and the woman headed in a southerly direction. Approximately 50m from where she started running, Deadly Elephant Encounter there were at least 3 elephants and she ran into them in The preliminary report by Crispian Barlow the thick bushes. The elephants apparently got a fright Chief Warden, Grietjie Nature Reserve and instinctively and defensively one of them grabbed The Incident the woman and threw her to the ground. The elephants then fled the scene and the woman died as a result of On Saturday, 14th April 2007, at approximately 06H30 injuries sustained. An autopsy will reveal the actual Lyina Mbokoda and her husband Moses Ndlovu were cause of death but the possibilities are that she; (a) bled walking from their residence at plot 98 towards Lyina’s to death from her femoral artery or (b) as she is 59 years place of work at plot 5, C.A.R.E. On plot 126 they old and overweight – died of heart failure. encountered an elephant and both parties fled in opposite directions. Moses ran back towards home, and The Conclusion Lyina, towards work. At 12H00 the same day, Moses There have been several incidents of elephants reported to plot 93 that they had been chased and that encountering pedestrians, usually at short notice in the he thought his wife had continued on to her work. bush, or when the elephants are disturbed by On Sunday, 15th April 2007, at 14H40, Moses reported aggressive human behaviour i.e. shooting, revving to the main gate that his wife had apparently not been at vehicle engines, quad bikes etc. work and therefore he was going to look for her. At In this incident, the victim left the relative safety of the 14H50 the warden of the reserve was informed, and at public tar road, running to avoid an elephant and went 15H10 the body of the deceased was found in the bush into the thick bush where she unexpectedly encountered approximately 70m in from the tar road. three resting elephants. These elephants, also surprised The Scene by the sudden encounter, reacted defensively and tossed the women, then left the scene. The area is bush with some mopane, commiphora and bush willow trees of varying heights up to 2-3m and There are no signs of an aggressive elephant attack. some marula trees of up to 15m. There is also a sandy The body was left alone, and not trampled, pulled apart, stream bed. further gored, squashed by an elephant forehead or pulled into the bush and covered with branches as often The body of a black female was found lying face-down occurs in genuine aggression situations. with her arms stretched in front of her and hands clasped, in the sandy stream bed. The nearest elephant This was an accidental encounter resulting in death. spoor was 3.1m away. In the area were signs of other Recommendations elephants and blood spoor 4.6m away from the body. Injuries of a tusk-sized hole to the inner right thigh were • Employers assume a more responsible approach to observed. There was a small bite mark which appeared the travel needs of their employees. 120 staff are to have occurred after death, to her right calf region. employed by 89 land owners on 120 plots within the There were no other visible signs of injury and an Grietjie Nature Reserve. inspection of the body failed to locate any major broken Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 5 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief • Pedestrian traffic is minimized by signage and boast. In any case, it seems clear that it was the Earth education. Goddess who sent the scorpion on its mission. It is to be noted that the roads within the Grietjie Nature Some stories have the scorpion killing Orion with its Reserve are public roads and the reserve management sting. However the general consensus is that he cannot prevent anyone from travelling on them. Anyone engaged the scorpion in battle but quickly realised its in the bush may, however, be trespassing and subject to armour was impervious to any mortal's attack. Orion arrest. then jumped into the sea and swam toward Delos. But Apollo had witnessed Orion's struggle with the scorpion The Night Skies over Parsons – Orion and would not let him escape so easily. He challenged by John Sadie his sister Artemis, who was an excellent shot, if she Orion is the master of the summer skies. He lords over could hit that small black object far away in the sea, the the heavens from December to April, with his hunting head, he told her, of an infamous and treacherous dog Sirius trailing at his feet. villain. Artemis struck the object with her first shot. She then swam out to retrieve her victim's corpse, and When we look at the direction of Orion on summer discovered she had killed Orion. Artemis implored the evenings we are looking away from the centre of the gods to restore his life, but Zeus objected. So she put galaxy. Orion's image in the heavens. In his eternal hunting, Orion is careful to keep well ahead of the scorpion. In fact Orion has disappeared over the horizon by the time Scorpio rises in the east, as it becomes his turn to rule the evening sky. Finding Orion should be no problem. Its stars are some of the most familiar in all the heavens. Question: Can you name the three stars that make up Orion's Belt? (Answer below.) Above the belt, slightly to the left, is Betelgeuse (alpha Orionis). Betelgeuse, the right arm of Orion (or armpit as the name suggests), glows with a dull red. Although labelled alpha Orionis, it is less bright than beta Orionis (Rigel), in the opposite corner of the constellation, to the southwest. Although slightly less bright, it is much larger, The mythic tales of Orion go as far back as the Hittites, luminosity is estimated at around 250 Suns. If one were who flourished from the 2000 BC to around 1200 BC. to replace our Sun with Betelgeuse, its size would completely engulf the Earth and extend as far as Mars. One story from this culture gives an interesting account of Orion's death. Here he is called Aqhat, and was a As the brightest star in Orion, Rigel ranks as the seventh handsome and famous hunter. The Battle-Goddess Anat brightest star in all the heavens, just behind Capella. It is fell in love with Aqhat, but when he refused to lend her a visual binary; its companion is much fainter, but quite his bow, she sent another man to steal it. This chap visible if you are persistent enough. bungled the job, and wound up killing Aqhat and The other corners of the constellation are formed by dropping the bow into the sea. This is said to explain the Bellatrix (gamma Orionis) and Saiph (kappa Orionis). It astronomical fact that Orion and the Bow (an older was once thought that all women born under the sign of version of the constellation) drops below the horizon for Bellatrix would be fortunate and have the gift of speech. two months every year. The star's name is often translated as Female Warrior or Like all myths borrowed from several sources over a Amazon, and has also been called the Amazon Star. great length of time, the Greek stories offer many The constellation's main feature is of course the three variations. Generally speaking, Orion was known as the stars which form the belt across the middle of Orion; dweller of the mountain, and was famous for his from west to east Mintaka, Alnilam, and Alnitak. Even prowess both as a hunter and as a lover. But when he the Bible makes reference to this famous group. God, boasted that he would eventually rid the earth of all thewhile pointing out how all-powerful he was, is purported wild animals, his doom may have been sealed. to have asked Job if he (Job) was able to loose the It might have been the Earth Goddess herself who sent bands of Orion (Job 38.31). the deadly scorpion to Orion, or possibly Apollo, The last of these stars is also known as zeta Orionis, concerned that Orion had designs on his sister, Artemis. and is a well known triple star system. The primary is a Thus Apollo may have told the Earth Goddess of Orion's blue-white star, and its companion is a dull red. Close Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 6 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief by, just to the south, is the renowned Horsehead Inside the nebula is the fascinating four-star system Nebula, a so-called dark nebula that is not visible in known as The Trapezium: theta 1A, 1B, 1C, and 1D - scopes but quite spectacular in long-exposure four stars held together by common gravity (actually at photographs. least two other stars are part of this complex system.) They are visible in medium sized telescopes and, with Binary stars in Orion: the nebula, form one of the most beautiful binary There are many double stars in this constellation visible systems in the heavens. in small telescopes. Below are several selected from a M43 (NGC 1982) is a detached part of the Orion Nebula, wide list: with a ninth magnitude central star. A dark lane of gas Beta Orionis (Rigel) has a 10.4 visual magnitude separates M43 from M42, although the two are actually companion. This is a fixed system. part of the same vast cloud. Lambda Orionis (between Betelgeuse and Bellatrix) is M78 (NGC 2068) is a faint reflection nebula north east of another fixed binary, with a 5.5 companion. Alnitak (zeta Orionis), that looks best in long-exposure photographs. Theta 1A is a complex system of fixed stars. The four brightest stars form The Trapezium, an outstanding The Horsehead Nebula is an intriguing and devilishly multiple system for small telescopes. difficult dark nebula found just between zeta Orionis and sigma Orionis, visible in medium to large telescopes Theta 1B is also a fine binary, a triple system to the given the right sky conditions. southeast of The Trapezium. Local beliefs Sigma Orionis is one of the few orbiting binaries found in Orion. Component B has an orbit of 158 years and is The three stars of Orion’s Belt, imPhambano to the Zulu one of the few components that trace a not-quite-perfect and amaRoza to the Xhosa, were well known to the circle. That is to say, we see it nearly face on, as a people of Southern Africa. They were considered to wheel spinning around its hub. depict three animals, usually warthogs. It is interesting that both the ancient Greeks and the people of Southern Zeta Orionis (1.9, 4.0) has a very slow orbit of 1509 Africa associated this constellation with hunting! years. The ancient astronomers linked most of the Variable stars in Orion: constellations around Orion into a great hunting scene. A dozen stars in this constellation are visible in small Orion, the hunter, holds a club above his head as he telescopes, but most of them are of the EA type of engages the fierce bull, while his hunting dogs support eclipsing binaries, which change very little. These him. When we look at the scene here in the southern include two stars of The Trapezium (theta 1A and 1B). hemisphere, the scene is upside down. EA variables are old stars, nearing the end of their The Khoisan’s (Bushman) interpretation tells of Aob the evolutionary process. The companion has grown to the hunter (represented by the Hyades cluster) was sent by his wives (the Pleiades) to shoot three zebra (Orion’s size of a sub-giant, perhaps equal in size to its primary. But their luminosities are quite different; thus, as the Belt). Sadly, his arrow (Orion’s scabbard) missed the dimmer companion revolves around its primary, zebra. Aob could not retrieve his arrow as a lion variations in the total brightness occur. (Betelgeuse) was nearby. The zebra survived and eventually (when Orion set below the horizon) escaped The maximum brightness occurs of course when the two to Earth. are not eclipsed, with each one adding its luminosity to the total output. Two minima also occur: the principal Snippets … minimum is when the companion blocks out the primary; KNP cuts down on water usage while a secondary minimum occurs when the companion is eclipsed by the primary. KRUGER National Park management is introducing strict water restrictions to preserve the park’s river The only interesting Mira-type regular variable is U systems. Orionis, which usually has a brightness of 4.8 but every 368.3 days it drops down to a mere 13. As from April 23, the amount of water used for irrigation of the KNP camps, hostels, ranger posts, staff villages, Deep Sky Objects in Orion: concession lodges, sports fields and entrance gates will The Orion Nebula (M42) is perhaps the most be halved. photographed deep sky object in the heavens, a vast Freek Venter, KNP Conservation Services head of nebula of gas and dust exquisitely lit by surrounding department, said: “We realise that the restrictions will stars. have a noticeable effect on tourist facilities as the lawns This is a celestial nursery; soon (that's to say, in several will not be as lush and green as they have been for the hundred million years) young stars will appear from this last few years, but we need to start conserving the little wealth of cosmic matter. water that we have.” Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 7 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief New laws could tempt private landowners have been caught in a snare, my father and brother-in- into conservation field law set of to see if they could find and assist the hapless by Tony Carnie, The Cape Times, September 2003 animal. Submitted by Wessel Vorster They started looking for the unfortunate animal by DURBAN: South Africa is about to pass new laws that following the mournful sound of something in fear and could revolutionize nature conservation by providing pain. Not to far from the camp they came across a very private landowners with generous tax breaks when they young Waterbuck calf not much older than two weeks in buy land for conservation purposes. the grip of a Honey Badger. The Honey Badger somehow got hold of the calf. We don’t know if the Chippy Olver, Director-General of the Department of Badger caught the calf or if it fell and broke a leg, we will Environmental Affairs and Tourism, told Journalists at never know. However, the Waterbuck was damaged so the World Parks Congress in Durban that the Property badly that nothing could be done for it. The next Rating Bill and Protected Areas Bill contained incentives morning, the site of the previous night was visited. No for landowners to consider forming partnerships with trace of the calf could be found. national parks and other officially-recognized protected areas. Years later I took my kids to meet Stoffel the resident Honey Badger at Moholoholo, near Hoedspruit. It was Olver said he understood the Property Rating Bill would an awesome encounter with Stoffel being adorable and be signed into law by the end of the year, and possibly extremely playful. At first I didn’t want to tell the Ranger within a matter of weeks. To qualify for the tax breaks, there about the episode with the Badger at Yamani but buyers of private land would have to enter into binding eventually did. He confirmed what was written in the contractual arrangements with state nature conservation newsletter about Badgers emasculating animals even as authorities. big as buffalo and there is a recorded case of a Buffalo While the exact terms of such arrangements needed to that died of the wounds inflicted during emasculatement. be assessed in more detail, Olver said he believed that Extraordinary. almost overnight it would encourage "every private landowner to think very hard" about the benefits of such The Gecko – Bibron’s thick-toed gecko contractual arrangements. by John Sadie Speaking at the launch of the latest United Nations / Afrikaans: Gekko, Nagakkedis Wold Conservation Union List of Protected Areas report, Scientific name: Pachydactylus bibronii Olver said, "I think we have some good news instead of doom and gloom." Olver said the country now had 403 legally protected areas covering 6.6% of the land area and 17% of its coastline. If privately owned conservation land were included, this amounted to more than 10% of the land surface. The Honey Badger of Yamani by Bosman Kruger, Yamani There’s not much to say about this particular species of I read the article about the Honey Badger in the April gecko, so I’ll be concentrating on geckos at the family 2006 News Letter with great interest and admiration. level. The Honey Badger has become our camp mascot you might say. The family Gekkonidae includes all the geckos and is characterised by the absence of large scales on the There is actually a very interesting story about Honey head; the eyes are covered by a transparent spectacle Badgers and Yamani (Plot 66 and 90), and this will also under which the eyes can move, and most are devoid of explain the Honey Badger at our gate if anyone a movable eyelid, exceptions being the barking geckos wondered what the connection between Yamani and (Ptenopus spp.). Honey Badgers was. The skin is soft and in many species, such as the One winter about 15 years ago, long before Parsons velvety gecko (Homopholis wahlbergi), tears easily, was a reserve, and fences and gates were all over the which helps the animal to escape. These animals are place, my father-in-law, Helmut Hanaczeck and family also well known for the ease with which they shed their visited Yamani for the weekend. They spent that tails should they be attacked. particular evening in the lapa having supper, listening to the cries of far off Jackal, when they heard the cries of This family of unusual lizards has an amazing array of something in despair not to far from camp. When the feet and eyes. The different species and genera are crying didn’t stop after a few minutes, it was clear that easily identified by their feet which is indicative of the something was in distress. Fearing that an animal might type of substrate on which it moves. Geckos, such as Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 8 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief Bibron's thick-toed gecko (Pachydactylus bibronii) have gecko subfamilies Eublepharinae and Diplodactylinae enlarged toe pads along which there are parallel rows of are now treated as separate families, and do not occur scales or lamellae. All along these lamellae are in Southern Africa. Two gekkonid subfamilies are now hundreds of tiny microscopic hairs which enable the recognized: the Teratoscincinae, which includes a single lizard to cling to vertical surfaces such as glass or walls genus consisting of three species that are restricted to or rocks even to the extent of being able to move along the near east: and the Gekkoninae, which is distributed upside down. Many species also have claws, which in throughout the tropical regions and includes 607 species some species are retractile between the scansors. The in 63 genera. Geckos are well represented in southern opposing digits of the chameleon enable it to obtain a Africa, 14 genera (four of which are endemic) and 64 stronger grip on branches swaying in the wind. Lizards species (42 of which are endemic) being present. which run on soft sand surfaces such as sand dunes have rows of small scales in a fringe along one edge Totsiens Oom Pierre which gives them better traction and enables them to Petrus Stephanus van Zyl - 17/02/1927 – 03/05/2007 escape predators and to forage on the fast moving beetles associated with these habitats. The gecko’s eyes are usually large, mostly in a vertical plane, with complicated pupils that dilate widely at night and close to pin-pricks during the day. Most geckos’ lack movable eyelids as these have become fused and transparent so that each eye is covered by a spectacle. To keep this clean, they lick it with the long, fat tongue. Most other lizards have eyelids. Some which are adapted to sandy areas have a transparent shield in the lower eyelid which allows them to see even when the eyelids are closed during a sandstorm or similar situation. The iris of the gecko is beautifully filigreed with gold and the pupil, particularly of nocturnal species, is vertical and when closed consists of four pinholes each one allowing an image to fall onto the back of the eye and therefore the four act as an image intensifier allowing them to see even in very poor light. Diurnal lizards have round pupils which open and close according to the light intensity, much the same as that of the human being. Although a few geckos are diurnal, most are nocturnal and completely harmless. They can withstand much lower temperatures than most other lizards, and live in a large variety of different habitats, including cool mountain tops and temperate regions; they are most common in deserts, which may become very cold at night. Many have adapted well to urbanization and live Begrafnisbrief in homes and factories, and have spread around the world by hiding in packing cases and the holds of ships. Dit was die wil van die Vader om ons geliefde weg te All are oviparous (egg-laying) and usually lay two neem op die ouderdom van 80 jaar. Ons dank die Here relatively large, hard-shelled eggs; a single egg is laid by vir sy lewe van liefde en diens. Terwyl daar droefheid in some geckos, particularly the American ons hart is, gun ons hom rus in die Here se ewige sphaerodactylines. Many species lay several clutches woning. during a breeding season, and utilize communal egg- Sy heengaan word diep betreur deur sy broer, Moses laying sites. They store calcium for the egg shells in van Zyl, dogters & skoonseuns, Sophia & Fred Durand, special neck glands called endolymphatic sacs. Some Pietro & Dries Coetzee, seun, Willie van Zyl, species reproduce by laying eggs that do not require kleinkinders, Freddie & Nickey Durand, Andries fertilization (parthenogenetically). Many live in colonies Coetzee, Isabel van Wyk, agterkleinseun, Dean Durand and have developed a range of different sounds to allow en vervreemde eggenoot, Isabel Schoeman. them to communicate in the dark. Most are drably coloured in buffs, greys and browns, with the exception A message from Per & Helle Grunert, Owners, Mpala of a few colourful diurnal groups (eg. Phetsuma). Safari Lodge Typical geckos are among the most diverse lizards and We are so sorry to hear that Oom Pierre has passed are widely distributed throughout the world. The primitive away. He was such a nice person and we all loved him. Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 9 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief Then again, we are also happy, because we were able Dit het lankal gebeur maar so lets kan ŉ mens nie to get to know him and to have him staying in the house. vergeet nie. Dis in-gebrand om verewig en altyd te The peaceful life was the kind of life that he liked and he onthou. Net ŉ paar van die ooggetuies is al stil, maar die just loved the place (except when the Elephant were too wat nog jonk was leef nog almal. hard on his fence and tomatoes). Die jaar? 1966. Die plek? Die plaas Goedehoop, nou ŉ I remember when we bought the farm, and the seller deel van die Umbabat Reservaat, wat toe nog nie was told to tell everybody on the property to leave. We bestaan het nie. Dis eers geproklameer in Mei 1969. didn't know about old Oom Pierre. One day when I went Dis Desember, warm, ja vrekwarm. Die rooigrond brand there to inspect what we had actually bought, I met Oom jou voete en jy bly middeldag in die koelte. Snags sing Pierre in his garden. The garden, at the time was very die sonbesies byna regdeur. Die meeste bome staan small and could barely give the man something to do. I vaal verlep, net die Mopanies hou nog. ŉ Stofwolk hang was the ugly foreigner who came to see if everybody oor die suipdam soos die Blouwildebeeste daar had moved out. But I immediately felt comfortable with rondmaal op soek na water. Troppe Rooibokke en ŉ Oom Pierre and instantly got the idea that he should paar Koedoes staan netdaar. Vreet nie meer nie. Die stay and supply the lodge with the vegetables that he weiding is nog nie te sleg nie maar die water is op. Die was not able to sell or eat himself. I also realised that enigste windpomp is stukkend en sal dadelik herstel the old man would have nothing else to do if he moved moet word. Deur die nag met die lig van lanterns werk to the city. I was sure that moving to the city would have ons aan die pomp. ŉ Goeie hardekool vuur word aan die killed him in a short time. brand gehou, want die Leeus en ander roofdiere kom When I asked him if he wanted to stay and to continue konsentreer op die dorstige wild by die suipgat. Doerie to work his garden, he just looked at me and the tears tyd was dit nog wilde wêreld en jy moes maar katvoet started running from his eyes. There was nothing better loop, veral in die nag. that he wanted to do, or elsewhere he would have Vroeg-middag die volgende dag was die pomp preferred to stay. I am sure that, that day I gave him herstelwerk klaar en daar was water, water, water. Nog what he wanted for his years to come. een iets. Die windpomp se kop moet geolie word. Ek This was 4 years ago, but I am sure that Oom Pierre klim op. Hier bo waar die vier pote aan die kop van die was happy until the end of his life. Thinking of it, I feel pomp vaskom sit so wragtie ŉ paar grys-wit that everybody should end their lives as peacefully as boompaddas. O, ja dis nou baaie mooi. Een van julle old Oom Pierre did. gaan saam met my kamp toe. Ek vat een. Die ding voel natterig,maar sag en koel. Seker die sweet wat horn so Test your eyes!!! koel hou, asook sy kleur. Byna spierwit, seker om die by Terry Sadie hitte te weerkaats. Wat ŉ pragtige diertjie. Net wat ek We will publish an eye of soek vir die volgende fotografiese kompetisie. Padda, ek some creature in each issue en jy gaan nog ŉ lang pad loop. Suid Afrikaanse of the newsletter, be it Fotografie salonne en dalk nog intenasionale salonne. mammal, reptile or bird, Ons weet mos hoe. Minstens ŉ "Certificate of Merit which occurs in Parsons. Award". Kom saam in my hempsak. Die 200m van die Can you recognize the pomp af na die kamp toe sorg ek goed dat die animal from the picture of waardevolle stukkie fotografiese material nie dalk this eye? verloor nie. By die kamp eers word ŉ bietjie gekyk na die klein wonderpadda. Maar ag hoe jammer, die linkse Please email your answer to voorpoot se een toontjie is af. Lankal af en gesond email@example.com or geword. SMS the answer together with your name and farm number to 083-282-9979. We will keep a tally of the Dis nou jammer. Geen Foto beoordeelaar sal so ŉ foto correct answers and publish the results in the following aanvaar nie. Ek moet nog ŉ padda gaan haal. Dan't ek issue as well as a complete picture of the creature. twee. Geselskap vir mekaar, want dis te laat om nou fotos te neem, dit sal in die Vrystaat gedoen moet word. Thank you to the few who responded to the eye-test in Die tweede padda is perfek. Nou word die twee in ŉ the April issue. It is the eye of a gecko, to be more kartondoos geplaas met gaatjies in en gras binne-in. precise, Bibron’s thick-toed gecko. It had most of you Vrystaat toe. Die volgende dag in die Vrystaat was nog stumped. No one guessed it correctly. We had one ŉ teleurstelting. Tot my spyt. Die tweede padda is net guess of snake and another of reptile. dood. Ek voel soos ŉ skurk. My gewete ry my. Ek voel soos die keer toe ek as ŉ jong seun op ŉ Sondag op Sowaar as Padda Manel Dra pad na die Sondagskool, ŉ jong onskuldige Jan Fiskaal deur Albertus Britz, submitted by Wessel Vorster met ŉ voëlrek geskiet het. Sy vlerk was net af, en ek kon Ja, ŉ storie oor ŉ padda. Nee, gŉ storie nie, dis ŉ ware niks aan horn doen nie. Hy moes maar self doodgaan. verhaal wat ek wil vertel en julle kan my glo. As ek wou Ek het my voëlrek net daar weggesmyt. lieg, sou ek oor lets anders lieg, maar nie dié keer nie. Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 10 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief Hierdie padda met sy af toon sal ek nou ook maar aan population living quaintly in huts, bones through their sy lot moot oorlaat. So 50m van die huis af is ŉ noses, eating picturesque cuisine. Photographs of the peerboom by ŉ eende dam. Daar los ek die arme padda gleaming towers of Johannesburg and the white-gabled in die boom en vergeet verder van fotos neem. Gelukkig houses of the Cape did nothing to dispel this fantasy, vergeet ek na ŉ paar dae van die onreg wat ek die after all, if this was how Disney portrayed Africa, who padda aangedoen het. Dit word Feestyd rondom was Africa to argue? Kersfees en Nuwe Jaar en die padda is iets van die In case you think I exaggerate, here are some queries I verlede. So't ek gedink. got from an American couple planning to visit South So gaan die maande om en dit word Julie, Augustus Africa: they wanted to know if they should hire a 4x4, or skoolvakansie. Dis weer tyd om Bosveld toe te gaan. did we have roads? Did the country have hospitals? Die vragmotor word gelaai met baie gereedskap en Could we provide maps, or should they get them in the bagasie. ŉ Maand lange vakansie lê voor asook States? (If you are wondering, they arrived, had a bouwerk op die plaas Goedehoop. Vroeg een oggend wonderful holiday and went back with many vertrek ons. Die ryp lê wit en ys kristalle hang aan die photographs of the Karoo and Golden Gate and Table draadheinings. Halfpad by Belfast hou ons stil toe die Mountain, all completely new discoveries.) son net opkom. Ons drink lekker warm koffie en eet And they are not an aberration. Just ask tour guides and lekker padkos. Frikadelle, gekookte eiers en toe game rangers about some of the questions that get broodjies. asked by international tourists that show a fundamental En dit? Wat sit hier? Ons glo dit nie. Die einste padda. disbelief in the evidence of the visitors’ own eyes. Like Na 7 maande het hy 50m van die Peerboom af na die the visitor to a game reserve who kept hanging over the stoor gekom en op die vrag geklim wat ons die vorige side of the game drive vehicle and staring at the ground. aand gelaai het. Hy gaan bos toe terug, en my kop The ranger kept an eye on the track, too, wondering if begin raas. Ek besef ek het hier te doen met iets wat ek she was seeing some spoor that was eluding him. niks van verstaan nie. Die padda bly sit waar hy sit en Finally, he couldn’t stand it anymore and asked her what ons ry verder. In die bos, die eerste ding wat ek doen is she was looking at. “It’s all this sand,” she said om die padda 200m vêr na die pomp te neem, bo op die admiringly. “Where did you get it from?” toring te klim en die padda te los waar ek hom 7 If you add to that the visitors who think that hippos laid maande gelede gekry het. Niemand praat verder oor die eggs, who believe that zebras hunted in packs and who padda nie. Almal is skaam-bang, stomgeslaan en ek are regularly terrified by geckos, you will think that wens ek kon my gewete verruil vir iemand anders sŉ. perhaps we have quite a task ahead of us. Miskien ruil vir die padda sŉ. All the marketing and branding around 2010 will most Ons werk aan bospaaie, doen bouwerk, jag en geniet likely dispel some of these stubborn prejudices, but then die tyd vir ŉ volle maand voor ons weer op pak en I have to ask the question: do we really want to? Aren’t Vrystaat toe gaan. Vroeg een oggend vertrek ons terug we just a little bit proud of the fact that the international en kom kort voor sononder by die huis. Omtrent so airport terminal for the South-Eastern Botswana border 100m voor ons by die huis kom, kry ek die skok van my is a bright-blue tin outhouse? Don’t we feel smug that lewe. Vlak voor my oë, aan die buitekant van die our rivers still sport ‘Beware of the crocodile’ signs? And vragmotor se winskerm sit hy. Reg in die middel voor my that in game reserves dung beetles have right of way? oë. Op my woord. Dieselfde Padda met die-linkerpoot af Don’t we just love the story of the fruit-salad bowl in the toon. dining room that at one stage was decorated by a three- Ek het die vrag afgelaai, die vragmotor in die stoor gaan meter python? Or that, in coastal areas, you keep doors bêre en die padda het net daar bly sit. Ek het hom daar and windows closed at all times to prevent monkeys gelos, maar hy't my nog nooit gelos nie. from raiding the bread bin? Ouens aan wie ek die storie, (nee die verhaal) vertel het, If we didn’t, we wouldn’t have van der Merwe jokes het al vir my gesê ek is padda bedonnerd. Miskien is ek (most of whom, still live in the north-eastern reaches of ... ek kan daar niks aan doen nie. our country). We wouldn’t have our tales of growing up in areas where the dustbin lids had to be tied on to Een ding is ek seker van, en dis dat ek toe ek horn die prevent attacks from scavenging hyenas. Or, my most eerste dag op die windpomp gekry het en vir hom gesê enduring favourite, passengers waiting for the train at het: "padda ek en Jy gaan nog ŉ lang pad saam loop". the Sabie station who complained that they were Dit was die waarheid, ONS HET. constantly menaced by lions, and the municipality Something a little different ... responded by providing ladders so that they could climb up trees. You know you live in SA when… by Niki Moore A FEW years ago there was this perception in foreign countries that South Africa was a wild and savage place, a massive stretch of jungle with broad rivers and a Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 11 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief These are the stories that have made living in South strong bond with a giant male century-old tortoise in an Africa so special, and if you don’t have one you are the animal facility in the port city of Mombassa, officials said. poorer for it. And even the onslaught of the 21st century The hippopotamus, nicknamed Owen and weighing has not made a dent in the South African pride in about 300 kilograms (650 pounds), was swept down the bushveld hickness, and so I bring you the South African computer dictionary: Monitor: Keeping an eye on the braai. Download: Get the firewood off the bakkie. Hard drive: Trip back home without any beer. Keyboard: Where you hang the bakkie and bike keys. Windows: What you shut when it’s cold. Screen: What you shut in the mosquito season. Byte: What mosquitoes do. Bit: What mosquitoes did. MegaByte: What mosquitoes at the lake do. Chip: A bar snack. Microchip: The bits left in the bottom of the bag. Modem: What you did to the lawn. Dot Matrix: Oom Jan Matrix’s wife. Laptop: Where the cat sleeps. Sabaki River into the Indian Ocean, and then forced back to Software: The plastic knives and forks you get at KFC. shore when tsunami waves struck the Kenyan coast on Hardware: Real stainless steel knives and forks you bought at December 26, before wildlife rangers rescued him. "It is Checkers. incredible. A less-than-a-year-old hippo has adopted a male Mouse: What eats the grain in the shed. Mainframe: What holds the shed up. tortoise, about a century old, and the tortoise seems to Web: What spiders make. be very happy with being a mother," ecologist Paula Website: The shed, or under the veranda. Kahumbu, who is in charge of Lafarge Park, told AFP. Cursor: The old bloke next door who swears a lot. "After it was swept away and lost its mother, the hippo Search engine: What you do when the bakkie won’t go. was traumatized. It had to look for something to be a Yahoo: What you say when the bakkie does go. surrogate mother. Fortunately, it landed on the tortoise Upgrade: A steep hill. and established a strong bond. They swim, eat and Server: The lady at the pub who brings out the food. sleep together," the ecologist added. "The hippo follows Mail server: The bloke at the pub who brings out the food. User: The neighbour who keeps borrowing things. the tortoise exactly the way it followed its mother. If Network: Repairing the fishing net. somebody approaches the tortoise, the hippo becomes Internet: When the network becomes complicated. aggressive, as if protecting its biological mother," Netscape: When the fish manoeuvres out of reach. Kahumbu added. "The hippo is a young baby, he was Online: When the laundry gets hung out. left at a very tender age and by nature, hippos are social Offline: When the pegs don’t hold the washing up. animals that like to stay with their mothers for four years," he explained. This is a real story that shows that Story printed with kind permission from Travel News Now. www.travelinfo.co.za our differences don't matter much when we need the comfort of another. We could all learn a lesson from The Hippo and the Tortoise these two creatures of God, "Look beyond the “Much of life can never be explained, but only differences and find a way to walk the path together." witnessed" - Rachel Naomi Remen, MD NAIROBI (AFP) - A baby hippopotamus that survived "Those who bring sunshine into the lives of others the tsunami waves on the Kenyan coast has formed a cannot keep it from themselves." Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 12 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief Puzzle Page by Terry Sadie Quick Clues: Across: I have always been a cryptic crossword fanatic but this is the first time 1. Large cat (7) I have tried my hand at compiling a crossword. It has taken me a 4. Portion of land (5) great deal of time, which I felt was a bit over the top. Please let me 6. Mean (7) know if you enjoy having a puzzle page. I will spend my time on more 8. Alcoholic drink (6) important things if the response is poor. However, time permitting, I will 9. Reverberating (7) try, but not guarantee, to compile a puzzle for every issue, should the 12. Degree of deviation (5) response be favourable. 13. Stain (3) Two Speed Crossword 15. One who inspires fear or dread (7) 17. Legume (3) 19. Enormous (5) 21. Sex hormone (7) 23. Lithe-bodied round-headed fissiped mammal (6) 24. Bewitch (7) 25. Heaps (5) 26. Shaken (7) Down: 1. Pages of a book (6) 2. Reverend (7) 3. Female antelope (3) 4. Raptor (4,5) 5. Brought around (6) 7. Trap (3) 10. Indication (4) 14. One who has achieved a high level of spiritual insight. (4) 16. Within a short distance (7) 18. Flower (6) 20. Modified (6) 22. Very heavy (3) 24. Make a mistake (3) Sudoku with a difference Cryptic Clues: Across: 1. Feline pelted with spots (7) 4. Female arms being units where we stay (5) 6. On par by the way with anger (7) 8. A spirit using the phonetic alphabet (6) 9. Sound repeating coming back with mixed spirit (7) 12. Break salt with pole for an angle (5) 13. Stain hidden in beady eyed cochineal (3) 15. Small company with broken surge causes terror (7) 17. Sweet flower from the vegetable garden (3) 19. Upset glare is gross (5) 21. Crazy editors have an organic compound to make a hormone (7) 23. Cat has secret giraffe lineage inside (6) 24. One disorganised, can then make an entrance to charm (7) 25. Hoard busted plums for a swelling (5) 26. Infant toy shaken by the hot and bothered (7) Down: 1. Go away in the autumn and thumb through the pages (6) 2. Clergy by the river sounding half like a vegetable (7) 3. Department of Energy, initially, makes a note of the antelope (3) 4. Tilapia, for example, with two strokes under par for raptor (4,5) I’m sure you’ve seen the normal sudoku that consists of 3X3 squares 5. Woke up and became excited (6) where you use the numbers 1 to 9, well, here is one that is infinitely 7. Trap a spirit (3) more difficult. 10. Hint for evidence (4) 14. Take part of yoghurt, and I am leaving out the pain for a Fill in all the squares in the grid so that each row, column and each of philosopher (4) the 4X4 squares contains all the digits from 1 to 9 and the letters, A, B, 16. Within range for broken hearts including love (7) C, D, E, F and G. 18. Flower reaching maturity (6) Remember, this is a logic puzzle and not a mathematical puzzle. 20. Amend pressman who embraces a strange diet (6) 22. This weight is upset, not very heavy (3) The answers to both puzzles will be published next month. 24. Slip and stray during errand (3) Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 13 of 14 Newsletter / Nuusbrief The Parsons 2006/2007 Committee Members Portfolio Phone Fax Cell Radio Dr Gabby de Cort 013-643-1741 013-643-1289 082-572-5954 Yes André de Klerk Treasurer 015-781-5414 015-781-9102 082-808-1477 Jerry Gibbs Secretary 083-658-9066 083-229-1570 Yes Ken Hartman Chairman 015-781-1225 086-611-8722 082-879-7842 Yes Thomas Oschger 011-867-7444 082-504-8096 John Sadie Vice-Chairman 015-793-1873 086-510-0078 083-282-9979 Yes Terry Sadie Newsletter 015-793-1873 086-510-0078 083-282-9979 Yes André Scheepers 015-793-3990 015-793-2779 083-268-2861 Annie-Louisa Schutte 082-338-2106 Johan Schutte 082-457-8511 Dr EJ Smith (Smithie) 013-752-5740 013-752-6796 082-893-0346 Wessel Vorster 083-278-4949 Mpala Safari Lodge 083-654-0883 082-416-5295 Balule River Camp 083-639-9503 The Parsons Gate 072-850-5259 Yes Our Banking Details Account Name: Parsons Private Nature Reserve Bank: ABSA Branch Number: 33-43-52 Account Number: 4058542282 Parsons Nature Reserve Golf Shirts Having an identity gives you a sense of belonging. Be proud to be part of the Parsons Community and wear your Parsons golf-shirt with pride when going to town. If you would like a golf shirt with the Parsons Nature Reserve logo, please contact John or Terry Sadie at 015-793-1873 / 083-282-9979 or visit us at Sangasava, portion 20 Parsons. Golf shirt with PNR logo only …………………….... R80.00 Golf shirt with PNR logo and YOUR farm name …R100.00 Sizes: S, M, L, XL & XXL. Parsons Nature Reserve May 2007 – Volume 8 Page 14 of 14
"2007 May Newsletter - In this issue"