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SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COOPERATION IN AFRICA

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					   SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    COOPERATION IN AFRICA




                       Anneline Morgan
           Director: Africa Cooperation
  Department of Science and Technology
INCONTACT Workshop 2 December 2010
                                     Contents

•   South African NSI landscape
•   ICR Branch
•   Foreign Policy
•   Africa Partnerships
•   Support Instruments
•   Continental & Regional Initiatives
•   Global Projects
•   Conclusion
                                                  Policy landscape

                                  NSI SWOT
                                  Benchmarked       OECD Review
                                                     of SA NSI

           New public S&T missions
           Biotechnology                         10Yr Innovation
           ICT                                        Plan
                                       Creation
           Advanced manufacturing
           Astronomy                  of DST

Developing the                                     Knowledge-based
NSI                     R&D Strategy                              TIA Bill
                                                   economy
                        S&T missions               Grand         Hydrogen Strategy
                                                   challenges     Geographic
                                                   Human capital Advantage Act
            S&T White                              development    Space Agency Bill
              Paper


             1996             2002        2004        2007            2008
               10 Year Innovation Plan




                         KNOWLEDGE-BASED ECONOMY



RESOURCE-BASED ECONOMY
                  The Knowledge
                       Economy
The Ten-Year Innovation Plan (2008 to
2018) aimed at guiding SA’s medium to
longer term transformation towards a
knowledge-based economy
              “Grand Challenges”

1. Bio-Economy;
2. Space Science (Astronomy);
3. Energy security;
4. Global-change science (climate
   change); and
5. Human and Social sciences.
Enablers                          Knowledge generation

                            Technology development and innovation
challenges
  Grand




                 Bio-        Space         Energy       Global        Human &
                 Economy     science                    change        social science




                  Human capital - Centres of excellence, South African research
Cross- cutting




                   chairs initiative, professional development programme, etc.
  enablers




                    Knowledge infrastructure – Science councils, state-owned
                                 enterprises, global projects
                   DST International
                   Branch (ICR)

• Vision
  The ICR Programme envisages a National System of
  Innovation (NSI) adding fundamental value to the
  emergence of a prosperous South African, regional and
  global knowledge economy through effective international
  collaborations.

• Strategic purpose
  The purpose of the Programme is to strategically
  develop, promote and manage international relationships,
  opportunities, and STI agreements that strengthen the
  NSI through the exchange of knowledge, capacity and
  resources between South Africa and its regional and
  international partners.
                Draft strategic outcome
                indicators (2011)
• Leveraging foreign STI funds


• Investment of foreign and SA STI funds for
  development in Africa and SA


• Access to global STI networks and knowledge –
  North & South
                 System-level impact

• Number of joint STI publications with South
  African participation
• Global share of research output
• Percentage of foreign funds contributing to
  GERD (e.g EU FP)
                                            ICR structure
                                                               DDG:ICR
                                                            Thomas Auf der
                                                                Heyde




                                                 Office Manager
                                                D: François Davel




                                                    Multilateral
             International                                                Overseas                            International
                                                  Cooperation and                           Special Advisor
              Resources                                                    Bilateral                            Research
                                                      Africa                                  CD: Chris
            CD: Mmboneni                                                 Cooperation                           CD: Vuyani
                                                   CD: Mmampei                                 Scheffer
                Muofhe                                                  CD: Vinny Pillay                         Lingela
                                                     Mabusela



                                            Africa
Development            Global Projects                       Asia & Americas         Europe & Gulf
                                         Cooperation
 partnerships            D: Takalani                            D: Punkah              D: Khaya
                                         D: Anneline
D: Lisa du Toit         Nemaungani                                Mdaka                Sishuba
                                           Morgan



  Strategic
                                                               SSTR: Russia
Partnerships           SSTR: Brussels       SADC                                     SSTR: Japan
                                                                CD: Neville
 D: Thabisa            D: Daan du Toit   Secondment                                 D: Cecil Masoka
                                                                 Arendse
Mbungwana
                  Foreign Policy Mandate

• Ensure net flow of knowledge, capacity and
  resources into South Africa and the African continent
  from the North and South.

• Establish and service Africa cooperation relations
  and agreements with a view to strengthen the NSI in
  SA and Africa.

• Participate in international S&T platforms region,
  continent, and global level with a view to influence
  S&T policy debates. (e.g .G8, NAM, UN
  Organisations, AU, etc)
              Why cooperate with
              Africa?

• S&T foreign policy    • Harness and apply STI
  mandate.                for sustainable socio-
                          economic development

• African Political     • Ensure that Africa
  leadership’s            contributes to the
  recognition of S&T      global pool of scientific
  as a goal to attain     knowledge and
  MDGs and socio-         technological
                          innovations
  economic growth-
  recognised AU
  Summit of 2007
                     Support of DST Policy
                     Priorities
Grand Challenge      Current Activities & Partnerships

                  IBSA; ICGEB; Switzerland; India; EMBL;
Bio-economy
                  SANBIO; Canada; Finland; USA; EU

Space science &   Russia; PRC; Brazil; USA; SKA; EU;
technology        ARMC; GEO

                  Norway; Germany; Russia; EU; South-
Energy security
                  Korea; UNFCC
                  Germany-RSSC; France; Japan; Norway;
Global change     UNFCCC; Regional S&T Plan; USA; EU;
                  GEO
Human & social
                  PRC; France
dynamics
               Bilateral Engagements

Cooperation Drivers
• S&T partnerships
• Knowledge exchange in S&T
• Human Capital Development
• Foster regional and continental Integration
• Strengthen political, social & economic ties
              Partnerships Types

• Bilateral Cooperation
• Trilateral Cooperation- North-South, South-
  South
• Poly-Lateral
• Multilateral –Continental-Regional-Global
              Examples of some
              Partnerships
• Germany-SA-Namibia-Zambia-Botswana-
  Angola-Regional Science Service Centre-
  Climate Change adaptation, water & land
  management
• Germany-SA-Namibia-Zambia-Botswana-
  Technology Transfer Capacity Development
  Programme
• SA-Malawi-US-AID –project in agriculture
• SADC-AUS-AID-Climate Change, S&T Policy
  Training support
                  Cooperation Mechanism

• Seminars/ Workshops/Conferences/Policy
  Dialogues
• Inter Institution Cooperation (e.g universities etc)
• Technical Exchange –exchange programmes
• Technical Assistance –Policy & Institutional
  Advise (e.g support provided to Mozambique in
  establishment of Research Chairs and
  refurbishment of research Lab-Ministerial
  initiative)
                                     Financial Support
                                        Instruments
• Funding – Administered via National Research Foundation

Joint Projects

• Joint Calls for Proposals- (Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Algeria,
  Egypt, Zambia, Uganda, Malawi) – Joint Funding from partner
  countries

•   African Scholarship Fund for Innovation Studies (ASPIS)- support
    HCD in Continent

     – Masters and PhD
     – Non SA citizens
     – Social and human sciences, natural and applied sciences and
       engineering
     – SA institutions
     – Bilateral partners
     – +/- 165
     – +/- R13 million investment (2 million USD)
                    Multilateral
                    Engagements
                       SADC
•   Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP)
    implementation
•   Foster regional integration in STI
•   SADC Protocol on STI endorsed by HOS in Aug 2008
•   Regional implementation/domestication of Consolidate
    Plan of Action
•   SADC S&T Desk-SADC Secretariat -Botswana
•   SAMCOST (Ministerial)-meet yearly
•   Rotational chairmanship –yearly –Namibia Current
    Chair- Angelo Incoming chair
                     Regional Initiatives

 SADC STI Strategic Plan

  Adopted programmes by SADC Ministers
   -STI Policy training
   -IPR regional workshop-2009 – World Bank to support
      recommendations
   -Women in Science platform – Regional Workshop 2010
   -Launched SADC SET Week-2009 in Mauritius (Regional
      Awareness of STI)
   -SADC 3rd IKS Conference in 22-24June 2009, Seychelles –
      Namibia to host 4th IKS Conference in 2011
   -SADC Climate Change programme-August 2010 in Namibia-follow
      up workshop to be held in Botswana in 2011 – support by
      Australia
                   AU/NEPAD CPA Cluster
                   Priorities

Cluster 1: Biodiversity, Biotechnology and
             Indigenous Knowledge
             SANBio, BECA-NET, WAB-NET, NAB-NET
Cluster 2: Energy*, Water and Desertification

Cluster 3: Materials Science, Manufacturing,
           Laser Technologies and Post-Harvest
           Technologies (ALC)
Cluster 4: ICTs and Space Sciences- (SKA*)

Cluster 5:   Mathematical Sciences (AIMS. AMI-NET*)
             Africa –EU Strategic
             Partnership

• 8th Partnership – science, information
  society, and space
• Lisbon 2007 adopted 1st Action Plan
• Africa-EU Summit in Libya 29-30 Nov 2010
  adopted the 2011-2013 2nd Action Plan
                 The Africa-EU Strategic
                 Partnership

Priority Areas

   Peace and Security;
   Governance and Human Rights;
   Trade and Regional Integration;
   Millennium Development Goals;
   Energy;
   Climate Change;
   Migration, Mobility and Employment; and
   Science, Information Society and Space
                 Key Players

• AUC-HRST

• European Commission
  – Research (RTD)
  – Information Society (INFSO)
  – Joint Research Centre (JRC)

• Member states

• REC’s
               8th Partnership

Three Priority Areas:

• Support Development of an inclusive
  information society in Africa (5 projects)
• Support S&T capacity building in Africa
  and implement CPA (12 projects)
• Enhance cooperation on Space
  applications and technology (2 projects)
              Joint Expert Group on
              8th Partnership
• Co-Chairs:France and Tunisia (8th
  Partnership)
• 8th Partnership ahead of other
  partnerships
• AUC 19 Lighthouse Projects
• Six project identified as quick deliverable
  projects for implementation (college-to-
  college)
                       Six „early deliverables'
                       Projects
Information Society
•   African Internet Exchange System

•   Africa Connect

Science
•   African Research Grants – 15 million EUROS

•   Water and Food security in Africa
Space
•   GMES Africa: African Global Monitoring for Environment and
    Security

•   Implementation of the African Reference Frame (AFREF)
              Challenges

• Poor dissemination of information on 8th
  Partnership
• Poor participation of MS and REC’s in the
  JEG8 meetings
• Lack of proper consultation with AMCOST
  Structures
• Lack of participation of African Experts
                      Global Projects

• International Centre for Genetic Engineering and
  Biotechnology (ICGEB)
   – RSA won the bid to host the ICGEB and is hosted at the
     University of Cape Town
   – Encourage African countries to become members of ICGEB-
     Namibia, Angola, Tanzania, Nigeria

• Square Kilometre Array (SKA)
   – RSA shot listed with Australia and decision expected in 2011/12
   – Mozambique, Kenya, Namibia, Ghana, Botswana, Madagascar,
     Mauritius,
   – AMCOST IV in March 2010, Cairo endorsed SKA Project
   – AU Summit in July 2010 in Uganda endorsed the SKA Project
                           GEO

GEOSS GEO (Co-Chairs: China, USA, EU and South Africa)


    The intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations (GEO) is leading a
    worldwide effort to build a Global Earth Observation System of Systems
    (GEOSS) over the next 10 years.

African Participation

•   In total, fifteen (15) African countries are Members of the GEO including:
    Algeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Egypt,
    Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, South Africa,
    Sudan, Tunisia and Uganda.


                  www.earthobservations.org
                     Some Challenges in
                     Africa to Advance
•   No dedicated Ministries of S&T or Departments
•   Lack of funding for R&D (SA 0.98% of GDP)
•   Lack of R&D infrastructure & investment
•   Lack of sustainable support infrastructure e.g energy, ICT
•   Lack of institutional mechanisms e.g NRF
•   Lack of Structured International Cooperation Desks
•   Lack of Human Resources
•   Frequent changes in leadership
•   Under developed regional and continental institutions
    (REC’s & AU)-institutional capacity
                            Conclusion

•Encourage scientists to participate in
continental and regional initiatives
•Promote North-South and South-South
partnerships
•Strengthen regional (REC’s) & continental
institutions
       THANK YOU

“A Better South Africa in a
better Africa and a better
world