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Report from Tentative Listing Workshop _Kano_ Nigeria_ - WORKSHOP

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					                 WORKSHOP REPORT

REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON HARMONIZATION OF TENTATIVE
              LIST FOR WEST AFRICA




                     Organized by:

NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR MUSEUMS AND MONUMENTS, NIGERIA

                  In collaboration with

           The AFRICAN WORLD HERITAGE FUND

                        Venue
                     Kano, Nigeria
                                    TABLE OF CONTENTS

I       Table of Contents ……………………………………………………………………                    2

II      Executive Summary…………………………………………………………………..                   3

III     Report of the Regional workshop on Harmonization of UNESCO
       Tentative List for West Africa ……………………………………………………….         4 - 22

IV      Evaluation Report ……………………………………………………………………                 23 - 31

V       Communiqué …………………………………………………………………………                      32 - 34

VI      List of Participants ………………………………………………………………….              35 - 38

VII     List of Coordination Team/Resource Persons …………………………………     39 - 40

VIII    List of Course Assistants ………………………………………………………….               41

IX      List of Workshop Assistants ………………………………………………………...            42

APPENDIX 1 …………………………………………………………………………………                              43

APPENDIX 2 …………………………………………………………………………………                           44 - 46
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


The Regional Workshop on the Harmonization of UNESCO Tentative List for English Speaking West Africa
countries was held in Kano, Nigeria from 11th – 15th May, 2009.

The workshop was organized by the African world Heritage Fund in collaboration with the National Commission for
Museums and Monuments.

There were 17 participants from six West African /countries namely, Cameroun, Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria
and Sierra Leone. There were three females and 14 males.

The workshop was conducted through paper presentations, country presentations, Group work/discussions and site
visit. A total of seven papers were delivered by erudite scholars from Nigeria, Ghana and Kenya. The topics
covered were:-

       Introduction to the world Heritage Convention
       Application of the world Heritage convention in Africa
       Principles and procedures for National heritage Inventories
       Basic considerations in preparing a tentative list and statement of Outstanding Universal Values.
       Tentative list as a Management Tool
       Authenticity and Integrity
       Nomination process and why dossiers fail

Some of the key issues that came out of the presentations were:-

That Africa is grossly under represented on the World Heritage List out 878 sites, Africa with over 50 countries has
only 76 sites, while the regional inbalance is titled against West Africa.

West Africa countries should workout a regional strategy where heritage professionals should partner together in
order to tap from each other‟s competence and achieve a more balanced list of site that can have better prospects
of enlistment.

The Intangible aspect of African sites which strengthen them should be included in the argument of the outstanding
universal value based on the presentations and discussions made about the heritage sites, the workshop was able
to rank sites presented by each country.

This is to be updated to provide more information about the sites.

The five day workshop also involved site visits and drawing up of a communiqué.

The workshop had some challenges which based on the recommendation made would be overcome in subsequent
exercises.
REPORT OF THE REGIONAL WORKSHOP ON HARMONIZATION OF UNESCO TENTATIVE LIST FOR WEST
AFRICA HELD IN KANO NIGERIA 11TH - 15TH MAY 2009.
Introduction:
The Regional Workshop on Harmonization of UNESCO Tentative List for English speaking West African Countries
was held at Central Hotel-Bompai Road Kano Nigeria and was a resounding success. There were seventeen (17)
participants from six West African Countries-Cameroon, The Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.
Resource persons, workshop facilitators, Course Assistants and Secretariat Staff drawn from, AWHF, Gambia,
Ghana, Kenya and Nigeria, also took active part in the workshop.




Organizers:
The workshop was organized by National Commission for Museums and Monuments, Nigeria in collaboration with
the African World Heritage Fund (AWHF) based in South Africa.

Preliminary:
The general coordinator (Yusuf Abdallah), Nigerian participants as well as the secretariat personnel arrived in Kano
on Friday 8th May 2009 ahead of the workshop to ensure a hitch free event and to prepare and harmonize Nigeria
tentative List which would be presented at the workshop. Other participants and resource persons started arriving
on Saturday 9th May, 2009.




The coordinator welcomes a participant                         Directors of NCMM Nigeria exchanged
from Sierra Leone                                              peasantries with a Minister from Liberia


Day one: Monday 11th May, 2009
Opening Ceremony:

The formal opening which took place on Monday 11 th May 2009, at 11.00 AM was witnessed by a cream of guests
and dignitaries, including the following:- the Governor of Kano State, Mallam (Dr) Ibrahim Shekarau, ably
represented by his Deputy, Engineer Abdullahi Tijani Mohammed Gwarzo, the Hon. Minister, Tourism Culture and
National Orientation, Senator Bello Jubril Gada, Director General, National Commission for Museums and
Monuments, Dr O.J. Eboreime, and five of his Directors, Director General, NIHOTOURS, Alhaji Muzali Dantata, the
Emir of Kano, Alhaji (Dr) Ado Bayero ably represented by the District Head of Gabasawa (Sarkin Dawakin Mai tuta).




                                        NCMM Directors at the workshop

Others included His Excellency Alhaji Yusuf Maitama Sule Dan Masanin Kano, Nigeria‟s former permanent
representative to the UN and The attaché Niger Republic in Nigeria. Heads of Federal and State establishments
such as ministries of Culture and Tourism, Commerce, Education;members of the military and para-millitary

organizations; representatives of NGOs such as ARADA, INTBAU, Trans-Saharan Network etc The event started
with the arrival of Deputy Governor, while the Nigeria National Anthem was sung at 10.20am.

Welcome Address:
 The Director General, National Commission for Museums and Monuments, Dr. O.J. Eboreime in his welcome
speech thanked the Africa World Heritage Fund and other partners for the workshop as it was the first of its kind to
be held in Kano, Nigeria. He also appreciated the Minister for accepting the invitation to serve as the Special guest
of honour and Kano State Government for supporting the event. He described Heritage as what distinguishes
human beings from animals maintaining that Heritage is what we have received from our ancestors as our identity;
and t is our responsibility to preserve it for transmission to future generations.




       Dr. O.J Ebreime (DG NCMM) welcome address                Photo of some personalities during the
                                                                opening

Making his own remarks on behalf of Dr. Webber Ndoro the Director, Africa World Heritage Fund, Mr. Kofi Amekudi
from Ghana expressed his happiness that the workshop is taking place in Nigeria. He explained that, AWHF was
established in the year 2006 to assist Africa to inscribe more sites on the World Heritage List. Other functions
include:-
     (i) Offering technical assistance to African sites on the World Heritage List that are in Danger.
     (ii) Offering assistance to African Countries in preparing submission for World Heritage Listing.
He also informed the audience about some of the activities carried out by the fund as follows:
           An advocacy meeting held in Abuja, April, 2008
             Training programme on nomination in Lesotho, November, 2008, in which
              Nigeria benefited
           World Heritage and now this Kano workshop.
Mr. Kofi Amekudi pointed out that, the Kano workshop was the first in the series of workshops to be held for the
various regions in African and hoped that this activity would help to strengthen cooperation within the West African
sub-Region.
Key Note Address:
The thought provoking key note address was delivered by an erudite scholar and former President, Art Council of
Nigeria, and Nigerian‟s permanent representative of the United Nation His Excellency, Alhaji Yusuf Maitama Sule-
Danmasanin Kano. He defined Heritage as “our custom and costume, our character and characteristics, our
identity”. He said, if we lose our Heritage, we lose our identity. In his speech, he regretted that the cultural heritage
has not only been relegated but mixed with politics. According to him many are already lost, some in real danger
while others are threaten by both human and natural activities. He challenged the audience to preserve and protect
our cultural identity if we are not to lose our bearings. He therefore, advocated for a Cultural Revolution. To him,
Africa has made a lot of contributions to world culture in the areas of writing, architecture, agriculture, science, etc.
Hence, suggests the need to be proud, explore and develop the cultural heritage for the benefit of humanity.
He strongly posits that civilization is rotational from “Africa, to Asia, to Europe, prediction one day Africa will be in
the forefront of civilization. He emphasized that Africa need to work harder if its past glorious position is to be
retained. He therefore called on the Government of various African countries and to take Heritage preservation,
protection and promotion seriously. He advocated that culture should be used to promote unity within the Country.
He acknowledged the fact that we can make Africa great through our Heritage that produces leaders and not
looters, democrats not dictators: statesmen not warriors.
Good Will Message
The Emir (King) of Kano who was represented by the District Head of Gabasawa-Sarkin Dawakin Mituta. In his
goodwill message which came after a cultural display welcomed all delegates and participants within and outside
Nigeria to the workshop in the ancient City of Kano. He made a passionate appeal to the Government at all levels
for the protection, preservation and conservation of the “Kano City Walls” and other Heritage Sites. In conclusion,
he re-iterates the preparedness of the Emirate Council of Kano to continue in the protection of all Heritage
properties as the council is the custodian of culture.




                                          Cultural display at the workshop

Minister’s Address
The Honourable Minister, Tourism, Culture and National Orientation, Senator Bello Jubril Gada, in his speech
commended the brains behind the African World Heritage Fund for choosing Nigeria to host the Maiden Edition of
the West African sub-regional workshop on “Harmonization of World Heritage Tentative List”. He mentioned that
Heritage is a priceless asset of humanity as well as fundamental basis of existence and an instrument for promoting
cohesion within plural societies; hence the workshop is timely especially in the current economic meltdown in the
World.
          Hon Minister,Bello Gada, Tourism, Culture & National Orientation delivered his address

He noted that, the West Africa sub-region is grossly under-represented on the World Heritage List and he therefore
believed that the workshop would be a means to facilitate more inscriptions of sites into the World Heritage List
within the West Africa sub-region. He informed that the Federal Government Nigeria has set up two key committees
on conservation and presentation of the Heritage Resources and a Presidential Committee on the revitalization of
the National Museums and Archives. This is to upgrade the museums and heritage and their integration in national
development. In addition, the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation is being repositioned to
empower the local community through eco-museums projects that would cultivate environmental resources for
creative enterprise.

DECLARATION OF THE WORKSHOP




The Deputy Governor Kano State                  some participates at the opening ceremony
declared the workshop open

The workshop was declared opened by the Governor of Kano State Mallam Ibrahim Shekarau through His Deputy,
Engr. Abdullahi Mohammed Gwarzo who reiterated government resolved to protect and conserve the Heritage
property in Kano State especially the “Kano City Walls” and associated sites. Towards this a committee on the
protection of Monuments and Sites would be put in place. This committee is to fashion out best way for the
preservation and protection of heritage properties.
Group photograph                                               Yusuf Abdallah Usman thanks all

A vote of thanks was given by the workshop coordinator, Mr. Yusuf Abdallah Usman, He extended appreciation to
all who were present and those who made the programme a huge success.
This session came to a close with a Muslim prayer by Alhaji Tijani Sunusi.

WORKSHOP
A total number of eight papers were presented by the following resource persons: - Dr. O.J. Eboreime from Nigeria,
Dr Mzalendo Kibunjia from Kenya, Bar. Esther Kiege from Kenya, Mr. Kofi Amekudi from Ghana and Mr. Jacob
Mhando Nyangila from Africa World Heritage Fund, South Africa.
The following areas were covered:
         - Application of the World Heritage Convention in Africa
         - Principles and procedures for National Heritage inventories
         - Introduction to African World Heritage Fund
         - Introduction to Kano State
         World Heritage Convention Processes
         - 1. Tentative List and Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage Convention

        - 2. The 1972 World Heritage Convention
        - Authenticity and Integrity
        - Nomination process and why dossiers fail.
Day One: Afternoon Session of the Workshop - Coordinated by Kofi Amekudi
Methodology
The workshop was administered through paper presentations, Country presentations, group work/presentation and
discussions in addition to site visits.
The first paper was delivered by Dr O.J. Eboreime, the Director General of National Commission for Museums and
Monuments, Nigeria, on “Application of the World Heritage Convention in Africa”. This session was
coordinated by Mr. Kofi Amekudi from Ghana.




                                                                   Participants & Resources persons in
                                                                     a group photograph



Dr. O.J. Eboreime highlighted the need for the Identification, Protection and Presentation of Africa Cultural and
Natural Heritage. He mentioned the lack of West African experts in the various UNESCO World Heritage
Committees. He therefore called on African Countries to play more active role in these committees such as
ICOMOS, IUCN ICCROM, etc.
His paper also showed clearly the need for West Africa countries to work together and pursue a common heritage
goal.
Paper 2 tilted Principles and procedures for National Heritage inventories presented by Dr. Mzalendo
Kibunjia.
In his presentation, he was of the opinion that to get a site into the World Heritage List, one must be able to argue
convincingly about its Universal Outstanding Value which should include a summary of the values that makes the
site exceptionally important to humanity.




Dr Mzalendo Kibunjia during                               participant stressing some points
his presentation

His paper also emphasized on the following issues:-
      An assessment of the conditions of Integrity and Authenticity.
      Fulfill requirement of protection and management (management plan, effective legal and financial
         backing).
      The importance of the Outstanding Universal Value which could be hinged on three pillars (meeting the
         criteria, integrity and authenticity, protection and management plan.)
      The importance of Tentative List as a management tool was also emphasized.
A cross boundary nomination of sites was also discussed within the context of harmonizing the tentative list of the
West African region. There was extensive discussion on the above presentations by the participants.

Day Two: Tuesday 12th May, 2009 – Country presentation Coordinated by Dr Mzalendo Kibunjia
Each participant made a PowerPoint presentation of their countries Tentative List of the cultural and natural
heritage sites. Their presentations hinged on identification, location, description, outstanding universal value, criteria
for inscription, authenticity and integrity etc. The countries who presented papers were, the Gambia. Sierra Leone,
Liberia Ghana, Cameroun and Nigeria. All were extensively discussed by the participants.
Afternoon Session
During the workshop the participants were divided into three major groups for discussion on the various issues
raised during presentations and to prioritize the West African Tentative List. The groups Kano, Abuja and Lagos,
were named after some major cities in Nigeria. Thus, Abuja group looked at the tentative list of Cameroon sites,
Kano group handled Ghana, Sierra Leone and The Gambia sites, and Lagos group worked on the Nigeria sites.
KANO Group:
Hassoum Ceesay – The Gambia
Isaac Jackson - Liberia
Augustine Charlie – Sierra Leone
Aisha Aliyu Mohammed - Nigeria
George Anorchie - Ghana
Modu Sherrif - Nigeria
ABUJA Group;
Cletus Nateg - Ghana
Josephine Kargbo – Sierra Leone
Albert Markeh - Liberia
Rahina Garuba - Nigeria
Frank Adanikeh - Nigeria
Christophe Mbida - Cameroon
LAGOS Group:
Raymond Asombang - Cameroon
Nicholas Ivor - Ghana
Bakary Sanyang – The Gambia
Garba Mahdi - Nigeria
Josiah Ozomah – Nigeria




                            Participants at Group discussions during the workshop

Day Three: Wednesday 13th May, 2009 – Coordinated by Esther Kiege
Morning session
Paper presentation on the Introduction to Africa World Heritage Fund by Jacob Mhando was made during the
morning session. He informed that AWHF is based in South Africa with five members of staff. He also highlighted
on the background, of the fund, Governance, vision and mission, projects and activities, strategic objectives, main
mandate, networking and collaborators, strategic partners, UNESCO, State parties and the challenges of political
environments of Africa and the world. He concluded with appeal that member states should redeem their pledges
and those who have not contributed to the fund to do so.

Two papers on the World Heritage Convention Processes (1. “The 1972 World Heritage Convention” and
2. "Tentative List and Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage Convention” were presented.
The „1972 World Heritage Convention‟ was presented by Kofi Amekudi and „Tentative List and Outstanding
Universal Value for World Heritage Convention‟ was presented by Dr. Mzalendo Kibunjia.
These presentations highlighted the main objectives, elements, organs and content of the World Heritage
Convention. It emphasized on tentative listing and statement of “outstanding universal value” for World Heritage
Convention and „The Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention‟ and its key
users.
Al these papers were debated comprehensively by the participants of the workshop.

Afternoon Session
The afternoon session was devoted to continuation of group work.
An introduction to Kano State was made by A.L Aliyu Curator, National Museum, Kano. He informed the
participants of the location, history, people, economy and heritage. This was followed by a general discussion.

Day Three: Thursday 14th May, 2009 – Coordinated by Mr. Yusuf Abdallah Usman
SITE VISIT: - Led by Mr. A.L. Aliyu Curator National Museum, Kano, Nigeria
A site visit was made to Kano City Walls and its associated Sites being one of Nigeria‟s sites on the tentative list.
Participants went round the City Walls and assessed its conservation status and its Outstanding Universal Value
(OUV). Kano City Walls measuring approximately 13 sq miles in circumference enclosed the ancient city. . Kano
City Walls represent the outstanding values associated with traditional architecture, indigenous defense and
security system, local management systems and control among others. Other sites visited were Kofar Mata Dye
Pits which was established in 1496; Kurmi Market which was established in the 16 th Century during the Trans-
Saharan trade era and which remain vibrant till date as centre of trade and commerce in traditional goods and local
hand craft; Dala hill which is the nucleus for the peopling of Kano being an ancient settlement site with spiritual
value and represent tangible evidence of pre Islamic traditional religious practices and archaeological evidence of
iron smelting was also visited.




                                               Kofar Mata Dye Pits


Also visited was Gida Makama Museum which tells the history of Kano from the early period to date; the Emir
Palace which is the seat of traditional authority in Kano established since the AD 999 and which has survived both
the colonial rule and modern political systems. Kano Emir Palace remains the largest traditional architectural master
piece in the city (a very strong). However it was observed that some areas of these City Walls have been
encroached upon by human activities while the issues of pollution and sewage were identified as strong negative
factors against Heritage management in Kano.




                           Kano City Wall                                Entrance to the Emir’s Palace Kano

Afternoon Session: - Coordinated by Mr. Yusuf Abdallah Usman
Paper Presentation
The paper on the Authenticity and Integrity delivered by Esther Kiege from Kenya pointed out that condition of
Authenticity and Integrity is the key requirements of enlistments of heritage sites. She gave descriptive definitions
and analysis of the two key words (i.e. Authenticity and Integrity). At the end of her lecture, some significant
questions were raised such as:-
How whole is a site in terms of integrity?
Who determines the wholeness of a site?
How can we determine the wholeness of a ruin?
Can a site have all the conditions mentioned when looking at Authenticity and Integrity and at what percentage is it
recommended?
Is Authenticity and Integrity applicable only to cultural sites?
Mr. Kofi Amekudi gave a presentation on the Nomination process and why dossiers fail? He enumerated that
the problems and challenges that are faced during the nomination process include but not limited to:-
         Late submission of dossiers
         Incomplete application.
         Inappropriate maps and illustrations
         Lack of clarity in terms of the justification, outstanding universal value, criteria, absence of
           management plan, hasty submission due to the deadline of UNESCO
         Inadequate funding and time etc.
                                          Kofi Amekudi while presenting

Some practical and specific examples of the above challenges were demonstrated from Ghana, Nigeria, and the
Gambia to support the presentation. These examples were presented briefly by the course assistants (Victoria
Osuagwu, Oluremi Adedayo and Fatou Beyai- Raji). The importance of sourcing expert opinions especially within
the UNESCO circles was also emphasized.

KEY ISSUES:
From the various papers presented, group discussions and country presentations, the following key issues were
identified:-
      Africa is grossly under represented on the World Heritage List. For instance, out of 878 sites on the World
         Heritage List, Africa with over 50 countries has only 76 sites, while the regional imbalance is tilted against
         West Africa.
      Heritage is a priceless asset to humanity and there is the need to identify, preserve and protect Africa
         Cultural and Natural Heritage.
      Africa has made significant contributions to Cultural Heritage and civilization in the world such as in Writing,
         Agriculture, Science etc, and that this cultural heritage can be used in promoting unity among African
         nations and can also influence developments.
      The workshop noted that most West Africa Countries have not domesticated the 1972 UNESCO
         Convention on the protection of Cultural and Natural Heritage; and they are encouraged to effect the
         domestication of the convention. It was also advocated that workshops be organized at the National level
         between the Heritage Professionals and decision makers to assist in the domestication of the 1972
         Convention as well as in the development of Heritage property.
      Another issue discussed was that, West Africa Countries should work out a regional strategy where
         heritage professionals should partner together in order to tap from each other‟s competences and achieve
         a more harmonized list of sites that can have better prospects of enlistment. In particular the workshop has
         emphasized the need to render special assistance to countries that are just coming out from long years of
         war such as Sierra Leone and Liberia.
      Stakeholders at all levels should be involved in the planning and implementation of Heritage Management
         and in policy making, promotion and the enforcement of Heritage laws.
      In view of the abundant Heritage resources in West Africa, and that it is under represented on the World
         Heritage List, sustainable management and conservation of these Heritage Sites require would adequate
         financial and human resources allocation by the authorities concerned.
      Need to draw up and implement conservation management plan for the entire Heritage Sites whether on
         the World Heritage List or not.
      Effort should be made to integrate the knowledge and views of the communities where sites are located
         and the benefits accruing should be shared with them.
      That the intangible aspect of Africa sites that are strong should be included in the argument of the
         outstanding universal value.
      Serial nomination of similar Heritage Sites in West Africa such, as slave routes, religious sites and
         monuments, colonial heritage sites, etc should be considered for enlistment into the World Heritage List.
Based on the presentations and discussions made about different aspects of heritage sites, the workshop was able
to rank sites presented by each country to determine whether it is of local, national or international significance.
Day Five: FRIDAY 15th May, 2009 – Coordinated by Kofi Amekudi

In the morning the participants worked in their various groups, while the afternoon session was devoted to group
presentations and debate on the possible strategy for the harmonization of tentative list for West Africa which led to
an action plan for harmonization of the West Africa tentative list.




                            Signing of the Communiqué on behalf of the participants



HARMONIZED TENTATIVE LIST FOR WEST AFRICA

A harmonized tentative list for West Africa was produced and ranked in terms of eligibility of nomination as follows:


S/N   COUNTRY                                             HERITAGE SITES
                                  Cultural                       Natural         Mixed
 1    Ghana                 1) Tongo – Tengzuk             1) Kakum National
                               Cultural Landscape              Park
                               and Sacred Sites            2) Mole National Park
                            2) Trade Pilgrimage
                               Routes of North –
                               Western Ghana
                            3) Navrongo Cathedral
                            4) Nzulezu Stilt
                               Settlement
 2    The Gambia                                                                          1) Crocodile Pool
                                                                                          2) Shell Mounds

 3      Sierra Leone     1) Bunce Island
                         2) Fourah Bay College

 4     Liberia            Providence Island               1) Sapo National Park
                                                          2) Kpatawee waterfall
                                                          3) Blue Lake
 5    Nigeria            1) Oke Idanre Cultural          1) Oban Hills/Karng of
                            Landscape                        Cameroun
                         2) Ancient Kano City Walls      2) Gushaka Gumti/ Faro
                            and Associated Sites         of Cameroun
                         3) Surame Cultural
                            Landscape
                         4) Benin City Walls and
                            moat/Sungbo Eredo
                         5) Ikom Monoliths
                         6) Arochukwu Caves
                            Ogbumke Caves
 6    Cameroun           1) DGB (DIY GID BIY)            1) Korup National Park
                         2) Bafut Palace                  2) Wasa National Park
                            SAA Megalith                  3) Campo MA‟AN


It is suggested that the under listed sites are to be pursued as Tran boundary nominations:-
      (i)     Oban Hill in Nigeria and Korup National Park of Cameroon.
      (ii)    IKOM Monoliths, Nigeria and SAA Megaliths of Cameroon as serial nomination
      (iii)   Arochukwu long Juju and Ogbunike Caves both in Nigeria should be serially nominated.
It is strongly recommended that States Parties of the above heritage sites should work together and there is need to
put up a trans-boundary committee for the preparation of dossiers.

CLOSING CEREMONY

The closing ceremony was held on Friday, 15th May, 2009, in which the participants and the resource persons as
well as the community were given a befitting Gala night. This was witnessed by important dignitaries such as
Honourable Commissioner for Commerce and Tourism, - Ahmed Ibrahim Yankasi, The Attorney General and
Commissioner of Justice, Jigawa State, Heads of Federal and State Governments establishments in Kano,
Stakeholders and the community. The event witnessed cultural entertainment to the admiration of the audience. It
also offered the participants opportunity for informal interaction with the general public.




Mr. Yusuf Abdallah Usman. Hon. Ahmed Ibrahim Yakasi Mr. Jacob Mhando Nyangila
In his speech the Coordinator, thanked the people present and also appreciated the Kano State Government for the
success of the workshop.
In his own remark, the Chairman of the occasion, Kano State Commissioner of Commerce and Tourism, Ahmed
Ibrahim Yakasi said, Kano State is the most populated State in the country and that his Ministry is planning to
update markets so that Kano will take back its glorious position as one of the best centres of commerce in West
Africa. He thanked everybody for coming and prayed that God will grant them safe journey back to their different
countries.
Appreciating the government of Kano State, Federal Government, Workshop facilitators, Coordinators, Resource
persons and participants on behalf of the Director, African World Heritage Fund, Mr. Jacob Mhando Nyangila
expressed his gratitude to all those who have made the event a great success.
He called on the people and government to be more proactive in squarely facing the conservation challenges of the
Heritage Sites in Africa. He also gave an assurance that Africa World Heritage Fund will collaborate with all other
institutions in providing the needed assistance where necessary. He urged the participants to use the knowledge
and skills acquired during the workshop to come out with well prepared and complete nomination dossiers, which
will be acceptable for enlistment.




Presentation of certificate                                Presentation of gifts

At the closing ceremony, there was the presentation of certificates to participants and gifts to both participants and
resource persons. At this occasion, the participants expressed gratitude to Nigeria and Kano State in particular for
the hospitality accorded them. The workshop was seen as educating, enriching and interesting by the participants
and they expressed the hope that more of such Regional Training and Workshops should be held.




       Josephine Kargbo gave vote of thanks                    A participant expressing his view

The vote of thanks was given on behalf of the participants by Josephine Kargbo from Sierra Leone. She said they
have learnt a lot which will enhance their performance in their respective countries. She thanked NCMM, AWHF
and the sponsors for making them comfortable throughout their stay. She promised that, the knowledge they have
acquired will be made used of, when they get home in order to inscribe more sites into the World Heritage List.

The event came to an end with a Muslim prayer.
Delegates departed to their various countries on May 16th and 17th 2009.

CHALLENGES
Though, the workshop was generally very impressive and successful but it was not without some challenges as
highlighted below:-

     Funds were not released on time, which adversely affected planning.
     Some of the participants did not have adequate information about their heritage sites in their countries as
      they have not been opportuned to visit them. Hence, they were encouraged to go back to their countries to
      search for more information on their Heritage Sites on their National Lists and make sure these sites
      fulfilled all the conditions for inscriptions into the World Heritage List.
     The late response from some participants also led to the postponement of the workshop from April to May,
      2009.
     The erratic nature of the power supply at the venue intermittently interrupted the workshop.
   The budget for the workshop was done without adequate information on cost of tickets, accommodation
    and equipment, which led to under- pricing. The venue of the workshop also posed some challenges as
    hotel used was still undergoing some renovations which made it not too conducive.
   Some resource persons withdrew prior to the workshop at very short notice and it was not too easy to
    replace them.
   The number of days for the workshop was too short to allow for detailed handling of topics.

   The workshop evaluation forms were not immediately available, though this gap was bridged through e-
    mail to the participants after the conference.

GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS

   For a workshop that involves participants on a regional level, announcement should be sent out at least
    four months to date of workshop.

   It is very difficult to plan without adequate funding. It is therefore recommended that funds should be
    released at least one month to date of workshop.

   Budgeting for subsequent workshop should be based on actual cost and not estimates and discussed at
    preparatory meeting to avoid under-pricing.

   There was gender imbalance in the selection of participants as over 70% were males. It is recommended
    that more females should be selected in subsequent workshops at least ratio 60:40.

   In view of the lack of adequate familiarity of some participants withtheir sites , a follow up workshop should
    be organized to work on the harmonized list and produce a framework for the nomination of a site for each
    participating country.

   The duration for workshop should be increased to 10 days.
GENERAL EVALUATION
QUALITY OF THE WORKSHOP CONTENT
      DURATION OF UNITS




LOGISTICS AND SOCIAL ACTIVITIES
RELEVANCE OF THE WORKSHOP CONTENT
RELEVANCE OF GROUP WORK AND PLENARY SESSIONS




          RESOURCE PERSONS INPUTS
        COURSE ASSISTANTS INPUTS




INPUT TO THE GENERAL COURSE COORDINATION
List of Participants

COUNTRY                NAME & ADDRESS
NIGERIA                Garba Mahdi HASSAN
                       National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                       P. M. 2367
                       Federal Secretariat
                       Sokoto State
                       Email:garbamahdi@yahoo.com
                       Cell: +234 80 55 29 5595
NIGERIA                Josiah OZOMAH
                       National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                       P. M. 171
                       Garki
                       Abuja
                       Email: jaozomah@yahoo.co.uk
                       Cell: +234 80 23 43 9236
NIGERIA                Sheriff MODU
                       National Park Service
                       P. M. B. 0258
                       Airport Road
                       Garki
                       Abuja
                       Email: smodu26@yahoo.com
                       Cell: +234 80 22 06 9970
NIGERIA                Frank Ohiozoje ADANIKEN
                       National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                       P. M. B. 1115
                       Benin City
                       Edo State
                       Email: niken4museum@rocketmail.com
                       Cell: +234 80 78 684411

NIGERIA                Rahina Garba HARUNA
                       National Zoological Garden
                       P.M.B. 2031
                       Jos
                       Plateau-State
                       Email: nomtairahina@yahoo.ca
                       Cell: +234 80 34 911737

NIGERIA                Aisha Mohammed ALIYU
                       National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                       Ali-Akilu Road
                       Kaduna
                       Email: aishamohammedaliyu@yahoo.com
                       Cell:+234 80 35 05 4153
                            +234 80 57775142
CAMEROON       Christophe MBIDA
               BP 14617
               Yaounde
               Email: mbidamc@yahoo.fr
               Cell: +237 77 78 62 70
CAMEROON       Raymond Neba’ane ASOMBANG
               University of Yaounde
               P. O. Box 6544
               Yaounde
               Email: asombang-raymond@yahoo.fr
               Cell: +237 77 73 7120
LIBERIA        Albert S. MARKEH
               The Liberia National Museum
               Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism
               Liberia
               E-mail: fardolo@yahoo.com
               Cell: +231 6 498 488
LIBERIA        Isaac W. JACKSON
               Ministry of Information, Culture and Tourism
               110 U.N. Drive
               P.O. Box 10-9021
               Monrovia 1000
               Liberia
               Email: whiekonblo@yahoo.com
               Cell: +231 6 523 518
GHANA          George ANORCHIE
               Ghana Museums and Monuments Board
               Barnes Road
               P. O. Box GP 3343
               Accra
               Ghana
               Email: anorchiemuseums@yahoo.com
               Cell: +233 244 22 5498
GHANA          Nicholas Kwaku IVOR
               Ghana Museums and Monuments Board
               Cape Coast Castle
               P. O. Box 281
               Cape Coast
               Ghana
               Email: nicholasivor@yahoo.com
               Cell: +233 20 811 7316
GHANA          Cletus K. NATEG
               Forestry Commission
               Wildlife Division
               P. O. Box M239
               Accra – Ghana
               Email: kcnateg@ymail.com
               Cell: +233 244 72 2152
SIERRA LEONE   Charlie AUGUSTINE
               Sierra Leone Monuments and Relics Commission
                          P.O. Box 908
                          Cotton Tree
                          Free Town
                          Email: augustinemcharlie@yahoo.co.uk
                          Cell: +232 33 41 2507
SIERRA LEONE              Josephine KARGBO
                          Sierra Leone National Museum
                          Box 908
                          Cotton Tree
                          Free Town
                          Email: joekay_2003@yahoo.com
                          Cell: +232 76 688 693,   +232 33 688 693
                               +232 22 22 3555
THE GAMBIA                Hassoum CEESAY
                          Gambia National Museum
                          P. M. B. 151
                          Banjul
                          Email: bayifana@yahoo.com
                          Cell: +220 778 1963

THE GAMBIA                Bakary SANYANG
                          Gambia National Museum
                          P. M. B. 151
                          Banjul
                          Email: sanyang08@yahoo.com , sanyangb9@gmail.com
                          Cell: + 220 995 2699




List of Coordination Team and Resource Persons

COUNTRY          NAME & ADDRESS
NIGERIA          Joseph O. EBORIEME
                 National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                 PMB 171 Garki
                 Abuja
                 Email: jobosng@yahoo.com
                 Cell +234 80 37 873822
NIGERIA          Yusuf Abdallah USMAN
                 National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                 PMB 171 Garki
                 Abuja
                 Email: nigheritage@yahoo.ca ,    kawuyus@yahoo.com
                 Cell: +234 80 28 34 9053
SOUTH AFRICA     Jacob Mhando NYANGILA
                 African World Heritage Fund
                 1258 Lever Road,
                 Headway Hill
                  Midrand 1685
                  Email: jacobn@dbsa.org,       jacomha@yahoo.com
                  Office Tel: +27 11 256 3551
                  Cell:+27 82 933 52 43
KENYA             Esther Wairimu KEIGE
                  National Museums of Kenya
                  P.O. Box 40658 – 00100
                  Nairobi
                  E-mail: ewairimu@museums.or.ke      wkeige@yahoo.com
                  Office Tel: +254 – 20 3742161-4 Ext 2298
                  Cell: +254 722 779 478
                  Fax: +254 – 20 3741424
KENYA             Mzalendo KIBUNJIA
                  National Museums of Kenya
                  P.O. Box 40658 – 00100
                  Nairobi
                  E-mail: mkibunjia@museums.or.ke, kibunjia@yahoo.com
                  Office Tel: +254 – 20 3741759 / 3742161
                  Cell: +254 723 92 6666
                  Fax: +254 – 20 3741424

GHANA             Frederick Kofi AMEKUDI
                  Ghana Museums and Monuments Board
                  P.O. Box GP 3343
                  Accra
                  E-mail: kofiamekudi@hotmail.com
                  Office Tel: +233 21 664268
                  Cell: +233 20 811 5832
                  Fax: +233 21 222401
NIGERIA           Aliyu L. ABDU
                  National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                  P.O. Box 2023
                  Kano
                  Email: aliyufatah@yahoo.com
                  Cell: +234 80 52 73 5154




List of Course Assistants

COUNTRY           NAME & ADDRESS
NIGERIA           Victoria N. OSUAGWU
                  National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                  PMB 171 Garki
                  Abuja
                  Email: vicosuagwu@hotmail.com, nigheritage@yahoo.ca
                  Cell: +234 80 33364395
                       +234 80 51 516233
NIGERIA           Oluremi Funsho ADEDAYO
                 National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                 PMB 4376
                 Osogbo
                 Osun State
                 Email: adeolufunsho@yahoo.co.uk
                 Cell: +234 80 33 783808
                      +234 80 50 855711
The GAMBIA       Fatou BEYAI-RAJI
                 The Gambia Tourism Authority
                 Kotu West
                 KSMD, Banjul
                 The Gambia
                 Email: fatouraji@hotmail.com
                 Office Tel: +220
                 Cell: +220 99 026 34


List of Workshop Assistants

COUNTRY          NAME & ADDRESS
NIGERIA          Amos OLORUNNIPA
                 National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                 PMB 664
                 Akure, Ondo State
                 Email: amosnipa@yahoo.com
                 Cell: +234 80 23 57 8855
NIGERIA          Dipo ALAFIATAYO
                 National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                 PMB 171 Garki
                 Abuja
                 Email: nigheritage@yahoo.ca
                 Cell: +234 80 33 00 8809
NIGERIA          Helen ENAHORO
                 National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                 PMB 171 Garki
                 Abuja
                 Email: enahorohelen4life@yahoo.com
                 Cell: +234 805 51 79 045
NIGERIA          Marcus O. John
                 National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                 PMB 171 Garki
                 Abuja. Nigeria
                 Email: marcusoj2007@yahoo.co.uk
                 Cell: +234 805 525 1494, +234 803 4947 140

NIGERIA          Mr. Atiku Bukar
                 National Commission for Museums and Monuments
                 Kano
                 Cell: +234 805 853 2401
NIGERIA   Mr. Aminu Dalhatu
          National Commission for Museums and Monuments
          Kano
APPENDIX 1
                      WORKSHOP PROGRAMME

                     Monday 11th MAY, 2009
08:00 – 09:00       Registration               Helen Enahoro
10:00 – 12:00       Opening Ceremony
13:00 – 14:00       Application of World       J.O. Eborieme
                    Heritage Convention in
                    Africa
                   14:00 – 15:00 LUNCH BREAK
                   Coordination – Kofi Amekudi

15:00 – 16.00       Principles and Procedures    Mzalendo Kibunjia
                    for National Heritage
                    Inventories
16:00 – 17:00           BREAK

17:00 – 18: 00      Discussion                   Mzalendo Kibunjia


                     Tuesday 12th MAY, 2009
                 Coordination – Mzalendo Kibunjia


08:30 – 09:30       Presentation / Discussion    Hassoum Ceesay
                    The Gambia                   Bakary Sanyang
09:30 – 10:30       Presentation / Discussion    Josephine Kargbo
                    Sierra Leone                 Augustine Charlie
                     10:30 – 11:00 TEA BREAK
11:00 – 12.00       Presentation / Discussion    Albert Markeh
                    Liberia                      Isaac Jackson
12:00 – 13:00       Presentation / Discussion    Nicholas Ivor
                    Ghana                        Cletus Nateg
                   13:00 – 14:00 LUNCH BREAK
14:00 – 15:00       Presentation / Discussion    Raymond Asombang
                    Cameroun                     Christophe Mbida
15:00 – 16:00       FREE
16:00 – 17: 00      Presentation / Discussion    Modu Sherrif
                    Nigeria                      Josiah Ozomah

                   Wednesday 13th MAY, 2009
                   Coordination – Esther Kiege

08:30 - 9:00        Introduction to AWHF         Jacob Mhando Nyangila
09:00 - 10:30       World Heritage Convention
                    Processes
                    1. 1972 World Heritage       Kofi Amekudi
                    Convention
                      2. Tentative List and         Mzalendo Kibunjia
                      Outstanding Universal Value
                      for World Heritage
                      Convention
                       10:30 – 11:00 TEA BREAK
11:00 – 12.00         Group work                    Participants
12:00 – 13:00         Group work                    Participants
13:00 – 14:00           LUNCH BREAK
14:00 – 15:00         Group work                    Participants
15:00 – 16:00         Plenary Session               Participants
                       16:00 – 16:30 TEA BREAK
16:30 – 17: 00        Plenary Session               Participants
17:00 – 18: 00        Introduction to Kano State    A.L. Aliyu


                      Thursday 14th MAY, 2009
08:30 – 11:00         Site Visit - Kano City Walls A.L. Aliyu
                      and Associated Sites
14:00 – 16:00         LUNCH BREAK
                 Coordination – Yusuf Abdallah Usman

16:00 – 17:30         Authenticity and Integrity    Esther Kiege
17:30 – 18:30            1. Nomination Process      Kofi Amekudi
                            and why dossiers
                            fail?

                         2. Comments made by
                            advisory bodies on
                            dossiers before
                            inscription
                         - James Island             Fatou Beyai-Raji
                         - Forts & Castles of       Victoria Osuagwu
                            Ghana
                         - Osun Oshogbo             Oluremi F. Adedayo
19:30                 Group work                    Participants


                        Friday 15th MAY, 2009
                     Coordination – Kofi Amekudi

08:30 – 09:30         Group Work                    Participants
09:30 – 10:30         Group Work                    Participants
10:30 – 11:00          TEA BREAK
11:00 – 12.00         Plenary Session               Participants
                      Group KANO
                      Group LAGOS
                      Group ABUJA
12:00 – 13:00         Plenary Session               Participants
13:00 – 14:00      LUNCH BREAK
14:00 – 15:00    Harmonisation of West    Participants
                 African Tentative List
15:00 – 16:00    Discussion, Communique   Course Assistants /
                                          Participants
16:00 – 16:30      TEA BREAK
20:00 – 22: 00   Closing Ceremony