Docstoc

RISK ASSESSMENT RRS James Clark Ross Cruise JR 70.rtf

Document Sample
RISK ASSESSMENT RRS James Clark Ross Cruise JR 70.rtf Powered By Docstoc
					             RISK ASSESSMENT           RRS James Clark Ross Cruise JR 144
              Generic Risk assessment for Large Scale Marine Sciences Cruise


1. General.
Working at sea exposes individuals to hazards different to those present in normal work ashore,
and new members of staff or visiting scientists may be unaccustomed to these and therefore
more at risk. Further, the long hours often worked by scientists at sea can raise risk levels
through fatigue. Participants therefore should maintain constant vigilance with regard to the
actions of themselves and their colleagues.

2. Supporting documentation
Comprehensive documentation of safe working practises, to which this generic risk assessment
links, is on the intranet under Marine Standing Instructions under Ship Operations (S in the
index). These documents are referenced by the prefixes MSI. The other types of document
referenced below are Risk Assessment forms, identified by MS.AY. These are also found on the
Ship Operations page under James Clark Ross. These should be read and understood by all
BAS personnel before signing this form. Visiting non-BAS scientists to the cruise without
intranet access will find these Marine Standing Instructions in the Officer’s Lounge of the
James Clark Ross. These should be read at the earliest opportunity before this generic Risk
Assessment can be signed. These copies also act as reference guidelines to all, which can be
consulted during the cruise.

2. Purpose of this document
This is a Generic Risk assessment for ITS, ETS and scientific personnel, covering:

-Travel to and from Host Institute to join the ship.
-Mobilisation and demobilization
-Routine shipboard activities during the cruise
-Recreational visits ashore

Staff will have completed their own personnel risk assessments to cover any specific activities
which are additional to those in this generic document (see Marine Standing Instructions
MSI/GEN/04: Risk Assessments for risk categorization and general guidelines) These
assessments must include the storage, use and disposal of substances Hazardous to Health.

3. Responsibilities
The PSO will be continually assessing risks associated with all aspects of the work during the
cruise, and encourage all participants to inform me immediately of any activities which provide
cause for concern. However, Keiron Fraser and David Pearce, who have/had health and
safety responsibilities in BAS, have agreed to act as first contact points for laboratory-based
day to day health and safety matters.

4. Training and certification prior to the cruise
It is current BAS policy that appropriate prior training is a pre-requisite to participation in
marine cruises. This includes personal survival training if deckwork is to be done, plus
successful completion of a first aid course for everyone. Attendance at the Cambridge Briefing
Conference is mandatory for BAS recruits appointed in time and for visiting scientists who
have not had an exemption approved by the Director. On board ship, safety briefings will be
provided by the chief officer at the first opportunity. In date generic and specific Risk
Assessments will have been signed before all work takes place.

Prior to sailing, ship-side will be made aware of items of gear that will be used during the
cruise. Arrangements and procedures for deploying, recovering and handling equipment shall
be the subject of discussion between the Master, Chief Officer, scientist in charge and prime
users. The substance of this discussion will be transferred to Form MS.AQ which will become
a set of guidance notes for the safe handling and use of major pieces of scientific equipment.

5. Travel to and from the vessel.
A NERC Safety Procedure No 18, Safety when Working Overseas, provides detailed advice.
This is available on the NERC website under Health and Safety.

Participants should pay particular regard to fatigue arising from completion of a days work at
BAS when outbound or arising from a long journey homeward bound. Guidance notes on
driving hours and behaviour (H&S news 2/99, Appendix 5) should be consulted if this is
planned as part of an individuals journey.

6. General conduct on board the vessel.
All activities must be in accordance with approved BAS policy and modified, where necessary,
by requirements laid down by the Master. Participants are referred to these Marine Standing
Instructions for general procedures:

MSI/GEN/19 General Health and Safety and incident reporting
MSI/GEN/23 Supernumeries
MSI/GEN/20 Housekeeping
MSI/GEN/12 Schedule of duties relating to hours of work/rest regulations
MSI/GEN/21 Bilge and garbage disposal

Further detail, emphasis and any minor modifications to the above guidelines will be detailed
in the initial briefing by the First Officer.

7. Mobilisation and demobilisation
      7.1. Manual handling
      (i) appropriate protective gear must be worn at all times (see MSI/GEN/05)
      (ii) staff should be aware of, and implement, safe lifting techniques (see
      MSI/GEN11

       4.2. Mechanical lifting
       (i) staff should comply with the vessel's code of guidance for handling heavy
       loads, and where appropriate safety gear in the vicinity of the work
       (MSI/GEN/05).
       (ii) staff should be aware of the dangers associated with moving loads overhead
       and the possibilities of loads swinging at all levels.
       (iii) staff should follow instructions from crew when involved in these
       operations

8.5. Installation and operation of scientific and electrical equipment.
        Particular attention should be paid to Marine Standing Instructions MSI/SCI/01 and
       MSI/SCI/01 by all users.
       5.1 Electrical and electronic equipment
       (i) all equipment should be checked and tested in UK prior to installation
       (ii) installation to be in accordance with advice from the ship's scientific deck
       officer or a technician with relevant qualification (see MSI/SCI/04) after which
       they should make a further check that the equipment is electrically safe.

       5.2 Mechanical equipment
       (i) to be installed in accordance with sound seamanship practices
       (ii) to be installed so as to permit safe and effective operation.

9. Activities at sea
Particular attention should be paid to the safe stowage of chemicals and equipment. Ship’s
motion can at times be violent and there are inherent dangers in gear that is not made secure.
Laboratories need to be kept in tidy and shipshape at all times.

       9.1. Dry Laboratory spaces
       (i) all activities must be in accordance with safe working practices required for
       BAS laboratories with the added risk that full regard must be taken of vessel
       motion.
       (ii) reference should be made to the Code of Practice for Safety in Ship Laboratories
       for a generic assessment of laboratory work.
       (iii) all activities must be covered by Risk and COSHH assessments, signed by
       everybody who will undertake the work. Signed copies of the Risk and COSHH
       assessments have to be placed in the labs, next to the place where the activity will be
       undertaken and have to be visible and accessible.
       (iv) Activities in labs should not obstruct passage about the ship, for example
       emergency access (see MSI/GEN/10: Safe access and movement)


       9.2. Wet Laboratory spaces
       (i) the basic requirements for dry laboratories must be adhered to.
       (ii) when in use, chemicals and equipment must be handled in such a way as to
       minimise the risk of injury or hazard to the individual or vessel.
       (iii) all activities must be covered by Risk and COSHH assessments, signed by
       everybody who will undertake the work. Signed copies of the Risk and COSHH
       assessments have to be placed in the labs, next to the place where the activity
       will be undertaken and have to be visible and accessible.
       (iv) decks are likely to become wet and slippery, consequently precautions need to be
       taken and appropriate footwear worn at all times.

       9.3. Deck operations
       (i) The nature of these risks is detailed in form MS.AY (Assessment no.
       MRA/GEN/11/JR: General deck and winch operations). This offers guidance on
       the risks involved in the deployment of overside scientific equipment, and
       should be consulted by all involved in these operations.
       Participants should also be familiar with general codes of guidance on safe working
       practices onboard ship as advised by Ships Safety Officer or other nominated person.
       (ii) overside operations must be undertaken with approval and guidance from the
Officer of the Watch.
(iii) decks are likely to become wet and slippery, consequently precautions need to be
taken and appropriate footwear worn at all times.

9.4. Navigating Bridge and Monkey Island
(i)    all activities must be accordance with safe working practices as agreed
       with the Officer of the Watch.

9.5. Handling of scientific stores whilst at sea
(i) all equipment must be handled carefully, paying full regard to avoidance of:
         potential injury situations
         damage to the equipment
         hazard to the vessel

9.6. Scientific diving supported by Humbers and landing craft
(i) The nature of these risks is detailed in forms BAS generic dive RA, JR 144 dive RA
and related RAs, MSI/SCI/06 (Diving – Scientific and Commercial) and MS.AY
(Assessment no. MRA/DEK/05/JR: Working with Humbers).
(ii) The nature of general deck operation risks is detailed in form MS.AY (Assessment
no. MRA/GEN/11/JR: General deck and winch operations) and see above under 9.3.
(iii) overside operations must be undertaken with approval and guidance from the
Officer of the Watch.
(iv) decks are likely to become wet and slippery, consequently precautions need to be
taken and appropriate footwear worn at all times.

9.7. Shore work supported by Humbers and landing craft
(i). Scientists to work ashore should listen for, and abide by, safety rules for shore visits
announced by the Master or the Officer of the Watch. This includes changes of plan
while ashore, for example dictated by rapidly changing weather or emergency, as
signalled by the ship’s whistle. A VHF radio had to be taken by the scientific shore
party for communication with the ship (MSI/RDO/04B).
(ii) The nature of the risks working with small boats are detailed in MS.AY (Assessment
no. MRA/DEK/05/JR: Working with Humbers).
(iii) The nature of general deck operation risks is detailed in form MS.AY (Assessment
no. MRA/GEN/11/JR: General deck and winch operations) and see above under 9.3.
(iv) overside operations must be undertaken with approval and guidance from the
Officer of the Watch.
(v) decks are likely to become wet and slippery, consequently precautions need to be
taken and appropriate footwear worn at all times.
(vi). Particular hazards and risks associated with shore activities will be outlined by the
Base Commander or other representaive. If the visit is not to a scientific base, these
detailed instructions (for example permitted areas for walks, serac and crevasse
dangers) will be given aboard ship
(vii) Adequate clothing, including personal Protective clothing, should be worn for the
visit ashore, particularly given possibilities for rapid weather changes. Care should be
taken to avoid over exposure to UV radiation from sunlight.
(viii). The shore leave book (located on the bridge) will be signed on leaving and
returning to the ship.
N.B. Suitable safety equipment, in accordance with instructions from the Master or
Officer of the Watch must be worn at all times (MSI/GEN/05)

10. Use and storage of chemicals
       (i) all Risk assessments should be completed prior to departure from
       Cambridge. In the event that, during the cruise, the duties of a participant
       change, relevant assessments must be completed prior to commencement of the
       new activity.
       (ii) all chemicals must be stowed in appropriate lockers with due account made
       for likely vessel motion.

11. Potential visits ashore in Antarctica
       (i). Visitors ashore should listen for, and abide by, safety rules for shore visits
       announced by the Master or the Officer of the Watch. This includes changes of plan
       while ashore, for example dictated by rapidly changing weather or emergency, as
       signalled by the ship’s whistle.
       (ii) Adequate clothing, including personal Protective clothing, should be worn for the
       visit ashore, particularly given possibilities for rapid weather changes. Care should be
       taken to avoid over exposure to UV radiation from sunlight.
       (iii) If transit to and from shore is by inflatable, the hazards and risks associated with
       these need to be understood and minimised (see form MS.AY No. MRA/DEK/05/JR:
       Working with Humbers)
       (iv). Particular hazards and risks associated with shore activities will be outlined by the
       Base Commander or other representaive. If the visit is not to a scientific base, these
       detailed instructions (for example permitted areas for walks, serac and crevasse
       dangers) will be given aboard ship
       (v). The shore leave book (located on the bridge) will be signed on leaving and
       returning to the ship.

12. Overall assessment of risk for cruise JR144
There is a broad range of activities taking place within a cruise and it is necessary to consult the
individual risk assessments that are being produced or updated for specific information on each
activity. However, although some activities are potentially quite dangerous, suitable
precautions are taken to reduce the residual risk to as low as possible. To date BAS-MLSD has
conducted numerous similar cruises without major incident.

Overall, taking account of the above procedures the Risk Factor for the cruise is assessed at 5
(remote possibility of fatal injury/illness), as scored in the HS3/95 BAS Intranet documentation
using a 5 by 5 matrix).


Assessor. K. Linse                                           Date. 07.09.05
Signature.
                                                             Date.
Approved.                                                    Date.
Signature.
                         Date.
Review date. August 06
To be read and signed by all scientific party

Katrin Linse                                    Peter Enderlein
Date                                            Date

Signature                                       Signature
David Barnes                                    Huw Griffiths
Date                                            Date

Signature                                       Signature
Stefanie Kaiser                                 Keiron Fraser
Date                                            Date

Signature                                       Signature
Matt Brown                                      Dan Smale
Date                                            Date

Signature                                       Signature
David Pearce                                    Rachel Malinovska
Date                                            Date

Signature                                       Signature
Claire Allen                                    Anna Hey
Date                                            Date

Signature                                       Signature
Tony North                                      Vsevolod Afanasyew
Date                                            Date

Signature                                       Signature
Johnnie Edmonton                                Manos Tsentides
Date                                            Date

Signature                                       Signature
Jan Strugnell                                   Helen Wilcock
Date                                            Date

Signature                                       Signature
Jenny Rock                                      Elisabeth Petrie
Date                                            Date

Signature                                       Signature
Jez Evans (UKORS)
Date                                            Date

Signature                                       Signature
            RISK EVALUATION; NERC Guidance Note: Risk Assessment HS3/95

                              Remote           Possible      Likely       Highly        Virtual
                               possibility                                 probable      Certainty

Minor injury or illness           1               2            3             4             5


Injury/illness requiring          2               4            6             8            10
medical attention

Injury/illness involving          3               6            9            12            15
more than 3 days off work

Major injury or long term         4               8          12             16            20
illness

Fatal injury/illness              5              10          15            20             25



Rating         Risk                   Action

1-2            Negligible             No further action

3-5            Low                    Further action as resources allow

6-9            High                   Requires action; Set timetable for improvements

10-15          Very high              Priority action; Control as soon as possible

16-25          Unacceptable           Stop activity until risk reduced

				
DOCUMENT INFO
yanyan yan yanyan yan
About