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Youth Crime in Sault Ste. Marie

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					Youth Crime in Sault Ste. Marie




                                Paul Beach, Manager
                                Paul Beach, Manager
                    Sault Ste. Marie Innovation Centre
                    Sault Ste. Marie Innovation Centre
                        Community Geomatics Centre
                        Community Geomatics Centre
                               (705) 942-6938 ext. 30
                               (705) 942-6938 ext. 30
                                 PBeach@ssmic.com
                                 PBeach@ssmic.com
What is Youth Crime?

         Youth crime includes any crime committed
                  by a person under the age of 18
   Why Study Youth Crime?

                                 • To find out where youth crime is
                                   taking place throughout the city
                                 • To analyze whether or not there is
                                   a youth crime problem
                                 • To implement services to curb
                                   youth involvement in crime
                                 • To compare youth crime data
                                   between years to track progress

  A Committee of Council was formed due to a perceived 28.9% increase in
youth offenders according to a municipal performance report. The Committee
  was formed to investigate the matter and the Sault Ste. Marie Innovation
  Centre’s Community Geomatics Centre was commissioned to perform the
                  data analysis and mapping investigation.
The Difference in Reporting

The numbers in the Municipal Performance Measurement Program
report came from the Sault Ste. Marie Police Service (SSMPS) Annual
Report. The reasons why these numbers do not align with the
numbers in this report are as follows.
 1) The MPMP report excluded Drug Crimes for reasons unknown.
 2) The SSMPS Annual Report numbers include all types of crime.
    For a list of the types of crime included in this report, please refer
    to Appendix I.
 3) The SSMPS Annual Report includes multiple charges. This means
    that if an individual was charged with more than one count of
    crime, each count will be added to the total; therefore the MPMP
    report is a summary of crimes, not offenders.
 4) Suspects are also included in the SSMPS Annual Report. These
    individuals may have been innocent. Only charged persons were
    included in this report.
    Youth Crime Mapping

•   Base Maps – to show locations of potential crime such as shopping
    centres, convenience stores, schools and parks
•   Census Maps – to compare against crime maps. These include low
    income cut off, median income, unemployment rate, lone parent families
    and education levels
•   Youth Crime by Offender and Occurrence Location
•   Types of Crime Committed by Youth – includes maps of assaults, break
    and enters, drug offences, mischief, robberies, thefts and thefts of a
    motor vehicle
•   Change in Youth Crime – illustrate where areas experienced increases
    and decreases in youth crime within the community
                  The CGC created and delivered a total of 82 maps
                      to the Youth Crime Committee of Council.
Income by DA in SSM, 2006




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Family Income by DA in SSM, 2006




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    Types of Youth Crime

Types of Crime Included in the Analysis:

    •   Assault                         •   Robbery
    •   Sexual Assault                  •   Suspicious Person
    •   Break and Enter                 •   Theft
    •   Disturb the Peace               •   Stolen Vehicle
    •   Drug Offences                   •   Shoplifting
    •   Fraud                           •   Threats
    •   Harassment                      •   Trespass by Night
    •   Impaired Driving/Over 80        •   Trespass to Property
    •   Indecent Acts                   •   Trouble with Youth
    •   Mischief                        •   Unlawfully at Large
    •   Noise Complaint                 •   Warrants
    •   Possession of Stolen Property   •   Weapons
Youth Crime in Sault Ste. Marie, 2006 – 2008
Youth Crime Occurrences




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Youth Crime in Sault Ste. Marie, 2006 – 2008
Youth Crime Offenders




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      Types of Youth Crime
      Mischief – Occurrence Locations, 2006 - 2008
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                                                                                                                                            Number of Crimes by DA
                                                                                                                                                              0
                                                                                                                                                              1-3
                                                                                                                                                              4-7
                                                                                                                                                              8 - 13
                                                                                                                                                              14 - 21
                                                                                                                                                              21 - 34
Types of Youth Crime
Mischief – Locations of Youth Offenders, 2006 - 2008




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Types of Youth Crime
Drug Offences – Occurrence Locations, 2006 - 2008




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Types of Youth Crime
Drug Offences – Locations of Youth Offenders, 2006 - 2008




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Increase in Youth Crime, 2006 - 08
Increases in Number of Crimes by Occurrence Location




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Increase in Youth Crime, 2006 - 08
Increases in Number of Offenders by Offender Location




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Results
2006
  Total Youth Occurrences                                410
  Total Youth Offenders                                  348
        Percent of Total Youth                           5.74%


2007
  Total Youth Occurrences                                456
        Percent Change in Youth Occurrences since 2006   11% increase
  Total Youth Offenders                                  315
        Percent of Total Youth                           5.19%
        Percent Change in Youth Offenders since 2006     9% decrease


2008
  Total Youth Occurrences                                382
        Percent Change in Youth Occurrences since 2007   16% decrease
        Percent Change in Youth Occurrences since 2006   7% decrease
  Total Youth Offenders                                  327
        Percent of Total Youth                           5.39%
        Percent Change in Youth Offenders since 2007     4% increase
        Percent Change in Youth Offenders since 2006     6% decrease
Results

                 Yout h Occurrences   Yout h Offenders

 500
 450
 400
 350
 300
 250
 200
 150
 100
 50
  0
          2006                 2007               2008



   The number of Youth Occurrences increased in 2007,
   however, the number of Youth Offenders decreased.
Percentage of Youth Involved in Crime

             Total Percentage of Youth Involved in Crime (2006 - 2008)

     7.00%

                                                                         2006
     6.00%                      5.74%                                    2007
                                                   5.39%                 2008
                                          5.19%
     5.00%



     4.00%



     3.00%



     2.00%



     1.00%



     0.00%

                                          Year
Youth Population


                 Youth Population in Sault Ste. Marie, 1996 - 2006

 6,000
         Ages 0 - 4        Ages 5 - 9

 5,000   Ages 10 - 14      Ages 15 - 19



 4,000


 3,000


 2,000


 1,000


    0
               1996                           2001                           2006
               Data source: 1996 - 2006 Census of the Population, Statistics Canada
Results
                                       Type of Crime                2006   2007   2008
Individual Youth Crime
                                       Assault                       94    103     64
Occurrences Based on                   Sexual Assault                8      6      4
Occurrence File Number                 Break and Enter               20     41     14
                                       Disturb the Peace             1      1      4
                                       Drug Offences                 36     35     51
   Increase in Occurrences
                                       Fraud                         5      5      3
   Increase in 2007 Occurrences        Harassment                    7      2      2
   Decrease in Occurrences             Impaired/Over 80              2      2      2
                                       Indecent Acts                 0      1      0
   Less than 10 Occurrences per Year
                                       Mischief                      37     59     61
                                       Possession Stolen Property    21     27     19
                                       Robbery                       15     10     4
                                       Suspicious Person             1      1      2
                                       Theft                         61     39     28
                                       Stolen Vehicle                12     22     11
                                       Shoplifting                   64     77     78
                                       Threats                       19     17     10
                                       Trespass by Night             0      0      3
                                       Trespass to Property Act      1      0      3
                                       Trouble with Youth            0      0      8
                                       Unlawfully at Large           1      1      3
                                       Warrants                      1      2      1
                                       Weapons                       4      4      6
Challenges


•   Data extract was the first of its kind in Ontario, meaning that
    no other community using OPTIC has requested this
    information for crime analysis
•   Data extract from OPTIC was not compatible with the
    software we use
•   Some records were incomplete
•   A unique ID field was missing, we had to generate our own
    based on other fields
•   Communities report crime differently and have different
    policing strategies
•   How do we compare? How do we know if we’re doing well or
    if youth crime is a problem?
Summary


•   There was not a 28.9% increase in youth offenders from 2006 to
    2007
•   Amount of youth crime fluctuates – 11% increase in 2007, followed
    by a 16% decrease in 2008
•   The amount of youth crime was not extreme and was committed by
    few individuals. Crime was spread relatively evenly throughout the
    city. Just over 5% of youth in Sault Ste. Marie was involved in
    crime.
•   Certain types of crime were concentrated near schools. This could
    have been due to the increase in policing in the schools over the
    past few years, or because youth spend most of their time at school.
•   Youth crime was generally higher in low income neighbourhoods.
•   Low income neighbourhoods have a slightly higher number of youth
    offenders.
Suggestions from Community Social
Organizations

•   We need to find a way to pinpoint where the high risk youth are located in the
    city. Many instances of youth crime are one-time occurrences. We need to
    find where the re-offenders are so we can implement services to help them.
•   Youth should be included in developing a solution.
•   We need to find out where there are gaps in services throughout the
    community. We can take a proactive look at the gaps and overlay student
    achievement and socioeconomic factors.
•   Prevention and remediation are important and should be emphasized.
•   Participation in sports and recreation should be looked at. Community
    busses could provide the needed transportation to recreation centres to get
    youth from low income neighbourhoods involved.
•   Long term solutions need to be implemented. Services are needed for
    children ages 0 to 6.
•   Networking with other organizations to develop a central database to track all
    social services in Sault Ste. Marie would be beneficial to address gaps.
Recommendations

 1) Youth crime will not disappear overnight. We need to have short
 term and long term solutions to help youth today and the youth of
 the future. This involves implementing preventative services for
 both youth and children.
 2) It is anticipated that the schools will be involved in any programs
 centered on reducing youth crime.
 3) Programs should align with the Provincial Youth Crime and
 Violence Initiative.
 4) It may also be beneficial to set up recreational activities in low
 income neighbourhoods. In prior analyses done by the Community
 Geomatics Centre, these neighbourhoods have shown a much
 lower participation rate in sports and recreation. This may be due
 to a lack of transportation methods to travel to recreation centres.
 5) Review the process of collecting and analysing crime data in the
 Municipal Performance Report.
Next Steps


  1) The Committee can go to the Government of Ontario for
  funding from the Youth Crime and Violence Initiative, which
  provides grants to police and community agency
  partnerships for programs to prevent and decrease youth
  crime.
  2) The Committee can evaluate service programs, including
  gaps in services and duplication.
  3) It would be beneficial for youth crime to be monitored on
  an annual basis to determine whether or not implemented
  programs are successful.
Thank You




                         Paul Beach, Manager
            Sault Ste. Marie Innovation Centre
                Community Geomatics Centre
                        (705) 942-6938 ext. 30
                          PBeach@ssmic.com

				
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