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GARDEN WISE cerumen

VIEWS: 96 PAGES: 11

									                                                                                            Lessons and Beauty Nearby:
                                                                                                   Earth-Kind™ Perennial
                                                                                                      Research Garden


                                                                      There are many public places in Collin County and nearby areas that offer outstanding lessons for
                                                                      gardening within our region. We are continuing our profiles of different garden sites in the area, and
                                                                      this public garden is brand new, in the northwest part of McKinney. At the Earth-Kind™ Perennial
Garden Wise
                                                                      Research Garden in Myers Park, you can learn about plants that return each year as well as sustainable
                                                                      landscape practices.
                   Texas AgriLife Extension Service —Collin County



                                                                      Earth-Kind™ Perennial Research Garden at Myers Park
                                                                      By Dave Spadoni, Collin County Master Gardener

                                                                      Something new and exciting is happening at Myers
                                                                      Park in McKinney, Texas! The open-to-the-public,
                                                                      first-of-a-kind Earth-Kind™ Perennial Research
                                                                      Garden is now planted and set up to show you an
                                                                      easier way to garden.

                                                                      When you visit this garden, you will see Earth-Kind
                                                                      principles at work. These principles have been
                                                                                                                                                          Photo by John Worley
         Gazette



                                                                      developed by Extension faculty of the Department of
                                                                      Horticulture Sciences at Texas A&M University to minimize the need for fertilizer, pesticides, and

                                                                                                                                                               (Continued on page 2)

                                                                         Volume 3, Issue 3                                                          Fall 2010

                                                                      Places of Interest: Earth-Kind ™ Peren-
                                                                                                                            In this issue:
                                                                      nial Research Garden
                                                                      Perennial Classes                    1
                                                                                                                             Perennial Research Garden has lots of lessons for
                                                                                                                               you and your landscape.
                                                                      Pest Check                             4
                                                                      Blue Princess Verbena                  5
                                                                                                                             Learn the basics of perennials at a TAMU class
                                                                      Garden Education                       6               Bagworms and crickets are active.
                                                                      Pink Flare Hibiscus                    7               Blue Princess Verbena is virus-free and hardy.
                                                                      Collinsworth Cemetery                  8               Pink Flair Hibiscus puts on a bright show.
                                                                      Bulbs to Buy                           9               Collinsworth Cemetery shines.
                                                                      Greens & Reds: Vegetables for fall     10
                                                                                                                             Collin County Master Gardeners sell hardy bulbs.
                                                                      Gardener Journal: Living Memories 11
                                                                                                                             It’s time to grow green and red lettuce.
                                                                                                                             A family cemetery offers living memories.

                                                                                                   Class on perennials

                                                                     The Texas AgriLife Extension         herbaceous perennials in Texas
                                                                     Service’s Horticulture Program       landscapes. With presentations from
                                                                     will present a specialized short     seven top-flight horticultural experts,
                                                                     course entitled Advanced             this intensive short course will be
                                                                     Horticultural Studies. This year’s   taught in a manner that both
                                                                     program, on September 16-17,         intermediate as well as experienced
                                                                     provides a unique opportunity for    gardeners will enjoy. It is designed to
                                                                     two exciting days of training        serve as cutting-edge professional
                                                                     devoted exclusively to the           development for members of the
                                                                     selection, use, and care of                              (Continued on page 3)
Earth-Kind™ Perennial Research Garden (Continued
from page 1)
supplemental water in landscapes. Basically, it shows how you can have beautiful,
productive landscaping without having to labor over it for hours every week.

The Earth-Kind™ Perennial Research Garden consists of 16 planting beds for a total
of 8,880 square feet. While the garden currently has a variety of 69 perennials in full
bloom, an additional 105 varieties will be added in the coming weeks and next
spring.
                                                                                                                               Photo by John Worley
Every plant is being closely scrutinized. While each species and cultivar has been
selected for hardiness, the research data will identify those plants that have
responded best to Earth-Kind™ principles and practices. You can visit the garden
and see for yourself which ones have happily made it through our hot summer
months. Bring your notebook and camera so that you can take your own records.

From a scientific standpoint, the trial uses a randomized complete block design with
four replications of each species. The beds have been amended with finished plant-
based compost that was tilled into the existing natural Houston Black Clay. After the
installation of the plants, three inches of hardwood mulch was added and will be
maintained throughout the three year study. You can also learn about the rainwater
harvesting system that has been installed. This system provides most of the water
                                                                                                                               Photo by John Worley
needed to irrigate the plants through two 1,500 gallon capacity polyethylene tanks
that collect rainwater from the roof of the Farm Museum building situated just
south of the garden.

The Earth-Kind™ water conservation approach utilizes a drip irrigation tubing
application. Thanks to the generous donation of Rain Bird Corporation garden,
Master Gardener volunteers have installed four of the newest types of drip tubing
available on the market.

Now that everything is in place, the plants are being evaluated for:

   Specific maintenance requirements
   Disease incidence and severity
   Insect population and damage                                                                                              Photo by John Worley
   Nutrient deficiency incidence and severity
   Drought and heat tolerance                                                           How to get to the Garden:
   Plant size                                                                           Hours: Monday-Friday, from 7:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Also
   Flowering vigor and persistence.                                                     Saturday-Sunday 7:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m. only if there is an
                                                                                          event in progress. Otherwise, no weekend hours.
As the garden has matured over the past three months it has come alive with
activity. From early morning until late in the evening, there has been an explosion      Take Highway 75 to the 380 / University Drive
                                                                                          

of butterflies, hummingbirds, dragonflies and bumblebees. They move in harmony           Exit.
among the flowers collecting nectar and pollinating the plants. Visitors in the        Turn left at 380, heading west.
morning hours will likely see colorful peacocks from a neighboring farm strolling      Turn right at Lake Forest Rd./Farm Rd. 1461
throughout the gardens.                                                                After 3 miles, CR 166 is a right turn and Farm
A visit to this garden promises to be a great day trip experience and an opportunity
                                                                                         Rd. 1461 veers to the left. Take the slight right
to expand your gardening knowledge. There is something for every member of the           to go to CR166.
family!                                                                                Myers Park & Event Center is 1 mile, on your
                                                                                         left.
E                                                                                    Map available at: http://www.co.collin.tx.us/
                                                                                     parks/myers/MyersCC.pdf
           For a list of plants you will find at the garden, see page 3.


                                                                         2
               Earth-Kind™ Perennial Research Garden Plants: Numbers are marked on labels at the garden site.

     Scientific Name                            Common Name                                    Scientific Name                           Common Name
1    Achillea 'Moonshine'                                                                 59   Verbena canadensis'Homestead Purple'      Homestead Purple verbena
2    Agastache 'Apricot Sunrise'                                                          60   Wedelia hispida                           Zexmenia
3    Anisacanthus quadrifidus                   Flame Acanthus                            61   Agave neo mexicana                        New Mexico Agave
4    Aster oblongifolia                         Aromatic Aster                            62   Artemesia 'Powis Castle'
5    Baptisia australis 'Big Burly'             False Indigo                              63   Dasylirion wheeleri                       Wheeler's Sotol
6    Berlandiera lyrata                         Chocolate Daisy                           64   Nolina microcarpa                         Bear Grass
7    Calylophus drummondianus berlandiera       Texas Primrose - Compact Gold             65   Santolina 'Rosamarinifolia'               Lavendar Cotton
8    Chrysactinia mexicana                      Damianita                                 66   Stachys byzantina Helen Von Stein'        Lamb's Ear
9    Chrysanthemum leucanthemum                 Ox-eye Daisy                              67   Tradescantia pallida 'Purpurea            Purple Heart
10   Eupatorium greggii                         Gregg's mistflower                        68   Yucca filamentosa 'Color Guard'
11   Datura wrightii                            Angel Trumpet                             69   Yucca rupicola                            twist-leaf yucca
12   Delosperma cooperi                         Ice Plant
13   Dianthus 'Firewitch'                       Cheddar Pink
14   Dianthus 'First Love'
15   Echinacea purpurea                         purple coneflower - Kim's Knee High
16   Echinacea 'White Swan'                     white coneflower
17   Engelmannia pinnatifida                    Englemann Daisy, cutleaf daisy
18   Eupatorium purpureum                       Joe Pye Weed
19   Gaura lindheimeri 'Siskiyou Pink'
20   Gaura lindheimeri 'Pink Cloud'                                                       Eupatorium                                      Yarrow
21   Gaura lindheimeri 'White Fountain'
22   Hemerocallis 'Little Business'             daylily
23   Hemerocallis Stella d'Oro                  Stella D'Oro daylilly or others             Earth-Kind™ research-proven techniques
24   Hesperaloe parviflora                      red yucca
25   Hesperaloe parviflora with yellow flower   yellow flowereed yucca
                                                                                            What are the objectives?
26   Lantana x hybrida 'New Gold'               New Gold Lantana
                                                                                            To combine the best organic and traditional gardening and
27   Leucanthemum 'Becky'                       Shasta Daisy 'Becky'
28   Liatris spicata floristan                  gayfeather
                                                                                            landscaping principles to create a new horticultural system
29   Malvaviscus arboreus 'Pam Puryear'         Pink Turk's Cap                             based on real-world effectiveness and environmental responsi-
30   Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii       Red Turk's cap                              bility.
31   Melampodium leucanthum                     Blackfoot Daisy
32   Nepeta x faassenii 'Walker's Low'          Catmint                                     The principle goals of Earth-Kind™ include:
33   Pavonia brazziliensis                      Brazilian rock rose
34   Pavonia Iasiopetala                        Rock Rose
                                                                                                    Water Conservation
35   Perovskia atriplicifolia                   Russian Sage
                                                                                                       Safe use and handling of fertilizers & pesticides
36   Phlox paniculata 'David'                   summer phlox David
37   Phlox paniculata 'John Fanick'             John Fanick Phlox                                      Reduction of yard waste entering urban landfills
38   Physostegia virginiana                     fall obedient plant - vivid
39   Poliomintha longiflora                     Mexican Oregano                                        Landscaping for Energy Conservation
40   Rosmarinus officinalis prostratus          prostrate rosemary
41   Rudbeckia hirta 'Goldstrum'                Black-eyed susan                            IT’S ALL ABOUT CONSERVING AND PROTECTING
42   Ruelia brittoniana                         Dwarf Mexican petunia                       OUR VALUABLE NATURAL RESOURCES.
43   Salvia farinacea 'Augusta Duelberg'        Augusta Duelberg sage
44   Salvia farinacea 'Henry Duelberg'          Henry Duelberg sage
45   Salvia guaranitica 'black and blue'        anise sage
46   Salvia leucantha                           Mexican Bush Sage
                                                                                               Perennial class (Con’t from p. 1)
47   Salvia leucantha 'Santa Barbara'           Dwarf Mexican Bush Sage
                                                                                           horticulture industry, and as in-depth horticultural enrichment
48   Salvia microphylla 'Hot Lips"              Hot Lips salvia
49   Salvia nemerosa 'Caradonna'                Black and Blue S                           for Texas Master Gardeners and anyone interested in home
50   Salvia transylvanica 'Blue Cloud'          Transylvanian Sage, Roumanian S.           landscape design. This course provides an opportunity for
51   Salvia x Mystic Spires                     Mystic Spires salvia                       outstanding individuals to further distinguish themselves by
52   Scabiosa columbaria 'Butterfly Blue'       pincushion flower                          mastering state-of-the-art horticultural principles and
53   Scuttelaria suffrutescens                  pink skullcap                              technology. For more information and to register contact
54   Stachys coccinea                           Texas Betony                               the Extension office in Collin County at 972-548-4233 or see
55   Tagetes lucida                             Mexican mint marigold                      the following website: http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/
56   Tecoma Stans                               Esparanza, yellow bells
                                                                                           events/AHS_2010_Agenda_Registration_Form.pdf . 
57   Tetraneuris scaposa                        Four nerve daisy
58   Verbena bonariensis                        Brazilian verbena



                                                                                      3
                                        Pest checks: fall is crawling
                        By Kimberly Schofield, Program Specialist- IPM

Field Crickets Out and About Early              those containing hydramethylnon. There are             are black in color with ½ inch clear wings and
This Year                                       also chemicals that can be sprayed outdoors to         feathery antennae. The male flies to mate with
                                                provide a barrier around homes, such as those          a female. The females remain inside their bags
As you may have noticed, the field crickets are containing pyrethrins or bifenthrin. There are         and do not have eyes, legs, mouthparts or an-
showing their faces a little earlier this year. also products that can be applied in indoor and        tennae. After mating, the females produce
Crickets are normally an outdoor insect, usu- outdoor cracks and crevices, such as those               between 500 to 1,000 eggs inside their bag and
ally found under rocks, logs or any crack or    containing boric acid. Remember to dispose of          then die.
crevice. However, they can sometimes enter      dead crickets to reduce the smell and decrease
our homes, mainly under doorways and win-       the likelihood of ants feeding on the dead              Infested plants develop more bagworms each
dows. Crickets feed on all organic matter,      crickets.                                              year since the female stage does not fly. When
including decaying plant material and fungi.                                                           there are large populations, the larvae can
Since crickets breakdown plant materials, they Earwax as an Insect Repellent?                          defoliate plants. Heavy infestations over sev-
are considered beneficial by renewing soil                                                             eral years, especially when added to other
                                                   Earwax, or actually the chemical cerumen            environmental stresses, can lead to plant
minerals. They are also a food source for many
                                                found in earwax, could be soon made into an            death.
animals such as spiders, ground beetles, birds,
                                                organic insect repellent. Cerumen is produced
lizards and small rodents. However due to
                                                by glands that are located on the outer ear
their large populations and the male’s mating
                                                canal and it has a bitter taste. Some advantages
song, some people wish to control them.
                                                of this insect repellent will be ease of produc-
                                                tion and the non-toxic effects on adults, chil-
                                                dren and animals. For more information,
                                                please visit: http://
                                                blogs.discovermagazine.com/
                                                discoblog/2010/07/13/ncbi-rofl-nothing-like
                                                -a-thin-coat-of-earwax-to-keep-the-bugs-away.

                                                     Large Numbers of Bagworms Found
                                                     on All Sorts of Hosts
 A field cricket, Gryllus sp. (Orthoptera: Grylli-
 dae). Photo by Dr. Bart Drees, Texas A&M Uni-   This insect is usually first detected by observ-
 versity.                                                                                                  Bagworm, Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (Haworth)
                                                ing the larval bags made up of bits and pieces of
                                                host plant leaves and twigs that are woven                 (Lepidoptera: Psychidae), larval "bag" on arborvitae.
Some Control Options:                                                                                      Photo by Bart Drees, Professor and Extension Ento-
                                                together with silk. As the larvae grow and feed
                                                                                                           mologist, Texas A&M University.
Non-Chemical Suggestions:                       in the spring and summer, so do their bags.
                                                The bags can vary in length from ¼ to 2
1) Caulk or seal cracks and gaps that are found inches. Many broadleaf and evergreen trees             Some Control Options:
in the foundation, around doors, windows, and and shrubs can serve as hosts for bagworm
                                                                                                       Non- Chemical Controls:
garage doors.                                   species, including arborvitae and other orna-
                                                mental conifers, cedar, cypress, elm, fruit and        If only a few small trees or shrubs are infested,
2) Trim weeds and tall grass growing near the nut trees, juniper, oak, locust, maple, persim-
                                                                                                       handpicking and destroying bags is recom-
foundation.                                     mon, pines, sycamore, willow and many other            mended. During the winter months, the bags
                                                ornamental plants.                                     contain eggs and during the late spring and
3) Remove firewood, brush, rotting wood,
boxes, bricks, stones and other objects from                                                           summer, the bags will contain a larva.
                                                Although bagworm species vary slightly in
around the structure, in order to reduce the    habits and life cycle, the bagworm usually             Chemical Control Options:
number of harborage areas.                      spends the winter months in the egg stage
                                                   within the bag produced by the female from           When many small bagworms, less than ½
4) For crickets found inside the home, vacuum
                                                   the previous fall. Very small larvae spin strands   inches are present, then it is recommended to
or sweep up and then discard them.
                                                   of silk and are carried by the wind onto other      treat with an insecticidal spray such as those
Chemical Control Suggestions:                      plants, or larger larvae can crawl to adjacent      containing acephate, azadiractin, spinosad,
                                                   plants. Full grown caterpillars pupate within       Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki, perme-
If a severe infestation exists, there are granular their bags usually in the late summer. The male     thrin, or bifenthrin. G
products that can be used for control, such as moths emerge out of the bag. The male moths

                                                                            4
                         The Blue Princess verbena regains its
                                Texas Superstar crown

By Robert Burns                                    resulting stock, called
                                                   the "mother stock," is
COLLEGE STATION -- One of the newest               continually monitored
Texas Superstars, virus-free Blue Princess         for disease symptoms,
verbena is not like other princesses, said the     and any suspects are
executive director of the Texas Superstar          discarded. Cuttings are
board.                                             taken from the mother
                                                   stock and increased. This
For one thing, the Blue Princess likes the heat;   process of selection may
in fact, it thrives on the Texas summer sun,       take years.
said Dr. Brent Pemberton, Texas AgriLife
Research horticulturist. And the same goes for     The original Blue
its sister plant, virus-free Rose Princess         Princess verbena Texas
verbena, which also was named a Texas              Superstar was brought
Superstar for 2010.                                back from the United
                                                   Kingdom by Greg
"Most people make the mistake of pampering         Grant, a former AgriLife
it," Pemberton said. "It must be planted in the    Extension horticulturist who is now with
sunniest, best-drained spot in your landscape.     Stephen F. Austin State University.              eventually sold as Blue Princess, Pemberton
It will not bloom profusely unless the plants
                                                                                                    said.
get plenty of sunlight."                           Grant, working with other AgriLife Extension
                                                   and AgriLife Research horticulturists, made      Both verbenas produce brilliant blooms, but
Plenty of sunlight means eight to 10 hours a       selections from the English stock that were      though they need not be pampered, keeping
day of direct "sunbathing sunlight," he said.      adapted to the hot conditions of Texas.          them bright and beautiful requires discipline
Texas AgriLife Extension Service and AgriLife                                                       on the part of the gardener, Pemberton said.
                                                   "You wouldn't think a plant that came from
Research personnel extensively test and            foggy old England would be adaptable to the      The problem is that many gardeners are
designate plants as Texas Superstars that are      hard and mean conditions of Texas, but it        hesitant to prune the plants when there are
not just beautiful but perform well for Texas      was," Pemberton said. "We suspect, but we        still blooms, he said.
consumers and growers. They also must be           don't know, that it was so because it was
easy to propagate, which should insure that        originally brought to England from South         "After the first spectacular bloom display, cut-
the plants are not only widely available           Africa."                                         shy people will be looking at ugly for the rest
throughout Texas but reasonably priced too,                                                         of the season and wondering why,"
Pemberton said.                                    Not only was Blue Princes verbena heat           Pemberton said.
                                                   tolerant, it was also more cold tolerant and
Using virus-free stock for cuttings is not a new   produced larger flower heads than any            After the first abundant bloom, when the
thing. The practice dates back to the              previously available verbena, he said. The       plant appears to be shutting down, the answer
beginnings of the last century. Most plants are    original was also more disease and insect        is to perform a light pruning, which will
susceptible to plant viruses that reduce their     tolerant as well, which lead to its nomination   produce another lush crop of flowers. But
vigor, he said.                                    as a Texas Superstar.                            some people will not want to cut them back
                                                                                                    "as long as one pitiful-looking bloom
"If they're not virus-free, they don't bloom       The 1998 Texas Superstar description reads,      endures," he said.
and perform nearly as well as they do if they      "Blue Princess verbena is the most floriferous
are virus-free," Pemberton said. "You don't        and vigorous growing variety in Texas when       "People who cannot discipline themselves to
do as well if you're sick as when you're healthy   propagated from virus-free stock."               shear old blooms periodically should not grow
and well, and it's the same for plants. This is                                                     verbena," he said.
true of roses and everything else. They're just    But the virus-free condition became a kicker.
weaker if they're infected."                       A few years later, the original Blue Princess    Texas Superstar is a registered trademark
                                                   mother stock became contaminated. A              owned by Texas AgriLife Research. More
To produce virus-free stock, plants are            seedling selection from Blue Princess named      information about the Texas Superstar
carefully selected that have no disease            Dark Lavender Princess was found and grown       program can be found at http://
symptoms. Once these plants are identified,        in virus-free conditions before it could be      texassuperstar.com/. 
they are grown in their own individual plots       contaminated. The virus-free variety was
under "protected" conditions, he said. The

                                                                          5
                               Garden Education Opportunities


   Collin County Master Gardener Resources
   As a volunteer part of the Texas AgriLife Extension Service, Master Gardeners reach out to the public with research-based, proven informa-
   tion to help with gardens, landscaping, and a wide variety of plant-related topics. From public speaking engagements to information tables
   and a dial-in/email help desk, you can get answers from Master Gardeners all over town!
   PUBLIC PRESENTATIONS
   Date                              Topic                                          Location
   Sat. Sept 11, 2 p.m.              Spring Bulbs for N. Texas                      Wells Brothers, 5001 K Avenue, Plano
   Sat, Oct. 2, 12-2 p.m.            Square Foot Gardening*                         Dallas Arboretum, 8525 Garland Rd., Dallas
       *$25 fee – contact www.dallasarboretum.org for information
   Sat, Oct 16, 2 p.m.               Composting                                     Wells Brothers, 5001 K Avenue, Plano
   INFORMATION TABLES
   Date                                 Event                                       Location
   Thu, Sep 23, 4:30-6 p.m.             Educator Expo                               Allen Administration Building, 612 E. Bethany, Allen
   Sat, Sep 25, 9:30 a.m.-12 p.m.       Rainwater Harvesting                        Firestation # 7, 861 S. Independence Parkway/ McKinney
   Sat, Oct 9, 9:30 a.m.-12 p.m.        Food Preservation                           Firestation #7, 861 S, Independence Parkway/ McKinney
   Sun, Oct 17, 10 a.m.-4p.m.           Rose Dango                                  Chambersville Tree Farm, 7032 County Rd. 971, Celina

   HELP DESK
   Master Gardeners are always happy to research your gardening questions or problems. You can call the Help Desk from at the AgriLife Ex-
   tension Office at (972) 548-4232 or Metro (972) 424-1460, x 4232. The Master Gardener Help Desk is not staffed 24 hours per day, so
   please allow a reasonable amount of time for us to research and respond to your inquiry. Or email us through the online form.

   You are also welcome to visit the Collin County office of the Texas AgriLife Extension Service in McKinney, especially if you need to show
   us a sample of the pest or plant disease you wish to identify. Office hours are 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday. Please call
   ahead to be certain that a Master Gardener or the horticulture agent is available. 



Native Plant Society Symposium Teaches How to Work With Nature
The Native Plant Society of Texas is all about those plants that thrive when they’re planted when, where, and how they would natu-
rally occur. Their mission: is “to promote the conservation, research and utilization of the native plants and plant habitats of Texas,
through education, outreach and example.” That gives you some hint at what the group’s 30th annual symposium will contain. With a
theme of “Save Texas One Landscape at a Time: Our Native Plants Light the Future,” education will show people how to turn to na-
tive plants for landscape solutions.
The 3-day symposium is full of experts speaking about varied topics, running workshops and doing tours. The
program is diverse and sure to have something for everyone.
NPSOT Symposium
October 7-10
Texas Woman’s University, Denton
To register, visit http://www.npsot.org/symposium2010/home/index.shtml


On Friday, October 7th, Collin County Master Gardener and landscape designer Carrie Dubberley will be speaking about Rain Gardens at 11:30am
with a follow-up workshop to install a local rain garden at 1:30pm. On Sunday she will lead a tour of rain gardens she has designed and installed in
Plano, Texas to talk about on-going maintenance practices, issues and problems. Rain gardens are artificial depressions in the landscape used to
store and filter stormwater runoff until it infiltrates into the ground, helping to increase and clean our water supply while reducing flooding. Plant-
ing a rain garden with native plants helps restore lost habitat due to urbanization. 




                                                                           6
       Pink Flare hibiscus might be too gaudy for some,
                        but not in Texas

By Robert Burns                                    Though the
                                                   colors of its
COLLEGE STATION -- In the mid-1990s,               sister plant,
Dr. Sam McFadden of Somerville, Tenn., a           Peppermint
well-known plant breeder, developed a hi-          Flare, are more
biscus whose color he didn't like, one whose       subdued, it is
gaudiness actually embarrassed him a bit,          directly related
according to a Texas AgriLife Research horti-      to the same
culturist.                                         "mother" Flare
                                                   variety that was
The best he could do was say it was the same
                                                   nearly aban-
color seen when a road flare is struck at
                                                   doned to ob-
night: a brilliant, hot florescent fuchsia, said
                                                   scurity in Ten-
Dr. Brent Pemberton, AgriLife Research
                                                   nessee because
scientist and chair of the Texas Superstar
                                                   it was too scar-
executive board.
                                                   let. Peppermint
But what might have been too gaudy for             Flare is true to
Tennessee would play well in Texas, espe-          its name, re-       Above, Pink Flare Hibiscus is on the right. Left cultivar is Swanee.
cially in the southwest part of the state where    sembling a huge
blindingly bright sun washes out more subtle       peppermint candy,
colors, decided Texas Superstar board mem-         only streams of
bers.                                              fluorescent red in
                                                   the center reveals
Texas AgriLife Extension Service and Texas         the family ties to its
AgriLife Researchers extensively test and          more flamboyant
designate plants as Texas Superstars that are      sister, he said.
not just beautiful but perform well for Texas
consumers and growers. They also must be           Like most hibiscus
easy to propagate, which should insure that        varieties, Pink
the plants are not only widely available           Flare and Pepper-
throughout Texas but reasonably priced too,        mint Flare are easy
he said.                                           to grow,
                                                   Pemberton said.
In 1998, Flare along with Moy Grande, a red        Though the blooms
hibiscus variety with 12-inch diameter             grow 8 inches to 10
blooms, and Lord Baltimore, another red            inches in diameter, the plants themselves
variety, were named Texas Superstars. All          remain relatively small, about 4 feet -- what                The plants are also practically sterile, not
three became popular thanks to promotional         horticulturists call "dwarfy."                               producing seed, which encourages a
efforts, Pemberton said.                                                                                        "luxuriant" re-blooming, he said.
                                                   Though dwarfy above-ground, hibiscus
But since 1998, two new colors, Pink Flare         plants have an extensive root system, which                  By practically sterile, it's meant they produce
and Peppermint Flare, were found and               means they can be grown all over Texas and                   seeds but only rarely, he explained.
named Texas Superstars for 2010.                   survive the winter without mulching, he
                                                   noted.                                                       Texas Superstar is a registered trademark
But why name a variety as Texas Superstar a                                                                     owned by Texas AgriLife Research. More
second time? Because the original Flare was        They are easy to grow and able to thrive with                information about the Texas Superstar pro-
not pink. It was fluorescent red, giving Texas     a modest amount of added nutrients. “It does                 gram can be found at http://
gardeners further options for landscape de-        well in any soil type,” Pemberton said.                      texassuperstar.com/ . 
sign, Pemberton said.




                                                                              7
  Collinsworth Family Cemetery: Tragic Beginning, now focal point of community

By Charlotte Carpenter Johnson                     Eagle Project was to construct
                                                   a walking path about 170 feet
Near the intersection of Ohio Drive and West       long at the cemetery made of
Parker facing Vermillion Drive in Plano, is a      decomposed granite, steel
small Collinsworth family cemetery is nestled      edging, and landscape fabric.
between two large homes in the Preston Lakes       Daniel and about 30 volunteer
subdivision. The first burial was in May of        scouts and adults spent over
1895 when many of the Collinsworth family          115 man hours constructing
tragically died. A traveling salesman infected     the pathway.
the family with smallpox while staying over-
night in their home. The entire west portion       Daniel has completed all nec-
of Plano, extending from the current Coit          essary merit badge and leader-
Road to Preston Road, and from Park Boule-         ship position requirements,
vard to Spring Creek Parkway was quaran-           and will soon meet with troop
tined.                                             and district officials for his final review.
                                                   Daniel's family consists of proud parents, Andi
Many individuals and organizations have            and Stuart Rosenfield, and brothers, Evan and       Cemetery Plants
worked together to protect and preserve the        Adam. Daniel's dad and both brothers are also       “Wildflower seed, iris, spring blooming
cemetery once hidden beneath the underbrush        Eagle Scouts.                                       bulbs and other traditional cemetery
of time. During 2005, Toll Brothers, the de-                                                           plantings can be used to enhance and
veloper of Preston Lakes, anchored the ceme-       According to several residents of Preston           protect heritage gravesites," said Master
tery's four corners with stone pillars, moved      Lakes, the construction proceeded very              Gardener Candace Fountoulakis A word
the original gate from a back alley to face Ver-   quickly as the result of Daniel's excellent plan-   of wisdom, however: do not plant or dig
million Drive, and enclosed it with iron fenc-     ning and leadership The Preston Lakes               in a cemetery without first getting per-
ing. The area in front of the cemetery was         neighborhood helped Daniel raise approxi-           mission!
landscaped for a park-like setting. In 2006, a     mately $800 for supplies to construct the
large, historical sign was placed by the front     pathway. Lowe's and A-1 Grass in Prosper            Bulb & Rhizome Planting: Planting
gate, funded in part by the City of Plano and      were very generous by providing discounts.          depths vary according to the bulb, but
produced by the Plano Conservancy for His-                                                             general guidelines are:
torical Preservation.                              Kathy Nelson of the Preston Lakes Landscape
                                                   Committee says, "I can't wait to take a stroll!     Crocus                3 to 4 inches
In recent years, Candace Fountoulakis, of the      The walking path is fantastic and it really looks
City of Plano and the Collin County Master         great! The walking path will welcome visitors       Leucojum              3 to 4 inches
Gardeners Association, has contributed so          to the cemetery and allow visitors to view
                                                                                                       Muscari Grape Hyacinth          3 to 4 inches
much individually and facilitated the efforts of   current and future beauty. The Collin County
these organizations. The Preston Lakes HOA,        Master Gardeners and Cemetery club will             Narcissus (Daffodil)
its Cemetery club, and landscape committee         have so much fun this fall as we can officially     Trumpet, large-cupped 6 to 8 inches
have also continued to be involved and gener-      begin planting wildflowers and groundcovers         Miniature             3 to 5 inches
ous.                                               in areas of the cemetery now defined by the
                                                   walking path. We thank Daniel for selecting         Iris rhizomes         at or just barely below
The latest project, completed the weekend of       the walking path in Collinsworth Cemetery           the surface
July 17th, was led by Daniel Rosenfield, age       for his Eagle Scout project. I know the experi-
15, a 10th grader at Plano's Jasper High           ence was valuable for him. We thank him for         Wildflower Seeding:
School. Daniel's Scout Troop 261 is part of the    creating a lasting contribution to our commu-       Choose a region-specific wildflower mix.
Great Plains District, Circle Ten Council, and     nity and helping to preserve the historical         (A good source of North Texas is Wild-
was first chartered by Christ United Methodist     Collinsworth Cemetery."                             flower Farms.) Then divide the seed mix
Church in 1975. His troop leader is Roger                                                              in half, mix with gardener's sand, and
London, and Troop 261 has a long history of        "The preservation, respect, love, and care by       scatter the seed mixture by hand or by
helping youth develop into the leaders of to-      so many for has been amazing, and have finally      hand-held spreader over the area. Repeat
morrow.                                            brought peace and beauty to this small family       with the second half of wild flower
                                                   cemetery," said Charlotte Carpenter Johnson,        seeds. The double seeding improves the
The key to a successful Eagle Scout Service        great-great-granddaughter of Farwick and            chances of not leaving any bare spots.
Project is Leadership, as the Scout expands his    Lucy Rowlett Collinsworth, who are buried
service to others in the community. Daniel's       there. 


                                                                          8
     2010 Collin County Master Gardener Spring Bulb
              Sale: Great Place to buy bulbs

1. Cyclamineus Narcissi: Tete-a-             18” to 22” tall.                             to 6 sky blue flowers on strong stems.
Tete. Miniature buttercup yellow petals      25 for $12.00                                Good multiplier. Critter resistant Sun/
with darker cup. 2 to 4 flowers per stem.                                                 part shade. Early spring. 5” tall.
Good forcers. Early spring. Sun/part         6. Kaufmanniana Hybrid Tulip:                25 for $12.00
shade. 6-7” tall.                            Shakespeare. Carmine red, edged with
15 for $12.00                                salmon interior with yellow center.          PLEASE NOTE: Each order is one set.
                                             Opens to show reveal multicolored inte-      For example, 25 Muscari for $12.00 is
2. Tazetta Narcissi: Golden Dawn.            rior. Early spring. 8-10” tall.              one set. If you order two sets, you’ll re-
Greenish yellow with white highlights &      12 for $10.00                                ceive 50 bulbs at a total price of $24.00.
deep orange cup. 4 to 8 clustered flowers                                                 Sorry, we can only sell bulbs in the incre-
on multiple stems. Good forcers. Late        7. Kaufmanniana Hybrid Tulip: The            ments shown.
spring. Sun/part shade. 15”-16” tall.        First. Carmine red with white petal edges
12 for $10.00                                and interior of ivory with yellow center.    ORDERS MUST BE RECEIVED By Oc-
                                             Opens to reveal multicolored interior.       tober 4, 2010
3. Jonquilla Narcissi: Quail. Long           Early spring. 8”-10” tall.
lasting fragrant multiplier. Bronze yellow   12 for $10.00                                Payment MUST Accompany Order.
with darker funnel shaped cup. 2-4 flow-                                                  Bulbs will be available for pickup at Ex-
ers per stem. Reliable favorite. Early       8. Muscari armeniacum. Fragrance
                                             cobalt blue spikes with grape like long      tension office October 29th from 9am till
spring. Sun/part shade. 12”-14” tall.                                                     3pm and Wells Brother's Farm Store at
12 for $10.00                                lasting blooms. Critter resistant. Good
                                             forcers. Early spring. Sun/part shade. 4'-   5001 Ave. K, Plano, TX 75074 from Oc-
4. Double Narcissi: Tahiti. Has 4” soft      6' tall.                                     tober 30th from 2pm till 5pm.
yellow petals & double cup offset with       25 for $12.00                                Bulbs not picked up by Nov. 13th will be
shorter, frilled, orange cup segments.                                                    donated. 
Late spring. Sun/part shade. 14” - 16”       9. Hyacinthoides Hispanica: Dainty
tall.                                        Maid. 1994 award winner violet pink
10 for $10.00                                with bell shaped pendant flowers. Critter          Download
                                             resistant. Sun/part shade. Late Spring.          order form at:
5. Dutch Iris: Blue Magic. Beautiful         12”- 15” tall.                                  http://ccmgatx.org/
violet-blue with yellow blotch. Most cold    20 for $12.00                                   docs/2010-BulbSale-
                                                                                              orderform-9.pdf
resistant hybrid Dutch Iris. Long lasting
cut flower. Late spring. Sun/part shade.     10. Scilla siberica: Spring Beauty. Up




                                                         ❸                     ❹                  ❺ 
❶                                                                                                                      ❻ 
                                      ❷                                                           This is an annual fundraiser for
                                                                                                  the Collin County Master Gar-
                    ❽                                                                             dener Association. All bulbs
                                                                                                  have been chosen for hardiness
                                                                                                  in our area and are spring-
                                                                                                  flowering. The bulbs require
          ❼                                  ❾                          ❿                         fall planting.


                                                                  9
       Fall and Winter Greens & Reds & More
By the National Garden Bureau                      King,' 'Winter Marvel,' and 'North Pole' for       ange, pink,
                                                   an outstanding winter collection.                  red and
Fall color isn't just for trees - your garden                                                         green, a           November
can show color, too.                               Mix it up                                          stand of
                                                                                                                        16: Average
                                                                                                      Swss chard
There's always room - somewhere in the             Sow each type of seed separately, or create                          first Frost
                                                                                                      looks like
garden. We're not talking about setting aside      your own personal mesclun blend. You can
a large area for fall. Although if you have that   mix all the seeds together in a bowl and then
                                                                                                      stained glass      in Dallas
                                                                                                      with the
much space to spare, that's fine. All you need     scatter them on bare soil - thicker than nor-
                                                                                                      early morn-
is some room amidst existing plants. Con-          mal. Make an eighteen-inch-wide swath
                                                                                                      ing or late
sider using available space in your flower         through a garden bed, or edge the path lead-
                                                                                                      afternoon
garden or mixed border; fill in areas with         ing from the sidewalk to your front door.
                                                                                                      sun glim-
edibles as you remove tired-looking annuals        The greens will come up in a colorful carpet.
                                                                                                      mering
or prune back perennials. Of course, there is      By the time the plants are a few inches tall
                                                                                                      through it. It
always room in the vegetable or herb garden.       they will need thinning. Pull up plants at
                                                                                                      is so decora-
                                                   random for an instant salad of baby greens.
For fall harvests you can start everything                                                            tive in the
                                                   There is plenty to share with neighbors who
from seed sown directly in the garden. In                                                             garden you
                                                   seem to sense when picking time starts - and
spring, you can usually find a plethora of                                                            don't have to
                                                   invite them to come over and help them-
starts - cell packs or small potted plants at                                                         eat it.
                                                   selves to fresh greens.
local nurseries, garden centers, and home
                                                                                                      Add some
stores. In summer, you won't find starts; you      Since you will be planting in the heat of sum-
                                                                                                      pizzazz
have to rely on seed you purchased.                mer, sow the seed in a partly shaded spot, or
                                                   provide shade with spun polyester cloth to         Other less common, yet more flavorful
Great Greens                                       keep them cooler. Mist lightly during the day      greens, add spice to the mix. Depending on
                                                   to refresh the seedlings and young plants.         your taste, include some piquant greens such
Do you enjoy salad and other greens fresh
                                                   Otherwise, they require no different care          as arugula and 'Osake Purple' mustard
from the garden? In season, they are fabu-
                                                   than spring-sown seeds. Growing spinach in         greens. 'Wrinkled Crinkled Crumpled' cress
lous, especially cut-and-come-again greens
                                                   the spring can be a challenge, as it doesn't       is unique for its savoyed leaves. Broccoli
like leaf lettuces, arugula, mustard, and oth-
                                                   like the heat. In fall, it is happy with the       raab, a sprouting broccoli (also known by
ers. Yet have you seen the price of mixed
                                                   cooling weather. Be sure to avoid any varie-       such names as raab, rapa, rapini, and spring
greens - often called mesclun - at the grocery
                                                   ties that are labeled "summer" spinach. As         broccoli) is sumptuous stir-fried in olive oil
store lately? For what you would pay for two
                                                   with the other plants for fall harvest, sow the    and garlic, served on pasta.
weeks worth of salad greens for a family of
                                                   seed in a partially shaded area to keep the soil
four, you can buy more than enough seed to
                                                   from getting too warm.                             Other greens add interesting form and color,
keep you in salad all fall and well into win-
                                                                                                      with their own unique flavors. Mache,
ter. Look for greens that you would nor-           To many, the flavor of kale - like Brussels        (Valerianella locusta) also known as corn
mally plant in spring before the last frost date   sprouts - is enhanced by frost. For diversity      salad, has a sweet, nutty flavor. Endive and
- those that can take some cold.                   of leaf shape, color (from deep green to           radicchio have slightly bitter taste. Curly
                                                   blue), size, and crunch, choose several kale       endives, such as 'Tres Fin,' have finely dis-
Since these are mostly "foliage plants," look
                                                   varieties. Finely curled red-leafed 'Redbor        sected, curly leaves. Oriental greens round
for those that add a dimension of color in
                                                   Hybrid,' and bluish crinkle-leafed                 out the medley. From mizuna to tatsoi, pac
addition to "leafy green" when selecting
                                                   'Winterbor' are amazingly hardy and can last       choi, bok choy, and komatsuna and their
varieties to add to your garden. If you don't
                                                   through winter. 'Lacinata' holds its deep          cultivars, there is an assortment of new,
segregate ornamentals from edibles, you will
                                                   bluish-green leaves upright, while 'Red Rus-       vitamin-filled greens to try. 
want the plants to add interest - leaf color,
                                                   sian' with a mauve tinge to the leaves, has a
shape, size and plant form.
                                                   more open habit.                                   For more information on vegetable gardening,
Choose from among the many leaf lettuces,                                                             visit http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/
                                                   Swiss chard is a must-have. Forget about the       lawn_garden/veg.html.
including these All-American Selection win-
                                                   plain green leaves you knew as a child. Grow
ners: 'Red Sails,' 'Buttercrunch,' 'Ruby,' and
                                                   'Bright Lights' (1998 AAS winner) to delight
'Salad Bowl.' Romaines can take the cold; try
                                                   your eyes as well as your palate. With ribs
'Rouge d'Hiver' and 'Freckles' for good
                                                   that run the gamut from silver to gold, or-
color. Mix in some 'Lollo Rossa,' 'Arctic

                                                                         10
                                              gardener's journal: living memories


                                    Dutch Irises on the Montana
   Collin County                    Prairie
     Extension                      By Sandi Seiser, Collin County Master Gardener
   Horticulture
         &                          Long ago on the Montana prairie a seven year old
   Collin County                    girl – a member of a pioneering family – died of a
      Master                        burst appendix as the family tried to get her into
                                    the closest ranching community fifteen miles
     Gardeners
                                    away for hospital care. This young girl was my
      825 N. McDonald Street        Father’s youngest Sister, Clara, and would have
             Suite 150              been my ‘Aunt Clara’ if she had lived. This was
      McKinney, Texas 75069
                                    June of 1926; she was buried in the small com-
                                    munity cemetery close to the railroad and ranch-
      Phone: 972-548-4232
                                    ing community of Nihill, Montana. This small
  Metro: 972-424-1460, x. 4232
  Email: mgcollin@ag.tamu.edu       community has since disappeared, the railroad
                                    has long since moved to the next larger commu-
                                    nity and Black Angus cattle now graze the land.

                                     The day of Clara’s burial my Grandmother
                                    planted a few miniature Dutch Irises on her grave
                                    – a grave now that has no marker – and can only
                                    be identified by the perfusion of Dutch Irises       gravesite of a loved one, into your garden space is
                                    covering it, and naturalizing on to the next grave   an honor and remembrance of the person buried
                                    site. And so it has persisted since.                 below. It is comfort, memory, and respect. 

                                    My Father’s original home place is still known as
                                    the “Old Lohse Place” and my family – aunts,            Cemetery Sources
     County Extension Agent:        uncles and cousins visited as much as possible
       Greg Church, Ph.D.
                                    over the years. My surviving cousins and I only         There are many hardy, heir-
   Email: gtchurch@ag.tamu.edu
                                    visit now.                                              loom plants to be found in old
     Editor: Katherine Ponder                                                               cemeteries. They have en-
                                    Feeling a connection with a young girl and aunt
Email: katherineponder@yahoo.com                                                            dured for decades with little or
                                    that I never got to know, my husband and I vis-
                                    ited her gravesite in 1996. We dug a few Dutch          no care, and yet serve as a re-
                                    Irises and brought them home to grow in our             minder of someone who was
                                    garden in Plano, Texas. They thrived and                loved in his or her lifetime.
       We’re on the Web!            bloomed the first year – in March – small but           There are serious protocols to
      http://ccmgatx.org/
    http://collin-tx.tamu.edu       spectacular and bringing tears to our eyes. Cobalt      follow if you want to look to a
                                    blue, deep purple with a throat center of sunny
                                                                                            cemetery as a source of plant
                                    yellow and white – all in remembrance of a
                                                                                            material. Always find out who
                                    young girl who lived a brief life of seven years.
Extension programs serve            And each Spring since I watch and wait for their        either owns the property or
people of all ages regardless       first bloom in a special space designated as “Aunt      oversees management of the
of socioeconomic level, race,       Clara’s Garden”.                                        cemetery and begin getting
color, sex, religion, disability,
                                                                                            permission from that point.
or nation origin. The Texas         And so, this July, we returned to Clara’s grave-
A&M University System, U. S.        site and as the pictures below show – we brought        You may ultimately be sent to
Department of Agriculture,          back more of Clara’s irises.                            ask extended family members
and the County Commis-                                                                      for permission.
sioners Courts of Texas Co-         Transferring a cemetery rose or an iris on the
operating.




                                                                  11

								
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