getting_the_interview by bkiran63


									Getting the Interview
 The Office of Career Services
        Gail D. Riggs

        Johnson Hall
        800 659-4562
          Ext: 1204
       Getting the Interview:

• A good resume will get you
  the interview.

• A good interview will get you
  the job.
    Things to consider before the
         interview process:
• Know what career goals you want to
• Shoot for those goals.
• Know what position you are best suited to
• Know how to present your qualifications.
• Consider legitimate resources for seeking
         Legitimate Resources:

•   Your college Career Services Office
Goals: Before the Interview
• Identify research you should do before the
  interview regarding the position for which
  you are applying and the organization
  where you are applying
• Make necessary preparations before the
  interview for travel, documents, and
  greeting the interviewer
• Identify appropriate attire for the interview
       Before the Interview
You have submitted your resume and cover letter for
 a job opening, and now you’ve been scheduled for
 a personal interview (a good resume will get you
 the interview)

The interview is the most decisive step in your job
  search. This is where you GET THE JOB!!!!

Remember - you are “selling” yourself. To do so
  requires preparation.
         Before the Interview
Your resume is your sales brochure

It is an advertisement of your qualifications
• Education
• Work experience
• Skills and abilities
         Before the Interview
Your resume should be:
• Organized and easy to read
• Keep sentences and paragraphs short and concise
• Use bullets before each sentence or qualification
  rather than complete sentences
• Use simple terms
• Use quantities and dollar amounts to enhance your
             Before the Interview
• Avoid excessive use of the pronoun “I”
• There must be no misspelled words
• Your resume should be one page, or no more than two
  pages in length
• Do not abbreviate words in your resume
• Use Action verbs:
  - coordinated
  -supervised and a number of employees
• Provide proof of skills
   – Avoid: “I am an intelligent and diligent worker”
   – Include: “I have finished three major research projects”
         Before the Interview
• Write a rough draft first
• Critique it
• Make is visually attractive
• Use most pertinent dates and numbers
• Emphasize skills, qualifications and
  accomplishments, especially those which transfer
  from one institution to another
• Do not use negative words, and do not apologize
  for lack of experience
          Before the Interview
Resume Format
• Chronological:
  - begins with your present or most recent
  job and lists your work experience in descending
• Functional:
  -goes beyond outlining education and experience,
  it enables you to focus on your transferable skills
  (best used when you have little or no work
  experience, but lots of class experience) samples
  in Job Manual; pg. 29 and 31
Before the Interview
   • Learn as much as you can about
     the organization before the
     interview by obtaining a copy of
     the company’s literature and
     annual report. Check the Web or
     Chamber of Commerce
     (Many organizations have web
     sites about their organization.
     The web site may offer an on-
     line application to submit)
Before the Interview

          • If you are unfamiliar
            with the location of
            the interview, drive by
            the location the day
            before and time your
            trip to ensure you will
            have ample time for
            traffic, etc., on the day
            of your interview
Before the Interview
         • Make sure you know the
           name of the person who
           will be conducting the
           interview, and learn the
           pronunciation of that
           person’s name.You can
           call and get this
           information from the
           Human Resources
           Department or the
Before the Interview
        • You may be interviewed
          by a committee of several
          people, and you may be
          asked to give a
          presentation as part of
          your interviewing process
        • If you are asked to give a
          presentation, prepare and
          practice thoroughly
          before your interview
            Before the Interview
• At least half the employer’s hiring decision will be made the
  minute the interviewer lays eyes on you
• Personal appearance is extremely important during the
  personal interview
• Dress in conservative business attire
For men-
 Wear a conservative tie and be sure your suit is clean and
  pressed and your shoes are shined (appropriate traditional
  business attire is a suit and tie)
For a woman-
• A suit, dress, or business slacks suit is appropriate business
Be Careful of:
• Hemlines: nothing much above the knee
• Necklines: No low necklines
• Always wear stockings
Before the Interview
          • For a job in a more
            casual environment, a
            shirt and tie are
            appropriate for men
          • Try to learn about the
            culture of the company
            so that you can dress
      Before the Interview
• Hair should be clean and under control
• Hair should be styled conservatively
• Avoid excessive jewelry or makeup
• Women should keep earrings small and wear just
  one pair
• Men should play it safe and leave the earring at
• Men and women should not wear much
  fragrance; some people are allergic and it can be
Before the Interview
         It’s natural to be a little
         • Try not to be so shy
            you can barely talk
         • On the other hand,
            don’t act cocky to
            compensate for your
Before the Interview

     • Don’t chew gum
       during the interview
     • Don’t Smoke right before
       the interview
     • Don’t come to the interview
       with alcohol on your breath
         Before the Interview
• Take two extra copies of your resume with you, even
  if you have previously mailed a resume
• In addition, bring your listing of 3-5 references
• And bring an application summary sheet to aid
  completion of an application
Plan to “sell” yourself !
• Think of 2 or 3 success stories that you can relate
  about your previous experience or special skills and
Before the Interview
      • An interview will often
        conclude with such questions
        as, “do you have any questions
        about the position?”
      • Be ready with 2 or 3 relevant
        questions that indicate your
        serious interest in the job
        During the Interview
• Know how to conduct yourself
  professionally upon arrival at the interview
• Know how to answer interview questions
  truthfully and positively
           During the Interview
• Arrive 10-15 minutes early.
• Remember that your interview begins the moment
  you enter the parking lot. Be polite in greeting the
  receptionist and anyone else with whom you come
  in contact.
• Shake hands firmly with the interviewer when
  introduced and establish eye contact.
• Don’t be afraid to offer your hand first.
       During the Interview
• Don’t address the interviewer by first
  name, even if that person is younger than
• When you enter the interviewer’s office,
  don’t sit until the interviewer sits or asks
  you to be seated
• Maintain eye contact with your
  interviewer during your meeting
During the Interview
  • Sit up straight and lean forward
    slightly in your chair. Doing so
    shows that you are interested and are
    listening to the questions that are
    being asked.
  • Pay close attention to the questions
    being asked.
  • Don’t be afraid to pause for a
    moment to formulate your thoughts
    before answering the question and
    speak slowly and clearly.
         During the Interview
• Don’t criticize past employers, instructors, or
  other individuals. Employers are not interested in
  hiring negative people, and criticizing others will
  only make you look bad
• Describe past jobs and try to emphasize positive
  aspects of your previous job experience
• Focus on specific past accomplishments, such as
  developing new procedures
During the Interview
  • Try to relate past experiences to the job
    for which you are applying
  • Emphasize skills that would be useful in
    the new position, such as public
    relations responsibility or the ability to
    work well with others
  • Don’t answer with just “yes” and “no”
    Explain your answers
  • Look for openings that will allow you to
    stress your strong points
During the Interview
          • Don’t talk about your
            personal life. For
            example, an employer
            may be reluctant to
            hire women who have
            young children.
          • Avoid talking about
            your marital or family
During the Interview
        • If there are gaps in the
          employment history
          section of your resume, a
          question may come up
          about it in the interview.
          Be prepared with an
          answer about why there
          was a period of time
          when no employment was
During the Interview
        • If asked what salary
          you would like to
          have, turn the question
          back on the
          interviewer by asking
          if he or she can give
          you a salary range that
          the company might be
          willing to pay for the
       During the Interview
• Federal Civil Rights laws prohibit discrimination
  in hiring based on race, color, religion, gender, or
  national origin.
• Employers may not ask pre-employment
  questions about:
      -Marital status
Conclude the interview positively. Summarize your
  qualifications and show your enthusiasm for
  obtaining the position.
During the Interview
       • Shake hands with the
         interviewer(s) once again at
         the conclusion of the
         interview. Be sure to thank
         the interviewer(s) for
         his/her/their time (the next
         day be sure to prepare Thank
         You cards to send to each
After the Interview
        • Be sure that you have the
          correct spelling of the
          interviewer’s name as
          well as job title
        • A good way of ensuring
          that you have the correct
          information is to ask the
          interviewer for his or her
          business card before
After the Interview
          • If the interviewer
            indicated that a
            decision would be
            made within a week
            and more than a week
            has passed without a
            response, make a
            phone call to follow
After the Interview
  • Ask to speak to the Human Resources
    Rep or the interviewer’s administrative
    assistant. When the person answers, after
    identifying yourself, ask if a decision has
    been made.
  • If the receptionist indicates that the person
    is not available, leave a message that you
    called to inquire about the position and
    ask that the person return your call.
  • Be prepared to leave a voice mail message
    if necessary.
After the Interview
          • Most employers
            will appreciate your
            enthusiasm for the
            position and your
         After the Interview
• If you are a finalist for the position, you
  may be scheduled for a second interview
  with higher level management.
• If so, review your strengths and weaknesses
  and short- and long-term goals.
• Also, review your performance from your
  first interview. If there were weak areas, try
  to rethink some of your answers and
  improve on your strong points.
After the Interview
          • Find out who will be
            conducting this second
            interview. This
            information probably
            will be given to you
            when your second
            interview is scheduled;
            if not call the H.R. rep
            or the receptionist.
After the Interview
        • This interview is
          probably the time when
          salary will be discussed
        • Be prepared for this
          discussion by finding
          out ahead of time what
          the salary range is in
          your career field for
          your geographic area
After the Interview
   • Once again, don’t give a figure
     unless pressed to do so. Ask the
     interviewer to quote a salary
     range for that particular position.
   • If you are pressed to quote a
     salary, give a range. If you’ve
     done your research about salaries
     in your area, you should be able
     to quote a range consistent with
     this companies expectations.
        After the Interview
• You should end this interview by thanking
  the interviewer(s) for his/her/their time
• Once again, show enthusiasm and indicate
  that you are interested in the position

• A very important last step:
  Before leaving, ASK FOR THE
After the Interview
       • Afterwards, be sure to
         write a second thank you
         letter to the
       • A thank you letter should
         be sent immediately after
         every interview

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