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					Dr Romilla Maharaj
    7 May 2009

                     1
VISION


  A strong, representative and
 resilient qualified professional
base for the South African public
        and private sector


                                    2
MISSION


 A five-fold increase in the annual
     production of quality PhDs
               by 2025




                                      3
     OBJECTIVES

• To increase the number of PhD qualified South Africans
• To provide support networks for potential PhD candidates
• To increase the number of role models
• To contribute towards creating an equitable workforce




                                                          4
WHY THE PHD?
• Pinnacle qualification

• Definition: “Broadening the frontiers of knowledge.”

• Self employed innovators and job creators

• Only 37% of academic staff at SA universities hold a
  PhD

• 85% of new jobs in knowledge service work (Drucker)
• Investment in humans key competitive advantage
  (Michael Porter)

                                                         5
PHD PRODUCTION PROFILES
OF SELECTED OECD COUNTRIES

                                     PhDs produced per million population

   300
                                                                                259
   250                                                                                                  240
                                                                                                                       1999
   200                                                                                                                 2000
                                                                172                                                    2001
   150                                                                                                                 2002
                                                                                                                       2003
   100                                                                                                                 2004
                                                                      53                                               2005
    50                  27                                                                                    43


    0
                                                                               UK
                                       India
                             China




                                               Japan




                                                                                                              Brazil
                                                                                      USA
                                                       South Korea


                                                                      Taiwan




                                                                                            Australia
         South Africa




                                                                                                                              6
increase
the number of doctoral level trained South
Africans who function as role models and

                          MENTORS
                                        7
reach
   the goal of a demographically representative

KNOWLEDGE WORKFORCE                      to
service a diverse customer base




                                              8
Impact number of qualified
 applicants to fill CRITICAL
 positions across DISCIPLINES




                                9
Improve the preparation of all students
 by allowing them to   EXPERIENCE the
 richness of learning from a more diverse

 TEACHING/RESEARCH STAFF

                                            10
Reach the goal of a diversified
 knowledge WORKFORCE




                                  11
SA RESEARCHER PROFILE

          Age of Authors of South African Journal Articles
   100%

   90%

   80%

   70%

   60%

   50%

   40%

   30%

   20%

   10%

    0%
          1990    1992       1994           1996      1998          2000   2002

                         under 30   30-39     40-49   50-59   60+                 12
                                                                       13

Patent applications 1991 -2005: ZA (red), Singapore (yellow), India (green)
   THE SA PHD PIPELINE

National
graduation
pipeline (2005)

                  Senior certificate
                  with endorsement
                                       Total all
                                       undergraduate rates
                                                             Hons            Masters             PhD‟s
                  ~ 86   500/yr                              ~ 23   000/yr   ~8   000/yr         ~ 1 200/yr
                                       ~ 49   753/yr
                                                                                         Target: 6 000/yr


National SET
pipeline (2005)

                   HG Maths and          Total SET            Hons             Masters              PhD‟s
                   Science               undergraduates
                                                              ~ 3 200/yr       ~ 2 900/yr           ~ 561/yr
                   ~ 26 000/yr           ~ 15 991/yr

                                                                                            Target: 3 000/yr

                                                                                                        14
CURRENT SET STUDENT ENROLMENTS

            1. < 10% proceed from a basic degree to pursue honours

            2. Only 19% proceed from Masters to Doctoral studies




                                                          1                              2
 Existing
 National SET         26,000            33,500           3,200           2,900         561
 pipeline (2005)


                                                       Hons grad       Masters ~ per   PhD‟s ~
                   HG Maths and       SET graduation                   yr (incl.
                                                       rates~ per yr                   per yr
                   Science ~ per yr   rates ~per yr                    coursework)




                                                                                             15
GROWING THE PHD PIPELINE

 In which league do we want to play?

    - China        =    0.34 fold decrease
    - India        =    0.44 fold decrease

    - Brazil        =   1.9 fold increase
    - Taiwan        =   2.3 fold increase
    - Japan         =   4.9 fold increase
    - USA           =   6.1 fold increase
    - South Korea =     6.8 fold increase
    - UK            =   8.2 fold increase
    - Australia     =   9.7 fold increase
CHALLENGES

• Funding
• Training capacity
• Employment and career opportunities
  for PhD graduates
• Perception that PhDs are
  „overqualified‟?

                                        17
THE PHD PROJECT STORY




                        18
FACT …

   limited diversity
         in University

teaching/research staff
            and in

  doctoral students
                          19
FACT …

diversity in the classroom begins
 with diversity in front of the
 classroom



                                    20
FACT …

    research/teaching staff

       INFLUENCE
  choice to take the next step




                                 21
THE PHD PROJECT STORY

                              Societal need
      Provides potential postgraduates with information about, and
        access to career opportunities they might not be aware of




  Educational Need                             Workplace need
Provides students with the                Provides the workplace with a
opportunity to enrich their                   larger pool of diverse
education through diverse                    applicants, while better
       leadership                              preparing applicants
                                                                     22
THE PHD PROJECT WORKS!
In the USA there was a ..
• 170% increase in minority
  university professors
  since inception of PhD
  Project


• <10% dropout rate for
  PhD Project members
  compared to 25% average
  dropout rate in the USA.
       www.phdproject.org     23
Update
SA PH.D. PROJECT SPONSOR

                ?
                           ?




   ?
                           ?


                ?
                               25
ANNUAL PHD PROJECT CONFERENCE
PHD PROJECT FLAGSHIP


                                    SPONSORS       EXHIBITORS.
                                                   RECRUITERS
         INVITED
        STUDENTS                     -Government
                                     -Corporate      -SA HEIs
                                     -NGOs           -International HEIs
  -Employed                                          -Science Councils
  -Current students
  -Interns                        PHD PROJECT
  -General Public                 CONFERENCE
                                                               OVERSEAS
                                                               PARTNERS


        SPEAKERS                                            -EOC Collaboration
                                                            -IIE SAEP (US)
                                                            -International Partners
  -   Motivational Keynote
  -   Government
  -   Research DVCs/Deans
  -   Successful Ph.D. Grads
  -   Concurrent Subject Panels
  SA PHD PROJECT
   STUDENTS                                PHD PROGRAM
RECRUITED FROM                              PLACEMENT

  Businesses


                                              SA HEIs
 Grad Interns    SA PhD Fair




                               PROCESSES
                               SELECTION
 Current Studs                               SANDWICH
   Hons/M‟s                                  PROGRAMS

   Science
   Councils                                  OVERSEAS


    Others                                               28
INFORMATION HUB

Website with info
on:
• Application process, typical life cycle of PhD studies
• Database of students, mentors, PhD programmes,
  funding avenues
• Postdoctoral training and employment opportunities
• Notification of relevant events, seminars, workshops
• Communication portal for associations

                                                       29
NON-TECHNICAL
SKILLS DEVELOPMENT

 •   Career planning and management
 •   Project management
 •   Negotiation and conflict resolution
 •   Entrepreneurship
 •   Financial management
 •   Leadership
 •   Intellectual property management


                                           30
DOCTORAL STUDENT
ASSOCIATIONS

Three Broad Areas:
• Social Sciences and
  Humanities
• Natural Sciences,
  Math & Engineering
• Economics and
  Management Sciences



                        31
DOCTORAL STUDENT
ASSOCIATIONS

• Develop mentoring relationships
• Peer support
• Opportunities for joint research
• Maximise PhD completion rates
• Networking opportunities



                                     32
Modeled Destination
                                         PhDs graduates per annum

7,000

6,000

5,000

4,000

3,000

2,000

1,000

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                                                                                                            33
Supervision Capacity

          PhDs per annum per 100 PhD Researchers

  30.00


  25.00


  20.00


  15.00


  10.00


   5.00


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                                                   34
International Partnerships




                             35
SINGAPORE




    TEN Doctoral Scholarships to South Africans students for
    full time studies in Singapore:


    Value of scholarship is ~ R150 000 – R170 000 per annum
    = R6, 400, 000 over four years


  Call for applications - commencement March 2010
                                                               36
VU-NRF DESMOND TUTU
DOCTORAL TRAINING PROGRAMME

• Sandwich doctoral training programme jointly
  funded by VU and NRF (50:50)
• 17 doctoral scholarships over five years
• Memorandum of Agreement guides partnership

 Value of scholarship ~ R240,000 p.a



 Call for applications close in June 2009
 Enrolment in Programme from September 2009
                                                 37
USA – FULBRIGHT PROGRAM



 NRF contributing US$12,000 per annum for two black S&T
 doctoral students over period of four years.
 Cost per annum estimated at US$ 35 000 per student p.a.


 Advantages:
 • “Cost effective” - GRE/GMAT; IIE administration and visa
   costs covered by Fulbright.

                                                              38
COMMONWEALTH SCHOLARSHIPS




   • Sandwich (split-site) doctoral training
   • 12 months at a UK institution (fully funded by CSFP)
   • NRF will fund local doctoral study (if required)
   • Advantage is that students registered at SA HEIs are
     able to gain international exposure or training at no
     additional cost to the NRF
   • Three nominations submitted for 2009
                                                             39
South African Education Pprogramme Graduates FROM 1980




                                                         40
SOUTH AFRICA EDUCATION
PROGRAMME (SAEP) RELOADED




 • “SAEP Experiences” Project – will be an
   important fundraising and marketing tool
   R50k private sponsorship + R50k NRF
   contribution.

 • SAEP Reloaded – first intake envisaged to be a
   minimum of five students
                                                    41
COMMON MYTHS ABOUT THE PH.D.




  • You must …
    – be very smart/genius
    – have lots of money
    – have the right connections




                                   42
FOCUS ON YOUR GOALS
• Success = 99% Perspiration, 1%
  inspiration
• Three things to remember
  – Money Matters
  – Performance counts
  – Time is the enemy
• Performance equation: PASE
  – Performance = Ability x Support x Effort   43
COMMON MYTHS ABOUT THE PHD

 You must …
   be young




              2007 PhD graduate (at 68 years old)
                Ananda Sattwa, at UC Berkeley
                                                    44
COMMON MYTHS ABOUT THE PHD




         2005 Ph.D. graduate (at 93 years old)
       Reverend Dowse - Brunel University (UK)

                                                 45
READY TO TAKE THE COURAGEOUS
STEP?

  S       Sacrifice
  T       Tenacity
  E       Energy
  P       Perform

                               46
THE PH.D. -
YOUR DREAM, OUR REALITY




                          47
“It might be insane to live with a dream
      but it is sheer madness
           to live without one!”
                                   unknown

                                      48
ENKOSI, THANK YOU, RE A LEBOGA,
SIYABONGA, DANKIE
                RISA




                                  49