Natural Resources and Sustainable Development Ordinances GTS Workshop June 2010 Jean Coleman CR Planning, Inc. 612-588-4904 firstname.lastname@example.org Types of tools to implement plans Encouragement – Educating individuals to act consistently with the plan. Incentives – Providing an inducement for individuals to act consistently with the plan. Regulation – Requiring individuals to act in ways that are consistent with the plan. Acquisition/Public Ownership – Buying land to ensure management and use is consistent with the plan. Why Use Regulation? Regulations clearly tell people what is expected of them. Compliance is highest when actions are mandated. Regulations balance property interests of the community with those of individuals. From Policy to Reality: Model Ordinances for Sustainable Development Urban growth boundary Agriculture and forest protection zoning district Conservation subdivision zoning district Purchase of Development Rights (PDR) and Transfer of Development Rights (TDR) ordinances Orderly annexation agreement Sample zoning districts for traditional village or traditional neighborhood development Adequate public facilities ordinance On-site septic ordinance Available at: Stormwater management ordinance www.crplanning.com Travel demand management ordinance Natural resource protection overlay district Ordinances to Protect Natural Resources Natural resource protection overlays Conservation subdivision zoning district Natural resource design standards in a subdivision ordinance Natural resource protection overlays Overlays base zoning district Base Zoning District (Res, Ag, Ind) Applies to a single Lake natural resource, or Overlay multiple resources, District wherever they occur Common elements in a natural resource overlay ordinance Intent and Purpose Identification of resources to be protected Process for reviewing development in overlay areas Performance standards Management requirements Example: City of Sartell Natural Resource Protection Overlay – Single overlay that includes protection for a variety of important resources wherever they occur – Requires a process of flexible site design if important resources are present Example: Clay County Resource Protection Overlay Districts – RP- Wellhead protection – RP- County biological survey sites – RP-Aggregate protection Conservation Development Regulating subdivision design for natural resource protection and development Can be required within specified districts, allowed within specified districts, or encouraged through incentive regulation Identify criteria to protect natural resources within the subdivision process Set criteria for balancing public and private benefits and costs Identify management responsibility for open space areas Examples of development standards in conservation development ordinance Maximum density Open space requirement Open space ownership and management Creative lot and building site design to protect resources Buffers Flexible street standards Examples of Conservation Development at Various Densities Conventional Development Examples of Conservation Development at Various Densities Limited Development Examples of Conservation Development at Various Densities Conservation Subdivision Examples of Conservation Development at Various Densities TND/Mixed Use Development Natural resource design standards in a subdivision ordinance Similar in concept to street or utility design standards Applied in the subdivision process Based on community natural resource priorities Based on science and ecological principles Steep slopes Example: City of Shakopee Natural Resource Priorities Lakes and streams Wetlands Ordinance Enforcement The good, the bad, and the bureaucracy Enforcement – Adoption of the ordinance is just the beginning Cost – Consider staff and informational resources needed to administer regulation Variances and exceptions - we have met the enemy, and he is us Key Messages There are a variety of ordinance approaches to protect natural resources Regulation should protect natural resources that are important to your community Natural resource protection can occur along with development Happy Ordinance Drafting . . . !!!
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