Doctors Medical Certificate by zqu34709

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									Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


  1   Algeria                              yes            2002                               no          Date of occurrence*                  10




  2   Argentina                           yes             1970             3                 no          Date of registration                 10




  3   Armenia                              no                              3                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




  4   Aruba                               yes                              3                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




                                                                                                                                                              Page 1/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


  5   Australia                           yes             2003             4                 yes         Date of occurrence                   10




  6   Austria                             yes             2004             4                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




  7   Azerbaijan                          yes             2002             4                 yes         Date of occurrence                   10




  8   Barbados                             no                              3                 no          Date of occurrence                   10



  9   Belarus                             yes             2002             4                 yes         Date of occurrence                   10




                                                                                                                                                              Page 2/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 10   Belgium                              no                          6 or more             no          Date of occurrence                   10



 11   Belize                              yes             1980             3                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




 12   Bolivia                             yes             2002         6 or more             no          Date of registration*                10




 13   Brazil                              yes             1950             4                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




 14   British Virgin Islands               no                                                no          Date of occurrence




 15   Bulgaria                            yes             2005             4                 yes         Date of occurrence                   10




                                                                                                                                                              Page 3/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 16   Burkina Faso                                                                                                                            10

 17   Chile                       No. The current form                     3                 no          Date of occurrence                   10
                                  of medical certificate
                                  of cause of death is
                                  obsolete when
                                  compared to the
                                  recommended
                                  International Form of
                                  Medical Certificate of
                                  casue of Death as
                                  recommended by
                                  WHO in ICD-10




 18   Colombia                             yes             1970            4                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




 19   Costa Rica                           yes             1975            1                 no          Date of registration                 10




                                                                                                                                                              Page 4/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 20   Croatia                             yes             1995             5                 yes         Date of occurrence                   10




 21   Cuba                                yes             1990             4                 yes         Date of occurrence                   10


 22   Cyprus                               no                              3                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




 23   Czech Republic                       no                              3                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




                                                                                                                                                              Page 5/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 24   Denmark                             yes                              4                 yes         Date of occurrence                   10




 25   Dominican Republic                  yes             1996             3                 yes         Date of occurrence                   10



 26   El Salvador                         yes             1997                                           Date of registration                 10

 27   Eritrea
 28   Fiji                                                                                               Date of registration                  9




 29   Finland                             yes             1998             3                 yes         Date of occurrence                   10



 30   France                              yes             1997             4                 yes         Date of occurrence                   10




                                                                                                                                                              Page 6/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 31   Greece                               no                              5                             Date of occurrence                    9



 32   Grenada                              no                              3                 no          Date of occurrence                   10
 33   Guatemala                                                            3                 no          Date of occurrence                    9




 34   Guyana                              yes             2000             5                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




 35   Haiti                               yes             1997             4                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




                                                                                                                                                              Page 7/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death      Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to       currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 36   Honduras                            yes             1970             4                 no          Date of occurrence, date of            10
                                                                                                         registration




 37   Hungary                             yes             1996             4                 yes         Date of occurrence                     10




 38   Ireland                              no             1989             3                 no          Date of occurrence                      9




 39   Israel                              yes             1970             3                 no          Date of occurrence                     10




                                                                                                                                                                Page 8/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 40   Italy                               yes             1970             3                 no          Data of occurrence                    9




 41   Japan                               yes             1995             4                 no          Data of occurrence                   10




 81   Jordan                              yes             2003             4                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




                                                                                                                                                              Page 9/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death     Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to      currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 42   Kenya                               yes                              4                 yes         Data of occurrence/date of
                                                                                                         registration*



 82   Kuwait                              yes             1995             4                 yes         Date of occurrence                    10




 43   Latvia                              yes             1997             3                 yes         Date of registration                  10




 44   Lithuania                           yes             1994             4                 yes         Date of registration                  10




                                                                                                                                                               Page 10/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 45   Luxembourg                           no                              2                 no          Date of registration                 10




 46   Malawi                                                                                             Date of registration*
 47   Malaysia                                                                                           Date of registration                 10
 48   Maldives                             no                              3                 no          Date of registration                 10




 49   Malta                               yes                              3                 no          Date of registration                 10




                                                                                                                                                              Page 11/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 50   Mauritius                           yes             1970             3                 no          Date of registration                  9




 51   Mongolia                            yes             1997             3                 yes         Date of registration                 10




                                                                                                                                                              Page 12/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 52   Netherlands                         yes             1970             3                 no          Date of registration                 10




 53   New Zealand                         yes             1970             3                 yes         Date of registration                 10



 54   Nicaragua                                                            3                 no          Date of registration                 10




 55   Norway                               no                              3                 no          Date of registration                 10




                                                                                                                                                              Page 13/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 56   Panama                              yes             1998             3                 no          Date of registration                 10




 57   Paraguay                            yes             1996             4                 no          Date of registration                 10



 58   Peru                                 no                              4                 no          Date of registration                 10




 59   Portugal                            yes                              4                 yes         Date of registration                 10



 60   Puerto Rico                          no                          6 or more             no          Date of registration                 10




 83   Qatar                               yes             1995             1                 yes                                              10




 61   Republic of Moldova                 yes             1998         6 or more             yes         Date of registration                 10




                                                                                                                                                              Page 14/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                         Death certificate
No. Country                            Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                     current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                       Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                     Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                         of Death as                                                                registration?
                                      recommended by
                                       WHO in ICD-10?


 62   Romania                                yes             1970             4                 yes         Date of registration                 10




 63   Russian Federation                     yes             1999             3                 yes         Date of registration                 10




 64   Saint Vincent and Grenadines           yes             1996             3                 yes         Date of registration                 10




 65   Sierra Leone                           no                           6 or more                         Date of registration                none
 66   Singapore                              no                           6 or more                         Date of registration                  9



 67   Slovakia                               yes             1994             3                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




                                                                                                                                                                 Page 15/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?


 68   Spain                                no                              3                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




 69   Suriname                             no                          6 or more             no          Date of occurrence                   10




 70   Sweden                              yes                              4                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




 84   Syrian Arab Republic                yes                          6 or more             yes         Date of occurrence                   10




 71   TFYR Macedonia                      yes             1997             3                 no          Date of occurrence                    9

 72   Timor-Leste                          no                                                no                                              none




                                                                                                                                                              Page 16/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                        Death certificate
No. Country                           Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                    current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                      Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                    Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                        of Death as                                                                registration?
                                     recommended by
                                      WHO in ICD-10?


 73   Trinidad and Tobago                   yes             1970             3                 no          Date of occurrence                   10

 74   Turkey                                no                           6 or more             no          Date of registration                  8




 75   United Kingdom, England and           yes             2001             3                 no          Date of occurrence                   10
      Wales

 76   United Kingdom, Northern              yes             2001             3                 yes         Date of registration                 10
      Ireland




 77   United Kingdom, Scotland              yes             1999             4                 no          Date of registration                 10




                                                                                                                                                                Page 17/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                          Death certificate
No. Country                             Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                      current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                        Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                      Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                          of Death as                                                                registration?
                                       recommended by
                                        WHO in ICD-10?


 78   United States of America                 yes            1999             4                 no          Date of occurrence                   10




 79   Uruguay                                  yes            1997             3                 yes         Date of occurrence                  none
 80   Uzbekistan                               yes            2004             4                 yes         Date of occurrence                   10




      * Cause-of-death statistics not received by WHO yet.




                                                                                                                                                                  Page 18/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                      Death certificate
No. Country                         Do you use the      When was How many lines        Do you use WHO       Is the cause-of-death    Which ICD revision are
                                  current International     the     are present in      recommended         statistics provided to     currently in use?
                                    Form of Medical     certificate  part 1 of the    certificate of cause WHO compiled by date of
                                  Certificate of Cause first used? death certificate? of perinatal death?   occurrence or date of
                                      of Death as                                                                registration?
                                   recommended by
                                    WHO in ICD-10?




                                                                                                                                                              Page 19/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                     Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered       Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths           deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by    occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]     hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                    other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                  institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                ]              ]


  1   Algeria                         90-100                                            50-59            0                   yes                            Centralized.         The certifier. A clinical
                                                                                                                                                                                 coder. Software 'PATIENT'




  2   Argentina                       90-100             10                             50-59          10-19                 yes                  10-19     Decentralized,       The certifier. A clinical
                                                                                                                                                            done at the          coder
                                                                                                                                                            local/regional
                                                                                                                                                            level.



  3   Armenia                         70-79            20-29                            10-19          20-29                 yes                   0-9      Centralized.         The certifier. A clinical
                                                                                                                                                                                 coder. Administration
                                                                                                                                                                                 officer/clerk. Medical
                                                                                                                                                                                 record officer/health
                                                                                                                                                                                 information manager




  4   Aruba                           90-100                                            50-59           0-9                  yes                    5       Centralized.         Administration officer/clerk




                                                                                                                                                                                          Page 20/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                      Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered        Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths            deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by     occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]      hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                     other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                   institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                 ]              ]


  5   Australia                       80-89            10-19                                             0-9                  yes                   0-9      Centralized.         An automated
                                                                                                                                                                                  computerized system




  6   Austria                         70-79            20-29                             30-39          20-29                 yes                    2       Centralized.         A clinical coder




  7   Azerbaijan                      70-79            10-19         10-19. Nurse,      90-100            1                   yes                   10       Locally/regionally   The certifier. A clinical
                                                                        midwife,                                                                             coded but            coder
                                                                       feldshers                                                                             checked at the
                                                                                                                                                             central level.

  8   Barbados                                                                           80-89                                                               Centralized.         Medical record
                                                                                                                                                                                  officer/health information
                                                                                                                                                                                  manager
  9   Belarus                         90-100             0                0               16             31                    no                            Locally/regionally   The certifier
                                                                                                                                                             coded but
                                                                                                                                                             checked at the
                                                                                                                                                             central level.




                                                                                                                                                                                           Page 21/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                     Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered       Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths           deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by    occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]     hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                    other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                  institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                ]              ]


 10   Belgium                          100               0                0             50-59                                 no                            Locally/regionally   The certifier. A doctor
                                                                                                                                                            coded but            other than the certifier. A
                                                                                                                                                            checked at the       clinical coder
                                                                                                                                                            central level.
 11   Belize                          90-100            0-9               2            90-100          60-69                 yes                   0-9      Locally/regionally   Statistical assistant
                                                                                                                                                            coded but
                                                                                                                                                            checked at the
                                                                                                                                                            central level.
 12   Bolivia                           35                                                                                    no                            Centralized.Locall A clinical coder. A
                                                                                                                                                            y/regionally coded statistical assistant.
                                                                                                                                                            but checked at the
                                                                                                                                                            central level.


 13   Brazil                          80-89            10-19                            70-79          20-29                 yes                  30-39                          A clinical coder




 14   British Virgin Islands            68               32               0                                                                                 Decentralized,       Medical record
                                                                                                                                                            done at the          officer/health information
                                                                                                                                                            local/regional       manager
                                                                                                                                                            level.
 15   Bulgaria                        90-100                                            20-29           0-9                   no                            Locally/regionally   The certifier
                                                                                                                                                            coded but
                                                                                                                                                            checked at the
                                                                                                                                                            central level.




                                                                                                                                                                                          Page 22/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                     Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered       Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths           deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by    occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]     hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                    other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                  institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                ]              ]


 16   Burkina Faso

 17   Chile                           80-89            10-19         0-9 (2003)         40-49           15                   yes                  50-59     Centralized.         A clinical coder




 18   Colombia                        70-79            20-29          1. Health         40-49          20-29                 yes                  10-19     Locally/regionally   A clinical coder
                                                                      Personnel                                                                             coded but
                                                                       (nurse,                                                                              checked at the
                                                                     promotor de                                                                            central level.
                                                                        salud)



 19   Costa Rica                                         99                              60             18                   yes                    5       Centralized.         A clinical coder




                                                                                                                                                                                          Page 23/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                     Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered       Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths           deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by    occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]     hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                    other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                  institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                ]              ]


 20   Croatia                         90-100            0-9                             50-59          10-19                 yes                   0-9      Centralized.         Medical record
                                                                                                                                                                                 officer/health information
                                                                                                                                                                                 manager




 21   Cuba                              93               7                               55             33                   yes                  10-19     Locally/regionally   A clinical coder
                                                                                                                                                            coded but
                                                                                                                                                            checked at the
 22   Cyprus                                                                                             8                   yes                            Centralized.         Administration officer/clerk




 23   Czech Republic                   100               0                0             60-69           29                   yes                    1       Centralized.         Administration officer/clerk




                                                                                                                                                                                          Page 24/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                       Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered         Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths             deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by      occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]       hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                      other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                    institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                  ]              ]


 24   Denmark                         90-100             9                 0              70-79           0-9                  yes                  10-19     Centralized.         The certifier. A doctor
                                                                                                                                                                                   other than the certifier. A
                                                                                                                                                                                   clinical coder. Medical
                                                                                                                                                                                   record officer/health
                                                                                                                                                                                   information manager.
                                                                                                                                                                                   Statistical assistant. An
                                                                                                                                                                                   automated computerized
                                                                                                                                                                                   system.

 25   Dominican Republic                80               7           13% certified         47              7                   yes                    1       Centralized.         A clinical coder
                                                                      by Alcaldes
                                                                      Pedaneos.
 26   El Salvador                       0-9              0                0-9              0-9            0-9                   no                            Centralized.         Administration officer/clerk

 27   Eritrea
 28   Fiji                                                                This                                                  no                            Centralized.         A clinical coder. Medical
                                                                     information is                                                                                                record officer/health
                                                                      currently not                                                                                                information manager.
                                                                       compiled.                                                                                                   Statistical assistant.




 29   Finland                         90-100             0                                70-79          30-39                 yes                    1       Centralized.         Statistical assistant



 30   France                          90-100                                              60-69           0-9                  yes                    1       Centralized.         A clinical coder.An
                                                                                                                                                                                   automated computerized
                                                                                                                                                                                   system.




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Causes of death
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                                                                                                       Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered       Registered        Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths           deaths            deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by     certified by     occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or      others [ % ]      hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                      other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                    institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                  ]              ]


 31   Greece                          90-100            0-9            1. Police          50-59            7                   yes                    1       Centralized.         A doctor other than the
                                                                      authorities                                                                                                  certifier. Statistical
                                                                                                                                                                                   assistant.
 32   Grenada                         90-100                                              50.6           16.3                   no                            Centralized.         Statistical assistant
 33   Guatemala                         67               0              23% lo             27                                                                 Centralized.         A clinical coder
                                                                      Certifíca la
                                                                     Autoridad y el
                                                                     10% Personal
                                                                       Empírico
 34   Guyana                            78               16                6               56             15                    no                            Locally/regionally   The certifier. Medical
                                                                                                                                                              coded but            record officer/health
                                                                                                                                                              checked at the       information manager
                                                                                                                                                              central level.



 35   Haiti                           50-59             0-9          40-49. Nurse /       50-59           0-9                   no                            Centralized.         A clinical coder. Medical
                                                                        medical                                                                               Locally/regionally   record officer/health
                                                                      asssitance                                                                              coded but            information manager.
                                                                                                                                                              checked at the       Statistical assistant.
                                                                                                                                                              central level.




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Causes of death
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                                                                                                     Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered       Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the           Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths           deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure       underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by    occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                       death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]     hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                          certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                    other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                            and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                  institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                ]              ]


 36   Honduras                        10-19             0-9          80-89. Civil       20-29           0-9                   no                              Centralized.         A clinical coder
                                                                      registrar.                                                                              Decentralized,
                                                                                                                                                              done at the
                                                                                                                                                              local/regional
                                                                                                                                                              level.
                                                                                                                                                              Locally/regionally
                                                                                                                                                              coded but
                                                                                                                                                              checked at the
                                                                                                                                                              central level.

 37   Hungary                         90-100                                        50-59 (2004)   30-39 (2004)              yes               30-39 (2005)   Centralized.         Statistical assistant.An
                                                                                                                                                                                   automated computerized
                                                                                                                                                                                   system. (2005)




 38   Ireland                         80-89            10-19                                                                 yes                   35         Centralized          Administration officer/clerk




 39   Israel                          90-100             4                              60-69            4                   yes                    2         Centralized.         A clinical coder




                                                                                                                                                                                            Page 27/57
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Causes of death
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                                                                                                     Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered       Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths           deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by    occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]     hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                    other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                  institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                ]              ]


 40   Italy                           80-89            10-19             0-9            40-49                                 no                            Centralized.         Administration
                                                                                                                                                                                 officer/clerk.An automated
                                                                                                                                                                                 computerized system.




 41   Japan                           90-100             0                0             80-89        Unknown                 yes                  0.15      Centralized.         Administration
                                                                                                                                                                                 officer/clerk.An automated
                                                                                                                                                                                 computerized system.




 81   Jordan                          70-79              24          2%, Muchtar        60-69           20                   yes                    5       Centralized          A doctor other than the
                                                                                                                                                                                 certifier




                                                                                                                                                                                         Page 28/57
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Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                       Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered         Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths             deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by      occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]       hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                      other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                    institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                  ]              ]


 42   Kenya                                                                                                                     no                            Decentralized,
                                                                                                                                                              done at the
                                                                                                                                                              local/regional
                                                                                                                                                              level.
 82   Kuwait                            80               20                              90-100           20                   yes                   10       Centralized          A specialized physicion
                                                                                                                                                                                   with a Ph.D. in Public
                                                                                                                                                                                   Health and ICD-9/10
                                                                                                                                                                                   experience.
 43   Latvia                          70-79            10-19         3. physician's       30-39          20-29                 yes                    5       Centralized.         Medical record
                                                                        assistant                                                                                                  officer/health information
                                                                                                                                                                                   manager




 44   Lithuania                         70               30                                42             29                   yes                    1       Centralized.Locall The certifier. Statistical
                                                                                                                                                              y/regionally coded assistant.
                                                                                                                                                              but checked at the
                                                                                                                                                              central level.




                                                                                                                                                                                            Page 29/57
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                                                                                                          Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered       Registered           Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths           deaths               deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by     certified by        occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or      others [ % ]         hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                         other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                       institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                     ]              ]


 45   Luxembourg                                                          Deaths              74                                  yes                            Centralized.         The certifier. A clinical
                                                                     certificates are                                                                                                 coder. An automated
                                                                     usually filled in                                                                                                computerized system.
                                                                      by physicians                                                                                                   Physicians certify death,
                                                                        (coroners                                                                                                     specifying the cause on
                                                                        based on                                                                                                      the death certificate. A civil
                                                                         autopsy                                                                                                      servant from the Health
                                                                         results).                                                                                                    Directorate (specialized
                                                                                                                                                                                      clinical coder) codes the
                                                                                                                                                                                      alphabetical information
                                                                                                                                                                                      into ICD-10 assisted by the
                                                                                                                                                                                      ACS "styx version 3.10
                                                                                                                                                                                      system" (since 2003)




 46   Malawi
 47   Malaysia                        40-49            10-19                                 40-49                                                               Centralized.
 48   Maldives                                                                                                                    yes                            Centralized.
                                                                                                                                                                 Locally/regionally
                                                                                                                                                                 coded but
                                                                                                                                                                 checked at the
                                                                                                                                                                 central level.
 49   Malta                           90-100                         7. Pathologist          60-69           0-9                  yes                   0-9      Centralized.         A doctor other than the
                                                                     who carries out                                                                                                  certifier
                                                                       autopsies




                                                                                                                                                                                               Page 30/57
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                                                                                                     Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered       Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths           deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by    occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]     hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                    other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                  institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                ]              ]


 50   Mauritius                       90-100             6                               45              6                    no                            Centralized.         Statistical assistant




 51   Mongolia                        90-100                                            100            70-79                 yes                    6       Decentralized,       A doctor other than the
                                                                                                                                                            done at the          certifier. Medical record
                                                                                                                                                            local/regional       officer/health information
                                                                                                                                                            level.               manager. Statistical
                                                                                                                                                                                 assistant




                                                                                                                                                                                          Page 31/57
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                                                                                                      Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered        Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths            deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by     occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]      hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                     other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                   institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                 ]              ]


 52   Netherlands                     80-89        0-9 (based on a 0-9 (based on a       30-39           0-9                  yes                   0-9      Centralized.         Four medical coders
                                                    sample of 100 sample of 100                                                                                                   working at Statistics
                                                        death           death                                                                                                     Netherlands
                                                     certificates)   certificates)




 53   New Zealand                       85               15               0               62            10-19                 yes                    4       Centralized.         A clinical coder



 54   Nicaragua                       90-100            0-9                              30-39           0-9                  yes                  30-39     Locally/regionally   A clinical coder
                                                                                                                                                             coded but
                                                                                                                                                             checked at the
                                                                                                                                                             central level.




 55   Norway                          90-100                                              70-79         10-19                 yes                    3       Centralized.         Administration officer/clerk
                                                                                       (including
                                                                                         nursery
                                                                                      homes). In
                                                                                     hospitals: 40%




                                                                                                                                                                                           Page 32/57
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                                                                                                     Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered       Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths           deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by    occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]     hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                    other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                  institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                ]              ]


 56   Panama                            90               10               0              61                                  yes                    2       Decentralized,      A clinical coder
                                                                                                                                                            done at the
                                                                                                                                                            local/regional
                                                                                                                                                            level.Locally/regio
                                                                                                                                                            nally coded but
                                                                                                                                                            checked at the
                                                                                                                                                            central level.


 57   Paraguay                        70-79                                             50-59           0-9                   no                            Centralized.         A clinical coder



 58   Peru                            80-89                                                                                   no                            Decentralized,       A clinical coder
                                                                                                                                                            done at the
                                                                                                                                                            local/regional
                                                                                                                                                            level.
 59   Portugal                        90-100                                            50-59                                                               Centralized.         The General Directorate of
                                                                                                                                                                                 Health, Ministry of Health

 60   Puerto Rico                     60-69            30-39                            60-69          30-39                 yes                  20-29     Centralized.         A clinical coder




 83   Qatar                            100                                              100                                                                 Centralized          Statistical assistant




 61   Republic of Moldova             80-89            10-19                            10-19          30-39                 yes                    3       Centralized.         The certifier




                                                                                                                                                                                          Page 33/57
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Causes of death
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                                                                                                       Certification and coding
No. Country                           Registered       Registered      Registered       Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                        deaths           deaths          deaths           deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                      certified by     certified by    certified by    occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                       medical         coroners or     others [ % ]     hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                     doctors [ % ]   other medico-                    other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                     legal authority                  institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                          [%]                                ]              ]


 62   Romania                           90-100            0-9                             10-19           0-9                  yes                   0-9      Decentralized,       Medical record
                                                                                                                                                              done at the          officer/health information
                                                                                                                                                              local/regional       manager
                                                                                                                                                              level.
                                                                                                                                                              Locally/regionally
                                                                                                                                                              coded but
                                                                                                                                                              checked at the
                                                                                                                                                              central level.

 63   Russian Federation                                                                   19             39                   yes                            Decentralized,       The doctor who delivers
                                                                                                                                                              done at the          the death certificate also
                                                                                                                                                              local/regional       codes the cause of death
                                                                                                                                                              level.



 64   Saint Vincent and Grenadines      90-100                                           90-100            5                   yes                    1       Centralized.         Medical record
                                                                                                                                                                                   officer/health information
                                                                                                                                                                                   manager. Statistical
                                                                                                                                                                                   assistant
 65   Sierra Leone                                                                                                             yes
 66   Singapore                           76               21            3% by             60             21                                                  Centralized.         A clinical coder
                                                                       authorized
                                                                        officers
 67   Slovakia                           100                                                             10-19                                        5       Centralized.         Statistical assistant




                                                                                                                                                                                            Page 34/57
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                                                                                                        Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered       Registered         Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths           deaths             deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by     certified by      occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or      others [ % ]       hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                       other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                     institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                   ]              ]


 68   Spain                             95               5                                                                      yes                            Locally/regionally   A doctor other than the
                                                                                                                                                               coded but            certifier. A clinical coder.
                                                                                                                                                               checked at the       An automated
                                                                                                                                                               central level.       computerized system.




 69   Suriname                         100                                                90-100           10                   yes                            Centralized.         A clinical coder.The
                                                                                                                                                                                    clinical coder is a staff
                                                                                                                                                                                    member of
                                                                                                                                                                                    epidemiological/biostatistic
                                                                                                                                                                                    s unit of the Bureau of
                                                                                                                                                                                    Public Health/MOH
 70   Sweden                          90-100                                               30-39           14                   yes                    3       Centralized.         Administration officer/clerk.
                                                                                                                                                                                    An automated
                                                                                                                                                                                    computerized system.

 84   Syrian Arab Republic              90                            10%. Village          20                                  yes                            Centralized          Statistical assistant
                                                                     representative.
                                                                       Midwives.




 71   TFYR Macedonia                  70-79                              20-29             20-29           0-9                                                 Centralized.         A doctor other than the
                                                                                                                                                                                    certifier
 72   Timor-Leste                                                                                                                no




                                                                                                                                                                                             Page 35/57
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                                                                                                         Certification and coding
No. Country                          Registered       Registered       Registered         Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                       deaths           deaths           deaths             deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                     certified by     certified by     certified by      occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                      medical         coroners or      others [ % ]       hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                    doctors [ % ]   other medico-                       other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                    legal authority                     institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                         [%]                                   ]              ]


 73   Trinidad and Tobago              90-100                                               50-59          20-29                 yes                  20-29     Centralized.         Statistical assistant

 74   Turkey                           90-100                                               80-89          10-19                  no                            Centralized.         A "death statistics form" is
                                                                                                                                                                                     filled out for each death in
                                                                                                                                                                                     provincial and district
                                                                                                                                                                                     centers by municipal
                                                                                                                                                                                     officers responsible for
                                                                                                                                                                                     issuing burial permits.



 75   United Kingdom, England and      70-79            20-29               0               70-79          20-29                 yes                    5       Centralized.         A clinical coder. An
      Wales                                                                                                                                                                          automated computerized
                                                                                                                                                                                     system.
 76   United Kingdom, Northern       78 (2003)        19 (2003)       3% where the        52 (2003)      8 (2003)                yes                   0-9      Centralized.         An automated
      Ireland                                                            medical                                                                                                     computerized system
                                                                       certificate of
                                                                      the deceased
                                                                      was not seen
                                                                      by doctor after
                                                                          death
 77   United Kingdom, Scotland         90-100            0-9                                50-59          10-19                 yes                  10-19     Centralized.         Administration officer/clerk.
                                                                                                                                                                                     An automated
                                                                                                                                                                                     computerized system.




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                                                                                                           Certification and coding
No. Country                             Registered       Registered      Registered         Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the         Who selects the
                                          deaths           deaths          deaths             deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure     underlying cause of
                                        certified by     certified by    certified by      occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                     death on the medical
                                         medical         coroners or     others [ % ]       hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                        certificate and assigns
                                       doctors [ % ]   other medico-                      other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                          and ICD code?
                                                       legal authority                    institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                            [%]                                  ]              ]


 78   United States of America             80-89             10-19        0-9. Nurse           71             10                   yes                            Centralized.         A clinical coder. An
                                                                         practitioner,                                                                            Decentralized,       automated computerized
                                                                         chiropractor,                                                                            done at the          system.
                                                                         dentist, local                                                                           local/regional
                                                                           registrar,                                                                             level.
                                                                          physician's                                                                             Locally/regionally
                                                                           assistant                                                                              coded but
                                                                                                                                                                  checked at the
                                                                                                                                                                  central level.

 79   Uruguay                              80-89              11                              60-69                                 no                            Centralized.         A clinical coder
 80   Uzbekistan                            90                10               0               18              1                    no                            Decentralized,       The certifier. Statistical
                                                                                                                                                                  done at the          assistant.
                                                                                                                                                                  local/regional
                                                                                                                                                                  level.


      * Cause-of-death statistics not received by WHO yet.




                                                                                                                                                                                                Page 37/57
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                                                                                                     Certification and coding
No. Country                         Registered       Registered      Registered       Registered     Registered   Do you undertake follow-up If yes, which      Describe the        Who selects the
                                      deaths           deaths          deaths           deaths        deaths for  enquiries to the certifier in percentage of coding procedure    underlying cause of
                                    certified by     certified by    certified by    occuring in a    which an       the case of doubt or       all deaths for                    death on the medical
                                     medical         coroners or     others [ % ]     hospital or   autopsy/post-  inconsistency about the        which an                       certificate and assigns
                                   doctors [ % ]   other medico-                    other medical mortem was           cause of death ?           enquiry is                         and ICD code?
                                                   legal authority                  institution [ % performed [ %                                made? [%]
                                                        [%]                                ]              ]




                                                                                                                                                                                       Page 38/57
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                                                                                                       Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques        For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to       external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause         you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?                coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                    external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                       nature of injury?           months?




  1   Algeria                      A) verbal autopsy (2004) -2900
                                  deaths in 12 wilayas. B) Sample
                                  survey (2004) 2900 deaths in 12
                                  wilayas


  2   Argentina                                                               no                       yes            www.deis.gov.ar. Modelos de formularios e instructivos del Sistema de Estadísticas
                                                                                                                      Vitales. Informe Estadístico de Defunción. Guía para los médicos sobre el empleo
                                                                                                                      del Modelo Internacional para el registro de causa de muerte y desplegable adjunto
                                                                                                                      SIDA 2001. Estadísticas Vitales. Información básica 2003. Indicadores básicos
                                                                                                                      Argentina 2004.


  3   Armenia                      Sample survey (2003)                      yes                       no             On causes of death, the Ministry of Health in cooperation with other governmental
                                                                                                                      bodies has started working on the transition to new statistical forms, including new
                                                                                                                      death, birth and perinatal death certificate in accordance with the recommendations
                                                                                                                      of WHO and ICD-10 requirements. These will replace the old Soviet certificates.

                                                                                                                      For death certification, the cause of death is determined by the person issuing the
                                                                                                                      death certificate. At the National Statistical Instiute the coding is conducted by a
                                                                                                                      doctor-coder and at the Ministry of Health by administrative personnel working on
                                                                                                                      issues related to maternal and perinal mortality. However at some medical facilities
                                                                                                                      the coding is done by the person responsible for medical documentation and this
                                                                                                                      coding is used for the preparation of the reports of these facilities.




  4   Aruba                                                                  yes                       no




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Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                       Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques        For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to       external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause         you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?                coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                    external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                       nature of injury?           months?




  5   Australia                                                              yes                       yes            Answers to these questions are provided on the basis of information collated by the
                                                                                                                      Australian Bureau of Statistics from information supplied by the state registrars of
                                                                                                                      Births, Deaths and Marriages. Each state within Australia has a separate
                                                                                                                      registration authority and legislative requirements. Hence, the answers to some
                                                                                                                      questions are yes and no since there is no uniform legislation.




  6   Austria                                                                yes                       yes            www.statistik.at/totenbeschau-is a information-homepage for
                                                                                                                      doctors who fill in the certificate on internet.




  7   Azerbaijan                  A) vertbal autopsy (2003) 1% of            yes                       yes            Since 2002 Azerbaijan has put in place a system that registers births and deaths.
                                  population covered. B) Sample                                                       The system has been developed with the support of WHO and is based on ICD-10.
                                  survey (2001) 1% of population
                                  covered

  8   Barbados                                                               yes                       no



  9   Belarus                                                                yes                       yes




                                                                                                                                                                                           Page 40/57
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Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                     Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques      For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to     external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause       you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?              coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                  external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                     nature of injury?           months?




 10   Belgium                                                               no                       yes



 11   Belize                                                               yes                       no




 12   Bolivia                     Cemetery Registries. (2001)               no                       yes
                                  Capital cities




 13   Brazil                      Sample survey (2002) - Sample            yes                       yes            Research/Inquiries done by the universities: 7332 deaths among women 10 to 49
                                  population covered: 7332                                                          years were investigated in 2002.




 14   British Virgin Islands      no                                                                 no




 15   Bulgaria                                                             yes                       no




                                                                                                                                                                                     Page 41/57
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Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                        Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques         For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to        external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause          you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?                 coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                     external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                        nature of injury?           months?




 16   Burkina Faso                                                                                                     For deaths occuring in healthcare settings, the cause of death is reported in
                                                                                                                       accordance with ICD-10.
 17   Chile                       Matching with databases from                yes                       no             Approximately 500 Civil Registry offices collect the data. 75% of them have an
                                  the Coroner's Office, hospital                                                       electronic system. Vital statistics from all inhabitants registered, irrespective of their
                                  discharges, notifiable diseases,                                                     status and nationality. Chileans living abroad are included as well, through the
                                  work-related deaths, maternal                                                        information received from Chilean consulates. However, they are not included in
                                  death audits, etc. All the                                                           the country's Vital Statistics, which are similar to those sent to PAHO/WHO. There
                                  population groups are covered.                                                       is no distinct registry for the Armed Forces. Codes for cause of death, occupation of
                                                                                                                       the deceased, his/her rural or urban place of residence, are, therefore, recorded in
                                                                                                                       the same database of the Departament of Statistics and Health Information,
                                                                                                                       Ministry of Health, and the Department of Population, National Insititute of
                                                                                                                       Statistics.The coding of causes of death is carried out exclusively by the
                                                                                                                       Department of Statistics and Health Information, MoH. Registry validation is also
                                                                                                                       carried out here and compared, through matching, with several databases. By 2004
                                                                                                                       it is expected that matching can be done with road accident databases provided by
                                                                                                                       the police (Carabineros de Chile), through the National Commission of Traffic
                                                                                                                       Safety. The existence of a sole national identity number, assigned at birth,
                                                                                                                       facilitates the matching in Chile.
 18   Colombia                                                                yes                       yes            Foetal and non-foetal deaths are reported using the same death certificate. Foetal
                                                                                                                       deaths are reported independently from the age of gestation, miscarriage and still-
                                                                                                                       briths. The certificate allows for the identification of perinatal, neonatal and
                                                                                                                       maternal mortality due to external causes. Information related to births and deaths
                                                                                                                       is obtained thorugh birth and death certificates provided by Vital Statistics system.
                                                                                                                       The original certificate is used by the Civil Registry and a duplicate by the Vital
                                                                                                                       Statistics system.

 19   Costa Rica                                                               no                       no             The death certificate is filled out in triplicate. The Civil Registry keeps the original,
                                                                                                                       the first copy is sent to the INEC and the second one is given to the person who
                                                                                                                       declared the death.




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Page 42/57
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Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                    Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques     For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to    external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause      you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?             coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                 external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                    nature of injury?           months?




 20   Croatia                                                             yes                       yes            Under Croatia's Health Care Act, the time and cause of death must be established
                                                                                                                   for all deaths. A medical examiner (physician or other health worker) records the
                                                                                                                   cause and time of death on a Death Certificate, based on which a registar
                                                                                                                   completes a Statistical Report of Death (Form DEM-2), which s/he submits to the
                                                                                                                   National Bureau of Statistics. The latter collects information about the deceased
                                                                                                                   under the Official Statistics Act. The Croatian National Institute of Public Health
                                                                                                                   (CNIPH) is responsible for causes of death and ensuring the quality of mortality
                                                                                                                   data. To improve the quality of mortality data, CNIPH supplements, as necessary,
                                                                                                                   the data related to the underlying cause of death (external cause of violent death or
                                                                                                                   the results of the analyses performed during an autopsy). The Institute does this
                                                                                                                   through a network of country public health institutes (appointed for statistical
                                                                                                                   research). Although the National Bureau of Statistics is the owner of the General
 21   Cuba                                                                yes                       yes            MortalityEstadistico de Salud 2004right to use it for the population registries it keeps
                                                                                                                   Anuario Registry, CNIPH has the (http://www.sld.cu/servicios/estadisticas/)


 22   Cyprus                                                              yes                       no             From 2004 onwards the cause-of-death coding is done according to icd-10 4-
                                                                                                                   character level by trained personnel from the health monitoring unit. In previous
                                                                                                                   years causes of death were coded according to Eurostat shortlist of 65 causes. The
                                                                                                                   answers to the particular questionnaire refer to the last year of coding (2004)
                                                                                                                   unless otherwise indicated. When not stated, information is not available.




 23   Czech Republic                                                      yes                       no




                                                                                                                                                                                           Page 43/57
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Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                    Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques     For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to    external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause      you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?             coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                 external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                    nature of injury?           months?




 24   Denmark                                                             yes                       no             The general rule is that deaths of all Danish residents are included. However, a few
                                                                                                                   cases of Danish residents dying abroad are not included, if they have no Danish
                                                                                                                   death certificate. In cases were the body is transferred to Denmark, a Danish death
                                                                                                                   certificate is filled in including cause of death.




 25   Dominican Republic                                                  yes                       yes



 26   El Salvador                                                          no                       yes

 27   Eritrea
 28   Fiji                                                                 no                       no             Death statistics as mentioned in this questionnaire are obtained from the
                                                                                                                   Registration System.The process of compilation involves the downloading of data
                                                                                                                   from the registration system for coding and ultimately processing of tabulations.
                                                                                                                   Tabulations are based on date of registration rather than date of occurrence.
                                                                                                                   Information is also collected by date of occurrence therefore comparision could be
                                                                                                                   made on information on deaths by date of registration vs date of occurrence.




 29   Finland                                                             yes                       no             Publication: Causes of Death 2003, Health 2004:1, Helsinki 2004. In internet: The
                                                                                                                   main table and metadata for the table in English: http://statfin.stat.fi/statweb, subject
                                                                                                                   area: Health.
 30   France                                                              yes                       yes




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Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                      Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques       For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to      external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause        you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?               coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                   external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                      nature of injury?           months?




 31   Greece                                                                yes                       no             http://www.statistics.gr



 32   Grenada                                                               yes                       no
 33   Guatemala                   Verbal autopsy and surveys                 no                       no             htpp://www.ine.gob.gt, Publicaciones de Estadísticas Vitales 2003 y 2004
                                  carried out by the Ministry of                                                     preliminares.
                                  Public Health and Social
                                  Assistance (MSPAS).

 34   Guyana                                                                 no                       no




 35   Haiti                       Vertbal autopsy (2003) -                                            yes            Data from the civil registry are virtually non-existent. Mortality data are estimated
                                  Sample population covered: 50                                                      from surveys such as EDS every four or five years (EMMUS VI in progress). Data
                                  cases of maternal mortality                                                        by cause from death registrations are made possible thanks to a joint PAHO/WHO
                                                                                                                     and MSPP project which began in 1997. Two-thirds of the certificates come from
                                                                                                                     hospitals, the remaining third of deaths occurred outside an institution and cerfified
                                                                                                                     by a physician (usually by a physician from the "coopération médicale cubaine")




                                                                                                                                                                                           Page 45/57
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Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                        Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques         For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to        external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause          you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?                 coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                     external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                        nature of injury?           months?




 36   Honduras                    Verbal autopsy (1997). Sample               yes                       yes               The regulations of a new National Registry Law facilitates the recording of vital
                                  survey (2001), sample                                                                   statistics. Honduras esblished an inter-institutional Committee for the Improvement
                                  population covered: 320. The                                                            of Vital Statistics which is coordinated by National Statistics Institute which has
                                  administrative register from the                                                        contributed to a review of the deaths registry, updating instruments, training of
                                  Health Secretary(2003), sample                                                          registry personnel and cause of death recording and promotion to increase
                                  population: 7060                                                                        coverage.




 37   Hungary                                                              yes (2005)                yes (2005)           Some answers refer to data for 2004, others refer to data for 2005 as noted in
                                                                                                                          brackets.




 38   Ireland                                                                 yes           pregnancy at the time of     Vital statistics registration data are published quarterly and by year of occurrence
                                                                                            death or pregnant within the are published in Vital Statistics Report two years following the publication of
                                                                                            previous 42 days: yes        registration data. The details from these publications are available on the CSC
                                                                                                                         website at http://www.cso.ie
 39   Israel                                                                   no                       yes               In certain cases initial reported cause of death is corrected based on the following
                                                                                                                          sources of information: 1. Results of cause of death examinations ordered by the
                                                                                                                          District Health Officer 2. Police data on involvement in traffic accidents 3. Ministry
                                                                                                                          of Health data on suicides 4. National Insurance Institute data on victims of terrorist
                                                                                                                          actions 5. National birth data file for information on maternal mortality.




                                                                                                                                                                                                 Page 46/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
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Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                         Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques          For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to         external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause           you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?                  coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                      external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                         nature of injury?           months?




 40   Italy                       Verbal autopsy (2001), when                  yes                       yes            A ICD-10 coding training course for coders has been completed. 2003 data will be
                                  coroners send this document to                                                        coded with ICD-10 and a wide bridge coding sample is being worked on to explain
                                  integrate or correct the previous                                                     the impact of ICD-10 adoption on Italian mortality statistics. Regarding a previous
                                  certification (not always sent)                                                       question, the exact percentage of deaths for which an autopsy was performed is not
                                                                                                                        known but only one question appears on the death form: "autopsy requested or
                                                                                                                        not". The Istat Web site www.istat.it contains the yearbook and various publications
                                                                                                                        which can be downloaded - a keyword search (i.e. mortalità) of all available
                                                                                                                        publications is made possible by connecting to http://catalogo.istat.it. Some texts
                                                                                                                        are also available in English. Regarding the perinatal death certificate, in Italy a
                                                                                                                        death certificate referring to deaths in infants under one is used. There is no
                                                                                                                        maternal mortality section.




 41   Japan                                                                    yes                       no             Website: http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/database/db-hw/index.html




 81   Jordan                      Verbal autopsy (1996)                         no                       yes




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Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                    Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques     For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to    external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause      you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?             coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                 external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                    nature of injury?           months?




 42   Kenya                       vertbal autopsy (2005)




 82   Kuwait




 43   Latvia                                                              yes                       no             1. Medical aspects of death, Latvia (annual) 2. Yearbook of health care statistics in
                                                                                                                   Latvia (annual), part -Demography 3. Public health analysis in Latvia (annual), part-
                                                                                                                   "Population health-main causes of mortality" 4. Web site: http://www.vsmta.lv




 44   Lithuania                                                           yes                       no




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Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                         Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques          For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to         external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause           you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?                  coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                      external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                         nature of injury?           months?




 45   Luxembourg                                                               yes                       no             National deaths statistics are published each year on the website of the Ministry of
                                                                                                                        health.




 46   Malawi
 47   Malaysia                                                                  no                       no
 48   Maldives                                                                  no                       no




 49   Malta                       we review deceased patient file,             yes                       no             In response to the question on "Registered deaths occuring in a hospital or other
                                  we link with cancer registry,                                                         medical institution", please note that in Malta there is a residence for the elderly
                                  discuss with police and                                                               people with resident doctors and nurses and this was not included. It would account
                                  pathologists in cases of external                                                     for another 9% of deaths. Our main website is:
                                  causes of death.                                                                      www.health.gov.mt/ministry/dhi/dhi.htm




                                                                                                                                                                                              Page 49/57
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Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                       Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques        For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to       external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause         you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?                coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                    external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                       nature of injury?           months?




 50   Mauritius                                                              yes                       no




 51   Mongolia                    Sample survey (2003). Sample               yes                       yes
                                  population covered: In the RHS,
                                  9382 and 4212 husbands were
                                  interviewed




                                                                                                                                                                                      Page 50/57
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Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                         Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques          For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to         external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause           you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?                  coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                      external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                         nature of injury?           months?




 52   Netherlands                 Records of the office of the                 yes                       no
                                  Public Prosecutor (2004).
                                  Sample population: external
                                  causes




 53   New Zealand                 Fatal road traffic data from Land            yes                       no             New Zealand has a National Health Index database (NHI) of unique healthcare user
                                  Transport NZ, drowning data                                                           identifier numbers (NHIs) and assigns NHI numbers to all it's mortality,
                                  from Water Safety NZ,                                                                 hospitalisation and cancer records. As the national mortality, hospital discharge and
 54   Nicaragua                   accident/homicide information                 no                       yes            cancer registration data collections are all housed in one Civil this allows for
                                                                                                                        Diagnóstico de cobertura y calidad de los hechos vitales. place Registry and
                                                                                                                        Ministry of Health. Produced by international consultants. -Informe sobre el estado
                                                                                                                        actual de los Sitemas de Registro Civil y Estadísticas Vitales, Nicaragua .
                                                                                                                        Presented in Santiago of Chile, November 2002, produced by Dr. Hazel Vaughan,
                                                                                                                        General Director of the Central Register and by Lic. Javier Enrique Moral, Director
                                                                                                                        of Statistics of the Department of Health. Available at the Statistics Office-MINSA


 55   Norway                      Received autopsy reports                     yes                       no
                                  (2003)




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Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                        Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques         For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to        external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause          you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?                 coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                     external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                        nature of injury?           months?




 56   Panama                      List of homicides provided by                no                       yes            Publications: Sección 221 - Movimiento de la Población - Estadísticas Vitales,
                                  the Comisión Nacional de                                                             Volume III. Avaialble at: http://www.Contraloria.gob.pa/dec/
                                  Estadísticas Criminal de la
                                  Policia Técnica Judicial,
                                  Expedientes de la Morgue
                                  Judicial del Ministerio Público,
                                  Noticias de la Prensa atraves
                                  del Internet

 57   Paraguay                    Vertbal autopsy. Only in case of             no                       yes            Indicadores básicos de salud (1998/2003), Indicadores de mortalidad (1992/2000)
                                  maternal death.


 58   Peru                                                                    yes                       yes




 59   Portugal                                                                yes                       no             The perinatal death certificate was changed to foetal and neonatal death certificate,
                                                                                                                       with the beginning of ICD-10 in Portugal (after 2002, inclusive)

 60   Puerto Rico                 Vertbal autopsy (2003). Sample              yes                       yes            The local demographic registries receive the information related to vital events
                                  population: 3000                                                                     which is then sent to the Central demographic registry. Here the information is
                                                                                                                       checked and classified by date of occurence and then sent to the National Center
                                                                                                                       for Health Statistics. The data is sent then to the Office of data processing and
                                                                                                                       Technological Advances, central system of data filing of the Department of Health
                                                                                                                       where they are revised and summary tables prepared. Finally, data are sent to the
 83   Qatar                       no                                                                                   Sometimes there is no observance from the doctors to use WHO recommendations
                                                                                                                       in writing the notification of death. Home deaths represent about 30% from the total
                                                                                                                       of deaths, these all coding under R98 chapter (xviii) ICD 10

 61   Republic of Moldova                                                     yes                       yes




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Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                        Other information
No. Country                          Do you use other techniques       For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                      in the country in order to      external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                     obtain information on cause        you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                               of death?               coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                     external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                        nature of injury?           months?




 62   Romania                                                                 yes                       no




 63   Russian Federation             Statistical surveillance,                yes                       yes            http://www.gks.ru/ site of Federal service of the state statistics - Росстата (former
                                     centralized in the system of                                                      Goskomstat of Russia)
                                     MOH. Last done in 2004 and
                                     covered the entire population



 64   Saint Vincent and Grenadines                                            yes                       no




 65   Sierra Leone                                                             no                       no
 66   Singapore                                                               yes                       no



 67   Slovakia                                                                yes                       no             The regional office of the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic in Trnava town
                                                                                                                       processes, collects and records data from statistical forms on birth, death,
                                                                                                                       marriage, divorce, and change of address of permanent residence for Demographic
                                                                                                                       Statistics.




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Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                     Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques     For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to    external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause      you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?             coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                 external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                    nature of injury?           months?




 68   Spain                                                                no                        no                The provided information corresponds to the statistical questionnaire of deaths and
                                                                                                                       not to official medical certificate of death. The lastest does not follow WHO's
                                                                                                                       recommendations . The present model of statistical questionnaire resembles model
                                                                                                                       recommended by WHO. It doesn't include the interval between the onset of disease
                                                                                                                       and death neither the information related to the last 12 months prior to death in
                                                                                                                       case of pregnancy. Soon it will be completly adapted and it will include a question
                                                                                                                       on autopsy. Cause of death is not a variable being registred since 1994 due to
                                                                                                                       confidentiality. However, it is present in the medical death certificate archived in the
                                                                                                                       Civil Registry and in the statistical questionnaire sent to the Statistics National
                                                                                                                       Institute. Further information http:// www.ine.es/sociedad/salud


 69   Suriname                                                            yes                        yes




 70   Sweden                                                              yes                        no




 84   Syrian Arab Republic        Sample survey (2003) Regular            yes             yes (at the time of death)
                                  random sample




 71   TFYR Macedonia                                                      yes                        no

 72   Timor-Leste                 no                                       no                        no




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                                                                                                           Other information
No. Country                         Do you use other techniques           For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                     in the country in order to          external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                    obtain information on cause            you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                              of death?                   coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                        external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                           nature of injury?           months?




 73   Trinidad and Tobago                                                        yes                       no             Our publication is the population and vital statistics report and is produced annually

 74   Turkey                        Own registration of the hospitals            yes                       no             http://www.die.gov.tr ; http://www.hips.edu.tr ; http://www.saglik.gov.tr ;
                                    and surveys (2003)                                                                    http://www.nvi.gov.tr




 75   United Kingdom, England and                                                yes                       no
      Wales

 76   United Kingdom, Northern                                                    no                       no
      Ireland




 77   United Kingdom, Scotland                                                   yes                       yes




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                                                                                                       Other information
No. Country                           Do you use other techniques     For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                       in the country in order to    external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                      obtain information on cause      you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                                of death?             coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                    external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                       nature of injury?           months?




 78   United States of America                                               yes                       yes            Mortality Web page at CDC/NCHS:
                                                                                                                      http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/about/major/dvs/mortdata.htm 2003 revised certificates
                                                                                                                      posted at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/vital_certs_rev.htm;
                                                                                                                      1989 version of death certificate at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/dvs/std-dcrt.pdf
                                                                                                                      History of US system at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/misc/usvss.pdf




 79   Uruguay                                                                 no                       no
 80   Uzbekistan                                                             yes                       yes




      * Cause-of-death statistics not received by WHO yet.




                                                                                                                                                                                           Page 56/57
Reported information on mortality statistics – WHO survey on mortality data, 2005
Causes of death
Source: Information as reported by countries


                                                                                                    Other information
No. Country                        Do you use other techniques     For deaths due to        Does the death        Additional information relevant to our understanding of the vital registration
                                    in the country in order to    external causes, do registration form include a                  system and the mortality data thus derived.
                                   obtain information on cause      you perform dual    question on pregnancy at
                                             of death?             coding of both the     the time of death or
                                                                 external cause and the pregnancy in the last 12
                                                                    nature of injury?           months?




                                                                                                                                                                                   Page 57/57

								
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