Doctor Certificates (Excel download)

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					                                                                       Acceptable Credentials
 Country      Recognized Basic or First Degree                         Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                    Unacceptable Degrees
              BA/BS (Licence/Leicanc), B.Eng., B.Tech, Doctor of
Afghanistan                                                            Master's degree (awarded to MDs after 3-4 years)   Diploma - 3 years
              Medicine

                                                                                                                          Licence d'Enseignement, Diplome en
              Licence, Diplome d'Etudes Superieures, Diplome
                                                                                                                          Sciences Commerciales, Diplome
  Algeria     d'Ingenieur, Diplome d'Architect, Doctorat en
                                                                                                                          d'Ecologie, Diplome d'Etat de Technicien
              Medicine
                                                                                                                          Superieure, Capacite en Droit

              Licenciado, Professional title (i.e., Ingeniero,                                                            Various Licencieaturas or professional titles
Argentina
              Arquitecto, Economista, etc.), Medica Cirujano                                                              requiring 3 years of university work.

              BA Hons, BS Hons, BE, B.Sc.Agr., B.Arch, Postgraduate
              diploma following 3-year pass 1st degree in the same
              or related field, Pass Master's degree following 3-
              year Ordinary Bachelor's degree at the Univ. of
                                                                                                                          Ordinary Bachelor's degree (3 years),
              Sydney, Post-Graduate Bachelor's degree (B.Ed.,
 Australia                                                             MA, MBA, MSc, etc. - 2 years after 1st degree      Diplomas from Technical/Further Education
              B.Letters, B.Soc.Work, B.Sp. Ed.), Bachelor's degree
                                                                                                                          (TAFE) institutions
              from a College of Advanced Education, 1-year
              Graduate Diploma following a degree or diploma (at
              least 3-year program) from a recognized College of
              Advanced Education (CAE)

                                                                                                                          Magister der Pharmazie, Lehramtsprufung
              Diplom, Magister; Diplom Ingenieur, Doktor                                                                  (teaching qualification), Diplom-
  Austria
              Medicinae Universae                                                                                         Dolmetscher (interpreter), Akademisch
                                                                                                                          geprufter Ubersetzer (translator)

                                                                                                                          Diplomas (3-4 years), Technical courses,
 Bahrain      B.Sc., B.A., B.Ed.                                                                                          External Certificates of City & Guilds of
                                                                                                                          London Institute

Bangladesh    B.Sc.Ag., B.Sc.Eng., B.Arch, MBBS                        M.Phil                                             B.A., B.Sc., B.Comm., etc. (2-3 years)

              Licence/Licentie, Diplome, Architecte/Architect,
                                                                                                                          Candidature/Kandidaat (may also be called
 Belgium      Ingenieur, Ingenieur Industriel en (Field), Licence en   Maitrise
                                                                                                                          first licence), Gradue, Ingenieur Technicien
              Droit/Licentie en Rechten



  1                                                                                                                                                 As of 1/20/2011
                                                                        Acceptable Credentials
  Country      Recognized Basic or First Degree                         Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                    Unacceptable Degrees
                                                                                                                           Licence, Diplome Universitaire d'Etudes
                                                                                                                           Litteraires (D.U.E.L.), Diplome Universitaire
               Licence, Maitrise, Diplome d'Etudes Superieures
   Benin                                                                                                                   d'Etudes Juridiques Generales (D.U.E.J.G.),
               (D.E.S.), Diplom d'Ingenieur
                                                                                                                           Diplome Universitaire d'Etudes
                                                                                                                           Economiques Generales (D.U.E.S.G.)

               Licenciado, Professional title (i.e., Ingeniero,
  Bolivia                                                                                                                  Title of Tecnico Superior
               Arquitecto, Economista, etc.)

 Botswana      B.A., B.Sc., B.Com., B.Ed.                               M.A., M.Ed., M.Sc.

               Bacharel (4-5 years), Licenciado, Professional title
                                                                                                                           Bacharel (3 years), Professional Title (3
   Brazil      (i.e., Engenheiro, Arquiteto, Matematico, etc.) - 4-5    Mestre/Mestrado
                                                                                                                           years)
               years, Professional Title of Medico
               Professional title, Diploma of Specialist (Diplom za
  Bulgaria                                                              Kandidat na naukite
               zavarseno visse Obrazavanie), Magister

                                                                                                                           Diplome d'Etudes Universitaires Generale
                                                                                                                           (DEUG), Diplome Universitaire des Sciences
               Maitrise, Diplome d'Ingenieur des Techniques du                                                             et Techniques (DUST), Diplome
Burkina Faso
               Developpement rural                                                                                         Universitaire de Techologie (DUT), Diplome
                                                                                                                           d'Ingenieur des Travaux, Licence,
                                                                                                                           Professional Titles

  Burundi      Licence, Professional Title, Ingenieur Agronome                                                             Diplome de Candidat

                                                                                                                           Licence (3 years), Ingenieur de Travaux,
               Licence (4 years), Ingenieur de Conception, Docteur      Maitrise, Diplome d'Etudes Superieures (D.E.S.),   Brevet, Certificat d'Etudes, Diplome
 Cameroon
               de Medecine                                              Diplome d'Adminstration des Enterprises            d'Etudes Scientifiques Generales
                                                                                                                           Agronomiques
               Bachelor's degree (4 years) from universities in the
               following provinces: British Columbia, New
  Canada
               Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia,                                                                       General/Ordinary bachelor's degree (3
 (provinces
               Saskatchewan; Bachelor's degree designated as            M.A., M.Sc., MBA, M.S.W., M.Ed., etc.              years), B.E.S. from the University of
 other than
               Honours (4 years Special) (Advanced Major, 4 years)                                                         Manitoba (3 years)
  Quebec)
               from universities in the following provinces: Alberta,
               Manitoba, Ontario; B.Eng.

  2                                                                                                                                                    As of 1/20/2011
                                                                           Acceptable Credentials
   Country       Recognized Basic or First Degree                          Acceptable Second/Third Degrees               Unacceptable Degrees
   Canada        Baccalaureat/Bachelier/Bachelor (3 years after DEC),
                                                                           Maitre/Maitrise/Master                        Teaching Certificates
  (Quebec)       B.Eng. (3-3.5 years after DEC)
                 Bachiller (4 years), Licenciado (4-5 years),
                                                                                                                         Bachiller (2-3 years), Licenciado (3 years),
    Chile        Professional Title (i.e., Ingeniero, Arquitecto,
                                                                                                                         Egresado
                 Economista, etc.), Medico Cirujano, Magister
                                                                                                                         3-year diplomas, Junior College programs,
    China        1982-present: Bachelor (4-5 years)                        Master's degree (2-3 years after Bachelor)    diplomas from sparetime/television
                                                                                                                         universities
                 1977-81: graduation from 4-year university level
                 program
                 1966-76: Chinese Cultural Revolution*
                 Pre-1966: graduation from a 4-5 year university level
                 program (4-6 years in length)

                 Licenciado, Professional Title (i.e., Ingenerio,
  Colombia                                                                 Magister                                      Less than 4 year title programs
                 Arquitecto, Economista, etc.), Especialista
                 Bachiller universitario/Bachillerato,
                 Licenciado/Licenciatura, Licenciado en Medicina y                                                       Bachillerato universitario (3 years),
                                                                           Maestria, Magister Scientiae, Doctorado
  Costa Rica     Cirugia and Doctoro en Medicina y Cirugia,                                                              Diplomado, Tecnico or other diplomas (2-3
                                                                           Academico
                 Licenciado en Cirugia Dental and Doctoro en Cirugia                                                     years)
                 Dental

                 Diploma or Professional Title (i.e., Ingeniero,
                 Arquitecto, etc.); Doctorado in Dentistry, V.Med.,
    Cuba
                 Medicine; Licenciado/Licenciatura in Education
                 (considered only if applicant is applying to Education)

Czech Republic   Professional Title of Inzenry (or in any other field),
                                                                           Candidatus Scientiarum; Doctor Scientiarium
   & Slovak      title of Absolvent (Graduate), Diploma (5 years),
                                                                           (acceptable third degree)
   Republic      Doctor of Philosophy, Doktor en Medecine




   3                                                                                                                                               As of 1/20/2011
                                                                         Acceptable Credentials
 Country      Recognized Basic or First Degree                           Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                       Unacceptable Degrees

                                                                                                                               Examinatus Artium, H.A.
                                                                                                                               (Handelsvidenskabelig Afgangseksamen),
              Civilingenior, Arkitekt, Candidatus (4-7 years,            Licentiatus, Magister; Doctorgrad (recognized third   H.D. (Handelshojskolens Diplomprove),
Denmark
              depending on field)                                        degree)                                               Teknicum Ingenior, Akademiingenior
                                                                                                                               eksamen from Engineering Academy of
                                                                                                                               Denmark, Bachelorgrad/BA,BS (3 years)

              Licenciado (4-5 years), Professional Title (i.e.,
Dominican     Engineer, Arquitecto, Abogado, Economista, etc.) (5-                                                             Licenciado, Professional Title and
                                                                         Magister
 Republic     6 years), Doctorado in Dentistry, Law and Veterinary                                                             Technician's Diploma (3 years)
              Medicine, Professional Title in Medicine

              Licenciado/Licenciatura (4-6 years), Professional Title,
 Ecuador                                                                 Doctorado                                             3-year degree programs
              Doctorado in Medicine

              Bachelor's degree (4 years); Bachelor in Engineering,
                                                                         Master's degree; Doctorate (recognized third
  Egypt       Architecture, Dentistry; MB, B.Ch. in Medicine (6                                                                Diplomas (1-3 years)
                                                                         degree)
              years)

El Salvador   Licenciado, Professional Title                                                                                   Tecnico; Profesor

                                                                                                                               Diploma in Secretarial Science (2 years);
 Ethiopia     Bachelor (4-5 years), Doctor of Medicine                   Master
                                                                                                                               Diploma in Law (3 years)
              Professional title of Diplomi-insinoori, Arkkitehti;
              Kandidaatti/Kandidat or Maisteri; Kauppatieteiden          Lisensiaatti/Licentiatatexamen/Licentiat;             Kandidaatti (3 years or less);
 Finland
              Maisteri in Business (KTM); Lisensiaatti in Dentistry;     Kauppatieteiden Lisensiatti (KTL)                     Diplomas/Titles (3 years or less)
              Lisensiaatti in Medicine

              Maitrise, Magistere, Diplome d'Etat de Docteur en                                                                Licence (3 years), Diplome Univeraitaitre:
                                                                         Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies (DEA), Diplome
              Medecine, Diplome d'Etat de Docteur en Chirurgie                                                                 DEUG, DUEL, DUES, DEJG, DEEG, DUT,
                                                                         d'Etudes Superieures Specialisees (DESS); Maitrise
  France      Dentaire, Diplome d'Etudes Politiques, Diplome                                                                   DEUST, DEFA; Brevet de Technicien
                                                                         (awarded by a Grande Ecole), Doctorate (2-4 years
              d'Architect DPLG, Diplome d'Architect DESA, Diplome                                                              Superieur; Diploma/Degree/Certificat de
                                                                         beyond Maitrise)
              Vise, Diplome d'Ingenieur                                                                                        Fin d'Etudes; Diplome d'Etat d'Infirmiere




 4                                                                                                                                                       As of 1/20/2011
                                                                       Acceptable Credentials
  Country       Recognized Basic or First Degree                       Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                      Unacceptable Degrees
                                                                                                                            Vordiplom, Zwischenprufung (2-2.5 years);
                Diplom (university or fachhochschule), Staatsexamen,                                                        Arzliche Vorprufung (medicine) or
                Magister Artium (4-6 years); Este Juristische                                                               Physikum (4-6 semesters); Diploms issued
                                                                       Third degree: doctorate (Promotion) (2-4 years
 Germany        Staatsprufung or Referendarexamen (7 semesters                                                              by the Gesamthochschulen; Diplom-
                                                                       beyond first degree)
                minimum); Arzt (Physician), Zahnarzt (Dentist) (5-6                                                         Dolmetscher (interpreter), Diplom-
                years)                                                                                                      Ubersetzer (translator); Berufsakademie
                                                                                                                            diplomas (2-3 years)
                                                                                                                            Certificates (1-2 years); Diplomas (2-4
   Ghana        Bachelor (4 years); MB, Ch.B. (medicine) (6 years)     Master's (2-3 years); PhD
                                                                                                                            years); Bachelor (3 years)
                                                                                                                            Ordinary or Pass degrees (3 years);
                                                                                                                            Ordinary National Diploma; Higher National
                                                                                                                            Diploma; Certificates issued by City and
                                                                                                                            Guilds of London; Associateship or
                Bachelor (4 years; must have at least 120 equivalent
                                                                       Master's degree (1-2 years after bachelor).          Fellowship of Institute of Chartered
                US credits); Bachelor Honours (4 years; must have at
Great Britain                                                          Master's degrees awarded solely on research and      Accountants and Institute of Cost &
                least 120 equivalent US credits); MA from Scottish
                                                                       thesis are not acceptable.                           Management Accountants; Membership in
                universities
                                                                                                                            Royal Institute of British Architects;
                                                                                                                            Corporate Members of Associations
                                                                                                                            belonging to the Council of Engineering
                                                                                                                            Institutions

                                                                                                                            Diploma in Secretarial Studies, Hellenic
                Ptychion/Diploma (4-6 years); BA, BS, BBA (3 years,                                                         Studies; Associate Degree in Secretarial
  Greece                                                               Metaptychiako Diploma (2 years after first degree)
                min. 122 hours)                                                                                             Studies & Training; Associate Degree in
                                                                                                                            Business; Diplomas (3 years)

                Licenciado (4-6 years); Professional Title (i.e.,
Guatemala       Ingeniero, Arquitecto, Fisico, Cirujano dentists,      Maestria/Maestro/Magister (1-3 years)                Intermediate degrees (2-4 years)
                Medical cirujano, etc.) (4-6 years)

  Guyana        Bachelor (4 years)                                     Master (1-2 years after bachelor)

                                                                                                                            Associate in Arts; Licence (3 years); Licence
                Licence (4 years); Diplome d'etudes superieures des
                                                                                                                            (BA from Centre Universitaire
                Sciences humaines (4 years); Diplome d'Ingenieur (4-   Maitrise (2 years after Diplome or Licence);
    Haiti                                                                                                                   Internationale d'Haiti or Ecole Nationale
                5 years); Docteur en Medecine (7 years); Chirurgien-   Doctorat
                                                                                                                            des Arts) (3-4 years); Diplome d'Infirmiere
                Dentiste (5 years)
                                                                                                                            Licenciee (3 years)

  5                                                                                                                                                   As of 1/20/2011
                                                                     Acceptable Credentials
 Country    Recognized Basic or First Degree                         Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                        Unacceptable Degrees
            Licenciado (4-6 years); Professional Title (i.e.,
            Ingeniero, Arquitecto, Abogado, Economista, etc.) (4-
                                                                                                                            Bachiller Universitario (4 years); Profesor; 3-
Honduras    6 years); Doctor en ciencias quimicas y farmacia,
                                                                                                                            year degree programs
            Doctor en cirugia dental (6 years); Doctor en
            medicina y cirugia (7 years)
                                                                                                                            Diploma from post-secondary colleges not
            Bachelor (4 years); MB, BS (Medicine), BDS               Master's (1-3 years after bachelor's degree); PhD
Hong Kong                                                                                                                   recognized by the government as degree-
            (Dentristry), 5 years                                    (3-4 years)
                                                                                                                            granting institutions
                                                                     Egyetemi Doktor (2 or more years after 1st
            Diploma (Oklevel) (4-6 years); Jogtudomanyi Doktor
 Hungary                                                             degree); Kandidatus (3 or more years after 1st year    Diplomas (3 years)
            (Law) (4.5 years)
                                                                     or university doctor)

            Bachelor (baccalaureatus Artium) (4 years); B.Ed; BS                                                            3-year Bachelor's degree if applicant does
 Iceland
            in Engineering; Candidus med et chir (6-7 years)                                                                not hold the studentsporf

            B.Tech, B.Engr., BS in Engr, B.Arch, B.Agri, MBBS,                                                              B.S.W., B.Lib.Sci., LL.B (1-2 years after
  India                                                              M.Engr., M.Tech, M.Phil (2 years after first degree)
            B.VetMed (4-5 years)                                                                                            bachelor degree)
            MA, M.Sc., M.Com (2 years beyond 3-year bachelor
                                                                                                                            BA, BS, B.Com., etc. (3 years)
            degree)
                                                                                                                            Associate of Institute of Chartered
            PGDM (Post Graduate Diploma in Management) (1-2                                                                 Accountants, Institute of Cost Works
            years beyond 3-year bachelor)                                                                                   Accountants, Business Management;
                                                                                                                            Institute of Engineers, etc.
                                                                                                                            National Diploma in Architecture

            Sarjana (4-5 years); Dokter Medikal (6 years); Dokter                                                           Sarjana Muda (3 years); Diplomas from
Indonesia
            Gigi/Dentistry/Hewan (5 years); Insinjur (5 years)                                                              Polytechnics

            Licence/Licentiate/Bachelor (140 credits); Doctorat in   Master/Maitrise (Foghe-Licence) (1-2 years after       Licence or Diploma programs (3 years);
     Iran
            Dentistry (6 years); Doctor in Medicine (7 years)        bachelor/licence); Doctorate (2-4 years)               Degrees from specialized schools

            Bachelor (4-5 years); Doctor of Medicine (6 years);
                                                                     Master (1.5-3 years after bachelor); PhD (3 years
     Iraq   Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MB, ChB)                                                             Diploma programs
                                                                     beyond master)
            (6 years)

            Bachelor (4-6 years); Doctor of Medicine (5 or more      Master (1-3 years after bachelor); PhD (2-5 years
 Ireland                                                                                                                    Diploma programs
            years)                                                   plus thesis); Doctorate (3-5 years after bachelor)

 6                                                                                                                                                     As of 1/20/2011
                                                                         Acceptable Credentials
  Country       Recognized Basic or First Degree                         Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                        Unacceptable Degrees
                                                                         Master (1-2 years after bachelor); PhD (3 or more      Diploma programs; Teacher Training
   Israel       Bachelor (4-5 years)
                                                                         years after master)                                    College Certificates

      Italy     Laurea (4-5 years); Laurea in medicine (6 years)

                                                                                                                                Diplome d'Etudes Universitaires Generale
                                                                         Diplome d'Etudes Superieures (DES), Diplome
                                                                                                                                (DEUG), Diplome Universitaire des Etudes
                Maitrise (1 year after Licence); Professional Title of   d'Etudes Approfondies (DEA) (1 year after
Ivory Coast                                                                                                                     Scientifiques (DUES), Diplome Universitaire
                Ingenieur (4-5 years)                                    Maitrise); Doctorat d'Etat, Doctorat de Specialiste-
                                                                                                                                de Techologie (DUT), Licence (1 year after
                                                                         3rd Cycle (1 year after DEA)
                                                                                                                                DEUG), Technicien Superieur (3 years)

                                                                         Master (2 years after bachelor); Doctor (3 years
   Japan        Bachelor (4 years)
                                                                         after master)

   Jordan       Bachelor (4-5 years)                                     Master (1-2 years after bachelor)

                                                                                                                                Professional qualifications awarded by City
                                                                                                                                & Guilds of London Institute on basis of
                Bachelor (4-5 years); Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor     Master (2 years after bachelor); PhD (2 years after
   Kenya                                                                                                                        training completed at Kenya Polytechnic or
                of Surgery (MB, B.Ch) (5 years)                          master)
                                                                                                                                Mombasa Technical Institute; Bachelor (3
                                                                                                                                years)
   Korea                                                                 Master (2 years after bachelor); Doctor (3 years
                Bachelor (4 years)                                                                                              Diplomas (2-4 years)
(Republic of)                                                            after master's degree and dissertation)
                                                                         Master (2 years after bachelor); PhD (2 years after
  Kuwait        Bachelor (4-7 years)                                                                                            Diploma programs
                                                                         master)

                Bachelor (3-5 years), Licence (4-5 years), Diplome or
                                                                                                                                Diplomas in Public Health and Teaching; AA
  Lebanon       Professional Title (4-6 years), Maitrise (1 year after   Master (1-2 years after bachelor)
                                                                                                                                degrees (2 years)
                Licence), Doctorat en Medecine (7 years)

  Lesotho       Bachelor (4-5 years)

                                                                                                                                LL.B (3 years); degrees from St. Paul's
   Liberia      Bachelor (4 years); Doctor of Medicine (7 years)
                                                                                                                                College
                                                                                                                                3-year bachelor degree from the Higher
   Libya        Bachelor (4-5 years); Licence en Droit                   Master (2 years after bachelor)
                                                                                                                                Institute of Technology


  7                                                                                                                                                       As of 1/20/2011
                                                                          Acceptable Credentials
  Country     Recognized Basic or First Degree                            Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                        Unacceptable Degrees

  Malawi      Bachelor (4-5 years)                                                                                               All Diploma programs

                                                                                                                                 BA gen., B.Ec. gen., BIS gen. (3 years);
                                                                                                                                 Diploma from Malaysian Institute of
                                                                                                                                 Management; Bachelor's degree &
 Malaysia     Bachelor (Sarjana Muda) (4-6 years)                         Master (Sarjana) (1-3 years after bachelor)
                                                                                                                                 Diplomas from MARA Institute of
                                                                                                                                 Technology; Diploma from Technical
                                                                                                                                 Training Institute, Kuala Lumpur
              Diplome de l'Ecole Normal Superieure (4 years);
                                                                          Docteur-Ingenieur (3 years after Diplome
              Diplome de Ingenieur des Sciences Appliquees (4                                                                    Diplome Technicien Superieure (4 years);
      Mali                                                                d'Ingenieur); Doctorat de Specialiste (3 years after
              years); Diplome de Docteur en Medecine,                                                                            Diplome (3 years)
                                                                          basic degree)
              Pharmacien (5.5 years)

   Malta      Bachelor (4-5 years)                                        Master (1-3 years after bachelor)                      Diploma programs

              Licenciatura (4-5 years); Professional Title (4-5 years);
                                                                                                                                 Short-term tertiary programs (2-3 years);
  Mexico      Cirujano dentista (4-8 years); Medico or Medico             Maestria (2 or more years after first degree)
                                                                                                                                 Egresado Pasante
              cirujano (5-7 years)
                                                                          Diplome d'Etudes Superieures (DES) (2-3 years
              Licence (4 years); Professional Title (4-5 years);                                                                 Certificate Universitaire d'Etudes
 Morocco                                                                  after Licence plus thesis); Doctorat d'Etat (3 years
              Doctorat en Medecine (7 years)                                                                                     Litteraiares (CUES) (2 years)
                                                                          after DES)
              MA, MS, M.Ed.; B.Arch., B.E (6 years); MBBS (6.5
 Myanmar                                                                  M.Eng.                                                 4-year bachelor is questionable
              years)
              Bachelor (4 years); Master (2 years beyond 3-year
   Nepal                                                                                                                         Bachelor (2 years)
              bachelor)

              Baccalaureaus (4 years; being phased out);                                                                         Propaedeutisch exam; Kandidaatsdiploma
Netherlands   Doctorandus (5-7 years); Professional Title/Ingenieur                                                              (2-4 years); Hoger beroepsonderwijs (HBO)
              (5-7 years); Meester in rechten (4-6 years)                                                                        programs

              Bachelor/Bachelor (Honours) (4 years); B.Arch., BDS,                                                               Ordinary or Pass Bachelor (3 years);
                                                                          Master (1-2 years beyond Bachelor (Honours)
              BVS (5 years); MB, ChB (6 years); Master's degree                                                                  Professional qualifications (i.e., Fellow
New Zealand                                                               degree; PhD (2 years minimum beyond qualifying
              awarded upon 1-year (minimum) program beyond                                                                       Chartered Accountant of New Zealand,
                                                                          honours degree [bachelor or master])
              the Ordinary Bachelor's degree                                                                                     Society of Accountants, etc.)




  8                                                                                                                                                        As of 1/20/2011
                                                                     Acceptable Credentials
Country     Recognized Basic or First Degree                         Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                          Unacceptable Degrees
            Licenciado (4-5 years); Ingeniero, Arquitecto (5         Maestria in Applied Ecology; Agricultural Pest
                                                                                                                              Professional titles awarded for programs of
Nicaragua   years); Cirujano dentista (5 years); Doctor en           Control; Environmental Engineering (2 years after
                                                                                                                              less than 5 years in length
            Medicina (7 years)                                       first degree)

                                                                                                                              Bachelor (less than 3 years); Higher or
                                                                                                                              Ordinary National Diploma; Diploma &
                                                                                                                              Certificate programs (2-3 years); Bachelor
                                                                     Master (1-2 years after bachelor); PhD (3 years
 Nigeria    Bachelor (4-5 years); MBBS, BDS (5-6 years)                                                                       (3 years); Professional Qualifications
                                                                     after master)
                                                                                                                              awarded by City & Guilds of London
                                                                                                                              Institute; Associateships from various
                                                                                                                              professional societies in Great Britain

                                                                                                                              Handelsokonom from the College of
            Candidatus Magisterii (4-5 years); Diplomokonom,         Candidatus in specified field (5-7 years); Licentiatus
                                                                                                                              Business Administration; Hogskole kandidat
Norway      Sivilokonom (4 years); Sivilingenior, Arkitekt (4.5      (1-3 years beyond the Cand. Mag. or Sivilokonom);
                                                                                                                              from Regional Colleges; Ingenior from
            years)                                                   Magister Artium, Magister Scientiarium (6-7 years)
                                                                                                                              Colleges of Engineering
                                                                     Completed degrees in this category would be
                                                                     considered Master's degree equivalents whether
                                                                     or not they were preceded by a basic degree.
                                                                     Third degrees: Doktor Artium, Dr. Policarum, Dr.
                                                                     Scientiarium, Dr. Ingenior (2 years coursework & 2
                                                                     years dissertation research beyond Mag.
                                                                     Art./equivalent degree); Dr. Phil., Dr. Vet. Med.,
                                                                     Dr. Odont., Dr. Tech., Dr. Oecon
                                                                                                                              Bachelor [BA, B.Com, BFA, B.Sc., BSW] (2-3
            B.Eng., B.Sc.Engr., B.Sc. Town Planning (4 years);
                                                                                                                              years); B.Tech/B.Tech (Honours) (1-2 years
            B.Dental Surgery, Doctor Vet. Med. (4 years); B.Arch.,   M.Phil (2 years beyond MA or MS); M.Sc.Eng. (2
                                                                                                                              beyond Diploma of Associate Engr.);
Pakistan    MBBS (5 years); B.Sc.Agri.Eng. (6 years); MA, MBA,       years beyond the B.Sc.Engr.); M.Ed. [Bus. Ed. or
                                                                                                                              Diploma programs (1-3 years beyond the
            M.Ed., MFA, M.Pharm, M.Sc. (1-2 years beyond a 3-        Ind. Arts] (2 years beyond M.Ed.
                                                                                                                              HSC or IC); Associate of Institute of
            year bachelor)
                                                                                                                              Chartered Accountants, etc.
            Licenciado (4-5 years); Professional Title (5 years);                                                             Tecnico Title (2-3 years); Diploma or
Panama      Doctor en medicina (6 years); Doctor en cirugia          Maestria (2 years)                                       Certificate programs; Profesor (teacher)
            dental (5 years)                                                                                                  programs (3 years after Bachiller)




 9                                                                                                                                                     As of 1/20/2011
                                                                           Acceptable Credentials
  Country      Recognized Basic or First Degree                            Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                      Unacceptable Degrees
               Bachelor (4 years); B.Arch.Bldg. (Honors) (5 years);
Papua New      Bachelor (Honors) (1 year after Bachelor; not               Master (1-2 years after Honors degree); PhD
                                                                                                                                B.Tech (3 years)
  Guinea       available in all fields); B.Arch.Bldg., BDS, MB, BS (5      (minimum 3 years)
               years)
               Licenciado (4-6 years); Ingeniero (5-6 years);
 Paraguay                                                                                                                       Professional Title, Licenciado (3 years)
               Professional Title (4-6 years)
                                                                                                                                Bachiller de Estudios Generale (2 years);
               Bachiller [university] (5 years); Licenciado (5-6 years);   Magister, Maestro, Magister Scientiae (2 years
   Peru                                                                                                                         Bachiller [university] (4 years); Licenciado
               Professional Title (5-7 years)                              after basic degree)
                                                                                                                                (4 years)
               Bachelor (4-5 years); Doctor of Dental Medicine,            Master (1-2 years beyond Bachelor); Doctor of
Philippines    Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, Doctor of Optometry          Education, Doctor of Philosophy (2-3 years after     Associate degree (2 years)
               (6 years); Doctor of Medicine (7 years)                     Master)

               Title of Inzynier (4 years); Magister (4-5 years);          Doktor (2-3 years after basic degree); Doktor nauk
                                                                                                                                Professional diploma in Administration (3
  Poland       Magister Inzynier (5 years); Lekarz-Dentysta (5 years);     Technicznych (2 years after Magister by thesis);
                                                                                                                                years)
               Lekarz-Medicine (6 years)                                   Doktor Habilitowany (by thesis after doctorate)

               Licenciado (4-5 years); Licenciado en Medicine (6-7                                                              Bacheral (3 years); Licenciado (2-3 years);
 Portugal                                                                  Mestrado (2 years after basic degree)
               years)                                                                                                           Diploma programs

  Qatar        Bachelor (4 years)                                            Master (1 year after bachelor)                       Diploma or Certificate programs

               Licentiat, Professional Title, Exam de Stat. (4-6 years);   Doctorate (3-5 years after State Examination & 2
                                                                                                                                Diploma de Stat (3 years); Diploma de Sub-
 Romania       Diploma d'Architecte (6 years); Diploma de Inginer (5       years of professional experience); Doctor Docent
                                                                                                                                Inginer (3 years)
               years)                                                      (by thesis after doctorate)
                                                                           Kandidat Nauk (by thesis after first degree);
               Diplom from university or institute (5 years); Diplom                                                            Diplom for uschilischche or tecknikum;
   Russia                                                                  Magistr Diploma (2 years beyond Bakalavr
               in Medicine (6 years)                                                                                            Intermediate Diploma (2 years)
                                                                           Diploma)
               Professional Title or Specialist Diploma [Bakalavr          Doktor Nauk (essentially honorary doctorate
               Diploma, 4 years] (4-5 years)                               awarded for major research contributions)
                                                                           Master (1-3 years after bachelor); PhD (2-4 years
Saudi Arabia   Bachelor (4-5 years)                                                                                             Bachelor (3 years); Diploma programs
                                                                           plus thesis)




  10                                                                                                                                                      As of 1/20/2011
                                                                            Acceptable Credentials
  Country        Recognized Basic or First Degree                           Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                        Unacceptable Degrees
                 Maitrise (1 year after Licence or 2 years after
                 Diplome in Law & Economics); Professional Title in         Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies [DEA] (2 years
                                                                                                                                   DUES (2 years); DUT (2 years); Licence (3
  Senegal        Pharmacy (5 years); Diplome d'Ingenieur (5 years);         after Maitrise); Doctorat [3rd Cycle] (2 years after
                                                                                                                                   years)
                 Doctorat d'Etat en Medecine (7 years after                 Maitrise)
                 Baccalaureat)
                                                                                                                                   Bachelor [General] (3 years) - This degree
                                                                            Master (1-2 years after honors bachelor
                                                                                                                                   will be recognized if the applicant has taken
Sierra Leone     Bachelor [Honors] (4 years)                                [additional year for general bachelor's degree]);
                                                                                                                                   & passed the A or O level entrance
                                                                            PhD (3 years)
                                                                                                                                   examinations.
                                                                                                                                   Diploma programs (3 years)

                 Bachelor (4 years); Bachelor [Honours] (4 years);
                 Bachelor of Architecture (5 years); Bachelor of            Master (1-3 years); PhD (2-5 years); D.Litt., LL.D.,
 Singapore                                                                                                                         Bachelor (3 years)
                 Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, Licence in Medicine &       D.Sc. (awarded on published work)
                 Surgery and Licence in Dental Surgery (5 years)


  Somalia        Laurea, Doctor (4 years); BA, B.Sc.

                 Bachelor [Honors] (4-5 years); Bachelor (4-5 year
                                                                                                                                   Bachelor (3 years); University or National
South Africa     program); B.Ch.D. (6 years); M.B.Ch.B. (6-7 years);        Master (1-2 years beyond bachelor);
                                                                                                                                   Diplomas or Certificates (1-3 years)
                 B.Ed. (1 year beyond 3-year bachelor)

South Pacific
                 Bachelor (4 years); M.B.B.S. (5 years)                                                                            Bachelor (3 years)
(Fiji Islands)

                 Licenciado (5 years); Licenciado en Medicine (6            Ingeniero or Arquitecto Tecnico (3-4 years);
   Spain
                 years); Professional Title (5-6 years)                     Diplomado (3 years); Certificate programs
                 BA [spec], B.Sc. [spec], BFA [spec], B.Sc. [Pub Adm],
                                                                                                                                   Bachelor [general] (3 years); National
  Sri Lanka      B.Sc. (Bus Adm), B.Com., B.Sc. [Eng.), B.D.S. (4 years);   M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil. (2 years after bachelor)
                                                                                                                                   Diploma; National Higher Diploma
                 M.B.B.S. (5 years)
                 Bachelor [general] (4 years); Bachelor [Honors] (5
   Sudan         years); Bachelor of Medicine [MBBS] (6 years);             Master (2 years after bachelor)                        Diploma programs (2-4 years)
                 B.Arch., B.Pharm., B.V.Sc. (5 years)




   11                                                                                                                                                       As of 1/20/2011
                                                                      Acceptable Credentials
 Country      Recognized Basic or First Degree                        Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                          Unacceptable Degrees

              Licentiaat (4 years); Professional qualification for
 Surinam      Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Law (5 years); Professional
              Qualification for Medicine (6-7 years)

Swaziland     Bachelor (4 years); LL.B. (2 years after bachelor)      Master (1-2 years after bachelor)

              Arkitektexamen/Civilingenjorexamen (160 points; 4
                                                                      Teknologie Licentiat (2 years after first degree);
              years); Hogskolexamen/Professional Qualification                                                                 University certificates of less than 120
 Sweden                                                               Filosofie Licentiat (2 years after first degree; being
              (120-160 points; 6-8 years); Juris Kandidatexamen (4                                                             points
                                                                      phased out)
              years)
                                                                      Filosofie Doktorsgrad (4 years after first degree or
                                                                      first professional title)

                                                                                                                               Propedeutique/Vordiplomprufung/Zwiache
                                                                                                                               nprufung (Intermediate exams); Licence
                                                                                                                               programs that are 6 semesters in length are
              Lizentiat/Licentiatus/Licence, Diplom/Diplome (8-10
                                                                                                                               limited to the field of study in which the
              semesters); Ingenieur (Dipl. Ing. EPF/ETH); Magister
                                                                                                                               applicant has obtained his/her 1st degree;
              Oeconomiae (9 semesters); Arzt/Diplome federale de
                                                                                                                               All Diplomas from Higher Schools of
              medecin/Diplom als Arzt/Certificat de fin d'etudes
Switzerland                                                           Doktorat/Docteur (2 years after first degree)            Engineering; All Translator & Interpreter
              medicales (12 semesters); Zahnarzt/Diplome federal
                                                                                                                               programs; Betriebsokonom
              de medecin-dentiste (10 semesters);
                                                                                                                               HWV/Economiste d'Enterprise
              Apothekee/Pharmacien diplome federal (11
                                                                                                                               ESCEA/Economista aziendale SSQUA (3
              semesters)
                                                                                                                               years); Certificat d'Etudes ECL or Diplome
                                                                                                                               ECL, mention Maitrise en Administration
                                                                                                                               d'Enterprise (1 year)

Syrian Arab   Bachelor (4-5 years); Licentiate (4 years); Doctor of
                                                                      Master (3 years after bachelor)
 Republic     Medicine (6 years)

              Bachelor (4 years); Bachelor in pharmacy, arch.
                                                                      Master (2 years after bachelor); PhD (2 years after      Bachelor (3 years); Diplomas from Junior
  Taiwan      Engineering, vet medicine (5 years); Bachelor in
                                                                      master)                                                  Colleges (3-5 years)
              dentistry (6 years); Bachelor in medicine (7 years)

 Tanzania     Bachelor (3-4 years); MD and DDS (5 years)              Master (1-5 years after bachelor)                        Bachelor (3 years)




  12                                                                                                                                                     As of 1/20/2011
                                                                        Acceptable Credentials
  Country     Recognized Basic or First Degree                          Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                        Unacceptable Degrees
                                                                        PhD (at least 2 years after 1st or 2nd class Honours
 Tanzania                                                                                                                      Diplomas, Advanced Diplomas
                                                                        Bachelor or Master's or MD)

 Thailand     Bachelor (4-5 years); DDS, MD (6 years);                  Master (2 years after bachelor)                        Diploma or Certificate programs

                                                                        DES, DEA, Diplome de Recherches Approfondies,          DEUG, DUEL, DUES (2 years); Diplome de
              Licence/Maitrise (4 years); Diplome (4-7 years);
                                                                        Diplome de Docteur Ingenieur (2 years beyond           Technicien Superieure (3 years); Diplome
  Tunisia     Diplome d'Ingenieur (4-6 years); Doctorat en
                                                                        Diplome d'Ingenieur); Doctorat de Troisieme Cycle;     de Licence (3 years); Certificates in
              Medecine (6 years+internship)
                                                                        Doctorat d'Etat                                        Language Study (2 years)

              Lisans/Bachelor/Muhendis (Engineer)/Mimar
                                                                        Yusek Lisans or Master (1 or more years after first
  Turkey      (Architect) (4 years); Md.Dental, Md.Dental Surgery                                                              Teaching Qualifications (3 years)
                                                                        degree); Doktora (2-8 years after first degree)
              (5 years); Medical Degree (Tip) (6 years)

              Bachelor (4 years); Bachelor of Medicine [MB, ChB] (5     Master (2 years after bachelor); Master of
  Uganda                                                                                                                       Bachelor (3 years)
              years)                                                    Medicine (3 years after MB, ChB); PhD

United Arab
              Bachelor (4-5 years); Licentiate (4 years)                                                                       2-year part-time certification courses
 Emirates

              Licenciado (4-5 years); Ingeniero (6 years);
 Uruguay      Professional Title (5-6 years); Doctorate in Dentistry,                                                          Profesor in several fields (3 years)
              Veterinary Medicine and Medicine (6 years)

                                                                        Kandidat Nauk (by thesis after first degree); Doktor
Former USSR   Diplom from university or institute (5 years); Diplom
                                                                        Nauk (essentially honorary doctorate awarded for       Diplom for uschilischche or tecknikum
 Republics    in Medicine (6 years); Professional Title (4-5 years)
                                                                        major research contributions)
                                                                        Especialista (2-3 years after Professional Title of
                                                                        Medico Cirujano or 1 year in law after Title of
                                                                        Abogado); Magister, Maestria, Magister en
              Licenciado (4-5 years); Professional Title (4-5 years);                                                          Tecnico Superior or Tecnico Superior
 Venezuela                                                              Ciencias, Magister en Educacion, Magister
              Professional Title of Medico Cirujano (6-7 years)                                                                Universitario (2-3 years)
                                                                        Scientiae, Magister Scientarium, Master (1-2 years
                                                                        after Licenciado or other comparable 1st university
                                                                        degree program)
              Bachelor (4 years); M.B.B.S. (4 years+2 year                                                                     Bachelor (3 years); Diploma and Certificate
West Indies                                                             Master (2 years after bachelor); PhD (3 years)
              internship)                                                                                                      programs



  13                                                                                                                                                     As of 1/20/2011
                                                                    Acceptable Credentials
  Country    Recognized Basic or First Degree                       Acceptable Second/Third Degrees                        Unacceptable Degrees
Yemen Arab
             Bachelor (4 years)
 Republic
             Diploma [second phase degree] (4-5 years); Inzenjer,
 Former                                                             Specijalist or Magisterijum/Magister [specialist or
             Ekonomista, Arhtikt; Professional Qualification                                                               Diploma [first phase degree] (2-3 years)
Yugoslavia                                                          3rd phase degree] (2 years after 2nd phase degree)
             [Prvistrucni Naziv]
                                                                    Doktor Nauk [essentially honorary doctorate
                                                                    awarded for major research contributions] (2 years
                                                                    after magister)

             Licence (2-3 years after Gradue Diploma);
                                                                                                                           Baccalaureat (1 year of study in law);
  Zaire      Professional qualification (2 years after a 3-year     Doctorat (evaluated on an individual basis)
                                                                                                                           Gradue Diploma (2-3 years)
             Gradue Diploma); Docteur en Medecine (6 years)

                                                                    Master (15 to 24 months); PhD (2 years after
  Zambia     Bachelor (4-6 years); MB, ChB (7 years)
                                                                    master)

Zimbabwe     Bachelor [Honors, highly specialized] (4 years)        Master (1-2 years after bachelor); D.Phil. (3 years)   Bachelor (3 years)




  14                                                                                                                                                As of 1/20/2011

				
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Description: Doctor Certificates document sample