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General Review.pdf - General Review


      for the period April 2007 - March 2008

Annual Report 2007/08                          7
                                                              organisation conducts business across all its components,
                                                              projects and programmes. Our own definition of a
                                                              conservation economy is an economy in which key
                                                               principles and practices of biodiversity conservation have
                                                                 been fully integrated into all forms and levels of
                                                                   economic activity. CapeNature is driven to transform
                                                                    biodiversity conservation into a key component of
                                                                     local economic development in the province.
                                                                      CapeNature relies on partnerships with
                                                                       communities as well as local and international role
                                                                        players to implement its mandate.
Mr Fanie Bekker:
  Acting CEO of
      during the
reporting period                                                        Our Vision
                                                                        During the 2007/8 financial year, CapeNature
                                                                       focused on the following four overall strategic
                                                                      1. Provide cutting-edge leadership and
                                                                         innovative approaches to biodiversity
                                                                        management and environmental integrity.
                                                                  2. Improving corporate sustainability and high impact.
                                                                 3. Promote socio-economic development through the
                                                                   conservation economy.
                                                              4. Demonstrate an impact on and contribution to the
                                                                 reconstruction and development of social capital.

                                                              These strategic goals were underpinned by the following
                                                              eight strategic objectives:
                                                              1. Improve the reach and quality of biodiversity
                                                              2. Pursue financial sustainability.
                                                              3. Develop policies, systems and processes to support
                                                                  service delivery.
                                  Report                      4. Establish and maintaining partnerships.
                                                              5. Develop human capital.
                                by the                        6. Develop and implementing strategies to facilitate
                             Accounting                           equitable access to and participation in the
                                                                  conservation economy.
                           Officer to the                     7. Demonstrate an impact on and contribution to youth
                                                                  and community development.
                                                              8. Create an enabling environment for emotional healing.
                       Authority and
                                                              Our Strategic Approach
                    Legislature of the                        CapeNature's strategic and performance plan is:
                                                              ? aligned with the draft provincial Growth and
                   Western Cape
                                                                 Development Strategy (GDS) and the 'Home for All'
                CapeNature is a public institution
                                                              ? influenced by the medium-term sector
               governed by the Western Cape Nature
                                                                 strategic implementation plan for environmental
             Conservation Board Act No. 15 of 1998 and
                                                                 management and sustainable development in South
            is mandated to promote and ensure
           biodiversity conservation, render services and
                                                              ?  informed by the relevant national and provincial policy
          provide facilities for research and training, and
                                                                 frameworks and legislation
         generate income to sustain our value offering.
                                                              ? on integrated service delivery and co-
         The ethos of developing a conservation
                                                                 operative governance principles.
        economy is strongly embedded in the way the

8                                                                                                                     CapeNature
      During the 2007/8 financial year, CapeNature focused on:          addressing the severe capacity
      ? sustainability                                                      constraints in the WCNCB
      ?   strengthening partnerships with the provincial                implementing a strategic tourism plan
          Department of Environmental Affairs and Development           concluding the first ecotourism public/private
          Planning (D:EA&DP) and other provincial and national              partnership
          departments                                                   upgrading tourism infrastructure.
      ?   strengthening capacity to manage externally-funded
      ?establishing and growing the conservation
                                                                        Programmes and components
          economy in the Western Cape
                                                                        In order to achieve the overriding objectives of the
      ?   providing leadership in the development of best
                                                                        conservation economy model, CapeNature implements ten
          practice biodiversity management in South Africa
                                                                        programmes as well as several internationally-funded
      ? new partnerships for the building of social
                                                                        projects, which are put into action by eight business units
                                                                        throughout the province.
      ?   implementing a comprehensive strategic fire
          management strategy for the protected areas under its

         C.A.P.E. Estuaries Project

         The C.A.P.E.-funded Estuaries project got underway with        The past year has also seen the development of six
         a regional stakeholder workshop in October 2005. The           priority EMPs for the Olifants, Klein, Heuningnes, Breede,
         aim of this meeting was to develop a regional transparent,     Knysna and Gamtoos estuaries. The process involved an
         inclusive and scientifically-sound way forward for the         assessment of all available information pertaining to the
         programme in such a way that it would support proposed         specific estuaries as well as stakeholder engagement,
         new legislation in the form of the Integrated Coastal          culminating in a stakeholder workshop where a vision,
         Management Bill (ICMB). The initial process involved the       with associated management objectives, was identified
         development of a supporting document, assessing and            and an estuary management forum was set up. Each EMP
         prioritising the conservation status of all the estuaries in   contained a fine-scale estuary zonation map. The follow-
         the Cape Floral Kingdom. This was completed in early           up estuary management plan facilitation process, aimed at
         2007. The document provided all managers with a                turning proposed management interventions into actions,
         biodiversity importance rating for each estuary as well as     was also initiated. A process aimed at increasing the
         an idea of the social value of each system. In addition to     support and commitment of all government departments
         this, a guiding document that provides the generic             involved in estuary management was also initiated in the
         framework, within which all estuary management plans           form of setting up co-funded estuary management plans.
         (EMPs) should be developed, was also completed early in        Various government departments have now committed
         2007. While guiding the estuary management process,            funding and staff to this process. These EMPs are being
         this document will be used as a basis upon which the           developed for the Berg, Verlorenvlei, Diep, Bot and
         estuary management protocol in the ICMB will be                Gouritz estuaries.

Annual Report 2007/08                                                                                                                9
                   Programmes                                   8.  Ecotourism: Develops the Western Cape's natural
                  The ten programmes are as follows:                assets into sought-after tourist destinations, which are
1.   Landscape-scale Conservation: Identifies key                   more accessible and attractive to a greater proportion
     biodiversity nodes and linking or expanding these              of our population.
     sites.                                                     9. Biodiversity Crime Investigation: Prevents, investigates
2.   Stewardship: Includes private and communal land in             and monitors biodiversity crime.
     the establishment of biodiversity corridors and the        10. Quality Management: Promotes quality assurance
     conservation of vital lowlands habitat remnants.               within the various components of CapeNature.
3.   Community-based Natural Resource Management
     (CBNRM) and Local Economic Development (LED):
     Unlocks opportunities to ensure that local communities     Business units
     reap the benefits of natural resources and their           The eight business units (BU) comprise:
     sustainable utilisation and conservation.                  1. Cape Metro
4.   Youth Development: Instils in young people an              2. Cederberg Megapark
     appreciation of their natural and cultural heritage, and   3. Gouritz Megapark
     provides them with the opportunity for developing the      4. Garden Route
     skills needed to make a positive contribution to that      5. Langeberg-Karoo
     heritage.                                                  6. West Boland
5.   Fire Management: Develops effective partnerships to        7. Boland Mountain
     extend integrated fire management throughout the           8. Overberg-Hessequa
6.   Alien Vegetation Management: Effectively combats the
     spread of alien vegetation through labour-intensive        Support services
     methods in order to create employment opportunities        The following departments help support the organisation:
     and safeguard our sensitive and unique biodiversity        ?   Scientific Services
     against the extremely negative impacts of alien            ?   Marketing and Communications
     vegetation.                                                ?   Finances and IT/IS
7.   Wildlife Management: Proactively manages conflict              Human
                                                                ? Resources
     between humans and wildlife, and promotes a healthy        ?   Law Support Services
     balance between fauna and habitat.

10                                                                                                                      CapeNature
         State of the Rivers Report                                                                                        REVIEW

         The State of Rivers Report for the rivers of the Gouritz
         Water Management Area 2007 was completed with
         funding from the Department of Water Affairs and
         Forestry's River Health programme. The Gouritz River
         estuary has been identified as one of the most important
         estuaries along the coast of the Western Cape Province,
         but funds were not initially allocated for a management
         plan for this estuary. Due to pressure from CapeNature,
         the Gouritzmond Trust, and the Estuarine Co-ordination
         Unit of the C.A.P.E. Programme, funds were made
         available partly through the Gouritzmond Trust
         (R40,000), and partly by Marine and Coastal
         Management of DEAT.

       Current Conservation Priorities                                   Healthy natural ecosystems provide life support systems to
       Catchment management in the Western Cape: Energy is               the people of the region, such as a steady supply of fresh,
       not our only challenge                                            potable water, clean air, flood retention services, and many
                                                                         other services. A number of human-induced environmental
       One of the important aspects of biodiversity and                  pressures are continually impacting on ecosystem integrity
       environmental conservation is the fact that people live and       and often compromise the quality and extent of these life
       work in the natural landscape, and many make a direct             support systems. These impacts include direct habitat
       living out of it. All of us are very specifically dependent on    degradation and destruction; the invasion of natural,
       the environment. While it remains difficult to put a direct       healthy ecosystems by invasive alien species; uncontrolled
       value on the natural environment and to quantify the              development of natural habitats and landscapes; the
       benefits of the life support systems provided by a healthy        disturbance and alteration of natural freshwater
       environment, there can be no doubt that the destruction           ecosystems and the pollution of the environment.
       and degradation of natural habitats in the Western Cape
       will have a significant negative impact on the lives of all its   Catchment management and climate change
       inhabitants.                                                      Recently, it has been convincingly shown that the threat of
                                                                         global climatic change will be significantly felt in the
                                        The importance of                Western Cape, especially the western parts of the region.
                                        catchment areas and              With a lower and more unseasonal rainfall and higher
                                        rivers in the Western            temperatures, and more extreme climatic events such as
                                        Cape is paramount                heavier downpours and more frequent flooding predicted,
                                        because the province is          the Western Cape appears to be particularly vulnerable to
                                        primarily a winter rainfall      a changing climate. There is also a dire need for solid
                                        area with few natural            policy statements regarding future development of water
                                        lakes. The nationally            resources and water use. South Africa has the highest
                                        important agricultural           rainfall variability coefficient in the world (113%) and
                                        economy of the                   scientific evidence has indicated that we will be
                                        province, with a few             significantly impacted upon by these realities. Wind speeds
                                        exceptions, is heavily           are bound to increase, which will result in increased storm
                                        reliant on irrigation            intensities and rainfall. This will have far-reaching effects
                                        during the productive            on the hydrology and hydraulics of our rivers. It may result
                                        season (September to             in more frequent flash flooding and larger floods, reduced
                                        April). Water supplies for       groundwater recharge and higher flood lines. Rising sea
                                        various sectors are              levels will increase the hydraulic head from the marine side
                                        generally sourced from           with significant effects on estuarine ecosystems. There is
                                                                         worldwide recognition of the importance of protecting
                                   11 rivers and stored in
                                        dams, although there             wetlands, floodplains and estuaries, which provide some
       are a growing number of users of groundwater sources.             degree of buffering against these impacts.

Annual Report 2007/08                                                                                                               11
                   Catchment-to-coast management                 management approach. This will draw together the
                  With a concomitant increase in fire            agency's potential management responses and provide
frequency and a predicted increase in the rate of invasion       guidance towards landscape priorities where financial and
by alien species, it would appear that the Western Cape          human resources could best be deployed. A prudent
catchment areas, specifically, might be under mounting           response in this regard will obviously also have significant
pressure. It is indeed the lower end of catchments that are      benefits for the maintenance of the fragile platform of the
on the receiving end of landscape pressures, and in              very important ecotourism industry of the Western Cape.
adopting a management approach of 'catchment-to-coast'
or 'source-to-sea', CapeNature's challenge as a                  CapeNature's focus on catchment management also
conservation agency is to respond effectively to this threat.    ensures that freshwater and marine ecosystems, i.e.
CapeNature is already in a position where most of its            upland and lowland rivers, wetlands, estuaries and
protected areas either comprise large portions of                associated marine ecosystems – systems which basically
freshwater catchments, or protect important elements of          pull the terrestrial landscape together - get the attention
catchments.                                                      they deserve, and deliver optimum ecosystem services to
                                                                 all users. This approach promotes the maintenance of
Looking ahead                                                    ecosystem services, which support socio-economic
With the above scenario in mind, it would appear that the        development in the catchments. Fire, invasive alien and
Western Cape and CapeNature will be faced by a number            wetland management have already been shown to play an
of challenges over the next five years. These challenges         important role in providing job opportunities for previously
include the effective management of fire, invasive alien         disadvantaged communities, while conservation
species, biodiversity and a steady supply of freshwater,         management can provide further opportunities for such
while coping with and guiding land-use planning and              communities adjacent to our protected areas. An economy
development. Against this background of a changing               cannot only run on electricity and fuel – we all need
climate and increasing socio-economic pressures, and in          sufficient quantities of clean water produced through sound
order to effectively respond to these and other landscape        catchment management and the maintenance of life
pressures and challenges, CapeNature will have to deploy         support services. We are ready to respond to the growing
its resources in line with an integrated catchment               needs of all our stakeholders in this regard.

                                                                        BOLAND MOUNTAIN BUSINESS UNIT

                                                                        Hottentots-Holland Roads LED Project
                                                                        Funds from the provincial Department of
                                                                        Environmental Affairs and Development
                                                                        Planning's Siyabulela Project helped multi-skill 24
                                                                        people (mostly women) in catchment management
                                                                        services, providing them with access to the
                                                                        conservation economy. They learnt skills like
                                                                        footpath, road and firebelt maintenance as well as
                                                                        water management on mountain catchment roads.
                                                                        Their efforts resulted in the completion of 7km of
                                                                        road and 38km of hiking trail. This contributed
                                                                        significantly to the maintenance of the Boland
                                                                        hiking trail network and the access roads to the
                                                                        huts. Without Siyabulela these huts could not be
                                                                        serviced, negatively impacting on tourism
                                                                        activities. This is the second year the reserve has
                                                                        implemented this project and we plan to expand
                                                                        on this in order to create more jobs and skills.

Internationally-funded Projects
Biodiversity hotspots are the Earth's biologically richest yet   is responsible for managing three of these: the Cape Floral
most endangered areas. Together, the hotspots harbour            Kingdom (CFK), the Succulent Karoo biome, which is
half the planet's diversity of life yet they have already lost   shared with the Northern Cape and Namibia, and, to a
86% of their original habitat. There are 34 internationally      lesser extent, the Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany thicket
recognised biodiversity hotspots in the world. CapeNature        biome, which is predominantly found in the Eastern Cape.

12                                                                                                                         CapeNature
       With this responsibility comes the management of pattern        A multi-stakeholder partnership with a 20-
       and process within this diverse region, which means the         year vision and collective implementation
       maintenance not only of plants, animals, terrestrial,           strategies was established for the Cape Floral Kingdom
       freshwater and marine habitats and ecosystems, but also         and the Succulent Karoo hotspots, namely C.A.P.E. (Cape
       the processes that underpin and support them. In short, it      Action Plan for People and the Environment) and SKEP
       comes down to maintaining the ecological fibre of the           (Succulent Karoo Ecosystem Programme). Both the co-
       landscape and making sure that ecosystem integrity              ordination structures of these partnerships are housed
       remains intact to provide its 'services' in a sustainable       within the South African Biodiversity Institute (SANBI).

       Key international funders                                       The World Bank's Global Environmental Fund (GEF)
       Through the C.A.P.E. partnership, CapeNature has access         The GEF finances projects in eligible countries that
       to the following international funders:                         address six critical threats to the global environment:
       ?    The World Bank's Global Environment Facility (GEF)         1. Loss of biodiversity
            funds the Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable        2. Climate change
            Development (BCSD) grant                                   3. Degradation of international waters
       ?    The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF)             4. Ozone depletion
            funds the Cape Floral Kingdom hotspot grant                5. Land degradation
       ?    Conservation International (CI) facilitates project co-    6. Persistent organic pollutants
            funding and participation in their learning network
                                                                       Conservation International (CI)
       Through the SKEP partnership, CapeNature has access to          Conservation International partners with governments, non-
       the following international funders:                            profit organisations, universities, businesses, and local
       ?    The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF)             communities in priority regions in order to strengthen
            funds the Succulent Karoo hotspot grant                    conservation efforts. CI provides their partners with
       ?    Conservation International (CI) facilitates project co-    strategic, financial, and technical support and solutions.
            funding and participation in their learning network
                                                                       CapeNature projects
       The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF)                  The projects implemented by CapeNature include a diverse
       The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund is a global             array of components and sub-components such as:
       programme that focuses on biodiversity hotspots, providing      ?   large landscape-scale projects, which include:
       grants to non-governmental and private sector                       #    implementing and managing the Greater
       organisations to protect vital ecosystems. The CEPF is a                 Cederberg Biodiversity Corridor (GCBC)
       joint initiative between Conservation International, l'Agence       #    facilitating and supporting the implementation of
       Française de Dévelopement, the Global Environmental                      the West Coast Biosphere Reserve as well as the
       Facility, the Japanese government, the MacArthur                         Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve
       Foundation and the World Bank.                                      #    supporting the implementation of the Agulhus
                                                                                Biodiversity Initiative, the Garden Route

Annual Report 2007/08                                                                                                            13
              Initiative and the Baviaanskloof Mega               integrating biodiversity into watershed management to:
             Reserve                                                    #increase the effectiveness of the ecological
     #down-scaling climate change scenarios for the                         reserve
      Cederberg Corridor                                                #incorporate biodiversity concerns into the fire
     #encouraging biodiversity and business best                            management system
      practices for key agricultural industries, such as                #facilitate and integrate an alien invasive strategy
      rooibos tea, potatoes, wine and ostriches, in high                 for the Cape Floral Kingdom, support centres of
      biodiversity priority areas                                        excellence and pilot control of select alien
     #providing small grants to civil society groups                     invasives
      through the Small Grants Fund, in order to                        #improving estuarine management through
      develop and implement projects to support the                      participatory management plans and testing
      establishment and implementation of biodiversity                   implementation of management plans in select
      corridors.                                                         estuaries

high biodiversity valued site-based interventions
?                                                                 investing in human well-being with mentorship
     through the stewardship programme                                  courses, training and capacity-building programmes

technologically advanced fine-scale spatial planning
?                                                                 initiating
                                                                  ? institutional strengthening projects such as a
     projects                                                           business case for CapeNature, and appointment of
                                                                        key contract personnel within CapeNature.

Internationally-funded CapeNature projects 2007/8

 Project Name                       Hotspot Partnership      Funder                          Project Length and Grant Size
 Greater Cederberg Corridor         C.A.P.E. and SKEP        World Bank /GEF                 5 years
 Cederberg Corridor Small Grants    C.A.P.E. and SKEP        CEPF (C.A.P.E.)                 2 years
 Fund (14 grantee projects)                                  CEPF (SKEP)                     US$108,000
 Cederberg Biodiversity and         C.A.P.E.                 CEPF (C.A.P.E.)                 2 years
 Business project                                            Conservation International      US$135,000
 Corridor Knowledge Exchange        C.A.P.E. and SKEP        Conservation International      2 years
                                                             CEPF (SKEP)                     R70,000 (CI)
                                                             World Bank /GEF
 Sandveld Climate Change Down-      C.A.P.E.                 Conservation International      1 year
 scale and Adaptation project                                                                R140,000
 Knersvlakte Priority Area          SKEP                     CEPF (SKEP)                     3 years
 Gouritz Corridor                   C.A.P.E. and SKEP        CEPF (SKEP)                     5 years
                                                             CEPF (CAPE)
 Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve        C.A.P.E.                 World Bank/GEF                  5 years
 Fine-scale Planning project        C.A.P.E.                 World Bank/GEF                  5 years
 Stewardship project                C.A.P.E.                 World Bank/GEF                  5 years
 Ecological Reserve project                                  World Bank/GEF                  5 years
 Biodiversity and Fire project      C.A.P.E.                 C.A.P.E.                        5 years
 Invasive Alien Species project     C.A.P.E.                 World Bank/GEF                  5 years

The government of South Africa has developed the Cape             alleviation strategies. C.A.P.E. seeks to unleash the
Action Plan for People and the Environment to protect and         economic potential of land and marine resources through
develop the rich biological heritage of the Cape Floral           focused investment in the development of key resources,
Kingdom and to ensure that biodiversity conservation is an        while conserving nature and ensuring that all people
integral part of economic development and poverty                 benefit. Its vision is that, by the year 2020, the natural

14                                                                                                                           CapeNature
                                                         Cape Floral Kingdom                                                      REVIEW

                                                         The Cape Floral Kingdom, at the
                                                         southern tip of the African
                                                         continent, is a biodiversity hotspot.
                                                         The CFK covers an area of less
                                                         than 90,000 km² and is the only
                                                         floral kingdom found within a
                                                         single country. The smallest of the
                                                         world's six floral kingdoms, the
                                                         CFK contains the highest density
                                                         of plant species in the world.
                                                         Nearly 70% of the plant species
                                                         and 20% of the genera here are
                                                         endemic. Biodiversity in the CFK
                                                         is under threat from invasive alien
                                                         species, agriculture and
                                                         urbanisation, unsustainable
                                                         harvesting and poor land-use

       environment of the Cape Floral Kingdom will be effectively              Facility's C.A.P.E. Biodiversity Conservation and
       conserved and restored wherever appropriate, and will                   Sustainable Development allocation. As one of the key
       deliver significant benefits to the people of the region in a           implementing agencies of the C.A.P.E. programme,
       way that is embraced by local communities, endorsed by                  CapeNature took responsibility for and implemented
       government and recognized internationally.                              several high priority projects under the C.A.P.E.- funding
                                                                               streams. As part of CapeNature's commitment to C.A.P.E.,
       International support for the first five years of the C.A.P.E.          we participate in and contribute to all of the C.A.P.E.'s
       programme (Phase 1) has included a CEPF allocation for                  structures as well as the annual C.A.P.E. partnership
       civil society involvement and the Global Environment                    forum.

       Succulent Karoo Ecosystem Plan (SKEP)

                                                                                                     Succulent Karoo Hotspot

                                                                                                     The Succulent Karoo hotspot
                                                                                                     covers an area of approximately
                                                                                                     116,000 km² stretching across the
                                                                                                     Western and Northern Cape into
                                                                                                     Namibia. This region boasts the
                                                                                                     richest variety of succulent flora in
                                                                                                     the world and is the only arid
                                                                                                     ecosystem to be declared a global
                                                                                                     biodiversity hotspot. Its plant
                                                                                                     diversity and endemism rival those
                                                                                                     of rainforests. The succulent
                                                                                                     Karoo hotspot is under extreme
                                                                                                     pressure from human activities,
                                                                                                     including overgrazing, mining and
                                                                                                     illegal collection of wild plants and
                                                                                                     animals, and the impact of climate

Annual Report 2007/08                                                                                                                        15
          The Succulent Karoo Ecosystem Programme was
          initiated as a planning programme by Conservation
          International's South African Hotspots Programme.
          CI agreed to play a co-ordinating role for the
          programme until local South African and Namibian
          organisations were ready to take over this function.
          The successful transition of the programme took
          place in 2005, with the co-ordination functions
          moving to the Namibian Nature Foundation, in
          collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and
          Tourism (MET) in Namibia, and the South African
          National Biodiversity Institute, under the Department
          of Environmental Affairs and Tourism (DEAT).

          The 20-year conservation targets that have been
          identified thus far for the Succulent Karoo are as
               75% of
          ? the conservation targets set in the SKEP
               process for 135 vegetation types will be
               protected and conserved.
          ?    Key climatic gradients and riverine corridors are
               taken into consideration in the creation or
               expansion of any protected areas.
          ? threatened and endangered species
               listed in the Red Data sources will be under
               additional protection.
               Sites in
          ? the Succulent Karoo hotspot that house
               unique, endemic and globally threatened
               species will be identified and protected.

          In 2003, the programme received a block grant of
          over US$8 million from CEPF for projects with an
          end date of December 2008. As one of the key
          implementing agencies of the SKEP partnership
          within the Western Cape, CapeNature took
          responsibility for and implemented several high
          priority projects, which included:
          ?    implementing and managing the Gouritz Corridor
          ?    implementing and establishing the Knersvlakte
               Priority Area
          ?    enhancing the management effectiveness of the
               Cederberg conservancy's corridor sites
          ?    supporting funding to the Cederberg corridor and
               Small Grants Fund with specific reference to
               Succulent Karoo localities
          ?    participating and contributing to SKEP
               governance systems.

16                                                           CapeNature

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