Gauteng article

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					Index

OVERVIEW..........................................................................................................................2
CLIMATE .............................................................................................................................3
REGIONS ............................................................................................................................4
CITY OF JOHANNESBURG .................................................................................................4
ALEXANDRA .......................................................................................................................5
JOHANNESBURG ...............................................................................................................6
RANDBURG ......................................................................................................................21
SANDTON .........................................................................................................................22
SOWETO...........................................................................................................................23
CITY OF TSHWANE ..........................................................................................................27
ATTERIDGEVILLE .............................................................................................................28
CENTURION (including Irene) ............................................................................................28
HAMMANSKRAAL .............................................................................................................31
MAMELODI........................................................................................................................33
MIDRAND ..........................................................................................................................33
PRETORIA ........................................................................................................................35
EKURHULENI METROPOLITAN COUNCIL........................................................................52
ALBERTON (including Thokoza).........................................................................................53
BENONI (including Daveyton and Wattville) ........................................................................54
BOKSBURG.......................................................................................................................56
BRAKPAN..........................................................................................................................58
EDENVALE (including Modderfontein)................................................................................58
GERMISTON (including Bedfordview and Katlehong)..........................................................59
HEIDELBERG ....................................................................................................................61
KEMPTON PARK...............................................................................................................63
NIGEL................................................................................................................................64
SPRINGS (including Kwa-Thema) ......................................................................................65
METSWEDING DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY.........................................................................67
BRONKHORSTSPRUIT .....................................................................................................67
CULLINAN .........................................................................................................................68
SEDIBENG DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY...............................................................................70
LENASIA............................................................................................................................71
MEYERTON.......................................................................................................................71
SEBOKENG.......................................................................................................................71
SHARPEVILLE...................................................................................................................71
VANDERBIJLPARK............................................................................................................72
VEREENIGING ..................................................................................................................72
WEST RAND DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY............................................................................74
CARLETONVILLE ..............................................................................................................74
KRUGERSDORP (MOGALE CITY) (including the Kromdraai Conservancy area) ................76
MAGALIESBURG (including the Magaliesberg Mountains)..................................................81
MULDERSDRIFT ...............................................................................................................83
RANDFONTEIN .................................................................................................................83
ROODEPOORT (including Florida) .....................................................................................84
WESTONARIA ...................................................................................................................86
SOURCES .........................................................................................................................87




                                                            1
OVERVIEW

Gauteng Tourism Authority
Physical address: Shop No 401, Upper Level, Rosebank Mall, Rosebank, 2196
Postal address:   PO Box 2200, Saxonwold, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2132
Tel:              +27 (0) 11 327 2000
Fax:              +27 (0) 11 327 7000
E-mail:           tourism@gauteng.net
Website:          http://www.gauteng.net



Gauteng – “Place of Gold”, the financial and
economic powerhouse of South Africa, owes its
Sotho name to its rich gold deposits. In size, it
may be the smallest of South Africa’s provinces
but, measured in terms of economic activity,
industrial development and mineral resources,
Gauteng is at the top of the list. This counts for
its attraction as a tourist destination as well.

If you are wondering what Gauteng can offer the
national and international tourist, it can be
summed up in six key tourism experiences:
shopping; dining and entertainment; business
facilities and infrastructure; outdoor and nature-
based activities; sports and events, and arts and
culture. This may seem like a tall order for any
tourism destination to fill, but, yes, Gauteng
offers you all this and more. A wondrous variety
of attractions and activities await you within this
relatively small (approximately 19 000 square
km) region.

                                     The Gauteng of today is a source of gold in more ways
                                     than one. Years of suffering and struggling to achieve
                                     liberation, justice and equality for all South Africans, have
                                     forged a people whose value is more than the most
                                     precious metal. This is a people who have come through
                                     the fire, stronger and more determined than ever to
                                     mould a society which embodies the qualities they fought
                                     so hard for. The spirit of the province is one of survival,
                                     determination and ultimately, cooperation. The people of
                                     Gauteng have come together to celebrate the contrasts
                                     and similarities that characterise them as individuals and
                                     forged the South African nation. The story of the
                                     democratic South Africa was written on the streets of
                                     places such as Soweto where young and old stood up to
                                     be heard and would not let their voices be stilled.

                                     Gauteng’s cities, such as Johannesburg, Pretoria and
                                     Soweto, with their sophisticated infrastructure, business
                                     facilities and entertainment opportunities, are places

                                           2
where one need never be at a loss for something to do. The people who populate the cities
and towns add their unique Gauteng charm to the mix. The indomitable spirit of the province
is one of optimism and opportunity. In Gauteng, everyone can find their niche. This is also the
place where physical monuments remind us of how our Constitution, regarded as one of the
finest in the world, came into being. The tempo of Gauteng is fast and lively, stimulated by the
activity and growth that have always been part of the province’s heritage.

                                                     Most of Gauteng is basically an
                                                     integrated     industrial complex that
                                                     includes every economic sub-sector. The
                                                     discovery of gold only marked the
                                                     beginning of frantic economic activity in
                                                     the area. The mining and industrial
                                                     sectors grew from the vast coal and iron
                                                     deposits and, as people streamed
                                                     towards these areas, the economy grew
                                                     rapidly. Today, most of the towns and
                                                     cities in the province have expanded into
                                                     spread-out metropolitan areas. This
                                                     makes the province an ideal destination,
                                                     for business travellers and tourists alike,
                                                     especially for those who do not like to
                                                     travel great distances.

Having heard of all the industrial activity, people may be surprised to learn that another major
source of income is the agricultural sector. Agricultural produce includes dairy products,
vegetables, fruit, meat, eggs and flowers, maize, groundnuts, cotton and sorghum.

The need to relax and get away from the fast pace of city life has also not been neglected and
the outdoor and nature-based activities promised by Gauteng can certainly be delivered
upon. Pockets of land that retain their natural beauty have been left untouched and are
thoroughly enjoyed by residents and visitors alike. Just past the angular skyline of the cities
lie vast stretches of grassland savannah, large wetlands areas, man-made lakes, bird
sanctuaries and game and nature reserves, home to a rich variety of animals, birds and
plants.

CLIMATE

Seasons in Gauteng are blessed by the comfortable climate that characterises high-lying
savannah areas. In wintertime, Gauteng experiences chilly mornings and evenings but the
afternoons are comfortably warm and sunny. Frost occurs regularly in winter but snowfalls are
very rare. A good gauge of the average temperatures in the province is Johannesburg, which
has an average winter temperature of between 4 and 24 degrees Celsius, (40 – 75 degrees
Fahrenheit) and Pretoria, which is normally about 2 degrees warmer.

In summer, large dark clouds roll over the horizon, bringing with them rain and highveld
thunderstorms. Plants, people and animals are revitalised as the province turns green with
new life. Hail is common during these summer thunderstorms. The average summer
temperatures range between 13 and 26 degrees Celsius (55 – 78 degrees Fahrenheit).
Autumn covers the province in a blanket of warm golden-coloured leaves with comfortable
temperatures to match.



                                          3
REGIONS

CITY OF JOHANNESBURG

Johannesburg Metropolitan Tourism Association, Village Walk, Upper Level, U57,
Corner Maude and Rivonia Roads, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2001.
Tel:       +27 (0) 11 883 4033 / 784 1354
Fax:       +27 (0) 11 883 4035
E-mail:    marketing@tourismjohannesburg.co.za
Website:   http://www.tourismjohannesburg.co.za




The larger Johannesburg Metropolitan Area is also known as the Witwatersrand (“Ridge of
White Waters”). It is this area in which the main gold reserves, the lifeblood of the province,
are found. More than 5 million people live in an area no more than 60 km in diameter and any
destination in the province can be reached within three hours from this area. The skyline is
outlined by skyscrapers, mine dumps from the gold mines and smoking chimneys, testimony
to the changes that economic progress brought to the land.

If South Africa is a “World in One Country”, then Johannesburg Metro is a “Country in One
City”. A sprawling metropolis, Johannesburg encompasses many suburbs and urban
developments. Although these developments are so close together that they seem to be one,
they are indeed cities in their own right. These cities are Alexandra, Johannesburg,
Randburg, Sandton and Soweto.

The discovery of gold in the Witwatersrand had such a significant impact upon the economic
development of South Africa that the country’s unit of currency, the Rand, was named after it.

When gold was discovered, all eyes turned to this small area and many people came here,
believing that they could make their fortunes. As more and more miners came to the area, a
town grew to meet their needs and, in time, the city of Johannesburg rose from the gold dust.
Politics would play an increasingly important role in shaping the destiny of the people who
came to call this place home. The Anglo-Boer War of 1899 to 1902 was fought between the
Boer Republics who did not want to give up their independence and the British who wanted to
unite South Africa under the British umbrella again. On 31 May 1902, a peace treaty was
signed and although the Afrikaners lost, the conditions of the treaty were favourable to them.


                                          4
The formation of the Union of South Africa on 31 May 1910 led to government policies
reserving certain privileges for one population group and it was only a matter of time before
the growing black populations in the townships realised that not only were they not benefiting
from South Africa’s natural riches, but they were being relegated to the status of second class
citizens.




As time progressed, the Nationalists made more laws that benefited the white population and
restricted the rights of other race groups. Black people had no say in the running of the
country and leaders such as Nelson Mandela, Oliver Thambo and many other heroes of the
struggle organised the black population to protest against the unfair political system. Protests
and actions followed and townships such as Soweto and Alexandra were at the centre of the
fray.

In June 1955 at Kliptown, near Johannesburg, the ANC’s Freedom Charter was signed and
ratified. This sparked a new tide of organised black resistance, a long struggle which
eventually led to the first democratic elections in 1994.

History has left its mark on the area and there are many physical reminders of the events of
the past. In the Johannesburg Metropolitan Area the past and the present merge into a
cosmopolitan, modern society where all people may find a spiritual home.

ALEXANDRA

Alexandra, situated some 5 km east of Sandton, started life as a township in 1905 and was
initially established to house black people exclusively. It was one of the few townships where
black people could own property. Many musicians and artists lived here at one time or
another. They included internationally famous names such as Hugh Masekela and Miriam
Makeba. The inhabitants of Alex had their own turbulent times to suffer through. There was
no electricity and drainage was poor and since many black people wanted to realise their
dream of owning property, the area was soon overcrowded. There were no municipal
                                          5
services and conditions worsened to such an extent that medical practitioners warned of
serious health risks. The government of the day regarded townships as hotbeds of resistance
and inhabitants were constantly harassed. To make matters worse, Alex was run by gangs of
criminals. In the 1960s the government decided to destroy all the houses and replace them
with hostels for migrant workers. The inhabitants fought hard to conserve what was theirs
and, eventually, the decision was overturned. A visit to Alex is a trip into the not-so-recent
past, but also gives one a view of an improved present and a hopeful future. The Alexandra
Renewal Project is an ambitious urban renewal project that aims to improve living conditions
and upgrade human capacity in the township.

CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM
Alexandra Township Tours: Inhabitants who remember the Alexandra of old take visitors to
sites such as the Pan Africa and Indian Market Places, The Health Clinic, the Zulu hostels in
“Beirut”, the Roman Catholic Church, Freedom Square and the house where Mandela spent
his first few years in Johannesburg. To ensure an extensive tour and pleasurable experience,
make sure that you book with a registered tour guide company.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
King’s Cinema Precinct: The 1940s Art-deco movie house forms the centre of the
entertainment district in Alexandra.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Alexandra Cemetery: Alexandra Cemetery is situated near the banks of the newly cleaned-up
Jukskei River and offers a view of the area and is in stark contrast to the newer and smarter
developments on the East Bank. Walk among the graves to see how many names of famous
people buried here you recognise.

Alexandra Hostels: These single-sex Alexandria hostels, designed by the Apartheid
authorities, housed the labourers who commuted to Johannesburg and back every day.

Nelson Mandela Yard: The route through a narrow alleyway leads between houses to the
room where Nelson Mandela (Madiba) lived in the 1940s when he was a young lawyer.

Roman Catholic Church Precinct: The beautiful St Hubert’s Church is close to the lively
shopping and tavern district of Alexandra.

JOHANNESBURG

Johannesburg, also referred to as “Egoli” (Zulu for “Place of Gold”), is perched on the 80-km
long Witwatersrand ridge. It is a cosmopolitan city, home to all the diverse groupings that
constitute the South African people. It is also the largest city in South Africa, the third largest
in Africa, and the commercial, financial and communications nerve centre of the country.
Many national and international businesses have their South African headquarters in the city
and all the major banks make up Bank City in the inner city.

Mine dumps and skyscrapers etch the horizon, depicting its growth from a humble gold
mining camp to the bustling cosmopolitan city it is today. The mine dumps from the gold
mines are now being reworked by modern techniques to recover the trace minerals that were
not extracted during earlier mining operations.

Johannesburg is named after the two people who were mainly responsible for its
establishment: Johannes Joubert, Head of the Mines Department of the Transvaal (the South
African Republic), who was sent to investigate the gold resources of the area, and Johannes

                                            6
Rissik, the Surveyor-General who was responsible for choosing the site on which the mining
town would be built. “Burg” is the Afrikaans word for “town”. In keeping with the fast pace of
the city, most people these days prefer the shorter version of Jo’burg, or Joeyies.

Johannesburg is vibrant and alive and growing. New developments such as the Nelson
Mandela Bridge, Bank City, Newtown Cultural Precinct – all indicate a population with plans,
a people with potential and a city with ambition.




ADVENTURE AND SPORT

                                         Adventure and Angling: Come and have an African
                                         adventure at Gauteng’s Vaal River and other
                                         streams that offer full and half-day adventure
                                         packages that include mountain biking, fly-fishing,
                                         hiking, bird watching, game viewing, micro-light
                                         flying, river rafting, canoeing and horse trails. Lure in
                                         some big fish at any of the following venues:
                                         Rainbow Trout Farm, River Country Estates and the
                                         Footloose Trout Farm.


Bezuidenhout Park: Located in the suburb of Dewetshof, east of the city centre, the park was
built on a 100-year old farm and the original farmstead and graveyard are still intact. The park
also features a miniature train, playground, caravan park, picnic spots and walking trails.

Braamfontein Spruit Hiking Trail: The ideal alternative to fast city living is the Braamfontein
Spruit Hiking Trail, a 25-km network of self-guided urban trails. Hikers can explore the spruit
from Emmarentia Dam in central Johannesburg, through Randburg and Sandton to the Klein
Jukskei River. Each trail can be completed in a day and can be joined from any point in these
suburbs.

Sandspruit Hiking Trail: The Sandspruit Hiking Trail follows the Sandspruit through
Sandton.

Ellis Park Stadium: The stadium hosts public sports events as well as entertainment events.

Golf: Johannesburg offers golfing enthusiasts many golf courses on which to test their skills.
These courses include Bryanston Golf Club, CMR Golf Club, Crown Mines Golf Club, Durban
                                          7
Deep Golf Club, Engineers Golf Club, Glenvista Golf Club, Houghton Golf Club,
Johannesburg Golf Club, Killarney Golf Club, Modderfontein Golf Club, Observatory Golf
Club, Parkview Golf Club, Randpark Ridge Golf Club and the Wanderers Golf Club. The
Houghton, Glendower and Royal Johannesburg Golf Clubs have been singled out as three of
the country's favourite golf courses. The tenth hole at the Royal Johannesburg Golf Club is
reputed to be the world's longest par-four.

Guided Walking Tours: These tours can be undertaken in the 600 ha Klipriviersberg Nature
Reserve next to Fairway and Peggy Vera Avenues, Kibler Park.

Harvey Wild Flower Reserve Trail: An unmarked hiking trail leads through the Harvey Wild
Flower Reserve in Linksfield Ridge and ends at Gillooly’s farm, east of the city.

Standard Bank Arena: This major sport venue is also used for large-scale entertainment
events and international concerts.

Water Sport: Spend a day in the sun at Emmarentia Dam, adjacent to the Braamfontein
Spruit (“Stream”) and the Johannesburg Botanical Gardens. The Dam offers entertainment for
canoeists, board sailors, scuba divers and model-boat enthusiasts.

White-Water Rafting: (grade 1 and 2 rapids), Just one hour’s drive from Johannesburg, is a
popular pastime. The trips offered by River Adventures are open to all ages and are
undertaken in rafts designed to be safe, comfortable and stable.

ARCHAEOLOGY AND PALAEONTOLOGY
The area around Johannesburg has always held an attraction for people, even from the
earliest times. Archaeological digs have unearthed evidence of stone-age settlers who lived
in the area north of Johannesburg as long as 250 000 years ago.

Bernard Price Institute (BPI) for Palaeontological Research: This institute, in Jorissen Street,
Braamfontein, falls under the University of Witwatersrand. It is the only museum in South
Africa entirely dedicated to fossils. The museum exhibits some of the most important fossil
finds of southern Africa. These include remains of prehistoric mammals, reptiles and
dinosaurs such as “Fred” and “Fang”. Fang provided proof that North America was not the
only home of the Tyrannosaurus Rex, as it is older than the famous T-Rex found in America.
Fred (Tapinocaninus) is twice as old as Fang and is a three-metre long, mammal-like reptile
that lived in the Karoo. Visitors may also watch while laboratory technicians prepare and
clean fossils.

Klipriviersberg Nature Reserve: Klipriviersberg (“Stone River Mountain”) Nature Reserve has
a rich archaeological heritage. Some 250 000 years ago Stone Age settlers lived and hunted
in the area, indicated by the artefacts found here. Nineteen stone walled settlements and
about 90 Iron Age sites have been identified in the area of the reserve. Tswana peoples lived
in the hills with their cattle, sheep and goats and cultivated sorghum fields. They were a
peace-loving people and were overrun by the Zulu leader Mzilikazi in the early 1800s. In
about 1850 a Voortrekker settler named Sarel Marais, moved into the area that now forms the
southern part of the reserve. He built a farmhouse, wagon house, orchard, irrigation furrow
and cemetery. The house survived one fire, but not a second and today a single wall of the
wagonhouse is all that remains. The City Council bought the farm in 1960 and the reserve
was proclaimed in 1984. Future plans include building a replica of a Tswana village, restoring
the homestead and fencing the reserve.



                                          8
Melville Koppies (“hillocks”): Melville Koppies, near the trendy suburb of Melville, has national
monument status on account of the remains of early civilisations found here. Evidence of Iron
Age, Earlier Stone Age and Middle Stone Age civilisations has afforded this area important
archaeological status. Some of the relics found here date from 100 000 years ago. Evidence
has also been found of a later settlement dating from 50 000 years ago, as well as of early
Tswana iron smelters. The site features two Iron Age furnaces and ruins of stone-walled
villages. A volunteer local management committee now manages the Melville Koppies. The
Koppies are open three Sundays a month and for three hours in the morning or evening
visitors are encouraged to walk around the Koppies and picnic at Emmarentia Dam. The site
is also wheelchair-friendly.

Museum of South African Rock Art: The museum next to the Johannesburg Zoo features a
collection of rock art dating from the Palaeolithic era. The museum is a subsection of
MuseumAfrica and gives insight into the lives, families and gods of the San people. These
nomadic people have adorned our country with their eloquent paintings and created unique
open-air art galleries all over the South African landscape. Before visiting the sites where their
paintings may be seen, you are invited to get to know more about the people first.

ART AND CRAFTS
Everard Read Gallery: The Everard Read Gallery in
Rosebank exhibits and sells a wide variety of
contemporary paintings and sculptures by South
African and international artists. It is regarded as one
of the best commercial galleries in Johannesburg.

Gencor Gallery: Gencor Gallery is on the campus of
the Rand Afrikaans University (RAU) and houses
exhibitions of works by national and international
artists on a rotational basis.

Gertrude Posel Gallery: Housed in the Senate House
of the University of the Witwatersrand, the Gertrude
Posel Gallery displays permanent art collections that
include traditional Southern, Central and West African
art. The Standard Bank Collection of African Tribal Art
includes masks, beadwork and Ndebele fertility dolls.
It may be visited by prior appointment.


Haenggi Foundation: Haenggi Foundation in Harrison Street houses the Permanent
Collection of African and Modern Art (Pelmama), a collection not to be missed.

Johannesburg Art Gallery and Sculpture Gardens: The gallery is home to an impressive
collection of national and international artworks. The collection includes works by French
Impressionists as well as twentieth century Abstract works. The gallery is on the Klein Street
side of Joubert Park, in the city centre, near Johannesburg Station. The works of artists such
as Picasso, Rodin, El Greco, Henry Moore and van Gogh are included in the collection. Many
valuable prints of the works of Rembrandt, Whistler and Toulouse-Lautrec are also exhibited
at the gallery. South African art has not been neglected and the works of many South African
artists are on show. The South African Collection is at present the largest of the Gallery's
collections and includes the works of Gerard Sekoto, Alexis Preller, Sydney Kumalo and
Ezrom Legae. The museum also offers an excellent educational facility and guided tours.


                                           9
Learn more about South African history through the art. It is considered to be one of the ten
best art galleries in southern Africa.

Katlehong Art Gallery: This gallery is in Katlehong Township, south east of Johannesburg,
and has an extensive collection of modern township art for collectors who want to broaden
their artistic horizons.

Kim Sacks Art Gallery: “Art with a difference” is on the menu at the Kim Sacks Art Gallery, on
the corner of Cavendish and Francis Streets, Parkwood. The gallery exhibits tribal and folk
art.

Standard Bank Gallery: This gallery, on the corner of Simmonds and Frederick Streets
houses changing exhibitions of art that have won awards at the Standard Bank Arts Festival.
This festival is held annually in Grahamstown in the Eastern Cape.

Visual Arts Gallery: This gallery is ideally situated in the arty suburb of Melville, which has
been virtually recreated since it became fashionable for artists and actors to live there. It is a
dynamically designed gallery that contains a large selection of art, sculptures, graphics and
prints.

Wire, wood and tin crafts: The entrepreneurial spirit that is at the core of growth in Gauteng is
alive and well among the enthusiastic street sellers who sell their innovative wares made of
wire, wood and tin. No world traveller should be without one of these works of art. The
creativity of the artists allows them to see and create beauty from almost anything, even from
old Coke cans. Their work is also on sale at various flea markets and street stalls.

CUISINE

Newtown Cultural Precinct: This entertainment hub is home to several entertainment venues
that include Kippies, the jazz club where traditional African cuisine can be enjoyed,
"Gramadoelas" (Out in the "sticks") Restaurant and Curios that offers a feast of genuine
South African fare, such as fried mopani worms and crocodile meat.

Restaurants: Fast food restaurants, hot dog carts on the pavements, family restaurants,
informal barbecues on street corners, formal restaurants with dress codes, coffee shops –
there really are as many choices of eateries as there are appetites. And the surroundings in
which to enjoy the dishes are just as diverse - modern shopping centres, tree-filled gardens,
flea markets, entertainment complexes – the city can truly cater to all tastes. Eating out can
also either be a true African experience, with dishes such as crocodile steaks, ostrich meat or
mopani worms, or a cosmopolitan adventure at one of the theme restaurants that serve the
traditional foods of many countries.

CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM
African Herbalist Shop: The shop is located at the Adler Museum Medicine at 14 Diagonal
Street in Newtown and provides guided tours for visitors. The wares include medicinal herbs,
animal skins and bones (“muti”) that have been used by traditional healers for centuries to
cure everything from infertility to flu.

Lesedi Cultural Village: Visit the Lesedi Cultural Village in the Swartkops Hills north of
Johannesburg for a truly African experience. Although it lies in North West Province, it is so
close to Johannesburg that it would be a pity to omit it from your Gauteng itinerary. In this
multi-cultural village Zulu, Xhosa, Pedi and Basotho cultures combine to give the visitor a
glimpse of the diverse life and spirit of some of the many people that make up the South

                                           10
African nation. Visitors can watch traditional dances, look at the art and culture and listen to
the music of the various tribal groupings and may even share in a traditional African feast.
Visitors are also welcome to spend the night with families belonging to the different tribes.




Newtown Music Centre (formerly known as Mega Music): This popular venue has long been
known for its music concerts, recording launches and performances. Great musicians like
Hugh Masekela, Femi Kuti, Letta Mbulu, Sipho Hotstix Mabuse, Salif Keita, Taria Maria and
M’chelle N’dege O’chello have graced the stage with their outstanding performances. The
Newtown Music Centre is open for business, music rehearsals and dance training and it also
has a resource centre.

Phumangena Zulu Kraal: Zulu craftsmen built this kraal at Heia
Safari Ranch in DF Malan Drive near Johannesburg, with indigenous
materials brought all the way from Zululand - a one hundred per cent
authentic Zulu village. Phumangena hosts Zulu tribal dancing
displays, demonstrations of how ceremonial outfits and weaponry are
made, talks about the myths and legends of the Zulu people and
serves traditional meals while the “sangoma” (traditional healer)
predicts futures.

Traditional African Medicine (“Muti”): Many visitors come to Africa in
search of the ultimate cure and some might just find it in the centre of
the city, in one of the many side shops that sell traditional African
medicine (‘muti’). This muti may consist of anything from dried plant
material to dried carcasses of vervet monkeys and birds, to be taken
according to the prescriptions provided by the traditional healers
(“sangomas”).

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Civic Theatre: The theatre in Kotze Street on Hospital Hill could be described as a more
conventional venue than the Market Theatre. It regularly hosts productions of ballet, children’s
theatre, drama and musicals. The complex also has three smaller venues but the main
theatre is one of the most technologically advanced in the country. Visitors love the tour of the
backstage facilities.

Evening Entertainment: Entertainment, arts and culture – Johannesburg offers every
conceivable form of entertainment. Visit theatres with a choice of South African and
international productions, nightclubs and jazz venues, casinos for gaming opportunities,
music concerts or travel around the fleshpots of the world by dining out at a theme restaurant
or enjoy a leisurely movie – the choice is up to you. Shopping and entertainment centres are
buzzing with life late into the night with entertainment for the entire family. Obtain up-to-date
entertainment information from the local press, or simply ask the first local person you meet.
                                            11
Fashion District: The Fashion District comprises the eastern area of the Johannesburg
Central Business District between Delvers, End, Jeppe and Market Streets. The
Johannesburg Development Agency is developing the district around the existing clothing
industry and aims to create a fashion experience that will thrill the most experienced fashion
fanatic.

                                       Flea Markets: Visiting flea markets is a favourite family
                                       pastime and offers a golden opportunity to discover all
                                       kinds of interesting trinkets and treasures at reasonable
                                       prices. Flea markets abound all over the city and are
                                       mostly open over the weekends, not during the week.
                                       The Rooftop Flea Market, on the upper parking level of
                                       the Rosebank Shopping Mall, is open on Sundays. The
                                       Market Square precinct hosts a weekend market with
                                       some 400 stalls where the African entrepreneurial spirit
                                       is victorious. Bruma Flea Market World, off Marcia and
                                       Allum Roads, near Eastgate Shopping Mall, is a
                                       permanent flea market, open all days of the week.
                                       Although part of Germiston, it is so close to the city that
                                       it is considered one of Johannesburg’s attractions.




                                                           Gold Reef City: Gold Reef City is a
                                                           theme park in the west of
                                                           Johannesburg on the site of Crown
                                                           Mines and is justifiably one of the
                                                           Big      Five       attractions   of
                                                           Johannesburg. Crown Mines used
                                                           to be the richest goldmine in the
                                                           world until it closed down in 1975.
                                                           The City was built as an
                                                           entertainment complex and is
                                                           essentially a reconstruction of
                                                           Johannesburg during the gold-rush
                                                           era.



The Victorian fun fair, pubs, miners’ houses, a brewery, restaurants, a hotel and a stock
exchange are all characteristic of the era and there are shopping opportunities galore! Visitors
can also take a trip down an old 2 000 m deep mine shaft and see gold being poured. The
coin press is reputed to be one of the oldest in the world. A talented group of traditional
African dancers performs at regular intervals to entertain visitors. Reserve a whole day to
enjoy all this venue has to offer or reserve a place at the excellent hotel and conference
centre. Fun rides and a Casino will keep children and adults occupied for hours.



                                          12
Hermann Eckstein Park: The Hermann Eckstein Park is in Lower Park Drive in the suburb of
Saxonwold. The Park includes the Zoological Gardens, the South African National Museum of
Military History and Zoo Lake, a picturesque lake where people can rent boats and while
away their time on the water.

Jewel City: This is a shopping Mecca aimed at the shopper with a passion for beautiful things.
Few people will be able to resist the temptations offered by South African and international
jewellery manufacturers, diamond cutters and related shops found in this centre in
Commissioner Street.

Kippies: This Jazz club at 141 Bree Street in the Newtown Cultural Precinct is named after
the legendary jazz saxophonist, Kippie Morolong Moeketsi. It is a top live jazz venue and
keeps the crowds going until late into the night, feasting on traditional African cuisine.

Mai Mai Shopping Village: To the east of the city, past Albert Street, the road ends in Mai Mai,
an icon of South Africa’s apartheid past. Mai Mai is a small shopping village that was built in
the 1950s for African migrant workers who were not allowed to buy from stores in the white
Central Business District. To this day, these shops are able to meet the most exotic needs
imaginable; from cheap coffins and colourful African beadwork to the odd live chicken or two.

Market Theatre: The Market Theatre, an
integral part of the Newtown precinct, is
a popular gathering place for locals and
visitors alike.     This internationally
renowned theatre complex developed
on the site of the former Indian Produce
Market. The former rundown Edwardian
Market Hall was saved from demolition
by a dedicated group of actors who
pooled all their money. Today, the
Theatre continues to play a large role in
developing and encouraging local talent.
If you are looking for innovation and a
celebration of creativity, the Market
Theatre is the place to frequent.

Metro Mall: The mall was opened in January 2003 and displays some of Joburg’s unique
public art, including sculptures, murals, mosaic and much more. Inside the building the
shopper has everything at his or her fingertips, from restaurants and CD shops to fresh
vegetables. The mall is situated between Simmonds, Sauer, West and Pimm streets and
incorporates the Bree Street taxi rank.

Michael Mount Organic Market: For the Health-minded, the Michael Mount Organic Market in
Bryanston is a must. Only products made from natural materials and one hundred per cent
organically grown produce are sold here. Products for sale include fruit and vegetables, pies,
quiches, cheeses and herbs. Other stalls sell handmade arts and crafts, all made from
natural materials.

MuseumAfrica: The museum, part of the Newtown Cultural Precinct, exhibits the geology,
anthropology, archaeology and history of Southern Africa since the Stone Age. MuseumAfrica
includes exhibitions featuring the Freedom Struggle, the Treason Trial, Sophiatown and the
life of Mahatma Gandhi.


                                            13
Nelson Mandela Theatre: The celebration of our culture is an important part of our national
pride and this world-class theatre showcases works by many local artists, but also regularly
hosts international productions. The theatre is in Loveday Street in Braamfontein.

Newtown Cultural Precinct: The Newtown Cultural Precinct extends over Pim, Goch,
Bezuidenhout and President Streets and is one of Johannesburg’s most successful urban
reclamation projects. Where workers once worked, lived and protested in the open square, a
number of warehouses and buildings have been renovated to house a microcosm of South
African culture, represented theme museums such as MuseumAfrica. On Saturdays, the
square becomes the Johannesburg Market. Less energetic visitors can sit and enjoy a pint of
beer at the South African Breweries (SAB) Centenary Centre while they are introduced to the
history of beer making. The complex also includes venues such as the French Cultural
Institute, the Foundation for Creative Arts, the Newtown Art Gallery, the Yard of Ale, the
Dance Factory and several shops. You have not been to Johannesburg unless you have
whiled away at least a few hours here.



                                              Oriental Plaza: The Oriental Plaza in Main
                                              Road, Fordsburg, near the city centre, is a
                                              virtual shopping wonderland. Buy anything you
                                              might need, from clothes and electronic
                                              equipment, to traditional Eastern goods.
                                              Bargains for everyone!




                                              Pioneer Park: The park on the banks of
                                              Wemmer Pan, is on Rosettenville Road, in the
                                              southern suburb of Rosettenville, and
                                              encompasses the Transport Museum and the
                                              Santarama Miniland. It offers miniature tram
                                              rides and has a swimming pool, a restaurant
                                              and a picnic and barbecue area. It is also home
                                              to the Wemmer Pan Rowing Club.



Rhodes Park: Rhodes Park, in the eastern suburb of Kensington, offers the opportunity to
relax by the side of the lake, in the restaurant or stroll in the terraced gardens.

Road Vendors: Many people have, in the true spirit of entrepreneurship, taken to exhibiting
their wares next to the road. For example, a multitude of wooden wares, furniture, plants and
assorted goods are sold along William Nicol Drive. Drivers are advised to be careful when
leaving and entering the traffic stream when they buy from these dealers.

Shopping Centres and Malls: Shopping is one of the main pastimes, enjoyed by locals and
visitors alike. Johannesburg, as befits a metropolitan area of its size, has a wide variety of
shopping centres and malls that will appeal to the very young, the very old and to everyone in
between. Although they vary in size, they all have much to offer, including a multitude of
restaurants and coffee shops. Some of the better known shopping centres are: North Gate
Shopping Mall, South Gate Shopping Mall, Killarney Mall, Fourways Mall, Sandton City and

                                         14
Rosebank Shopping Mall. Truly South African wares, international fashions, books, CDs, etc.
– in Johannesburg one can seriously attempt to buy yourself some happiness.

Wemmer Pan: Wemmer Pan allows people to forget about the stress of city life while taking a
stroll near the water. The Wemmer Pan Musical Fountains are a symphony for ears and eyes.
Watch the night sky light up and the water dance to the strains of beautiful music. The
Musical Fountain is switched on every evening except on Mondays.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Cumberland Bird Sanctuary: The Cumberland Bird Sanctuary is in the suburb of Bryanston
and has two dams, a wetland area and two bird hides from which 92 species of birds can be
observed.

Delta Park and Environmental Centre: The ideal venue for a family picnic, the centre includes
a model railway exhibit and animal and bird displays. Videos are also shown at specific hours
over the weekends to keep the children occupied. The Florence Bloom Bird Sanctuary,
situated in the Centre, is an added attraction.

Flora Farm Garden Village: Plant and flower lovers will enjoy a visit to the Flora Farm Garden
Village in Honeydew Road West, northwest of the city. The Flower Market is well worth a visit,
not only because of the large range of fresh flowers but also to watch how people bid for large
quantities of flowers.

Florence Bloom Bird Sanctuary: The Florence Bloom Bird Sanctuary in Delta Park,
Rustenburg Road, has two dams and several viewing hides from which to study the prolific
bird life. Among the feathered inhabitants are the giant kingfisher and the purple heron. The
Delta Park Environment Centre is also the headquarters of the Johannesburg Wildlife
Society.

Harvey Wild Flower Reserve: The Harvey Wild Flower Reserve is in Kallenbach Drive, in an
undisturbed section of Linksfield Ridge, east of the city centre. The walking trail through the
reserve ends at Gillooly’s Farm and affords beautiful views of Johannesburg and the
Magaliesberg Mountains.

Houghton Estate: Guided tours take visitors through the Wilds (Houghton Estate), an 18 ha
park that includes two rocky ridges, where a variety of indigenous plants grow. Four plant
houses and several sign-posted trails complete the reserve.

                                                               Johannesburg        Botanical
                                                               Gardens: The Johannesburg
                                                               Botanical Gardens in Thomas
                                                               Bowler Street, Roosevelt Park
                                                               Extension, on the banks of
                                                               Emmarentia Dam, cover 148
                                                               ha and were planted in 1969.
                                                               The gardens feature a bonsai
                                                               collection, herbal   garden,
                                                               medical and literary garden
                                                               and a rose garden that is
                                                               believed to be the world’s
                                                               largest.



                                         15
Kelland Bird Sanctuary: The Kelland Bird Sanctuary is a recent addition to the area and is
situated next to the Randpark Golf Course in Windsor Park, north of the city.

Melrose Bird Sanctuary: The Melrose Bird Sanctuary in James and Ethel Gray Park in
Melrose Road has a hide for birdwatchers from which they can watch the wide variety of birds
that nest in the reeds beside the dam.

Melville Koppies: This area was declared a nature reserve in 1959 and is a sanctuary for
birds and other wildlife. Over 175 species of bird have found a home here. An added
attraction is the flora in the area – some 80 per cent of floral species recorded on the
Witwatersrand grow here. The 67 ha of the reserve is mainly aimed at protecting this flora.
Hiking trails crisscross the reserve and give access to the archaeological sites and other
lovely spots. The site is open only between September and April and guided tours are
conducted on the third Sunday of these months between 15:00 and 18:00. The entrance to
the reserve is in Judith Road.

Zoological Gardens: The beautiful 54 ha Zoological Gardens in Jan Smuts Avenue are an
ideal venue for picnicking or for a leisurely stroll. The various guided tours both educate and
entertain visitors and include personalised tours in buggies, as well as night tours, which
allow visitors to learn more about the habits of night animals. Some tours allow visitors a view
of the hospital where sick animals are treated and of the kitchens where the food for the zoo
animals is prepared.

Zoo Lake: Pack up the kids and the dogs and head out to the Zoo Lake. The spacious area is
the ideal venue for relaxing strolls, bicycle and roller blade rides and a romantic row on the
lake at dusk time. Nothing beats the Highveld sunset with your partner close at hand.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
ABSA Group Museum: Dedicated to the history of the ABSA banking giant, this museum is
the only one of its kind in South Africa. It traces the story of the development of money, from
primitive to modern currency and houses the largest collection of South African currency in
the world.

Adler Museum of Medicine: The Adler Museum of the History of Medicine, in the grounds of
the SA Institute for Medical Research, pays tribute to the history of medicine, dentistry and
pharmacy in South Africa. Dr Cyril Adler founded the museum in 1962 for this purpose. The
displays include equipment to make drugs in the early 1900s, a medical and dental surgery
and a century old dentist’s drill. One of the most recent additions is an African Herbalist Shop
that sells many of the traditional African herbal remedies. The museum is wheelchair friendly.

AECI Dynamite Factory Museum: For those who like “explosive action”, the Dynamite
Museum at 2 Main Street, Modderfontein, north-east of the city, tells the story of the
development of the dynamite industry. The museum is housed in a mining official’s residence
dating from 1895.

Apartheid Museum: This extraordinary museum at Northern Parkway and Gold Reef Road in
Ormonde tells the story of the triumph of the human spirit over adversity and inequality. The
powerful displays of large blown-up photographs, metal cages, monitors featuring apartheid
scenes set in double volume ceilings, concrete red brick walls and grey concrete floors are
the nearest some of us will thankfully ever come to experiencing the horrors many had to
endure for years. There are 22 individual exhibition areas leading visitors through an
emotional journey illustrating the events and human tragedies of the 1970s and 1980s
Apartheid Era.

                                          16
Art Deco Buildings: Johannesburg has the world’s third largest number of art deco buildings
(after New York and Miami) and has launched a concerted effort to preserve this heritage.
Buildings by the renowned South African architect, Sir Herbert Baker, are also to be seen
throughout the city.

Bensusan Museum: The Bensusan Museum, part of MuseumAfrica, covers the subject of the
development of photography throughout the century. It is definitely more than merely a
selection of old cameras.

Bernberg Fashion Museum: Fashion trends ranging from the eighteenth to the early twentieth
centuries may be seen at the old-world style Bernberg Fashion Museum on the corner of Jan
Smuts Avenue and Duncombe Road in Parktown. The exhibits are adapted and changed
frequently. The building that houses the museum is part of its charm. The Victorian house still
features most of its original furniture and decorations, providing a graceful background for the
beautiful fashions on display.

Chris Lessing Boxing Museum: A series of photographs and exhibits at the Chris Lessing
Boxing Museum at Gate no 2, Administrative Building, Rand Show Road, Nasrec, is
dedicated to the courage and energy of the sparring fighter in the ring.

City Hall: The Johannesburg Central Business District City Hall at the corner of Rissik and
President Streets currently houses the legislature of the Gauteng Provincial Government. In
the past the area has seen many political protest actions. Close by you can see the Cenotaph
dedicated to military veterans of all wars involving South Africans. Other interesting spots
associated with the political struggle are Kapitan’s Café, once a favourite haunt of former
President Nelson Mandela. The Café was one of the few multi-racial restaurants that existed
during the Apartheid era.

Constitution Hill (Hospital Hill): The newly named Constitution Hill is situated between
Hospital, Joubert, Sam Hancock and Kotze Streets in the eastern area of Braamfontein.
Previously known as Hospital Hill, named after the old General Hospital, the site houses
among other museums and buildings, the Johannesburg Fort. The Fort was a stopover for
many political activists on the road to eventually achieving a true democracy in South Africa.
Many people involved in the Struggle for Freedom were incarcerated here, starting with
Mohatma Gandhi. Perhaps this is therefore the most appropriate setting for the new
development of the Constitution Hill Campus that will house the Constitutional Court and
several statutory bodies, such as the gender commission. The campus will also be geared to
cater for visitors, with several museums, entertainment venues, heritage sites, offices, shops
and other facilities. The Fort was originally built in the 1890s to house a garrison of the State
Artillery, complete with cannon and machine guns, to control the Johannesburg diggers, but it
never saw action. After the Anglo-Boer War, the fort was used as a prison. Pass-law violators
were imprisoned here during the Apartheid era. Enter in the footsteps of the prisoners on the
south side, through a set of huge doors to the reception area. Imagine what it must have been
like to be stripped and sprayed with cold water in the delousing room, before being kept in the
Awaiting Trial Block. Once convicted, white prisoners were kept in the Fort, black men in the
Native Gaol and women in the Women’s Gaol. The Fort has seen inmates such as the anti-
British rebels during World War I, Albert Luthuli, Nelson Mandela, the 1950 Treason Trialists
and even children - those who took part in the 1976 Soweto uprisings. The Medical Research
Institute, the Civic Centre and the Civic Theatre are also on the Hill.

Ferreira Mine Camp: The nineteenth century Mine Stope in Simmonds Street is part of the old
Ferreira Mine Camp, one of the many sub-surface diggings in the area. Ferreira's Camp was

                                          17
one of the earliest mining camps to be formed on the Witwatersrand and was the forerunner
of the city of Johannesburg that would grow out of its ashes. The site of the camp has been
declared a national monument.

First National Bank Museum: The First National Bank is one of the oldest financial institutions
in South Africa. The First National Bank Museum is situated on the corner of Market and
Harrison Streets and focuses on the history of money making and on the bank’s history.

First National House: The an ultra-modern skyscraper housing First National House, also
known as the Diamond Building, is set at an angle on Diagonal Street. When it was
completed in 1983 it added a striking new dimension to Johannesburg's skyline.

Gandhi Square: Mohandas Gandhi, one of the greatest spirits the world has ever known, was
born in India in 1869, and came to South Africa in 1893. He practised law in Johannesburg in
the early 1900s, but after witnessing the unfairness, he became involved in resistance
politics. After a call to all Indians and Chinese to burn their pass books, he was convicted and
sentenced for pass law offences. In 1914 he returned to India to implement his campaign of
passive resistance to free India from British rule. A statue of Gandhi presides over the square,
site of the city’s first courthouse, in the Central Business District at the corner of Rissik and
Fox Streets. The square still functions as a bus terminus, but also has several banners and
information panels that tell Gandhi’s story.

George Harrison Park: George Harrison Park is situated in Main Reef Road, marking the
location of the main gold-bearing reef Harrison discovered. The park also has a 10-stamp
battery mill that was once used to crush ore.

                                             Guild Hall: Guild Hall, on the corner of Harrison
                                             and Market Streets, is the oldest pub in
                                             Johannesburg, reminiscent of the gold rush days
                                             of yesteryear. The antique furniture and old
                                             photographs create an authentic atmosphere.




Harry and Friedel Abt Jewish Museum: Situated on the corner of Kruis and Main Streets, the
museum focuses on the history of South African Judaism since the 1920s and includes a
collection of Jewish ceremonial art. Lovely religious artefacts are on display.

Hindu crematorium: The Hindu crematorium is in Cemetery Road and was built in 1918.
Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi bought the ground on which it is built and played an integral
part in paving the way for the building of this crematorium, the first in South Africa and in fact
the first in Africa. Up to and before that time, most Hindus were buried, a practice that was
contrary to their religious beliefs.

Indian Mosque/Temple: Near the corner of Market and Nugget Streets stands a beautiful
Indian mosque that was built in 1916. The mosque is refreshingly different from the modern
architectural buildings that surround it and can easily be recognised by its 30 m tall minaret.
In keeping with ancient custom, female visitors are not allowed in during prayers.



                                           18
James Hall Transport Museum: Transport enthusiasts would be well advised to pay a visit to
the James Hall Transport Museum in Rosettenville Road, Pioneer Park. The museum is
dedicated to the history of land transport in South Africa, displaying methods of transport from
the earliest to the most recent. Bicycles, animal-drawn vehicles, steam vehicles, municipal
vehicles, petrol-driven vehicles and steam locomotives and cars are depicted in all their
erstwhile glory. The various halls are dedicated to different displays and together they give an
astounding amount of information on man and movement through the ages.

Kholvad House: True to its ever-changing spirit, Johannesburg was also the scene of many of
the historical events that changed the political history of South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi built
Kholvad House in Commissioner Street to house Indian immigrants to South Africa. This was
also the place where the first actions by “Umkhonto We Sizwe” (the military wing of the ANC)
were planned by Ahmed Kathrada and Nelson Mandela. Through the years, the house also
hosted meetings of the ANC Women’s League and visits by the likes of Helen Joseph, Lillian
Ngoyi and Albertinah Sisulu, famous for their role in the Struggle.

Liliesleaf Farm: Liliesleaf at 8 Winston Avenue, Rivonia, played a strategic role in the political
struggle for freedom. It was once a “safe house” for leaders of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the
military arm of the ANC. On the surface Liliesleaf was a working farm where black labourers
went about their daily tasks. No one was to know that leaders such as Nelson Mandela, who
was known as David, a cook and general labourer, planned their resistance tactics from here.
In July 1963 the Security Police raided the farm and caught several important roleplayers
such as Walter Sisulu. The Rivonia Treason Trial followed and several members of the MK
High Command, among them Nelson Mandela, were sent to life imprisonment. Today
Liliesleaf is an upmarket guest house and conference centre.

                                            MuseumAfrica: MuseumAfrica at the corner of Bree
                                            and Wolhuter Streets in the Newtown Cultural
                                            Precinct, next to the Market Theatre, depicts the
                                            story of life in South Africa from the Stone Age to
                                            the nuclear age and beyond, from the Big Bang to
                                            the Silicon Chip. The focus, as the name implies, is
                                            on the people of Africa, where they come from and
                                            who they are. This museum is regarded as one of
                                            the ten best in the country. Up-to-date information
                                            on subjects such as geology, archaeology,
anthropology and history is combined to enable exhibitions of startling reality to be designed,
bringing the visitor face-to-face with the realities of the past and the dreams for the future.
MuseumAfrica is a large complex and includes the Bensusan Museum of Photography, the
Museum of Southern African Rock Art, the Geological Museum and the Worker’s Museum.
“Alhazen’s Light House” explains the properties of light, shadow and colour very effectively.
The Geological Museum covers the many geological formations and types found in South
Africa as well as the history of gold mining. The Worker’s Museum pays tribute to the Working
Man and is housed in the restored Electricity Department compound at 52 Jeppe Street,
where the workers used to live. There is also a Worker’s Library and a display depicting the
living conditions of the workers of those times. The SA Breweries Museum sheds light on the
history of beer brewing in South Africa, starting with first sorghum beer made by early
Africans. The entry fee includes free beer, an opportunity that no tired and thirsty visitor
should pass up.

Museum of Military History: The South African National Military History Museum is set in the
peaceful surroundings of Saxonwold, one of Johannesburg’s most distinguished suburbs. The
entrance is near the zoo in Herman Eckstein Park in Erlsworld Way. It has an internationally

                                           19
recognised collection of aircraft, tanks, uniforms, medals, guns and military art that covers
every period of conflict in the South African history. It also has a section on Umkhonto We
Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress.

Nelson Mandela Bridge: This suspension bridge, one of the latest additions to the inner city,
has improved access to areas such as the Newtown Cultural Precinct, Braamfontein and
Constitution Hill, the three areas making up the Cultural Arc.

“Ou Kaaphuis” (Old Cape House): This house in Pretoria Avenue, a “little Cape away from the
Cape” is furnished with authentic antique furniture relevant to the Cape Dutch period.

Parktown: Parktown was the first garden suburb to be added to the mining town of
Johannesburg. A walk through this shady suburb takes you past some lovely old houses. Sir
Herbert Baker designed some of them, such as Stone House and Moot Cottage. Other
beautiful buildings are St David’s Place, Wanooka House, Dolobran, Outeniqua and Parktown
Convent.

Poswohl Synagogue: This national monument in Doornfontein is one of the oldest
synagogues in the country.

SA Transport Museum: The SA Transport Museum lies on the old concourse at the
Johannesburg Station Complex in De Villiers Street, in downtown Johannesburg. It features a
magnificent collection of vintage steam engines and motorcars and ox wagons, as well as
some paintings by the renowned South African artist, JH Pierneef.

Sophiatown Tours: Sophiatown was once the home of a mix of artists, writers, musicians,
journalists and workers, the fount where South African black urban culture sprang from. In the
1950s, the suburb was razed to the ground and its inhabitants relegated to a demarcated
black area - a legacy of the Group Areas Act and forced removals. In its place rose the white
suburb of Triomf. However, the essence of Sophiatown still lives on in its distinctive music,
fashion, dance and language. Some of the former residents have returned to take visitors on
tours of buildings such as Church of Christ the King, the Huddleston Memorial, St Joseph’s
Home and Good Street, once alive with the night lights of shebeens and nightclubs.

Stationary Museum: For those who hanker back to the years when people travelled at a
slower pace, the Stationary Museum in Len Rutler Park, off the Gold Club Road in Florida,
allows a trip back in time. It houses the largest collection of miniature oil engines in South
Africa and is also the meeting place of the Rand Society of Model Engineers.

St Mary’s Anglican Cathedral: The cathedral on De Villiers Street, close to the Hoek (Corner)
Mall, was designed by Sir Herbert Baker and built in 1926 of dressed sandstone.

Tolstoy Farm: This farm outside Johannesburg was once the South African home of Mahatma
Gandhi. The farm is in the process of being developed as a heritage site.

Wits University: The University of the Witwatersrand (“Wits”) in Jan Smuts Avenue,
Braamfontein, was originally established in Kimberley and moved to the Witwatersrand in the
1920s. Wits was often in the news during the political upheavals in our recent history.
Historical buildings and institutions on the campus include the African Art Museum, the
Anthropology Museum, the Geology Museum, the CE Moss Herbarium, the Music Museum,
the Palaeontology Museum, the Planetarium, the Zoology Museum and the Medicine
Museum. The Zoology Museum contains a large collection of butterflies, moths and shells.
The Rock Art Research Centre is located in the Van Riet Lowe Building for Archaeology and

                                         20
Palaeontology. The Adler Museum of the History of Music contains a collection of valuable
musical works and instruments. The Bleloch Geological Museum houses a collection of more
than 50 000 mineral and rock specimens from all over southern Africa. Displays of
crystallography, South African stratigraphy and economic and physical geology add to the
interest value of the museum. The Department of Historical Papers was established in 1966,
and houses over 2 400 separate collections. The Independent archives come in all forms,
such as letters, minutes, memoranda, diaries, notes, documents, parish registers and press
clippings. Visits to the centres and museums are strictly by appointment only.

OTHER ATTRACTIONS
Jewel City: Jewel City in Commissioner Street has demonstrations of diamond cuttings. The
history of diamonds in South Africa is also explained and visitors can see how jewellery is
designed, set and manufactured. Last but not least, jewellery can be bought at very
reasonable prices.

Planetarium: Let an experienced astrologist take you on a journey to galaxies far beyond our
solar system, while sitting in a comfortable planetarium chair. Organise a group visit to the
planetarium and take part in the educational programmes presented by the Planetarium in
Yale Road on the campus of the University of the Witwatersrand. Presentations include talks,
audio-visual shows and multi-media displays.

South African Broadcasting Corporation: The South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC)
in Auckland Park offers free tours that allow visitors to examine some of the world’s most
technologically advanced television studios. Booking is essential.

RANDBURG

Randburg is a relatively young but rapidly growing urban and business development area,
just northwest of Johannesburg. It is a popular area for young couples to build their careers
and make their homes.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Golf: The Randpark Golf Club has the largest membership in the country and, with 36 holes,
is also one of the country’s largest courses.

Wall Climbing: The SA Climb Inn, at Kya Sands in Kya Sands Road, has a huge indoor
climbing gym and set of graded walls, some as high as 10,5 metres. If the mountain will not
come to you, go to Kya Sands.

ART AND CRAFTS
Art Gallery: The Art Gallery in the Municipal Building exhibits a selection of contemporary
South African art. The gallery is opened on request.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Norscot Koppies Nature Reserve: The reserve features some rocky granite koppies (hillocks)
and an open water area frequented by several species of birds. Other attractions of the
reserve include its diverse vegetation and signs of early settlers. Next to the reserve is a
waterfowl reserve which can be explored along a 1,5-km hiking trail.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Kleinjukskei Motor Museum: The Kleinjukskei Motor Museum on Witkoppen and Selbourne
Roads houses the largest private collection of vintage cars in South Africa.


                                        21
SANDTON

                                        Sandton is an upper class suburb of Johannesburg,
                                        one of the “7 habitats of highly effective people”, as
                                        cleverly described by an estate agent. Only fifteen
                                        years ago, this area in northern Johannesburg was
                                        open land inhabited by estate owners. Today, the
                                        landscape has completely changed. Shopping is a
                                        luxurious experience, with world-class hotels within
                                        easy reach of the shopping centres, sometimes even
                                        in the same complex.

The corporate world has also realised the attractions of this area and the headquarters of
many large corporations are to be found here.

ARCHAEOLOGY AND PALAEONTOLOGY
Iron Foundries: A visit to the Iron Foundries, on the western side of the Lone Hill Koppies, in
the Lone Hill Nature Reserve in Crestwood Drive, provides an insight into the lives of the
early inhabitants of the region. Prof Revil Mason discovered the three Stone Age furnaces in
the 1960s and estimates the furnaces to date back to the 1600s.

ART AND CRAFTS
Elephant Hide Crafts, Curios and Farmstall: A gaggle of friendly Egyptian Geese rushes to
welcome visitors to the Elephant Hide Crafts, Curios and Farmstall, a lovely thatched-roof
building in Corlett Drive in Sandton. While drinking a relaxing cup of tea, visitors can watch
talented artists beautiful beadwork. The stall also sells curios, gifts and farm products.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Monte Casino: The Tuscan-styled Monte Casino in Fourways is a major entertainment centre
featuring a casino, luxury hotel, several restaurants and movie theatres. The Monte Casino
Bird Gardens have 200 species of birds and over 1 500 smaller animals and the Walk-in
Aviary houses some 100 species of birds. Flea markets are held on the terrain every Sunday.

                                                         Sandton City: Sandton is one of the
                                                         most upmarket shopping centres in
                                                         the southern hemisphere. Shopping,
                                                         eating out or going to the movies in
                                                         Sandton is guaranteed to be a
                                                         pleasurable experience. The centre
                                                         features two of the country’s most
                                                         luxurious hotels and more than 200
                                                         shops. A unique feature of the
                                                         complex is the Nelson Mandela
                                                         Square, a cosmopolitan piazza with a
                                                         fountain in the middle, surrounded by
                                                         restaurants and coffee shops.

The latest and greatest addition to the square is a 2-m high statue of former President Nelson
Mandela. He is depicted in his characteristic Madiba shuffle stance and watches over the
tired shoppers enjoying a leisurely bite and the children playing in the fountain or chasing the
doves. The new Sandton library, its prominent facade forming the eastern section of the
complex, is a fascinating addition to the centre. Sandton also has a theatre that often hosts
cultural events and shows.

                                          22
Village Walk Shopping Centre: The Neapolitan style Village Walk Shopping Centre near
Sandton City boasts shops, restaurants and coffee shops that have a distinct character and
style of their own.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Lone Hill Nature Reserve: The Lone Hill Nature Reserve in Crestwood Drive and its
landscape is characterised by granite hills. A hiking trail winds through the area, providing
access to the ruins of an old Tswana village. Contact the Sandton Parks, Recreation and
Conservation Division at Tel: +27(0) 11 803 9132 / 9300 to arrange entry.

Outspan Bird Sanctuary: Many local species of birds have found a safe haven at the
sheltered Outspan Bird Sanctuary in Morningside, right in the heart of Sandton. The 1,9 ha
sanctuary lies on the banks of the Outspan Spruit and covers four different ecological zones.

Rietfontein Nature Reserve: The Rietfontein Nature Reserve lies close to the confluence of
the Braamfontein Spruit and the Sandfontein Spruit (“Stream”), at the corner of Holkham and
Witkoppen Drives. Visitors may have a picnic or hike through the reserve and view several
species of small buck and birds. The reserve falls under the jurisdiction of Sandton Parks,
Recreation and Conservation Division. Please contact it, at Tel: +27(0) 11 803 9132 / 9300 to
arrange a visit.

SOWETO

                                                                     Soweto, once South
                                                                     Africa’s biggest and
                                                                     most famous township
                                                                     is now a bustling
                                                                     growing metropolis with
                                                                     its     own        unique
                                                                     character. It lies south-
                                                                     west of Johannesburg.

                                                              During the 1976 student
                                                              uprising this township
                                                              received             much
                                                              international       media
                                                              coverage and it has
                                                              therefore become a
                                                              popular             tourist
                                                                            destination.
                                                              Johannesburg          and
                                                              Soweto are bound by
                                                              an economic umbilical
                                                              cord that cannot be cut.
                                                              Most Sowetans are
employed in Johannesburg and commute daily, supplying Johannesburg with the workforce
that supports its economy.

The name Soweto is an acronym for SOuth WEstern TOwnships. It started life in 1950, when
the National Party government developed five farms as housing for the thousands of
mineworkers and migrant labourers who streamed to Gauteng to work in the gold mines and
factories.

                                        23
Much of the history of our already ten-year-old democracy was conceived on the dusty streets
of Soweto, where the politically and socially conscious people of this township led the nation
in revolt against the unfair system of Apartheid. Soweto also has the distinction of being the
only place in the world where two Nobel-prize winners, Desmond Tutu and Nelson Mandela,
lived — both on Vilakazi Street!

                                                                        Today’s     Soweto     is
                                                                        home to more than
                                                                        three million people and
                                                                        includes the areas of
                                                                        Dobsonville, Diepkloof
                                                                        and Dube. It is a
                                                                        symbol of hope and
                                                                        liberty, but also a
                                                                        historical reminder of
                                                                        what      people     can
                                                                        subject each other to.

                                                                        ADVENTURE         AND
                                                                        SPORT
                                                                        Soccer:     The   First
                                                                        National Bank Arena
                                                                        (“Soccer City”) is the
                                                                        venue       of   many
                                                                        international      and
                                                                        national        soccer
                                                                        matches.

The many soccer stadiums in Soweto, Elkah, Jabavu, Dobsonville and Lenasia, demonstrate
the enthusiasm of the residents for soccer.

ART AND CRAFTS
African Institute of Art and FUNDA Learning Centre: The African Institute of Art and the
FUNDA Learning Centre has an important social upliftment function that it exercises by
exposing disadvantaged and underprivileged people to art and culture.

Regina Mundi Church: The historic Regina Mundi Church houses a small art gallery, Ma-
Africa Art Gallery. The gallery is open to the public and sells local works of art (10 per cent of
the proceeds go to the church). Internationally renowned artists produced the art that mainly
depict life in the townships - the tears and the laughter.

CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM
eKhaya Soweto Neighbourhood Museum: The innovative and creative centre in Phase 3,
Diepkloof Extension is continually undergoing change and improvement. The social club
gives precedence to soccer, the game of the people, and shows regular videos of soccer
games. The art in the museum depicts life in the townships.

Shebeens: One experience that the visitor should not miss is lunch at a shebeen. There is no
better way of getting to know the people or of experiencing their lifestyle and philosophy than
in this informal setting. Several restaurants, coffee shops and shebeens are on the itinerary
and their names are known to tourists all over the world.


                                           24
Soweto Township Tour: A township tour into Soweto is an experience not to be missed.
However, it is best to be accompanied by accredited guides. The tours include some of the
most prominent historical sites (see: History and Architecture) in Soweto and also afford
visitors a peep at the extreme circumstances in which the people of Soweto live — the
squalor and the splendour. Should visitors wish to stay over in Soweto, they need to make
arrangements well in advance.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Many of the historic events in the political struggle for freedom took place in Soweto and there
are many sites that commemorate this turbulent time in our history.

Archbishop Desmond Tutu’s house: Archbishop Tutu used to own a home in Soweto but the
house is not open to the public. Bishop Tutu was always a resolute figure, never afraid of
voicing his strong opinions in public, and in more recent years, became the Chairperson of
the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. While driving by, a guide will tell visitors more
about his life.

Avalon Cemetery: The cemetery in Chabuse Street dates from 1972 and is the final resting
place of famous political activists such as Helen Joseph, Joe Slovo and Lilian Ngoyi. Young
Hector Pieterson also lies buried here. During the turbulent past, many funerals were not
simply occasions for mourning, but often grew into mass gatherings. Tear gas canisters being
fired by the police at mourners were thus not an unusual occurrence at funerals. Many graves
are covered with metal rectangular cots, a practice taken from Mpumalanga where rocks
were placed on graves to prevent animals carrying away the bodies that could not be buried
deep enough in the rocky soil. The cemetery is currently being upgraded and there are plans
to create a Heroes Acre here. Avalon sees some 200 burials over weekends.

Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital: This is the largest hospital in the Southern Hemisphere. It
was originally built as a military hospital but has since grown considerably and boasts some
of the most sophisticated medical facilities in the world. Tours of the hospital are possible but
arrangements need to be made well in advance.

Enoch Sontonga memorial: The memorial marks the final resting place of the man who wrote
“Nkosi Sikelele iAfrika” (Lord Bless Africa), which became our national anthem in 1997.
Enoch Sontonga was a teacher in Johannesburg and wrote the hymn in 1897.

Hector Pieterson Memorial and Museum: The museum and memorial at 8288 Maseko Street
in Orlando West is dedicated to the 12-year old boy who was the first child to die in the
student uprising of June 1976. The memorial is a small marble stone that bears a brief written
history of Hector's life and of the Freedom Struggle. It is located a mere two blocks from the
spot where Hector lost his life. The museum documents the events that were driven to a head
on 16 June 1976, when Soweto children took to the streets to take charge of their future.
Hector Pieterson quickly became a household name, who will remain a symbol of the struggle
for many years to come, and 16 June is commemorated as Youth Day in South Africa. Eye-
witness accounts, photographs, text panels and audio visual footage illustrate the human
tragedy that led to the deaths of several students from June 1976 to the end of 1977.

Kliptown: Kliptown was established in 1903, and is one of the oldest urban settlements in
Soweto. The Congress of the People adopted the Freedom Charter, the cornerstone policy of
the African National Congress (ANC), on this spot on 26 June 1955. The square has been
declared a National Heritage Site, and is a permanent reminder of the strength and
determination of the human spirit. Future plans for Kliptown include a monument at the Walter
Sisulu Square of Dedication, the refurbishment of the railway station, a new taxi rank, an

                                          25
informal trader’s market, new houses, cleaning of the Klipspruit river and recreational
facilities.

Mandela Museum: Many of the most important black political figures of South Africa used to
live or still live in Soweto. Guided tours are conducted to show visitors, among other things,
the erstwhile or present homes of these leaders. For example, the 4-room house at 8115
Ngakane Street in Orlando West where Nelson Mandela lived while he was practising as a
lawyer in Johannesburg, before he went to prison for 27 years, has become a part of our
national heritage. The inside of the house is filled with small mementoes and treasures of him
and his family. Many of the artefacts have their own stories to tell. The “karos” (piece of skin
worn as traditional Xhosa clothing), which he wore during a trial to show his contempt for the
Western legal system, lies on the bed in the main bedroom.

Morris Isaacson Secondary School: One of the buildings visitors will pass on a tour is the
Morris Isaacson School where many of the preparations for the 1976 student uprisings were
made. Many of the political leaders of South Africa attended this school.

Oppenheimer Tower: This tower was built amid the ruins of the old shantytown, where
gardens have now been developed as part of the Oppenheimer Complex. The tower is mainly
visited for its view over most of Soweto. A hall for functions and parties is also available.

Regina Mundi Catholic Church: The Regina Mundi Church at 1149 Khumalo Street is
considered by many the spiritual home of the freedom struggle. The people of Soweto held
many political meetings, rallies and community gatherings in the church grounds. It is also the
largest church in Soweto and many of the people who perished during the struggle were
buried from here. Bullet holes, most likely caused by shots fired by police from inside the
church while they were trying to break up a meeting, can still be seen. A famous painting of
the Black Madonna also hangs inside the church. A permanent photographic display tells the
story of “Soweto, June 16th 1976 … Before and After” - the 50-year journey to political
freedom.

Winnie Madikizela-Mandela’s house: The home of Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, Nelson
Mandela’s second wife, whom he divorced soon after his release from prison, is a popular
attraction. She played a strong role in the ANC Women’s Movement and is still active in
politics. She still owns and occupies this house and visitors will only be able to see the
outside.




                                          26
CITY OF TSHWANE

Tshwane Municipality Tourism Division
Old Netherlands Bank Building, Ground Floor, West side of Church Square,
Bitts Centre, Pretoria, South Africa, 0002
Tel:         +27 (0) 12 337 4430
Fax:         +27 (0) 12 337 4485
E-mail:      andrewm2@tshwane.gov.za
Website:     http://www.tshwane.gov.za




The fertile valleys of Northern Gauteng have been inhabited from the earliest times. The
African groups who came here from the north were referred to as maTebele (refugees) by the
Sotho tribes who were already living there. These groups soon adopted the name and settled
down in the area, calling themselves the “Matabele”. Many other newcomers also first settled
on the banks of the Apies River that flows through Pretoria. The beauty of the area, a
combination of highveld plains and rocky valleys and the pleasant weather, probably played a
major role in their choice of a place to settle.

To this day, a sense of history and tranquillity pervades the city of Pretoria and, while it
provides the comforts of city life, it has also sustained a unique and truly rustic atmosphere.
Although the pace is slower than that of Central Gauteng (especially Johannesburg) and
industry is flourishing, it is in harmonious co-existence with nature rather than in overpowering
exuberance.

Most of the cities in Northern Gauteng are part of the larger Tshwane Metropolitan Area that
resort under one Metropolitan Authority. Pretoria is the main city in this area.



                                          27
ATTERIDGEVILLE

Atteridgeville started life as a township to house the black population who worked in the
Pretoria area. The Group Areas Act did not allow the races to live in the same areas. Engage
the services of a knowledgeable tour guide to take you through this vibrant area, where
people are coming to terms with the past and the present. Atteridgeville is also on the Setso
Route and the Struggle and Freedom Route. An important feature of the route are the places
that played an important part in the fight for a democratic South Africa.

CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM
Atteridgeville Jazz Route Tour: The Atteridgeville Jazz Route Tour is a cultural and
entertainment experience not to be missed. There is no music quite like African jazz.

Mandela Village Shebeen Tour: The Mandela Village shebeen tour brings visitors into contact
with the people after a hard day at work. It is an enriching alternative to the westernised
nightlife of Pretoria. Your experience will be enhanced if you make use of the services of tour
guides, since they know the area well and know the best spots to visit.

CENTURION (including Irene)

Centurion is a rapidly growing suburban and business development south of Pretoria and the
choice of residence for many people who work in Johannesburg. First called Lyttleton, then
Verwoerdburg, but the name was changed a few years ago.

Centurion developed around Centurion Lake, a man-made lake that offers the beautiful
nightly sight of the musical fountain. The restaurants and pubs that dominate the area around
the lake present an ideal opportunity to watch in comfort.

The suburb of Irene lies next to Centurion and was named after Irene, the daughter of the
Hungarian Alois Nellmapius, who was one of the “characters” of the old South African
Republic. Irene has retained much of its village character and most inhabitants choose to live
here for this very reason. It is close to the comforts offered by city life yet quiet and peaceful –
for many, the ideal compromise.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Caravan Park, Hiking and Mountain Biking: The Doornkloof Nature Reserve near the suburb
of Irene offers hiking, mountain biking and accommodation in the caravan park.

                                                        Cricket: Centurion has one of the best-
                                                        known cricket stadiums, Supersport
                                                        Park, in South Africa and many national
                                                        and international matches have been
                                                        played here.




                                            28
4x4 Trail: The Hennops Off-Road Trail was designed for inexperienced as well as
experienced drivers and explores a terrain where zebra, blue wildebeest and blesbok, as well
as a variety of birds and small animals, roam.

Hiking Trail and Picnic Spot: The Hennops Hiking Trail has a two-day trail as well as a day
trail. The picnic spot has “braai” (barbecue) and swimming facilities along the river.




ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Centurion Shopping Centre: Centurion houses a large shopping centre, built around a man-
made lake, that caters for its more than 250 000 inhabitants. The Centre hosts a flea market
on Sundays. The Centurion area has, in a relatively short time, also become the centre for
many discount shopping outlets.

Irene Village Market: The Irene Village Market is one of the highlights of the Pretoria flea
market scene. This market is held on the second and last Saturdays of every month, outside
the Smuts House Museum on Doornkloof Farm, in Nellmapius Road. The market sells only
handmade articles and antiques. A shopping experience not to be missed!

FAUNA AND FLORA
Zwartkop Park Nature Reserve: The South African National Defence Force manages the 720-
ha Zwartkop Park Nature Reserve on the banks of the Hennops River. Explore the area via
the 13 km hiking trail that starts at the Cricket Stadium and ends in the reserve. Several bird
and animal species live among the lush vegetation.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Air Force Memorial: On Bays Hill, the Air Force Memorial overlooks the Zwartkops Air Force
Base. The memorial was built in honour of the members of the Air Force who died in action
over the years. The memorial symbolises flight and is as high as a six-storey building.
Shaped as a triangular star, the memorial houses a chapel in one wing and a central

                                         29
memorial hall. The gardens of remembrance and the fountains are at the base of the
memorial.




Irene Camp Cemetery: The cemetery is a sad reminder of the many innocent people who
died during the Anglo-Boer War. The Battle of Pretoria started in June 1900 near Irene and as
the skirmishes continued and the British became frustrated by the guerrilla tactics of the
Boers, they burned down all the farms and destroyed the livestock. Concentration camps
were established at Irene to house the destitute women and children where many died due to
the poor living conditions. These people are buried in the Irene Camp Cemetery.

Porcinarium or Pig Museum: The museum dedicated to the pig, is probably the only one of its
kind in the world. The Animal Improvement Institute of the Agricultural Research Council has
its headquarters outside Irene. Apart from its scientific research work, the institute also allows
visitors to visit the museum during the week. Come and pay homage to this humble animal.

Smuts House Museum: The Smuts House Museum on Doornkloof Farm in Nellmapius Road,
Irene, is the old restored family home of General Jan Christiaan Smuts: soldier, politician,
statesman, philosopher and naturalist. The house was salvaged from a post-First World War
military camp and is a simple wood and corrugated iron structure. The museum displays
Smuts’s simple furniture and other memorabilia. Barbecue, camping and picnic spots are
available on the premises.

OTHER ATTRACTIONS
Coin World at the South African Mint: A guided tour of the South African Mint in Gate Way
includes the Coin World Museum and Shop. The tour offers a fascinating look at how South
African coins and medals were made in the past and how they are made today. The shop
sells a variety of souvenirs, presentation coins, jewellery and “coin watches”. The South
African Mint is considered to be one of the most modern in the world and makes coins for
several other countries as well.




                                           30
HAMMANSKRAAL




The name literally means “Hamman’s stockade” and owes its name to a local nineteenth
century farmer called Hamman, who built a stockade here to protect his cattle from lions.

ARCHAEOLOGY AND PALAEONTOLOGY
Tswaing Crater Museum: The Tswaing Crater Museum 40 km northwest of Pretoria on the
R80 road, is South Africa’s first environmental museum and attracts visitors from all over.
Tswaing means “Place of Salt” in Tswana and some still call it “the Pretoria Salt Pan.”
Exhibits at the site and in the museum focus on the crater, the people and the natural history.
The site features a 220 000 year-old crater, 1.4 km in diameter and 500 m deep, caused by a
meteorite crashing into the earth. It is one of the youngest and best-preserved small bowl-
shaped meteorite craters in the world. This protected area has walking trails that give visitors
access to various archaeological sites, an African cultural village and a craft shop. The
development of the museum was done in consultation with the people who live in the
surrounding area. The archaeological findings show that the Tswana people were mining salt
in the area over 800 years ago. During most of the twentieth century, the crater served
another purpose – its soda ash was used for alkali in the mines. People may choose to visit

                                          31
the site on their own or with a guide. Visitors may also explore the crater via the walking trail,
watch the birds or marvel at the some 420 species of plant life.

                                                 CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM

                                                 Mapoch Ndebele Village: The Mapoch
                                                 Ndebele Village is part of the Tswaing Crater
                                                 Museum. This is a permanent village and
                                                 visitors are welcome to introduce themselves
                                                 to the chief and watch how the traditional
                                                 beadwork and clothes are made. The village
                                                 offers a glimpse into Ndebele history,
                                                 particularly how their houses have changed
                                                 over the years. Various Ndebele leaders are
                                                 buried in the graveyard. Please call Buti
                                                 Msiza at +27 (0) 83 544 4432 to arrange a
                                                 visit to the village.

                                                 HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
                                                 Nelson Mandela Statue: A statue of Nelson
                                                 Mandela was erected in Hammanskraal and
                                                 unveiled on 12 June 1999, in honour of "all
                                                 our heroes black and white, young and old,
                                                 who sacrificed their lives for democracy".

                                           32
MAMELODI




Mamelodi, north east of Pretoria, is home to a bustling and lively, mostly black community.
Many of its residents work in the Greater Pretoria Metropolitan region. Several tour operators
offer tours of the township.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
African Jazz and Shebeen tours: African jazz is a favourite attraction in the shebeens.
Several companies conduct township tours into Mamelodi and include popular shebeen stop-
overs to give visitors the opportunity to hear skilled musicians play jazz with an African flavour
and to meet the locals who go there to relax after a hard day at work. Contact the Tshwane
Municipality Tourism Division for the names and contact details of tour guides.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Islamic Centre: The Islamic Centre in Mamelodi is unique in that this community was the first
body to acknowledge and honour the black soldiers who gave their lives during the Second
World War.

MIDRAND

The name Midrand describes the location of this dynamic development that grew up next to
the N1 freeway, halfway between Pretoria and Johannesburg. Although the initial
developments were industrial and commercial, many people now choose to live in this
convenient location. It is also a convenient location for conference centres.

People who work and/or live in Johannesburg and Pretoria all benefit from the development
of Midrand and it has become a hive of activity. It is expanding at such a rate that the area
between Pretoria and Johannesburg will soon be almost a continuous built-up strip.

A leisurely drive through the area will conjure up images of country living as there are still
many places left undeveloped. The farm stalls, horse riding schools, country pubs and craft
centres add to the country atmosphere.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Kyalami: The home of South African motor racing, Kyalami, is close to Johannesburg. The
name comes from the Zulu words, ‘khaya lami” (meaning “my home”). This 1000 ha area was
once a farm and in 1961 was converted into a racetrack for motorcycles and cars. Kyalami
has hosted many Grand Prix events. The site also houses some offices and is a regular
venue for trade fairs and various entertainment events.


                                           33
CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM
Sibaya Zulu Boma Cultural Village: The Sibaya Zulu Boma cultural village at Hugo’s Place,
Main Road, Kyalami, provides visitors with more background on the proud past of the Zulu
nation, including the history of the warrior king Shaka. Sibaya is a Zulu word for “cattle kraal.”
Visitors are taught about Zulu dress, customs, traditions and origin and are welcome to take
part in the traditional meals and tribal dances.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING

                                                                  Lippizaner Horse Show: The
                                                                  performance       by      the
                                                                  Lippizaner horses at Kyalami
                                                                  is a magnificent display of
                                                                  animal strength and grace.
                                                                  The centre can be reached
                                                                  by taking the M1 Ben
                                                                  Schoeman Highway, taking
                                                                  the Allandale Road off-ramp
                                                                  towards    the   west    and
                                                                  proceeding to Kyalami.




This centre is the only place outside Vienna where Lippizaner horses are trained according to
the rules of the Spanish Riding School. Indoor shows are presented every Sunday morning
and, after the show, visitors may visit and touch the animals. Lipizzaners are the oldest
human-bred horses in the world and have become highly prized through the ages. They are
loyal, intelligent, courageous and above all, graceful. Many wars have been fought on the
backs of these horses and in fact, one of the steps they perform in the show called “Airs
above the ground” was originally used to decapitate foot soldiers. The Lipizzaner Centre also
has an archive of information on these amazing animals.

Nightclubs: Several nightclubs have made an appearance in the Midrand area and are visited
by both Pretoria and Johannesburg night owls.

Shops: Give yourself enough time to drive around and visit all the little shops around the area.
The shops are nearly as pretty as the goods they sell. The imaginative names of some of the
shops undoubtedly reflect the creative talents of the owners and include “Admiral Leisure
World”, “Jenny Ferreira’s Doll Workshop” and “Hand in Midrand”.

Sound Stage and Theatre on the Track: Richard Loring’s Sound Stage and the Theatre on
the Track on the Kyalami Race Track grounds provide a high quality of live entertainment.
Some of his productions have been very successful on the international theatre scene.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Lory Park: Some 2 000 indigenous, endangered and exotic birds live in the peaceful
surroundings of the Park in Kruger Road, President Park. The park is a perfect setting for a
picnic and “braai” facilities are also available.

Transvaal Snake Park: The Transvaal Snake Park on the R101 at Halfway House is one of
the best reptile breeding centres in the world and boasts an impressive collection of (mostly


                                           34
African) snakes. Live demonstrations include venom milking and discussions on various
snakes and reptiles. Some small animals can also be seen here.

OTHER ATTRACTIONS
Gemstone Scratch Patch: For a sandpit with a difference, come to the Gemstone Scratch
Patch in Salvia Road, Kyalami, where you will be able to dig in a sandpit for 24 types of semi-
precious stones.

PRETORIA

Some 60 km north of
Johannesburg, within
easy reach of
Johannesburg
International Airport, on
the banks of the Apies
River, lies Pretoria, “the
Jacaranda City”. It is a
city dominated by
government services
and the diplomatic
corps of foreign
representatives.




The city owes its nickname to the 70 000 jacaranda trees that clothe the city in a purple cloud
during the months of October and November. These trees are of the species Jacaranda
mimosifolia, indigenous to South America.

The formal history of the city started more than 150 years ago, in the 1840s when the first
Voortrekkers arrived. In 1855 the Potchefstroom Volksraad (Parliament) approved the
establishment of a town on the banks of the Apies River and by 1856 Pretoria had become
the seat of Government in the Transvaal. The town was first called Pretoriusdorp, after the
Boer leader Andries Pretorius, but the name was later changed to Pretoria.

                                                          Pretoria is the administrative capital
                                                          of South Africa, continuing a
                                                          tradition started many years ago. In
                                                          this city, history and culture go hand
                                                          in hand with modern developments,
                                                          slowing down the furious pace at
                                                          which modern man moves and
                                                          anchoring us in history. Like all
                                                          other towns and cities, Pretoria had
                                                          its townships to where the Group
                                                          Areas Act relegated people of other
                                                          races to live. Black people lived in
                                                          Atteridgeville and Mamelodi, Indian
                                                          people in Laudium and Coloured
                                                          people in Eersterust.

                                         35
A multitude of world-class hotels and guesthouses have been built in the leafy suburbs and
are within easy reach of tourist attractions and shopping centres. Both within and just beyond
the boundaries of the city there are several opportunities to escape into nature and shed the
pressures of big city life.



                                                             Pretoria houses nine tertiary
                                                             education facilities which keep
                                                             the city perpetually young, the
                                                             students bringing a lasting sense
                                                             of vibrancy and innovation to the
                                                             city. It is also home to a large
                                                             number of scientific institutes,
                                                             such as the Council for Scientific
                                                             and Industrial Research (CSIR),
                                                             Onderstepoort          Veterinary
                                                             Institute and the South African
                                                             Bureau of Standards (SABS).


The Greater Pretoria Metropolitan Council has established six heritage routes that offer the
visitor a look at the city's large variety of heritage assets. These include: the Park Route, an
urban stroll past Pretoria's inner city historical buildings and monuments; the Setso Route, a
route designed to introduce the visitor to the unique spirit and "feel" of the city; the Struggle
and Freedom Route, a tour of the sites and monuments associated with the many wars,
battles and struggles fought here; the Knowledge and Industry Route, a route through the
academic, scientific and technological sectors that make Pretoria the country's academic,
scientific and technological capital; the Conservation City Route, a route through the many
lovely conservation areas in the city; and the Garden City Route, to show off Pretoria's superb
parks and suburban gardens.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Continental Off-Road Academy: The Academy near Pretoria has one of the best and
roughest 4x4 trails in the country. Obstacles on the trail include mud baths, sand pits and
steep concrete slopes.

Golf: Pretoria has several excellent golf courses to choose from, among them the Pretoria
Country Club, Silver Lakes Estate, Woodhill, Swartkops and Wingate Park.

Moreleta Spruit (“Stream”): The Moreleta Spruit meanders through some of Pretoria’s eastern
suburbs and a hiking trail has been mapped out to follow the stream. The trail leads from the
point at which the outflow from the Rietvlei Dam, south-east of Pretoria, joins the Hartbees
Spruit north of the Derdepoort Regional Park and goes through the Faerie Glen Nature
Reserve, Meyers Park Bird Sanctuary, Struben Dam and Moreleta Park.

Rugby: Loftus Versfeld, the spiritual home of Gauteng rugby fans, lies on the corner of
Lynnwood and Kirkness Streets and has hosted many international matches.

Wonderboom Skydiving Club: The Wonderboom Skydiving Club near Pretoria has one of the
best drop zones in the country. It also owns a Pilatus Porter aircraft that can carry twenty
skydivers at a time.

                                          36
ART AND CRAFTS

                                        Curio and Flea Markets: Several shops, stalls and
                                        centres in the city sell African art, craft and curio
                                        items from all over the continent. The stalls and
                                        markets, such as the permanent curio market in front
                                        of the Zoological Gardens in Boom Street in town,
                                        have a more informal atmosphere and allow more
                                        interpersonal contact. All the flea markets have stalls
                                        that sell African mementoes and several vendors
                                        have set up shop on open spaces next to the road.

                                        Engelenberg House: The house is home to the art
                                        collection built up by Dr F V Engelenberg. The
                                        collection consists of a wide variety of paintings,
                                        sculptures, silverware and bronzes, furniture,
                                        porcelain, carpets and ceramics.

                                        Oeverzicht Art Village: The Oeverzicht Art Village in
                                        Gerhard Moerdyk Street in Sunnyside has
                                        developed a rhythm of its own. The development
                                        started when several people took the initiative and
                                        created a cultural haven in the heart of the city. The
                                        old houses have been restored and are used for
                                        shops that sell various art and crafts, or for theatres
                                        and African jazz venues.

                                         Pretoria Art Museum: The Pretoria Art Museum in
                                         the grounds of Arcadia Park, on the corner of
                                         Schoeman and Wessel Streets, (entrance in
                                         Schoeman Street), is surrounded by a luxurious
                                         green park that is shaded by lovely trees. It includes
                                         an art library and a gallery that houses part of the
                                         Michaelis collection of Dutch and Flemish paintings,
                                         as well as contemporary South African art and
                                         international graphic art. Works by Pierneef, Van
                                         Wouw and Frans Oerder are highlights of the
                                         collection. The museum has guided tours of the
                                         regular temporary exhibitions and the permanent
                                         displays that include tapestries, sculptures and
                                         photographs.

                                          University of Pretoria (“TUKS”): The University has
                                          several museums and art collections on its
                                          premises. These include the Van Tilburg Collection
                                          of seventeenth century Dutch furniture and art, a
                                          collection of ceramics that date back to 206 BC and
                                          artwork that focuses on the Dutch Royal House of
                                          Orange. Dr Horace H Alexander Van Gybland-
Oosterhoff, an important political figure in the Netherlands, built up the House of Orange
collection. Today the Van Gybland-Oosterhoff Collection is considered by many to be the
largest House of Orange collection outside the Netherlands. The works of many South African

                                        37
artists also decorate the entrances and offices on the campus. The Mapungubwe Museum is
one of the most exciting places to visit as it safeguards the artefacts found at South Africa’s
fifth World Heritage Site, the Mapungubwe Archaeological Site in Limpopo.

Edoardo Villa Museum: Another art museum at the university is situated in the Old Merensky
Library, a national monument. It displays the works of the Italian born sculptor Edoardo Villa.
Villa came to South Africa in 1942 as a prisoner of war and made the country his permanent
home. His works clearly show his European roots, but also incorporate a strong African
influence. Strong use of light and shadows, texture and colours characterise his art. The
museum opened in 1995 on Villa’s eightieth birthday and displays some 145 works of metal
and plaster, busts, reliefs, tapestries, figures, sculptures and charcoal studies.

CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM
African Window Museum: The African Window at the National Cultural History Museum was
started with the express purpose of preserving and promoting the cultural heritage of our
people and features permanent as well as live cultural displays and temporary exhibitions.
The live displays include song and dance, music and other art forms - a glimpse into the souls
of all South African people.

Kgodwana Cultural Village: Kgodwana Cultural Village shows visitors how Ndebele home-
building techniques have changed over recent years. Instead of round clay walls with
thatched roofs, homes have become rectangular structures with corrugated iron roofs. Guides
accompany visitors on their exploration of Ndebele building techniques and the daily lives of
the villagers. The Ndebele are well known for their art and crafts and women can be seen
practising the art of weaving. Their beadwork is exquisite and all the colours and patterns
have different symbolic meanings. As a natural consequence of modernisation and
commercialisation, many of the items made by the people have lost their traditional value and
are made to appeal to public taste. This village was created for the benefit of tourists, so that
they may experience Ndebele art and culture for themselves.

Marabastad Tours: Marabastad was a racially and culturally diverse area where black, Indian
and coloured united, did business and protested against Apartheid. The people who sell their
goods here are lively and enthusiastic and you are advised to take enough money to buy from
places such as the Oriental Shopping Complex and the hawker’s market. However, do not
neglect to visit the temple in the vicinity and to stand still and drink in the atmosphere before
you go home to show off your purchases.

Miriammen Temple: The temple is near the Oriental Shopping Complex. This, the oldest
Hindu temple in Pretoria, was built in 1905. The temple is dedicated to the Hindu goddess
Miriammen who has the power to cure infectious diseases. Visitors should adhere to Hindu
custom and remove their shoes before entering the temple.

National Cultural History Museum: The museum on the corner of Bosman and Visagie
Streets, contains a collection of some 4 million objects that cover the cultural history of South
Africa over the last 2 million years. The archaeological and anthropological records tell the
story of human development in southern Africa, with the focus on the African tribes of
Gauteng.

Siyabuswe Village: Many of the people working at Kgodwana actually live in Siyabuswe
Village near Weltevreden. Visits to Siyabuswe can therefore be arranged through Kgodwana,
but only by prior notice. Siyabuswe is a typical traditional Ndebele village and the royal home
of King Mayitjha. Visitors may walk around his home but are not allowed to enter. Francina
Ndimande has achieved international fame for her murals, and she and her family are

                                          38
responsible for the decoration of the nearby Catholic Church. Siyabuswe is the home village,
not only of Francina, but also of many other famous artists, and visitors have the privilege of
visiting these artists in their homes and seeing their work.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Burgers Park: Named after Thomas Francois Burgers, the second president of the South
African Republic, Burgers Park, Pretoria’s oldest park, was established in 1882 and is now a
national monument. The park lies next to Melrose House at the corner of Van der Walt and
Jacob Mare Streets.




Entertainment: Pretoria has many opportunities for entertainment for young and old alike.
Movie theatres and entertainment centres with video, laser and computer games are found in
most shopping centres. Several entertainment centres include Putt-Putt (miniature golf),
bowling and snooker facilities. Then there are, of course, the numerous coffee shops and
restaurants in which any type of cuisine may be enjoyed, from traditional South African fare to
health foods to various cosmopolitan dishes. Several theatres where different productions are
staged can also be found in the city.

Flea Markets: Several flea markets offer a pleasant shopping alternative for residents and
visitors alike. In many shopping centres and in the centre of town, flea market stalls are a
permanent fixture, e.g. in the section of Church Street that is reserved for pedestrians only,
near Church Square. Sunday flea markets include those at Hatfield Plaza and Sunnypark. On
the first Saturday of every month, an art market is held at Magnolia Dell, a beautiful park next
to Queen Wilhelmina Street. Dealers are allowed to sell only goods that have been made by
hand. The items on sale are truly beautiful to look at. The permanent flea market next to the
Kolonnade Centre in Pretoria North has a multitude of stalls where you can shop for the entire
family.

Gambling: For those who favour their chances with Lady Luck, Pretoria is surrounded by
gambling opportunities. Morula Sun lies in the northern parts of Pretoria and the Carousel
Casino lies about 30 minutes drive from the city, on the N1 to Polokwane.

Hatfield: The suburb of Hatfield, near the University, has become the social heart of the city.
Its many restaurants, coffee shops and pubs appeal to most tastes and in the evenings it is
alive with the sound of people enjoying themselves. Hatfield Square is a favourite nightspot
for students.

                                          39
Magnolia Dell: This tranquil park, on the corner of University and Queen Wilhelmina Roads is
a lush green haven where people can stroll next to the stream, children can play in the small
dam or sit on the green grass and enjoy a picnic. On the first Saturday of every month the
park is filled with colourful stalls at which art and crafts are sold. The restaurant is also
popular with visitors.

Museum Mall: Designed along the lines of the American Smithsonian Institute in Washington
DC, the Museum Mall in the inner city will be the largest focus point of cultural resources in
Africa encompassing Melrose House, Burgers Park, Transvaal Museum, the City Hall, a
Children’s Museum, the Museum of Culture, the Museum of Science and Technology and the
State Library. Its aim is to offer non-formal education and recreation.

Shopping Centres: Pretoria has a large number of shopping centres that include: Menlyn
Shopping Centre in Atterbury Road, (the largest in Pretoria), Brooklyn Shopping Centre,
Atterbury Value Mart, Sammy Marks Shopping Centre in the city centre, the Kolonnade
Centre in Montana and Wonder Park in Akasia. Smaller shopping centres also abound.
Examples are Hatfield Plaza in Burnett Street, Sunnypark in Sunnyside, Glenfair in Lynnwood
Glen, Lynnwood Ridge Mall in Lynnwood Ridge, Meyers Park Shopping Centre in the Meyers
Park/Silverton area and the Tramshed in the city centre, to name but a few.

State Theatre: Roelf and Hans Botha, who were also responsible for the design of Strijdom
Square, were the architects who created the large, majestic, concrete State Theatre. The
design was influenced by the Japanese building style and the building was completed in
1981. When it was completed, it was the largest centre of its kind in the southern hemisphere.
The State Theatre is situated on the corner of Church and Prinsloo Streets. Visitors can be
sure of viewing talented, creative people in local and international productions.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Austin Roberts Bird Sanctuary: In the heart of the busy city, surrounded by houses and
businesses, lies a small patch of bird heaven. The Austin Roberts Bird Sanctuary is a 12 ha
park in the southern suburb of New Muckleneuk and has two dams where more than 170
species of water birds, including blue cranes, sacred ibis, the beautiful crowned cranes and
herons, have made their home. Small buck can also sometimes be seen. The blue crane
Restaurant looks out upon the water and blue cranes often come begging for a snack and
interrupt visitors. Visitors may not enter the sanctuary, but the Louis van Bergen hide, from
which the birds can be observed unobtrusively, is open to the public over weekends.

Chamberlain Bird Sanctuary: The sanctuary is in North Street in Rietondale. The local
community initiated the inception of this haven and created a water habitat that attracts a
wide variety of birds.

Derdepoort Recreation Resort: The Derdepoort Recreation Resort offers entertainment for
the whole family on a 15 ha spread of Bushveld vegetation. The park encompasses two
dams, barbecue facilities, a restaurant housed in an old restored farmhouse and a farmyard,
complete with animals, that is open to the public.

Faerie Glen Nature Reserve: The Faerie Glen Nature Reserve, east of the city, covers an
area of 110 ha and has interesting bird and plant life. Be on the look out for the cabbage tree,
the wild plum, aloes and proteas. The reserve has three hiking routes.

Fountains Valley Nature Reserve: A little piece of nature has been preserved at the Fountains
Valley Nature Reserve, situated at the entrance to Pretoria at the source of the Apies River.
The 500 ha game and bird sanctuary gives people the opportunity to get away from the hustle

                                          40
and bustle of city life without having to travel far. Many visitors are attracted by the extra 50
ha with camping, barbecuing and picnicking facilities. The restaurant, swimming pool, small
lake, play park and miniature steam train offer entertainment for the whole family. Hikers can
follow several trails through the reserve.

Groenkloof Nature Reserve: The 500 ha Groenkloof Nature Reserve is one of Africa's oldest
nature conservation areas and was proclaimed by President Paul Kruger in February 1895.
The reserve has several established hiking trails as well as a mountain bike route. The
longest trail can be finished in two days and overnight facilities are available. The reserve
also boasts mature woodland vegetation of white stinkwood trees (Celtis africana) and can be
reached via the Fountains Valley Resort.

Jacaranda trees: Although most of the trees have purple blossoms, a row of trees in Herbert
Baker Street, in the suburb of Groenkloof, offers an eye-catching variation — pure white
blossoms.

Meyers Park Bird Sanctuary: Meyers Park Bird Sanctuary, east of the city, is a small (7 ha)
sanctuary for birds. The sanctuary is part of the Moreleta Spruit Hiking Trail.

                                                        National Botanical Gardens: The
                                                        Botanical Gardens in Cussonia Avenue
                                                        cover an area of some 77 ha with more
                                                        than 1 000 species of indigenous trees
                                                        and about 800 indigenous flowering
                                                        plants. Tours are conducted on
                                                        Thursdays.       These       last     for
                                                        approximately two hours and include a
                                                        slide show and a visit to the private
                                                        nursery. The Gardens are the
                                                        headquarters      of    the     National
                                                        Herbarium and were declared a
                                                        national monument in 1979. The
                                                        Silverton ridge divides the garden into
                                                        two distinct areas with varying
                                                        temperatures, which encourage the
                                                        growth of a large variety of vegetation.
                                                        The vegetation includes bushveld,
                                                        grassland, succulent and coastal
                                                        forest. Explore the Peace Garden, the
                                                        cycad garden, the aloes, the ficus trail,
                                                        the fynbos and the herbal garden.
                                                        Important research and conservation
                                                        work is done at the Botanical Gardens.
                                                        The Tea Garden serves delicious food
                                                        and beverages under the trees and in
                                                        a “lapa” (an open, thatched shelter).




National Zoological Gardens: The gardens, usually just called the Zoo, for short are in Boom
Street, in the centre of Pretoria. From their humble beginnings in 1899, the National

                                          41
                                  Zoological Gardens have gained an international
                                  reputation as a result of their successful captive breeding
                                  programmes for endangered animals. One of its most
                                  successful programmes is the one at the De Wildt
                                  Cheetah Research Centre, north of Pretoria in the North
                                  West province. To date De Wildt's biggest achievement
                                  has been the breeding of the King (or striped) Cheetah,
                                  the only King Cheetah ever to have been born in captivity.
                                  The zoo houses some 3 500 southern African and exotic
                                  animals, including the largest antelope collection in the
                                  world. The exotic inhabitants of the Zoo include Brazilian
                                  maned wolves, Indian gaurs, European wisent and
                                  Arabian oryxes. Other inhabitants include the four great
                                  types of ape and 193 species of birds. In total, the zoo has
                                  6 000 inhabitants. The Aquarium and Reptile House, next
                                  to the zoo, houses 180 species of freshwater fish and 130
                                  species of marine fish, as well as several species of
                                  snakes, lizards, iguanas and crocodiles, and also boasts
                                  an amazing seashell collection. The zoo also does
                                  excellent work with the artificial insemination of birds. The
animals are housed in beautiful, natural surroundings and visitors may enjoy picnics in the
grounds or refreshments in the restaurant or cafeteria. The facilities are often used for social
functions.

Rietvlei Nature Reserve:       The
3000 - 3800 hectare Rietvlei
Nature Reserve, about 20 km
south of the city centre, is home
to 2 000 head of game. Game
lovers will appreciate the horse
trails and the 21 km overnight
hiking trail that the reserve
contains. Be on the lookout for
buffalo, white rhino, hippo, eland,
zebra,       wildebeest,        red
hartebeest, springbok and other
smaller species of buck. More
than 140 species of birds have
been recorded here, a bonus for
bird watchers. Yachtsmen and
fishermen use the dam in the
reserve.

Roodeplaat      Dam      Nature
Reserve: The Roodeplaat Dam
Nature Reserve lies a few km
outside Pretoria, on the Moloto
Road (take the Zambesi Drive
off-ramp from the N1 to
Polokwane). The dam was
constructed between 1956 and
1959 and today provides water
for the animals and birds that

                                          42
have found a home here. The natural beauty of the area has been preserved as far as
possible and the area on the eastern shore of the dam has been declared a nature reserve.
Animals to be seen here are blue wildebeest, kudu, waterbuck, warthog, duiker, impala, red
hartebeest, Burchell’s zebra and steenbuck. The resort has a swimming pool, restaurant,
barbecue and picnic facilities and chalets. Water sport enthusiasts also frequent the reserve.
The facilities are wheelchair-friendly.

Struben Dam: Struben Dam, in the suburb of Lynnwood Glen, is a 10 ha park that is home to
a wide variety of birds that includes some very rare species. People are allowed to fish from
the small pier.

Wonderboom (Wonder Tree) Nature Reserve: In Voortrekker Road, Wonderboom, this
Nature Reserve was established because of one tree - the “Wonder Tree”. The tree is a 23 m
tall wild fig, Ficus salicifolia, which after 1 000 years, has reached a diameter of 5,5 m. A
prominent Voortrekker leader, Hendrik Potgieter, discovered the tree in 1836. As the
branches of the tree grew and drooped to the ground, they took root and a new circle of trees
grew around the original one. The present tree consists of a central trunk and 12 auxiliary
trunks. The leafy roof covers 55 square metres and 1 000 people can easily rest in its shade.
Visitors may enjoy a leisurely picnic or follow the hiking trail through the reserve. Several
species of birds and small animals have made their home here. The remains of the old
Wonderboom Fort, built to defend Pretoria, can also be seen in the reserve.

HERITAGE ROUTES
Pretoria has six heritage routes, to suit a wide range of tastes and interests. Employ he
services of a tour guide to take you to all the places and truly get to know the area.

Park Heritage Route: The route leads to, as its slogan “culture on foot” indicates, the city’s
main cultural sites. Sites to be visited on this urban stroll include Melrose House, the City Hall
and the Transvaal Museum to name but a few.

Atteridgeville Jazz Route Tour: The Atteridgeville Jazz Route Tour is a cultural and
entertainment experience not to be missed. There is no music quite like African jazz.

Mandela Village Shebeen Tour: The Mandela Village shebeen tour brings visitors into contact
with the people after a hard day at work. It is an enriching alternative to the westernised
nightlife of Pretoria. Your experience will be enhanced if you make use of the services of tour
guides, since they know the area well and know the best spots to visit.

Setso Route: The route has been designed to capture the unique feel of Tshwane. It passes
by the Atteridgeville area and also includes the Sammy Marks Building, State Theatre and
Kruger House.

Struggle and Freedom Route: The route focuses on the history of war and peace through the
the city’s history and includes visits to the Voortrekker Monument, Fort Klapperkop and the
Mamelodi Cemetery. An important feature of the route are the places that played an important
part in the fight for a democratic South Africa.

Knowledge and Industry Route: The route certainly lives up to its name as it leads to several
Universities, Technikons, and industrial estates. The sites include the National Zoological
Gardens, the State Library, UNISA, Medunsa and the University of Pretoria.

Conservation City Route: The route visits the various conservation facilities in and around the
city. It starts at the Austin Roberts Bird Sanctuary and then goes in four different directions.

                                           43
Garden City Route: The route allows visitors to appreciate the cultivated nature sites of the
city. Sites include the Pretoria Botanical Gardens and Magnolia Dell.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Air Force Memorial and Museum: The Air Force Memorial and Museum pays tribute to South
Africa’s distinguished flyers. The museum was established in 1937 and is the largest of its
kind in South Africa. It is in the suburb of Valhalla, on the Air Force Base at Swartkop and
houses most of the types of aircraft that have ever been used by the South African Air Force.
The museum also has a shop in which gifts, models and books can be bought.

Café Riche: The historical Café Riche Building on Church Square will interest Art Nouveau
enthusiasts. The ground floor area has been converted into a delightful cosmopolitan
coffeehouse and the smell of coffee wafting invitingly down the street has lured many an
unsuspecting passer-by.

Church Street: The 43-km long Church Street is one of the longest city thoroughfares in the
world. Follow the road and take a trip down memory lane - many historical and architectural
attractions line Church Street.

Church Square: In Pretoria, all roads lead to Church Square in the centre of the city. Pretoria
developed around the square, traditionally the main venue for trade, recreation and religious
gatherings. It has seen service as a market, an auction venue, a sports field and a tram
terminus. A statue of Paul Kruger, President of the “Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek” (Old South
African Republic) from 1883 to 1900, stands at the centre of the square. The millionaire
businessman, Sammy Marks, had the statue made in gratitude to President Kruger for
allowing a synagogue to be built in Pretoria. The statue was sculpted by the famous sculptor,
Anton van Wouw, and was cast in Rome in 1899, but was only placed on the square in 1954.
Historic buildings such as the Old Raadsaal, “Ons Eerste Volksbank” (our people’s First
Bank), Capital Theatre, Café Riche and the Palace of Justice surround the Square.

Claude Malan Museum: The museum is the pet project of Claude Malan, a passionate
collector of old things, and is situated at 160 Lynnwood Road, near the corner of Lynnwood
and Duncan Streets. The museum exhibits souvenirs from all over the world but the emphasis
is on memorabilia from the Anglo-Boer War. A range of military collectibles, gold and silver,
china, antique jewellery, ageless timepieces, books and toys of yesteryear are on display.
There is also a Collector’s Gallery for discerning antique collectors, with everything from
stamps to art and furniture. A visit to the French-style café is not to be missed.

Coert Steynberg Museum: The Coert Steynberg Museum in Berg Avenue was the home and
studio of another famous South African sculptor, Coert Steynberg (1905 – 1985). His statues
now adorn the studio and garden. Steynberg was trained in England but his work is uniquely
African. Many of his commissioned works were inspired by events in the history of South
Africa.

Correctional Services Museum: Make use of the unique opportunity to share the prison
experience from a safe distance. The Correctional Services Museum at the Central Prison in
Potgieter Street houses exhibitions that include innovative artwork made by prisoners,
illegally made objects, forged keys, tattooing machines and a variety of weapons. It also
details the history of the penal system.

Democracy Wall: The Kutlawang Democracy Centre in Pretoria commissioned the
Democracy Wall on the corner of Prinsloo and Visagie Streets, to be a symbol of the creativity

                                         44
and spirit of our people. The sculptor, Neels Coetzee, worked with others to create a wall that
includes all the elements of past and present walls built in South Africa. The elements of
earth, water and air are combined and African building styles are acknowledged as a
legitimate form of architecture. The wall features concrete “dolosse”, granite boulders,
wooden fencing and much more. Indigenous plants have already given their approval to the
idea by taking root and flourishing on the site. The Early Settler Blackboard affords passers-
by the opportunity of making their mark on the wall. There is also a restaurant at the Centre
with traditional African dishes on the menu.

Fort Klapperkop: The fort at Klapperkop dates from the Anglo-Boer War. It is one of four built
after the failed Jameson raid, and can be reached via Johan Rissik Road in Waterkloof. The
fort never saw action and today, the museum records the military history of South Africa from
1852 to the end of the Anglo-Boer War.

Fort Schanskop: The fort at Fort Schanskop, next to the Voortrekker Monument, is the best-
preserved fortress dating from the Anglo-Boer War in the Pretoria area. To satisfy the need
for people to know more about this part of our history, the Fort is open to visitors and even
more developments are planned to transform it into a full-fledged historical tourism attraction.

Geological Survey Museum: The Geological Survey Museum, in the Transvaal Museum
building in Paul Kruger Street, gives visitors an interesting insight into the geology and
mineralogy of South Africa. It houses a collection of minerals and gemstones, as well as
meteorites and fossils found in South Africa.

Heroes’ Acre: Heroes’ Acre in Church Street Cemetery is the final resting place of many
prominent South African leaders. A grave that seems out of place is that of an infamous
Australian soldier, Breaker Morant, who was executed for murdering a missionary during the
second Anglo-Boer War.




Melrose House: Melrose House, at 275 Jacob Mare Street, opposite Burgers Park, is a
beautiful example of Victorian architecture and was designed in 1886 by W T Vale, a London
architect. George Heys, one of the wealthiest businessmen in Pretoria at the time and owner
of a coach and transport service, commissioned the house. During the Anglo-Boer War, Lord
Roberts and Lord Kitchener used the house as the headquarters of Vereeniging that ended
the three-year war. Today, the lovely museum, a National Monument, houses a collection of

                                          45
period furniture and is a favourite venue for chamber music concerts and art exhibitions. It is
closed on Mondays.

National Film and Video Archives: The National Film and Video Archives in Church Street has
a wide variety of audio-visual material about South Africa. Visits include exhibitions and
screenings.

Old Synagogue: The Old Synagogue in Church Street is closed to the public, but is an
important historical monument. The Jewish Community of Pretoria commissioned the building
of the synagogue that is typical of late nineteenth century Eastern European design. It was
the first synagogue built, but as the city grew, new synagogues were built in the suburbs and
the old one deconsecrated and sold in the 1950s. The 1956 Treason Trials and the 1978
inquest into the death of Steve Biko took place here.

Palace of Justice: The palace of Justice on Church Square is the oldest court building in
South Africa. This Renaissance style building dates from June 1896 and saw Nelson Mandela
declare his willingness to die for his country during the 1964 Treason Trial. The names of
several freedom fighters, as well as anti-Apartheid slogans on a holding cell in the building
bear testimony to this turbulent time in our history. The cell is now a museum. A bigger court
building was built in 1993 across the road, but after renovations, the Palace once again
serves a useful purpose.


                                                                    Paul     Kruger     House
                                                                    Museum: Kruger House
                                                                    Museum in Church Street
                                                                    was once the home of
                                                                    Paul Kruger, the last
                                                                    president of the Transvaal
                                                                    Republic (1884 - 1901).
                                                                    He and his wife, Gezina,
                                                                    lived here from 1883 to
                                                                    1900. Two stone lions, a
                                                                    gift from mining magnate
                                                                    Barney Barnato, guard the
                                                                    house.



This house was the first in Pretoria to have a telephone and electricity installed. Many of the
Krugers’ personal possessions, depicting their regular habits and lifestyle, have been
preserved. The exhibits include several documents and medals awarded to the President by
the leaders of friendly countries. The President’s personal railway coach stands behind the
house and his official horse-drawn coach is housed in one of the halls.

Pierneef Museum: The Pierneef Museum in Vermeulen Street, central Pretoria, was
established to honour Jacob Pierneef, a famous South African painter with a very distinctive
style. Pierneef used geometrical shapes to create images of nature. The shop at the museum
sells prints of his works.

Pioneer Museum: This Open-air Museum covers more than 3 ha and lies on the banks of the
Moreleta Spruit (Stream). The Museum is in Pretoria Street in the eastern suburb of Silverton.


                                         46
It is a typical Voortrekker (Cape Dutch Pioneers) homestead and depicts life on a Voortrekker
farm.




The simple house and the items for daily use are reminders of the hardiness and tenacity
possessed by these pioneers, which enabled them to tame the wild land. The house was built
in 1840 and has whitewashed walls and a thatched roof. The walls are made of a mixture of
earth, ant heap and cattle-dung and the floors are made of cattle-dung mixed with river
stones. There is a restored horse mill, a threshing floor (where the grain of the wheat was
separated from the stalks) and an authentic set of farming implements. Visitors can also enjoy
a picnic or a barbecue on the premises. Demonstrations of traditional farming activities
include milking cows, making butter and candles, baking bread and grinding coffee beans.
Prior arrangements need to be made for these demonstrations.

Police Museum: The Police Museum in the Compol Building in Pretorius Street, near
Volkstem Street, is dedicated to the men of the South African Police and includes some very
interesting displays on well-known crimes and criminals. The archives provide some very
valuable information for researchers and the museum also houses a collection of uniforms,
medals and transport vehicles used by the police in the past.

                                     Pretoria City Hall: The City Hall is in Paul Kruger Street
                                     and was built in classical Italian style. The inside of the
                                     building boasts 32 tower bells, stately statues of the
                                     city’s founders and the largest public hall in the country.

                                     Pretoria Railway Station Building: The eminent
                                     architect, Sir Herbert Baker, designed the old Pretoria
                                     Railway Station Building in 1910. The railway station
                                     lies at the end of Paul Kruger Street.


                                         47
Sacred Heart Catholic Cathedral: A superb example of Gothic architecture is the Sacred
Heart Catholic Cathedral on the corner of Skinner and Bosman Streets.




Sammy Marks Museum: The Sammy Marks Museum, just outside Pretoria, was the home of
Sammy Marks, the founder of many industries in the province. In his time, he was a major
driving force in the economic development of the “Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek” (Old South
African Republic) and therefore in the development of present day South Africa. He was an
entrepreneur, humanitarian and friend of President Paul Kruger.

                                His unusual last will and testament stated that nothing could
                                be changed in his house for three generations after his
                                death. His wish was fulfilled and today, his home holds the
                                distinction of being the only Victorian Museum with an
                                authentic interior. Visitors to the museum experience a
                                feeling of stepping into a bygone era when they enter his
                                stately home. This is not just a museum, it is a place where
                                real people lived and loved. The forty-eight rooms of his
                                house are filled with Victorian paintings, furniture, silver and
                                porcelain, dating from 1884-5. Refreshments can also be
                                enjoyed in the tea garden and restaurant on the premises
                                and picnic baskets can be arranged for.




Science and Technology Museum: Learn something new! The Science and Technology
Museum in the Didacta Building in Skinner Street offers an innovative concept that explains
proven and potential scientific and technological discoveries. The displays inform and

                                        48
educate by using interactive models and displays. Themes include nuclear energy, biology,
space, mechanics, water, physics and optics. Holograms and a weather satellite receiving
station provide added interest and pieces of an early American spacecraft that landed in the
Northern Province are one of the most popular exhibits.

South African Reserve Bank: The 150 m high South African Reserve Bank Building in
Prinsloo Street is the tallest building in Pretoria and a familiar landmark, even from a distance.
A combination of reflecting class and black Rustenburg granite, the 37-story building was built
by architects Burg Doherty and Bryant. The open square in front of the building with its
fountains and terraces and a stainless steel sculpture by Johan van Heerden (1930) rounds
off the design.

Transport Technology Museum: The museum in the Forum Building, at the corner of Bosman
and Struben Streets, where the offices of the National Department of Transport are situated,
offers an interesting and educational overview of the historical modes of transport including
water transport, road transport, civil aviation and expeditions to Antarctica.

                                                      Transvaal Museum: The front view of the
                                                      Transvaal Museum of Natural History is
                                                      unmistakable - the gigantic skeleton of a
                                                      whale shows visitors the way to the
                                                      entrance, which is guarded by a large
                                                      elephant from Maputaland. The museum
                                                      tells the story of the evolution of South
                                                      Africa, its plants and animals. It starts
                                                      with the small creatures that developed
                                                      into reptiles and also features exhibits of
                                                      ancestral fish, reptiles and dinosaurs.
                                                      Humans also have their moment in the
                                                      spotlight - the Museum has a fascinating
                                                      display of the development of pre-historic
                                                      man, using fossils and reconstructions.
                                                      Life beneath the sea and in the air has
                                                      also not been neglected. Together it
                                                      forms a vast and impressive collection
                                                      and is one of the reasons why this
                                                      museum is regarded as one of the ten
                                                      best museums in southern Africa. The
                                                      museum, situated in Paul Kruger Street,
                                                      between Visagie and Minnaar Streets,
                                                      provided      a    base     from    which
                                                      archaeologists such as Robert Broom
                                                      could do their original research into the
                                                      origins of humankind.

Their work has given life to exhibitions such as “Life’s Genesis”. The Austin Roberts Bird Hall,
renowned for the sheer extent and beauty of its bird exhibits, is also housed in the museum.




                                          49
                                                                  Union Building: The Union
                                                                  Building, the seat of power of
                                                                  the        South         African
                                                                  government, is a magnificent
                                                                  example of the work of the
                                                                  renowned       architect      Sir
                                                                  Herbert     Baker.    It    was
                                                                  designed in Graeco-Roman
                                                                  style, built with local red
                                                                  sandstone and decorated
                                                                  with indigenous stinkwood
                                                                  panelling and tiles from
                                                                  Vereeniging.




It is situated on top of Meintjieskop and will remain one of the city’s landmarks for a long time
to come. Completed in 1913, it towers over the city like a benevolent protector. Several
statues and works of art decorate the gardens and the building itself. It was on the steps of
this magnificent building that President Nelson Mandela was inaugurated in 1994, in front of
the largest gathering of world leaders of our time.




But it was also the place upon which thousands of women descended in 1956 to protest
against the pass laws. A trip to Pretoria is not complete without a visit to this historic seat of
power, where the Department of Foreign Affairs is stationed and where the President has an
office.

Van Wouw House: This House was completed in 1938 and was designed by Norman Eaton.
Anton van Wouw was one of South Africa’s most famous sculptors and his work adorns many
buildings and houses in South Africa. Van Wouw House, the house where he used to live and
work, is situated in Clark Street, Brooklyn. It also houses a collection of 84 of his sculptures
and paintings.


                                           50
Victoria Hotel: The oldest hotel in Pretoria, the Victoria Hotel, on the corner of Paul Kruger
and Scheiding Streets, opposite Pretoria Railway Station, has been restored to its former
glory. Sunday afternoons are the time for regular chamber music sessions. The hotel used to
be the meeting place of the Rail Workers’ Union delegates.

Voortrekker Monument: The Voortrekker (Cape Dutch Pioneers) Monument and Museum, on
Monument Hill, Eufees Road, 6 km south of the city, stands guard over Pretoria and
commemorates the “Great Trek” of 1838. The Monument took 11 years to build and was
completed in 1949. Some 260 steps lead up to the impressive dome. The monument is
shaped as a 40 m high block of granite, ringed by a laager of 64 granite ox wagons. A bronze
statue of a Voortrekker mother and children, sculpted by Anton van Wouw, guards the
entrance.




                             The Hall of Heroes dominates the upper block of the building
                             and has a ripple-patterned floor and a great domed ceiling. A
                             marble frieze features highlights of the Great Trek. A granite
                             cenotaph (a monument honouring the dead who are buried
                             elsewhere) occupies the lower half of the building and
                             symbolises the final resting place of Piet Retief and the other
                             Voortrekkers who died during the Trek. At exactly noon on 16
                             December of every year, a ray of sunshine penetrates an
                             aperture in the domed roof and falls on one particular spot on
                             the memorial. This event commemorates 16 December 1838,
                             the Battle of Blood River, when the Voortrekkers defeated the
                             Zulus impis.




                                         51
The museum next to the main hall displays an exquisite arrangement of tapestries depicting
the Great Trek, as well as some Voortrekker maps and artefacts dating from the Voortrekker
period. The monument also has a restaurant and a curio shop.

OTHER ATTRACTIONS
Onderstepoort Veterinary Research Institute: The Onderstepoort Research Institute is the
principal institute of its kind in Africa. It was founded in 1908 on the farm Onderstepoort, north
of the city, and is connected to the University of Pretoria, which has the only faculty of
veterinary science in the country. The first director of the institute was knighted for
discovering vaccines for animal diseases such as rinderpest, distemper, blue tongue and
horse sickness.

University of Pretoria: The University of Pretoria campus, in the eastern suburb of Hatfield, is
an interesting mix of old and new, with old, historical buildings standing next to new, modern
ones. The University is not only a centre of learning but also boasts very attractive grounds. It
also has an impressive art collection and a museum in the oldest building on campus.

University of South Africa (UNISA): UNISA is considered the correspondence university with
the largest student enrolment in the world. The University replaced the small Correspondence
University of Good Hope when it relocated to Pretoria in 1946. The campus is extensive and
modern and its library is the largest in the southern hemisphere. The University is built on a
hill overlooking the city and is one of the first landmarks to be seen when entering Pretoria
from the Fountains Circle. It also boasts an impressive art gallery, which houses permanent
and temporary exhibitions of contemporary South African art.

EKURHULENI METROPOLITAN COUNCIL

Ekurhuleni Tourism / Tourism Information Management
Tel:        +27 (0) 11 741 2106
Fax:        +27 (0) 11 714 2199
E-mail:     kgoadim@ekurhuleni.com

The Ekuhurleni Metropolitan Council encompasses all the urban developments of Eastern
Gauteng, also known as the East Rand. It is one of the most intensely mined areas in the
country. Town after town rose from the ground as gold became the name of the South African
mining game. This area has long been the mining and industrial capital of South Africa. The
many mine dumps and machinery bear testimony to this. As the gold reefs are being worked
out, the emphasis is shifting from mining to further development of the industries that provide
a livelihood to millions of people.

As a result of the many people coming together and finding their destiny here, Ekuhurleni can
truly be said to house the "Rainbow Nation".

The most important landmark in this region is the Johannesburg International Airport that lies
in a central spot and is served by scheduled flights of most of the world's major airlines. The
nearest town is Kempton Park, but Alberton, Benoni, Boksburg, Brakpan, Edenvale,
Germiston and Springs also lie conveniently close and are often referred to as the "Airport
Area".

Again, the developers of the region have succeeded in maintaining a balance between
making a living and enjoying life. Although many of the towns have large industrial areas, they
also have quiet suburbs with tree-lined streets and the region has many entertainment
venues.

                                           52
ALBERTON (including Thokoza)

Alberton, a large commercial, industrial and suburban town lies some 15 km southeast of
Johannesburg, on the banks of the Natalspruit (river) The town was founded in 1904.

Although the town cannot lay claim to any gold mines, many industries that supported the
mining industry developed here and were responsible for the fast growth of the town. Today,
Alberton has become popular with industrial developers and is also the home of the largest
brewery on the African continent.

Apart from the industries, the town also has quiet leafy neighbourhoods that families call
home.

Thokoza was established as the black township housing the workers of the mines and
industries.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Golf: For a relaxing game of golf visit the Trelawney Golf Course, an 18-hole course near
Alberton, or try your luck at the luxurious Reading Golf Course — one of the most challenging
courses in Gauteng.

Water Sport and Angling: The Alberton Dam is a popular venue for people who want to relax
and enjoy the great outdoors or to join in the water sport and angling activities.

ARCHAEOLOGY AND PALAEONTOLOGY
Meyersdal Koppie Archaeological Site: The archaeological site at Meyersdal Koppie, in the
Meyersdal Nature Reserve, has yielded the remains of a late Iron Age stone walled
settlement.

ART AND CRAFTS
Artist’s Studios: The town is also the home of several renowned artists, whose studios may
be visited by appointment.

Doll's Heaven: The museum, every child’s and adult’s doll collector’s dream, displays 5 500
dolls, each with its own name. Some of the dolls date back to 1892, but they are all in
excellent condition. The museum also has 36 fascinating craft and toy collections on display,
ranging from cameras to candles and from old irons to toy cars. The museum may only be
visited by prior appointment.

CULTURE/COMMUNITY TOURISM
Kathorus: Kathorus encompasses the townships of Katlehong, Thokoza and Vosloorus,
developed to house the migrant mine workers who helped to establish and sustain the
economic well-being of the area. The so-called “Third force” violence took its toll on these
communities in the run-up to the 1994 elections. Furious clashes between ANC and Inkatha
Freedom Party (IFP) supporters cost many lives and were believed to have been ignited by
right-wing extremists. Now, ten years into democracy, guides who have lived here most of
their lives take visitors on tours of the historic and entertainment spots, to lead them on the
road from the past to the present.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Alberton City Shopping Centre: The Alberton City Shopping Centre has an interesting
character of its own and offers something for everyone.

                                         53
Newmarket Turf Club: Enjoy horseracing events, including night racing, at the elegant
Newmarket Turf Club on the banks of the Natalspruit. The club also has a country club and
public sporting facilities.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Thokoza Memorial Wall: The Thokoza Wall was erected in memory of all the victims of
political violence in the area during the early 1990s. Among those commemorated is the
photographer Ken Oostenbroek who lost his life whilst photographing violent political
uprisings.

BENONI (including Daveyton and Wattville)

                                                            In 1881, when Benoni was
                                                            established, the surveyor-general,
                                                            who had the task of assigning the
                                                            title deeds to all unclaimed
                                                            government land found his task
                                                            very challenging owing to the
                                                            irregular shape of the land. At his
                                                            wit’s end, he named the new town
                                                            Ben-Oni, a Hebrew word from
                                                            Genesis, the first book of the Bible,
                                                            meaning “Son of sorrow”.




Six years later, the discovery of gold caused the town to develop rapidly. Sir George Farrar,
chairman of the mining company, made it his mission to enhance the appearance of the town.
Trees were planted, mine water was channelled into the marshlands and the reservoirs were
filled with trout. This effort is thoroughly appreciated by the present inhabitants and Benoni
with its five lakes is one of the loveliest cities in the area. Benoni also lies next to
Blesbokspruit, one of the world's seven proclaimed wetland areas. Although Benoni is no
longer a major mining area, it is an important steel and brass manufacturing area.

Benoni is also known as having been the hometown of its most recent famous export, Oscar
winning actress, Charlize Theron.

Daveyton and Wattville are the two townships attached to Benoni, formerly reserved for black
people.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Hiking: The Blesbokspruit Hiking Trail, a leisurely 11 km trial that is clearly marked out, starts
at Homestead Dam and passes the Middle and Civic Lakes, ending at Kleinfontein Dam.
Bring your picnic basket and choose your spot near any one of the four lakes.

Water Sports: Benoni's recreational areas include a string of natural pans, wetland areas,
lakes and dams such as the Rynfield Dam, a source of entertainment and adventure for all

                                           54
water enthusiasts. Popular activities include scuba diving, waterskiing, windsurfing, power
boating and yachting.

CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM
Chinese Cultural Centre: This Centre is a social club for the large Chinese community of the
city and classes in traditional Chinese activities such as Chinese painting and Kung Fu are
also conducted in the Centre.

Sibikwa Community Theatre: The theatre, on the corner of Liverpool and Bolton Roads, may
be visited by appointment only. Tours offer a glimpse of the community-based theatre and
dance group activities with the previously marginalised youth of the Eastern Gauteng area.

Township Tours: Guided tours to the townships of Daveyton and Wattville introduce visitors to
the vibe and swing of black urban culture. Have a drink in a typical shebeen (traditional
tavern), listen to vibrant township jazz, visit a sangoma (traditional healer) and buy some of
the art and crafts of local artists and crafters.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Benoni Lakeside Mall Shopping Centre: The Benoni Lakeside Mall Shopping Centre offers a
variety of entertainment and shopping facilities in a tranquil environment.

Cleminson Park: Cleminson Park on the banks of Homestead Lake is a popular picnic spot
and also hosts regular art exhibitions and water sport enthusiasts frequent the lake itself.

Lane of Fame: Benoni's Lane of Fame is situated in the Cranbourne Centre where the hand
and footprints of famous residents and visitors have been immortalised in concrete slabs.
Some of the better known are Charlize Theron, (Hollywood actress), Frith van der Merwe
(Springbok long distance runner), Montgomery Zwane (Mr Junior Universe), Vic Toweel
(South Africa's first World Champion Boxer) and pioneer heart transplant surgeon, Chris
Barnard, to name but a few.

Rynfield Children’s Park: The Rynfield Children's Park, affectionately known as the Bunny
Park, is a popular with children of all ages. This 17,5 hectare playground is inhabited by
hundreds of rabbits, as well as by farmyard animals and birds.

Uncle Tim’s Cabin: Uncle Tim's Cabin is three restored Victorian buildings that house 20
shops where original gifts and goods such as wrought iron, arts, crafts, antiques and curios,
are on sale. Antique and craft fairs are frequently held here.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Bullfrog Pan: Bullfrog Pan in Rynfield is one of the most interesting reserves in the area. The
shallow grassy pan gives sanctuary to the African Bullfrog, the largest frog in South Africa.
These shy amphibians hibernate for most of the winter months, snugly covered by a mud
blanket until they wake from their winter sleep during spring. It is a rare privilege to hear and
see them emerge from beneath their winter mud blanket.

Korsman’s Bird Sanctuary: Korsman’s Bird Sanctuary, in the suburb of Westdene, is not only
home to various species of birds such as flamingos, ibis and egrets but also to several
species of antelope, such as duiker, springbok and blesbok. The shallow pan in the centre of
the sanctuary is the main attraction for the large numbers of migratory birds that frequent the
sanctuary. The Witwatersrand Bird Club has a hide in the sanctuary and, although members
have access to the hide, casual visitors must make prior arrangements with the Wildlife
Society to be allowed to visit.

                                          55
Leeupan (Lion Pan): Leeupan (Lion Pan) is an important wetland area on the eastern side of
the town. Migratory birds visit the wetland on their journey to warmer countries. Sandpan is
the stopover of many migratory birds during the rainy summer months and is a particularly
well-preserved wetland ecosystem.

Vic Penning Bird Sanctuary: The Vic Penning Bird Sanctuary is situated next to Rynfield Dam
and is popular among bird watchers.



HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Benoni Museum: The Benoni Museum focuses on the cultural diversity of the people of the
area and political events that took place here. It has an excellent collection of African pottery
as well as rare examples of traditional musical instruments and traditional weaving. Another
striking exhibit depicts the miners’ strike of 1922 and more recently, the life and times of the
renowned black leader Oliver Tambo. Visit the restored steam locomotive that used to work
on Benoni’s mines in 1903 and walk through the museum's fragrant herb garden.

Oliver Tambo Grave: The last resting place of Oliver Tambo, former president of the African
National Congress, is in Xaba Street Cemetery, in Wattville. Tambo lived in Wattville until his
exile in 1960. He returned to South Africa in 1991 and is acknowledged as a great hero of the
Struggle.

St. Athanasios Greek Orthodox Church: St. Athanasios Church in Woburn Avenue is the site
of the Miracle Icon, a phenomenon that no expert has ever been able to explain. In the late
afternoon as the sun sets, an image, resembling the crucifixion of Christ, appears on one of
the northeastern windows of the church. The members of the congregation consider it a
benevolent sign from above. The church itself is easily recognisable by its traditional Hellenic
blue and white colours.

“Yesteryear”: "Yesteryear" is a gracious 1920s deco style home and a well-known landmark
in the area. The house is filled with Victorian and cottage furniture. Porcelain, crystal and
other arts and crafts items are on sale.

BOKSBURG

                                                           Boksburg was established in 1887
                                                           to serve the rich gold mines in the
                                                           area and was named after Eduard
                                                           Bok, the State Secretary of the
                                                           South African Republic at the time.
                                                           An interesting anecdote about
                                                           Boksburg originated with the first
                                                           Mining Commissioner, Montague
                                                           White and his wish to beautify the
                                                           surrounding countryside. He had
                                                           many trees planted and a large
                                                           dam built next to the town.
                                                           Unfortunately, the dam stayed
                                                           empty for more than a year and
                                                           was jokingly referred to as "White’s
                                                           Folly".

                                          56
However, in 1889, when a flash flood filled the dam to the brim, White’s honour was restored.
This dam became Boksburg Lake, which is surrounded by terraces, lawns, gardens and trees
- a popular pleasure resort frequented by both the town’s inhabitants and other visitors.

ART AND CRAFTS
Boksburg Creative Art Centre: The centre hosts various creative art projects. It has an art
gallery that exhibits and sells the art of local artists and woodcarvers from both Boksburg and
Vosloosrus. Prior appointments need to be made to visit the centre.


CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM
Hechter Schultz Afro-culture Museum: The Hechter Schultz Afro-culture Museum is a private
museum with exhibits that cover the cultures, histories and traditions of the indigenous
African people of the sub-continent. Exhibits on show include beadwork, fossils, fertility dolls,
musical instruments and masks, to name but a few. Visits need to be arranged beforehand.

Township Tour: Guides can take you to all the historic and entertainment venues in Vosloorus
(part of Kathorus tour) to experience the local township culture at first hand.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
“Bokkiepark” (Antelope Park): “Bokkiepark” is in Southvale Road, Parkdene, and educates
children by allowing them to observe, touch and feed various farmyard animals.

Cinderella Dam: Cinderella Dam provides the sun, the shade and the water - all you have to
do is bring the food to enjoy a perfect picnic.

East Rand Mall: The ultra-modern East Rand Mall and adjacent East Rand Galleria are a
shoppers' paradise that will cater to your every need.

Permanent flea market: The stalls of the huge permanent flea market near East Rand Mall
have a vast variety of goods to sell. Plan to spend the entire day there.

Wild Waters Pleasure Resort: The Wild Waters Resort, in the north of the city, with its
"beaches" and waterslides is the ideal spot for fun and relaxation for the whole family.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
St Michael and All Angels Anglican Church: St Michael and All Angels Anglican Church in
Parsonage Street was designed in 1911 by the renowned architect, Sir Herbert Baker,
designer of the Union Building in Pretoria.

Angelo Hotel: The Angelo Hotel on Main Reef Road, with its enchanting façade, was built in
1887 and was formerly used as a staging post.

“Klipkerk” (Stone Church): The "Klipkerk", the Dutch Reformed Church on Voortrekker Street
dates back to 1912.

Old Post Office: The Old Post Office (1898) on Market Street and the Old Law Courts (1890)
on Church Street were both designed by the architect Sytze Wierda. The Post Office is now a
theatre and the Old Law Courts are extremely well-preserved.

Town Hall: The classical entrance to the Town Hall, built in 1925, and the council chamber
with its original furniture is a sight that any architect would enjoy.

                                          57
BRAKPAN

The name Brakpan means “Brackish Water” and refers to a pan of brackish water on the
outskirts of the town. However, the town's real claim to fame - "Superdump", the highest
mine dump in the world - towers above the town on the Johannesburg/Witwatersrand
skyline. This dump has the distinction of being higher than any of the Pyramids in Egypt
except the Great Pyramid of Cheops.

In the first half of the twentieth century, Brakpan was granted municipal status and the town
prospered as a gold and coal mining centre. Today it uses sophisticated technologies to
extract gold and uranium ore from old mine dumps. The town also has a diversified industrial
base.

ENTERTAINMENT
Brakpan Airfield: The Brakpan Airfield is the venue for air shows and various exhibitions
throughout the year.

Carnival City: Carnival City is one of the most ambitious and extravagant casino and
entertainment complexes in Africa and a popular attraction. It is conveniently close to
Johannesburg International Airport.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Dalpark Bird Sanctuary: The Dalpark Bird sanctuary is a safe haven for many different
species of birds.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Dear Jesus Church and Biblical Gardens: The Church and Biblical Gardens are architectural
and historical jewels. The petite stone church seats eight people and the gardens are
beautiful.

“Strikers” Monument: The "Strikers" Monument on Old Main Reef Road was built to honour
the memory of the mine officials and special police who died during the great miners’ strike of
1922.

Voortrekker Centenary Monument: The monument, in Kingsway Avenue, was erected in 1938
to commemorate the Great Trek of 1838 when thousands of Afrikaner Boers left the Cape
Colony to trek into the hinterland in search of a new homeland where they could live free from
British rule.

World War II Cenotaph: The World War Two cenotaph at Hosking Park, Prince George
Avenue, was erected in the Garden of Remembrance to honour those who died during that
war.

EDENVALE (including Modderfontein)

In 1903, Cornish miners, locally referred to as “Cousin Jacks”, made their home around the
old Rietfontein (“Reed Fountain”) Gold Mine. The settlement grew into the present-day
Edenvale, a large town that is made even more pleasant by the many parks and historical
homes.

Modderfontein is the industrial area that adjoins Edenvale.


                                         58
ART AND CRAFTS
Covered Craft Market: The large covered craft market mainly sells beautiful wood and stone
carvings created by skilful hands from all over the African continent.

Norwood Farm Craft Market: A craft market is held on Norwood Farm every Saturday.

Ricardo Mulder Community Library: The Ricardo Mulder Community Library is home to a
treasury of local and international artworks.



ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Frank Marrett Park: A pleasant stroll through Frank Marrett Park will take you to the original
homestead of the old Rietfontein No. 9 settlement.

FAUNA AND FLORA
John Voelcker Bird Dam: Birdwatchers will enjoy a visit to the John Voelcker Bird Dam.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
AECI Dynamite Factory Museum: The museum next to the Franz Hoenig House depicts the
history of the explosives industry in South Africa. The museum is set in pleasant
surroundings, in a house that was built in 1895 for one of the senior mining officials.

Franz Hoenig House: The Franz Hoenig House dates back to 1894 and was built for
the first manager of the dynamite factory. It is one of the oldest restored buildings in Gauteng.

Horwood’s Farm and Restaurant: The Farm and Restaurant is a national monument and is
set in the first farmhouse built in the Edenvale area. Every Saturday, the farm hosts a craft
market.

Ricardo Mulder Community Library: The Ricardo Mulder Community Library is an interesting
study in minimalist architecture.

Town Hall: The Town Hall is an architectural gem and has the furniture to match.

OTHER ATTRACTIONS
Rietfontein/Sizwe Tropical Diseases Hospital: This hospital is a national research hospital
specialising in the research and treatment of tropical diseases. Visitors are welcome.

GERMISTON (including Bedfordview and Katlehong)

Germiston’s history started when a gold prospector, John Jack, discovered gold on the farm
Elandsfontein. He and his partner August Simmer promptly bought the farm and started
mining. Jack was born on a farm called Germiston, near Glasgow in Scotland, and he named
the town that grew up next to the gold mine after his birthplace.

Today, Germiston is the sixth largest city in South Africa and has the largest and most
important railway junction in the country. It also boasts the world's largest gold refinery, the
Rand Refinery. The 75-year old refinery handles twenty per cent of the western world’s newly
mined gold. Germiston is a very important industrial centre and is home to some 2 000
factories. It remains an important road and rail junction and is well placed for air transport -
one of the country’s busiest civil airports, Rand Airport, and Johannesburg International
Airport are within easy reach.

                                          59
Katlehong was established almost a century ago to provide accommodation for black
mineworkers. The Bedfordview area retains a country atmosphere and a quaint fact is that
has no cemetery. Only one person is buried in this area, Sir George Farrar, an early resident,
mining magnate and politician.

ART AND CRAFTS
Katlehong Art Centre: The Katlehong Art Centre in the township of Katlehong, south of
Germiston, features an extensive collection of modern ethnic township art.

Zicelele Ihlombe Art Gallery: The Zicelele Ihlombe Art Gallery offers the visitor paintings,
sculptures, graphic art and beadwork to view or to buy.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Bruma Lake Shopping Complex: Bruma Lake is a former waste dam that has been turned
into a shopping complex and a water sport venue. Across the road, the Bruma Lake Craft
Market is open every day of the week and hosts stalls that sell a wide variety of goods.

Eastgate Shopping Centre: In Bedfordview, 10 minutes drive from Johannesburg International
Airport, Eastgate Shopping Centre is a modern shoppers' Mecca and boasts 250 shops.
Many of these shops offer original African goods such as curios, ethnic jewellery, traditional
clothing, leather and much, much more. The centre also has many restaurants and coffee
shops.

Germiston Lake Bird Sanctuary: The Germiston Lake Bird Sanctuary offers both a safe haven
for birds and entertainment for the whole family. A skateboard rink, jungle gyms, slides,
seesaws and swings cater for the younger set while the older folk can take leisurely strolls or
have picnics and barbecues.

Gillooly’s Farm: Gillooly’s Farm in the centre of Bedfordview is easily accessible and includes
barbecue facilities, children’s play equipment, a family golf centre, a café and a restaurant.
Anglers enjoy a day at the dam and others come for the regular events, such as dog shows,
that are held here. The restaurant on the waterfront is also popular.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Rondebult Bird Sanctuary: This Bird Sanctuary along the south eastern border of Germiston
provides shelter for many indigenous and migratory water birds and ducks. The sanctuary
covers 95 ha of "vlei" and marshland and has seven well-constructed (roofed, carpeted and
cushioned) bird hides, all overlooking the water. The hides are considered to be among the
ten best bird hides in South Africa and each is equipped with colour photographs of the many
species of bird spotted in the sanctuary. Be on the lookout for ibis, purple gallinule, African
snipe, black-winged stilt and avocet. The sanctuary is open 7 days a week from 8:00 to 17:00


HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Old Masonic Hotel: The Old Masonic Hotel still retains its authentic “broekie lace” wrought
iron work.

Sir Herbert Baker’s Architecture: Sir Herbert Baker also left his mark on this city and some of
his creations include St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, a famous landmark and visual
highlight of the city, St Georges Bishop Haven Primary School in Bedfordview and St
Andrew's Girls School.


                                         60
OTHER ATTRACTIONS
Germiston Station: Steam locomotive enthusiasts should make a point of visiting Germiston
Station to see the many well-preserved "Puffing Billies" that have come to their final stop
here.

HEIDELBERG

This beautiful old town, widely regarded as the most beautiful town in the Gauteng region, lies
at the foot of the Suikerbosrand (“Sugar Bush Ridge”). The Blesbokspruit meanders through
the town, supporting dense stands of trees in its flood plain. The town started life in 1862 as a
trading post built by a German, H J Uekermann. A town later developed around the trading
store and Uekermann named it Heidelberg, after the university town in Germany. Heidelberg
has managed to retain its typical rural atmosphere, an atmosphere enhanced by the
numerous, lovingly preserved, Victorian buildings.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve: The Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve has a 66 km long
network of hiking trails that are especially suitable for children and less accomplished hikers.
Hikers may choose between day and overnight hikes. The reserve has six overnight huts
that have been built at strategic places in the reserve, all within a day’s walk of the starting
point. However, bookings for accommodation should be done well in advance. The Cheetah
(4,5 km) and Bokmakierie (10–17 km) trails are the day walks on offer. Visitors will enjoy the
beautiful scenery and, for those who truly want to get away from it all, there is a special
meditation hut set in a remote area of the reserve.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Aventura Kareekloof: The Aventura resort is situated within the boundaries of the
Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve but does not form part of the reserve. It caters mainly for
caravanners and campers but day visitors are also welcome.

Heidelberg Kloof: Heidelberg Kloof is a popular picnic and barbecue spot with a swimming
pool, restaurant and playground for children.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve: An hour’s drive from Johannesburg, the Suikerbosrand
Nature Reserve offers a welcome escape from the bustle of city life. It is home to a wide
variety of plants, birds and animals. Hikers are welcome to follow one of several self-guided
hiking trails that are clearly marked out. The wild flowers and trees along the routes are a
lovely sight and visitors may also choose to make use of the caravanning, picnic and
barbecue facilities. The Reserve has a Visitors’ Centre that offers an interesting exhibition
and the Diepkloof Farm Museum gives insight into the past of the reserve.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
AG Visser House: The home of renowned Afrikaans poet, A G Visser, now deceased, also
known as "the singer of Suikerbosrand", is situated on Van der Westhuizen Street. The house
has been renovated and is being converted into a museum.

Concentration Camp Cemetery: The graves in the Concentration Camp Cemetery are of the
women and children who died in British concentration camps during the Anglo-Boer War
(1899–1902).

De Rust: The lovely old Victorian Mansion on the Meyerton / Vereeniging Road dates back to
1906. The original wallpaper still covers the walls.

                                          61
Diepkloof Farm Museum: This Farm Museum is situated 20 km from Heidelberg in the
Suikerbosrand Nature Reserve. The Diepkloof farmhouse dates back to 1850 and has been
restored to its former beauty.

Heidelberg Jail: The old Heidelberg Jail, situated on Jordaan Street, was completed in 1888.
Salmon van As, a local Boer, was executed here by a firing squad for shooting a British officer
during the Anglo-Boer War.

Heidelberg Transport Museum: Regarded as one of the ten best small country museums in
South Africa, the Heidelberg Transport Museum was established in 1975. The museum is
housed in the (renovated) old railway station. The curator of the museum now occupies the
stationmaster’s living quarters. The General Waiting Room, Ticket Office and Baggage
Rooms have been refurbished as exhibition rooms and the Ladies’ Waiting Room serves as
the administrative offices. The museum has a fascinating collection of old modes of transport
such as penny-farthing cycles and “boneshakers”. Included in the collection are an eighteenth
century sedan chair, a field ambulance, a horse-drawn fire-engine and several veteran and
vintage cars. More modern exhibits include the Formula 1 machines raced by the Scheckter
brothers of South Africa.

Klipkerk (“Stone church”): The cornerstone of the beautiful sandstone Klipkerk was laid in
1890. The church managed to survive a fire and the collapse of its spire and may be visited
by appointment only.

Saint Ninian’s Anglican church: Built in 1882, this church was formerly known as the soldier’s
church because British troops attended the church during the Anglo-Boer War. Even the two
twin oak trees in the grounds have a distinguished history. Their names are Albert and
Victoria and were planted from a batch of saplings sent out from Britain to commemorate their
wedding anniversary.

Town Hall: The Town Hall, designed by Sir Herbert Baker, lies south of the Klipkerk and was
built in 1939.

Triumvirate Monument: The Triumvirate Monument outside the magnificent Town Hall
consists of an obelisk with the busts of Boer leaders Paul Kruger, Piet Joubert and Marthinus
Pretorius. It commemorates the negotiations entered into with the British at the end of the first
Transvaal War of Independence when Heidelberg was the seat of the Boer Government.
Gerhard Moerdijk, the renowned architect of the Voortrekker Monument in Pretoria, designed
the monument.

OTHER ATTRACTIONS
Heidelberg Transport Museum: The Heidelberg Transport Museum is home to a historical
old iron horse, Locomotive 816, a Class 16C locomotive and one of only thirty built in
Glasgow to a South African design. This steam locomotive hauled the "Corridor Dining
Express" on the route between Johannesburg and Durban for many years and frequently
stopped at Heidelberg Station. After 55 years of working all over South Africa, this stalwart
veteran of the iron tracks retired to a specially laid out line at the Heidelberg Transport
Museum.




                                          62
KEMPTON PARK

In 1903, Karl Wolff subdivided one section of his farm into residential stands and called the
village Kempten, after the town in Bavaria where he was born. The English version of the
name, Kempton Park, only came into use later. Kempton Park is strategically situated near
the Johannesburg International Airport, at the centre of the industrial growth point of the
Gauteng Province and very close to both Johannesburg and Pretoria.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Hiking, Bird Watching: Swartspruit (Black Stream) Recreational Area is a popular venue for
bird watchers and hikers.




ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Caesar’s Casino: For top international events, entertainment, gambling and day- and night-
time fun, Caesar’s is the place to be. Caesar’s is built on the site of the former World Trade
Centre, where the CODESA talks were held.

Johan Erikson Diamond Centre: The Johan Erikson Diamond Centre is an international gold
and diamond wholesaler and houses the Madiba Museum.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Madiba (Nelson Mandela) Museum: The Madiba Museum in the Johan Erikson Diamond
Centre pays tribute to Nelson Mandela and to the Struggle for social and political change in
South Africa.

Ubunye Museum: The Ubunye Museum, located in the mall attached to Caesar’s Casino, tells
the story of the talks held at the Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA) and
how these negotiations brought about our Constitution and the democratic South Africa.
                                         63
NIGEL

In 1886, when gold was found on the farm Varkensfontein, the owner of the farm, Petrus
Marais, was reading Sir Walter Scott’s “The Fortunes of Nigel”. Marais became a major
shareholder in the Nigel Gold Mining Company and many of the street names of the town that
subsequently developed around the mine were also taken from this book. Until about 1923
the town remained little more than a mining camp but after the Sub Nigel Mine, the richest
gold mine in the world, opened up, the town soon expanded. Nigel is strategically located
near the steel and energy areas of the province of Mpumalanga and on the main road and rail
routes from Gauteng to Durban harbour.


ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Hiking, Birdwatching: At the Marievale Bird Sanctuary hiking through the sanctuary and
birdwatching go hand in hand.

Nigel Recreation Resort: The Recreational Resort has wooden jungle gyms and green lawns
and offers lots of opportunities for fun in the sun and the water.

FAUNA AND FLORA




Marievale Bird Sanctuary: Nigel is blessed with an unusual number of perennial floodplains,
dams, "vleis" and streams - ideal habitats for wild birds. The Marievale Bird Sanctuary is a
well-known wetland area, as are North Pan and Nigel Dam. The 1 000 hectare Marievale Bird
Sanctuary on the Blesbokspruit is the peaceful home of some 300 species of birds. Three
well-organised hides have been built in the sanctuary. Birds that have been spotted in this

                                        64
wetland area include waterfowl, flamingo, African spoonbill and some of the rare wader
migrants from the northern hemisphere.

Nigel Nature Reserve: The reserve on the outskirts of the town is stocked with ostrich, duiker
and small herds of springbok and zebra. Ducks and geese frequent the small dam in the
reserve. Although the general public may not enter the reserve without prior arrangement,
there is a good vantage point on a terrace situated just outside the reserve, in the suburb of
Ferryvale.

OTHER ATTRACTIONS
Aeronautical Museum: Aeronautical fans will enjoy a visit to the Aeronautical Museum at
Dunnottar Airport, near Nigel.

Train Museum: The Train Museum is a private endeavour, with an impressive collection of
historical trains and can only be visited by prior arrangement or appointment.

SPRINGS (including Kwa-Thema)

                                                                     The town was
                                                                     proclaimed in 1904 after
                                                                     coal had been
                                                                     discovered in the area.
                                                                     Six coal mines were
                                                                     soon opened but the
                                                                     coal proved to be of
                                                                     inferior quality, prone to
                                                                     spontaneous
                                                                     combustion.




Fortunately, the discovery of gold saved the "one-horse" town, which until then consisted of a
few corrugated iron cottages, some general stores and small hotels. Surrounded by eight
important gold mines Springs was, for a time, the largest single gold-producing area in the
world. An interesting result of the gold discovery was the indelible mark that the inflow of
foreign labour from such places as Wales and China left on the city and its people. When
mining operations eventually declined, the town concentrated on industrial development and
today, it is one of the region’s industrial giants.

ART AND CRAFTS
Springs Civic Theatre: The three theatres of the Springs Civic Theatre regularly host ballet,
drama, classical and contemporary music events.



                                         65
Springs Library Art Gallery: The Springs Library Art Gallery hosts regular exhibitions of fine
art and mixed media. Its motto has always been to give equal exposure to the works of
aspiring young artists and established professionals.

CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM
Indaba Tree: In the nearby Kwa-thema Township stands a tree that has great significance for
the local inhabitants. This tree, referred to as the Indaba Tree, was the meeting place of the
community elders during the early years of the township and the place where matters of
importance were discussed and finalised.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Grootvallei/Blesbokspruit Wetlands Reserve: On the outskirts of the city, stretching over a 350
hectare grassland and "vlei" area on the Blesbokspruit, lies the Grootvallei/Blesbokspruit
Wetlands Reserve. This wetland area has been acknowledged as a wetland of international
importance, the only such site in Gauteng. The reserve is home to over 250 species of birds,
both local and migrant. The reedbeds in the reserve provide breeding sites for the glossy
ibis, sacred ibis and various species of egrets, herons and cormorants. Threatened species
of birds found in the reserve include the little bittern, greater flamingo, baillon's crake, the y
ellow-billed stork, goliath heron, african marsh harrier and the maccoa duck.

Murray Park Leisure Resort and Alexander Dam: Alexander Dam features marked walking
trails, a bird sanctuary and some beautifully manicured lawns. Murray Park Leisure Resort is
situated on the banks of the dam and offers relaxation for the whole family.

Pioneers Park: Built around an ivy-covered mine shaft and featuring a tree-fringed lake, this
park has lovely aloe gardens, a stone bridge, streams and fountains and a functioning, true-
to-life, Dutch windmill.

President’s Park: This Park is an unspoilt piece of land where visitors can enjoy nature and
partake in regular events such as horse riding.

Springs Park: For a scenic stroll or picnic, visit Springs Park for its intricate and spectacular
man-made water system of streams and waterfalls.

Windmills: The Springs area is a tribute to the creativity of man. Many of its entertainment
venues have been built on old mine dumps that used to disfigure the town, for example the
Windmills, a charming water kingdom of fishponds and fountains.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Art Deco Buildings: The central business centre boasts a large collection of Art Deco
buildings. The total of 34 buildings is second to only Miami, Florida (USA). When you know
the history behind this style of architecture, it gives you an entirely new perspective. The style
was designed between the two world wars and symbolised women’s newly acquired freedom
and the faith of man in technology. The marked Egyptian influence on the style is due to the
discovery of Tutankhamen’s grave.

Tibbot Memorial: Erected in Ermelo Road, this Memorial is in memory of a son who lost his
life in 1907 during unrest at the Great Eastern Mine in the area.

Voortrekker Monument: The sandstone Voortrekker Monument, on the corner of Sixth Street
and Fourth Avenue, commemorates the Great Trek of 1838.
War Cemetery: The bodies of hundreds of soldiers who lost their lives fighting in the Allied
Forces during the Second World War were brought back and buried in the War Cemetery.

War Memorial: On the corner of First Street and First Avenue stands the War Memorial,
erected to honour those who lost their lives during the two World Wars.

METSWEDING DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY

BRONKHORSTSPRUIT

This charming small farming town, 50 km east of Pretoria on the N4 national road, is situated
near the spot where the ninety-fourth Regiment of the British Army was defeated by Boers in
the first battle of the Transvaal War of Independence (1880–1881).

For many years milling was the town's leading industry, but Bronkhorstspruit has since been
identified as an industrial growth point and has subsequently experienced unprecedented
development. Today, the area supports mixed farming activities, as well as the mining of coal
and fire-clay.

The town is also renowned for the leading role it played in - and the successful completion of
the so-called Taiwanese project. Today, a large Taiwanese community calls this town home.
The project created Cultura Park where the Nan Hua Buddhist temple shares the grounds
with a school and homes of Taiwanese people.

CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM
Cultura Park: Cultura Park, an unexpected development imbued with Eastern architecture
and culture lies in the midst of this rural community. The park outside Bronkhorstspruit is
home to the Nan Hua Buddhist Temple, several houses and a school. Buddhists from all over
the African continent come to study at the temple. This spiritual retreat also offers short
courses in relaxation and meditation and the study of Buddhism. The temple welcomes
casual visitors and tours are conducted of the facility and museum. The restaurant only
serves vegetarian meals.

Mapoch Ndebele Traditional Village: The Mapoch Ndebele Village, opposite the Loopspruit
Wine Estate, is the home of a group of Ndebele people who still adhere to the old way of life
and belongs to the Msiza family. The residents extend a hand of welcome to outsiders and
allow them a glimpse into their daily lives. The Ndebele are well known for their artistic
abilities and traditions and the intricate designs and blends of gay colours that adorn their
walls and clothing. Ndebele women are taught how to do beadwork and how to decorate the
walls of their homes from a very early age - it is always the woman’s domain. The women will
gladly explain the symbolism of the colours and patterns that they use. The village lies near
KwaMhlanga, north of Bronkhorstspruit.

Sizanani Village: The Sizanani Village, outside the town, offers visitors yet another
opportunity to experience indigenous Ndebele culture. Overnight accommodation is available
and tours of the village include a visit to the home for disabled children that are situated in the
village. Visitors can also see local craftspeople at work in the ceramic, weaving and leather
workshops and buy local art- and craftwork.

CUISINE
Loopspruit Wine Estate: Loopspruit Wine Estate, just outside town, Gauteng’s only wine
estate, sells wines of remarkably high quality.


                                           67
ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Bronkhorstpruit Dam: Bronkhorstspruit Dam is a popular and attractive holiday venue that
offers all kinds of recreation such as angling, boating, water sports, as well as picnicking and
barbecue facilities. Day visits are the ideal way to unwind and get together as friends and
family.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Bronkhorstspruit Nature Reserve: The new 1 800-ha Bronkhorstspruit Nature Reserve
surrounds Bronkhorstspruit Dam and is stocked with black wildebeest, steenbok and blesbok
antelope. It also boasts a large variety of bird life, particularly waterfowl.

Zemvelo Game Park: Zemvelo Game Park has a rich variety of animal and bird life, which
includes carnivores. The vegetation is quite lovely and visitors can stay overnight in chalets or
huts and make use of the restaurant facilities.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Dutch Reformed Church: The “Nederduitse Hervormde” (Dutch Reformed) Church in the town
dates back to 1913 and features the architecture of that time.

CULLINAN

                                           Although small, the mining town of Cullinan, 30 km
                                           east of Pretoria, has earned its place in the history
                                           books. The world’s largest diamond, the 3,106
                                           carat Cullinan Diamond, was discovered here. The
                                           town was established in 1902 and named after Sir
                                           Thomas Cullinan who discovered a very rich
                                           diamond pipe in the area. The Premier Diamond
                                           Mine is renowned as the mine that produced three
                                           of the world’s most famous diamonds — the
                                           Cullinan Diamond, the Centenary Diamond and the
                                           Premier Rose.

                                           The Transvaal Government bought the Cullinan
                                           Diamond and presented it to King Edward VII, who
                                           had it cut into 95 separate stones. The largest,
                                           called the "Star of South Africa", was set in the
                                           royal sceptre, another was added to the royal
                                           crown and the rest were added to the British Crown
                                           Jewels, which are now kept in the Tower of
                                           London.




The whole town is a historical reminder of life in the times of early diamond mining. Walk
down the streets and visit the shops and businesses established in the old buildings and be
transported back in time.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Horse riding, hiking: Horseback Africa offers Bushveld safari experiences on horseback and
the Premier Game Park offers walks, hikes and mountain trails.


                                          68
Skydiving: The drop zone of the Pretoria Skydiving Club is near the Windybrow Reserve. The
planes depart from Wonderboom Airport.

ART AND CRAFTS
“Wag ‘n bietjie” (Wait a While) Arts and Crafts Route: The "Wag 'n bietjie" art and crafts route
visits spots in and around town where products such as honey, beadwork, pottery and
carvings are sold. The route is open on the first weekend of each month.

CUISINE
Station Restaurant: The restaurant offers the visitor a variety of traditional dishes and a taste
of genuine "boerekos” made from original recipes dating from roughly 1845–1910.

CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM
Willem Prinsloo Agricultural Museum: The Agricultural Museum at Rayton, 10 km from
Cullinan, features an 1880 farmstead furnished with late Victorian furniture as well as a
“working” outside oven, blacksmith's shop, dairy, water mill and peach brandy still. Various
domestic animals roam around while live demonstrations of traditional farming activities such
as baking bread, making butter, shearing sheep and distilling peach brandy continue. Annual
events include a prickly pear festival, “mampoer” a strong spirit distilled from fruit) festival and
the Agricultural Museum Show. A modern exhibition centre, cafeteria, lecture hall and a
restaurant serving traditional "Boer” cuisine have also been built on the site.

                                            ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
                                            Arts and Crafts Shops: Various art and craft shops
                                            in the town offer an irresistible invitation to browse.

                                            FAUNA AND FLORA
                                            Premier Game Reserve: The Premier Game
                                            Reserve, adjoining the Premier Mine that forms part
                                            of the mine property, is situated just 3 kilometres
                                            outside Cullinan and offers day and night game
                                            drives, walks and hikes. Wildlife includes the
                                            endangered tsessebe and sable antelope as well
                                            as giraffe, zebra, blue wildebeest and various other
                                            species of antelope and nocturnal animals such as
                                            the aardwolf and aardvark. Over 200 species of
                                            birds and more than 400 species of plants have
                                            been identified in the park.

                                            Windybrow Reserve: Close to the Premier Game
                                            Reserve, the Windybrow Reserve also has small
                                            game and offer day and overnight hikes and cycle
                                            trails (remember to bring your own bike!).


HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Big Hole: The “Big Hole” was caused by the removal of more than 300 million tons of ore
being removed from the earth in the search for diamonds. The hole covers an astounding
32 ha.

Cullinan Mystique: One of the many historical buildings in the town, this building dates back to
1904. It houses a collection of murals painted by Italian prisoners-of-war during the Second
World War, and which was only recently discovered during renovations to the building.

                                           69
McHardy House Museum: Once the home of the first Mine Manager, William McHardy, it was
the first house to be built in the town. A visit to the house will show you how an affluent family
lived during the early 1900s.

Oak Avenue: The avenue in town offers a "walk down memory lane", because of its lovingly
restored old Victorian houses. However, do not just limit yourself to this lane, there are
several other Victorian houses and some churches in the town.

St George’s Anglican Church: Sir Herbert Baker originally designed St George’s Anglican
Church as a church hall but the plans were later modified. Lady Cullinan laid the foundation
stone of this interesting old stone church on 8 March 1908.

Zonderwater Prison: The Italian Prisoner of War Memorial in the prison grounds dates from
the Second World War and is open to the public. It commemorates those Italian prisoners of
war and internees who died during their internment.

OTHER ATTRACTIONS
Premier Diamond Mine: The incredible Cullinan Diamond, weighing 3.106 carats, was
discovered at the Premier Diamond Mine and made the small town quite famous. The mine
offers tours for visitors who wish to know more about the history of diamond mining. Included
in the tour is a visit to Schwartz Jewellers and Curios. The latter offers an exclusive range of
jewellery, focussing on traditional African design and style. You may also arrange to have the
diamonds you bought at the mine set in custom-made pieces.

SEDIBENG DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY

Sedibeng / Emfuleni Local Municipality Tourism Information
Physical address: c/o FW Beyers and Pres Kruger Streets, Vanderbijlpark, 1911
Postal address:   PO Box 3, Vanderbijlpark, Gauteng, South Africa, 1900
Tel:              +27 (0) 16 950 5331/2
Fax:              +27 (0) 16 933 8644

The Vaal River forms the natural boundary between Gauteng and the Free State Province,
but also gives life to the whole of Gauteng. This powerful natural resource also feeds the
industries in Southern Gauteng and is well managed. The Loch Vaal Reservoir that supplies
Gauteng with its much-needed water was constructed in 1923 and in 1936 the Vaal Dam was
built further upstream.

The Vaal River and the Vaal Dam are also the places where weary city-dwellers congregate
to wash away the city dirt. People have gone to great lengths to be as close to the river as
possible, building residential areas and numerous holiday resorts on the river's banks. The
Vaal Dam, with its large sailing area, flat water and good winds is considered to be one of
South Africa's best places for both boardsailing and waterskiing. Launch sites abound around
the dam and the two most accessible sites are situated at Vanderbijlpark and Vereeniging.
Canoeists consider the dam to be one of the best venues for flat-water canoeing trips and
many also often negotiate the Vaal River all the way down to where it meets the mighty
Orange River.

The Vaal River two-day river-rafting race from the Vaal Dam to Free State town of Parys has
become an annual event. The trip is not very strenuous and features grade two rapids. Large
fishing competitions are also held at some of the resorts on the riverbanks.


                                           70
The towns of Vereeniging and Vanderbijlpark represent the economic heart of the Vaal
Triangle area. The other town, Sasolburg, across the Vaal River is in Northern Free State.
And, although this region narrowly missed sharing the country’s gold resources, they received
their own gifts from nature. A variety of other minerals, notably coal, are mined here. While
Vereeniging had coal mining to thank for its establishment, the town of Vanderbijlpark was
planned as an "iron and steel" town, right from the start! This area also became home to
Eskom's huge power stations, the source of electricity for the Witwatersrand gold mining
industry.

LENASIA

This town lies south of Soweto and was originally established to house the Indian community.
Today, it retains its identity as an Indian town with the culture and characteristics to match.

MEYERTON

In 1891, JP Meyer, member of the Transvaal Volksraad, named this small town that was
established on the farm Rietfontein, after himself. The town lies 15 km north of Vereeniging
and most of its inhabitants make their living from that town’s industries.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Hiking: The Three Rivers Hiking Trail meanders through the area formed by the Klip, Vaal
and Suikerbosrand Rivers. It is a good way to get in touch with nature, as the area is quite
tranquil and undisturbed in many places.

ART AND CRAFTS
River Bend Crafts Gallery: The gallery in Hoogenhout Street sells pottery, waxed flowers,
clothes, glass, painted cushions and various paintings. After your shopping spree, enjoy
refreshments at the beautiful tea garden. Various other art and craft shops can be found in
and around town.

SEBOKENG

Few people who followed the history of the political struggle have not heard of Sebokeng. The
people of the township also played an integral role in the Struggle for Freedom and paid the
price in blood and tears. Today the people are getting on with rebuilding the social structure
of their lives. Tour guides take visitors to all the places of historic and social interest to
illustrate how the past and the present merge to shape the Sebokeng of today. Listen to the
stories of human suffering and courage and meet the people who make it real.

SHARPEVILLE

During the years of the Struggle, Sharpeville was even more famous than Sebokeng. It was
here that 69 black people died in 1960 during a protest march against the country’s pass
laws. The Sedibeng District Council has earmarked Sharpeville as a tourist and economic
development centre. The Sharpeville Memorial Precinct will include the museum, the police
station, brewery, graveyard and library. The development will also focus on assisting small,
medium and micro enterprises.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Sharpeville Monument and Memorial Stone: The monument and memorial at the corner of
Eiso and Zwane Streets stands as a reminder of the courage and spirit of those who fought
for freedom. 69 Supporters of the Pan African Congress (PAC) died during the Sharpeville
                                         71
Massacre that took place on 21 March 1960. It was one of the saddest days of the Liberation
Struggle, but only made people more determined to reach their goal. South Africa has
instituted a public holiday, Human Rights Day, on 21 March to commemorate this event.

VANDERBIJLPARK

Vanderbijlpark was originally laid out to accommodate the huge workforce needed to operate
South Africa's second steel manufacturing plant. In 1920, the Prime Minister, Jan Smuts,
called the scientist, Dr HJ Van der Bijl, back from America to oversee South Africa’s industrial
development. Dr van der Bijl subsequently became the chief executive in charge of the South
African Iron and Steel Industrial Corporation’s (ISCOR) plant in Pretoria. After World War II,
when the demand for steel increased, a second plant was laid out on 10 000 ha of barren
ground on the Vaal River. With the establishment of VECOR, the heavy engineering works in
1947, (since closed down), Vanderbijlpark became a model industrial town. The town’s
location on the banks of the Vaal River ensured that there would be enough water for the
large industries to be established there.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Hiking: The short 7-km and 14-km Zebra and Guineafowl Hiking Trails are the perfect way to
enjoy a day in the sun.

Holiday Resorts: There are several holiday resorts on the banks of the Vaal River. Just follow
the path of the river and you will come upon one. These resorts also offer several water sport
opportunities and facilities.

Water Sport: Motorboaters, skiers, anglers and swimmers make frequent use of the Vaal River
waters.

VEREENIGING

The town was established in 1892 and was named Vereeniging (Union) because the Free
State, Transvaal and Cape were “united” through the railway which was completed and
crossed the Vaal in 1892. The town grew fast due to the rich coal deposits in the area and the
need to accommodate the growing number of workers. Apart from its fast growth rate, it also
achieved historical significance as the place where the negotiations to end the Anglo-Boer
War took place. However, the resultant Treaty of Vereeniging was subsequently signed in
Pretoria. Today, Vereeniging is a flourishing industrial centre and its coal reserves have been
estimated at as much as 4 billion tons. Substantial deposits of fireclay, silica and building
stone are also mined in the area.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Hiking: The 12,5-km Three Rivers Nature Trail takes hikers along the Klip (Stone), Vaal and
Suikerbosrand (“Sugar Bush Ridge”) rivers through an area that is rich in birdlife and plant
life.

Vaal Meander: The Vaal Meander traverses the banks of the Vaal River and meets the
promise of its motto, “a trip through the countryside”. It offers river rafting, canoeing, abseiling,
camping and much, much more. The Meander also has numerous camps and Adventure
Bush Camps amid the breathtaking scenery.

Water Sport: The Vaal River provides many other opportunities for water sports, such as
canoeing, water skiing and rafting, in fact it is a water-sport enthusiast’s Mecca.


                                            72
ARCHAEOLOGY AND PALAEONTOLOGY
Klip (“Stone”) River Terrace: The terrace is considered to be one of the most valuable
archaeological sites in the world and excavations at the Klip River Terrace uncovered a rich
variety of Stone Age implements. Prof C van Riet Lowe discovered the site in 1920.

Leeukuil Palaeontological Site: Important plant fossils were found at the Leeukuil
Palaeontological Site. They date back 300 million years and are on display at the Vaal
Teknorama Museum.

Redan Rock Engravings: The Redan site dates back to the Stone Age and was declared a
national monument in 1972. The site contains some 240 pecked images of geometric shapes.
The Vaal Teknorama Museum holds the keys to the site.

ART AND CRAFTS
Vaal Meander: The Meander leads to many of the artists and crafters, shops, markets,
restaurants, nurseries and guesthouses in the Meyerton, Vereeniging and Vanderbijlpark
area. Maps can be obtained from the tourist offices in these towns.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
River Sun Casino: The River Sun Casino on the banks of the Vaal has several entertainment
options, including gambling, an entertainment centre for the children and a nature reserve.

Vereeniging Riverfront: Vereeniging now has its own riverfront that provides all sorts of
entertainment for the whole family, from restaurants to ten-pin bowling.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Exotic Waterfowl Park and Riviera Wetlands and Bird Sanctuary: This Park and Bird
Sanctuary at the Riverfront houses some 60 species of waterfowl. The entrance is at the
Riverfront.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Cenotaph: The Cenotaph at the Civic Centre in the centre of town commemorates the
soldiers who died during both World Wars and in border conflicts.

Concentration Camp Cemetery: The cemetery is the last resting place of many of the women
and children who died in concentration camps during the Anglo-Boer War.

Maccauvlei: The coal-rich Maccauvlei farm was also once the site of an Anglo-Boer War
concentration camp. A memorial to the Canadian soldiers who were killed in that war was
erected here. The first power station in the area, as well as the remains of the first railway
bridge built over the Vaal River, can also be found here.

Vaal Teknorama Museum: Focussing on industrial development in the area, the Vaal
Teknorama is the only museum of its kind in the country. The Van Riet Lowe collection, one
of the most important Stone Age implement finds in the world, is on display here. Other
displays include the “FW de Klerk Official Gifts” - gifts received by De Klerk during his tenure
as President of South Africa and photographs of the Sharpeville massacre of 1960.

Vereeniging Museum: The Vereeniging Museum houses an interesting collection of
photographs that were taken during the peace negotiations that ended the Anglo-Boer War in
1902. It also exhibits a display of fossils that were discovered in the coal seams. A tree stump
in the grounds of the recreation centre at Vereeniging Refractories Limited marks the spot at
which the negotiations took place.

                                          73
Vereeniging Public Library: The public library now houses a memorial to the parties who
signed the Treaty of Vereeniging in 1902. The memorial was first erected on the exact spot
where the treaty was signed, but it was later moved to the library.

“Witkop” (White Head) Blockhouse: The ‘Witkop” (White Head) Blockhouse is a relic from the
Anglo-Boer War.

WEST RAND DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY

Westour Tourism Authority
PO Box 2040, Randfontein, South Africa, 1760
Tel:       +27 (0) 11 692 2128
Fax:       +27 (0) 11 692 2128
E-mail:    westour@wrdm.gov.za

In Gauteng, you need to head west to find some "real" rest. This area of Gauteng is relatively
free of busy cities and industries and the landscape is characterised by highveld plains and
hills and the beautiful Magaliesberg Mountain range.

The West Rand is richly endowed with everything from culture, wildlife, history and natural
beauty to famous prehistoric sites. Wild life sanctuaries, game reserves and dams abound
and the Big Five as well as cheetah, hyena, wild dog, giraffe, hippo and many other wild
inhabitants call this area home. More than 230 species of birds, including the black eagle,
also live in the area.

But the main tourist draw card in the area is undoubtedly the Sterkfontein Caves — one of the
world's most important palaeo-anthropological sites. This site, and the sites at Swartkrans,
Kromdraai, Gondolin, Plovers Lake, Wonder Cave, Drimolen, Haasgat, Coopers B,
Gladysvale, Minnaars and Bolts Farm, have been declared World Heritage Sites. The area that
they encompass is known as the Cradle of Humankind, an exciting tourist destination. The
Cradle of Humankind area not only includes the twelve key fossil hominid discovery areas but
also boasts superb nature and wildlife reserves, beautiful scenery, a multitude of guest lodges
and hotels, excellent restaurants and several adventure tourism options, ranging from water
sport, walks, horse trails and angling to balloon trips.

However, Western Gauteng, better known as the West Rand, also has a strong mining
legacy, to which the towns of Krugersdorp, Roodepoort, Carltonville and Westonaria can
attest. Most of these towns followed the same development pattern. Gold was discovered on
a farm in the area, the discovery was usually followed by the establishment of diggings that
eventually became a mine and later gave rise to a small village that, in due course, became a
town or city.

Most of Western Gauteng is given over to agriculture. The Krugersdorp area supports the
most productive farming enterprises such as maize, fruit (peaches, pears, plums and prunes)
and other staple food products, as well as small stock, cattle and poultry farming. The area
bordering on the Magaliesberg Mountain Range produces fruit, vegetables and flowers and
the area around Carletonville and Randfontein is also utilised for farming ventures.

CARLETONVILLE

Carletonville was named after Guy Carleton Jones, one of the mining magnates of the area
who brought the well-known Blyvooruitzicht Mine (1937), West Driefontein Mine (1945),
                                         74
Doornfontein Mine (1947) and the Western Deep Levels Mine (1957) into production. The
Western Deep Levels Mine, with a depth of 3 581 m, is one of the deepest mines in the world.
The town was laid out in 1948 and large green parks and dams were created to make the
town as attractive as possible. Yet another mine, the East Driefontein Mine, was later started
within the municipal borders.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Hiking: Various hikes and trails are marked out in the Abe Bailey Nature Reserve, where
many species of birds and animals may be observed.

Carletonville Pleasure Resort: Visitors are welcome to enjoy the pleasant accommodation
offered at the campsite or in the chalets at the Carletonville Pleasure Resort. Angling and bird
watching are popular activities.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Abe Bailey Nature Reserve: A visit to the Abe Bailey Nature Reserve, 5 km north of
Carletonville, is an outstanding educational, adventure and wildlife experience. The reserve
covers an area of 4 200 ha, a terrain that encompasses four different eco-zones — wetland,
acacia woodland, acacia bushveld and grassland. Water pumped from local mines created
the nearly 400 hectares of "vleis" (marshes) that support some 230 species of birds including
waterfowl, flamingoes and fish eagles. The reserve is administered by the Wildlife Society,
which conducts an Education Project for schools and other interest groups. The diverse
characteristics of the reserve include wide-open spaces, sturdy granite outcrops and
permanently green wetlands. The birds are mostly seen in the wetlands, while animals such
as black wildebeest, zebra, springbok, hartebeest, duiker and jackal roam the rest of the
reserve. The camp has facilities for 45 people and viewing hides have been erected all over
the reserve to facilitate game viewing.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Danie Theron Monument: The Danie Theron Monument stands on the hill where this Boer
scout died in 1900 during a brave one-man battle against a detachment of British soldiers.

Ireland-Bergh Memorial Stone and Oosthuizen Monument: These monuments commemorate
the mining history of the area. The Oosthuizen family died a tragic death when their house
was swallowed up by a sinkhole in 1964.

“Oer” (Ancient) sinkhole: This sinkhole on the Doornfontein mine property is centuries old and
is a natural mining phenomenon caused by water erosion over many years.

OTHER ATTRACTIONS
Gold Mine Tours: Many of the gold mines, such as Elandsrand, East Driefontein, West
Driefontein and Western Deep Levels, offer tours for visitors.




                                          75
KRUGERSDORP (MOGALE CITY) (including the Kromdraai Conservancy area)

Physical address:   57 Commissioner Street, Krugersdorp, South Africa
Postal address:     PO Box 1575, Krugersdorp, South Africa, 1740
Tel:                +27 (0) 11 953 2123
Fax:                +27 (0) 11 660 4865
E-mail:             krugersdorp@krugersdorp.org
Website:            http://www.krugersdorp.org




Krugersdorp, the capital of the Western Gauteng region, and often referred to as the treasure
chest of the West, was established on a portion of the farm Paardekraal and named after
Paul Kruger, President of the Transvaal. It was here that over 6 000 Afrikaner men gathered
together in December 1880 to pledge their allegiance to the President and to fight for the
independence of the Transvaal. It was also here, that MW Pretorius, the owner of the farm,
discovered gold in 1887.

In 1952, Krugersdorp was once again in the news when the West Rand Consolidated Mine
became the first mine to extract uranium as a by-product of gold mining. Today, manganese,
iron, asbestos and lime are also mined in the Krugersdorp mines.

The Kromdraai (“Crooked Turn”) Conservancy area lies a mere 10 kilometres north of
Krugersdorp and is named after the nearby Crocodile River and the peculiar crooked turn it
makes at that point. Visitors may enjoy the guided hiking trails, a visit to the lime mine and
fossil site and swimming in the crystal-clear waters. But this is not all that the Conservancy
has to offer: a visit to the trout farm and the archaeological sites and a ride on an ox-wagon
are some other possibilities. This area is so close to Johannesburg that many see it as part of
Johannesburg, another example of the benefits of visiting a small province.
                                         76
ADVENTURE AND SPORT




Angling: The Rainbow Trout Farm offers fun for the whole family but its main attraction is fish
and more fish. A kiosk, picnic and barbecue areas provide entertainment for non-anglers.
Once caught, trout cannot be put back into the water, whereas the carp, in the separate dam,
have to be returned to the water. The farm rents out angling gear but passers-by often take
the easy way out and just stop in to buy some fresh trout.

Hiking: The Kromdraai Conservancy area is crisscrossed with hiking trails that allow the
visitor to get a closer look at the natural and wildlife treasures of the region. Trails vary in
length from a 5-km circular route through the Rhino and Lion Nature Reserve, where more
than twenty species of game can be seen, to a three-day trek past a gold mine,
palaeontological diggings, a fossil site and other interesting relics. There is also a special
one-day trail for people with disabilities. The Kloofendal Nature Reserve has two circular trails
that take hikers past the old Confidence Reef Gold Mine shaft (a National Monument), a small
dam and interesting geological and botanical sites.

Horseback Safaris: Horseback safaris take one through the Conservancy area and the Cradle
Game Reserve. Experienced guides lead riders through the natural vegetation, past
archaeological and other sites. There are plenty of opportunities for game viewing and bird
watching while the majestic Magaliesberg Mountains keep a watchful eye over your journey.

Hot Air Balloon Trips: The Kloofendal and Kromdraai areas look just as good from the air as
from the ground. Contact one of the companies that offer balloon trips over the area.

Paintball: At the Featherheads Creek Paintball Range, the visitor is provided with the latest
equipment and the chance to work up some adrenalin while play-acting soldier-soldier on the
range with its lush vegetation, rocks and trenches. The Crocodile River runs through the
course.

ARCHAEOLOGY AND PALAEONTOLOGY
Robert Broom Museum: This small museum at the Sterkfontein Caves displays some very
interesting fossils and supplies information about where they were found.


                                          77
Sterkfontein Valley: The site of some of the most startling archaeological discoveries of our
time, lies about 30 km northwest of Johannesburg in the Sterkfontein Valley. One of its main
attractions is the Sterkfontein Caves, a World Heritage Site. The caves were discovered in
1896, and the renowned South African palaeontologist, Dr Robert Broom, soon started
making significant discoveries here. However, his most important discovery occurred in 1947
when he stumbled upon the skull of the 2.5 million-year-old hominid "Mrs Ples" the best-
preserved skull (cranium) of an Australopithecus africanus, the earliest known, upright-
walking, ancestor of man. Dr Broom described the caves as the anthropological treasure
house of the world. Excavations are still being conducted in the caves and scientists are at
present working on uncovering a complete skeleton. In 1998, scientists discovered a skeleton
encrusted in lime that confirms the presence of early man in the Sterkfontein Valley 3.5
million years ago. This discovery has made international headlines and has placed South
Africa at the forefront of international palaeontological research. It has become one of the
most important prehistoric palaeo-anthropological sites in the world and was declared a part
of the World Heritage site called the Cradle of Humankind (the area also includes Swartkrans,
Kromdraai and Environs) in 1999. A statue of Robert Broom holding the skull of Mrs Ples
stands in front of the cave and copies of the skull can be bought at the teashop. Guided tours
are conducted regularly to show visitors the natural beauty of the formations inside the cave
as well as the excavation sites.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Kromdraai Conservancy Area: The entire Kromdraai Conservancy Area is focused on
preserving our rich wildlife and our archaeological and palaeontological heritage. Because of
this commitment, a drive through the area provides us with hours of enjoyment, making us
eager to come back for more. The Conservancy is part of the Crocodile Ramble, which visits
any number of art and craft shops, restaurants, pubs, nurseries, reserves, historical sites and
many more. Obtain a map at any location open to the public in the area and have good,
uncomplicated fun.

Tarlton International Drag Strip: The strip is a popular meeting place for motor- and drag-
racing fans.

FAUNA AND FLORA
African Fauna and Bird Park: The park offers visitors the opportunity to view various species
of wildlife and birds. A highlight is the performance by tame birds used in local television
commercials (only on Sundays). The Game Reserve also offers game drives across open
grassland, a rest camp, caravanpark and a “lapa” (open, thatched shelter).

Aloe Ridge: (DF Malan Drive, Krugersdorp) offers a view of wild animals such as rhino, kudu,
zebra, hippo, buffalo, eland and nyala.

Cradle Nature Reserve: The 3 000-ha reserve is home to more than 12 species of antelopes
and to two very rare species of raptors - black and martial eagles. Cornuti Restaurant and
the Cradle Forest Camp are also situated within the reserve.

Faan Meintjies Nature Reserve: The 1 300-ha Faan Meintjies Nature Reserve is situated
14km north of Krugersdorp. The sweet and sour grassland that covers the reserve is the ideal
habitat for antelope such as eland, gemsbok, red hartebeest, black wildebeest, waterbuck,
springbok, blesbok and sable as well as for giraffe, zebra and white rhino. Overnight
accommodation is available in guesthouses and in the caravan park. Day visitors may make
use of the picnic spot at the centre of the reserve.



                                         78
Kloofendal Nature Reserve: The 150-hectare Kloofendal Nature Reserve abounds with
indigenous trees, proteas, orchids and other plants. It includes an attractive rocky "koppie"
(hillock) and a stone amphitheatre that is used for open-air events.

                                     Krugersdorp Game Reserve:             The 1,500 ha
                                     Krugersdorp Game Reserve is home to several game
                                     species, including four of the “Big Five”. The 100-
                                     hectare lion camp is a special attraction not to be
                                     missed and visitors can expect to see giraffe, white
                                     rhino, buffalo, black wildebeest and a variety of
                                     antelope and nocturnal animals such as black-backed
                                     jackal and genet. Walking is strictly prohibited in the
                                     reserve but guided, night and daytime, game-watching
                                     drives are on offer.

The only place where visitors are allowed to walk around is the walk-in aviary. The aviary is
the size of a rugby field and houses approximately 300 different birds.

Letamo Estates/Game Farm: Letamo in Krugersdorp has several self-catering chalets in a
bush camp stocked with game and birds. The 14 dams and two streams in the sanctuary are
amply stocked with various species of fish. An educational centre has been set up in town.

                                   Rhino and Lion Nature Reserve: This private reserve is
                                   home to more than 700 animals belonging to 30 different
                                   species. It covers 1 400 ha and is home to lions,
                                   buffaloes, rhinoceros, cheetahs, wild dogs, hippopotami
                                   and several species of antelope. Day and night game
                                   drives are available, as well as escorted walking trails and
                                   guided 4x4 tours of the more remote areas. The reserve
                                   has been divided into different camps, e.g. the lion and
                                   predator (cheetah, wild dog) camp, to allow visitors to see
                                   as much as possible of the different animals. Although
                                   these animals are fed and not as people-shy as those in
                                   the larger reserves, they are still wild animals and will
                                   attack when they feel threatened or hungry. The
                                   management of the reserve has therefore drawn up some
                                   strict rules to ensure visitors' safety.




A vulture hide provides visitors with an opportunity to see the rare Cape vulture (Gyps
coprotheres) and a variety of other carrion-eating birds that assemble here to devour the
fresh carcasses put out for them daily. Raptor displays by the South African National Bird of
Prey Centre over weekends is a highlight that should not be missed.

SA National Bird of Prey Centre: This Bird centre is situated within the Rhino and Lion Nature
Reserve in the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site. Visitors are treated to a special 45-
minute flying demonstration with owls, eagles, falcons and hawks. Donations will be
appreciated.



                                         79
HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Krugersdorp Museum: Exhibits at the Krugersdorp Museum in Commissioner Street focus on
the colourful history of Krugersdorp and the surrounding area.

Old Burgershoop Graveyard: Some 809 women and children, victims of the British
Concentration Camps, lie buried in this graveyard, a stark reminder that the Anglo-Boer War
also had a devastating effect on the people of this area.

Old Kromdraai Gold Mine: The Old Kromdraai Gold Mine on Ibis Ridge Farm outside
Krugersdorp was established in 1881 and was one of the first gold mines on the
Witwatersrand. Tours are conducted mainly over weekends and public holidays and from
Tuesday to Friday by appointment only.

Old Station building: The Old Station building is a national monument and dates back to the
construction of the first railway line between Springs and Krugersdorp in 1887.

Paardekraal Monument: The Paardekraal Monument marks the site where 6 000 Transvaal
"burghers" assembled in 1880 to pledge their allegiance to President Paul Kruger and to the
fight for independence. Each man placed a stone on a cairn to signify his resolve to fight for
the independence of the Transvaal. After the short war with the British and the declaration of
independence the men resolved to commemorate their victory by celebrating it at the cairn,
on 16 December (the Day of the Vow), every five years. Some time later the cairn
disappeared and an 18-m high sandstone monument was subsequently erected on the spot
and is still there today.

NATURAL WONDERS

                                     Sterkfontein Caves: Part of a World Heritage site called
                                     the Cradle of Humankind, these caves are situated on a
                                     dolomite hill in the Isaac Stegman Nature Reserve near
                                     the Kromdraai Palaeontological Reserve. The caves are
                                     not only the site of some very famous palaeontological
                                     discoveries, but are also noted for the natural beauty of
                                     their underground caverns where magnificent statues and
                                     rock formations (stalactites, stalagmites and crystals),
                                     formed over thousands of years deep within the bowels of
                                     the earth.


The caves consist of a series of chambers and tunnels, each with its own attractions. The
only underground lake in South Africa is also found here. The water level has dropped
significantly over the years and evidence of this can be seen on the cave walls. Unique
freshwater shrimps live on in their cool watery home, oblivious to their surroundings.

Wonder Cave: Wonder Cave is probably one of the most breathtaking sights in the area and
visitors have to descend 40 m into the recesses of the earth by way of a mine lift to reach it.
However, one's first sight of the cave makes it all worthwhile. Skilful lighting has been set up
to highlight and enhance the magnificent natural treasures of this cave, an enormous single
chamber, decorated by some 15-m high rock formations. The cave is 2200 million years old
and maintains a constant temperature of sixteen degrees Celsius and a humidity levels of 88
per cent. Amazingly, it is still a living cave, i.e. formations such as stalactites and stalagmites
are still forming and man’s interference has not destroyed its capacity to regenerate itself.
The average height from the roof to the floor is 40 m and the deepest point is approximately

                                           80
100 m. Formations inside the Wonder Cave include rim stone pools, cave pearls, stalactites,
stalagmites, popcorn formations, straw formations, mushroom formations and the “Madonna”.
Well-informed guides conduct regular tours and they can also accommodate tour groups.
Light refreshments are also available at the site.

OTHER ATTRACTIONS
Railway Preservation Centre: A historic rail collection that includes locomotives and other
equipment that is still in working order can be viewed at the Railway Preservation Centre near
the Krugersdorp Game Park.

South African National Railway and Steam Museum: Some of the country’s old steam
locomotives, a diesel electric locomotive and over 50 vintage passenger coaches can be
viewed at the South African National Railway and Steam Museum. Train rides are also
available once a month.

MAGALIESBURG (including the Magaliesberg Mountains)

The Magaliesberg Mountain Range stretches in an arc from just west of Rustenburg, in the
North West Province to just east of Pretoria, a 125-km ribbon of quartzite ridges interspersed
by forested gorges and crystal-clear mountain streams. Rising 300 m above the surrounding
landscape, this 2 000 million year old mountain range forms a natural boundary between the
“Highveld” region to the south and the warmer “Bushveld” (Savannah) region to the north. A
wide diversity of plants, mammals and birds have settled and been sustained here - it is one
of South Africa's few remaining habitats of the rare brown hyena and it also offers sanctuary
to three breeding colonies of endangered Cape vultures. Local farmers and landowners have
been encouraged to create a number of "vulture restaurants" - areas where they put out the
carcasses of domestic animals for the vultures to feed on. When the carcasses have been
scraped clean, volunteers crush the remaining bones to enable the vultures to obtain the
much-needed calcium (from the bone fragments) so essential to their chicks' diets.

Although most of the surrounding area is privately owned, the Magaliesberg was proclaimed
a protected natural area in 1977. There are several accommodation establishments in the
area, such as the Mount Grace Country House Hotel - recognised as one of the ten best
country retreats in South Africa - that offer a wide range of recreational activities such as
walks, hikes, scenic horse trails through the foothills of the mountain, rock climbing and
"kloofing". The Magaliesberg Mountains are considered to be one of the ten best places for
rock climbing and "kloofing" in South Africa.

The picturesque little town of Magaliesburg lies in the subtropical valley below the southern
slopes of the mountains. The mountains, town and river flowing through the valley are all
named after a local chief called Magali (or Mohali), who lived in the area during the 1820s.
The town is a shopper's Mecca, with quaint little shops offering local cuisine, art and crafts,
antiques and much more.

If you have not visited this town, you have not had a true country holiday. The Magalies
Meander takes you to all the places of interest and only a person with very strong willpower
can resist the temptation to investigate each nook and cranny.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Angling: For a serene day out on the fishing waters, visit Kingfishers Farm or the Magalies
Barbus Haven. Kingfishers Farm has trout fishing, swimming, picnic and barbecue facilities
and prolific bird life. Quality fly-fishing can be enjoyed at Magalies Barbus Haven. Yellowfish
are abundant as well as carp and bass. Equipment and guides are available.

                                         81
Gliding: The Magalies Gliding Club offers introductory rides to visitors and potential members.
The recently extended clubhouse with a swimming pool and barbeque facilities are open to
families, members and guests. Flying during weekdays can be arranged.

Golf: If you come for a holiday, bring your golf clubs along! The driving ranges at Western
Cane Trading, Pecanwood Golf Estate, Magalies Park Golf Club and Goldfields West East
Driefontein Golf Course and Blyvooruitzig will give you more than enough to do.

Hiking and Horse riding: Tired of driving around all day to take in the sights? Then take a hike
at “Rustig” (Tranquil) or ride a horse at the Roberts farm.

Hot-air Balloon Safaris: For a breathtaking “720” degree panoramic view of the Magalies
River Valley, this is an adventure not to be missed. Booking is essential.

Microlight: Come and enjoy some exhilarating aviation sport at the Davies Aircraft
Corporation where budding pilots learn to put Thunderbird Aeroplanes through their paces.

ART AND CRAFTS
Boma Country Market: Open on Sundays and public holidays, Boma Country Market brings to
the public an extensive range of handmade articles to adorn any home.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Blaauwbank Store: Blaauwbank Store is but one of the shops in a street of shops where
antiques, cottage furniture, baskets, and candles are sold or where you can relax at the pub
or tea garden between shopping trips.

Oostburg Flower Farm, Impala Nursery and the Meadowcraft Berry Farm: The farms provide
food for the eye and the stomach (only in season of course).

Western Cane Trading Store: The store is open seven days a week and sells cane, oregon
and wrought iron furniture. Other shops include Delcardo, the El Paso Leather Shoppe, the
Enchanted Candle Shoppe, Crystal Feeling, Hartley’s Craft Market, Pandora’s Box and
Heinmar. Many of these places also have tea gardens or restaurants.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Henningdale Ostrich Farm and the Corriloch Koi Farm: The farms provide the outdoor
entertainment we all crave.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Anglo-Boer War Remnants and Monuments: The area is filled with remnants from old wars.
The old British blockhouse was built about 1902 during the Anglo-Boer War. The site of the
Battle of Nooitgedacht, one of the historic battles between the Boers and the British, can only
be visited by prior arrangement.

Blaauwbank Historic Goldmine: The Blaauwbank Historic Goldmine is surrounded by some
lovely countryside and the majestic Magaliesberg Mountains. The Goldmine allows visitors to
take part in some ancient activities, such as crushing rocks and panning for gold.




                                          82
MULDERSDRIFT

Muldersdrift, only 10 km from Krugersdorp, is a cosy village nestling in the comforting arms of
the Magaliesberg mountain range.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
4x4: The Bella Vallata 4x4 Playground is a 5-km off-road track only 30 min drive from
Johannesburg and is an ideal place for those 4x4 owners who never have time to leave the
city and explore the untamed wilds of Africa. The obstacles on the tracks were designed to
test the drivers to the limits of their skills and to provide valuable training.

ART AND CRAFTS
Crocodile Arts and Crafts Ramble: The Crocodile Ramble is regarded as one of the best art
and craft routes in South Africa. It has its information office in Muldersdrift. More than 20
studios that sell everything, including pottery, sculptures, paintings, woodwork, jewellery,
porcelain dolls, candles, lacework and clothing, line the route. There are also numerous tea
gardens, guesthouses, and game and nature reserves. The route also encompasses the
area known as the "Cradle of Humankind", an area that has seen great Palaeo-
anthropological discoveries since 1947 and that caused a world-renowned breakthrough in
the search for the origins of mankind, now a proclaimed World Heritage Site. Maps are
obtainable from any of the venues on the route. The Crocodile Ramble is divided into four
routes, the first route includes the Sterkfontein Caves, the second passes Lesedi Cultural
Village, the third passes the Rhino and Lion Nature Reserve and the Heia Safari Ranch and
the fourth route includes the Witwatersrand National Botanical Gardens.

Garden Craft World Market: Explore and buy to your heart’s content at the Garden Craft
World Market.

CULTURAL/COMMUNITY TOURISM
Heia Safari Ranch: The 1 000 hectare Heia Safari Ranch in the Swartkops Hills near
Muldersdrift offers guests luxury accommodation as well as an opportunity to experience Zulu
culture at first hand. A visit to the Phumangena Zulu Village, on the Ranch, is highly
recommended. The entire village was built from material imported from Zululand. Visitors are
entertained with traditional dancing and invited to partake of a traditional meal. Overnight
accommodation is available in traditional Zulu beehive huts.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Lion Park: This 200 ha grassland park is not only home to more than 50 lions of all ages, but
also to many species of antelope and buck. The Park is only 30 km north of Johannesburg, a
welcome escape from the fast pace of city life. The Lion Park also offers visitors the chance
to pet lion cubs.

RANDFONTEIN

In 1889, the mining financier, JB Robinson, bought the farm Randfontein, started the
Randfontein Estates Gold Mining Company and watched as a town was established to serve
the mine in 1890. He would hardly recognise the town now as it has grown into a large
industrial and residential centre. It is only some 40 km from Johannesburg.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Con Joubert Bird Sanctuary: The sanctuary encloses a perennial pan that provides a stop-
over for thousands of migratory birds and is a permanent home for some 120 other species. It
lies at the corner of Horingsbek and Desert Streets in Culemborg Park.
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HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Jonker’s Hoek: The house was the home of the original owner of the farm Randfontein.

Milnkomm Post en Telegraafkantoor (Office): This post and telegraph office dates from 1898
and was the first government building in the area. It also saw service as a British guard post
during the Anglo-Boer War, but today it is a library and community hall.

ROODEPOORT (including Florida)

In 1884, the Struben brothers, Fred and Harry, found some gold on the farm Wilgespruit
(“Willow Creek”) and were granted the right to mine the area. Unfortunately, the mine did not
yield much gold but after George Harrison found the rich gold seam at Langlaagte, many
other diggers joined the Struben brothers and several other mines were established in the
area. Predictably, a typical mining town started developing close by and in 1904 it received
municipal status. In 1977, after Hamberg, Florida and Maraisburg were incorporated within its
boundaries, Roodepoort became a fully-fledged city. Florida is built around Florida Lake, a
popular recreation area.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Angling and Water Sport: Canoeists and anglers frequent Florida Lake while sailboats lend
some extra colour to the surroundings.

Angling and Water Sports: Angling, rowing, sailing and canoeing are done at the Bennie
Reynecke Dam next to Lyon Street, the Princess Dam, the Len Rutter Dam in Aandblom
Street (angling only) and the Hennie Hugo Dam.

Hiking: There are various hiking trails in the area, such as the 3-km Helderkruin Nature Trail.

ART AND CRAFTS
International Eisteddfod of South Africa: Roodepoort hosts the biennial International
Eisteddfod of South Africa, an exciting competition and festival that caters for amateur,
classical and traditional musicians and dancers. The show offers a cosmopolitan blend of
African, American, Asian and European performing arts and cultures.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Florida Lake: Originally a marsh, Florida Lake was developed into an attractive lake by
pumping water from the mines into the area. Today, it has a play park, swimming pool and
rides on a miniature train during the weekends. Boating and angling facilities are also
available, as well as barbecue facilities and campsites. Regattas, triathlons and rowing
competitions are often held at the Lake. The Hamerkop Bird Sanctuary is part of the lake
area.

Westgate Shopping Centre: One of the four “Gate” shopping centres in Gauteng, Westgate
Shopping Centre, like the others, caters for shoppers’ every imaginable want and need.

FAUNA AND FLORA
Kloofendal Nature Reserve: The Kloofendal Nature Reserve not only protects Confidence
Reef, but also houses a unique amphitheatre. The theatre has a covered stage and can seat
more than 10 000 people on grass terraces amid the lovely natural surroundings of the
reserve. Events are hosted here regularly.



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Ruimsig Entomological Reserve: Another feather in Roodepoort’s cap is the Ruimsig
Entomological Reserve, home of the rare Roodepoort Copper Butterfly or Aloeides dentatis.
The reserve in Ruimsig is the first ever to be established within a residential area.

                                      Witwatersrand Botanical Gardens: Witwatersrand
                                      Botanical Gardens are surrounded by sheer cliffs and
                                      contain the “Witpoortjie” Waterfall. Dense riverside
                                      woodland makes the gardens an attractive home for
                                      birds. The most famous inhabitant of the gardens is the
                                      black crested eagle. Four years ago, the black eagle
                                      breeding programme experienced a crisis when the
                                      male black eagle disappeared. Fortunately, the self-
                                      reliant female found a young male herself.


                                      The black eagles have two nests on the grounds and
                                      alternate each year. One is towards the top of the
                                      Witpoortjie Waterfall. Black eagles mate for life and
                                      hatch only two eggs a year. Only one of the chicks will
                                      survive the “Cain and Abel” struggle that dictates that
                                      one chick shall kill the other. Only some 30 per cent
                                      survive the next year of their development when their
                                      plumage changes to golden brown.


The eagle only develops its dark plumage and finds a mate to establish its own territory at the
age of around 4-5 years. The oldest part of the Gardens, the Rose Garden, contains a lovely
collection of 4,500 roses and their hybrids from all over the world. Another interesting feature
is the section with culinary as well as indigenous medicinal and exotic herbs. Open-air music
concerts are held in the Gardens between May and August on alternate Sundays. The artists
vary but most focus on light classical and modern music. What better way to relax than by
sitting on a picnic blanket and enjoying the sights and sounds? Other regular events include a
Spring plant fair, Clivia display and Stargazing in September, a Teddy bear picnic in October
and a “Carols by Candlelight” event in December. Café Clivia is also on the grounds for those
who would like to sit back and relax with a refreshing beverage. The Random Harvest
Indigenous Nursery sells a variety of plants and the curio shop is also open to the public. The
Gardens are wheelchair-friendly.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Delarey House: The house is typical of the wood and iron structures that were erected during
the early twentieth century.

Jameson Homestead National Monument: On the farm Vlakfontein, 6 km south of
Roodepoort, lie the remains of the homestead and house in which Dr Leander Starr Jameson
and his "raiders" took refuge after the abortive "Jameson Raid" in 1895. President Paul
Kruger’s Transvaal Boers apprehended Jameson and his men here after their plan to bring
down the republican government had failed. The raid brought down Cecil John Rhodes'
government in the Cape Colony when it was revealed that he had supported the raid. A
memorial to the men of Roodepoort who died in the engagement has been erected at the
spot and the house and homestead have been declared a national monument.




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Kloofendal Nature Reserve: Kloofendal Nature Reserve encompasses the unpredictable gold
reef (Confidence Reef) that first provided the reason for creating the town. Book a tour at the
Museum.

Old Prison: The Old Prison in Seventh Avenue is a national monument and includes the
house of the prison official.

Roodepoort Museum: The museum supplies a historical overview of the development of the
area since the discovery of gold. The geological history of the Witwatersrand basin, going
back some 2,5 billion years, is also depicted. Other interesting exhibits include the depiction
of everyday life on a farm during bygone years, as well as an exhibition of decorations used in
the houses of the town from the Victorian period up to the 1930s. The art gallery has a
collection of international decorative art, as well as local art, including a Jackson Hlungwane
sculpture and Walter Battiss and Maggie Laubscher paintings.

WESTONARIA

Westonaria, proclaimed in 1938, developed alongside the Libanon and Venterspost Gold
Mines. The town’s history speaks of struggle and endurance as mineshaft after mineshaft
was sunk and abandoned time and again. In the two decades after its inception, more
successful mines were started by the Western Areas Gold Mining Company (from which the
town got its name), the Kloof Gold Mining Company and the Elsburg Gold Mining Company.
These mining companies managed to extract a vast quantity of gold from tremendously deep
workings, over the following years. Although the gold-mining industry is on the decline,
Westonaria remains a close-knit community that includes ten suburban townships.

ADVENTURE AND SPORT
Skydiving: A landing strip and clubhouse for skydivers has been built at the Westonaria Dam
Resort, as skydiving is a very popular outdoor attraction in the area. The generally good
weather, especially during the summer months, makes this area, with its clear blue skies and
wide, open valley, an ideal skydiving venue.

ENTERTAINMENT AND SHOPPING
Donaldson Dam: The dam has camping facilities.

HISTORY AND ARCHITECTURE
Pullinger Shaft: The historic value of the Pullinger shaft lies in the fact that this was the shaft
that led to the eventual development of deep-level gold mining. Mining operations were
thwarted time and again by the 1 200 m of dolomite that cover the West Rand area and for a
long time successfully locked away the rich gold deposits beneath it. The two people who
eventually made it possible to unlock this treasure chest were the German geophysicist,
Rudolf Krahmann and his colleague, Leopold Reinecke, who first used a magnetometer to
probe for gold below the dolomite barrier.




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SOURCES




Blueprint Guide of Gauteng
Celebrate Democracy Map: the Gauteng Trade Manual, published by the Gauteng Tourism
Authority
Cradle of Humankind. World Heritage Site Pamphlet
Discovering Tshwane: Six Heritage Routes
Explore the Crocodile Ramble (Cradle of Humankind booklet)
http://www.cradleofhumankind.co.za
http://www.gauteng.net
http://www.joburg.org.za
www.krugersdorp.org
http://www.southafrica.net
http://wisa.iwarp.com
Kliptown: our town. Living its History…Reshaping its Tomorrow pamphlet
Tshwane: Tshwane quick reference guide 2002 booklet




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