Doctors Experience Certificate Samples

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					Country samples (ISCED-97, Wp9.2 codings)

ESS3                     ISSP 2005                     ISSP 2006
Finland (no cs variable) Finland (fi_degr)                Finland (fi_degr)
France (edlvafr)         France (fr_degr)                 France (fr_degr)
Germany (edlvade) Germany (de_degr)                       Germany (de_degr)
(-)                      Great Britain (gb_degr)          Great Britain (gb_degr)
Hungary (edlvahu)        Hungary (hu_degr)                Hungary (hu_degr)
Ireland (edlvaie)        Ireland (ie_degr)                Ireland (ie_degr)
Latvia (edullv)          Latvia (lv_degr)                 Latvia (lv_degr)
Netherlands (edlvnl) Netherlands (only coding, no variable(-)
                                                           provided)

Norway (edlvno)          Norway (no_degr)                 Norway (no_degr)
Poland (edlvapl)         (-)                              (-)
Portugal (edlvapt)       Portugal (pt_degr)               Portugal (pt_degr)
(-)                      Slovenia (si_degr)               Slovenia (si_degr)
Spain (edlvaes)          (-)                              (-)
Sweden (edlvase)         Sweden (se_degr)                 Sweden (se_degr)
Switzerland (edlvbch) Switzerland (ch_degr)               Switzerland (ch_degr)
Total (ESS3+ISSP)= 17 countries
                                                                          ISCED-97:
                                                                              ESS     ISCED-97:
                     Country                                                coding*      Final      ISCED-97
 Country specific specific                                                 (variable:   Wp9.2          First
     variables        values           Country specific labels              eduvl***)  Coding**      Coding           Comments (VM)                   Comments (AA)                        Comments (AK)
Note:
* Variable eduvl is based on codings employed by the ESS team of the country specific educational variables into a simplfied ISCED-97 variant (see ESS3 Documentation Report)
** ISCED-97 final coding adopted by WP9.2 after consultations between the 2 coders (blind coding) and experts (AK)
*** Marked with yellow were the cases where it was difficult to decide on coding (Wp9.2); this occured for 14% of codings (25 out of 178); Reliable coding of ISCED-97 subcategories was not possible in most cases;
*** Marked with red were the cells where the recodings performed by Wp9.2 differed from the ESS coding or it was impossible to reclassify in any ISCED-97 level; 27% of codings (41 out of 152).



                                                                                                                                                    Codes/Answer Categories
                                                                                                                                                    presented here for Finland were
                                                                                                                                                    taken from the Questionnaire and
                                                                                                                                                    Showcard. The country specific
                                                                                                                                                    variable (edlvaFI?) was not
                                                                                                                                                    available in any delivered ESS3
                                                                                                                                                    data set (last check: 2009-03-26).
                                                                                                                                                    Therefore, ISCED-97 re-
                                                                                                                                                    classifications were not possible
                                                                                                                                                    in the Conversion Routine (no
                                                                                                                                                    further informations available in
Finland (Variable                                                                                                                                   the ESS "Survey Documentation"
  not available)                                                                                                                                    ); Is answer category 4 missing?
                                                                                                                                                    Should a 1 to 1 correspondence
                                                                                                                                                    between the country specific
                                Vähemmän kuin peruskoulun alaaste                                                                                   variable and EDUVL be
                        0      tai kansakoulu                                 0            0                                                        assumed?
                                Peruskoulun ala-aste (1-6 luokat),
                        1      kansakoulu                                     1            1
                               Peruskoulun yläaste (7-9/10 luokat),
                        2      keskikoulu                                     2            2
                                Lukio, ylioppilas- tai ammatillinen
                        3      tutkinto                                       3            3                                                        Code 4 is missing.
                        5      Opisto- tai korkeakoulututkinto                5            5
                        6      Lisensiaatin tai tohtorin tutkinto             6            6
                                                                                                                                                    To be revised after contacting
                                                                                                                                                            the ESS3 Team
France (edlvafr)         1     Sans diplôme                                   0            0            0      0

                                                                                                                                                                                           *categ 2. i would classify this isced2 as proposed by ESS
                                                                                                                                                                                           since 2de 1ère belong to lower secondary. The best would
                                                                                                                                                                                           be 1;2 depending on the age: the older droped out
                                                                                                                                                                                           before the end of lower secondary, the younger after. It
                                                                                                               ISCED0 or ISCED1 ?; DataDoc                                                 is possible to enter upper secondary without having BEPC or
                               Non diplômés jusqu'à la fin 3ème, 2de,                                          (ESS3): "2) lower secondary or                                              brevet des collèges since this diploma is not a prerequisite for
                         2     1ère filière générale                          2            2            1      second stage of basic".                                                     access to upper secondary.


                                                                                                                                                                                           *categ3 same remark. They can having nothing. the most
                                                                                                                                                                                           important is the level of education here. In term of duration of
                                                                                                                                                                                           study they have the same level as BEPC. The level is 2, but
                                                                                                               1, 2A, DataDoc (ESS3): 1; Weil 7                                            not 2A (this track lead to 3C). Contrat de qualification is
                               Non diplômés du CAP BEP filière                                                 schon 2A ist, denke ich, hat 2 nur                                          something different, it is possible that they are classify in this
                         3     professionnelle                                1            2            1      eine 1 verdient                                                             category, but most people prepared CAP, even in that frame.
                                                                                                                                                    no certificate of CAP/BEP; does
                                                                                                                                                    this automatticaly mean they have
                         4     Certificat d'études primaires                  1            1            1      1                                    only BEPC?
                               CAP, examen de fin d'apprentissage                                                                                                                          *categ 5 depending on the age, they can be classified 2 or
                         5     artisanal                                      2           3C           3C      3C                                                                          3C. I would classify 3c.
                                                                                                                                                                                           *categ 6 BEP is 3C like CAP, but BEA, BEC, BEI, BT have
                                                                                                                                                    5/11/2008: No clear distinction        been tranformed in baccalauréat technologique. They
                                                                                                                                                    betwen subcategories was               concern only the older generation. Some survived recently. I
                         6     BEP, BP, BEA, BEC, BEI, BES                    2           3A           3C      3C                                   possible.                              would classify them 3A.
                               Brevet élémentaire, brevet d'étude du
                         7     premier cycle, brevet des colleges             3           2A           2A      2A


                         8     Baccalauréat général, brevet supérieur         4           3A           3A      3A
                               Brevet de technicien, baccalauréat de
                         9     technicien,…                                   4           3A           3A      3A
                               Diplôme universitaire du premier cycle
                        10     (DEUG, nouvelle licence)                       5           5A           5A      5A


                               Dipl. univ. du deuxième cycle, CAPES,
                        11     Diplôme des grandes écoles                     5           5A           5A      5A
                                                                                                                                                    no distinction between 5A; 5B is
                               Diplôme universitaire du troisième cycle                                                                             possible
                        12     (DEA, DESS), Agrégation, Doctorat              6            6            6      6
                                                                                                                                                    no distinction between 5A; 5B; and
                                                                                                               Showcards and Eurydice don't help    6- ISCED levels is possibile
Hungary
(edlvahu)                1     1   No formal schooling                        0            0            0      0
                         2     2   1-4 years of elementary                    0            1            1      1
                         3     3   5-7 years of elementary                    0           2A           2A      2A
                         4     4   8 years of elementary                      1           2A           2A      2A

                                                                                                               2C, 3B, 3C; Data Doc: " lower
                         5     5 Vocational-Trade school                      2           2C           2C      secondary or second stage of basic" see ISCED-97 manual
                                                                                                               2A; Data Doc: " lower secondary or   2B?- lower secondary education-
                         6     6   Uncomplete secondary qualification         2           2A           2A      second stage of basic"               see ISCED manual
                         7     7   Gymnasium or voccational matura            3           3A           3A      3A
                         8     8   Sec. technical+matura                      3           3A           3A      3A
                         9     9   Higher technical+matura                    3           3A           3A      3A
                                                                                                               2A or 3A?; Data Doc: "unfinished
                                                                                                               tertiary" -->3A, (because tertiary
                        10     10 Uncomplete higher qualification             4           3A           3A      needs 3A)
                        11     11 College degree completed                    5           5A           5A      5A
                        12     12 University degree completed                 5           5A           5A      5A
                        13     13 Postgraduate qualification                  6            6            6      6
                        14     14 Scientific degree                           6            6            6      6
                        77     77 Refusal                                                              77
                               System Missing
Ireland (edlvaie)        1     1 None/primary not completed                   0            0            0      0
                         2     2 Primary or equivalent                        1            1            1      1
                               3 Intermediate/junior/group cert or
                         3     equiv                                          2           2A           2A      2A
                                                                                                               1x3C, 2x3A; in manual and
                         4     4 Leaving cert or equivalent                   3           3A           3A      handbook
                         5     5 Diploma/certificate                          4           5B           5B      5B
                         6     6 Primary degree                               5           5A           5A      5A
                         7     7 Postgraduate/higher degree                   6           5A           5A      5A
                        88     88 Don't know                                                           88
                        99     99 No answer                                                            99
                                                                                                                                                    Data on Latvia is not available in
                                                                                                                                                    the ESS3 integrated data set (the
                                                                                                                                                    country specific file has to be
                               1 Haven‟t attended any education                                                                                     merged before running the
Latvia (edullv)                institution (Nav mācījies skolā)               0            0                                                        Conversion syntax)

                                                                                                                                                    no institutional distinction between
                               2 Primary or not completed basic                                                                                     ISCED1 and 2; sākumskola:
                               education (Sākumskolas/ nepabeigta                                                                                   classes 1-4, 1-6- a partial basic
                               pamatizglītība)                                1            1                                                        education programme
                                                                                                                                                    including pre-
                                                                                                                                                    vocational;pamatskola: classes 1-
                                                                                                                                                    9- a full basic education
                               3 Basic education (Pamatizglītība)             2           2A                                                        programme.
                               4 General secondary -upper secondary                                                                                 "GIMNAZIJA" (ISCED 3A) not
                               (Vispārējā vidējā)                             3           3A                                                        asked
                               5 Vocational basic education
                               (Profesionālā pamatizglītība -bez
                               vidējās)                                       2           2C
                               6 Secondary vocational- upper (Vidējā
                               profesionālā (arodizglītība, vidējā
                               speciālā)                                      4           3B                                                        no distinction between 3B and 3C
                               7 First stage professional higher -
                               college (līmeĦa profesionālā augstākā
                               (koledžas)                                     5           5A
                               8 Bachelor (Bakalaura grāds -
                               profesionālais vai akadēmiskais)               5           5A
                               9 Masters (Maăistra grāds
                               (profesionālais vai akadēmiskais)              5           5B
                                                                                                                                                    no distinction between 5A, 5B and
                               10 Higher education completed during                                                                                 6 possible for the "soviet"-
                               Soviet period                                  5           5A                                                        degrees
                               11 Doctoral degree (Doktora grāds)             6            6
                                                                           ISCED-97:
                                                                               ESS       ISCED-97:
                     Country                                                 coding*       Final     ISCED-97
 Country specific    specific                                               (variable:     Wp9.2       First
     variables        values            Country specific labels              eduvl***)    Coding**    Coding             Comments (VM)                        Comments (AA)                           Comments (AK)
Netherlands
(edlvnl)                1       1 Not completed primary school                  0            0            0     0
                                2 Primary school or first stage of basic
                        2       education                                       1            1            1     1
                                3 Lower secondary school, technical
                        3       training (lbo)                                  2           2B            2B    2A, 2B                                B chosen: technical training
                                4 Lower secondary school, theoretical                                                                                 Both, 2A & 2B could be coded
                        4       training (mulo,mavo)                            3           2B            2B    2A, 2B                                here
                                5 Short upper secondary professional                                            2C, 3AC, 4A; see manual categorie
                        5       education (kmbo, vhbo)                          3           3C            2C    3: it is divided…                     This could also be coded as 4A
                                6 Upper secondary professional
                        6       education (mbo)                                 3           3C            3C    2C, 3AC, 4A
                                7 Post secondary, non-tertiary
                        7       education (mbo plus)                            4           4A            4C    2C, 3AC, 4A
                                8 Higher secondary school (mms,
                        8       havo)                                           3           3A            3A    3A
                                9 Pre-scientific secondary school (hbs,
                        9       vwo)                                            3           3A            3A    3A
                                10 Tertiary professional education
                        10      (hbo)                                           5           5A            5B    4C, 5A, 5B                            Both 5A & B were applicable
                                11 Tertiary scientific education,
                        11      university                                      5           5A            5A    5A                                    General program orientation
                                12 Tertiary post-scientific education
                        12      (teachers, doctors)                             5            5            5A    5A
                                13 Second stage of tertiary education,
                        13      Ph.D. education                                 6            6             6    6
                        14      14 Other                                       14           99            99
                        77      77 Refusal                                     77           77            77
Norway (edlvno)          0      0 No education                                  0            0             0    0                                     See also Appendix A5, p.56


                        1       Primary education (1st-7th class level)         1            1             1    1
                        2       2 Lower secondary education                     2           2A            2A    2A
                                                                                                                3A, 3C; see handbook 4 and 6,7;
                                                                                                                kommt überhaupt nicht vor… , man
                                                                                                                müsste                                This is the voccational program
                                3 Upper secondary, basic (11th. -                                               Hochschulzugangsberechtigung          (min. entrance requierment for
                        3       12th. class level)                              3           3C            3C    herausfinden                          ISCED 5 is 3A)


                                                                                                                3A, 3C; DataDoc fasst 3 und 4 auch
                                4 Upper secondary, final year (13th.                                            zusammen in edulvl; d.h. 3C und 3A
                        4       class level+)                                   3           3A            3A    könnte richtig sein.               General program
                                5 Post-secondary non-tertiary
                        5       education (14th. class level+)                  4           4A            4A    4A
                                6 Tertiary education, short (higher
                        6       education 4 years or shorter)                   5           5A            5A    5A
                                7 Tertiary education, long (higher
                         7      education more than 4 years)                    6           5A            5A    5A
                         8      8 Doctoral Degree                               6            6             6    6
                        77      77 Refusal                                     77           77            77
                        88      88 Don't know                                  88           88            88

                                                                                                                                                      Answer category 5 (see showcards, list 48:
                                                                                                                                                      "secondary not completed") seems to be
                                                                                                                                                      not included in variable codes (edlvapl); The
                                                                                                                                                      coding for Poland has to be revised after
Poland (edlvapl)         1      1 Not completed primary education               0            0       0                                                contacting the ESS3 team.

                         2      2 Primary completed                             1            1       2A
                         3      3 Lower secondary                               2           2A       3A
                         4      4 Basic vocational                              2           3C       3C
                         5      5 Secondary comprehensive                       2           3A       3A
                         6      6 Secondary vocational                          3           3A       3A
                         7      7 Post secondary                                3           4C       4B
                         8      8 First stage of tertiary                       4           5A       5A
                         9      9 Tertiary completed                            5           5A       5A
                        10      10 Other, not classified                        5           99
                        77      77 Refusal                                                  77
                        88      88 Don't know                                               88
                        99      99 No answer                                                99

Portugal (edlvapt)      1       1   Nenhum                                      0            0             0    0
                        2       2   1 ciclo do basico (4a classe)               1            1             1    1
                        3       3   2 ciclo                                     1            1             1    1
                        4       4   3 ciclo                                     2           2A            2A    2A
                        5       5   Secundario                                  3            3             3    3
                                                                                                                Could be also 5B (OECD Handbook
                                                                                                                reccomands to code "Ensino
                                                                                                                Superior – Bacharelato as "Tertiary
                        6       6 Superior politecnico                        3&5           5A            5A    education – first degree")

                        7       7 Superior universitario                      3& 5          5A            5A    5A (after checking the Showcards)
                        8       8 Pós-graduação                                5            5A            5A    5A
                                                                                                                                                      Mestrado: post-graduate studies;
                                                                                                                                                      prerequisite for this program is a
                         9      9 Mestrado                                      6            6             6                                          5A degree.
                        10      10 Doutoramento                                 6            6             6    6
                        88      88 Don't know                                  88           88            88
Spain (edlvaes)          0      0 No schooling / illiterate                     0            0             0    0
                         1      1 Not completed primary education               0            0             0    0
                                2 General Basic Education, no
                        2       Graduate                                        1            0            0     0                                     0- since no graduation.
                                3 Five years of General Basic
                        3       Education                                       1            1            1     1


                        4       4 Former primary education (5 years)            1            1            1     1
                                5 General Basic or Compulsory
                        5       Secondary Education, Graduate                   2           2A            2A    2A
                        6       6 Former lower secondary education              2           2A            2A    2A
                        7       7 Vocational training I                         2           3C            3C    3C
                        8       8 Higher secondary education                    3           3A            3A    3A
                        9       9 Vocational training II                        3           4A            4A    4A
                                                                                                                                                      5B: These must be the programs
                                                                                                                                                      from the new system which
                                                                                                                5B ?; neither in manual, nor in       corresponded before 2002/03 to
                                                                                                                handbook, no further info in the      ISCED 3 & 4 levels (see OECD
                        10      10 Post-secondary, non tertiary                 4           5B            5B    ESS3 Data Documentaion                Handbook)
                                                                                                                5A; Showcards: "Estudios
                                                                                                                superiores de 2 o 3 años (en
                        11      11 University degree, 3 years technical         5           5A            5A    centros de estudios no reglados)"
                        12      12 University degree, 3 years                   5           5A            5A    5A


                        13      13 University degree, 5 years technical         5           5A            5A    5A
                        14      14 University degree, 5 years                   5           5A            5A    5A
                        15      15 Postgraduate studies                         5           5A            5A    5A
                        16      16 Ph.D.                                        6            6             6    6
                        77      77 Refusal                                     77           77            77
                        88      88 Don't know                                  88           88            88
                                1 Ej avslutad folkskola/grundskola (not
Sweden (edlvase)        1       finished elem. school)                          1            0            0     0


                        2       2 Folkskola (elementary old, 7years)            1            1            1     1
                                3 Grundskola/enhetsskola (elementary
                        3       new, 9 years: 6+3)                              1           2A            1     1                                     new system
                                4 Realskola/Flickskola (lower
                        4       secondary school, old)                          2           2A            2A    2A

                                5 Fackskola (Voccational school)                                                2B (This program was similar to the   lower secondary voccational
                        5       (1963-1970)                                     2           2B            2B    current " 2 years Gymnasium")         school
                                6 2-årigt gymnasium (2 years high                                                                                     2 years= lower secondary; 4
                        6       school)                                         2           2A            2A    3A/2A                                 years: upper secondary.
                                7 3- eller 4 årigt gymnasium (före
                                1995) (3-4 years high school prior
                        7       1995)                                           3           3A            3A    3A

                                8 Yrkesinriktat gymnasium (efter 1995)                                          3A; DataDoc does not help for both
                        8       (Voccational high school after 1995)            3           3A            3A    yellow categories
                                9 Teoretiskt gymnasium (efter 1995)
                        9       (Theoretical high school, after 1995)           3           3A            3A    3A
                                10 Universitet/högskola ej examen                                               3A oder 3C; denn das sind die
                        10      (university, no exam)                           5           3A             3    Studienvoraussetzungen
                        11      11 Universitet/högskola <3 år                   5           5B            5B    5B
                                12 Universitet/högskola > 3år med
                        12      examen                                          5           5A            5A    5A
                                13 Forskarutbildning (post graduate
                        13      education)                                      6            6             6    6
                        77      77 Refusal                                     77           77            77
                        88      88 Don't know                                  88           88            88
                                                                          ISCED-97:
                                                                              ESS       ISCED-97:
                    Country                                                 coding*       Final     ISCED-97
Country specific    specific                                               (variable:     Wp9.2       First
   variables         values           Country specific labels               eduvl***)    Coding**    Coding            Comments (VM)            Comments (AA)                   Comments (AK)
                                                                                                                                          Answer Categories (Country
                                                                                                                                          Questionnaire/Showcards): A -
Switzerland                                                                                                                               Nicht abgeschlossene
(edlvbch)              1       1 Incomplete primary school                     0            0          0       0                          Primarschule
                       2       2 Primary school                                1            1          1       1                          B - Primarschule
                                                                                                                                          C - Sekundar-, Real- und
                       3       3 Secondary education, first stage              2           2A          2A      2A                         Oberschule


                                                                                                                                          D - Berufliche Grundbildung (Eidg.
                                                                                                                                          Berufsattest) Anlehre in Betrieb
                                                                                                                                          und Schule, Handelsschule (1
                                                                                                                                          Jahr), allgemeinbildende Schule (1
                       4       4 Initial vocational training (1-2years)        3           3C          3C      3C                         - 2 Jahre)

                                                                                                                                          E - Berufslehre (Eidg.
                               5 Apprenticeship (vocational training,                                                                     Fähigkeitszeugnis); Lehrbetriebe,
                       5       dual system)                                    3           3C          3C      3C                         Berufsfachschulen
                                                                                                                                          F - Fachmittelschulen (FMS)
                                                                                                                                          (Fachmaturität,
                                                                                                                                          Fachmittelschulausweis);
                                                                                                                                          Diplommittelschulen (DMS),
                       6       6 General training school (3years)              3           3B          3B      3B                         Handelsschule (3 Jahre)
                                                                                                                                          G - Maturitätsschulen (Berufs- und
                                                                                                                                          gymnasiale Maturität);
                                                                                                                                          Gymnasium, Lehrerseminar,
                               7 School preparing for university,                                                                         Schule für Unterrichtsberufe,
                       7       vocational baccalaureate                        3           3A          3A      3A                         höhere Handelsschule
                                                                                                                                          H - Berufsbildung
                       8       8 Vocational training (second)                  4           4B          4B      4B                         (Zweitausbildung)
                                                                                                                                          I - Maturitätsschulen nach der
                                                                                                                                          Lehre und für Erwachsene;
                               9 School for univ. for adults and                                                                          (Berufsmaturität und gymnasiale
                       9       baccal. after voc. training                     4           4A          4A      4A                         Maturität)
                                                                                                                                          J - Höhere Berufsausbildung
                                                                                                                                          (Diplom, Eidg. Fachausweis);
                                                                                                                                          Höhere Fachschulen, höhere
                       10      10 Higher vocational training                   5           5B          5B      5B                         technische Lehranstalt (HTL)
                                                                                                                                          K - Fachhochschulen (FH),
                                                                                                                                          Pädagogische Hochschule (PH);
                                                                                                                                          (Master, Bachelor, Diplom,
                       11      11 Pedagogical and applied university           5           5A          5A      5A                         Nachdiplom)
                                                                                                                                          L - Universitäre Hochschulen,
                                                                                                                                          Eidg. technische Hochschulen
                               12 University diploma and post-                                                                            (ETH) (Master, Bachelor,
                       12      graduate (including technical)                  5           5A          5A      5A                         Lizentiat, Diplom, Nachdiplom)
                       13      13 University doctorate                         6            6           6      6                          M - Doktorat, PhD
                                                                                                                                          (above, original showcards
                       88      88 Don't know                                  88           88          88                                 categories)
                       99      99 No answer                                   99           99          99
                                                                                                                                          most of them have 9-10 years of
                                                                                                                                          completed education, which would
Germany                                                                                                                                   correspond to a lower secondary
(edlvade)              1       01 Still in school/noch Schüler                1;2           2          0                                  track
                                                                                                                                          This should be 0, but I also
                                                                                                                                          suspect a confusion between
                               02 Left school without school leaving                                                                      school and voccational
                       2       qualification/kein Abschluss                   1;3           0          0       0                          qualification…
                               03 Secondary general school leaving
                       3       certificate/Hauptschule                       2,3,5         2A          2A      2A
                               04 Intermediate school leaving
                       4       certificate/Realschule                        2,3,5         2A          2A      2A
                               05 Higher educ. entrance qual., but not
                       5       f. university/FH-Reife                        3,4,5         3A          3A      3A
                               06 General higher education entrance
                       6       qualification/Abitur                          3,4,5         3A          3A      3A


                       7       07 Technical college/Fachhochschule            4;5          5A          5A      5A
                               08 University degree;
                       8       PhD/Uniabschluss; Doktortitel                 4,5,6        5A;6         5A      5A, but also including 6




                                                                                                                                          Comment for Germany (edlvade):
                                                                                                                                          The answer categories used in the
                                                                                                                                          Quetsionnaire (showcards) were
                                                                                                                                          collapsed into the edlvade variable
                                                                                                                                          and it is not clear how this coding
                                                                                                                                          was performed (See Doc. Report
                                                                                                                                          p: 80; Showcards, List: 48 and
                                                                                                                                          48a on pp.:53-54). In the Country
                                                                                                                                          Specific Data File (SPSS) no
                                                                                                                                          variable on Education is delivered.
                                                                                                                                          No further explanations on this in
                                                                                                                                          Appendix 3 (ESS Doc. Report).
                                                                                                                                          To be revised after contacting
                                                                                                                                          the ESS3 team (+GESIS,
                       77      77 Refusal                                     77           77          77                                 Mannheim?) .
                       88      88 Don't know                                  88           88          88
                       99      99 No answer                                   99           99          99

References for mapping country specific education into ISCED-97:
Eurydice (2008).http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/Eurydice
OECD (2004). OECD Handbook for internationally comparative education statistics. Paris: OECD.
OECD (1999): Classifying educational programmes: Manual for the implementation of ISCED-97 in OECD countries. Paris: OECD.
Latvia:
Eurydice (2008). http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/eurydice/
National Resource Centre for Vocational Guidance of Latvia (2008): http://izm.izm.gov.lv/education/education-system.html
Russian Federation (not included in the WP9.2 final coding)
Kouptsov & Tartour (2001): Quality assurance in higher education in the Russian Federation. Bucharest: UNESCO-CEPES.
France (Eurydice, 2008):
http://www.eurydice.org/ressources/eurydice/eurybase/pdf/section/FR_EN_C5.pdf

ESS, Round 3 Survey Documentation:
ESS3 Documentation Report: http://ess.nsd.uib.no/index.jsp?year=2007&country=DE&module=documentation
ESS3 Documentation Report, Appendix 3
ESS3 Documentation Report, Appendix 5
ESS3 Source Documents for each country (Questionnaires & Showcards): http://ess.nsd.uib.no/index.jsp?year=2007&country=DE&module=questionaires
  Country             Country specific                                    Degree*
   specific         category values and                                   Variable          ISCED-97**
  variables               labels        Englisch labels                    (ISSP)            (Wp9.2***)        Comments (JH)                         Comments (AA)                                   Comments (AK)
Note:
* DEGREE: harmonized variable porvided by ISSP; Recodings of the country educational variables into DEGREE can be consulted in a series of ISSP-documents named "Background Variables" for each country sample (available online on ZACAT).
** Abbrevations used for ISCED- codes: A,B,C- subcategories of main ISCED- levels; VOC- Vocational program; GEN- General Program
*** Marked with yellow were the cases where it was difficult to decide on coding (Wp9.2); Reliable coding into the ISCED-97 subcategories was not possible for most cases; The "most probable" subcategory (capital letters A,B,C) was assigned to the ISCED levels.
                                                1. Still at school
                   1 Fortfarande i skolan       (primary or secondary
                   (grundskola, gymnasium,      school, vocational
Finland            yrkesskola eller .kurs,      school /course
(fi_degr)          institut)                    /institute)                    0

                   2 Folkskola                  2. Primary education           1                   1

                                                                                                               1, 2A? rather ISCED
                                                                                                                   2 (considering
                                                3. Primary and lower                                             duration until 9th
                   3 Grundskola                 secondary education            1                  2A                   grade)
                                                                                                                too imprecise, but
                                                4. Vocational school                                            ISCED Level 3 ist
                   4 Yrkesskola eller kurs      or course                      2                3A voc                  likley

                                             5. General upper
                                             secondary education
                   5 Gymnasium eller student or certificate                    3                3A gen
                                             6. Vocational post-
                   6 Yrkesutbildning på      secondary non-
                   institutnivå              tertiary education                4                 4 voc
                   7 Yrkeshögskola              7. Polytechnic                 4              5A medium
                                                8. University, lower
                   8 Högskola, examen på        academic degree
                   lägre nivå                   (B.A.)                         5              5A medium
                                                9. University, higher
                   9 Högskola, examen på        academic degree
                   högre nivå                   (M.A.)                         5               5A long
France
(fr_degr)          1. Aucun                     1. None                        0                   0
                   2. Ecole primaire sans le
                   CEP                          2. Primary incomplete          1                   0                                  CEP was suppresed 1989
                   3. Ecole primaire avec le
                   CEP                          3. Primary completed           1                   1
                                                                                                                                      Info: compulsory, general program (leads
                   4. Collège (de la 6ème à la 4. General secondary                                                                   to further G; V and technical education)
                   3ème)                       level 1                         1                  2A
                                                                                                                                       It was assumed that R's have CAP/BEP. The English
                                                                                                                                      translation and the recoding of this category into the 3'rd
                                                                                                                                      category of the ISSP- Degree variable also points to this
                                                                                                                                      (see Documentation of background variables delivered by
                                                                                                                                      the French ISSP research team). However, it is still
                                                                                                                                      unclear which qualification the R's exactly have; it could
                                                                                                                                      be possible that this category also captured the
                                                                                                                                      uncompleted secondary (2nd cycle) vocational training,
                                                                                                                                      first level (which would mean that R's have only college/
                                                                                                                                      BEPC- 2A).
                   5. Enseignement
                   professionnel après le
                   collège sans le              5. Vocational
                   baccalauréat                 secondary level 1              2                  3C



                   6. Enseignement
                   professionnel après le
                   collège avec le              6. Vocational.
                   baccalauréat                 Secondary level 2              3                  3C
                                                                                                                                      couldn't it be that the "selected out" of the                 *categ 7: No that is not
                                                                                                                                      general system have qualifications like CAP                   comparable with CAP-
                                                                                                                                      od BEP?- 3C level would be then here                          BEP. A reason is that
                                                                                                                                      more accurate?                                                CAP BEP delivers
                                                                                                                                                                                                    skills for the labour
                                                                                                                                                                                                    market (recognized in
                                                                                                                                                                                                    collective bargaining),
                                                                                                                                                                                                    this is not the case for
                                                                                                                                                                                                    pupils who dropped
                   7. Enseignement général                                                                                                                                                          out from lycées.
                   des lycées (de la seconde à
                   la terminale) sans le       7. Incomplet general
                   baccalauréat                secondary. Level 2              2                  2A
                   8. Enseignement général
                   des lycées (de la seconde à
                   la terminale) avec le       8. General secondary
                   baccalauréat                level 2                         3                  3A
                   9. Premier cycle
                   universitaire (équivalent à
                   bac + 2)                    9. College                      4                   5                                                     5A;5B
                                                                                                                                      no distinction between 5A; 5B; and 6-
                   10. Deuxième ou troisième                                                                                          ISCED levels is possibile
                   cycle universitaire (ou
                   équivalent à bac + 3 et au
                   delà)                      10. University                   5                  5A
                   99. Non réponse            99. No answer                    9                  99
                A Noch Schüler [1]           01. Still at school                                                  not possible to recode in ISCED with ISSP
Germany                                                                                                           data; See re-coding matrix for ALLBUS
(de_degr)                                                             0          77                               data
                B Schule beendet ohne        02. School left
                Abschluss [2]                without certificate      0          0
                C Volks- /                   03. Lower secondary,
                Hauptschulabschluss bzw.     Hauptschule
                Polytechnische Oberschule
                mit Abschluss 8. oder 9.
                Klasse [3]
                                                                      1          2A
                D Mittlere Reife,         04. Middle school,
                Realschulabschluss bzw.   Mittlere Reife
                Polytechnische Oberschule
                mit Abschluss 10. Klasse
                [4]
                                                                      2          2A
                E Fachhochschulreife         05. Secondary,                                     Could be also 4A Coded as 3B in the Conversion Routine
                (Abschluss einer             technical                                                gen;
                Fachoberschule etc.) [5]                                                       Fachhochschulreife
                                                                                                     is 3A,
                                                                                              Fachoberschulabsch
                                                                      2        3B gen              luss is 4A
                F Abitur bzw. Erweiterte    06. Higher
                Oberschule mit Abschluss secondary, Abitur
                12. Klasse (Hochschulreife)
                [6]                                                   3        3A gen
                J Fachhochschulabschluss 07. Polytechnics
                (auch Abschluss einer
                Ingenieurschule)
                                                                      4      5A 1st med
                K Hochschulabschluss         08. University           5   ISCED 5A 1st long
                                             09. Other
                L Anderen beruflichen        qualification
                Ausbildungsabschluss, und
                zwar…                                                            88

Great Britain
(gb_degr)       0. Not available             0. Not available         0
                                             1 'No sec.
                1 'No sec. qualifications'   qualifications'          1          1
                2 'CSE, GCSE or              2 'CSE, GCSE or
                equivalent'                  equivalent'              1          2
                                             3 'O-level or
                3 'O-level or equivalent'    equivalent'              2          2
                                             4 'A-level or
                4 'A-level or equivalent'    equivalent'              3          3A
                5 'Higher below degree       5 'Higher below
                level'                       degree level'            4          3A

                6 'Degree, university o      6 'Degree, university
                CNAA o diploma'              o CNAA o diploma'        5          5
                7 'Foreign or other'         7 'Foreign or other'     1     88 (Missing)
Hungary         not availavble                                                                                    BV-ZA Documentation not available
(hu_degr)                                    2 Less than primary      0          0
                                             3 8 years elementary
                                                                      1          2A
                                             4 Vocational             2          3C                               szakumkaskepzö (trade schools)
                                             5 Sec. technical +                                                   4A (Voc program)
                                             matura                   3          4A
                                             6 Gymnasium,                                                         was coded as 3A
                                             matura                   3          3A               3A or 4A?
                                             7 Post-secondary         4          4A
                                             8 Accredited higher
                                             education                4          5B
                                             9 College                5          5A
                                             10 University                                                        was coded as 5A since PhD was not asked
                                                                      5          5A             ISCED 5 and 6
                                             0 M Not available
                                             99 M NA
Ireland                                      1. None
(ie_degr)                                                             0          0
                                             2. Incomplete
                                             Primary                  0          0
                                             3. Complete Primary      1          1
                                             4. Incomplete first
                                             cycle secondary          1          1
                                             5. Complete first
                                             cycle secondary          2          2
                                             6.Secondary
                                             complete                 3          3A               3A or 3C?       Coded as 3A.
                                             7.Incomplete third
                                             level                    4          2A                               3C: could be also the Leav. Cert. Applied
                                             8. Certificate or
                                             diploma                  4       5B short                            Coded as 5B.
                                             9.University first
                                             degree                   5          5A                               5B: Certificate
                                             10. University degree,
                                             Master or higher                                                     No distinction between 5A, 5B and 6 was
                                                                      5    5A Medium, 2nd                         possible
                                             0 NAV                               99
                                             1. Uncompleted basic
Latvia          1. Nepabeigta                education (less then
(lv_degr)       pamatizglītība               8 forms)                 0   0
                2. Pamatizglītība            2. Basic education       1   1
                                             3. Secondary
                                             uncompleted;
                                             professional
                                             education not
                3. Nepabeigta vidējā;        including secondary
                arodizglītība bez vidējās                             2   2
                                             4. Secondary
                4. Vidējā                    completed                3   3
                                             5. Secondary
                5. Vidējā speciālā;          professional
                arodizglītība ar vidējo      education                3   3
                                             6. Uncompleted
                                             higher education (at
                6. Nepabeigta augstākā       least 2 completed
                (vismaz 2 pilni gadi)        years)                   4   3
                                             7. Higher education /
                7. Augstākā / bakalaura,     bachelor, master or               No distinction between 5A, 5B and 6 was
                maģistra vai doktora grāds   doctor degree            5   5    possible
                                                                               Country specific variable not available.
                                                                               Recodings into ISCED-97 were done using
                                                                               the BV- documentation. No conversion
                                                                               syntax for Netherlands was written
Netherlands
(variable not
available)      1. Basisonderwijs            Primary education        0   1
                1. Lbo / Huishoudschool /    Various lower
                Lhno / Lts / Vbo / VmboB     vocational schools
                (Beroepsgericht)                                      1   2
                3. Mavo / Ulo / Mulo /       Various academic
                VmboT (Theoriegericht)       middle schools –
                                             lower level
                                                                      2   2
                4. Havo / Mms                Various academic
                                             middle schools –
                                             middle level
                                                                      2   3
                5. Vwo / Hbs / Atheneum / Various academic
                Gymnasium                 middle schools –
                                          higher levels
                                                                      3   3
                6. Mbo / leerlingwezen       Middle-level
                                             vocational schools /
                                             Apprenticeships

                                                                      4   3
                7. Hbo                       Higher-level
                                             vocational education
                                                                      4   5
Portugal        0. Nenhum                    1. No formal
(pt_degr)                                    qualification            0   0
                1. até ao 1º ciclo do básico
                (até à 4ª classe)             2. Basic-level 1(4 or
                                              less years school)      1   1
                2. até ao 3º ciclo do ensino 3. Basic level 2 and 3
                básico (até ao 9ºanos/5º (until compulsory
                ano dos liceus)               school, 5-9 years                no distinction between subcategories
                                              school)                 2   2    possible
                3. secundário incompleto
                (10º, 11º, 12 º anos
                incompletos/6º e 7º dos
                liceus,         propedêutico, 4. Secondary
                serviço cívico incompletos) incomplete (10-12
                                        years)                        2   2
                4. secundário completo
                (12º/7º ano dos liceus 5. Complete
                completo)               secondary (12 years)          3   3A
                5. superior incompleto  6. University
                                        incomplete                    4   3A
                6. superior completo    7. University
                                        complete                      5   5
Slovenia        1 . nedokončana osnovna 1 – unfinished
(si_degr)       šola                    primary school                0   0
                2 . osnovna šola            2 – primary school        1   1
                3 . nedokončana strokovna 3 – unfinished
                ali srednja šola            vocational or
                                            secondary school          2   1
                4 . dokončana 2 ali 3-letna
                strokovna šola              4 – finished 2 or 3-
                                            yrar vocational school    2   2
                5 . dokončana 4-letna       5 – finished 4-year
                srednja šola                secondary school          3   3
                6 . nedokončana višja ali
                visoka šola                 6 – unfinished
                                            college or university     3   3A
                7. dokončana 2-letna višja 7 – finished 2-year
                šola                        college                   4   5B
                8 . dokončana visoka šola,
                fakulteta, akademija        8 – finished university
                                            or academy                5   5A
               1.     Folkskola        eller 1. Primary or
Sweden         grundskola                    comprehensive                               Comprises ISCED
(se_degr)                                    school                  1        1            Level 1 and 2

                                             2. Vocational school
               2. 2-årig gymnasielinje      2 years (1972-92)        2        2
               3. Yrkesinriktat
               gymnasieprogram (efter        3. Vocational school
               1992)                        (post 1992)              2        3A
                                             4. Vocational school
               4. Yrkesskola                (pre 1972)               2        2
                                             5. Alternative
               5. Folkhögskola              secondary school         2        3A
                                             6. Lower secondary
               6. Realskola                 school                   2        2
                                             7. 3 or 4 year
                                            gymnasium
               7. 3- eller 4-årig           (academic track pre
               gymnasielinje (före 1995)    1995)                    3        3A


                                            8. Social- or natural-
               8.                          science program in
               Samhällsvetarprogrammet gymnasium
               eller naturvetarprogrammet (academic track post
               (efter 1992)                1992)                     3        3A
                                            9. Higher secondary
               9. Studentexamen            school                    3        3
               10. Universitets eller       10. University
               högskoleutbildning utan     studies without
               examen                      degree                    4        3A
               11. Examen från universitet                                                                 ISCED5 and 6
               eller högskola               11. University degree    5        5
               1 Keine abgeschlossene      1 Unfinished                                                    After consulting the BV- documentation +
Switzerland    obligatorische Ausbildung obligatory school                                                 OECD manual and Handbook.
(ch_degr)                                                            0        0
               2 Obligatorische Schule      2 Obligatory school      1        2
               3 Anlehre (in Betrieb und    3 Elementary
               Schule)                      vocational training
                                            (enterprise + school)    2        3C
               4 Maturitätsschsulen,        4 Grammar school
               Gymnasium,                   (maturities), high
               Lehrersemiar,Schule für      school, teacher
               Unterrichtsberufe            training high school,
                                            pedagogic studies
                                                                     3        3A
               5 Berufsmaturität            5 Professional                                                 Voccational Baccalaureat: min. entrance
                                            maturities                                                     requierment is 3B

                                                                     3        4A
               6 1 Jahr                     6 1 year: business                                             Voccational program
               Handelsschule/allgemeine.    school / general
               Schule, Sprachaufenthalt,    training / domestic
               Haushaltslehrjahr            training course,
                                            language-learning trip

                                                                     2        3C
               7 Berufslehren, BMS, KV      7 Apprenticeship
                                            (federal certificate)
                                                                     2        3B
               8 2-3 Jahre:                 8 2 to 3 years:                                                The majority of the students have access to
               allgemeinbildende Schule,    general training                                               programs at ISCED level 4B
               (Diplommittelschule,         school (diploma
               Verkehrsschule)              degree,
                                            administration
                                            school)                  2        3B
               9 2-3 Jahre:                 9 2 to 3 years: full-
               Vollzeitberufsschule,        time vocational
               (Handelsschule,              training (business
               Lehrwerkstätte)              college, professional
                                            workshops)
                                                                     2        3B
               10 Höhere                    10 Higher vocational
               Berufsausbildung mit         training for master,
               Meisterdiplom,               federal certificate
               Eidgenössischer
               Fachausweis
                                                                     4        5B
               11 Techniker- oder           11 Technical or
               Fachschule (2 Jahre Voll-    professional school (2
               oder 3 Jahre Teilzeit)       years full-time / 3
                                            years part-time)
                                                                     4        5B
               12 Techniker- oder           12 Professional
               Fachschule (3 Jahre Voll-    college
               oder 4 Jahre Teilzeit)       /technicum/engineer,
                                            specialized high
                                            school (3 years full-
                                            time /4 years part-
                                            time)
                                                                     4        5B
               13 Universität (3 Jahre,     13 University (3
               Bachelor)                    years, bachelor)         5        5A
               14 Universität, Hochschule   14 University,
               (4 Jahre und mehr,           graduate school (4
               Lizenziat, Master)           years and more)          5        5A
               15 Universität, Hochschule 15 University,
               (Dissertation, Nachdiplom) graduate school
                                          (these, post-
                                          graduate)                  5        6
               16 Andere Ausbildung         95 = Another
                                            formation                6        99
               (-1 Weiss nicht)                                      0        99


References for mapping country specific education into ISCED-97:
Eurydice (2008).http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/Eurydice
OECD (2004). OECD Handbook for internationally comparative education statistics. Paris: OECD.
OECD (1999): Classifying educational programmes: Manual for the implementation of ISCED-97 in OECD countries. Paris: OECD.
Latvia:
Eurydice (2008). http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/eurydice/
National Resource Centre for Vocational Guidance of Latvia (2008): http://izm.izm.gov.lv/education/education-system.html
Russian Federation (not included in the WP9.2 final coding)
Kouptsov & Tartour (2001): Quality assurance in higher education in the Russian Federation. Bucharest: UNESCO-CEPES.
France (Eurydice, 2008):
http://www.eurydice.org/ressources/eurydice/eurybase/pdf/section/FR_EN_C5.pdf

ISSP documentation of the country specific and harmonized DEGREE variables on education:
GESIS (2008): ISSP (2005). Country Background Variables for ZA4350 . Retrieved from: http://zacat.gesis.org/
GESIS (2008): ISSP (2006). Country Background Variables for ZA4700 . Retrieved from: http://zacat.gesis.org/
                                                ISCED-97
                                                (simplified
                                                version,
DEGREE (Classification used in ISSP)            WP9.2)
0. No formal qualification, incomplete primary 0. Pre-primary level of education
1. Lowest formal qualification attainable       1. Primary level of education
                                                2. Lower but below level of education
2. Qualifications which are above the lowest qualification, secondarythe usual entry requirement for universities (intermediary secondary completed)
                                                3. Upper secondary level of the German
3. (Usual) Entry requirement for universities (higher secondary completed: education" Abitur, the French Bac, English A-level, etc.)




                                               4. Post-secondary non-tertiary
4. Qualifications which are above the higher secondary level, but below a full university degree

5. University degree completed                  5. First stage of tertiary education




                                                6. Second stage of tertiary education
  Country             Country specific                 Degree*
   specific         category values and                Variable     ISCED-97**        Comments           Comments
  variables               labels                        (ISSP)       (Wp9.2***)         (JH)               (AA)
Note:
* DEGREE: harmonized variable porvided by ISSP; Recodings of the country educational variables into DEGREE can be consulted in a series of ISSP-documents named "Backgro
** Abbrevations used for ISCED- codes: A,B,C- subcategories of main ISCED- levels; VOC- Vocational program; GEN- General Program
*** Marked with yellow were the cases where it was difficult to decide on coding (Wp9.2); Reliable coding into the ISCED-97 subcategories was not possible in most cases; The "mo
                  1. Still at school (primary or
Finland           secondary school, vocational
(fi_degr)         school/course/institute)                  0                77
                  2. Primary education                      1                 1
                 3. Primary and lower secondary
                 education                                1               2A                                 1;2A?
                 4. Vocational school or course
                                                          2             3A voc
                 5. General upper secondary
                 education or certificate                 3             3A gen
                 6. Vocational post-secondary
                 nontertiary education
                                                          4              4 voc
                 7. Polytechnic                           4           5A medium
                 8. University, lower academic            5
                 degree (BA)                                          5A medium
                 9. University, higher academic
                 degree (MA)                              5             5A long
France
(fr_degr)        1. None                                  0                0
                 2. Primary incomplete                    1                0
                 3. Primary completed                     1                1
                 4. General secondary level 1             1               2A

                 5. Vocational secondary level 1          2               3C

                 6. Vocational. Secondary level 2         3               3C
                 7. Incomplet general secondary.
                 Level 2                                  2               2A
                 8. General secondary level 2             3               3A
                 9. College                               4                5                                 5a 5b
                 10. University                           5                5                                5a 5b 6
                 99. No answer                            9               99

                                                                                                           Because vocational education was only partially
                                                                                                            provided with de_degr (e- valid ISCED-97 re-
Germany                                                                                                   classifications were not possibile, i.e. the variable
(de_degr)        01. Still at school                      0               77                                doesen't measure the highest ISCED-97 level
                                                                                                      not clear at what
                 02. School left without certificate      0                0                          level
                 03. Lower secondary,
                 Hauptschule                              1               2A

                 04. Middle school, Mittlere Reife        2               2A
                 05. Secondary, technical                 2             3B gen                          3B gen; 4A gen
                 06. Higher secondary, Abitur             3             3A gen                               3A gen
                 07. Special university,
                 Fachhochschule                           4           5A 1st med
                 08. University                           5           5A 1st long
                 09. Other qualification                                  88
                 99. Na, refused                                          99
                 00. Not available                                        66
Great Britain
(gb_degr)       0. NAP/other countries                  0                 0
                1 No secondary qualifications      0              1
                2 GCSE D-G/CSE or equivalent (GCSE 1              2
                                                   grades D-G, Short course GCSE, CSE grades 2-5, GCE O-level grades D-E or 7-9, Scottish (SCE) Ordinary bands D-E,
                                                                    2
                3 GCSE A-C/O-level or equivalent (GCSE Grades A*-C, CSE Grade 1, GCE O-level grade A-C or 1-6, School Certificate or Matriculation, Scottish SCE Ordinary
                                                    2
                                                                         3A
                4 A-level or equivalent (GCE A-level/S-level/A2- level/AS-level, Vocational A-Level (AVCE), Scottish Higher Grades, Scottish Higher-Stills, Scottish SCE/SLC/SU
                                                        3
                5 Higher education below degree level4             3A
                                                      (RSA/OCR Higher Diploma, City and Guilds Certificate Full technological/Part IV, BTEC/Edexcel/BEC/TEC Higher Nation
                6 Degree (University or CNAA degree or 5
                                                       diploma)           5
                                                                  88 (missing)
                7 Foreign or other (Overseas school leaving exam or certificate, other recognised academic or vocational qualifications)
                                                Coded as missing
Hungary
(hu_degr)        1 No formal schooling                  0                 0
                 2 Less than primary                    0                 0
                 3 8 years elementary                   1                2A
                 4 Vocational                           2                3C
                 5 Vocational+matura                    3                4A
                 6 Sec. technical+matura                4                4A
                 7 Gymnasium, matura                    3                3A                          3A;4A; final coding: 3A

                 8 College                              4                5A
                 9 University                           5                5A                                    5a 6
Ireland
(ie_degr)       1. None                                 0                 0
                2. Incomplete Primary                   0                 0
                3. Primary Complete                     1                 1
                4. Incomplete first cycle
                secondary                               1                 1
                5. Complete first cycle
                secondary                               2                 2
                6. Secondary compplete                  3                 3                                  3A;3C
                7. Incomplete third level               4                2A
                8. Certificate or diploma               4                 5                                  5A; 5B
                9. University first degree              5                5A
                10. University degree, Masters
                or higher                               5                5A
                0. NAV                                  99               99

                 1. Uncompleted basic education
Latvia (lv_degr) (less then 8 forms)                    0                 0
                2. Basic education                      1                 1
                3. Secondary uncompleted;
                professional education not
                including secondary                     2                 2
                4. Secondary completed                  3                 3
                5. Secondary professional
                education                               3                 3
                6. Uncompleted higher
                education (at least 2 completed
                years)                                  4                 3

                7. Higher education / bachelor,
                master or doctor degree                 5                 5
Norway
(no_degr)      1. Primary completed                     1                1
               2. Secondary, vocational
               incomplete                               2               2B
               3. Secondary, academic
               incomplete                               2                2
               4. Secondary, vocational
               complete                                 3               3B
               5. Secondary, academic
               complete                                 3               3A
               6. Univ, college <1 yr                   4               4A       4A;5A Short
               7. Univ, college 1-2yrs                  4            5A Short
               8 Univ, college 3-4yrs                   5           5A Medium
               9 Univ, college >=5 yrs                  5             5A Long
Portugal
(pt_degr)      0. No formal qualification               0                0
               1. Basic-level 1                         1                1
               2. Basic level 2 and 3                   2                2
               3. Secondary incomplete                  2                2
               4. Complete secondary                    3               3A
               5. University incomplete                 4               3A
               6. University complete                   5                5
Slovenia
(si_degr)      1. unfinished primary school             0                0
               2. primary school                        1                1
               3. unfinished vocational or
               secondary school                         2                1
               4. finished 2 or 3-yrar vocational
               school                                   2                2
               5. finished 4-year secondary
               school                                   3                3
               6. unfinished college or
               university                               3               3A
               7. finished 2-year college               4               5B
               8. finished university or
               academy                                   5              5A
               9 – no answer                        8 (missing)   88 (missing)
    Sweden     1. Primary or comprehensive
   (se_degr)   school                                   1                1
               2. Vocational school 2 years
               (1972-92)                                2                2
               3. Vocational school (post
               1992)                                    2               3A

               4. Vocational school (pre 1972)          2                2

               5. Alternative secondary school          2               3A
               6. Lower secondary school                2                2
               7. 3 or 4 year gymnasium
               (academic track pre 1995)                3               3A

               8. Social- or natural- science
               program in gymnasium
               (academic track post 1992)               3               3A
               9. Higher secondary school               3                3
               10. University studies without
               degree                                   4               3A

               11. University degree                    5                5
Switzerland
(ch_degr)     1 Unfinished obligatory school            0       0

              2 Primary School                          1       1

              3 Secondary School                        1       2A
              4 Basic Vocational Education (1-
              2years) (Basic Federal
              Certificate)                              2       3C
              5 Apprenticeship (vocational
              training, dual system)
              Vocational Colleges and
              Businesses                                2       3C
              6 Specialised Middle Schools
              (General training School 2-3
              years)                                    2       3B
              7 Matura Schools (School
              preparing for university and
              vocational baccalaureate)                 3       3
              8 Vocational Training (second
              Training)                                 2       3B
              9 Professional Baccalaureate
              Schools and Adult Matura
              Schools (School preparing for
              university for
              adults and vocational
              baccalaureate
              after vocational training)                3       3A
              10 Higher Vocational Education            4
              and
              Training (Federal Diploma,
              Federal
              Certificate)
              Colleges of Higher Vocational
              Education and Training                            5B
              11 Universities of Applied                4
              Sciences,
              Universities of Teacher
              Education
              (Master, Bachelor, Diploma)                       5A


              12 Universities, Federal
              Institutes of
              Technology (Master, Bachelor,
              Licentiate, Diploma)                      5       5A
              13 PhD Doctorate                          5        6
                                                 7 Another
              95 Another formation               formation      88
              98 Don‟t know                      8 Don't know   88


References for mapping country specific education into ISCED-97:
Eurydice (2008).http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/Eurydice
OECD (2004). OECD Handbook for internationally comparative education statistics. Paris: OECD.
OECD (1999): Classifying educational programmes: Manual for the implementation of ISCED-97 in OECD countries. Paris: OECD.
Latvia:
Eurydice (2008). http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/eurydice/
National Resource Centre for Vocational Guidance of Latvia (2008): http://izm.izm.gov.lv/education/education-system.html
Russian Federation (not included in the WP9.2 final coding)
Kouptsov & Tartour (2001): Quality assurance in higher education in the Russian Federation. Bucharest: UNESCO-CEPES.
France (Eurydice, 2008):
http://www.eurydice.org/ressources/eurydice/eurybase/pdf/section/FR_EN_C5.pdf

Documentation of the country specific and harmonized DEGREE variables on education in ISSP:
GESIS (2008): ISSP (2005). Country Background Variables for ZA4350 . Retrieved from:
http://zacat.gesis.org/
GESIS (2008): ISSP (2006). Country Background Variables for ZA4700 . Retrieved from:
http://zacat.gesis.org/
                  DEGREE (Classification used in ISCED-97 (simplified
                  ISSP)                          version, WP9.2)
                  0. No formal qualification, incomplete primary   0. Pre-primary level of education

                  1. Lowest formal qualification attainable        1. Primary level of education

                                                                   2. Lower secondary level of entry requirement for universities (intermediary secondary completed)
                  2. Qualifications which are above the lowest qualification, but below the usualeducation

                                                                    3. Upper secondary level of education"
                  3. (Usual) Entry requirement for universities (higher secondary completed: the German Abitur, the French Bac, English A-level, etc.)

                  4. Qualifications which are above the higher
                  secondary level, but below a full university
                  degree                                           4. Post-secondary non-tertiary

                  5. University degree completed                   5. First stage of tertiary education


                                                                   6. Second stage of tertiary education




 Because vocational education was only partially
  provided with de_degr (e- valid ISCED-97 re-
classifications were not possibile, i.e. the variable
  doesen't measure the highest ISCED-97 level
ntation of ISCED-97 in OECD countries. Paris: OECD.


m.izm.gov.lv/education/education-system.html

ssian Federation. Bucharest: UNESCO-CEPES.



bles on education in ISSP:
    Cell: G1
Comment: Alexandru Agache (GESIS): A full correspondence between DEGREE and ISCED-97 cannot be established since a
          conceptual/operational definition of DEGREE is not available.
ALLBUS 2006 variables               Only highlighted categories are part of de_degree


                                                                                                      C Volks- / Hauptschulabschluss bzw.       D Mittlere Reife, Realschulabschluss                                           F Abitur bzw. Erweiterte Oberschule
                                                                                                      Polytechnische Oberschule mit             bzw. Polytechnische Oberschule mit       E Fachhochschulreife (Abschluss einer mit Abschluss 12. Klasse
                      Noch Schüler                           B Schule beendet ohne Abschluss          Abschluss 8. oder 9. Klasse               Abschluss 10. Klasse [v175= 3]           Fachoberschule etc.) [v175=4]         (Hochschulreife) [v175=5]                  G Anderen Schulabschluss, und zwar…

General
Education:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                [v175= 6] (defined in de_degree as
v175                  [v175= 7]                              [v175=1]                                 [v175=2] ISCED 2A gen                     ISCED 2A gen                             ISCED 3 A gen/                           ISCED 3A gen                            missing)
                      ISCED- Voc traning                      ISCED 04



                          ALLBUS               ISSP               ALLBUS                ISSP               ALLBUS                ISSP                ALLBUS                 ISSP             ALLBUS                 ISSP               ALLBUS                ISSP             ALLBUS                ISSP
Vocational
Education: v176                                                      2A
– v1852                      2A                   /                (n= 10)                0                   2A                   2A                   2A                   2A                3A gen              3A gen               3A gen              3A gen               2A                   /

v177:
Teilfacharbeiterabs
chluss ISCED
2A/3B or C/4A              2A voc                 /                   0                   0                 2A voc                 2A                  3B/3C                 2A                4A gen              3A gen               4A gen              3A gen             2A voc                 /


v178:
Abgeschlossene
gewerbliche oder
landwirtschaftliche
Lehre ISCED 3B                                                     3B voc
voc                        3B voc                 /                 (n= 4)                0                 3C voc                 2A                 3B voc                 2A                  4A                3A gen                 4A                3A gen             3B voc                 /
v179:
Abgeschlossene
kaufmännische
Lehre ISCED 3B
voc                        3B voc                 /                   0                   0                3B/3C voc               2A                 3B voc                 2A                  4A                3A gen                 4A                3A gen            3B/3C voc               /


v180: Berufliches
Praktikum,
Volontariat 2B; 2A
voc                         2A/2B                 /                   0                   0                  2A/2B                 2A                  2A/2B                 2A                3A/3C               3A gen               3A gen              3A gen              2A/2B                 /


v181:
Berufsfachschulab
schluss ISCED 3
(A, B or C)                  3A                   /                   0                   0                 3C voc                 2A                3A/3B/3C                2A                  4A                3A gen                 4A                3A gen              3B/3C                 /


v182:
Fachschulabschlus
s ISCED 5B 1st                                                                                                                                                          5B 1st short or
(short or medium)            5B                   /                   0                   0         5B 1st short or medium         2A          5B 1st short or medium      medium       5B 1st short or medium     3A gen        5B 1st short or medium     3A gen               5B                   /



v183: Meister-,
Techniker- oder
gleichwertiger
Fachschulabschlus
s ISCED 5B 1st                                                                                                                                                          5B 1st short or
(short or medium)            5B                   /                   0                   0         5B 1st short or medium         2A          5B 1st short or medium      medium       5B 1st short or medium     3A gen        5B 1st short or medium     3A gen               5B                   /
v184:
Fachhochschulabsc
hluss (auch
Abschluss einer
Ingenieurschule)
ISCED 5A 1st
med                         5A/6                5A/6                  0                   0              5A 1st med/6        5A 1st med/6          5A 1st med/6         5A 1st med/6        5A 1st med/6         5A 1st med/6        5A 1st med/6         5A 1st med/6           5A/6                 /
v185:
Hochschulabschlus
s ISCED 5A 1st
long                        5A/6                5A/6                  0                   0              5A 1st long/6       5A 1st long/6         5A 1st long/6        5A 1st long/6       5A 1st long/6        5A 1st long/6       5A 1st long/6        5A 1st long/6          5A/6                 /
V186: Anderen
Beruflichen
Abschluss, und
zwar… (defined in
de_degree as
missing)                      /                   /                     /                  /                  2A                    /                   2A                    /                  3A                    /                  3A                    /                  /                  /


Note: 1) ISSP 2005 and ISSP 2006 were fielded in split together with ALLBUS 2006, the German General Social Survey; number of ALLBUS 2006 interviews: 3421; number of ISSP 2005 interviews: 1701; number of ISSP 2006 interviews: 1643;
2) Since Rs could have more than 1 vocational certificate, a new variables for the “highest” (after ISCED) vocational education was created;
3) / = No coding possible/missing;
4) Only the answers for vocational training were coded into ISCED (14 cases).
                                                            International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED97) Des
0    PRE-PRIMARY LEVEL OF EDUCATION                              Main criteria
  Initial stage of organised instruction, designed Should be centre- or school-based,
  primarily to introduce very young children to a be designed to meet the
  school-type environment.                         educational and developmental
                                                   needs of children at least 3 years of
                                                   age, and have staff that are
                                                   adequately trained (i.e. qualified) to
                                                   provide an educational programme
1        PRIMARY LEVEL OF EDUCATION                              Main criteria
  Normally designed to give students a sound       Beginning of systematic studies
  basic education in reading, writing and          characteristic of primary education,
  mathematics.                                     e.g. reading, writing and
                                                   mathematics. Entry into the
                                                   nationally designated primary
                                                   institutions or programmes.
                                                   The commencement of reading
                                                   activities alone is not a sufficient
                                                   criteria for classification of an
2         LOWER SECONDARY LEVEL OF                                 Main criteria
                 EDUCATION


    The lower secondary level of education              Programmes at the start of level 2
    generally continues the basic programmes of         correspond to the point where
    the primary level, although teaching is             programmes are beginning to be
    typically more subject-focused, often               organised in a more subject-
    employing more specialised teachers who             oriented pattern, using more
    conduct classes in their field of specialisation.   specialised teachers conducting
                                                        classes in their field of
                                                        specialisation.
    The end of compulsory education in most WEI If this organisational transition point
    countries.                                  does not correspond to a natural
                                                split in the boundaries between
                                                national educational programmes,
                                                then programmes should be split at
                                                the point where national
                                                programmes begin to reflect this
                                                organisational change.




3         UPPER SECONDARY LEVEL OF                                 Main criteria
                 EDUCATION


    Instruction is often more organised along           National boundaries between lower
    subject-matter lines than at ISCED level 2 and      secondary and upper secondary
    teachers typically need to have a higher level,     education should be the dominant
    or more subject-specific, qualification that at     factor for splitting levels 2 and 3.
    ISCED 2.
                                                    Admission into programmes at this
                                                    level usually requires the
                                                    completion of ISCED 2, or a
                                                    combination of basic education and
                                                    life experience that demonstrates
                                                    the ability to handle ISCED 3
                                                    subject matter.




4      POST-SECONDARY NON-TERTIARY                             Main criteria




    These programmes straddle the boundary          Students entering ISCED 4
    between upper secondary and post-               programmes will typically have
    secondary education from an international       completed ISCED 3. As described
    point of view, even though they might clearly   above, successful completion of
    be considered as upper secondary or post-       any programme at level 3A or 3B
    secondary programmes in a national context.     counts as a level 3 completion.

    They are often not significantly more           For 3C programmes, a cumulative
    advanced than programmes at ISCED 3 but         theoretical duration of 3 years is
    they serve to broaden the knowledge of          specified in ISCED-97 as the
    participants who have already completed a       minimum programme length in
    programme at level 3. The students are          order meet the requirements for a
    typically older than those in ISCED 3           level 3 completion.
    programmes.
    ISCED4 programmes typically have a full-time
    equivalent (FTE) duration of between 6
    months and 2 years.




5 FIRST STAGE OF TERTIARY EDUCATION                          Classification criteria for level and sub-categories (5A and 5B)


    ISCED 5 programmes have an educational          Entry to these programmes
    content more advanced than those offered at     normally requires the successful
    levels 3 and 4.                                 completion of ISCED level 3A or 3B
                                                    or a similar qualification at ISCED
                                                    level 4A or 4B. Programmes at level
                                                    5 must have a cumulative
                                                    theoretical duration of at least 2
                                                    years from the beginning of the first
                                                    programme.
         ISCED 5A programmes that are largely             1. have a minimum cumulative
         theoretically based and are intended to          theoretical duration (at tertiary level)
         provide sufficient qualifications for gaining    of three years (FTE); 2. typically
         entry into advanced research programmes          require that the faculty have
5A       and professions with high skills requirements.   advanced research credentials; 3.
                                                          may involve completion of a
                                                          research project or thesis;

         ISCED 5B programmes that are generally           1. it is more practically oriented and
         more practical/technical/occupationally          occupationally specific than
         specific than ISCED 5A programmes.               programmes at ISCED 5A and does
                                                          not prepare students for direct
5B                                                        access to advanced research
                                                          programmes; 2. it has a minimum of
                                                          two years‟ FTE duration.


     6     SECOND STAGE OF TERTIARY EDUCATION (LEADING TO AN ADVANCED
                                     RESEARCH QUALIFICATION)
         This level is reserved for tertiary programmes 1. requires the submission of a
         that lead to the award of an advanced          thesis or dissertation of publishable
         research qualification. The programmes are     quality that is the product of original
         devoted to advanced study and original         research and represents a
         research.                                      significant contribution to
                                                        knowledge; 2. is not solely based
                                                        on course-work;



         Source: OECD Handbook (2004), pp.:
         88-89.
tandard Classification of Education (ISCED97) Description of levels, classification criteria, and sub-categories
                            Auxiliary criteria                                                                                      Sub-Categories
            Pedagogical qualifications for the teaching
            staff; implementation of a curriculum with
            educational elements.




                               Auxiliary criteria
              In countries where the age of compulsory
             attendance (or at least the age at which
             virtually all students begin their education)
             comes after the beginning of systematic study
             in the subjects noted, the first year of
             compulsory attendance should be used to
             determine the boundary between ISCED 0 and
             ISCED 1.


                            Auxiliary criteria                                                       Destination for which the
                                                                                                      programmes have been
                                                                                                   designed to prepare students:
             If there is no clear break-point for this          A                                 Programmes designed to prepare
             organisational change, however, then countries                                       students for direct access to level
             should artificially split national programmes into                                   3 in a sequence which would
             ISCED 1 and 2 at the end of 6 years of primary                                       ultimately lead to tertiary
             education.                                                                           education, that is, entrance to
                                                                                                  ISCED 3A or 3B.



             In countries with no system break between        B                                   Programmes designed to prepare
             lower secondary and upper secondary                                                  students for direct access to
             education, and where lower secondary                                                 programmes at level 3C.
             education lasts for more than 3 years, only the
             first 3 years following primary education should
             be counted as lower secondary education.




                                                               C                                  Programmes primarily designed
                                                                                                  for direct access to the labour
                                                                                                  market at the end of this level
                                                                                                  (sometimes referred to as
                                                                                                  „terminal‟ programmes).
                         Modular programmes                                                          Destination for which the
                                                                                                      programmes have been
                                                                                                   designed to prepare students:

             An educational qualification is earned in a       A                                  ISCED 3A: programmes at level 3
             modular programme by combining blocks of                                             designed to provide direct access
             courses, or modules, into a programme                                                to ISCED 5A.
             meeting specific curricular requirements.
              A single module, however, may not have a       B    ISCED 3B: programmes at level 3
              specific educational or labour market               designed to provide direct access
              destination or a particular programme               to ISCED 5B.
              orientation.




              Modular programmes should be classified at      C   ISCED 3C: programmes at level 3
              level “3” only, without reference to the            not designed to lead directly to
              educational or labour market destination of the     ISCED 5A or 5B. Therefore, these
              programme.                                          programmes lead directly to
                                                                  labour market, ISCED 4
                                                                  programmes or other ISCED 3
                                                                  programmes.
                Types of programmes can fit into level 4             Destination for which the
                                                                      programmes have been
                                                                   designed to prepare students:

              The first type are short vocational programmes A    Programmes at level 4, designed
              where either the content is not considered          to provide direct access to ISCED
              “tertiary” in many OECD countries or the            5A.
              programme didn‟t meet the duration
              requirement for ISCED 5B--at least 2 years
              FTE since the start of level 5.

              These programmes are often designed for         B   Programmes at level 4, designed
              students who have completed level 3, although       to provide direct access to ISCED
              a formal ISCED level 3 qualification may not be     5A.
              required for entry.




              The second type of programmes are nationally C      Programmes at level 4 not
              considered as upper secondary programmes,           designed to lead directly to
              even though entrants to these programmes will       ISCED 5A or 5B. These
              have typically already completed another upper      programmes lead directly to
              secondary programme (i.e., second-cycle             labour market or other ISCED 4
              programmes).                                        programmes.

n criteria for level and sub-categories (5A and 5B)               Cumulative theoretical duration
                                                                            at tertiary
4. provide the level of education required for   A   Duration categories: Medium: 3 to
entry into a profession with high skills             less than 5 years; Long: 5 to 6
requirements or an advanced research                 years; Very long: More than 6
programme                                            years.




3. the programme content is typically designed B     Duration categories: Short: 2 to
to prepare students to enter a particular            less than 3 years; 3 to less than 5
occupation.                                          years; Long: 5 to 6 Years; Very
                                                     long: More than 6 years.




3. prepares recipients for faculty posts in
institutions offering ISCED 5A programmes, as
well as research posts in government and
industry.
Sub-Categories




                    Programme Orientation



       G         Type 1: General




       P         Type 2: Pre-vocational or pre-
                 technical




       V         Type 3: Vocational or Technical:




                    Programme Orientation




       G         Type 1: General
P   Type 2: Pre-vocational or pre-
    technical




V   Type 3: Vocational or Technical:




       Programme Orientation




G   Type 1: General




P   Type 2: Pre-vocational or pre-
    technical




V   Type 3: Vocational or Technical:




       Position in the national
      degree and qualifications
              structure
A   Categories: Intermediate; First;
    Second; Third and further.




B   Categories: Intermediate; First;
    Second; Third and further.
Unweighted Kappa,
ISCED-97 codings-
     ESS03
                                                               EDUVL * ISCED Kreuztabelle
        Anzahl
                                                                               ISCED
                                      0             1               2            3
        EDUVL          0                    12            1               1             0
                       1                     3           13               4             0
                       2                     0            0              20             5
                       3                     1            0               4            24
                       4                     0            0               0             6
                       5                     0            0               2             3
                       6                     0            0               0             0
        Gesamt                              16           14              31            38



                                    Symmetrische Maße
                                             Asymptotische
                                                   r
                                             Standardfehler Näherungswei Näherungswei
                                                   a                 b
                                    Wert                       ses T     se Signifikanz
        Nominal- bzgl. Phi                1.757                                      .000
        Nominalmaß Cramer-V                .717                                      .000
        Maß der         Kappa              .675         .043         19.166          .000
        Übereinstimm
        ung
        Anzahl der gültigen Fälle          156
* ISCED Kreuztabelle

          ISCED
                       4       5        6        Gesamt
                           0        0        0         14
                           0        0        0         20
                           0        0        0         25
                           2        2        0         33
                           4        5        0         15
                           0       30        0         35
                           0        3       11         14
                           6       40       11        156

				
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