Distributed Computing Principles and Applications by M L Liu Catalogue Catalogue Section ISBN ISBN 13 Materials High temperature by kuo75959

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									Catalogue   Catalogue Section                                 ISBN          ISBN-13

Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 726 X 978 1 84569 726 6




Textile     Colouration and finishing                         1 84569 695 6 978 1 84569 695 5




Textile     Colouration and finishing                         1 84569 696 4 978 1 84569 696 2




Textile     Natural textile fibres                            1 84569 698 0 978 1 84569 698 6




Textile     Natural textile fibres                            1 84569 697 2 978 1 84569 697 9




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials      0 85709 078 X 978 0 85709 078 2
Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 973 4 978 1 84569 973 4




Food Science Safety                                            1 84569 564 X 978 1 84569 564 4




Materials    Electronic and optical materials                  1 84569 934 3 978 1 84569 934 5




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 727 8 978 1 84569 727 3




Materials    Biomaterials                                      1 84569 568 2 978 1 84569 568 2
Food Science Safety                                 1 84569 725 1 978 1 84569 725 9




Textile       High performance/technical textiles   1 84569 729 4 978 1 84569 729 7




Textile       Fibre/fabric properties and testing   1 84569 757 X 978 1 84569 757 0




Materials     Electronic and optical materials      1 84569 736 7 978 1 84569 736 5




Food Science Fruit and vegetables                   1 84569 733 2 978 1 84569 733 4
Welding     Fatigue, fracture and failure                     1 84569 673 5 978 1 84569 673 3




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 677 8 978 1 84569 677 1




Textile     Colouration and finishing                         1 84569 627 1 978 1 84569 627 6




Materials   Biomaterials                                      1 84569 624 7 978 1 84569 624 5




Materials   Transport materials and technologies              1 85573 946 1 978 1 85573 946 8
Materials   Biomaterials                                   1 84569 700 6 978 1 84569 700 6




Welding     Metals mining and processing                   1 84569 704 9 978 1 84569 704 4




Textile     Intelligent and medical textiles               1 84569 636 0 978 1 84569 636 8




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials   0 85709 094 1 978 0 85709 094 2




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials   0 85709 093 3 978 0 85709 093 5
Materials   Corrosion and surface engineering                 1 84569 966 1 978 1 84569 966 6




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials      1 84569 996 3 978 1 84569 996 3




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials      1 84569 991 2 978 1 84569 991 8




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 969 6 978 1 84569 969 7
Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                 0 85709 072 0 978 0 85709 072 0




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition      1 84569 752 9 978 1 84569 752 5




Materials     Electronic and optical materials   1 84569 937 8 978 1 84569 937 6




Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                 1 84569 754 5 978 1 84569 754 9
Textile     Intelligent and medical textiles                  1 84569 691 3 978 1 84569 691 7




Materials   Biomaterials                                      1 84569 768 5 978 1 84569 768 6




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials      0 85709 154 9 978 0 85709 154 3




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials      0 85709 151 4 978 0 85709 151 2




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   0 85709 132 8 978 0 85709 132 1
Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   0 85709 131 X 978 0 85709 131 4




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials      0 85709 150 6 978 0 85709 150 5




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials      0 85709 099 2 978 0 85709 099 7




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   0 85709 117 4 978 0 85709 117 8




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   0 85709 116 6 978 0 85709 116 1




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   0 85709 073 9 978 0 85709 073 7
Food Science Ingredients                                     1 84569 758 8 978 1 84569 758 7




Materials     Polymers and biopolymers                       1 84569 675 1 978 1 84569 675 7




Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                             1 84569 466 X 978 1 84569 466 1




Materials     Mechanical engineering and general materials   0 85709 054 2 978 0 85709 054 6




Materials     Biomaterials                                   1 84569 741 3 978 1 84569 741 9
Materials     Mechanical engineering and general materials   0 85709 053 4 978 0 85709 053 9




Food Science Fruit and vegetables




Materials     Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 992 0 978 1 84569 992 5




Textile       Yarn technologies                              0 85709 003 8 978 0 85709 003 4




Food Science Ingredients                                     0 85709 008 9 978 0 85709 008 9
Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials   0 85709 017 8 978 0 85709 017 1




Textile     Yarn technologies                              0 85709 104 2 978 0 85709 104 8




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 982 3 978 1 84569 982 6




Textile     Fibre/fabric properties and testing            1 84569 791 X 978 1 84569 791 4




Textile     Clothing                                       0 85709 107 7 978 0 85709 107 9

Textile     Fabric technologies                            0 85709 108 5 978 0 85709 108 6
Materials    Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 792 8 978 1 84569 792 1




Food Science Technology                                     0 85709 110 7 978 0 85709 110 9




Textile      Clothing                                       0 85709 002 X 978 0 85709 002 7



Textile      High performance/technical textiles            1 84569 790 1 978 1 84569 790 7




Materials    Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 793 6 978 1 84569 793 8




Materials    Mechanical engineering and general materials   0 85709 077 1 978 0 85709 077 5




Textile      Clothing                                       0 85709 105 0 978 0 85709 105 5
Food Science Quality                                           0 85709 106 9 978 0 85709 106 2




Textile      Intelligent and medical textiles                  1 84569 439 2 978 1 84569 439 5




Materials    Adhesives                                         1 84569 452 X 978 1 84569 452 4




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 728 6 978 1 84569 728 0




Materials    Mechanical engineering and general materials      1 84569 714 6 978 1 84569 714 3




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 774 X 978 1 84569 774 7
Textile      Design and product development                    1 84569 538 0 978 1 84569 538 5




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 773 1 978 1 84569 773 0




Materials    Mechanical engineering and general materials      1 84569 756 1 978 1 84569 756 3



Materials    Mechanical engineering and general materials      1 84569 570 4 978 1 84569 570 5




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 639 5 978 1 84569 639 9




Food Science Technology                                        1 84569 665 4 978 1 84569 665 8
Materials     Electronic and optical materials                  1 84569 635 2 978 1 84569 635 1




Textile       High performance/technical textiles               1 84569 699 9 978 1 84569 699 3




Materials     High temperature materials and power generation   0 85709 013 5 978 0 85709 013 3




Environment   Urban development                                 0 85709 046 1 978 0 85709 046 1




Materials     High temperature materials and power generation   0 85709 115 8 978 0 85709 115 4




Materials     High temperature materials and power generation   0 85709 059 3 978 0 85709 059 1
Materials     Civil engineering                                 0 85709 026 7 978 0 85709 026 3




Materials     High temperature materials and power generation   0 85709 011 9 978 0 85709 011 9




Materials     High temperature materials and power generation   0 85709 012 7 978 0 85709 012 6




Materials     High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 967 X 978 1 84569 967 3




Materials     Mechanical engineering and general materials      0 85709 156 5 978 0 85709 156 7




Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                                1 84569 751 0 978 1 84569 751 8
Materials    Composites                                        1 84569 750 2 978 1 84569 750 1




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 765 0 978 1 84569 765 5




Food Science Technology                                        1 84569 739 1 978 1 84569 739 6




Materials    Biomaterials                                      1 84569 935 1 978 1 84569 935 2




Materials    Biomaterials                                      1 84569 929 7 978 1 84569 929 1
Materials   Biomaterials                                      1 84569 799 5 978 1 84569 799 0




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 784 7 978 1 84569 784 6




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 783 9 978 1 84569 783 9




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 769 3 978 1 84569 769 3




Materials   Biomaterials                                      1 84569 932 7 978 1 84569 932 1
Finance   Commodities   1 85573 457 5 978 1 85573 457 9




Finance   Energy        1 85573 446 X 978 1 85573 446 3




Finance   Energy        1 85573 074 X 978 1 85573 074 8
Textile       Intelligent and medical textiles   1 84569 723 5 978 1 84569 723 5




Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure      1 84569 662 X 978 1 84569 662 7




Materials     Electronic and optical materials   1 84569 576 3 978 1 84569 576 7




Food Science Fruit and vegetables                1 84569 735 9 978 1 84569 735 8




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods     1 84569 485 6 978 1 84569 485 2




Food Science Fruit and vegetables                1 84569 734 0 978 1 84569 734 1
Welding     Metallurgy                                        1 84569 753 7 978 1 84569 753 2




Textile     Environmental technology and management           0 85709 136 0 978 0 85709 136 9




Materials   Polymers and biopolymers                          1 84569 738 3 978 1 84569 738 9




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 795 2 978 1 84569 795 2
Materials    Civil engineering                0 85709 257 X 978 0 85709 257 1




Materials    Civil engineering                1 84569 955 6 978 1 84569 955 0




Textile      Design and product development   1 84569 646 8 978 1 84569 646 7




Food Science Quality                          1 84569 701 4 978 1 84569 701 3
Welding       Metallurgy                      1 84569 707 3 978 1 84569 707 5




Food Science Fruit and vegetables             0 85709 090 9 978 0 85709 090 4




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition   1 84569 690 5 978 1 84569 690 0
Materials   Composites                             1 84569 762 6 978 1 84569 762 4




Textile     High performance/technical textiles    1 84569 558 5 978 1 84569 558 3




Materials   Biomaterials                           1 84569 589 5 978 1 84569 589 7




Materials   Transport materials and technologies   1 84569 715 4 978 1 84569 715 0
Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure               1 84569 513 5 978 1 84569 513 2




Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering           1 84569 708 1 978 1 84569 708 2




Materials     Polymer composites                          0 85709 221 9 978 0 85709 221 2




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition               0 85709 004 6 978 0 85709 004 1




Welding       Marine engineering and underwater welding   0 85709 248 0 978 0 85709 248 9
Food Science Functional foods and nutrition      1 84569 740 5 978 1 84569 740 2




Food Science Safety                              0 85709 068 2 978 0 85709 068 3




Materials     Biomaterials                       1 84569 590 9 978 1 84569 590 3




Materials     Electronic and optical materials   1 84569 689 1 978 1 84569 689 4
Welding     Metallurgy                                        1 84569 670 0 978 1 84569 670 2




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 671 9 978 1 84569 671 9




Materials   Composites                                        1 84569 761 8 978 1 84569 761 7
Food Science Safety                                            1 84569 674 3 978 1 84569 674 0




Food Science Food consumers and product development            1 84569 431 7 978 1 84569 431 9




Materials    Composites                                        1 84569 742 1 978 1 84569 742 6




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 501 1 978 1 84569 501 9
Materials     Electronic and optical materials                  1 84569 578 X 978 1 84569 578 1




Mathematics   Statistics                                        0 85709 109 3 978 0 85709 109 3




Textile       Yarn technologies                                 0 85709 006 2 978 0 85709 006 5




Materials     Biomaterials                                      1 84569 588 7 978 1 84569 588 0




Materials     High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 626 3 978 1 84569 626 9
Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials   0 85709 114 X 978 0 85709 114 7




Textile     Clothing                                       1 84569 539 9 978 1 84569 539 2




Materials   Computing and electrical engineering           0 85709 225 1 978 0 85709 225 0




Welding     Metallurgy                                     0 85709 100 X 978 0 85709 100 0




Textile     Fabric technologies                            1 84569 372 8 978 1 84569 372 5
Materials    Corrosion and surface engineering                 1 84569 658 1 978 1 84569 658 0




Food Science Beverages                                         0 85709 009 7 978 0 85709 009 6




Materials    Chemistry and general science                     0 85709 240 5 978 0 85709 240 3




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 580 1 978 1 84569 580 4
Materials   Corrosion and surface engineering              1 84569 808 8 978 1 84569 808 9




Materials   Civil engineering                              1 84569 398 1 978 1 84569 398 5




Materials   Biomaterials                                   1 84569 653 0 978 1 84569 653 5




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 786 3 978 1 84569 786 0
Finance      Commodities           0 85709 125 5 978 0 85709 125 3




Food Science Safety                1 84569 669 7 978 1 84569 669 6




Materials    Composites            1 84569 656 5 978 1 84569 656 6




Textile      Fabric technologies   1 84569 663 8 978 1 84569 663 4
Materials    Biomaterials                                      1 84569 640 9 978 1 84569 640 5




Welding      Metallurgy                                        1 84569 654 9 978 1 84569 654 2




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 679 4 978 1 84569 679 5




Food Science Safety                                            1 84569 496 1 978 1 84569 496 8
Welding      Metals mining and processing   0 85709 010 0 978 0 85709 010 2




Materials    Composites                     1 84569 672 7 978 1 84569 672 6




Materials    Biomaterials                   1 84569 464 3 978 1 84569 464 7




Food Science Technology                     1 84569 645 X 978 1 84569 645 0
Materials    Electronic and optical materials                  1 84569 579 8 978 1 84569 579 8




Food Science Technology                                        1 84569 551 8 978 1 84569 551 4




Welding      Metallurgy                                        1 84569 692 1 978 1 84569 692 4




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 511 9 978 1 84569 511 8
Materials     Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 755 3 978 1 84569 755 6




Mathematics   General mathematics                            0 85709 223 5 978 0 85709 223 6




Food Science Beverages                                       1 84569 798 7 978 1 84569 798 3




Materials     Transport materials and technologies           1 84569 361 2 978 1 84569 361 9
Food Science Environmental technology and management   1 84569 552 6 978 1 84569 552 1




Textile      High performance/technical textiles       1 84569 397 3 978 1 84569 397 8




Textile      Clothing                                  0 85709 005 4 978 0 85709 005 8



Materials    Ceramics                                  1 84569 562 3 978 1 84569 562 0
Materials    Electronic and optical materials       1 84569 534 8 978 1 84569 534 7




Textile      Yarn technologies                      1 84569 444 9 978 1 84569 444 9




Food Science Quality                                1 84569 648 4 978 1 84569 648 1




Materials    Transport materials and technologies   1 84569 713 8 978 1 84569 713 6
Food Science Quality                                           1 84569 983 1 978 1 84569 983 3




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   0 85709 079 8 978 0 85709 079 9




Textile      Colouration and finishing                         1 84569 625 5 978 1 84569 625 2




Textile      Colouration and finishing                         1 84569 559 3 978 1 84569 559 0
Materials    Electronic and optical materials         1 84569 772 3 978 1 84569 772 3




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 84569 567 4 978 1 84569 567 5




Food Science Technology                               1 84569 746 4 978 1 84569 746 4




Materials    Composites                               1 84569 525 9 978 1 84569 525 5
Materials   Corrosion and surface engineering                 1 84569 474 0 978 1 84569 474 6




Materials   Civil engineering                                 1 84569 950 5 978 1 84569 950 5




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 527 5 978 1 84569 527 9




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 542 9 978 1 84569 542 2
Food Science Beverages                                         1 84569 475 9 978 1 84569 475 3




Textile      Intelligent and medical textiles                  1 84569 224 1 978 1 84569 224 7




Welding      Fatigue, fracture and failure                     1 84569 536 4 978 1 84569 536 1




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 797 9 978 1 84569 797 6
Materials   Biomaterials                                      1 84569 509 7 978 1 84569 509 5




Textile     Yarn technologies                                 1 84569 549 6 978 1 84569 549 1




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 533 X 978 1 84569 533 0




Textile     Fabric technologies                               1 84569 437 6 978 1 84569 437 1




Materials   Civil engineering                                 1 84569 560 7 978 1 84569 560 6
Materials    Ceramics                                          1 84569 531 3 978 1 84569 531 6




Materials    Corrosion and surface engineering                 1 84569 537 2 978 1 84569 537 8




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 515 1 978 1 84569 515 6




Food Science Quality                                           1 84569 476 7 978 1 84569 476 0
Materials     High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 510 0 978 1 84569 510 1




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods                    1 84569 563 1 978 1 84569 563 7




Textile       Yarn technologies                                 0 85709 000 3 978 0 85709 000 3




Textile       Design and product development                    0 85709 001 1 978 0 85709 001 0



Textile       High performance/technical textiles               0 85709 007 0 978 0 85709 007 2
Food Science Beverages                           1 84569 484 8 978 1 84569 484 5




Food Science Quality                             1 84569 495 3 978 1 84569 495 1




Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products   1 84569 806 1 978 1 84569 806 5




Materials     Civil engineering                  1 84569 526 7 978 1 84569 526 2
Materials     Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 712 X 978 1 84569 712 9




Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products               1 84569 438 4 978 1 84569 438 8




Materials     Biomaterials                                   1 84569 434 1 978 1 84569 434 0




Materials     Adhesives                                      1 84569 435 X 978 1 84569 435 7
Materials   Composites                             1 84569 399 X 978 1 84569 399 2




Materials   Transport materials and technologies   1 84569 497 X 978 1 84569 497 5




Materials   Fire retardant materials               1 84569 502 X 978 1 84569 502 6




Materials   Transport materials and technologies   1 84569 463 5 978 1 84569 463 0
Textile      Fabric technologies                               1 84569 514 3 978 1 84569 514 9




Food Science Food consumers and product development            1 906297 33 9 978 1 906297 33 6




Food Science Food consumers and product development            1 906297 34 7 978 1 906297 34 3




Textile      Natural textile fibres                            1 84569 954 8 978 1 84569 954 3




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 591 7 978 1 84569 591 0
Materials    Polymers and biopolymers                 1 84569 185 7 978 1 84569 185 1




Textile      Clothing                                 1 84569 789 8 978 1 84569 789 1




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 906297 31 2 978 1 906297 31 2




Food Science Quality                                  1 84569 471 6 978 1 84569 471 5




Textile      Colouration and finishing                1 84569 379 5 978 1 84569 379 4
Materials    Biomaterials                           1 84569 417 1 978 1 84569 417 3




Food Science Quality                                1 84569 676 X 978 1 84569 676 4




Welding      Welding technologies                   1 84569 450 3 978 1 84569 450 0




Materials    Transport materials and technologies   1 84569 744 8 978 1 84569 744 0
Materials    Biomaterials                             1 84569 443 0 978 1 84569 443 2




Materials    Composites                               1 84569 462 7 978 1 84569 462 3




Materials    Biomaterials                             1 84569 470 8 978 1 84569 470 8




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 906297 32 0 978 1 906297 32 9
Textile      Colouration and finishing                1 84569 788 X 978 1 84569 788 4




Textile      Fibre/fabric properties and testing      1 84569 416 3 978 1 84569 416 6




Materials    Composites                               1 84569 775 8 978 1 84569 775 4




Materials    Biomaterials                             1 84569 436 8 978 1 84569 436 4




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 906297 30 4 978 1 906297 30 5
Food Science Environmental technology and management   1 84569 391 4 978 1 84569 391 6




Materials    Transport materials and technologies      1 84569 389 2 978 1 84569 389 3




Welding      Steel                                     1 84569 686 7 978 1 84569 686 3




Materials    Electronic and optical materials          1 84569 632 8 978 1 84569 632 0




Textile      Fibre/fabric properties and testing       1 84569 730 8 978 1 84569 730 3
Materials     Civil engineering                         1 84569 408 2 978 1 84569 408 1




Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products          1 84569 465 1 978 1 84569 465 4




Welding       Inspection and testing                    1 84569 641 7 978 1 84569 641 2



Textile       Fibre/fabric properties and testing       1 84569 387 6 978 1 84569 387 9




Textile       Environmental technology and management   1 84569 453 8 978 1 84569 453 1
Textile       Fibre/fabric properties and testing        1 84569 380 9 978 1 84569 380 0




Environment   Atmospheric pollution, toxins and wastes   1 904275 42 7 978 1 904275 42 8




Materials     Chemistry and general science              1 904275 36 2 978 1 904275 36 7




Materials     Chemistry and general science              1 904275 44 3 978 1 904275 44 2




Textile       Clothing                                   1 84569 411 2 978 1 84569 411 1
Materials    Composites                             1 84569 217 9 978 1 84569 217 9




Materials    Transport materials and technologies   1 84569 412 0 978 1 84569 412 8




Textile      High performance/technical textiles    1 84569 351 5 978 1 84569 351 0




Food Science Safety                                 1 84569 477 5 978 1 84569 477 7




Materials    Civil engineering                      1 84569 369 8 978 1 84569 369 5
Textile       Clothing                                81 908001 3 2 978 81 908001 3 6




Textile       Design and product development          81 908001 2 4 978 81 908001 2 9




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 906297 29 0 978 1 906297 29 9




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 906297 04 5 978 1 906297 04 6




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods          1 84569 382 5 978 1 84569 382 4




Textile       Colouration and finishing               1 84569 419 8 978 1 84569 419 7
Materials    Biomaterials                    1 84569 385 X 978 1 84569 385 5




Food Science Beverages                       1 84569 326 4 978 1 84569 326 8




Materials    Civil engineering               1 84569 392 2 978 1 84569 392 3




Welding      Fatigue, fracture and failure   1 85573 740 X 978 1 85573 740 2
Materials     Polymers and biopolymers                          1 84569 420 1 978 1 84569 420 3




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition                     1 84569 432 5 978 1 84569 432 6




Food Science Food consumers and product development             1 906297 28 2 978 1 906297 28 2




Materials     High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 628 X 978 1 84569 628 3
Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                      1 84569 384 1 978 1 84569 384 8




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 906297 27 4 978 1 906297 27 5




Materials     Composites                              1 84569 269 1 978 1 84569 269 8




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 84569 718 9 978 1 84569 718 1
Food Science Safety                        1 84569 362 0 978 1 84569 362 6




Welding       Welding technologies         1 84569 370 1 978 1 84569 370 1




Food Science Chocolate and confectionery   1 84569 390 6 978 1 84569 390 9




Food Science Technology                    1 84569 216 0 978 1 84569 216 2
Welding     Fatigue, fracture and failure   1 84569 530 5 978 1 84569 530 9




Materials   Civil engineering               1 84569 449 X 978 1 84569 449 4




Materials   Civil engineering               1 84569 518 6 978 1 84569 518 7




Textile     Clothing                        1 84569 134 2 978 1 84569 134 9
Materials    Polymers and biopolymers                       1 84569 396 5 978 1 84569 396 1




Food Science Food consumers and product development         1 906297 26 6 978 1 906297 26 8




Food Science Ingredients                                    1 84569 414 7 978 1 84569 414 2




Welding      Marine engineering and underwater welding      1 84569 386 8 978 1 84569 386 2




Materials    Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 569 0 978 1 84569 569 9
Textile       Intelligent and medical textiles   1 84569 271 3 978 1 84569 271 1




Mathematics   General mathematics                1 904275 40 0 978 1 904275 40 4




Welding       Metallurgy                         1 84569 375 2 978 1 84569 375 6




Materials     Civil engineering                  1 84569 349 3 978 1 84569 349 7




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition      1 84569 418 X 978 1 84569 418 0
Materials     Biomaterials                          1 84569 529 1 978 1 84569 529 3




Materials     Biomaterials                          1 84569 402 3 978 1 84569 402 9




Environment   Water management                      1 85573 834 1 978 1 85573 834 8




Textile       Fibre/fabric properties and testing   1 84569 327 2 978 1 84569 327 5




Mathematics   Applied mathematics                   1 904275 39 7 978 1 904275 39 8
Food Science Safety                                   1 84569 218 7 978 1 84569 218 6




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 906297 25 8 978 1 906297 25 1




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition           1 84569 592 5 978 1 84569 592 7




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 84569 403 1 978 1 84569 403 6
Textile   High performance/technical textiles   1 84569 333 7 978 1 84569 333 6




Welding   Fatigue, fracture and failure         1 84569 582 8 978 1 84569 582 8




Textile   Yarn technologies                     81 908001 1 6 978 81 908001 1 2




Textile   Design and product development        81 908001 0 8 978 81 908001 0 5




Textile   Clothing                              1 84569 357 4 978 1 84569 357 2
Textile      Fibre/fabric properties and testing      1 84569 266 7 978 1 84569 266 7




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 906297 36 3 978 1 906297 36 7




Food Science Beverages                                1 84569 342 6 978 1 84569 342 8




Textile      Synthetic fibres                         1 84569 207 1 978 1 84569 207 0




Materials    Biomaterials                             1 84569 363 9 978 1 84569 363 3
Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                  1 84569 152 0 978 1 84569 152 3




Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                  1 84569 343 4 978 1 84569 343 5




Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering   1 84569 345 0 978 1 84569 345 9




Textile       Natural textile fibres              1 84569 332 9 978 1 84569 332 9
Materials     Biomaterials                            1 84569 358 2 978 1 84569 358 9




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition           1 84569 193 8 978 1 84569 193 6




Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure           1 84569 300 0 978 1 84569 300 8




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 906297 22 3 978 1 906297 22 0
Textile     Design and product development                    1 84569 048 6 978 1 84569 048 9




Materials   Biomaterials                                      1 84569 344 2 978 1 84569 344 2




Materials   High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 330 2 978 1 84569 330 5




Materials   Composites                                        1 84569 244 6 978 1 84569 244 5
Textile     High performance/technical textiles   1 84569 331 0 978 1 84569 331 2




Materials   Civil engineering                     1 84569 334 5 978 1 84569 334 3




Materials   Biomaterials                          1 84569 376 0 978 1 84569 376 3




Materials   Composites                            1 84569 393 0 978 1 84569 393 0




Textile     Fibre/fabric properties and testing   1 84569 220 9 978 1 84569 220 9
Textile      Fibre/fabric properties and testing               1 84569 135 0 978 1 84569 135 6




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 270 5 978 1 84569 270 4




Textile      Intelligent and medical textiles                  1 84569 247 0 978 1 84569 247 6




Food Science Food consumers and product development            1 906297 14 2 978 1 906297 14 5




Materials    Biomaterials                                      1 84569 329 9 978 1 84569 329 9
Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products       1 84569 243 8 978 1 84569 243 8




Materials     Transport materials and technologies   1 84569 325 6 978 1 84569 325 1




Food Science Ingredients                             1 84569 519 4 978 1 84569 519 4




Textile       High performance/technical textiles    1 84569 262 4 978 1 84569 262 9
Textile       Fibre/fabric properties and testing   1 84569 297 7 978 1 84569 297 1




Textile       Intelligent and medical textiles      1 84569 377 9 978 1 84569 377 0




Materials     Composites                            1 84569 352 3 978 1 84569 352 7




Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                    1 84569 299 3 978 1 84569 299 5
Materials     Biomaterials                            1 84569 264 0 978 1 84569 264 3




Food Science Chocolate and confectionery              0 95580 853 7 978 0 95580 853 1




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 84569 540 2 978 1 84569 540 8




Welding       Metallurgy                              1 84569 407 4 978 1 84569 407 4
Food Science Technology                          1 84569 194 6 978 1 84569 194 3




Materials    Civil engineering                   1 84569 448 1 978 1 84569 448 7




Materials    Corrosion and surface engineering   1 84569 265 9 978 1 84569 265 0
Materials    Biomaterials                              1 84569 245 4 978 1 84569 245 2




Food Science Environmental technology and management   1 84569 195 4 978 1 84569 195 0




Materials    Composites                                1 84569 267 5 978 1 84569 267 4




Textile      Synthetic fibres                          1 84569 298 5 978 1 84569 298 8
Food Science Technology                            1 84569 246 2 978 1 84569 246 9




Materials    Civil engineering                     1 84569 263 2 978 1 84569 263 6




Textile      Fibre/fabric properties and testing   1 85573 920 8 978 1 85573 920 8




Materials    Corrosion and surface engineering     1 84569 238 1 978 1 84569 238 4
Materials   Polymer composites                             1 84569 272 1 978 1 84569 272 8




Welding     Metals mining and processing                   1 84569 406 6 978 1 84569 406 7




Textile     Clothing                                       1 84569 295 0 978 1 84569 295 7




Textile     High performance/technical textiles            1 84569 206 3 978 1 84569 206 3




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 499 6 978 1 84569 499 9
Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                             1 84569 019 2 978 1 84569 019 9




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods                 0 95580 850 2 978 0 95580 850 0




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition                  1 906297 11 8 978 1 906297 11 4




Materials     Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 328 0 978 1 84569 328 2
Materials     High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 433 3 978 1 84569 433 3




Food Science Fruit and vegetables                               1 84569 184 9 978 1 84569 184 4




Welding       Inspection and testing                            1 84569 268 3 978 1 84569 268 1




Materials     High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 219 5 978 1 84569 219 3




Materials     Civil engineering                                 1 904275 28 1 978 1 904275 28 2




Materials     Polymers and biopolymers                          1 84735 089 5 978 1 84735 089 3
Materials     Civil engineering                              1 904275 29 X 978 1 904275 29 9




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition                  1 84569 144 X 978 1 84569 144 8




Welding       Welding technologies                           1 84569 179 2 978 1 84569 179 0




Materials     Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 490 2 978 1 84569 490 6




Materials     Biomaterials                                   1 84569 296 9 978 1 84569 296 4
Materials   Biomaterials                        1 84569 204 7 978 1 84569 204 9




Materials   Corrosion and surface engineering   1 84569 423 6 978 1 84569 423 4




Materials   Ceramics                            1 84569 186 5 978 1 84569 186 8
Materials     High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 178 4 978 1 84569 178 3




Materials     Plastics and rubber                               1 84735 088 7 978 1 84735 088 6




Materials     Computing and electrical engineering              1 904275 32 X 978 1 904275 32 9




Food Science Fruit and vegetables                               1 84569 183 0 978 1 84569 183 7
Materials   Chemistry and general science       1 904275 33 8 978 1 904275 33 6




Welding     Metals mining and processing        1 84569 230 6 978 1 84569 230 8




Materials   Corrosion and surface engineering   1 84569 187 3 978 1 84569 187 5




Welding     Metallurgy                          1 84569 215 2 978 1 84569 215 5
Food Science Technology                    1 84569 145 8 978 1 84569 145 5




Welding      Steel                         3 514 00745 4 978 3 514 00745 1
Food Science Chocolate and confectionery   0 95580 851 0 978 0 95580 851 7




Mathematics   Mathematics for engineers    1 904275 31 1 978 1 904275 31 2




Mathematics   Mathematics for engineers    1 898563 65 9 978 1 898563 65 5
Mathematics   Applied mathematics                     1 904275 34 6 978 1 904275 34 3




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 84569 260 8 978 1 84569 260 5




Materials     Plastics and rubber                     1 84735 081 X 978 1 84735 081 7




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods          1 84569 177 6 978 1 84569 177 6
Materials    Polymers and biopolymers                          1 84735 083 6 978 1 84735 083 1




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 205 5 978 1 84569 205 6




Materials    Biomaterials                                      1 84569 176 8 978 1 84569 176 9




Food Science Technology                                        1 84569 058 3 978 1 84569 058 8
Textile      Fabric technologies                 1 84569 105 9 978 1 84569 105 9




Materials    Composites                          1 84735 062 3 978 1 84735 062 6



Food Science Safety                              1 84735 079 8 978 1 84735 079 4




Materials    Corrosion and surface engineering   1 84569 181 4 978 1 84569 181 3
Food Science Technology                                        1 84569 132 6 978 1 84569 132 5




Materials    Plastics and rubber                               1 84569 131 8 978 1 84569 131 8




Food Science Quality                                           1 84569 151 2 978 1 84569 151 6




Materials    High temperature materials and power generation   1 84569 231 4 978 1 84569 231 5
Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering                 1 84569 365 5 978 1 84569 365 7




Materials     Biomaterials                                      1 84569 070 2 978 1 84569 070 0




Materials     Transport materials and technologies              1 84569 128 8 978 1 84569 128 8




Mathematics   Mathematical modelling and scientific computing   1 904275 20 6 978 1 904275 20 6
Materials    Polymer composites     1 84735 065 8 978 1 84735 065 7




Food Science Safety                 1 84569 010 9 978 1 84569 010 6




Materials    Civil engineering      1 84569 035 4 978 1 84569 035 9




Welding      Welding technologies   1 84569 221 7 978 1 84569 221 6
Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering   1 84569 233 0 978 1 84569 233 9




Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering   1 84569 273 X 978 1 84569 273 5




Mathematics   General mathematics                 1 904275 25 7 978 1 904275 25 1




Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products    1 84569 060 5 978 1 84569 060 1




Materials     Civil engineering                   1 85573 940 2 978 1 85573 940 6
Materials    Corrosion and surface engineering   1 84569 242 X 978 1 84569 242 1




Materials    Chemistry and general science       1 904275 30 3 978 1 904275 30 5




Food Science Quality                             1 84569 074 5 978 1 84569 074 8




Materials    Corrosion and surface engineering   1 84569 232 2 978 1 84569 232 2
Materials      Computing and electrical engineering         1 904275 24 9 978 1 904275 24 4




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 8179 3 978 3 8055 8179 0




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 8194 7 978 3 8055 8194 3




Materials      Polymers and biopolymers                     1 84735 058 5 978 1 84735 058 9
Materials     Biomaterials                            1 84569 036 2 978 1 84569 036 6




Materials     Civil engineering                       1 84569 071 0 978 1 84569 071 7




Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products        1 84569 153 9 978 1 84569 153 0




Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 84569 072 9 978 1 84569 072 4
Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering         1 84569 241 1 978 1 84569 241 4




Textile       Environmental technology and management   1 84569 115 6 978 1 84569 115 8




Textile       Intelligent and medical textiles          1 84569 047 8 978 1 84569 047 2




Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products          1 84569 007 9 978 1 84569 007 6
Food Science Functional foods and nutrition          1 84569 030 3 978 1 84569 030 4




Materials     Computing and electrical engineering   1 904275 21 4 978 1 904275 21 3




Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering      1 84569 240 3 978 1 84569 240 7




Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering      1 84569 237 3 978 1 84569 237 7
Textile       Clothing                                 1 84569 034 6 978 1 84569 034 2




Food Science Ingredients                               1 904275 27 3 978 1 904275 27 5




Food Science Environmental technology and management   1 84569 025 7 978 1 84569 025 0




Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products         1 84569 213 6 978 1 84569 213 1
Materials    Corrosion and surface engineering   1 84569 239 X 978 1 84569 239 1




Food Science Safety                              1 84569 006 0 978 1 84569 006 9




Materials    Polymers and biopolymers            1 84735 000 3 978 1 84735 000 8




Materials    Corrosion and surface engineering   1 84569 236 5 978 1 84569 236 0
Welding     Metals mining and processing       1 84569 175 X 978 1 84569 175 2




Textile     Colouration and finishing          1 84569 073 7 978 1 84569 073 1




Textile     Intelligent and medical textiles   1 84569 027 3 978 1 84569 027 4




Materials   Civil engineering                  1 84569 116 4 978 1 84569 116 5
Food Science Ingredients                               1 84569 018 4 978 1 84569 018 2




Textile      Environmental technology and management   1 84569 214 4 978 1 84569 214 8




Textile      High performance/technical textiles       1 84569 033 8 978 1 84569 033 5




Materials    Plastics and rubber                       1 84735 004 6 978 1 84735 004 6


Materials    Plastics and rubber                       1 84735 078 X 978 1 84735 078 7
Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 8219 6 978 3 8055 8219 3




Materials      Electronic and optical materials             1 84735 009 7 978 1 84735 009 1




Food Science Food consumers and product development         1 84569 009 5 978 1 84569 009 0




Textile        High performance/technical textiles          1 85573 607 1 978 1 85573 607 8




Food Science Safety                                         1 84569 029 X 978 1 84569 029 8
Textile       Fabric technologies                 1 85573 603 9 978 1 85573 603 0




Textile       Natural textile fibres              1 84569 026 5 978 1 84569 026 7




Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                  1 84569 059 1 978 1 84569 059 5




Materials     Civil engineering                   1 84569 234 9 978 1 84569 234 6




Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                  1 84569 013 3 978 1 84569 013 7




Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering   1 84569 235 7 978 1 84569 235 3
Food Science Safety              1 84569 028 1 978 1 84569 028 1




Materials    Civil engineering   1 84569 210 1 978 1 84569 210 0




Materials    Composites          1 84569 031 1 978 1 84569 031 1




Textile      Yarn technologies   1 84569 292 6 978 1 84569 292 6
Textile      Fibre/fabric properties and testing   1 84569 057 5 978 1 84569 057 1




Food Science Safety                                1 84569 011 7 978 1 84569 011 3




Welding      Fatigue, fracture and failure         1 85573 948 8 978 1 85573 948 2




Materials    Plastics and rubber                   1 84569 100 8 978 1 84569 100 4
Food Science Safety                  1 84569 012 5 978 1 84569 012 0




Welding       Welding technologies   1 84569 130 X 978 1 84569 130 1




Food Science Meat, fish and eggs     1 84569 050 8 978 1 84569 050 2




Materials     Biomaterials           1 84569 138 5 978 1 84569 138 7
Food Science Ingredients                      1 85573 971 2 978 1 85573 971 0




Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure   1 84569 124 5 978 1 84569 124 0




Food Science Meat, fish and eggs              1 84569 159 8 978 1 84569 159 2




Food Science Ingredients                      1 84569 017 6 978 1 84569 017 5




Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure   1 85573 938 0 978 1 85573 938 3
Textile      Clothing                           1 84569 046 X 978 1 84569 046 5




Food Science Beverages                          1 84569 003 6 978 1 84569 003 8




Materials    Polymers and biopolymers           1 84735 006 2 978 1 84735 006 0




Textile      Intelligent and medical textiles   1 84569 005 2 978 1 84569 005 2




Food Science Quality                            1 84569 008 7 978 1 84569 008 3
Materials    Adhesives                              1 85957 524 2 978 1 85957 524 6




Food Science Safety                                 1 85957 527 7 978 1 85957 527 7




Materials    Transport materials and technologies   1 84569 136 9 978 1 84569 136 3




Materials    Polymer composites                     1 85573 941 0 978 1 85573 941 3




Materials    Polymers and biopolymers               1 85957 519 6 978 1 85957 519 2
Materials      Transport materials and technologies         1 84569 197 0 978 1 84569 197 4




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition                 1 84569 051 6 978 1 84569 051 9




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 8095 9 978 3 8055 8095 3




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 8124 6 978 3 8055 8124 0




Materials      Plastics and rubber                          1 84735 002 X 978 1 84735 002 2
Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 8081 9 978 3 8055 8081 6




Materials      Plastics and rubber                          1 85957 580 3 978 1 85957 580 2




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7978 0 978 3 8055 7978 0




Materials      Transport materials and technologies         1 84569 174 1 978 1 84569 174 5




Food Science Safety                                         1 85573 963 1 978 1 85573 963 5
Materials   Corrosion and surface engineering              1 85573 767 1 978 1 85573 767 9




Materials   Plastics and rubber                            1 85957 575 7 978 1 85957 575 8



Welding     Welding technologies                           1 85573 947 X 978 1 85573 947 5




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 157 1 978 1 84569 157 8




Textile     Clothing                                       1 84569 052 4 978 1 84569 052 6




Materials   Civil engineering                              1 85573 967 4 978 1 85573 967 3
Textile     Colouration and finishing   1 85573 951 8 978 1 85573 951 2




Materials   Civil engineering           1 85573 943 7 978 1 85573 943 7




Textile     Clothing                    1 85573 925 9 978 1 85573 925 3




Finance     Metals                      1 84569 154 7 978 1 84569 154 7




Materials   Plastics and rubber         1 85957 570 6 978 1 85957 570 3
Materials     Polymers and biopolymers                  1 85957 492 0 978 1 85957 492 8




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods            1 85573 962 3 978 1 85573 962 8




Welding       Metals mining and processing              1 84569 049 4 978 1 84569 049 6




Food Science Quality                                    1 85573 966 6 978 1 85573 966 6




Textile       Environmental technology and management   1 85573 952 6 978 1 85573 952 9
Food Science Quality                                1 85573 959 3 978 1 85573 959 8




Food Science Quality                                1 85573 960 7 978 1 85573 960 4




Materials    Computing and electrical engineering   1 904275 26 5 978 1 904275 26 8




Materials    Polymers and biopolymers               1 85957 560 9 978 1 85957 560 4




Materials    Polymer composites                     1 85573 969 0 978 1 85573 969 7
Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 85573 933 X 978 1 85573 933 8




Materials   Plastics and rubber                            1 85957 555 2 978 1 85957 555 0




Materials   Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 110 5 978 1 84569 110 3




Materials   Fire retardant materials                       1 85573 935 6 978 1 85573 935 2
Food Science Quality                       1 85573 965 8 978 1 85573 965 9




Textile       Colouration and finishing    1 85573 923 2 978 1 85573 923 9




Food Science Chocolate and confectionery   0 95580 852 9 978 0 95580 852 4




Materials     Ceramics                     1 85573 942 9 978 1 85573 942 0
Food Science Safety                                         1 85573 728 0 978 1 85573 728 0




Materials    Corrosion and surface engineering              1 85573 929 1 978 1 85573 929 1




Materials    Plastics and rubber                            1 85957 513 7 978 1 85957 513 0




Materials    Mechanical engineering and general materials   1 84569 119 9 978 1 84569 119 6
Materials   Civil engineering                         1 85957 491 2 978 1 85957 491 1




Textile     Environmental technology and management   1 85573 916 X 978 1 85573 916 1




Materials   Computing and electrical engineering      1 898563 49 7 978 1 898563 49 5




Textile     Intelligent and medical textiles          1 85573 683 7 978 1 85573 683 2




Textile     Fibre/fabric properties and testing       1 85573 918 6 978 1 85573 918 5
Welding      Metallurgy    1 84569 101 6 978 1 84569 101 1




Finance      Commodities   1 85573 439 7 978 1 85573 439 5




Food Science Safety        1 85573 957 7 978 1 85573 957 4




Materials    Ceramics      1 85573 932 1 978 1 85573 932 1
Textile       High performance/technical textiles   1 85573 921 6 978 1 85573 921 5




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition         1 85573 958 5 978 1 85573 958 1




Welding       Metallurgy                            1 85573 927 5 978 1 85573 927 7




Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure         1 85573 771 X 978 1 85573 771 6




Welding       Welding technologies                  1 85573 970 4 978 1 85573 970 3
Materials   Electronic and optical materials      1 85573 931 3 978 1 85573 931 4




Textile     Fibre/fabric properties and testing   1 85573 917 8 978 1 85573 917 8




Materials   Biomaterials                          1 85573 737 X 978 1 85573 737 2




Materials   Civil engineering                     1 85573 939 9 978 1 85573 939 0




Textile     Fibre/fabric properties and testing   1 85573 919 4 978 1 85573 919 2
Textile      High performance/technical textiles    1 85573 922 4 978 1 85573 922 2




Food Science Safety                                 1 85573 956 9 978 1 85573 956 7




Materials    Composites                             1 85573 936 4 978 1 85573 936 9




Materials    Transport materials and technologies   1 85573 742 6 978 1 85573 742 6
Food Science Safety                1 85573 954 2 978 1 85573 954 3




Textile      Fabric technologies   1 84569 056 7 978 1 84569 056 4




Food Science Safety                1 85573 953 4 978 1 85573 953 6




Food Science Safety                1 85573 955 0 978 1 85573 955 0
Textile      High performance/technical textiles   1 85573 744 2 978 1 85573 744 0




Food Science Technology                            1 85573 964 X 978 1 85573 964 2




Welding      Fatigue, fracture and failure         1 84569 016 8 978 1 84569 016 8




Materials    Biomaterials                          1 85573 928 3 978 1 85573 928 4




Materials    Plastics and rubber                   1 85957 512 9 978 1 85957 512 3
Materials      Polymers and biopolymers                     1 85957 468 8 978 1 85957 468 3




Textile        Colouration and finishing                    1 84569 020 6 978 1 84569 020 5




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7945 4 978 3 8055 7945 2




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7780 X 978 3 8055 7780 9
Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7944 6 978 3 8055 7944 5




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7872 5 978 3 8055 7872 1




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7850 4 978 3 8055 7850 9




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7906 3 978 3 8055 7906 3




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7905 5 978 3 8055 7905 6
Materials   Biomaterials        1 85957 490 4 978 1 85957 490 4




Materials   Biomaterials        1 85573 930 5 978 1 85573 930 7




Materials   Civil engineering   1 85573 738 8 978 1 85573 738 9




Textile     Synthetic fibres    1 85573 601 2 978 1 85573 601 6




Materials   Biomaterials        1 85573 838 4 978 1 85573 838 6
Materials     Polymers and biopolymers           1 85573 934 8 978 1 85573 934 5




Materials     Plastics and rubber                1 85957 510 2 978 1 85957 510 9



Textile       Intelligent and medical textiles   1 85573 605 5 978 1 85573 605 4




Textile       Natural textile fibres             1 85573 684 5 978 1 85573 684 9




Mathematics   Statistics                         1 904275 19 2 978 1 904275 19 0
Materials     Adhesives                        1 85573 741 8 978 1 85573 741 9




Welding       Weld design                      1 85573 589 X 978 1 85573 589 7




Materials     Adhesives                        1 85957 495 5 978 1 85957 495 9




Materials     Civil engineering                1 85573 768 X 978 1 85573 768 6




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods   1 84569 479 1 978 1 84569 479 1
Mathematics   General mathematics                   1 898563 98 5 978 1 898563 98 3




Materials     Polymers and biopolymers              1 85957 389 4 978 1 85957 389 1




Mathematics   Applied mathematics                   1 904275 01 X 978 1 904275 01 5




Materials     Chemistry and general science         1 904275 16 8 978 1 904275 16 9




Textile       Synthetic fibres                      1 85573 588 1 978 1 85573 588 0




Textile       Fibre/fabric properties and testing   1 85573 904 6 978 1 85573 904 8
Environment   Water management           1 904275 17 6 978 1 904275 17 6




Materials     Polymers and biopolymers   1 85957 449 1 978 1 85957 449 2

Food Science Beverages                   1 85573 490 7 978 1 85573 490 6




Textile       Clothing                   1 85573 745 0 978 1 85573 745 7




Environment   Sustainable production     1 85573 739 6 978 1 85573 739 6
Food Science Functional foods and nutrition   1 85573 735 3 978 1 85573 735 8




Food Science Safety                           1 85573 734 5 978 1 85573 734 1




Textile       Colouration and finishing       1 85573 905 4 978 1 85573 905 5




Food Science Ingredients                      1 85573 731 0 978 1 85573 731 0
Food Science Technology                1 85573 730 2 978 1 85573 730 3




Food Science Safety                    1 85573 733 7 978 1 85573 733 4




Welding       Steel                    1 85573 766 3 978 1 85573 766 2




Environment   Sustainable production   1 904275 11 7 978 1 904275 11 4
Finance        Commodities                                  1 85573 472 9 978 1 85573 472 2




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition                 1 85573 725 6 978 1 85573 725 9




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7649 8 978 3 8055 7649 9




Textile        Colouration and finishing                    0 90195 682 1 978 0 90195 682 8
Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7720 6 978 3 8055 7720 5




Materials      Composites                                   1 85573 831 7 978 1 85573 831 7




Materials      Polymer composites                           1 85957 487 4 978 1 85957 487 4




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7756 7 978 3 8055 7756 4
Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7782 6 978 3 8055 7782 3




Materials      Polymers and biopolymers                     1 85957 446 7 978 1 85957 446 1


Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                            1 85573 727 2 978 1 85573 727 3




Materials      Adhesives                                    1 85957 436 X 978 1 85957 436 2




Food Science Quality                                        1 85573 732 9 978 1 85573 732 7




Food Science Safety                                         1 898563 96 9 978 1 898563 96 9




Welding        Steel                                        1 84265 129 3 978 1 84265 129 2
Mathematics   General mathematics                   1 898563 99 3 978 1 898563 99 0




Materials     Civil engineering                     1 85573 736 1 978 1 85573 736 5




Food Science Ingredients                            1 85573 723 X 978 1 85573 723 5




Textile       High performance/technical textiles   1 85573 606 3 978 1 85573 606 1




Food Science Safety                                 1 85573 729 9 978 1 85573 729 7
Food Science Quality                             1 85573 724 8 978 1 85573 724 2




Food Science Ingredients                         1 85573 721 3 978 1 85573 721 1




Materials    Plastics and rubber                 1 85957 435 1 978 1 85957 435 5




Food Science Safety                              1 85573 722 1 978 1 85573 722 8




Textile      Design and product development      1 85573 743 4 978 1 85573 743 3




Materials    Corrosion and surface engineering   1 898563 11 X 978 1 898563 11 2
Welding       Marine engineering and underwater welding   1 89929 399 X 978 1 89929 399 5




Mathematics   Geometry and topology                       1 898563 97 7 978 1 898563 97 6




Welding       Inspection and testing                      1 85573 688 8 978 1 85573 688 7




Materials     Composites                                  1 85573 608 X 978 1 85573 608 5
Food Science Technology                                1 85573 530 X 978 1 85573 530 9




Food Science Quality                                   1 85573 526 1 978 1 85573 526 2




Materials    Composites                                1 85573 769 8 978 1 85573 769 3




Food Science Environmental technology and management   1 85573 677 2 978 1 85573 677 1
Welding       Steel                            1 85573 719 1 978 1 85573 719 8




Textile       Colouration and finishing        1 85573 610 1 978 1 85573 610 8




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods   1 85573 553 9 978 1 85573 553 8




Materials     Civil engineering                1 85573 695 0 978 1 85573 695 5
Food Science Quality                 1 85573 674 8 978 1 85573 674 0




Food Science Meat, fish and eggs     1 85573 715 9 978 1 85573 715 0



Environment   Transport planning     1 85573 614 4 978 1 85573 614 6




Welding       Welding technologies   1 85573 687 X 978 1 85573 687 0
Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products   1 85573 676 4 978 1 85573 676 4




Finance       Commodities                        1 85573 456 7 978 1 85573 456 2




Environment   Sustainable production             1 85573 713 2 978 1 85573 713 6




Food Science Safety                              1 85573 466 4 978 1 85573 466 1
Materials     Plastics and rubber    1 85573 599 7 978 1 85573 599 6




Textile       Yarn technologies      1 85573 696 9 978 1 85573 696 2




Welding       Welding technologies   1 85573 689 6 978 1 85573 689 4




Food Science Quality                 1 85573 673 X 978 1 85573 673 3




Environment   Water management       1 898563 81 0 978 1 898563 81 5
Mathematics   General mathematics         1 904275 04 4 978 1 904275 04 6




Textile       Colouration and finishing   0 901956 81 3 978 0 901956 81 1




Food Science Ingredients                  1 85573 669 1 978 1 85573 669 6




Food Science Safety                       1 85573 670 5 978 1 85573 670 2




Food Science Technology                   1 85573 675 6 978 1 85573 675 7
Textile        Environmental technology and management      1 85573 541 5 978 1 85573 541 5




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7640 4 978 3 8055 7640 6




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7559 9 978 3 8055 7559 1




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7540 8 978 3 8055 7540 9
Mathematics    Mathematical modelling and scientific computing   1 904275 03 6 978 1 904275 03 9




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series        3 8055 7554 8 978 3 8055 7554 6




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition                      1 85573 672 1 978 1 85573 672 6




Food Science Ingredients                                         1 85573 706 X 978 1 85573 706 8




Mathematics    Mathematical modelling and scientific computing   1 904275 05 2 978 1 904275 05 3
Textile       Design and product development   1 85573 694 2 978 1 85573 694 8




Textile       Design and product development   1 85573 693 4 978 1 85573 693 1




Food Science Quality                           1 85573 449 4 978 1 85573 449 4




Mathematics   Mathematics for engineers        1 904275 10 9 978 1 904275 10 7




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition    1 85573 584 9 978 1 85573 584 2
Environment   Urban development                                1 85573 685 3 978 1 85573 685 6




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition                    1 85573 671 3 978 1 85573 671 9




Finance       Commodities                                      1 85573 534 2 978 1 85573 534 7




Textile       Colouration and finishing                        0 901956 80 5 978 0 901956 80 4




Materials     Fire retardant materials                         1 85957 385 1 978 1 85957 385 3


Welding       Welding practice (including health and safety)   3 87155 791 9 978 3 87155 791 0
Mathematics   Applied mathematics             1 898563 91 8 978 1 898563 91 4




Textile       Colouration and finishing       0 901956 79 1 978 0 901956 79 8




Materials     Civil engineering               1 898563 85 3 978 1 898563 85 3




Materials     Chemistry and general science   1 898563 83 7 978 1 898563 83 9




Finance       Financial markets               1 85573 596 2 978 1 85573 596 5
Welding     Inspection and testing              1 85573 587 3 978 1 85573 587 3




Materials   Corrosion and surface engineering   1 85573 613 6 978 1 85573 613 9




Textile     Yarn technologies                   1 85573 577 6 978 1 85573 577 4




Materials   Biomaterials                        1 85573 570 9 978 1 85573 570 5
Materials    Chemistry and general science      1 898563 71 3 978 1 898563 71 6




Food Science Safety                             1 898563 87 X 978 1 898563 87 7




Food Science Safety                             1 85573 585 7 978 1 85573 585 9




Welding      Welding technologies               1 85573 567 9 978 1 85573 567 5




Materials    Electronic and optical materials   1 85573 612 8 978 1 85573 612 2
Environment   Transport planning      1 85573 581 4 978 1 85573 581 1




Food Science Meat, fish and eggs      1 85573 583 0 978 1 85573 583 5




Materials     Civil engineering       1 898563 94 2 978 1 898563 94 5




Mathematics   Geometry and topology   1 904275 00 1 978 1 904275 00 8




Food Science Quality                  1 85573 590 3 978 1 85573 590 3
Food Science Quality                1 85573 464 8 978 1 85573 464 7




Food Science Fruit and vegetables   1 85573 548 2 978 1 85573 548 4




Food Science Technology             1 85573 547 4 978 1 85573 547 7




Food Science Meat, fish and eggs    1 85573 552 0 978 1 85573 552 1
Finance        Metals                                       1 85573 071 5 978 1 85573 071 7




Food Science Fruit and vegetables                           1 85573 549 0 978 1 85573 549 1




Textile        Colouration and finishing                    1 84569 126 1 978 1 84569 126 4




Textile        High performance/technical textiles          0 90897 425 6 978 0 90897 425 2




Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7321 9 978 3 8055 7321 4
Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7419 3 978 3 8055 7419 8




Textile        Colouration and finishing                    1 85573 576 8 978 1 85573 576 7




Textile        Natural textile fibres                       1 85573 574 1 978 1 85573 574 3




Food Science Technology                                     1 904007 29 5 978 1 904007 29 6




Welding        Metallurgy                                   1 85573 569 5 978 1 85573 569 9
Food Science Meat, fish and eggs                               1 85573 442 7 978 1 85573 442 5




Mathematics   General mathematics                              1 898563 04 7 978 1 898563 04 4




Materials     Chemistry and general science                    1 898563 76 4 978 1 898563 76 1




Welding       Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 538 5 978 1 85573 538 5




Finance       Metals                                           1 85573 592 X 978 1 85573 592 7




Finance       Metals                                           1 85573 594 6 978 1 85573 594 1
Finance       Metals                1 85573 593 8 978 1 85573 593 4




Finance       Metals                1 85573 591 1 978 1 85573 591 0




Materials     Civil engineering     1 898563 86 1 978 1 898563 86 0




Mathematics   General mathematics   1 898563 79 9 978 1 898563 79 2




Mathematics   Applied mathematics   1 898563 84 5 978 1 898563 84 6



Food Science Fruit and vegetables   1 85573 467 2 978 1 85573 467 8




Food Science Safety                 1 85573 563 6 978 1 85573 563 7
Environment   Urban development                          1 85573 531 8 978 1 85573 531 6




Environment   Atmospheric pollution, toxins and wastes   1 898563 93 4 978 1 898563 93 8




Textile       Colouration and finishing                  0 901956 77 5 978 0 901956 77 4



Welding       Metallurgy                                 3 514 00648 2 978 3 514 00648 5




Textile       Design and product development             1 87037 237 9 978 1 87037 237 4




Textile       Design and product development             1 87037 244 1 978 1 87037 244 2



Textile       Clothing                                   1 87037 250 6 978 1 87037 250 3

Textile       Design and product development             1 87037 248 4 978 1 87037 248 0



Textile       High performance/technical textiles        1 85957 277 4 978 1 85957 277 1
Materials     Plastics and rubber                               1 85957 312 6 978 1 85957 312 9



Textile       Colouration and finishing                         0 901956 78 3 978 0 901956 78 1




Textile       Design and product development                    1 87037 239 5 978 1 87037 239 8


Textile       Yarn technologies                                 1 87037 249 2 978 1 87037 249 7



Mathematics   Mathematical modelling and scientific computing   1 898563 66 7 978 1 898563 66 2




Finance       Commodities                                       1 85573 465 6 978 1 85573 465 4




Mathematics   Mathematics for engineers                         1 898563 89 6 978 1 898563 89 1
Food Science Quality                               1 84569 600 X 978 1 84569 600 9




Materials    Polymers and biopolymers              1 85573 421 4 978 1 85573 421 0




Textile      Natural textile fibres                1 85573 540 7 978 1 85573 540 8




Textile      High performance/technical textiles   1 85573 539 3 978 1 85573 539 2
Materials    Polymers and biopolymers           1 85573 545 8 978 1 85573 545 3




Textile      Yarn technologies                  1 85573 575 X 978 1 85573 575 0



Textile      Intelligent and medical textiles   1 85573 546 6 978 1 85573 546 0




Food Science Quality                            1 85573 560 1 978 1 85573 560 6




Textile      Design and product development     1 85573 573 3 978 1 85573 573 6
Food Science Food consumers and product development   1 84569 722 7 978 1 84569 722 8




Food Science Technology                               1 904007 08 2 978 1 904007 08 1




Food Science Ingredients                              1 85573 562 8 978 1 85573 562 0




Materials     Plastics and rubber                     1 85573 379 X 978 1 85573 379 4




Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products        0 905748 83 2 978 0 905748 83 2




Finance       Commodities                             1 85573 190 8 978 1 85573 190 5
Finance      E-commerce law and environmental reporting   1 85573 471 0 978 1 85573 471 5




Food Science Quality                                      1 85573 450 8 978 1 85573 450 0




Finance      Financial services                           1 85573 544 X 978 1 85573 544 6




Finance      Financial services                           1 85573 372 2 978 1 85573 372 5
Finance      Financial services   1 85573 512 1 978 1 85573 512 5




Food Science Technology           1 85573 559 8 978 1 85573 559 0




Finance      Metals               1 85573 248 3 978 1 85573 248 3




Food Science Quality              1 85573 565 2 978 1 85573 565 1




Food Science Quality              1 85573 557 1 978 1 85573 557 6
Food Science Nestlé functional foods and nutrition series   3 8055 7073 2 978 3 8055 7073 2




Textile        Colouration and finishing                    1 84569 066 4 978 1 84569 066 3




Mathematics    Geometry and topology                        1 898563 77 2 978 1 898563 77 8




Textile        Colouration and finishing                    1 84569 065 6 978 1 84569 065 6




Finance        Commodities                                  1 85573 511 3 978 1 85573 511 8
Food Science Safety                                       1 85573 504 0 978 1 85573 504 0




Food Science Safety                                       1 85573 462 1 978 1 85573 462 3




Textile      Natural textile fibres                       1 85573 459 1 978 1 85573 459 3




Finance      E-commerce law and environmental reporting   1 85573 580 6 978 1 85573 580 4




Textile      Fabric technologies                          1 85573 333 1 978 1 85573 333 6
Food Science Technology                        1 85573 556 3 978 1 85573 556 9




Food Science Technology                        1 85573 558 X 978 1 85573 558 3




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods   1 85573 564 4 978 1 85573 564 4




Materials     Chemistry and general science    1 898563 80 2 978 1 898563 80 8




Finance       Commodities                      1 85573 461 3 978 1 85573 461 6
Food Science Cereal products and snack foods              1 85573 561 X 978 1 85573 561 3




Finance       Treasury management, futures and options    1 85573 247 5 978 1 85573 247 6



Food Science Functional foods and nutrition               1 85573 463 X 978 1 85573 463 0




Welding       Marine engineering and underwater welding   1 898563 74 8 978 1 898563 74 7



Textile       Intelligent and medical textiles            1 85573 494 X 978 1 85573 494 4



Finance       Metals                                      1 85573 151 7 978 1 85573 151 6




Textile       High performance/technical textiles         1 85573 419 2 978 1 85573 419 7




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods              1 85573 543 1 978 1 85573 543 9
Textile       Clothing                                         1 87037 238 7 978 1 87037 238 1


Mathematics   Geometry and topology                            1 898563 69 1 978 1 898563 69 3




Materials     Plastics and rubber                              1 85957 208 1 978 1 85957 208 5




Welding       Welding practice (including health and safety)   3 87155 790 0 978 3 87155 790 3




Welding       Inspection and testing                           1 85573 600 4 978 1 85573 600 9




Materials     Composites                                       1 85957 263 4 978 1 85957 263 4



Welding       Welding technologies                             1 85573 597 0 978 1 85573 597 2




Textile       Colouration and finishing                        0 901956 76 7 978 0 901956 76 7
Mathematics   Applied mathematics                   1 898563 14 4 978 1 898563 14 3




Textile       High performance/technical textiles   1 85573 493 1 978 1 85573 493 7




Textile       High performance/technical textiles   1 85573 385 4 978 1 85573 385 5




Welding       Weld design                           1 85573 537 7 978 1 85573 537 8




Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure         1 85573 505 9 978 1 85573 505 7




Materials     Composites                            1 85573 312 9 978 1 85573 312 1
Materials     Composites                         1 85573 422 2 978 1 85573 422 7




Textile       Design and product development     1 85573 492 3 978 1 85573 492 0




Materials     Composites                         1 85573 551 2 978 1 85573 551 4



Materials     Composites                         1 85573 423 0 978 1 85573 423 4




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition      1 85573 777 9 978 1 85573 777 8



Materials     Electronic and optical materials   1 85573 488 5 978 1 85573 488 3




Finance       Commodities                        1 85573 542 3 978 1 85573 542 2
Food Science Safety                              1 85573 448 6 978 1 85573 448 7




Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products   1 85573 499 0 978 1 85573 499 9




Finance       Metals                             1 85573 345 5 978 1 85573 345 9




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition      1 85573 503 2 978 1 85573 503 3




Materials     Composites                         1 85573 550 4 978 1 85573 550 7




Materials     Civil engineering                  1 898563 70 5 978 1 898563 70 9
Food Science Quality                             1 85573 500 8 978 1 85573 500 2




Food Science Safety                              1 85573 497 4 978 1 85573 497 5




Finance       Energy                             1 85573 105 3 978 1 85573 105 9




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods     1 85573 498 2 978 1 85573 498 2




Food Science Quality                             1 85573 496 6 978 1 85573 496 8




Materials     Composites                         1 85573 425 7 978 1 85573 425 8




Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products   1 85573 412 5 978 1 85573 412 8
Materials     Polymer composites               1 85573 453 2 978 1 85573 453 1




Finance       Investment                       1 85573 451 6 978 1 85573 451 7




Finance       Investment                       1 85573 458 3 978 1 85573 458 6




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods   1 85573 532 6 978 1 85573 532 3




Finance       Commodities                      1 85573 373 0 978 1 85573 373 2
Finance      E-commerce law and environmental reporting   1 85573 470 2 978 1 85573 470 8




Finance      Metals                                       1 85573 346 3 978 1 85573 346 6




Welding      Fatigue, fracture and failure                1 85573 522 9 978 1 85573 522 4



Food Science Ingredients                                  1 85573 788 4 978 1 85573 788 4


Welding      Marine engineering and underwater welding    1 85573 239 4 978 1 85573 239 1




Finance      Treasury management, futures and options     1 85573 491 5 978 1 85573 491 3




Materials    Chemistry and general science                1 898563 41 1 978 1 898563 41 9
Welding     Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 445 1 978 1 85573 445 6




Welding     Welding technologies                             1 85573 518 0 978 1 85573 518 7



Welding     Inspection and testing                           1 85573 516 4 978 1 85573 516 3




Materials   Corrosion and surface engineering                1 85573 517 2 978 1 85573 517 0




Welding     Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 515 6 978 1 85573 515 6




Welding     Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 519 9 978 1 85573 519 4



Welding     Fatigue, fracture and failure                    1 85573 520 2 978 1 85573 520 0




Welding     Fatigue, fracture and failure                    1 85573 521 0 978 1 85573 521 7
Welding       Inspection and testing         1 84265 005 X 978 1 84265 005 9




Environment   Soil and pesticides            1 85573 807 4 978 1 85573 807 2



Materials     Plastics and rubber            1 85957 222 7 978 1 85957 222 1




Mathematics   General mathematics            1 898563 10 1 978 1 898563 10 5




Materials     Polymers and biopolymers       1 85957 191 3 978 1 85957 191 0




Materials     Composites                     1 85573 476 1 978 1 85573 476 0




Welding       Metals mining and processing   3 514 00640 7 978 3 514 00640 9
Finance     E-commerce law and environmental reporting       1 85573 469 9 978 1 85573 469 2




Textile     Colouration and finishing                        0 901956 75 9 978 0 901956 75 0




Materials   Chemistry and general science                    1 898563 47 0 978 1 898563 47 1



Welding     Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 429 X 978 1 85573 429 6




Materials   Civil engineering                                1 898563 67 5 978 1 898563 67 9




Materials   Chemistry and general science                    1 898563 50 0 978 1 898563 50 1




Materials   Computing and electrical engineering             1 898563 56 X 978 1 898563 56 3




Welding     Weld design                                      1 85573 386 2 978 1 85573 386 2
Welding      Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 495 8 978 1 85573 495 1



Welding      Weld design                                      1 85573 417 6 978 1 85573 417 3



Food Science Ingredients                                      1 85573 443 5 978 1 85573 443 2




Welding      Fatigue, fracture and failure                    1 85573 444 3 978 1 85573 444 9




Finance      Banking                                          1 85573 436 2 978 1 85573 436 4




Materials    Corrosion and surface engineering                1 85573 348 X 978 1 85573 348 0




Welding      Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 420 6 978 1 85573 420 3




Textile      High performance/technical textiles              1 85573 376 5 978 1 85573 376 3
Finance       Financial services                 1 85573 438 9 978 1 85573 438 8




Materials     Civil engineering                  1 898563 55 1 978 1 898563 55 6




Materials     Composites                         1 85573 473 7 978 1 85573 473 9




Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products   1 85573 399 4 978 1 85573 399 2




Finance       Commodities                        1 85573 434 6 978 1 85573 434 0



Food Science Fruit and vegetables                1 84569 597 6 978 1 84569 597 2




Finance       Financial services                 1 85573 437 0 978 1 85573 437 1
Finance       Investment                      1 85573 435 4 978 1 85573 435 7




Mathematics   Applied mathematics             1 898563 57 8 978 1 898563 57 0




Materials     Chemistry and general science   1 898563 60 8 978 1 898563 60 0




Materials     Chemistry and general science   1 898563 63 2 978 1 898563 63 1




Welding       Metallurgy                      1 85573 428 1 978 1 85573 428 9




Finance       Financial services              1 85573 433 8 978 1 85573 433 3




Finance       Financial services              1 85573 431 1 978 1 85573 431 9




Finance       Financial services              1 85573 432 X 978 1 85573 432 6
Welding       Marine engineering and underwater welding   1 85573 427 3 978 1 85573 427 2




Food Science Ingredients                                  0 905748 32 8 978 0 905748 32 0




Food Science Quality                                      1 85573 773 6 978 1 85573 773 0




Finance       Treasury management, futures and options    1 85573 336 6 978 1 85573 336 7




Welding       Inspection and testing                      1 85573 430 3 978 1 85573 430 2




Materials     Civil engineering                           1 85573 378 1 978 1 85573 378 7




Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure               1 85573 424 9 978 1 85573 424 1




Finance       Financial services                          1 85573 413 3 978 1 85573 413 5




Food Science Fruit and vegetables                         1 85573 774 4 978 1 85573 774 7
Finance       Treasury management, futures and options   1 85573 327 7 978 1 85573 327 5




Textile       Fibre/fabric properties and testing        1 85573 367 6 978 1 85573 367 1




Welding       Steel                                      3 514 00637 7 978 3 514 00637 9




Environment   Soil and pesticides                        1 85573 815 5 978 1 85573 815 7


Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering          1 85573 822 8 978 1 85573 822 5




Materials     Polymers and biopolymers                   1 85573 824 4 978 1 85573 824 9




Textile       Yarn technologies                          1 87037 235 2 978 1 87037 235 0


Food Science Functional foods and nutrition              1 85573 790 6 978 1 85573 790 7




Textile       High performance/technical textiles        1 87037 221 2 978 1 87037 221 3
Food Science Functional foods and nutrition             1 85573 793 0 978 1 85573 793 8




Textile       Fabric technologies                       1 87037 225 5 978 1 87037 225 1




Textile       Yarn technologies                         1 87037 203 4 978 1 87037 203 9




Welding       Welding technologies                      1 85573 416 8 978 1 85573 416 6

Welding       Dictionaries and standards                3 514 00622 9 978 3 514 00622 5

Food Science Safety                                     1 85573 808 2 978 1 85573 808 9




Welding       Dictionaries and standards                3 87260 134 2 978 3 87260 134 6


Food Science Safety                                     1 85573 810 4 978 1 85573 810 2




Food Science Safety                                     1 85573 803 1 978 1 85573 803 4




Textile       Environmental technology and management   1 85573 426 5 978 1 85573 426 5


Finance       Metals                                    1 85573 347 1 978 1 85573 347 3
Materials   Plastics and rubber                         1 85573 320 X 978 1 85573 320 6




Finance     Commodities                                 1 85573 405 2 978 1 85573 405 0




Materials   Civil engineering                           1 898563 59 4 978 1 898563 59 4




Finance     Investment                                  1 85573 411 7 978 1 85573 411 1




Materials   Computing and electrical engineering        1 898563 58 6 978 1 898563 58 7




Welding     Marine engineering and underwater welding   1 85573 825 2 978 1 85573 825 6
Welding       Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 415 X 978 1 85573 415 9




Finance       Treasury management, futures and options         1 85573 387 0 978 1 85573 387 9




Materials     Chemistry and general science                    1 898563 39 X 978 1 898563 39 6




Mathematics   Mathematics for engineers                        1 898563 51 9 978 1 898563 51 8




Materials     Computing and electrical engineering             1 898563 52 7 978 1 898563 52 5




Finance       Investment                                       1 85573 404 4 978 1 85573 404 3




Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering                1 85573 369 2 978 1 85573 369 5




Welding       Marine engineering and underwater welding        1 85573 388 9 978 1 85573 388 6
Textile       Fibre/fabric properties and testing        1 85573 319 6 978 1 85573 319 0




Materials     Composites                                 1 85573 240 8 978 1 85573 240 7




Finance       Financial services                         1 85573 331 5 978 1 85573 331 2




Food Science Ingredients                                 1 85573 789 2 978 1 85573 789 1


Finance       Treasury management, futures and options   1 85573 253 X 978 1 85573 253 7




Food Science Technology                                  1 85573 394 3 978 1 85573 394 7




Materials     Composites                                 1 85573 406 0 978 1 85573 406 7




Food Science Quality                                     1 85573 791 4 978 1 85573 791 4


Finance       Commodities                                1 85573 252 1 978 1 85573 252 0



Food Science Cereal products and snack foods             1 85573 297 1 978 1 85573 297 1
Food Science Cereal products and snack foods




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods   1 85573 292 0 978 1 85573 292 6




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods   1 85573 293 9 978 1 85573 293 3




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods   1 85573 294 7 978 1 85573 294 0




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods   1 85573 295 5 978 1 85573 295 7




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods   1 85573 296 3 978 1 85573 296 4




Mathematics   Geometry and topology            1 898563 46 2 978 1 898563 46 4




Finance       Financial markets                1 85573 340 4 978 1 85573 340 4
Mathematics   Statistics                                 1 898563 35 7 978 1 898563 35 8




Materials     Computing and electrical engineering       1 904275 37 0 978 1 904275 37 4




Textile       Clothing                                   1 87081 273 5 978 1 87081 273 3




Environment   Soil and pesticides                        1 85573 806 6 978 1 85573 806 5



Textile       Colouration and finishing                  0 901956 74 0 978 0 901956 74 3




Materials     Fire retardant materials                   1 85573 804 X 978 1 85573 804 1


Environment   Atmospheric pollution, toxins and wastes   1 85573 801 5 978 1 85573 801 0

Materials     Composites                                 1 85573 358 7 978 1 85573 358 9



Finance       Commodities                                1 85573 322 6 978 1 85573 322 0


Materials     Adhesives                                  1 85573 259 9 978 1 85573 259 9



Food Science Technology                                  1 85573 823 6 978 1 85573 823 2
Textile      Design and product development         1 87037 216 6 978 1 87037 216 9



Textile      Design and product development         1 87037 201 8 978 1 87037 201 5




Textile      Fibre/fabric properties and testing    1 87037 219 0 978 1 87037 219 0



Food Science Quality                                1 85573 776 0 978 1 85573 776 1




Textile      Yarn technologies                      1 87081 298 0 978 1 87081 298 6



Food Science Quality                                1 85573 792 2 978 1 85573 792 1




Textile      Fibre/fabric properties and testing    1 87037 215 8 978 1 87037 215 2



Welding      Metals mining and processing           3 514 00620 2 978 3 514 00620 1



Welding      Dictionaries and standards             3 514 00639 3 978 3 514 00639 3


Materials    Computing and electrical engineering   1 898563 40 3 978 1 898563 40 2




Finance      Banking                                1 85573 329 3 978 1 85573 329 9
Finance     Banking                                    1 85573 330 7 978 1 85573 330 5



Finance     Banking                                    1 85573 328 5 978 1 85573 328 2




Materials   Composites                                 1 85573 254 8 978 1 85573 254 4




Welding     Steel                                      1 85573 318 8 978 1 85573 318 3




Finance     Banking                                    1 85573 177 0 978 1 85573 177 6




Materials   Chemistry and general science              1 898563 38 1 978 1 898563 38 9




Finance     Treasury management, futures and options   1 85573 344 7 978 1 85573 344 2




Finance     Treasury management, futures and options   1 85573 335 8 978 1 85573 335 0
Finance       Treasury management, futures and options         1 85573 323 4 978 1 85573 323 7




Welding       Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 029 4 978 1 85573 029 8



Welding       Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 343 9 978 1 85573 343 5



Welding       Metallurgy                                       1 85573 243 2 978 1 85573 243 8




Food Science Quality                                           1 85573 299 8 978 1 85573 299 5


Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure                    1 85573 338 2 978 1 85573 338 1


Finance       Banking                                          1 85573 206 8 978 1 85573 206 3



Materials     Computing and electrical engineering             1 898563 30 6 978 1 898563 30 3




Mathematics   Mathematics for engineers                        1 898563 34 9 978 1 898563 34 1




Food Science Technology                                        1 84569 594 1 978 1 84569 594 1
Mathematics   Applied mathematics             1 898563 12 8 978 1 898563 12 9




Materials     Civil engineering               1 898563 33 0 978 1 898563 33 4




Food Science Ingredients                      1 898563 31 4 978 1 898563 31 0




Textile       Colouration and finishing       0 901956 70 8 978 0 901956 70 5




Materials     Plastics and rubber             1 85573 828 7 978 1 85573 828 7



Materials     Chemistry and general science   1 898563 37 3 978 1 898563 37 2




Environment   Soil and pesticides             1 85573 805 8 978 1 85573 805 8


Welding       Metals mining and processing    3 514 00590 7 978 3 514 00590 7
Food Science Quality                                           1 85573 783 3 978 1 85573 783 9




Food Science Quality                                           1 85573 780 9 978 1 85573 780 8


Welding       Inspection and testing                           1 85573 314 5 978 1 85573 314 5




Textile       Synthetic fibres                                 1 85573 334 X 978 1 85573 334 3




Materials     Chemistry and general science                    1 898563 16 0 978 1 898563 16 7




Environment   Atmospheric pollution, toxins and wastes         1 85573 800 7 978 1 85573 800 3


Finance       Treasury management, futures and options         1 85573 326 9 978 1 85573 326 8




Materials     Plastics and rubber                              1 85573 242 4 978 1 85573 242 1




Food Science Quality                                           1 85573 779 5 978 1 85573 779 2


Welding       Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 016 2 978 1 85573 016 8
Welding      Fatigue, fracture and failure   1 85573 315 3 978 1 85573 315 2




Materials    Polymer composites              1 85573 220 3 978 1 85573 220 9




Finance      Banking                         1 85573 250 5 978 1 85573 250 6




Finance      Banking                         1 85573 244 0 978 1 85573 244 5




Food Science Technology                      1 84569 604 2 978 1 84569 604 7




Food Science Technology                      1 84569 603 4 978 1 84569 603 0



Food Science Technology                      1 84569 605 0 978 1 84569 605 4




Food Science Technology                      1 84569 606 9 978 1 84569 606 1




Materials    Composites                      1 85573 304 8 978 1 85573 304 6
Finance   Banking                                          1 85573 246 7 978 1 85573 246 9




Welding   Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 219 X 978 1 85573 219 3




Welding   Fatigue, fracture and failure                    1 85573 264 5 978 1 85573 264 3




Finance   Investment                                       1 85573 195 9 978 1 85573 195 0




Finance   Investment                                       1 85573 339 0 978 1 85573 339 8




Finance   Investment                                       1 85573 245 9 978 1 85573 245 2
Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering                1 85573 260 2 978 1 85573 260 5




Welding       Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 316 1 978 1 85573 316 9




Materials     Polymers and biopolymers                         1 85573 305 6 978 1 85573 305 3



Materials     Composites                                       1 85573 208 4 978 1 85573 208 7




Finance       Commodities                                      1 85573 069 3 978 1 85573 069 4




Textile       Fabric technologies                              1 87081 275 1 978 1 87081 275 7



Mathematics   Applied mathematics                              1 898563 27 6 978 1 898563 27 3




Materials     Civil engineering                                1 898563 25 X 978 1 898563 25 9
Textile       Environmental technology and management   1 85573 306 4 978 1 85573 306 0




Materials     Civil engineering                         1 898563 28 4 978 1 898563 28 0




Food Science Cereal products and snack foods            1 85573 797 3 978 1 85573 797 6




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition             1 85573 794 9 978 1 85573 794 5



Food Science Cereal products and snack foods            1 85573 414 1 978 1 85573 414 2


Food Science Technology                                 1 85573 287 4 978 1 85573 287 2




Food Science Technology                                 1 85573 359 5 978 1 85573 359 6



Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure             1 85573 261 0 978 1 85573 261 2


Finance       Banking                                   1 85573 156 8 978 1 85573 156 1
Materials    Polymers and biopolymers                   1 85573 212 2 978 1 85573 212 4




Finance      Treasury management, futures and options   1 85573 180 0 978 1 85573 180 6




Finance      Commodities                                1 85573 191 6 978 1 85573 191 2




Finance      Commodities                                1 85573 215 7 978 1 85573 215 5




Finance      Metals                                     1 85573 043 X 978 1 85573 043 4



Food Science Technology                                 1 84569 602 6 978 1 84569 602 3
Finance       Commodities                        1 85573 202 5 978 1 85573 202 5




Textile       Colouration and finishing          0 901956 69 4 978 0 901956 69 9



Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure      1 85573 213 0 978 1 85573 213 1




Food Science Dictionaries and other references   1 84569 595 X 978 1 84569 595 8




Materials     Composites                         1 85573 155 X 978 1 85573 155 4




Finance       Banking                            1 85573 184 3 978 1 85573 184 4


Finance       Financial markets                  1 85573 116 9 978 1 85573 116 5




Finance       Metals                             1 85573 100 2 978 1 85573 100 4
Finance       Financial markets                          1 85573 152 5 978 1 85573 152 3




Finance       Financial services                         1 85573 158 4 978 1 85573 158 5




Finance       Investment                                 1 85573 194 0 978 1 85573 194 3




Finance       Commodities                                1 85573 179 7 978 1 85573 179 0




Textile       Fabric technologies                        1 87081 278 6 978 1 87081 278 8



Mathematics   Applied mathematics                        1 898563 21 7 978 1 898563 21 1




Environment   Atmospheric pollution, toxins and wastes   1 898563 08 X 978 1 898563 08 2


Textile       Fabric technologies                        1 87081 276 X 978 1 87081 276 4
Textile       High performance/technical textiles        1 87081 274 3 978 1 87081 274 0




Mathematics   Applied mathematics                        1 898563 06 3 978 1 898563 06 8




Welding       Metals mining and processing               3 514 00457 9 978 3 514 00457 3



Textile       Colouration and finishing                  0 901956 68 6 978 0 901956 68 2



Food Science Safety                                      1 85573 811 2 978 1 85573 811 9




Finance       Metals                                     1 85573 103 7 978 1 85573 103 5




Environment   Atmospheric pollution, toxins and wastes   1 898563 03 9 978 1 898563 03 7




Finance       Banking                                    1 85573 176 2 978 1 85573 176 9
Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products                 1 85573 775 2 978 1 85573 775 4


Welding       Welding technologies                             1 85573 088 X 978 1 85573 088 5




Welding       Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 092 8 978 1 85573 092 2



Food Science Dictionaries and other references                 1 84569 596 8 978 1 84569 596 5




Finance       Commodities                                      1 85573 104 5 978 1 85573 104 2




Materials     Transport materials and technologies             1 85573 039 1 978 1 85573 039 7




Food Science Safety                                            1 84569 593 3 978 1 84569 593 4




Finance       Investment                                       1 85573 109 6 978 1 85573 109 7
Finance       Metals                                     1 85573 301 3 978 1 85573 301 5




Materials     Composites                                 1 85573 051 0 978 1 85573 051 9



Food Science Technology                                  1 85573 360 9 978 1 85573 360 2



Food Science Safety                                      1 85573 802 3 978 1 85573 802 7




Environment   Atmospheric pollution, toxins and wastes   1 85573 816 3 978 1 85573 816 4


Materials     Chemistry and general science              1 898563 00 4 978 1 898563 00 6



Welding       Welding technologies                       1 85573 050 2 978 1 85573 050 2




Materials     Polymer composites                         1 85573 129 0 978 1 85573 129 5




Finance       Treasury management, futures and options   1 85573 256 4 978 1 85573 256 8
Environment   Atmospheric pollution, toxins and wastes   1 85573 799 X 978 1 85573 799 0




Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering          1 85573 127 4 978 1 85573 127 1




Textile       Synthetic fibres                           1 87081 261 1 978 1 87081 261 0


Textile       Yarn technologies                          1 87081 218 2 978 1 87081 218 4




Textile       Yarn technologies                          1 85573 182 7 978 1 85573 182 0



Food Science Cereal products and snack foods             1 85573 361 7 978 1 85573 361 9




Textile       Colouration and finishing                  0 901956 56 2 978 0 901956 56 9




Materials     Corrosion and surface engineering          1 85573 081 2 978 1 85573 081 6




Finance       Metals                                     1 85573 131 2 978 1 85573 131 8
Welding       Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 014 6 978 1 85573 014 4




Food Science Quality                                           1 85573 782 5 978 1 85573 782 2




Finance       Metals                                           1 85573 072 3 978 1 85573 072 4




Finance       Commodities                                      1 85573 098 7 978 1 85573 098 4




Welding       Steel                                            3 514 00378 5 978 3 514 00378 1


Welding       Steel                                            1 85573 132 0 978 1 85573 132 5




Textile       Yarn technologies                                1 87081 255 7 978 1 87081 255 9


Food Science Technology                                        1 85573 820 1 978 1 85573 820 1



Food Science Safety                                            1 85573 362 5 978 1 85573 362 6




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition                    1 85573 781 7 978 1 85573 781 5
Textile       Colouration and finishing                  0 901956 54 6 978 0 901956 54 5




Welding       Welding technologies                       1 85573 034 0 978 1 85573 034 2




Welding       Inspection and testing                     1 85573 097 9 978 1 85573 097 7




Welding       Welding technologies                       1 85573 063 4 978 1 85573 063 2




Finance       Metals                                     1 85573 067 7 978 1 85573 067 0




Food Science Quality                                     1 84569 601 8 978 1 84569 601 6




Textile       Colouration and finishing                  0 901956 53 8 978 0 901956 53 8



Environment   Atmospheric pollution, toxins and wastes   1 85573 812 0 978 1 85573 812 6
Food Science Cereal products and snack foods   1 85573 269 6 978 1 85573 269 8




Materials     Polymer composites               1 85573 086 3 978 1 85573 086 1

Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure    1 85573 122 3 978 1 85573 122 6


Finance       Metals                           1 85573 049 9 978 1 85573 049 6




Food Science Fruit and vegetables              1 84569 599 2 978 1 84569 599 6




Welding       Steel                            3 514 00377 7 978 3 514 00377 4


Welding       Welding technologies             1 85573 020 0 978 1 85573 020 5




Welding       Weld design                      1 85573 025 1 978 1 85573 025 0




Welding       Weld design                      1 85573 024 3 978 1 85573 024 3
Food Science Safety                                            1 85573 784 1 978 1 85573 784 6




Welding       Metallurgy                                       1 85573 019 7 978 1 85573 019 9




Food Science Food consumers and product development            1 84569 598 4 978 1 84569 598 9




Welding       Welding practice (including health and safety)   1 85573 012 X 978 1 85573 012 0




Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure                    1 85573 066 9 978 1 85573 066 3




Food Science Quality                                           1 85573 273 4 978 1 85573 273 5




Food Science Chilled/frozen and dairy products                 1 85573 278 5 978 1 85573 278 0
Food Science Quality                                      1 85573 284 X 978 1 85573 284 1




Materials     Polymers and biopolymers                    1 85573 817 1 978 1 85573 817 1



Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure               1 85573 013 8 978 1 85573 013 7




Food Science Safety                                       1 85573 814 7 978 1 85573 814 0


Food Science Quality                                      1 85573 787 6 978 1 85573 787 7




Food Science Safety                                       1 85573 341 2 978 1 85573 341 1



Environment   Soil and pesticides                         1 85573 813 9 978 1 85573 813 3



Food Science Safety                                       1 85573 282 3 978 1 85573 282 7




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition               1 85573 778 7 978 1 85573 778 5


Welding       Marine engineering and underwater welding   1 85573 006 5 978 1 85573 006 9



Welding       Welding technologies                        1 85573 005 7 978 1 85573 005 2
Welding       Welding technologies            1 85573 027 8 978 1 85573 027 4



Welding       Welding technologies            1 85573 008 1 978 1 85573 008 3




Welding       Fatigue, fracture and failure   1 85573 004 9 978 1 85573 004 5




Welding       Weld design                     1 85573 003 0 978 1 85573 003 8




Food Science Functional foods and nutrition   1 85573 277 7 978 1 85573 277 3




Welding       Welding technologies            1 85573 002 2 978 1 85573 002 1




Food Science Technology                       1 85573 272 6 978 1 85573 272 8


Textile       Colouration and finishing       0 901956 49 X 978 0 901956 49 1




Textile       Colouration and finishing       0 901956 48 1 978 0 901956 48 4
Welding      Inspection and testing         1 85573 566 0 978 1 85573 566 8




Welding      Welding technologies           1 85573 578 4 978 1 85573 578 1




Food Science Quality                        1 85573 785 X 978 1 85573 785 3


Food Science Quality                        1 85573 396 X 978 1 85573 396 1



Food Science Quality                        1 85573 795 7 978 1 85573 795 2




Textile      Synthetic fibres               1 85573 485 0 978 1 85573 485 2



Textile      Natural textile fibres         1 85573 484 2 978 1 85573 484 5




Textile      Colouration and finishing      0 901956 31 7 978 0 901956 31 6



Welding      Metals mining and processing   3 514 00298 3 978 3 514 00298 2
Textile     Fabric technologies              1 85573 483 4 978 1 85573 483 8




Materials   Polymers and biopolymers         1 85573 198 3 978 1 85573 198 1



Textile     Design and product development   1 85573 996 8 978 1 85573 996 3




Textile     Design and product development   1 85573 995 X 978 1 85573 995 6




Welding     Metals mining and processing     3 514 00134 0 978 3 514 00134 3

Welding     Training and inspection aids
Title

Power plant life management and performance improvement




Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing




Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing




Handbook of natural textile fibres




Handbook of natural textile fibres




Modelling and simulation of integrated systems in engineering
Infrastructure and methodologies for the justification of nuclear power programmes




Hygiene control in the design, construction and renovation of food processing factories




In-situ characterisation of thin film growth




Hydrocarbon fuel conversion technology




Coatings for biomedical applications
Feed and fodder contamination




Computer technology for textiles and apparel




Specialist yarn, woven and fabric structures




Thin film growth




Postharvest biology and technology of tropical and subtropical fruits
Stress corrosion cracking of metals and other materials




Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of high performance metals in energy technologies




Joining textiles




Bioactive materials in medicine




Introduction to aerospace materials
Advanced wound repair therapies




Tailor welded blanks for advanced manufacturing




Textiles for hygiene and infection control




Rubber-pad forming processes




Advanced engineering design
Tribocorrosion of passive metals and coatings




Spacecraft thermal control




Advances in Science and Technology of Mn+1AXn Phases




Advanced membrane science and technology for sustainable energy and environmental
applications
Improving the safety and quality of eggs and egg products




Lifetime nutritional influences on cognition, behaviour and psychiatric illness




Electromigration in thin films and electronic devices




Improving the safety and quality of eggs and egg products
Handbook of medical textiles




Bioactive glasses




Machining and Machine-Tools




Materials and Surface Engineering




Radionuclide behaviour in the natural environment
Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering




Mechatronics and Manufacturing Engineering




Modern machining technology




Advances in biodiesel preparation




Ultra-supercritical coal power plant




Nuclear fuel cycle science and engineering
Handbook of food proteins




Biaxial stretching of film




Processed meats




Orbital mechanics and formation flying




Electrospinning for tissue regeneration
Collaborative product assembly design and assembly planning




Postharvest biology and technology of tropical and subtropical fruits




Aerodynamic measurements




Handbook on ring spinning




Handbook of food safety in spices
When tradition turns into innovation




Mechanics of textile machinery




Leveraging Information Technology for Optimal Aircraft Maintenance, Repair and
Overhaul (MRO)




Theory of structure and mechanics of fibrous assemblies and yarns




Industrial engineering in apparel production

Fundamentals and advances in knitting technology
Selection of engineering materials




A handbook of biochemical engineering and fermentation




Statistics for textile and apparel management



Modification of fibres for technical applications




A guide to metal forming processes




Electrical motor products




Functional textiles and clothing
Fundamentals in food chemistry




Biotextiles as medical implants




Using adhesives in marine engineering




Modern gas turbine systems




Climbing and walking robots




Polymer electrolyte membrane and direct methanol fuel cell technology
New product development in textiles




Polymer electrolyte membrane and direct methanol fuel cell technology




A quick guide to API 653 certified storage tank inspector syllabus



A quick guide to fitness for service (FFS) assessment of pressure equipment




Nuclear reactor safety systems




Packaging technology
Computer design of diffractive optics




Advances in military textiles and personal equipment




Combined cycle systems for near-zero emission power generation




Handbook of metropolitan sustainability




Nuclear decommissioning




Functional materials for energy applications
Modern earth buildings




Waste to energy (WTE) conversion technology




High temperature superconductors (HTS) for energy applications




Irradiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessels in nuclear power plants




Dynamics of Tethered Satellite Systems




Meat, poultry and seafood packaging
Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites




Nuclear corrosion science and engineering




Nanotechnology in the food, beverage and nutraceutical industries




Biosensors for medical applications




Durability and reliability of medical polymers
Biomaterials in plastic surgery




Electricity transmission, distribution and storage systems




Direct-drive wind and marine energy systems




Concentrating solar power (CSP) technology




Sterilisation of biomaterials
Sugar Trading Manual




Gas Trading Manual




Oil Trading Manual
Functional textiles for improved performance, protection and health




Minimisation of welding distortion and buckling




Advanced adhesives in electronics




Postharvest biology and technology of tropical and subtropical fruits




Rice quality




Postharvest biology and technology of tropical and subtropical fruits
Superplastic forming of advanced metallic materials




Handbook of sustainable textile production




Multifunctional and nanoreinforced polymers for food packaging




Small and micro combined heat and power (CHP) systems
Building decorative materials




Building materials in civil engineering




Textile design




Food and beverage stability and shelf life
Shape memory and superelastic alloys




Postharvest biology and technology of tropical and subtropical fruits




Functional foods
Non-crimp fabric composites




Fibrous and composite materials for civil engineering applications




Preprosthetic and maxillofacial surgery




Diesel engine system design
Fracture and fatigue of welded joints and structures




Corrosion of magnesium alloys




Polymer matrix composites and technology




Public health nutrition in developing countries




Pressure vessels
Reducing saturated fats in foods




Food chain integrity




Biomedical hydrogels




Silicon-germanium (SiGe) nanostructures
Nanostructured metals and alloys




Oxy-fuel combustion for power generation and carbon dioxide (CO2) capture




Polymer-carbon nanotube composites
Determining mycotoxins and mycotoxigenic fungi in food and feed




Developing children‘s food products




Interface engineering of natural fibre composites for maximum performance




Advanced separation techniques for nuclear fuel reprocessing and radioactive waste
treatment
High temperature superconductors




Statistical data analysis




Practical guide to quality management in spinning




Injectable biomaterials




Handbook of advanced radioactive waste conditioning technologies
Tribology for engineers




Improving comfort in clothing




Practical scientific computing




Superplasticity and grain boundaries in ultrafine-grained materials




Advances in knitting technology
Thermal barrier coatings




Recent trends in beverages




Group theory for chemists




Wind energy systems
Electroless copper and nickel-phosphorus plating




Service life estimation and extension of civil engineering structures




Biomaterials for artificial organs




Using robots in hazardous environments
The international cocoa trade




Protective cultures, antimicrobial metabolites and bacteriophages for food and beverage
biopreservation




Creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites




Soft computing in textile engineering
Surface modification of biomaterials




Fundamentals of aluminium metallurgy




Handbook of biofuels production




Tracing pathogens in the food chain
Managing wastes from aluminium smelter plants




Physical properties and applications of polymer nanocomposites




Biomaterials and devices for the circulatory system




Separation, extraction and concentration processes in the food, beverage and
nutraceutical industries
Optical switches




Case studies in novel food processing technologies




Welding and joining of magnesium alloys




Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants
A quick guide to API 510 certified pressure vessel inspector syllabus




Fundamentals of university mathematics




Managing wine quality




Tribology and dynamics of engine and powertrain
Environmental assessment and management in the food industry




Textiles, polymers and composites for buildings




Management of technology systems in the garment industry



Sintering of advanced materials
Advanced piezoelectric materials




Advances in yarn spinning technology




Oxidation in foods and beverages and antioxidant applications




The independent airport planning manual
Oxidation in foods and beverages and antioxidant applications




High temperature deformation and fracture of materials




Advances in textile biotechnology




Colour measurement
Polymer electrolytes




Consumer-driven innovation in food and personal care products




Freeze-drying of pharmaceutical and food products




Fatigue life prediction of composites and composite structures
Advances in laser materials processing technology




Non-destructive evaluation of reinforced concrete structures




Stand-alone and hybrid wind energy systems




Geological repository systems for safe disposal of spent nuclear fuels and radioactive
waste
Winemaking problems solved




Medical and healthcare textiles




Failure mechanisms of advanced welding processes




Developments and innovation in carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage technology
Biointegration of medical implant materials




Technical textile yarns




Developments and innovation in carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage technology




Applications of nonwovens in technical textiles




Non-destructive evaluation of reinforced concrete structures
High-energy ball milling




Surface engineering of light alloys




Advanced power plant materials, design and technology




Sensory analysis for food and beverage quality control
Bioalcohol production




Cereal grains




Modern approach to maintenance in spinning




Effective implementation of quality management systems



Performance of home textiles
Managing wine quality




Chemical deterioration and physical instability of food and beverages




Improving the safety and quality of milk




Materials for energy efficiency and thermal comfort in buildings
The risk management of safety and dependability




Improving the safety and quality of milk




Metals for biomedical devices




Advances in structural adhesive bonding
Blast protection of civil infrastructures and vehicles using composites




Vehicle noise and vibration refinement




Fire toxicity




Materials, design and manufacturing for lightweight vehicles
Woven textile structure




Innocent drinks




Beauty foods and beverages




Handbook of worsted wool and blended suiting process




Biodiesel science and technology
Forensic polymer engineering




Science in clothing comfort




20 Key case studies in functional and health-enhancing beverages 2010




Delivering performance in food supply chains




Smart textile coatings and laminates
Regenerative medicine and biomaterials for the repair of connective tissues




Innovations in food labelling




Friction stir welding




Advanced direct injection combustion engine technologies and development
Biomaterials and regenerative medicine in ophthalmology




Management, recycling and reuse of waste composites




Drug-device combination products




10 Key trends in food, nutrition and health 2010
Fundamentals and practices in colouration of textiles




Modelling and predicting textile behaviour




Brittle matrix composites 9




Biomedical composites




Probiotic juice: five key strategy lessons from Europe and the US
Handbook of waste management and co-product recovery in food processing




Advanced direct injection combustion engine technologies and development




Maraging steels




Laser cooling of solids




Handbook of textile fibre structure
Failure, distress and repair of concrete structures




Dairy-derived ingredients




A quick guide to welding and weld inspection



Handbook of tensile properties of textile and technical fibres




Sustainable textiles
Handbook of textile fibre structure




Air




Watchers of the stars




Watchers of the stars




Textiles for cold weather apparel
Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites




Wheel/rail interface handbook




Interior textiles




Biofilms in the food and beverage industries




Architectural glass to resist seismic and extreme climatic events
Quality characterisation of apparel




Humidification and ventilation management in textile industry




Marketing kids‘ healthy beverages




Innocent drinks




More baking problems solved




Surface modification of textiles
Bone repair biomaterials




Soft drink and fruit juice problems solved




Structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems




Fatigue in railway infrastructure
Development of packaging and products for use in microwave ovens




Designing functional foods




Organic and all-natural kids‘ snacks and baby foods




Solid oxide fuel cell technology
New technologies in aquaculture




Energy shots: birth of a new premium-priced, high-growth category




Science and engineering of short fibre reinforced polymer composites




Wennström's Four factors of success
Foodborne pathogens




Hybrid laser-arc welding




Science and technology of enrobed and filled chocolate, confectionery and bakery
products




Food processing technology
Fatal accidents




Geopolymers




Structural dynamics of earthquake engineering




Engineering apparel fabrics and garments
Advances in polymer processing




Failures in functional foods and beverages




Handbook of hydrocolloids




Advances in marine antifouling coatings and technologies




A quick guide to API 570 certified pipework inspector syllabus
Advanced textiles for wound care




Mathematical analysis and proof




Titanium alloys




Sustainability of construction materials




Food constituents and oral health
Materials science for dentistry




Biomaterials and tissue engineering in urology




Functional assessment of wetlands




Fatigue failure of textile fibres




Delta functions
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals in food




Gainomax




Functional foods




Meals in science and practice
Advances in carpet manufacture




Multiaxial notch fatigue




High speed spinning of polyester and its blends with viscose




Fundamentals of designing for textiles and other end uses




Smart clothes and wearable technology
Identification of textile fibers




5 Key Trends in Kids‘ Nutrition 2009




Functional and speciality beverage technology




Polyolefin fibres




Biomaterials for treating skin loss
Shellfish safety and quality




Improving the sensory and nutritional quality of fresh meat




Corrosion control in the aerospace industry




Advances in wool technology
Cellular response to biomaterials




Food for the ageing population




Weld cracking in ferrous alloys




Trends and strategies in weight management
Engineering textiles




Shape memory alloys for biomedical applications




Materials for fuel cells




Delamination behaviour of composites
Textile advances in the automotive industry




Condition assessment of aged structures




Orthopaedic bone cements




Tribology of natural fiber polymer composites




Physical properties of textile fibres
Structure and mechanics of textile fibre assemblies




Solid-state hydrogen storage




Biologically inspired textiles




Cranberries




Degradation rate of bioresorbable materials
Chilled foods




The air transport system




Carbohydrate-active enzymes




Advances in fire retardant materials
Fabric testing




3-D fibrous assemblies




Ageing of composites




Improving farmed fish quality and safety
Natural-based polymers for biomedical applications




Application of fats in confectionery




Successful superfruit strategy




Hydrometallurgy
Environmentally compatible food packaging




Strengthening and rehabilitation of civil infrastructures using fibre-reinforced polymer
(FRP) composites




High-performance organic coatings
Joint replacement technology




Handbook of water and energy management in food processing




Properties and performance of natural-fibre composites




Polyesters and polyamides
In-pack processed foods




Developments in the formulation and reinforcement of concrete




Friction in textile materials




Novel approaches to improving high temperature corrosion resistance
Wood-polymer composites




Mineral wool




Advances in apparel production




Military textiles




A quick guide to health and safety
Improving seafood products for the consumer




Industrial manufacture of snack foods




Probiotics




Hydroforming for advanced manufacturing
Generating power at high efficiency




Improving the health-promoting properties of fruit and vegetable products




Real-time weld process monitoring




Developments in high temperature corrosion and protection of materials




Design, fabrication and economy of welded structures




Degradation and stabilisation of polyamides
Design and optimization of metal structures




Food fortification and supplementation




Microjoining and nanojoining




A quick guide to pipeline engineering




Dental biomaterials
Bioceramics and their clinical applications




Corrosion under insulation (CUI) guidelines




Handbook of advanced dielectric, piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials
Creep-resistant steels




The mould design guide




Essentials of scientific computing




Fruit and vegetable flavour
State estimation in chemometrics




Belt conveying of minerals




Techniques for corrosion monitoring




The SGTE casebook
Delivery and controlled release of bioactives in foods and nutraceuticals




Steel manual
Making chocolates in the factory




Concise thermodynamics




Fundamental engineering mathematics
Stochastic differential equations and applications




Case studies in food product development




Plastics, rubber and health




Technology of functional cereal products
Nucleating agents




Industrial gas turbines




Tissue engineering using ceramics and polymers




Food preservation by pulsed electric fields
Nanofibers and nanotechnology in textiles




Thermoset nanocomposites for engineering applications



Coatings and inks for food contact materials




The cold spray materials deposition process
Novel enzyme technology for food applications




Materials in sports equipment




Understanding and controlling the microstructure of complex foods




The air engine
Innovative pre-treatment techniques to prevent corrosion of metallic surfaces




Biomedical polymers




HCCI and CAI engines for the automotive industry




Mathematical modelling
Epoxy composites




Handbook of organic food safety and quality




Durability of composites for civil structural applications




Computational welding mechanics
Corrosion in refineries




Standardisation of thermal cycling exposure testing




Complex numbers




Cheese problems solved




Durability of concrete and cement composites
Corrosion issues in light water reactors




Exploding a myth




Modifying flavour in food




Corrosion by carbon and nitrogen
Computational functional analysis




Prevention of coronary heart disease




Nutrition support for infants and children at risk




Practical guide to polyimides
Artificial cells, cell engineering and therapy




Multiscale materials modelling




Functional dairy products




Consumer-led food product development
Corrosion behaviour and protection of copper and aluminium alloys in seawater




Environmental aspects of textile dyeing




Shape memory polymers and textiles




Improving the flavour of cheese
Novel food ingredients for weight control




Machine learning and data mining




Electrochemistry in light water reactors




Amine unit corrosion in refineries
Sizing in clothing




Enzymes




Handbook of waste management and co-product recovery in food processing




Tamime and Robinson's Yoghurt
Corrosion of metallic heritage artefacts




Modelling microorganisms in food




Determination of additives in polymers and rubbers




Local probe techniques for corrosion research
Handbook of gold exploration and evaluation




Plasma technologies for textiles




Smart textiles for medicine and healthcare




Analysis and design of plated structures
Reducing salt in foods




Ecotextiles




Composites forming technologies




TPE 2006


Introduction to plastic recycling
More on mediterranean diets




Polymers in electronics 2007




Understanding consumers of food products




Geosynthetics in civil engineering




Chemical migration and food contact materials
Handbook of nonwovens




Cotton




Microbiological analysis of red meat, poultry and eggs




The electrochemistry and characteristics of embeddable reference electrodes for concrete
structural engineering



Maximising the value of marine by-products




The use of electrochemical scanning tunnel microscopy (EC-STM) in corrosion analysis
Managing allergens in food




Corrosion of reinforcement in concrete




Brittle matrix composites 8




Hybrid yarns and textile preforming for thermoplastic composites
Thermal and moisture transport in fibrous materials




Acrylamide and other hazardous compounds in heat-treated foods




Fatigue assessment of welded joints by local approaches




Elastomers and components
Food consumption and disease risk




Advanced welding processes




Meat products handbook




Medical modelling
Modifying lipids for use in food




Fatigue analysis of welded components




Lawrie‘s meat science




Handbook of herbs and spices




Cumulative damage of welded joints
Innovation and technology of women's intimate apparel




Brewing




Polymers in electronics




Intelligent textiles and clothing




Optimising sweet taste in foods
Adhesion to fluoropolymers




Assessing food safety of polymer packaging




Aircraft system safety




Lightweight ballistic composites




Biodegradable polymers
IPDS 2006 Integrated Powertrain and Driveline Systems 2006




Benders‘ dictionary of nutrition and food technology




Nutritional management of diabetes mellitus and dysmetabolic syndrome




Local mediterranean food plants and nutraceuticals




Silicone elastomers 2006
Protein and energy requirements in infancy and childhood




Medical polymers 2006




Primary prevention by nutrition intervention in infancy and childhood




8th International Conference on Turbochargers and Turbocharging




Emerging foodborne pathogens
Surface coatings for protection against wear




Blowing agents and foaming processes 2006



MIG welding guide




Materials for engineering




Biomechanical engineering of textiles and clothing




Analysis and design of plated structures
Digital printing of textiles




Advanced civil infrastructure materials




Clothing biosensory engineering




Base Metals Handbook




Joining plastics 2006
Polymer reference book




The Chorleywood Bread Process




Direct strip casting of metals and alloys




Food spoilage microorganisms




Recycling in textiles
Improving traceability in food processing and distribution




Flavour in food




Digital signal processing




High performance fillers 2006




Polymer nanocomposites
Nanostructure control of materials




Rubber bonding 2006




Solving tribology problems in rotating machines




Flammability testing of materials used in construction, transport and mining
Improving the fat content of foods




Total colour management in textiles




Formulation and production of chewing and bubble gum




Ceramic-matrix composites
Detecting allergens in food




Laser shock peening




Practical guide to blow moulding




Structural shear joints
Polymers in cementitious materials




Biodegradable and sustainable fibres




Digital image processing




Medical textiles and biomaterials for healthcare




Effect of mechanical and physical properties on fabric hand
The Hatfield memorial lectures




Cotton Trading Manual




Handbook of hygiene control in the food industry




Materials for energy conversion devices
Textiles for protection




Food diet and obesity




Fundamentals of metallurgy




Processes and mechanisms of welding residual stress and distortion




New developments in advanced welding
Nanolithography and patterning techniques in microelectronics




Chemical testing of textiles




Biomaterials, artificial organs and tissue engineering




Inspection and monitoring techniques for bridges and civil structures




Analytical electrochemistry in textiles
Textiles in sport




Improving the safety of fresh fruit and vegetables




Multi-scale modelling of composite material systems




The science and technology of materials in automotive engines
Food safety control in the poultry industry




Innovation in linen manufacture




Understanding pathogen behaviour




Improving the safety of fresh meat
Design and manufacture of textile composites




The microwave processing of foods




Engineering catastrophes




Molecular interfacial phenomena of polymers and biopolymers




Biocides in plastics
Polymers in construction




Critical solutions in the dying of cotton textile materials




Nutrition and fitness




The impact of maternal nutrition on the offspring
Nutrition and fitness




Diet diversification and health promotion




Home care enteral feeding




Feeding during late infancy and early childhood: Impact on health




European nutrition and health report 2004
Sterilisation of polymer healthcare products




Surfaces and interfaces for biomaterials




The deformation and processing of structural materials




New millennium fibers




Sterilisation of tissues using ionising radiations
Biodegradable polymers for industrial applications




High performance and speciality elastomers 2005



Wearable electronics and photonics




Bast and other plant fibres




Probability and random variables
Adhesive bonding




Welding symbols on drawings




Bonding elastomers




Corrosion in reinforced concrete structures




Using cereal science and technology for the benefit of consumers
Theories of generalised functions




Handbook of biodegradable polymers




Control and optimal control theories with applications




Group theory for chemists




Synthetic fibres




Structure and mechanics of woven fabrics
Secrets of the tide




Polymers in aggressive and corrosive environments 2004 (PACE 2004)

Brewing




Clothing appearance and fit




Green composites
Functional foods, cardiovascular disease and diabetes




Pesticide, veterinary and other residues in food




Chemical finishing of textiles




Starch in food
Improving the thermal processing of foods




Mycotoxins in food




The alloy tree




Light interaction with plants
The world sugar market




Functional foods, ageing and degenerative disease




Allergic diseases and the environment




Synthetic fibre dyeing
Micronutrient deficiencies during the weaning period and the first years of life




Composite technologies for 2020




Clay-containing polymeric nanocomposites




Metabolic issues of clinical nutrition
Nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics




Polymer bonding 2004


Poultry meat processing and quality




Engineering and structural adhesives




Understanding and measuring the shelf-life of food




Staphylococcus aureus




High nitrogen steels and stainless steels
Infinitesimal methods of mathematical analysis




Advanced polymer composites for structural applications in construction




Proteins in food processing




Handbook of fibre rope technology




Detecting foreign bodies in food
Texture in food




Handbook of herbs and spices




Plastic flame retardants




Analytical methods for food additives




Woollen and worsted woven fabric design




Engineering materials science
Underwater wet welding




Geometric computations with interval and new robust methods




Energy absorption of structures and materials




Fatigue in composites
Food preservation techniques




Food authenticity and traceability




Brittle matrix composites 7




Environmentally-friendly food processing
Buyer's guide to sourcing castings from India




Textile processing with enzymes




Bread making




Durability of engineering structures
Rapid and on-line instrumentation for food quality assurance




Sausage manufacture



Sustainable transport




Arc welding control
Dairy processing




The international seafood trade




The automotive industry and the environment




Hygiene in food processing
Materials in sports equipment




Handbook of yarn production




Welding processes handbook




Texture in food




Wind over waves
Measure theory and integration




Textile finishing




Natural antimicrobials for the minimal processing of foods




Detecting pathogens in food




Novel food packaging techniques
Environmental impact of textiles




Omega-6/Omega-3 essential fatty acid ratio




Micronutrient deficiencies in the first months of life




Nutrition and critical care
Mathematical modelling




Plants in human health and nutrition policy




Phytochemical functional foods




Yeasts in food




Mathematical modelling in education and culture
The China and Hong Kong denim industry




The World Trade Organization and international denim trading




Taints and off-flavours in foods




Mathematical methods for mathematicians, physical scientists and engineers




Functional dairy products
Local environmental sustainability




Performance functional foods




The international meat trade




Water recycling in textile wet processing




Flame retardants for plastic


Welding residual stresses and distortion
Networks and graphs




Textile printing




Applied elasticity




Practical sonochemistry




Japanese financial markets
Microscopy techniques for materials science




Corrosion of austenitic stainless steel




Fancy yarns




Hyaluronan
Concise chemistry of the elements




Prion diseases and copper metabolism




Microbiological risk assessment in food processing




The welding of aluminium and its alloys




Designing a structured cabling system to ISO 11801
Planning for cycling




Meat processing




Introduction to structures




Fractal geometry




Colour in food
The nutrition handbook for food processors




Fruit and vegetable processing




Minimal processing technologies in the food industries




Safety and quality issues in fish processing
The international copper industry




Lockhart and Wiseman‘s crop husbandry




Dictionary of textile finishing




Carpet manufacture




Nutrition and ageing
Clinical nutrition




Coated and laminated textiles




Wool




Ready meals technology




Recommended values of thermophysical properties for selected commercial alloys
Meat refrigeration




Mathematics




Topology in chemistry




Health and safety in welding and allied processes




Copper




Nickel
Lead and zinc




Aluminium




Elastic beams and frames




Mathematics teaching practice




Manifold theory



Fruit and vegetable biotechnology




Food chemical safety
Building the ecological city




Air pollution meteorology




Colorants and auxiliaries



Secondary metallurgy




The textile/clothing pipeline and quick response management




Textile terms and definitions



Apparel sizing and fit

Quality management in the clothing and textile industry



Application of textiles in rubber
Practical guide to the assessment of the useful life of plastics



Colorants and auxiliaries




Structural design of woven fabrics


Yarn hairiness: A further update



Modelling and mathematics education




The international potato industry




Statistical mechanics
Total quality assurance for the food industries




Cellulosic pulps, fibres and materials




Silk, mohair, cashmere and other luxury fibres




High performance fibres
Recent advances in environmentally compatible polymers




Yarn texturing technology



Smart fibres, fabrics and clothing




Instrumentation and sensors for the food industry




Handbook of textile design
Food product development




Microencapsulation of food ingredients




Handbook of herbs and spices




Mechanical evaluation strategies for plastics




Advances in food refrigeration




The international timber trade
Current practice in environmental reporting




Auditing in the food industry




Structured trade and commodity finance




Transfer pricing for financial institutions
Cross-border exposures and country risk




Extrusion cooking




The international scrap and recycling industry handbook




Food process modelling




EU food law
Functions of vitamins beyond recommended dietary allowances




Encyclopedia of textile finishing




Surface topology




Encyclopedia of textile finishing




The international spirits industry
Making the most of HACCP




Food chemical safety




Regenerated cellulose fibres




E-commerce law and practice in Europe




Knitting technology
Frying




Thermal technologies in food processing




Baking problems solved




Instrumental methods in electrochemistry




The fertilizer industry
Cereals processing technology




Balance sheet structures



Antioxidants in food




Pressure vessels



Medical textiles



The aluminium industry




Fire retardant materials




Biscuit, cracker and cookie recipes for the food industry
Sewing threads


Geometry with trigonometry




Hot runners in injection moulds




Welding processes and thermal cutting




Practical non-destructive testing




Handbook of composite fabrication



Aluminium welding




Basic principles of textile coloration
Game theory




Textiles in automotive engineering




Handbook of technical textiles




Welded design




Engineering catastrophes




Mechanical testing of advanced fibre composites
Finite element modelling of composite materials and structures




Geometric symmetry in patterns and tilings




Brittle matrix composites 6



Impact behaviour of fibre-reinforced composite materials and structures




Dietary anticarcinogens and antimutagens



Cable engineering for local area networks




The international wine trade
HACCP in the meat industry




Chilled foods




The zinc industry




Functional foods




FRC 2000 – Composites for the millennium




Plasticity for engineers
The stability and shelf-life of food




Food intolerance and the food industry




The coal industry




Cereal biotechnology




Food labelling




Pultrusion for engineers




Managing frozen foods
Integrated design and manufacture using fibre-reinforced polymeric composites




Valuing oil and gas companies




Valuing pharmaceutical companies




Technology of biscuits, crackers and cookies




The tea industry
Current practice in environmental reporting




The platinum group metals industry




Fatigue design procedure for welded hollow section joints



Gums and stabilisers for the food industry 10


Underwater repair technology




Managing currency risk using foreign exchange options




Reaction mechanisms of metal complexes
The welding workplace




Laser welding



Power generation




Surfacing




The automotive industry




Welding of plastics



Fatigue




Fracture
Non-destructive testing of welds




Humic substances



Plastic products recycling




Fundamentals of university mathematics




Polystyrene




ICCM-12




Surface defects on electrolytically coated steel sheet
Digital signatures




Reactive dyes for textile fibres




Experimental inorganic/physical chemistry



Handbook of mould, tool and die repair welding




Mechanics of solids




Ions in solution




Object-oriented technology and computing systems re-engineering




Welded joint design
Thermal welding of polymers



Joints in aluminium – INALCO ‘98



New ingredients in food processing




Predictive formulae for weld distortion




Environmental risk management and corporate lending




Paint and surface coatings




Project management: getting it right




3-D textile reinforcements in composite materials
Maximising performance in insurance operations




Analysis of engineering structures




Composite materials




Yoghurt




The international cocoa trade



Potato production, processing and technology




Directors‘ and Officers‘ liability insurance
Valuing mining companies




Ordinary differential equations and applications




Fundamental chemical kinetics




Crystal structures




Metallurgy of welding




Achieving transformation and renewal in financial services




Driving strategic change in financial services




Developing people and the corporate culture in financial services
Non-destructive examination of underwater welded structures




Mineral fortification of food




Advances in magnetic resonance in food science




Electronic banking and treasury security




NDE in relation to structural integrity for nuclear and pressurised components




Strengthening of reinforced concrete structures




Local strain and temperature measurement




Offshore financial services handbook




Agri-food quality II
ACT companion to treasury management




Physical testing of textiles




Melting and mixing of alloying agents in steel melts




Understanding humic substances


Fundamental and applied aspects of chemically modified surfaces




Industrial applications of surfactants IV




Progression air-jet spinning


Lipids in health and nutrition




Automotive textiles
Natural antioxidants and anticarcinogens in nutrition, health and disease




Air-jet weft insertion




Yarn production




Exploiting advances in arc welding technology

Iron and steel dictionary

Managing risks of nitrates to humans and the environment




Foundry dictionary


Pesticide chemistry and bioscience




Disinfection by-products in drinking water




Ecotextile ‘98


Metals trading handbook
Reinforced plastics durability




The international banana trade




Macro-engineering and the earth




Money and the global economy




Digital filters and signal processing in electronic engineering




Developments in marine corrosion
Computer technology in welding




Trading in oil futures and options




Symmetry and group theory in chemistry




Advanced applied finite element methods




Pattern recognition and image processing




Forecasting company profits




Engineering coatings




Underwater wet welding and cutting
Atlas of fibre fracture and damage to textiles




Microstructural characterisation of fibre-reinforced composites




Competitor analysis in financial services




Gums and stabilisers for the food industry 9


Foreign exchange options




Practical dehydration




Thermoset resins for composites




The Maillard reaction in foods and medicine


The international paper trade



Biscuit, cookie and cracker manufacturing manuals
Biscuit, cookie and cracker manufacturing manuals




Biscuit, cookie and cracker manufacturing manuals




Biscuit, cookie and cracker manufacturing manuals




Biscuit, cookie and cracker manufacturing manuals




Biscuit, cookie and cracker manufacturing manuals




Biscuit, cookie and cracker manufacturing manuals




Geometry of navigation




Financial markets of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union
Experimental design techniques in statistical practice




Missile guidance and pursuit




Stitches and seams




Humic substances



Blends dyeing




Fire retardancy of polymers


Chemistry, energy and the environment

Brittle matrix composites 5



Swiss wine market report


Quality assurance in adhesive technology



High pressure food science, bioscience and chemistry
Computer integrated manufacturing and total quality management



The design logic of textile products




Monitoring and testing of manufactured fibres



Biosensors for food analysis




The technology of short-staple spinning



Maillard reactions in chemistry, food and health




Pilling



Surface defects on hot-dip metal coated steel sheet



Dictionary of fatigue strength under variable stress amplitude


Circuit analysis




Offshore lending and financing
Law relating to international banking



Private banking




Flow-induced alignment in composite materials




Duplex stainless steels




Intellectual property rights




Fundamentals of inorganic chemistry




Corporate cash management




Managing liquidity
Introduction to futures and options




Handbook of structural welding



Handbook of structural welding



Metallurgy of basic weld metal




Handbook of indices of food quality and authenticity


Fatigue of thin walled joints under complex loading


Managing banking risks



Signal processing in electronic communications




Dynamics of mechanical systems




Fundamentals of food processing and technology
Linear differential and difference equations




Macro-engineering




Antioxidants in science, technology, medicine and nutrition




Colour physics for industry




Progress in ion exchange



Organic chemistry




Humic substances, peats and sludges


Surface defects in hot rolled flat steel products
Food colloids




Flavours and fragrances


Introduction to the non-destructive testing of welded joints




New fibers




Mossbauer spectroscopy




Carcinogenicity of inorganic substances


Managing banking relationships




Liquid moulding technologies




Flavour science


Heat treatment of welded steel structures
Fatigue design of welded joints and components




Short fibre-polymer composites




Commercial contracts




Psychology of relationship banking




A complete course in canning and related processes




A complete course in canning and related processes



A complete course in canning and related processes




A complete course in canning and related processes




ECCM 7
Insolvency




Welding mechanisation and automation in shipbuilding worldwide




Crack arrest concepts for failure prevention and life extension




Investment performance measurement




Investment performance measurement




How charts can make you money
Surface engineering casebook




Asian Pacific welding congress




The chemistry and processing of wood and plant fibrous material



Optimisation of composite structures design




The international sugar trade




Fabrics



Decision and discrete mathematics




Finite element techniques in structural mechanics
Recycling textile and plastic waste




Finite element programs in structural engineering and continuum mechanics




Wheat structure




Natural antioxidants and food quality in atherosclerosis and cancer prevention



Ingredients for bakers


Separation processes in the food and biotechnology industries




Food irradiation



The ‗local approach‘ to cleavage fracture


Financial management information and analysis for retail banks
Cellulose and cellulose derivatives




Property futures and securitisation - the way ahead




The international wool trade




Cocoa cycles




The international tin trade



Unit operations for the food industries
The international grain trade




Colour in dyehouse effluent



Stress determination for fatigue analysis of welded components




Glossary for the food industries




Ultra high temperature mechanical testing




The banking systems of the EU member states


French financial markets




The international steel trade
German financial markets




Selling financial services




Media equities




Rise and demise of commodity agreements




Thermal bonding of nonwoven fabrics



A mathematical kaleidoscope




Landfill waste pollution and control


Weaving
Barrier fabrics for protection against aerosols




Calculus




Slag atlas



Cellulosics dyeing



Pesticides




The international lead trade




Chemistry in your environment




Banking and finance
Biochemistry of milk products


Tubular wire welding




Weldability of ferritic steels



Human resource development




The international cotton trade




Plastics in the automotive industry




Current good manufacturing practices/food plant sanitation




Construction equities
The living rock




Design and manufacture of composite structures



Food dehydration



Detection methods for cynobacterial toxins




Waste minimization


Practical astronomy



Electron beam welding




Handbook of polymer composites for engineers




The ACT guide to ethical conflicts in finance
Carbon dioxide chemistry




Microbiologically influenced corrosion handbook




Man-made fibres and their processing


Woollen yarn manufacture




Advanced fiber spinning technology



Kent‘s technology of cereals




Colour for textiles




Nickel and chromium plating




Mining in the Americas
Welding steels without hydrogen cracking




Food colloids and polymers




The international gold trade




The international rice trade




Steel – a handbook for materials research and engineering


Toughness requirements for steels




New spinning systems


Encapsulation and controlled release



Principles and practices for the safe processing of foods




Food and cancer prevention
Instrumental colour formulation




Laser welding




Handbook of crack opening data




Self-shielded arc welding




The international silver trade




Total quality management for the food industries




Wool dyeing



Risk management of chemicals
Food machinery




Thermoplastic aromatic polymer composites

Shallow crack fracture mechanics toughness tests and applications


The international nickel trade




Tomato production, processing and technology




Steel – a handbook for materials research and engineering


A practical guide to TIG (GTA) welding




Creative techniques in product and engineering design




Total quality management for engineers
Food contaminants




Fundamentals of welding metallurgy




Research and development guidelines for the food industries




Process pipe and tube welding




The fatigue strength of transverse fillet welded joints




Education and training in food science




Feta and related cheeses
Food policy trends in Europe




The chemistry of wood preservation



Fatigue strength of welded structures




Toxic substances in crop plants


Food polymers, gels and colloids




Determination of veterinary residues in food



Advances in soil organic matter research



Nitrates and nitrites in food and water




Dietary fibre


Professional diver‘s manual on wet-welding



TIG and plasma welding
Pulsed arc welding



Which process?




Design and analysis of fatigue resistant welded structures




A guide to designing welds




Vitamins and minerals in health and nutrition




Submerged-arc welding




Physical properties of foods and food processing systems


Giles's laboratory course in dyeing




The theory of coloration of textiles
NDE handbook




Welding and cutting




Food emulsions and foams


Food structure



Plant polymeric carbohydrates




Handbook of textile fibres



Handbook of textile fibres




Engineering in textile coloration



Faults in hot dip galvanising
Weaving




Polymer melt rheology



Watson‘s advanced textile design




Watson‘s textile design and colour




Wire rod defects

Manufacturing process Videos
Subtitle




Principles, processes and types of dyes




Applications of dyes




Processing and applications




Types, properties and factors affecting breeding and cultivation




Issues of methodology, quality, testing and applications
Advanced processes for clean fuel production
Effects on livestock and food safety




Developments and applications




Principles and techniques for electronics and other applications
Principles and applications




Design and applications
Technology and applications




An integrated approach
Materials and reliability
Materials, properties and applications




Research and development




Research and development




Science, impacts and lessons for the nuclear industry
Research and development




A practical guide




Second generation processes and technologies




Materials, technologies and optimisation
Principles and applications




Improving safety, nutrition and quality




A digital control perspective
Methodologies and applications




From physical principles to turnkey instrumentation
A successful strategy for new product development
International energy efficiency standards and testing methods
High efficiency, low emission, fuel flexible power generation




In situ characterisation of PEMFCs and DMFCs
Innovation and production




Fundamentals and performance of PEMFCs and DMFCs




Example questions and worked answers




Fundamentals, materials and processes
Understanding and improving the urban environment




Planning, execution and international experience
Materials, engineering, constructions and applications
Impact damage, delamination and fatigue
Breast implants
A comprehensive guide to the gas markets




A comprehensive guide to the oil markets
Modelling and implementation




Cocona to mango




A guide to rice properties and analysis




Açai to citrus
Methods and applications




Advanced design, performance, materials and applications
Principles, advances and applications
Applications and technologies




Mangosteen to white sapote




Concept to product
Manufacturing, properties and applications




Biomaterials, bone grafting and tissue engineering
(Two volume set)




External pressure technology
A holistic approach to food traceability, safety, quality and authenticity




Biochemistry, manufacture and medical applications




Production, properties and applications in electronics
Processing, microstructure, mechanical properties and applications




Preparation, properties and applications
A practical guide




Science and applications
A practical guide
Fundamental theory and applications




Optimising design and construction for safe and reliable operation
Processing, characterisation and modelling




Landmine detection, de-mining and other applications
Methods analysis and applications




Production, processing and applications




Processes and technologies
Materials and design




Innovations in processing, packaging, and predictive modelling




Materials and operational aspects of plant life management (PLiM)
Example questions and worked answers




Oenology and wine quality




Fundamentals, applications and future trends
Life cycle assessment and related approaches
Science and technology




Understanding mechanisms of oxidation and antioxidant activity
Management in different industry sectors




Principles, advances and industrial applications
Fundamentals and applications
Technology, research and application




Non-destructive testing methods




Technology, energy storage and applications
Carbon dioxide (CO2) storage and utilisation
Science and design




Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture, transport and industrial applications




Deterioration processes and standard test methods
Mechanochemical processing of nanopowders




Aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys




A practical guide
Biochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass




Assessing and managing quality
Viticulture and wine quality




Improving quality in milk products
Milk production and processing
Theory and applications




Seven strategy lessons from the setbacks of Europe‘s biggest smoothie maker




7 strategy lessons




From soil to oil
Why polymer products fail in service
From basics to applications




Diesel engines
Delivery technologies and applications




How to succeed in recessionary times
Case studies in digestive and immune health
Gasoline and gas engines




Modelling of microstructure, properties and applications




Natural, regenerated, inorganic and specialist fibres
Food and nutraceutical uses




Life cycle and environmental impact
Fundamentals and manufactured polymer fibres




The excellent canopy




The story of a revolution




The story of a revolution
Design and developments
Ten key case studies




What makes Europe‘s fastest-growing smoothie brand so successful?
Measuring and controlling food structure breakdown and nutrient absorption




Seven key case studies




Principles, performance and operations
Improving production efficiency, quality and environmental management




Strategies, trends and case studies from the US and UK




A simple tool to innovate healthy brands
Hazards, risk analysis and control




Principles and practice
How prosperity and safety are linked




Structures, processing, properties and industrial applications




Theory and application using Mathematica and Matlab
From macro- to nano- scales




And what they reveal about success




Example questions and worked answers
Modelling of microstructure, properties and applications




Current status and future prospects
Towards evaluation of ecosystem services




Introduction to generalised functions
How to create an expert brand in sports nutrition




Principles and technology




Interdisciplinary research and business applications
Industrial and medical applications
Ten key case studies
Integrating the design and manufacture of textile products
Materials and chemistry




How Ocean Spray made them the world‘s most successful superfruit




Prediction and evaluation
A comprehensive guide




Structure, function and applications
Properties, applications and modelling of three-dimensional textile structures
How to build a superfruit business




Principles and applications
Improving quality




(EFC 47)
Production and properties
Successful strategies from the global marketplace
Combined cycle technology for sustainable energy production




International conference proceedings, 2008




Rapra Review Reports, Vol. 16, No. 9, Report 189
Technological, safety and regulatory aspects




Imaging, testing and modelling
(EFC 55)




Synthesis, properties and applications
Numerical methods for science and engineering




Recent advances and future prospects
The Kalman filter and beyond




Thermodynamics at work
Principles and applications in physical science and engineering




A student friendly workbook
Performance and operability




From research to application
Fundamentals and applications
Stirling cycle power for a sustainable future
(EFC 54)




Education, engineering and economics - ICTMA 12
Impact resistance and flame retardancy
(EFC 42)




(EFC 53)




Lattice simulation and zeta function applications
Stress corrosion cracking (EFC 51)




Conventional wisdom or scientific truth?




Metal dusting, carburisation and nitridation (EFC 41)
Fundamentals and applications
(EFC 50)
Reference electrodes, measurement, corrosion and tribocorrosion issues (EFC 49)




(EFC 46)
Biochemistry, biotechnology, clinical chemistry




Science and technology
Investigation, conservation and prediction of long term behaviour (EFC 48)




(EFC 45)
Materials, systems and applications




Dynamics
Practical strategies




The way forward for sustainable development in textiles
Munich, Germany, 30-31 January 2007
Science and technology




(EFC 43)




Reference material and procedural guidelines (EFC 44)
Monitoring, prevention and rehabilitation techniques (EFC 38)




Textile Progress Vol 38 No 4
Service life prediction - progress and challenges
Consumer-pathogen interactions




Practical science and technology




The application of advanced design and development techniques in medicine
Designer's guide to the structural hot-spot stress approach
New technologies
Military and civil aeronautical applications




Military and law-enforcement applications
Frankfurt, Germany, 19-20 September 2006
Cologne, Germany, 6-7 June 2006
Munich, Germany, 16-17 May 2006




Stability
Science, mechanics and applications




London, England, 25-26 April 2006
Mathematical and computational methods, software development and applications




Cologne, Germany, 21-22 March 2006
Düsseldorf, Germany, 21-22 February 2006
Microstructure, properties and applications
Performance and process simulation




Analysis, properties and design for repeated loading
Mathematical and computational methods
The art of predictive damage modelling
Textile Progress Vol 37 issue No 3




Virulence, stress response and resistance
Causes and effects of major accidents
Textile Progress Vol 37 issue No 1/2




Mental health, aging, and the implementation of a healthy diet and physical activity lifestyle
Obesity, the metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and cancer




European Academy of Nutritional Sciences (EANS) Conference, Vienna, May 2004
20-21 April 2005, Geneva, Switzerland
Science, technology and applications




A review of adhesives and processes




Proceedings of the 12th International ICC Cereal and Bread Congress, 24-26th May, 2004, Harrogate, UK
Distributions, ultradistributions and other generalised functions




Fundamental theory and applications




Nylon, polyester, acrylic, polyolefin
Tide and tidal current analysis and predictions, storm surges and sea level trends




Science and practice




Science and technology




Polymer composites and the environment
Structure, function and applications
Detection and control




A guide to low-alloy steels, stainless steels and nickel-base alloys




A computer graphics perspective
Proceedings of the fourth Asian-Australasian conference on composite materials ACCM 4
Molecular and clinical aspects




Manufacturing, properties and applications
ACIC 2004
Solid foods




Technology and current developments




Properties, uses, degradation, remediation
A welder's mate




Applications in computer graphics, GIS and computational geometry




Science and technology of the fatigue response of fibre-reinforced plastics
Improving quality




Design, repair and maintenance
Principles and practice
Improving quality




Principles and practice
Technology, science and economics




Semi-solid foods




Forecasting and fundamentals of applications
Production, processes and protection




The scientific evidence
A way of life - ICTMA 11




ICTMA 10
Calculation and measurement
Techniques and Computational Methods




Matrix and tensor analysis of elastic continua




Power ultrasound uses and applications
Mechanism, mitigation and monitoring




Their manufacture and application




Proceedings of an international meeting, September 2000, North East Wales Institute, UK
BSE, scrapie and CJD research




Cross-referenced to European CENELEC and American Standards
Principles, practice and solutions for urban planners




Improving quality




Mathematical methods, algorithms, applications




Improving quality
Improving quality
Deutsch/Englisch, English/German
Early intervention




Science and technology
A second start




Discrete mathematics of molecules




A material for the new millennium




An industry on the brink of expansion
Threats and opportunities in the years ahead




The challenges ahead




Guide for university and college lecturers




An introduction for mathematical physicists




Additives
Colorants



Fundamentals, processes, applications




Textile Progress Vol. 32 No. 1
Auxiliaries




Theory and practice


Textile Progress Vo. 31 No. 4



ICTMA 9 - Applications in science and technology




An introduction
Cellucon ‘98 proceedings
Cellucon ‘99 proceedings




Fundamentals and applications
Maximising success
The chemicals industry




From safety and quality to environmental and other audits




What can go wrong and how to avoid it
Assessment and monitoring




Technologies and applications




A practical guide
German Version




English Version
Learning from others' experience




Contaminants
Improving quality
Practical applications




External pressure technology



Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference, 24th & 25th August 1999, Bolton Institute, UK
Textile Progress Vol. 30 Nos. 3/4
Mathematical models of conflict




Theory and practice




Causes and effects of major accidents
Chemical and biological aspects
A comprehensive guide




Concept to product




Proceedings from the Eighth International Conference on Fibre Reinforced Composites, 13-15 September
2000, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK



Theory and applications
A guide to the assessment and evaluation of assets, performance and prospects




A guide to the assessment and evaluation of assets, performance and prospects
The pulp and paper industry




Recommendations of IIW subcommission XV-E
Technology change and work management for a global welding industry




Core research from TWI



Core research from TWI




Core research from TWI




Core research from TWI




Core research from TWI



Core research from TWI




Core research from TWI
Versatile components of plants, soils and water



Technology and market trends




Synthesis, production and applications




12th International Conference on Composite Materials, Paris, 5-9 July, 1999
A survey of law and practice in the European Union




An investigative, integrated approach to practical project work




Basic principles of chemical interactions
Seventh international conference



Biochemistry and agriculture




A critical review




A global perspective




Theory and practice




Planning and cost manager‘s guide
Engineering and science




Science and Technology
A guide to the assessment and evaluation of assets, performance and prospects




Mathematical methods for applied mathematicians, physicists, engineers and bioscientists




An explanatory introduction to the concepts




Lattices and solids in stereoview
Proceedings of the first international conference




Using externally-bonded FRP composites in structural and civil engineering




Quality management of fruit and vegetables
Advanced methods, properties and applications




Textile Progress Vol. 29 No. 3




Textile Progress Vol. 29 Nos. 1/2
Textile Progress Vol. 29 No. 4




Theoretical aspects




German-English/English-German




German-English/English-German


The food-environment challenge




Current issues




Sustainable development: Proceedings of the conference Ecotextile ‘98, April 1998, Bolton, UK


A market companion for users of the London Metal Exchange
World projects for year 2000 and beyond




Theory, applications, architecture, code
Eighth international conference




Design and application
An international guide to currency options, trading and practice




Directory and databook




Biscuit packaging and storage
Ingredients




Biscuit doughs




Biscuit dough piece forming




Baking and cooling of biscuits




Secondary processing in biscuit manufacturing
A practical software-based approach




Kinematics, dynamics and control




Structures, properties and uses




EUREKA Project EU 716
Textile Progress Vol. 27 No. 4



Textile Progress Vo. 27 No. 3




Textile Progress Vol. 28 No. 2




Textile Progress Vol. 28 No.3



Quadrilingual: German-English-French-Spanish



German-English/English-GermanGerman-French/French-German




A practical and legal handbook for lenders, borrowers, investors and their professional advisers
A global perspective




Microstructure, properties and applications




A handbook for bankers, companies and their advisers




An introductory text for degree studies




Strategy and practice
Processes, materials and methods used in the welding of major structures, pipelines and process plant



Processes, materials and methods used in the welding of major structures, pipelines and process plant




For engineers and mathematicians
A systems approach for mathematicians and engineers




MIT Brunel lectures on global infrastructure




Advances and applications



A comprehensive degree text and source book




Health and environmental aspects


Trilingual: German-English-French
Proteins, lipids and polysaccharides




Principles and applications




Risks from occupational exposure




Resin transfer moulding, structural reaction injection moulding and related processing techniques




Recent developments
Recommendations of IIW Joint Working Group XIII - XV




A practical guide to deals, contracts, agreements and promises




Profiting from the psyche




Fundamental information on canning




Microbiology, packaging, HACCP and ingredients




Processing procedures for canned food products




7th European Conference on Composite Materials, London, UK, 1996
A practical legal handbook for managers




Production methods and trends based on yard capacity




An investor‘s guide to technical analysis
Solutions to corrosion and wear-related failures




Cellucon ‘94 proceedings




Sensory and mechanical properties: Textile Progress Vol. 26 No. 3



Maths for decision-making in business and industry
Biochemistry and functionality




Principles and applications




A reference guide



Concepts and applications
Cellucon ‘93 proceedings: Physico-chemical aspects and industrial applications




The economics of cocoa supply
A professional approach




Evaluation and trading




An investigation into the breakdown of international commodity agreements




Textile Progress Vol. 26 No. 2



Applications in industry, business and science




Technology and operations
Textile Progress Vol. 26 No. 1




Introductory theory and applications in physical and life science




Developments, impacts and controls




User-friendly, simplified science




Managing the moral dimension
For the food industries




Evaluation and trading
The story of metals since earliest times and their impact on civilization




A dictionary and guide




A chemist‘s approach


A user-friendly handbook for skywatchers
Environmental issues




An introduction for students of food science and agriculture




A user's handbook




Stories and history
Stability and mechanical properties




Applications


An international compendium




Chemical and biological aspects
A practical guide




A practical guide




A compendium of equations, graphs, computer software and references for opening profiles of cracks in
loaded components and structures
For the production of cereal foods, snack foods and confectionery




First International Conference




Fundamentals




A practical workbook
Sources and surveillance




A guide to welding process options, techniques, equipment, NDT and codes of practice




A study of the influence of joint geometry
Nutrition, technology, analysis and safety




The impact on agriculture and the environment




Chemical and biological aspects




Process techniques, recommended practices and applications
An introduction



A guide to the selection of welding and related processes
Non-destructive examination methods for condition monitoring




A guide to fusion welding and associated cutting processes




Creation and evaluation




Man-made fibres



Natural fibres




Trilingual: German-English-French
Conversion of yarn to fabric




A guide for industrial practice



Compound woven structures




Elementary weaves and figured fabrics




Trilingual: German-English-French
Volume     Edition   Edited By Lead author   Lead author surname   Binding
                               initials
                     Yes       J             Oakey                 hardback




Volume 1             Yes      M              Clark                 hardback




Volume 2             Yes      M              Clark                 hardback




Volume 2             Yes      R              Kozlowski             hardback




Volume 1             Yes      R              Kozlowski             hardback




                     No       David          Murray-Smith          hardback
Yes   A     Alonso      hardback




Yes   HLM   Lelieveld   hardback




Yes   G     Koster      hardback




Yes   MR    Khan        hardback




Yes   M     Driver      hardback
           Yes   J    Fink-Gremmels   paperback




           Yes   J    Hu              hardback




           Yes   RH   Gong            hardback




           Yes   Z    Cao             hardback




Volume 1   Yes   E    Yahia           hardback
Yes   VS   Raja       hardback




Yes   RP   Gangloff   hardback




Yes   I    Jones      hardback




Yes   X    Zhao       hardback




Yes   A    Mouritz    paperback
Yes   D         Farrar      hardback




Yes   B         Kinsey      hardback




Yes   BJ        McCarthy    hardback




No    M         Ramezani    hardback




No    Efrén M   Benavides   hardback
Yes   D      Landolt    hardback




No    José   Meseguer   hardback




Yes   IM     Low        hardback




Yes   A      Basile     hardback
Volume 2   Yes   Y     Nys      hardback




           Yes   D     Benton   hardback




           Yes   C-U   Kim      hardback




Volume 1   Yes   Y     Nys      hardback
Yes   V          Bartels   hardback




Yes   H          Ylänen    hardback




Yes   JP         Davim     hardback




Yes   J. Paulo   Davim     hardback




Yes   H          Geckeis   hardback
Yes   L          Rosendahl     hardback




Yes   J. Paulo   Davim         hardback




Yes   J          Paulo Davim   paperback




Yes   R          Luque         hardback




Yes   D          Zhang         hardback




Yes   I          Crossland     hardback
Yes   G    Phillips    hardback




Yes   MT   DeMeuse     hardback




Yes   JP   Kerry       hardback




No    PA   Capó-Lugo   hardback




Yes   L    Bosworth    hardback
No   C    Lu          hardback




No   E    Yahia       hardback




No   GP   Russo       hardback




No   N    Nijjawan    hardback




No   KJ   Venugopal   hardback
No   Antonio Messeni Petruzzelli    hardback




No   N                Gokarneshan   hardback




No   A                Sahay         hardback




No   B                Neckář        hardback




No   V                Babu          hardback

No   SC               Ray           hardback
No   PK   Sapra          hardback




No   B    Annadurai      hardback




No   J    Hayavadana     hardback



No   S    Mukhopadhyay   hardback




No   PK   Sapra          hardback




No   J    Yu             hardback




No   G    Thilagavathi   hardback
           No    B    Mann          hardback




           Yes   MW   King          hardback




           Yes   J    Weitzenböck   hardback




           Yes   P    Jansohn       hardback




           No    GS   Virk          hardback




Volume 2   Yes   C    Hartnig       hardback
           Yes   L    Horne       hardback




Volume 1   Yes   C    Hartnig     hardback




           No    C    Matthews    hardback



           No    D    Alkazraji   paperback




           Yes   DG   Cacuci      hardback




           Yes   A    Emblem      hardback
No    VA      Soifer   hardback




Yes   E       Sparks   hardback




Yes   Ashok   Rao      hardback




Yes   F       Zeman    hardback




Yes   M       Laraia   hardback




No    J       Kilner   hardback
Yes   M            Hall       hardback




Yes   M            Castaldi   hardback




Yes   Z            Melhem     hardback




Yes   N            Soneda     hardback




No    Vladimir S   Aslanov    hardback




Yes   JP           Kerry      hardback
Yes   P   Robinson   hardback




Yes   D   Féron      hardback




Yes   Q   Huang      hardback




Yes   S   Higson     hardback




Yes   M   Jenkins    hardback
Yes   H   Brandon     hardback




Yes   Z   Melhem      hardback




Yes   M   Mueller     hardback




Yes   K   Lovegrove   hardback




Yes   S   Le Rouge    hardback
          Yes    Jonathan   Kingsman   looseleaf




           Yes
Second edition   David      Long       looseleaf




          Yes    David      Long       looseleaf
           Yes   N    Pan            hardback




           Yes   P    Michaleris     hardback




           Yes   MO   Alam           hardback




Volume 3   No    E    Yahia          hardback




           No    KR   Bhattacharya   hardback




Volume 2   No    E    Yahia          hardback
Yes   G    Giuliano      hardback




No    MI   Tobler-Rohr   hardback




Yes   JM   Lagaron       hardback




Yes   B    Beith         hardback
Yes   Y   Li             hardback




Yes   H   Zhang          hardback




Yes   A   Briggs-Goode   hardback




Yes   K   Kilcast        hardback
                     Yes    K   Yamauchi   hardback




Volume 4             No     E   Yahia      hardback




                      Yes
           Second edition   M   Saarela    hardback
Yes   SV   Lomov       hardback




Yes   R    Fangueiro   hardback




Yes   J    Ferri       hardback




No    Q    Xin         hardback
           Yes   K     Macdonald   hardback




           Yes   G     Song        hardback




           No    W     Rumin       hardback




           No    S     Vir         hardback




           No
Second edition   CTF   Ross        hardback
Yes   G   Talbot    hardback




Yes   J   Hoorfar   hardback




Yes   S   Rimmer    hardback




Yes   Y   Shiraki   hardback
Yes   SH   Whang     hardback




Yes   L    Zheng     hardback




Yes   T    McNally   hardback
Yes   S    De Saeger       hardback




Yes   D    Kilcast         hardback




Yes   NE   Zafeiropoulos   hardback




Yes   KL   Nash            hardback
Yes   XG   Qiu            hardback




No    M    Meloun         hardback




No    B    Purushothama   hardback




Yes   B    Vernon         hardback




Yes   MI   Ojovan         hardback
Yes   J    Paulo Davim   hardback




Yes   G    Song          hardback




No    A    Muhammad      paperback




No    AL   Zhilyaev      hardback




Yes   KF   Au            hardback
           Yes   H     Xu         hardback




           No    LJM   Rao        hardback




           No
Second edition   KC    Molloy     paperback




           Yes   JD    Sørensen   hardback
No    W    Sha        hardback




Yes   VM   Karbhari   hardback




Yes   M    Lysaght    hardback




Yes   Y    Baudoin    hardback
Third editionNo   Robin   Dand       hardback




            Yes   C       Lacroix    hardback




            Yes   RM      Guedes     hardback




            Yes   A       Majumdar   hardback
Yes   R   Williams   hardback




Yes   R   Lumley     hardback




Yes   R   Luque      hardback




Yes   S   Brul       hardback
No    B    Mazumder   hardback




Yes   SC   Tjong      hardback




Yes   T    Gourlay    hardback




Yes   S    Rizvi      hardback
Yes   SJ     Chua      hardback




Yes   CJ     Doona     hardback




Yes   L      Liu       hardback




Yes   Ph G   Tipping   hardback
                       No    C    Matthews   hardback




           Third editionNo   CM   McGregor   paperback




Volume 2               Yes   A    Reynolds   hardback




                       Yes   H    Rahnejat   hardback
Yes   U    Sonesson   hardback




Yes   G    Pohl       hardback




No    G    Colovic    hardback



Yes   ZZ   Fang       hardback
           Yes   K     Uchino     hardback




           Yes   CA    Lawrence   hardback




Volume 1   Yes   E     Decker     hardback




           No    ALW   Bradley    hardback
Volume 2   Yes   E     Decker       hardback




           No    J-S   Zhang        hardback




           Yes   V     Nierstrasz   hardback




           Yes   ML    Gulrajani    hardback
Yes   CAC   Sequeira        hardback




Yes   SR    Jaeger          hardback




No    T-C   Hua             hardback




Yes   AP    Vassilopoulos   hardback
           Yes   J    Lawrence     hardback




Volume 2   Yes   C    Maierhofer   hardback




           Yes   JK   Kaldellis    hardback




           Yes   J    Ahn          hardback
           Yes   C    Butzke         hardback




           Yes   SC   Anand          hardback




           Yes   X    Sun            hardback




Volume 2   Yes   MM   Maroto-Valer   hardback
           Yes   CP   Sharma         hardback




           Yes   R    Alagirusamy    hardback




Volume 1   Yes   MM   Maroto-Valer   hardback




           Yes   R    Chapman        hardback




Volume 1   Yes   C    Maierhofer     hardback
Yes   M   Sopicka-Lizer   hardback




Yes   H   Dong            hardback




Yes   D   Roddy           hardback




Yes   D   Kilcast         hardback
Yes   KW   Waldron        hardback




Yes   C    Wrigley        hardback




No    N    Nijjawan       hardback




No    B    Purushothama   hardback



No    S    Das            hardback
Volume 1   Yes   A    Reynolds    hardback




           Yes   LH   Skibsted    hardback




Volume 2   Yes   M    Griffiths   hardback




           Yes   M    Hall        hardback
           No    W   Wong        hardback




Volume 1   Yes   M   Griffiths   hardback




           Yes   M   Niinomi     hardback




           Yes   D   Dillard     hardback
Yes   N    Uddin     hardback




Yes   Xu   Wang      hardback




Yes   AA   Stec      hardback




Yes   PK   Mallick   hardback
No   BK    Behera      hardback




No   J     Mellentin   paperback




No   J     Mellentin   paperback




No   RS    Tomar       hardback




No   JCJ   Bart        hardback
No    PR   Lewis       hardback




No    A    Das         hardback




No    J    Mellentin   paperback




Yes   C    Mena        hardback




Yes   WC   Smith       hardback
           Yes   C   Archer      hardback




           Yes   J   Albert      hardback




           Yes   D   Lohwasser   hardback




Volume 2   Yes   H   Zhao        hardback
Yes   TV   Chirila     hardback




Yes   V    Goodship    hardback




Yes   A    Lewis       hardback




No    J    Mellentin   paperback
No    JN   Chakraborty   hardback




Yes   X    Chen          hardback




Yes   AM   Brandt        hardback




Yes   L    Ambrosio      hardback




No    J    Mellentin     paperback
Volume 2   Yes   KW   Waldron      hardback




Volume 1   Yes   H    Zhao         hardback




           No    W    Sha          hardback




           No    SV   Petrushkin   hardback




Volume 2   Yes   S    Eichhorn     hardback
Yes   N    Delatte     hardback




Yes   M    Corredig    hardback




Yes   SE   Hughes      paperback



Yes   AR   Bunsell     hardback




Yes   RS   Blackburn   hardback
Volume 1               Yes   S             Eichhorn                hardback




                       No    F             Fahy                    paperback




           Third editionNo   Sir Patrick   Moore, CBE, DSc, FRAS   hardback




           Third editionNo   Sir Patrick   Moore, CBE, DSc, FRAS   paperback




                       Yes   JT            Williams                hardback
No    ES   Greenhalgh   hardback




Yes   R    Lewis        hardback




Yes   T    Rowe         hardback




Yes   PM   Fratamico    hardback




Yes   RA   Behr         hardback
No    S    Das            hardback




No    B    Purushothama   hardback




No    J    Mellentin      paperback




No    J    Mellentin      paperback




No    SP   Cauvain        hardback




Yes   Q    Wei            hardback
Yes   JA   Planell    hardback




No    P    Ashurst    hardback




Yes   VM   Karbhari   hardback




Yes   AM   Robinson   hardback
Yes   MW   Lorence      hardback




Yes   DJ   McClements   hardback




No    J    Mellentin    paperback




No    K    Huang        hardback
Yes   G     Burnell     hardback




No    J     Mellentin   paperback




No    S-Y   Fu          hardback




No    P     Wennström   paperback
           Yes
Second edition    C de W   Blackburn   hardback




            Yes   FO       Olsen       hardback




            Yes   G        Talbot      hardback




Third editionNo   PJ       Fellows     paperback
No    JF   Lancaster     hardback




Yes   JL   Provis        hardback




No    S    Rajasekaran   hardback




No    J    Fan           hardback
          Yes    S    Thomas      hardback




          No     J    Mellentin   paperback




           Yes
Second edition   GO   Phillips    hardback




          Yes    C    Hellio      hardback




          No     C    Matthews    paperback
           Yes   S   Rajendran   hardback




           No
Second edition   D   Stirling    paperback




           No    W   Sha         hardback




           Yes   J   Khatib      hardback




           Yes   M   Wilson      hardback
Ninth editionNo   BW       Darvell    paperback




            Yes   J        Denstedt   hardback




            Yes   Edward   Maltby     hardback + Free CD-ROM




            Yes   M        Miraftab   hardback




           No
Second edition    RF       Hoskins    paperback
Yes   I    Shaw        hardback




No    J    Mellentin   paperback




No    M    Guo         hardback




Yes   HL   Meiselman   hardback
Yes   KK   Goswami    hardback




No    L    Susmel     hardback




No    SY   Nanal      hardback




No    JW   Parchure   hardback




Yes   J    McCann     hardback
Yes   MM    Houck       hardback




No    J     Mellentin   hardback




Yes   P     Paquin      hardback




Yes   SCO   Ugbolue     hardback




Yes   DP    Orgill      hardback
Yes   SE    Shumway     hardback




Yes   JP    Kerry       hardback




Yes   S     Benavides   hardback




Yes   NAG   Johnson     hardback
Yes   L    Di Silvio   hardback




Yes   MM   Raats       hardback




Yes   R    Singh       hardback




No    J    Mellentin   paperback
No    Y   El Mogahzy   hardback




Yes   T   Yoneyama     hardback




Yes   M   Gasik        hardback




Yes   S   Sridharan    hardback
            Yes   R     Shishoo   hardback




            Yes   JK    Paik      hardback




            Yes   S     Deb       hardback




            No    N     Chand     hardback




             No
Fourth edition    JWS   Hearle    hardback
Yes   P    Schwartz    hardback




Yes   G    Walker      hardback




Yes   A    Abbott      hardback




No    J    Mellentin   paperback




Yes   FJ   Buchanan    hardback
Third editionYes   M     Brown      hardback




            No     M     Hirst      hardback




            Yes    K-H   Park       hardback




            Yes    AR    Horrocks   hardback
Yes   J   Hu       hardback




No    J   Hu       hardback




Yes   R   Martin   hardback




Yes   Ø   Lie      hardback
No   RL   Reis       hardback




No   G    Talbot     hardback




No   K    Crawford   hardback




No   T    Havlik     hardback
Yes   E    Chiellini   hardback




Yes   LC   Hollaway    hardback




Yes   AS   Khanna      hardback
Yes   PA   Revell      hardback




Yes   J    Klemeš      hardback




Yes   K    Pickering   hardback




Yes   BL   Deopura     hardback
Yes   P    Richardson   hardback




Yes   S    Mindess      hardback




Yes   BS   Gupta        hardback




Yes   M    Schütze      hardback
Yes   K   Oksman Niska   hardback




No    B   Sirok          hardback




Yes   C   Fairhurst      hardback




Yes   E   Wilusz         hardback




No    R   Gilbert        paperback
Yes   T    Børresen         hardback




Yes   SO   Serna-Saldivar   hardback




No    J    Mellentin        paperback




Yes   M    Koç              hardback
No    E    Jeffs            hardback




Yes   FA   Tomás-Barberán   hardback




Yes   YM   Zhang            hardback




Yes   W    Gao              hardback




No    K    Jarmai           hardback




No    S    Fairgrieve       paperback
No    J    Farkas          hardback




Yes   P    Berry Ottaway   hardback




Yes   YN   Zhou            hardback




No    D    Alkazraji       paperback




Yes   RV   Curtis          hardback
Yes   T     Kokubo   hardback




Yes   S     Winnik   hardback




Yes   Z-G   Ye       hardback
Yes   F   Abe         hardback




No    P   Jones       paperback




No    V   Zalizniak   paperback




Yes   B   Brückner    hardback
          No     PC   Thijssen   paperback




          No     ED   Yardley    hardback




          Yes    L    Yang       hardback




           Yes
Second edition   K    Hack       hardback
            Yes   N   Garti            hardback




Third editionNo                        paperback
             No   R   Whitefield       hardback




           No
Second edition    J   Dunning-Davies   paperback




            No    N   Challis          paperback
           No
Second edition   X    Mao       paperback




           Yes   M    Earle     hardback




           No    G    Akovali   paperback




           Yes   BR   Hamaker   hardback
No    S     Fairgrieve   paperback




No    AMY   Razak        hardback + Free CD-ROM




Yes   AR    Boccaccini   hardback




Yes   HLM   Lelieveld    hardback
Yes   P    Brown        hardback




Yes   R    Kotsilkova   paperback



No    MJ   Forrest      paperback




No    VK   Champagne    hardback
           Yes   R         Rastall      hardback




Volume 2   No    A         Subic        hardback




           Yes   DJ        McClements   hardback




           No    Allan J   Organ        hardback
Yes   L   Fedrizzi   hardback




Yes   M   Jenkins    hardback




No    H   Zhao       hardback




No    C   Haines     paperback
No    D     Ratna      paperback




Yes   J     Cooper     hardback




Yes   VM    Karbhari   hardback




No    L-E   Lindgren   hardback
No    J     Harston     hardback




Yes   M     Schütze     hardback




No    SC    Roy         paperback




Yes   PLH   McSweeney   hardback




Yes   CL    Page        hardback
Yes   D    Féron            hardback




No    J    Dunning-Davies   paperback




Yes   AJ   Taylor           hardback




No    H    Grabke           hardback
                       No
            Second edition          RE                Moore      paperback




Volume 96              Yes          H
            World review of nutrition and dietetics   Okuyama    hardback




Volume 59                Yes       R series: Pediatric Cooke
            Nestlé nutrition workshop J                program   hardback




                        No          MJM               Abadie     paperback
           Yes   S    Prakash   hardback




           Yes   ZX   Guo       hardback




Volume 2   Yes   M    Saarela   hardback




           Yes   H    MacFie    hardback
No    D   Féron      hardback




No    R   Christie   hardback




No    J   Hu         hardback




Yes   B   Weimer     hardback
Yes   CJK   Henry       hardback




No    I     Kononenko   paperback




No    R-W   Bosch       hardback




No    J     Harston     paperback
                       Yes   S    Ashdown   hardback




                      No
           Second edition    T    Palmer    paperback




Volume 1               Yes   KW   Waldron   hardback




           Third editionNo   AY   Tamime    hardback
No    P    Dillmann   hardback




Yes   S    Brul       hardback




No    TR   Crompton   paperback




Yes   R    Oltra      hardback
           No    E    Macdonald        hardback




           Yes   R    Shishoo          hardback




           Yes   L    Van Langenhove   hardback




Volume 2   Yes   NE   Shanmugam        hardback
           Yes   D    Kilcast    hardback




           Yes   M    Miraftab   hardback




           Yes   AC   Long       hardback




           No                    paperback


2nd edition No   V    Goodship   hardback
Volume 97              Yes          AP
            World review of nutrition and dietetics   Simopoulos   hardback




                        No                                         paperback




                        Yes         L                 Frewer       hardback




                        Yes         RW                Sarsby       hardback




                        Yes         K                 Barnes       hardback
Yes   S   Russell     hardback




Yes   S   Gordon      hardback




Yes   G   Mead        hardback




No    R   Myrdal      paperback




Yes   F   Shahidi     hardback




No    R   Lindstrom   paperback
Yes   C    Mills         hardback




Yes   M    Raupach       hardback




Yes   AM   Brandt        hardback




No    R    Alagirusamy   paperback
           Yes   N   Pan       hardback




           Yes   K   Skog      hardback




           No
Second edition   D   Radaj     hardback




           Yes   V   Coveney   hardback
Yes   M   Potter    hardback




No    J   Norrish   hardback




No    G   Feiner    hardback




No    R   Bibb      hardback
                      Yes    F    Gunstone   hardback




                      No     E    Niemi      paperback




                      No
           Seventh edition   RA   Lawrie     paperback




Volume 3              Yes    KV   Peter      hardback




                      No     TR   Gurney     hardback
No    W    Yu         hardback




Yes   C    Bamforth   hardback




No    K    Cousins    paperback




Yes   H    Mattila    hardback




Yes   WJ   Spillane   hardback
No    D     Brewis       paperback




No    J-M   Vernaud      paperback




No    DE    Kritzinger   hardback




Yes   A     Bhatnagar    hardback




Yes   D     Platt        paperback
                        No                                                      paperback + Free CD-ROM




                         No
            Eighth edition        DA                Bender                      hardback




Volume 11                Yes       J series: Clinical and performance program
            Nestlé nutrition workshopP                 Bantle                   hardback




Volume 59             Yes
            Forum of Nutrition    M                 Heinrich                    hardback




                        No                                                      paperback
Volume 58                Yes       J                    program
            Nestlé nutrition workshop series: Pediatric Rigo      hardback




                       No                                         paperback




Volume 57                Yes       A                    program
            Nestlé nutrition workshop series: Pediatric Lucas     hardback




                       No                                         hardback + Free CD-ROM




                       Yes         Y                  Motarjemi   hardback
                       Yes   BG   Mellor      hardback




                       No                     paperback



                       Yes   K    Weman       hardback




           Third editionNo   J    Martin      paperback




                       Yes   Y    Li          hardback




Volume 1               Yes   NE   Shanmugam   hardback
Yes   H        Ujiie      hardback




Yes   H        Wu         hardback




No    Y        Li         hardback




Yes   Martin   Thompson   looseleaf




No                        paperback
No    R    Crompton    paperback




No    SP   Cauvain     hardback




No    M    Ferry       hardback




Yes   C    Blackburn   hardback




Yes   Y    Wang        hardback
           Yes        I           Smith        hardback




           Yes        A           Voilley      hardback




           No
Second edition        JM          Blackledge   paperback




           No
Second International Conference                paperback




           No         Y-W         Mai          hardback
Yes   RHJ   Hannink   hardback




No                    paperback




No    H     Prashad   hardback




No    V     Apte      hardback
Yes   C    Williams   hardback




Yes   J    Xin        hardback




Yes   D    Fritz      hardback




Yes   IM   Low        hardback
Yes   S    Koppelman   hardback




No    K    Ding        hardback




No    NC   Lee         paperback




No    GT   Hahn        hardback
No    M    Miller       paperback




Yes   RS   Blackburn    hardback




Yes   JM   Blackledge   paperback




Yes   SC   Anand        hardback




Yes   H    Behery       hardback
Volume 3   Yes   PR      Beeley      hardback




           Yes   Terry   Townsend    looseleaf




           Yes   HLM     Lelieveld   hardback




           Yes   CC      Sorrell     hardback
Yes   RA   Scott         hardback




Yes   D    Mela          hardback




Yes   S    Seetharaman   hardback




Yes   Z    Feng          hardback




Yes   N    Ahmed         hardback
Yes   D   Bucknall    hardback




Yes   Q   Fan         hardback




Yes   L   Hench       paperback + CD-ROM




Yes   G   Fu          hardback




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Yes   R   Shishoo    hardback




Yes   W   Jongen     hardback




Yes   C   Soutis     hardback




No    H   Yamagata   hardback
Yes   G    Mead        hardback




No    MA   Hann        paperback




Yes   M    Griffiths   hardback




Yes   J    Sofos       hardback
            Yes   AC   Long        hardback




            Yes   H    Schubert    hardback




Third editionNo   JF   Lancaster   hardback




            Yes   P    Chen        hardback




            Yes   D    Nichols     paperback
                        Yes         G                  Akovali      paperback




                        Yes         R                  Shamey       paperback




Volume 95              Yes          AP
            World review of nutrition and dietetics    Simopoulos   hardback




Volume 55                Yes       G                    program
            Nestlé nutrition workshop series: Pediatric Hornstra    hardback
Volume 94              Yes          AP
            World review of nutrition and dietetics   Simopoulos                 hardback




Volume 57             Yes
            Forum of Nutrition      I                 Elmadfa                    hardback




Volume 10                Yes       H                    Lochs
            Nestlé nutrition workshop series: Clinical and performance program   hardback




Volume 56                Yes       O                    program
            Nestlé nutrition workshop series: Pediatric Hernell                  hardback




Volume 58             Yes
            Forum of Nutrition      I                 Elmadfa                    hardback
No    W    Rogers     paperback




Yes   P    Vadgama    hardback




Yes   Z    Xiao Guo   hardback




No    T    Hongu      hardback




Yes   JF   Kennedy    hardback
Yes   R    Smith      hardback




No                    paperback



Yes   XM   Tao        hardback




Yes   RR   Franck     hardback




No    GP   Beaumont   paperback
Yes   RD   Adams     hardback




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Yes   H    Böhni     hardback




Yes   SP   Cauvain   paperback
No    RF   Hoskins    paperback




Yes   C    Bastioli   paperback




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Yes   JE   McIntyre   hardback




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No    JD   Boon      paperback




No                   paperback

No    DE   Briggs    hardback




No    J    Fan       hardback




Yes   C    Baillie   hardback
Yes   A     Arnoldi     hardback




Yes   D     Watson      hardback




No    WD    Schindler   hardback




Yes   A-C   Eliasson    hardback
Yes   P    Richardson   hardback




Yes   N    Magan        hardback




No    C    Farrar       hardback




No    GV   Baranoski    hardback
                        No         S                   Gudoshnikov   hardback




                        Yes        C                   Remacle       hardback




Volume 53                Yes       E                     program
            Nestlé nutrition workshop series: Pediatric Isoluri      hardback




                        Yes        C                   Hawkyard      paperback
Volume 54                     Yes       J series: Pediatric Pettifor
                 Nestlé nutrition workshopM                 program                  hardback




                            Yes         L                  Ye                        hardback




Two volume set              No          LA                 Utracki                   paperback




Volume 9                      Yes       S series: Clinical and performance program
                 Nestlé nutrition workshop P                Allison                  hardback
Volume 93              Yes          AP
            World review of nutrition and dietetics   Simopoulos   hardback




                        No                                         paperback


                        Yes         G                 Mead         hardback




                        No          D                 Dunn         paperback




                        Yes         R                 Steele       hardback




                        No          DA                Aldeen       paperback




                        Yes         B                 Raj          hardback
No    JS   Pinto      paperback




Yes   LC   Hollaway   hardback




Yes   R    Yada       hardback




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Yes   M    Edwards    hardback
Volume 2   Yes   D    Kilcast    hardback




Volume 2   Yes   KV   Peter      hardback




           No    J    Innes      paperback




           No    R    Wood       hardback




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No    D   Keats      paperback




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Yes   B   Harris     hardback
Yes   P    Zeuthen    hardback




Yes   M    Lees       hardback




Yes   AM   Brandt     hardback




Yes   B    Mattsson   hardback
No                        paperback




Yes   A    Cavaco-Paulo   hardback




Yes   SP   Cauvain        hardback




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Yes   I   Tothill   hardback




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Yes   G       Smit          hardback




No    James   Anderson      hardback




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Yes   HLM     Lelieveld     hardback
Volume 1   Yes   M    Jenkins   hardback




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Volume 1   Yes   BM   McKenna   hardback




Volume 2   No    SG   Sajjadi   paperback
           No
Second edition   G    De Barra     paperback




           No    D    Heywood      hardback




           Yes   S    Roller       hardback




           Yes   TA   McMeekin     hardback




           Yes   R    Ahvenainen   hardback
                        No          K                 Slater                     hardback




Volume 92              Yes          AP
            World review of nutrition and dietetics   Simopoulos                 hardback




Volume 52                Yes       F series: Pediatric Delange
            Nestlé nutrition workshop M                program                   hardback




Volume 8                 Yes       L                    Cynober
            Nestlé nutrition workshop series: Clinical and performance program   hardback
                        No          SJ                Lamon        paperback




Volume 91              Yes          AP
            World review of nutrition and dietetics   Simopoulos   hardback




                        Yes         I                 Johnson      hardback




                        Yes         T                 Boekhout     hardback




                        No          Q-X               Ye           hardback
           No    Y   Li                 paperback




           No    Y   Li                 paperback




           Yes   B   Baigrie            hardback




           No    J   Dunning-Davies     paperback




Volume 1   Yes   T   Mattila-Sandholm   hardback
Yes   S          Buckingham   hardback




Yes   D          Watson       hardback




No    Jennifer   Spencer      looseleaf




No    JK         Skelly       hardback




No    PW         Dufton       paperback


No    D          Radaj        hardback
           No       DK        Smith    hardback




          Yes         L
Revised Second Edition W C    Miles    hardback




           No
Second edition      JD        Renton   paperback




           No
Second edition      TJ        Mason    paperback




           Yes
Second edition      Junichi   Ujiie    hardback
No    A    Clarke    hardback




Yes   HS   Khatak    hardback




No    RH   Gong      hardback




Yes   JF   Kennedy   hardback
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           Yes   M    Brown        hardback




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           No
Second edition   BJ   Elliott      hardback
Yes   H    McClintock   hardback




Yes   JP   Kerry        hardback




No    WR   Spillers     hardback




No    JM   Blackledge   paperback




Yes   D    MacDougall   hardback
Yes   CJK   Henry     hardback




Yes   W     Jongen    hardback




Yes   T     Ohlsson   hardback




Yes   HA    Bremner   hardback
                       No        John               Jessop                      looseleaf




                        No
           Eighth edition        HJS                Finch                       paperback




                       No        H-K                Rouette                     hardback




                       No        G                  Crawshaw                    hardback




Volume 6                Yes       IH                   Iosenburg
           Nestlé nutrition workshop series: Clinical and performance program   hardback
Volume 7                Yes       D                    Labadarios
           Nestlé nutrition workshop series: Clinical and performance program   hardback




                      No         W                  Fung                        hardback




                      Yes        WS                 Simpson                     hardback




                      Yes        A                  Menlove                     hardback




                      No         KC                 Mills                       hardback
            No     SJ       James      hardback




           No
Second edition     S        Page       paperback




            No     DH       Rouvray    hardback




Fifth edition No   J        Blunt      hardback




            No     Nnamdi   Anyadike   paperback




            No     Nnamdi   Anyadike   paperback
                      No    Nnamdi   Anyadike    paperback




                      No    Nnamdi   Anyadike    paperback




                      No
           Second edition   JD       Renton      paperback




                      No    JH       Mason       paperback




                      No    D        Martin      paperback



                      Yes   V        Valpuesta   hardback




Volume 2              Yes   D        Watson      hardback
           No    RR   White        hardback




           No    RR   Scorer       paperback




Volume 1   Yes   J    Shore        hardback



           No    G    Stolte       hardback




           No    R    Lowson       hardback




           No    MJ   Denton       hardback



           No    B    Le Pechoux   paperback

           No    AJ   Chuter       hardback



           No    DB   Wootton      hardback
                             No    RP       Brown       hardback



Volume 2                     Yes   J        Shore       hardback




                              No
(Textile progress Vol. 31 No. 3)   AM       Seyam       paperback


                             No    A        Barella     paperback



                             No    JF       Matos       hardback




                             No    Joseph   Guenthner   hardback




                             No    DH       Trevena     paperback
Third editionNo   WA    Gould     hardback




            Yes   JF    Kennedy   hardback




            Yes   RR    Franck    hardback




            Yes   JWS   Hearle    hardback
          Yes    JF    Kennedy        hardback




          No     JWS   Hearle         hardback



          Yes    XM    Tao            hardback




           Yes
Second edition   E     Kress-Rogers   hardback




          No     J     Wilson         paperback
           No    M     Earle     paperback




           Yes   P     Vistrup   hardback




Volume 1   Yes   KV    Peter     hardback




           No    DR    Moore     hardback




           Yes   D-W   Sun       hardback




           No    Tim   Peck      hardback
No    Bob    Ceurstemont   looseleaf




Yes   M      Dillon        hardback




No    John   MacNamara     paperback




No    John   Smullen       paperback
No    Thomas E   Krayenbuehl   paperback




Yes   R          Guy           hardback




Yes   Vincent    Rich          looseleaf




Yes   LMM        Tijskens      hardback




Yes   K          Goodburn      hardback
Volume 55                Yes
               Forum of Nutrition   D      Hornig    hardback




3 Volume set               No       H-K    Rouette   hardback




               Third editionNo      PA     Firby     hardback




3 Volume set               No       H-K    Rouette   hardback




                           No       John   Wakely    hardback
                       Yes    T     Mayes      hardback




Volume 1               Yes    D     Watson     hardback




                       Yes    C     Woodings   hardback




                       Yes    Ian   Walden     looseleaf




           Third editionYes   DJ    Spencer    paperback
Yes   JB       Rossell      hardback




Yes   P        Richardson   hardback




No    SP       Cauvain      hardback




No    D        Pletcher     paperback




No    Murray   Park         looseleaf
Yes   G           Owens      hardback




Yes   Anthony N   Birts      hardback



Yes   J           Pokorný    hardback




No    CTF         Ross       hardback



Yes   SC          Anand      hardback



No    James F     King       looseleaf




Yes   AR          Horrocks   hardback




No    D           Manley     hardback
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           No    PD   Barry       hardback




           No    D    Frenkler    hardback




           No    R    Killing     hardback




           No
Second edition   R    Raj         hardback




           Yes   G    Akovali     hardback



           No    NR   Mandal      hardback




           No    AD   Broadbent   hardback
           No    AJ   Jones        paperback




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           Yes   AR   Horrocks     hardback




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           No
Second edition   JF   Lancaster    hardback




           Yes   JM   Hodgkinson   hardback
           No    FL       Matthews   hardback




           No    CE       Horne      hardback




           Yes   AM       Brandt     hardback



           Yes   SR       Reid       hardback




           No    IT       Johnson    hardback



           No    BJ       Elliott    hardback




           No
Second edition   Pierre   Spahni     hardback
          Yes    M     Brown       hardback




           Yes
Second edition   M     Stringer    hardback




          No     Ken   Hewitt      looseleaf




          Yes    GR    Gibson      hardback




          Yes    AG    Gibson      paperback




          No     CR    Calladine   paperback
Yes   D         Kilcast       hardback




Yes   T         Dean          hardback




No    Charles   Kernot        looseleaf




Yes   PC        Morris        hardback




Yes   JR        Blanchfield   hardback




Yes   T         Starr         hardback




Yes   CJ        Kennedy       hardback
            Yes   MJ      Owen     hardback




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Third editionNo   D       Manley   hardback




            No    Nick    Hall     looseleaf
No    Tom       Bolton     looseleaf




No    William   Black      looseleaf




Yes   X-L       Zhao       paperback



No    PA        Williams   hardback


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No   R   Boekholt   hardback




No                  paperback



No                  paperback




No                  paperback




No                  paperback




No                  paperback



No                  paperback




No                  paperback
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           Yes   EA   Ghabbour   hardback



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           No
Second edition   C    McGregor   paperback




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           No                    paperback abstracts volume + CD RO




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            No                     paperback




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Third editionNo   J     Hicks      paperback
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          Yes    MH     Ogle        paperback



          Yes    G      Linden      hardback




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          No     Phil   Case        hardback




           Yes
Second edition   R      Lambourne   hardback




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          Yes    A      Miravete    hardback
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           No
Second edition   AY      Tamime     hardback




           No
Second edition   Robin   Dand       hardback



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           No
Second edition   Ian     Youngman   hardback
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            No    M         Ladd         paperback




Sixth editionNo   JF        Lancaster    paperback




            Yes   Rohit     Talwar       paperback




            Yes   Bernard   Taylor       paperback




            Yes   Vlad      Stanic       paperback
           No    VS         Davey      paperback




           No    R          Hurrell    hardback




           No    PS         Belton     hardback




           Yes
Second edition   Brian      Welch      hardback




           No                          hardback




           Yes   LC         Hollaway   hardback




           Yes   J          Ziebs      paperback




           No
Second edition   W Penman   Brown      hardback




           No    M          Hagg       hardback
Yes   Valerie   Hawkes         hardback




No    BP        Saville        hardback




No    L         Zhang          paperback




Yes   EA        Ghabbour       hardback


Yes   JP        Blitz          hardback




Yes   DR        Karsa          hardback




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            No                          paperback

           No
Seventh edition                         paperback

            Yes   WS      Wilson        hardback




Third editionNo                         paperback


            Yes   GT      Brooks        hardback




            Yes   M       Fielding      hardback




            Yes   AR      Horrocks      paperback


            No    Paddy   Crabbe        hardback
Yes   G             Pritchard   hardback




No    Julian        Roche       hardback




No    UW            Kitzinger   hardback




No    Alexander P   Reed Jr     hardback




No    SM            Bozic       hardback




Yes   SA            Campbell    hardback
           No                       paperback




           No
Second edition   Sally   Clubley    hardback




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           No
Second edition   S       Grainger   hardback




           No                       paperback
                      No
           Second edition   JWS    Hearle         hardback




                      Yes   J      Summerscales   hardback




                      No    Ian    Youngman       hardback




                      No    PA     Williams       hardback


                      No
           Second edition   Alan   Hicks          hardback




                      No
           Second edition   M      Greensmith     hardback




                      No
           Second edition                         paperback




                      Yes   J      O'Brien        hardback


                      No    Tom    Bolton         hardback



Volume 6              No    D      Manley         paperback
           No   D               Manley




Volume 1   No   D               Manley     paperback




Volume 2   No   D               Manley     paperback




Volume 3   No   D               Manley     paperback




Volume 4   No   D               Manley     paperback




Volume 5   No   D               Manley     paperback




           No   R               Williams   paperback




           No   François Eric   Perquel    hardback
No    WP       Gardiner   paperback




No    NA       Shneydor   paperback




No    RM       Laing      hardback




Yes   EA       Ghabbour   hardback



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Yes   M        Le Bras    hardback


Yes   CAC      Sequeira   hardback

Yes   AM       Brandt     hardback



No    Pierre   Spahni     paperback


No    AW       Espie      paperback



No    NS       Isaacs     hardback
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Volume 1   2nd edition No   W         Klein        paperback



                      Yes   TP        Labuza       hardback




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                      No                           paperback



                      No                           paperback


                      No    JE        Whitehouse   hardback




                      No    Vaumini   Amin         hardback
           No    Graham     Roberts        hardback



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           Yes   TD         Papthanasiou   hardback




           Yes   R          Gunn           hardback




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           No    J          Barrett        paperback




           No
Second edition   Philippa   Foster Back    hardback




           No
Second edition   Lance      Moir           paperback
Yes   Donald   Spence      hardback




No    JF       Lancaster   hardback



No    JF       Lancaster   paperback



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Yes   RS       Singhal     hardback


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No    Eddie    Cade        hardback



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No    WA       Gould       hardback
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           No     FP    Davidson   hardback




           No     G     Scott      hardback




2nd Edition Yes   R     McDonald   hardback




           Yes    A     Dyer       hardback



           No     H     Beyer      paperback




           Yes    MHB   Hayes      hardback


           No
Second edition                     paperback
           Yes   E        Dickinson   hardback




           Yes   AD       Swift       hardback


           No
Second edition   R        Halmshaw    hardback




           No
Second edition   T        Hongu       hardback




           No    AG       Maddock     paperback




           Yes   JH       Duffus      hardback


           Yes   Gerald   Leahy       hardback




           No    CD       Rudd        hardback




           Yes   AJ       Taylor      hardback


           No    D        Croft       hardback
                           Yes      A         Hobbacher   paperback




                           Yes      SK        De          hardback




                           No       CP        Thorpe      hardback




                           No       James J   Lynch       hardback




Volume 1                   Yes
               Thirteenth edition   DL        Downing     hardback




3 Volume set               No
               Thirteenth edition   DL        Downing     hardback



Volume 2                   Yes
               Thirteenth edition   DL        Downing     hardback




Volume 3                   Yes
               Thirteenth edition   DL        Downing     hardback




                           No                             hardback
            No    Peter G     Eales      hardback




            No    R           Boekholt   spiralbound




            No                           paperback




            No    William G   Bain       hardback




            No    William G   Bain       paperback




Third editionNo   TH          Stewart    hardback
Yes   JS     Burnell-Gray   hardback




Yes   W      Scholz         paperback




Yes   JF     Kennedy        hardback



No    A      Miravete       spiralbound




No    Tony   Hannah         hardback




No    D      Bishop         paperback



No    I      Hardwick       paperback




No    CTF    Ross           paperback
           Yes   AR     Horrocks      spiralbound




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           No    JD     Schofield     hardback




           No    JT     Kumpulainen   hardback



           No
Second edition   SA     Matz          hardback


           Yes   AS     Grandison     hardback




           No    VM     Wilkinson     hardback



           No    CS     Wiesner       paperback


           No    John   Smullen       hardback
Yes   JF         Kennedy   hardback




No    Julian     Roche     hardback




No    Julian     Roche     hardback




Yes   François   Ruf       paperback




No    Peter      Roddy     hardback



No    WA         Gould     hardback
           No
Second edition   Michael   Atkin     hardback




           No    P         Cooper    paperback



           Yes   E         Niemi     paperback




           No
Second edition   WA        Gould     hardback




           Yes   RD        Lohr      hardback




           No    Dietmar   Klein     paperback


           No    Gilbert   Durieux   hardback




           No    Peter M   Fish      hardback
Yes   Norbert       Walter          hardback




No    Derek         Waterworth      hardback




No    Christopher   Gasson          hardback




No    Marcelo       Raffaelli       hardback




No    RK            Dharmadhikary   paperback



No    B             Conolly         paperback




No    K             Westlake        paperback


No    A             Ormerod         hardback
           No         SM                Maini     paperback




           No         RM                Johnson   paperback




Second edition – revised and enlarged
           No                                     hardback



           Yes        J                 Shore     hardback



           Yes        GA                Best      hardback




           No         Vincent           Rich      hardback




           No         J                 Barrett   paperback




           No         James J           Lynch     hardback
           No    AT       Andrews    hardback


           No    D        Widgery    hardback




           No    N        Bailey     hardback



           No    WA       Gould      hardback




           No    Julian   Roche      hardback




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           No
Second edition   WA       Gould      paperback




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No    Arthur      Wilson     paperback




No    GC          Eckold     hardback



No    JG          Brennan    hardback



Yes   GA          Codd       hardback




Yes   K           Martin     hardback


No    HR          Mills      paperback



No    H           Schultz    hardback




Yes   LC          Hollaway   hardback




Yes   Andreas R   Prindl     paperback
                Yes   JP       Pradier      hardback




                No    S        Borenstein   hardback




6               No    W        Klein        paperback


                No    RTD      Richards     paperback




                No    T        Nakajima     hardback



                 No
    Fourth edition    NL       Kent         paperback




                No    W        Ingamells    hardback




    Third editionNo   JK       Dennis       hardback




                No    Helmut   Waszkis      hardback
                      No
           Second edition   N        Bailey          hardback




                      Yes   E        Dickinson       hardback




                      No    Tony     Warwick-Ching   hardback




                      No    Julian   Roche           hardback




Volume 2              No                             hardback


                      No    R        Phaal           paperback




5                     No    W        Klein           paperback


                      No    DR       Karsa           hardback



                      Yes   DA       Shapton         paperback




                      No    KW       Waldron         hardback
No    J        Park          paperback




No    CT       Dawes         hardback




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No    T        Boniszewski   paperback




No    Thomas   Mohide        hardback




No    WA       Gould         hardback




No    DM       Lewis         hardback



Yes   ML       Richardson    hardback
                       No    LM      Cheng       hardback




                       No    FN      Cogswell    hardback

                       No                        paperback


                       No    Simon   Clow        hardback




           Third editionNo   WA      Gould       hardback




Volume 1               No                        hardback


                       No    PW      Muncaster   hardback




                       No    DJ      Walker      paperback




                       No    M       Zairi       hardback
Yes   C    Creaser   hardback




No    H    Granjon   hardback




No    WA   Gould     hardback




Yes   W    Lucas     hardback




No    TR   Gurney    paperback




Yes   ID   Morton    hardback




Yes   AY   Tamime    hardback
           Yes   H     Deelstra        hardback




           Yes   R     Thompson        hardback



           No
Second edition   SJ    Maddox          hardback




           Yes   JP    Felix D'Mello   hardback


           Yes   E     Dickinson       hardback




           No    NT    Crosby          hardback



           Yes   WS    Wilson          hardback



           Yes   MJ    Hill            hardback




           No    DAT   Southgate       hardback


           No    D     Keats           spiralbound laminated heavyweight ca



           No    W     Lucas           paperback
            No    JA   Street       paperback



            No    PT   Houldcroft   hardback




            No    D    Radaj        hardback




            No    J    Hicks        paperback




            No    M    Tolonen      paperback




            Yes   PT   Houldcroft   paperback




            No    MJ   Lewis        paperback


             No
Fourth edition    DG   Dugg         spiralbound




           No
Second edition    A    Johnson      hardback
                      Yes   K    Bøving        hardback




                      No    PT   Houldcroft    hardback




                      Yes   E    Dickinson     hardback


                      Yes   JR   Mitchell      hardback



                      Yes   F    Meuser        hardback




Volume 2              No    J    Gordon Cook   paperback



Volume 1              No    J    Gordon Cook   paperback




                      Yes   C    Duckworth     paperback



                      No
           Second edition   D    Horstmann     paperback
           No
Second edition    PR   Lord       paperback




           No     FN   Cogswell   hardback



           Yes    Z    Grosicki   hardback




           Yes
Seventh edition   Z    Grosicki   hardback




           No                     paperback

           No
Extent   Publication Date Publication   Price    Price    Price
                          Year          GBP      USD      EUR
630                       Q4 2011       160.00   270.00   190.00




450                       Q4 2011       145.00   245.00   175.00




270                       Q4 2011       115.00   195.00   140.00




450                       Q4 2011       145.00   245.00   175.00




390                       Q4 2011       135.00   230.00   160.00




200                       Q4 2011       100.00   170.00   120.00
760   Q4 2011   170.00   290.00   205.00




750   Q4 2011   170.00   290.00   205.00




390   Q4 2011   135.00   230.00   160.00




576   Q3 2011   155.00   265.00   185.00




390   Q3 2011   135.00   230.00   160.00
810   Q3 2011   180.00   305.00   215.00




390   Q3 2011   135.00   230.00   160.00




270   Q3 2011   115.00   195.00   140.00




750   Q3 2011   170.00   290.00   205.00




390   Q3 2011   135.00   230.00   160.00
630   Q3 2011   160.00   270.00   190.00




950   Q3 2011   200.00   340.00   240.00




390   Q3 2011   135.00   230.00   160.00




420   Q3 2011   135.00   230.00   160.00




500   Q3 2011   45.00    75.00    55.00
630   Q3 2011   160.00   270.00   190.00




300   Q3 2011   125.00   210.00   150.00




300   Q3 2011   125.00   210.00   150.00




200   Q3 2011   100.00   170.00   120.00




200   Q3 2011   100.00   170.00   120.00
570   Q3 2011   155.00   265.00   185.00




200   Q3 2011   100.00   170.00   120.00




350   Q3 2011   145.00   245.00   175.00




690   Q3 2011   165.00   280.00   200.00
570   Q3 2011   155.00   265.00   185.00




630   Q3 2011   160.00   270.00   190.00




400   Q3 2011   135.00   230.00   160.00




630   Q3 2011   160.00   270.00   190.00
630   Q3 2011   160.00   270.00   190.00




450   Q3 2011   145.00   245.00   175.00




200   Q2 2013   100.00   170.00   120.00




200   Q2 2012   100.00   170.00   120.00




510   Q2 2012   150.00   255.00   180.00
450   Q2 2012   145.00   245.00   175.00




200   Q2 2012   100.00   170.00   120.00




200   Q2 2012   100.00   170.00   120.00




390   Q2 2012   135.00   230.00   160.00




450   Q2 2012   145.00   245.00   175.00




570   Q2 2012   155.00   265.00   185.00
450   Q2 2011   145.00   245.00   175.00




450   Q2 2011   145.00   245.00   175.00




810   Q2 2011   180.00   305.00   215.00




350   Q2 2011   135.00   230.00   160.00




570   Q2 2011   155.00   265.00   185.00
200                            Q2 2011          100.00    170.00   120.00




                              Q2 690            595.00 1010.00 715.00
4 Volumes (Vol 1: 390 pages, Vol 2:2011 pages, Vol 3: 690 pages, Vol 4: 690 pages)




200                            Q2 2011          100.00    170.00   120.00




400                            Q2 2011          110.00    185.00   130.00




300                            Q2 2011          100.00    170.00   120.00
200   Q2 2011   100.00   170.00   120.00




200   Q2 2011   90.00    155.00   110.00




200   Q2 2011   100.00   170.00   120.00




300   Q2 2011   100.00   170.00   120.00




250   Q2 2011   90.00    155.00   110.00

220   Q2 2011   90.00    155.00   110.00
250   Q2 2011   90.00    155.00   110.00




250   Q2 2011   100.00   170.00   120.00




350   Q2 2011   100.00   170.00   120.00



200   Q2 2011   90.00    155.00   110.00




400   Q2 2011   90.00    155.00   110.00




200   Q2 2011   100.00   170.00   120.00




350   Q2 2011   100.00   170.00   120.00
300   Q2 2011   100.00   170.00   120.00




300   Q1 2012   125.00   210.00   150.00




280   Q1 2012   115.00   195.00   140.00




640   Q1 2012   160.00   270.00   190.00




468   Q1 2012   150.00   255.00   180.00




450   Q1 2012   145.00   245.00   175.00
390   Q1 2012   135.00   230.00   160.00




390   Q1 2012   135.00   230.00   160.00




224   Q1 2012   35.00    60.00    40.00



176   Q1 2012   35.00    60.00    40.00




280   Q1 2012   115.00   195.00   140.00




500   Q1 2012   150.00   255.00   180.00
750   Q1 2012   170.00   290.00   205.00




300   Q1 2012   125.00   210.00   150.00




300   Q1 2012   125.00   210.00   150.00




750   Q1 2012   170.00   290.00   205.00




750   Q1 2012   170.00   290.00   205.00




750   Q1 2012   170.00   290.00   205.00
810   Q1 2012   180.00   305.00   215.00




570   Q1 2012   155.00   265.00   185.00




450   Q1 2012   145.00   245.00   175.00




510   Q1 2012   150.00   255.00   180.00




200   Q1 2012   100.00   170.00   120.00




690   Q1 2012   165.00   280.00   200.00
700   Q1 2012   170.00   290.00   205.00




810   Q1 2012   180.00   305.00   215.00




570   Q1 2012   155.00   265.00   185.00




500   Q1 2012   150.00   255.00   180.00




300   Q1 2012   125.00   210.00   150.00
300   Q1 2012   125.00   210.00   150.00




450   Q1 2012   145.00   245.00   175.00




390   Q1 2012   135.00   230.00   160.00




630   Q1 2012   160.00   270.00   190.00




390   Q1 2012   135.00   230.00   160.00
754   5/26/2000                    775.00
                  2000 - Updated 2008       1320.00 930.00




600   7/20/2001                    775.00
                  2000 - Updated 2003       1320.00 930.00




825   1/1/1995                     875.00
                  1995 - Updated 2003       1490.00 1050.00
570   Jun-11   155.00   265.00   185.00




300   Jun-11   125.00   210.00   150.00




300   Jun-11   125.00   210.00   150.00




690   Jun-11   165.00   280.00   200.00




390   May-11   135.00   230.00   160.00




690   May-11   165.00   280.00   200.00
450   May-11   145.00   245.00   175.00




554   May-11   155.00   265.00   185.00




750   May-11   175.00   300.00   210.00




640   May-11   160.00   270.00   190.00
420   Apr-11   135.00   230.00   170.00




440   Apr-11   145.00   245.00   175.00




400   Apr-11   145.00   245.00   175.00




888   Apr-11   190.00   325.00   230.00
390   Apr-11   135.00   230.00   160.00




690   Apr-11   165.00   280.00   200.00




688   Apr-11   165.00   280.00   200.00
592    Apr-11   160.00   270.00   190.00




400    Mar-11   145.00   245.00   175.00




400    Mar-11   145.00   245.00   175.00




1056   Mar-11   225.00   380.00   270.00
336    Mar-11   135.00   230.00   160.00




480    Mar-11   150.00   255.00   180.00




450    Mar-11   145.00   245.00   180.00




1100   Mar-11   175.00   300.00   210.00




480    Mar-11   150.00   255.00   180.00
448               Mar-11   145.00   245.00   175.00




384               Mar-11   135.00   230.00   160.00




288   2/28/2011   2011     125.00   210.00   150.00




656   2/28/2011   2011     165.00   280.00   200.00
840   2/28/2011   2011   180.00   305.00   215.00




416   2/28/2011   2011   145.00   245.00   175.00




848   2/28/2011   2011   180.00   305.00   215.00
456   2/28/2011   2011   145.00   245.00   175.00




264   2/28/2011   2011   125.00   210.00   150.00




432   2/28/2011   2011   145.00   245.00   175.00




504   2/28/2011   2011   150.00   255.00   180.00
452   2/28/2011   2011   145.00   245.00   175.00




800   2/27/2011   2011   155.00   265.00   185.00




280   1/30/2011   2011   90.00    155.00   110.00




432   1/30/2011   2011   145.00   245.00   175.00




512   1/30/2011   2011   155.00   265.00   185.00
200   1/30/2011   2011   130.00   220.00   155.00




496   1/30/2011   2011   150.00   255.00   180.00




208   1/30/2011   2011   55.00    95.00    65.00




328   1/30/2011   2011   135.00   230.00   160.00




346   1/30/2011   2011   135.00   230.00   160.00
360   1/30/2011    2011   135.00   230.00   160.00




250   1/30/2011    2011   90.00    155.00   110.00




232   12/21/2010   2010   35.00    60.00    40.00




628   12/20/2010   2010   160.00   270.00   190.00
304   12/20/2010   2010   125.00   230.00   150.00




312   12/20/2010   2010   125.00   210.00   150.00




320   12/20/2010   2010   135.00   230.00   160.00




704   12/20/2010   2010   190.00   325.00   230.00
656   12/7/2010    2010   160.00   270.00   190.00




536   11/29/2010   2010   155.00   265.00   185.00




612   11/29/2010   2010   160.00   270.00   190.00




560   11/29/2010   2010   155.00   265.00   185.00
436   11/25/2010   2010   145.00   245.00   175.00




864   11/25/2010   2010   180.00   305.00   215.00




688   11/25/2010   2010   165.00   280.00   200.00




640   11/23/2010   2010   160.00   270.00   190.00
140   10/29/2010   2010   80.00    135.00   95.00




952   10/29/2010   2010   195.00   330.00   235.00




400   10/28/2010   2010   135.00   230.00   160.00




698   10/28/2010   2010   165.00   280.00   200.00
352   10/28/2010   2010   135.00   230.00   170.00




560   10/28/2010   2010   160.00   270.00   190.00




422   10/28/2010   2010   145.00   245.00   175.00




944   10/26/2010   2010   195.00   330.00   235.00
336    10/22/2010   2010   35.00    60.00    40.00




568    10/20/2010   2010   40.00    70.00    50.00




672    9/30/2010    2010   160.00   270.00   190.00




1056   9/30/2010    2010   225.00   380.00   270.00
432   9/30/2010   2010   145.00   245.00   175.00




524   9/27/2010   2010   150.00   255.00   180.00




212   9/27/2010   2010   90.00    155.00   110.00



506   9/27/2010   2010   150.00   255.00   180.00
696   9/27/2010   2010   170.00   290.00   205.00




464   9/27/2010   2010   145.00   245.00   175.00




432   9/27/2010   2010   145.00   245.00   175.00




184   9/22/2010   2010   150.00   255.00   180.00
552   9/22/2010   2010   150.00   255.00   180.00




384   9/1/2010    2010   135.00   230.00   160.00




360   9/1/2010    2010   135.00   230.00   160.00




432   8/31/2010   2010   145.00   245.00   175.00
632   8/30/2010   2010   160.00   270.00   190.00




704   8/30/2010   2010   170.00   290.00   205.00




280   7/30/2010   2010   115.00   195.00   140.00




576   7/27/2010   2010   155.00   265.00   185.00
848   7/27/2010   2010   180.00   305.00   215.00




624   7/27/2010   2010   160.00   270.00   190.00




576   7/27/2010   2010   155.00   265.00   185.00




792   7/27/2010   2010   180.00   305.00   215.00
432   7/19/2010   2010   135.00   230.00   160.00




560   7/15/2010   2010   155.00   265.00   185.00




336   7/15/2010   2010   135.00   230.00   160.00




544   7/13/2010   2010   155.00   265.00   185.00
424   7/13/2010   2010   145.00   245.00   175.00




634   6/30/2010   2010   160.00   270.00   190.00




560   6/21/2010   2010   155.00   265.00   185.00




224   6/15/2010   2010   115.00   195.00   140.00




264   6/4/2010    2010   115.00   195.00   140.00
440   5/24/2010   2010   145.00   245.00   175.00




680   5/24/2010   2010   160.00   270.00   190.00




448   5/24/2010   2010   150.00   255.00   180.00




400   5/24/2010   2010   135.00   230.00   160.00
496   5/24/2010   2010   155.00   265.00   185.00




552   5/20/2010   2010   155.00   265.00   185.00




464   5/10/2010   2010   110.00   185.00   130.00




168   5/10/2010   2010   90.00    155.00   110.00



244   5/10/2010   2010   80.00    135.00   95.00
624   4/28/2010   2010   160.00   270.00   190.00




824   4/23/2010   2010   175.00   300.00   210.00




528   4/21/2010   2010   155.00   265.00   185.00




760   4/21/2010   2010   170.00   290.00   205.00
312   4/16/2010   2010   130.00   220.00   155.00




520   4/8/2010    2010   155.00   265.00   185.00




432   3/31/2010   2010   145.00   245.00   175.00




656   3/31/2010   2010   160.00   270.00   190.00
448   3/12/2010   2010   140.00   240.00   170.00




452   3/12/2010   2010   150.00   255.00   180.00




728   3/12/2010   2010   170.00   290.00   205.00




384   3/1/2010    2010   135.00   230.00   160.00
472   3/1/2010    2010   145.00   245.00   175.00




27    3/1/2010    2010   190.00   325.00   230.00




24    3/1/2010    2010   190.00   325.00   230.00




152   2/26/2010   2010   80.00    135.00   95.00




864   2/19/2010   2010   180.00   305.00   215.00
496   2/18/2010   2010   155.00   265.00   185.00




250   1/30/2010   2010   90.00    155.00   110.00




126   1/30/2010   2010   190.00   325.00   230.00




576   1/28/2010   2010   155.00   265.00   185.00




320   1/28/2010   2010   125.00   210.00   150.00
504   1/12/2010    2010   150.00   255.00   180.00




184   12/18/2009   2009   115.00   195.00   140.00




436   12/18/2009   2009   145.00   245.00   175.00




756   12/18/2009   2009   170.00   290.00   205.00
560   12/18/2009   2009   155.00   265.00   185.00




624   12/18/2009   2009   160.00   270.00   190.00




560   12/15/2009   2009   155.00   265.00   185.00




98    12/1/2009    2009   190.00   325.00   230.00
400   11/30/2009   2009   110.00   185.00   130.00




560   11/30/2009   2009   155.00   265.00   185.00




600   11/30/2009   2009   160.00   270.00   190.00




648   11/23/2009   2009   160.00   270.00   190.00




100   10/30/2009   2009   190.00   325.00   230.00
680   10/26/2009   2009   170.00   290.00   205.00




324   10/26/2009   2009   135.00   230.00   160.00




216   10/26/2009   2009   125.00   210.00   150.00




236   10/26/2009   2009   115.00   195.00   140.00




536   10/26/2009   2009   160.00   270.00   190.00
352   10/26/2009   2009   135.00   230.00   160.00




712   10/26/2009   2009   170.00   290.00   205.00




160   10/20/2009   2009   35.00    60.00    40.00



696   10/19/2009   2009   170.00   290.00   205.00




416   10/19/2009   2009   145.00   245.00   175.00
528   10/19/2009   2009   160.00   270.00   190.00




136   10/15/2009   2009   20.00    35.00    25.00




200   9/30/2009    2009   35.00    60.00    40.00




200   9/30/2009    2009   15.00    25.00    20.00




432   9/29/2009    2009   145.00   245.00   175.00
608   9/28/2009   2009   160.00   270.00   190.00




856   9/25/2009   2009   195.00   330.00   235.00




304   9/25/2009   2009   135.00   230.00   160.00




600   9/22/2009   2009   160.00   270.00   190.00




272   9/14/2009   2009   125.00   210.00   150.00
200   9/8/2009    2009   90.00    155.00   110.00




415   9/8/2009    2009   110.00   185.00   130.00




59    8/30/2009   2009   190.00   325.00   230.00




29    8/30/2009   2009   80.00    135.00   95.00




252   8/26/2009   2009   135.00   230.00   160.00




352   8/26/2009   2009   135.00   230.00   160.00
496   8/26/2009   2009   150.00   255.00   180.00




208   8/26/2009   2009   125.00   210.00   150.00




552   8/25/2009   2009   155.00   265.00   185.00




128   8/20/2009   2009   115.00   195.00   140.00
408   7/30/2009   2009   150.00   255.00   180.00




744   7/30/2009   2009   170.00   290.00   205.00




42    7/30/2009   2009   190.00   325.00   230.00




340   7/30/2009   2009   135.00   230.00   160.00
1232   7/30/2009   2009   225.00   380.00   270.00




40     7/30/2009   2009   190.00   325.00   230.00




364    7/6/2009    2009   140.00   240.00   170.00




146    6/30/2009   2009   40.50    70.00    50.00
1232   6/30/2009   2009   225.00   380.00   270.00




336    6/26/2009   2009   135.00   230.00   160.00




468    6/26/2009   2009   150.00   255.00   180.00




928    6/22/2009   2009   45.00    75.00    55.00
144   6/22/2009   2009   115.00   195.00   140.00




464   6/22/2009   2009   150.00   255.00   180.00




896   5/30/2009   2009   195.00   330.00   235.00




416   5/30/2009   2009   145.00   245.00   175.00
752   5/30/2009   2009   180.00   305.00   215.00




98    5/30/2009   2009   190.00   325.00   230.00




948   5/28/2009   2009   210.00   355.00   250.00




784   5/22/2009   2009   180.00   305.00   215.00




232   5/22/2009   2009   35.00    60.00    40.00
360   4/30/2009   2009   135.00   230.00   160.00




262   4/30/2009   2009   35.00    60.00    40.00




588   4/29/2009   2009   160.00   270.00   190.00




312   4/29/2009   2009   135.00   230.00   160.00




568   4/29/2009   2009   155.00   265.00   185.00
688   4/29/2009   2009   49.00    85.00    60.00




592   4/29/2009   2009   160.00   270.00   190.00




712   4/27/2009   2009   195.00   330.00   235.00




264   4/21/2009   2009   115.00   195.00   140.00




280   3/31/2009   2009   45.00    75.00    55.00
608   3/31/2009   2009   160.00   270.00   190.00




19    3/30/2009   2009   80.00    135.00   95.00




368   3/30/2009   2009   135.00   230.00   160.00




704   3/26/2009   2009   170.00   290.00   205.00
336   3/24/2009   2009   135.00   230.00   160.00




588   3/20/2009   2009   160.00   270.00   190.00




134   2/28/2009   2009   70.00    120.00   85.00




79    2/28/2009   2009   45.00    75.00    55.00




484   2/27/2009   2009   150.00   255.00   180.00
396   1/30/2009   2009   145.00   245.00   175.00




40    1/30/2009   2009   190.00   325.00   230.00




512   1/29/2009   2009   155.00   265.00   185.00




428   1/28/2009   2009   145.00   245.00   175.00




256   1/28/2009   2009   125.00   210.00   150.00
608   1/28/2009    2009   160.00   270.00   190.00




680   1/22/2009    2009   175.00   300.00   210.00




320   1/21/2009    2009   135.00   230.00   160.00




368   12/22/2008   2008   140.00   240.00   170.00
648   12/22/2008   2008   175.00   300.00   210.00




652   12/17/2008   2008   180.00   305.00   215.00




576   12/12/2008   2008   160.00   270.00   190.00




80    11/30/2008   2008   190.00   325.00   230.00
560   11/25/2008   2008   155.00   265.00   185.00




352   11/21/2008   2008   140.00   240.00   170.00




512   10/27/2008   2008   160.00   270.00   190.00




788   10/21/2008   2008   180.00   305.00   215.00
384   10/20/2008   2008   140.00   240.00   170.00




552   10/20/2008   2008   160.00   270.00   190.00




424   10/16/2008   2008   150.00   255.00   180.00




220   10/14/2008   2008   130.00   220.00   155.00




796   10/10/2008   2008   195.00   330.00   235.00
264   10/7/2008   2008   130.00   220.00   155.00




600   9/30/2008   2008   160.00   270.00   190.00




244   9/30/2008   2008   125.00   210.00   150.00




35    9/30/2008   2008   110.00   185.00   130.00




424   9/26/2008   2008   145.00   245.00   175.00
688   9/24/2008   2008   175.00   300.00   210.00




352   9/24/2008   2008   85.00    145.00   100.00




312   9/23/2008   2008   140.00   240.00   170.00




632   9/19/2008   2008   175.00   300.00   210.00
424   9/9/2008    2008   145.00   245.00   175.00




280   9/9/2008    2008   125.00   210.00   150.00




544   8/29/2008   2008   155.00   265.00   185.00




648   8/20/2008   2008   175.00   300.00   210.00
832   8/15/2008   2008   190.00   325.00   230.00




220   8/1/2008    2008   98.00    165.00   120.00




268   7/30/2008   2008   165.00   280.00   200.00




552   7/29/2008   2008   155.00   265.00   185.00
592   7/24/2008   2008   170.00   290.00   205.00




416   7/18/2008   2008   145.00   245.00   175.00




472   7/9/2008    2008   150.00   255.00   180.00
696    7/9/2008    2008   180.00   305.00   215.00




1056   6/30/2008   2008   225.00   380.00   270.00




576    6/23/2008   2008   160.00   270.00   190.00




632    6/17/2008   2008   165.00   280.00   200.00
432   6/13/2008   2008   150.00   255.00   180.00




308   6/12/2008   2008   140.00   240.00   170.00




488   6/2/2008    2008   150.00   255.00   180.00




648   5/29/2008   2008   170.00   290.00   205.00
384   5/29/2008   2008   140.00   240.00   170.00




192   5/29/2008   2008   120.00   205.00   145.00




328   5/28/2008   2008   135.00   230.00   160.00




384   5/21/2008   2008   140.00   240.00   170.00




192   5/20/2008   2008   35.00    60.00    40.00
612   5/9/2008    2008   165.00   280.00   200.00




440   4/30/2008   2008   125.00   210.00   150.00




122   4/30/2008   2008   195.00   330.00   235.00




412   4/25/2008   2008   145.00   245.00   175.00
216   4/24/2008   2008   125.00   210.00   150.00




584   4/23/2008   2008   160.00   270.00   190.00




312   4/17/2008   2008   130.00   220.00   155.00




672   4/9/2008    2008   170.00   290.00   205.00




592   4/1/2008    2008   75.00    130.00   90.00




128   4/1/2008    2008   85.00    145.00   100.00
328   4/1/2008    2008   75.00    130.00   90.00




296   3/31/2008   2008   130.00   220.00   155.00




832   3/27/2008   2008   190.00   325.00   230.00




176   3/26/2008   2008   35.00    60.00    40.00




528   3/25/2008   2008   160.00   270.00   190.00
784    3/25/2008   2008   185.00   315.00   220.00




176    3/20/2008   2008   120.00   205.00   145.00




1096   3/20/2008   2008   220.00   375.00   265.00
700   3/14/2008   2008   175.00   300.00   210.00




556   3/1/2008    2008   125.00   210.00   150.00




212   3/1/2008    2008   55.00    95.00    65.00




336   2/29/2008   2008   135.00   230.00   160.00
132   2/28/2008   2008   50.00    85.00    60.00




200   2/1/2008    2008   130.00   220.00   155.00




712   2/1/2008    2008   175.00   300.00   210.00




488   1/25/2008   2008   150.00   255.00   180.00
496   1/25/2008   2008   150.00   255.00   180.00




186   1/1/2008    2008   25.00    40.00    30.00
154   1/1/2008    2008   49.00    85.00    60.00




152   1/1/2008    2008   25.00    40.00    30.00




288   1/1/2008    2008   35.00    60.00    40.00
440   12/30/2007   2007   45.00    75.00    55.00




440   12/18/2007   2007   150.00   255.00   180.00




310   12/1/2007    2007   95.00    160.00   115.00




568   11/8/2007    2007   160.00   270.00   190.00
132   11/1/2007    2007   85.00    145.00   100.00




624   10/31/2007   2007   170.00   290.00   205.00




624   10/31/2007   2007   175.00   300.00   210.00




384   10/25/2007   2007   150.00   255.00   180.00
544   10/17/2007   2007   160.00   270.00   190.00




325   10/1/2007    2007   95.00    160.00   115.00



122   10/1/2007    2007   85.00    145.00   100.00




376   9/21/2007    2007   145.00   245.00   175.00
336   9/21/2007   2007   135.00   230.00   160.00




376   9/5/2007    2007   145.00   245.00   175.00




792   8/30/2007   2007   190.00   325.00   230.00




306   8/28/2007   2007   145.00   245.00   175.00
248   8/16/2007   2007   125.00   210.00   150.00




236   8/6/2007    2007   125.00   210.00   150.00




544   8/2/2007    2007   170.00   290.00   205.00




510   8/1/2007    2007   65.00    110.00   80.00
118   8/1/2007    2007   85.00    145.00   100.00




544   7/26/2007   2007   160.00   270.00   190.00




384   7/25/2007   2007   145.00   245.00   175.00




248   7/25/2007   2007   125.00   210.00   150.00
128   7/12/2007   2007   110.00   185.00   130.00




296   7/10/2007   2007   135.00   230.00   160.00




144   7/1/2007    2007   35.00    60.00    40.00




424   6/30/2007   2007   145.00   245.00   175.00




416   6/30/2007   2007   145.00   245.00   175.00
368   6/22/2007   2007   145.00   245.00   175.00




256   6/15/2007   2007   35.00    60.00    40.00




296   6/8/2007    2007   135.00   230.00   160.00




332   6/8/2007    2007   130.00   220.00   155.00
212   6/1/2007   2007   45.00    75.00    55.00




168   6/1/2007   2007   120.00   205.00   145.00




236   6/1/2007   2007   120.00   205.00   145.00




88    6/1/2007   2007   50.00    85.00    60.00
544   5/31/2007   2007   160.00   270.00   190.00




312   5/31/2007   2007   145.00   245.00   175.00




560   5/31/2007   2007   160.00   270.00   190.00




624   5/31/2007   2007   170.00   290.00   205.00
220   5/17/2007   2007   125.00   210.00   150.00




256   5/11/2007   2007   135.00   230.00   160.00




360   4/30/2007   2007   140.00   240.00   170.00




600   4/30/2007   2007   170.00   290.00   205.00
376   4/30/2007   2007   145.00   245.00   175.00




480   4/30/2007   2007   55.00    95.00    65.00




240   4/30/2007   2007   125.00   210.00   150.00




56    4/18/2007   2007   55.00    95.00    65.00
408   4/11/2007   2007   145.00   245.00   175.00




432   4/4/2007    2007   45.00    75.00    55.00




680   3/31/2007   2007   175.00   300.00   210.00




808   3/22/2007   2007   210.00   355.00   250.00
416   3/21/2007   2007   150.00   255.00   180.00




320   3/12/2007   2007   140.00   240.00   170.00




450   3/1/2007    2007   100.00   170.00   120.00




208   2/21/2007   2007   125.00   210.00   150.00
664   2/21/2007   2007   195.00   330.00   235.00




360   2/21/2007   2007   145.00   245.00   175.00




336   2/21/2007   2007   145.00   245.00   175.00




508   2/14/2007   2007   155.00   265.00   185.00
384         2/14/2007   2007   145.00   245.00   175.00




208         1/30/2007   2007   125.00   210.00   150.00




344         1/30/2007   2007   145.00   245.00   175.00




17 papers   1/5/2007    2007   100.00   170.00   120.00


173         1/1/2007    2007   50.00    85.00    60.00
236         1/1/2007     2007   120.00   205.00   145.00




21 papers   1/1/2007     2007   100.00   170.00   120.00




696         12/22/2006   2006   175.00   300.00   210.00




312         12/22/2006   2006   145.00   245.00   175.00




480         12/22/2006   2006   160.00   270.00   190.00
544   12/22/2006   2006   165.00   280.00   200.00




568   12/22/2006   2006   165.00   280.00   200.00




364   11/30/2006   2006   145.00   245.00   175.00




40    11/30/2006   2006   55.00    95.00    65.00




560   11/30/2006   2006   160.00   270.00   190.00




48    11/30/2006   2006   55.00    95.00    65.00
336   11/30/2006   2006   145.00   245.00   175.00




336   11/30/2006   2006   145.00   245.00   175.00




600   11/20/2006   2006   160.00   270.00   190.00




76    10/30/2006   2006   60.00    100.00   70.00
632   10/30/2006   2006   165.00   280.00   200.00




536   10/30/2006   2006   160.00   270.00   190.00




660   10/30/2006   2006   175.00   300.00   210.00




248   10/30/2006   2006   130.00   220.00   155.00
472   10/16/2006   2006   150.00   255.00   180.00




304   10/11/2006   2006   135.00   230.00   160.00




672   9/29/2006    2006   170.00   290.00   205.00




312   9/28/2006    2006   135.00   230.00   160.00
624   9/28/2006   2006   165.00   280.00   200.00




56    9/27/2006   2006   105.00   180.00   125.00




464   9/25/2006   2006   55.00    95.00    65.00




568   8/25/2006   2006   165.00   280.00   200.00




464   8/25/2006   2006   160.00   270.00   190.00
264   8/9/2006    2006   135.00   230.00   160.00




500   8/9/2006    2006   150.00   255.00   180.00




120   8/1/2006    2006   300.00   510.00   360.00




528   7/28/2006   2006   160.00   270.00   190.00




448   7/17/2006   2006   145.00   245.00   175.00
124   7/1/2006    2006   85.00    145.00   100.00




290   6/30/2006   2006   90.00    155.00   110.00




376   6/30/2006   2006   140.00   240.00   170.00




448   6/30/2006   2006   155.00   265.00   185.00




166   6/30/2006   2006   300.00   510.00   360.00
208         6/12/2006   2006   145.00   245.00   175.00




552         6/9/2006    2006   80.00    135.00   95.00




224         6/1/2006    2006   120.00   205.00   145.00




186         6/1/2006    2006   120.00   205.00   145.00




20 papers   6/1/2006    2006   100.00   170.00   120.00
230         6/1/2006    2006   120.00   205.00   145.00




25 papers   6/1/2006    2006   100.00   170.00   120.00




274         6/1/2006    2006   120.00   205.00   145.00




376         5/31/2006   2006   145.00   245.00   175.00




656         5/30/2006   2006   170.00   290.00   205.00
448         5/30/2006   2006   150.00   255.00   180.00




24 papers   5/1/2006    2006   100.00   170.00   120.00



320         4/30/2006   2006   140.00   240.00   170.00




256         4/28/2006   2006   45.00    75.00    55.00




428         4/28/2006   2006   155.00   265.00   185.00




508         4/28/2006   2006   160.00   270.00   190.00
384         4/28/2006   2006   150.00   255.00   180.00




376         4/26/2006   2006   145.00   245.00   175.00




408         4/24/2006   2006   150.00   255.00   180.00




466         4/10/2006   2006   775.00   1320.00 930.00




24 papers   4/1/2006    2006   100.00   170.00   120.00
704   3/30/2006   2006   110.00   185.00   130.00




192   3/24/2006   2006   125.00   210.00   150.00




296   3/24/2006   2006   135.00   230.00   160.00




736   3/21/2006   2006   180.00   305.00   215.00




248   3/20/2006   2006   135.00   230.00   160.00
272         3/8/2006    2006   135.00   230.00   160.00




320         3/8/2006    2006   145.00   245.00   175.00




840         3/1/2006    2006   75.00    130.00   90.00




20 papers   3/1/2006    2006   100.00   170.00   120.00




608         2/28/2006   2006   175.00   300.00   210.00
368         2/28/2006   2006   145.00   245.00   175.00




16 Papers   2/1/2006    2006   100.00   170.00   120.00




264         1/31/2006   2006   140.00   240.00   170.00




480         1/31/2006   2006   160.00   270.00   190.00
560   1/31/2006   2006   165.00   280.00   200.00




248   1/31/2006   2006   135.00   230.00   160.00




340   1/30/2006   2006   115.00   195.00   140.00




632   1/25/2006   2006   185.00   315.00   220.00
428   1/23/2006   2006   150.00   255.00   180.00




172   1/16/2006   2006   130.00   220.00   155.00




204   1/1/2006    2006   50.00    85.00    60.00




280   12/6/2005   2005   110.00   185.00   130.00
192   12/1/2005    2005   95.00    160.00   115.00




464   11/30/2005   2005   155.00   265.00   185.00




824   11/30/2005   2005   75.00    130.00   90.00




520   11/30/2005   2005   165.00   280.00   200.00




496   10/31/2005   2005   155.00   265.00   185.00
264   10/31/2005   2005   125.00   210.00   150.00




510   10/30/2005   2005   625.00   1060.00 750.00




744   10/30/2005   2005   185.00   315.00   220.00




428   10/30/2005   2005   155.00   265.00   185.00
784   10/30/2005   2005   200.00   340.00   240.00




544   10/14/2005   2005   165.00   280.00   200.00




576   10/10/2005   2005   170.00   290.00   205.00




364   10/10/2005   2005   150.00   255.00   180.00




308   9/30/2005    2005   150.00   255.00   180.00
424   9/30/2005   2005   155.00   265.00   185.00




336   9/28/2005   2005   145.00   245.00   175.00




304   9/27/2005   2005   45.00    75.00    55.00




288   9/20/2005   2005   140.00   240.00   170.00




356   8/30/2005   2005   140.00   240.00   170.00
376   8/29/2005   2005   145.00   245.00   175.00




656   8/29/2005   2005   175.00   300.00   210.00




528   8/29/2005   2005   165.00   280.00   200.00




328   8/29/2005   2005   150.00   255.00   180.00
576   8/8/2005    2005   170.00   290.00   205.00




48    7/31/2005   2005   55.00    95.00    65.00




624   7/30/2005   2005   170.00   290.00   205.00




808   7/30/2005   2005   185.00   315.00   220.00
492   7/30/2005   2005   155.00   265.00   185.00




360   7/27/2005   2005   145.00   245.00   175.00




288   7/22/2005   2005   125.00   210.00   150.00




712   7/22/2005   2005   195.00   330.00   235.00




126   7/1/2005    2005   85.00    145.00   100.00
526   6/1/2005   2005   95.00    160.00   115.00




88    6/1/2005   2005   60.00    100.00   70.00




182   6/1/2005   2005   120.00   205.00   145.00




256   6/1/2005   2005   120.00   205.00   145.00
196   6/1/2005   2005   120.00   205.00   145.00




174   6/1/2005   2005   120.00   205.00   145.00




256   6/1/2005   2005   120.00   205.00   145.00




238   6/1/2005   2005   120.00   205.00   145.00




224   6/1/2005   2005   120.00   205.00   145.00
326   5/30/2005   2005   95.00    160.00   115.00




824   5/27/2005   2005   195.00   330.00   235.00




352   5/25/2005   2005   145.00   245.00   175.00




312   5/25/2005   2005   145.00   245.00   175.00




352   5/6/2005    2005   165.00   280.00   200.00
552   5/6/2005    2005   160.00   270.00   190.00




214   5/1/2005    2005   100.00   170.00   120.00



256   3/29/2005   2005   145.00   245.00   175.00




432   3/28/2005   2005   155.00   265.00   185.00




344   3/15/2005   2005   35.00    60.00    40.00
560   3/8/2005    2005   160.00   270.00   190.00




72    2/28/2005   2005   75.00    130.00   90.00




140   2/1/2005    2005   85.00    145.00   100.00




264   1/20/2005   2005   135.00   230.00   160.00




592   1/10/2005   2005   185.00   315.00   220.00
306   1/1/2005     2005   50.00    85.00    60.00




534   1/1/2005     2005   110.00   185.00   130.00




400   12/1/2004    2004   45.00    75.00    55.00




156   11/2/2004    2004   25.00    40.00    30.00




308   10/29/2004   2004   135.00   230.00   160.00




320   10/18/2004   2004   150.00   255.00   180.00
224   10/12/2004   2004   45.00    75.00    55.00




226   10/1/2004    2004   100.00   170.00   120.00

900   9/28/2004    2004   210.00   355.00   250.00




260   9/20/2004    2004   135.00   230.00   160.00




320   9/1/2004     2004   145.00   245.00   175.00
504   8/26/2004   2004   165.00   280.00   200.00




704   8/19/2004   2004   175.00   300.00   210.00




224   8/10/2004   2004   135.00   230.00   160.00




624   8/1/2004    2004   170.00   290.00   205.00
520   7/16/2004   2004   165.00   280.00   200.00




488   7/16/2004   2004   160.00   270.00   190.00




208   7/15/2004   2004   125.00   210.00   150.00




188   7/1/2004    2004   55.00    95.00    65.00
336   7/1/2004   2004   145.00   245.00   175.00




792   6/9/2004   2004   185.00   315.00   220.00




324   6/1/2004   2004   120.00   205.00   145.00




396   6/1/2004   2004   110.00   185.00   130.00
274    6/1/2004   2004   120.00   205.00   145.00




1120   6/1/2004   2004   275.00   470.00   330.00




786    6/1/2004   2004   100.00   170.00   120.00




272    6/1/2004   2004   120.00   205.00   145.00
324   6/1/2004    2004   120.00   205.00   145.00




160   6/1/2004    2004   100.00   170.00   120.00


400   6/1/2004    2004   150.00   255.00   180.00




138   6/1/2004    2004   85.00    145.00   100.00




448   5/10/2004   2004   155.00   265.00   185.00




288   5/1/2004    2004   65.00    110.00   80.00




224   5/1/2004    2004   55.00    95.00    65.00
270   5/1/2004    2004   45.00    75.00    55.00




784   4/22/2004   2004   190.00   325.00   230.00




704   4/22/2004   2004   175.00   300.00   210.00




432   4/22/2004   2004   160.00   270.00   190.00




328   4/22/2004   2004   140.00   240.00   170.00
560   4/14/2004   2004   165.00   280.00   200.00




376   3/23/2004   2004   160.00   270.00   190.00




148   2/1/2004    2004   85.00    145.00   100.00




320   1/15/2004   2004   150.00   255.00   180.00




140   1/5/2004    2004   130.00   220.00   155.00




608   1/1/2004    2004   55.00    95.00    65.00
300   1/1/2004     2004   85.00    145.00   100.00




336   12/1/2003    2003   45.00    75.00    55.00




424   10/31/2003   2003   160.00   270.00   190.00




768   10/31/2003   2003   190.00   325.00   230.00
400   10/30/2003   2003   165.00   280.00   200.00




400   10/22/2003   2003   165.00   280.00   200.00




564   10/1/2003    2003   170.00   290.00   205.00




256   9/30/2003    2003   135.00   230.00   160.00
738   9/30/2003   2003   1000.00 1700.00 1200.00




240   8/31/2003   2003   150.00   255.00   180.00




608   8/31/2003   2003   170.00   290.00   205.00




280   8/31/2003   2003   140.00   240.00   170.00
424   8/31/2003   2003   150.00   255.00   180.00




104   8/31/2003   2003   105.00   180.00   125.00



740   8/29/2003   2003   170.00   290.00   205.00




624   7/30/2003   2003   175.00   300.00   210.00
536   7/29/2003   2003   165.00   280.00   200.00




240   7/28/2003   2003   145.00   245.00   175.00




272   7/25/2003   2003   140.00   240.00   170.00




408   7/25/2003   2003   155.00   265.00   185.00
424   7/23/2003   2003   155.00   265.00   185.00




504   7/11/2003   2003   160.00   270.00   190.00




208   7/11/2003   2003   55.00    95.00    65.00




448   7/3/2003    2003   155.00   265.00   185.00




250   7/1/2003    2003   65.00    110.00   80.00
240   7/1/2003    2003   45.00    75.00    55.00




544   7/1/2003    2003   150.00   255.00   180.00




320   7/1/2003    2003   145.00   245.00   175.00




384   6/23/2003   2003   150.00   255.00   180.00




400   6/10/2003   2003   165.00   280.00   200.00
240   6/9/2003   2003   140.00   240.00   170.00




174   6/1/2003   2003   120.00   205.00   145.00




370   6/1/2003   2003   120.00   205.00   145.00




308   6/1/2003   2003   120.00   205.00   145.00
288   6/1/2003    2003   50.00    85.00    60.00




138   6/1/2003    2003   120.00   205.00   145.00




400   5/12/2003   2003   145.00   245.00   175.00




512   5/7/2003    2003   150.00   255.00   180.00




342   5/1/2003    2003   50.00    85.00    60.00
152   4/15/2003   2003   725.00   1230.00 870.00




260   4/15/2003   2003   995.00   1690.00 1195.00




216   4/2/2003    2003   140.00   240.00   170.00




416   3/1/2003    2003   45.00    75.00    55.00




416   2/24/2003   2003   155.00   265.00   185.00
264   2/17/2003   2003   140.00   240.00   170.00




216   2/3/2003    2003   140.00   240.00   170.00




208   1/14/2003   2003   425.00   720.00   510.00




256   1/1/2003    2003   110.00   185.00   130.00




148   1/1/2003    2003   300.00   510.00   360.00


416   1/1/2003    2003   125.00   210.00   150.00
204   1/1/2003     2003   45.00    75.00    55.00




352   1/1/2003     2003   65.00    110.00   80.00




212   12/30/2002   2002   65.00    110.00   80.00




166   11/1/2002    2002   45.00    75.00    55.00




496   10/31/2002   2002   150.00   255.00   180.00
456        10/29/2002        2002             170.00   290.00   205.00




400        10/14/2002        2002             140.00   240.00   170.00




172        10/11/2002        2002             140.00   240.00   170.00




            10/4/2002            2: 552
2 volumes (vol 1: 600 pages, vol2002 pages)   320.00   545.00   385.00
208   10/1/2002   2002   25.00    40.00    30.00




266   10/1/2002   2002   65.00    110.00   80.00




320   9/26/2002   2002   145.00   245.00   175.00




248   9/24/2002   2002   130.00   220.00   155.00




336   9/20/2002   2002   110.00   185.00   130.00
344   9/17/2002   2002   145.00   245.00   175.00




480   9/6/2002    2002   160.00   270.00   190.00




256   9/1/2002    2002   45.00    75.00    55.00




244   9/1/2002    2002   50.00    85.00    60.00




392   8/16/2002   2002   150.00   255.00   180.00
504   8/16/2002   2002   165.00   280.00   200.00




408   8/13/2002   2002   155.00   265.00   185.00




304   7/26/2002   2002   140.00   240.00   170.00




520   7/25/2002   2002   155.00   265.00   185.00
240   7/24/2002   2002   465.00   790.00   560.00




528   6/5/2002    2002   45.00    75.00    55.00




396   6/1/2002    2002   85.00    145.00   100.00




400   6/1/2002    2002   115.00   195.00   140.00




258   6/1/2002    2002   120.00   205.00   145.00
316   6/1/2002    2002   120.00   205.00   145.00




416   5/9/2002    2002   150.00   255.00   180.00




384   5/9/2002    2002   150.00   255.00   180.00




246   5/1/2002    2002   85.00    145.00   100.00




234   4/22/2002   2002   580.00   985.00   695.00
360   4/19/2002   2002   155.00   265.00   185.00




480   4/1/2002    2002   35.00    60.00    40.00




400   4/1/2002    2002   75.00    130.00   90.00




272   3/28/2002   2002   135.00   230.00   160.00




168   3/15/2002   2002   465.00   790.00   560.00




146   3/15/2002   2002   465.00   790.00   560.00
158   3/15/2002   2002   465.00   790.00   560.00




166   3/15/2002   2002   465.00   790.00   560.00




416   3/1/2002    2002   75.00    130.00   90.00




230   3/1/2002    2002   35.00    60.00    40.00




424   3/1/2002    2002   50.00    85.00    60.00



352   3/1/2002    2002   145.00   245.00   175.00




324   2/22/2002   2002   155.00   265.00   185.00
256   2/22/2002   2002   140.00   240.00   170.00




160   2/1/2002    2002   45.00    75.00    55.00




480   1/1/2002    2002   115.00   195.00   140.00



216   1/1/2002    2002   60.00    100.00   70.00




244   1/1/2002    2002   85.00    145.00   100.00




408   1/1/2002    2002   70.00    120.00   85.00



60    1/1/2002    2002   25.00    40.00    30.00

324   1/1/2002    2002   50.00    85.00    60.00



248   1/1/2002    2002   110.00   185.00   130.00
180   1/1/2002    2002   185.00   315.00   220.00



480   1/1/2002    2002   115.00   195.00   140.00




36    1/1/2002    2002   25.00    40.00    30.00


42    1/1/2002    2002   50.00    85.00    60.00



432   11/1/2001   2001   50.00    85.00    60.00




312   11/1/2001   2001   145.00   245.00   175.00




160   11/1/2001   2001   25.00    40.00    30.00
452   11/1/2001    2001   125.00   210.00   150.00




352   10/31/2001   2001   165.00   280.00   200.00




264   10/29/2001   2001   155.00   265.00   185.00




344   10/26/2001   2001   145.00   245.00   175.00
448   10/26/2001   2001   180.00   305.00   215.00




320   10/9/2001    2001   160.00   270.00   190.00



336   10/4/2001    2001   150.00   255.00   180.00




872   10/3/2001    2001   195.00   330.00   235.00




160   9/21/2001    2001   70.00    120.00   85.00
392   9/18/2001   2001   45.00    75.00    55.00




472   9/1/2001    2001   85.00    145.00   100.00




336   8/17/2001   2001   160.00   270.00   190.00




352   8/10/2001   2001   145.00   245.00   175.00




496   8/1/2001    2001   100.00   170.00   120.00




344   7/31/2001   2001   140.00   240.00   170.00
406   7/20/2001   2001   725.00   1230.00 870.00




232   7/12/2001   2001   140.00   240.00   170.00




194   7/3/2001    2001   310.00   525.00   370.00




160   7/3/2001    2001   615.00   1045.00 740.00
216   7/3/2001    2001   310.00   525.00   370.00




216   6/25/2001   2001   140.00   240.00   170.00




314   6/22/2001   2001   410.00   695.00   490.00




512   6/14/2001   2001   165.00   280.00   200.00




256   6/14/2001   2001   140.00   240.00   170.00
214    6/1/2001    2001   120.00   205.00   145.00




2765   6/1/2001    2001   220.00   375.00   265.00




270    6/1/2001    2001   45.00    75.00    55.00




2765   6/1/2001    2001   745.00   1265.00 895.00




192    5/25/2001   2001   135.00   230.00   160.00
304   5/17/2001   2001   145.00   245.00   175.00




336   5/2/2001    2001   155.00   265.00   185.00




352   4/30/2001   2001   145.00   245.00   175.00




686   4/27/2001   2001   495.00   840.00   595.00




416   4/27/2001   2001   50.00    85.00    60.00
382   4/25/2001   2001   155.00   265.00   185.00




312   4/24/2001   2001   145.00   245.00   175.00




304   4/23/2001   2001   140.00   240.00   170.00




442   4/1/2001    2001   55.00    95.00    65.00




232   3/30/2001   2001   425.00   720.00   510.00
248   3/20/2001   2001   140.00   240.00   170.00




192   3/20/2001   2001   105.00   180.00   125.00



400   3/20/2001   2001   145.00   245.00   175.00




384   3/1/2001    2001   75.00    130.00   90.00



256   2/28/2001   2001   140.00   240.00   170.00



340   2/23/2001   2001   425.00   720.00   510.00




448   2/16/2001   2001   155.00   265.00   185.00




208   1/29/2001   2001   145.00   245.00   175.00
94    1/1/2001   2001   50.00    85.00    60.00


256   1/1/2001   2001   45.00    75.00    55.00




360   1/1/2001   2001   125.00   210.00   150.00




200   1/1/2001   2001   95.00    160.00   115.00




196   1/1/2001   2001   70.00    120.00   85.00




196   1/1/2001   2001   95.00    160.00   115.00



160   1/1/2001   2001   110.00   185.00   130.00




592   1/1/2001   2001   65.00    110.00   80.00
300   12/1/2000    2000   50.00    85.00    60.00




384   11/28/2000   2000   150.00   255.00   180.00




576   10/31/2000   2000   190.00   325.00   230.00




160   10/31/2000   2000   85.00    145.00   100.00




336   10/31/2000   2000   135.00   230.00   160.00




384   10/27/2000   2000   145.00   245.00   175.00
224   10/27/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00




256   10/23/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00




600   10/20/2000   2000   170.00   290.00   205.00



320   10/12/2000   2000   145.00   245.00   175.00




438   9/28/2000    2000   165.00   280.00   200.00



320   9/27/2000    2000   110.00   185.00   130.00




416   9/27/2000    2000   145.00   245.00   175.00
344   9/22/2000   2000   150.00   255.00   180.00




504   9/22/2000   2000   155.00   265.00   185.00




218   9/19/2000   2000   425.00   720.00   510.00




392   9/15/2000   2000   150.00   255.00   180.00




656   9/11/2000   2000   185.00   315.00   220.00




328   9/1/2000    2000   75.00    130.00   90.00
352   8/24/2000   2000   150.00   255.00   180.00




240   8/11/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00




320   7/31/2000   2000   410.00   695.00   490.00




264   7/26/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00




320   7/25/2000   2000   145.00   245.00   175.00




336   7/25/2000   2000   145.00   245.00   175.00




304   6/27/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00
416   6/19/2000   2000   150.00   255.00   180.00




300   6/19/2000   2000   155.00   265.00   185.00




192   6/19/2000   2000   150.00   255.00   180.00




528   6/15/2000   2000   165.00   280.00   200.00




610   6/2/2000    2000   425.00   720.00   510.00
350   5/31/2000   2000   510.00   865.00   610.00




240   5/8/2000    2000   465.00   790.00   560.00




96    5/8/2000    2000   140.00   240.00   170.00



470   4/28/2000   2000   170.00   290.00   205.00


128   4/28/2000   2000   95.00    160.00   115.00




352   3/29/2000   2000   145.00   245.00   175.00




176   3/1/2000    2000   35.00    60.00    40.00
224   2/11/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00




108   1/18/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00



124   1/18/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00




166   1/18/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00




158   1/18/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00




160   1/18/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00



210   1/18/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00




208   1/18/2000   2000   140.00   240.00   170.00
           260         1/1/2000         2000              45.00    75.00    55.00




           352         1/1/2000         2000              145.00   245.00   175.00



           138         1/1/2000         2000              255.00   435.00   305.00




           560         1/1/2000         2000              45.00    75.00    55.00




           176         1/1/2000         2000              80.00    135.00   95.00




                         1/1/2000       2000
rback abstracts volume + CD ROM (PC and Mac compatible)   375.00   635.00   450.00




           108         1/1/2000         2000              35.00    60.00    40.00
466   12/13/1999   1999   185.00   315.00   220.00




224   12/1/1999    1999   90.00    155.00   110.00




376   10/30/1999   1999   55.00    95.00    65.00



224   10/15/1999   1999   145.00   245.00   175.00




480   10/3/1999    1999   45.00    75.00    55.00




232   10/1/1999    1999   35.00    60.00    40.00




208   10/1/1999    1999   45.00    75.00    55.00




160   9/30/1999    1999   55.00    95.00    65.00
104   9/30/1999   1999   140.00   240.00   170.00



516   9/30/1999   1999   200.00   340.00   240.00



384   9/24/1999   1999   155.00   265.00   185.00




102   9/7/1999    1999   140.00   240.00   170.00




304   8/26/1999   1999   145.00   245.00   175.00




800   8/23/1999   1999   190.00   325.00   230.00




176   8/9/1999    1999   25.00    40.00    30.00




336   8/9/1999    1999   145.00   245.00   175.00
224   8/9/1999    1999   145.00   245.00   175.00




392   8/1/1999    1999   45.00    75.00    55.00




480   7/16/1999   1999   45.00    75.00    55.00




640   7/12/1999   1999   185.00   315.00   220.00




432   7/12/1999   1999   140.00   240.00   170.00



290   7/1/1999    1999   115.00   195.00   140.00




256   6/4/1999    1999   135.00   230.00   160.00
256   6/4/1999    1999   155.00   265.00   185.00




216   6/1/1999    1999   30.00    50.00    35.00




310   6/1/1999    1999   35.00    60.00    40.00




192   6/1/1999    1999   45.00    75.00    55.00




464   5/25/1999   1999   55.00    95.00    65.00




256   5/20/1999   1999   50.00    85.00    60.00




224   5/20/1999   1999   50.00    85.00    60.00




192   5/20/1999   1999   50.00    85.00    60.00
84     5/15/1999   1999   130.00   220.00   155.00




320    5/1/1999    1999   85.00    145.00   100.00




304    4/1/1999    1999   135.00   230.00   160.00




304    3/26/1999   1999   105.00   180.00   125.00




1000   3/12/1999   1999   150.00   255.00   180.00




352    3/5/1999    1999   145.00   245.00   175.00




342    2/19/1999   1999   165.00   280.00   200.00




352    2/5/1999    1999   140.00   240.00   170.00




378    2/1/1999    1999   160.00   270.00   190.00
192   1/8/1999   1999   105.00   180.00   125.00




336   1/8/1999   1999   140.00   240.00   170.00




114   1/1/1999   1999   25.00    40.00    30.00




302   1/1/1999   1999   145.00   245.00   175.00


400   1/1/1999   1999   160.00   270.00   190.00




286   1/1/1999   1999   140.00   240.00   170.00




40    1/1/1999   1999   20.00    35.00    25.00


156   1/1/1999   1999   135.00   230.00   160.00




128   1/1/1999   1999   40.00    70.00    50.00
466   1/1/1999     1999   165.00   280.00   200.00




64    1/1/1999     1999   20.00    35.00    25.00




210   1/1/1999     1999   85.00    145.00   100.00




238   1/1/1999     1999   165.00   280.00   200.00

632   1/1/1999     1999   35.00    60.00    40.00

348   1/1/1999     1999   145.00   245.00   175.00




556   1/1/1999     1999   45.00    75.00    55.00


438   1/1/1999     1999   160.00   270.00   190.00




228   1/1/1999     1999   135.00   230.00   160.00




316   11/17/1998   1998   160.00   270.00   190.00


400   11/12/1998   1998   100.00   170.00   120.00
384   11/10/1998   1998   150.00   255.00   180.00




288   11/3/1998    1998   145.00   245.00   175.00




290   11/1/1998    1998   65.00    110.00   80.00




320   10/5/1998    1998   125.00   210.00   150.00




256   10/1/1998    1998   45.00    75.00    55.00




230   10/1/1998    1998   140.00   240.00   170.00
332   9/25/1998   1998   195.00   330.00   235.00




160   9/14/1998   1998   70.00    120.00   85.00




432   9/1/1998    1998   45.00    75.00    55.00




480   9/1/1998    1998   45.00    75.00    55.00




256   9/1/1998    1998   55.00    95.00    65.00




224   8/24/1998   1998   70.00    120.00   85.00




336   8/24/1998   1998   145.00   245.00   175.00




118   7/29/1998   1998   130.00   220.00   155.00
468   7/14/1998   1998   365.00   620.00   440.00




336   7/10/1998   1998   145.00   245.00   175.00




224   7/3/1998    1998   135.00   230.00   160.00




434   7/1/1998    1998   170.00   290.00   205.00


560   5/29/1998   1998   160.00   270.00   190.00




288   4/14/1998   1998   135.00   230.00   160.00




384   4/1/1998    1998   160.00   270.00   190.00




480   4/1/1998    1998   160.00   270.00   190.00


192   3/23/1998   1998   140.00   240.00   170.00



88    3/10/1998   1998   35.00    60.00    40.00
      3/10/1998   1998   180.00   305.00   215.00




96    3/10/1998   1998   35.00    60.00    40.00




80    3/10/1998   1998   35.00    60.00    40.00




104   3/10/1998   1998   35.00    60.00    40.00




96    3/10/1998   1998   35.00    60.00    40.00




88    3/10/1998   1998   35.00    60.00    40.00




140   2/1/1998    1998   45.00    75.00    55.00




160   1/9/1998    1998   135.00   230.00   160.00
416        1/1/1998    1998   50.00    85.00    60.00




266        1/1/1998    1998   55.00    95.00    65.00




148        1/1/1998    1998   40.00    70.00    50.00




272        1/1/1998    1998   140.00   240.00   170.00



236        1/1/1998    1998   50.00    85.00    60.00




466        1/1/1998    1998   160.00   270.00   190.00


550        1/1/1998    1998   170.00   290.00   205.00

650        1/1/1998    1998   170.00   290.00   205.00



192        1/1/1998    1998   135.00   230.00   160.00


            disk
176 pages + 1/1/1998   1998   130.00   220.00   155.00



514        1/1/1998    1998   160.00   270.00   190.00
58    1/1/1998     1998   20.00    35.00    25.00



92    1/1/1998     1998   20.00    35.00    25.00




40    1/1/1998     1998   20.00    35.00    25.00



200   1/1/1998     1998   135.00   230.00   160.00




48    1/1/1998     1998   20.00    35.00    25.00



458   1/1/1998     1998   160.00   270.00   190.00




60    1/1/1998     1998   20.00    35.00    25.00



118   1/1/1998     1998   35.00    60.00    40.00



224   1/1/1998     1998   25.00    40.00    30.00


200   12/30/1997   1997   35.00    60.00    40.00




320   12/5/1997    1997   135.00   230.00   160.00
360   11/26/1997   1997   140.00   240.00   170.00



224   11/26/1997   1997   135.00   230.00   160.00




384   10/21/1997   1997   145.00   245.00   175.00




216   10/21/1997   1997   140.00   240.00   170.00




256   10/9/1997    1997   135.00   230.00   160.00




320   10/1/1997    1997   35.00    60.00    40.00




208   9/26/1997    1997   70.00    120.00   85.00




208   9/23/1997    1997   70.00    120.00   85.00
216   8/27/1997   1997   40.00    70.00    50.00




448   8/7/1997    1997   50.00    85.00    60.00



448   8/7/1997    1997   55.00    95.00    65.00



448   7/29/1997   1997   175.00   300.00   210.00




560   7/17/1997   1997   165.00   280.00   200.00


222   7/7/1997    1997   165.00   280.00   200.00


256   6/24/1997   1997   135.00   230.00   160.00



310   6/1/1997    1997   45.00    75.00    55.00




320   6/1/1997    1997   35.00    60.00    40.00




128   6/1/1997    1997   45.00    75.00    55.00
176    6/1/1997   1997   35.00    60.00    40.00




210    6/1/1997   1997   65.00    110.00   80.00




348    5/1/1997   1997   65.00    110.00   80.00




534    3/1/1997   1997   65.00    110.00   80.00




510    2/1/1997   1997   170.00   290.00   205.00



1066   2/1/1997   1997   75.00    130.00   90.00




506    1/1/1997   1997   165.00   280.00   200.00


70     1/1/1997   1997   35.00    60.00    40.00
418   1/1/1997     1997   160.00   270.00   190.00




242   1/1/1997     1997   145.00   245.00   175.00


128   1/1/1997     1997   125.00   210.00   150.00




224   1/1/1997     1997   140.00   240.00   170.00




272   1/1/1997     1997   50.00    85.00    60.00




296   1/1/1997     1997   140.00   240.00   170.00


160   1/1/1997     1997   70.00    120.00   85.00




304   1/1/1997     1997   140.00   240.00   170.00




476   1/1/1997     1996   170.00   290.00   205.00


128   10/31/1996   1996   125.00   210.00   150.00
128        10/31/1996        1996             130.00   220.00   155.00




272        10/31/1996        1996             140.00   240.00   170.00




272        7/31/1996         1996             70.00    120.00   85.00




240        7/31/1996         1996             70.00    120.00   85.00




560        6/1/1996          1996             150.00   255.00   180.00




            6/1/1996         1996              350.00 595.00
(Volume 1: 560 pages, Volume 2: 512 pages, Volume 3: 624 pages) 420.00



512        6/1/1996          1996             150.00   255.00   180.00




624        6/1/1996          1996             150.00   255.00   180.00




816        5/31/1996         1996             55.00    95.00    65.00
224   5/31/1996   1996   65.00    110.00   80.00




352   5/31/1996   1996   135.00   230.00   160.00




328   4/30/1996   1996   140.00   240.00   170.00




224   2/28/1996   1996   75.00    130.00   90.00




224   2/28/1996   1996   70.00    120.00   85.00




224   2/28/1996   1996   70.00    120.00   85.00
352        1/30/1996       1996   145.00   245.00   175.00




           1/1/1996
(Two volumes) 1008 pages   1996   130.00   220.00   155.00




448        1/1/1996        1996   160.00   270.00   190.00



256        1/1/1996        1996   185.00   315.00   220.00




256        1/1/1996        1996   135.00   230.00   160.00




64         1/1/1996        1996   20.00    35.00    25.00



264        1/1/1996        1996   25.00    40.00    30.00




220        1/1/1996        1996   45.00    75.00    55.00
192   1/1/1996     1996   140.00   240.00   170.00




624   1/1/1996     1996   55.00    95.00    65.00




402   1/1/1996     1996   155.00   265.00   185.00




450   1/1/1996     1996   170.00   290.00   205.00



352   1/1/1996     1996   135.00   230.00   160.00


304   1/1/1996     1996   145.00   245.00   175.00




180   1/1/1996     1996   135.00   230.00   160.00



70    11/30/1995   1995   125.00   210.00   150.00


224   10/31/1995   1995   135.00   230.00   160.00
608   9/30/1995   1995   165.00   280.00   200.00




208   9/30/1995   1995   135.00   230.00   160.00




240   7/31/1995   1995   140.00   240.00   170.00




400   6/30/1995   1995   145.00   245.00   175.00




336   6/30/1995   1995   135.00   230.00   160.00



182   6/3/1995    1995   95.00    160.00   115.00
192   5/31/1995   1995   145.00   245.00   175.00




210   5/1/1995    1995   65.00    110.00   80.00



80    4/30/1995   1995   125.00   210.00   150.00




190   4/1/1995    1995   50.00    85.00    60.00




240   3/31/1995   1995   135.00   230.00   160.00




150   3/31/1995   1995   40.00    70.00    50.00


288   2/28/1995   1995   135.00   230.00   160.00




144   2/28/1995   1995   135.00   230.00   160.00
256   1/31/1995   1995   135.00   230.00   160.00




192   1/31/1995   1995   70.00    120.00   85.00




224   1/1/1995    1995   135.00   230.00   160.00




256   1/1/1995    1995   135.00   230.00   160.00




39    1/1/1995    1995   20.00    35.00    25.00



272   1/1/1995    1995   35.00    60.00    40.00




160   1/1/1995    1995   45.00    75.00    55.00


376   1/1/1995    1995   50.00    85.00    60.00
43    1/1/1995     1995   20.00    35.00    25.00




336   1/1/1995     1995   30.00    50.00    35.00




640   1/1/1995     1995   160.00   270.00   190.00



418   1/1/1995     1995   55.00    95.00    65.00



180   1/1/1995     1995   135.00   230.00   160.00




336   11/30/1994   1994   140.00   240.00   170.00




250   11/1/1994    1994   45.00    75.00    55.00




272   10/31/1994   1994   70.00    120.00   85.00
182   9/1/1994    1994   135.00   230.00   160.00


160   7/31/1994   1994   100.00   170.00   120.00




304   5/31/1994   1994   140.00   240.00   170.00



208   5/1/1994    1994   50.00    85.00    60.00




384   4/30/1994   1994   140.00   240.00   170.00




192   3/31/1994   1994   140.00   240.00   170.00




464   3/10/1994   1994   135.00   230.00   160.00




208   2/28/1994   1994   135.00   230.00   160.00
272   2/28/1994   1994   55.00    95.00    65.00




400   1/1/1994    1994   145.00   245.00   175.00



196   1/1/1994    1994   135.00   230.00   160.00



202   1/1/1994    1994   135.00   230.00   160.00




164   1/1/1994    1994   140.00   240.00   170.00


240   1/1/1994    1994   25.00    40.00    30.00



240   1/1/1994    1994   145.00   245.00   175.00




352   1/1/1994    1994   145.00   245.00   175.00




272   1/1/1994    1994   70.00    120.00   85.00
418   1/1/1994     1994   160.00   270.00   190.00




304   1/1/1994     1994   140.00   240.00   170.00




40    1/1/1994     1994   20.00    35.00    25.00


78    1/1/1994     1994   35.00    60.00    40.00




256   1/1/1994     1994   130.00   220.00   155.00



352   1/1/1994     1994   45.00    75.00    55.00




192   12/1/1993    1993   20.00    35.00    25.00




464   10/31/1993   1993   150.00   255.00   180.00




304   10/31/1993   1993   60.00    100.00   70.00
160   8/3/1993    1993   130.00   220.00   155.00




428   3/1/1993    1993   160.00   270.00   190.00




304   2/28/1993   1993   135.00   230.00   160.00




240   2/28/1993   1993   140.00   240.00   170.00




864   2/1/1993    1993   135.00   230.00   160.00


176   1/1/1993    1993   135.00   230.00   160.00




50    1/1/1993    1993   20.00    35.00    25.00


178   1/1/1993    1993   135.00   230.00   160.00



472   1/1/1993    1993   45.00    75.00    55.00




462   1/1/1993    1993   170.00   290.00   205.00
58    1/1/1993     1993   20.00    35.00    25.00




272   10/31/1992   1992   135.00   230.00   160.00




96    10/1/1992    1992   135.00   230.00   160.00




240   9/30/1992    1992   135.00   230.00   160.00




192   7/31/1992    1992   135.00   230.00   160.00




165   5/1/1992     1992   95.00    160.00   115.00




384   4/1/1992     1992   60.00    100.00   70.00



414   1/1/1992     1992   160.00   270.00   190.00
312   1/1/1992     1992   135.00   230.00   160.00




288   1/1/1992     1992   145.00   245.00   175.00

304   1/1/1992     1992   50.00    85.00    60.00


160   1/1/1992     1992   135.00   230.00   160.00




550   1/1/1992     1992   135.00   230.00   160.00




752   1/1/1992     1992   135.00   230.00   160.00


144   10/31/1991   1991   110.00   185.00   130.00




176   10/30/1991   1991   55.00    95.00    65.00




192   10/30/1991   1991   65.00    110.00   80.00
204   10/1/1991   1991   135.00   230.00   160.00




240   7/31/1991   1991   135.00   230.00   160.00




172   7/1/1991    1991   45.00    75.00    55.00




160   5/31/1991   1991   130.00   220.00   155.00




112   1/3/1991    1991   110.00   185.00   130.00




240   1/1/1991    1991   135.00   230.00   160.00




258   1/1/1991    1991   135.00   230.00   160.00
248   1/1/1991     1991   135.00   230.00   160.00




316   1/1/1991     1991   145.00   245.00   175.00



208   1/1/1991     1991   135.00   230.00   160.00




340   1/1/1991     1991   145.00   245.00   175.00


588   1/1/1991     1991   165.00   280.00   200.00




240   1/1/1991     1991   135.00   230.00   160.00



410   1/1/1991     1991   160.00   270.00   190.00



208   1/1/1991     1991   135.00   230.00   160.00




386   11/1/1990    1990   160.00   270.00   190.00


80    10/31/1990   1990   40.00    70.00    50.00



112   10/31/1990   1990   80.00    135.00   95.00
64    8/31/1990   1990   100.00   170.00   120.00



96    6/30/1990   1990   75.00    130.00   90.00




378   1/3/1990    1990   145.00   245.00   175.00




64    1/2/1990    1990   55.00    95.00    65.00




240   1/1/1990    1990   135.00   230.00   160.00




112   1/1/1990    1990   75.00    130.00   90.00




480   1/1/1990    1990   45.00    75.00    55.00


182   12/1/1989   1989   20.00    35.00    25.00




564   9/1/1989    1989   60.00    100.00   70.00
432   1/1/1989    1989   150.00   255.00   180.00




240   5/11/2001   1988   125.00   210.00   150.00




290   2/1/1987    1987   140.00   240.00   170.00


400   1/1/1987    1987   170.00   290.00   205.00



296   1/1/1987    1987   140.00   240.00   170.00




760   1/1/1984    1984   50.00    85.00    60.00



240   1/1/1984    1984   40.00    70.00    50.00




588   3/1/1983    1983   40.00    70.00    50.00



80    1/1/1983    1983   35.00    60.00    40.00
408   1/1/1982   1982   35.00    60.00    40.00




176   1/1/1981   1981   130.00   220.00   155.00



435   1/1/1977   1977   130.00   220.00   155.00




387   1/1/1975   1975   130.00   220.00   155.00




48    1/1/1973   1973   30.00    50.00    35.00

                        750.00   1275.00 900.00
Short Description

Coal- and gas-based power plants currently supply the largest proportion of the world‘s power generation
capacity. This book critically reviews the fundamental degradation mechanisms that affect conventional
power plant systems and components, noting mitigation routes alongside monitoring and assessment
methods. Maintenance and replacement routes are further extended through chapters on the
management and refurbishment of advanced systems and components.


Dyeing is one of the most effective and popular methods for colouring textiles and other materials. This 2
volume collection provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of textile dyeing. Volume 1 begins with
a general introduction to dyeing, chapters include the fundamental principles, chemistry, pre treatment
and an overview to dye fastness. The second part of the book focuses on different types of dyes and
processes. Topics range from natural and acidic dyes, to environmentally friendly dyes. The book is
aimed at a variety of different readers including designers, colour technologists, product developers and
those in academia.
Dyeing is one of the most effective and popular methods for colouring textiles and other materials. This
two-volume collection provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of textile dyeing. Volume 2
provides a review of how dyes are used in different applications. Part 1 of the book discusses dyes used
for textiles such as wool and synthetic fibres. Part 2 explores the use of dyes for non textile goods,
including dyes for the food, cosmetics and medical industries. The book is appropriate for a variety of
different readers including designers, colour technologists, product developers and those in academia.

As a consequence of the growing awareness of environmental issues, the use of natural fibres is
increasing. This 2 volume collection offers the reader an increased understanding of the properties of a
wide range of natural fibres, how to improve fibres as well as the types of products they can be applied to.
Volume 2 includes processing techniques to improve natural fibres. Subsequent chapters provide
examples of how natural fibres can be used in a variety of applications extending from the automotive
sector through to the textile industry. This book is an essential text for professionals and academics within
the agricultural and horticultural fields, as well as those in the textile industry.

As a consequence of the growing awareness of environmental issues, the use of natural fibres is
increasing. This 2 volume collection offers the reader an increased understanding of the properties of a
wide range of natural fibres, how to improve fibres as well as the types of products they can be applied to.
Volume 1 opens with a discussion of the main types of natural fibres and their properties. Part 2 covers
aspects of how to improve natural fibres through breeding and cultivation. This book is an essential text
for professionals and academics within the agricultural and horticultural fields, as well as those in the
textile industry.
This book places particular emphasis on issues of model quality and ideas of model testing and validation.
Mathematical and computer-based models provide a foundation for explaining complex behaviour,
decision-making, engineering design and for real-time simulators for research and training. Many
engineering design techniques depend on suitable models, assessment of the adequacy of a given model
for an intended application is therefore critically important. Generic model structures and dependable
libraries of sub-models that can be applied repeatedly are increasingly important. Applications are drawn
from the fields of mechanical, aeronautical and control engineering, and involve non-linear lumped-
parameter models described by ordinary differential equations.
The potential development of any nuclear power programme requires a rigorous justification process built
upon an objective infrastructure, reviewing the substantial regulatory, economic and technical information
required to appropriately decide upon implementation of such a long-term commitment. Both new entrants
and those countries wishing to renovate their nuclear fleets after a long moratorium will need to develop
and apply appropriate infrastructures to review the justification of the potential use of nuclear power. This
book provides a comprehensive review of the infrastructure and methodologies required to justify the
implementation of nuclear power programmes in any country choosing to review this path.


Food safety is vital for consumer confidence and the sanitary design of food processing facilities is central
to the manufacture of safe products. This book provides an essential overview of hygiene control in the
design, construction and renovation of food processing factories. Opening chapters consider the business
case for hygienic facilities design and the requirements of different stakeholders. Following parts then
focus on site selection and plant layout, external and internal sanitary plant design, considerations for high
hygiene zones and cleanrooms and the management of building work.




Recent advances in techniques to characterise thin films in-situ during deposition could lead to an
improved understanding of deposition processes and to better, faster, diagnosis of issues with the
deposition process. In-situ characterisation of thin film growth will provide a comprehensive review of this
increasingly important topic, focussing on the techniques and concepts. Part 1 reviews electron diffraction
techniques, including the methodology for taking observations and measurements. Part 2 covers
photoemission techniques; the principles and instrumentation. Part 3 contains photon techniques for real-
time characterization of the nucleation, growth, structural and electronic properties of thin films. Part 4
discusses alternative in-situ characterisation techniques and the trend for combining different techniques.

Coal, oil and gas continue to provide the main fuel source for worldwide power production and
transportation, but with this represent a dwindling resource. Research and development continue apace
into the conversion of mainstream and alternative hydrocarbon fuels (fossil fuels), with the goals of
improving conversion efficiency for maximum fuel output with minimum environmental impact. This book
provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the conversion processes and technology
applicable to the production of clean liquid fuels for both power generation and transport industries.


Coatings for biomaterials provide a means to improve the wear of joints, change the biological interaction
between implant and host and combine the properties of various materials to improve device
performance. The considerable interest in coatings for biomedical applications has resulted in a great deal
of research in industry and academia. Coatings for biomedical applications provides a comprehensive
review of biomedical coatings including background, theory, materials and applications. Part 1 discusses
different types of coatings such as hydrophilic and mineral coatings. Chapters in part 2 applications of
coatings in a wide range of biomedical fields.
Chemical and microbiological contaminants can be transferred from feedstuffs into food-producing
animals, negatively affecting both animal and human health. Safe feed is therefore a vital prerequisite for
the efficient production of sound food. This volume reviews essential research in this area. Part 1 covers
detection and determination methods for feed and fodder contaminants while part 2 discusses feed
contamination by particular substances and the effects on animal and human health. The final section of
the book focuses on risk assessment and risk management of animal feed contamination.




Computer technology has transformed textiles from their design through to their manufacture. This book
reflects the significant advances that have been made in computer technologies, covering a wide range of
topics from modelling to electronic textiles and apparel. Part 1 provides a review of different computer
based technologies suitable for textile materials. Chapters include computer technology for yarn structure,
fabric defects and garment structure. Part 2 discusses modelling and simulation principles of fibres and
textiles. Examples of topics include the modelling of yarn and garments. Part 3 concludes with a review of
computer based technologies specific to apparel, themes range from 3D body scanning to electronic
textiles.
The understanding of fabric structures is fundamental to the way textiles are designed, tested and
manufactured. This book combines specialist yarn, weave and fabric structures and looks at the
developments that have occurred in each of these areas. Written by a team of international contributors,
the text discusses the different types of specialist yarn structures, such as hybrid yarns, fancy yarns and
rope structures. Fabrics composed of specialist weave structures are discussed, with chapters including
double cloth fabrics. The final part of the book explores multicomponent structures, such as pile fabrics,
jacquard woven fabrics and flocked fabrics.
Thin-film technology is used in many applications such as microelectronics, optics, magnetics, hard and
corrosion resistant coatings and micromechanics. This book provides a review of the theory and
techniques for the deposition of thin films. Thin film growth will help the reader understand the variables
affecting growth kinetics and microstructural evolution during deposition. Part 1 covers the theory and
modelling of thin film growth whilst part 2 describes the techniques and mechanisms of film growth. This
section covers examples such as silicon nanostructured thin films, colloidal crystal thin films and
graphene thin films. It also contains discussion of pliable substrates and thin films for particular functions.




While products such as bananas, pineapples and kiwifruit have long been available to consumers in
temperate zones, novel fruits such as litchi and longan are now also entering the market. Tropical and
subtropical fruits are vulnerable to postharvest losses and may also be transported long distances for
sale. Therefore technologies for quality maintenance postharvest and a thorough understanding of the
underpinning biological mechanisms are essential. This authoritative four-volume collection considers the
postharvest biology and technology of tropical and subtropical fruit. Volume 1 focuses on key issues of
fruit physiology, quality, safety and handling relevant to all those in the tropical and subtropical fruits
supply chain.
Stress corrosion cracking (SCC) causes sudden failure of metals and other materials subjected to stress
in a corrosive environment, especially at elevated temperatures. The problem affects industries such as
petrochemical and nuclear power production. This book is divided into three parts looking at the
mechanisms of stress corrosion cracking, how it affects particular metals and the ways it can be
monitored and managed in particular industries.


Hydrogen embrittlement is the process whereby various metals, particularly high strength steels, become
brittle and crack following exposure to hydrogen at high temperatures. The process has increasingly been
recognised as a key factor in fatigue and failure of components in the energy sector, including developing
technologies using hydrogen as an alternative fuel source. This comprehensive reference summarises the
wealth of recent research on how hydrogen embrittlement affects particular industries, its mechanisms
and how it can be predicted to prevent component failure.




For any fabric structure, the ability to understand how to join fabrics together and retain appropriate
properties is critical. Joining textiles: principles and applications , provides a review of the principles and
types of joining. Introductory themes include the types and mechanics of joining. Further chapters discuss
factors that affect sewn seam performance and modelling joints in fabric structures. The final group of
chapters explores applications and examples of textile joining. Topics range from the joining of smart
textiles to issues affecting the joining of automotive fabrics. This is an important read and reference for
textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia.

Bioactive materials in medicine provides readers with information on the current status and developments
in bioactive materials for medical applications. Initial chapters focus on the fundamentals of bioactive of
materials with chapters on such topics as nanotechnology and tissue engineering. Further chapters
discuss laboratory design techniques with a view to clinical applications. The final few chapters review
current biomedical applications such as drug delivery, gene therapy, plastic surgery and the future
direction of this increasingly important field.

An extensive introduction to the materials used in modern aircraft, helicopters and spacecraft. This
essential new book is intended for undergraduate students studying aerospace and aeronautical
engineering. The contents are based on courses delivered at universities in the United States, Europe and
Australasia. Introduction to aerospace materials is a valuable resource for postgraduate students and
practising aerospace engineers.
Wound repair is an important and lucrative sector of the medical industry. Consequently significant and
increasingly sophisticated biomaterials and strategies are continuously being developed. Advanced
wound repair therapies provides readers with up-to-date information on fundamental, emerging and
cutting-edge biomaterials concerned with healing internal and external surgical and traumatic wounds.
Part 1 provides readers with an introduction to chronic wounds. Part 2 analyses therapies for chronic
wounds. Chapters in part 3 discuss molecular therapies for chronic wounds whilst part 4 review
biologically-derived and cell-based therapies for chronic wounds. The final group of chapters cover
physical stimulation therapies for chronic wounds.




Tailor welded blanks are sheets made from different strengths and thicknesses of steel pre-welded
together before pressing and shaping into the final component. They produce high-quality components
with the right grade and thickness of steel where they are most needed, providing significant savings in
weight and processing costs in such industries as automotive engineering. Part 1 of this book reviews
processing issues such as product design, production methods, weld integrity and deformation. Part 2
discusses applications in such areas as automotive and aerospace engineering.

With issues such as a rising population and increasing concerns surrounding the environment and
infection prevention, the need to understand and improve hygiene and healthcare products has become
increasingly important. Continuing our series of specialised medical textile books, this collection provides
the reader with the latest developments in textile materials for hygiene and infection control. The collection
begins with an insight into the types of fibres used for hygiene and infection control. It also explores how
hygiene and infection control textiles are designed and produced. Concluding chapters discuss a range of
applications, such as, the use of textiles for incontinence.

This book describes different types of rubber-pad forming processes currently being studied for their
experimental and numerical advantages and disadvantages. Rubber forming adopts a rubber pad
contained in a rigid box in which one of the tools (die or punch) is replaced by the rubber pad. Up to 60%
of all sheet metal parts in aircraft industry such as frames, seat parts, ribs, windows and doors are
fabricated using rubber-pad forming processes. Key process parameters such as rubber material,
stamping velocity, rubber-pad hardness and thickness and friction conditions are investigated.

This book provides engineers and students with a general framework focusing on the processes of
designing new engineering products. The procedures covered by the framework lead the reader to the
best trade-offs to ensure maximum satisfaction of the customer‘s needs; meeting the lowest cost
expectations; ensuring the lowest environmental impact and; maximising profits and best positioning in
the marketplace. This book describes the engineering tools that are compatible with these goals and
sustainable activity.
Metals can become less reactive to corrosion processes (i.e. they become passive) because of protection
by a self-healing surface film. This passivation process is an important weapon against corrosion in
metals. However, the corrosion resistance of passive metals can be substantially reduced by friction and
wear. This important book reviews current research on tribocorrosion of passive metals and coatings.




This book covers the necessary material required for engineers to perform the design and qualification of
a space thermal control system comprehensively. Beginning with the fundamentals of space missions and
following with the indispensable background on heat transfer, a full description of current thermal control
technologies is presented. The overall view details the complete process in the design and validation
(analysis and tests) of these systems. Finally relevant data on material properties are given.




MAX phases presents a comprehensive review of synthesis, microstructures, properties, ab-initio
calculations and applications of MAX phases and targets the continuing research of advanced materials
and ceramics. An overview of the current status, future directions, challenges and opportunities of MAX
phases that exhibit some of the best attributes of metals and ceramics is included. Students of materials
science and engineering at the postgraduate level will value this book as a reference source at an
international level for both teaching and research in materials science and engineering. The principal
audiences, alongside students, of this book are ceramic researchers, materials scientists and engineers,
materials physicists and chemists. The book is also an invaluable reference for the professional materials
and ceramics societies.
Progress in membrane materials, selective membrane design, and computer modelling and simulation
have contributed greatly to the application of advanced membranes in conventional and alternative power
sectors, as well as to clean industry applications. Research and development of membrane systems
continues apace towards the goal of simple, efficient, and easily integrated systems that offer low-cost,
reliable processing and operation. This book presents a comprehensive review of membrane science and
technology, focusing on developments and applications in the areas of sustainable energy and clean-
industry.
Opening chapters in Volume 2 of this essential collection address aspects of egg contamination, with
particular emphasis on Salmonella Enteritidis . Control of egg safety and quality is the focus of part 2.
Preharvest control of salmonella, egg decontamination and egg defect detection are among the topics
reviewed. Part 3 covers the areas of nutritionally-enriched eggs, eggs as nutraceuticals and other
applications of eggs.




There is emerging evidence that nutrition in early life can influence later mental performance and also that
diet in later life can reduce cognitive decline. Nutritional status may also have an impact on psychiatric
illness. This book reviews key topics in these areas. The first part of the book covers nutritional influences
on brain development, covering long-chain fatty acids and iron, among other micronutrients. A second
group of chapters reviews issues associated with diet and cognition, including the effects of hydration,
caffeine and herbal extracts. The final section covers nutritional influences on behavioural problems,
psychiatric illness and cognitive decline associated with ageing.




Electromigration is a significant problem affecting the reliability of microelectronic devices such as
integrated circuits. Recent research has focussed on how electromigration affects the increasing use by
the microelectronics industry of lead-free solders and copper interconnects. Part one reviews ways of
modelling and testing electromigration. Part two discusses electromigration in copper interconnects, whilst
part three covers solder and wirebonds.




Eggs are a convenient and economical food of high nutritional value, yet are also a significant source of
foodborne disesase. The 2 volumes of this important collection review essential research and best
practice in the production and processing of eggs with particular emphasis on their safety, nutritional and
sensory quality. Opening chapters in Volume 1 set the scene with information on egg production and
consumption worldwide. Following chapters introduce essential topics in egg chemistry and provide and
overview of egg quality parameters. Chapters in parts 3 and 4 then focus on egg production systems and
their influences on egg safety and quality. The final section of the volume reviews the nutritional quality of
eggs and their use as food ingredients.
With a rising population and the increasing range of textiles for medical products, the need to understand
and improve medical textiles is becoming increasingly important. This invaluable reference provides a
broad overview of the different types of medical textiles, as well as focusing on specialised topics. Part 1
discusses the types and properties of medical textiles, these range from reusable textiles to fabrics with
cosmetic effects. Part 2 focuses on textiles on the skin, key issues include contact sensations of textiles
on the skin and allergies caused by textiles. Part 3 provides the latest developments in textiles for hygiene
and infection control and part 4 concludes by providing a range of applications and case studies.


Due to their biocompatibility and bioactivity, bioactive glasses are used extensively as implant materials
throughout the human body to replace or repair damaged tissue. Once in vivo, this man-made material
gradually transforms to mimic natural bone. Consequently, this material has been used extensively since
its invention in the 60‘s and is widely researched throughout the world. Bioactive glasses provides readers
with a comprehensive review of the current status of this unique material, applications, technologies and
future trends. The first part of the book discusses materials and mechanical properties with chapters on
spun bioactive glasses, cell interaction and regulatory issues. Part 2 reviews a wide range of applications
in fields such as tissue engineering, orthopaedics and wound healing.

The third book in the Woodhead Publishing Reviews: Mechanical Engineering Series publishing high
quality articles (full research articles, review articles and cases studies) with a special emphasis on
research and development in machining and machine-tools. Machining and machine tools is an important
subject with application in several industries. Parts manufactured by other processes often require further
operations before the product is ready for application. Traditional machining is the broad term used to
describe removal of material from a workpiece, and covers chip formation operations including: turning,
milling, drilling and grinding. Recently the industrial utilization of non traditional machining processes such
as EDM (electrical discharge machining), LBM (laser-beam machining), AWJM (abrasive water jet
machining) and USM (ultrasonic machining) has increased. The performance characteristics of machine
tools and the significant development of existing and new processes, and machines, are considered.
Nowadays, in Europe, USA, Japan and countries of emergent economies machine tools is a sector with
great technological evolution

This book, the second in the Woodhead Publishing Reviews: Mechanical Engineering Series, will present,
high quality articles (full research articles, review articles, and cases studies) with a special emphasis on
research and development materials and surface engineering and its applications. Surface engineering
techniques are being used in the automotive, aircraft, aerospace, missile, electronic, biomedical, textile,
petrochemical, chemical, moulds and dies, machine tools, and construction industries. Materials science
is an interdisciplinary field involving the micro and nano-structure, processing, properties of materials and
its applications to various areas of engineering, technology and industry. All types of materials are
addressed including metals and alloys, polymers, ceramics and glasses, composites, nano-materials,
biomaterials, etc. Relationship between micro and nano-structure, processing, properties of materials
should be discussed. Surface engineering is a truly interdisciplinary topic in materials science that deals
with the surface of solid matter.

Understanding radionuclide behaviour in natural environments, either surface environment or deep
environment, is a key to the development of nuclear energy as it represents an essential element of the
environmental impact assessment for a nuclear facility. Scientific knowledge in this field has developed
greatly over the last decade contributing to a much clearer understanding of the key processes and
parameters controlling radionuclide mobility and migration in the eco-, bio- and geo-sphere, and as such
should be of particular relevance to enhancing public confidence in the industry. This book provides a
comprehensive reference that covers the whole spectrum of research and development into radionuclide
science and eco/geochemistry, detailing the most relevant processes and parameters affecting
radionuclide migration.
Biomass utilisation represents an increasingly important source of low or zero carbon power generation.
Developments in the fuel -flexibility of conventional power plant allow for both direct biomass combustion
as well as biomass co-firing with fossil-fuels. Advanced conversion technologies can also be integrated
into existing power plant, or simply applied in new power plant, allowing for a wide range of biomass
feedstocks to be converted into more readily combustible fuel for use in either clean power generation or
alternative fuel production. This book presents a comprehensive review of biomass combustion,
conversion and utilisation science and technology.
Mechatronics is the blending of mechanical, electronic, and computer engineering into an integrated
design. The main objective of this interdisciplinary engineering field is the study of automata from an
engineering perspective, thinking on the design of products and manufacturing processes and systems.
This book, the first in the Woodhead Publishing Reviews: Mechanical Engineering Series , will publish
high quality articles (full research articles, review articles and cases studies) with a special emphasis on
research and development in mechatronics and manufacturing engineering. Today, mechatronics has a
significant and increasing impact on engineering with emphasis on the design, development and operation
of manufacturing engineering systems. Mechatronics and manufacturing systems are well established
and executed within a great number of industries including aircraft, automotive and aerospace industries;
machine tools, moulds and dies product manufacturing, computers, electronics, semiconductor and
communications, and biomedical.


This forward-thinking, practical book provides essential information on modern machining technology for
industry with emphasis on the processes used regularly across several major industries. Machining
technology presents great interest for many important industries including automotive, aeronautics,
aerospace, renewable energy, moulds and dies, biomedical, and many others. Machining are
manufacturing processes in which parts are shaped by the removal of unwanted material; these
processes cover several stages and are usually divided into the following categories: cutting (involving
single point or multipoint cutting tools); abrasive processes (including grinding and advanced machining
processes, such as EDM (electrical discharge machining), LBM (laser-beam machining), AWJM (abrasive
water jet machining) and USM (ultrasonic machining).
Biodiesel is one of the main biofuels capable of substituting fossil fuel usage in compression ignition
vehicles, and is used in a variety of fuel blends worldwide. Second generation biodiesel development,
aimed at more sustainable and effective feedstock utilisation along with advanced processing routes for
improved production efficiency and fuel quality, represents the future for this industry and for the
continued and increasing use of biodiesel fuels in transportation. This book provides a comprehensive
and timely reference on the development of second generation biodiesel preparation processes and
technologies.
The need for more efficient, cleaner and higher output coal power plants means that new materials and
designs must be developed, demonstrated and implemented for plant that will operate at much higher
temperatures – i.e. both supercritical and ultra-supercritical (USC) plant. This is particularly true for
countries where coal will remain one of the major energy resources for the near and more distant future,
where USC power plant – perhaps along with combined cycle and other advanced power plants – will
comprise the backbone of their baseload power generation units. This book provides a comprehensive
reference on the developments, materials, design and operation of ultra-supercritical power plant.

The nuclear fuel cycle is a very broad subject that includes mining, milling and smelting of ores,
enrichment, fuel element fabrication, irradiation in a nuclear reactor, reprocessing, followed by waste
storage and disposal. The science and engineering at different stages of the nuclear fuel cycle continues
to develop presenting ever closer-connected processes and technologies. This book provides utilities,
plant operators and policy-makers alike with a comprehensive and holistic review of the range of
considerations within the complete nuclear fuel cycle that are critical to the continuing development of
nuclear power programmes worldwide.
This handbook is a convenient one-volume guide to the major proteins used in the food industry. Chapters
by specialists from around the world focus on different food proteins, providing the information that is
required to select proteins for particular applications. Topics covered include protein isolation, chemistry,
functional characteristics and uses, with emphasis on incorporation in food products. Information is
presented readily and accessibly, yet at the same time authoritatively.
Biaxial stretching of film is used for a range of applications. Many products ranging from food packaging,
to packages for fresh cut produce are produced by this process. The first set of chapters review the
fundamental principles of biaxial stretching. Emphasis is placed on the techniques of the technology, as
well the different types of polymers used. The second collection of chapters examine applications for the
process, including product labels, snack packaging and synthetic paper. The book includes a discussion
of future applications for biaxial stretching of film.



Consumers seek meat products that are nutritionally-balanced, contain fewer added ingredients and have
excellent sensory characteristics. Processed meats must also be safe to eat. Producing products that
fulfill these requirements is not a trouble-free task. This book outlines key issues in these areas. Part 1
outlines market-driven changes in processed meat products. Further sections of the book focus on
advances in meat product formulation and processing technologies to improve product quality. Aspects
covered include scientific modelling of blended meat products, use of natural ingredients, the quality of
restructured meat products and the application of sensory science in product development, among other
topics.




Aimed at students, faculty and professionals in the aerospace field, this book provides practical
information on the development, analysis, and control of a single and/or multiple spacecraft in space. This
book is divided into two major sections: single and multiple satellite motion. The first section analyses the
orbital mechanics, orbital perturbations, and attitude dynamics of a single satellite around the earth. Using
the knowledge of a single satellite motion, the translation of a group of satellites called formation flying or
constellation is explained. Formation flying is one of the main research topics in the last few years and this
book explains different control approaches to control the satellite attitude motion and/or to maintain the
constellation together. The control schemes are explained in the discrete domain such that it can be easily
implemented on the computer onboard the satellite. The key objective of the book is to show the reader
the practical and the implementation process in the discrete domain.




Electrospinning is most commonly associated with textile manufacturing. However recent research and
development has proved that the technology can be used to create organ components and repair
damaged tissues. This novel approach to tissue repair and regeneration is being widely employed within
the biomaterials sector, as it produces nanofibres which create the correct physical environment to
promote cell migration and new tissue formation. The first part of the book provides an introduction to the
field with information on chemistry, process control and regulator issues. A second group of chapters
discuss electrospinning for organ regeneration such as skin and bone tissue regeneration. A final group of
chapters analyse electrospinning for other tissue regeneration such as stem cell and wound healing
applications.
This book presents several newly-developed methodologies and applications for collaborative assembly
design and assembly planning, two important steps during the product development life cycle. These
benefits include effective and rapid assembly design and assembly planning, thereby reducing the
development cost and helping manufacturers enhance profit. With increased development in computer
technologies and the Internet, the traditional assembly design and assembly planning have evolved
around collaborative assembly design and assembly planning to speed up the product development
process. Research in this area has attracted much attention in the past decade. Based on research work
in the past few years, this book will present several newly-developed methodologies and applications for
collaborative assembly design and assembly planning to improve the efficiency of product development in
a collaborative design environment.




While products such as bananas, pineapples, kiwifruit and citrus have long been available to consumers
in temperate zones, new fruits such as lychee, longan, carambola, and mangosteen are now also entering
the market. Confirmation of the health benefits of tropical and subtropical fruit may also promote
consumption further. Tropical and subtropical fruits are particularly vulnerable to postharvest losses, and
are also transported long distances for sale. Therefore maximising their quality postharvest is essential
and there have been many recent advances in this area. Many tropical fruits are processed further into
purees, juices and other value-added products, so quality optimization of processed products is also
important. The books cover current state-of-the-art and emerging post-harvest and processing
technologies. Volume 1 contains chapters on particular production stages and issues, whereas Volumes
2, 3 and 4 contain chapters focused on particular fruit.

Aerodynamic measurements presents a comprehensive review of the theoretical bases which
experimental techniques used in aerodynamics are based on. Limitations of each method in terms of
accuracy, response time and complexity are addressed. This book serves as a guide to choosing the
most pertinent technique for each type of flow field including: 1D, 2D, 3D, steady or unsteady, subsonic,
supersonic or hypersonic.



The book discusses in detail topics such as function and mode of operation, basic feature of machines,
drafting systems, twisting and build of cop which includes spinning geometery, doffing manual and
autodoffing, compact spinning and its benefits compared to conventional spinning, cots and apron and
their maintenance, spindles and bobbins and their maintenance, bottom roll and top roll and their
maintenance, rings and traveller, production planning and control, maintenance planning and control,
change position and different settings on the machine, yarn characterstics, and trouble shooting.

The book details food safety in spices and provides guidelines for a food safety management system in
the spice and herb manufacturing process. It gives step-by-step details on aspects of hazard
management, risk assessment, food safety surveillance and regulatory aspects of food safety
management. Various risk analysis models and dose-response models are described in detail.
Starting from the increasing difficulties firms face to create new value for customers and achieve
competitive advantage, this book proposes an innovative strategy to sustain innovation at the product
level, based on the notion of tradition. Specifically, the authors argue that firms may successfully innovate,
exploiting the whole set of competencies, knowledge, values and culture that characterize a specific firm,
territory, and/or age. Analyzing several international case studies, this book clearly shows how tradition
may be effectively used, allowing companies to create successful new products and how to profit from
them. The book tackles the main issues and problems of a tradition-based innovation approach, tracing
the patterns of how old and new knowledge can be combined.




This book deals with the mechanics and dynamics of texile machines. The first chapter examines various
types of power drives used in textile machinery. The second chapter discusses the types of gears and
calculations involved with particular reference to textile machines. The third chapter deals with design
aspect of conedrums used in spinning machines. The different types of cams used in textile machinery
and design of cams used in ring frames and looms, and fundamental equations of motion along with
textile applications are discussed in the following chapters. The final part of the book focuses on energy
calculation in textile machines, frictional forces and their calculation, clutches and brakes. The book
concludes with a complete analysis of sley movement in a loom with relevant calculations.

Aimed at professionals in the aviation industry and students of aircraft maintenance, this book covers the
use and management of technology in the aviation maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO) context. The
book provides a backdrop of current trends in the industry where airlines are tending to retain their aircraft
longer on the one hand, and rapidly introducing a new genre of aircraft such as the A380 and B787 into
service. This book provides industry professionals and students of aviation MRO (at all levels) with the
necessary principles, approaches and tools to respond effectively and efficiently to the constant
development of new technologies - both in general and within the aviation MRO profession.




This book represents a system of theoretically derived inherent laws of fibrous assemblies and looks
specifically at yarns, paticularly from a structural point of view. Each chapter starts with definitions,
terminologies and fundamental relations. The first part of the book presents the theoretical models of
structure and mechanics from initial assumptions through the mathematical derivation to the final
relations. Problems such as packing, density, porosity, pores, fiber orientation, tensile behavior of bundles
and multiaxial systems, fibre–to–fibre contacts and compression of fibrous assemblies are also discussed
in the second part of the book. Chapters in the final part of the book look at the structure and mechanics
of yarns, focussing on yarn count, twist and diameter, number of fibers in cross-section, retraction and
saturated twist, fiber migration, unevenness, hairiness, tensile behavior, and shrinkage.

This book focuses on the industrial engineering aspects in apparel production. Garment fashion
technology students, researchers and textile engineers will find this book useful.
The book looks at the history of knitting and how the process has evolved to the latest developments.
Chapters discuss the principles involved in all types of knitting machines and the different types of loops
and knitted structures. The science and quality aspects of knitting, calculations related to knitting, and the
mechanics of knitting are also examined.
Selection of engineering materials provides a ready reference for material engineers and designers
looking for a selection of various engineering materials to be used in specific engineering applications.
The book provides authoritative information about the materials for various applications, resulting in
improved materials selection procedures.




This book examines recent elements which have necessitated the shift in paradigm in industrial
biotechnology. Chapters discuss the following topics, bioinformatics, genomics, proteomics, site directed
mutation, metabolic engineering, the Human Genome Project, ultrafiltration, high throughput, multistage
electrphoretic pattern, control strategies, metabolomics, rDNA technology, biofuel, bioenergy, biomass
and biodiesel. Various applications of fermentation and biochemical engineering are also presented.

Statistics for textile and apparel management deals with the fundamental principles of statistical methods
and their applications in textile production. This may be in fibre, yarn or fabric manufacture and across any
of the allied processes such as dyeing, printing and finishing.The book is an ideal reference for textile
technologists and students.
The book deals with the physical and chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibres for technical
applications. Natural fibres and synthetic fibres/ filaments are often inadequate to be used in technical
textiles. The high level of moisture absorption of natural fibres, poor wettability by non-polar plastics, and
insufficient adhesion between untreated fibres and the polymer matrix, result in poor properties in
composites. Synthetic fibres often lack the required mechanical and thermal properties to be used for
technical applications. The book will thus encompass methods to physically and chemically modify fibres
for technical applications.
Fundamentals and advances in metal forming processes discusses the advances in metal forming
technology in an easy and illustrative way. The book uses the theory and practice of metal forming and
applies it for teaching and its practical implementation. This book provides authoritative information about
the metal forming processes.




Reviews the energy efficiency management laws for the electrical motor products in United States,
European Union (EU) and China. The energy efficiency certification requirements for the electrical motor
products vary from country to country and are summarised here. Electrical motor products discusses
international standards, testing methods and certification requirements for specific electrical motor
products, including: electric motors, pumps and fans. Finally, methods for improving energy efficiency are
examined.


Focus on enhancing the functional properties of textiles is a important factor in increasing performance.
Recently there has been a lot of research into how textile properties can be improved, and as a result of
this many produsts are now available. Functional textiles and clothing examines the concepts of clothing
design and development and looks at material & structural requirements and finishing. Further chapters
discuss clothing fit and specific functional clothing. Examples and case studies of a textile-based
approach for improving properties and functionality with respect to each function are discussed.
This comprehensive text is an essential guide to the fundamentals of food chemistry in specific food
groups. The book is divided into sections of important food constituents including proteins, lipids,
carbohydrates, minerals, and water. The chemistry of important food groups such as milk, meat, egg,
cereals, fruits, vegetables and beverages are also discussed. The book is primarily aimed at students
studying food chemistry, although academics and professionals in the food industry should also find it a
useful reference.
Textile fibres, yarns, fabrics and composites play a vital role in the manufacture of various medical
implants including the replacement of diseased or non-functioning parts of the body. This book provides
an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for
medical implants. The first series of chapters provide the reader with an overview of biotextile structures,
the types of textiles used for medical implants and design considerations. The second group of chapters
focuses on the different types of biotextile implants, including sutures and cardiovascular implants.

Composites and other lightweight structures are being considered for use on ships in order to make
marine transport more sustainable and efficient. Renewable energy production, such as offshore wind
turbines are experiencing tremendous growth with governments actively promoting and supporting
investment into green energy production. One of the key success factors is the ability to join efficiently and
reliably composites and other materials with adhesive bonding being the preferred joining method. This
new book addresses the important aspects of design, testing, fabrication, inspection and repair of bonded
structural joints. The book is divided into three main parts. Part 1 "Design and analysis" encompasses
adhesive selection, designing for ships, offshore and for wind turbines and predicting failure. Part 2
"Testing and characterization" addresses testing mechanical, thermal and chemical properties, assessing
the moisture resistance and durability for marine environment and fatigue testing. Part 3 "Quality and
fabrication" deals with fabrication, NDT and repair of adhesively-bonded joints and structural health
monitoring of bonded joints.
This book provides a comprehensive review of gas turbine science and engineering. Coverage includes
large-scale power generation as well as industrial and small-scale gas turbine applications. This coverage
is extended with an examination of operational and maintenance issues, including performance
monitoring and control, and modelling and optimisation techniques. Finally, advanced operating conditions
and concepts are reviewed, including the pursuit of near-zero emissions power plants incorporating
carbon capture technology.


The evolution of climbing and walking robots from their introduction to the present time is described, and
likely trends for the future are investigated. The book includes developments in sensing, actuation,
locomotion and material technologies, as well as the range of applications where such robots have been
used successfully. Examples highlighted encompass the manufacturing and construction industries,
service tasks, personal care, health care, entertainment, and education. Four main sections are devoted
to walking robot technology; climbing robot technology; the state of the art, with detailed case studies of
actual robots and their applications; and design methodologies, including benchmarking and performance.

Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) represent
promising low-temperature electrochemical power generation technologies that operate on hydrogen and
methanol respectively. These technologies have attracted intense worldwide commercialisation research
and development efforts with a large element of these efforts directed at materials developments for fuel
cell durability and long term operation. This two volume set presents a comprehensive and detailed review
of the fundamentals, performance, and in situ characterisation of PEMFCs and DMFCs. Volume 2 reviews
advanced in situ spectroscopic methods for fuel cell characterisation, applicable to the investigation of
reaction kinetics and processes, water and fuel management, and local performance.
An important feature of the textile industry is to produce textiles faster and to achieve effective new
product development. This book not only provides a fascinating overview of how products are launched,
but also offers a source of practical guidance for developing textile products successfully. The collection
begins with some background information introducing the reader to the principles of innovation. The
remainder of the book provides a selection of international case studies from across the textile industry.
Chapters describe new product development projects, identifying the problems that were faced and
lessons that can be learnt. Topics range from new product development of fabrics to automotive textiles
and nanotechnology innovation.
Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) represent
promising low-temperature electrochemical power generation technologies that operate on hydrogen and
methanol respectively. These technologies have attracted intense worldwide commercialisation research
and development efforts with a large element of these efforts directed at materials developments for fuel
cell durability and long term operation. This two volume set presents a comprehensive and detailed review
of the fundamentals, performance, and in situ characterisation of PEMFCs and DMFCs. Volume 1 covers
the fundamental science and engineering of these types of fuel cell, and reviews routes to understand and
improve upon fuel cell performance and operation.

The API Individual Certification Programs (ICP) are well established in the oil/gas/petroleum industries.
API runs multiple examination sites around the world at 6-monthly intervals. The three main ICPs are: API
570: Certified pipework inspector; API 510: Certified pressure vessel inspector; API 653: Certified storage
tank inspector.
The book provides a concise and quick reference to fitness for service techniques used for pressure
vessel and piping applications. Common design codes such as PD5500, ASME VIII and ASME B31.3 are
discussed in terms of their inherent design margins and how these impact on fitness for service when the
component has been subjected to damage mechanisms. Fitness for service is discussed in a simple and
accessible way, with explanations of how assessments may be carried out using BS7910 and API 579.
Clear, illustrated examples of the assessments are provided. The methods described are used throughout
the oil and gas industry.
This book comprehensively examines the fundamental safety requirements and safety systems for
nuclear power plants. Fundamental issues and assessment route are considered in the first part, noting
measurement methods and modelling techniques applicable to the safe operation of nuclear power plans.
The second part considers the application of these technologies and techniques in modern nuclear
reactor types. Including a review of hazard identification and common cause failures and their impact on
reactor design, as well as particular safety programmes and operational procedures required to satisfy
applicable safety regulations.
Packaging technology: Fundamentals, materials and processes provides a comprehensive introduction to
packaging. The book thoroughly reviews the basics and more advanced concepts in packaging
technology. It is based on the degree level Diploma in Packaging Technology course promoted by IOP:
The Packaging Society. Written by a team of experienced packaging professionals, the text discusses all
major topics in packaging. Part one reviews packaging fundamentals such as the supply chain, packaging
functions, legislation and marketing. The materials and package components are discussed in part two.
Packaging processes are the focus of the final part, covering design and development, printing,
machinery, quality, risk management and cost implications.
This book reviews the computer synthesis of diffractive optical elements (DOE) used for transforming
laser radiation and investigating the properties of the wave fields produced. Methods for solving inverse
problems of geometrical optics, scalar diffraction theory and electromagnetic theory of diffraction are
discussed. Special attention is given to the different methods of solving the Maxwell equations, finite and
boundary elements for solving integral optics equations and connected waves for calculating diffraction in
periodic structures. Topics include DOE forming self-reproducing laser beams used for handling micro-
objects, DOE on diamond films used for transformation of powerful laser radiation and multi-order and
spectral DOE used for simultaneous separation and focusing.

This authoritative book reviews the highly important area of military clothing, armour and associated
equipment for the development of soldier systems. Discussions focus on textiles, although other
materials, including polymers, are also included. The first part of the book explores aspects of materials
science affecting military clothing and equipment. Chapters include armour design and customisation of a
lightweight ballistic vest. Further topics cover high performance ballistic fibres from nanotechnology, the
Australian soldier modernisation programme and the design of load carriage systems for soldiers. The
clear structure and up-to-date review will provide a valuable resource to manufacturers, designers,
producers of military clothing and equipment, as well as the defence industry itself.

Combined cycle power plants are one of the most promising and flexible approaches to conventional,
fossil-fuel and biomass-fired energy production. The combination of a gas turbine and a steam turbine
working in tandem to produce power makes this type of plant highly efficient, and it can also be fuel-
flexible when combined with gasification technology, and other advanced concepts are also under
development. This book provides a comprehensive and systematic review of the design, engineering and
operational issues of a range of advanced combined cycle power plants.
Population levels have grown rapidly in recent decades, with an attendant increase in urbanisation, and
higher density urban populations, which directly pressurises supply chains and metropolitan services.
Approaches to metropolitan sustainability have developed out of this situation, the application of which has
never been more acute given the worldwide needs to achieve lower impact buildings and better
conservation of resources within productive and dynamic urban environments. This book critically reviews
the fundamental issues and applied science, engineering and technology that will enable all cities to
achieve a greater level of metropolitan sustainability.
Over the course of their operational life, a variety of components in both nuclear power plants and other
civilian nuclear facilities will become contaminated by irradiation from the radioactive sources present.
Once these power plants or facilities have come to the end of their operational lifetime, the need to
decommission and decontaminate them arises. This book critically reviews the decommissioning and
decontamination processes and technologies available for rehabilitating sites used for nuclear power
generation and civilian nuclear facilities, from fundamental issues and best practices, to procedures and
technology, and on to decommissioning and decontamination case studies.

Functional materials are a class of advanced energy conversion materials, of use in photoelectric,
thermoelectric, electrochemical, piezoelectric or electromagnetic applications, such as photovoltaics (PV),
hydrogen production and storage, fuel cell systems, and demand-side energy management systems.
Global demands for lower cost, higher efficiency, mass-production and, of course, sustainably sourced
materials have coupled with advances in nanotechnology, to enable an increasingly important role for
functional materials in the sustainable energy mix. This book presents a comprehensive review of the
issues, science and development of functional materials in renewable and sustainable energy production
and management applications.
Earth has been used as a building material for centuries, providing local communities with a sustainable
and durable material to construct homes and other buildings from. Earthen construction has developed to
become one of the predominant building types worldwide, with many different examples of traditional and
modern earth buildings in existence. Earth represents one of the leading choices for sustainable
construction using local and natural materials, which answers demands for improved energy efficiency in
buildings, structural integrity, and aesthetically pleasing finishes. This book critically reviews the
development of earth materials, earth building design, earth construction techniques and applications.

Increasing global consumerism and population has led to an increase in the levels of waste produced.
Energy recovery represents a useful, additional option in support of an improved and sustainable waste
management hierarchy, for local energy supply and wider energy security. Advanced conversion
technologies coupled with advanced pollution control systems can be employed to convert these calorific
waste materials into clean energy, which can be integrated into buildings, distributed energy networks and
national electricity grids. This book provides a integrated, comprehensive reference on waste to energy
(WTE) conversion technology.
High temperature superconductors (HTS) offer many advantages through their application in electrical
systems, including high efficiency performance and high throughput with low-electrical losses.
Improvements in design and manufacturing methods offers the highly promising opportunity for increased
integration of HTS materials in networks, generating plants, motors, and other industrial applications.This
book reviews the design and development of HTS materials and their practical applications in energy
systems.
The reactor pressure vessel (RPV) is central to a nuclear reactor, and is therefore a life-determining
structural component, i.e. RPV damage left unaddressed could jeopardise the continuing operation of the
power plant. The main degradation mechanism affecting RPVs is irradiation embrittlement, where neutron
bombardment from the nuclear reaction displaces atoms in the RPV steels. Inspection, testing, and
appropriate maintenance are therefore required to ensure any damage is mitigated and thereby to allow
the plant to continue generating power. This book discusses the irradiation embrittlement as it affects
RPV steels, along with mitigation routes to manage the RPV lifetime.

Aimed at engineering students and professionals working in the field of mechanics of space flight, this
book examines space tether systems – one of the most forward thinking directions of modern
astronautics. The main advantage of this technology is the simplicity, profitability and ecological
compatibility: space tethers allow the execution of various maneuvers in orbit without costs of jet fuel due
to the use of gravitational and electromagnetic fields of the Earth. This book will acquaint the reader with
the modern state of the space tether‘s dynamics, with specific attention to the research projects of the
nearest decades. The book presents the most effective mathematical models and the methods used for
the analysis and prediction of space tether systems‘ motion; attention is also given on the influence of the
tether on spacecraft‘s motion, to emergencies and chaotic modes.

Muscle foods are generally highly perishable and must be stored under carefully controlled conditions to
limit undesired microbial growth and sensory deterioration. Packaging plays a key role in muscle foods‘
quality preservation and shelf life extension. This book reviews best practice in meat, poultry and seafood
packaging and emerging technologies. The first part of the book outlines the major sensory and quality
aspects associated with meat, poultry and seafood packaging. Microbiological hazards are also covered.
The following sections focus on traditional, vacuum and modified atmosphere packaging of muscle foods
and emerging packaging technologies.
Polymer matrix composites are replacing materials such as metals in industries such as aerospace,
automotive and civil engineering. As composites are relatively new materials, more information on the
potential risk of failure is needed to ensure safe design. This book focuses on three main types of failure:
impact damage, delamination and fatigue. Chapters in Parts 1-4 describe the main types of failure
mechanism and discuss testing methods for predicting failure in composites. Chapters in parts 5 and 6
discuss typical kinds of in-service failure and their implications for industry.




Corrosion is a major problem in nuclear reactors and nuclear fuel and waste management facilities, where
the integrity of radioactive containment systems is required to hold firm under very stringent conditions
and over extended periods of time. This book critically reviews the fundamental corrosion mechanisms,
the systems and materials they affect, and the methods to accurately measure and model their incidence
in critical plant environments.




The food industry‘s interest in nanotechnology is growing. This book reviews the range of relevant
nanoscale materials and nanotechnologies and their potential applications in the food, beverage and
nutraceutical industries. Part 1 provides an introduction to the processes and materials involved. Following
chapters in Part 2 focus on different nanomaterials, nanotechnology processes and applications in food,
beverage and nutraceutical technology. Final chapters cover issues relating to safety and the consumer.




Biomedical sensors play an important role in the detection and monitoring of a range of critical medical
conditions. This important publication provides readers with a comprehensive review of established,
cutting edge and future trends in biomedical sensors and their applications. The first part of the book
reviews principles and transduction approaches to biosensors and a variety of biosensors such as optical
biosensors, nano-sized biosensors and electronic nose technology. The final group of chapters discuss
the wide range of applications including glucose monitoring, drug testing and DNA biosensors.

Given the rapid development and use of polymers within medicine, the durability and reliability of
biomaterials and devices is an area of critical importance to the biomedical industry. Failure and lifetime
analysis has always been a particular subject of interest for materials scientists and this book seeks to
provide comprehensive information on the performance, improvement and common failures of this
important group of materials. Part 1 provides an introduction to medical polymers with methods to analyse
and model polymer durability. Chapters in part 2 discuss the fabrication, properties and performance of
medical polymers and how medical polymers can be affected by environmental factors.
Breast implants are one of the most regularly used prosthesis (both for cosmetic and reconstructive
purposes) in plastic surgery. Unfortunately they are also one of the most controversial implants available
and some types of breast implants have a reputation for being unreliable and in some cases dangerous.
This book discusses the history of this lucrative field and how it is developing. Part 1 provides an
introduction to the field of cosmetic surgery and biomaterials used. Chapters in part 2 discuss various
types of implants such as silicone, saline and gel. The final set of chapters analyse retrieval analysis
studies and failure modes.
Advanced electricity transmission and distribution network technologies are required to reduce losses,
sustain higher network efficiency, and maintain power quality and security. Research in this field must also
consider the increasing role and penetration of renewable and distributed generation, for which advanced
electricity storage systems are required. Developments in these fields are aimed at helping to decarbonise
national power grids through providing a stable and sustainable infrastructure that enables alternative
approaches to power generation and energy management. This book presents a comprehensive review of
the materials, architecture and performance of electricity transmission and distribution networks, and the
application and integration electricity storage systems.

Wind turbine gearboxes are one of the major reliability issues for wind energy operators, presenting
expensive maintenance and repair jobs where problems occur. This situation is made more difficult given
the increasing penetration of offshore wind farms, where access is more limited, hazardous and costly
than onshore installations. The prospect of gearless, direct-drive wind energy systems, presents a solution
to these problems, in both improving reliability and wind energy conversion efficiency through simplified
design. This book provides a comprehensive reference on the design and operation of direct-drive wind
energy systems, with applications to direct-drive marine renewable energy systems also highlighted.

This book provides an integrated and comprehensive reference on concentrating solar power (CSP)
systems and technology, from the fundamental science to systems design and development, and on to
real-world applications. Initial chapters review the physics of CSP, applicable energy conversion options,
siting criteria and methodology, and the economics of CSP systems. The main designs of CSP systems
are covered in detail, complemented in turn by chapters on materials and component development. The
final section reviews CSP applications, from larger scale solar power plants, to systems for industrial heat
and power, industrial chemistry and solar fuels.
It is vital that all materials and devices which are implanted or come into contact with the human body are
safely and effectively sterilised, to eliminate or kill any harmful agents such as bacteria. This book
provides comprehensive coverage of critical sterilisation processes. Chapters discuss a range of
established and commonly used technologies available in addition to new and emerging processes.
Fundamental considerations such as the effects of sterilisation with regard to biocompatibility, ageing and
surface topography are also discussed as well as sterilisation standards and quality assurance. A
comparrison of suitable technologies for sterilising the essential groups of biomaterials is also included.
Since its launch Sugar Trading Manual (STM) has established itself as the definitive information source
for the sugar market worldwide. It is compiled from contributions by some of the most senior and widely
respected figures in the international sugar trade. This edition takes into account changes in all aspects of
the business including production, markets, pricing, contracts, administration and management, and the
influence of the major trading blocs. STM is an invaluable training resource for all new entrants to the
industry as well as providing everyone already involved in the global sugar business with vital information
on its day-to-day workings.




Since its launch in 2001, Gas Trading Manual (GTM) has established itself as the leading information
source on the international gas market. Compiled from the contributions of some of the most senior and
widely respected figures in the trade, this edition provides detailed and accurate analysis on all aspects of
this complex business from the geography of gas through to the markets, trading instruments, contracts,
gas pricing, accounting and taxation. This edition further enhances its reputation as the indispensable
practical companion for all those involved in the trading of gas.




This comprehensively updated edition of Oil Trading Manual (OTM) covers all the major oil trading
instruments and their applications; the trading centres, contracts, uses and users of both the physical and
the terminal oil markets, and their administrative, management, tax, and accounting implications. It also
includes vital information on changes to the international legal and regulatory structures. Compiled from
the contributions of a range of internationally respected professionals, it is the indispensable practical
companion for all those involved with trading in this complex commodity.
The textile industry is increasingly based on ongoing innovation and development of higher performance
products. This book explores the opportunities available to produce textiles with different functions that
improve the performance, protection and medical aspects of the product. Part 1 reviews different types of
functional textiles that can improve performance and protection to the wearer. Chapters include themes
such as anti-ultraviolet protection of clothing and flame retardant textiles. Part 2 addresses functions and
new materials that provide or address human health benefits and concerns. These topics range from
superhydrophobic materials, textile chemicals and their interaction with skin and novel pesticide protective
clothing.




Weld distortion and buckling is caused by expansion and contraction of the weld and base metal during
the heating and cooling cycle of the welding process. This book reviews ways of understanding and
modelling welding residual stress and distortion. It also discusses a range of techniques for minimising
bowing, buckling and angular distortion.




Adhesives are widely used in the manufacture of electronic devices to act as passive and active
components. Recently there has been considerable interest in the use of conductive adhesives. This book
reviews key types of conductive adhesives, processing methods, properties and the way they can be
modelled as well as potential applications.



Chapters in Volume 3 of this important collection review factors affecting the quality of different tropical
and subtropical fruits, concentrating on postharvest biology and technology. Important issues relevant to
each specific product are discussed, such as postharvest physiology, preharvest factors affecting
postharvest quality, quality maintenance postharvest, pests and diseases and value-added processed
products, among other topics.
Rice varieties differ greatly in their physicochemical properties and eating quality. Other factors such as
milling, ageing and parboiling also have a significant impact on rice characteristics. Over time
understanding of the scientific basis of rice quality has increased considerably. This book is an essential
reference for researchers and food industry professionals on this topic. Aspects covered include rice
physical properties, the effects on quality of the degree of rice milling and rice ageing, rice cooking quality,
nutritional aspects of rice, speciality rices and products made from rice.

Chapters in Volume 2 review the factors affecting the quality of different tropical and subtropical fruits
from açai to citrus fruits. Important issues relevant to each product are discussed, including means of
maintaining quality and minimizing losses postharvest, recommended storage and transport conditions
and processing methods, among other topics.
Superplastic forming is an advanced metalworking process that can form high-quality, complex
components in one operation. Simplifying traditional assembly methods also leads to more lightweight
components in such areas as automotive and aerospace engineering. This comprehensive book reviews
the various methods of superplastic forming of metals, ways of modelling the process and applications in
such areas as aerospace, dental and medical engineering.




This authoritative reference work provides a detailed study of sustainable development of textiles. The
book opens with an introduction to the topic. The second part of the book is dedicated to defining the
principles of sustainability and its use in legislation in the industry. Chapters in the third part of the book
investigate the impact of textiles throughout the supply chain. The book examines methods that specify
quality and functions in textiles in order to reduce textile waste and improve sustainability. A series of Life
Cycle Assessments (LCA) carried out in the European textile industry are investigated in the fifth part of
the book. The book concludes with a discussion on sustainable textiles from a marketing perspective.

Multifunctional and nanoreinforced polymers for food packaging provides a comprehensive review of
polymers for use in packaging with more than one functional purpose. Recent developments in
multifunctional polymers and nanoreinforced polymers provide the opportunity to produce intelligent and
active packaging, in addition to increasing the shelf life of products. The book focuses on the materials
science and engineering of multifunctional polymers intended for use in food packaging.




This book provides a systematic and comprehensive reference on small- and micro-CHP (combined heat
and power) systems suitable for buildings, commercial and industrial facilities, and local heat networks
and microgrids. Benefits of using this type of cogeneration plant include a vastly improved energy
efficiency achieving 80-90% energy output from the same amount of fuel, compared to 40-50% for
conventional systems and reduced carbon dioxice and waste heat emissions helping to reduce any
negative environmental impacts. The book also reviews the design and development of small- and micro-
CHP systems and critically reviews applications of this important technology.
The book begins by considering the main types of decorative material and the physical, mechanical and
other properties they require. It then discusses types and potential uses of decorative stone materials
such as marble, granite, slate or gypsum. It then goes on to discuss the ways cement and concrete can
be used for decorative effect, before considering the role of ceramics in such areas as tiling. The following
chapters review decorative glass for windows or facades, metals and wood before assessing polymer
materials such as plastics and textiles. The final group of chapters discuss coatings, including
waterproofing materials, multi-functional materials used for such purposes as soundproofing and thermal
insulation, and the use of more sustainable decorative materials.

The construction of buildings and structures relies on having a thorough understanding of building
materials. Without this knowledge it would not be possible to build safe, efficient and long-lasting
buildings, structures and dwellings. Building materials in civil engineering provides an overview of the
complete range of building materials available to civil engineers and all those involved in the building and
construction industries. Chapters cover the basic properties of building materials including cement,
concrete, mortar, construction steel and wood. The book also examines materials used for insulation and
finishing. It serves as an essential reference for civil and construction engineering students and
professionals alike.
This collection provides a broad overview of textile design covering fundamental topics including principles
of fibres and fabrics, knitted fabric design, through to the dyeing, finishing and printing aspects of textile
design. Practical case studies are included, such as the design of textiles within the fashion and interior
industries. Concluding chapters explore the design aspects of technical textiles and future textiles. Written
by a distinguished team of authors, this collection is an invaluable source of information on textile design
and is suitable for design professionals in the textile and fashion industries, as well as those in academia.




The stability and shelf life of foods and beverages are critical to their success in the market place, yet
companies can experience considerable difficulties in defining and understanding the factors that
influence stability over a desired storage period. This volume is an essential reference on product stability
and shelf life. Part 1 outlines processes of food deterioration and factors influencing shelf life, while
chapters in part 2 cover shelf life evaluation. The final section of the book looks at the stability and shelf
life of a wide range of different food and beverage products.
This book reviews the wealth of research into shape memory and superelastic alloys which has resulted in
a wide range of new industrial applications. The first part of the book discusses the processing of TiNi, Cu
and Fe-based shape memory alloys. The second part of the book summarises the diverse applications of
these flexible materials in sectors such as electronics, construction, automotive, aerospace and medical
engineering as well as sports and leisure.




Chapters in Volume 4 of this important collection review factors affecting the quality of different tropical
and subtropical fruits, concentrating on postharvest biology and technology. Important issues relevant to
each specific product are discussed, such as postharvest physiology, preharvest factors affecting
postharvest quality, quality maintenance postharvest, pests and diseases and value-added processed
products, among other topics.




The first edition of Functional foods quickly established itself as an essential and authoritative guide to
this area. It sets itself apart from most other publications in the fields as it presents information on
regulatory aspects, health effects of functional food components and technical aspects of the production
of functional foods in one volume. There has been a remarkable amount of research devoted to health-
promoting foods in the last eight years and the functional food market has growth significantly. This new
edition brings the text up-to-date and contains additional contributions from leaders in the field.
Non-crimp fabric (NCF) composites are composites that are reinforced with woven mats of straight (non-
crimped) fibres. Straight fibres deform much less under tension. NCF composites are being used in
applications in the aerospace, automotive, civil engineering and wind turbine sector where strength is
important. Non-crimp fabric composites reviews production, properties and applications of this important
class of composites.




The application of fibrous materials in civil engineering is an important and interesting development. Steel
is one of the most popular composite materials used for structural applications, however many types of
steel structures are subjected to corrosion damage. The use of fibrous structures including knitted, woven
and braided fabrics are becoming recognised as an attractive reinforcement due to their fibre orientation,
conformability and potential of producing shaped reinforcements. This book reviews these fibrous
materials with regards to their role in structural reinforcement. Key topics include short fibre reinforced
concrete, natural fibre reinforced concrete and high performance fibre reinforced cementitious
composites.



One of the most important factors in ensuring successful osseointegration is the stability of the implant
after its insertion. In order to achieve optimum conditions for implantation, it is often necessary to prepare
the area and reconstruct the bone to ensure that it is the correct shape and size for the implant.
Preprosthetic and maxillofacial surgery provides a thorough review of the current status and future
direction of this important field. Part 1 reviews bone grafting for implantology and reconstructive
preprosthetic surgery. Chapters in Part 2 discuss reconstruction and rehabilitation whilst the final group of
chapters analyse tissue engineering applications.




Diesel engine design is highly complex, involving many individuals and companies from original
equipment manufacturers to suppliers. A system design approach for setting up the right engine
performance specifications is vitally needed to streamline the processes. This important book links
everything a diesel engineer needs to know about engine performance and system design in order to
master all the essential topics quickly; the focus is how to use advanced analysis methods to solve
practical design problems. Numerous case studies and examples illustrate advanced design approaches
using engine cycle simulation tools. The central theme is how to design a good engine system
performance specification at an early stage of the product development cycle.
Fatigue is often a precursor to the fracture of a welded joint. This book summarises the latest research in
understanding fatigue and fracture in welded joints and structures. Part 1 reviews welded joints with
chapters on fatigue strength assessment of local stresses, the use of fracture mechanics in fatigue and
failure analysis and ways of improving weld joint class systems. Part 2 discusses welded structures with
chapters on fatigue design rules for welded structures, fatigue assessment methods for variable amplitude
loading, improving fatigue design using local approaches and modelling residual stresses in predicting the
service life of welded structures.



The use of magnesium alloys is increasing in a range of applications wherever lightweight materials are
needed. As a result, there has been significant new research to understand the corrosion processes
affecting these vital alloys. This important reference covers the differing metallurgical and environmental
factors affecting the corrosion of magnesium and its alloys as well as ways of protecting them.




Given such properties as low density and high strength, polymer matrix composites have become a widely
used material in the aerospace and other industries. Polymer matrix composites and technology provides
a helpful overview of these materials, their processing and performance. After an introductory chapter,
Part 1 reviews the main reinforcement and matrix materials used as well as the nature of the interface
between them. Part 2 discusses forming and molding technologies for polymer matrix composites. The
final part of the book covers key aspects of performance, including tensile, compression, shear and
bending properties as well as impact, fatigue and creep behaviour.

The objective of the book is to provide public health experts, nutritionists, students, scientists,
development professionals and policy makers with information on the current global scenario regarding
well known public health nutrition problems and to update them with new emerging problems such as
nutrition in reference to AIDS, non-communicable diseases and emerging situations.




Of interest to naval architects, ocean engineers, pressure vessel designers and aeronautical engineers
and post graduates. With 180 diagrams and 120 references, this book provides theoretical and
experimental investigations on vessels under external pressure together with design hints.
Diets high in saturated fats may raise blood cholesterol and increase the risk of heart disease, but
reducing saturated fats in foods is not straightforward as they impact food stability and sensory quality.
Recent research also suggests that particular saturated fatty acids have different effects on health, raising
questions about how best to reformulate foods. This volume considers key issues relating to saturated
fats in foods. The first section of this book reviews functional and nutritional aspects of saturated fats.
Following chapters explore the reformulation of particular products to reduce their saturated fat levels.




Issues related to food integrity are becoming increasingly important. Guaranteeing the authenticity,
geographical origin, traceability and safety of foods requires new diagnostic tools and implementation of
new information systems. This book provides an overview of research and practice in this fast-moving
field. It will increase readers‘ ability to predict and implement actions to prevent a breach in the integrity of
food production. Different sections of the book are devoted to the key areas of food tracing and tracking,
food authenticity and origin and food safety and quality.




Hydrogels are a type of polymer which, through a range of chemistries, can be manipulated to alter and
control the hydrogel‘s interactions with cells and tissues. Due to their significant water content, hydrogels
possess a degree of flexibility similar to natural tissue. This book explores the diverse range and use of
hydrogels, focusing on processing methods and novel applications. Chapters in Part 1 review methods of
synthesising hydrogels, including chapters on hydrogel swelling and controling the structure and
properties of hydrogels. The final group of chapters analyse applications such as spinal implants and
ophthalmic prostheses.

Nanostructured silicon-germanium (SiGe) provides the prospect of novel and enhanced electronic device
performance. This book reviews the materials science and technology of SiGe nanostructures, including
crystal growth, fabrication of nanostructures, material properties and applications in electronics.
Nanostructured metals and alloys have enhanced tensile strength, fatigue strength and ductility and are
suitable for use in applications where strength or strength-to-weight ratios are important. Part 1 of this
important book reviews processing techniques for bulk nanostructured metals and alloys. Parts 2 and 3
discuss microstructure and mechanical properties, whilst part 4 outlines applications of this new class of
material.




Oxy-fuel combustion is currently considered to be one of the major technologies for carbon dioxide (CO2)
capture in power plants. The advantages of using oxygen (O2) instead of air for combustion include a
CO2-enriched flue gas that is ready for sequestration following purification and low NOx emissions. This
book critically reviews the fundamental principles, processes and technology of oxy-fuel combustion,
including advanced concepts for its implementation.




Polymer-carbon nanotube composites reviews the use of carbon nanotubes as reinforcements in a
polymer matrix, creating a new class of nanocomposites with useful properties and wide potential
applications. Part 1 discusses preparation and processing techniques. Part 2 analyses key properties and
ways of characterising polymer carbon nanotube composites. The final part of the book covers some of
the important applications of this new group of materials.
Mycotoxin contamination remains a significant concern for both the food processing and animal feed
industries. With contributions from leading experts, this book reviews key topics in the determination of
mycotoxins and mycotoxigenic fungi in food and feed. The first part of the book opens with chapters on
sampling for mycotoxins and methods of sample preparation and clean-up. Following chapters outline
methods for mycotoxin determination, with additional contributions on quality assurance and official
methods. Part 3 reviews biomarkers for mycotoxins and Part 4 focuses on determining mycotoxigenic
fungi. Final chapters cover novel methods for mycotoxin analysis, such as biosensors.




Children‘s growth, development and health potentials are dependent on the nutrient quantity and quality of
their diet, yet many children‘s diets are not optimal. This book reviews key topics in this area. Part 1
focuses on pre-adult nutrition and health, with chapters on children‘s dietary needs, childhood obesity and
the links between diet, behaviour and cognition in children. Following chapters review children‘s food
choices, with discussion of the effects of food promotion on food preferences and the effective design of
interventions to improve children‘s food choices. Consumer testing of food products using children is also
covered at the end of the volume.


There is a growing trend towards the use of natural (sustainable) fibres as reinforcements in composites.
One of the major mechanisms of failure in such composites is the breakdown of the bond or interface
between the reinforcement fibres and the matrix. When this happens, the composite loses strength and
fails. By engineering the interface between fibres and the matrix, the properties of the composite can be
manipulated to give maximum performance. This book reviews both processing and surface treatments to
improve interfacial adhesion in natural fibre composites as well as ways of testing their resulting
properties.




Advanced separation technology is key to closing the nuclear fuel cycle and relieving future generations
from the burden of radioactive waste produced by the nuclear power industry. Nuclear fuel reprocessing
allows for reuse of useful fuel components for further power generation, while the separation of actinides,
lanthanides and other fission products means that residual radioactive waste can be minimised. The
future of the nuclear industry relies on the advancement of this technology to ensure environmental
protection, criticality-safety and non-proliferation. This book provides a comprehensive and timely
reference on the fundamental issues of radioactive materials separations, with critical reviews of
established and emerging techniques.
High temperature superconductors reviews growth techniques, properties and applications of key high
temperature superconducting films. The first part of the book provides an overview of high temperature
superconductor properties such as optical conductivity and transport properties. Part 2 reviews the growth
and properties of particular types of superconducing film, whilst part 3 describes how they can be applied
in practice in various areas of electronics.




Over the past decade, computer supported data analysis by statistical methods has been one of the
fastest growth areas in chemometrics, biometrics and other related branches of natural, technical and
social sciences. This has been particularly strongly supported by the development of exploratory data
analysis, testing assumptions about data, model and statistical methods and computer intensive
techniques. This book presents a combination of individual topics with solved problems and collection of
experimental tasks. Methods suitable for extreme or small and large datasets are described. The
interpretation of results is based on the comprehensive information about data behaviour and validity of
used assumptions.
The book provides an introduction to quality management and the quality objectives of products. Chapters
discuss the impact of yarn parameters from a customer‘s perspective, reasons for poor quality, various
fine aspects and problems related to spinning. The causes of yarn defects and appropriate remedies are
also examined. Some of the common-market complaints that spinners experience are discussed and the
actions to be taken are explained.
The development of novel injectable biomaterials to be used in non-invasive surgical procedures has
attracted much attention in recent years. Their easy deliverability into the body is the critical advantage,
since it allows their deployment to the implantation site using minimally invasive surgical techniques.
These materials have to display a remarkable increase in their mechanical properties in vivo, for them to
perform successfully at a diversity of predetermined body sites. This book provides comprehensive
coverage of this important technology. Part 1 discusses materials and mechanical properties of injectable
biomaterials. Chapters in Part 2 cover clinical applications such as drug delivery. A final group of chapters
analyses technologies and developments.




Radioactive wastes are generated from a wide range of sources presenting a variety of challenges in
dealing with a diverse set of radionuclides of varying concentrations. Conditioning technologies are
essential for the encapsulation and immobilisation of these radioactive wastes, forming the initial
engineered barrier required for their transportation, storage and disposal. The need to ensure the long
term performance of radioactive waste forms is a key driver in the development of advanced conditioning
technologies. This book provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the various options
available and as well as those under development for the treatment and immobilisation of radioactive
wastes.
Tribology for engineers discusses recent research and applications of principles of friction, wear and
lubrication, and provides the fundamentals and advances in tribology for modern industry. The book
examines tribology with special emphasis on surface topography; wear of materials and lubrication, and
includes dedicated coverage to the fundamentals of micro and nanotribology. The book serves as a
valuable reference for academics, tribology and materials researchers, mechanical, physics and materials
engineers, professional in related industries with tribology.




Statistics show that the wear comfort is one of the most important properties of clothing, demanded by
users and consumers. This book is the first of its kind to compile clothing comfort into one complete
volume. Part 1 includes the fundamental principles of comfort. A second group of chapters examine the
measurement and assessment of comfort, focusing on laboratory measurement and consumer
perceptions of comfort. Subsequent topics analyse how to improve the physical aspects of comfort in
textiles and apparel. The final part of the book offers a selection of case studies involving the
incorporation of comfort into medical, military, firefighter and sportswear applications.




Scientific computing is about developing mathematical models, numerical methods and computer
implementations to study and solve real problems in science, engineering, business and even social
sciences. Mathematical modelling requires deep understanding of classical numerical methods. This
essential guide provides the reader with sufficient foundations in these areas to venture into more
advanced texts. The first section of the book presents numEclipse, an open source tool for numerical
computing based on the notion of MATLAB®. The second section studies the classical methods of
numerical analysis. Numerical algorithms and their implementations are presented using numEclipse.

Superplasticity and grain boundaries in ultrafine-grained materials discusses a number of problems
associated with grain boundaries in polycrystals. The role of grain boundaries in processes such as grain
boundary diffusion, relaxation and grain growth is investigated. The authors explore the formation and
evolution of the microstructure, texture and ensembles of grain boundaries in materials produced by
severe plastic deformation. The book is highly beneficial to metallurgists and researchers concerned with
the problems of nanomaterials and nanotechnology.



Knitted textiles and apparel represent approximately one third of the global textile market, together with
the advances of new technical applications for knitted textiles. This book is an important text for
designers, engineers and technicians involved in the manufacture and use of knitted textiles and
garments. The first set of chapters begin with a review of the fundamental principles of knitting, including
the types of knitting and properties achieved. Part 2 of the book reviews the major technological advances
in knitting such as advances in weft knitting and knitted fabric composites. Part 3 discusses technical
knitted applications such as medical textiles.
Thermal barrier coatings are used to counteract the effects of high temperature corrosion and degradation
of materials exposed to environments with high operating temperatures. The book covers both ceramic
and metallic thermal barrier coatings as well as the latest advances in physical vapour deposition and
plasma spraying techniques. Advances in nanostructured thermal barrier coatings are also discussed.
The book reviews potential failure mechanisms in thermal barrier coatings as well as ways of testing
performance and predicting service life. A final chapter reviews emerging materials, processes and
technologies in the field.




This book discusses the recent trends in soft beverages. Chapters discuss chemical composition, health
benefits and by products. Recent trends in value addition are also examined in detail.




This undergraduate text deals with basics of group theory and its application to the analysis of vibrational
spectra, and a molecular orbital description of bonding. It also links the topics to ligand field theory,
properties of transition metal complexes and other themes within inorganic chemistry. Problem solving is
stressed because the whole purpose of studying this subject is to apply it to chemical problems, and the
author has therefore interspersed self-assessment questions at key stages in the text. Further problem
exercises for self-assessment have been set at the end of most chapters, with solutions and tutorial hints.
Concise, mathematically friendly and with a pictorial approach, the book is based on the author's long
experience of teaching a most successful lecture course.

Large-scale wind power generation as a renewable energy source makes substantial contributions to
power grids in many countries worldwide. Technology is advancing to increase penetration to optimise the
design, construction and performance of wind energy systems. Fundamental issues of safety and
reliability are paramount in this drive to increase capacity and efficiency. This book provides a detailed
reference on the design and construction of wind energy systems, from wind resource modelling siting
criteria, to wind turbine technology, operation and maintenance with coverage of optimisation routes for
wind energy systems in offshore and problematic environments.
Compared with electroplating, electroless plating allows uniform deposits over different surfaces.
Electroless copper and nickel-phosphorus deposits provide protective and functional coatings in industries
as diverse as electronics, automotive, aerospace and chemical engineering. Written by leading experts in
the field, this important book reviews the deposition process and the key properties of electroless copper
and nickel-phosphorus deposits as well as their practical applications.




Service life estimation and extension of civil engineering structures reviews ways of rehabilitating ageing
reinforced concrete structures using fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites and how to assess their
remaining service life. The book covers topics such as rehabilitation techniques for service life extension,
probabilistic methods for service life estimation, rehabilitation and service life estimation of corroded
structures and NDE/NDT of rehabilitated structures.




Demand for organ transplants far exceeds available donor organs. As a result some patients may die
whilst waiting for a transplant. Advances in biomaterials have generated a range of materials and devices
for either use outside the body or implantation to replace or assist functions which may have been lost
through disease or injury. Part one covers technologies which are well established within the field.
Chapters in part two discuss more recent advances in the discipline whilst part three covers the
technologies which are likely to become widely used in the near future. Biomaterials for artificial organs
provides readers with a thorough review of the current status and future outlook of this important field.


There have been major recent advances in robotic systems that can replace humans in undertaking
hazardous activities in demanding or dangerous environments. Published in association with the
CLAWAR (Climbing and Walking Robots and Associated Technologies Association) (www.clawar.org),
this important book reviews the development of robotic systems for de-mining and other risky activities
such as fire-fighting.
Now in its third edition, this book is widely regarded as the standard reference on the cocoa trade. It
provides an authoritative overview of the factors affecting cocoa production and consumption as well as
how the trade is conducted and its various risks mitigated. Chapters cover such topics as factors affecting
cocoa production and processing, the actuals, futures and options markets, measuring consumption and
stocks, contracts and quality assessment. There are extensive appendices covering such topics as
standard contractual terms. The new edition has been extensively revised and expanded, maintaining its
position as an essential guide for those involved in its trade.

Consumers favour foods and beverages with fewer synthetic additives, but products must also be safe to
eat and have a sufficiently long shelf-life. Biopreservation (using a food‘s natural microflora and/or their
antibacterial products for protection against pathogens and spoilage), is a method of growing interest for
the safe production of minimally-processed foods.




Creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites reviews ways of modelling creep and fatigue in polymer
matrix composites with the aim of predicting and preventing failure. Part 1 focuses on viscoelastic and
viscoplastic modelling. Part 2 covers environmental effects and stress corrosion while Part 3 analyses
creep rupture and damage interaction. Part 4 investigates fatigue modelling and characterization and Part
5 covers the monitoring of creep and fatigue.




Soft computing is an emerging area of inter-disciplinary research, it refers to a collection of computational
techniques which study, model and analyse complex phenomena. As many textile engineering problems
are inherently complex in nature, soft computing techniques have often provided optimum solutions to
these cases. Although soft computing has several facets, it mainly revolves around three techniques
including artificial neural network, fuzzy logic and genetic algorithms. After an introductory set of chapters,
the book is divided into 4 parts, covering soft computing for yarn and fabric manufacture the use of soft
computing for textile properties, applications and quality evaluation.
Surface modification of biomaterials plays a significant role in determining the outcome of biological-
material interactions. With the appropriate modification a material‘s surface can be tailored to improve
biocompatibility, adhesion and cell interactions. Consequently surface modification is vital in the
development and design of new biomaterials and medical devices. Surface modification of biomaterials
provides readers with a comprehensive guide to the most pertinent surface modification techniques and
technologies. Part one covers chemical surface modification methods whilst part two discusses
topography and analysis methods. The final section of the book examines applications of this important
technology.




This book provides a comprehensive overview of the production, properties and processing of aluminium
and its applications in manufacturing industries. Part 1 discusses different methods of producing and
casting aluminium. Part 2 reviews metallurgical properties whilst part 3 covers processing and
applications in such areas as aerospace engineering.




The global increase in the use of biofuels as substitute transportation fuels has prompted research and
development into advanced chemical, biochemical and thermochemical biofuels production. This research
and development is aimed at improving the quality and environmental impact of biofuels production, as
well as the overall efficiency and output of biofuels production plants. The range of biofuels has also
increased, with market developments leading to the increased production and utilisation of advanced
biofuels such as biosyngas, biohydrogen and biobutanol. The Handbook of biofuels production provides a
thorough reference on the range of biomass conversion processes and technologies.



Understanding the epidemiology of pathogens in production chains and processing environments is highly
important for food safety control. Pathogen surveillance is also an essential part of a food safety
programme. This significant collection considers current and emerging techniques to trace pathogens in
the food chain and the implications for food safety. Opening sections cover methods to identify and type
foodborne pathogens and advances in surveillance techniques. Following chapters concentrate on
epidemiological issues in specific food production chains and research situations in which the techniques
described in the book are applied.
Managing wastes from aluminum smelter plants discusses major environmental polluting waste material
from aluminum industries and, particularly, stresses upon decontaminating spent pot liner. The book
incorporates authors‘ direct experience in handling this toxic waste and discusses his world patents and
semi-commercial plant operation in decontaminating spent pot liner and recovering its carbon value.
Demand for aluminum metal in domestic as well as in industrial sector has gone up leaps and bounds in
last four decades, so is the generation of wastes by these aluminum plants. This book depicts all the work
done in last few decades to develop a process for safe disposal of these toxic wastes, and after analyzing
these results suggests a method for value addition to these toxic wastes in order to make the
decontamination process economically viable.



Polymer nanocomposites are polymer matrices reinforced with nano-scale fillers. Understanding the
physical properties of polymer nanocomposites is a key factor in gaining wider uptake of the materials in
new applications. The book is divided into sections covering polymer/nanoparticle composites,
polymer/nanoplatelet composites and polymer/nanotube composites. It finishes by reviewing the range of
applications for these important new materials.




Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in the USA and Europe and with increasingly obese
populations within the developed world, the trend looks set to continue. This text provides a
comprehensive review of biomaterials and devices for use in the circulatory system. Initial chapters
discuss fundamental considerations such as tissue response to implanted materials and device
biocompatibility whilst later chapters cover pertinent technologies such as nanotechnology and biosensor
technology. This book is an essential read for those concerned with the repair and regeneration of the
circulatory system.

Separation, extraction and concentration processes are essential for the preparation of ingredients and
quality optimization of common foods and beverages. There is also increasing interest in their use for the
production of nutraceuticals and the recovery of co-products from food processing wastes. This collection
reviews developments in these areas. Part 1 focuses on advances in important separation methods and
emerging techniques of particular interest. Part 2 covers separation, extraction and concentration in
different sectors of the food and beverage industry and processes for the production of selected
nutraceuticals.
Optical communication using optical fibres as the transmission medium is essential to handling the
massive growth of both telecom and datacom traffic. Different technologies which can be applied to
switching optical signals are addressed. The book features electro-optical, thermo-optical, micro-electro-
mechanical (MEMS)-based and semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)-based optical switches. Optical
switches also covers switching based on optical nonlinear effects, liquid and photonic crystal optical
switches as well as fibre, holographic, quantum optical and other types of optical switches.

Novel processing technologies can bring benefits in terms of product quality and process efficiency, but
the commercialisation of foods produced using newer technologies often involves many unknowns. The
diverse selection of case studies presented in this book record the experiences of those who have been
involved in the development and commercialisation of foods produced by novel processing technologies.
Case studies in Parts 1 and 2 focus on foods processed by high pressure, pulsed electric fields and other
novel processing techniques. Following chapters explore cases studies in food preservation using novel
antimicrobials, packaging and storage techniques. The final section contains cases studies in established
food processing techniques and microbial models.




This book covers all aspects of the welding and joining of magnesium alloys. The use of magnesium and
its alloys is increasing due to their light weight and other properties. Part 1 covers welding metallurgy,
preparation methods and welding materials as well as corrosion protection. Part 2 covers the various
welding and other technologies that can be used for joining magnesium alloys.




Plant life management (PLiM) is a safety-based methodology for the management of nuclear power plants
over their entire lifetime. It is used by plant operators and regulators to assess the condition of nuclear
power plant, and to establish the technical and economic requirements for safe, long-term operation. This
book discusses the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms that affect nuclear power plant
structures, systems and components (SSC), along with relevant analysis modelling methods and
mitigation paths. Coverage of plant maintenance and replacement routes is extended through chapters on
the development of advanced materials and components, as well as through reactor-type specific PLiM
practices.
The API Individual Certification Programs (ICPs) are well established worldwide in the oil, gas, and
petroleum industries. This Quick Guide is unique in providing simple, accessible and well-structured
guidance for anyone studying the API 510 Certified Pressure Vessel Inspector syllabus by: Summarizing
and helping them through the syllabus and providing multiple example questions and worked answers.
Technical standards are referenced from the API ‗body of knowledge‘ for the examination, i.e.API 510
Pressure vessel inspection, alteration, rerating; API 572 Pressure vessel inspection; API RP 571 Damage
mechanisms;API RP 577Welding;ASMEVIIIVessel design; ASMEV NDE and ASME IX Welding
qualifications.

Provides, in a single volume, a unified treatment of first year topics fundamental to university
mathematics. Successfully bridges the transitional gap between school and university in a careful,
thorough and unusually clear treatment. An essential text for students aiming for an honours degree in
mathematics.




Experts from major winemaking centres worldwide review oenology and wine quality in the second volume
of this important collection. Chapters in Part 1 cover advances in winemaking technologies. Chapters in
Part 2 focus on quality management, with chapters on flavour modulation, flavour deterioration and
common taints among other topics.




Tribology is one element of many interacting within a vehicle engine and powertrain. In adopting a
detailed, theoretical, component approach to solving tribological problems, the minutiae can be
overwhelmingly complex and practical solutions become elusive and uneconomic. The system
perspective generally adopted in industry, can lead to shortcuts and oversimplifications, industrial projects
are subject to ad hoc trial and error, and subsequent ‗fire-fighting‘ activity is required. This book seeks to
bridge this divide, using a multi-physics approach to provide sufficient fundamental grounding and
understanding of both detailed and approximate analyses – thereby making ‗first time right‘ design
solutions possible. Tribological issues and solutions in piston systems, valve train systems, engine
bearings and drivetrain systems are addressed. New developments in materials, micro-engineering, nano-
technology and MEMS are also included.
The agriculture and food sectors have a significant impact on the environment. Producers and processors
are increasingly aiming to meet the needs of food consumers in an environmentally-sustainable manner.
This book considers current and emerging methods the food industry can use to assess and manage its
environmental impact. An introductory section reviews the impacts of food production and processing.
Following chapters concentrate on the important technique of life cycle assessment (LCA) and other
related methods that can be used to assess sustainability. The final section describes applications of
these techniques in the food industry and best environmental management practices.




Textiles, polymers and composites are increasingly being utilised within the building industry. This
pioneering text provides a concise and representative overview of the opportunities available for textile,
polymer and composite fibres to be used in construction and architecture. The first set of chapters
examine the main types and properties of textiles, polymers and composites used in buildings. The
second part of the book presents a selection of applications within the building industry. Chapters range
from the use of textiles in tensile structures, sustainable building concepts with textile materials, innovative
composite-fibre applications for architecture, to smart textile and polymer fibres for structural health
monitoring.




This book examines the advances in production management in the garment industry. Chapters analyse
technology operations sewing garment works study; ergonomic work place; planning, layout, and logistic
garment manufacturing. New methods of organization garment production - flexible manufacturing, Lean
systems, Kanban, 5S, are also examined.
Sintering is a method of manufacturing components from ceramic or metal powders by heating the
material in a mould, below its melting point, until the powder particles adhere to each other. Many ceramic
materials and specialist metal powder products for use in industries such as electronics, automotive and
aerospace are manufactured using this method. Sintering of advanced materials examines topics such as
thermodynamics of sintering, grain growth and microstructure development, atmosphere sintering,
vacuum sintering, liquid phase sintering, microwave sintering, spark plasma sintering, sintering of
refractory metals, sintering of cermets, sintering of injection molded powders including rapid prototyping,
sintering of fine grained and nanosized powders.
Piezoelectric materials produce electric charges on their surfaces as a consequence of applying
mechanical stress. They are used in the fabrication of a growing range of devices such as transducers,
actuators, pressure sensor devices and increasingly as a way of producing energy. This book provides a
comprehensive review of advanced piezoelectric materials, their properties, methods of manufacture and
applications. It covers lead zirconate titanate (PZT) piezo-ceramics, relaxor ferroelectric ceramics, lead-
free piezo-ceramics, quartz-based piezoelectric materials, the use of lithium niobate and lithium in
piezoelectrics, single crystal piezoelectric materials, electroactive polymers (EAP) and piezoelectric
composite materials.




This book provides an invaluable single source of information on the advances that have been made in
yarn spinning technologies. Part one provides an introduction to yarn spinning and structure. Chapters
discuss the principles of ring spinning and open-end spinning. Yarn structure and properties from different
spinning techniques and yarn structural requirements for knitted and woven fabrics are also examined.
Part two covers advances in particular spinning technologies. Topics range from siro spinning to compact
spinning technology and air-jet spinning. Final chapters explore how to minimise fibre damage which can
occur during spinning and the use of spin finishes for textiles.


The two volumes of Oxidation in foods and beverages and antioxidant applications review food quality
deterioration due to oxidation and methods for its control. Volume 1 focuses on oxidation mechanisms
and antioxidant activity. Chapters in part 1 describe oxidation processes in foods and review methods for
the measurement of the extent of lipid oxidation. Part 2 discusses the ways in which antioxidants inhibit
food oxidation, factors affecting antioxidant efficacy, methods to measure antioxidant activity and novel
antioxidants.




This independent manual provides airport planners and architects with an essential planning guide and
reference tool, based on the author‘s extensive experience in the field and involvement in developing best
practice airline and airport industry guidelines. Chapters cover topics such as demand forecasting,
masterplan development, terminal pier and satellite infrastructure, baggage handling, apron design and
airport security.
Oxidative rancidity is a major cause of food quality deterioration, leading to the formation of undesirable
off-flavours as well as unhealthful compounds. The two volumes of Oxidation in foods and beverages and
antioxidant applications review food quality deterioration due to oxidation and methods for its control.
Volume 2 concentrates on oxidation and its management in different industry sectors. Part 1 discusses
animal products, with chapters on the oxidation and protection of red meat, poultry, fish and dairy
products. Part 2 reviews oxidation in plant-based foods and beverages, including edible oils, wine and
fried products. Final chapters examine encapsulation to inhibit lipid oxidation and antioxidant active
packaging and edible films.



The energy, petrochemical, aerospace and other industries all require materials able to withstand high
temperatures. High temperature strength is defined as the resistance of a material to high temperature
deformation and fracture. This important book provides a valuable reference to the main theories of high
temperature deformation and fracture and the ways they can be used to predict failure and service life.




Biotechnology has impacted the textiles industry through the development of more efficient and
environmentally friendly manufacturing processes, as well as enabling the design of improved textile
materials. This book provides a thorough overview of current and future focuses of biotechnology in the
fibre and textile industry. Part one of the book opens with a review of technologies involved in textile
biotechnology. Chapters explore the design and engineering of novel enzymes for textile applications and
developments in processes and equipment for enzymatic textile treatments. Part two investigates the
modification of particular fibres through the use of biotechnology. Key topics include the treatment of wool
and silk fibres and the enzymatic treatment versus conventional processing of cotton.




The measurement of colour is important in many commercial operations and in various professions, such
as the textile, paint and food industries. This book discusses colour measurement theories, the latest
technological and scientific developments of measuring colour and the applications of colour
measurement. Part one reviews the underlying theories, principles and methods of how to measure
colour. It includes topics such as expressing colours numerically, camera based colour measurement,
colour shade sorting and determining and improving the accuracy of colour measurement. Part two
presents a selection of industrial applications illustrating the use of colour measurement in textiles, paint,
teeth, hair and food.
The development of high performance polymer electrolytes is key to improving a number of devices such
as batteries and fuel cells. Polymer electrolytes: Fundamentals and applications reviews lithium, proton,
polyvalent, and composite polymer electrolytes. The structure, ion transport, and other relevant properties
of these electrolytes are discussed, as well as their applications in such areas as lithium batteries, fuel
cells, electrochromic and electrochemical devices, solar cells, chemical sensors and supercapacitors.




Sensory and consumer scientists require a range of knowledge and skills to contribute successfully to the
innovation process. With contributions from experts from a variety of backgrounds, this book reviews
significant advances in consumer and sensory research and developments in industry practice. The first
section focuses on changes in the marketplace impacting product innovation. Parts 2 and 3 cover
emerging research methodologies for innovation and advances in data analysis. Chapters in the following
section discuss topics associated with consumer behaviour. The final section reports the personal
perspectives of respected experts on innovation and the use of research in innovation.




Freeze-drying is an important preservation technique for heat-sensitive pharmaceuticals and foods.
Products are first frozen, then dried in a vacuum at low temperature by sublimation and desorption, rather
than by the application of heat. The resulting items can be stored at room temperature for long periods.
This informative text addresses both principles and practice in this area. The first chapter introduces
freeze-drying. The authors then review the fundamentals of the technique, heat-mass transfer analyses,
modelling of the drying process and the equipment employed. Further chapters focus on freeze-drying of
food, freeze-drying of pharmaceuticals and the protective agents and additives applied. The final chapter
covers the important subjects of disinfection, sterilization and process validation.

Fatigue is the progressive and localised structural damage that occurs when a material is subjected to
cyclic loading. The use of composites is growing in structural applications and there is a need to
understand how they respond to loading. This authoritative book reviews ways of predicting the service life
of composites subjected to variable amplitude, multiaxial and other types of loading.
This comprehensively relays the state-of-the-art in laser materials processing technology and applications.
Starting with laser cutting and machining, the book discusses laser welding, annealing and hardening. It
then considers surface treatment, coating and materials deposition as well as other engineering
techniques such as peening and net-shape engineering, before discussing laser micro and nano-
fabrication techniques. The book concludes by examining modelling and process control.




This authoritative book provides a comprehensive review of the highly important subject of non-
destructive evaluation of reinforced concrete structures. Engineers have a range of sophisticated
techniques at their disposal to evaluate the condition of reinforced concrete structures that do not cause
material damage and which usually allow the structure to be used while the surveys are carried out. Non-
destructive evaluation of the infrastructure also plays a key part in assessing and prioritising where money
should be spent on repair or replacement. Non-destructive evaluation of reinforced concrete structures,
Volume 2: Non-destructive testing methods gives an overview of planning and implementing the NDT of
reinforced concrete structures. It also gives details of individual non-destructive testing techniques and
case studies.




Wind power generation is fast becoming one of the leading renewable energy sources worldwide, with
increasing penetration of stand-alone and hybrid wind energy systems, particularly in distributed, isolated,
and community power networks. Advanced energy storage and grid integration systems are required to
provide secure, reliable power supply to the end user. This book provides an extensive reference on the
development of stand-alone and hybrid wind energy systems, as well as energy storage and building-/grid-
integration systems. Chapters cover the design, construction, monitoring, control, and optimisation of
stand-alone and hybrid wind energy technologies, and the continuing development of these systems.

The long term safety of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste materials must be assured without active
human oversight, based on the requirement that we do not pass the burden of nuclear waste onto future
generations. Geological disposal systems and technology, utilising both natural geological barriers and
engineered barrier systems, have been developed to isolate nuclear wastes from the human environment.
This book critically reviews state-of-the-art technologies, scientific methods and engineering practices
directly related to the design, operation and safety of geological repositories.
Arranged in practical question and answer format, Winemaking problems solved provides brief, quickly
accessible solutions to issues of frequent concern to winemaking professionals. The contributions, which
are written by leading experts from industry and academia, span major aspects of the winemaking
process from grape handling and fermentation processes to filtration, bottling and winery sanitation.




Medical textiles remain one of the most dynamic areas of research in textiles. Medical and healthcare
textiles is the fourth in a series of conferences held at the University of Bolton. Like its predecessors, it
has attracted papers from some of the leading international centres of expertise in the field. Contributors
cover a range of topics, these include emerging textile-based biomaterials, hygienic textiles, the use of
textiles in infection control and as barrier materials, bandaging and pressure garments for managing
chronic infections such as ulcers, the role of textiles in the management of burns and wounds, textile-
based implantable devices such as tissue scaffolds and sutures, and intelligent textiles.




Many new, or relatively new, welding processes such as friction stir welding, resistance spot welding and
laser welding are being increasingly adopted to replace or improve on traditional welding techniques.
Before advanced welding techniques are employed, their potential failure mechanisms should be well
understood and their suitability for welding particular metals and alloys in different situations should be
assessed. Failure mechanisms of advanced welding processes provides a critical analysis of advanced
welding techniques and their potential failure mechanisms.



Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage (CCS) is the one advanced technology that conventional
power generation cannot do without. CCS technology reduces the carbon footprint of power plants by
capturing, and storing the CO2 emissions from burning fossil-fuels and biomass. This volume provides a
comprehensive reference on the state of the art of research, development and demonstration of carbon
storage and utilisation, covering all the storage options and their environmental impacts. It critically
reviews geological, terrestrial and ocean sequestration, including enhanced oil and gas recovery, as well
as other advanced concepts such as industrial utilisation, mineral carbonation, biofixation and
photocatalytic reduction.
Biointegration is essential for the successful performance of implanted materials and devices within the
human body. With an increasing number and wide range of implant procedures being performed, it is
critical that materials scientists and engineers effectively design implant materials which will create a
positive biological and mechanical response with the host tissue. Biointegration of medical implant
materials provides a unique and comprehensive review of the most recent research into material and
tissue interaction and integration. The book addresses the most pertinent biomaterials and biological
environments with chapters on specific applications and methods.



Technical yarns are produced for the manufacture of technical textiles. As the range of technical textiles is
rapidly increasing, an understanding of the range of yarns available and their properties is important, in
order to be able to meet the requirements of the intended end-use. Part one reviews the advances in yarn
production. Topics examine the advances in textile yarn spinning, modification of textile yarn structures,
yarn hairiness and its reduction. The second group of chapters describes the range of technical yarns,
such as electro-conductive and biodegradable textile yarns.




Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage (CCS) is the one advanced technology that conventional
power generation cannot do without. CCS technology reduces the carbon footprint of power plants by
capturing, and storing the CO2 emissions from burning fossil-fuels and biomass. This volume provides a
comprehensive reference on the state of the art of research, development and demonstration of carbon
capture technology in the power sector and in industry. It critically reviews the range of post- and pre-
combustion capture and combustion-based capture processes and technology applicable to fossil-fuel
power plants, as well as applications of CCS in other high carbon footprint industries.




The nonwoven fabrics industry is one of the fastest growing sectors of the textile business. Such fabrics
have a broad spectrum of end uses, ranging from surgical garments to interior textiles. This book
discusses the recent advances in the nonwoven industry and discusses the important range of technical
nonwoven applications. Part 1 briefly discusses the fundamental principles of nonwoven fabrics, such as
the formation of nonwovens. Part 2 provides useful examples of how nonwoven materials can be used in
a variety of textile products, such as apparel and interior textiles.

This authoritative book provides a comprehensive review of the highly important subject of non-
destructive evaluation of reinforced concrete structures. Many concrete structures and elements of
concrete infrastructure (roads, bridges etc) have exceeded their original design lives and are deteriorating
to an extent where they are becoming dangerous. The deterioration can be internal or not obvious and
therefore only shows up with detailed testing. Non-destructive evaluation of reinforced concrete
structures, Volume 1: Deterioration processes and standard test methods provides an overview of the
deterioration of reinforced concrete and testing problems, followed by a review of classic and standard
testing methods.
Mechanochemical processing is a novel and cost effective method of producing a wide range of
nanopowders that are used in the production of ceramic, metallic and composite components which use
sintering and other powder metallurgy techniques to produce net shape components. High-energy ball
milling reviews the technique which is revolutionising the manufacture of many advanced materials.
Topics covered include mechanism and kinetics of the mechanochemical process, mechanochemical
synthesis of complex ceramic compounds, principles and application of soft mechanochemical synthesis
and mechanochemical synthesis of titanium dioxide and its derivatives.




Surface engineering of light alloys provides a comprehensive review of the various surface engineering
techniques employed to improve the properties of light alloys, focussing on titanium, magnesium and
aluminium alloys. It examines surface related degradation of light alloys and covers surface engineering
technologies in detail. The book includes chapters on corrosion behaviour of Mg alloys, anodising
treatments of Mg alloys, micro-arc oxidation of light alloys, physical vapour deposition of light alloys,
PIII/PSII of light alloys; laser surface modification of Ti alloys, plasma nitriding of Ti and Al alloys, duplex
surface treatments of light alloys and biomedical devices using Ti alloys.




Fossil-fuel power plants generate the majority of the worlds power, but many plants are ageing and cannot
meet rising global energy demands and increasingly stringent emissions criteria. To ensure security and
economy of supply, utilities are building a new generation of advanced power plants with increased output
and environmental performance. This book initially reviews improved plant designs for efficiency and fuel
flexibility, including combined-cycle technology and utilisation of lower-grade feedstocks. Coverage
extends to advanced material and component use, and the incorporation of alternative energy conversion
technology, such as hydrogen production. Environmental and emissions performance issues round off the
book.



Producing products of reliable quality is vitally important to the food and beverage industries. In particular,
companies often fail to ensure that the sensory quality of their products remains consistent, leading to the
manufacture of goods which fail to meet the desired specifications or are rejected by the consumer. This
book is a practical guide for all those tasked with sensory quality control in the food and beverage
industries. Chapters in Parts 1 and 2 review the design, implementation and running of an effective
sensory quality control program. Contributions in the last part of the book illustrate the application and
results of such a program in different industry sectors.
Bioethanol is one of the main biofuels used as a petroleum-substitute in transportation. Second
generation bioalcohol production technology, based on highly-efficient biochemical conversion, offers
advantages over existing, energy-intensive bioethanol production processes. This book covers the
process engineering, technology, modelling and integration of the entire production chain, from feedstock
pretreatment on to hydrolysis, fermentation, and purification. Primarily reviewing bioethanol production,
coverage extends to the production of longer-chain bioalcohols which will be elemental to the future of the
industry.



The quality of cereal products is dependent to a large extent on the suitability of the cereal grains
processed. Therefore it is essential that cereals producers and handlers understand grain quality
requirements for different end uses. Grain suppliers and users must also be able to rapidly and accurately
assess grain end-use quality and use this information to direct their grain quality management activities.
This book provides a convenient and comprehensive overview of academic research and industry best
practice in these areas. Chapters review quality aspects of different cereals and also specific aspects of
grain quality analysis and management.




Modern approach to maintenance in spinning is a simple and accessible guide to the knowledge required
to fulfill the role of a maintenance manager in a textile mill. Covering the complete maintenance
management program, the book gives a basic all-round understanding of even the small spare parts used
in the machineries of a spinning mill; it is therefore also useful for shop-floor technicians. Students of
diploma and degrees of textile technology will find that the fundamental principles of the subject are
explained in the simplest way for proper understanding. The book will also be helpful for them as a
practical guide when they join a textile manufacturing unit.
Quality Management Systems play an increasingly important role in the textile industry, both from the
point of view of industry and consumer expectations. Effective implementation of quality management
systems reviews effective ways of implementing these systems in the textile industry.

This book provides an overview of the types of fibres used in home textiles and the key issues relating to
product development, industry standards, regulatory aspects, and evaluation systems. An understanding
of these topics can assist the designer or manufacturer in developing product performance and quality in
line with the value addition and to maintain the basic concept underlying in green consumerism. The
books emphasis is on how to achieve the commercial success of the desired end product through
knowledge of the key markets producing various home textiles, scope of development through
sustainable and eco-friendly fibres, evaluation systems and above all safety aspects and environmental
regulations.
Many aspects of both grape production and wine making influence wine flavour, aroma, colour and
mouthfeel. Factors affecting wine sensory attributes have not always been properly understood, limiting
the ability of winemakers to manage these variables. In recent years, though, advances in research have
provided new understanding of the scientific basis of quality variation in wine, promoting developments in
viticulture and oenology. With chapters by leading experts, Volume 1 Viticulture and wine quality reviews
major wine quality attributes, such as colour and mouthfeel, the measurement of grape and wine
properties and the effects of viticultural practices on the final product. The focus is on recent
developments, advanced methods and likely future technologies.




For a food product to be a success in the marketplace, it must be stable throughout its shelf-life. Changes
due to food chemical deterioration and physical instability are not always recognised by food producers,
who are more familiar with microbial spoilage, yet can be just as problematic. This book provides an
authoritative review of key topics in this area. Chapters in Parts 1 and 2 focus on the chemical reactions
and physical changes which negatively affect food quality. The remaining chapters outline the likely effects
on different food products.




The second volume of this comprehensive reference opens with chapters on nutritional aspects of milk.
Part 2 focuses on improving milk quality, with chapters on spoilage and sensory evaluation, among other
topics. Contributions in the last section review quality aspects of different milks, such as goat and sheep
milk, and the quality of milk-based products including yoghurt and cheese.




Achieving a sustainable level of energy efficiency in buildings, while maintaining occupant comfort, would
both substantially reduce energy demand and improve energy security, as well as improving the
environmental impact, including the carbon footprint, of building stock worldwide. Energy efficiency and
thermal comfort can be achieved in both old and new buildings through application of advanced building
materials and technology. This book critically reviews the development and utilisation of advanced building
materials and applications of this technology in a range of building types and climates.
The issue of risk should be embedded into the mind set of every engineer and manager to improve safety
and dependability. Companies can be held accountable through law when a gross failing in health and
safety management has fatal consequences. Here risk management, the organisational structure required
and the main factors needed for its successful execution are explored. What risks must be managed as a
legal requirement? How is risk quantified? What methods can be used to reduce risk? Such questions are
addressed, alongside case histories of recent disasters to illustrate failures in risk management. This
accessible book presents the key factors, so that even non-experts in small and medium-sized
organisations, as well as engineers and managers, can apply sound safety and dependability principles.




Consumers demand quality milk with a reasonable shelf life, a requirement that can be met more
successfully by the milk industry through use of improved processes and technologies. Producing safe
milk also remains of paramount importance. This volume focuses on production and processing issues.




Despite recent advances in medical devices using other materials, metallic implants are still one of the
most commercially significant sectors of the industry. This new book provides a comprehensive review of
the use of metals in biomedical applications and recent advances in this important area. Chapters in part
one provide readers with the fundamentals of metals within the industry. Part two discusses the
mechanical behaviour, degradation and wear of metallic implants. Topics in part three cover processing
methods and applications of metals within the medical implant industry, with chapters on coatings,
sterilisation and new generation metallic biomaterials.




Adhesive bonding is often regarded as a cost effective and effectual way to join mechanical structures.
This important book reviews the most recent improvements in adhesive bonding and its wide-ranging
potential in structural engineering. Part one reviews improvements in the most commonly used groups of
adhesives. The second set of chapters discuss the various types of adherends and pre-treatment
methods. A third set of chapters analyse methods and techniques for joint design. The final group of
chapters gives a useful and practical insight into the problems and solutions of adhesive bonding in a
variety of hostile environments such as chemical, wet and extreme temperatures.
Blast protection of civil infrastructures and vehicles using composites provides a thorough understanding
of the science and application of blast protection and containment using composites. Composites provide
an ideal material for blast protection as they can be engineered to give different levels of protection by
varying the reinforcements and matrices. The book covers blast simulation and modelling and the
response of composites to blast loadings. It also includes the retrofitting of composite blast mitigation
materials to existing structures, design of blast absorbing materials, protection of buildings, protection of
vehicles and composite blast walls.




High standards of noise, vibration and harshness performance are expected in vehicle design.
Refinement is therefore one of the main engineering/design attributes to be addressed when developing
new vehicle models and components. This book provides a review of noise and vibration refinement
principles and methods, advanced experimental and modelling techniques, and palliative treatments
necessary in the process of vehicle design, development and integration in order to meet noise and
vibration standards. Case studies from the collective experience of specialists working for major
automotive companies are included to form an important reference for engineers practising in the motor
industry, who seek to overcome the technological challenges faced in developing quieter, more
comfortable cars.




Interest in the toxic effects of fires has been rapidly increasingly. This book raises the important issues of
the types of toxic effluents that fires produce and the different methods that exist to assess fire toxicity.
Chapters discuss the effects of toxicity on its victims, international standards and how different materials
and the fire environment can influence the generation of toxic products. Fire toxicity is relevant for
professionals in the fire community, including fire fighters, fire investigators, regulators, fire safety
engineers and fire-safe material formulators. It will also be suitable for researchers in industry or
academia.




Research programs into the manufacture of lightweight automobiles have led to the consideration of a
variety of materials, such as high strength steels, aluminium alloys, magnesium alloys, plastics and
composites. This research is driven by a need to reduce fuel consumption to preserve dwindling
hydrocarbon resources without compromising other attributes such as safety, performance, recyclability
and cost. This important book enables engineers to not only learn about the materials being considered
for lightweight automobiles, but also to compare their characteristics and properties. It also covers issues
such as crashworthiness and recycling.
This book is an invaluable source of information on woven textiles and their production. An extensive
review of fundamental issues such as woven fabric formation and also more technical weaving
information, such as modeling are provided. The book is divided into different sections on fundamentals of
woven structure, its mechanics, product design and practical applications. Woven textile structure
provides a very useful and practical insight into weaving for all those engaged in the designing and
production of woven fabrics.




This unique 27-page report sets out the seven strategy lessons that can be learnt from the experience of
Innocent. These cover: Pricing; Establishing and maintaining a point of difference; Positioning and
branding; Communicating health benefits; Packaging innovation; Consumer targeting. Thanks to in-depth
interviews with the company‘s founders since 2002, New Nutrition Business has been in the unique
position of tracking the rise of Innocent Drinks to its status as Europe‘s biggest smoothie brand and the
fourth-largest in the world. This report reveals how the company went from start-up to a celebrity brand
and the reasons why its strategy meant that it hit trouble in the downturn, even as other health brands
prospered. Innocent‘s packaging and distribution, marketing communications, brand positioning, pricing
strategies and European brand expansion are all examined in detail.

This unique 24-page report sets out the seven strategy lessons that can be learnt from the experience of
Danone‘s Essensis yoghurt, Nestlé‘s Glowelle drinks and supplements and Borba‘s Skin Balance Water.
These three case studies provide the most clear insights into the risks and opportunities in the ―beauty-
from-within‖ business. The report covers, among other things: Branding and positioning; Choosing the
right format; Distributing through the right channels; Ensuring consumers ―feel the benefit‖ easily; Pricing
strategy.

Over the years, worsted wool has been a popular choice for men‘s trousers, pleated skirts for women, and
both men‘s suits and sport jackets. Because worsted wool is so durable, it wells very well and also drapes
easily, making it an ideal fabric for all sorts of garments. The processes carried out up to grey fabric stage
are explained with visual aids and the quality test procedures are mentioned. Faults visible in fabric can be
traced back to either of these processes. Fabric defects are categorised as spinning, weaving, dyeing and
processing faults and also as mending faults arising due to mistakes in the fault removal or mending
process. The book describes each fault along with possible causes of generation with visual aids
wherever possible. Efforts have been made to cover various fabric faults along with remedial action and
fabric swatches.
Biodiesel fuel is increasingly being used in diesel supplies worldwide, as it provides both an
environmentally preferable option and improves diesel engine performance through greater lubricity. The
development and use of appropriate feedstocks to avoid food/fuel concerns, and technological
developments directed towards improved quality and capacity, are crucial to the environmental impact of
biodiesel production and utilisation and to the future of the industry. This book provides a thorough timely
reference on the entire biodiesel production chain, from soil to oil, detailing the range and development of
biodiesel feedstocks as well as state-of-the-art biodiesel production technology.
Given the infinite number of applications of polymeric materials in everyday life, especially applications
where a failure in service may lead to economic loss, injury or death, the ability to determine the cause of
failure using forensic engineering techniques is essential. Forensic polymer engineering: Why polymer
materials fail in service reviews the latest forensic engineering techniques used in the investigation of
failed polymer materials. It presents a series of case studies which illustrate the different types of failure
and the forensic engineering techniques used in their investigation.

Clothing comfort is one of the most important attributes of textile materials. This book starts with an
introduction to clothing comfort discussing comfort and the wearer‘s attitude, and human–clothing
interactions. Chapters go on to discuss related aspects including psychology and comfort,
neurophysiological processes in clothing comfort, tactile aspects, thermal and moisture transmission, and
garment fit. Science in clothing comfort is an essential reference for fibre, fabric and clothing
manufacturers alike.



Using 20 Case Studies of brands addressing a range of benefits – energy, joint health, sports beverages,
protein boosting, digestive health, weight management and heart health – this report looks at what makes
some functional and health-enhancing brands succeed and what makes others fail. Each Case Study
gives our usual independent and opinionated analysis, based on interviews with executives at all of the
companies concerned, as well as independent beverage industry experts. Each Case Study addresses
packaging – and in particular packaging innovation – choice of ingredients, nutrition profiles, marketing
communications strategy, pricing strategies (and why some brands are able to earn premium prices),
which consumers buy them and why, all supported with supermarket sales data.

Many factors, including increasing internationalisation and the need to secure consumer confidence, are
driving innovation in food supply chains. Advances in information and communication technologies and
research into supply chain management are creating new opportunities for food businesses to make their
operations more successful. This book reviews developments in the area of food supply chains, which will
assist industry in meeting consumer demands for shelves constantly stocked with fresh, safe, high quality
foods. Chapters cover a wide range of topics, from relationships in the supply chain, to quality
management systems and voluntary initiatives for supply chain sustainability.




Coatings and laminates allow for the introduction of smart functionalities for textile products. They are
suitable for a wide range of textile applications and can contribute to improving product performance. This
pioneering book is a valuable reference and stimulus for developing and improving coated and laminated
textile products. The first section of the book covers the fundamentals of coatings and laminates. Themes
range from coating and laminating processing and production techniques to testing and quality assurance.
The remainder of the book covers different types of smart coatings and laminates such as intelligent
weatherproof coatings, phase change coatings and nanotechnology based coatings.
Regenerative medicine for the repair of connective tissues is a fast moving field which generates a lot of
interest. The biomaterials and biomechanics for soft tissue repair has been under-represented in the past.
This book address this gap in the market by bringing together the natural association of cartilage, tendons
and ligaments to provide a review of the different structures, biomechanics and, more importantly, provide
a clear discussion of practical techniques and biomaterials which may be used to repair the connective
tissues.




Increasingly, consumers desire information about the health, safety, environmental and socioeconomic
characteristics of food products. These traits often cannot be detected by sight, smell or taste; therefore,
consumers must use food labels to select products that meet their needs and preferences. The growing
consumer and industry interest in food labels presents challenges for governments, which must ensure
that the product information is accurate, truthful and not misleading to consumers. With the increase in
global trade in food, there is also a need to harmonize food labels so that product information is relevant
to foreign markets. Innovations in food labelling provides information about the principles and
requirements of food labelling and reviews the latest trends in this important area.

Friction stir welding (FSW) is a solid-state welding process that is gaining wide acceptance in industry,
especially the shipbuilding, aerospace, mass transportation and automotive industries. FSW is particularly
suited to those industries that use aluminium and its alloys. This authoritative book provides a
comprehensive review of the subject of friction stir welding and covers topics such as process basics,
equipment, modelling, inspection and quality control and applications.


Volume 2 of the two-volume set Advanced direct injection combustion engine technologies and
development investigates diesel DI combustion engines, which despite their commercial success are
facing ever more stringent emission legislation worldwide. Direct injection diesel engines are generally
more efficient and cleaner than indirect injection engines and as fuel prices continue to rise DI engines are
expected to gain in popularity for automotive applications. Two exclusive sections examine light-duty and
heavy-duty diesel engines. Fuel injection systems and after treatment systems for DI diesel engines are
discussed. The final section addresses exhaust emission control strategies, including combustion
diagnostics and modelling, drawing on reputable diesel combustion system research and development.
With an increasingly aged population, eye diseases are becoming more widespread. Biomaterials have
contributed in recent years to numerous medical devices for the restoration of eyesight, improving many
patients‘ quality of life. This book provides readers with a definitive coverage of biomaterials and
techniques used for the repair and regeneration of the eye. Initial chapters review applications in the
anterior segment of the eye. A second group of chapters discuss applications in the posterior segment of
the eye. The final group of chapters cover other pertinent topics such as hydrogel sealants for wound
repair in ophthalmic surgery, orbital enucleation implants and polymeric materials for orbital
reconstruction.




This authoritative reference work provides a comprehensive review of the management, recycling and
reuse of waste composites. These are issues which are of growing importance due to increasingly strict
legislation and concerns about disposal of composites by landfill or incineration. The first part of the book
reviews the management of waste composites and the second part discusses current technologies for
recycling waste composites. A third group of chapters examines the quality and use of recycled materials.
The final sections of the book outline future trends and case studies.




Drug delivery systems represent a vast area of research and development within biomaterials and
medicine and the demand for sophisticated drug delivery devices continues to drive developments.
Advanced drug delivery devices can offer significant advantages to conventional drugs, such as increased
efficiency and convenience. Chapters in part one discuss specific applications such as drug eluting stents
and antimicrobial cements. Part two covers the development of drug device combination products with
such topics as preclinical testing and regulation of products. This book provides a thorough analysis of the
fundamentals, applications and new technologies of drug-device combination products for use throughout
the human body.




Digestive health continues to be the biggest trend. Its importance to consumers has been underscored by
the impressive growth rates of digestive health brands, with sales of even premium brands increasing by
10%-20% during the recession. And yet digestive health still has huge areas of untapped potential in most
countries around the world, especially for fibre fortified products and products in the beverage and cereal
categories.
As the name suggests, the book discusses in detail the fundamentals and practices of dyeing and
colouration of textiles. It covers academic as well as industrial aspects of colouration, defines problems
and solutions. In spite of being precise, it takes care of interest of researchers, process & quality control.
New developments and research in the area of dyeing, dyeing of micro-fibre, garment dyeing etc have
also been included to keep pace with modern day requirements. Another unique feature of this book is
that it is a concise compact text book containing chemistry and application details of all classes of dyes.




The textile industry can experience a vast array of problems, modelling can highlight the mechanisms
involved and analyse useful predictive results for solving these problems. This book provides an overview
of how textile modelling can be used within the textile industry. The first group of chapters reviews the
different types of models and methods of how models can predict textile structures and behaviour. The
second group of chapters presents a selection of case studies, expressing the strengths and limitations
and how various models are applied in specific applications. Chapters include the modelling of colour and
drape in textiles.



The subjects of the Symposia are on composite materials with matrices behaving as brittle in normal or
special conditions. Brittle matrix composites are applied in various domains (civil engineering, mechanical
equipment and machinery, vehicles, etc.) and in the last decades their importance is increasing together
with their variety. Papers include: aggregate-binder composites (concretes, fibre concretes, rocks);
sintered materials (ceramics); high strength composites with brittle matrices. In principle, the general
problems of structures made of composite materials are not included in the papers. Various approaches
to the material engineering problems are presented in the papers.

Biomedical composites provides a thorough review of the current status, recent progress and future
trends in composites for biomedical applications. Part one discusses the fundamentals with chapters on
natural composites, design and fabrication, and general hard and soft tissue applications. Part two
reviews specific applications. Chapters discuss bone repair, coatings for implants, spinal implants,
injectable composites and composites for tissue engineered scaffolds. Part three covers the
biocompatibility, mechanical behaviour and failure of biocomposites with such topics as cellular response,
testing of biocomposites and tribology. Part four analyses the future for biocomposites with chapters on
nano-structured biocomposites, developing biocomposites as scaffolds and biocomposites in tissue
engineering and regenerative medicine.




Probiotic juice is one of the biggest untapped innovation opportunities in the healthy beverage business,
worldwide. The author of this unique report, Julian Mellentin, draws on case studies from Europe and the
US to set out the five key lessons that are essential reading for anyone who wants succeed in probiotic
juice.
Food processors are under pressure, both from consumers and legislation, to reduce the amount of waste
they produce and to consume water and energy more efficiently. Handbook of waste management and co-
product recovery in food processing provides essential information about the major issues and
technologies involved in waste co-product valorisation, methods to reduce raw material waste and water
and energy consumption, waste reduction in particular industry sectors and end waste management.
Chapters in Volume 2 focus on the transformation of food co-products using microorganisms and
enzymes, advanced methods to optimise food manufacturing, such as closed-loop factories, non-food
uses of food waste co-product and commercialization issues.




Direct injection enables precise control of the fuel/air mixture so that engines can be tuned for improved
power and fuel economy, but ongoing research challenges remain in improving the technology for
commercial applications. As fuel prices escalate DI engines are expected to gain in popularity for
automotive applications. This important book, in two volumes, reviews the science and technology of
different types of DI combustion engines and their fuels. Volume 1 deals with direct injection gasoline and
CNG engines, including history and essential principles, approaches to improved fuel economy, design,
optimisation, optical techniques and their applications.

Maraging steels are high-strength steels which possess excellent toughness. Maraging refers to the
ageing of martensite, a hard microstructure commonly found in steels. The use of maraging steels is
growing rapidly in many applications including aircraft, aerospace and tooling applications. Computer-
based modelling of material properties and microstructure is a very fast growing area of research and is a
vital step in developing end uses for maraging steels. This book is dedicated to the application of
modelling techniques to maraging steels. It allows researchers to predict properties and behaviour without
having to fabricate components. This important book is of value to researchers and engineers involved in
either maraging steels or modelling, or both. It also documents the latest research in these areas.

Laser cooling of solids provides a timely review of this promising field of research. Particular attention is
given to the physics of cooling processes and the mathematical description of these processes; chapters
discuss the fundamentals of fluorescent cooling and the theory of laser cooling. The authors also examine
previous experimental investigations in laser cooling. Chapters discuss progress towards key potential
applications of laser cooling: self-cooling components of solid state lasers, laser cooling of solid-state
information carriers in echo-processors and the problems associated with cooling solid-state quantum
processors.
Volume 2 begins by reviewing natural fibres such as cellulosic, cotton, protein, wool and silk fibres. Part 2
considers regenerated cellulosic, protein, alginate, chitin and chitosan fibres. The final part of the book
discusses inorganic fibres such as glass, carbon and ceramic fibres as well as specialist fibres such as
thermally and chemically-resistant fibres, optical and hollow fibres. Chapters review how fibre structure
contributes to key mechanical properties. This is an essential reference for textile technologists, fibre
scientists, textile engineers and those in academia.
Many concrete structures around the world have reached or exceeded their design life and are showing
signs of deteriorating. Any concrete structure which has deteriorated or has sustained damage is a
potential hazard. Understanding and recognising failure mechanisms in concrete structures is a
fundamental pre-requisite to determining the type of repair or whether a repair is feasible. Failure, distress
and repair of concrete structures provides in depth coverage of concrete deterioration and damage, as
well as looking at the various repair technologies available. The first part of the book describes failure
mechanisms in concrete including causes and types of failure. The second part examines the repair of
concrete structures including methods, materials, standards and durability.

Advances in technologies for the extraction and modification of valuable milk components have opened
up new opportunities for the food and nutraceutical industries. New applications for dairy ingredients are
also being found. Dairy-derived ingredients reviews developments in these dynamic areas. The first part
covers modern approaches to the separation of dairy components and manufacture of dairy ingredients.
The second part focuses on the biological functionality of dairy components and their nutraceutical
applications. The final part of the book addresses the technological functionality of dairy components and
their applications in food and non-food products.




A concise and accessible guide to the knowledge required to fulfil the role of a welding inspector. In
covering both European and US-based codes, the book gives those wishing to gain certification in welding
inspection a basic all-round understanding of the main subject matter.

Tensile failure is the resistance of a material to rupture when subjected to tension. Many fibres offer great
flexibility, this characteristic means that they have the ability to support tensile loads. This book provides a
concise and authoritative overview of tensile behaviour of textile fibres. Tensile characteristics and tensile
failure of both synthetic and natural fibres are examined. Each type of fibre is described from manufacture
to the finished product with details of tensile properties and discussion on microstructures and tensile
failure. Factors that affect tensile properties such as the environment and UV light are covered, as well as
methods to improve tensile failure.




The global textile industry, like many others is inherently unsustainable, and has a high impact upon the
environment. The cotton industry alone is a major user of synthetic fertilisers and pesticides. The industry
also consumes large amounts of water, putting pressure on scarce water resources and the environment.
This book investigates the entire life cycle of textiles and their impact on the environment. Chapters
analyse all stages of the textile industry beginning with the production and manufacture of fibres, through
to fabric manufacture and the final recycling of textiles. A concluding set of chapters examines sustainable
environmental applications and case studies within the textile industry.
With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, this authoritative collection examines
the structure of manufactured polymer fibres. The first set of chapters start with an introduction to the
developments of fibre structure and methods of testing. Part 2 of the book focuses on natural fibres such
as wool and silk. Part 3 covers manufactured polymer fibres, including regenerated fibres and polyolefins.
The concluding series of chapters concentrate on other special purpose fibres, such as glass, ceramic
and medical fibres, and is an essential reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers
and those in academia.




We take it for granted, but without it we perish and if we continue to abuse it, it may kill us in the end. This
fascinating text provides an understanding and appreciation of the role that air plays in our environment
and its importance in relation to human life and technology. Aimed at those who are scientifically curious
but who have no specialist training, it contains no mathematical equations and relies upon the qualitative
descriptions and analogies to explain the more technical parts of the text together with simple home
experiments to illustrate a range of air-based phenomena. Liberally illustrated with a range of line
drawings and photographs, it recommends further reading for those who are motivated to learn more.
This book offers invaluable background reading for both physics teachers and students.

To commemorate the 400th anniversary of Galileo‘s historic first recorded astronomical observations and
to coincide with the United Nations International Year of Astronomy 2009, this third edition by Sir Patrick
Moore, one of the great presenters of astronomy in our time. It tells the epic story of the historical
development of astronomy which caused a revolutionary change in human outlook, in its impact upon both
scientific thinking and religious belief. It is a fascinating story, well researched and told in a scholarly yet
exciting narrative that will be read with enjoyment and profit astronomers, historians and the general
public. Formerly titled The Great Astronomical Revolution, the book includes a new foreword, new
illustrations and colour plates.
To commemorate the 400th anniversary of Galileo‘s historic first recorded astronomical observations and
to coincide with the United Nations International Year of Astronomy 2009, this third edition by Sir Patrick
Moore, one of the great presenters of astronomy in our time. It tells the epic story of the historical
development of astronomy which caused a revolutionary change in human outlook, in its impact upon both
scientific thinking and religious belief. It is a fascinating story, well researched and told in a scholarly yet
exciting narrative that will be read with enjoyment and profit astronomers, historians and the general
public. Formerly titled The Great Astronomical Revolution, the book includes a new foreword, new
illustrations and colour plates.
Cold weather can be a potential hazard to human health, adversely affecting physiological functions, work
performance and wellbeing. Designing suitable apparel for cold environments is therefore a complex task.
This book reviews the principles, materials and requirements of cold weather apparel and will stimulate
ideas for future innovation and improved end performance. Part 1 covers the fundamental scientific
issues, such as achieving comfort and thermoregulation. Part 2 includes a review of the types of materials
suitable for cold weather clothing. Part 3 discusses design and ergonomic aspects, such as ventilation.
Part 4 covers how cold weather clothing can be evaluated and part 5 concludes with applications including
cold protection in marine environments.
The growing use of polymer composites is leading to an increasing demand for fractographic expertise.
Fractography is the study of fracture surface morphology and is an essential tool for advancing the
understanding in composite structural behaviour. Failure analysis and fractography of polymer
composites gives an insight into damage mechanisms and underpins the development of physically
based failure criteria. It provides a vital link between predictive models and experimental observations.
Finally, it is essential for post-mortem analysis of failed or crashed structures, the findings of which are
used to optimise future designs. This authoritative work provides both an overview of the field and a
reference text for engineers.
Many of the engineering problems of particular importance to railways arise at interfaces and the safety-
critical role of the wheel–rail interface is widely acknowledged. Thus better understanding of wheel–rail
interfaces is critical to improving the capacity, reliability and safety of the railway system. This book is a
one-stop reference for railway engineering practitioners and academic researchers. The first section
provides the fundamentals of contact mechanics, wear, fatigue and lubrication as well as state-of-the-art
research and emerging technologies related to the wheel–rail interface and its management. The second
section offers an overview of industrial practice from several different regions of the world, thereby lending
an international perspective.




This book provides an overview of the advances that have occurred within the interior textile sector. The
reader will gain an understanding of the technical, functional and aesthetic properties of interior textiles,
the understanding of which, can assist in selecting the most appropriate fabric. Introductory chapters
provide the fundamental principles of interior fibres; Describing the types, structures and requirements. A
second set of chapters reviews the main developments in the industry, such as recent environmental
perspectives affecting the industry and developments in flame retardant textile materials. A third set of
chapters conclude with applications and case studies including a chapter on textiles for carpets.

Biofilms in the food and beverage industries may form when bacteria attach to and colonise the surfaces
of food handling and processing equipment and food products themselves. Human pathogens in biofilms
can be harder to remove than free microorganisms and therefore may pose a more significant food safety
risk. The opening chapters in this essential book consider fundamental aspects such as the ecology and
characteristics of biofilms in food and beverage processing environments and methods for their detection.
Part 2 then reviews biofilm formation by different microorganisms. Part 3 focuses on the significant issues
of biofilm prevention and removal. Chapters on particular food industry sectors complete the collection.




Glass is increasingly being used as a structural material in new buildings and the building envelope may
consist entirely of glass or a building may be clad with glass. This trend for steel-framed, glass clad
buildings instead of traditional materials such as brick and concrete has inherent problems. One of the
major problems is the performance of the glazing during earthquakes and extreme climatic events such
as windstorms and heavy snow loads. This authoritative book reviews the current state-of-the art in glass
and glazing technology to resist failure due to these natural events.
Salient features of different testing protocols for apparel and related accessories are examines alongside
various essential standards and regulations associated with quality evaluation of apparels for the export
market. The various safety aspects of children‘s apparel are also reviewed. The role of retailers, agent,
vendor and laboratory has also been highlighted in the quality program of clothing sector.

The need for maintaining the temperature and humidity in a textile mill has been discussed in various
forums and the same has been well accepted. Various equipments are available for providing the required
humidity and temperature. However, in a number of cases production and quality are lost because of
improper selection of the plant or inadequate maintenance. This book explains the principles adopted in
different humidification plants and their adoption so as to guide the people in the industry.


Marketing kids’ healthy beverages begins with a concise 19-page summary of six possible strategies that
beverage companies can follow whether they are renovating an old brand, as illustrated by the case study
of Nestlé Juicy Juice and Britvic Fruit Shoot, or creating a new brand, as illustrated by the case studies of
Crayons and Froose. The report then sets out, over 38 pages, 10 detailed case studies based on
interviews with the companies concerned and supported by supermarket sales data.


Innocent Drinks‘ packaging and distribution, marketing communications, brand positioning, and its plans
for European brand expansion are used to illustrate how its simple strategies have brought major success
for this innovative company. The book provides practical insight for creating success and for reducing
risks.



When things go wrong in the bakery, the pressures of production do not allow time for research into the
solution. Solving these baking problems has always been the province of ‗experts‘. However, with a
methodical approach, keen observation and a suitable reference book then the answers to many bakery
problems are straightforward. The companion volume to the popular Baking problems solved , More
baking problems solved contains the answers to further frequently asked questions. Once again arranged
in a practical question-and-answer format, it enables busy bakery professionals to understand causes of
their problems and implement solutions. It is of invaluable use to all bakery professionals, bakery
students, food technologists and product developers.
The surface of textiles offers an important platform for functional modifications in order to meet special
requirements for a variety of applications. This book will provide the reader with fundamental issues of
surfaces and their characterisation, it will also explore the exciting opportunities for surface modification of
a range of different textiles. Introductory chapters review some important surface modification techniques
employed for improved functional behaviour of textiles and the various surface characterisation methods
available. Further chapters examine the different types of surface modification suitable for textiles, ranging
from the use of plasma treatments, physical vapour deposition to the use of nanoparticles. Concluding
chapters discuss develop surface modification strategies for various applications of textiles.
Bone repair is a fundamental part of the rapidly expanding medical care sector and has benefited from
many recent technological developments. This unique book provides a comprehensive review of the
materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in this important area. The first part of the
book reviews the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration. Further chapters discuss the science and
properties of biomaterials used for bone repair such as metals, and biocomposites. The final set of
chapters analyse device considerations such as implant lifetime, failure, applications and ethics of bone
repair biomaterials.


This convenient reference provides answers and solutions to a wide variety of queries and difficulties
commonly encountered by industry professionals in the development, manufacture, packaging and
distribution of soft drinks, fruit juices and packaged waters. Arranged in practical question and answer
format, information can be found quickly and easily, whether the book is being used as a basic source of
information, problem solving manual or training tool. Issues discussed include manufacturing limitations
and shelf-life predictions during product development, beverage ingredients, manufacturing concerns from
ingredient sourcing to filling operations and quality, safety, shelf-life and regulatory issues.




Structural health monitoring (SHM) has been defined as the use of in-situ, non-destructive sensing and
analysis of structural characteristics, including the structural response, for detecting changes that may
indicate damage or degradation. Essentially, a SHM system must have the ability to collect, validate and
make accessible, operational data on the basis of which decisions related to service-life management can
be made. This important book provides a comprehensive review of the topic of structural health
monitoring of civil infrastructure systems including aspects associated with sensors, data collection, data
interpretation, application and specification.




Fatigue is a major issue affecting safety and quality of service in the railway industry. This book reviews
key aspects of this important subject. It begins by providing an overview of the subject, discussing fatigue
at the wheel-rail interface and in other aspects of infrastructure. It then considers fatigue in railway and
tramway track, looking at causes of potential failure in such areas as rails and fixings as well as sleepers.
It also reviews failure points in structures such as embankments and cuttings. The book analyses fatigue
in railway bridges, looking in particular at masonry arch bridges as well as metal and concrete bridges.
Two final chapters review safety and reliability issues affecting escalators and lifts.
Improving the quality and safety of microwavable convenience food products is a priority for
manufacturers. Development of packaging and products for use in microwave ovens provides a
comprehensive review of this important area. Written by a distinguished team of international contributors,
the text discusses the principles, properties of ingredients, materials issues, design, product development
and safety of packaging for use in microwaves. Passive and active packaging is explored in detail with an
emphasis on practical issues, in addition to the computer simulation of microwave heating of foods in both
types of container.




The breakdown of food structures in the GI tract and subsequent availability of food constituents has a
significant effect on food sensory and nutritional quality. Advances in understanding of food breakdown,
digestion and transport enable more successful design of health-promoting foods. Designing functional
foods: Measuring and controlling food structure breakdown and nutrient absorption reviews progress in
these areas. Introductory chapters outline the mouth, digestive system and the gut microflora. Parts 2 and
3 then cover advances in research methods to assess the effects of GI processes on foods and the
mechanisms of digestion of the major food constituents. Part 4 explores the implications of digestion
processes for the design of health-promoting foods.




While organic brands have performed well, there are other brands that argue that being certified organic
isn‘t essential – what parents need more is the reassurance that a product is made with ingredients that
are ―as natural as possible‖ and free from artificial preservatives, colours and sweeteners. This 42-page
report looks in detail at these different approaches. Using seven detailed case studies the book analyses
the performance and strategies of leading organic and ―all-natural‖ kids‘ snacks and babyfood brands in
the US and UK. The report uses sales data, comparisons of product pricing and marketing strategies,
advertising messages and claims, as well as interviews with the CEOs at all the companies profiled.

High temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology is a promising power generation option, which
features high electrical efficiency and low emissions of environmentally polluting gases such as CO2, NOx
and SOx. It is ideal for distributed stationary power generation applications where both high-efficiency
electricity and high-quality heat are in strong demand. This book presents a systematic and in-depth
narrative of the technology from the perspective of fundamentals, providing comprehensive theoretical
analysis and innovative characterization techniques for solid oxide fuel cell technology. The book covers
the development of (SOFC) technology, from cell materials and fabrication, to performance analysis and
stability and durability issues.
With wild stocks declining due to over-fishing, aquaculture will have a more significant role to play in
meeting future demand for fresh fish. Developments in research continue to lead to improvements in
aquaculture production systems, resulting in increased production efficiency, higher product quality for
consumers and a more sustainable industry. New technologies in aquaculture reviews essential
advances in these areas. Chapters focus on key aspects of genetic improvement, reproduction, diet and
husbandry, health and aquaculture systems design. Contributions on environmental issues and farming
new species complete the volume.




Such is the value to consumers of the proposition of a daily dose of energy with no added sugar that in the
US alone this new category has soared to over $350 million in retail sales in less than two years - despite
recession and despite selling at a massive 400% price premium over ―mainstream‖ energy drinks such as
Red Bull! This unique 40-page report uses detailed brand sales data, comparisons of product pricing and
advertising messages and claims, as well as six detailed case studies, to explain how, in both the US and
the UK, energy shots have achieved the impossible. Based on interviews with executives at all the leading
companies in this new category as well as beverage industry experts the report sets out brief and practical
guidelines for anyone else looking to replicate this success elsewhere.

In the past two decades injection molded short fibre reinforced polymers (SFRP) have become very
common construction materials because these composites are commercially very attractive. This book
summarises recent developments in this area and focuses on the fundamental mechanisms that govern
the mechanical properties including strength, modulus and fracture toughness and thermal properties of
short fibre reinforced polymer materials. The major factors including properties of fibres and matrices,
fibre length distribution and fibre orientation distribution, that influence the mechanisms and hence affect
the mechanical and thermal properties of the composites are discussed.

Based on 20 years‘ experience of product success and failure in healthy marketing, the Four factors of
success are a practical ‗back of an envelope‘ checklist that takes the guesswork out of food and health
marketing. They enable the reader to quickly learn basic principles that can be applied straight away. The
Four factors have been applied and refined in hundreds of food projects from medical foods and
functional foods to natural and super foods as well as in dietary supplements, OTC and prescribed
pharmaceuticals. They have been tried and successfully tested by marketers and business leaders in
many parts of the world from Europe to South America. The book contains an overview of the Four factors
and case studies describing their application.
Effective control of pathogens continues to be of great importance to the food industry. The first edition of
Foodborne pathogens quickly established itself as an essential guide for all those involved in the
management of microbiological hazards at any stage in the food production chain. This major edition
strengthens that reputation, with extensively revised and expanded coverage, including more than ten new
chapters. Part 1 focuses on risk assessment and management in the food chain. Chapters in this section
cover pathogen detection, microbial modelling the risk assessment procedure, pathogen control in
primary production, hygienic design and sanitation, among other topics. Parts 2 and 3 then review the
management of key bacterial and non-bacterial foodborne pathogens.




Hybrid laser-arc welding (HLAW) is a combination of laser welding with arc welding. It overcomes some of
the shortfalls of both processes. HLAW combines deep weld penetration of laser welding with good gap
tolerance of gas metal arc welding (GMAW). HLAW can also enhance the metallurgical stability of a
finished component, giving welds that are stronger and less brittle. This important book provides a
comprehensive account of hybrid laser-arc welding including technological aspects, hybrid welding of
metals, applications and future trends.



Enrobed and filled confectionery and bakery products (such as praline-style chocolates, confectionery
bars and chocolate-coated biscuits and ice-creams) are popular with consumers. The coating and filling
can negatively affect product quality and shelf-life, but with the correct product design and manufacturing
technology, the characteristics of the end-product can be improved. This book provides a comprehensive
overview of quality issues affecting enrobed and filled products and strategies to enhance product quality.
Parts 1 and 2 focus on the formulation of coatings and fillings and product design issues such as oil
migration and shelf-life prediction and testing. Part 3 then reviews the latest manufacturing technology for
optimum product quality.




The first edition of Food processing technology was quickly adopted as the standard text by many food
science and technology courses. This completely revised and updated third edition consolidates the
position of this textbook as the best single-volume introduction to food manufacturing technologies
available. This edition has been updated and extended to include the many developments that have taken
place since the second edition was published. In particular, advances in microprocessor control of
equipment, ‗minimal‘ processing technologies, functional foods, developments in ‗active‘ or ‗intelligent‘
packaging, and storage and distribution logistics are described. Technologies that relate to cost savings,
environmental improvement or enhanced product quality are highlighted. Additionally, sections in each
chapter on the impact of processing on food-borne micro-organisms are included for the first time.
Accidents are generally regarded as unexpected events, which do not fall into any predictable pattern. A
common assumption is that safety is best assured by laws, regulations and procedures. This thought-
provoking book studies fatal accident trends in industry and transport and observes how they correlate
with other measures of human activity such as national productivity. Incidence is found to correlate
inversely with economic growth such that, as a rule, more prosperous nations have a lower accident
mortality. A formal theoretical model is proposed and discussed that is consistent with this pattern of
events.
A ‗geopolymer‘ is a solid aluminosilicate material usually formed by alkali hydroxide or alkali silicate
activation of a solid precursor such as coal fly ash, calcined clay and/or metallurgical slag. Today the
primary application of geopolymer technology is in the development of reduced-carbon dioxide
construction materials as an alternative to Portland-based cements. This book reviews the latest research
and applications for these highly important materials. Part 1 discusses the synthesis and characterisation
of geopolymers. Part 2 reviews the manufacture and properties of geopolymers. Part 3 covers
applications of geopolymers such as commercialisation of geopolymers for construction, as well as
applications in waste management.




This important book examines how structural dynamics can be applied to earthquake engineering of
structures in theory and practice. It provides practical examples of how Mathematica and Matlab can be
used to model and predict the way in which structures will be affected by earthquakes. This vital area of
modelling/simulation can help design buildings and civil engineering projects to withstand the effects of
earthquakes. The book presents an introductory overview of structural dynamics and its importance in
earthquake engineering, followed by an in-depth look at the different structural dynamic theories.




As consumer demands for specific attributes in their textiles increase and global competition intensifies, it
is important that industry find ways of engineering certain performance requirements into textiles and
apparel. This book reviews how fabrics and garments can be engineered to meet technical performance
and other characteristics required for the specific end-use. Chapters examine wear appearance issues,
such as wrinkling. Further topics include garment drape, durability issues and fabric comfort. Fire
retardancy, waterproofing, breathability and ultraviolet protection are also discussed. Written by two highly
distinguished authors, this is an invaluable book for a wide range of readers in the textile and apparel
industries, from textile and garment designers to manufacturers and buyers.
Processing techniques are critical to the performance of polymer products, which are used in a wide
range of industries. This book provides a comprehensive review of polymer processing, focussing on
recent developments in techniques and materials. Thermosets, thermoplastics, elastomers, foams and
nanocomposites are all discussed; multiphase systems are considered from macro to nano scales.
Developments in established techniques are reviewed, such as extrusion technologies, injection moulding
and blow moulding, in addition to recently developed processing technologies, such as those using
supercritical fluids, micromoulding and reactive processing. Finally post-processing techniques are
examined, as well as analysis of the moulding process.




The functional foods market is a tough one. Success with a new product or ingredient in this harsh and
demanding market is very rare. In fact, failure is far more common than success and most products sell
on a niche basis with very few ever graduating into the mass market. This unique 98-page report
examines brands and ingredients that have either been withdrawn from market or have not performed as
well as expected. It sets out the lessons that can be applied by anyone trying to develop an effective
strategy for a brand or trying to commercialise nutrition science.

The first edition of Handbook of Hydrocolloids provided professionals in the food industry with relevant
practical information about the range of hydrocolloid ingredients readily and at the same time
authoritatively. It was exceptionally well received and has subsequently been used as the substantive
reference on these food ingredients. Extensively revised and expanded and containing eight new
chapters, this major new edition strengthens that reputation. Edited by two leading international authorities
in the field, the second edition reviews over twenty-five hydrocolloids, covering structure and properties,
processing, functionality, applications and regulatory status.



Antifouling coatings are essential for preventing unwanted growth of plants and animals on a ship or
offshore structure‘s underwater surfaces. Allowing fouling organisms to build up can have serious
economic consequences and can compromise safety. Since the banning of tin-based antifouling coatings
there has been a considerable amount of research into alternative antifouling coatings and technologies.
This comprehensive book provides a thorough review of the current state-of-the-art of antifouling coatings
and technologies.




The API Individual Certification Programs (ICPs) are well established worldwide in the oil, gas, and
petroleum industries. This Quick Guide is unique in providing simple, accessible and well-structured
guidance for anyone studying the API 570 Certified Pipework Inspector syllabus by: summarising and
helping them through the syllabus and providing multiple example questions and worked answers.
An important and growing area of the textile industry is the medical sector. The extent of the growth is due
to constant improvements in both textile technology and medical procedures. This collection provides a
detailed review of how textiles are incorporated into wound care applications. The introductory chapters
provide an overview of the industry and the functional requirements of wound care materials. The second
group of chapters details the various types of textiles available for different wounds. Given their increasing
importance, the concluding series of topics describes how advanced textiles, such as smart textiles can
be used for wound care products.


This fundamental and straightforward text addresses a weakness observed among present-day students,
namely a lack of familiarity with formal proof. Beginning with the idea of mathematical proof and the need
for it, associated technical and logical skills are developed with care and then brought to bear on the core
material of analysis in such a lucid presentation that the development reads naturally and in a
straightforward progression. Retaining the core text, the second edition has additional worked examples
which users have indicated a need for, in addition to more emphasis on how analysis can be used to tell
the accuracy of the approximations to the quantities of interest which arise in analytical limits.

Computer-based modelling of material properties and microstructure is a very fast growing area of
research and the use of titanium is growing rapidly in many applications. The book links the modelling of
microstructure and properties to titanium. The first part of the book reviews experimental techniques for
modelling the microstructure and properties of titanium. A second group of chapters look in depth at the
physical models and a third group examines neural network models. The final section covers surface
engineering products.




Major concerns have been raised on the sustainability of construction activities, in particular the
sustainability of construction materials. A tremendous amount of research has been carried out to quantify
the ecological and environmental impact caused during the life cycle of construction materials. This book
compiles all the information on the sustainability of construction materials together into one complete
volume. Sustainability of construction materials is an invaluable source of reference to all those
professions involved in the process of infrastructure development, construction and design. It presents
current research from a leading team of international contributors.

Oral diseases can have a significant impact on self esteem and quality of life, are widespread and may be
expensive to treat. New methods to reduce their incidence are therefore needed and the protective effect
of food constituents is an important research area. This essential collection reviews the effects of food
constituents on diseases and conditions of the mouth. Part 1 introduces oral conditions and diseases. Part
2 focuses on the effects of specific food components, such as sweeteners, dairy peptides and plant
extracts. The final part of the book covers the technology and development of foods and supplements for
oral health and oral healthcare products containing food-derived bioactives.
Materials science for dentistry differs from all existing textbooks in the field, with the goal of insight into
the way materials work in dentistry, emphasizing explanation of the physical and chemical processes
underlying behaviour. It avoids reference to products in favour of fundamental concepts that will be of
value over a full working lifetime in all classes of material and their use. The book is organized
systematically to build progressively a comprehensive understanding of all classes of material used in
dentistry, using specific examples to introduce generalities which may be called on in later contexts. The
avoidance of numbers and recipes, and the recognition of the diverse backgrounds of those needing to
study the subject, makes this book accessible to all students of dentistry and biomaterials from
undergraduate to postgraduate, teachers and technicians, and anyone involved in such research.

Patients with urological disorders should greatly benefit from the recent improvements to the biomaterials
used in devices and the prospect of effective regenerative medicine. Biomaterials and tissue engineering
in urology provides a comprehensive review of this important area. The first part of the book explores the
fundamentals of biomaterials and urology. Chapters in part two discuss design of devices, catheters and
stents. The final group of chapters provide a thorough analyses of urological tissue engineering and
regeneration in areas such as the bladder, kidney and reproductive organs. This book is a valuable
resource to all those concerned with urological research.




This book together with its associated CD-ROM provides environmental managers and researchers with a
system for evaluating the functioning of river marginal wetlands. It guides the reader through the principles
of wetland ecosystem management and provides a management tool for their effective evaluation. The
book is presented in four main sections. Part 1 provides an introduction to wetlands including a
description of their nature and diversity and outlining the threats they face. Part 2 explains the rationale
and concepts underpinning wetland evaluation and introduces the evaluation tool itself. Part 3 covers the
data collection and storage element of the wetland evaluation tool and provides step-by-step instructions
for carrying out the evaluation itself. Part 4 is the functional evaluation section of the book which will
enable users to evaluate the data collected and to examine the functions being performed by a particular
wetland area. The emphasis is on providing a user-friendly and practical methodology for carrying out
these important ecosystem evaluations. The CD-ROM provides a model for storing and analyzing the
data. Functional assessment of wetlands is an absolutely essential resource for all wetland researchers
Fatigue behaviour of fibres is an important property and is often poorly understood. The action of fatigue
in fibres and textiles plays a key role in product performance. Introductory chapters provide the basic
principles of fatigue and descriptions of the main types of fatigue in textile fibres, such as tensile and flex
fatigue. The remainder of the book concentrates on the factors that affect fatigue life; topics include the
effect of structure and property on fatigue and environmental aspects of fatigue. An authoritative review,
suitable for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia.

Delta Functions has now been updated, restructured and modernised into a second edition, to answer
specific difficulties typically found by students encountering delta functions for the first time. In particular,
the treatment of the Laplace transform has been revised with this in mind. The chapter on Schwartz
distributions has been considerably extended and the book is supplemented by a fuller review of
Nonstandard Analysis and a survey of alternative infinitesimal treatments of generalised functions.
Dealing with a difficult subject in a simple and straightforward way, the text is readily accessible to a broad
audience of scientists, mathematicians and engineers. It can be used as a working manual in its own
right, and serves as a preparation for the study of more advanced treatises. Little more than a standard
background in calculus is assumed, and attention is focused on techniques, with a liberal selection of
worked examples and exercises.
The rise in the incidence of health problems such as reproductive disorders and testicular and breast
cancer has been linked by some to endocrine disrupting chemicals in the environment. The role of food in
transmitting these chemicals is uncertain and a topic of considerable research. This important book
addresses key topics in this area. Opening chapters review the effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals
on health and behaviour. The second part of the book covers the origins, analysis and risk assessment of
endocrine disruptors in food products. Concluding chapters concentrate on particular endocrine disrupting
chemicals.




Gainomax has shown how a brand can successfully broaden the market for a sports recovery drink,
reaching beyond serious ―elite‖ athletes to draw in occasional gym goers and other mainstream
consumers while maintaining its loyal following among the elite athletes. Gainomax is also a good
example of what even a small company can achieve by focusing on maintaining and building on a niche of
loyal users and by taking risks in marketing communications in order to create a strong brand identity.
Marketed primarily in Sweden, to illustrate how successful it has been, a brand that achieved a similar
level of penetration in a market like the US would be worth over $400 million in retail sales. Gainomax has
focused on being an expert brand, establishing itself as the expert in sports nutrition, and staying close to
its most dedicated consumers (by sampling at sports events, for example). This has provided a platform
for the brand (which is produced by a small regional dairy company) to be extended into a new range of
energy bars - because it is what its heavy users asked for.

Foods which have health-promoting properties over and beyond their nutritional value – products known
as functional foods - have become a significant industry sector. Functional foods: Principles and
technology provides both students and professionals with an authoritative introduction to the key scientific
aspects and major product categories in this area. The opening chapter introduces the principles of
functional foods and explores industry and consumer roles in this evolving market. Subsequent chapters
focus on the most significant product categories, reviewing ingredient sources, classification, properties,
therapeutic effects and possible mechanisms of action, among other topics. Antioxidants, dietary fiber,
prebiotics and probiotics, lipids and soy are among the foods and food constituents covered. The
appendix contains laboratory exercises aimed at those using this book in a classroom situation.

The meal is a key eating occasion, yet professionals and researchers frequently focus on single food
products, rather than the combinations in which they are consumed. Research on meals is also carried
out in a wide range of fields, from product development, nutrition and marketing to sociology and medical
research, but the different disciplines do not always benefit each others‘ expertise. This important
collection brings together information on meals from many perspectives. Chapters consider how meals
are defined and studied and how they can operate as a teaching device. Following sections discuss meals
worldwide and meals in practice.
Carpets remain an important sector for the textile industry. This comprehensive book provides an
overview of recent developments and innovations that have occurred within the carpet industry. Chapters
include key topics such as the types of textiles used for carpets and the structure and properties of carpet
fibres. Subsequent chapters discuss the developments in carpet manufacturing methods, woolen carpets
and the advances in textile sports surfaces. An interesting case study on handmade carpets is also
provided. Advances in carpet manufacture presents current research from leading innovators from
around the world and is a valuable reference for those wishing to improve carpet and its end performance.

The book provides all the engineering information required for calculating the stress/strain quantities
commonly used in multiaxial fatigue problems in metals and composites.




As a product of the consultation experiences gained in the process of helping four mills that are running
their ring frames at the highest spindle speed in the world would be of great help in outlining a practical
plan of action. This invaluable reference examines economics of high-speed spinning and offers a
prediction of the future of high speed spinning technology. It includes four live case studies of spinning
mills in India that are running their ring frames successfully.



The book covers the essential aspects of textile designs and would be useful to the students aspiring for
career in textile designing. The book deals with the difference between textile designs and other designs,
general rules and salient features of textile designs. It covers many important products in textiles and also
includes chapters on embroidery, laces designs. The concluding chapters review the role of computer in
textile designing. The book also includes three hundred illustrations, including diagrams and finished
designs in various illustrations.




Smart clothing and wearable technology is a relatively novel and emerging area within the fashion and
textile industry. Part 1 of the book assesses the design of smart clothing and wearable technology. Topics
include the design process from fibre selection through to product launch. Part 2 examines the materials
and technologies for smart clothing, such as the use of nonwovens and sensors in clothing. Part 3 reviews
production technologies available for the development of smart clothing. Themes such as developments
in fabric joining and digital print technology are reviewed. Part 4 concludes with a discussion of a range of
smart clothing products.
This book provides a review of how textile fibers can be identified, both in the context of forensic science
and within the textile industry. This is an important text for forensic scientists, police and lawyers who may
be involved with the use of textile fibers to provide evidence in criminal cases. It will also be relevant for
textile designers, technologists and inspectors wishing to understand about fiber damage. Part 1 reviews
the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part 2 focuses on the methods of fiber identification,
ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. The remainder of the book reviews specific applications,
including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations and identifying fiber damage within the textile
industry.




When recession looms it‘s more important than ever to get your brands connected to trends that will get
consumers‘ attention and keep their loyalty. If you offer them what they believe that they and their kids
need most, you‘ll be seen as value-for-money – even if your product is sold at a premium price. Authored
by Julian Mellentin, 5 Key Trends in Kids‘ Nutrition is the sought-after annual review of the trends in the
trends in food, nutrition and health. The only report of its kind, this analysis of key developments in the
business of kids‘ nutrition worldwide draws on the 150-plus interviews we conduct with industry executives
each year.
As consumer demand for traditional carbonated drinks falls, the market for beverages with perceived
health-promoting properties is growing rapidly. Formulating a functional beverage with satisfactory
sensory quality and shelf-life can be challenging. This important book reviews the key ingredients,
formulation technology and health effects of the major types of functional and speciality beverage. Part 1
considers essential ingredients, such as sweeteners, and formulation aspects, such as fortification and
shelf-life extension. Part 2 focuses on dairy-based beverages, with chapters on milk quality and
ingredients such as whey and MFGM. Part 3 reviews fruit juices, tea and other plant-based beverages.




This book reviews the most important polyolefins, including polyethylene and polypropylene. This
comprehensive review discusses the different types of polyolefins, their structural and chemical properties
as well as the production of polyolefins. The second group of chapters examine how to improve the
functionality of polyolefin fibres. A final group of chapters addresses how polyolefins can be incorporated
into specific applications, such as industrial, medical and automotive products. Written by a distinguished
team of international authors, this is an essential reference for textile technologists, yarn and fabric
manufacturers and fibre scientists.


The primary causes of wounds requiring skin replacement are severe burns and ulcers; materials must
provide an effective temporary barrier, promote healing and minimise scarring. Massive improvements
have been made to skin repair biomaterials in the last ten years with widespread adoption of new
developments in the medical sector. This book provides a comprehensive review of biomaterials for
treating skin loss. Chapters initially review the biomechanics and biological environment of skin. Further
chapters discuss important methods and techniques for replacing and stabilising damaged skin,
regulation and clinical trials. The final group of chapters discuss human origin and cultured dermal
replacements and the principles of skin regeneration.
Shellfish are a very popular and nutritious food source worldwide and their consumption has risen
dramatically. Because of their unique nature as compared to beef and poultry, shellfish have their own
distinct aspects of harvest, processing and handling. Edited by leading authorities in the field, this
collection reviews issues of current interest and outlines steps that can be taken by the shellfish industry
to improve shellfish safety and eating quality. Opening chapters consider microbial, biotoxin, metal and
organic contaminants of shellfish. Techniques to reduce contamination are then discussed, such as
mitigation of the effects of harmful algal blooms. Chapters also address approaches to managing disease
and other methods to improve quality, such as improved packaging methods and reduction of biofouling.




Understanding of the scientific basis of quality attributes in meat is becoming more advanced, providing
more effective approaches to the control of meat eating and technological quality. This important
collection reviews essential knowledge of the mechanisms underlying quality characteristics and methods
to improve meat sensory and nutritional quality. An introductory section analyses the scientific basis of
meat quality attributes, such as texture, colour and flavour. The following part covers the important area of
genetic and genomic influences on meat quality. Final chapters assess production and processing
influences on meat quality, such as dietary antioxidants and carcass interventions.




Corrosion control in the aerospace industry is an issue that has always been important, but is becoming
more so with the ageing of the aircraft fleet. Corrosion can lead to non-availability of aircraft and in
extreme cases catastrophic failure. As aircraft age, they are subjected to corrosive environments over
longer periods, far beyond initial design considerations. The first part of this important book reviews
ageing aircraft and the cost of corrosion. A second group of chapters discuss corrosion fundamentals and
part three examines corrosion monitoring, evaluation and prediction. A final section analyses methods of
corrosion protection and prevention.




Advanced research into wool science is leading to a better understanding of the properties of wool.
Consequently wool is increasingly being seen as a high performance fibre, with new modifications and
applications. Advances in wool aims to present a comprehensive account of these innovations. Part 1
includes advances that have occurred in the production of wool. Chapters include the progress in wool
spinning and the role of enzymes for improved wool production. Part 2 reviews new wool products and
applications. Topics include brighter wool, intelligent wool apparel and wool for medical textiles. This book
is a valuable reference and a stimulus to improve wool and its end performance.
The response of cells to biomaterials is critical in medical devices. Specific cell responses may be
beneficial – encouraging adhesion, healing or cell multiplication. Cellular response to biomaterials
examines the response of cells with a wide range of materials, targeted at specific medical applications.
Chapters in the first section review cellular response to polymers and ceramics. A second group of
chapters discuss cell responses and regenerative medicine for nerves, muscles and orthopaedic
materials. The final set of chapters analyse the effect surface chemistry and how it can be manipulated to
provoke a useful cell response.




The world‘s ageing population is increasing. Food professionals will have to address the needs of older
generations more closely in the future. This unique volume reviews the characteristics of the ageing
population as food consumers, the role of nutrition in healthy ageing and the design of food products and
services for the elderly. Chapters in Part 1 discuss aspects of the elderly‘s relationship with food, such as
appetite and ageing and the social significance of meals. The second part reviews the role of nutrition in
conditions such as Alzheimer's and eye-related disorders. Concluding chapters address issues such as
food safety and the elderly and nutrition education programmes.




Weld cracks are unacceptable defects that can compromise the integrity of welded structures. Most
cracks are the result of solidification, cooling and stresses that develop due to weld shrinkage. Weld
cracking can lead to structural failures which at best will require remedial action and at worst can lead to
loss of life. All industries that utilise welding can be affected, including nuclear, aerospace, automotive,
shipbuilding and civil engineering. This book covers the processes of weld cracking in different ferrous
alloys and for different welding technologies. It also covers methods of testing for weld cracks, avoidance
and repair.




How do you successfully create, price, position and market weight management brands? How do you
market weight management ingredients when there are over 40 different suppliers fighting for space in
this embryonic market? This report provides answers to these questions. It is written for anyone trying to
develop an effective strategy in this challenging and fast-changing area. It outlines the elements for
success both for weight management brands and for ingredient suppliers.
With an increase in textile manufacturers relocating to developing countries with cheaper overheads the
manufacturers that remain need to diversify and add value to their products to be competitive. These
value added products are designed from traditional methods not specific to their new technical
applications. This is causing problems in the market place. Engineering textiles: Integrating the design
and manufacture of textile products looks at design concepts from traditional to technical textiles and
discuss engineering approaches to the process of manufacturing these products.




Shape memory metals are suitable for a wide range of biomedical devices including applications in
dentistry, bone repair, urology and cardiology. This book provides a thorough review of shape memory
metals and devices for medical applications. The first part of the book discusses the materials, primarily Ti-
Ni based alloys; chapters cover the mechanical properties, thermodynamics, composition, fabrication of
parts, chemical reactivity, surface modification and biocompatibility. Medical and dental devices using
shape memory metals are reviewed in the following section, chapters cover stents, orthodontic devices
and endodontic instruments. Finally, future developments in this area are discussed including alternatives
to Ti-Ni based shape memory alloys.



This authoritative reference work provides a comprehensive review of the materials used in hydrogen fuel
cells, which are predicted to emerge as an important alternative energy option in transportation and
domestic use over the next few years. The design and selection of the materials is critical to the correct
and long-term functioning of fuel cells and must be tailored to the type of fuel cell. The book looks in detail
at each type of fuel cell and the specific material requirements and challenges. Chapters cover material
basics, modelling, performance and recyclability.
Delamination is a phenomenon that is of critical importance to the composite industry. It involves a
breakdown in the bond between the reinforcement and the matrix material of the composite. With growing
use of composites in aerospace and other sectors, understanding delamination is essential for preventing
catastrophic failures. This important book reviews the phenomenon of delamination in composites. Part 1
focuses on delamination as a mode of failure. Part 2 covers testing of delamination resistance, while part
3 analyses detection and characterisation. Further parts cover analysis of delamination behaviour from
tests, modelling delamination, analysis of structural performance under delamination and preventing and
mitigation of delamination.
The demands placed on automotive textiles have increased significantly in recent years. This book
provides a comprehensive review of how advanced textiles can be used to meet the performance, style,
safety and comfort requirements of automotives. Part 1 provides a general introduction to the types and
requirements of textiles used within the automotive industry. Part 2 focuses on automotive interiors with
chapters on performance and style of interior textiles. Part 3 examines the use of textiles in safety
applications, such as airbags and part 4 concludes by assessing how textiles can be used in the
automotive bodywork. A valuable resource for manufacturers, designers and producers of automotives
and their materials.



In-service structural systems are subject to age-related deterioration, leading to concerns regarding
maintenance, health and safety, environment and economics. This book provides an invaluable, single
source of information on structural assessment techniques for marine and land-based structures and
offers professionals from a broad range of disciplines with a better understanding of current practice, how
to apply advanced design and development technologies in condition assessment, and likely future
trends. Chapters are grouped in five broad themes: current practices and standards for structural
condition assessment; fundamental mechanisms and advanced mathematical methods for predicting
structural deterioration; residual strength assessment of deteriorated structures; reliability of aged
structures; and survey, inspection and maintenance.




Bone cements are widely used in orthopaedic applications to bond an implant to existing bone and
remodelling following bone loss. Orthopaedic bone cements is an authoritative review of research, which
focuses on improving the mechanical and biological performance of bone cements. The first section of the
book discusses the use of bone cements in medicine in addition to commercial aspects and delivery
systems. Bone cement materials are reviewed in the second section of the book, followed by their
mechanical properties in part three. Techniques to enhance bone cements are discussed in the final
section, such as antibiotic loading and bioactive cements.




Environmental concerns are driving demand for bio-degradable materials such as plant-based natural
fibre reinforced polymer composites. These composites are replacing conventional materials in many
applications, especially in automobiles, where tribology (friction, lubrication and wear) is important.
Tribology of natural fiber polymer composites covers the availability and processing of natural fiber
polymer composites and their structural, thermal and mechanical properties, with particular emphasis on
tribological properties. The book is a useful reference guide for engineers, scientific and technical
personnel involved in the development of natural fibre composites. In particular it gives an insight into
mechanical properties and failure mechanisms in situations where wear, lubrication and friction are a
problem.
Written by one of the world‘s leading authorities in the field, this book updates what has been a standard
text since the first edition, co-authored with the late W E Morton. This 4th edition is a full revision of the
previous editions. It provides substantial updated material on fibre structure and new test methods, data
and theories regarding properties of textile fibres. There are chapters on fibre dimensions, moisture
absorption, mechanical, electrical and optical properties and fibre friction. The book is an essential read
and reference for textile technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and those in academia.
Textile structure and mechanics are fundamental to the way textiles are designed, manufactured, tested
and used. This important text discusses all aspects of fabric structure and mechanical properties for a
range of fabrics. After a general introduction illustrating the role of fabric structure and mechanics,
subsequent chapters discuss the structural, tensile, bending and shear properties of woven, knitted and
nonwoven fabrics. The structure and properties of 2D and 3D textile composites are also detailed.
Furthermore, testing methods for the measurement of fabric mechanical properties and structure
parameters are explored. This is a valuable reference for textile scientists, technologists, engineers and
those designing and manufacturing textiles.
The next several years will see an emergence of hydrogen fuel cells as an alternative energy option in
both transportation and domestic use. A vital area of this technological breakthrough is hydrogen storage,
as fuel cells will not be able to operate without a store of hydrogen. The book focuses on solid state
storage of hydrogen. Part 1 covers storage technologies, hydrogen containmant materials, hydrogen
futures and storage system design. Part 2 analyses porous storage materials, while Part 3 covers metal
hydrides. Complex hydrides are examined in Part 4 and Part 5 covers chemical hydrides. Finally, Part 6 is
dedicated to analysing hydrogen interactions.




Biologically inspired textiles are those that take ideas from nature and implement them in new fibres and
fabrics. Biomimetics are increasingly being applied to new textile technologies. This collection draws
together research to explain how biologically inspired technologies can meet the needs of industry for
cutting edge textile designs and products. Written by a distinguished team of international authors, topics
encompass biomimetic principles, the production of biomimetic textiles from proteins and how textile
processing methods can adopt biomimetic principles. It concludes with a review of how biomimetics can
be applied to a range of applications, such as smart clothing and medical textiles.


Cranberries‘ rise to success as ―the original superfruit‖ is well-known. Less well-understood is that
cranberry sales actually declined for several years. That decline was turned around by a focus on
innovative new product development and effective brand communications. This 35 page case study
shows how Ocean Spray - and other companies in the cranberry field - have already moved cranberry far
beyond simple cranberry cocktail.


Bioresorbable materials can be employed to provide significant advances in drug delivery systems and
medical implants. The rate of material degradation is critical to performance of both implants and the
controlled release of drugs. Degradation rate of bioresorbable materials addresses the practicalities of
this subject in detail. The first section provides an overview of bioresorbable materials and the biological
environment. Degradation mechanisms are reviewed in the second section in the book, followed by
bioresorption test methods in the third part. The fourth section discusses factors influencing bioresorption;
finally clinical applications are reviewed.
The key requirements for chilled food products are good quality and microbiological safety at the point of
consumption. The first edition of Chilled foods quickly established itself as the standard work on these
issues for all those involved this important sector. This third edition strengthens that reputation. This latest
edition has been extensively revised, with entirely new chapters on raw materials, the operation of chilled
food manufacturing plants, non-microbial hazards such as allergens, predictive microbiology, shelf-life,
management of product safety and quality and packaging. Greater input has been sought from those in
the chilled food industry to increase the publication‘s relevance to practitioners.




Major operational elements of the world air transport system are examined in this important book, which
provides an invaluable single information source to managers in all air transport sectors. Initial chapters
consider route structure options in terms of operational impacts and describe the context and boundaries
of the industry – the natural, regulatory and operational environments. These introduce ‗systems‘
perspectives that integrate the content of further chapters, examining aircraft, airlines, airports and
airspace issues. Finally, the challenge of ensuring symbiosis of all elements of the changing scene and
the scope for developing strategies that will suit a balance of all stakeholder requirements are considered
in depth.
This comprehensive collection, the proceedings of an international symposium held in Seoul, Korea,
summarises some of the most important research in the field of carbohydrate-active enzymes. Edited by a
leading expert in the field, papers range from enzyme classification and structural elucidation to
applications of enzymes in food processing and other industries.




This book is an important updated addition to Horrocks and Price‘s Fire retardant materials . It provides
the reader with a comprehensive account of the advances that have occurred in fire science in relation to
materials. The manufacture of fire retardant materials is an active area of research, the understanding of
which can improve safety, as well as the marketability of a product. Part 1 includes a short overview of the
fundamentals of fire hazards and risks. Part 2 reviews recent advances of fire retardancy in specific
materials. Part 3 is dedicated to specific applications within the field. The book provides essential
information for all those concerned with fire retardancy.
The textile industry is becoming an increasingly competitive environment. Differentiating products is
therefore important and this can be facilitated through improving quality. Testing can be used to improve
product quality and achieve compliance to international, regional or retailer specific standards. This book
provides a welcome and much needed review of the current range of tests available for fabrics. The
reader is presented with a systematical review of topics, ranging from how to test fabric structure to the
testing of intelligent fabrics. A valuable resource for researchers, professionals, academics and students
within the textile field.
This pioneering book presents exciting opportunities for the creation of new textiles through the use of
three dimensional textile fibre assemblies. It provides textile industry professionals with a comprehensive
account of the different types of 3D fabrics and their associated structure, properties, manufacture and
modelling. Particular emphasis is placed on the most important 3D fabrics: multi-axial warp knits and multi-
layer woven fabrics. The book provides examples of how three dimensional fibres can be applied in textile
products, ranging from reinforcement of composites to automotive and medical applications.

This important book addresses the highly topical subject of composite ageing. An increasing proportion of
composites are being used in structural applications in industries including transport, oil and gas, chemical
processing, marine and civil engineering. These composites are replacing traditional materials, particularly
metals. Many of the composites have only been developed relatively recently. There are therefore
uncertainties about the long term performance of these composites and how they will age under various
conditions. The book examines the processes that cause premature ageing of composites, modelling and
prediction of ageing and actual case studies.




Fish farming enables greater control of product quality, but there have been concerns about the levels of
contaminants found in farmed products. Their sensory and nutritional quality can also not equal that of
wild-caught fish. This important collection reviews potential negative safety and quality issues in farmed
fish and presents methods to improve product characteristics. The first part of the book discusses
contaminants, such as persistent organic pollutants and veterinary drug residues and methods for their
reduction and control. The second part addresses important quality issues, such as genetic control of
flesh characteristics and the effects of feed on product nutritional and sensory quality.
Natural origin biopolymers are attractive for use in biomedical applications, partly due to their
biocompatibility and degradation characteristics. Natural-based polymers for biomedical applications
comprehensively reviews this important subject in six in-depth sections. Part one discusses the sources,
properties, modification and processing of natural-based polymers, whilst in the second section surface
aspects are reviewed. Parts three and four concern natural-origin materials for tissue engineering and
regenerative medicine, discussing scaffolds, hydrogels and injectable systems. The sustained release of
molecules is reviewed in the fifth part of the book, followed by the biocompatibility of natural-based
polymers in the final section.




The book is intended to help non-specialists and specialists alike understand the nature of fats and the
appropriate analytical approaches. He covers the kinds of fats and oils used in confectionery, how they
are processed and then focuses on their use in chocolate, compound coatings and confectionery fillings.




To consumers they mean health, taste and convenience, and to food companies they mean big business.
Superfruits are revolutionising the way consumers relate to fruit and fruit-based products and they‘re
growing their market fast. Successful superfruit strategy: How to build a superfruit business is the answer
for every fruit industry professional who has ever wondered how to boost fruit consumption or how to use
fruit to target the wellness foods trend. In the book, Crawford and Mellentin offer six defining
characteristics for superfruit success, covering aspects as diverse as fruit quality, science, marketing, IP
protection and the broader consumer environment. Detailed case studies of current and would-be
superfruits then complete the volume.
The book is concerned with the theoretical principles of hydrometallurgical processes and engineering
aspects. The hydrometallurgical processes of production of copper are discussed and leaching of
chalcopyrite as the main sulphide mineral of copper processed in industry is used as an example. The
book is suitable as a university textbook for students of metallurgy.
Food packaging performs an essential function, but packaging materials can have a negative impact on
the environment. This collection reviews bio-based, biodegradable and recycled materials and their
current and potential applications for food protection and preservation. The first part of the book focuses
on environmentally-compatible food packaging materials. The second part discusses drivers for using
alternative packaging materials, such as legislation and consumer preference, environmental assessment
of food packaging and food packaging eco-design. Chapters on the applications of environmentally-
compatible materials for particular functions, such as active packaging, and in particular product sectors
then follow.




The book discusses the mechanical and in-service properties, the relevant manufacturing techniques and
aspects related to externally bonded FRP composites to strengthen/rehabilitate/retrofit civil engineering
structural materials. The book concentrates upon: The mechanical properties of the FRP materials used;
The analysis and design of strengthening/rehabilitating/retrofitting beams and columns manufactured from
reinforced concrete (RC), metallic and masonry materials; Failure modes of strengthening systems; Site
preparation of the two adherend materials; Durability issues; Quality control, maintenance and repair of
structural systems; Some case studies.




This important book provides a comprehensive understanding of the principles underlying the technology
of organic coatings and how to use them effectively in aggressive environments where a high-
performance is needed. High-performance organic coatings is a extensive reference covering the types of
organic coatings that are suitable for high-performance applications, surface preparation, application
methods, failure and characterisation and case studies. An invaluable book for professional engineers in
materials engineering, metallurgy, surface engineering, civil engineering and marine engineering. It will
also benefit scientists, engineers and students interested in understanding how to select and use high
performance organic coatings accurately for each application.
Increasing numbers of joint revision and replacement operations drives the demand for improved
prostheses. This book comprehensively reviews developments in joint replacement technology, covering
the most pertinent materials science and engineering issues, specific joints, clinical trial results and
sterilisation techniques. Part 1 discusses biomechanics, tribology, the chemical environment of the body
and an overview of materials and engineering of joint replacement. The second part of the book reviews
specific materials, bearing surfaces and bone cements, in addition to the failure mechanisms and lifetime
prediction of joints. Part 3 discusses the biological environment and interaction of replacement joints.
Specific joints are analysed in detail in Part 4.




Effective management of water and energy use in food processing is essential, not least for legislative
compliance and cost reduction. This major volume reviews techniques for improvements in efficiency of
water and energy use and wastewater treatment in the food industry. Opening chapters provide an
overview of key drivers for better management. The second part of the book reviews methods to improve
efficiency, from good housekeeping procedures to advanced techniques such as heat recovery.
Improvements in particular processes, such as chilling and refrigerated storage, are also discussed.
Following chapters cover advances in wastewater treatment technology. The book concludes by focusing
on specific industry sectors such as baking and brewing.




One of the major hurdles to widespread acceptance of natural fibre composites is a lack of information
about their mechanical properties and failure mechanisms in a single source. This book addresses the
problem. It examines the properties of natural fibre composites and the methods by which they fail. It
gives an overview of the different types of natural fibre composite and case studies showing their
applications. The mechanical properties of both thermoplastic and thermoset matrix composites are
covered along with their long term performance. Readers will gain a better understanding of how natural
fibre composites can be used as substitutes for conventionally reinforced composites.




Polyester and polyamide continue to account for the vast amount of synthetic fibre usage. Current
developments are leading to continued improvements in the properties and performance of these fibres.
This important book begins with a review of the chemical and physical properties of each fibre and their
manufacture. Part 2 analyses how the functionality of polyester and polyamides can be improved. The
final sequence of chapters provides examples of how the fibres are used in applications such as sports
and automotive products. This book is an invaluable reference for anyone involved in the research or
development of polyester and polyamide fibres.
Developments in technology now enable the production of in-pack processed foods with improved
sensory quality, as well as new types of in-pack, heat-preserved products packaged in innovative
containers. This book reviews these advances in packaging formats and processing technologies and
their application to produce higher quality, safer foods. Opening chapters cover innovative can designs
and non-traditional packaging formats, such as retort pouches. The second part of the book reviews
developments in process technology required by newer packaging types and advances in control
mechanisms. Concludes with chapters on improving the quality of particular types of in-pack processed
foods, such as fish products.




Developments in the formulation and reinforcement of concrete are of great topical interest to the
construction industry worldwide, with applications in high-rise, offshore, nuclear and bridge structures, and
in pre-cast concrete. This authoritative book addresses the current lack of information on the latest
developments in the formulation and reinforcement of concrete in one source. The book discusses the
latest types of reinforced concrete and reinforcement and includes chapters on hot weather concreting,
cold weather concreting and the use of recycled materials in concrete. It presents research from leading
innovators in the field.
The action of friction in fibers and textiles plays major roles in product performance, from the generation
of the fiber through to the way a garment responds to wear. This book addresses both the beneficial and
detrimental processes of friction, with chapters on fiber structure, measurement techniques, static
electrification, shrink proofing and felting, surface modification treatments, friction in fabrics and fibers and
its role in textile processing.




High-temperature corrosion is a major problem affecting sectors such as the power generation,
aerospace and metal-working industries. This important book summarises a wide range of research on
ways of dealing with this important problem.
Wood-polymer composites are becoming more accepted in advanced engineering applications. The latest
generation of wood-polymer composites are being used in automotive, civil and marine engineering.
Advances in durability, mechanical properties and materials used in their production have allowed a
significant increase in their use in outdoor applications such as decking, fencing, utility poles and exterior
woodwork on buildings. Wood-polymer composites also benefit from being more sustainable than other,
traditional, composites and possess a consistency in quality that cannot be achieved by wood alone. This
innovative book provides a comprehensive survey on recent developments in wood-polymer composites
and presents current research from leading innovators around the world.



Mineral wool has a unique range of properties combining high thermal resistance with long-term stability.
It is made from molten glass, stone or slag that is spun into a fibre-like structure which creates a
combination of properties that no other insulation material can match. It has the ability to save energy,
minimize pollution, combat noise, reduce the risk of fire and protect life and property in the event of fire.
Mineral wool: Production and properties is suitable for engineers, researchers and for graduate and
postgraduate students who want to broaden their knowledge of experimental methods in this field.

Recent technologies are dramatically changing the production of apparel. This technology is providing the
industry with opportunities such as increased productivity, greater flexibility and improved product quality.
Consequently, producers are able to focus on responding to developing trends and meeting consumer
demand. This important book reviews technological changes that occur from the design through to the
production of apparel. The first part of the book addresses the general issues affecting the production of
apparel, the second part describes the main advances occurring in apparel design and the concluding
part of the book reviews the major advances in the production of apparel.


Textiles and garments provide the barrier between the soldier and the surrounding environment. As the
battlefield becomes increasingly complex, the need for new intelligent textile fibres, structures and clothing
systems are being developed while maintaining comfort and functionality. With an expert editor and
international team of authors, this important book, addresses these developments. Chapters discuss key
themes such as how fabrics can be tailored to protect against extremes of heat and cold, ballistic impact,
and against nuclear, biological and chemical threats.




Health and safety issues now impose upon almost every part of business life. The system of enforcement
is managed and implemented in the UK by The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) – but at times it can
be difficult to know exactly which bits of this elaborate spider‘s web should be applied in a given instance,
and which are most important. This Quick Guide puts the subject into context, providing a rational
overview and a valid starting point to applying health and safety in the workplace, and offering a concise
and readily accessible interpretation of what health and safety legislation means in practice.
Consumer health and well-being may potentially be improved by consumption of health promoting, safe
seafood products of high eating quality. This title provides a convenient review of significant findings in key
areas of seafood research, with chapters written by experts in the field. Consumer attitude to seafood
products is first discussed, followed by chapters analyzing important advances in the area of the health
benefits of seafood, for example the relationship between omega-3 fatty acids and heart disease. The
next parts of the book discuss key topics in seafood safety, advances in processing technologies and
methods to improve the quality of farmed fish.




Industrial Manufacture of Snack Foods is destined to become the essential resource for the industry,
particularly for technicians and scientists involved in manufacturing snacks and new product development.
The book introduces the main snack classifications – popcorn; peanuts and tree nuts; potato snacks
including potato chips and fabricated potato snacks; alkaline-cooked maize products (corn and tortilla
chips); extruded snacks; wheat-based snacks; and all meat/animal based snacks from jerky to pork
cracklings.




This report is written for anyone trying to develop an effective strategy in the challenging and fast-
changing area of probiotics. It provides executives in marketing, technical, innovation and NPD roles with
real-world insights that can be applied in any setting. It sets out the seven steps to creating a successful
probiotic brand and describes probiotic strategy both in dairy and emerging new segments such as fruit
juice and solid foods.


Hydroforming is a process where fluid pressure is applied to ductile metallic blanks (either tubes or sheet
metal) to form component shapes. The process is gradually replacing stamped and welded parts in many
automotive and other applications. This comprehensive book covers the fundamentals of the process,
hydroforming systems, material selection and industrial applications. Process variations such as low
pressure hydroforming and heatform / warm hydroforming are covered and the future of hydroforming
hybrid processes are analysed. It presents current research from leading innovators in the important
hydroforming field from around the world.
Combined cycle technology is used to generate power at one of the highest levels of efficiency of
conventional power plants. It does this through primary generation from a gas turbine coupled with
secondary generation from a steam turbine powered by primary exhaust heat. Generating power at high
efficiency thoroughly charts the development and implementation of this technology in power plants and
looks to the future of the technology, noting the advantages of the most important technical features –
including gas turbines, steam generator, combined heat and power and integrated gasification combined
cycle (IGCC) – with their latest applications.
Consumers are advised to increase fruit and vegetable consumption, but the health effects of increased
intake are not fully understood. Improving the health-promoting properties of fruit and vegetable products
brings together information on the health-promoting properties of fruit and vegetables from a variety of
perspectives, from the effects of agronomy on phytochemical content to protective effects against non-
communicable diseases. Introductory chapters provide an overview of fruit and vegetable bioactives and
discuss the effects of fruit and vegetables consumption on health. Following chapters review the impact of
agronomy, post-harvest treatments and processing on the nutritional quality of fresh fruit and vegetables
and their products.




Welding processes are being increasingly automated and are operating at higher speeds. Monitoring the
quality of welds produced by such processes is becoming ever more important as humans are becoming
more-and-more remote from the actual welding operation. Many new systems are being developed which
can monitor automated (and non-automated) welding processes in real-time. The systems can also detect
hidden defects that even a trained quality assurance professional would find difficult to spot. The
monitoring systems are non-destructive and improve the quality of the weld and components produced, as
well as reducing the scrap rate. The systems are fast, reliable and cost-effective.

High temperature corrosion is a phenomenon that occurs in components that operate at very high
temperatures, such as gas turbines, jet engines, industrial plants etc. No fluids are involved in the
process. Engineers are constantly striving to understand and prevent this type of corrosion. The book
examines the latest developments in the understanding of high temperature corrosion processes and
protective oxide scales and coatings. Case studies of high temperature corrosion in the petrochemical
industry, electronic materials and modern incinerators are given. Developments in high temperature
corrosion and protection of materials presents current research from leading innovators from around the
world.




These proceedings cover the fields of different materials and fatigue of welded joints, thin-walled
structures, tubular structures, frames, plates and shells and also incorporate special optimization
problems, fire and earthquake resistant design, special applications and applied mechanics, and thus
provide an important reference for civil and mechanical engineers, architects, designers and fabricators.

This review is of interest to everyone who works with or studies polyamides. It is accompanied by around
400 abstracts compiled from the Polymer Library, to facilitate further reading on this subject. A subject
index and a company index are included.
An industrial book that analyses various theoretical problems, optimizes numerical applications and
addresses industrial problems such as belt-conveyor bridge, pipeline, wind turbine power, large-span
suspended roof and offshore jacket member. Multi-storey frames and pressure vessel-supporting frames
are discussed in detail. The book‘s emphasis is on economy and cost calculation, making it possible to
compare costs and make significant savings in the design stages, by, for example, comparing the costs of
stiffened and un-stiffened structural versions of plates and shells. In this respect, this book will be an
invaluable aid for designers, students, researchers and manufacturers to find better, optimal, competitive
structural solutions.
Fortified foods and food supplements remain popular with today‘s health-conscious consumers and the
range of bioactives added to food is increasing. This collection provides a comprehensive summary of the
technology of food fortification and supplementation and associated safety and regulatory aspects. The
first part covers methods of fortifying foods, not only with vitamins and minerals, but also with other
nutraceuticals such as amino acids, polyphenols and fatty acids. Chapters on safe levels for the addition
of vitamins and minerals to foods and analysis of polyphenols and antioxidants and other nutraceuticals in
fortified foods and supplements are also included. Discussion of regulation concludes the volume.




Many important advances in technology have been associated with nanotechnology and the
miniaturization of components, devices and systems of electronic, precision and medical products. Among
the key technical prerequisites, effective microjoining plays an essential role. Microjoining, having been
closely associated with the evolution of microelectronic packaging, covers a much broader area, and is
essential for manufacturing many electronic, precision and medical products. The first part of the book
reviews the basics of microjoining and part two covers microjoining processes. A third group of chapters
discusses microjoining of materials and a final group of chapters analyses the applications of microjoining.




Pipeline engineering requires an understanding of a wide range of topics. Operators must take into
account numerous pipeline codes and standards, calculation approaches, and reference materials in
order to make accurate and informed decisions. A Quick Guide to Pipeline Engineering provides concise,
easy-to-use, and accessible information on onshore and offshore pipeline engineering. Topics covered
include: design; construction; testing; operation and maintenance; and decommissioning. Basic principles
are discussed and clear guidance on regulations is provided, in a way that will prove useful to both
engineers and students.
Dental biomaterials: Imaging, testing and modelling focuses on the techniques required to undertake
research in dental biomaterials. The text forms an instructive and practical review of the scientific methods
applied to dental biomaterials, with appropriate case studies. The book includes chapters discussing the
practicalities of working on dental biomaterials, such as reviewing the mechanisms of cutting tooth tissue
and methods for characterizing dental hand piece performance. Chapters review optical and electron
imaging techniques for biomaterial interfaces. Specific materials, applications and experimental
techniques are discussed in addition to chapters reviewing the development and application of computer
models to this complex area.
Bioceramics are potentially suitable for a wide range of important applications within the medical device
industry. Bioceramics and their clinical applications provides an authoritative review of this highly active
area of research, written by leading academics from around the world. Chapters in the first section of the
book discuss issues of significance to a range of bioceramics, such as their structure, mechanical
properties and biological interactions. The second part reviews the fabrication, microstructure and
properties of specific bioceramics and glasses, concentrating on the most promising materials. The final
group of chapters reviews the clinical applications of bioceramics.




Corrosion under insulation (CUI) refers to the external corrosion of piping and vessels fabricated from
carbon manganese, low alloy and austenitic stainless steel that occurs underneath externally
clad/jacketed insulation due to the penetration of water. By its very nature CUI tends to remain undetected
until the insulation and cladding/ jacketing is removed to allow inspection or when leaks to atmosphere
occur. CUI is a common problem shared by the refining, petrochemical, power, industrial, onshore and
offshore industries. The European Federation of Corrosion (EFC) Working Parties WP13 and WP15 have
worked to provide guidelines on managing CUI together with a number of major European refining,
petrochemical and offshore companies including BP, Chevron-Texaco, Conoco-Phillips, ENI, Exxon-
Mobil, IFP, MOL, Scanraff, Statoil, Shell, Total and Borealis. The guidelines within this document are
intended for use on all plants and installations that contain insulated vessels, piping and equipment. The
guidelines cover a risk-based inspection methodology for CUI, inspection techniques (including non-
destructive evaluation methods) and recommended best practice for mitigating CUI, including design of
This comprehensive book covers recent developments in advanced dielectric, piezoelectric and
ferroelectric materials. It presents recent research from leading innovators in the field. Sections cover
topics under the general headings: High strain high performance piezo- and ferroelectric single crystals;
Electric field-induced effects and domain engineering; Morphotropic phase boundary related materials and
phenomena; High power piezoelectric and microwave dielectric materials; Nanoscale piezo- &
ferroelectrics; Piezo- and ferroelectric films; Novel processing, new materials and properties.
Creep resistant steels must be reliable over very long periods of time, at high temperatures and in severe
environments. Their microstructures have to be very stable, both in the wrought and the welded states.
Creep, especially long-term creep behaviour of these materials is a vital property and it is necessary to
evaluate and estimate long-term creep strength accurately for safe operation of plant and equipment. The
first part of the book describes the specifications and manufacture of creep resistant steels. Part two
covers the behaviour of creep resistant steels and a final group of chapters analyses applications.




This book provides design engineers, toolmakers, moulding technicians and production engineers with an
in depth guide to the design and manufacture of mould tools that work successfully in production. It
highlights the necessity to design a mould tool that allows overall production to make an acceptable profit,
and whilst it is recognised that not all design engineers will be able to influence the profitability factor it is
an important aspect to consider.




Essentials of scientific computing is as self-contained as possible and considers a variety of methods for
each type of problem discussed. It covers the basic ideas of numerical techniques, including iterative
process, extrapolation and matrix factorization, and practical implementation of the methods shown is
explained through numerous examples. An introduction to MATLAB is included, together with a brief
overview of modern software widely used in scientific computations.




Consumer acceptance of food is highly dependent on flavour. This important collection reviews the
chemical basis of fruit and vegetable flavour and current methods for improving the flavour of fruit and
vegetable products. Future prospects are also discussed. Opening chapters outline the formation of fruit
and vegetable flavour and its deterioration postharvest. Chapters on flavour management during
horticultural and postharvest operations then follow. The volume concludes with discussion of emerging
prospects for flavour manipulation, especially knowledge of the genetic background of quality attributes
and its application for flavour improvement.
This unique text blends together state estimation and chemometrics for the application of advanced data-
processing techniques. It further applies system theory in order to develop a modular framework to be
implemented on computer for the development of simple intelligent analyzers. Short reviews on the history
of state estimation and chemometrics are given, together with examples of the applications described,
including classical estimation, state estimation, non-linear estimation, the multi-component, calibration and
titration systems and the Kalman filter. The contents are very systematic and build the ideas up logically to
appeal to specialist post-graduates working in this area, together with professionals in other areas of
chemistry and engineering.
A comprehensive reference on the science and technology of belt conveyors, aimed at professionals and
higher level students in the mining and quarrying industries. The book covers design, manufacture,
installation, operation, safety, and in-service monitoring and control. Aspects considered include factors
involved in the design and selection of drives and belts; testing; joining of conveyor belts; standardisation
of belts; and belt test methods. Case studies are included to illustrate practical aspects of installation and
operation.

This book provides a comprehensive analysis of the techniques of corrosion monitoring. It includes
practical applications and case studies. Corrosion monitoring technologies are a vital step in efforts to
combat corrosion, which can have major economic and safety implications. The first part of the book
reviews electrochemical techniques for corrosion monitoring. A second group of chapters analyses other
physical or chemical methods of corrosion monitoring. Part three examines corrosion monitoring in special
environments and conditions. Section four covers the selection of monitoring techniques and probes and
a final group of chapters discusses applications and case studies.




The Scientific Group Thermodata Europe (SGTE) is a consortium involved in the development and
application of thermodynamic databanks for materials such as metals. Building on SGTE research, the
second edition of this standard reference illustrates how thermodynamic calculations can be used to
optimise the production and quality of steel and other alloys.
Active ingredients in foods must remain fully functional for as long as necessary and be transported and
discharged appropriately to have the desired nutritional effect. Controlled release and delivery systems
are a method to achieve these aims. Edited by a leading expert in the field, this collection discusses
materials and techniques for the controlled release and delivery of nutraceuticals. Opening chapters
review factors affecting nutrient bioavailability and methods to test delivery system efficacy. Part 2
addresses materials used and specific techniques, such as nanoemulsions. The final chapters focus on
the delivery of particular nutraceuticals, such as vitamins and probiotics.




This one-semester course text introduces basic principles of thermodynamics and considers a variety of
applications in science and engineering. The modern coverage is compact yet self contained and holistic,
with adequate material in a concise and economically-priced book for advanced undergraduates and
postgraduates reading for first and higher degrees, and for professionals in research and industry. The
mathematical prerequisite is an understanding of partial differentiation.


This student friendly workbook addresses mathematical topics using SONG - a combination of Symbolic,
Oral, Numerical and Graphical approaches. The text helps to develop key skills, communication both
written and oral, the use of information technology, problem solving and mathematical modelling. The
overall structure aims to help students take responsibility for their own learning, by emphasizing the use of
self-assessment, thereby enabling them to become critical, reflective and continuing learners – an
essential skill in this fast-changing world. The material in this book has been successfully used by the
authors over many years of teaching the subject at Sheffield Hallam University. Their SONG approach is
somewhat broader than the traditionally symbolic based approach and readers will find it more in the
same vein as the Calculus Reform movement in the USA.
This advanced undergraduate and graduate text has now been revised and updated to cover the basic
principles and applications of various types of stochastic systems, with much on theory and applications
not previously available in book form. The text is also useful as a reference source for pure and applied
mathematicians, statisticians and probabilists, engineers in control and communications, and information
scientists, physicists and economists.

Product development is vital to the food industry but a successful outcome is often elusive. Many
publications cover product development principles and techniques, but much can still be learnt from those
engaging in product development for real in industry. From the study of actual product development
projects, new ideas on the philosophies, systems, organizations and techniques of food product
development can be generated. Edited by leading authorities on the subject, and with an international
team of contributors, Case studies in food product development describes others' involvement in
developing new products and improving existing ones, and discusses what those participating in the same
can gain from their experiences.




This book presents the available information on the eternal triangle of plastics and rubber and health, to
enable a better understanding of the facts.




Cereal grains and their fractions contain many health-protecting compounds, such as phytochemicals,
vitamins and indigestible carbohydrates, but the texture and taste of functional cereal products can be
less than ideal. Technology of functional cereal products reviews technologies for producing a wide range
of cereal products with different health-promoting properties and more acceptable sensory quality.
Introductory chapters summarise the health effects of whole grains and cereal components such as
resistant starch. The second part of the book focuses on technologies to improve the quality of a wide
range of cereal products, such as fortified breads, pasta and products made from non-wheat grains such
as oats and rye.
This report provides a succinct presentation of the initial and recent developments in the field of
nucleating agents, on which future research in this area can be developed. The review is accompanied by
around 400 abstracts compiled from the Polymer Library, to facilitate further reading on this subject. A
subject index and a company index are included.




This important book provides operators of industrial gas turbines with a review of the principles of gas
turbine operation and how they can be used to predict and improve turbine performance. The book is
accompanied by a CD which allows readers to simulate such aspects of performance as emissions,
changes in pressure and power augmentation.




Tissue engineering is rapidly developing as a technique for the repair and regeneration of diseased tissue
in the body. This authoritative and wide-ranging book reviews how ceramic and polymeric biomaterials are
being used in tissue engineering. The first part of the book reviews the nature of ceramics and polymers
as biomaterials together with techniques for using them such as building tissue scaffolds, transplantation
techniques, surface modification and ways of combining tissue engineering with drug delivery and
biosensor systems. The second part of the book discusses the regeneration of particular types of tissue
from bone, cardiac and intervertebral disc tissue to skin, liver, kidney and lung tissue.




Pulsed electric field (PEF) food processing is a novel, non-thermal preservation method that has the
potential to produce foods with excellent sensory and nutritional quality and shelf-life. This important book
reviews the technology, from research into product safety and technology development to issues
associated with its commercial implementation.
Nanotechnology is revolutionising the world of materials. This important book reviews its wide-ranging
potential in textiles. The first part of the book examines methods of nanofiber production such as
electrospinning and their impact in such areas as yarn production. The second part of the book discusses
the nanofabrication of carbon nanotubes and nanocomposites for particular high performance
applications. The final part of the book analyses nanocoatings and surface modification techniques using
nanotechnology.




This book helps to answer questions related to the design of nanocomposites by controlling the
processing technology and structure. The book is addressed not only to researchers and engineers who
actively work in the broad field of nanocomposite technology, but also to newcomers and students who
have just started investigations in this multidisciplinary field of material science.
This report has attempted to cover all of the coatings and inks products used in food contact scenarios.
Hence, direct and non-direct contact situations are included throughout the food chain, e.g., harvesting,
processing, transportation, packaging and cooking.




The cold spray process produces extremely dense, oxide-free coatings that make it ideal in such diverse
applications as the control of corrosion and wear, metal repair and electronics. This important book
reviews both the principles of the process and its practical uses. The first part of the book reviews its
advantages and disdavantages compared to thermal spray coating. The second part discusses the role of
such parameters as powders, nozzle design, particle temperature and velocity and particle-substrate
interaction. The final part of the book analyses applications in such areas as improved wear and corrosion
protection as well as repair of components and shielding from electromagnetic interference.
The food industry is constantly seeking advanced technologies to produce value-added, nutritionally-
balanced products for consumers in a sustainable fashion. Since enzymes are so specific in their action,
they are a useful biotechnological processing tool and by controlling the action of enzymes, innovative
food ingredients and higher quality food products can be produced. Part one of Novel enzyme technology
for food applications covers the principles of industrial enzyme technology, including methods to develop
and tailor enzymes for food bioprocessing. Part two introduces the reader to novel applications of
enzymes for the production of improved ingredients and food products.




Improvements in material strength, weight and flexibility have had a profound effect on the equipment
used in many areas of sporting activity. Building on the success of the first volume, this important book
reviews design and materials in a range of sports. Part 1 covers general issues such as materials
modelling, non-destructive testing, materials and design issues for sports apparel, skull and mouth
protection. Part 2 reviews design and material choices in a range of key sports from athletics, baseball,
rowing and archery to ice hockey, snowboarding and fishing.

Awareness of the interrelationship between the nanoscopic, microscopic and macroscopic features of
foods and their bulk physiochemical properties, sensory attributes and healthfulness is increasing. It is
now widely recognized that creation of novel foods or improvement of existing products largely depends
on a better understanding of this complex interrelationship. This important collection presents an
understanding of significant aspects of food structure and methods for its control. The main structural
elements in foods, their interactions and newer analytical techniques for structure assessment are
reviewed. Following chapters then discuss the use of structural design principals in product development
and structural issues in particular foods, such as ice cream and chocolate.




The Stirling air engine is the core component of combined heat and power systems, and is becoming an
important sustainable technology in other areas. Increasing demands are being placed on the technology
to further increase its thermal efficiency and specific power. This important book discusses how redesign
of the regenerator can maximise the potential of this important technology.
There has long been a need for effective pre-treatment techniques to prevent corrosion of metallic
surfaces. This important volume discusses coating and preparation methods for alluminium alloys such as
silane films, sol-gel coatings and magnesium-rich primers. It also reviews pre-treatments for steel, copper,
zinc and magnesium alloys. Other chapters consider electrochemical and other techniques to monitor the
effectiveness of pre-treatments in preventing corrosion together with methods for monitoring dissolution-
precipitation mechanisms of a range of pre-treatments.




Biomedical polymers reviews the structure, processing and properties of biomedical polymers. It
discusses the various groups of biopolymers including natural polymers, synthetic biodegradable and non-
biodegradable polymers. Chapters also review the application of biomedical polymers in such areas as
scaffolds for tissue engineering, drug delivery systems and cell encapsulation. The book also considers
the use of polymers in replacement heart valves and arteries, in joint replacement and in biosensor
applications.
HCCI / CAI has emerged as one of the most promising engine technologies with the potential to combine
fuel efficiency and improved emissions performance. Despite the considerable advantages, its operational
range is rather limited and controlling the combustion (timing of ignition and rate of energy release) is still
an area of on-going research. However, commercial applications are close to reality. This book reviews
the key international research on optimising its use, including gasoline HCCI / CAI engines; diesel HCCI
engines; HCCI / CAI engines with alternative fuels; and advanced modelling and experimental techniques.




This book continues the ICTMA tradition of influencing teaching and learning in the application of
mathematical modelling. Each chapter shows how real life problems can be discussed during university
lectures, in school classrooms and industrial research. International experts contribute their knowledge
and experience by providing analysis, insight and comment whilst tackling large and complex problems by
applying mathematical modelling. This book covers the proceedings from the Twelfth International
Conference on the Teaching of Mathematical Modelling and Applications.
Over the last three decades, the use of PMC, has increased tremendously and this dramatic growth is
expected to continue in the future. The composites possess many useful properties such as high specific
stiffness and strength, dimensional stability, adequate electrical properties and excellent corrosion
resistance. The implications are easy transportability, high payload for vehicle, low stress for rotating
parts, high ranges for rockets and missiles, which make them attractive for both the civil and defense
applications. The composite industry is currently dominated by thermosetting resins namely epoxy, vinyl
ester, unsaturated polyester, phenolic, polyimides, cyanate ester etc. This is because of their availability,
relative ease of processing, lower cost of capital equipment for processing and low material cost.




With increased consumer pressure to reduce the use of pesticides, fertilizers, veterinary medicines and
growth promoters in food production systems, demand for organic food continues to rise. When safety
and quality scandals hit the industry, consumer confidence will only remain high if the safety, quality and
health of organic food benefits are assured. This handbook provides comprehensive coverage of
important research and best practice in ensuring the safety, sensory and nutritional quality of foods from
organic and low input production systems to enable professionals to meet consumer demand for safe and
high quality foods.




This comprehensive book on durability of FRP composites will make it easier for the practicing civil
engineer and designer to use these materials on a routine basis. It addresses the lack, or inaccessibility,
of data related to the durability of these materials, which is proving to be one of the major challenges to
the widespread acceptance and implementation of FRP composites in civil infrastructure. The book
should help further the acceptance of composites for civil structural applications, by providing this source
for practicing engineers, decision makers, and students involved in architectural engineering, construction
and materials, disaster reduction, environmental engineering, maritime structural technology,
transportation engineering and urban planning.




This book begins by discussing the physics of welding before going on to review modelling methods and
options as well as validation techniques. It also reviews applications in areas such as fatigue, buckling and
deformation, improved service life of components and process optimisation. Some of the numerical
methods described in the book are illustrated using software available from the author which allows
readers to explore CWM in more depth.
This important book summarises key research into corrosion processes in refinery equipment, how it can
be measured and controlled. The book reviews factors affecting corrosion such as carburisation and
metal dusting as well as corrosion in steel and other materials used in refinery technology. It considers
corrosion in a range of refinery equipment such as storage tanks, HF alkylation units, sour water strippers
and insulated units. Other chapters discuss ways of testing for corrosion and cracking in refineries
together with integrity and life cycle assessment techniques. There is also coverage of ways of trouble-
shooting corrosion problems and preventative measures such as coating systems.




The thermal cyclic oxidation test has become one of the most widely accepted ways of measuring high
temperature corrosion. There has long been a need for an agreed code of practice with standardised
methods and procedures to ensure both the comparability and reliability of the results obtained. Based on
an EU project, Cyclic oxidation testing - development of a code of practice for the characterisation of high
temperature materials performance (COTEST), this volume provides the essential background to an
appropriate code of practice.




An informative and useful account of complex numbers that includes historical anecdotes, ideas for
further research, outlines of theory and a detailed analysis of the ever-elusory Riemann hypothesis. This
book bridges any gaps that might exist between the two worlds of lattice sums and number theory. It is
designed to provide the reader with an introduction to the theory of complex numbers, ranging from
elementary concepts to more advanced circumstances such as contour integration. The book provides
details of important scientific investigations and mathematical research. Complex Numbers offers a fresh
and critical approach to the research based implication of an intriguing mathematical concept.

Arranged in practical question and answer format, Cheese problems solved provides responses to 200 or
so of the most commonly asked questions about cheese and the cheese making process, from problems
arising during the preparation of cheesemilk and cheese ripening to queries regarding cheese analysis
and the nutritional profile of cheese. Questions in the latter half of the book concentrate on different types
of cheeses, such as Cheddar, blue cheeses and Mozzarella. With contributions from specialists in the
field and edited by a leading expert, this book is both an essential basic reference source and problem
solving manual for professionals and trainees in the cheese industry.


Concrete and other cement-based composites are by far the most widely used man-made construction
materials in the world. However major problems of infrastructure deterioration have been caused by
unanticipated premature degradation of these materials. This book provides a review of several of the
main forms of degradation, examining what is known about their causes and control. Trends in modelling
and prediction of service-lives are also examined.
Stress corrosion cracking is a major problem in light water nuclear reactors, whether pressurised water
reactors (PWRs) or boiling water reactors (BWRs). The nuclear industry needs to be able to predict the
service life of these power plants and develop appropriate maintenance and repair practices to ensure
safe long term operation. This important book summarises up key research on corrosion in light water
reactors and its practical applications.




In this book Jeremy Dunning-Davies deals with the influence that ―conventional wisdom‖ has on science,
scientific research and development. He sets out to ‗explode‘ the mythical conception that all scientific
topics are open for free discussion and argues that no-one can openly raise questions about relativity,
dispute the 'Big Bang' theory, or the existence of black holes, which all seem to be accepted facts of
science rather than the still unproven theories they actually are. Factors other than purely scientific ones
still appear to be exerting tremendous influences on progress in a wide variety of fields. Is it too idealistic
or naïve, to expect that science should remain pure and stay unaffected by such factors? Dr Dunning-
Davies presents a beautifully written argument that if science is to progress, and be of any real use, these
external factors must be held at bay.
Ingredients that improve the aroma and taste of foods have always played an important role in food
formulation. With increasing consumer demand for diet products, ready meals, functional foods and new
flavour experiences, the functionality of these ingredients is particularly important. Modifying flavour in
food provides food professionals with a comprehensive overview of developments in this area. Chapters
review advances in technology for the creation and manufacture of flavourings and techniques for flavour
modification, from developments in the production and use of established food ingredients such as
sweeteners and masking agents, to the application of new ingredients such as bitter blockers.


Metal dusting is a form of corrosion involving the disintegration of metals and alloys into a dust of graphite
and metal particles when exposed to a carburizing atmosphere. This important book reviews the factors
affecting metal dusting and how it can be prevented in sectors such as the chemical and petrochemical
industries and in the direct reduction of iron ores. It also considers the related corrosion phenomena of
carburization and nitridation.
This course text fills a gap for first-year graduate-level students reading applied functional analysis or
advanced engineering analysis and modern control theory. Containing 100 problem-exercises, answers,
and tutorial hints, the first edition is often cited as a standard reference. Making a unique contribution to
numerical analysis for operator equations, it introduces interval analysis into the mainstream of
computational functional analysis, and discusses the elegant techniques for reproducing Kernel Hilbert
spaces. There is discussion of a successful ‗‗hybrid‘‘ method for difficult real-life problems, with a balance
between coverage of linear and non-linear operator equations. The authors successful teaching
philosophy: ‗‗We learn by doing‘‘ is reflected throughout the book.

Based on the reviewed data, new directions of lipid nutrition are recommended for the primary and
secondary prevention of coronary heart disease, cancer and all-cause deaths, which will likely
revolutionize current dietary practice.




Adequate nutrition is especially important during infancy and childhood, where even short periods of
malnutrition have long-lasting effects on growth, development and health in adult life. There are several
high-risk scenarios for the development of malnutrition, which are the focus of the current publication:
Atopic diseases, gastrointestinal disorders, and preterm delivery.




This report covers the synthesis of polyimides from chloral and trinitrotoluene and reviews the production
of new types of polyimides combining good thermal, mechanical and electrical properties with improved
processability.
This authoritative reference work provides a detailed study of recent developments in artificial cells, cell
engineering and cell therapy. It covers design, engineering and uses of artificial cells. The clinical
relevance of artificial cells and cell engineering is assessed. This is a highly dynamic sector with growing
interest in the use of engineered cells in controlled release of active drugs and other therapeutic agents.




The survival and success of many future industries relies heavily on engineered materials and products
with improved performance available at relatively low cost. This demands not only the rapid development
of new/improved processing techniques but also a better understanding and control of the materials
themselves, their structure and properties. The aim of multiscale modelling is to predict the behaviour of
materials from their fundamental atomic structure. This emerging technique is revolutionising our
understanding of material properties and how they can be altered. This important book reviews both the
principles of multiscale materials modelling and the ways it can be applied to understand and improve the
performance of structural materials.
Dairy products already constitute one of the most important types of functional food and with further
knowledge about the health benefits of dairy becoming available, consumer demand for dairy ingredients
will increase. Together with its companion volume, Functional dairy products: Volume 2 is an invaluable
reference for professionals and researchers in the development and production of functional dairy
products. The first part of this book reviews how dairy products help to prevent diseases. Parts 2 and 3
then consider functional ingredients and aspects of product development, such as demonstration of health
benefits and product regulation and safety.




No matter how innovative or technologically advanced a new or reformulated food product may be, it will
only be a success if it gains widespread consumer acceptance. Ensuring that food product development
strategies are consumer-led is of importance to the food industry. Edited by an expert in the field, this
book reviews current methods in this area.
Copper and aluminium alloys are widely used in marine engineering in areas such as pipelines, storage
tanks, ships‘ hulls and cladding for offshore structures. This valuable book reviews key factors affecting
the corrosion and service life of these materials in the marine environment.




Textile dyeing produces significant levels of waste which is harmful to the environment and dangerous to
health if not properly treated. This volume reviews some of the key legislation driving improvements in
dyeing processes and the hazards dyes can pose to health. It also discusses the key technologies which
can make dyeing more efficient and environmentally friendly, as well as methods for dealing with dye
effluents. With its international team of contributors, Environmental aspects of textile dyeing provides an
important reference for textile manufacturers in making the industry more sustainable.

Shape memory polymers are a huge innovation which could transform the future of the textile and
garment industry. Imagine never having to iron again as the polymers on or in your clothes remember
their original shape, creases disappear and clothes return to their original sleek state after heat treatment
like washing or treating with steam. As well as being developed into shape memory fabrics for clothing,
medical and other applications, tailor-made shape memory polymers can be used for fibre production and
textile finishing. This important book reviews the structure, synthesis and preparation of shape memory
polymers, methods for analysing and modelling shape memory properties, and applications for particular
fibres such as shape memory polyurethane (SMPU).

Cheeses are complex microbial ecosystems and aspects of their flavour development remain poorly
understood. The biochemistry of flavour development and the contribution of certain cheese-making
parameters to flavour development, for example, have not yet been fully elucidated. As flavour is a key
element in product acceptance among consumers, controlling and improving the flavour of cheese is an
important issue for professionals in the cheese industry. With contributions from a distinguished team of
editors, this collection reviews the wealth of research in the area.
In the Western world, obesity has risen at an epidemic rate in recent years. The scale of the problem is
immense, with obesity predicted to become a leading preventable cause of death in many countries in the
near future. Therefore weight control is a concern of a high percentage of consumers. This important
collection, edited by a leader in the field, provides food industry professionals with essential information
about particular ingredients that are effective in weight control, their production, use in functional foods
and ability to play a role in weight regulation.




Good data mining practice for business intelligence (the art of turning raw software into meaningful
information) is demonstrated by the many new techniques and developments in the conversion of fresh
scientific discovery into widely accessible software solutions. Written as an introduction to the main issues
associated with the basics of machine learning and the algorithms used in data mining, this text is suitable
for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and tutors in a wide area of computer science and
technology, as well as researchers looking to adapt various algorithms for particular data mining tasks. A
valuable addition to libraries and bookshelves of the many companies who are using the principles of data
mining to effectively deliver solid business and industry solutions.




There has long been a need for effective methods of measuring corrosion within light water nuclear
reactors. This important volume discusses key issues surrounding the development of high temperature
reference electrodes and other electrochemical techniques.




The corrosion of carbon steels in amine units used for gas treatment in refining operations is a major
problem for the petrochemical industry. Maximising amine unit reliability, together with improving
throughput, circulation and treatment capacity, requires more effective ways of measuring and predicting
corrosion rates. However, there has been a lack of data on corrosion. This valuable report helps to
remedy this lack of information by summarising findings from over 30 plants. It covers such amine types
as methyl diethanolamine (MDEA), diethanolamine (DEA), monoethanolamine (MEA) and di-
isopropanolamine (DIPA), and makes recommendations on materials and process parameters to
maximise amine unit efficiency and reliability.
Most clothing sold in the world today is ready-to-wear, and production depends on the development and
use of sizing systems. The foundation and concepts behind ready-to-wear systems were developed in the
19th century and were driven by the technological advancements of the time in sewing equipment, cutting
and distribution technologies, and mass production methods. New technologies are now driving changes
in production and distribution of clothing. Technological developments are also making possible the
collection of significant amounts of current population data for the first time. These changes in technology
will affect sizing in many ways. This is a critical time in the history of clothing technology to investigate
issues related to sizing. This important book reviews the key issues in developing the best sizing systems
for the twenty-first century.

In recent years, there have been considerable developments in techniques for the investigation and
utilisation of enzymes. With the assistance of a co-author, this popular student textbook has now been
updated to include techniques such as membrane chromatography, aqueous phase partitioning,
engineering recombinant proteins for purification and due to the rapid advances in
bioinformatics/proteomics a discussion of the analysis of complex protein mixtures by 2D-electrophoresis
and RPHPLC prior to sequencing by mass spectroscopy. Written with the student firmly in mind, no
previous knowledge of biochemistry, and little of chemistry, is assumed. It is intended to provide an
introduction to enzymology, and a balanced account of all the various theoretical and applied aspects of
the subject which are likely to be included in a course.



Millions of tonnes of waste are produced every year by the agri-food industry. Disposal by landfill or
incineration is already expensive and the industry faces increasing costs for the removal of refuse and
remnants. The costs of energy and water are also significant for food businesses and savings can be
made in these areas if the quantity of energy and water used is limited. Methods to recycle and reduce the
need for disposal are therefore increasingly of interest. This comprehensive collection reviews research in
the field, covering optimisation of manufacturing procedures to decrease waste, reduction of energy and
water expenditure, methods to valorise refuse by co-product recovery and techniques to deal with
wastewater and solid waste.




In its first edition, this book quickly established itself as the essential reference tool in its field for both
industry professionals and those involved in related fields of research. Because yoghurt manufacture is
still, essentially, a natural biological process, it remains difficult to control the quality of the final product.
Such control depends on a thorough understanding of the nature of yoghurt and the biochemical changes
involved in production. This completely revised and updated third edition incorporates recent
developments in scientific research underpinning the production of yoghurt of consistently high-quality. In
addition, further scientific details on health-promoting yoghurts have been included, covering, for example,
the results of clinical studies and nutritional values of these products.
With its distinguished editors and contributors,Corrosion of metallic heritage artefacts improves our
understanding of long term corrosion and its effects. It provides a valuable reference for those involved in
archaeology and conservation, as well as those dealing with the long term storage of nuclear and other
waste.




While predictive microbiology has made a major contribution to food safety, there remain many
uncertainties, e.g. growing evidence that traditional microbial inactivation models do not always fit the
experimental data and an awareness that bacteria of one population do not behave homogeneously, that
they may interact and behave differently in different food systems. These problems are all the more
important because of the growing interest in minimal processing techniques that operate closer to death,
survival and growth boundaries and thus require a greater precision from models. Edited by leading
authorities, this collection reviews current developments in quantitative microbiology. Part 1 discusses
best practice in constructing quantitative models and Part 2 looks at specific areas in new approaches to
modelling microbial behaviour.



This book is designed as a practical text for use in the laboratories of the plastic producer and user
industries and by others such as universities and institutions who are concerned with problems associated
with additives and adventitious impurities in polymers.




The effective investigation of corrosion requires the use of methods that can probe material surfaces at
the atomic or molecular level and can be used in situ. This collection reviews the range of techniques
available and how they can be used to analyse different types of corrosion.
This important book covers the nature and history of gold, geology of gold ore deposits, gold deposition in
the weathering environment, sedimentation and detrital gold, gold exploration, lateritic and placer gold
sampling, mine planning and practise, metallurgical processes and design, and evaluation, risk and
feasibility. The breadth of subject matter makes this a standard reference on alluvial gold deposits,
exploration and mining.




Plasma technology provides a versatile and environmentally-friendly way of treating textile surfaces, for
example in improving water repellency. This important book summarises both the science and technology
of plasma processing, and its practical applications. These applications include modification of particular
fibres such as wool and cellulose fibres, improvement of properties such as oil and water repellency, and
the development of products such as biomedical textiles.




Medical and smart textiles are two of the most exciting areas of research in textiles. This book combines
the two by looking at how smart or intelligent textiles are being used in healthcare. It begins by assessing
trends in smart medical textiles and their diverse uses in such areas as woundcare and drug release
systems. A group of chapters then reviews their role in monitoring the health of particular groups such as
the elderly or particular parts of the body such as the heart. The book concludes by discussing such areas
as smart dyes and the use of phase-change and shape-memory materials in medical textiles.



This second of two volumes on plated structures reviews dynamics, particularly vibration. Chapters review
the behaviour of components such as beams and plates together with materials such as steel, ceramic-
metal and other composites. Together with its companion volume, this important book summarises the
wealth of research on understanding the behaviour of thin-walled (plated) components. It is an invaluable
reference for all those concerned with the design, construction and service life of plated structures.
Eating too much salt is a significant risk factor in developing high blood pressure, a condition often
described as a ‗silent killer‘ as those living with it are much more likely to develop heart disease or suffer a
stroke. A high proportion of consumers eat more than the recommended daily level of salt each day and
consumers are increasingly looking for ways to lower their salt intake: therefore reducing the level of salt
in food products is a priority for many in the food industry. Written by a distinguished team of international
authors, this collection covers key themes such as the health effects of excessive salt intake and the
influence of salt on the quality of foods and offers practical strategies for reducing and replacing salt in
food products.




This volume contains the proceedings of the Ecotextiles 2004 Conference held at the University of Bolton.
It includes expert reviews of various developments in recycling, sustainable production and process
optimisation.




When forming composite materials with textiles there is always a degree of error when draping a fabric
over the mould and adding the resin. The fabric can deform or shift in the mould before adding the resin
or whilst it is being poured in. Such problems can cause weaknesses in the composite leading to failure or
even rendering the composite useless. In order to counteract this it is necessary to be able to model the
draping of different textiles to fully understand the issues that may arise and how to prevent them from
occurring in the future. Composites forming technologies brings together the research of leading experts
in the area to give a comprehensive understanding of modelling and simulation within composite forming
and design.
Now in its ninth year, this international conference is firmly established as Europe‘s premier event for the
thermoplastic elastomers industry. These proceedings focus on recent TPE materials, performance,
processing and applications.
As in the successful first edition, this book provides straightforward information on plastic materials and
technology, including the options for recycling plastics, with special focus on mechanical recycling. It
touches on all the major problems associated with recovering and recycling plastics at a level intended to
be accessible to any reader with an interest in this field, whatever their background. It also looks at some
of the broader issues surrounding successful waste management of plastics.
Illustrating that the combination of a balanced ratio of omega-6: omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants,
along with wine and olive oil, are essential components of a healthy diet. This publication is beneficial to
physicians, nutritionists, dietitians, food scientists and technologists, anthropologists, scientists in
academia, agriculturalists, and policy makers.




This conference saw presentations from all parts of the electronics industry‘s materials supply chain, from
raw materials to finished products and offered an opportunity to learn more about both traditional and new
polymer materials, their markets, manufacturing processes and applications. It will also cover the impact
of legislation, the need to recycle and other polymer related challenges and opportunities for the industry.

It is very important for food businesses, scientists and policy makers to understand consumers of food
products: in the case of businesses to develop successful products and in the case of policy makers to
gain and retain consumer confidence. Consumers‘ requirements and desires are affected by issues such
as culture, age and gender and issues important to consumers such as diet and health or GM foods will
not always be so significant. Therefore food businesses and policy makers need to understand
consumers‘ attitudes and influences upon them to respond effectively. Edited by two distinguished
experts, this book is an essential guide for food businesses, food scientists and policy makers.




Geosynthetics are essential to civil engineering and have a multitude of applications. The first part of the
book looks at design principles for geosynthetics, their material properties and durability, and at the range
of national and international standards governing their use. Part 2 reviews the range of applications of
synthetics as well as quality assurance issues. There are chapters on geosynthetic applications as filters,
separators and barrier materials, in improving building foundations and landfill sites, and as limited design
life materials.


Most food sold is packaged and although packaging has many positive benefits, constituents from it may
migrate into the food, possibly exposing consumers to the chemicals, which may be carcinogenic or
genotoxic. As demand for pre-packaged food and ready meals increases, the potential for consumer
exposure to these chemicals may also increase. This collection surveys key research in the area. Parts 1
and 2 review regulation of food contact materials and the latest developments in analysis of food contact
materials and exposure estimation. Part 3 covers different food contact materials in detail and includes
case studies of specific packaging types.
Given their rapid development and diverse markets, understanding and developing nonwovens is
becoming increasingly important. This comprehensive review discusses the development of the industry
and the different classes of nonwoven material. The book then examines methods of manufacture such
as dry-laid, wet-laid and polymer-laid web formation. Other techniques analysed include mechanical,
thermal and chemical bonding as well as chemical and mechanical finishing systems. The book
concludes by assessing the characterisation, testing and modelling of nonwoven materials.

Although cotton has been overtaken by some manmade fibres in its share of the textiles market, the
increase in demand for sustainable resources means that it remains a key fibre in the textiles industry.
This important book summarises the key scientific and technological issues in ensuring cotton quality.
Part 1 reviews the chemical and physical properties of cotton and how they determine cotton fibre quality.
Part 2 discusses the key stages in cotton production from cultivation and harvesting to spinning, knitting
and weaving. Building on these foundations, Part 3 reviews quality and other issues such as testing yarn
and fabric quality, cost control in the industry and recycling.


Microbiological analysis has long been used to monitor the microbial quality and safety of red meat,
poultry and eggs, whether in relation to guidelines, product specifications or legally enforceable standards.
These food products are, or have been, major global causes of foodborne human disease and are also
susceptible to microbial growth and spoilage. Therefore monitoring their safety and quality remains a
concern. With the recent development of more preventative, risk-based approaches to food safety control,
microbiological testing of foods now has a more significant role to play in food safety management. With
chapters written by international experts, this collection reviews the keys issues in this dynamic area of
food microbiology.

Using reference electrodes to monitor the electrochemical potential of steel reinforcement in concrete is a
well established technique for assessing the severity of corrosion and for controlling cathodic protection
systems. This report gives a state-of-the-art overview of the electrochemical and physical characteristics
and performance of embeddable reference electrodes for concrete, and the method used for installing
them.
Over-exploitation and declining fish stocks are creating an urgent need for better utilisation of seafood by-
products. Currently a large proportion of the catch is wasted, even though marine by-products contain
valuable protein and lipid fractions, vitamins, minerals and other bioactive compounds beneficial to human
health. This book covers marine by-product characterisation, recovery, processing techniques, food and
non-food applications: essential information for those involved in seafood by-product valorisation.




This report describes the reference material and procedural guidelines required to use this technique
effectively. STM-users are instructed how to obtain high resolution data on a carefully prepared copper
single-crystal surface.
Controlling allergens in food is a matter of increasing importance, especially in the light of recent
legislation. Effective control of allergens depends on identifying allergenic ingredients, creating separate
production lines for allergen-free products and effective labelling to inform consumers which products are
safe to eat. In addition there is great interest in managing allergens, for example by reducing the
allergenicity of foods through appropriate choice of raw food materials, post-harvest storage and food
processing options. This book presents a cohesive summary of extensive research undertaken to
contribute to safer food production regarding food allergens.




Corrosion of metal within reinforced concrete is one of the most important problems facing the
construction industry. Key research on this topic is summarised in this volume of 24 chapters from the
prestigious European Federation of Corrosion. The book begins by reviewing findings from various
experiments designed to test the corrosion rate of metals induced by a range of factors. Later chapters
discuss techniques for monitoring and testing for corrosion. Important methods of prevention, including
inhibitors and protective coatings are evaluated. The book concludes with the discussion of
electrochemical methods for protection and rehabilitation procedures for susceptible structures.




The subjects of the Symposia are on composite materials with matrices behaving as brittle in normal or
special conditions. Brittle matrix composites are applied in various domains (civil engineering, mechanical
equipment and machinery, vehicles, etc.) and in the last decades their importance is increasing together
with their variety. papers include: aggregate-binder composites (concretes, fibre concretes, rocks);
sintered materials (ceramics); high strength composites with brittle matrices. In principle, the general
problems of structures made of composite materials are not included in the papers. Various approaches
to the material engineering problems are presented in the papers. Among others: Design and optimization
of the structure of materials; Theoretical considerations and computational methods; Models of materials
and prediction of material properties; Test methods and new test results; Manufacturing processes;
Applications of new materials and their behaviour in service; Durability assessments and environmental
effects.
This issue of Textile Progress reviews developments in polymer composites which are increasingly
gaining importance as substitute materials for metals in the aerospace, automotive, marine, sporting
goods and electronic industries.
The transfer of heat and moisture through textiles is vital to the manufacture and design of clothing,
technical and protective textiles. The first part of this important book summarises the structure, geometry
and stereology of fibrous materials. The fundamentals of wetting and its dynamics are also discussed.
The second part analyses thermal and liquid interactions in textiles and offers insights into the
thermodynamic behaviour of moisture as well as heat and moisture coupling. The book concludes with
chapters on the human thermoregulatory system, interfacing between fibrous materials and the human
body and modelling techniques.




Assessing the risks posed to consumers by acrylamide and other potentially carcinogenic and genotoxic
compounds is a priority for the food industry. This book presents research in the area, discussing the
mechanisms of formation of hazardous compounds during heat treatment, the analysis of hazardous
compounds, methods to assess the risks and novel methods to minimise their formation in food products.




Local approaches to fatigue assessment are used to predict the structural durability of welded joints, to
optimise their design and to evaluate unforeseen joint failures. This completely reworked second edition of
a standard work provides a systematic survey of the principles and practical applications of the various
methods. It covers the hot spot structural stress approach to fatigue in general, the notch stress and notch
strain approach to crack initiation and the fracture mechanics approach to crack propagation. Seam-
welded and spot-welded joints in structural steels and aluminium alloys are also considered.


Elastomeric components are widely used in engineering. Increasing demands are placed on them to
withstand hostile conditions such as high temperature and corrosive environments. These demands make
it harder to predict likely service life or improve design to ensure their longer-term performance. This
important book reviews the wealth of research on understanding fatigue and failure in elastomers, and
how this understanding can be used to predict and extend their service life.
This book reviews important issues in the relationship between consumers and foodborne bacteria,
viruses and parasites. Part 1 presents a broad picture of aspects that increase or decrease exposure to
foodborne pathogens, such as globalisation of the food supply and trends in food processing. Parts 2 and
3 focus on host factors that influence foodborne disease and characteristics of pathogenic agents that
influence interaction with human hosts.




This book introduces the range of advanced welding techniques currently in use. It covers gas tungsten
arc welding (GTAW), gas metal arc welding (GMAW), high energy density processes such as laser
welding, and narrow gap welding methods. The book reviews general issues such as power sources, filler
materials and shielding gases. Particular attention is given to monitoring and process control as well as to
automation and robotics.
Based on over 20 years experience, this is a comprehensive one-volume reference on the main types of
meat products and their methods of manufacture.




Medical modelling is an increasingly important tool in surgery and rehabilitative medicine. This
authoritative book describes the key steps in modelling from acquisition of medical scan data, transfer and
translation of data formats, methods of utilising the data and finally using the information to produce
physical models using rapid prototyping techniques. Technologies are fully described, highlighting their
key characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. A series of case studies illustrates a broad range of
medical applications in surgery or prosthetic rehabilitation. The book is a valuable reference for a wide
range of professionals involved in such areas as orthopaedics, orthodontics, and prosthetics.
Any oil or fat should have the optimum physical, chemical, and nutritional properties dictated by its end
use. Modification of natural fats and oils is therefore important to improve the quality of lipids for use in
foods. When lipids are modified, though, compromises have to be made as the physical, chemical and
nutritional properties of lipids are not always mutually compatible and this provides an important challenge
for food technologists. Edited by an eminent specialist, this collection shows how these challenges have
been met in the past, how they are being met today, and how they may be met in the future.




Provides practical guidance on the application of the structural hot-spot stress approach to promote wider
use of the approach in the development of better fatigue design and analysis procedures for welded
structures. The guide also assists code-writers in its introduction into design standards and to encourage
further research.

Lawrie’s meat science has established itself as a standard work for both students and professionals in the
meat industry. Its basic theme remains the central importance of biochemistry in understanding the
production, storage, processing and eating quality of meat. At a time when so much controversy
surrounds meat production and nutrition, Lawrie’s meat science provides a clear guide which takes the
reader from the growth and development of meat animals, through the conversion of muscle to meat, to
the point of consumption. The seventh edition includes details of significant advances in meat science
which have taken place in recent years, especially in areas of eating quality of meat and meat
biochemistry.
The third volume of this comprehensive and authoritative reference continues coverage of key herbs and
spices for the food industry. Ensuring the safety of herbs and spices, their use as flavourings and
functional benefits are covered in introductory chapters. Just as in volumes 1 and 2, chapters on individual
plants, their production, chemical structure and properties and uses in food processing then follow.




Fatigue is a mechanism of failure that involves the formation of cracks under the action of different
stresses. Stresses can be a wide range of magnitudes. To avoid fatigue it is essential to recognise at the
design stage that the loading is such that fatigue may be a possibility and to design the structure with
inherent fatigue strength. However fatigue strength is not a constant material property. It may be assessed
by fracture mechanics, but such characteristics are based on quantitative analysis and mere assumption.
Fatigue cracks are exceedingly difficult to see, particularly in the early stages of crack growth. Cracks can
progress to a significant extent before they are even discovered. This book is primarily concerned with
fatigue under variable amplitude loading, unlike most tests performed under constant loads.
The intimate apparel business is undergoing major technological change. New measurement and design
techniques, combined with innovative materials and production methods, are transforming the range,
quality and applications of women‘s lingerie. This important book provides an authoritative review of these
developments. Chapters discuss the concept of body beauty, innovations in the design and manufacture
of bras, key developments in girdles and body shapers, improvements in intimate apparel with special
functions such as sports bras, and innovation in knitted and seamless intimate apparel.

This book comprehensively describes the the brewing of beer, from raw materials supply, through
processing, to the final product and its analysis. It does not describe the fundamental science and
technology of brewing (the necessary underpinning information to set the scene for the non-specialist or
student is provided in chapter 1), rather each chapter contains a critical description of current technology
and its applications, an outline of new and emerging technologies and views on how they may develop in
the future. As such the volume can be used by professional brewers (or those intending to become same)
as a source of the latest thinking in brewing strategies.


This report provides a complete picture of the varied use of polymers in the manufacture of electronic
components. It highlights trends and future movements of the market.




Intelligent textiles and clothing can be defined as those which react to exterior or physiological stimuli.
This important book brings together research in the area. The book is divided into parts, each one
containing an overview chapter followed by specific research and applications. Its main focus is on phase
change materials, shape memory textiles, chromic and conductive materials. It is an essential read for
anyone wanting to know more about intelligent textiles.




Consumer acceptance or rejection of a food can often be due to its taste. Sweet taste is especially
attractive to the consumer and it is important to optimise this quality in food products. A wide range of
compounds can be used to sweeten foods and with today‘s interest in diet and health, calorific sweeteners
are often replaced with non-nutritive alternatives. Producing a high quality food product using alternatives
to sugar, though, is not straightforward as non-nutritive and low-calorie sweeteners do not have the same
taste profiles and functional characteristics as sugar. With contributions by distinguished authors, this
book reviews factors affecting sweet taste perception, the types of sweet-tasting compound and their use
in food products.
This Report comprises a concise, expert review, supported by an extensive bibliography compiled from
the Rapra Abstracts database on the topic of adhesion to fluoropolymers. This bibliography provides
additional information on this topical field. This review will be of interest both to those who already use
fluoropolymers and those who are considering using them.




The packaging material has to both preserve the food and to protect it from deterioration, outside
contamination or damage during distribution and storage; and the packaging material in direct contact with
a food must not itself harm, or be harmed by, the food. The packaging material for a particular food must
therefore be carefully selected with these considerations in mind. This book is designed to help current
and prospective researchers in this field, understand the theory of food safety in plastic packaging. This
book will be of interest to anyone who uses polymeric food packaging.




Demonstrating safety for the application of ever increasingly complex technologies is always a formidable
task. In the event of an accident society want someone to blame. How would your records face up to legal
scrutiny and how would you be able to demonstrate that you have taken reasonable care as a
professional engineer / manager should you be faced with a court appearance? The problem is that many
system engineers do not have the appropriate training; the required safety approaches, tools and
techniques; and their managers do not know when and how they may be applied and appropriately
resourced. This book aims to provide a basic skill-set for both safety practitioners and their managers by
defining stakeholder (civil, military and legal) expectations and showing how these expectations can be
efficiently accomplished and managed throughout the product lifecycle (i.e. from concept design to
product disposal).
Ballistic composites need to be lightweight and durable as well as exhibiting high impact resistance and
damage tolerance. This important book reviews these requirements, how the materials used for ballistic
composites meet them and their range of applications. The first part of the book explores material
requirements and testing. There are chapters on bullets and bullet fragments, material responses to
ballistic impact, standards and specifications, modelling and test methods. Part Two reviews the range of
materials used, production methods and applications. Topic discussed include high-performance ballistic
fibres and ceramics, non-woven ballistic and prepreg composites, and their uses in body armour, vehicle
and aircraft protection.
Four main classes of biodegradable polymers are analysed in this report, polylactic acid (PLA), starch-
based polymers, synthetic biodegradable polymers, such as aromatic aliphatic co-polyesters, and
polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA). The report analyses their key performance properties, applications
development, market drivers and future prospects. Each product section also contains an estimate of
market size by world region and end use market, plus forecasts to 2010. There is also an analysis of key
suppliers and their products.
The holistic view of powertrain development that includes engine, transmission and driveline is now well
accepted. Current trends indicate an increasing range of engines and transmissions in the future with,
consequently, a greater diversity of combinations. Coupled with the increasing introduction of hybrid
vehicles, the scope for research, novel developments and new products is clear. This volume presents a
collection of papers from the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Conference Integrated Powertrain and
Driveline Systems 2006 (IPDS 2006) organised by the IMechE Automobile Division. Main themes include
transmissions; concept to market evolution; powertrain integration; and engine integration. Novel concepts
relating, for example, to continuously variable transmissions (CVTs) and hybridization are discussed, as
well as approaches to modelling and simulation.




An updated edition of this classic reference work. Updated to reflect recent advances in food science (for
example an increased number of entries on genetics) and with broader coverage of food technology, this
dictionary will remain an essential tool for all those who work in nutrition and food sciences.




Conceding that the optimal diet for diabetes has yet to be defined and that nutrition and lifestyle
management must be individualized to enhance the potential for a successful outcome, this publication
examines the impact of lifestyle - which includes both nutritional management and physical activity - in the
prevention and treatment of diabetes.




Those interested in an integrated approach to the identification of new and health beneficial foods will
undoubtedly find this book a valuable source of information and an inspiration for new scientific
approaches to this age-old topic.




These proceedings from Rapra‘s first international conference on Silicone Elastomers will be of interest to
rubber manufacturers and technologists, with a common interest in silicone elastomer materials,
applications and technology.
In this volume, world-renowned specialists review recent scientific information and recommendations for
protein and energy requirements of infants and children. New data obtained with the latest techniques
show significantly lower requirements for both energy and protein than previously thought.




Medical technology is advancing rapidly and materials need to be developed to meet the demands. This
5th international conference on medical polymers brought together speakers and delegates from the
whole medical device supply chain to discuss the issues for the industry today.


The 57th Nestlé Pediatric Nutrition Workshop assembled a panel of leading international scientists in
order to assess and extend the current state of knowledge on the long-term effects of early nutrition.
Prevention of diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, cancer and the
metabolic syndrome, by early nutrition intervention is the declared goal of this kind of research.




Building on the success of an established series of successful conferences held every four years since
1978, 8th International Conference on Turbochargers and Turbocharging presents the latest technologies
relating to engine pressure charging systems from international industry and academic experts in the field,
covering new developments in compressors and novel intake systems; improved models for cycle
simulation; electro boost systems; industry trends and requirements; turbines; and mechanical aspects
such as thermomechanical analysis, dynamics, and axial load capacity.

Developments such as the increasing globalisation of the food industry, constant innovations in
technologies and products, and changes in the susceptibility of populations to disease, have all
highlighted the problem of emerging pathogens. Pathogens may be defined as emerging in a number of
ways. They can be newly- discovered (e.g. through more sensitive analytical methods), linked for the first
time to disease in humans, or first associated with a particular food. A pathogen may also be defined as
'emerging' when significant new strains emerge from an existing pathogen, or if the incidence of a
pathogen increases. Designed for microbiologists and QA staff in the food industry, and food safety
scientists working in governments and academia, this collection discusses ways of identifying emerging
pathogens and includes chapters on individual pathogens, their epidemiology, methods of detection and
means of control.
This authoritative book presents an overview of research in, and applications for, wear protective
coatings. It concentrates on the different types of surface technologies used for wear protective coatings.
Each chapter provides an in-depth analysis of a particular type of surface coating, its properties, strengths
and weaknesses in various applications. Each surface coating treatment examined includes case studies
describing its performance in a specific application. Surface coatings for protection against wear is an
invaluable reference resource for all engineers concerned with the latest developments in coatings
technology.
This 8th international conference was dedicated to the critical role of blowing agents in foamed plastics
and rubber. Foamed materials are being enhanced to replace dense solid polymers, reducing weight and
costs. Chemical & environmental legislation is constantly changing and the foams industry is adapting to
meet demands.
Gas metal arc welding (GMAW) also referred to as MIG (metal inert gas) is one of the key processes in
industrial manufacturing. MIG welding guide provides comprehensive, easy-to-understand coverage of
this widely used process. The reader is presented with a variety of topics from the choice of shielding
gases, filler materials, welding equipment and lots of practical advice. The book provides an overview of
new developments in various processes such as: flux cored arc welding; new high productive methods;
pulsed MIG welding; MIG-brazing; robotic welding applications and occupational health and safety. This is
essential reading for welding engineers, production engineers, designers and all those involved in
industrial manufacturing.

This third edition of what has become a modern classic presents a lively overview of Materials Science
which is ideal for students of Structural Engineering. It contains chapters on the structure of engineering
materials, the determination of mechanical properties, metals and alloys, glasses and ceramics, organic
polymeric materials and composite materials. It contains a section with thought-provoking questions as
well as a series of useful appendices. Tabulated data in the body of the text, and the appendices, have
been selected to increase the value of Materials for engineering as a permanent source of reference to
readers throughout their professional lives. This edition includes new information on emerging topics and
updated reading lists.
Biomechanical engineering of textiles and clothing addresses the issues of designing and producing
textiles and clothing for optimum interaction with the body. It covers fundamental theories, principles and
models behind design and engineering for the body‘s biomechanics. Contact problems arising between
textiles/clothing and the body are discussed along with the mechanics of fibres, yarns, textiles and
clothing. Material properties are also covered in relation to mechanical performance.




Steel plated structures are used in a variety of marine and land-based applications, such as ships, off-
shore platforms, power and chemical plants, box-girder cranes and bridges. This first volume in a two-
volume sequence considers the various types of buckling that plated structures are likely to encounter.
Chapters also review buckling in a range of materials from steel to differing types of composite. The book
discusses the behaviour of differing types of components used in steel-plated structures as well as
curved, stiffened, corrugated, laminated and other types of plate design. Together with its companion
volume, this is an essential reference in the design, construction and maintenance of plated structures.
At present the textile industry produces the majority of its 34 billion square yards of printed textile fabric by
screen printing. However as we move into the digital age it was only a matter of time before developments
in digital printing of paper were adapted for the textile market. This important collection provides coverage
of all the current developments in digital textile printing. It is divided into four parts, covering printer and
print head technologies, printer software, digital printing colouration and design and business for digital
printing.




In recent decades, material development in response to the call for more durable infrastructures has led
to many exciting advancements. The purpose of this book is to provide a review of several emerging
infrastructure materials that may have a significant impact on repair and/or new construction. The two
areas that take high priority in this book are the materials design concept that has led to the creation of
advanced composites. Such design methodology has been made possible by several key advancements
in materials science and mechanics. Secondly each chapter will be concluded with selective examples of
real world applications using such advanced materials. This book will be an invaluable reference for
undergraduate and graduate students of civil engineering, materials, architecture and building
engineering, and will serve as a guide for researchers and professional engineers in the construction
industry.
Clothing biosensory engineering is a systematic and integrative way of translating consumers‘ biological
and sensory responses and psychological feelings and preferences about clothing into the perceptual
elements of design. It is a link between scientific experimentation and commercial application to develop
economic solutions to practical technical problems. This book quantifies the decision-making processes
through which physics, mathematics, neurophysiological and engineering techniques are applied to
optimally convert resources to meet various sensory requirements. It includes theoretical and
experimental observations, computer simulations, test methods and examples of actual product
development.

First published in looseleaf format in 1993, Base Metals Handbook has been described as the bible of the
metals trading community. The looseleaf is divided into seven sections. The first of these provides a
general introduction to the history, structure and workings of the base metals markets, with particular
reference to the London Metal Exchange (LME). The following sections review aluminium, copper, lead,
zinc, nickel and tin. Each of the sections on a particular metal reviews extraction and refining, the major
markets for the metal, and the trading environment. The looseleaf includes data on mineral reserves,
mines, smelters and refiners, as well as import-export flows, consumption trends and metals stocks.




Manufacturing with plastics often involves a bonding step from packaging, electronic and medical devices
to large scale automotive, aerospace and construction projects. This is a continually developing field and
experts at this second international conference on joining plastics debated the best methods and options
for different applications.
This book describes the types of techniques now available to the polymer chemist and technician, and
discusses their capabilities, limitations and applications. All types of modern instrumentation are covered
including those used in general quality control, research analysis, process monitoring and for determining
the mechanical, electrical, thermal and optical characteristics. Aspects such as automated analysis and
computerised control of instruments are also included.




Developed in the 1960s, the Chorleywood Bread Process (CBP) marked a revolution in bread making.
The CBP develops optimum dough qualities in the mixer by measuring a defined energy expenditure
rather than by the more traditional use of fermentation. The resulting elimination of the need for bulk
fermentation periods has led to considerable raw material and time savings as well as other innovations in
ingredients and processing technologies. As a result the CBP has been adopted in many countries.
Written by the world's leading authorities on the subject, this is the first book to describe both the process
itself, how it has evolved and current best practice in maximising both process efficiency and product
quality.
Direct strip casting is an important new technology in steelmaking. By eliminating rolling and reheating, it
has both reduced costs and opened the way for more fine-grained and higher-strength steels and alloys.
This important book provides a review of the principles and applications of direct strip casting to steel,
iron, aluminium, magnesium, titanium and other alloys. It includes case studies and covers such topics as
control of cast structure and properties, secondary processing and fabrication, simulation and modelling
techniques.
Action by microorganisms is a common means of food spoilage and ensuring that a product has a
suitable shelf-life is a critical factor in food quality. With current trends towards less-severe processing
techniques, reduced use of preservatives and higher consumption of perishable foods such as fresh fruit
and vegetables, the deterioration of foods by microbial spoilage is an increasing problem for the food
industry. Methods to detect, analyse and manage food spoilage are reviewed in the opening parts of this
collection. The following chapters focus on important yeasts, moulds and bacteria, their classification,
growth characteristics and detection and the implications of these factors for their control in food products.




An increasing amount of waste is generated each year from textiles (including carpets and clothing) and
their production. For economic and environmental reasons it is necessary that as much of this waste as
possible is recycled instead of being disposed in landfill sites. On average approximately ten million
tonnes of textile waste is currently dumped in Europe and America each year. Recycling in textiles is the
first book of its kind to bring together textile recycling issues, technology, products, processes and
applications for all of those in the industry who are now looking for ways to recycle their textile waste.
In the light of recent legislation and a number of food safety incidents, traceability of food products back
from the consumer to the very beginning of the supply chain has never been so important. This book
describes key components of traceability systems and how food manufacturers can manage them
effectively. The first part of the book reviews the role of traceability systems not only in ensuring food
safety but in optimising business performance. Part 2 looks at ways of building traceability systems whilst
Part 3 reviews key traceability technologies such as DNA markers, electronic tagging of farm animals,
ways of storing and transmitting traceability data and the range of data carrier technologies.


The flavour of a food is one of its most important qualities. Edited by two leading authorities in the field,
and with a distinguished international team of contributors, this important collection summarises the
wealth of recent research on how flavour develops in food and is then perceived by the consumer. The
first part of the book reviews ways of measuring flavour. Part 2 looks at the ways flavour is retained and
released in food. It considers the way flavour is retained in particular food matrices, how flavour is
released during the process of eating, and the range of influences governing how flavour is perceived by
the consumer. Flavour in food guides the reader through a complex subject and provides the essential
foundation in both understanding and controlling food flavour.



This book forms the first part of a complete MSc course in an area that is fundamental to the continuing
revolution in information technology and communication systems. Massively exhaustive, authoritative and
comprehensive and reinforced with software, this is an introduction to modern methods in the developing
field of Digital Signal Processing (DSP). The focus is on the design of algorithms and the processing of
digital signals in areas of communications and control, providing the reader with a comprehensive
introduction to the underlying principles and mathematical models.


Fillers are used in polymers for a variety of reasons: cost reduction, improved processing, density control,
optical effects, thermal conductivity, control of thermal expansion, electrical properties, magnetic
properties, flame retardancy and improved mechanical properties, such as hardness and tear resistance.
This conference focused on developments in high performance fillers from established materials to the
latest innovations.
Polymer nanocomposites are a class of reinforced polymers with low quantities of nanometric-sized clay
particles which give them improved barrier properties, fire resistance and strength. Such properties have
made them valuable in components such as panels and as barrier and coating materials in automobile,
civil and electrical engineering as well as packaging. Polymer nanocomposites provides a comprehensive
review of the main types of polymer nanocomposite and their properties.
Nanotechnology is an area of science and technology where dimensions and tolerances in the range of
0.1nm to 100nm play a critical role. Nanotechnology has opened up new worlds of opportunity. It
encompasses precision engineering as well as electronics, electromechanical systems and mainstream
biomedical applications in areas as diverse as gene therapy, drug delivery and novel drug discovery
techniques. Nanostructured materials present exciting opportunities for manipulating structure and
properties on the nanometer scale. The ability to engineer novel structures at the molecular level has led
to unprecedented opportunities for materials design. This book provides detailed insights into the
synthesis / structure and property relationships of nanostructured materials. A valuable book for materials
scientists, mechanical and electronic engineers and medical researchers.

This fifth international conference started with a session on rubber to metal bonding with an overview by R
Del Vecchio on comparisons between eight different types of rubber. Automotive applications of rubber
bonding were a key feature of the conference. Henkel and Polycil gave papers on bonding of anti-vibration
systems. Boss Rubber Technologies have been working on PSAs for applications such as bonding TPE
weatherstrip. Chris Stevens of NGF has worked on improving rubber to glass cord bonding for automotive
applications such as timing belts and EPDM weatherstrip sealing profiles. Rhodia Silicones discussed
automotive adhesives.
Bearings are widely used in rotating machines. Understanding the factors affecting their reliability and
service life is essential in ensuring good machine design and performance. Solving tribology problems in
rotating machines reviews these factors and their implications for improved machine performance.




This authorative reference work provides a comprehensive source of information for regulators,
researchers and all those concerned with the flammability testing of materials over three industrial
sectors: construction, transport and mining. The book highlights practical application via the careful
selection of case studies with an overall emphasis on specific types of tests that are widely accepted and
internationally practised in a variety of applications. Flammability testing of materials used in construction,
transport and mining simplifies the difficult and often confusing area of national regulations and fire test
procedures.
Dietary fats have long been recognised as having a major impact on health, negative in the case of
consumers' excessive intake of saturated fatty acids, positive in the case of increasing consumers' intake
of long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). However, progress in ensuring that consumers
achieve a nutritionally-optimal fat intake has been slow. This important book reviews the range of steps
needed to improve the fat content of foods whilst maintaining sensory quality.




Managing colour from the design stage to the finished product can be a difficult activity as colour
perception is subjective and can therefore be inconsistent. Total colour management in textiles covers all
aspects of managing colour from the design stage to the final product, ensuring that the designer‘s vision
is fulfilled in the finished colour. There have been many new developments in the area of colour
measurement and colour perception which are discussed. These include discussion of the sensory effect
of colour for design and use in product development, and digital colour simulation.

Douglas Fritz has many years of experience in the chewing gum sector and this essential book contains
everything readers need to know about this fascinating topic. Beginning with a history of gum, the book
deals with gum formulations, shelf-life, mouthfeel, gumbase, bulk sweeteners, polyols, high-intensity
sweeteners, flavourings, manufacturing techniques and panning.

Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) combine a range of properties such as high hardness, low density
and resistance to high temperature which make them valuable materials in applications as diverse as
body armour, power plants, automotive and aerospace engineering. This authoritative book reviews the
five main types of CMCs. Part 1 focuses on fibre, whisker and particulate-reinforced ceramic matrix
composites. Part 2 explores graded and layered ceramics, while Part 3 covers nanostructured CMCs.
Refractory and speciality ceramic composites are reviewed in Part 4. Finally, Part 5 is dedicated to non-
oxide ceramic composites.
Allergens pose a serious risk to consumers, making effective detection methods a priority for the food
industry. Bringing together key experts in the field, this important collection reviews both the range of
analytical techniques available and their use to detect specific allergens such as nuts, dairy and wheat
products. The first part of the book discusses methods of detection such as the use of antibodies and
ELISA techniques. The second part reviews techniques for detecting particular allergens, whilst the final
part of the book explores how detection methods can be most effectively applied.




Laser shock peening (LSP) is a relatively new surface treatment for metallic materials. LSP is a process
to induce compressive residual stresses using shock waves generated by laser pulses. LSP can greatly
improve the resistance of a material to crack initiation and propagation brought on by cyclic loading and
fatigue. This pioneering book was the first of its kind to consolidate scattered knowledge into one
comprehensive volume. It describes the mechanisms of LSP and its substantial role in improving fatigue
performance in terms of modification of microstructure, surface morphology, hardness and strength. In
particular it describes numerical simulation techniques and procedures which can be adopted by
engineers and research scientists to design, evaluate and optimise LSP processes in practical
applications.
This book presents the basics of blow moulding as well as the latest state-of-the-art and science of the
industry. A key feature is the approach of discussing the ‗basics‘ and then taking the reader through the
entire process from design development through to final production.




Engineers employ shear connections - riveted and bolted butt and lap joints - in a wide range of structures
and machines. Ordinary stress analyses of joints are unable to define the features that ultimately govern
fatigue and fretting and provide bases for design. Detailed analyses have only become possible recently
with advances in finite element methods and computing capabilities. This text places into context the
results of over 150 detailed 2D and 3D finite element analyses of aluminum and steel shear connections
so that engineers can optimise the design and reliability of shear joints.
The title is intended to provide an insight into the uses of polymers within the construction industry. It
describes the conception of polymer-modified cementitious materials through to the array of polymer-
based or polymer-modified material utilised in modern day construction.




With increasing concern about the effect the textile industry is having on the environment, more and more
textile researchers, producers and manufacturers are looking to biodegradable and sustainable fibres as
an effective way of reducing the harm disposed textiles have on the environment. This important collection
discusses the major types of biodegradable and sustainable fibres including bast fibres, synthetic fibres
and speciality biodegradable fibres. The book reviews biodegradable composites, nonwovens and
geotextiles together with the mechanisms of degradation that allows fibres to biodegrade. It provides a
reliable resource in promoting a more sustainable textile industry.

This authoritative text (the second part of a complete MSc course) provides mathematical methods
required to describe images, image formation and different imaging systems, coupled with the principle
techniques used for processing digital images. It is based on a course for postgraduates reading physics,
electronic engineering, telecommunications engineering, information technology and computer science.
This book relates the methods of processing and interpreting digital images to the ‗physics‘ of imaging
systems. Case studies reinforce the methods discussed, with examples of current research themes.



Medical textiles and biomaterials are a significant and increasingly important part of the technical textiles
industry. They cover a huge range of applications – from diapers and surgical gowns; to substrates for
electronic sensoring of vital life signs, external use as wound care and internal use as implantables for
biodegradable post-operative support systems. They can also be used in the replacement of body parts
through tissue engineering by supplying the structure for the growth of new cells. Even the humble plaster
has the potential to deliver a powerful health care effect through its specific skin care characteristics, and
controlled delivery of medications.




This multiauthored collection addresses the effect of mechanical and physical properties on the way a
fabric feels. It begins with concepts and understanding of fabric hand, covering development of fabric
hand evaluation, the effect of fibre, yarn and fabric factors as well as finishing on hand, including the
mechanical and physical properties. The latter part of the book goes on to cover statistical methods in
evaluating hand and a comparison of hand evaluation in different cultures. It provides a comprehensive
coverage of the effect of mechanical and physical properties on fabric hand.
This is the third volume in a series which brings together a selection of the currently available lectures
based on broad subject groupings. It focuses on two themes: process metallurgy, including the technical
aspects of plant design and operation, and the organisation of the iron and steel industry, including its
general structure and economic circumstances. Whilst there is occasional overlap with the themes of
Volume 1 (materials properties/behaviour and materials applications) and Volume 2 (metallography and
the structure of iron and steels), the current volume compliments the earlier ones and completes the
original concept of five themes to bring the anthology up to the present day.


Cotton Trading Manual (CTM) is the first work to provide a comprehensive reference source to the
conduct of the complex international cotton market. CTM begins by looking at the history of the cotton
trade, and then moves on to assess the current global picture, including a discussion of trends in the
market, as well as production and consumption analysis. The third and fourth parts focus on trading in
physical cotton and futures respectively. Finally, the last section deals with administrative and
management issues within the cotton trade as a whole, such as contracts, insurance and risk
management. CTM is an indispensable practical companion for all those involved with trading in this
commodity.




Complementing the highly successful Hygiene in food processing , this book reviews recent research on
improving hygiene in food processing. Part 1 considers recent research on contamination risks such as
biofilms and how they can be assessed. Part 2 reviews ways of improving hygienic design of both
buildings and equipment, including clean room technology. The final part of the book discusses ways of
improving hygiene practice and management.




The term electroceramic is used to describe ceramic materials that have been specially formulated with
specific electrical, magnetic or optical properties. Electroceramics are of increasing importance in many
key technologies including: microelectronics, communications and energy conversion. This innovative
book is the first comprehensive survey on major new developments in electroceramics for energy
conversion devices. It presents current research from leading innovators in the field.
In today‘s climate there is an increasing requirement for protective textiles, whether for personal
protection, protection against the elements, chemical, nuclear or ballistic attack. This comprehensive book
brings together the leading protective textiles experts from around the world. It covers a wide variety of
themes from materials and design, through protection against specific hazards, to specific applications.
This is the first book of its kind to give a complete coverage of textiles for protection.




Obesity is a global epidemic, with large proportions of adults and children overweight or obese in many
developed and developing countries. As a result, there is an unprecedented level of interest and research
in the complex interactions between our genetic susceptibility, diet and lifestyle in determining individual
risk of obesity. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, this collection sums up
the key themes in weight control research, focusing on their implications and applications for food product
development and consumers.




An applied text on the fundamentals of metallurgy that will appeal to both the academic, and steel
producing markets. Overall emphasis is on properties and processes.




Measurement techniques for characterisation of residual stress and distortion have improved significantly.
More importantly the development and application of computational welding mechanics have been
phenomenal. Through the collaboration of experts, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of the
subject. It develops sufficient theoretical treatments on heat transfer, solid mechanics and materials
behaviour that are essential for understanding and determining welding residual stress and distortion. It
will outline the approach for computational analysis that engineers with sufficient background can follow
and apply. The book is useful for advanced analysis of the subject and provide examples and practical
solutions for welding engineers.

Developments in high-technology areas have significantly transformed the welding industry. Automation,
computers, process control, sophisticated scientific instruments and advanced processing methods are all
common in today's modern industry. Today's engineers and technologists have to support complex
systems and apply sophisticated welding technologies. This comprehensive book discusses the changes
in advanced welding technologies preparing the reader for the modern industry.
Currently surface patterning is achieved by means of optical lithographic techniques but with industry
moving towards the fabrication of devices with size features of 100nm or less, the technological
community is looking for alternative approaches to materials fabrication at the nanoscale. By using
nanolithography scientists can drive patterning currents through surfaces while building a 3D structure
from a series of patterned layers. Electron induced chemical lithography can create ultra-high resolution
templates for the site selective immobilisation of molecules, to form functional, hierarchically, organised
structures. This book concentrates on state-of-the-art nanolithographic methods with a particular
emphasis on polymer research.
Chemical testing of textiles provides a full overview of the chemical testing area for both academics and
industry. Providing a comprehensive coverage of the chemical analysis procedures for a broad range of
textiles. Introductory chapters set out textile chemistry and identification of yarn and fibres, the book then
goes on to cover chemical analysis of a range of textile fabrics, chemicals and processes along with
chemical assessment of damage and water analysis.

Biomaterials are materials and devices that are used to repair, replace or augment the living tissues and
organs of the human body. The purpose of this wide-ranging introductory textbook is to provide an
understanding of the needs, uses and limitations of materials used in the human body, to explain the
biomechanical principles and biological factors involved in achieving the long-term stability of replacement
parts in the body. This book examines the industrial, governmental and ethical factors involved in the use
of artificial materials in humans and discusses the principles and applications of engineering of tissues to
replace body parts.The approach necessarily incorporates a wide range of reference material because of
the complex multidisciplinary nature of the fields of biomedical materials, biomechanics, artificial organs
and tissue engineering. There is an accompanying CD-ROM providing supplementary information and
illustrations to support the book.


The safety, maintenance and repair of bridges and buildings depend on effective inspection and
monitoring techniques. These methods need to be able to identify problems often hidden within structures
before they become serious. This important collection reviews key techniques and their applications to
bridges, buildings and other civil structures. The first group of chapters reviews ways of testing corrosion
in concrete components. Given their continuing importance and vulnerability to decay, the next series of
chapters describes ways of testing wood components within civil structures. A final group of chapters
looks at visual and acoustic techniques and their use to assess bridges in particular.

Analytical electrochemistry in textiles gives an overview of the synergy between the fields of
electrochemistry and textiles. Knowledge about both fields is brought together to show the presence of
electrochemistry in textiles and the possibilities and innovative character of electrochemistry for textiles.
The main topics include an introduction to electrochemistry; electrochemistry in textile finishing; sensor
development; intelligent textiles; characterisation with electrochemistry; modification of textile surfaces
and material science.
The technical developments in the sports clothing industry has resulted in the use of functional textiles for
highly-specialised performances in different sports. Developments include thermal and functional
properties and coated and laminated clothes. With bio- and smart materials providing such a strong focus
in the textile industry generally, companies are going for ‗value-added‘ textiles, such as in-built sensors
which monitor performance. In-built wear comfort is a growing market trend and includes clothing which
improves the skin‘s performance. Written by a distinguished editor and a team of authors from the cutting
edge of textile research, Textiles in sport discusses high-performance, high-function and intelligent
textiles for sportswear.

Consumers are increasingly demanding 'fresh' foods with fewer preservatives. Manufacturers have
responded by developing new 'minimal' processing techniques. These developments have, in turn,
focused attention on the safety of raw materials such as fruit and vegetables and the way they are
produced. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, this authoritative collection
summarises best practice in ensuring the safety of fresh fruit and vegetables both during cultivation on the
farm and in subsequent processing operations.




This important book focuses on the fundamental understanding of composite materials at the microscopic
scale, from designing micro-structural features, to the predictive equations of the functional behaviour of
the structure for a specific end-application. The papers presented discuss stress and temperature-related
behavioural phenomena based on knowledge of physics of microstructure and microstructural change
over time.




This authoritative book provides an introductory text on the science and technology of materials used in
automotive engines. It focuses on reciprocating engines, both four and two-stroke, with particular
emphasis on their characteristics and the types of materials used in their construction. The book
considers the engine in terms of each specific part: the cylinder, piston, camshaft, valves, crankshaft,
connecting rod and catalytic converter. The materials used in automotive engines are required to fulfill a
multitude of functions. It is a subtle balance between material properties, essential design and high
performance characteristics. The intention here is to describe the metallurgy, surface modification, wear
resistance, and chemical composition of these materials. It also includes supplementary notes that
support the core text. The book is essential reading for engineers and designers of engines, as well as
lecturers and graduate students in the fields of combustion engineering, machine design and materials
science looking for a concise, expert analysis of automotive materials.
Consumers‘ expectations about the safety of products such as poultry meat and eggs have never been
higher. The need to improve food safety has led to renewed attention on controlling contamination at all
stages of the supply chain from ‗farm to fork‘. This collection reviews the latest research and best practice
in ensuring the safety of poultry meat and eggs, both on the farm and in subsequent processing
operations.




The Textile Progress monograph series provides a critical and comprehensive examination of the
origination and application of developments in the textile industry and its products. This monograph deals
with the recent rise in popularity of linen fabric among fashion designers which has stimulated demand for
increased quantities of suitable fibre. The issue outlines the sequence of processing stages required in
the transformation of the fibre, from flax to end-use, and reviews the principal innovations in processing,
fibre improvement and yarn and fabric quality, and identifies established and developing product areas.

Pathogens respond dynamically to their environment. Understanding pathogen behaviour is critical both
because of evidence of increased pathogen resistance to established sanitation and preservation
techniques, and because of the increased use of minimal processing technologies which are potentially
more vulnerable to the development of resistance. This collection summarises the wealth of recent
research in this area and its implications for microbiologists and QA staff in the food industry.




It is widely recognised that food safety depends on effective intervention at all stages in the food chain,
including the production of raw materials. This book provides an authoritative reference summarising the
wealth of research on reducing microbial and other hazards in raw and fresh red meat.
This book brings together the design, manufacture and applications of textile composites. The term 'textile
composites' is often used to describe a rather narrow range of materials, based on three-dimensional
reinforcements produced using specialist equipment. The intention here though is to describe the broad
range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements, from woven and non-crimp commodity
fabrics to 3D textiles. Whilst attention is given to modelling of textile structures, composites manufacturing
methods and subsequent component performance, it is substantially a practical book intended to help all
those developing new products with textile composites.

The impact of traditional thermal processing on the sensory quality of food has led to an interest in
alternative technologies. Amongst these, microwave processing has proved one of the most successful
and versatile. It is now widely used in processes such as thawing, dehydration and baking. Edited by two
leading authorities in the field, and with a distinguished international team of contributors, this collection
reviews both the theory and practice of microwave processing. It covers such key issues as improving
modelling and process control to ensure uniform heating in optimising sensory and nutritional quality.




There is much to be gained from the study of catastrophes. Likewise the records of accidents in industry
and transport are of great importance, not only by indicating trends in the incidence of loss or casualties,
but also as a measure of human behaviour. The third edition of this well received book places emphasis
on the human factor, with the first two chapters providing a method of analysing the records of accident
and all-cause mortality rates to show their relationship with levels of economic development and growth
rates, and to make suggestions as to the way in which such processes may be linked.

This book combines three fundamental areas of interest to the science and engineering community, these
being material science, nanotechnology and molecular engineering. Although there have been various
results published in this field, there has yet to be a fully comprehensive review. The book presents key
research on molecular mechanisms and thermodynamic behaviour of (bio)polymer surfaces and
interfaces, from theoretical and experimental perspectives.




This report examines the use of biocides in plastics with reference to material types and application
requirements. The commonly available biocides are reviewed and details of their strengths and
weaknesses are provided. The author reviews the frequently used test methods for fungi and bacteria,
and, in an ever-changing regulatory environment, explores the influence of legislation on the current and
future use of such biocides.
This handbook is designed to provide a wealth of information on the use of plastics in construction. The
chapters are all written by acknowledged experts in their fields.




The Textile Progress monograph series provides a critical and comprehensive examination of the
origination and application of developments in the textile industry and its products. This issue addresses
problems in the dyeing of cotton textile materials in various forms. Cotton is one of the most problematic
fibres as far as its general wet processing or dyeing is concerned. Frequently, the problems in dyed cotton
materials are not due to the actual dyeing process but rather to some latent defect introduced from
previous production and processing stages. This monograph provides an overview of the various textile
operations used in the production of dyed cotton textile materials, the key stages at which problems may
occur, along with a summary of the factors involved, and potential solutions.

Provides detailed critical reviews of the relationship between mood changes and the amount of protein,
amino acids, carbohydrates and polyunsaturated fatty acids, and the effects of genetic and environmental
factors in bone turnover and bone density.




This workshop focused on the effects of maternal nutrition on fetal growth, metabolic programming,
energy and nutrient requirements, as well as under- and over-nutrition during pregnancy. Finally, it
addressed the question of whether a distinct diet during pregnancy could reduce food allergy in the
progeny.
Recent studies of vascular biology using molecular biology techniques have started to reveal a previously
unsuspected complexity of the vascular responses to nutrients and physical activity, thus explaining at the
molecular level how healthy lifestyles interact with human genes and how they affect phenotype
expression, even in the case of unfavorable genes.




A comprehensive and highly valuable source of knowledge for all professionals interested in the
underlying causes of today's major health challenges, this book gives an in-depth view of the various
methods of monitoring and addressing this precarious situation: impact of gender and age on eating
behavior, role of a vegetarian lifestyle, processed and fortified foods, organic foods, ethnic food culture,
and consumer choice.




This book is a synthesis of state-of-the-art knowledge and expertise in this field of research and will be of
high value for all medical and healthcare professionals who wish to gain insight into the complex
interactions between nutrient intake and health.




This book focuses on a crucial moment in human life: the introduction of solid foods to the diet during late
infancy and early childhood. The impact on health and development as well as the long-term effects and
prevention of disease are analyzed by a panel of leading international experts.




This book provides a solid basis for the planning of future projects in nutrition and health and should be of
great interest to all professionals in the fields of nutrition, preventive medicine and public health as well as
to health policy makers. The main topics include food supply and availability, energy and nutrient intake in
different age groups, health indicators and status, obesity, physical activity and smoking.
This book discusses the evaluation of candidate materials and components for compatibility with the
different sterilisation methods. From this point methods may be chosen and materials screened for
biocompatibility, devices manufactured and samples tested, and a validation process chosen. Sterilisation
of Polymer Healthcare Products is a necessary and worthwhile reference for medical device
manufacturers and polymer suppliers, as well as purchasing and quality assurance managers in the
healthcare industry. It is designed to be of use to anyone already working in the field of sterilisation of
healthcare products but it will be equally useful to someone about to start working in the field.



This book presents our current level of understanding on the nature of a biomaterial surface, the adaptive
response of the biomatrix to that surface, techniques used to modify biocompatibility, and state-of-the-art
characterisation techniques to follow the interfacial events at that surface.




This study focuses on research on the performance of a wide range of materials used in the construction
of structures particularly structural steels. It considers each materials processing and its deformation
behaviour in structural applications. The book assists engineers by providing them with a better
understanding of the performance of the major structural materials (especially metals) under different
conditions in order to select the right type of material for a job and for setting design specifications. It also
shows how the microstructural composition of materials is affected by processing and what influence this
has on its subsequent in situ performance. This book focuses on the deformation and processing of all
types of structural materials and will be a valuable resource for researchers in mechanical, civil and
structural engineering.
This book reflects the ongoing interest in the production of sophisticated specialist textiles. These hi-tech
fibres will have huge relevance as the 21st century progresses.




This volume contains the proceedings of the Cellucon Trust/International Atomic Energy Agency meeting
on the use of ionising radiation for tissue sterilisation held at the North East Wales Institute, September
2003. Existing methods and processing for sterilising tissues are proving, in many instances inadequate.
Infections have been transmitted from the graft to the recipient, and attention has now been drawn to the
need for a reliable end sterilisation method which does not damage the functionality of the final tissue.
This volume identifies the best method of using radiation technology to assist in the production of safe
tissue allografts. Tissue bankers, users of tissues for transplantation and regulators who oversee safety
will all find this book an invaluable source of reference.
The vast majority of plastic products are made from petroleum-based synthetic polymers that do not
degrade in a landfill or in a compost-like environment. Therefore, the disposal of these products poses a
serious environmental problem. An environmentally-conscious alternative is to design/synthesize
polymers that are biodegradable. In this authoritative book fundamental concepts concerning the
development of biodegradable polymers, degradable polymers from sustainable sources, degradation and
properties and industrial applications and their importance are reviewed.




There is an exciting mix in these proceedings from both material suppliers and end users, who have
discussed test and formulation data. There is an overview paper on the markets for rubbers from the
International Rubber Study Group. There is also a new presentation on studies of food contact
applications of high performance elastomers, with migration data available.
Building electronics into clothing is a major new concept, which opens up a whole array of multi-functional,
wearable electro-textiles for sensing/monitoring body functions, delivering communication facilities, data
transfer, individual environment control, and many other applications. Fashion articles will carry key pads
for mobile phones and connections for personal music systems; specialist clothing will be able to monitor
the vital life signs of new-born babies, to record the performance of an athlete‘s muscles, to call a rescue
team to victims of accidents in adverse weather conditions. A team of distinguished international experts
consider the technical materials and processes that will facilitate these new applications.




Environmental concerns have regenerated interest in the use of natural fibres for a much wider variety of
products, including high-tech applications such as geotextiles, and in composite materials for automotive
and light industry use. This study covers the chemical and physical structure of these natural fibres; fibre,
yarn and fabric production; dyeing; handle and wear characteristics; economics; environmental and health
and safety issues.




This undergraduate text distils the wisdom of an experienced teacher and yields, to the mutual advantage
of students and their instructors, a sound and stimulating introduction to probability theory. The accent is
on its essential role in statistical theory and practice, built on the use of illustrative examples and the
solution of problems from typical examination papers. Mathematically-friendly for first and second year
undergraduate students, the book is also a reference source for workers in a wide range of disciplines
who are aware that even the simpler aspects of probability theory are not simple.
This important collection reviews key research on adhesive behaviour and applications in sectors as
diverse as construction and automotive engineering. The book is divided into three main parts:
fundamentals, mechanical properties and applications. Part one focuses on the basic properties of
adhesives, surface assessment and treatment. Part two concentrates on understanding how adhesives
perform under stress and the factors affecting fatigue and failure. The final part of the book reviews
industry specific applications in areas such as building and construction, transport and electrical
engineering.

This contemporary book provides an up-to-date review on the application of ISO and AWS standards and
a comparison between them. Many thousands of engineering drawings are currently in use, which have
symbols and methods of representation from superseded standards. The current European and ISO
standards and the American standard are substantially similar, but the ANSI/AWS standard includes
some additional symbols and also symbols for non-destructive testing. Although symbols in the different
standards are similar, the arrows showing locations of welds are different, these important differences are
explained. ISO contains limited information on brazed or soldered joints these are covered in ANSI/AWS.
Some examples of the application of welding symbols are also included.

This review has been written as a practical approach to bonding various kinds of elastomers to substrates
such as steel and plastics, as used in the manufacture of diverse products such as rubber covered rolls,
urethane fork lift wheels, rubber lining for chemical storage or solid rocket motors, engine bushes and
mounts, seals for transmissions, electrical power connectors and military tank track pads.

In this authoritative book the fundamental aspects of corrosion in concrete are analysed in detail. It
provides an overview of current monitoring techniques together with a discussion of practical applications
and current numerical methods that simulate the corrosion process. The corrosion protective properties of
concrete and modified cements are also discussed. The most frequently used stainless steels are
examined together with an analysis of their reinforcement properties. Special attention is given to their
handling and their welding requirements and the economics of their use. A comprehensive overview of
surface treatments and corrosion inhibitors is presented alongside their practical applications as well as
detailed coverage of electrochemical protection and maintenance techniques.

This comprehensive collection from one of the leading conferences in its field summarises some of the
most important research in bread making and cereals processing. Papers range from innovations in
wheat breeding through to the production of particular products (with, for example, enhanced nutritional
and functional benefits).
Explaining and comparing the various standard types of generalised functions which have been
developed during the 20th Century, this text also contains accounts of recent non-standard theories of
distributions, ultradistributions and Stato-hyperfunctions. The book could readily be used as a main text on
generalised functions for mathematical undergraduates in final year analysis courses, as it presupposes
little more than a general mathematical background. It also makes a valuable reference text for non-
specific applied mathematics students, such as physicists or electrical engineers, needing to gain
expertise in the application of generalised functions to physical problems, without any prior acquaintance
of the specialised subject matter. An ideal companion book to Delta Functions, also by Professor Hoskins.

Handbook of biodegradable polymers is a complete guide to the subject of biodegradable polymers and is
ideal for those new to the subject or those wanting to supplement their existing knowledge.




This sound introduction to classical and modern control theory concentrates on fundamental concepts.
Employing the minimum of mathematical elaboration, it investigates the many applications of control
theory to varied and important present-day problems, e.g. economic growth, resource depletion, disease
epidemics, exploited population, and rocket trajectories. An original feature is the amount of space
devoted to the important and fascinating subject of optimal control. The work is divided into two parts. Part
1 deals with the control of linear time-continuous systems, using both transfer function and state-space
methods. The ideas of controllability, observability and minimality are discussed in comprehensible
fashion. Part 2 introduces the calculus of variations, followed by analysis of continuous optimal control
problems. Each topic is individually introduced and carefully explained with illustrative examples and
exercises at the end of each chapter to help and test the reader‘s understanding. Solutions are provided
at the end of the book.
Concise undergraduate course text with a pictorial approach, deals with basics of group theory and its
application to analysis of vibrational spectra, and a molecular orbital description of bonding. Developed
from a course that the author has taught for many years, it links the topics to ligand field theory and
properties of transition metal complexes and other themes within inorganic chemistry. The author stresses
the importance of problem solving, and has therefore interspersed self-assessment questions to reinforce
material at key stages in the text. There are problem exercises at the end of most chapters, with solutions
and tutorial hints avoiding heavy mathematics.
A recent addition to the Woodhead Fibre Science Series, which has already covered wool, silk and luxury
fibres, regenerated cellulose, bast and other plant fibres, and high performance fibres. Synthetics have a
wide range of applications, including, among others, clothing, soft furnishing, flooring and geotextiles. This
book deals with fibres generated entirely from chemicals, including nylon, polyester, acrylic and polyolefin,
their chemical structures, polymerisation techniques and fibre production.

Fabric mechanics are fundamental to the way textiles are designed, tested and manufactured and
underpin the way woven fabrics are used. With fully comprehensive coverage of all aspects of fabric
anisotropy, stress-strain relationships and fabric drape modelling and testing, Structure and mechanics of
woven fabrics , discusses and exemplifies all major aspects of fabric mechanics and their relevance to
every stage of the contemporary textile industry. The book is an essential reference for all textile
academics, students, researchers, technicians, engineers and technologists, covering all areas of textile
material applications, from composites and geotextiles to medical textiles and biotextiles.
This postgraduate, comprehensive, reference and source book introduces readers to tides, tidal currents,
storm surges and sea level trends in coastal regions. It is equally an important work for teachers,
researchers, planners and engineers responsible for coastal defences and new infrastructure and
waterway modification. From his dichotomous expertise as scientist and teacher at the renowned Virginia
Institute of Marine Science, Professor Boon provides informative detail and data, making this text
worthwhile for readers who need a wider understanding of this increasingly important topic for coastal
zone residents. For MATLAB-using students, researchers and engineering consultants, simple-to-use
Graphical User Interface (GUI) programs are introduced and available free-of-charge for downloading.
These programs provide the tools for analysing water level or water current observations, derive the major
tidal constituents, and show first hand how tide and tidal predictions are made.

This two-day conference focused on the use of polymers (including thermoplastics, thermosets, rubbers,
reinforced plastics and coatings) in aggressive and/or corrosive environments.
Brewing: Science and practice updates and revises the previous work of this distinguished team of
authors, producing what is the standard work in its field. The book covers all stages of brewing from raw
materials, including the chemistry of hops and the biology of yeasts, through individual processes such as
mashing and wort separation to packaging, storage and distribution. Key quality issues are discussed
such as flavour and the chemical and physical properties of finished beers.




This comprehensive book provides a critical appreciation of the technological developments and scientific
understanding related to clothing appearance and fit. It bridges active research and development in
beauty and fashion design, with garment evaluation technology, drape and human anthropometrics and
sizing. It includes many industrial standards, techniques and practices that make it an essential reference
for researchers, academics, professionals and students in clothing and textile academia and industry.




There is an increasing movement of scientists and engineers dedicated to minimising the environmental
impact of polymer composite production. Life-cycle assessment is of paramount importance at every
stage of a product's life, from initial synthesis through to final disposal and a sustainable society needs
environmentally safe materials and processing methods. With an internationally recognised team of
authors, Green composites examines polymer composite production and explains how environmental
footprints can be diminished at every stage of the life-cycle. This book is an essential guide for agricultural
crop producers, governmental agricultural departments, automotive companies, composite producers and
material scientists all dedicated to the promotion and practice of eco-friendly materials and production
methods.
Cardiovascular disease and diabetes pose a serious and growing risk to the health of the population in the
developed world. This important collection reviews dietary influences on these diseases and the ways
individual functional foods can help prevent them.




This wide-ranging text sums up the wealth of recent research on assessing the risks from pesticides,
veterinary and other residues in food, and effective means for detecting and controlling them. Part 1
covers targeted and rapid methods for analysing residues in food together with the use of good
agricultural practice and HACCP systems in managing them. Part 2 looks at veterinary residues, covering
their safety, toxicology and detection. Part 3 examines pesticides, with chapters on surveillance and
detection methods for fungicides and herbicides. In the final part, there are chapters summarising a wide
range of other chemical residues in food, from xenostrogens/endocrine disruptors and dietary estrogens
to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls.




The role of the textile finisher has become increasingly demanding and now requires a careful balance
between the compatibility of different finishing products and treatments and the application processes
used to provide textiles with desirable properties. This major book details the fundamentals of final
chemical finishing, covering the range of effects that result from the interplay between chemical structures
and finishing products. Each chapter focuses on finishings for a particular textile property, looking at
mechanisms, chemistries, applications, evaluations and troubleshooting associated with each technique.
This book is an essential reference for academic and industrial textile chemists and for those studying
textile education programmes.
Starch is both a major component of plant foods and an important ingredient for the food industry. Starch
in food reviews starch structure and functionality and the growing range of starch ingredients used to
improve the nutritional and sensory quality of food. Part 1 illustrates how plant starch can be analysed and
modified, with chapters on plant starch synthesis, starch bioengineering and starch-acting enzymes. Part
2 examines the sources of starch, from wheat and potato to rice, corn and tropical sources. The third part
of the book looks at starch as an ingredient and how it is used in the food industry. There are chapters on
modified starches and the stability of frozen foods, starch-lipid interactions and starch-based
microencapsulation. Part 4 covers starch as a functional food, including the impact of starch on physical
and mental performance, detecting nutritional starch fractions and analysing starch digestion.
Thermal technologies must ensure the safety of food without compromising its quality. This important
book summarises key research both on improving particular techniques and measuring their effectiveness
in preserving food and enhancing its quality.




Mycotoxins are toxic compounds produced by fungi. They are produced in foods of plant origin and pose a
significant contamination risk in cereal and other foods. With its distinguished editors and international
team of contributors, Mycotoxins in food summarises the wealth of recent research on how to assess the
risks from mycotoxins, detect particular mycotoxins and control them at differing stages in the supply
chain.



The alloy tree is a user-friendly, logical guide to the major metal alloys and their variants. Introductory
chapters present a diagrammatic representation of a main alloy route map, which categorises each
specific type of alloy. New types of metals that are all members of the same family can be developed, by
adding different alloys together. Chemical formulas are given for each individual metal alloy. Data tables
with information on designation (definition), description, background, chemical composition, properties,
microstructure and applications are given for each alloy group. This book is an easy to use guide for the
non-specialist, enabling the reader to grasp the fundamentals of alloy properties and uses, assisting with
selecting the right alloy for a particular purpose.

This is the first book to provide current knowledge of biophysically-based models of light interaction with
plants aiming at realistic image synthesis of plants. These models were developed using computer
graphics techniques and biological data. The modelling approach involves the use of rendering
algorithms, such as ray tracing and Monte Carlo Methods, to simulate light propagation within plant
tissues. The same research methodology described in the book can be applied to other organic materials
such as skin, hair and eye tissues. Since the processes of light interaction with plants are central in
environmental studies, scientific applications also include projects towards ecology, agriculture, forestry
and remote sensing. The authors describe these processes and how they determine plant appearance
characteristics such as colour, gloss and translucency. The authors discuss how computer models can be
used to investigate plant interaction with the environment.
The world sugar market focuses on identifying, describing and assessing the key industry drivers and
their future potential impact on the market. Part 1 provides an overview – covering the history of sugar
production and consumption, cultivation of beet and cane and the state of the market for sugar and
alternative sweeteners. Part 2 focuses on identifying, describing and assessing the key market drivers,
both economic and political, on sugar demand. Part 3 is devoted to a similar analysis of sugar supply,
whilst Part 4 covers the future for the sugar markets.




This important collection reviews the role of functional foods in helping to prevent a number of
degenerative conditions, from osteoporosis and obesity to immune system disorders and cancer.
Introductory chapters discuss the regulation of functional foods in the EU and the role of diet generally in
preventing degenerative disease. Part 1 examines bone and oral health, the use of diet to control
osteoporosis, the use of functional ingredients to improve bone strength, and ways of maintaining dental
health. Part 2 discusses how obesity can be controlled, whilst Part 3 looks at gut health and maintaining
the immune function using functional ingredients. The book concludes by reviewing research on functional
foods and cancer with chapters on synbiotics, anti-angiogenic functional foods, glucosinolates, dietary
fibre and phytoestrogens.




This workshop was held to consider in depth the environmental factors that influence the changing pattern
of worldwide childhood allergy. This title is a valuable source of knowledge and update for nutritionists,
pediatricians, immunologists, microbiologists, as well as professionals concerned with preventive
medicine.




In the 21st century polyester has taken over from cotton as the most heavily used fibre. Polypropylene has
moved ahead too, while nylon and acrylics remain as commercially important fibres. The increasing use of
microfibres has been a notable trend in recent years, and environmental issues have come to the fore too.
This book covers all these trends and has been assembled with contributions by a team of world-
renowned experts, who provide a series of deep insights into this important area of technology (296
pages)
Written by leading investigators and clinicians, this publication begins with a review of the epidemiology of
micronutrient deficiencies. Further chapters deal with stable isotope methods in research, new etiological
aspects such as the impact of micronutrient interactions, bioavailability and infectious diseases, as well as
the effects of socio- and geopolitical factors. Another section focuses on the implications of micronutrient
deficiencies and psycho-motor development, immune function and bone growth, with regard also to the
economic impact. Finally an update on specific strategies to address micronutrient deficiencies is
provided.




The Asian-Australasian Association for Composite Materials (AACM) has been playing a leading role in
the field of composite science and technology since its inception in 1997. AACM aims to encourage the
interchange of knowledge in all aspects of composite materials both in the scientific and engineering
communities. Following the success of the first three ACCM conferences ACCM 4 was held in Sydney,
Australia, in July 2004. Composite technologies for 2020 provides current state-of-the-art achievements
and recent advances in composite science and technologies bringing together leading experts and
innovators in the field. Nearly 200 selected papers, classified under 18 different categories ranging from
general manufacturing and processing techniques to the latest and hottest topics such as nano-
composites and eco-bio composites. Together they represent an authorative documentation of current
advances in the field of composite materials.
There is extensive data in this text including numerous tables and graphs illustrating property changes,
processing attributes, chemical interactions, material types and so forth. This is a very comprehensive
book representing the forefront of the technology of clay-containing polymeric nanocomposites.




This book will be an interesting source of knowledge for internists, family physicians, pediatricians,
dieticians, endocrinologists, gastroenterologists, and public health officers.
This book provides the latest data on genetic variation and dietary response, nutrients and gene
expression, and the contribution molecular biology has given to systems biology. It also includes a
comprehensive critique of genetic association studies in defining the risk of chronic diseases and
concludes that molecular diagnostic tests will eventually affect every area of health care from individual
risk prediction, early diagnosis of disease, and determination of optimal treatment regimens, to monitoring
treatment effectiveness.


Topics covered at Polymer Bonding 2004 include: latest material advances, new processing technologies,
analysis of bonding techniques, progress in application technology, formulation advancement and
business and industry issue.
This important collection provides an authoritative review of the key issues in poultry processing. Part 1
discusses good practice during production, from breeding and husbandry to slaughter, secondary
processing, packaging and storage. Part 2 analyses safety issues such as the control of microbial and
chemical hazards, as well as how to maintain quality through the supply chain.


The book examines the types of adhesives in use, properties, advantages and disadvantages, and
applications. It is very clearly written, well referenced and provides an excellent overview of a rapidly
developing field. The author is an expert with many years of experience in adhesive research and
development. The review is accompanied by around 400 abstracts from papers and books in the Rapra
Polymer Library database, to facilitate further reading on this subject. A subject index and a company
index are included.

The shelf-life of a product is critical in determining both its quality and profitability. This important collection
reviews the key factors in determining shelf-life and how it can be measured. Part 1 examines the factors
affecting shelf-life and spoilage, including individual chapters on the major types of food spoilage, the role
of moisture and temperature, spoilage yeasts, the Maillard reaction and the factors underlying lipid
oxidation. Part 2 addresses the best ways of measuring the shelf-life of foods, with chapters on modelling
food spoilage, measuring and modelling glass transition, detecting spoilage yeasts, measuring lipid
oxidation, the design and validation of shelf-life tests and the use of accelerated shelf-life tests.


Staphylococcus aureus is resident in skin and nasal membranes with a formidable pathogenic potential to
cause a variety of community and hospital acquired infections. This authoritative survey covers the impact
of genome sequences into our understanding of MRSA and MSSA pathogenesis. World specialists from
America, Germany, Japan, Sweden and the UK contribute knowledge and experience which will be
welcome to researchers, practitioners and postgraduate students of immunology, microbiology,
bacteriology and pharmacology worldwide.
This authoritative book covers manufacturing methods for and the key properties of these important steels
and their alloys.
This modern introduction to infinitesimal methods is a translation of the book Métodos Infinitesimais de
Análise Matemática by José Sousa Pinto of the University of Aveiro, Portugal and is aimed at final year or
graduate level students having a background in calculus. Surveying modern reformulations of the
infinitesimal concept with a thoroughly comprehensive exposition of important and influential hyperreal
numbers, the book includes previously unpublished material on the development of hyperfinite theory of
Schwartz distributions and its application to generalised Fourier transforms and harmonic analysis. This
translation by Roy Hoskins was also greatly assisted by the comments and constructive criticism of
Professor Victor Neves, of the University of Aveiro.

Following the success of ACIC 2002, this is the 2nd International Conference focusing on the application
and further exploitation of advanced composites in construction held at the University of Surrey in April
2004. With over 100 delegates the conference brought together practicing engineers, asset managers,
researchers and representatives of regulatory bodies to promote the active exchange of scientific and
technical information on the rapidly changing scene of advanced composites in construction. The aim of
the conference was to encourage the presentation of new concepts, techniques and case studies, which
will lead to greater exploitation of advanced polymer composites and FRP materials for the civil
engineering infrastructure, rehabilitation and renewal.
Proteins are essential dietary components and have a significant effect on food quality. Edited by a
leading expert in the field and with a distinguished international team of contributors, Proteins in food
processing reviews how proteins may be used to enhance the nutritional, textural and other qualities of
food products. After two introductory chapters, the book first discusses sources of proteins, examining the
caseins, whey, muscle and soy proteins and proteins from oil-producing plants, cereals and seaweed.
Part 2 illustrates the analysis and modification of proteins, with chapters on testing protein functionality,
modelling protein behaviour, extracting and purifying proteins and reducing their allergenicity. A final group
of chapters are devoted to the functional value of proteins and how they are used as additives in foods.

Fibre rope has undergone dramatic technological changes over the last few decades with such advances
as the development of synthetic fibres and modern types of rope construction. This major handbook takes
a comprehensive look at rope-making materials and structures, properties and mechanics. It covers rope
production, focusing on laid strand, braided, low-twist and parallel yarn ropes and rope terminations. Rope
testing is examined in depth, as well as the key issues surrounding rope retirement. Case studies from a
variety of environments are studied. This is an essential reference for everyone involved in the design,
selection, use, inspection and testing of fibre rope.




A foreign body is any undesirable solid object in a food. Foreign bodies range from external matter such
as metal fragments or insects to internal matter such as bones or stalks. Foreign bodies in food remain a
significant risk to consumers and to a company's reputation. They can also be difficult to detect,
particularly if they are part of the raw material used in food processing. This collection discusses ways of
preventing and managing incidents involving foreign bodies. It also reviews the range of technologies
available for effective detection and control of foreign bodies from both external and internal sources.
Texture is one of the most important attributes used by consumers to assess food quality. With its
distinguished editor and international team of contributors, this authoritative book summarises the wealth
of recent research on what influences texture in solid foods and how it can be controlled to maximise
product quality. The first part of the book reviews research on understanding how consumers experience
texture when they eat, and how they perceive and describe key textural qualities such as crispness. Part 2
considers the instrumental techniques used for analysing texture. It includes chapters on
force/deformation and sound input techniques, near infrared spectroscopy (NIR), nuclear magnetic
resonance (NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The final part examines how the texture of
particular foods may be better understood and improved. A number of chapters review ways of controlling
the texture of fruits and vegetables, whilst other cover cereal foods such as bread, rice, pasta and fried
food.



Together with its companion volumes, Handbook of herbs and spices: Volume 2 provides a
comprehensive and authoritative coverage of key herbs and spices. Chapters on individual plants cover
such issues as description and classification, production, chemical structure and properties, potential
health benefits, uses in food processing and quality issues.



This review provides a clear overview of the state-of-the-art of flame retardancy for plastics. It highlights
the new developments and the potential problems with legislation, together with the benefits to end users
of protection from fire hazards. This review is accompanied by around 400 abstracts from papers and
books in the Rapra Polymer Library database, to facilitate further reading on this subject. A subject index
and a company index are included.
This volume discusses methods of analysis for 30 major additives where methods are incomplete or
deficient. In each case the authors review current techniques, their respective strengths and weaknesses,
method procedures and which method to adopt. Each chapter includes detailed tables summarising
particular methods, statistical parameters for measurement and performance characteristics.




Today it is as essential as ever to design, develop and produce saleable and commercially sound woven
fabrics within considerable financial restraints. However, in teaching woven fabric design, emphasis
appears to have shifted away from the practicalities of cloth construction and design development. This
practical handbook provides explanations and answers to some of the technical and practical problems
encountered in the development, design and manufacture of woollen and worsted woven fabrics.

Exhaustive, authoritative and comprehensive, using 160 statistical tables, this book addresses the
fundamental structure of materials and remediation, and looks at the properties of water and water-
induced degradation and deterioration, with chapters on moisture effects in buildings and materials,
corrosion theory and metal protection. The authors explain the behaviour of materials in fires, fundamental
fire resistance principles and techniques, calculation of flame temperatures, and the removal of heat by
nitrogen and other combustion products. It addresses properties performance, degradation of masonry,
plastics, adhesives, sealants, timber, glass and fibre composites, metals and alloy elements. Phase
diagrams show cooling curves and structure for metals and alloys. Concrete technology is developed in
relation to degradation, electro-potential mapping and cathodic protection of reinforced concrete. The
book is fully updated to current British and European standards.
This manual contains step-by-step procedures for performing successful underwater wet-stick welding
operations. It will aid all those seeking to better understand the parameters involved in wet welding, but it
also includes many other relevant sections all closely connected to welding. It also shows how to achieve
the best results with any particular technique when carrying out wet welding. Practical exercises on the
three basic techniques are also given at the end of the manual.
This undergraduate and postgraduate text will familiarise readers with interval arithmetic and related tools
to gain reliable and validated results and logically correct decisions for a variety of geometric
computations, and the means for alleviating the effects of the errors. It also considers computations on
geometric point-sets, which are neither robust nor reliable in processing with standard methods. The
authors provide two effective tools for obtaining correct results: (a) interval arithmetic, and (b) ESSA the
new powerful algorithm which improves many geometric computations and makes them rounding error
free.
This important study focuses on the way in which structures and materials can be best designed to absorb
kinetic energy in a controllable and predictable manner. Understanding of energy absorption of structures
and materials is important in calculating the damage to structures caused by accidental collision,
assessing the residual strength of structures after initial damage and in designing packaging to protect its
contents in the event of impact. Whilst a great deal of recent research has taken place into the energy
absorption behaviour of structures and materials and significant progress has been made, this knowledge
is diffuse and widely scattered. This book offers a synthesis of the most recent developments and forms a
detailed and comprehensive view of the area. It is an essential reference for all engineers concerned with
materials engineering in relation to the theory of plasticity, structural mechanics and impact dynamics.




This major handbook is the first authoritative survey of current knowledge of fatigue behaviour of
composites. It deals in detail with a wide range of problems met by designers in the automotive, marine
and structural engineering industries. Compiled from the contributions of some of the best-known
researchers in the field, it provides an invaluable, practical and encyclopaedic handbook covering recent
developments.
Extending the shelf-life of foods whilst maintaining safety and quality is a critical issue for the food
industry. As a result there have been major developments in food preservation techniques, which are
summarised in this authoritative collection. The first part of the book examines the key issue of
maintaining safety as preservation methods become more varied and complex. The rest of the book looks
both at individual technologies and how they are combined to achieve the right balance of safety, quality
and shelf-life for particular products.




With recent problems such as the use of genetically modified ingredients and BSE, the need to trace and
authenticate the contents of food products has never been more urgent. The first part of this authoritative
collection reviews the range of established and new techniques for food authentication. Part 2 explores
how such techniques are applied in particular sectors, whilst Part 3 reviews the recent developments in
traceability systems for differing food products.




The International Symposium in Brittle Matrix Composites October 13-15, 2003 covers a wide spectrum of
topics including cement based composites, ceramic composites and brittle polymer matrix composites. In
the papers various topics and issues are considered such as: analytical and numerical studies related to
the design of composites, prediction of behaviour and verification of strength and stability, testing
methods, manufacturing processes and repair, environmental effects and durability assessment. The
present volume of 55 papers proves that there are still many problems in the field of brittle matrix
composites deserving theoretical and experimental investigations and that new solutions to these
problems are needed for practical application in civil engineering, industrial structures, machinery and
other domains.
With increasing regulation and consumer pressure, the food industry needs to ensure that its production
methods are sustainable and sensitive to environmental needs. This important collection reviews ways of
analysing the impact of food processing operations on the environment, particularly life cycle assessment
(LCA), and techniques for minimising that impact. The first part of the book looks at the application of LCA
to the key product areas in food processing. Part 2 then discusses best practice in such areas as
controlling emissions, waste treatment, energy efficiency and biobased food packaging.
This market survey provides a detailed and independent analysis of 184 Indian foundries offering
specialised casting and foundry facilities. It is an invaluable source of information for buyers with
responsibility for sourcing components in the most cost-effective way. Its comprehensive tabular
information allows an effective comparison to be made between candidate suppliers and so aids the
choice of the right partner for the production of a very wide range of industrial products. The report
devotes particular attention to the technologies that already exist in India starting from pattern making to
moulding, metal preparation, and inspection and testing practices. It gives a complete picture of each
foundry along with their relevant contact details. It also examines organizational details of foundries and
key performance indicators as well as covering their installed and spare capacities along with the weight
range of castings handled. It includes valuable information on current indicative prices for a wide range of
foundry goods and has a useful section on the logistics of procurement in India. Commercial aspects
prevailing in the industry are also examined. The report also contains important information on the Indian
With the increasingly-important requirement for reducing pollution in textile production, the use of
enzymes in the chemical processing of fibres and textiles is rapidly gaining wider recognition because of
their non-toxic and eco-friendly characteristics. They can be safely used in a wide selection of textile
processes such as de-sizing, scouring, bleaching, dying and finishing, which would otherwise use very
harsh chemicals whose disposal into the environment poses many problems. This study provides the
textile technologist with an understanding of enzymes and their use with textile materials and in process
engineering. It covers all aspects from the chemical make-up and properties of textiles as substrates for
enzymes to the processing of these materials; from basic biochemistry and enzymology to the industrial
application of these biocatalysts.
Edited by one of the world‘s leading authorities in the field, and with a distinguished international team of
contributors, Bread making reviews key recent research on the ingredients determining bread quality. Part
1 discusses the definition, measurement and improvement of wheat properties, which enhance bread
quality. The second part of the book reviews recent research on the properties of flour and dough, which
influence bread texture, colour and flavour. The final part of the book looks at the contribution of other
ingredients.




Structures often deteriorate because not enough attention is given during the design stage. Designing for
durability is often left to the structural designer or architect who does not have the necessary skills, and
the result is all too often failure, incurring high maintenance and repair costs. Knowledge of the long-term
behaviour of materials, building components and structures is the basis for avoiding these costs. This
book is aimed at degree students in civil engineering, engineers, architects, contractors, plant managers,
maintenance managers and inspection engineers.
With its high volumes of production, the food industry has an urgent need for instrumentation that can be
used on-line and which produces rapid measurements. As a result, there has been a wealth of research in
this field, which is summarised in this important collection. The first part of the book looks at techniques
for the rapid detection of contaminants such as pesticides, veterinary drug residues and foreign bodies.
The second part of the book considers methods for identifying ingredients, including additives, and
measuring product quality.




Sausage manufacture: Principles and practice provides a concise and authoritative guide to
manufacturing high-quality products for the consumer. It begins by considering issues of definition and the
market trends. The book then discusses product formulation, key stages in production, good practice in
safety and quality assurance, new product development and novel products.
This important and wide-reaching study provides a comprehensive guide to the implementation of
sustainable transport initiatives worldwide. Through a wide range of case studies from Europe, North
America and Australia. Sustainable transport shows how practical schemes, infrastructure developments
and educational support can provide an alternative to the growing congestion in many urban
environments.




This book examines recent developments in modern arc welding. The book is essentially divided into five
main parts. The first part gives an account of the dynamic behaviour of the arc, its power sources and its
effect on welding technology. Part 2 then goes on to describe ways of controlling the welding arc through
modern electronics, covering unique and original methods. The third part looks at the prospects of the arc
sensor for automatic seam tracking in arc welding, and establishes the first mathematical model of the
sensor on the basis of control theory. Part 4 describes an original new method for measuring the welding
temperature field using the image colorimetric method, and Part 5 gives a detailed account of the
recognition method of 3-dimensional weld grooves. Arc welding control is essential reading for
researchers, academics, students, technicians, engineers and other professionals currently involved in
welding automation.
With its distinguished international team of contributors, Dairy processing summarises key developments
in the field and how they enhance dairy product safety and quality. The first part of the book discusses raw
milk composition, production and quality. Part two reviews developments in processing from hygiene and
HACCP systems to automation, high-pressure processing and modified atmosphere packaging. The final
part of the book considers developments for particular products such as fermented dairy products and
cheeses.




The rapid growth in seafood trade in the past three decades has created a truly global market for fish.
Written by one of the world‘s leading authorities on the subject, this book is the first to explore the
structure, function and trends of this international market. It is invaluable for seafood traders, government
officials and researchers, and has become the standard reference on the desks of all participants in and
observers of the international fish and seafood trade.




The future of car manufacturing may be very different to the current practice of large scale, large
assembly plant construction methods, based on economies of scale and marketing new vehicles with
offering ever increasing complexity and value-added options. A sustainable future is envisaged in this
ground-breaking study which concentrates on the recent research into alternative production methods with
an emphasis on life-cycle management, recyclability and manufacture tailored to customer's individual
specifications.

Drawing on the expertise of the prestigious European Hygienic Equipment Design Group (EHEDG) and
other experts in the field, this major collection is a standard work on good hygiene practice in food
processing. The coverage is truly comprehensive and includes hygiene regulation and legislation for both
Europe and the USA. It opens with an examination of the general principles of hygiene, moves on to cover
plant design and construction as well as hygiene management principles and methods. It is an invaluable
guide for all food processors.
Improvements in materials technology have produced a significant impact on sporting performance in
recent years. The relationship between material technology and design and their effects on sporting
performance is the focus of this important handbook. From topics related to the general use of materials
in sports - for example for sports surfaces and the behaviour of balls and ballistics, the book goes on to
explore in detail the particular requirements of materials for many of the most popular sports including
golf, tennis, cycling, mountaineering, skiing, cricket and paralympic sports. This book is an essential text
for students on sports technology courses, manufacturers of sports equipment and materials scientists
working with new materials with potential for sports applications.



Written by one of the world's leading experts, this handbook is an authoritative and comprehensive guide
to textile yarn manufacturing. It gives practical guidance for textile yarn manufacturers, explaining how the
processes work and providing insight into the technical problems and economic consequences that can
arise as the fabric flows through the mill. It shows the causes of problems and demonstrates the best
ways to deal with them. Includes invaluable technical data including calculations, worked examples and
case studies which make it an essential reference for anyone concerned with the smooth running of a
textile manufacturing plant. It is the standard work for both yarn manufacturers and those researching this
important area of the textile industry.
This handbook is a concise, explanatory textbook for the main commercially significant and commonly
used welding processes. It takes the student or novice welder through the individual steps involved in
each process in a clear and easily understood way. It can be used as a textbook for the European
Federation of Welding, Joining and Cutting (EWF) and International Institute of Welding (IIW) combined
courses leading to the internationally recognised qualifications of Welding Engineer, Welding Technologist
and Welding Specialist. It also covers many of the requirements referred to in European Standards
including EN719 (on welding task responsibilities), EN 729 (on quality assurance), EN 729 (on welding
procedures) and EN 287 (on welding training).
Understanding and controlling the texture of semi-solid foods such as yoghurt and ice cream is a complex
process. With a distinguished international team of contributors, this important collection summarises
some of the most significant research in this area. The first part of the book looks at the behaviour of gels
and emulsions, how they can be measured and their textural properties improved. The second part of the
collection discusses the control of texture in particular foods such as yoghurt, ice cream, spreads and
sauces.



This book records the proceedings of the Wind Over Waves conference of the Institute of Mathematics
and its Applications at Churchill College, Cambridge. It addresses ocean wave processes and turbulence
as they affect oceanography, meteorology, marine and coastal engineering. It will enable applied
mathematicians, seafarers, and all others affected by these phenomena to predict and control wave
effects on shipping safety, weather forecasting, offshore structures, sediment pollution, and ice dynamics
in polar regions. Co-sponsors with the IMA are The Institute of Civil Engineers and The Royal
Meteorological Society.
This updated text approaches integration via measure theory as opposed to measure theory via
integration, an approach which makes it easier to grasp the subject. Apart from its central importance to
pure mathematics, the material is also relevant to applied mathematics and probability, with proof of the
mathematics set out clearly and in considerable detail. Numerous worked examples necessary for
teaching and learning at undergraduate level constitute a strong feature of the book, and after studying
statements of results of the theorems, students should be able to attempt the 300 problem exercises
which test comprehension, for which detailed solutions are provided.

This volume has brought together a number of authors who are expert in their particular field. The
information in each chapter is not only technical and practical but can be used in laboratories and factories
alike. The subjects cover all aspects of modern finishing and bring together information that previously
has only been found in chemical companies' technical data sheets.


Consumers demand food products with fewer synthetic additives but increased safety and shelf-life.
These demands have increased the importance of natural antimicrobials which prevent the growth of
pathogenic and spoilage micro-organisms. Edited by a leading expert in the field, this important collection
reviews the range of key antimicrobials together with their applications in food processing. There are
chapters on antimicrobials such as nisin and chitosan, applications in such areas as postharvest storage
of fruits and vegetables, and ways of combining antimicrobials with other preservation techniques to
enhance the safety and quality of foods.



Methods for detecting pathogens need to balance accuracy, specificity and speed. There have been
major advances in techniques in all these areas. Detecting pathogens in food sums up the wealth of
recent research, the range of techniques available and their applications. The first part of the book looks
at general issues such as the role of microbiological analysis in food safety management, sampling
techniques and ways of validating individual detection methods. The second part of the book examines
individual techniques, including microscopy, immunological and genetic methods.




With its distinguished international team of contributors, Novel food packaging techniques summarises
the key developments in the field. The first part of the book discusses general issues such as packaging
design, consumer attitudes to novel packaging and the legislative context. Part 2 looks at new techniques
such as the use of oxygen and other scavengers, freshness indicators and antimicrobial packaging. The
final part of the book discusses packaging materials and considers how packaging can be used with other
preservation techniques to improve the quality of particular foods.
This comprehensive book examines the effects that all phases of textile production and use have on the
environment, from growing or making fibres to discarding a product after its useful life has ended. It looks
at the physical environment affected by these processes, including resource depletion, pollution and
energy use and the biological environment, by considering what happens as a result of manufacture. It
also considers the degradation suffered by textile materials within the environment whether by air
pollution, wind, water and other agents. The most recent solutions adopted by the industry are considered
and an analysis offered of the likely effectiveness of these strategies. It is an essential reference for
anyone concerned with the environmental footprint of the global textile industry.

Improving the dietary ratio by decreasing the omega–6 fatty acids and increasing the omega–3 fatty acids
is essential for brain function and for the management of cardiovascular disease, arthritis and cancer. A
ratio of 4/1 or less leads to lower dosage and to the reduction of adverse effects of drugs. This volume
should be of interest to a large and varied audience of researchers in academia, industry, and
government; cardiologists, geneticists, immunologists, neuroscientists, and cancer specialists; as well as
nutritionists, dietitians, food scientists, agriculturists, economists and regulators.



This publication, written by leading investigators and clinicians, offers a review of micronutrient
requirements and the assessment of micronutrient status of mothers and young infants, followed by the
epidemiology and health consequences of micronutrient deficiencies. It also includes different prophylactic
and therapeutic approaches, such as the most recent research on both single and multiple micronutrient
interventions during pregnancy, lactation and early infancy.




A complete manual on nutritional support for ICU patients, the book, written by internationally renowned
specialists, addresses fundamental aspects of the pathophysiological response to injury as well as
practical issues of nutritional care.
Mathematical modelling is often spoken of as a way of life, referring to habits of mind and to dependence
on the power of mathematics to describe, explain, predict and control real phenomena. This book aims to
encourage teachers to provide opportunities for students to model a variety of real phenomena
appropriately matched to students‘ mathematical backgrounds and interests from early stages of
mathematical education. Habits, misconceptions, and mindsets about mathematics can present obstacles
to university students‘ acceptance of a ‗‗models-and-modelling perspective‘‘ at this stage of mathematics
education. Without prior experience in building, interpreting and applying mathematical models, many
students may never come to view and regard modelling as a way of life. The book records presentations
at the ICTMA 11 conference held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 2003.

Results from research provide data on the composition of indigenous plants from various areas of the
world and show that consumption of green leafy vegetables corrects deficiencies successfully. The book
also deals with nutrition policy integrating indigenous foods against micronutrient deficiency.
Implementation of scientific evidence is an essential precondition for improving nutrition policy.




Phytochemicals are non-nutritive components that provide plants with colour, flavour and toxicity to pests.
There is now a growing body of research, which also suggests they may also help to reduce the risk of
chronic diseases such as cancer, osteoporosis and heart disease. Edited by two leading experts, this
collection provides an authoritative review of the range of phytochemicals. The first part of the book
considers individual groups of phytochemicals such as phenolic compounds and their health benefits.
Other parts of the book discuss how functional benefits are tested, and ways of producing phytochemical
functional products.




Yeasts play a crucial role in the sensory quality of a wide range of foods. This book provides a
comprehensive review of the methods for their detection, identification and analysis as well as the role of
yeasts in several food products including dairy products, meat, fruit, bread and beverages.




The mathematical modelling movement in mathematics education at school and university level has been
influencing curricula for about 25 years. Lecturers will find useful material to enhance their teaching and
extracurricular activities and educators will find innovative ideas to inform their course design and focus
their research, while students will find interesting problems to explore.
This specialist market report on the growing denim industries of China and Hong Kong is designed to
complement and elaborate on the information contained within The World Trade Organization and
international denim trading. It provides unparalleled detail on every aspect of denim production and
apparel, including manufacturing, distribution, competitive analysis and industry strategy. It is a valuable
tool for anyone researching or involved in the denim industry in China and Hong Kong.




This important market research report and its companion volume, The China and Hong Kong denim
industry together form a unique market analysis showing how the world denim trade is developing, who
the key players are, which markets are expanding and which declining, and, crucially, what the effect of
China's accession to the WTO will have on the trade. It analyses the trade in its major markets including
the USA, EEC, Japan, Hong Kong and China. It includes extensive and systematic primary research, data
on the geographic distribution of the denim trade, detailed descriptions and analysis of the major markets
and comprehensive analysis of the industry's competitiveness in relation to the impact of the WTO.




Taints and off-flavours are a major problem for the food industry. Part 1 of this important collection
reviews the major causes of taints and off-flavours, from oxidative rancidity and microbiologically-derived
off-flavours, to packaging materials as a source of taints. Part 2 of the book discusses the range of
techniques for detecting taints and off-flavours, from sensory analysis to instrumental techniques,
including the development of new rapid, on-line sensors.
This practical introduction encapsulates the entire content of teaching material for UK honours degree
courses in mathematics, physics, chemistry and engineering, and is also appropriate for post-graduate
study. It imparts the necessary mathematics for use of the techniques, with subject-related worked
examples throughout. The text is supported by challenging Problem-Exercises (and Answers) to test
student comprehension. Index notation used in the text simplifies manipulations in the sections on vectors
and tensors. Partial differential equations are discussed, and special functions introduced as solutions.
The book will serve for postgraduate reference worldwide, with variation for USA.

Dairy products constitute one of the most important types of functional food. Edited by two of the leading
authorities in this area, this major collection reviews how functional dairy products help to prevent such
chronic diseases as cancer, osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease. Part 2 considers product
development and such issues as clinical trials and safety evaluation. Part 3 examines particular types of
product from oligosaccharides to lactic acid bacteria.
The importance of local programmes in driving sustainable development has been enshrined in Local
Agenda 21, arguably the most influential output of the 1992 Rio 'Earth' Summit. Its importance was
reiterated by the Johannesburg Summit in 2002. Local environmental sustainability sets the context for
local environmental sustainability and, in particular, considers how local government can promote
sustainable development by building partnerships with different groups and organisations in the local
community. Using case studies, individual chapters focus on different types of regional and local
initiatives, the partnerships that have made them possible, and the key issues in making them effective.
Local environmental sustainability provides a blueprint for both local governments and local communities
to work together effectively for a more sustainable future.


Some of the newest and most exciting developments in functional foods are products that claim to
influence mood and enhance both mental and physical performance. This important collection reviews the
range of ingredients used in these ‗performance‘ functional foods, their effects and the evidence
supporting functional benefits.


With various crises experienced in the meat supply chain in the UK and elsewhere, seldom has the
international meat industry been subject to so much attention as it is in the opening years of the 21st
century. This major looseleaf represents the first comprehensive overview of the meat industry worldwide,
and looks at production, consumption, prices, trade and policy profiles and developments in the key
jurisdictions for each of the major product groups – cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry. It provides a wealth of
market statistics and analysis of trends, future outlook, threats and opportunities. This is an in-depth
survey that no-one involved in the international meat marketplace can afford to be without.



Water recycling presents a global challenge to the textile wet processing industry, which, like many
industries using large volumes of water, produces an effluent requiring specialist treatment before
discharge. Recycling of aqueous dyehouse effluent is of growing interest as the cost of water and effluent
treatment rises and water becomes an increasingly scarce resource. In this innovative book, contributions
to the subject have been provided by a range of experienced international authors. Many case studies are
included describing examples of different water recycling systems on specific sites, illustrating practical
application of the techniques being discussed. Each chapter is an individual approach by an authority from
a particular country. Diversity of discussion has been encouraged, yet despite this range of views, the
reader will be impressed by how frequently common conclusions are drawn to different aspects of the
subject.

This technical market report highlights the work on flame retardants by different companies and for
different resins; it describes the situation of flux in the marketplace with the changes to legislation and
gives data on the market size and possible future changes.
This title deals with the computational simulation of temperature fields, residual stresses and distortion
occuring during and after welding. Computational simulation is understood to be the reduction of the
typical welding phenomena just mentionaed to physical models, and their mathematical representation in
the form of computer programs.
Dr Smith here presents essential mathematical and computational ideas of network optimisation for senior
undergraduate and postgraduate students in mathematics, computer science and operational research.
He shows how algorithms can be used for finding optimal paths and flows, identifying trees in networks,
and optimal matching. Later chapters discuss postman and salesperson tours, and demonstrate how
many network problems are related to the ‗‗minimal-cost feasible-flow‘‘ problem. Techniques are
presented both informally and with mathematical rigour and aspects of computation, especially of
complexity, have been included. Numerous examples and diagrams illustrate the techniques and
applications. Problem exercises with tutorial hints.
This book introduces the reader to all the technical considerations that are important in textile printing. At
the same time the authors, all with vast experience in the industry, encourage the reader not to lose sight
of the human factor in producing successful results, which require the coordination of many individuals'
skills. All the major printing techniques are covered, including screen printing. A chapter on the use of
digital systems has also been included.
Emphasises 3-dimensional elasticity, concisely covering this important subject by filling the gap between a
mathematical and engineering approach. Based on the author‘s extensive research experience, it reflects
the need for more sophisticated methods of elastic analysis than is usually taught at undergraduate level.
Presented at a level of sophistication for engineers with mathematical knowledge and those familiar with
matrices. The author uses Cartesian tensors to develop the theory of thermo-elasticity, the theory of
generalised plane stress and complex variable analysis. Relatively inaccessible material with important
applications receives special attention, e.g. Russian work on anisotropic materials, the technique of
thermal imaging of strain, and an analysis of the San Andreas fault. Tensor equations are given in
straightforward notation to provide a physical grounding and assist comprehension, and there are useful
tables for the solution of problems.

This updated version of Practical Sonochemistry for advanced students and teachers in chemistry and
chemical engineering conveys the increasing growth in applications and equipment to power ultrasound.
New equipment now on the market offers a wider range of frequencies with more reproducible
experimentation and a variety of scale-up systems. The book provides detailed descriptions of new
ultrasonic equipment and its applications, and practical laboratory uses of ultrasound technology for
industrial scale performance. Modern exercises familiarise readers with up-to-date sonochemical
operations. There is also new material including methods for estimating ultrasonic energy entering the
system (dosimetry), which will standardise sonochemical methodology and enable practitioners to
reproduce results from other laboratories.
The first edition of Japanese financial markets established itself as a standard work on one of the most
important financial centres in the world. Since then there have been substantial changes, most notably a
serious financial crisis and major subsequent reforms of the financial system. Written by leading analysts
from the prestigious Nomura Group, this authoritative second edition explains these changes and their
consequences for the structure and operation of the country‘s financial markets. This major edition of
Japanese financial markets is essential reading for fund managers, institutional investors, financial
analysts and all those concerned with one of the world‘s most important financial markets.
This comprehensive reference work provides an overview of, and practical guide to, the various computer-
aided microscopical techniques used in materials science today. After introducing the reader to the basic
concepts of optics, the interactions between light and matter, and image processing, the book goes on to
discuss in depth both 2D reflection microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy. The application
of these techniques to the characterisation of materials is abundantly illustrated by hundreds of
photographs and illustrations, and through specific case studies. There is also discussion of other modern
optical imaging techniques and of non-optical ones such as x-ray micrography. This reference text is
essential both for beginners looking for an introduction to the subject as well as advanced materials
researchers in the fields where optical microscopy is used.




This comprehensive study covers all types of corrosion of austenitic stainless steel. It also covers
methods for detecting corrosion and investigating corrosion-related failure, together with guidelines for
improving corrosion protection of steels.




Fancy yarns are those produced with some deliberate discontinuity, introduced either into the colour or
form of the article, with the intention of producing an enhanced aesthetic impression. Most fancy yarns are
produced by specialist spinners using machines modified or specially developed for the purpose; others
are produced from ‗fancy slivers‘ used as minor components of yarns made by spinners with normal
equipment; still others are made exclusively by filament yarns, using adaptations of the air-jet texturing
process. This is the first reference book to be devoted to the design and manufacture of these complex
yarns.




Hyaluronan and its derivatives have developed very quickly in recent years from a scientific novelty into an
important new material for a diverse range of medical and biomaterial applications. The landmark
conference on which this 2 volume reference work is based focused on key developments and
applications in the use of hyaluronan in tissue repair and reconstruction, drug delivery systems, anti-
cancer treatments and joint recovery and engineering. The entire range of hyaluronan progress is dealt
with in depth by more than 135 individual papers presented in two volumes covering: analytical chemistry;
chemical modification; physical characterisation; cell biology and medical applications.
Two experienced chemists encapsulate their knowledge and teaching experience in this succinct text,
containing 63 useful diagrams, suitable for both undergraduate and post-graduate courses. Part 1
explains how fundamental properties of atoms determine the chemical properties of elements, and how
and why these properties change in the Periodic Table. Particular emphasis is placed on unique
properties of the first s, p, and d shells, on the effects of filled 3d and 4d shells on the properties of p and
d elements and on relativistic effects in the heavy elements. The overall treatment will clarify many
complex concepts. Part 2 presents an outline of inorganic chemistry within the framework of the Periodic
Table, detailing the application and relevance of the principles set out in Part 1.

International authorities here investigate recent research into the prion diseases which include scrapie of
sheep, BSE the ―Mad Cow‖ disease, and CJD one of the human diseases. The role of metals in these
diseases has become of great importance, linking it with some of the changes in Alzheimer‘s disease. The
book focuses on the metabolism of copper and manganese which are found in these diseases. It stems
from proceedings of the international workshop at Christ‘s College, Cambridge in 2001.




Microbiological risk assessment is one of the most important recent developments in improving food
safety management. Edited by two leading authorities in the field, and with a distinguished international
team of experts, this book reviews the key stages and issues in MRA.



The welding of aluminium and its alloys is a practical user‘s guide to all aspects of welding aluminium and
aluminium alloys, giving a basic understanding of the metallurgical principles involved. The book is
intended to provide engineers with perhaps little prior acquaintance with the welding processes involved a
concise and effective reference to the subject. It covers weldability of aluminium alloys; process
descriptions, advantages, limitations, proposed weld parameters, health and safety issues; preparation for
welding, quality assurance and quality control issues. It is essential reading for welding engineers,
production engineers, production managers, designers and supervisors involved in the aluminium
fabrication industry.
Designing a structured cabling system to ISO 11801 second edition is the first book to be published which
is a commentary on the latest design standard for structured cabling. It not only offers a step-by-step
guide through this standard but also references out to all the relevant standards associated with this
subject. International ISO and IEC standards along with European CENELEC EN– for example EN 50173
and EN 50174 – standards, and all appropriate American standards, such as ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B, are
cross-referenced and explained. This book is essential reading for all those involved in the design of
structured cabling: cable installers, IT consultants, network designers, telecommunications providers and
engineers.
Creating an effective policy for cycling is now an essential part of developing a sustainable transport
strategy for both local and national governments. There is now a wealth of international experience of how
well cycling planning works in practice and how it can be improved. With a wide range of contributions
from America, Australia and Europe, Planning for cycling sums up many of the lessons learnt and shows
how they can be applied in improving urban planning.




This major collection summarises key developments in research, from improving raw meat quality and
safety issues to developments in meat processing and specific aspects of meat product quality such as
colour, flavour and texture.




This book focuses on the changes made in building science and practice by the advent of computers. It
explains many more tools now available in the contemporary engineering environment. The book
discusses the more commonly used topics of structural failure, cable-nets and fabric structures, and
topics of non-linear analysis. Problems with solutions provided.




An introduction to fractal geometry and the best practices in software, theoretical mathematical algorithms
and analysis. With 320 illustrations and 30 references, international authorities address applications in key
research fields of remote sensing, mapping, texture creations, pattern recognition, image compression,
aeromechanical systems, cryptography and financial analysis.




The colour of a food is central to consumer perceptions of quality. This important collection reviews key
issues in controlling colour quality in food, from the chemistry of colour in food to measurement issues,
improving natural colour and the use of colourings to improve colour quality.
Over the past decade there has been an explosion of research on the relationship between nutrition and
health. Given the current interest of consumers in more nutritious food, food processors are increasingly
concerned with understanding the nature of nutrient loss during food processing. This book brings
together an international team of experts to summarise key findings on diet and nutrient intake, the impact
of nutrients on health, and how food processing operations affect the nutritional quality of foods.




Fruit and vegetables are both major food products in their own right and key ingredients in many
processed foods. This book provides an authoritative survey of recent research on improving the sensory,
nutritional and functional qualities of fruit and vegetables, whether as fresh or processed products.




The emergence of ‗minimal‘ processing techniques, which have a limited impact on a food‘s nutritional
and sensory properties, has been a major new development in the food industry. This book provides an
authoritative review of the range of minimal techniques currently available, their applications and safety
and quality issues.


Edited by a leading authority on quality issues, and with a distinguished international team of contributors,
this recent book summarises important research on improving quality in fish processing.
Written by two leading experts in the copper industry, the late John Jessop and Martin Thompson,
formerly of RTZ, this addition to our major series of looseleaf guides to the key international metals
industries is required reading for all those new to or needing a strategic analysis of the international
copper marketplace.




Lockhart and Wiseman’s crop husbandry is widely recognised as the standard introduction to its subject
for both students and practitioners. This edition has been comprehensively revised, reorganised to include
new chapters on the influence of climate, cropping techniques, integrated crop management and quality
assurance, seed production and selection.




In the Dictionary of textile finishing the textile engineer will find the correct technical terms for 16,000
keywords within their field of activity in the German language and vice versa. The dictionary is the link
between the Encyclopedia of Textile Finishing and the Lexikon der Textilveredelung from the same
author. It is supplemented by a comprehensive collection of acronyms in the textile field (approx. 500
acronyms and their meanings). This book is essential for all textile engineers in the textile industry and
textile machine producing industry, researchers, students, translators and journalists in textile science.

Carpet manufacture has undergone huge changes over the past few decades: a wider range of carpet
fibres has become available and a wealth of new, advanced technologies has been adopted by this global
industry. Carpet manufacture addresses the serious lack of information in this important area. After a
review of the rich and colourful history of the industry from 400 BC to the start of the new millennium, the
book concentrates on current carpet technology, from fibres to finishing. The author examines all aspects
of manufacture, from selection of the raw materials to the principles of designing. The sophisticated
techniques involved in weaving, needling, tufting and other manufacturing methods are also covered. The
book also discusses handmade carpets and rugs. Carpet manufacture concludes with an extensive
discussion of carpet performance assessment and testing, and the production of carpets for specialist
locations such as sporting arenas and in transportation.

The title shows that scientific progress has reached a level where nutritional interventions may play a
decisive part in the prevention of degenerative conditions of age, improvement of quality of life and impact
on health care burden and resources. Topics deal with such different aspects as the influence of prenatal
and early infant nutrition on the future aged individual and effects of energetic restriction on longevity.
This publication focuses on new findings regarding nutritional implications in metabolic alterations during
inflammation, immunonutrients including antioxidant micronutrients, changes in body composition, the role
of genetics, and various aspects of administration, especially the advantages of initiating enteral nutrition
during early disease states.




Coating and laminating offer methods of improving and modifying the physical properties and appearance
of fabrics and scope for the development of entirely new products by combining the benefits of fabrics,
polymers and films. This detailed book covers all aspects of coating and lamination within the textile
industry, including compound ingredients, how to set and adhere to strictly controlled processing
conditions, the accurate control of production variables, the safe handling of toxic materials and the
ongoing research into future products which will facilitate recycling and disposal. It provides particularly
useful insight into the challenges and opportunities that these new treatments offer, and is essential
reading for technologists, chemists and production engineers working in this exciting field.

In this book, leading experts within the industry come together to give one of the first comprehensive
treatments of the science and technology of wool. This invaluable reference covers all aspects of the
modern wool industry from raw material to finished product and is an essential reference resource for
anyone involved in the worldwide wool industry whether as processor, manufacturer, or user for the
garment and carpet trades.




The market for ready meals is growing, as market analysts acknowledge that an increase in fragmented
family eating patterns has resulted in an upsurge in the demand for ready prepared foods. This book
provides an overview of modern eating patterns and the thought processes of designing a new product.
Key issues relating to raw material selection, monitoring product quality, hygiene, safety and packaging
are reviewed.
The work contained in this critical review was carried out as part of the National Physical Laboratory‘s
MTS programme on Processability, the object being to provide the best available data for selected
commercial alloys to help with the mathematical modelling of processes such as casting and primary and
secondary refining. Mathematical modelling has become an established tool with which to improve
process control and efficiency, and product quality. Models have been developed to such a stage that one
of the prime requirements is now for accurate, reliable data for the thermophysical properties involved in
the heat and fluid flow processes. There are few data for these available in the standard literature on
commercial alloys and so this report is of interest to all users of mathematical modelling processes.
Based on the work of the internationally-renowned Food Refrigeration and Process Engineering Research
Centre (FRPERC) at the University of Bristol, this will be the standard work on meat refrigeration, covering
both individual quality issues and the management of the cold chain from carcass to consumer.




Provides less mathematically minded students with a gentle introduction to basic mathematics and some
more advanced topics. Covering algebra, trigonometry, calculus and statistics, it manages to combine
clarity of presentation with liveliness of style and sympathy for students‘ needs. It is straightforward,
pragmatic and packed full of illustrative examples, exercises and self-test questions. The essentials of
formal mathematics are lucidly explained, with terms such as ‗integral‘ or ‗differential equation‘ fully
clarified.


International specialists address a wealth of topological themes whose concepts apply across chemical
science. Applications include chemical bonding, molecular structure, molecular species (including DNA),
molecular shape, crystal and crystal surface structures, molecular design, chemical toxicology and
environmental chemistry. Their growth in recent years enables chemists to predict molecular properties
and to design and engineer a wide variety of molecular species.



This edition of Health and safety in welding and allied processes has been revised to take into account
advances in technology and legislative change both in the UK and USA. Beginning with a description of
the core safety requirements, it goes on to describe the special hazards found in the welding environment
– noise, radiation, fumes, gases – in terms of their effects and the strategies that can be adopted to avoid
them. It is an essential resource for welders and their managers.




A report examining the supply and demand outlook for copper across its key producers and end-users. It
provides a detailed analysis of likely growth and demand trends in the computer, transport,
telecommunications and construction sectors, considering both the opportunities and threats to copper in
each of its key applications.




Nnamdi Anyadike provides a thorough and insightful look into the dynamics and prospects of the nickel
marketplace, addressing key issues for the industry as it emerges from the roller-coaster ride of price
volatility which has characterised it in years.
This report provides a detailed overview of the market position and outlook in these two closely related
metals, looking at supply and demand trends in each individually and addressing key issues for the future,
including the impact of developments in the environmental arena and the recycling marketplace.




This report analyses the state of the aluminium market at the beginning of the 21st century looking at the
aftermath of the MoU, and at trends and developments in the established and emerging market
economies and considers the changes and challenges faced by aluminium in its core automotive,
packaging and building end-use sectors.




Provides an introduction to more advanced ideas on the theory of structures and contains additional
material that is not readily available in other text books.




Mathematics; Clarifying the distinction between mathematical research and mathematics education, this
book offers hundreds of suggestions for making small and medium sized changes for lectures, tutorials,
task design, or problem solving. Here is guidance and inspiration for effective mathematics teaching in a
modern technological environment, directed to teachers who are unhappy with results or experience, or
those now in teacher training or new to the profession. Commencing with a range of student behaviours
and attitudes that have struck and amazed tutors and lecturers, Proffessor Mason offers a wealth of
partial diagnoses, followed by specific advice and suggestions for remedial actions.

A comprehensive account of basic manifold theory for post graduate students. Contains more than 130
exercises, with helpful hints and solutions and introduces the basic theory of differential geometry to
students in theoretical physics and mathematics.

The genetic modification of foods is one of the most significant developments in food processing, and one
of the most controversial. This important collection reviews its application to fruit and vegetables. Part 1
looks at techniques and their applications in improving production and product quality. Part 2 discusses
how genetic modification has been applied to specific crops, whilst Part 3 considers safety and consumer
issues.


The use of additives in foods remains both widespread and, for some consumers, controversial. Additives
are used for a wide range of purposes, particularly in improving the quality of food products. Whilst valuing
products with the right taste, colour and texture and shelf-life, consumers have expressed reservations
about the safety of the additives used to enhance these qualities. These concerns have increased the
pressure on the food industry to demonstrate the safe use of additives in food. With its distinguished
international team of contributors, this important collection reviews both the regulatory context and the
methods used to analyse, assess and control the use of additives in food processing.
This book provides a comprehensive review of perhaps the most exciting and important area of urban
planning – changing cities so that they provide an acceptable standard of living for their occupants without
depleting the ecosystems and bio-geochemical systems on which we all depend. Essential reading for
urban planners, architects, local and national government officers, environmental agencies worldwide and
students of ecology and environmental science.



A very distinguished international scientist, who has made fundamental contributions on the climatic
relationship between air pollution and meteorology, provides a compendium of realistic examples of air
pollution behaviour. After commencing with a general survey he takes us through a study of diffusion
mechanisms including pollution from industrial chimneys and road traffic. Air pollution meteorology covers
boundary layer scaling, pre-processing meteorological data, air quality management, urban meteorology,
and atmospheric chemistry (oxides of nitrogen are central to ozone chemistry): with accounts of typical air
pollution episodes and a brief dictionary of air pollutants.

Concentrates on the chemical characteristics of dyes and pigments, with emphasis on attempts to
interpret their colouring and fastness properties in terms of the essential structural features of colorant
molecules.

Using modern technology the process of producing steel can be divided into two steps. All further steps
required to produce a high-grade steel take place exclusively in the ladle. Such ladle metallurgy is called
secondary metallurgy. This book is designed for people working in the business of secondary metallurgy:
engineers, metallurgists, researchers and students.


This book presents the results of recent research on quick response.




Contains almost 4000 definitions including clothing terms. The 11th Edition is a major update to earlier
editions. Used throughout the world in courts of law, customs‘ offices and consumer protection
departments. It is the internationally recognised authority on textile terminology and is used world-wide in
trademark registration, litigations and customs‘ formalities.
Covering the topics of sizing issues, anthropometric data, development of sizing systems, hosiery sizing,
testing for fit and future expectations.




This book explores the history of and recent developments in the use of textiles in rubber composites,
from the technology of yarn production to the details of fabric construction. The five core fabric materials
used in rubber reinforcement – cotton, rayon, polyester, nylon and aramid – are covered in detail.
Adhesion of fabrics to the rubber matrix is also discussed, and tests for measuring adhesion are
described. The book then goes on to examine specific applications of fabrics in rubber, including conveyor
belting, hose, power transmission belting and coated fabrics in structural applications. There are also
short sections on applications such as hovercraft skirts, air brake chamber diaphragms and snowmobile
tracks. This is a highly detailed, illustrated introduction to the interface between textiles and rubber
technology.
Provides practical guidance on assessing the service life of plastics. It describes test procedures and
extrapolation techniques together with inherent limitations and problems.


Collects together a remarkable quantity and variety of factual information linking the application properties
of auxiliary products in textile coloration and related processes to as much as is known of the chemical
structure of these agents. The environmental impact of auxiliary products, which became of major
importance and developments during the 1990s, has necessitated substantial modification and expansion
of the text of this volume from that of the First Edition. The opportunity has also been taken to highlight
novel chemical types of auxiliaries that are under evaluation to overcome or avoid many of the drawbacks
shown by traditional products.
Reviews developments in the theory and practice of woven fabric structure.


This review follows on from Yarn hairiness update (Textile progress Vo. 26 No. 4) and covers the period
from 1997 onwards. Subjects covered include: hairiness measurement; the spinning processes –
including DREF, ring, rotor, and worsted spinning; post-spinning systems and the effect of yarn hairiness
in sizing, weaving, knitting and apparel manufacture.
The articles included in this book are from the ICTMA 9 conference held in Lisbon, attended by delegates
from about 30 countries. This work records the 1999 Lisbon Conference of ICTMA. It contains the
selected and edited content of the conference and makes a significant contribution to mathematical
modelling which is the significant investigative preliminary to all scientific and technological applications
from machinery to satellites and docking of space-ships.
This is the first book to provide a comprehensive overview of the world trade in one of the most important
of our basic foodstuffs – potatoes. It covers everything from the history of the potato through to plant types
and uses, production, consumption and demand, and pricing. It goes on to cover the trade in potatoes
around the world. Since the different potato products flow in separate channels – fresh potatoes, frozen
potatoes, seed potatoes and the snack and dehydrated trade – each is described individually. The
international potato industry is a fascinating reference source which is essential reading not only for the
growers, processors, retailers, marketers and others involved in the production chain but also for
agricultural economists, fresh produce brokers and traders and national and international economic
planning agencies.




Thirty years teaching experience have been condensed into this concise introductory book on Statistical
Mechanics. Ideal for second and third year undergraduates in physics, applied mathematics, physical
chemistry, chemical engineering, metallurgy, materials science and polymer science.
This revision of Total Quality Assurance brings useful up-to-date methods used to assure product and
process quality of food product and process quality of food products and the changes taking place in the
field of quality assurance. This book is a practical authority on food quality assurance and the methods
found in practice today in the food industries. It is a valuable text for the student of food science and
technology and for the practicing quality assurance technologist.




A comprehensive overview of research undertaken in all aspects of cellulosic pulps, fibres and materials
including the production and processing of pulp and paper fibre.




Although none of the luxury fibres, including silk, is produced in large quantities, their particular and
unique qualities of fineness, softness, warmth and pleasurable handle mean that they occupy a very
important place in the luxury apparel and fine furnishing trades. This book covers all aspects of the
growth, physical characteristics, production, marketing and consumption of silk, mohair, cashmere,
camelhair, Alpaca, Llama, Vicuna, Guanaco, Yak and Musk Ox fibres. The image of these fabrics is of
course all-important, and the book describes in detail those rare occasions when a lower priced and lower
quality version of a luxury fibre has damaged its overall reputation. Some natural fibres covered here,
including spider silk, are also increasingly finding applications within the technical textiles sector, where
their high performance thermal properties and bio-mimetic qualities in particular, are very useful. This is
an essential reference for all those involved in any part of the luxury fibre trade.


This important handbook looks at how high-performance fibres are designed and manufactured and
covers their capabilities and applications. The high-modulus, high-tenacity (HM-HT) fibres fall naturally
into three groups – polymer fibres such as aramids and polyethylene fibres; carbon fibres such as Kevlar;
and inorganic fibres based on glass and ceramic fibres. The book shows how high performance fibres are
being increasingly used for a wide range of applications including geotextiles and geomembranes, and for
construction and civil engineering projects, as well as in specialist fibres within composite materials where
their ability to fulfil demanding roles makes them an effective choice for the engineer and materials
scientist.
The proceedings of the eleventh international Cellucon conference deal with natural and synthetic polymer
materials and shows how environmental compatibility can be developed.




This book covers all the major techniques including twist texturing, jet-screen texturing, false-twist
process, BCF processes and air-jet texturing in detail. It is invaluable for yarn and fabric manufacturers,
textile scientists and students on textile science and technology courses.

This important book provides a guide to the fundamentals and latest developments in smart technology
for textiles and clothing. The contributors represent a distinguished international panel of experts and the
book covers many aspects of cutting edge research and development.




The first edition of this book quickly established itself as the standard reference in its field, and the second
edition consolidates this reputation. Keeping up with the rapid change in this area, there are 16 new
contributors and 8 completely new chapters, as well as major revisions to existing chapters, making this
second edition a substantially longer book.




This thoroughly practical book deals not only with the textile design process itself but also with the
development and day-to-day running of a textile design business. Written by a very experienced
academic, the book is a valuable resource for both newcomers and established professional designers
alike.
Product development, from refining an established product range to developing completely new products,
is the lifeblood of the food industry. It is however a process fraught with risk, which often ends in failure.
This book explains the means to making product development a success. Filled with examples and
practical suggestions, and written by a distinguished team with unrivalled academic and industry
expertise, Food product development is an essential guide for R&D and product development staff, and
managers throughout the food industry concerned with this key issue.


Microencapsulation is a useful technique in protecting the integrity of food ingredients such as flavours,
vitamins, salts and water. It can also aid the incorporation of ingredients that are not in a desirable form in
their original state by modifying the nature of the substance. This book provides an overview of the
methods of microencapsulation, the applications and physical properties of microcapsules and the
mechanisms and rates of release of ingredients within microcapsules.

Herbs and spices are among the most versatile and widely used ingredients in food processing. As well as
their traditional role in flavouring and colouring foods, they have been increasingly used as natural
preservatives and for their potential health-promoting properties, for example as antioxidants. Edited by a
leading authority in the field, and with a distinguished international team of contributors, the Handbook of
herbs and spices provides an essential reference for manufacturers wishing to make the most of these
important ingredients. The introductory chapters look at general issues including quality indices for
conventional and organically produced herbs, spices and their essential oils. The main body of the
handbook consists of over twenty chapters covering key spices and herbs from aniseed, bay leaves and
black pepper to saffron, tamarind and turmeric. Chapters cover key issues from definition and
classification to chemical structure, cultivation and post-harvest processing, uses in food processing,
functional properties, regulatory issues, quality indices and methods of analysis.

Thermoplastics, being non-linear viscoelastic, impose constraints on testing which are absent in elastic
and plastic materials. End products manufactured from them are often anisotropic, complicating the
relationships between laboratory test data and service performance. This new book explains recently
developed testing strategies for providing service-pertinent data within a limited budget. It relates the
structure of the tests and the functions that they serve to the intrinsic nature of the mechanical properties
of thermoplastic materials.



Food refrigeration is one of the most important technologies for extending the shelf life and preserving the
quality and safety of foods. This book covers the fundamental aspects of food refrigeration, various
chilling/freezing methods and equipment, including chilling and freezing of major food types, as well as up-
to-date information about the effects of refrigeration on safety and quality.


Wood and wood products are essential to large areas of the world economy, yet until now there has been
no single definitive reference source to which those new to or requiring a strategic overview of the industry
could turn for a comprehensive picture of the market chain from forest to consumer. The international
timber trade remedies this, providing a detailed overview of the entire timber and timber products
business in an authoritative and accessible style. Written by a leading expert, The international timber
trade is essential reading for a wide range of interested groups including managers in the timber industry
and trade, the financial community with interests in the sector, academics and students in forestry
management and related studies, government agencies and their advisers in helping to develop policies
for the sector and international trade, and finally those working in international development organisations
and in national and international non-governmental bodies.
This groundbreaking report brings together, analyses and compares many of the top chemical companies'
corporate environmental reports (CERs). Each report is examined in an easily understood tabular layout
which allows direct comparison between companies. It provides a benchmark for best practice, reveals
the best and poorest performers amongst the global chemical companies and provides those wishing to
produce their own CER with an invaluable guide to the best way to implement the reporting process.




The food industry currently faces an unprecedented level of scrutiny. Consumers are concerned not just
about the safety and quality of food products but also the way in which they are produced. At the same
time the industry has developed new ways of assuring appropriate standards for its products and their
methods of production, developing systems such as TQM and HACCP to identify and manage key steps
in production. Auditing in the food industry provides an authoritative guide to the range of standards and
audits now being used.

John MacNamara‘s timely report looks at the principles and practice of structured trade and commodity
finance deals and what can go wrong. It is supported by invaluable case study material.




A cutting-edge study of transfer pricing in the increasingly competitive financial services sector. It
examines the many issues involved and suggests different techniques for establishing efficient transfer
pricing systems. This book is essential reading for all organisations that raise and loan funds in the global
markets.
This thoroughly revised edition of Thomas Krayenbuehl‘s classic handbook confirms its reputation as the
standard work on this formidably complex subject. It is essential reading for bankers, executives of
multinational companies and governmental and inter-governmental agencies.




Extrusion cooking is the ideal method for manufacturing a number of food products from snacks and
breakfast cereals to baby foods. However, as a complex multivariate process it requires careful control if
product quality is to be maintained. Edited by a leading authority in the field, and with an international team
of contributors, this important collection reviews some of the key factors affecting quality and how they can
be controlled in manufacturing a range of extruded products. It has been widely welcomed as a key
reference in maximising the quality of extruded products.

This title is an updateable looseleaf and the definitive reference source for the scrap and recycling
industry worldwide. It covers all the major recyclable materials, and each is treated in a consistent style so
that the right information can be quickly found and comparisons across the various materials are easy to
make. It is essential reading for all those involved in the complexities of this industry.


Food process modelling provides an authoritative review of one of the most exciting and influential
developments in the food industry. The modelling of food processes allows analysts not only to
understand such processes more clearly but also to control them more closely and make predictions
about them. Modelling thus aids the search for greater and more consistent food quality. Written by a
distinguished international team of experts, Food process modelling covers both the range of modelling
techniques and their practical applications across the food chain.




This book is an ideal introduction to this complex field for the non-specialist. The book opens with an
introduction to the key principles of EU food law and the main mechanisms of enforcement. The following
chapters cover legislation in specific areas including hygiene, additives and functional foods.
This publication highlights the relations between the scientific evidence for selected functions and the
respective vitamin intake; moreover, as some of the functions in question require several vitamins due to
synergistic interactions, attention is also be paid to this aspect.




The textile processing industry is complexly structured - just as complex, even impenetrable is the know-
how that an expert in the textile field should have. The new Encyclopedia of Textile Finishing is designed
to bring some order into the confusion of technical terms in this sector. The encyclopedia was devised
with the specialists in mind and is a store of knowledge for the textile specialist. It consists of three
volumes containing in alphabetical order the latest research findings (approx. 16000 keywords) from all
technical disciplines of textile finishing and their practice-related application. Clear, colored illustrations
and numerous cross references serve for faster comprehension and conveyence of information. By virtue
of its interdisciplinary character, this reference book is an irreplaceable aid for users from all fields of
textile industry. Thus, no textile engineer and no library should be without it.

This updated and revised edition of a widely acclaimed and successful text for undergraduates examines
topology of recent compact surfaces through the development of simple ideas in plane geometry.
Containing over 171 diagrams, the approach allows for a straightforward treatment of its subject area. It is
particularly attractive for its wealth of applications and variety of interactions with branches of
mathematics, linked with surface topology, graph theory, group theory, vector field theory, and plane
Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometry.
The Encyclopedia of textile finishing is designed to bring some order into the confusion of technical terms
in this sector. The encyclopedia was devised with the specialists in mind and is a store of knowledge for
the textile specialist. It consists of three volumes containing in alphabetical order recent research findings
(approx. 16000 keywords) from all technical disciplines of textile finishing and their practice-related
application. Clear, coloured illustrations and numerous cross references serve for faster comprehension
and conveyence of information. By virtue of its interdisciplinary character, this reference book is an
irreplaceable aid for users from all fields of textile industry.
Although consumption of spirits on a global scale is vast, the spirits industry derives its profits from a
relatively small number of countries and product lines. This book provides an overview of all aspects of
the industry, covering all the major categories of spirits, and contains a wealth of information on trading
statistics, regulations and consumption patterns. It discusses the challenges facing the giant companies,
profiling the leading companies in detail, and assesses whether their structure is appropriate to long-term
success in the industry. The international spirits industry offers a comprehensive picture of the dynamics
and structure of this fascinating business. It is a unique resource for analysts and economists and all
those involved in the production, distribution and sales of spirits worldwide.
The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system has now become generally accepted as
the key safety management system for the food industry worldwide. Whilst there are numerous
publications on its principles and methods of implementation, there are relatively few on the experience of
those who have actually implemented HACCP systems in practice and what can be learnt from that
experience. Edited by two leading authorities on the subject, and with an international team of
contributors, Making the most of HACCP describes that experience and what it can teach about
implementing and developing HACCP systems effectively.

Chemical contaminants in food, from pesticides and veterinary drug residues to contamination from food
packaging, are a major concern for the food industry. Written by a distinguished international team of
contributors, this authoritative collection describes the main chemical contaminants, their health
implications, how they contaminate food products, methods for their detection and how such contaminants
can be controlled.




This book contains information on the chemistry, physics, process technology, applications and markets
for man-made cellulosic fibres. It covers the properties and applications of viscose rayon, cuprammonium
rayon and the new solvent-spun fibres as well as considering their relationships with the natural cellulosics
such as cotton and the synthetic polymer fibres such as polyester. This overview of the only truly, naturally
recyclable fibres and the recent manufacturing techniques that have been developed to produce them is
of interest to professionals in textile production, research and development, manufacturing chemists and
textile technologists. The nonwovens and paper industries that use cellulose as a basic ingredient of their
products will also find it valuable as will medical textiles producers and geotextiles engineers.

This series of cutting-edge reviews, examines and evaluates the special rules designed to regulate the
internet, both in Europe and at national level in the Member States. It also explains the relevant
technological developments and evaluates them against the legal background.




This latest edition of the definitive knitting technology textbook is an essential reference for all textiles
students, textile engineers and technicians involved in knitted garment design and manufacture.
Edited by a leading authority in the field, and with a distinguished international team of contributors, Frying
provides an authoritative review of the key issues in improving quality in the manufacture of fried products.




Thermal technologies have long been at the heart of food processing. The application of heat is both an
important method of preserving foods and a means of developing texture, flavour and colour. An essential
issue for food manufacturers is the effective application of thermal technologies to achieve these
objectives without damaging other desirable sensory and nutritional qualities in a food product. Edited by a
leading authority in the field, and with a distinguished international team of contributors, Thermal
technologies in food processing addresses this major issue. It provides food manufacturers and
researchers with an authoritative review of thermal processing and food quality.




When things go wrong in the bakery, the pressures of production do not allow time for research into the
solution. Solving these baking problems has always been the province of ‗experts‘. However, with a
methodical approach, keen observation and a suitable reference book then the answers to many bakery
problems are straightforward. Baking problems solved is designed to help the busy bakery professional
find the information they need quickly. It also enables them to understand the causes and implement
solutions. It is arranged in a practical question-and-answer format, with over 200 frequently asked
questions. Individual chapters consider the essential raw materials and the main types of bakery products.
This book is of invaluable use to all bakery professionals, bakery students, food technologists and product
developers.




Using 372 references and 211 illustrations, this book underlines the fundamentals of electrochemistry
essential to the understanding of laboratory experiments. It treats not only the fundamental concepts of
electrode reactions, but also covers the methodology and practical application of the many versatile
electrochemical techniques available.


This is the first comprehensive guide to the workings of an industry of crucial importance to the world‘s
agricultural economy. Published in association with the International Fertilizer Industry Association, The
fertilizer industry looks at the structure of the industry for all the key categories of fertilizer products
including nitrogen, phosphate and potash fertilizers. It covers their production and end use, their
implications for the environment and considers the patterns and future of the international trade.
Cereals processing is one of the oldest and most important of all food technologies. Written by a
distinguished international team of contributors, this collection reviews the range of cereal products and
the technologies used to produce them. It is designed for all those involved in cereals processing, whether
raw material producers and refiners needing to match the needs of secondary processors manufacturing
the final product for the consumer, or secondary processors benchmarking their operations against best
practice in their sector and across cereals processing as a whole.

Balance sheet structures is a practical and comprehensive guide to balance sheet issues. The book
begins by covering the financial theory necessary for an understanding of the debt versus equity issue and
then focuses on real world issues by discussing answers to the questions

Antioxidants are an increasingly important ingredient in food processing, as they inhibit the development
of oxidative rancidity in fat-based foods, particularly meat and dairy products and fried foods. Recent
research suggests that they play a role in limiting cardiovascular disease and cancers. This book provides
a review of the functional role of antioxidants and discusses how they can be effectively exploited by the
food industry, focusing on naturally occurring antioxidants in response to the increasing consumer
scepticism over synthetic ingredients.




Of interest to naval architects, ocean engineers, pressure vessel designers and aeronautical engineers
and post graduates. With 180 diagrams and 120 references, this book provides theoretical and
experimental investigations on vessels under external pressure together with design hints.

Medical textiles are one of the major growth areas within technical textiles. This book comprises 29
original edited papers and gives a fascinating insight into research and development in this rapidly
changing field.

The aluminium industry provides an in-depth overview of the international aluminium trade at the turn of
the millennium. Its clearly presented information, analysis and statistics bring the industry into sharp focus
– from bauxite extraction and refining through to applications, markets, corporate players, prices and
future trends. This is the definitive updateable reference source on this major base metal.



This authoritative reference work provides a comprehensive source of information for readers concerned
with all aspects of fire retardancy. The emphasis is on the burning behaviour and flame retarding
properties of polymeric materials. It covers combustion, flame retardants, smoke and toxic products, and
then concentrates on some more material-specific aspects of combustion in relation to textiles,
composites and bulk polymers. Developments in all areas of fire retardant materials are covered,
including research into nanocomposites.


This book provides a comprehensive collection of over 150 standard commercial biscuit recipes and
provides the ideal companion to the third edition of Duncan Manley‘s Technology of biscuits, crackers and
cookies . It is designed for the biscuit product developer as an aid in the task of creating and perfecting a
biscuit product.
Examines developments in the construction, production and testing of various types of sewing threads.


Addresses a neglected mathematical area of which geometry and trigonometry form an important core
component, as they underpin analysis in its manifold aspects and applications in classical applied
mathematics and sundry types of science and engineering. In collaboration with the National Council for
Curriculum and Assessment in Ireland, this book has formed the basis of a new syllabus due to be
adopted for the teaching of geometry for the second level cycle.

This authoritative book enables the designer and the user of hot runner moulds, confronted by the
increase in available systems, to make an informed comparison between the different hot runners
available on the market.



This practical handbook is concerned with the different processes in welding technology, their selection,
and utilisation. Processes covered in detail include gas welding, metal arc welding and beam welding. The
author‘s style is clear and concise, and there are numerous helpful illustrations. Welding processes and
thermal cutting is intended primarily for students at university level, but will also be of interest to others
seeking a standard work that covers the spectrum of welding processes.

This comprehensive book covers the five major NDT methods - liquid penetrants, eddy currents, magnetic
particles, radiography and ultrasonics in detail and also considers newer methods such as acoustic
emission and thermography and discusses their role in on-line monitoring of plant components. Analytical
techniques such as reliability studies and statistical quality control are considered in terms of their ability to
reduce inspection costs and limit down time. A useful chapter provides practical guidance on selecting the
right method for a given situation.
This reference allows someone who has just started working in the composites field to gain knowledge of
both basic principles and the latest information available to technologists. It is well structured and succinct,
making it a good educational resource containing the work of many senior academics in polymer science.

This publication is a comprehensive book on the welding of aluminium, aimed primarily at practising
engineers and students of welding technology. After describing the properties of wrought and cast
aluminium alloys, their applications, alloy designations and composition, both in heat-treatable and non
heat-treatable alloys, it goes on to explain the process variables in weld metal transfer mechanisms, the
ways of overcoming problems in GAS tungsten ARC welding, and distortion – also providing numerical
methods of analysis. A thorough and timely guide to all aspects of aluminium welding.

The dyeing of natural and synthetic fibres by methods based on modern chemical technology is
increasingly becoming an international industry, with countries throughout the world developing and
operating textile coloration plants. Many people begin their careers in textile coloration with only a basic
knowledge of science and technology, with students typically embarking on demanding courses unsure of
some of the more elementary principles involved. This book is designed for such people, as it assumes
that the reader has only a basic knowledge of science and mathematics. It offers a thorough all-round
appreciation of the fascinating field of textile coloration. It also provides the junior undergraduate with an
excellent preparation prior to undertaking more advanced studies.
This modern, still relevant text is suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate students, teachers and
professionals in mathematics, operational research, economics, sociology; and psychology, defence and
strategic studies, and war games. Engagingly written with agreeable humour, the book can also be
understood by non-mathematicians. It shows basic ideas of extensive form, pure and mixed strategies,
the minimax theorem, non-cooperative and co-operative games, and a ‗‗first class‘‘ account of linear
programming, theory and practice. The text is self-contained with comprehensive source references.
Based on a series of lectures given by the author in the theory of games at Royal Holloway College, it
gives unusually comprehensive but concise treatment of co-operative games, an original account of
bargaining models, with a skilfully guided tour through the Shapely and Nash solutions for bimatrix games
and a carefully illustrated account of finding the best threat strategies.

This book presents a comprehensive treatment of both functional and decorative textiles used in the
automotive industry. Written in a clear, concise style, it explains material properties and the way in which
they influence manufacturing processes, as well as providing practical production details. The subject
treatment cuts across the disciplines of textile chemistry, fabric and plastics technology and production
engineering. Environmental effects and recycling are also covered. An invaluable reference for design and
process engineer in industry as well as researchers in universities and colleges. Quality engineers will
also benefit from the book‘s sections on identifying problems and material limitations.



This major handbook looks at the manufacture, processing and applications of hi-tech textiles for a huge
range of applications including: heat and flame protection; waterproof and breathable fabrics; textiles in
filtration; geotextiles; medical textiles; textiles in transport engineering and textiles for extreme
environments. It is an essential guide for textile yarn and fibre manufacturers; producers of woven, knitted
and non-woven fabrics; textile finishers; designers and specifiers of textiles for new or novel applications
as well as lecturers and graduate students on university textile courses.


A thoroughly practical text, but with sufficient theory to aid understanding of the welding parameters of
strength, fatigue and failure, Welded design provides specialist information on a topic often omitted from
engineering courses. It explains why certain methods are used, and also gives examples of commonly
performed calculations and derivation of data.

This new edition of a well received and popular book contains a general update of historical data, more
material concerning road and rail accidents and, most importantly, a new chapter on the human factor.
The author provides a broad survey of the accidents to which engineering structures ad vehicles may be
subject. Historical records are analysed to determine how loss and fatality rates vary with time and these
results are displayed in numerous graphs and tables. Notable catastrophes such as the sinking of the
'Titanic' and the 'Estonia' ferry disaster are described. Natural diasters are considered generally, with
more detail in this edition on earth-quake resistant buildings.

This book is concerned with the often very complex problems composite materials can present in the
testing of their structural performance.
Performance prediction is an important factor in ensuring the correct design specification of composite
materials. This practical book remedies the need for an introduction to the finite element modelling
technique, which is becoming increasingly important as an analytical tool for composite materials. The
book has been developed out of the established course run by the Centre for Composite Materials at
Imperial College London and covers problems such as holes and free edges. Finite element results are
compared with experimental data and classical analysis.
This book covers a wide range of mathematical concepts as they are applied to regularly repeating
surface decoration for textiles and other decorated materials such as wallpapers and wrappings. Starting
with basic principles of symmetry it moves on to cover more complex issues of graph theory, group theory
and topology. All these concepts are extensively illustrated with over 1000 original illustrations. A complex
area, previously best understood by mathematicians and crystallographers, is made accessible here to
artists and designers.
The sixth in a successful series of symposia, this book contains the papers presented at BMC6 held in
Warsaw, Poland in October 2000. The papers review the current status and developments in all aspects
of brittle matrix composites associated with four main groups: high strength composites, brittle polymer
composites, ceramics and cement based materials.
This study covers impact response, damage tolerance and failure of fibre-reinforced composite materials
and structures.




Comprehensive and international in content, Dietary anticarcinogens and antimutagens: Chemical and
biological aspects includes topics as diverse as the health benefits of tea, wine and beer, through the
prevention of various cancers, to the development of effective communication for healthy eating.

This textbook provides a complete guide to the design, procurement, installation and testing procedures
for local area networks (LANs) using both copper and optical fibre. International, European and American
LAN and premises cabling standards are explained and compared including the latest Category 5,
Category 6 and Category 7 proposals. The latest standards in testing, electromagnetic compatibility
(EMC) compliance and fire safety are also covered in detail. It is an invaluable training aid for a wide
range of courses especially City and Guilds Nos. 3466 (Copper and Optical Communications) and 2720,
2760 and 3478 (in Telecommunications and Electronics). With a practical, hands-on approach it will be
essential reading for lecturers and students on the appropriate C&G and NVQ courses, training
companies specialising in this area, professional electrical engineers involved in laying cable networks,
and IT managers.
This is the second edition of the definitive analysis of the international wine trade. This invaluable update
focuses on individual trade flows across the major importing and exporting countries, examines the
increasing role of food retailers in wine selling and looks for the future trends that will shape the industry in
the new millennium. Trends in the consumption of alcoholic drinks are considered along with the
challenge posed by New World producers to those based in Western Europe. It is essential reading for all
wine trade professionals including wine producers, importers and exporters, negotiators, co-operatives
and regional economic development agencies, and wine merchants and retailers.
Following the crises involving BSE and E.coli the meat industry has been left with an enormous consumer
confidence problem. In order to regain the trust of the general public the industry must establish and
adhere to strict hygiene and hazard control systems. HACCP is a systematic approach to the
identification, evaluation and control of food safety hazards. It is being applied across the world, with
countries such as the US, Australia, New Zealand and the UK leading the way. However, effective
implementation in the meat industry remains difficult and controversial. This book is a survey of key
principles and best practice, providing an authoritative guide to making HACCP systems work
successfully in the meat industry.
The first edition of Chilled foods quickly established itself as the standard work on key quality issues in
this sector of the food industry. This latest edition has consolidated and extended that reputation. It has
been comprehensively revised and updated and includes four new chapters on the subject of raw material
selection. The editors introduce this important collection with a discussion of key trends and influences in
the various sectors of the chilled foods market. Subsequent chapters look at the key safety and quality
issues in the manufacture of chilled foods.


This looseleaf industry handbook provides a comprehensive and practical guide to the workings of the
international zinc industry. Concise and lucid, it considers trading techniques and strategies for different
market users and includes useful appendices on zinc specifications and the world‘s major zinc and lead
mines. It is essential for all those involved in the industry.




Functional foods are widely predicted to become one of the biggest dietary trends of the next twenty-five
years. The editors of this book have gathered together leading experts in the field in order to provide the
food industry with a single authoritative resource. This book first defines and classifies the field of
functional foods, paying particular attention to the legislative aspects in both the USA and EU. It then
summarises the key work on functional foods and the prevention of disease. Finally, there are a series of
chapters on developing functional products.




This volume presents the papers from the eighth in this successful series of conferences organised by the
Centre for Composite Materials Engineering of the University of Newcastle upon Tyne and The Institute of
Materials. The papers focus on applications and recent developments, composite processing and
properties, materials modelling and green composites and give an insight into the current state of
composite materials and development.
Focusing on the plastic property of materials and the behaviour of structures under load, this book
presents perfect plasticity material as a model of irreversible mechanical behaviour to analyse a range of
continuum structural problems and metal-forming processes.
The stability and shelf-life of a food product are critical to its success in the market place, yet companies
experience considerable difficulties in defining and understanding the factors that influence stability over a
desired storage period. This book provides a comprehensive guide to understanding and controlling the
factors that determine the shelf-life of food products.




Food intolerance and the food industry approaches the issue of food intolerance from an industry rather
than a clinical perspective. This unique book has become an indispensable guide for production
managers and nutritionists within the food industry as well as providing an authoritative source of
information for all those concerned with understanding and managing food intolerance.



The coal industry is the first publication to provide a comprehensive overview of the structure and
workings of the international coal trade at the beginning of the 21st century, from exploration through to
end-uses. It is essential reading for all those involved in or new to the industry and for the financial
advisory, analytical and investment community internationally.



Genetic modification is one of the most important and controversial issues facing the food industry,
nowhere more so than in cereal production and processing. This major work explains the techniques
involved and their enormous potential for food producers and consumers. It also explains how this new
technology is regulated, the methods for assessing its potential risks, and the ways that cereal
biotechnology can add value. Much has been written on this significant issue but until now there has been
no single guide for both academia and industry. By examining both sides of the coin, this book bridges the
gap between these groups, giving each a greater awareness of the other‘s role, a more rounded picture of
the business and an increased understanding of all the issues at stake.

J Ralph Blanchfield has brought together a distinguished panel of European and American experts from
industry and academia. Together they provide a comprehensive guide to producing labelling that complies
with existing legislation and satisfies the needs of all interested parties. Food labelling also provides a
valuable insight into possible future developments.



Pultrusion for engineers provides an authoritative guide to this emerging technology and in its detailed
case studies shows how pultruded profiles can be a better choice than steel, aluminium or other cross-
section products for many applications. It provides practical advice in a readable and well-illustrated
format and, with contributions from a distinguished panel of international specialists, it is an indispensable
guide for engineers, designers, architects and specifiers.

This book examines the key quality factors from raw material selection through processing and storage to
retail display. It is a unique overview of this entire industry and provides frozen food manufacturers,
distributors and retailers with a practical guide to best practice in maximising quality. Managing frozen
foods serves as an invaluable decision-making tool, providing guidance on the selection of raw materials,
freezer technology, packaging materials and retail display equipment. The editor concludes the book with
an insight into the future of the industry and examines the opportunities offered by recent developments
such as anti-freeze proteins and ultrasonic techniques.
This book shows how fibre-reinforced polymers can be exploited in the design and production of
engineering components to produce cost-effective products. It focuses on the processes involved in using
composites in industrial design, and is indispensable reading for engineers using or considering using
FRPs for product design, students in materials science and engineering and for lecturers organising
design-based courses in manufacturing engineering and design.




This unique book analyses all the commercial aspects of oil companies, taking into account the significant
structural changes within the sector since the mid-1990s. As well as detailing the analytical techniques
used to price oil equities, a section on oil industry corporate finance explains how the competitive structure
of the industry has influenced company performance and how this governs corporate conduct. Illustrated
with topical examples, the book examines the structure and ownership of the industry and shows how to
project price and margin scenarios. The authors also demonstrate how to interpret oil company accounts;
create cash flow models of oilfields; value acreage and project consolidated accounts for integrated
companies with a discounted cash flow model.

This practical guide gives investors all the tools they need to assess the financial and business
opportunities offered by the financial sector. This second edition of the respected Pharmaceutical
equities , has been revised and updated to reflect the changes, particularly in life sciences, since the first
edition. All financial aspects of pharmaceutical companies, from chemical research to sales, are
discussed in this essential reference work.



A comprehensively revised and updated edition of the industry‘s first choice reference book. This book is
designed to improve efficiency and encourage best practice in biscuit, cookie and cracker manufacturing
plants. In the time that has passed since the publication of the second edition the food industry has
undergone revolutionary changes and this latest edition has benefited from a thorough revision of the
entire book.




This major looseleaf is a guide to the complex and multifaceted tea industry. The history and origins of tea
are explained initially, with an outline of the regional histories. The author then goes on to look at
production and consumption and its commercial significance as well as the implications on health. He also
analyses the global trade in tea and examines the major markets and their intricacies. The tea industry
provides a thorough account of this fascinating trade.
This is the first in a series of looseleaf surveys reviewing the state of corporate environmental reporting in
a number of key industrial sectors worldwide. As with the chemicals industry handbook, it brings together
and analyses the CERs published by the leading international pulp and paper companies. Each report is
examined in detail using a comprehensive set of environmental performance indicators (EPIs). It is aimed
both at those companies already providing CERs and wishing to benchmark their efforts against others
and also at those thinking about creating their first report.




This looseleaf manual provides a wealth of information on an industry that, until recently, was highly
secretive. Unlike traditional market reports, it examines every aspect of the industry from exploration,
mining and extraction, through to production methods, applications, pricing and trading.




Provides recommendations for the fatigue design of directly welded, unstiffened joints (or connections)
between structural steel hollow sections, in uniplanar or multiplanar truss-type structural systems. The
recommendations represent the current international consensus on practice. The fatigue design
procedure is based on the ‗hot spot stress approach‘.
The tenth volume of "Gums and Stabilisers for the Food Industry" provides an up-to-date account of the
latest research developments in the characterisation, properties and applications of polysaccharides and
proteins used in food.
This book presents a survey of techniques available for the fabrication, repair and modification of
structures underwater. Brief descriptions are given of other relevant technologies with which the general
engineering practitioner might not be familiar, such as oceanography and diving technology.




Building on the success of his bestselling Foreign Exchange Options, Alan Hicks has produced this new
and invaluable guide to the use of currency options for corporate treasurers and other financial
executives. Setting the principal OTC instruments within the company‘s risk management framework, he
provides an authoritative guide to the characteristics, advantages and uses of currency options in the
management and control of foreign exchange risk. Alan Hicks‘ unique experience allows him to
concentrate on the practical application of options as experienced in the real world of foreign exchange,
illustrated by the use of case study material throughout the book.
This advanced undergraduate text with research applications in metallurgy is of interest to biochemists,
biologists, organic, and bioinorganic chemists by providing a bridge to organic reaction mechanisms.
Besides coverage on substitution reactions in four-, five- and six-coordinate complexes, there are
chapters on isomerisation and racemisation reactions, to the general field of redox reactions, and to the
reactions of coordinated ligands.
As it moves towards the next century, the welding industry is facing major and rapidtechnological
development. New processes, new materials, automation and robotization are changing the way that
welding is carried out. Increasingly, in order to attract new welders into the industry, workplace and
environmental issues have to be addressed as never before. The book‘s emphasis is strongly placed on
the best use of human resources. All companies need to employ highly skilled people who increasingly
expect that workplace conditions will be made as comfortable and rewarding as possible. After a global
survey, the author brings together chapters from international sources to report on the way that
companies are currently dealing with these issues and planning their future strategies for ensuring
continuity in the industry. The book will be of interest to anyone involved in welding in any way, from the
builder of the biggest ship to the smallest scale manufacturer.
Research carried out by TWI staff for The Welding Institute‘s industrial members. This title includes
diffractive optical elements for manipulation of CO2 laser radiation - a feasibility study; A review of joint
tracking systems for laser welding; control of porosity in CO2 laser welds in C/Mn steel; the development
of a solidification cracking test for carbon-manganese steel laser welds.
Contains the following reports: A review of techniques to manage penetration variability during TIG
welding; An appraisal of methods for quantifying the performance of ultrasonic inspection techniques for
detecting and sizing weld flaws; Real time defect assessment from ultrasonic test data; Heat affected
zone hydrogen cracking of C-Mn steels when welding with tubular cored wires.

Research reports carried out by TWI staff for The Welding Institute‘s industrial members.




Research reports carried out by TWI staff for their industrial members. This title includes; A Guide to high
average power Nd:YAG laser processing with fibre optic beam delivery for metals; Durability of structural
adhesives and adhesively bonded joints and mechanisms of environmental attack – a review; Preliminary
environmental testing of polymer coated material (PCM) joints; A practical guide to process and quality
control for resistance spot welding.
Research reports carried out by TWI staff for The Welding Institute‘s industrial members. Title includes:
Structural integrity of butt fusion welded polyethylene pipes – a review; Ultrasonic and radiographic NDT of
butt fusion welded polyethylene pipes; Assessment of ageing properties and residual stresses in
thermoplastic welds.
Research reports originally prepared for TWI‘s Industrial Members.




Research reports originally prepared by TWI for their Industrial Members.
This book emphasises the need for non-destructive testing and evaluation of welded components, with
due coverage of various aspects of welding technology. Different types of welding process are covered in
detail, along with weld defects, weld appropriateness, quality classes and all conventional and advanced
NDT techniques. There is also in-depth coverage of residual stress analysis in weldments, automation
and robotics in NDT and weld failures, and with the further extensive information on fracture mechanics
concepts and quality control, this truly is a unique book. All professionals and students in welding
technology and NDT will find it most useful.
This volume uses a molecular approach to bring the reader up to date with research into the structure and
properties of these unusual materials. Agricultural and environmental scientists will find its coverage of HS
use for soil remediation and enhancement and in water purification as alternatives to conventional
methods invaluable.
This report responds to the growing involvement of companies that make virgin plastics with the business
of collecting and processing post-consumer waste. It considers the methods of recycling and materials
identification and the new applications for recycled and mixed waste plastics, giving an overview of the
sector for companies considering moving into recycling as well as those wishing to expand their
operations. It will be useful to anyone wishing to assess the impact of recent recycling development on the
plastics industry in Europe.
Provides, in a single volume, a unified treatment of first year topics fundamental to university
mathematics. Successfully bridges the transitional gap between school and university in a careful,
thorough and unusually clear treatment. An essential text for students aiming for an honours degree in
mathematics.




A Rapra Review Report which describes the production of styrene polymers in detail, and then goes on to
describe the mechanical properties of styrenic polymers, their electrical properties, and their behaviour in
fire. Discussion of key applications touches upon the importance of certain properties, such as barrier
properties for food packaging applications, and methods of fabrication. Communications technology
represents an increasingly important market for polystyrene, particularly high impact grades, where their
mechanical strength and rigidity, dimensional accuracy, hard scratch-resistant surfaces and electrical
insulating properties all make them ideal casing materials.

630 papers and plenary sessions presented at ICCM-12.




Compiled by a working group from the German Iron & Steel Institute, this catalogue of surface defects on
electrically coated strip and sheet steel systematically classifies and describes the most common defects.
Possible causes of occurrence and various means of identifying the defects are also dealt with. This
catalogue will aid understanding between manufacturers and users when discussing the appearance of
surface anomalies. It will also be of value to manufacturing plants in the identification of surface defects
on the basis of standardised nomenclature and range of definitions.
The exponential growth of e-commerce has intensified the requirement for secure electronic verification
systems. This groundbreaking study, undertaken for the European Commission by the Interdisciplinary
Centre for Law and Information Technology of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, provides a country-by-
country review of the technology and deployment of electronic signatures. Legal and regulatory issues are
examined in the context of the legal framework relating to their use in Europe and beyond. No-one
involved in e-commerce, company and contract law, or the provision of information technology systems
can afford to ignore its findings.
The chemistry and application of reactive dyes comprise an enormous subject. In this textbook the author
gives a detailed account of the chemistry of one of the two principal reactive groups used in reactive dyes
for textile fibres: activated pi-bonds. The other topics were determined by his own particular interests or by
a close relationship to the main area. An attempt has also been made to address new developments in
reactive dyeing. The first part of the book deals with the main topic and cover underlying mechanisms and
principles, commercial interests and syntheses. Later chapters addresses the important related areas of
multifunctional reactive dyes, and cellulose treatment methods associated with reactive dyeing. The book
contains many references and is aimed at academics, research workers and final- year students in
applied chemistry.
This unusually extensive overview combines instrumental and radiochemical techniques with qualitative
and quantitative (volumetric and gravimetric) analyses, and also with preparation of compounds, thereby
strengthening analytical and preparative skills.

In an overlooked area of welding, this book is an extremely practical and down-to-earth money-saving
guide to repair of moulds, tools and dies, from buying the most suitable material and equipment to
completing complex repair work. It offers simple, step-by-step, user-friendly advice on all aspects of a task
where quality is paramount and the selection of the correct welding techniques essential. The text reflects
a strong enthusiasm for the task in hand from an author who has many ‗tricks of the trade‘ to share. His
book is an essential resource for Tool Room managers and foremen as well as maintenance and repair
welding specialists.
Introduces the fundamental concepts and principles of statics and stress analysis and then applies these
concepts and principles to a large number of practical problems. Aimed at undergraduates of all branches
of engineering, construction and architecture it also appeals to BTEC students.



Inorganic solution chemistry is treated more thoroughly in this text book than many of its contemporaries.
Some basic knowledge of inorganic and physical chemistry is assumed. Emphasis is on NMR, UV-VIS, IR
Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and such topics as acid-base behaviour, stability constants and
kinetics.


This advanced undergraduate and post-graduate level text addresses developments in object technology
and their impact in computing systems re-engineering. The techniques can provide support for
constructing largescale systems, are cheaply-built with re-usable components, and adaptable to changing
requirements by efficient and cost-effective techniques.




Based on the European Welding Engineer (EWF) syllabus Part 3 – Construction and Design – this book
provides a clear, highly illustrated and concise explanation of how welded joints and structures are
designed and of the constraints which welding may impose on the design. Written for both students and
practising engineers in welding and design, the book will also be of value to civil, structural, mechanical
and plant engineers.
This report reviews the literature in the field of thermal welding and goes on to identify the theories for the
mechanism of thermal welding of thermoplastics and to relate these, where possible, to current welding
techniques and joint strength development.

The proceedings of the 7th INALCO conference which was held at TWI, Cambridge in April 1998. Over 40
papers were presented at the following sessions: Welding and brazing processes; Bonding and
mechanically fastened joints; Friction stir welding; Static performance of welded joints; Distortion and
residual stress; Fatigue performance of welded joints; Design and applications.
This major text is an essential reference offering a comprehensive guide to the range of IFPs
(Intermediate Food Products) available, their key benefits (greater flexibility, functionality and more
consistent quality) and the ways in which their manufacture can be tailored to the requirements of the food
industry.




This research report, previously restricted to subscribing members of TWI, is now being published
generally. It concentrates on distortion of individual welded joints, reviewing simple and practical models
for predicting distortion after welding, and providing guidance on selection of appropriate models. Four
types of distortion are identified and considered separately: longitudinal shrinkage, bowing distortion,
transverse shrinkageand angular distortion.
Environmental issues continue to influence political, business and social agendas around the world,
spawning opportunities for business development – but also threats. This book explores the discipline of
environmental risk management from a lending perspective, providing a clear analysis of the inherent
risks across the major legal jurisdictions worldwide. A practical guide, using case studies to illustrate the
issues, and providing a wealth of information and ‗tools‘ for risk appraisal/mitigation.



An updated version of a respected and established text. This edition contains two completely new
chapters dealing with the use of computers in the paint industry and with the increasingly important
subject of health and safety. The chapter on pigments has also been re-written.




The author brings to this book many years of essentially practical, real life experience in setting up and
running very large offshore profjects. He outlines in detail the tools, techniques and processes necessary
for understanding and effectively controlling the myriad factors which contribute to bringing any project,
not only offshore, in at the budget figure. The book will be essential reading for any manager whether
student or practising.

3-D textile reinforced composite materials are obtained by applying highly productive textile technologies
in the manufacture of fibre preforms. The damage tolerance and impact resistance are increased as the
trend to delamination is drastically diminished. This is because of the existence of reinforcements in the
thickness direction. This book describes the manufacturing processes, highlights the advantages,
identifies the main applications, analyses the methods for prediction of mechanical properties and
examines the key technical aspects of 3-D textile reinforced composite materials. This will enable
materials scientists and engineers to exploit the main features and overcome the disadvantages in
relation to laminated composite materials.
Maximising performance in insurance operations is a practical guide to managing successful change
programmes within the insurance industry. It shows large organisations how to become leading edge
business performers using case studies and examples drawn from the authors‘ own unrivalled experience
in the field. Key questions such as ‗How much change is required?‘ are addressed and a structured
programme tailored to the unique problems of the insurance industry shows how organisations can move
forward to maximise their potential with a minimum of risk.

A fundamental text for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates of structural engineering. Provides
understanding of structural behaviour with attention given to applications and reinforces theoretical
analysis with worked examples. An industrial application of simple bridge design is based on methods in
the book. The finite element method as an extension of displacement method is covered to explain
computer methods presented by use of the structural analysis package OCEAN.

The purpose of this wide-ranging introductory textbook is to provide a basic understanding of the
underlying science as well as the engineering applications of composite materials. It explains how
composite materials, with their advantageous properties of high strength, stiffness and low weight, are
formed, and discusses the nature of the different types of reinforcement and matrix and their interaction.
Methods of production, examples of typical applications and essential data are all included. The book is
based on a long-running course at Imperial College London and the numerous worked examples and self-
assessment exercises provide an excellent grounding for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in
materials science, engineering and physics. It will also be invaluable to any designer or professional
engineer new to the composite materials field.
In its first edition, this book quickly established itself as the essential reference tool and only
comprehensive book available in its field for both industry professionals, and those involved in related
fields of research. This completely revised and updated second edition is 40% longer than the first and
includes developments such as the new bio-yoghurts, as well as all other recent changes and
technological developments in the industry, including: the production of strained yoghurt by ultrafiltration,
the latest developments in mechanisation and automation and the implementation of HACCP.

The international cocoa trade has been written to help all those involved in the industry by accessing
information about the cocoa trade and to create a better understanding of the market as a whole. This
new edition has been thoroughly updated and revised and now includes coverage of: Bulk cocoa; LIFFE
rule changes; New EU legislation.
This compilation focuses on the events of growing, processing, quality control, color, as well as freezing,
canning, chip, and dried production. This Potato Processing operations book, written in terms the
nonprofessional plant worker will understand, is a must reference for all food processors, technologists,
executives, students etc. as well as a valuable addition to the company technical reference library.
Included are figures, tables and charts throughout the book.



Directors’ and officers’ liability insurance is one of the fastest growing areas in the world insurance
market. Company directors are facing increasingly onerous resonsibilities as shareholders demand higher
standards of corporate governence. Recent years have seen more stringent laws on environmental
liability and directorial responsibility for pollution is now a global concern. Ian Youngman cuts through the
jargon and explains the intricacies of this kind of cover and how it relates to other forms of insurance. He
includes examples of claims, as well as profiles of insurers specialising in this area. He also assesses the
current and likely future status of D & O cover in all the world markets.
Gives a perspective on the international mining and metals industry, from historical details of mines and
mining to the potential problems encountered in attempting to value a mining company. Chapters are
devoted to accounting practices and taxation, providing valuable information on the financial aspects of
mining. It also covers various techniques used to value mining companies and gives instruction on how to
set up a portfolio and begin trading in this complex field.



This introductory text presents ordinary differential equations with a modern approach to mathematical
modelling in a one semester module of 20–25 lectures.



The unusual approach of this text gives final honours and post-graduate students a clear and explanatory
account of one of the ―harder‖ areas of physical chemistry. The author takes care to provide detailed
verbal clarification of the concepts and their importance together with full explanations of the mathematical
developments. Her explanations are an essential and vital feature of the text, which is scholarly, lucid and
well-written with a combination of depth of coverage and clarity which helps students to work through on
their own.
This book presents and discusses those common crystal structures that would be encountered by
students taking chemistry, or any subject within which chemistry forms a significant component. With
many worked examples and a wide selection of problems with solutions. Includes instructions for making
simple stereoviewers and computer programs, in a thorough treatment of binary alloys and three-
dimensional packing in molecular solids.
The most recent edition of an established textbook used in undergraduate courses on metallurgy and in
specialised welding courses. It is also used as a reference work by engineers, metallurgists and welding
technologists.


The rules for survival and success have never been so unclear, the choice of strategies so uncertain and
the pressure to act quickly so immense. Achieving transformation and renewal in financial services
focuses on cases and concepts that describe how leading players in financial services have addressed
the challenges of organizational transformation and renewal.




Driving strategic change in financial services outlines the important trends and political decisions which
have transformed the financial services industry. It examines how organizations are responding to the new
industry models by implementing new strategies, new structures and new management systems. Five
senior executives describe how they have each helped to create and implement a practical vision for their
organizations.


Developing people and the corporate culture in financial services describes the personal views and direct
experience of practitioners working with a variety of organizations. It focuses on the fundamental
requirements for transforming corporate cultures and describes the ways to bring out the best efforts and
commitment of the people employed.
Revision of Document IIS/IIW – 1033-89 ‘Information on practices for underwater non-destructive testing’
Prepared by Working Group 2 of Commission V - Quality Control and Quality Assurance of Welded
Products


The addition of minerals to food and drink products is used in many countries as a public health measure,
whilst food industries recognise that supplementing their products with these ingredients can increase
market appeal by improving their health giving properties. This book provides a guide on avoiding and
overcoming the problems commonly associated with mineral fortification such as limited bioavailability and
deterioration in product quality. Minerals are discussed individually, allowing the manufacturer to select the
best fortifier for their products.
The highly versatile nature of magnetic resonance techniques in dealing with problems arising in many
areas in food science is demonstrated in this book. Topics covered include development of the technique,
functional constituents of food, signal treatment and analysis, along with applications of magnetic
resonance to food processing and engineering. The international flavour of the contributions to this text
aim to make it of value to both academics and industrialists in food science.

This edition takes into account the very latest advances in electronic banking and treasury security. The
electronic transmission of funds from companies to banks means that companies are responsible for high
levels of risk previously covered by the bank's own security systems. This book is the definitive source of
advice for all finance professionals.

The proceedings of a conference organised by the European Commission Joint Research Centre Institute
of Advanced Materials. The conference was held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands in October 1998 and
covered all aspects of this highly important subject including links between structural integrity
requirements and NDE performance. The development of performance demonstartion / qualification for
NDE systems and experiance of their application in practice feature prominently. Development of
improved NDE systems, new methods of NDE and methods for assessing NDE performance such as
modelling are also included.
This book presents a detailed study of the flexural strengthening of reinforced and prestressed concrete
members using fibre reinforced polymer composite plates. The authors also discuss plate bonding onto
other engineering materials such as steel and cast iron. The book has been designed for practising civil
and structural engineers seeking to understand the principles and design technology of plate bonding, and
for final year undergraduates and postgraduate engineers studying the principles of highway and bridge
engineering and structural engineering.
The proceedings of a symposium held in Berlin in March 1996, drawing together practical expertise in
measurement techniques, with typical applications ranging from in situ measurements of strain and
rotation on small specimens through notched specimens and single crystal up to turbine blade shaped
samples and full scale component testing. The symposium also highlighted new techniques such as
speckle interferometry and image analysis.
Based on his own wide-ranging experience in several offshore centres, Bill Penman Brown
comprehensively reviews the development, practice and availability of financial services in the offshore
environment. The result is a clearly written, practical guide which will continue to be essential reading for
both professionals and their clients.



Agri-food quality II addresses the quality management of plant-based food materials throughout the
production chain, from field to table. Developments relating to the improvement of vegetable and fruit
quality through plant breeding, genetic manipulation, modification of cultivation technology and
optimisation of harvesting and storage techniques, are covered in detail.
ACT companion to treasury management is more than just an update of the classic forst edition. It has
been completely rewritten to incorporate all that has changed in international treasury management since
the first edition was written over twelve years ago.



This book examines the physical testing of textiles in the form of fibre, yarn and fabric, the emphasis
throughout eing on standard and reproducible tests. After an introductory explanation of sampling and
measurement, the author explores the effects of moisture on textiles, then goes on to discuss fibre
dimension, yarn tests for linear density, twist, evenness and hairiness, tensile strength, and dimensional
stability and serviceability. Also covered are aspects of comfort and fabric handle, colour fastness and
quality assurance. The book‘s comprehensive coverage of the physical properties of textiles makes it an
essential reference for managers in the textiles industry concerned with quality assurance, garment and
fabric technologists, and students of textile science and engineering.

This title includes: The shell period; Melting and dissolution of the particle core; Determination of heat and
mass transfer coefficients; Calculation and dissolution of ferro-alloy particles containing carbon; The
melting process of an alloy charge in the steel melt – melting distribution function; Mixing – the tank-in-
series model; Simulation of melting and mixing of ferro-manganese in a steel melt; Melting of sponge iron
and scrap particles in a carbon-rich iron melt.

Reporting on front-line research into these natural materials, this volume focuses on the use of chemical
and physical methodology in seeking an explanation of the structures of HSs and their relation to their
microscopic properties.
The field of chemically modified particle surfaces has seen many significant developments. This text
covers analytical and synthetic techniques for the development and understanding of these surfaces.
Encompassing subjects including self-assembled monolayers, scanning probe microscopies,
combinatorial synthetic techniques, plasma polymerizations and molecular modelling of modified surfaces,
the book provides a snap-shot of concepts and tools.
Environmental considerations are increasingly shaping the development of many industries. This is an
overview of surfactants and the environment. It goes on to look at new surfactants derived from
renewable, "natural" resources such as sucrose, seaweed and starch. Other chapters review a decade of
change in the surfactant industry and assess future market trends. Some of the developments in
surfactant technology are presented, including "gemini" twin-chained surfactants, sulfobetaines, alkyl
phosphates and the use of alkyl alkoxylates and alkyl glucosides in highly alkaline solutions. The volume
takes a practical approach throughout.
This review in the Textile Progress series covers the history and development of air-jet spinning
technology, the economic aspects, and the properties of yarns and fabics produced by this technology.

Lipids have a variety of functions in the human body which have increasingly been under the spotlight in
recent years. A multidisciplinary book, Lipids in health and nutrition addresses the chemical, biochemical
and physiological aspects of these widely occurring compounds. International experts combine to present
research on a variety of topics, including advanced analytical techniques; the role of flavonoids in diet:
possible links between dyslexia, dyspraxia and attention deficit disorder and the metabolism of fatty acids;
the influence of dietary fatty acids in coronary heart disease; and lipids and obesity.

This title in the Textile Progress series reviews developments in automotive textiles, one of the most
important markets in the technical textiles sector. Subjects covered include fibres for automotive textiles;
upholstery; carpeting; pre-formed parts; tyres; safety devices; filters and engine compartment items; and
future trends. This major review includes over 490 references to other sources of information.
Natural antioxidants and anticarcinogens in nutrition, health and disease represents the most recent
information and state-of-the-art knowledge on the role of antioxidative vitamins, carotenoids and
flavonoids in ageing, atherosclerosis, and diabetes, as well as the role of natural anticarcinogenic
compounds, particularly lignans and isoflavonoids, and cancer prevention.

This review in the Textile Progress series traces the history of air-jet weft insertion and provides an
analysis of weft insertion elements, including a comparison between water-jet and air-jet weaving.
Subjects covered include test rigs; air flow; the influence of yarn characteristics on weft insertion; force
profile; optimisation of settings and loom control; weft yarn stops; the application of air-jet weaving; and
unconventional air-jet weft insertion. There are 167 references to other sources of information included.

This title collects together in a co-ordinated form the large number of theoretical and experimental studies
on the technology of yarn production and provides an essential guide to this large body of literature. After
an introductory chapter outlining the technology of yarn production and an analysis of the forces acting on
fibres and yarns during processing, the book is concerned with three major analyses: of the causes and
statistics of yarn and blend irregularity, with three chapters covering drafting theory; of yarn balloons; and
of the tension and twist changes along a threadline. A bibliography guides the reader to the sources of the
original work.
Proceedings of an international conference organised by the TWI.

Since it was first published in 1958, this dictionary has been continually adapted to include the rapid
advances in the iron and steel industry.
This volume concentrates on research information on the beneficial effects of nitrates and their fate in the
environment. Adopting an integrated approach it covers the agricultural, environmental and medical
aspects of this emotive topic. In addition, there is an extensive description of the biochemistry of nitrates
in plants, animals and humans including the positive aspects as well as the hazards.

This revised and updated edition now contains around 18,000 terms in each language. The dictionary
covers foundry practice, production and research terminology together with related commercial and
industrial management terms.
This volume, with contributions from leading international experts, reports on the need to produce high
quality food whilst satisfying environmental concerns. Including new material on natural products, modes
of action and metabolism, it updates all the key areas in pesticide chemistry and related activities. The
contents outline the tremendous developments that have taken place in approaches to crop protection
and our ability to develop complex, environmentally acceptable strategies for weed, pest and disease
control.
This volume brings together contributors from water regulators, and water suppliers in Europe and North
America to discuss the main issues associated with reaching a cost-effective balance between microbial
and chemical risks. Overviews of research are presented alongside illuminating case studies of the
practical approaches taken by water companies and regulators on both sides of the Atlantic.

The edited papers which comprise this book were presented at the international conference, Ecotextile
‘98, which was organised jointly by Bolton Institute and the British Textile Technology Group.

A practical guide to every aspect of metal trading on one of the world‘s largest metals markets, the
London Metal Exchange. Drawing on his years of experience in the metal trading community, the author
looks at the structure and workings of the exchange, risk identification and management; and trading
techniques, strategies and instruments available to today‘s metals traders. This book is essential both for
those who are new to or who are already involved in the metals business and also for the financial,
investment and advisory community internationally.
Reinforced plastics composites are increasingly in demand for a huge range of long-term applications –
unsurprisingly, as they are amongst the best materials in the world for durability. This exceptionally user-
friendly guide has been written for engineers, designers and managers interested in using reinforced
plastics where a long product life is essential, such as buildings, bridges, boats, tanks, pipes and
swimming pools. The book is clearly written and easily accessible to those with only a basic background in
composite materials, although detailed referencing allows any of the areas covered to be researched in
greater depth.
This book provides a comprehensive guide to the trade in the world's most popular fruit. Covering all
aspects of the trade from patterns of production and consumption to pricing trends, from details of the
companies involved to consideration of international political constraints.



This work delivers ideas, comments and projects on energy, communications, transport, management,
human resources, and financial and legal issues which macroengineering can contribute towards the
solution of the Earth's environmental problems. Some 20 engineers and scholars identify problems in the
next century whose solutions call for international policy planning and a more collaborative, peaceful and
prosperous world order.




In the global economy, goods, services, investments, loans, information and people move across national
borders with growing freedom and rapidly increasing volumes. Each time such an individual event occurs,
parts of two or more nation's moneys change ownership. This book describes the significance of these
monetary exchanges, their mechanics, and how money itself affects these cross-border events.

An unusual blend of theory and practice of digital signal processing (DSP) for advanced undergraduate
and postgraduate electronics engineers. It is also an R & D source book for design engineers of
embedded systems in real-time computing, and applied mathematicians who apply DSP techniques in
telecommunications, aerospace (control systems), satellite communications, instrumentation, and medical
technology (ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging). It is unique to find in one volume the
implementation of the equations as algorithms, not only in MATLAB but right up to a working DSP-based
scheme. Other features include number representations, multiply-accumulate, special addressing modes,
zero overhead iteration schemes, and single and multiple instructions.

The diversity of subjects involved in marine corrosion and fouling processes are evident in the approaches
and techniques described in this book. An improvized understanding of biologically influenced corrosion
and fouling processes is essential to the development of better corrosion protection systems, and this
book shows new perspectives in our appreciation of these subjects. Equally, powerful microscope
imaging, surface spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques have become available and are providing
new information on metal surfaces experiencing fouling or microbial corrosion. Examples include confocal
laser microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning
electrochemical microscopy and scanning (or vibrating) reference electrode techniques. Advances in
knowledge of biocorrosion processes have enabled improvements in corrosion monitoring and protection
strategies. Examples include metal or polymer coatings and the use of corrosion inhibitors and biocides.
This book aims to provide a contribution to existing literature on biocorrosion in the marine environment.
The papers presented at this conference reflect the significant advances that have been made in
emerging technologies, expert systems, neural networks and multimedia. The application of the innovative
control systems and software presented here will enable companies to maintain a competitive edge by
improving information control and product value while at the same time reducing manufacturing and
production costs.
Trading in oil futures and options is an introduction to price risk management in the worldwide oil industry.
With numerous practical examples, it requires no prior knowledge and should be read by everyone
involved in the industry.


A comprehensive discussion of group theory in the context of molecular and crystal symmetry, this book
covers both point-group and space-group symmetries.



This book is aimed at senior undergraduates, graduates and engineers. It fills the gap between the
numerous textbooks on traditional Applied Mechanics and postgraduate books on Finite Element
Methods .


This book delivers a course module for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers of
electronics, computing science, medical imaging, or wherever the study of identification and classification
of objects by electronics-driven image processing and pattern recognition is relevant. Object analysis first
uses image processing to detect objects and extract their features, then identifies and classifies them by
pattern recognition. Its manifold applications include recognition of objects in satellite images which
enable discrimination between different objects, such as fishing boats, merchant ships or warships;
machine spare parts e.g. screws, nuts etc. (engineering); detection of cancers, ulcers, tumours and so on
(medicine); and recognition of soil particles of different types (agriculture or soil mechanics in civil
engineering).
In the first book to look from a thoroughly practical perspective on the crucial business of profits
forecasting, Fred Wellings provides an integrated approach to the theories which underpin the forecasting
process. This approach also recognises the limitations faced by the outsider in the real world where both
time and hard facts may be in equally short supply. It lays emphasis on the patterns of industrial and
corporate behaviour and the forecaster's ability to recognise and anticipate these patterns. The first part of
the book covers the industrial background within which the individual companies operate, and part two
moves the forecaster on from the industry to the company.

This latest edition of Stan Grainger‘s original 1989 handbook reflects the many advances in surfacing
technology since that time. Additional thermal spray processes and laser surfacing are included and more
information on corrosion has been included. The major changes that have taken place in health and
safety legislation have led to significant revisions in the relevant chapters.

The proceedings of an international seminar organised by TWI in conjunction with the Paton Welding
Institute, Ukraine and held at TWI Middlesbrough in April 1997. The delegates examined recent
theoretical and practical developments of the materials, equipment and processes involved.
This remarkable book is based on over 25 years of research at UMIST, and contains over 1500 scanning
electron micrographs and other pictures offering a unique collection of documentary information which
provides a basis for identifying failure modes. The accompanying explanatory text gives fibre scientists,
polymer scientists and others a better understanding of fracture mechanisms, and will help textile
technologists and design engineers to manufacture improved textile products. This second edition also
contains an updated and expanded text with many new micrographs, and includes new chapters, with
case studies, on medical textiles and forensic science studies.
Fibre-reinforced composites are generally manufactured using filaments with microscopic diameters.
Commercial applications use a variety of reinforcement forms from random arrays to fully aligned, and
generally have some degree of clustering of the fibres. This book provides a state-of-the-art review of the
application of advanced microstructural characterisation techniques to fibre-reinforced composites. Each
chapter provides an exemplary survey of the topic with detailed referencing to primary sources for further
research.
This is the first comprehensive professional guide to the strategies and techniques of competitor analysis
for the financial services industry. It explains how to set up systems and models to identify and analyse
competitors and their products.



This work contains the proceedings of a conference on gums and stabilisers for the food industry.
Contributions are concerned with the structure-function relationships of various polysaccharides and
protein systems, as well as progress on mixed biopolymer systems.
Since the first edition of Foreign Exchange Options in 1993, trading in foreign exchange options has
undergone rapid expansion and now accounts for a daily turnover of some $100 billion world-wide. This
revised and expanded second edition takes into account recent changes in both market practice and
regulatory requirements and contains many new explanatory diagrams and practical examples.


Practical dehydration has long been recognised as a standard text for the industry. In the second edition
the author provides a reassessed perspective on this international industry. In addition to the original
chapters on packaging, storing and quality control, this latest edition includes modern analysis of
expanding sectors and new technologies. This book provides an invaluable guide to the practicalities and
logistics of a changing industry.
The continuing expansion world-wide of the composites industry ensures a warm welcome for the second
edition of this popular and successful directory and databook, first published in 1993. This edition has
been completely revised and updated to include many new companies and new and improved thermoset
resin systems, as well as major and important changes in the whole manufacturer / supplier picture.


This collection of papers are devoted to a single chemical reaction, the Maillard reaction. They look at
various different topics, such as its use in the food industry, and its relation to ageing and age-related
diseases.
The international paper trade discusses the whole spectrum of the pulp and paper industry and is
designed for busy readers in the industry and its allied trades who need a thorough understanding of the
trade.

The final manual describes the range of packaging options available together with storage and handling,
highlighting the key issues in retaining product quality.
Each manual provides a conveniently sized and innovative guide to its topic, full of practical advice on
problem solving and troubleshooting drawn from over thirty years experience in the industry.




This manual identifies the quality parameters and describes each ingredient by type, function, handling
and storage.




This manual describes the various types of biscuit dough, the key stages in dough mixing and handling,
and identifies potential problem areas and solutions.




This stage in biscuit production is often a source of problems. The author identifies what these problems
are at each stage, explains their causes and how they can be resolved.




This manual explains the principles and machinery involved in baking and post-baking processes, and the
key issues in maintaining both quality and throughput.




This manual takes readers through such secondary processes as coating, sandwiching and icing,
concentrating on common production problems and how they can be solved.




Many problems in navigation which, because of the true shape of the Earth, seemed numerically and
algebraically impractical, can now be resolved by computer. Nevertheless, traditional methods provide
important back-up, for which geometry is invaluable. This book offers a treatment of the Earth as an
ellipsoid of revolution, pictured as a sphere, as has served navigators for centuries and applies to surface
navigation and also to the surfaces of planets. It also includes methods for fixing a position by
astronomical observation, as well as from the tracking of the angular co-ordinates of an astronomical
body.
The banking systems of eastern Europe and the states of the former Soviet Union have undergone
dramatic change in recent years. This is the first book to provide a practical overview of the banking
systems in the region. It describes the changes that have occurred and the differences that still remain.
The author provides a full account of the various financial centres and the diversity of products that are
available, including currencies, bonds, stocks, futures, coupons and certificates. The book covers financial
internediaries, savings protection and corporate governance and concludes with a look at potential future
developments. It will be essential reading for corporates, bankers, fund managers, investors and advisers
involved in the region.
Provides an introduction to the diverse subject area of experimental design, with many practical and
applicable exercises to help the reader understand, present and analyse the data. The pragmatic
approach offers technical training for use of designs and teaches statistical and non-statistical skills in
design and analysis of project studies throughout science and industry.

The continuing evolving capability of guided weapons demands ever more knowledge of their
development. This modern and comprehensive book covers the control aspect of guidance of missiles,
torpedoes, robots, and even animal predators, from the viewpoint of the pursuer. The text studies
trajectories, zones of interception, the required manoeuvre effort, time of flight, launch envelopes, and
stability of the guidance process. Mathematics at first-year university level is the only prerequisite.
Acquaintance with feedback control theory would be helpful to the reader.
This major study provides a detailed analysis of the fundamentals of different types of stitches, seams,
and sewing threads and explains how they are produced, and examines their optimum design,
performance, and modes of failure. The emphasis is on conventional machine-sewn seams for apparel,
but development in threadless joining and non-apparel applications are also considered, along with a
critical review of current test methods. There are 250 references to specialist articles and other sources of
information.
The properties of humic substances (HSs) in plants, soils and sediments regulate the environment and
affect all aspects of like, yet they are only very imprecisely understood. This volume presents work on HSs
including instruments and techniques being developed to throw more light on their structure and
relationship to macro- and micro-scopic properties.
Blending of two or more different types of fibres is of crucial significance to the textile industry. The yarns
and fabrics produced display a range of desirable properties that otherwise could not be achieved by a
single textile component. The technical and commercial requirements of blended fibres place great
demands on dyers and colourists to achieve high-quality, reproducible results under production
conditions. The range of substrates available and the multitude of variables that dyeing technologists have
to consider make blends dyeing a complex subject.


Covers the following topics: Strategies; Intumescence: Mechanism studies; New intumescent polymetric
materials; Flame retarded intumescent textiles; Intumescence - an environmentally friendly process?

Focuses on key developments in the environmentally-friendly production of energy and its conservation
through an enhanced understanding of the chemical processes involved.
The fifth in a successful series of symposia this book contains the papers presented at BMC5 held in
Warsaw, Poland in October 1997. The papers review the current status and developments on all aspects
of brittle matrix composites associated with four main groups: high strength composites, brittle polymer
composites, ceramics and cement based materials.
This report is written by one of the world‘s leading experts on the international wine trade. It provides a
detailed examination of Swiss wine consumption and distribution, and goes on to explain changes in wine
policy and legislation.
This special report with user-friendly software has been produces following a collaboration between the
Centre for Adhesives technology at TWI, Cranfield University and the DTI. The three-year project
identified that highlighting design and production issue during very early stages of design enabled
potential problem areas to be recognised and avoided.
The application of high pressures to serve scientific ends is an ever-growing area of research. With
sections on chemistry, food science, biochemistry and physics, this book contains a variety of original
work.
Covers the history and development of computer integrated manufacturing and total quality management,
and their implementation and utilisation within the textile industry. Ways are suggested of combining them,
synergistically, into a single new model. There are 110 references to other sources of information.

This review covers the various types of design logic applied to different types of products. Sections cover
the types of design and the potential for CAD; simulation of properties and functions; mechanics of
textiles; the databases developed for design; practical systems leading to manufacturing methods; and
factual data usage in design. It includes over 300 references to specialist articles, patents and other
sources of information.
This title in the Textile Progress series, concentrates on reviewing published work and articles since
1985. It is divided into testing of yarns during production i.e. on-line monitoring, the testing of yarn
packages prior to packing, and laboratory testing. There are 164 references to other sources of
information.
This work reviews the current status of research and commercial developments in the field of biosensors
used for food analysis. It looks at the possibilities of biosensors for food analysis, their capacity for
measurement of a range of analytes and their ability to monitor complex biochemical parameters during
the production or processing of foods. It examines several opportunities for biosensor applications within
the food industry supply chain, for instance to indicate the quality and seasonal variation of natural
resources.
This revised edition updates essential principles to be followed in modern short-staple spinning and
considers materials and equipment available for producing the various types of yarn. Contents include
spinning, opening, cleaning, blending, imparting order, reducing the unevenness of yarn mass, attenuation
(draft), yarn formation, handling material, references.
The Maillard reaction was originally studied due to its importance in foods. Lately, it has been found to
play a key role in many health-related issues. It is now associated with diabetes, ageing and cancer. The
5th International Symposium on the Maillard Reaction was held at the University of Minnesota, USA, in
August 1993. This volume of conference proceedings presents recent research and discusses aspects of
the chemistry, kinetics, technology and toxicology of this reaction.
This review includes pill formation; the measurement of pills; different factors affecting pilling, including
fibre, yarn and fabric characteristics; the effects of the dyeing and finishing process on pilling; methods of
controlling pilling. There are 96 references to specialist articles, patents and other sources of information.

An expanded edition of a defects catalogue first produced in the late 1980s. The catalogue covers
specialist materials and improves understanding between manufacturers and users when discussing the
appearance of surface anomalies. It also enables manufacturing plants to identify surface defects on the
basis of a standardised nomenclature and range of definitions.
Containing over 3,000 entries in each language, this dictionary covers the fast growing technical field of
fatigue strength research which has developed a terminology of its own with very specific meanings.

This introductory text on circuit analysis for undergraduate courses follows a logical development of
topics. The topology of networks is stressed with the aid of graph theory. Worked examples throughout
together with chapter problems, solutions and tutorial guidance.



Written for the international banking and financial services community, their advisors and offshore
companies, this is the first book comprehensively to address the principles and practice of bank lending to
offshore tax haven entities. Highly practical in its analysis of lending considerations via this secretive
sector, it also contains a comparative study of law and practice in key offshore jurisdictions.
The author has provided an analysis of the principles of private international law as applicable to banking.
This is the first book to provide coverage and analysis of the law and practice relating to syndicated loans,
bonds, loan transfers and swaps in a single volume. It will be essential reading for all bankers who require
an understanding of international banking law.
The first comprehensive professional guide to the workings and structure of the international private
banking marketplace, this book details the services available, the key players, the distinctive
characteristics of, pressure upon and trends within this traditionally very closed financial market. It begins
with an analysis of the industry including an invaluable guide to private banking providers. The author then
goes on to examine the profitability of private banking and then covers the structures and strategies which
are necessary for private banking to work. The book concludes with an overview of the market trends and
characteristics.
The purpose of aligning short fibers in a fiber-reinforced material is to improve the mechanical properties
of the resulting composite. Aligning the fibers, generally in a preferred direction, allows them to contribute
as much as possible to reinforcing the material. In some cases, the mechanical properties of these
aligned, short-fiber composites can approach those of continuous-fiber composites, with the advantages
of lower production costs and greater ease of production. Since its publication, this book has been
consistently recognised as one of the most important contributions to this field.



Two very successful conferences - in Glasgow and Beaune - were held on duplex stainless steels during
the first half of the '90s. This book takes keynote papers from each, and develops and expands them to
bring the topics right up to date. There is new material to cover grades, specifications and standards, and
the book is fully cross-references and indexed.


This book is designed to provide an introduction to an area of the law which even now remains a closed
book to the majority of practising lawyers. Bankers are not expected to have an intimate knowledge of the
law relating to intellectual property, but they should have, because customers are likely to own intellectual
property rights which offer a valuable source of security for lending transactions. The banker dealing with
clients who own intellectual property should be able to distinguish patents and trademarks, and appreciate
what copyright may protect. This book is a valuable tool in this process. Finally, the impact of the
European Union, which will radically reshape intellectual property laws in the UK in the next few years is
considered.
This work is a foundation course text for first and second year undergraduates in which description and
understanding of inorganic chemistry are fully integrated. It covers the main underlying theoretical ideas,
taking account of the level of mathematical ability among present-day students commencing university
study. Each chapter provides "worked example" problems, supported by additional problem-exercises
which test comprehension and serve for revision or self-study.
Management of cash resources is crucial to smooth operation of all companies. This book offers a
practical guide to intricacies of cash management, using everyday situations to illustrate how different
exposures arise in the course of normal trading activity. The author discusses how to set up and manage
an efficient and effective cash management department and also covers the implementation of
forecasting and appraisal systems. Management of interest rate and currency exposures is also
considered with an assessment of the banking systems of major countries and the effect of European
Monetary Union.
Managing cash flow, interest rates and relations with the bank are fundamentally issues for every
business. This clear and concise guide is specifically designed to describe the fundamental decisions in
liquidity management and set them in an overall business context.
This is a comprehensive guide to the workings of the world‘s commodity and financial futures and options
markets. For all those new or already active in the futures and options markets, it is a handbook of first
and last resort for traders, brokers, advisers and investors alike, and is written by a highly experienced
market practitioner with contributions from leading experts in the field. It begins with an examination of the
markets and instruments - including the OTC market and erivatives, and goes on to explain trading,
regulation and management. It also evaluates the likely future developments in futures and options.

This handbook provides a comprehensive analysis of the current state of welding technology as applied to
large structures and process plant. The author takes account of the increasing necessity for engineers at
all levels to be aware of problems such as fatigue failure and provides advice.

This handbook provides a comprehensive analysis of the current state of welding technology as applied to
large structures and process plant. The author takes account of the increasing necessity for engineers at
all levels to be aware of problems such as fatigue failure and provides advice.

The book describes the results of over 20 years research completed this year at one of the world's
premier consumable manufacturers and aimed at improving the properties of MMA electrodes for high
quality applications. It examines the influence of some 17 elements and welding variables on the
composition, microstructure and mechanical properties of the resulting weld metal. The often complex
relationships discovered are sufficient to give a good understanding of the properties of weld metals
produced by other arc welding processes.




The area of food adulteration is one of increasing concern for all those in the food industry. This book
compares and evaluates indices currently used to assess food authenticity.

A report containing the results of a TWI Group Sponsored Project beneficial to designers of thin walled
structures, especially those in the transport industry. It serves as a valuable source of reference for a wide
range of welding engineers and structural analysts.
This book fills a gap in banking literature by providing a professional and sophisticated 'risk' primer for
bank directors, executives and staff at every level as well as students, analysts and commentators on the
banking scene. The breadth of focus is exceptional in covering the full range of banking risks, rather than
the customary specialist segment.
This text for advanced undergraduates reading electrical engineering, applied mathematics, and branches
of computer science involved with signal processing (speech synthesis, computer vision and robotics)
also serves as a reference source in academia and industry. Signal processing is an important aspect of
electronic communications in its role of transmitting information, and the mathematical language of its
expression is developed here in an interesting and informative way, imparting confidence to the reader.

Adopting a step by step methodical approach, the book is aimed at first and second year undergraduates
and addresses the mathematical difficulties faced by them. Solution manual free from:
http://www.mech.port.ac.uk/sdalby/mbm/CTFRSoln.htm


This book was written to summarize some of the fundamentals to be considered in the food processing
and technology area. It is an outgrowth of Dr. Goulds workshops on this subject. This text is an excellent
starting point for students of food processing technology and individuals working in the processing arena.
The challenge for today‘s food processor is to produce food that is needed, improve quality and efficiency,
and develop new businesses that will add value to the preserved product.
This text for advanced undergraduates and graduates reading applied mathematics, electrical,
mechanical, or control engineering, employs block diagram notation to highlight comparable features of
linear differential and difference equations, a unique feature found in no other book. The treatment of
transform theory (Laplace transforms and z-transforms) encourages readers to think in terms of transfer
functions, i.e. algebra rather than calculus. This contrives short-cuts whereby steady-state and transient
solutions are determined from simple operations on the transfer functions.

This volume makes available the latest reflection on large-scale engineering for building a better world for
tomorrow. International authorities from enginenering, oceonography, academia, public service, and law
describe how great and imaginative concepts may be refined, tested, adapted, financed, implemented and
put to use. Here are records and commentaries about some of the world's significant engineering
achievements, including the planning and design of Nigeria's new capital city, and the use of software by
the US military to clean up the Exxon-Valdez oil spill pollution in Alaska.

This book demonstrates the relevance of antioxidant mechanisms to studies of antioxidants in both
technology and biology and integrates it on the basis of the common mechanisms of peroxidation and
antioxidant action. It applies present knowledge of antioxidants to our understanding of their role in
preventing and treating common diseases including cardiovascular disease, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis,
ischaemia, pancreatitis, haemochromatosis, kwashiorlor, disorders of prematurity, and diseases of old
age. The book is of considerable interest to scientists working in the materials and foodstuff industries,
and to researchers seeking information on the connection between diet and health, and to those
developing new drugs to combat diseases associated with oxidative stress. it is important also throughout
the non-medical world, especially to the work force within the affected industries.

Since the first edition of this book was published in 1987, there has been a revolution in information
technology and computing power, accompanied by an enormous expansion of scientific colour control in
the colour-using industries. The book has been thoroughly revised and brought up to date to reflect these
technological and scientific developments. The book is intended to provide in a single volume a
comprehensive text on those aspects of colour science that are important to the colour technologist in the
day-to-day manufacture and control of coloured products.
This volume is a record of a conference, which was the fourth in a series held at NWEI, in Wrexham. It
brought together scientists with interests in the broadly based subject of ion exchange, with the aim to
cover aspects of its application as well as advances in the theory of ion exchange.

This book deals with purification methods, chemical bonding theory and spectroscopic methods and is a
reference book for chemists at any stage of their career. Rich in practical applications and historic
vignettes, its lavish provision of knowledge reflects the authors deliberate strategy to place chemistry in
the widest perspective, providing a sound understanding of this complex and important branch of science.

Based on the contributions given at a leading international conference, this volume concentrates on recent
developments in the environmentally-friendly disposal of sludges and on the reawakened interest in
composting which has emerged as a result of recent European directives.
The field of food colloids is concerned with the structural and dynamic aspects of multi-phase food
systems - dispersions, emulsions, foams, gels - viewed from a physical chemistry perspective as
assemblies of molecules and particles in various states of organization. The main molecular components
of food colloids are proteins, lipids and polysaccharides. The primary objective of the field is to relate the
structural, stability and rheological properties of such systems to the interactions between constituent
components and to their distribution between the bulk phases and various kinds of interfaces. This
volume records most of the lecture programme at the international conference on "Food Colloids -
Proteins, Lipids and Polysaccharides" held in Sweden on 24-26th April 1996.

This is a compilation of papers presented at the 1997 Flavours and Fragrances conference. The subject
matter is intentionally broad, covering areas such as chemoreception, analytical techniques, essential oils
and the synthesis of flavour and fragrance materials in the laboratory.
The second edition builds on the success of the first edition and covers the widespread introduction of
computer technology, particularly the digitisation of data into the many branches of NDT. It surveys the
new European (CEN) Standards and provisional CEN Standards on NDT, many of which are replacing
British Standards. New NDT techniques not included in the first edition are also included.

Since the first edition of New fibers was published in 1990, new research and development has produced
fibers with high tenacity and modulus resulting in the super-fibers now used as industrial materials. New
chapters deal with fibers for the next millennium, and examine the resurgence of synthetic cellulosics
since 1990, in particular the various solvent-spun fibers of the Lyocell and Tencel families.

Mössbauer Spectroscopy has an extraordinary variety of applications throughout science and industry in
physics, chemistry, biochemistry, mineralogy, corrosion science, geochemistry and archaeology, and with
applications in industrial and scientific research. A special feature of the technique is the narrow line width
(or range of photon energies) emitted.


Focuses on the state of scientific knowledge about the carcinogenicity of metals, their compounds and
other inorganic substances. It provides a valuable guide for chemists involved in risk assessment, health
and safety and toxicology.
Managing banking relationships is the first publication to look at the principles and practice governing
relationships between businesses and their bankers. This book examines the services provided by banks
to their corporate clients, and looks at the establishment, maintenance, review and, if necessary,
termination of the resulting relationships.


Provides a unique insight into the development and use of liquid moulding processes, with a
comprehensive description of the materials, process variants, equipment, control strategies and tooling
techniques used across a range of automotive and aerospace applications. Procedures for materials
characterisation, preform and mould design are described and the text is augmented by a number of case
studies for prototype and production parts. The book is an invaluable source of reference for those
involved in specification, design and manufacturing of composites parts, and for research workers in the
field.
This volume contains the 86 lectures, posters and workshop presentations made at the 8th Weurman
Flavour Research Symposium. These are mainly research papers and are divided into seven subject
areas reflecting the major divisions of flavour science.
An updated, revised and expanded version of Professor Burdekin's earlier work of the same title, this
book explains this branch of thermal engineering in clear, practical terms. It concentrates on steels - the
most predominant engineering media - and is essential reading for all those involved in the study or
practice of welding high performance steel structures.
These recommendations present general methods for the assessment of fatigue damage in welded
components, which may affect the limit states of a structure, such as ultimate limit state and serviceability
limited state. Fatigue resistance data is given for welded components made of wrought or extruded
products of ferritic/pearlitic or banitic structural steels up to fy = 700 Mpa and of aluminium alloys
commonly used for welded structures.
Provides a detailed insight into short fibres of different types (metallic and organic) in a polymer matrix, as
well as reporting on the design considerations and applications of such composites. It relates unparalleled
research into a diverse range of composites.




This book aims to explain the principles of contract law for the businessman, and to put those principles
into their commercial context. Anyone involved in commercial transactions needs at least a basic
understanding of the principles of contract law – the legal framework for all commercial activity. A lack of
such a basic understanding at best results in a business which is less competitive and ultimately less
profitable than it should be, and at worst can have expensive and sometimes disastrous commercial
consequences.
Jim Lynch‘s latest book focuses on one of the major threats to the banking industry - customer defection.
The tradition of customers remaining loyal to their banks is fast disappearing. The economic and social
threads which linked banker and client have become frayed and easily broken by recession and other
forces of change. Customer relationships in all sectors are in need of repair, not just economically but
psychologically. This book is a guide to bankers and others in financial services on how to forge, renew or
strengthen banking relationships.
This thirteenth edition has been totally revised and expanded over previous editions, having new sections,
new products and processes, and covers subjects from creating a business plan and planning a food
processing operation, through processing and into the warehousing of the finished product.


This thirteenth edition has been totally revised and expanded over previous editions, having new sections,
new products and processes, and covers subjects from creating a business plan and planning a food
processing operation, through processing and into the warehousing of the finished product.

This thirteenth edition has been totally revised and expanded over previous editions, having new sections,
new products and processes, and covers subjects from creating a business plan and planning a food
processing operation, through processing and into the warehousing of the finished product.


This thirteenth edition has been totally revised and expanded over previous editions, having new sections,
new products and processes, and covers subjects from creating a business plan and planning a food
processing operation, through processing and into the warehousing of the finished product.
This book is intended to provide a middle road between the basic student text and the heavy practitioner‘s
manual. It covers all aspects of insolvency, including both corporate and private bankruptcy together with
the alternative routes to the insolvency process. The book aims to give not only a view of the complex
legal issues met with in the field of business, but also addresses the practical alternatives open to
insolvent debtors and creditors. Includes a new addendum to take into account the effects of the recent
Insolvency and Enterprise Acts.



This report contains information from more than sixty shipyards from around the world, and gives a unique
inventory of the different aspects of welding mechanization and automation used in building large, middle
and small-sized ships. Shipbuilders, marine engineers and trade organisations will welcome and value this
unique collection of data, assembled for the first time in such a comprehensive format, and interpreted by
the author into trends for the future operation of the industry.




The proceedings of a seminar held at TWI in September, 1995, focusing on crack arrest philosophy which
aknowledges that a brittle crack is arrested when it emerges from the critical region. Papers from
prestigious researchers presented a critique and assessment of the theory and its application under:
Introduction to crack arrest concepts; Recent trends in crack arrest research; Application of crack arrest
concepts.
This book is split into four distinct sections to provide a complete account of investment performance
measurement. The first section examines the development of the concept of performance measurement
with the evolution of benchmarks and the increasing sophistication of performance analysis. The practical
implications of performance measurement are tackled in the second section, with particular emphasis on
the calculations that can be used to derive a rate of return for a fund and risk is also examined in detail.
The third section covers the performance measurement of pension funds over the last 25 years and the
lessons that can be learned about the investment performance and measurement process. The final
section considers the future prospects for performance measurement and proposes potential future
directions for the measurement of investment performance.

This book is split into four distinct sections to provide a complete account of investment performance
measurement. The first section examines the development of the concept of performance measurement
with the evolution of benchmarks and the increasing sophistication of performance analysis. The practical
implications of performance measurement are tackled in the second section, with particular emphasis on
the calculations that can be used to derive a rate of return for a fund and risk is also examined in detail.
The third section covers the performance measurement of pension funds over the last 25 years and the
lessons that can be learned about the investment performance and measurement process. The final
section considers the future prospects for performance measurement and proposes potential future
directions for the measurement of investment performance.

The author has provided an introductory guide to technical analysis for investors. Whereas most books on
the subject start some way up the learning curve, this begins at the beginning. This book is very
extensively illustrated and international in its coverage. Topics covered include: trends; reversal;
continuation patterns; chart assessment; bar charts; point and figure charts; indicators; volume and open
interest; long term investment; and, speculation. This is a new and thoroughly revise edition of a
successful book. This book will be an invaluable introduction for the private investor and as a working
handbook for the professional adviser.
This book concisely and uniquely encompasses the principles of corrosion and wear as manifested in
industrial failures and the solutions offered by surface engineering.




Seventy selected papers from the 1996 IIW Asian Pacific Welding Congress. Papers were presented at
the following sessions: The welding fabrication industry; Welding technology development; Practical
welding experience; Weld performance evaluation and weld quality assessment; Weld performance under
seismic conditions; Practical welding experience - Aluminium; Health and Safety; Weld surface finish and
industrial hygiene; Computers in welding; Practical welding experience - Steel

This book covers the production, management and changing patterns of global wood and fibre resources,
with emphasis on the inter-disciplinary character of wood and related plant materials in terms of their
resource value.

In the book, Professor Miravete demonstrates the optimisation of beams, plates and sandwich
constructions in the designs of advanced composite materials. He also illustrates optimal material
systems, fibre orientations and lay-up through functions of geometry, load type and boundary conditions.
The associates software, on two disks, will enable users to adapt the information to their own
requirements and is very user-friendly with helpful manuals. This will be an essential package for
designers and engineers in a wide range of areas, from aeronautics to automotive and marine as well as
general industry.
This is the first book to cover in a comprehensive way, the conduct and structure of the international sugar
industry from cultivation right through to end use. The authors look in detail at the workings of the growing
and production sector and the trends in world production, consumption and trading of sugar. Important
sections consider the policies of the world's major sugar producers and the likely future developments of
the trade in the light of the developments in Eastern Europe and China, and in the substitute sugar
sweetener products. The book will be an invaluable reference source for sugar producers and traders and
for all those involved in the financial, advisory and investment communities. Published in association with
the International Sugar Organization
A critical review of the whole philosophy of fabric objective measurement as a means of assessing the
sensory and mechanical properties of fabrics since its initial development in Japan. Its relationship to
other methods of evaluating similar fabric properties is discussed, together with the scope for its future
application and development.
A complete coverage of decision mathematics (discrete or business mathematics) module for A-level
examination syllabuses and also suitable for first year undergraduate courses.



This advanced undergraduate and postgraduate text will serve for courses in many engineering
disciplines and professionals in industrial or academic research. It is written in a step-by-step
methodological approach so that readers can acquire knowledge, either through formal engineering
courses or by self-study. Also useful for industrial engineers as a reference manual.
Edited papers from the 1995 conference Ecotextile – Wealth for Waste in Textiles, organised by Bolton
Institute and the British Textile Technology Group.




Bridges the gap between theoretical texts with little software support and the giant finite element software
packages, this modern-day handbook covers finite element programming in a comprehensive range of
problems in civil, mechanical, structural, aeronautical and electrical engineering.




Understanding the structural, compositional and physicochemical properties of the wheat used in bread,
biscuits, pasta and other consumer products is important. This book brings together international experts
to provide an overview of the progress made to date and also to give an insight into the new approaches
that can be used to solve outstanding problems. It covers progress in areas including: what grain
structure; structural features of the gluten proteins; structual-functionality relationships of wheat protein;
lipid-binding proteins; rheology of dough systems; and the importance of non-starch polysaccharides.

The book presents important information on the presence of various flavonoids found in berries,
vegetables and fruits and their antioxidative potencies, as well as the role of antioxidative vitamins and
carotenoids in cardiovascular diseases and cancer.

This book provides essential information on almost all the commercial ingredients used in cereals-based
foods. In each case, Professor Matz discusses quality specifications, variations and defects, functionality
(including storage), nutritional content and labelling issues.
This book reviews methods and techniques for separating food components and products of the
biotechnology industry. The introduction focuses on food composition and some of the conventional
separation techniques. Subsequent chapters deal with each specific type or area of application individually
and include information on the basic principles, industrial equipment available, commercial applications
and an overview of research and development.
Food irradiation is an area of food technology that has been poorly documented and consequently has
provoked much confusion and misunderstanding. This reference guide provides comprehensive
information on all aspects of food irradiation in an easily accessible format. The dictionary style of this
book with extensive cross-referencing provides clear and concise coverage of food irradiation.
This report assesses the current state of knowledge of the 'local approach' to cleavage fracture, reviews
application to ferritic steels and their weldments and addresses limitations and disadvantages of the
methodology.
This book fills a gap in the market by providing practical advice on financial management information
systems for banks and will be essential reading for retail banking finance directors and officers,
management accountants and financial advisers. The author approaches the topic from four angles, first
giving a broad overview and then moving on to specific techniques including a look at efficiency and
profitability. The third section looks at organisation, product and customer policies and the administration
problems. The book ends with a summary overview detailing the setting up of systems.
The proceedings of the Cellucon Trust conference held in Lund, Sweden, in 1993. The latest scientific
advances are covered, environmental concerns and the consequent economic costs are dealt with. The
papers have surprisingly wide applications across a number of industries, including food processing,
pharmaceuticals, chemical processing, civil engineering and composite materials production.

This book provides an analysis of the attempts in both US and UK to chase the 'Holy Grail' of liquid
property; the buying and selling of small manageable chunks of property and creating a market like those
for shares, gilts and derivatives. This is the first book to explore liquid property from an insiders point-of-
view, with coverage of all the issues and problems. A practical insight is provided into the techniques
which could be employed to create liquidity in the property market, and the benefits that would result from
such a phenomenon. This book will be of interest to members of the institutional investment world,
chartered surveyors, property professionals and the financial advisory community.

This is a comprehensive guide the wool industry and the trading mechanisms involved in this vital
business. The supply chain is examined, from sheep farming through to final garment manufacture and
supply. The patterns of trade are explored, together with the various international arrangements that are
associated that are associated with the wool trade. The book goes on to explain the theory and practice of
trading in the futures markets and the associated regulation, and looks at the players, both wool
companies and other institutions. The final chapter covers competitors to wool, such as man-made fibres
and cotton, providing an analysis of current international trading patterns and looking to the future for this
essential commodity.
The cyclical boom-to-recession nature of the economics of cocoa supply is a major problem for the
international cocoa industry - and especially for countries whose economies depend on cocoa exports.
Only through an understanding of the dynamics of cocoa cycles can policy decisions be made through the
various phases of supply cycles. Based on a major international cocoa conference, this book presents
seventeen edited papers from leading experts, making a major contribution to that understanding. It
explains the powerful economic, social and political factors which impact on the cocoa economy. It shows
the laws of cocoa supply are closely linked to environmental, ecological and institutional factors.




A practical and authoritative book covering every aspect of the tin trade beginning with its origins and
history including the traumatic events of 1985 and their aftermath, and going on to deal with the mining
and production processes. Aspects of the trading process are covered including trading techniques and
strategies in both physical and futures markets.
This compilation brings to the surface the newer technologies that have emerged over the years, making
an impact on the industry and the finished product. ―The changes in unit operations have produced a
switch from hand labor to automation‖, states Gould. This Food processing plant operations book, written
in terms the nonprofessional plant worker will understand, is a ―must‖ reference for all food processors,
food technologists, food executives, sales individuals, students etc. as well as a valuable addition to your
technical reference library. Also included are 99 figures, and 8 tables and charts used throughout the
book.
In the second edition of this book, Michael Atkin examines the political and economic dynamics of the
international trade, explaining to the reader how the industry works and producing an understanding of the
many ironies that are apparent in the trade of this vital commodity. This edition also takes into account a
number of recent developments that have affected, or promise to affect, the grain trade such as the
collapse of the USSR and the completion of the Uruguay Round at GATT.

This book provides a forum for discussion of issues relating to the management of colour in effluents. A
team of authors representing all the main viewpoints has been assembled (regulators, water companies,
trade associations, dye makers, dye users and solution providers). A unique situation report on this crucial
area of technology f