Chicago Illinois by aihaozhe2


									Chicago, Illinois is the largest city in the state of Illinois and the third most populous
city in the United States. The Chicago metropolitan area has a population of over 9.4
million in Illinois, Wisconsin and Indiana, making it also the third largest
metropolitan area in the US. Chicago is located along the shore of Lake Michigan.
The city's monikers include "Chicago land", the "Windy City", "Chi-Town",
"Chi-City", the "Second City" and the "City of the Big Shoulders".

Chicago is a major center of transportation, industry, culture, medicine and higher

A major transportation hub, Chicago is the third largest inter-modal port in the world
after Hong Kong and Singapore. Chicago is one of the largest hubs of passenger rail
service in the nation with Amtrak providing connections to New York, Seattle, New
Orleans, San Francisco, Los Angeles and Washington DC. The Chicago Transit
Authority (CTA) operates an extensive network of buses and a rapid transit system
know locally as the "L" (for elevated), which includes services to Midway and O'Hare
airports. Chicago stands out among large cities for offering 150 miles of on-street bike
lanes, 10,000 bike racks and a state-of-the-art central bicycle commuter station in
Millennium Park.

Chicago has ten interstate highways running through the city and suburbs which
include I-90 (also known in some segments as The Kennedy Expressway, Chicago
Skyway, The Dan Ryan Expressway and The O'Hare Extension), I-57 (Bishop Ford
Freeway), I-94 (Kennedy Expressway), I-55 (Stevenson Expressway), I-290
(Eisenhower Expressway), I-294 (Tri-State Tollway), I-80 (Kingery Expressway),
I-355 (North-South Tollway), I-190 (The O'Hare Extension) and I-88 (East-West
Tollway and Reagan Memorial).

Midway International and O'Hare International Airport service the Chicago area. In
2005, O'Hare was reported as the world's busiest airport by aircraft movements and
second busiest by total passenger traffic. Gary/ Chicago International Airport, located
in Gary, Indiana, serves and the third Chicago area airport. Chicago/Rockford
International Airport is a regional base for United Parcel Service flights, some
passenger flight and occasionally as a relief to O'Hare. Chicago is also the world
headquarters for United Airlines, the world's second-largest airline.

The city has been rated as having the most balanced economy in the US, due to a high
level of diversification. Some of the largest employers include over 66 Fortune 500
companies such as The Boeing Company, Sara Lee, Walgreens, Motorola, Caterpillar,
Sears, State Farm Insurance, Allstate, Deere, McDonald's, Aon, Office Max, USG and
the Tribune Company. The city hosts four major financial and future exchanges
including the Chicago Stock Exchange, the Chicago Board of Trade, the Chicago
Board of Options Exchange and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. Headquartered in
the Chicago area are several medical products and services companies such as Baxter
International, Abbott Laboratories and the Healthcare Financial Services division of
General Electric.

Chi-Town offers a variety of culture stemming from its deep history to present-day
modern arts. The Museum Campus is a 10-acre lakefront park sitting on the southern
section of Grant Park and surrounds three of the city's main museums: the Adler
Planetarium, the Field Museum of Natural History, and the Shedd Aquarium. Grant
Park also hosts the Art Institute of Chicago, a partner of The School of the Art
Institute of Chicago. The only building surviving the World's Columbian Exposition
of 1893 is the Museum of Science and Industry. Chicago's museums also include the
Oriental Institute, part of the University of Chicago, the Freedom Museum, Chicago
History Museum, DuSable Museum of African-American History, Mexican Fine Arts
Center Museum, Museum of Contemporary Art, the Peggy Notebeart Nature Museum
and The Renaissance Society.

The city has and abundant entertainment and performing arts scene. Chicago's
renowned theater companies include the Steppenwolf Theatre Company, the
Goodman Theatre Company and the Victory Gardens Theater. Other theatres such as
the Strawdog Theatre Company, The House Theatre of Chicago, TimeLine Theatre
Company and Remy Bumppo Theatre Company offer an array of plays and musicals.

Broadway musicals are held at venues including LaSalle Bank Theatre, Cadillac
Palace Theatre, Ford Oriental Theatre and the Auditorium Theatre of Roosevelt
University. Broadway in Chicago was created in July 2000 and brings touring
productions to the Chicago area. A few of the productions brought by "Broadway in
Chicago" are: Blue Man Group, Wicked, Rent, Stomp, The Color Purple, Hairspray,
Chicago, Jersey Boys, Mamma Mia!, the 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee,
Cats, The Producers and Jesus Christ Superstar. Chicago is also home to the Lyric
Opera of Chicago, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, the Joffrey Ballet, Music of the
Baroque, Chicago Opera Theater, the Chicago Chamber Musicians and more.

Known for its skyscrapers, Chicago boasts the world's tallest skyline. Notably historic
high-rise buildings grace the Chicago skyline such as the Chicago Board of Trade
Building and the Merchandise Mart, once the first on the list of the largest buildings
in the world and still listed sixth. The tallest building in the United States, the Sears
Tower is located in Chicago. The Aon Center and the John Hancock Center are also
notable skyscrapers that give Chicago a distinct city skyline. Future building
skyscrapers include Waterview Tower, Chicago Spire and Trump International Hotel
and Tower. The 60602 zip code was named by Forbes as the hottest zip code in the
country with many upscale buildings such as The Heritage at Millennium Park, The
Legacy and Momo.

Chicago has a number of architectural gems in its historical church buildings. The
Chicago Temple/First United Methodist Church boasts a 22-story skyscraper
surmounted by a steeple 568 feet above street level, making it the tallest church in the
world. Three basilicas: Our Lady of Sorrows, Queen of All Saints and St. Hyacinth
proudly stand in Chicago's city limits. St. Josaphat's, St. Adalbert's, Mary of the
Angels, Church of the Epiphany, St. Gabriel Church, Metropolitan Community
Church, St. Nicholas Ukrainian Catholic Cathedral, St. Clement Church, St. Joseph's
Ukrainian Church and St. Simeon Mirotovici are other pristine and cherished church
buildings in Chicago. Chicago was named the best sports city in the Unites States by
The Sporting News in 2006.

The city is one of three U.S. cities to host two Major League Baseball teams; the
Chicago Cubs (known to fans as "The Cubbies") play in Wrigley Field and the
Chicago White Sox play in the US Cellular Field. The Chicago Bears, Chicago's NFL
team, play at Soldier Field and the Chicago Rush, the city's Arena Football League
team, play at the Allstate Arena. One of the world's most recognized basketball teams,
the Chicago Bulls play at the United Center. The Bulls won six NBA titles in the
1990's during the reign of Michael Jordan. The United Center also hosts the Chicago
Sky, a WNBA team. Chicago has two hockey teams: the Chicago Blackhawks and the
Chicago Wolves. The city is also home to the Chicago Fire, a MLS soccer team
playing in Toyota Park.

Chicago gives tourists a trip to remember and in 2005 thirty-three million visitors
from across the world came to visit The Windy City. Luxury shopping along the
Magnificent Mile as well Navy Pier, a 3,000-foot pier is home to restaurants, shops,
museums, exhibition halls, auditoriums and a 150-foot-tall Ferris wheel.

Navy Pier offers shopping for apparel, Chicago souvenirs, gifts and collectibles, toys
and games and more at stores like All the Time, DC's Mad Hatter, Earthly Elements,
Funky Chameleon, Gold & Silver Art FX, Navy Pier Store, A Silver Lining, The
Sports Store, Strictly Sterling, Sun Coolers, Varsity Stop Outfitters, Windy City
Leathers, Y-Knot, Air One, Making History, Oh Yes Chicago!, Alamo Flags, Ferris
Wheel Photos, Grand Avenue Gourmet, Life's A Holiday, Jahjah Village, Oiled Up,
TransPIERency, Fashion Bazaar, Irish Imports, The Oriental Arts Center, Passage to
India, The Russian Place, Sitara, Build-A-Bear Workshop, Magic Masters, Bike
Chicago, Faces in Focus Caricatures, Temporary Tattoos and more.

Chicago has shopping malls scattered throughout the city. Stores such as Ann Taylor
Loft, The Body Shop, The Bose Store, Eddie Bauer, Emporium Luggage, Femme de
Carriere, Glenn Poor Chicago, Gold Leaf Tobacco, Marshalls, Nordstrom, Olily,
Lucky Brand, Sephora, and Swatch are sprinkled all through downtown as well as the

Chicago is famous for its signature deep dish pizza, Italian beef sandwiches, the
Maxwell Street Polish and the Chicago hot dog, which is made of Vienna beef and
loaded with mustard, onion, tomato, pickle relish, celery salt, sport peppers and a dill
pickle spear; putting ketchup on a Chicago 慸 og' is completely taboo. A few of the
city's best pizzerias are Bacci Pizzeria, Pizza Broker, Pizza Ria, Edwardo's Natural
Pizza, Pizzeria Ora, Pizano's Pizza & Pasta, Rosati's Pizza & California, Pizzeria Uno,
Reggie's Pizza Express and more.

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