The mystery O n the afternoon of Mary Celeste absolutely empty. December 5, 1872, the There was no sign of Captain sailing ship Dei Gratia was Briggs, his wife Sarah, their of the gliding calmly across the Atlantic two-year-old daughter, or the crew. Mary towards Portugal. The weather was Yet, aside from some water fair, and Dei Gratia’s captain, David between the decks and a couple Morehouse, was surprised to look of hatch covers missing, the ship Celeste out and see a ship he recognized as appeared in good condition. Where the Mary Celeste. This ship had left were they all? That question has New York City a week before him, intrigued people ever since... so it should have been far ahead. A As he watched, Morehouse saw the fter discovering the Mary Mary Celeste swing around suddenly Celeste was deserted, in the wind as if out of control. This Morehouse put three men was very strange, for he knew the on board. In a sad mood, Mary Celeste’s captain, Benjamin they sailed her on to Briggs, was a good seaman. He tried Gibraltar. Immediately, an inquiry hailing but there was only silence. was launched to discover what had happened. Morehouse hoped at F or two hours, Morehouse least to claim salvage for the Mary surveyed the Mary Celeste Celeste, but soon found himself in sailing west, all apparently fine the dock—since the attorney just except for its strange yawing could not believe they had found to and fro. Eventually, Morehouse the ship drifting unmanned. He was could watch no more, and sent his eventually cleared, but the inquiry chief mate, Oliver Deveau, across came to no firm conclusion. So in a small boat to the other ship. what did happen? For the evidence Climbing aboard, Deveau found the and the theories, turn the page... 44 45 The mystery of the The theories Mary Mutiny! Theory: The crew became angry with Briggs’ Insurance scam Theory: Briggs and Morehouse conspired Celeste leadership and murdered him and his family, in a scam to get the insurance money. then escaped in the lifeboat. Evidence: None. Evidence: The red-stained sword, the missing Problems: The ship and its cargo would have to lifeboat, and the deserted ship. be lost for there to be an insurance claim. Instead, Problems: Briggs was renowned for being a good everybody on board was missing but the cargo and fair captain. The stain on the sword turned out remained largely intact. So who was supposed to be rust and not blood. Even if there was a mutiny, to claim the insurance, and for what? this does not explain why the crew would jump into a lifeboat in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. Poisoning Drunken sailors Theory: They got ergot (a fungus) poisoning from the rye bread they were eating. This drove them The evidence Theory: The crew murdered the captain and insane and they left in the lifeboat. his family to get at the alcohol in the cargo, Evidence: The bread on the Mary Celeste was rye then escaped in the lifeboat. and is poisonous if made from ergot-infected grain. Evidence: The stained sword and the nine empty Problems: All the bread found by the Dei Gratia barrels, which had contained alcohol. crew was fine. Even if they did go insane, why would ] Two hatches were open. Problems: The cargo of alcohol was undrinkable they want to flee together in the lifeboat? and, like the captain, the crew had an admirable reputation. As we know, the stain on the sword was The Bermuda Triangle ] The ship’s clock was upside down and had stopped. rust, and the crew would have faced great danger on a small lifeboat in the turbulent Atlantic. Theory: The crew was abducted by aliens ] The sextant (instrument for celestial navigation) and in the Bermuda Triangle. chronometer (shipping timepiece) were missing. Rogue wave Evidence: None. Problems: The ship was sighted near Portugal Theory: The entire crew was swept overboard and so was nowhere near the Bermuda Triangle. ] The Captain’s bed was sodden and there was by a giant wave. Explosion Evidence: The water between the decks. water between the decks. Problems: It seems highly unlikely that a single wave would have caught everyone. Even if it had, Theory: Alcohol leaking from some of the barrels ] Under the bed was the Captain’s sword, with red stains. you would expect a lot more items to be missing exploded, frightening Briggs and his crew into abandoning the ship temporarily. The lifeboat then than just the sextant and the compass. separated from the Mary Celeste during a heavy storm. ] The lifeboat was missing, leaving a frayed rope. Sinking Evidence: The nine barrels may have exploded, blowing off the hatch covers. The missing sextant ] The cargo of 1,700 barrels of pure alcohol was intact, Theory: The crew thought the ship was sinking, and chronometer would have been helpful in the lifeboat. The frayed rope that trailed the Mary except for nine empty barrels. so took to the lifeboat to escape. This was the theory decided by the court hearing at the time. Celeste could have been used to tie the lifeboat Evidence: Water in the hold. to the ship. The water on board could be evidence ] On board, there was food to last six months. Problems: The ship’s pump was working well of bad weather. Recent scientific tests have shown that alcohol can explode without a fire. enough for the sailors from the Dei Gratia to Problems: There was little evidence of an ] The last entry in the ship’s log was about a week old. pump out the water and take the Mary Celeste safely back to port. explosion anywhere on the ship. You’ve seen the evidence and you’ve read the theories, so what do you think happened on board the mysterious Mary Celeste? 46 47 The Mystery of the Mary Celeste For more mysteries at sea, see Who crossed the Atlantic first? on pp. 30–31, Bermuda Triangle on pp. 40–41, and Atlantis on pp. 212–213.