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? Theological Seminary A theological school is a particular and oftentimes live-in advanced teaching institution for the aim of teaching pupils (called seminarists) in philosophy, theological system, spiritualty and the religious doctrine, ordinarily in order to make them to become members of the clergy. Theological seminaries are also known as divinity colleges, theology schools or simply seminaries. The English term "seminary" is taken from the Latin word seminarium, which translates to seed-bed. In the Western Countries, the term historically reffered to Christian educational schools for members of the church (generally Anglican, Roman Catholic, and Eastern Orthodox, as differing Protestants commonly used another word for their theological institutions). The Arabic and Judaic equivalents to a Christian theological college are called Madrasa and Yeshiva, respectively. The organization of today's theological college institutions was a consequence of Catholic reforms of the Counter-Reformation after the Council of Trent whichasserted on thebetterment of the training of clergymenthrough the establishment of theological seminaries as live-in colleges under the direct command of elderly clergy. This later resulted to the foundation of minor theological seminaries to school young students for the religious work. The Tridentine pattern of theological schools was one of a live in, virtually monastical society where lifestyle and prayer were properly monitored and rectified as a means to reforming pre-Reformation abuses amidst the clergy. The theological seminary foundations were in contrast to the freer intellectual atmosphere of the Universities. The Tridentine theological seminaries placed greater emphasis on individual discipline as well as the instruction of philosophy as a initial stage for theology. This approach that was directly objected by Protestant reformers like John Calvin. The Tridentine model of religious seminaries has since then been adopted and adapted by other Christian denominations as well as by modern Judaism, however today in a less rigid fashion than the Tridentine type, and often times without the western importance on the pre-requisite learning of religious doctrine and the Catholic requirement to live in the college within the Christian community of the religious Seminary. In some countries, the word theological seminary is also used to denote secular schools of higher education that instruct teachers. While the function of the teaching religious seminaries and religious colleges is differing, the nomenclature has not changed. During the 19th century in the United States, theological colleges provided education to women for the only socially acceptable occupation: teaching. Only unmarried women would be instructors. Many older female schools began as women's seminaries and were responsible for making a significant corps of teachers. Today, religious seminaries have become much less rigid. In fact, many theological schools provide online courses and diplomas as well. If you have other commitments, but want to learn more about religions and belief, online programs may be apt for you.
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