Pencil Portrait Drawing Tips On Clothing

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					Drawing clothing can be quite challenging. The challenge usually centers on the
drawing of the folds. There is a lot of reflected light, lots of darks, and many lights.
But it is exactly this variety of values that makes the drawing of clothes very
attractive but also challenging. Learning to draw fabric well requires a concerted
effort and a good deal of practice.

Here are a few tips to memorize:

* Folds - There are five types of folds we must recognize when drawing clothing:

1. The column fold
2. The drape fold
3. The inert fold
4. The coil fold
5. The interlocking fold

Of course, in a typical situation, more than one of these fold types are present. Here
are the definitions:

* Column Fold - This type of fold is the most common and is typified by its
cylindrical shape suspended or originating from one point. The value pattern is that of
a cylinder which involves a hard edge followed by a parallel line of reflected light, a
shadow edge and a soft edge. The column fold also shows highlights here and there
depending on the location of the light source. You can find such folds frequently in
scarves, curtains, and skirts.

* Drape Fold - This fold comes about when a piece of fabric is suspended from two
opposing points. The fabric in between the two points is long enough so that it can
hang freely and form a somewhat semi-circular shape. The picture is that of a series of
alternating narrow dark and light semi-circular strips that begin and end at the two
points. This type of fold is often found in blouses.

* Inert Fold - This type of fold occurs in a piece of fabric that is not suspended but
lies on a surface without being stretched. Here, the folds can go in many different
directions. However, each fold relates to its neighbors in a particular manner. You
should study these patterns and render them in a consistent way although the whole
thing seems at first to be a mess. You can observe this type of fold when a womans
dress is partially resting on the surface she is seated on.

* Coil Fold - A piece of fabric that is wrapped around a circular rod will invariably
show this sort of fold. It has a spiral-like appearance and it can be found in sleeves
and pant legs when the sleeve or pant leg is somewhat twisted around the arm or the
* Interlocking Fold - Fabric that is piled on a couch or is wrapped around someones
neck will often show folds within folds or on top of each other. With this sort of fold it
becomes imperative that you trace how each fold works itself into the other and apply
the appropriate cast shadows.

As mentioned above, in a typical pencil portrait involving fabrics, you will find
combinations of these different types of folds. It is important that you recognize each
type instantly and that you have practiced drawing them.

You should identify the areas where the fabric is in tension and where it is not and see
where the darks and lights are. In addition, there will always be hard edges and soft
edges that must be rendered faithfully for your drawing to look realistic.

Finally, there is also something called: lost and found edge. A lost and found edge is
an edge that, at first, can easily be seen, but then peters out and becomes invisible,
only to reappear a little further down the line. Although the edge consists of two
disconnected lines, the eye through the brain recognizes that the two disjointed line
pieces belong together and form one edge.

As you can see, drawing clothes is not all that simple. Sometimes clothes are
dismissed and often underestimated in their difficulty to draw. But, if you know that
they are not so easy, you should not feel bad if, at first, your clothes drawings do not
look very realistic. Sorry to say, but learning the art of drawing clothes requires much
practice and careful observation.