Pablo Picasso - The Worlds Most Famous Cubist Artist by aihaozhe2

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									There is no abstract art. You must always start with something. Afterward you can
remove all traces of reality. These were the words spoken by child prodigy Pablo
Picasso - a Spanish painter, sculptor, graphic artist and ceramist who is considered by
many to be the 20th centurys best art genius. No other artist of the modern period
achieved the range of influence which Picasso reached over twentieth century abstract
art. Picasso is in all probability best known for the part he played in pioneering and
developing Cubism. Picasso entered into marriage twice and was the father of four
children, three of which were born outside wedlock.

Born in Malaga, Spain on October 25, 1881, Pablo Picasso was the son of a painter by
the name of Don Jos Ruiz Blasco. His mothers name was Doa Maria Picasso y Lopez.
From a young age Picasso showed an exceptional talent for drawing. His father,
realizing Picassos outstanding talent handed over his palette and brushes to him and
swore to never again paint as long as he lived. In 1895 Picassos family moved to
Barcelona. Picasso - aged 14 - took only one day to pass the entrance examination for
the higher class at the Barcelona School of Fine Arts.

Picasso had his first exhibition in 1900 in Barcelona. That same year, he went to Paris
where he settled in 1904 - and his creativity flourished. The period from 1900 to 1904
was known as his Blue Period. This period of Picassos art is characterized by the
utilization of different blue shades. These shades underlined the miserable lives of his
subjects; he portrayed beggars, prostitutes and alcoholics. The suicide of Carlos
Casagemas, Picassos friend; and Picassos trip to Spain were the stimuli for his Blue
Period. His abstract art works during this period included a portrait of Cassagemas
after his death, The Frugal Repast (1904) and Portrait of Soler.

The years 1905 and 1906 saw Picasso shifting from the dark Blue Period to a cheery
Rose Period, featuring pink and orange colours and with circus-associated subjects.
Most of Picassos abstract art paintings during the Rose Period were influenced by the
affectionate relationship he had with Fernande Olivier. Following numerous variations
and studies, Picasso came out with Les demoiselles dAvignon, - his first Cubist work
in 1907. African artefacts were the inspiration for this painting which critics
considered to be only a copy of African ethnic art. In the following years Picasso
along with his new artist friend Georges Braque explored the prospects of Cubism.

Picassos abstract art phase from 1908 to 1911 was an Analytic Cubism phase. He and
Braque created landscape Cubist paintings using neutral colours and monochromatic
browns. The Analytic Cubism phase was followed by the Synthetic Cubism phase
which lasted up to 1919. Picasso produced his most celebrated art work Guernica
during his surrealist and neoclassical phase. For many, this large work done while the
Spanish Civil War was in progress; was a depiction of the inhumanity, despair and
violence of war.

Picasso was one of the participants in a sculpture exhibition held in 1949, at the
Philadelphia Museum of Art. His final works incorporated a variety of styles and were
more expressive and colourful. Pablo Picasso passed away, aged 91, on the 8th of
April, 1973 in Mougins, France.

								
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