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Melbourne Cup History To The Greatest Horse Race

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Melbourne Cup History To The Greatest Horse Race Powered By Docstoc
					To a great deal of people horse racing is a simple amusement or a best a way to spend
an afternoon with friends and family with the thoroughbreds and jockeys providing
stimulation for idle chat. However over the world horse racing is a serious business
with many billions changing hand in betting rings, online betting agencies and betting
exchanges.

When people think of horse racing they look to the fanatical race-goers of Hong Kong,
or the civilized Top Hat and Tail world of Ascot. But when it comes to horse racing
there is no more prestigious or one that enthralls a nation like the Melbourne Cup.
This truly is a race that stops a nation with the state that holds the event, Victoria,
having a public holiday and in many other areas of the country it might as well be
with Melbourne Cup functions, lunches and events to celebrate the historical race that
has been run since 1861 when Archer was walked to the Cup.

The Melbourne Cup Day is fixed on the first Tuesday in November. This horse race is
honoured as one of the World's greatest handicap races. It is always held at
Flemington, a Melbourne suburb. There is a small history behind this racecourse
where the Cup day is celebrated annually. The first contest was held in 1861 where
seventeen horses contested the race. Since it was first run, in 1861, a legend has
grown up around 'The Cup. and in 2010 we celebrate the 150th running of the Cup

The Melbourne Cup is run as a "handicap" where the weight of the jockey and riding
gear is adjusted with ballast to a pre-determined figure. The weight varies with the
age of the horse and older horses are given more weight compared to the younger
ones. The previous results of the horse are also considered to determine the weight.

For many years, I have stumbled through the pages of the history of the Melbourne
Cup. I have collected the fables and the folklore, the facts and the fictions, the
superstitions and the super stories. In this brief article, I have certainly included some
information to start your Melbourne Cup journey and may be to help you make your
selection for the race in the upcoming year.

The history of Melbourne cup dates from 1788 when the First Fleet landed at Port
Jackson carrying convicts, other cargo, and a stallion, four mares, a colt and a filly.
This was no Noah's ark, but the seasick beasts paved way for the horse race history. In
Melbourne settlers set up residence during 1835, and they prepared a racing track to
continue with their favourite horseracing. These people missed their favourite horse
race due to their long sea voyages. Bullock carts were used as grandstands and the
winning post was marked by a coat stand. The currency for placing bets was bottles of
rum.

The event became popular and it was time to change the venue. There after,
horseracing was held in Fleming Town on the banks of the Maribyrnong River. In
March 1840, the beginning of official horse racing history in Melbourne was signaled
by a three-day event. Until 1861, minor clubs took charge of arranging for the
horseracing. Later, the Victoria Turf Club took over and held the first official
Melbourne Cup on Thursday 7th November 1861. This historic race was held between
seventeen horses. The first lucky horse to win the first historical race is Archer. The
owner and the horse travelled for a long distance to participate in the cup. They had to
walk all the way from Nowra in NSW to take part in racing. His efforts were duly
rewarded and a handcrafted gold watch with ?170 prize money was awarded to him.
This motivated him to win the cup again the following year and became the first of
only five other horses to win the Cup multiple times.

The Victoria Turf Club that was responsible for arranging the horse race event merged
with the Victoria Jockey Club in 1864 to form the Victoria Racing Club. This club
then took charge of proceedings from 1864 to conduct the horse race legally. In 1871,
the Victoria Racing Club Act was passed which granted the VRC legal rights to
conduct races in the Flemington Racecourse. The sport was gaining popularity over
time and it became a wellknown event in Melbourne. During the cup day, many
people started travelling from various parts of the country to Flemington Racecourse
to take part in the widely popular horse race. More than moneymaking, betting on
horses became a traditional part of the day with Calcutta's and sweeps a major part of
the day. In 1865, the Cup day was declared a half-day holiday in Victoria and later in
1877, the whole day was declared as a holiday facilitating thousands of people to
gather at the racecourse on the day of the event.

In 1875, Victoria racing club adopting the four-day format held the Cup day on the
first Tuesday of November. This has become a standard format for horse race and this
is the first step for the carnival that we are enjoying today. Year after year, the Cup
day was growing into a major event attracting more and more people. It is worthy to
say that the Melbourne cup has created frenzy within the nation as well as across the
globe.

Initially, the horses raced for 2 miles, which is roughly about 3218 meters, and this
was changed to 3200 meters to adhere to the metric system. A few records of the past
were changed to suit the new system so that the world records remain valid even after
a change in the distance raced. Kingston Rule recorded the best timing in the
1990-Cup Day, when he clocked 3:16:3. This magnificent record remains unbroken
even today. People often confuse him with Kingston Town who was a sparkling
champion of the eighties. The trophy that was awarded for the winner underwent
many changes until the Melbourne cup was finalized. Though the race has been held
since 1861 every year, introduction of handing over trophy to the winner happened
only in 1865. The trophy is a miniature horse and rider atop a silver bowl with
decorative handles. In 1876, the first gold cup was awarded to the winner. Trophy for
the winner was made in Victoria and this continues as a custom even today. In 1888,
the trophy again reverted to silver and the design was changed to three silver horses
on a silver base. The next year, a funny trophy with a silver tea and coffee service
design, was awarded.

Irrespective of the trophy awarded, the winners enjoyed the race and the trophy. It was
in 1899, a plaque with an embossing of a silver horse is presented to the winner. From
1915 to 1918, a large rose bowl was awarded to the winner. It was in 1919, the
Melbourne Cup was introduced, and after that, the race was called by the name of the
cup. From 1922-1960 the value of the trophy changed from ?200 to ?750. In 1973, a
cup worth $3000 was presented and the worth of the trophy increased to $9000 in just
five years. The value of the trophy kept on increasing from $23,000 in 1984 to
$60,000 in 2001. The 2006 trophy was valued at $75,000. In 1861, the prize money
was just $1420 and in 2006, this increased to a whooping $5 million. The latest
Melbourne cup is made up of 34 pieces of hand-beaten 18-carat gold. This precious
trophy is given to the winner who will be on the racecourse for just 3 minutes
competing with other horses.

				
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posted:1/19/2011
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