How to Install the SAS System 9.1 for Microsoft Windows
The Statistical Consulting Center
If you are installing SAS on a single computer, this brief guide should be all you will need. If you want to know how to install all
parts of SAS, there are over 500 pages of installation documentation available on the SAS CDs. If you need assistance, call the
Helpdesk at 974-9900, send email to email@example.com, or stop by the SCC walk-in support area at 200 Stokely Management
Center. We provide installation assistance to the UT community at all campuses. Also, at the Knoxville campus, most students,
faculty, and staff researchers can receive up to 10 hours of free assistance each semester in the areas of statistics, computing, data
file conversion, data mining, graphics, mathematics, scan form test scoring, text analysis, thematic mapping, visualization and web
survey design. See oit.utk.edu/scc for details. We also offer training in SAS each semester. See web.utk.edu/~training for details.
This software must be used only for university related work. You may place a secondary copy on a home computer or a laptop so
long as only one copy is in use at a given time. If your analysis benefits any outside organization, you need to purchase a separate
commercial license even if you do not charge that organization. Commercial licenses are available directly from SAS Institute at
(919) 677-8000. They cost around $6,000 for the first year and half that for following years.
Separate server versions of SAS are also available for university related work. These can make your PC seem much faster by
automatically transferring the PC’s requests to UNIX or Windows Servers. You can link SAS on your PC to the OIT UNIX servers
for free, see http://oit.utk.edu/scc/HowToRunSASFaster.pdf. See an SCC consultant for details.
A Pentium II class processor
128 megabytes of memory plus 128 megabytes of swapfile space; 512 MB required for data/text mining
Screen resolution must be at least 800x600 with at least 256 colors.
Windows XP Professional with Service Pack 1
Windows 2000 Professional with Service Pack 3
Windows NT with Service Pack 6a or higher
SAS 9.1 will not install on Windows 95, 98 or ME systems! Those systems can run SAS 8.2.
A file system that supports long filenames; NTFS is recommended
Microsoft Internet Explorer, Version 5 (or the SAS installation will offer to install it for you.)
Disk space of 1-2 gigabytes, depending on which parts of SAS you install.
The complete SAS System comes on 19 CDs. Most people only need the files on 4 CDs, which you can also download from
our web site http://oit.utk.edu/software . The CDs are: the Setup Disk, Software Disk 1, a combination CD containing
Software Disk 2 and beyond (Disk2+), and the Enterprise Guide Disk. Other CDs are available for the extra cost of
duplication. The SAS OnlineDoc files are included with the main CDs.
Disks that are of interest only to a small set of SAS users are: SAS Configuration and Management, SAS Client-Side
Components Vol. 1 & 2, SAS 9.1 Add-On for SAP, SAS Mid-Tier Components, SAS OnlineDoc for the Web, Third Party
Software Components Vol. 1 & 2 and LSF JobScheduler for SAS version 2.0 Vol. 1 & 2. A detailed description of these tools
is available at www.sas.com. The SAS Mid-Tier Components CD contains the Power and Sample Size graphical user
interface. However to run that on your desktop requires the installation of a web server. See our web page for more details on
where you can run that application.
1. Set aside at least one hour for this installation. However, if your operating system is very current it may take much less time.
2. It is highly recommended that you exit all other applications before beginning, especially antivirus software. Also, the
installation may reboot your machine several times. You can also speed the reboot process by providing your password when
the installation program asks for it.
3. If you already have SAS 8.2 installed on your computer, you do not have to uninstall it. However, we recommend you uninstall
any other versions of SAS before proceeding, especially version 9.0. There are a few minor incompatibilities between 8.2 and
9.1 that you may experience if you do a lot of SAS data-step programming. If your programs consist mostly of a short data step
followed by procedure steps, it is unlikely that your programs will have any problem moving from 8.2 to 9.1. There are no
known problems moving programs from 9.0 to 9.1.
4. Your goal at this step is to start the SAS 9.1 Foundation Software Installation.
If you are installing SAS from CDs, insert the SAS Setup Disk into the CD drive. If your PC is set to auto start, the SAS 9.1
Foundation Software Installation box will appear. If it does not, browse the CD to find setup.exe and double-click it. Note that
your file explorer may not be set to show you the “.exe” part of that file name, which is not a problem.
If you are installing from files you downloaded from our web site, browse to find the file named,
“c:\sas91temp\disk1\setup.exe” and double-click on it. Note that when you download the files, they are in a self-extracting
archive that must be extracted by double-clicking on it before this file will exist.
5. When the SAS 9.1 Foundation Software Installation box appears, click on “Verify System Requirements.”
The program will install what you need and may reboot your computer between steps. If it asks for your userid and password,
provide the userid and password that you would use to log on to your computer.
6. When the SAS 9.1 Foundation Software Installation box appears again, click on “Install SAS software.”
7. The SAS Setup Wizard will appear. Click “Next.” The Retrieve SAS Installation Data window appears. Choose “Existing” and
click Next. It will display the last day of the year that SAS will run on your computer. Many different parts of SAS are included
in a bundle called the Academic Computing Offer, so don’t worry if a part you need does not have an expiration date. Click
8. The installation program will ask you a series of basic installation questions, including folder locations for SAS files. We
strongly recommend accepting the options that it offers by clicking on the Next button on each dialog box without making
changes (except for which language you prefer!) However, if you have a second hard drive, browsing to it when it asks you to
“Specify Temporary Files Folder” will greatly increase the speed of SAS on your machine.
9. When you reach the Select Components screen, it is already set to install all licensed software. If you make changes in this box
and have lost track of what we have licensed, clicking the “Select Licensed Software” button at the bottom right of the window
will reselect all licensed products. Otherwise it will install unlicensed software (software that will not work) if you ask it to. The
“Enterprise Miner Client Solution” installs SAS’ data mining tool, Enterprise Miner. Checking the box for “SAS/Genetics” will
install that product. You can save some disk space by un-checking the latter two topics if you don’t need them.
Other products that you may not need are: Enterprise Reporter, SAS Integration Technologies, SAS/Access to R/3, SAS/Intrnet,
SAS/Warehouse Administrator, SAS Text Miner. Removing all these will leave a total of only 725 megabytes. Note that Text
Miner requires Enterprise Miner, so if you plan to analyze text, you’ll need both.
10. Continue to follow the directions on the screen. If you are installing from CDs, it will ask you to put in new disks. Your
computer may try to autoplay each disk, or it may open a window to show you what each disk contains. Close either type of
window since they will slow the process down and may cover up the dialog box that tells you to put in the next disk.
11. Continue following the directions on the screen. It may ask, “Setup is attempting to register .xxx files for use by the SAS system
and has discovered that the file type is already in use as [some other program]…” This merely determines what happens when
you double-click on a file to open it. If you tell it to “Change to the value needed by the SAS system”, double-clicking a file will
open it with SAS. If not, it will open with whatever program also stores files with that extension. You will always be able to
open a file with any extension by choosing Open from the File menu within any program that understands the file’s format. The
icon used to represent the file will also be set by this decision.
12. When it is almost done and is “performing post-processing” it will appear to be doing nothing for about five minutes.
13. Continue following the on-screen directions until the installation is complete. It will offer to show you the Post-Installation
Guide. It may be useful to look over its table of contents to see what it offers, but we do not recommend trying any further steps
without contacting an SCC consultant.
14. If you plan on doing Data Mining, you will probably want to install the Enterprise Miner Tree Desktop Application. To do so,
insert the Software Disk 2+, open the folder \bundles\emtree and double-click on setup.exe. Follow the directions.
15. When you start SAS by choosing it from the Start menu, it may say, "Kernel Initialization Failed". If it does, this means your
copy has expired and you must follow the directions below under, What To Do When SAS Expires.
Installing Enterprise Guide
Enterprise Guide is the menu system that enables you to use SAS without programming. To install it, follow the steps below.
1. Make sure you have already installed SAS.
2. Before beginning the installation process, you should exit all other programs and turn off any antivirus software.
3. If you are installing from CDs, insert Enterprise Guide Disk into the CD drive The Windows AutoPlay feature will start the
Setup process. If this doesn't happen, simply choose Run from the Start menu and fill in “E:\setup” (change the letter E to
whatever your CD-ROM actually is named.)When the setup window appears, start the installation by selecting Enterprise
If you are installing from files you downloaded from our web site, browse to find the file named
“c:\sas91temp\WNEGP1\setup.exe”, and double-click on it. Note that when you download files the files, they are in a self-
extracting archive that must be extracted by double-clicking on it before this file will exist.
4. Choose Validate System Requierments. It will step you through upgrading some operating system components. This could
involve restarting your computer several times.
5. Choose Install Enterprise Guide (with Administrator).
6. When you reach the Site Number screen, enter 0009122001.
7. When you reach the Choose Destination Location screen, select a directory in which to install Enterprise Guide. We strongly
recommend accepting the location it offers.
8. When it asks you which language to use, click “Next” to choose English or use one of the checkboxes to choose an additional
different language. There is no check box for English.
9. When you reach the Install Options screen, you should choose to install texture files for charts. You may also choose to install
syntax help for the SAS language and create an icon on the desktop at this step.
10. The installation program will ask you a series of questions about registering file types for use by Enterprise Guide that were
already in use by other programs, such as SAS itself. If you click on Yes for each of these questions, it will associate those file
extensions with Enterprise Guide instead of the package that uses it now. This will make Enterprise Guide somewhat easier to
use. However, it may also change the icons used to display those files. Also, it changes which application tries to open the files
when you double-click on them. Consider carefully how to answer these questions if they appear. When you double click on a
file with, for example, a .sas extension, it can open the file in Enterprise Guide or SAS depending on how you answer.
11. Continue following the on-screen directions until the installation is complete.
12. Start Enterprise Guide by choosing it from the Start menu, Programs> SAS> Enterprise Guide. Once you have started it, click
on Tutorial: Getting Started with SAS Enterprise Guide to learn how it works. You can also find this tutorial at any time under
the Help menu.
13. When you start Enterprise Guide it may say, “Unable to connect to local server” or “Kernel Initialization Failed”. If it does, this
means your copy of SAS has expired and you must follow the directions below under, What To Do When SAS Expires.
Training and Documentation
There are a number of ways to learn how to use SAS, including attending instructor- or computer-based training, or reading
manuals or help files. The best place to start is in Enterprise Guide. This program is an easy-to-use interface to SAS and it
includes a tutorial in its Help menu. If you are more interested in learning SAS programming syntax statements, Enterprise
Guide can show you the statements that it creates from your menu selections. We teach a training seminar in Enterprise
Guide toward the beginning of each semester. See http://oit.utk.edu/training for details. You can also stop by the 2nd floor of
Stokely Management Center to get a one-on-one tutorial in the various ways to run SAS. See our walk-in schedule at
http://oit.utk.edu/scc for times we’re available.
A comprehensive set of over 70 manuals comes with SAS. You’ll find them under the Help menu. These manuals
are also available for printing in PDF format at http://support.sas.com/documentation/ .
News, Updates and Repairs
To help you keep abreast of new versions, updates and changes to our services, we have a listserv that sends news out in
email a few times per semester. You can join (or leave) our STATnews listserv at
http://listserv.utk.edu/archives/statnews.html. Also, the SAS Institute maintains a web site that allows you to search for
solutions to problems and download updates to many of their products. You can look for solutions to known problems by
going to http://support.sas.com, choosing Technical Support and then Search SAS Notes. SAS calls their software updates
“hot fixes” and you can see if you need one by going to http://support.sas.com, choosing Software Downloads and selecting
What To Do When SAS Expires
To ensure that SAS is paid for, it stops working or “expires” each year on May 15 th. SAS will warn you in advance
by printing a message in the log window. You can renew your copy by following the directions located in the
Software Download Area at: http://oit.utk.edu/software .