Data Flow Diagram of a Roadways Management System (PowerPoint)

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					                               Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                     1




        GJU Contract No.:
   GJU/06/2423/CTR/LMHC-TTCS


Freeflow tolling system
  Including passenger
    monitor system
                                                                           Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                                 2




       Freeflow tolling system with protection of
    personal data – including passenger monitoring
                         system
The consortium is composed of four members:

•   Logina d.o.o. is a SME from Slovenia that is the coordinator of
    the project. It is a producer of vehicle tracking systems and also
    has a control centre for controlling the network of Slovene Health
    terminals.


•   Moretti S.r.l. is a family owned SME from Italy. It works in the
    field of automation of public and private transit companies. It also
    supplies and installs AVM (Automatic Vehicles Monitoring).


•   Hamburg Consult GmbH is a SME from Germany. The company
    is active in the field of traffic management systems, which improve
    profitability and appeal of public transport.


•   The Traffic Technical Institute is part of the University of
    Ljubljana’s Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering. They perform
    transportation planning, traffic control, safety and ecology,
    roadway design and geographic information systems.
                                               Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                     3



                        Agenda



1.   Description of the Project & Summary of Objectives
2.   Presentation of the planned programme and the work
     undertaken
3.   Results of the design process and description of the
     system
4.   Tests and results
5.   Milestones
6.   Next steps and commercialization
7.   Main positive aspects
8.   Conclusions
                                                                  Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                        4




     1.1 Strategic background of the project

Ideas for the project:
•   The public’s ever increasing awareness that toll should be
    charged fairly,
•   Work on The Feasibility study on initiation of free flow electronic
    toll collection system in the Republic of Slovenia,
•   Reducing costs of toll collection,
•   Paying toll without stopping.

Major challenges:
•   Ensuring protection of personal data,
•   Fraud resistance,
•   Electronic toll payment.

Galileo:
•   Improved reliability and better accuracy only with GPS,
•   Use of an European system.
                                                     Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                           5




          1.2 Description of the project



•   Create a freeflow toll charging system using EGNOS-
    enabled GNSS/GSM

•   Charge buses according to the number of passengers

•   Making a system that can make an analysis of road load

•   Making a system that can make an analysis of public
    transport
                                                               Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                     6




                          1.3 Objectives

The main objectives of the project were:
•   A prototype Control centre.
•   Prototype Toll meter or On board unit (OBU).
•   A system that can charge toll in relation to the number of
    passengers on the bus.
•   Electronic map of virtual toll stations.
•   Protected communication between the control centre and
    the OBU.

    The end product is a system that allows anonymous toll collection
    without the drivers even having to stop. This should prevent
    most of the major traffic jams which occur when a larger mass of
    people is on the move, which happens before and after every
    major holiday, during the summer months, when major events
    are held,....
                                                  Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                        7




                 1.4 System Overview




Control centre                      OBU



                                   GPS GALILEO

        User        IP Sec

       account                                              LCD
                                   GSM GPRS               monitor
                             GSM
                             SIM

                                                         passenger
                             OBU
                                   OBU procesor           counter
                             SIM
                                                        Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                              8
                                 1.5 Project schedule




Detailed description in deliverable D7.1
                                                                  Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                        9




                                    1.6 Project Budget




                                            Effort
                                                         Cost €
                                           (Hours)
                      Planed               11.348        299.949

                      Actual               10.834        289.025




Detailed description in deliverable D7.1
                                                Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                     10




                        Agenda


1.   Description of the Project & Summary of Objectives
2.   Presentation of planned programme and the work
     undertaken
3.   Results of the design process and description system
4.   Tests and results
5.   Milestones
6.   Next steps and commercialization
7.   Main positive aspects
8.   Conclusions
                                                             Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                  11




               2.1 Toll system basics



•   EXISTING TOLL SYSTEM

    – Closed toll system
        • paid by the distance traveled
        • both entry and exit toll stations

    – Open toll system
       • toll stations located on specific freeway cross-sections
       • paid by the price of cross-section passed through,
         independently of either entry or exit point
                                                         Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                              12




                          2.2 Problem areas


•   Neighbouring traffic areas – EGNOS-enabled GNSS accuracy and logic
    related problems
    –   other state roads,
    –   municipal roads,
    –   non-categorized roads,
    –   forestry roads,
    –   field roads,
    –   parking spaces,
    –   other traffic areas.

•   Impacts of engineering and other structures – EGNOS-enabled GNSS
    reliability related problems
    –   overpass,
    –   underpass,
    –   tunnel,
    –   cut,
    –   tall buildings.
                                                               Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                    13




         2.3 Guidelines for algorithm development



•   Respond correctly to technical limitations in a real environment (e.g.
    blackout of the GPRS and/or the EGNOS-enabled GNSS signal).
•   Operate properly in the process of an increase of the number of users
    and toll stations.
•   Minimize system requirements.
•   Minimize communicational requirements.
•   Protect privacy.
•   Minimize the human factor.
                                                                   Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                        14




                         2.4 Basic algorithm



•   Has to enable the collection of the position of the vehicle.

•   If the vehicle crosses any of the virtual toll stations in the electronic
    map, then the Control centre has to be notified to charge toll.
                                                                 Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                      15




                           2.5 Terminology


•   Virtual Toll Station

     • Is composed of one or several quadrilateral areas.
     • In this manner we produce larger adaptability in a real
       environment.
                                                                     Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                          16




                            2.6 Terminology


•   Electronic map
    It is the list of virtual toll stations that the OBU asks for.
    The Electronic map is the key element of the system.

    Limitations when designing the electronic map:

•   Memory capacity of the toll-meter (OBU)
    The device is able to store only a part of the entire map.

•   Communication bandwidth between the OBU and the Control centre
    There should be as little communication as possible.
                                                                        Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                             17




                           2.7 The “Quadtree“ model



     •   The idea behind quadtree is dynamic map partitioning based on toll
         station distribution.


     •   A Cell is a rectangle with precisely defined geometrical position.
         The sides of the cells are parallel with meridians and parallels of
         latitude.


     •   The cell contains all the toll stations which (partially) lie inside the
         area, covered by the cell.


     •   The Electronic map is a tree structure with individual vertices of cells.



Detailed description in deliverable D3.5
                                                                         Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                              18




                         2.8 Quadtree electronic map


      The electronic map is built according to the following principles:
      • Electronic map can cover small region, whole EU or even whole world

      •   The entire electronic map must be covered by a starting-point cell, which
          represents the root of the tree structure.

      •   A maximum number of toll stations, which could be contained by individual
          cell, are defined. Otherwise the cell needs to be subdivided in four equal
          quadrants.

      •   Newly emerged cells represent the leaves of the vertex of the subdivided
          cell.

      •   The subdividing is recursively repeated until all the leaves contain the
          allowed number of stations.

      Quadtree structure is very suitable for roaming
Detailed description in deliverable D3.5
                                                      Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                           19




                                 2.9 The “Quadtree”



       R0      R1.1                        R1.2




               R1.3.1         R1.3.2       R1.4




               R1.3.3         R1.3.4




Detailed description in deliverable D3.5
                                                  Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                       20




                         Agenda


1.   Description of the Project & Summary of Objectives
2.   Presentation of planned programme and the work
     undertaken
3.   Results of the design process and description
     system
4.   Tests and results
5.   Milestones
6.   Next steps and commercialization
7.   Main positive aspects
8.   Conclusions
                                                  Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                       21




                 3.1 System Overview




Control centre                      OBU



                                   GPS GALILEO

        User        IP Sec

       account                                              LCD
                                   GSM GPRS               monitor
                             GSM
                             SIM

                                                         passenger
                             OBU
                                   OBU procesor           counter
                             SIM
                              Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                   22
3.2 Sample of map structure
                             Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                  23
3.3 Current cell structure
                                             Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                  24
                     Current OBU structure



Cell zero

•   OBU position
    is inside cell
    zero

•   Is cell zero
    leaf of
    structure?
                                               Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                    25
                       Current OBU structure



Returned cell
   zero structure
   from Control
   Center

•   OBU position
    is inside cell 3

•   Is cell 3 leaf
    of the
    structure?
                                               Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                    26
                       Current OBU structure



Returned cell 3
   structure from
   Control Center

•   OBU position
    is inside cell
    3_4

•   Is cell 3_4 leaf
    of the
    structure?

•   Control Center
    sends Stations
    data
                              Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                   27
Current OBU structure




                    Leaf cell needs to be
                       filled with stations
                       data
                        Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                             28
3.4 OBU request to CC
                      Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                           29
3.5 CC reply to OBU
                                 Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                      30
3.6 Vehicle traveling the road




                        OBU is collecting and
                          processing
                          coordinates from
                          EGNOS-enabled
                          GNSS
                                Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                     31
Vehicle traveling the road




                      OBU is collecting and
                        processing
                        coordinates from
                        EGNOS-enabled
                        GNSS
                              Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                   32
Vehicle crosses station




                    Collected coordinate is
                       inside station –
                       crossing of station is
                       detected
                        Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                             33
3.7 OBU request to CC
                      Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                           34
3.8 CC reply to OBU
                           Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                35
3.9 Crossed stations




                  Three more crossings
                     are detected
      Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                           36




OBU
                                                       Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                            37



                            3.11 OBU - block diagram




Detailed description in deliverables D2.2 and D4.1
                            Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                 38




3.12 OBU - timing diagram
               Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                    39




OBU software
                                                                                Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                                     40




                           3.13 OBU program modules



            GPS Manager
                                                               GPRS Manager
            Vehicle position
                                                               Encrypted communication
                                                               between OBU and Control
                                                               Centre
                  Fills path trace
                                       Demand cell updates
            OBU Manager
                                            Data updates
            - path trace                                       FTP client
            - electronic map (part)

              Check path trace           Passenger counter
              against electronic map                           IRMA


                                       User account id, keys
                                                               Smart Card manager


                                                               LCD manager
                                                               User interface
Detailed description in deliverables D3.2 and D4.2
                                                            Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                 41



                  3.14 Software platform

Operating system: Microsoft Windows CE 5.0
Programming language: C++
Development tool: Microsoft eMbedded Visual C++ 4.0 with
    CM_X255_INET_SDK
External libraries used: zlib 1.1.4, rsaeuro 1.04

OBU main program has been developed as multithreaded Windows
   application:
•  Main program thread (OBUMainThread)

•   Thread for receiving GPS data and storing them into trace buffer
    (GPSThread)

•   Thread for checking smart card reader status and reading data from
    inserted card (SmartCardThread)

•   Thread for data communication via GPRS modem (GPRSThread)

•   Thread for receiving passenger counter from IRMA device (IRMAThread)
                                                                Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                     42




                                 3.15 OBU software

     •   Communication:

          •   Modified FTP.
          •   Magic number – Session ID stored on Smart Card.
          •   Encryption (public and private keys).
          •   Commands in queue.

     •   Cross calculation:

          •   Get location from GALILEO/GPS module.
          •   Confirm cell or download new cell.
          •   Check location against cell data.
          •   If location is inside any toll-station:
                Generate crossed station command.
                Put generated command in queue.



Detailed description in deliverables D2.2 and D4.1
                                                      Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                           43



                  3.16 IRMA - Infra Red Motion Analyser




Detailed description in deliverables D2.3 and D5.3
                 Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                      44




Control Center
                                                          Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                               45



            3.17 Purpose of Control Center




• Processing OBU requests – communication, download of maps (99%
of the time)

• Configuring maps

• Configuring cells.

• Setting prices.

• Managing accounts (creating, deleting, setting conto)

• Planning and managing bus routes
                                                                 Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                      46




                          3.18 Control Center schematics




Detailed description in deliverables D2.1, D3.3, D3.5 and D4.2
                                                   Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                        47


                        3.19 Control centre database

All data are stored in the database LMHC-TTCS.

Main tables:
     •   Stations,
     •   Areas,
     •   Prices,
     •   Accounts.
Auxiliary tables:
     •   Crossings,
     •   Times,
     •   Vehicle Categories,
     •   Vehicles – Categories link table,
     •   Bus lines,
     •   Bus lines – Stations link table,
     •   Cells,
     •   Cells Coordinates,
     •   Commands.
                                                           Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                48



                       3.20 Communication with OBU




Detailed description in deliverables D3.1, D3.3 and D4.2
                                                                    Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                         49



                                  3.21 Map management


       •     Using GIS ArcView software

       •     Data layers:
             –   Aerial photographs, scale 1:5.000
                 (source: Geodetic and Survey Authority, precision ± 3m)

             –     State road network layer (precision ±3m)
                    Measurement using GPS (global positioning system)
                       3D Three-dimensional, transformed into 2D two-dimensional
                       shape
                    Aerial photographs
                    Projections
                    State road network layer is updated annually




Detailed description in deliverable D3.5
                                                                 Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                      50



                                  3.22 Map management
  •      New station is defined

  •      New area of station is defined using four coordinates

  •      Optionally new areas are added to station

  •      Price of station is defined

  •      Deleting station

  •      Deleting area

  •      Checking differences between
         temporary map that we modify
         and map that OBUs are using

  •      Station is added to database

  •      Cell structure is callculated

  •      Data can be used by OBU

Detailed description in deliverable D3.5
                                                        Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                             51



                              3.23 Account management



  •      New user is given an account

  •      Account OBU number is defined

  •      Account balance is defined and managed

  •      Account can be annulled




Detailed description in deliverable D3.5
                                                             Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                  52


                                 3.24 Passenger statistics




•    On Board Unit records all necessary data.

•    Recorded data will be saved in the database of
     the CC Base.

•    Database will be transferred to the multi-
     dimensional database-driven OLAP-Cube.

•    Report builder is directly based on the OLAP-
     Cube and offers fixed statistical evaluations.



Detailed description in deliverable D3.4
                                                          Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                               53


                                           3.25 Reports




 •    Reports are based on the OLAP-Cube
 •    They are generated:
       – From the administrator by
         programming it with multi-
         dimensional queries and xml
       – By the End-User over the Report
         builder
 •    Reports can make use of drill-Down,
      drill-Up and chart diagrams, so that the
      user can create subsets (e. g. in a
      special time, for a special bus line)
Detailed description in deliverable D3.4
                                                     Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                          54


                                           Reports




•    The Report builder:

        – provides solutions for data
          visualization,
        – has a defined interface
          to the OLAP-Cube,
        – allows the user to create
          own statistics, ad-hoc
          (tables, matrix,
          graphical statistics),
        – generates the statistics in
          short time and in an easy way.

Detailed description in deliverable D3.4
                                                                  Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                       55


                                           Reports




•    For managing reports in a strict way Microsoft provides a web-based report
     content management system.
•    A Web server stores all hand-made or Report-builder generated reports, like
     distance driven per vehicle, distance driven per vehicle bar chart etc.




Detailed description in deliverable D3.4
                                                   Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                        56




                          Agenda



1.   Description of the Project & Summary of Objectives
2.   Presentation of planned programme and the work
     undertaken
3.   Results of the design process and description of system
4.   Tests and results
5.   Milestones
6.   Next steps and commercialization
7.   Main positive aspects
8.   Conclusion
                                               Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                    57




                       4.1 Goals of project



•   Build and code an OBU prototype

•   Design and code Control Center prototype

•   Demonstration of the system
                                                         Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                              58




                          4.2 Test process



•   OBU power-up and communication with Control Center

•   Control Center functions
     • map creation
     • account management
     • charging

•   System integration with Control Center

•   Field testing
                                                               Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                    59




            4.3 Observations and data gathered



•   Power Supply conditioning (spikes from engine altenator)

•   Problems with service port of the OBU

•   Various bugs logged and fixed

•   Double charging bug detected and fixed
                                                            Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                 60




                        4.4 Laboratory Tests




•   Communication between the OBU and the Control centre.

•   Simulation of driving using recorded NMEA data.

•   Critical for analyzing bugs.
                                                                   Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                        61




                        4.5 Real world environment tests


      The main environment tests were:


      •   Size of a toll-station.

      •   Vehicle speed limitations.

      •   Quality of reception of the EGNOS-enabled GNSS signal.

      •   Influence of the GPRS signal accuracy.

      •   Passenger counting

      •   Comparison to existing Electronic Vehicle Book system




Detailed description in deliverables
D5.1 appendix Testing report, D5.2, D5.3
                                                                          Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                               62




                                 4.6 Size a of station 1/5

      station name     LENGTH                       WIDTH*

      Test1_01         100                          -1

      Test1_02         100                          1

      Test1_03         100                          3

      Test1_04         100                          5

      Test1_05         100                          8

      Test1_11         70                           5

      Test1_12         90                           5

      Test1_13         110                          5

      Test1_14         130                          5

      Test1_15         150                          5

      Test1_16         180                          5


       *Width is the distance (in meters) that the toll station covers,
        measured from the roadside outwards.

Detailed description in deliverable D5.1 appendix Testing report
                                                                                    Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                                             63




                         Size a of station 2/5

                                                  Direction A                      Direction B
                                   iteration   Test1_01   Test1_02   Test1_03   Test1_01   Test1_02   Test1_03

                                      1           /          P          P          P          P          P

                                      2           P          P          /          P          P          P

                                      3           /          /          /          P          P          P

                                      4           P          P          /          P          P          P

                                      5           P          P          P          P          P          P

                                      6           P          P          P          P          P          P

                                      7           /          P          /          P          P          P

                                      8           P          /          /          P          P          P

                                      9           /          /          /          P          P          P

                                     10           P          P          /          P          P          P

                                     11           P          P          /          P          P          P

                                     12           /          /          /          P          P          P

                                     13           /          /          /          P          P          P

                                     14           P          P          P          P          P          P

                                     15           /          P          /          P          P          P

                                     16           /          P          P          P          P          P


Legend:   P   cross detected
          /   cross not detected
                                          Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                    64




Size a of station 3/5



                            Direction A           Direction B
                iteration   Test1_14   Test1_15   Test1_14   Test1_15

                   1           /          /          P          P

                   2           /          /          P          P

                   3           /          /          P          P

                   4           /          /          P          P

                   5           P          P          P          P

                   6           P          P          P          /

                   7           /          P          P          P

                   8           /          /          P          P

                   9           /          /          P          P

                  10           /          /          P          P

                  11           /          /          P          /

                  12           /          P          P          P

                  13           P          P          P          P

                  14           P          P          P          /

                  15           P          P          P          P

                  16           /          /          P          P
                                                                                 Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                                      65




                            Size of a station verification 4/5

                 station name   LENGTH           WIDTH*
                 Test1_21       70               10
                 Test1_22       70               10
                 Test1_23       70               10
                 Test1_24       70               10
                 Test1_25       70               10
                 Test1_26       70               10
                 Test1_27       70               10
                 Test1_28       70               10
                 Test1_29       70               10
                 Test1_30       70               10
                 Test1_31       70               10



                     *Width is the distance (in meters) that the toll station covers,
                     measured from the roadside outwards.




Detailed description in deliverable D5.1 appendix Testing report
                                                                                                       Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                                                               66

                           Size of a station verification 5/5

                           Direction A                                                  Direction B
Iteration   21   22   23    24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   21   22   23   24   25   26       27   28   29   30   31
   1        P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   2        P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    /    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   3        P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    /    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   4        P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   5        P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   6        P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    /    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   7        P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   8        P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   9        P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   10       P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   11       P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   12       P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   13       P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   14       P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   15       P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   16       P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    /    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    /    P
   17       P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P
   18       P    P    P     P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P    P     P   P        P    P    P    P    P




                                                                              Legend:             P        cross detected
                                                                                                  /        cross not detected
                                                                   Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                        67




                                  4.7 Summary of testing


      •    Width of a station must reach 10m outwards roadside (empirically)

      •    Length of a station must be 70m for speeds up to 250 km/h
           (calculated).

      •    98.9% hit rate using existing EGNOS-enabled GNSS (we expect better
           results when using GALILEO).




Detailed description in deliverable D5.1 appendix Testing report
                                                                        Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                             68

                     4.8 Roadways in close proximity test




         •   Distance of station from road in close proximity must be
             at least 10m. With Galileo we expect to reduce distance
             needed.
Detailed description in deliverable D5.1 appendix Testing report
                                                                   Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                        69




                                     4.9 Map loading test


      The loading tests were made of:

      •    Detection of cell.

      •    Loading cell data.

      •    Detection of cell border crossing.

      •    Adding a station to a cell.

      •    Removing a station from a cell.

      •    Adding stations to a cell – split cell.

      •    Removing stations from a cell – merge cells.



Detailed description in deliverable D5.1 appendix Testing report
                                                                      Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                           70




                                  4.10 Toll collection test


      Toll collection tests included:

      •    Charging accordingly to vehicle category.

      •    System charges accordingly to time of driving.

      •    Number of passengers on bus stations received.

      •    Loss of GPRS signal does not affect fair charging.

      •    Malfunction of GPRS modem does not affect fair charging.

      •    Buffer size for trace.




Detailed description in deliverable D5.1 appendix Testing report
                                                                   Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                        71




                                    4.11 Test conclusions


     • Size of a station depends on accuracy of
      GNSS signal.

     • Size of a station depends on resolution of
     map data.

     • Better results expected
      when using GALILEO.
     • novadays limits for station:
         • 20m wider than road width,
         • 70m long,
         • two stations at least 10m
          apart from each other.
     • Passenger counter works
       satisfactory.


Detailed description in deliverable D5.1 appendix Testing report
                                                               Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                    72




                        4.12 Test problems

•   System communication capacity could not be stressed.

•   System overload could not be tested.

•   GPRS signal was too strong to test GPRS antenna malfunction.

•   We could not test the effect of different weather conditions on the
    EGNOS-enabled GNSS signal.

•   Double charging problem (parking inside toll-station area).

•   Double charging bug discovered and fixed (double transactions).

•   We state the Magic Number (dynamic password) problems because of
    incorrect transfers (problem fixed).

•   The OBUs have had start up problems because of the service port.

•   It loses the GNSS signal in some cases.
                                                   Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                        73




                          Agenda



1.   Description of the Project & Summary of Objectives
2.   Presentation of planned programme and the work
     undertaken
3.   Results of the design process and description of system
4.   Tests and results
5.   Milestones
6.   Next steps and commercialization
7.   Main positive aspects
8.   Conclusion
                                                        Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                             74
                                 5.1 Project schedule




Detailed description in deliverable D7.1
                                                                                   Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                                        75

                                 5.2 Key Milestones Achieved -1

      •     10th - 20th April 2006- Selection of systematic platforms for OBU
      •     30th June 2006 - selection of modules and other components
      •     24th April 2006 - communication procedure developed
      •     31st May 2006 - production of the cloud model
      •     15th - 17th May 2006 - Testing of system by Morris Srl
      •     30th May 2006 - production of supplying module
      •     1st June 2006 - 15th June 2006 - the first remodelling of the quad tree model
      •     20th June 2006 - New generation of passenger counting system developed
      •     30th June 2006 - Morris Srl supplies Logina one analyzer
      •     3rd August 2006 - Quad tree model
      •     6th September 2006 - processing the commands accepted by the control centre
      •     11th August 2006 - Transfer of geographic data towards the OBU (.c2o files)
      •     22nd August 2006 - Production of users’ interface of the control centre
      •     15th September 2006 - change in the management of the data base
      •     20th September 2006 - Testing the second prototype casing
      •     26th September 2006 - Test of the OBU commands in controlled environment
      •     28th September 2006 - Test of the CC cell management with the assistance of the OBU
      •     1st October 2006 - storing data at engine off
      •     3rd October 2006 - the first test in a real environment (transfer of tolling maps in the
            process of driving)


Detailed description in deliverables D4.1 and D4.2
                                                                                    Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                                          76

                                 Key Milestones Achieved -2

      •     10th October 2006 - The bus company Veolia from Ljubljana was selected for testing the
            traffic toll collection system. Veolia is a major bus company in Slovenia which has a daily
            bus line Ljubljana - Trieste – Ljubljana
      •     12th October 2006 - Smartcard reader implementation
      •     17th October 2006 - the second test in the real environment (goal: detection of the
            crossings through the stations)
      •     24th October 2006 - storing of unprocessed data into the memory card at engine off
      •     5th November 2006 - Installation was preformed in the first bus in Dvor by Novo Mesto
      •     7th November 2006 - encryption added
      •     9th November 2006 - authentication added
      •     8th November 2006 - We installed two OBUs into cars owned by Logina d.o.o
            Other 7 devices are mobile and are separately installed into car which is going on test
            drive to certain route
      •     12th November 2006 - Installation was preformed in a second bus in Dvor by Novo
            Mesto
      •     13th March 2007 - Change notice for Contract ref. GJU/06/2423/CTR/LMHC-TTCS
            Extension of the period of execution of the tasks.
      •     15th March 2007 - The contract was extended until 31 May 2007.




Detailed description in deliverables D4.1 and D4.2
                                                  Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                       77



                          Agenda



1.   Description of the Project & Summary of Objectives
2.   Presentation of the planned programme and the work
     undertaken
3.   Results of the design process and description of the
     system
4.   Tests and results
5.   Milestones
6.   Next steps and commercialization
7.   Main positive aspects
8.   Conclusions
                                                            Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                 78




                           6.1 Next steps

Basic requirements:


•   Wider-scale tests

•   Enforcement
     • Disfunctional OBU
     • Vehicle without OBU
     • Fraud detection
     • Refusal of payment
     • Mobile enforcement units

•   Better GNSS signal accuracy and availability (GALILEO promises
    both).

•   Price reduction.

•   Lower power consumption.
                                                            Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                 79




                      6.2 Commercialization



Interested parties:



•   Investors,

•   Cellular network operators,

•   Government,

Presentation of system to public and privacy awareness issues.
                                                  Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                       80




                         Agenda


1.   Description of the Project & Summary of Objectives
2.   Presentation of planned programme and the work
     undertaken
3.   Results of the design process and description system
4.   Tests and results
5.   Milestones
6.   Next steps and commercialization
7.   Main positive aspects
8.   Conclusions
                                                  Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                       81



                    7.1 Main positive aspects

•   Main goals of the project were reached.
•   New Free-flow toll charging system is
    efficient enough to attract investors into
    further development.

•   Promoting Galileo during the project
•   Interests of the Slovenian government in
    the system.
•   Growing number of GNSS applications.
•   Galileo has strategic importance in the
    EU.
•   Slovenia is a candidate to host the seat of
    the supervisor authority of the Galileo
    satellite navigation system.
•   We are already developing a new version
    of the OBU for the Slovenian government
                                                  Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                       82




                         Agenda


1.   Description of the Project & Summary of Objectives
2.   Presentation of planned programme and the work
     undertaken
3.   Results of the design process and description system
4.   Tests and results
5.   Milestones
6.   Next steps and commercialization
7.   Main positive aspects
8.   Conclusions
                                                                Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                     83




                             8.1 Conclusions


•   Projects that enable independence of a united Europe are of strategic
    importance. One of these is definitely Galileo. Despite our small size we
    are aware of this in Slovenia as well. We put a lot of energy into
    establishing Galileo headquarters here and we hope that our efforts will be
    rewarded.


•   We are pleased to be part of such an important project like Galileo and we
    hope to be actively involved into a similar development project.


•   We would like to thank everybody involved, the consortium partners and
    especially Mr. Jenkins, Mr. Boucher, Mr. Guyader and Mr. Ciliv for their
    cooperation, help and advice.
                                                          Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                               84



                       8.2 Contact details

Damjan Štrucl                       Rainer Schneider
Logina d.o.o.                       Hamburg Consult GmbH
Vodnikova cesta 252                 Spohrstraße 6
SI-1000 Ljubljana                   D-22083 Hamburg
Slovenia                            Germany
Tel: +386-1-583-9460                Tel:+4940-27-166-542
damjan.strucl@logina.net            r.schneider@hamburg-consult.de
www.logina.net                      www.hamburg-consult.de




Eugenio Moretti                     Marijan Žura
Moretti S.r.l.                      Traffic Technical Institute
Via A. Rebez, 51                    Jamova 2
I-34075 San Canzian d’Isonzo        SI-1000 Ljubljana
Italy                               Slovenia
Tel: +39-0481-470150                Tel: +386-1-476 8500
mail@morettisrl.net                 mzura@fgg.uni-lj.si
Internet address: in construction   www.pti.fgg.uni-lj.si
                                                              Brussels, 22nd of May 2007

                                                                                   85




                      References to deliverables


•   D2.1 – Physical set up of the control center
•   D2.2 – Development of 9 working prototypes
•   D2.3 – 2 working prototypes passenger monitoring system
•   D2.4 – Installation of prototypes into vehicles
•   D3.1 – Communitcation software
•   D3.2 – Cross calculation software
•   D3.3 – Toll payment software
•   D3.4 – SW for Evaluation
•   D3.5 – Electronic map
•   D4.1 – Hardware tehcnical documentation
•   D4.2 – Software technical documentation

				
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