Detail Project Proposal on Livelihood Intervention in Agriculture - DOC

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					___________________________________________________________________________
                                                     2008/ATCWG12/008
                                                        Agenda Item: XVI




  Project Proposal on the Role of SME’s on Poor
Power Empowerment : Lesson Learned and Sharing
                   Experiences

                        Purpose: Consideration
                        Submitted by: Indonesia




                              12th Agricultural Technical Cooperation
                                              Working Group Meeting
                                                       Bali, Indonesia
                                                      10-13 June 2008
                           (as at June 9, September 29 October 08 2008)
                                     APEC PROJECT PROPOSAL

                                               Facesheet

Name of Committee/Working Group:           TBA


Title of Project:   Role of SME’s on Poor Power Empowerment : Lesson Learned and Sharing
Experiences

Proposing APEC Economy: 1) Indonesia
Co-sponsoring APEC Economies: 2) United States; 3 ) Chinese Taipei (expected)
Project number: ATCWG 09/2009A           Date received by Secretariat:
(To be filled in by Secretariat)                  (To be filled in by Secretariat)
(Tick  one)    [ √ ] Project seeking APEC funding [           ] Progress Report [     ] Evaluation
Report
(Tick  one if applicable) [ ] Operational Account [ ] TILF Special Account [√ ] APEC Support
Fund
(Tick  if applicable)     [ ]     QAF attached        QAF not applicable            [ ]   QAF
attached
Financial      Total cost of proposal (US$):      Amount being sought from APEC funding
Information    $ 85,125 $ 95,644 $ 88,314      $ 74,625 84,644 $ 77,314
Type of Project: [√] seminar/symposium [ ] short-term training course [] survey or analysis and
research     [ ] database/website     [ ] others (Please specify)

Project start date: 31 Oct 2008 10 Jan 2009       Project end date: 31 Oct 2009 31 Dec 2009
Brief Description of Project -- its purpose and the principal activities (including when and
where):
In many developing economies, SMEs have potential contributions on improvement of
income distribution, poverty alleviation, rural development, employment generation,
as well as export promotion. Related with poor farmer empowerment, Busan
Declaration also reaffirmed APEC commitment to advance economic and technical
cooperation to ensure equitable growth and shared prosperity in the region.
The two three day seminar will provide for the sharing of experiences and best
practices in developing and implementing programs and policies to enhance poor rural
community participation on development related with poverty alleviation through
development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) also identify key factors and
policy formulation regarding the role of SMEs in coping poverty. The seminar will also
highlight gender issues such as the important role of woman in SMEs activities in rural areas. The
workshop will be held in Bogor, Indonesia on October 2009.
Project Overseer: Name, Title and Organization              (M/F)
Wahida Maghraby (F)
The Indonesian Center for Agriculture Socio Economics and Policy Studies


Postal address:                                   Tel: 62 – 251 – 333964/62 – 251 – 325177
Jalan Ahmad Yani No. 70
Bogor – 16161                                     Tel : 62 – 251 – 8325177/8333964 ext 211
West Java - Indonesia                             Fax: 62 – 251 – 314496 - 8314496
                                                  E-mail:wahida@indosat.net.id
 Signature of Project Overseer:




 (Separate written confirmation acceptable for email submission)     Date:
 Signature of Committee Chair/WG Lead Shepherd:            (Not applicable to Progress Report and
 Evaluation Report)




 (Separate written confirmation acceptable for email submission)           Date: June 12 09,
 2008




                                  Detail of the Project Proposal

Please provide your answer in point form or as succinctly as possible below

A      Project Design

                                        Project Objective

1)     Describe briefly how this project directly responds to the priorities set by APEC
       Leader and Ministers and/or the vision of the host economy. Please make reference to
       the relevant parts of APEC documents.

       In many developing economies, SMEs have potential contributions on
       improvement of income distribution, poverty alleviation, rural development,
       employment generation, as well as export promotion. In APEC forum,
       development of SMEs has a special agenda for annual ministerial meetings and
       these enterprises are expected to become the major players in trade liberalization
       not only in the region (APEC) but also in a global perspective in the context of
       World Trade Organization (WTO).

       SMEs will be one of the Senior Official Meeting (SOM) themes in Peru 2008.
       Steering Committee on Economic Policy Criteria 2007-2008 also emphasizes the
       SMEs development on Ministers ECOTECH Priorities. Busan Declaration in Busan,
       Korea, 2005 outlined and welcomed to the initiative to develop a Private Sector
       Development Agenda for APEC to create an enabling environment for small
       business. Related with poor farmer empowerment, Busan Declaration also
       reaffirmed APEC commitment to advance economic and technical cooperation to
       ensure equitable growth and shared prosperity in the region.

       It was well recognized that SMEs have been leading contribution to economic
       growth. In line with the role of SMEs in the economies. It has been addressed in
       APEC Ministerial Meeting on Women 1998 that the growth of micro, small and
     medium enterprises owner or operated b women has been a worldwide
     phenomenon over the past years. Considering the condition, the project will be
     focus on the lesson learned of SMEs development in rural area, and some of the
     activities will highlight gender issues especially the role of women in assessing
     SMEs activities in rural areas, as declared in APEC Ministerial Meeting on Women
     in 1998.

2)   Describe the key objectives of the project.

     The key objectives of the workshop are to:
     a. Provide for the sharing of experiences and best practices in developing and
        implementing programs and policies to enhance poor rural community
        participation on development related with poverty alleviation through
        development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs).
     b. Provide the opportunity to identify the key factors that contributed to the
        success of the programs and consider the relevance factors to their own
        economies. Several dimensions can be taken into considerations and
        discussed, such as economic, technological, socio-cultural, and political
        aspects, government regulations and gender aspects such as the differences
        of women and men in financial institution access, the ability to engage with
        Business Development Service, etc.
     c. Determine the key feature of further pro-poor research or policy through
        SMEs development that may effectively applied to APEC developing economies
        to promote accessibility of development for poor rural population in coping
        with poverty and strengthening food security with special intention on the role
        of women in SMEs especially the targets for SME intervention aimed on
        women at enhancing alternative sources of livelihood (generating income and
        fulfill household food security condition).

3)   Assessment. With reference to each objective in paragraph 2), provide the current
     status and expected end-of-project target, so that the success of the project can be
     measured over the short and medium term. The target should be quantitative but if
     this is not possible then a precise description of the change aimed at should be given.
     Where appropriate, sex disaggregated data should be used for assessment in order to
     detect any differential impact of the project on men and women.

     a.   Objective 1: Provide for the sharing of experiences and best practices in
     developing and implementing programs and policies to enhance poor rural
     community participation on development related with poverty alleviation through
     development of SMEs.

     Current Status

     Many programs and policies to alleviate poverty have been conducted in many
     economies and the outcomes have been assessed.             How ever the poverty
     alleviation programs and policies that directly related with how to empower poor
     farmer in coping with poverty through development of SMEs are still limited. The
     economies need an opportunity where they can exchange information and discuss
     their experiences in a collaborative environment. As stated before, it has been
     addressed in APEC MM on women in 1998, that in most economies, data on the
     full extent of woman’s participation in SMEs not available. The contribution of
     woman is much larger than commonly perceived and continuous to grow rapidly.


     End-of-project target
Participants will improve their knowledge and understanding on how to promote
poor farmer’s accessibility on development through SMEs development from
differing experiences. Drawing from a comparison with other successful or
unsuccessful similar cases from the economies, participants will also have a
better constructed planning and policy initiatives on their own economy. In this
project beside drawing a comparison of SMEs development in each economies,
there were an opportunity to explore lesson learned from each economies
(participants) to determine several issues on women role in SMEs activities in
rural areas.


b.    Objective 2: Provide the opportunity to identify the key factors that
contributed to the success of the programs and consider the relevance factors to
their own economies. Several dimensions can be taken into considerations and
discussed, such as economic, technological, socio-cultural, and political aspects,
government regulations and gender aspects.

Current Status

The programs and policies related with the role of SMEs on poverty alleviation in
each APEC member have been assessed. The successful or unsuccessful programs
and policies implemented in each economy have been recognized. However, the
key factors that contributed to the successful/unsuccessful programs have not
been further explored in difference economic, technological, socio-cultural, and
political aspects, government regulations and gender aspects in SMEs activities of
APEC member economy. The lessons need to be disseminated throughout the
APEC regions.

End-of- project target

Participants will have a broader understanding from various approaches to
identify the strengths and the weaknesses of their own economies on how to
promote poor farmer accessibility on development through the role of SMEs and
to define the appropriate approach for their economies. Participants will have an
additional information regarding the role of key factors in determining the
successful of SMEs development in rural areas.

c. Objective 3: Determine the key feature of further pro-poor research or policy
through SMEs development that may effectively applied to APEC developing
economies to promote accessibility of development for poor rural population in
coping with poverty and strengthening food security.

Current Status

Each APEC members have a different resource endowment, stage of development,
development capabilities, and different interest to empower SMEs and to assist
poor farmer. Some issues regarding rural enterprises activities in the household
economy noted that where SMEs activities are marginal as a livelihood source
compared with other sources of income, woman are generally interested in
embarking on SMEs and income generating activities because such activities offer
opportunities to earn income that they can control.


End-of-project target
     Participating economies will be able to determine priority research or policy based
     on their capability. It is interesting to learn each economies experience in SMEs
     development and it’s impact to generating rural household economy. Whenever
     possible, collaborative research among economies will be welcomed.

4)   Explain who the intended beneficiaries of the project are.

     The primary beneficiaries will be government agencies including experts and
     researchers involved in policy decision and agricultural development. Other
     beneficiaries will be poor farmers and private sector involved in SMEs as main
     targets., but the impacts will be indirect. There were an expectations that the
     result of the project can help government to improve their policy regarding SMEs
     development improvement in activities. Representatives will be from all APEC
     economies and non APEC economies that have an interest in the outcomes.

5)   Describe precisely the expected project outputs. Describe how these outputs will
     benefit the targeted beneficiaries.

     The main output of the project is a series of recommendation and sets of
     information and data related with programs and policies from various approach
     on how to empower poor farmer through SMEs development. A set of proceeding
     from the workshop will be provided and distributed to workshop participants of
     APEC economies and other interested economies.

     The information will improve knowledge of participating economies in constructing
     applicable planning and policies to empower poor farmer through SMEs
     development to their own circumstances. The information also very usefull to
     provide some data and information regarding the effectiveness of SMEs
     development in each economy (participant).


6)   For applications under TILF Special Account : Describe briefly how the project will
     contribute to the APEC Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation (e.g.
     relevance to specific parts of the Osaka Action Agenda)
                                            n.a

                                        Linkage

7)   Which other APEC fora have consulted about this project and what were the results?

     The proposal has not been raised formally with other APEC fora.

8)   Active Participation: Describe how the intended beneficiaries among APEC
     stakeholders-APEC fora, government, private sectors and civil society, men/women
     will participate in the planning, implementation and evaluation of the project.

     Government officials of the APEC economies in positions to influence the
     development will be involved in the planning and implementation of the workshop.
     Private sector, particularly those from SMEs will share experiences in their
     business and determine recommendations for policy maker. Farmer leaders who
     are directly involved in poor farmer empowerment will play dominant role in
     project planning and implementing to assure the workshop will benefit poor
     farmers. All participants will be encouraged to be actively involved in the
     workshop by sharing experiences.
9)         Project Influence. Describe how this project might contribute to any current or
           completed project or activities in APEC or elsewhere. Why is APEC the most
           appropriate institution to fund the project?

           APEC has conducted many international efforts to facilitate economic
           development and trade, improving economic and technology cooperation among
           member economies and providing capacity building assistance to member.
           Development of SMEs to create an enabling environment for small business
           including the role on mitigating poverty has a special agenda for APEC annual
           ministerial meetings. The important of SMEs development in APEC agenda has
           also been reflected on APEC project report of Profile and Progress of SMEs in
           APEC member economy, published by APEC Secretary in Singapore. This proposal
           will enrich those APEC’s previous projects.

           As APEC is an international economic cooperation forum, and based on those
           APEC policy priorities, this proposal will be relevant for APEC forum because SMEs
           are expected to become the major players in trade liberalization        in the APEC
           region in the view that SMEs play a crucial role in the export promotion and
           economic objectives. Yet at the other side, trade liberalization could have some
           adverse effects on SMEs development and competitiveness in the APEC region. In
           developing countries, SMEs have a crucial role to promote export growth,
           improve income distribution as well as to reduce poverty. It has been addressed
           as well in MM of women in 1998 that women are critical to the achievement of
           sustainable economic development in APEC’s region. Regarding the condition of
           global economy it is very important to accelerate woman contribution to help
           generating household income as an activity to alleviate the poverty condition in
           rural areas. Many SMEs, especially SMEs in rural areas which are affected by
           low productivity of labor and capital, low efficiency in production process, lack of
           managerial skills and knowledge find it very hard to cope with increase
           competition both from foreign product in domestic and international market.
           While APEC economies are in different stage of development and most of
           developing economies still faced with poverty issues and need to discuss and
           share their experiences on collaborative circumstances.

                                           Methodology

10)        Describe of the project methodology. Breakdown the project implementation in to
           discrete functional steps over time with the associated outputs clearly specified.
           Identify the principle risk in each step if any, and explain how they will be managed.
           Risk may include major delays and failure, expected cooperation not materializing,
           etc.

      Workshop preparation

      a.    Developing workshop agenda and organization, making coordination with
            sponsors, selecting the venue and date.
      b.    Identifying participants, key note presenter and expert as facilitator of
            workshop.
      c.    Identifying workshop topics, and designing workshop’s term of reference to
            address the outcome of the workshop.
      d.    Defining workshop guideline and contents of presentations.
      e.    Circulating term of reference to each APEC member countries and send an
            invitation to APEC member economies and non APEC member that have an
            interest in the outcomes as participants.
  f.     Arrange communication activities with APEC and non APEC participants
         regarding travel arrangement, time deliverables for submitting workshops
         materials (paper and presentation) and other important issues.
  d.     Inviting the APEC member economies and non APEC member that have an
         interest in the outcomes and international organization as participants.
  e.     Compiling and preparing papers from participants for the workshop.

  Risk might be arise in term of low participants and sufficient funds from sponsor to
  cover the implementation of the project. These risks will be managed by making
  close coordination and collaborations with sponsor

  Conduct of workshop

  a.     Presentation by key-note presenters in panel discussions.
  b.     Case study presentations by participants from APEC economies and other
         economies.
  c.     Presentation of summaries.
  d.     Roundtable discussions between participants regarding workshop topics and
         expose the lesson learned experience of SMEs development.
  e.     Conclusion remarks for each session as an outcome of the workshop within
         serial SMEs design policies.

  Risk of this step might be in postponement of workshop occurrence. This risk will be
  managed by regular monitoring. Other risk might be the paper presented by
  participants not reflects properly to the workshop topic.

  Time Line



No.                  Activity                            January – December 2009
                                             1   2   3     4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11       12

       Preparation and Coordination
1.     Meeting
       Designing organizing and steering
2.     committee
       Developing workshop agenda and
       organization, selecting venue and
3.     date (consult with SC)
       Consultation with steering
       committee on workshop topics and
4.     term of reference
       Defining workshop guideline and
5.     contents of presentations
       Circulating workshop TOR and
       invitation letter to APEC and Non
6.     APEC’s participants
       Arrange communication activities
       regarding travel arrangements and
7.     workshop’s materials
       Compiling and preparing papers
8.     from each participants
9.     Conduct the workshop
       Delivering Policy Recommendation
10.    and dissemination of project output
      Dissemination of workshop

      Proceedings from the workshop will be prepared and distributed to workshop
      participants including APEC economies and other economies.

11)      Which APEC member economies will participate in each component of this project
         and what contribution are they expected to make?

         The workshop will invite representative from all APEC member and other member
         economies, including government official, expert/scientist, private sector as
         representative of SMEs, farmer leader. They will be invited to participate in
         providing paper, sharing ideas and experiences and being active in discussion.

                              Dissemination of Project Output

12)      Please include a plan for the publication and dissemination of the results of the
         project, including:
         a. the nature of the target audience;
         b. the form and content;
         c. format (e.g. hard copies, floppy disk, internet uploading);
         d. number of copies of publication;
         e. publicity plan for:
                (i) briefing the general of specialist media about key components of the
                      project;
                 (ii) the promotion of sales or other dissemination of the final product,
         g. a budget for publication and dissemination, to form part of the itemized budget



         The target audience primary is government officials involved in formulating SMEs
         and poor farmer empowerment policy. The form of workshop output is a paper
         compilation from the participants and summaries of workshop .

         The result of the workshop will be published and disseminated as proceeding in
         hard copy, on C-D room and electronically APEC website.     It is expected 200
         copies will be required.

         The workshop will be proposed through local media communication channel.
         APEC also will be invited to publicize the workshop through APEC media outlet
         communication. Project benefits will also be updated in medium and long term
         activities by local government through training and document updating and
         mobilizing local resources to make sure that project benefits sustainable.
         Beneficiaries will be involved in planning and action plan executions.




                                       Gender Concern

13)      Many projects have the potential to affect men and women differently because of their
         different role and position in many societies. What steps does this project take to
         ensure that it benefits both groups and in particular does not disadvantage women?
         (Common response include: using gender analysis to design project methodologies
      and inputs (e.g. surveys); including women in the planning, management, allocation
      of recourses and implementation of a project; taking step to ensure equitable
      participation by men and women; making special efforts to disseminate project results
      to women; and using sex disaggregated data for project assessment).

      There is no gender differentiation, as the project will benefit both male and
      female. The female will be invited as speaker and contributed paper for workshop
      with the same proportion with male. Female will also be involved in planning,
      management, and implementation of the project to ensure equitable participation
      by male and female.
      The projects will benefit both groups (women and men) with some highlights in
      identify woman role in SMEs activities and the impacts to generating household’s
      income. It has been noticed that women who has own income can control the
      expense it means they can contribute in decision making process in designing
      household expenditures. If the gender – disaggregated data are available, we will
      encouraged each participants to explore gender impacts analysis in implementing
      SMEs activities in rural areas. The project will encourage the speaker to highlight
      their paper on labor division on SMEs that caused by gender stereotype and the
      economic situation of women in rural area, based on their experiences in their
      country (economies). Some literatures has found that there were a discrepancy
      in market and financial access for conducting the SMEs between women and men.
      The concept of gender mainstreaming will be incorporated in the goals, structures,
      process, activities and resource allocation as well as participation in the project.
      Through the workshop, we might hope that each member countries will explore
      the current condition (highlight with numbers) of gender role in SMEs
      development.      The projects will encourage woman as a speaker, contribute in
      papers and delivery the presentation with some learning experiences of woman’s
      role in SMEs activities in rural economies. At the level of workshop the project
      will encourage the involvement and participation of women in planning, project
      activity and especially in decision making process at the end of the workshop.
      The workshop will invite women farmer’s leader, women investor and
      entrepreneur who are directly involved in SMEs and empowering farmer will be
      invited and involved in project planning and implementing to assure the workshop
      will benefit women. We will invite them to be involved as steering committee and
      invite them in several stakeholders meeting during workshop preparation
      activities. All participants will be encouraged to be actively involved in the
      workshop by sharing experiences.

14)   Show how the objective of the project provides benefits for women. APEC Ministers
      have indicated (Framework for the Integration of Women in APEC) that benefits
      might include: increasing the involvement of women in the economy and economic
      institutions; integrating women into the global economy; strengthening small and
      medium sized enterprises; and reducing gender inequalities, including through
      education and training.

      Development of SMEs will benefit women especially in rural area because women
      play an important role in household labor and income. The success of the project
      will provide policy incentive to improve income for female rural labor. Related
      with the workshop, women representative of APEC member economies will be
      involved in the the development of the workshop.

      Gender inequality is still an international issue. The UNDP Human
      Development Report of 1995 revealed that until today women worldwide
      performed 75% of all work counted, but only earned 10% of the world’s
      income and owned not more than 1% of all property. 70% of the poor are
      women. The illiterate rate is still at 60%. In Indonesia, women have always
      been active in many business sectors. Around 44% Indonesian women are
      involved in micro and home based industries. However according to the latest
      national statistics, only less than 12% women are involved in formalized
      enterprises.

      The success of the project will provide policy incentive to increase capacity of
      women to respond to economic opportunities offered by trade and investment
      liberalization and by economic and technical cooperation. The success of the
      project will also provide enabling environment to make market work for women.
      Involving women entrepreneurs in identifying barriers and developing
      interventions to remove them, increasing women access productive resources,
      and developing SMEs’s infrastructure-gender implication. Development of SMEs
      will benefit women especially in rural area because women play an important role
      in household labor and income.



                                          Budget

15)   Please attach an itemized budget for the project in the format at Annex A. Where
      appropriate, provide details of the project budget that are allocated to activities that
      addressed the specific needs of women. The budget should illustrate the assumptions
      adopted (e.g. unit cost) for the computations. Remember to include all self funding
      and to consult the list of eligible expenses in the guide book to APEC project. Advice
      on budget formulation, including acceptable unit cost, can be sought from the APEC
      Secretariat.

      Attached as Annex 1

16)    A timetable for the drawdown of APEC funding requested for the project, including
      details of any advance payment or installment payment requested and justification for
      such requests.

      Advance payment for several participants as well as speakers may be required

17)   Detail of any request for waiver or exception from the normal APEC financial rules
      with justifications (Example are from tendering requirement; for advance payment;
      for government officials to receive funding; for active participants from travel-eligible
      economies to receive per Diem)
      Request for waiver to fund Government Officials’ travel expenses and also request
      a waiver or approval for non – APEC economies as beneficiaries of the project.



18)   Not required for projects for consideration at BMC II (July/August meeting) or for
      ASF projects but required for all others. Give reason for the urgency of the project
      (these projects should relate to previous APEC Ministers or Leaders Declarations or
      current host economies priorities. Reasons may include the project output as
      contributing to one of the major deliverable for the year).
                                                              Annex A


APEC Project
                                        *
Itemized Budget for Financial Year 2008

(Please tick .)

This project is:
        √        a seminar, symposium or short-term training course
                a survey or analysis and research project
                neither the above but involves the provision of equipment

    Items                                        No. of Units                Unit Rate               APEC            Self
                                                                                                     Funding         Financing
                                                                                                     (USD)           (USD)

    Direct Labour

    Speaker’s          Honorarium                5 speakers                               $500             $ 2500
    (government officials ineligible)
                                                                                       $ 1,000               5,000
                                                                                                           (5 pax)


    - Translator’s Fees                          (no. of pages)                                N/A

    - Short-term clerical and                    200 hours                                     $20                        $4,000
    secretarial staff remuneration

    -   Consultant               (including      (no. of hours)                                N/A
    Researcher) Fees

    - Consultant’s Secretary Cost                (no. of hours)                                N/A

    Travel    (Speakers/Experts/
    Researchers)
                                                 (no. of persons,            (per diem rate &
    -      Per     Diem                 (incl.   no. of days, inclusive of   city of meeting           $    2,625
    accommodation                        and     arrival day &               venue)
                                                 75%additional payment)                                  4,156.25
    “additional payment”)
                                                                                                        2,826,.25
    (paid from arrival day till last day of      5 pax x 3,5 days                 $175 $ 119
    meeting)                                                                         (Bogor)
                                                 5 Speakers x
    Meeting duration: 3 days                     4.75 days
    (excluding arrival & departure day)




    - Airfare                                    5 pax                                   $2000         $ 10,000
    (restricted economy class)                   5 Speakers                                each



*
            If project will continue for more than one year, please indicate the amount of funds required
            for each of the two financial years in question.
Items                                     No. of Units                Unit Rate          APEC Funding    Self Financing
                                                                                         (USD)           (USD)

Travel (Active participants/ participants/trainees) (must be from the 11 from travel-eligible economies) (maximum 2
pax per economy)
(only from travel-eligible economies)

-    Per        Diem        (incl.        2 persons each              $150 x 20 pax x          $10,500
accommodation and “additional             from 10 economies           3.5 days
                                                                                           16,793.75
payment”) (active participants)           (no. of persons,            (per diem rate &    $ 10,793.75
(paid from arrival day till last day of   no. of days, inclusive of   city of meeting
meeting)                                  arrival day &               venue)
                                          75%additional payment)
Meeting duration: 3 days                                              $175 $ 119
(excluding arrival & departure day)
                                          19 Active                   (Bogor)
                                          Participants
                                          x 4.75 days




- Airfare (restricted economy             2 persons each              $2,000 x 20 pax          $40,000
class)                                    from 10 economies
                                                                                                39,694
                                          19 Active
                                          Participants
                                          x 1 trip

                                          Airfare breakdown
                                          below




                                          Chile      – 2 pax          $ 6,380
                                          ($ 3,190 each)

                                          China     – 2 pax           $ 4,686
                                          ($ 2,343 each)

                                          Indonesia – 2 pax ($ 250    $       500
                                          each) (from other cities
                                          outside Bogor

                                          Malaysia – 2 pax ($ 410         $    810
                                          each)

                                          Mexico – 2 pax              $ 3,700
                                          ($ 1,850 each)

                                          PNG      – 1 pax            $ 5,390
                                          ($ 5,390 each)

                                          Peru      – 1 pax           $ 4,890
                                          ($ 4,890 each)

                                          Philippines – 2 pax         $ 3,360
                                          ($ 1,680 each)

                                          Russia    – 1 pax           $ 6,146
                                          ($ 6,148 each)
                                   Thailand – 2 pax          $ 1,320
                                   ($ 660 each)

                                   Viet Nam – 2 pax          $ 2,500
                                   ($ 1,250 each




Other items

Publication of report (including   125 200                               $ 20    $ 2500      1,500
distribution)

Equipment / Materials (describe    PCs, photo copier,                  $2,500               $2,500
briefly what is required and       projectors     for
why)                               presentation
                                   3 days rental

Photocopying                       10,000                                $0.1    $1,000     $1,000

Communications (Phone/ Fax/                                                        $500     $ 500
Mail/Courier)

Hosting (pl. briefly describe,     Conference         and              $7500     $5,000     $ 2,500
e.g., conference room rental,      Exhibition      room
stationery)                        video       facilities,
                                   secretariat     room
                                   rental
                                   3 days rental

Total                                                                           $ 74,625   $ 10,500
                                                                                 84,644     11,000
                                                                                $ 77,314

				
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