Agenda Item: XVI
Project Proposal on the Role of SME’s on Poor
Power Empowerment : Lesson Learned and Sharing
Submitted by: Indonesia
12th Agricultural Technical Cooperation
Working Group Meeting
10-13 June 2008
(as at June 9, September 29 October 08 2008)
APEC PROJECT PROPOSAL
Name of Committee/Working Group: TBA
Title of Project: Role of SME’s on Poor Power Empowerment : Lesson Learned and Sharing
Proposing APEC Economy: 1) Indonesia
Co-sponsoring APEC Economies: 2) United States; 3 ) Chinese Taipei (expected)
Project number: ATCWG 09/2009A Date received by Secretariat:
(To be filled in by Secretariat) (To be filled in by Secretariat)
(Tick one) [ √ ] Project seeking APEC funding [ ] Progress Report [ ] Evaluation
(Tick one if applicable) [ ] Operational Account [ ] TILF Special Account [√ ] APEC Support
(Tick if applicable) [ ] QAF attached QAF not applicable [ ] QAF
Financial Total cost of proposal (US$): Amount being sought from APEC funding
Information $ 85,125 $ 95,644 $ 88,314 $ 74,625 84,644 $ 77,314
Type of Project: [√] seminar/symposium [ ] short-term training course  survey or analysis and
research [ ] database/website [ ] others (Please specify)
Project start date: 31 Oct 2008 10 Jan 2009 Project end date: 31 Oct 2009 31 Dec 2009
Brief Description of Project -- its purpose and the principal activities (including when and
In many developing economies, SMEs have potential contributions on improvement of
income distribution, poverty alleviation, rural development, employment generation,
as well as export promotion. Related with poor farmer empowerment, Busan
Declaration also reaffirmed APEC commitment to advance economic and technical
cooperation to ensure equitable growth and shared prosperity in the region.
The two three day seminar will provide for the sharing of experiences and best
practices in developing and implementing programs and policies to enhance poor rural
community participation on development related with poverty alleviation through
development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) also identify key factors and
policy formulation regarding the role of SMEs in coping poverty. The seminar will also
highlight gender issues such as the important role of woman in SMEs activities in rural areas. The
workshop will be held in Bogor, Indonesia on October 2009.
Project Overseer: Name, Title and Organization (M/F)
Wahida Maghraby (F)
The Indonesian Center for Agriculture Socio Economics and Policy Studies
Postal address: Tel: 62 – 251 – 333964/62 – 251 – 325177
Jalan Ahmad Yani No. 70
Bogor – 16161 Tel : 62 – 251 – 8325177/8333964 ext 211
West Java - Indonesia Fax: 62 – 251 – 314496 - 8314496
Signature of Project Overseer:
(Separate written confirmation acceptable for email submission) Date:
Signature of Committee Chair/WG Lead Shepherd: (Not applicable to Progress Report and
(Separate written confirmation acceptable for email submission) Date: June 12 09,
Detail of the Project Proposal
Please provide your answer in point form or as succinctly as possible below
A Project Design
1) Describe briefly how this project directly responds to the priorities set by APEC
Leader and Ministers and/or the vision of the host economy. Please make reference to
the relevant parts of APEC documents.
In many developing economies, SMEs have potential contributions on
improvement of income distribution, poverty alleviation, rural development,
employment generation, as well as export promotion. In APEC forum,
development of SMEs has a special agenda for annual ministerial meetings and
these enterprises are expected to become the major players in trade liberalization
not only in the region (APEC) but also in a global perspective in the context of
World Trade Organization (WTO).
SMEs will be one of the Senior Official Meeting (SOM) themes in Peru 2008.
Steering Committee on Economic Policy Criteria 2007-2008 also emphasizes the
SMEs development on Ministers ECOTECH Priorities. Busan Declaration in Busan,
Korea, 2005 outlined and welcomed to the initiative to develop a Private Sector
Development Agenda for APEC to create an enabling environment for small
business. Related with poor farmer empowerment, Busan Declaration also
reaffirmed APEC commitment to advance economic and technical cooperation to
ensure equitable growth and shared prosperity in the region.
It was well recognized that SMEs have been leading contribution to economic
growth. In line with the role of SMEs in the economies. It has been addressed in
APEC Ministerial Meeting on Women 1998 that the growth of micro, small and
medium enterprises owner or operated b women has been a worldwide
phenomenon over the past years. Considering the condition, the project will be
focus on the lesson learned of SMEs development in rural area, and some of the
activities will highlight gender issues especially the role of women in assessing
SMEs activities in rural areas, as declared in APEC Ministerial Meeting on Women
2) Describe the key objectives of the project.
The key objectives of the workshop are to:
a. Provide for the sharing of experiences and best practices in developing and
implementing programs and policies to enhance poor rural community
participation on development related with poverty alleviation through
development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs).
b. Provide the opportunity to identify the key factors that contributed to the
success of the programs and consider the relevance factors to their own
economies. Several dimensions can be taken into considerations and
discussed, such as economic, technological, socio-cultural, and political
aspects, government regulations and gender aspects such as the differences
of women and men in financial institution access, the ability to engage with
Business Development Service, etc.
c. Determine the key feature of further pro-poor research or policy through
SMEs development that may effectively applied to APEC developing economies
to promote accessibility of development for poor rural population in coping
with poverty and strengthening food security with special intention on the role
of women in SMEs especially the targets for SME intervention aimed on
women at enhancing alternative sources of livelihood (generating income and
fulfill household food security condition).
3) Assessment. With reference to each objective in paragraph 2), provide the current
status and expected end-of-project target, so that the success of the project can be
measured over the short and medium term. The target should be quantitative but if
this is not possible then a precise description of the change aimed at should be given.
Where appropriate, sex disaggregated data should be used for assessment in order to
detect any differential impact of the project on men and women.
a. Objective 1: Provide for the sharing of experiences and best practices in
developing and implementing programs and policies to enhance poor rural
community participation on development related with poverty alleviation through
development of SMEs.
Many programs and policies to alleviate poverty have been conducted in many
economies and the outcomes have been assessed. How ever the poverty
alleviation programs and policies that directly related with how to empower poor
farmer in coping with poverty through development of SMEs are still limited. The
economies need an opportunity where they can exchange information and discuss
their experiences in a collaborative environment. As stated before, it has been
addressed in APEC MM on women in 1998, that in most economies, data on the
full extent of woman’s participation in SMEs not available. The contribution of
woman is much larger than commonly perceived and continuous to grow rapidly.
Participants will improve their knowledge and understanding on how to promote
poor farmer’s accessibility on development through SMEs development from
differing experiences. Drawing from a comparison with other successful or
unsuccessful similar cases from the economies, participants will also have a
better constructed planning and policy initiatives on their own economy. In this
project beside drawing a comparison of SMEs development in each economies,
there were an opportunity to explore lesson learned from each economies
(participants) to determine several issues on women role in SMEs activities in
b. Objective 2: Provide the opportunity to identify the key factors that
contributed to the success of the programs and consider the relevance factors to
their own economies. Several dimensions can be taken into considerations and
discussed, such as economic, technological, socio-cultural, and political aspects,
government regulations and gender aspects.
The programs and policies related with the role of SMEs on poverty alleviation in
each APEC member have been assessed. The successful or unsuccessful programs
and policies implemented in each economy have been recognized. However, the
key factors that contributed to the successful/unsuccessful programs have not
been further explored in difference economic, technological, socio-cultural, and
political aspects, government regulations and gender aspects in SMEs activities of
APEC member economy. The lessons need to be disseminated throughout the
End-of- project target
Participants will have a broader understanding from various approaches to
identify the strengths and the weaknesses of their own economies on how to
promote poor farmer accessibility on development through the role of SMEs and
to define the appropriate approach for their economies. Participants will have an
additional information regarding the role of key factors in determining the
successful of SMEs development in rural areas.
c. Objective 3: Determine the key feature of further pro-poor research or policy
through SMEs development that may effectively applied to APEC developing
economies to promote accessibility of development for poor rural population in
coping with poverty and strengthening food security.
Each APEC members have a different resource endowment, stage of development,
development capabilities, and different interest to empower SMEs and to assist
poor farmer. Some issues regarding rural enterprises activities in the household
economy noted that where SMEs activities are marginal as a livelihood source
compared with other sources of income, woman are generally interested in
embarking on SMEs and income generating activities because such activities offer
opportunities to earn income that they can control.
Participating economies will be able to determine priority research or policy based
on their capability. It is interesting to learn each economies experience in SMEs
development and it’s impact to generating rural household economy. Whenever
possible, collaborative research among economies will be welcomed.
4) Explain who the intended beneficiaries of the project are.
The primary beneficiaries will be government agencies including experts and
researchers involved in policy decision and agricultural development. Other
beneficiaries will be poor farmers and private sector involved in SMEs as main
targets., but the impacts will be indirect. There were an expectations that the
result of the project can help government to improve their policy regarding SMEs
development improvement in activities. Representatives will be from all APEC
economies and non APEC economies that have an interest in the outcomes.
5) Describe precisely the expected project outputs. Describe how these outputs will
benefit the targeted beneficiaries.
The main output of the project is a series of recommendation and sets of
information and data related with programs and policies from various approach
on how to empower poor farmer through SMEs development. A set of proceeding
from the workshop will be provided and distributed to workshop participants of
APEC economies and other interested economies.
The information will improve knowledge of participating economies in constructing
applicable planning and policies to empower poor farmer through SMEs
development to their own circumstances. The information also very usefull to
provide some data and information regarding the effectiveness of SMEs
development in each economy (participant).
6) For applications under TILF Special Account : Describe briefly how the project will
contribute to the APEC Trade and Investment Liberalization and Facilitation (e.g.
relevance to specific parts of the Osaka Action Agenda)
7) Which other APEC fora have consulted about this project and what were the results?
The proposal has not been raised formally with other APEC fora.
8) Active Participation: Describe how the intended beneficiaries among APEC
stakeholders-APEC fora, government, private sectors and civil society, men/women
will participate in the planning, implementation and evaluation of the project.
Government officials of the APEC economies in positions to influence the
development will be involved in the planning and implementation of the workshop.
Private sector, particularly those from SMEs will share experiences in their
business and determine recommendations for policy maker. Farmer leaders who
are directly involved in poor farmer empowerment will play dominant role in
project planning and implementing to assure the workshop will benefit poor
farmers. All participants will be encouraged to be actively involved in the
workshop by sharing experiences.
9) Project Influence. Describe how this project might contribute to any current or
completed project or activities in APEC or elsewhere. Why is APEC the most
appropriate institution to fund the project?
APEC has conducted many international efforts to facilitate economic
development and trade, improving economic and technology cooperation among
member economies and providing capacity building assistance to member.
Development of SMEs to create an enabling environment for small business
including the role on mitigating poverty has a special agenda for APEC annual
ministerial meetings. The important of SMEs development in APEC agenda has
also been reflected on APEC project report of Profile and Progress of SMEs in
APEC member economy, published by APEC Secretary in Singapore. This proposal
will enrich those APEC’s previous projects.
As APEC is an international economic cooperation forum, and based on those
APEC policy priorities, this proposal will be relevant for APEC forum because SMEs
are expected to become the major players in trade liberalization in the APEC
region in the view that SMEs play a crucial role in the export promotion and
economic objectives. Yet at the other side, trade liberalization could have some
adverse effects on SMEs development and competitiveness in the APEC region. In
developing countries, SMEs have a crucial role to promote export growth,
improve income distribution as well as to reduce poverty. It has been addressed
as well in MM of women in 1998 that women are critical to the achievement of
sustainable economic development in APEC’s region. Regarding the condition of
global economy it is very important to accelerate woman contribution to help
generating household income as an activity to alleviate the poverty condition in
rural areas. Many SMEs, especially SMEs in rural areas which are affected by
low productivity of labor and capital, low efficiency in production process, lack of
managerial skills and knowledge find it very hard to cope with increase
competition both from foreign product in domestic and international market.
While APEC economies are in different stage of development and most of
developing economies still faced with poverty issues and need to discuss and
share their experiences on collaborative circumstances.
10) Describe of the project methodology. Breakdown the project implementation in to
discrete functional steps over time with the associated outputs clearly specified.
Identify the principle risk in each step if any, and explain how they will be managed.
Risk may include major delays and failure, expected cooperation not materializing,
a. Developing workshop agenda and organization, making coordination with
sponsors, selecting the venue and date.
b. Identifying participants, key note presenter and expert as facilitator of
c. Identifying workshop topics, and designing workshop’s term of reference to
address the outcome of the workshop.
d. Defining workshop guideline and contents of presentations.
e. Circulating term of reference to each APEC member countries and send an
invitation to APEC member economies and non APEC member that have an
interest in the outcomes as participants.
f. Arrange communication activities with APEC and non APEC participants
regarding travel arrangement, time deliverables for submitting workshops
materials (paper and presentation) and other important issues.
d. Inviting the APEC member economies and non APEC member that have an
interest in the outcomes and international organization as participants.
e. Compiling and preparing papers from participants for the workshop.
Risk might be arise in term of low participants and sufficient funds from sponsor to
cover the implementation of the project. These risks will be managed by making
close coordination and collaborations with sponsor
Conduct of workshop
a. Presentation by key-note presenters in panel discussions.
b. Case study presentations by participants from APEC economies and other
c. Presentation of summaries.
d. Roundtable discussions between participants regarding workshop topics and
expose the lesson learned experience of SMEs development.
e. Conclusion remarks for each session as an outcome of the workshop within
serial SMEs design policies.
Risk of this step might be in postponement of workshop occurrence. This risk will be
managed by regular monitoring. Other risk might be the paper presented by
participants not reflects properly to the workshop topic.
No. Activity January – December 2009
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Preparation and Coordination
Designing organizing and steering
Developing workshop agenda and
organization, selecting venue and
3. date (consult with SC)
Consultation with steering
committee on workshop topics and
4. term of reference
Defining workshop guideline and
5. contents of presentations
Circulating workshop TOR and
invitation letter to APEC and Non
6. APEC’s participants
Arrange communication activities
regarding travel arrangements and
7. workshop’s materials
Compiling and preparing papers
8. from each participants
9. Conduct the workshop
Delivering Policy Recommendation
10. and dissemination of project output
Dissemination of workshop
Proceedings from the workshop will be prepared and distributed to workshop
participants including APEC economies and other economies.
11) Which APEC member economies will participate in each component of this project
and what contribution are they expected to make?
The workshop will invite representative from all APEC member and other member
economies, including government official, expert/scientist, private sector as
representative of SMEs, farmer leader. They will be invited to participate in
providing paper, sharing ideas and experiences and being active in discussion.
Dissemination of Project Output
12) Please include a plan for the publication and dissemination of the results of the
a. the nature of the target audience;
b. the form and content;
c. format (e.g. hard copies, floppy disk, internet uploading);
d. number of copies of publication;
e. publicity plan for:
(i) briefing the general of specialist media about key components of the
(ii) the promotion of sales or other dissemination of the final product,
g. a budget for publication and dissemination, to form part of the itemized budget
The target audience primary is government officials involved in formulating SMEs
and poor farmer empowerment policy. The form of workshop output is a paper
compilation from the participants and summaries of workshop .
The result of the workshop will be published and disseminated as proceeding in
hard copy, on C-D room and electronically APEC website. It is expected 200
copies will be required.
The workshop will be proposed through local media communication channel.
APEC also will be invited to publicize the workshop through APEC media outlet
communication. Project benefits will also be updated in medium and long term
activities by local government through training and document updating and
mobilizing local resources to make sure that project benefits sustainable.
Beneficiaries will be involved in planning and action plan executions.
13) Many projects have the potential to affect men and women differently because of their
different role and position in many societies. What steps does this project take to
ensure that it benefits both groups and in particular does not disadvantage women?
(Common response include: using gender analysis to design project methodologies
and inputs (e.g. surveys); including women in the planning, management, allocation
of recourses and implementation of a project; taking step to ensure equitable
participation by men and women; making special efforts to disseminate project results
to women; and using sex disaggregated data for project assessment).
There is no gender differentiation, as the project will benefit both male and
female. The female will be invited as speaker and contributed paper for workshop
with the same proportion with male. Female will also be involved in planning,
management, and implementation of the project to ensure equitable participation
by male and female.
The projects will benefit both groups (women and men) with some highlights in
identify woman role in SMEs activities and the impacts to generating household’s
income. It has been noticed that women who has own income can control the
expense it means they can contribute in decision making process in designing
household expenditures. If the gender – disaggregated data are available, we will
encouraged each participants to explore gender impacts analysis in implementing
SMEs activities in rural areas. The project will encourage the speaker to highlight
their paper on labor division on SMEs that caused by gender stereotype and the
economic situation of women in rural area, based on their experiences in their
country (economies). Some literatures has found that there were a discrepancy
in market and financial access for conducting the SMEs between women and men.
The concept of gender mainstreaming will be incorporated in the goals, structures,
process, activities and resource allocation as well as participation in the project.
Through the workshop, we might hope that each member countries will explore
the current condition (highlight with numbers) of gender role in SMEs
development. The projects will encourage woman as a speaker, contribute in
papers and delivery the presentation with some learning experiences of woman’s
role in SMEs activities in rural economies. At the level of workshop the project
will encourage the involvement and participation of women in planning, project
activity and especially in decision making process at the end of the workshop.
The workshop will invite women farmer’s leader, women investor and
entrepreneur who are directly involved in SMEs and empowering farmer will be
invited and involved in project planning and implementing to assure the workshop
will benefit women. We will invite them to be involved as steering committee and
invite them in several stakeholders meeting during workshop preparation
activities. All participants will be encouraged to be actively involved in the
workshop by sharing experiences.
14) Show how the objective of the project provides benefits for women. APEC Ministers
have indicated (Framework for the Integration of Women in APEC) that benefits
might include: increasing the involvement of women in the economy and economic
institutions; integrating women into the global economy; strengthening small and
medium sized enterprises; and reducing gender inequalities, including through
education and training.
Development of SMEs will benefit women especially in rural area because women
play an important role in household labor and income. The success of the project
will provide policy incentive to improve income for female rural labor. Related
with the workshop, women representative of APEC member economies will be
involved in the the development of the workshop.
Gender inequality is still an international issue. The UNDP Human
Development Report of 1995 revealed that until today women worldwide
performed 75% of all work counted, but only earned 10% of the world’s
income and owned not more than 1% of all property. 70% of the poor are
women. The illiterate rate is still at 60%. In Indonesia, women have always
been active in many business sectors. Around 44% Indonesian women are
involved in micro and home based industries. However according to the latest
national statistics, only less than 12% women are involved in formalized
The success of the project will provide policy incentive to increase capacity of
women to respond to economic opportunities offered by trade and investment
liberalization and by economic and technical cooperation. The success of the
project will also provide enabling environment to make market work for women.
Involving women entrepreneurs in identifying barriers and developing
interventions to remove them, increasing women access productive resources,
and developing SMEs’s infrastructure-gender implication. Development of SMEs
will benefit women especially in rural area because women play an important role
in household labor and income.
15) Please attach an itemized budget for the project in the format at Annex A. Where
appropriate, provide details of the project budget that are allocated to activities that
addressed the specific needs of women. The budget should illustrate the assumptions
adopted (e.g. unit cost) for the computations. Remember to include all self funding
and to consult the list of eligible expenses in the guide book to APEC project. Advice
on budget formulation, including acceptable unit cost, can be sought from the APEC
Attached as Annex 1
16) A timetable for the drawdown of APEC funding requested for the project, including
details of any advance payment or installment payment requested and justification for
Advance payment for several participants as well as speakers may be required
17) Detail of any request for waiver or exception from the normal APEC financial rules
with justifications (Example are from tendering requirement; for advance payment;
for government officials to receive funding; for active participants from travel-eligible
economies to receive per Diem)
Request for waiver to fund Government Officials’ travel expenses and also request
a waiver or approval for non – APEC economies as beneficiaries of the project.
18) Not required for projects for consideration at BMC II (July/August meeting) or for
ASF projects but required for all others. Give reason for the urgency of the project
(these projects should relate to previous APEC Ministers or Leaders Declarations or
current host economies priorities. Reasons may include the project output as
contributing to one of the major deliverable for the year).
Itemized Budget for Financial Year 2008
(Please tick .)
This project is:
√ a seminar, symposium or short-term training course
a survey or analysis and research project
neither the above but involves the provision of equipment
Items No. of Units Unit Rate APEC Self
Speaker’s Honorarium 5 speakers $500 $ 2500
(government officials ineligible)
$ 1,000 5,000
- Translator’s Fees (no. of pages) N/A
- Short-term clerical and 200 hours $20 $4,000
secretarial staff remuneration
- Consultant (including (no. of hours) N/A
- Consultant’s Secretary Cost (no. of hours) N/A
(no. of persons, (per diem rate &
- Per Diem (incl. no. of days, inclusive of city of meeting $ 2,625
accommodation and arrival day & venue)
75%additional payment) 4,156.25
(paid from arrival day till last day of 5 pax x 3,5 days $175 $ 119
5 Speakers x
Meeting duration: 3 days 4.75 days
(excluding arrival & departure day)
- Airfare 5 pax $2000 $ 10,000
(restricted economy class) 5 Speakers each
If project will continue for more than one year, please indicate the amount of funds required
for each of the two financial years in question.
Items No. of Units Unit Rate APEC Funding Self Financing
Travel (Active participants/ participants/trainees) (must be from the 11 from travel-eligible economies) (maximum 2
pax per economy)
(only from travel-eligible economies)
- Per Diem (incl. 2 persons each $150 x 20 pax x $10,500
accommodation and “additional from 10 economies 3.5 days
payment”) (active participants) (no. of persons, (per diem rate & $ 10,793.75
(paid from arrival day till last day of no. of days, inclusive of city of meeting
meeting) arrival day & venue)
Meeting duration: 3 days $175 $ 119
(excluding arrival & departure day)
19 Active (Bogor)
x 4.75 days
- Airfare (restricted economy 2 persons each $2,000 x 20 pax $40,000
class) from 10 economies
x 1 trip
Chile – 2 pax $ 6,380
($ 3,190 each)
China – 2 pax $ 4,686
($ 2,343 each)
Indonesia – 2 pax ($ 250 $ 500
each) (from other cities
Malaysia – 2 pax ($ 410 $ 810
Mexico – 2 pax $ 3,700
($ 1,850 each)
PNG – 1 pax $ 5,390
($ 5,390 each)
Peru – 1 pax $ 4,890
($ 4,890 each)
Philippines – 2 pax $ 3,360
($ 1,680 each)
Russia – 1 pax $ 6,146
($ 6,148 each)
Thailand – 2 pax $ 1,320
($ 660 each)
Viet Nam – 2 pax $ 2,500
($ 1,250 each
Publication of report (including 125 200 $ 20 $ 2500 1,500
Equipment / Materials (describe PCs, photo copier, $2,500 $2,500
briefly what is required and projectors for
3 days rental
Photocopying 10,000 $0.1 $1,000 $1,000
Communications (Phone/ Fax/ $500 $ 500
Hosting (pl. briefly describe, Conference and $7500 $5,000 $ 2,500
e.g., conference room rental, Exhibition room
stationery) video facilities,
3 days rental
Total $ 74,625 $ 10,500