Indian paintings behold a rich cultural value and heritage. The imprints on the cave
murals of Ajanta, art work of Ellora, and Buddhist palm leaf manuscripts are live
examples that reflect the richness of these paintings. The earlier forms were often seen
as artistry on the excellent architecture, household walls, and manuscripts but the
modern form has witnessed a revolutionary transformation. The contemporary
painting showcases the richness and vibrancy of colors but yet restore the aesthetics
of Indian culture and tradition.
The rich heritage of the country is a witness to various styles and forms of paintings
since the introduction of art. Some of the most important and renowned styles of
Indian Paintings are as follows:
This style of painting has a long and rich heritage in the country. This form is known
for its intricate designs used to express emotions depicting the musical rhythm and
melody of captivating Indian music and dance. A clutter of feminine and masculine
figures is the key component of this painting style.
This style of painting is known to have originated at the time of Ramayana. It is
believed that King Janak bespoke various artists to draw artistic paintings depicting
the emotions and expressions of a new journey his daughter Sita started with Lord
Rama at the time of her wedding. Since then, the art form became very popular and
womenfolk are known to paint the walls of their houses as a graphic of their dreams,
desires, and wishes.
This style is known to depict the earliest traces and evidences of paintings. The
uniqueness and vibrancy of this form is seen on cave walls and palaces. The live
example of this style is seen on the walls of Ajanta Caves where the life and teachings
of Buddhist Monks are expressed as an illustration. Most popular themes of this type
are animals, birds, trees, architecture, human emotions, and human characters.
Tanjore painting, also known as Thanjavur painting, is popular for its captivating style
of embellishments. The significant characteristics of this form are brilliant color
scheme and decorative jewellery. Embellishment is mainly done using gold leaf, cut
glasses, and stones to add more beauty to art forms with mythological themes. Over
the period of time, this form has adopted various other themes like birds, animals, and
building structures apart from figures and life of Lords.
This type has its origin in the 16th century, at a time when paintings were mainly used
to beautify places of worship. It is one of the most beautiful styles that reflects the
clarity and richness of glass in the outstanding art form produced by known artists.
Some of the most magnificent glass paintings are known to be embellished with semi
precious stones, gilt metals, and gold leaf.
This is another important painting of India with bordered art and rounded forms as its
key characteristics. It is basically a type of block printing that characterizes an outline
created using burnt tamarind twigs dipped in molasses and iron fillings. Rich and
vibrant colors are used to add more charm and beauty to this form.