Indian paintings behold a rich cultural value and heritage. The imprints on the cave murals of Ajanta, art work of Ellora, and Buddhist palm leaf manuscripts are live examples that reflect the richness of these paintings. The earlier forms were often seen as artistry on the excellent architecture, household walls, and manuscripts but the modern form has witnessed a revolutionary transformation. The contemporary painting showcases the richness and vibrancy of colors but yet restore the aesthetics of Indian culture and tradition. The rich heritage of the country is a witness to various styles and forms of paintings since the introduction of art. Some of the most important and renowned styles of Indian Paintings are as follows: Miniature Paintings This style of painting has a long and rich heritage in the country. This form is known for its intricate designs used to express emotions depicting the musical rhythm and melody of captivating Indian music and dance. A clutter of feminine and masculine figures is the key component of this painting style. Madhubani Painting This style of painting is known to have originated at the time of Ramayana. It is believed that King Janak bespoke various artists to draw artistic paintings depicting the emotions and expressions of a new journey his daughter Sita started with Lord Rama at the time of her wedding. Since then, the art form became very popular and womenfolk are known to paint the walls of their houses as a graphic of their dreams, desires, and wishes. Mural Painting This style is known to depict the earliest traces and evidences of paintings. The uniqueness and vibrancy of this form is seen on cave walls and palaces. The live example of this style is seen on the walls of Ajanta Caves where the life and teachings of Buddhist Monks are expressed as an illustration. Most popular themes of this type are animals, birds, trees, architecture, human emotions, and human characters. Tanjore Painting Tanjore painting, also known as Thanjavur painting, is popular for its captivating style of embellishments. The significant characteristics of this form are brilliant color scheme and decorative jewellery. Embellishment is mainly done using gold leaf, cut glasses, and stones to add more beauty to art forms with mythological themes. Over the period of time, this form has adopted various other themes like birds, animals, and building structures apart from figures and life of Lords. Glass Painting This type has its origin in the 16th century, at a time when paintings were mainly used to beautify places of worship. It is one of the most beautiful styles that reflects the clarity and richness of glass in the outstanding art form produced by known artists. Some of the most magnificent glass paintings are known to be embellished with semi precious stones, gilt metals, and gold leaf. Kalamkari This is another important painting of India with bordered art and rounded forms as its key characteristics. It is basically a type of block printing that characterizes an outline created using burnt tamarind twigs dipped in molasses and iron fillings. Rich and vibrant colors are used to add more charm and beauty to this form.
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