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									                                                              Supplementary Appendix C, page 1


          ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND REVIEW FRAMEWORK (EARF)


A.     Introduction

1.      The integrated coastal resource management project aims at sustainable management
and conservation of coastal resources for poverty reduction in six selected provinces covering
65 municipalities covering about 1,800 km of coastline (10% of total coastline of the country). At
the national level the objective is aimed to be attained through institutional strengthening and
policy reforms and at local level through livelihood activities and provision for social and
environmental infrastructure. The livelihood activities (Component C of the Project) will be
specifically determined in future by the project municipalities but may include activities like sea
weed farming and cage fish farming, while the social and environmental facilities (Component
D) may include rural water supply, public toilets, solid waste disposal facilities, class rooms, day
care centers and small-scale coastal erosion control structures.

B.     Overview of the Types of Subprojects to be Assessed

2.       Social and environmental sub-projects that will be undertaken will involve construction
activities (e.g., construction of rural water supply systems, public toilets, class rooms, day care
centers, small-scale erosion control structures, etc), the size and scope of which will be small.
For example, in component C, livelihood components will be small-scale (ranging from P10,000
to P150,000 investment). For component D, drinking water and sanitation schemes will be for
about 25 households, community centers, daycare centers, class rooms for about 100
households and classrooms will be add-ons to existing school facilities, the construction and
operation of which will result in very minimal environmental impacts that can easily be mitigated.
The pre-construction and construction related removal of vegetation/trees, dust from
construction activity, air emissions from construction equipment and vehicles, noise from
construction vehicles and heavy equipment, sediment run off from construction sites and
disposal of spoils and waste materials are considered as possible impacts but will be very
minimal and temporary in nature. These impacts will be mitigated through proper site selection,
best management (e.g., replanting trees that has been removed , regular spraying of exposed
area during construction, maintenance and monitoring of emissions from construction
equipment/vehicles, scheduling construction during day time and notification to concerned
barangay officials beyond day time operations, use of noise abatement accessories in vehicles
and heavy equipment to the extent feasible, and proper management of construction activities
to minimize surface water quality impacts). Spoils and other unsuitable materials will be
disposed of in designated spoil areas in an environmentally safe manner in accordance with
national and local codes.

3.      The impacts associated with potential future livelihood activities, for example, sea weed
farming and cage culture, is improper site selection causing overcrowding and potential water
quality problems. Other impacts may include overuse of nutrients for feeds causing water quality
problems. These impacts can be mitigated through proper site selection and procedures in
accordance with technical guidelines (e.g., stocking density, location, dissolved oxygen levels,
etc) and by following best practices for feed management and timely removal of dead fishes and
sea weeds.
                                                            Supplementary Appendix C, page 2



C.     Country’s and ADB’s Environmental Assessment and Review Procedures (See
       attachment A)

       1.      Specific Procedures to be used for the Subprojects

               a.     Screening of Subprojects

4.       The local government unit (LGU) Municipal Environmental & Natural Resource Officer
/Environment & Natural Resource Officer (MENRO/ENRO) or if MENRO/ENRO is not appointed
then either Municipal Agriculture Officer (MAO) or Municipal Planning and Development Officer
(MDPO) will review the subproject and screen it through the environmental screening criteria
below to select a environmentally sound site and then use both ADB categorization criteria and
the categorization criteria specified in Department of Environment & Natural Resource-
Environment Management Buraeu (DENR EMB) procedural manual (Department Administrative
Order (DAO) 03-30) to decide on the category of the project. If an environmental impact of a
subproject is considered to be significant and thereby falls under ADB category A, then that sub-
project will not be selected. The LGU responsible officer (MENRO/ENRO/ MAO/MDPO) will
seek the assistance of DENR Provincial Environmental and Natural Resource Officer (PENRO)
and DENR Community Environment and Natural Resource Officer (CENRO) to categorize the
subproject. For both ADB and DENR Category B sub-projects (located in environmentally
critical areas and have some but non-significant adverse impacts), the LGU will complete and
submit an IEE application (or a DENR IEE checklist if it exists for the subproject) to regional
EMB-DENR for securing an environmental clearance certificate (ECC). The environmental
management and monitoring plan template specified in the initial environment examination will
be used for the DENR IEE application, implementation of which will then meet both ADB and
DENR requirements for Category B projects. DENR/ADB Category C (environmentally
enhancing project or projects with no environmental impacts) or DENR category D project
(projects not in category A or B and with no adverse impacts) will not require application to
DENR for an environmental clearance certificate. Environmental management or monitoring
plan is not required under DENR/ADB category C projects, but only environmental implications
will be reviewed. For DENR category C and D project (same as ADB category C project), no
ECC is required from DENR but a DENR certificate of non-coverage may be obtained, if needed
for other purposes (e.g., credits, loans, etc.)

5.      Because of the small-scale nature and environmentally enhancing characteristics of the
sub-projects, it is anticipated that most sub-projects under component C and component D will
fall under DENR category C or category D and no ECC will be needed. However, even if the
project is categorized as DENR category C or D, it may still be considered to be a category B
project under ADB requirements due to some adverse (non-significant) impacts, so an IEE will
have to be prepared based on the format/content specified in Attachment A using the
environmental management and monitoring plan template.

6.    As a general guideline, the following anticipated future projects under component C and
component D will not require a ECC under DENR regulations (additional categorization criteria
in DENR EMB procedural manual (DAO 03-30, Attachment B):

       (i)     Buildings less than 15,000 square meters
       (ii)    Aquaculture in less than 1 hectare area
       (iii)   Livestock less than 100 heads of pigs and cows
       (iv)    Poultries and birds less than 10,000 heads
                                                              Supplementary Appendix C, page 3



7.     The Community Environment and Natural Resource Officer or equivalent responsible
for meeting environmental aspects of LGU projects ((MENRO/ENRO/ MAO/MDPO) with the
assistance of Provincial ENRO and DENR PENRO/CENRO will be responsible for
implementation of the environmental management and monitoring plan, take corrective action
and report environment information to DENR-EMB through endorsement of DENR
CENRO/PENRO.

8.     The following site selection criteria will be considered for Subproject selection to prevent
environmental impacts due to site selection:

       (i)      NIPAS and/or Protected area status have been checked with MENRO/PENRO
                and in case if these falls within these areas then approval from the Protected
                Area Management Board (PAMB) managing the project area has been obtained.
       (ii)     The LGU comprehensive land use plan has been consulted to ensure
                consistency with strategic agricultural and Fisheries Development Zones.
       (iii)    No potential for significant ground or surface water impacts.
       (iv)     Not in high gradient and critical slope (>50%) areas.
       (v)      Not too near or encroachment of environmental critical areas (e.g., coral reefs,
                sea grasses, mangroves, strictly protected forests, buffer zones, etc).
                Government of Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources
                (DENR) additional criteria for environmental critical areas will be followed.
       (vi)     Not in the environmental hazardous areas (e.g., flooding, landslide, earthquake
                prone areas).
       (vii)    Consistency with existing spatial plans and zoning regulations.
       (viii)   Water supply and sanitation schemes at least 30 meters.
       (ix)     The cage culture facilities located in lakes/rivers do not occupy more than 10% of
                suitable surface area.
       (x)      Alien species are not introduced during aquaculture, reforestation and mangrove
                rehabilitation activities.

       2.       Procedures for Environmental Assessment of Subprojects

9.      After screening the subprojects through the environmental criteria in sections 6 and 8
above and the checklists (a general environmental screening checklist is attached – Attachment
C) with the environmental assessment and review framework and ADB subproject specific rapid
environment                  checklists              are                found               at
http://www.adb.org/documents/Guidelines/Environmental_Assessment/eaguidelines002.asp#re
a.), the DENR/ADB environmental categorization of the sub-project will be determined. If the
activity is screened as DENR/ADB Category” B”, the environmental management and
monitoring plan for the activity will be developed based on template EMP, an ECC will be
secured from Regional DENR-EMB                  and implemented by the LGU (through
contractors/communities) with the help of Provincial PENRO and CENRO. For category
DENR/ADB category B projects, use of DENR IEE checklist, if available, (DENR IEE checklists
for specific project types are found at http://www.emb.gov.ph/eia/checklist.htm) or DENR IEE
format (attachment D) will also meet the requirements of ADB. Standard environmental
checklists/forms may be developed by LGU’s (with support from DENR-PENRO/CENRO) for
record keeping and reporting of environmental management and monitoring plan activities that
is to be reported to regional DENR-EMB. The checklists and monitoring forms will be sent to
regional DENR-EMB with the endorsement of DENR-CENRO and PENRO within a specified
time period after sub-project completion and maintained at the LGU office for possible spot
                                                              Supplementary Appendix C, page 4


checks by DENR EMB/PENRO/CENRO, ADB, regional PIU and national level PMO, for the
project . Any corrective actions of Category B projects will be administered and supervised by
DENR-EMB with the assistance of DENR PENRO and CENRO. The national PMO will send the
first IEE for subprojects from each project region to ADB for review and the first IEE from each
region will be reviewed for adequacy, and if found sufficient, the responsibility will be delegated
to the executive agency for the preparation and implementation of IEE’s for all future
subprojects.

10.    The DENR category C and D projects and ADB category C subprojects will be screened
by LGU’s with the help of DENR-PENRO and CENRO and environmental implications will be
reviewed, no IEE’s are required. IEE’s for future subprojects will undergo at least one public
consultation. For DENR category C and category D projects, no ECC application is required.
However, DENR category C or D projects may still be category B under ADB guidelines, in
which case, to meet the ADB requirements, an IEE will be prepared based on the environmental
management and monitoring plan template specified in the initial environment examination and
by using the ADB guidelines specified in the Attachment A.

               a.     Staffing Requirements and Budget

11.     Twenty Thousand Pesos (P20,000) per municipality per year will be allocated to Local
Government Units (LGU) for social, infrastructure and livelihood activity related monitoring plan.
The environmental management plan mitigation costs is estimated to be up to 5% and is
included in project costs associated with component C and component D. The environmental
management and monitoring plan will be implemented by LGUs after receiving relevant training
from DENR (PENRO/CENRO/regional EMB). The training will encompass concepts and
implementation aspects of environmental management and monitoring plan and develop
understanding of ADB and DENR environmental requirements. A detailed capacity building plan
is included with the initial environment examination.
                                                                              Attachment A, page 1


COUNTRY’S AND ADB’s ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT AND REVIEW PROCEDURES

1.      The Philippine EIS system categorizes environmentally critical projects (ECPs) as one
that causes potential for significant environmental impacts. ECPs are categorized as Category A
and require an Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) and an Environment Clearance
Certificate (ECC) from Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Environment
Management Bureau (EMB). The projects that are located in an Environmentally Critical Area
(ECA) are categorized as Category B and require an Initial Environment Examination (IEE) and
an ECC from DENR-EMB. Category C projects are intended to directly enhance environmental
quality or address existing environmental problems not falling under category A or B. Category
D projects are unlikely to cause adverse environmental impacts. Category C projects are
required to submit project description but do not require an ECC from DENR-EMB. Category D
projects are not required to obtain ECC from DENR but may obtain Certificate of Non-coverage
(CNC). DENR may require safeguards for Category D projects as deemed necessary on a
case-by-case basis.

A.     Major Phases of the Philippine EIS System

       1.      Screening of Projects

2.       The first step in the EIS process is determining which project is covered by which
requirements. By law, a project categorized as ECP or located in ECAs cannot proceed unless
issued an ECC. In determining ECPs and projects in ECAs, DENR employs three sets of
criteria: (i) Set A – characteristic of the project (e.g., size, cumulative nature of impacts with
respect to other projects, use of natural resources, generation of wastes, environmental hazards
and risks of accidents); (ii) Set B – the location of the project (i.e., vulnerability to disturbances
due to its ecological importance, endangered or protected status, conformity to existing land
use, absorptive or carrying capacity of the environment); and (iii) Set C – the nature of the
potential impact (i.e., geographic extent of the impact and size of affected population, the
magnitude and complexity of the impact, the likelihood, duration, frequency, and reversibility of
the impact).

3.       The screening is done in two levels. In the first level, the Set A criteria is used to
determine if a project or undertaking is “covered” or “not covered” by the EIS system. Projects
that are “not covered” are classified as Category D. In the second level, projects that are
“covered” are further classified using Set B and Set C criteria and are further classified as either
Category A, Category B or Category C project. These three sets of criteria are used as a
general guideline for the determination of any project categorization. The specific types of
activities and project sizes for DENR category A, B and C projects is given in attachment B,
which is however not an exhaustive list covering all sectors and situations.

       2.      Permit Application Process

4.      Central to the Philippine EIS Process is the ECC, which is the document issued by the
DENR-EMB after a positive review of an ECC application, certifying that the proposed project or
undertaking will not cause significant negative environmental impact. It also certifies that the
proponent has complied with all the requirements of the EIS System and has committed to
implement its approved EMP. The ECC contains specific measures and conditions that the
project proponent has to undertake before and during the operation of a project, and in some
cases, during the project's abandonment phase to mitigate identified environmental impacts.
The issuance of an ECC does not exempt a project proponent from securing related permits
                                                                          Attachment A, page 2


(such as sanitary permit, land use conversion, water permit, and building permit) from
concerned government agencies under other existing laws, rules and regulations.

5.    The following steps are undertaken as part of the permit application process:

      (i)     Scoping. Scoping is mandatory for Category A projects and is a very important
              step in the Philippine EIS process. It is where the key issues and concerns are
              identified and the scope of the study is agreed upon by the proponent, the EIA
              study consultants, DENR-EMB, local residents and other project stakeholders. It
              is during scoping that EIA Review Committee (EIARC) for the project is formed
              and project stakeholders are identified. The EIARC is a body of independent
              technical experts and professionals of various fields organized by the EMB to
              evaluate the EIS and to make appropriate recommendations regarding the
              issuance or non-issuance of an ECCs. It is also during scoping when
              requirements for specific studies such as Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA)
              and Environmental Health Impact Assessment (EHIA) are determined. The major
              activities include presentation of project to the EIARC, on-site scoping with
              project stakeholders, and a technical scoping session with the EIARC. These
              activities result in the production of the Scoping Report and the Scoping
              Checklist.

      (ii)    Impact Assessment. The conduct of the EIA study commences after the
              Scoping Checklist is finalized. The Procedural Manual provides guidelines as
              regards the manner by which EIA study is conducted. The assessment for
              Category A projects typically includes characterization and analysis of the
              biophysical, chemical, social, economic and cultural environment. Proponents
              are encouraged to employ a community-based approach to the EIA study and
              public participation in the EIA study is a requirement. At the onset of the EIA,
              stakeholders within the influence zone of the project are identified and profiled.
              Prior to scoping, the project proponent is urged to conduct of social preparation
              or information, education and communication activities. Public participation
              occurs during scoping, in baseline data gathering, in impact identification,
              prediction and evaluation, in environmental planning process. Public consultation
              may also be conducted on certain issues.

      (iii)   Review. The results of the EIA study together with other required documents are
              packaged into an EIS which is submitted to EMB Regional/Central Office for
              review. The review process consists of two stages. The first stage is a
              “procedural review” to be conducted by an EMB staff who checks for
              completeness and ensures the submitted documents are clear and legible. The
              second stage is the “substantive review” by the EIARC. During the substantive
              review, the EIARC may conduct field visits or site inspections and may decide to
              conduct a public hearing. They may request for additional information (AI) up to a
              maximum of two requests. The DENR is given only up to a total of 120 working
              days to grant or deny the ECC application. The ECC application is deemed
              automatically approved if DENR cannot come up with a decision within a total of
              120 working days. Stakeholder can participate in the review through public
              hearing if one is conducted during the EIARC review. According to the DAO 30-
              2003 Procedural Manual, the review of the EIS by EMB shall be guided by three
              general criteria: (a) that environmental considerations are integrated into the
              overall project planning, (b) that the assessment is technically sound and
                                                                             Attachment A, page 3


              proposed environmental mitigation measures are effective, and (c) that social
              acceptability is based on informed public participation.

      (iv)    Permit Application for Category “A” Projects. Projects classified as Category
              A must undergo full EIA study, which involves evaluating and predicting the likely
              impacts of a project (including cumulative impacts) on the environment during
              construction, commissioning, operation and abandonment. It also includes
              designing appropriate preventive, mitigating and enhancement measures
              addressing these consequences to protect the environment and the community's
              welfare. The process is undertaken by, among others, the project proponent
              and/or EIA Consultant, EMB, a Review Committee, affected communities and
              other stakeholders.

      (v)     Permit Application for Category “B” Projects. Category B projects are
              required to undergo only Initial Environmental Examination (IEE). However, a full
              EIA study may be required after an evaluation has found that an IEE is not
              sufficient to address environmental impacts of the project. The IEE is a scaled-
              down EIA which presumably can be quickly accomplished. For some projects,
              this can be accomplished by filling out a checklist as EMB has prepared pro-
              forma checklists for a number of projects including, housing, transmission lines,
              telecom cell sites, etc. However where checklists are not available, the EIS
              Procedural Manual suggests an outline of the IEE report which resembles more
              like a mini-EIA report. The IEE can be processed at the EMB Regional Office
              where the project is located. A case handler of a technical review committee is
              charged with the IEE review. During the review, the case handler may conduct
              field visit, additional sampling or informal consultations. The reviewer is entitled
              to one request for additional information and may request the PENRO or CENRO
              to validate them.

      (vi)    Permit Application for Category “C” Projects. Proponents for projects
              classified as Category C are required to submit a Project Description for issuance
              of Certificate of Non-Coverage (CNC). The Project Description is a document
              that describes the nature, configuration, use of raw materials and natural
              resources, production system, waste or pollution generation and control and the
              activities of a proposed project in all its phases (i.e., during the pre-construction,
              construction, operation and abandonment phases). The Project Description will
              be the basis for issuance or denial of the CNC.

      (vii)   Permit Application for Category “D” Projects. Category D projects are
              considered outside the purview of the Philippine EIS System, and are issued
              CNC upon request by the proponent. However, DENR-EMB may still require
              such projects or undertakings to provide additional environmental safeguards as
              it may deem necessary.

B.    ADB Requirements

      1.      Basic Regulations

6.      ADB environmental assessment classifies projects into A, B, C category status. The
specifications for these categories are as follows:
                                                                          Attachment A, page 4




 Category                                          Specifications
    A           Potential for significant adverse environmental impact
    B           Projects judged to have some adverse environmental impacts, but of lesser
                degree and/or significance than those for category A projects. An initial
                environmental examination (IEE) is required to determine whether or not
                significant environmental impacts warranting an EIA are likely. If an EIA is not
                needed, the IEE is regarded as the final environmental assessment report.
     C          Projects unlikely to have adverse environmental impacts. No EIA or IEE is
                required, although environmental implications are still reviewed.

         2.     Procedures

7.      A Rapid Environmental Assessment (REA) to support classification of all types of
projects. The categorization is based upon the Most Sensitive Component, meaning that if one
part of the project poses a potential for significant adverse environmental impact, the project is
classified as Category A regardless of the project’s other impacts.
Sample project categories are seen in the below table.




8.      For category A an EIA is required prior to Appraisal. For category B an IEE may be
sufficient. Both documents should be prepared by the borrower. The differences between the
two documents are indicated in the following paragraphs. Usually an IEE is prepared initially, as
part of the feasibility study, and based on the findings of that document, it is decided whether a
more detailed EIA is required.

9.      A typical IEE Report should be carried out along with the feasibility study. It should come
to the conclusion as to whether or not significant environmental impacts warranting an EIA are
likely. Sometimes an IEE can result in a recommendation for a full EIA; if so, it should also
provide a draft scope and TOR for the EIA. An IEE follows the same general steps as for a full
EIA except for a number of differences:

         (i)    more limited scope and content;
         (ii)   less public consultation is required; and
                                                                        Attachment A, page 5


      (iii)   no specific requirement for an EMP, and no adherence to the 120-day rule.

10.    An IEE contains the following major elements, with emphasis on subjects that are of
special interest based on the findings of the REA checklist and the foregoing words on
various project types:

      (i)     Description of the Project
      (ii)    Description of the Environment
      (iii)   Potential Environmental Impacts and Mitigation Measures
      (iv)    Institutional Requirements and Environmental Monitoring Programme
      (v)     Public information and disclosure
      (vi)    Findings and Recommendations
      (vii)   Conclusions
                                                                                              Attachment B, page 1


                              DENR LIST OF PROJECTS AND CATEGORIES

                                                                               Category
          Projects or Undertakings
                                                           A                       B1                   D – CNC

A.    Heavy Industries

1.    Non-Ferrous Metal Industries
                                                                                                    =< 1.0 MT annual
Classified as large-scale industrial plants                                                         rated capacity of
                                                 => 3,000 MT tons         <3,000 MT product
under the implementing rules and                                                                    product but not to
                                                 annual rated capacity   annual rated capacity
regulations of LOI no. 950;                                                                        exceed 200 MT of
                                                 of product                   of product
                                                                                                  product annual rated
                                                                                                        capacity
                                                                                                       Use of toxic
                                                   => 3,000 MT tons       <3,000 MT product          chemicals (e.g.,
Will process toxic non-ferrous metals such
                                                 annual rated capacity   annual rated capacity     Cyanide, cadmium,
as cadmium, chromium, and lead.
                                                      of product              of product                mercury)
                                                                                                      =<1 kg/month
2.    Iron and Steel Mills
Organized and coordinated arrangement of
manufacturing processes designed to
prepare or smelt or process iron ores, steel
                                                                                                    =< 1.0 MT product
scraps or primary iron and steel mill
                                                                                                  rated capacity but not
products into marketable products except         => 3,000 MT product      < 3,000 MT product
                                                                                                   to exceed 200 MT of
when process involves reheating or resizing         rated capacity           rated capacity
                                                                                                  product annual rated
only; and
                                                                                                         capacity
Classified as a large-scale industrial plants
under the implementing rules and
regulations of LOI no. 950
3. Petroleum and Petrochemical
     Industries
                                                  >= 30,000 barrels         < 30,000 barrels      =< 1.0 barrels annual
Refineries                                        annual production        annual production        but not to exceed
                                                      capacity                  capacity          200 barrels per year
                                                                                                    =< 1.0 tons daily
                                                   => 30,000 tons
                                                                         < 30,000 tons annual      production capacity
Petrochemical industry projects                   annual production
                                                                          production capacity       but not to exceed
                                                      capacity
                                                                                                   200.0 tons per year
                                                                           EIS: >= 5,000 MT
                                                                                capacity
Storage of petroleum, petrochemical or
                                                                                                   < 20,000 L capacity
related products
                                                                           IEE: < 5,000 MT
                                                                               capacity
                                                                          EIS: Processing =>         =< 1.0 MT daily
Recycling of oil and other petroleum-based                                  10 MT per day          processing capacity
chemicals                                                                IEE: Processing < 10       but not to exceed
                                                                              MT per day            200.0 MT per year
                                                 => 15,000 MT annual
                                                                          < 15,000 MT annual
                                                 rated capacity of raw
                                                                         rated capacity of raw
                                                       materials                                     =< 1.0 MT daily
                                                                               materials
                                                          OR                                       production capacity
4.    Smelting Plants                                                             OR
                                                      Use of toxic                                  but not to exceed
                                                                              Use of toxic
                                                    chemicals >10.0                                 200.0 MT per year
                                                                           chemicals < 10.0
                                                       kg/month
                                                                               kg/month



1
     Category B projects are projects or undertakings that satisfy these threshold/criteria AND are located in ECA.
                                                                                   Attachment B, page 2


                                                                          Category
        Projects or Undertakings
                                                       A                     B1                   D – CNC

5.   Chemical Industries
                                                                        EIS: Use of
                                                                      toxic/hazardous
                                                                     materials >= 1.0 MT
                                                                                                  Use of
                                                                         per month
Manufacturing, processing and/or storage                                                     toxic/hazardous
of hazardous and/or toxic materials                                                         materials >= 1.0 Kg
                                                                          IEE: Use of
                                                                                                per month
                                                                        toxic/hazardous
                                                                      materials < 1.0 MT
                                                                           per month
                                                                      EIS: => 30,000 MT
                                                                       annual production      =< 1.0 MT daily
Surface coating industries (paints,
                                                                            capacity        production capacity
pigments, varnishes, lacquers, anti-fouling
                                                                       IEE: < 30,000 MT      but not to exceed
coating, printing inks)
                                                                       annual production     200.0 MT per year
                                                                            capacity
                                                                      EIS: => 30,000 MT
                                                                       annual production      =< 1.0 MT daily
                                                                            capacity        production capacity
Manufacture of agrichemicals
                                                                       IEE:< 30, 000 MT      but not to exceed
                                                                       annual production     200.0 MT per year
                                                                            capacity
                                                                      EIS: >= 50,000 MT
                                                                       annual production      =< 1.0 MT daily
Pharmaceutical industries and manufacture
                                                                            capacity        production capacity
of soap and detergents, health and beauty
                                                                       IEE: < 50,000 MT      but not to exceed
products, and other consumer products.
                                                                       annual production     200.0 MT per year
                                                                            capacity
                                                                      EIS: >= 5 MT daily
                                                                                             =< 100.0 Kg daily
                                                                      production capacity
Manufacture of explosives, propellants and                                                  production capacity
                                                                     IEE: >= 100.0 Kg but
toxic chemical agents.                                                                       but not to exceed
                                                                          < 5 MT daily
                                                                                             2.0 MT per month
                                                                      production capacity
B.   Resource Extractive Industries
1.   Major Mining and Quarrying
     Projects
                                                                                                =< 1.0 MT daily
                                              >= 70,000 MT annual    < 70,000 MT annual      processing capacity
Mineral or ore-processing                      processing capacity   processing capacity      (inputs) but not to
                                                    (inputs)               (inputs)         exceed 200.0 MT per
                                                                                                     year
                                                                                                =< 1.0 MT daily
Cement, other cement products, clinker,
                                              >= 50,000 MT annual    < 50,000 MT annual      production capacity
limestone and other non-metallic minerals
                                               production capacity   production capacity      but not to exceed
processing plant.
                                                                                              200.0 MT per year
Ceramic industries, manufacture of glass
                                                                                              =< 1.0 MT daily
and glass products, manufacture and
                                              >= 70,000 MT annual    < 70,000 MT annual     production capacity
processing of calcium and other metallic
                                               production capacity   production capacity     but not to exceed
minerals (e.g., copper, lead, zinc, sulfur,
                                                                                             200.0 MT per year
silver, magnesium and manganese)
Extraction of ores (on shore)
•    Open pit method with mechanical
                                                 Regardless of
     operations, blasting or combinations
                                                capacity or area
     thereof
                                                                                           Attachment B, page 3


                                                                           Category
         Projects or Undertakings
                                                       A                       B1                   D – CNC
                                               >= 150,000 MT per        <150,000 MT per
                                                                                                 =< 1.0 MT daily
                                                     annum                   annum
                                                                                               production capacity
•    Other methods                                    OR                      AND
                                                                                                but not to exceed
                                               Mining area >= 25        Mining area < 25
                                                                                                200.0 MT per year
                                                    hectares                hectares
                                               >= 75,000 MT per         <75,000 MT per
Limestone quarry and extraction of sand,             annum                   annum
stone and gravel and other non-metallic               OR                      AND
Minerals                                       Quarry area >= 20        Quarry area < 20
                                                    hectares                hectares
Off-shore mining (including extraction of        Regardless of
deuterium, oil and gas)                         capacity or area
                                                 Regardless of
Coal mining
                                                capacity or area
Extraction of Oil and Gas (on- shore)
                                              >= 4,000 barrels (or     < 4,000 barrels (or
•    Extraction of oil                         equivalent) per day     equivalent) per day
                                                 extraction rate         extraction rate
                                                >= 250,000 cubic        < 250,000 cubic
                                                 meters per day          meters per day
•    Extraction of gas
                                              extraction/production   extraction/production
                                                       rate                    rate
2.   Forestry Projects
                                                Cutting of trees                              Cutting of < 20 trees
                                                                         Cutting of trees
                                                 equivalent to                                      in an area
Logging Projects                                                          equivalent to
                                                >= 5,000 cubic                                < 5 hectares outside
                                                                      < 5,000 cubic meters
                                                    meters                                        critical slopes
                                                                                              Less than on equal to
                                              >4,000 cubic meters     >1,000 – 4,000 cubic
                                                                                               1,000 cubic meters
Major Wood Processing Projects                   (equivalent) of       meters (equivalent)
                                                                                                 (equivalent) of
                                                product per year       of product per year
                                                                                                product per year
                                              => 50,000 MT annual     < 50,000 MT annual
Pulp and Paper Industries
                                               production capacity    production capacity
                                                  Regardless of
Introduction of Exotic Flora or Fauna
                                                 number or area
3.   Dikes for/and Fishpond
     Development Projects
Fishery/Aquaculture Projects (inland-based,                           >= 1 hectare but < 25
                                                >= 25 hectares                                    < 1 hectare
e.g., lakes, rivers, bays, etc.)                                            hectares
Fishery/Aquaculture Projects in water                                  >= 1 hectare but <
                                                >= 100 hectares                                   < 1 hectare
bodies (coastal areas)                                                   100 hectares
C.   Infrastructure Industries
                                               Reservoir (flooded     Reservoir (flooded
                                              area) >= 25 hectares    area) < 25 hectares
1.   Major Dams                                       OR                     AND
                                               >= 20 million cubic     < 20 million cubic
                                                meters capacity         meters capacity
2.   Major Power Plants
                                                                       >= 10.0 MW but <
                                               >= 50.0 MW rated                                 < 10.0 MW rated
Gas-fired thermal power plants                                           50.0 MW rated
                                                   capacity                                         capacity
                                                                             capacity
Other thermal power plants (e.g., diesel,      >= 30.0 MW rated       >= 5.0 MW but < 30.0      < 5.0 MW rated
bunker, coal, etc.)                                capacity            MW rated capacity            capacity
                                                                                    Attachment B, page 4


                                                                          Category
           Projects or Undertakings
                                                       A                      B1                    D – CNC
Waste-to-energy projects including biogas     >= 50.0 MW rated          < 50.0 MW rated
projects                                          capacity                   capacity
                                                                      >= 1.0 MW but less      < 1 MW generating
                                                 >= 50.0 MW
Geothermal facilities                                                    than 50.0 MW              capacity
                                              generating capacity
                                                                      generating capacity
                                              Impounding >= 20         Impounding < 20
Hydropower facilities                                                                         Run-of-river system
                                              million cubic meters    million cubic meters
                                                                       EIS: >= 100 MW
Renewable energy projects such as ocean,
                                                                         rated capacity
solar, wind, tidal power and fuel cell (for                                                      < 5 MW rated
                                                                     IEE: >= 5 MW but <
biogas and waste-to-energy projects refer                                                           capacity
                                                                         100 MW rated
to above)
                                                                             capacity
3.   Major Reclamation Projects                 >= 50 hectares           < 50 hectares

4.   Major Roads and Bridges
                                                                      >= 80 m but < 10.0
Bridges and viaducts, new construction            >= 10.0 Km                                         < 80 m
                                                                               Km
                                                                      >= 50% increase in       < 50% increase in
Bridges and viaducts,
                                                                     capacity (or in terms    capacity (or in terms
rehabilitation/Improvement
                                                                        of length/width)        of length/width)
                                                >= 20.0 Km (no       < 20.0 Km (no critical
                                                 critical slope)              slope)            Farm-to-market
Roads, new construction
                                               >= 10.0 Km (with         < 10.0 Km (with         roads of < 2 Km
                                                 critical slope)         critical slope)
                                                                      >= 50% increase in       < 50% increase in
Roads, rehabilitation/Improvement                                    capacity (or in terms    capacity (or in terms
                                                                        of length/width)        of length/width)
Elevated roads,
                                                                      Regardless of size
flyover/cloverleaf/interchanges
Tunnels and sub-grade roads and railways          >= 1.0 Km                < 1.0 Km

Pedestrian passages                                                       Underpass                 Overpass
                                                                       Rehabilitation of
On-grade railway system                          New railways
                                                                          railways
5.   Major Ports and Harbors
                                                                       EIS: New projects
                                                                           OR major
                                                                      improvements (>=
                                                                              50%
                                                                     extension/widening of
                                                                                                   Repair and
                                                                            runway)
                                                                                                rehabilitation of
Airports                                                                  IEE: Minor
                                                                                              existing facilities (no
                                                                       improvements (<
                                                                                                   expansion)
                                                                              50%
                                                                     extension/widening of
                                                                            runway)
                                                                              OR
                                                                        Private airstrip
                                                                         EIS: >= 15.0
                                                                     hectares reclamation
Causeways, Ports and harbors, new                                             OR
                                                                       >= 25.0 hectares
                                                                       (w/o reclamation)
                                                                        Attachment B, page 5


                                                         Category
        Projects or Undertakings
                                               A             B1                   D – CNC
                                                   IEE: < 15.0 hectares
                                                          reclamation
                                                              OR
                                                   < 25.0 hectares (w/o
                                                         reclamation)
                                                   EIS: >= 5.0 hectares
                                                          reclamation
                                                              OR
                                                      >= 10.0 hectares
                                                      (w/o reclamation)
                                                    IEE: < 5.0 hectares
                                                          reclamation
Causeways, Ports and harbors, expansion                                      < 1.0 hectares (w/o
                                                              OR
or improvements                                                                 reclamation)
                                                   >= 1.0 hectares but <
                                                     10.0 hectares (w/o
                                                         reclamation)
                                                    [for Ro-Ro Projects:
                                                     proponent can use
                                                     the prescribed IEE
                                                           Checklist]
6.   Irrigation, Water Supply or Flood
     Control Projects
                                                    EIS: more than six
                                                   production wells and
                                                   other systems (e.g.,
Water Supply Systems                                 infiltration gallery,
                                                              etc.)
                                                      IEE: six or less
                                                      production wells
Water Supply System (Distribution only)                   Level III          Level II and Level I
                                                        EIS: >= 1,000
                                                   hectares service area       < 300 hectares
Irrigation System (distribution system only)
                                                        IEE: < 1,000            service area
                                                   hectares service area
                                                       EIS: Reservoir
                                                   (flooded area) >= 25
Impounding System or Flood Control                         hectares
Project                                                IEE: Reservoir
                                                    (flooded area) < 25
                                                           hectares
7.   Pipelines
                                                    EIS: Length >= 25
                                                        kilometers
Fuel pipelines
                                                    IEE: Length < 25
                                                        kilometers
                                                    EIS: Length >= 50
                                                        kilometers
Other pipelines
                                                    IEE: Length < 50
                                                        kilometers
8.   Waste Management Projects
                                                     EIS: >= 1,000 MT
                                                       daily capacity
Sanitary landfill for domestic wastes only
                                                   IEE: < 1,000 MT daily
                                                          capacity
                                                                                       Attachment B, page 6


                                                                             Category
         Projects or Undertakings
                                                        A                        B1                   D – CNC
                                                                         EIS: Multi-users
Landfill for industrial and other wastes
                                                                           IEE: Single-user
                                                                           with composting
                                                                              facilities (see
Materials Recovery Facilities                                                                     Segregation only
                                                                               category of
                                                                        composting below))
Hazardous waste treatment, recycling,                                  EIS: >= 10.0 MT per
and/or disposal facilities                                                    year capacity
(for recycling of lead, see details in Heavy                            IEE: < 10.0 MT per
Industries)                                                                   year capacity
                                                                         EIS: >- 50.0 cubic
Industrial and hospital waste (non-                                         meters per day
hazardous) materials treatment facilities                                 IEE: < 50.0 cubic
                                                                            meters per day
                                                                        EIS: >= 5,000 cubic
                                                                       meters daily capacity      < 30 cubic meters
Domestic wastewater treatment facility
                                                                         IEE: < 5,000 cubic         daily capacity
                                                                       meters daily capacity
                                                                       EIS: >= 300,000 MT
                                                                           per annum to be
                                                                                 treated
                                                                                                  involve manual or
Receiving facilities, paper and plastic                                 IEE: < 300,000 MT
                                                                                                      mechanical
recycling                                                                  per annum to be
                                                                                                    processes only
                                                                           treated          OR
                                                                             involve use of
                                                                                chemicals
                                                                            >= 15 MT daily          < 15 MT daily
Compost/fertilizer making                                              capacity or 5,475 MT      capacity or 5,475 MT
                                                                            annual capacity        annual capacity
D. Golf Course Projects

Golf course projects/complex                   >= 9 hole golf course   < 9 hole golf course

E.   Other Projects

1.   Buildings and other structures

Family dwellings/apartment type                                                                  Regardless of area
                                                                           EIS: >= 25,000
                                                                            square meters
                                                                       (gross/total floor area     < 10,000 square
Motels, Hotels, Condominium/Apartelles                                 including parking and      meters (gross/total
(residential)                                                                other areas)        floor area including
                                                                           IEE: >= 10,000         parking and other
Commercial, [Business centers with                                      square meters but <              areas)
residential units (mixed use), malls,                                       25,000 square                 OR
supermarkets]                                                            meters (gross/total     Kiosk-type or mobile
                                                                         floor area including          fastfoods
                                                                          parking and other
                                                                                areas)
                                                                           EIS: >= 50,000          < 15,000 square
Commercial (office spaces only)
                                                                            square meters        meters (gross/total
                                                                       (gross/total floor area   floor area including
Institutional and other related facilities:
                                                                       including parking and      parking and other
religious, government, and educational
                                                                             other areas)               areas)
                                                                       Attachment B, page 7


                                                        Category
         Projects or Undertakings
                                              A             B1                    D – CNC
                                                      IEE: >= 15,000
                                                       square meters
                                                      (gross/total floor
                                                    area) but < 50,000
                                                       square meters
                                                  (gross/total floor area
                                                  including parking and
                                                        other areas)
Institutional and other structures with           Regardless of size or
laboratory facilities                                       area
                                                        EIS: Tertiary
                                                   hospitals or medical      Clinics (out-patient,
Institutional and other related facilities:               facilities        health centers, dental
medical facilities                                  IEE: Secondary or       clinics) including rural
                                                   primary hospitals or           health units
                                                     medical facilities
                                                                              < 10,000.0 square
                                                  >= 10,000.0 square         meters (gross/total
Storage facilities, non-toxic/hazardous
                                                  meters (gross/total        floor area including
materials
                                                      floor area)             parking and other
                                                                                    areas)
                                                   EIS: >= 1,000 MT
Storage facilities, toxic or hazardous                  capacity
                                                                             < 100 Kg capacity
materials                                           IEE: < 1,000 MT
                                                        capacity
Subdivision and housing projects,                 IEE: >= 10 hectares
resettlement projects and other similar           IEE Checklist: < 10
(horizontal) land development projects                  hectares
                                                                               < 5.0 hectares,
                                                                                     OR
Cemetery, crematorium, etc.                          >= 5.0 hectares           funeral parlors,
                                                                                crematorium,
                                                                                columbarium
2.   Agricultural Projects
                                                    EIS: >= 100,000
                                                   heads poultry/birds
                                                          OR
                                                    >= 1,000 heads
Livestock projects                                                             < 10,000 heads
                                                       pigs/goats
(Note: Only Contract growing is covered by                                       poultry/birds
                                                    IEE: >= 10,000
the Philippine EIS System. Other livestock                                           OR
                                                  heads but < 100,000
projects are deemed to be under the                                             < 100 heads
                                                   heads poultry/birds
jurisdiction of the concerned LGU/s)                                              pigs/goats
                                                          OR
                                                  >= 100 heads but <
                                                      1,000 heads
                                                       pigs/goats
                                                     EIS: >= 1,000
                                                        hectares
Agricultural plantation                               IEE: >= 100              < 100 hectares
                                                      hectares but
                                                    < 1,000 hectares
                                                  EIS: => 50,000 MT
                                                                             < 5,000 MT annual
Agricultural processing facilities                 annual production
                                                                             production capacity
                                                        capacity
                                                                        Attachment B, page 8


                                                               Category
        Projects or Undertakings
                                              A                    B1               D – CNC
                                                           IEE: => 5,000 MT
                                                             but < 50,000 MT
                                                            annual production
                                                                 capacity
                                                           EIS: => 50,000 MT
                                                            annual production
                                                                 capacity
3.   Textile, Wood, Rubber
                                                           IEE: < 50,000 MT
                                                            annual production
                                                                 capacity
4.   Food and Related Industries
                                                           EIS: => 50,000 MT
                                                             annual production
                                                                   capacity
Sugar Mills
                                                             IEE: < 50,000 MT
                                                             annual production
                                                                   capacity
                                                           EIS: => 50,000 MT
                                                             annual production
                                                                   capacity
Distillation and Fermentation Plants
                                                             IEE: < 50,000 MT
                                                             annual production
                                                                   capacity
                                                          EIS: >= 500 Kg daily
                                                           processing capacity
Fruit and vegetable processing
                                                           IEE: < 500 Kg daily
                                                           processing capacity
                                                            EIS: >= 100,000 L
                                                                 (liquid) OR
                                                          >= 100,000 Kg (solid)
                                                            monthly production
Processing of dairy products                                       capacity
                                                              IEE: < 100,000 L
                                                          (liquid) OR < 100,000
                                                             Kg (solid) monthly
                                                            production capacity



   The indicative list of projects classified under Category C includes the following projects or
undertakings:
       • Seawalls
       • Reforestation projects – the inclusion of reforestation project/s in Category C shall
          be based on the recommendation/s and endorsement of FMB and/or PAWB on a
          case-to-case basis.
       • Artificial Reefs
       • Embankment
       • Riverbanks Stabilization
                                                                             Attachment C, page 1


                         ENVIRONMENTAL SCREENING CHECKLIST

1.     Adjacent to or within any environmentally sensitive areas?

       a.      Cultural Heritage Site
       b.      Protected Area
       c.      Wetland
       d.      Mangrove
       e.      Estuarine
       f.      Buffer Zone or Protected Area
       g.      Special Area for Protecting Biodiversity
       h.      Bay
       i.      Coral Reefs

Note: the areas specified above will generally be avoided, but not necessarily make the project
       impact “significant”, if the activity is permissible under existing plans and regulations and
       the size, type and scale of the project will cause minimal impact.

2.    Are the relevant environmental criteria included in environmental assessment and review
framework met? (The answer should be Yes with the consideration of the note above.)

     Screening                     Degree of Impact                    Justifying       Mitigation
     Questions                                                         Remarks          Measures
                          Small         Moderate          Major

What are the
environmental
impacts of the
materials used in
the scheme?
What are the
environmental
impacts of the
materials stored in
the scheme?
What are the
environmental
impacts of the
materials
transported in the
scheme?
What are the
environmental
impacts of the
materials disposed
in the scheme?
What are impacts
from soil erosion?
                                                                  Attachment C, page 2


What are the
impacts from dust
pollution?

What are the
impacts from sound
pollution?

What are the
impacts to surface
water pollution?

What are impacts
from ground water
pollution?

What are the
impacts to flora and
fauna?


Based on the above evaluation and the criteria specified in the environment assessment and
review framework, the category of the project is: Category ___.
                                                                 Attachment D, page 1


                   RECOMMENDED FORMAT FOR AN IEE


I.      TABLE OF CONTENTS
II.     EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
III.    INTRODUCTION
        A.    Project Background
        B.    EIA Process Documentation
        C.    EIA Methodology
        D.    EIA Team
        E.    EIA Study Schedule
IV.     PROJECT DESCRIPTION
        A.    Project Rationale
        B.    Project Location
        C.    Project Information
        D.    Description of Project Phases
              1.       Pre-construction/Operational phase
              2.       Construction phase
              3.       Operational phase
              4.       Abandonment phase
V.      DESCRIPTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING AND RECEIVING
        ENVIRONMENT
        A.    Physical Environment
        B.    Biological Environment
        C.    Socio-Cultural, Economic and Political Environment
        D.    Future Environmental Conditions without the Project
VI.     IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND MITIGATION
        A.    Summary Matrix of Predicted Environmental Issues/Impacts and their
              Level of Significance at Various Stages of Development
        B.    Brief Discussion of Specific Significant Impacts on the Physical and
              Biological Resources
        C.    Brief Discussion of Significant Socio-economic Effects/Impacts of the
              Project
VII.    ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN
        A.    Summary Matrix of Proposed Mitigation and Enhancement Measures,
              Estimated Cost and Responsibilities
        B.    Brief Discussion of Mitigation and Enhancement Measures
        C.    Monitoring Plan
        D.    Contingency Plan (if applicable)
        E.    Institutional Responsibilities and Agreements
VIII.   BIBLIOGRAPHY/REFERENCES

								
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