Composition And The Rule Of Thirds- Rules Are Made To Be Broken by aihaozhe2


									For beginners in photography, composition can be a real obstacle. Even when you
have all the technical skills, it can be difficult to compose a photo that is pleasing to
the eye. I have news for you: it is just as tough to teach to others. That's because
composition can be so personal. What appeals to me may not appeal to you.

However, many photographers, beginners in particular, are not happy with the way
their photos look. But often they can't quite put their finger on why.

There are plenty of rules and guidelines to help you with composition. Possibly the
best known is the Rule Of Thirds. This rule suggests your composition should be
divided into a nine-part grid, by running two lines horizontally (a third from the top
and a third from the bottom) and two lines vertically (a third from the left and a third
from the right). According to the rule, large objects (trees, buildings etc) should be
placed on these lines, and small objects are most effective if positioned where the
lines intersect.

Photos composed around these guidelines have a balanced look. Objects seem to
appear exactly where your eye expects to find them. So when you build a composition
around the Rule Of Thirds, your photo satisfies the viewer's natural sense of

Some people have an innate sense of visual balance. They have a natural flair for
creative composition that does not need to be guided by rules. However, if you were
to examine their photos, you would be sure to find that most of their photos fitted the
rule perfectly - even if they were not aware of it.

The Rule Of Thirds is an excellent place to start if you are a photographer struggling
with composition. I recommend to every beginner to learn it, practice it, get so
familiar with it that you start to apply it without even thinking. Then, once you are
truly comfortable with the Rule Of Thirds - ignore it about half the time.

Recently a man walked into my gallery, and before I even said hello I heard him
telling his friends: "You see, this is a good photo because it fits the rule of thirds. This
is a bad photo because the kangaroo is right in the middle. This sunset is no good
because the horizon is too low when it should be here, a third of the way up..."

This man was obviously an ardent devotee of the Rule Of Thirds. For him, anything
that stepped outside the boundaries of the rule was automatically a bad photo. But is
composition really so simplistic? Of course not.

The real world is not nearly so neatly organised as the Rule Of Thirds. More
importantly, being creative means finding your own way to express the character of a
subject, which may not always require a traditional approach.
I can give you two very simple examples from my own collection. One of my outback
photos has a very detailed foreground, and some tall bushes in the background. I have
positioned the horizon right through the centre of the photo. If I raised it higher, I
would have lost the foreground. If I dropped it lower, the tops of the bushes would be
cut off. In this case, the composition was influenced by the circumstances.

The other example is a sunset photo. The sky in this photo is truly spectacular. I
dropped the horizon very low so the colours of the sky fill the frame. Had I set the
horizon in the 'correct' place, according to the Rule Of Thirds, one third of the picture
would be totally black. Not only would this be wasted space that did nothing for the
photo, it would also diminish the impact of the sky.

Choosing to ignore the Rule Of Thirds is not the same thing as not being aware of it.
In each case when taking a photo I would consider the Rule Of Thirds, and judge
whether its application will make my picture better, or worse. If I choose to ignore it,
it is a deliberate method of adding impact to the composition, possibly by drawing
attention to a particular feature like the sky in my sunset photo.

So, back to my earlier statement. If you are struggling with composition, the Rule Of
Thirds may be the best thing you ever learn. Not because you should use it for every
photo (you shouldn't) but because you should have the judgement to know when to
use it and when to ignore it. That way, when you choose to compose your photo
differently, it is not just a clumsy mistake, but a creative choice to improve the impact
of the photo. Once you cross that threshold, your photography will become a true
expression of your artistic eye.

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