Definition of Equity Analysis

Document Sample
Definition of Equity Analysis Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                             Agenda Item No. 7




TO: Minority Citizens Advisory Committee                               DATE: December 4, 2007

FR: Jennifer Yeamans                                                     W. I. 1114

RE: Transportation 2035 Equity Analysis: Background and Timeframe


Background

Early in 2007, MTC launched a two-year effort with our partner agencies, stakeholders, and the
public to update the Bay Area’s long-range regional transportation plan (RTP), known as
Transportation 2035. As part of this planning process, MTC is carrying out an equity analysis in
order to ensure that low-income and minority residents of the Bay Area share equitably in the
regional benefits associated with future transportation investments, without bearing a
disproportionate share of the burdens. Similar analyses were undertaken for both the 2001
Regional Transportation Plan as well as the 2005 RTP (known as Transportation 2030). The
equity measures analyzed for each of the previous plans are described below.

The Environmental Justice Report for the 2001 Regional Transportation Plan measured
accessibility and mobility impacts of the proposed investment plan in terms of three model-based
factors:
             Accessibility to jobs
             Travel time
             Transit travel time to major job centers

Each factor was analyzed two ways: over time by comparing base-year 1998 outcomes to 2025
outcomes, and by comparing the impacts of the RTP Project and No Project alternatives.
Specifically, the social equity analysis considered whether low-income and minority
communities had levels of accessibility and mobility that were at least comparable to those for
the rest of the Bay Area, and whether these communities experienced increases (or decreases)
that were at least comparable to those experienced for the rest of the Bay Area.

The Transportation 2030 Equity Analysis Report, completed for the 2005 RTP, built on the
2001 methodology, and added the following model-based factors, based on input from MCAC
and other stakeholders:
            Access to lower-wage jobs
            Access and travel time to essential destinations (schools, food stores, health and
               social services) by auto and transit
            Travel time and out-of-pocket savings (user benefits)
            Impacts of vehicle miles of travel through minority and low-income
               neighborhoods in terms of hours of travel, hours of delay, and emissions
                                              – over –
Transportation 2035 Equity Analysis
Page 2


The Transportation 2030 Equity Analysis Report, completed for the 2005 RTP, built on the
2001 methodology, and added the following model-based factors, based on input from MCAC
and other stakeholders:
            Access to lower-wage jobs
            Access and travel time to essential destinations (schools, food stores, health and
               social services) by auto and transit
            Travel time and out-of-pocket savings (user benefits)
            Impacts of vehicle miles of travel through minority and low-income
               neighborhoods in terms of hours of travel, hours of delay, and emissions

The results of the investment alternatives proposed in the Transportation 2030 Plan were
compared between “communities of concern” and the rest of the Bay Area. Communities of
concern were identified as having population thresholds of at least 30 percent poverty and 70
percent minority per the 2000 Census (the population in poverty was defined as having a
household income below 200 percent of the federal poverty line). MCAC contributed to the
development of the equity analysis methodology, and provided input on the definition of
communities of concern, essential destinations, vehicle miles traveled and emissions. The report
concluded that the Bay Area’s communities of concern would share equitably in the benefits of
the Transportation 2030 investment alternatives without bearing a disproportionate share of the
burdens. A more detailed summary of the Transportation 2030 Equity Analysis results is
attached.

The Transportation 2035 Plan and Equity Analysis

Staff is now initiating discussions of how to approach the equity analysis methodology for the
Transportation 2035 Plan. In doing so we would like to build on MCAC’s past involvement in
developing the methodology. In the coming months, we hope to identify those indicators which
are the most meaningful measures of transportation equity for the Bay Area’s low-income and
minority residents, and which can be reliably measured with our available data sources in the
context of future regional transportation investment alternatives.

2009 RTP Equity Analysis Timeframe
    December 2007 – February 2008: Development of equity analysis methodology with
      input from staff, MCAC, and other stakeholders
    April 2008: Project performance assessment results available
    June – August 2008: Model equity evaluation of project alternatives
    October 2008: Draft equity analysis report available
    Late 2008: Final equity analysis report



J:\COMMITTE\MCAC\2007 Meeting Packets\December 2007\7a_EquityAnalysis_background.doc

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:140
posted:1/18/2011
language:English
pages:2
Description: Definition of Equity Analysis document sample