Course # Course Title Contemporary AEM 2000 Controversies in the Global Economy International Trade AEM 4300 Policy Agriculture and Food AEM 4310 Policy Towards a Sustainable Global Food System: AEM 4450 Food Policy for Developing Countries Economics of AEM 4640 Agricultural Cross-listed with Development Globalization, Food AEM 6420 Security, and Nutrition Livestock in Tropical AN SC 4000 Cropping Systems Cultural Diversity and ANTHR 2400 Contemporary Issues Medicine, Culture and ANTHR 2468 Society Sex and Gender in ANTHR 3421 Cross-Cultural Perspective Anthropology of the ANTH 3465 Body Anthropology of ANTHR 4437 Development Healing and Medicine ANTHR 4862 in Africa The Past and Present ASRC 2306 of Precolonial Africa ASRC 2308 Caribbean History Politics of Global ASRC 3200 Africa Women and Gender ASRC 4602 Issues in Africa The Family and ASRC 4606 Society in Africa Course # Course Title Education and ASRC 5020 Development in Afria Marriage and Divorce ASRC 6304 in the African Context Ethical Issues in BSOC 2051 Health and Medicine Human Growth and BSOC 3470 Development Engineering for a BEE 2510 Sustainable Society Sustainable BEE 3299 Development: A Web- based course Renewable Energy BEE 4010 Systems Basic Immunology BIOG 3050 Lectures Immunology of BIOG 7060 Infectious Diseases The Normal Microbes BIOMI 3210 of the Human Body in Health and Disease BIOMI 4090 Principles of Virology BIOMI 4310 Medical Parasitology The State of the BIONB 3210 Planet Issues in Social Biology: from Diet to BIOPL 1120 Diseases, SNA to Deforestation Natural Remedies in BIOPL 2210 Ethnohealth BSOC 2101 Plagues and People Sustainable Water CEE 2550 Supply Project Water Supply CEE 4520 Engineering Sustainable Small- CEE 4540 scale Water Supplies Sustainable Water CEE 4550 Supply Project Engineers for a CEE 4920 Sustainable World The Global City: People, Production, CRP 1101 and Planning in the Third World Course # Course Title Gender and CRP 3650 Globalization 20th-Century Italy: CRP 3720 Politics and Society CRP 3760 Latin American Cities Transformations in the CRP 4740 Global South Issues in African CRP 4770 Development Gender and CRP 6140 International Development Tropical Cropping CSS 4140 Systems DSOC 2010 Population Dynamics International DSOC 2050 Development Sociology of Health of DSOC 2200 Ethnic Minorities Agriculture, Food and DSOC 3400 Society Health and Survival DSOC 4100 Inequalities Theories of DSOC 4210 Reproduction Global Conflict and DSOC 4810 Terrorism Climate and Global EAS 2680 Warming Economic ECON 3710 Development Women in the ECON 4570 Economy Economics of ECON 4640 Agricultural Development Economics of Hunger ECON 4740 and Malnutrition Engineering for a ENGRD 2510 Sustainable Society ENTOM 2100 Plagues and People Medical and Veterinary ENTOM 3520 Entomology Agriculture in FDSC 4020 Developing Nations I Sex and Gender in FGSS 3210 Cross-Cultural Perspective Contemporary Issues FGSS 3500 in Women's Health Gender and FGSS 3600 Globalization Course # Course Title Health and Survival FGSS 4100 Inequalities Theories of FGSS 4210 Reproduction Gender and FGSS 6140 International Development Marriage and Divorce FGSS 6304 in the African Context GOVT 2947 Global Thinking Introduction to Peace GOVT 3937 and Conflict Studies Human Growth and HD 3470 Development Social Inequalities in HD 3570 Physical and Mental Health Culture and Human HD 4520 Development Fieldwork in Diversity and Professional HE 4060 Practice: The Culture of Medicine and Public Health Leadership in the non- HE 4070 profit sector HE 4900 Multicultural Practice Culture, Medicine and Professional Practice HE 4950 in a Diverse World: New York HIST 2308 Caribbean History International HIST 2791 Humanitarianism IARD 2020 Perspectives in IARD Tropical Cropping IARD 4140 Systems Agriculture in IARD 4020 Developing Nations I IARD 4800 Global Seminar Agriculture in IARD 6020 Developing Nations II Safety and the ILR Extension 367 Workplace Course # Course Title Work, Labor, and ILRIC 2350 Capital in the Global Economy Women in the ILRLE 4450 Economy Social and Economic ILRLE 4470 Data LATA 2308 Caribbean History Transformations in the LATA 4740 Global South Agriculture in LATA 6020 Developing Nations II International Organizations and LAW 6561 International Human Rights Intrernational Human LAW 7855 Rights Clinic Sociology of Health of LSP 2200 Ethnic Minorities Sustainability as a Driver for Innovation in NBA 5190 the Entrepreneurial Organization Sustainable Global NBA 6030 Enterprise Maternal and Child NS 3220 Nutrition Nutrition Problems of NS 3060 Developing Nations Human Growth and NS 3470 Development Epidemiology in NS 3500 Context Towards a Sustainable Global Food System: NS 4450 Food Policy for Developing Countries NS 4500 Public Health Nutrition Health, Poverty and NS 4570 Inequality Global Health, Development and NS 4630 Policy Issues in Tanzania Epidemiology of NS 6370 Nutrition Globalization, Food NS 6420 Security, and Nutrition Global Ecology and NTRES 3220 Management Course # Course Title Low-Income Families: PAM 3350 Qualitative and Policy Perspectives Contemporary Issues PAM 3500 in Women's Health Reproductive Health PAM 4050 Policy The U.S. Health Care PAM 4350 System Economics of Health PAM 4370 Policy Economics of Public PAM 4380 Health Violence against Women: Policy PAM 4440 Implications and Global Perspectives Contemporary Moral PHIL 1450 Issues PHIL 1940 Global Thinking PHIL 2450 Ethics and Healthcare PLPA 4090 Principles of Virology Ecology of Infectious PLPA 4330 Diseases Ethical Issues in STS 2051 Health and Medicine STS 3111 Sociology of Medicine SOC 2160 Health and Society SOC 2202 Population Dynamics International SOC 2206 Development SOC 3130 Sociology of Medicine Health and Survival SOC 4100 Inequalities Theories of SOC 4210 Reproduction Description Aims to stimulate critical thinking and cogent writing and speaking about contemporary controversies that attract regular attention in the international press and among key private and public sector decision-makers. Students read and discuss competing arguments about current issues such as patenting and pricing of pharmaceuticals worldwide, controls on commercial and humanitarian distribution of genetically modified foods, and immigration restrictions. Students write a series of short briefing papers and give regular oral briefs, which are evaluated for quality of communication and content. Examines the economic principles underlying international trade and monetary policy, and the policies, practices, and institutions that influence trade and foreign exchange markets. Also emphasizes applications to current topics in international trade policy, to trade in primary commodities, and to both developed and developing countries. Acquaints students with current and historically important U.S. policies related to agriculture and food, including subsidies and regulations related to markets, production, and the environment. Explores methods of policy analysis, and students learn to critique policies and write policy briefs. Comprehensive presentation and discussion of policy options for a sustainable global food system, with focus on developing countries. Topics include economic policy related to nutrition, health, consumption, production, natural resource management, trade, markets, gender roles, armed conflict, and ethics. A social entrepreneurship approach bases on case studies and active participation by students will be used. Cross-listed with NS 4450. Provides an understanding of the economics of the agricultural sector in low-income countries. Also covers more general issues of economic development beyond the agricultural sector to provide the necessary context for an understanding of rural problems. Topics include the nature of development and technical change, welfare and income distribution, land reform, food and nutrition policy, food security and food aid, competition with more developed countries and international markets, the effect of U.S. policy on agricultural development, and the role of international institutions. Uses examples from a wide variety of developing countries to illustrate the basis for economic analysis. Cross-listed with ECON 4640 Directed readings course with a weekly 50-minute discussion session. The course is aimed at graduate students in nutrition, agricultural economics, and other relevant fields, who wish to explore how globalization may affect poverty, food security, and nutrition in developing countries and how national policies and international agreements and institutions may influence the outcome. The discussion sessions are based on assigned readings for each week. Cross-listed with NS 6420. Comprises analyses of constraints on livestock production in developing countries of the tropics, economic objectives and risk, and methods of management. The 2006–2007 editions focus on livestock systems in the Yucatán Peninsula. Emphasis is on strategic use of animal and plant resources, animal performance with inputs restricted, and decision making. Principles, field study, independent study projects and classroom interactions aided by videoconferencing with Mexican partners facilitate problem-solving to improve welfare of rural households. Interactions with Mexican farmers and other professionals during a 10-day field-study trip provide context and opportunities forintroduce studentsprojects aligned and significance of forms farmers. diversity for the understanding of contemporary issues. Drawing from films, videos, and selected readings, students will be confronted with This course will developing study to the meaning with needs of Yucatecan of cultural different representational forms that portray cultures in various parts of the world, and they will be asked to examine critically their own prejudices as they influence the perception and evaluation of cultural differences. We shall approach has become the language and the inseparability which we address a broad rangeandboth individual and societal complaints. Interest in this ―medicalization of life‖ (e.g.,be one of the America, that West). Among the Medicine cultures holistically, assuming practice through of economies, kinship, religion, of politics, as well as interconnections and dependencies between world areas may Africa, Latin reasons the medical anthropology is currently the fastest growing sub-field in anthropology. This course encourages students to examine concepts of disease, suffering, health and wellbeing cultural integrity. issues considered: ―political correctness‖ and truth; nativism and ecological diversity; race, ethnicity, and sexuality; sin, religion, and war; global process andin their immediate experience and beyond. In the process, students will gain a working knowledge of ecological, critical, phenomenological, and applied approaches used by medical anthropologists. We will investigate what is involved in becoming a doctor, the sociality of medicines, controversies over new medical technologies, and the politics of medical knowledge. Our readings will address medicine in North America as well as other parts of the world. The universality of biomedicine (or hospital medicine) will not be taken for granted, but rather we will examine the plurality generated by the various political, economic, social, and ethical demands under which biomedicine has developed in different places and at different times. In addition, biomedical healing and expertise will be viewed in relation to other kinds of healing and expertise. Introduction to the study of sex roles cross-culturally and to anthropological theories of sex and gender. Examines various aspects of the place of the sexes in social, political, economic, ideological, and biological systems to emphasize the diversity in gender and sex-role definitions around the world. Cross-listed with FGSS 3210. This course examines a range of texts that treat the body as the subject and object of cultural, technological, political and ethical processes. Students investigate the cultivation of physical and social bodies through ethnographic and historical materials concerning healing and medicine, discipline and labor, governance and religion, aesthetics and desire. The production and reproduction of bodies and embodied practices have long been central to the way that power works. In this class, we will read and discuss a range of approach to the body. There is much contention over how work, politics, environment, technologies, and violence shape the body and the senses. We will debate how histories of the body are intertwined with histories of gender, race, class, sexuality, (post)coloniality, modernization, science, transnationalism, and the webs of institution, ideas, and capital that comprise these phenomena. Some readings will investigate the complex mediations that account for the body as icon, text, metaphor, commodity, and raw material. Others will contend that serious attention to the production and reproduction of the body across different times and spaces challenge traditional notions of materiality and physicality. Because and considering them thehistorical context, we will examine ethnographic accounts of This course provides an anthropological perspective on international development. After reading orthodox theories of development every examination of in body rests—implicitly or explicitly—in a theoretical and postcolonial development that draw on political economy and poststructuralist traditions. The final portion of the course looks critically at the emergence of discourses such as participation, empowerment, social capital, civil society, and sustainability in mainstream development. This class will examine historical and contemporary forms of therapy in Africa, and contests over the conceptual and material resources that have shaped health and healing on the continent. Our readings and discussions will Not explore the ways in offered 2009-2010. which healing and medicine are simultaneously individual and political, biological and cultural. Medicine and healing pose questions about the intimate ways that power works on bodies, the processes through which history and politics shape the possibilities of life and the context of death, and the forms of threat, violence, possibility and liberation that have constituted the shifting social, economic, and ethical regimes of the past century. Examining these questions in relation to Africa draws them into debates on postcoloniality and discussions about the place of ―Africa‖ in today’s world. We will look at Africa not only as a site of epidemics, poverty and violent wars, but also as a site of innovation and creative survival, which is central to the biopolitics of the contemporary global order. Through accounts of the expansion of biomedicine, the continuities and changes embodied in traditional medicine, and the relationship between medicine, science and law, this course explores the frictions that inhere in broad historical shifts propelled by colonialism, nationalism, civil war, environmental Cross-listed with SOC 4780. This course provides an historical overview of the Caribbean beginning with a brief examination of indigenous society and the impact of European colonization. Most of our attention will focus on the development of the plantation economy, slavery, post-emancipation and post-colonial society. Readings pay particular attention to the ways in which race, gender, and ethnicity shape the histories of the peoples of the region. The course uses a pan-Caribbean approach by focusing on three islands—Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica—that belonged to competing empires. Although their histories are shaped in distinct ways by their former metropoles, they share certain common features. Therefore, we examine the differences the study of twoof their histories as they evolved from plantation based colonies to independent nations. Cross-listed both HIST 2308 & and Eastern Diaspora. The Diaspora of This course will combine the study of Africa with and similarities Diasporas. The Diaspora of Enslavement concerns enslaved Africans and descendents of slaves in with the Western LATA 2308. Colonization concerns demographic dispersal as a result of colonialism. African Americans are part of the Diaspora of Enslavement. Algerian immigrants into France are part of the Diaspora of Colonization. Jamaicans and Trinidadians in Briton are a double-Diaspora—products of both enslavement and colonialism. This course will also examine the debate about whether the African peoples are owed reparations by either the West of the Arabs or both. This course will address of the status and role of women in Africa. One view portrays African race, gender, religion, and exploited by men. According to another view women have a 6200. There are two contrasting views the following areas of comparative Black experience: the politics of women as dominated liberation, language, civil rights and postcoloniality. Also ASRC favorable social position in Africa: indigenous ideologies consider women to be the foundation of society, they are economically active and independent and they have an identity independent of men. In this seminar we discuss the status and role of women in Africa historically as well as in the contemporary period. Topics include women in non-westernized/precolonial societies; the impact of colonial policies on the status of women; gender and access to schooling, participation in the economy and politics; women and the law; women and health issues; gender issues in southern Africa; womanism and feminism; the United Nations Decade of Women; and the four World Conferences on Women (Mexico 1975, Copenhagen 1986, Nairobi 1985, and Beijing 1995). historical, socioeconomic, political, and cultural factors. Course topics include the concepts of the nuclear and extended family, the roles, rights and obligations of The family, as a social institution, is structured according to different age groups and generations; and marriage and its related issues, including parenthood, child rearing, and gender roles. Other issues examined are reproductive health, family planning, sexuality and fertility (particularly during adolescence), family codes, and legal implications. The course deals also with structural change and continuity, the impact of westernization, urbanization, formal education, and the contemporary economy on the structure and challenges of the family in Africa. Finally, the legacy of African family values and traditions in the African Diaspora, with a focus on the African-American experience, is discussed. Cross-listed with SOC 4780. Description Examines the relationship between education and individual and national development. Besides human capital theory, different paradigms of development, including modernization and dependency theories, and Third World Forum, are examined. Issues discussed include schooling and nonformal education; the role of primary, secondary, and higher education in development; and the issues related to employment, national migration and international brain drain, language, equity in access, output, and outcome based on social class, ethnicity, race, gender, and nationality. Finally, the information and communication technologies (ICTs), indigenous knowledge systems, and the role of higher education in the national, regional, and international contexts and cooperation are discussed. Cross-listed with EDUC 5020 Marriage was the widely expected norm within African societies. The institution was an important marker of adulthood, linking individuals and lineages in a network of mutual cooperation and support. Marriage practices and their concomitant gender expectations varied significantly between societies, and over time. As a result, marriage and divorce are especially rich terrain for exploring social history, women’s agency, discursive constructions of ―woman,‖ masculinity, and gender relations of power. This course explores some of the newest scholarship on marriage by Africanist scholars. The readings demonstrate the wide cultural variety in marriage as well as the dynamic relationship between marriage and historical change. They especially highlight women’s roles and expectations in marriage, masculinity and the ways men and women negotiated the rules and boundaries of marriage. In today’s rapidly changing world of health and medicine, complex ethical issues arise in many contexts—from the private, interpersonal interactions between doctor and patient to the broad, mass-mediated controversies that Cross-listed with FGSS 6304. make medicine into headline news. This course examines ethical problems and policy issues that arise in contemporary medicine, health care, and biomedical research. Tools for ethical analysis are applied to a variety of cases and fundamental questions in bioethics. Perspectives from social science, history, and law also inform the course. The course explores ethical questions that arise in a number of substantive contexts, including the doctor-patient relationship, medical decision making near the end of life, human experimentation, genetics and reproductive technology, public health, and the allocation of scarce resources. Cross-listed with STS 2051. Cross-listed with HD 3470 and NS 3470. Case studies of contemporary environmental issues including pollutant distribution in natural systems, air quality, hazardous waste management, and sustainable development. Emphasis is on the application of math, physics, and engineering sciences to solve energy and mass balances in environmental sciences. Introduces students to the basic chemistry, ecology, biology, ethics, and environmental legislation relevant to the particular environmental problem. BEE students must complete either BEE 251 or BEE 260 according to their academic plan. BEE students who complete both BEE 251 and BEE 260 receive engineering credit for only one of these courses. Sustainable development is the dominant economic, environmental, and social issue of Cross-listed with ENGRD 2510. the 21st century. This course develops the concepts of sustainable development as an evolutionary process, demanding the integration of the physical sciences and engineering with the biological and social sciences for design of systems. Topics include the nature of ecosystems, global processes, sustainable communities, and industrial ecology and life cycle analysis. Introduces energy systems with emphasis on quantifying costs and designing renewable energy systems to convert environmental inputs into useful forms of energy. Covers solar energy, small-scale hydropower, wind, bio- conversion processes, house energy balances. Focuses on the technologies and small-scale system design, not policy issues. Use of spreadsheets is extensive. Survey of immunology, with emphasis on the cellular and molecular bases of the immune response. More information is available at the BIO G 3050 courseinfo web site. Cross-listed with VETMI 3150. Focuses on molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying the immunity to infectious diseases caused by viral, bacterial, protozoan, and helminth pathogens. How the host immune system responds to infection and how pathogens manipulate immunity are considered. Specific topics include immune response initiation; antigen presentation pathways; T cell subsets in protection and pathology; mechanisms of cytolysis; manipulation of signaling in the immune system; vaccines. Lectures are based on recent advances in the field and are accompanied by relevant readings from the current literature. Cross-listed with VETMI 7190. The human body is coated with microbes outnumbering ―our own‖ cells 10 to 1, providing us with capacities we have not had to evolve on our own. This course will introduce the microbes of the human body, discuss their origins, adaptations to the body, molecular interactions, and associations with health and disease. Covers the principles of virology, focusing mainly on animal viruses but also including plant viruses and bacteriophage. Topics include the classification of viruses, virus entry, genome replication and assembly, and virus pathogenesis. Particular emphasis is placed on virus-host cell interactions and common features between different viral families. Cross-listedstudyPLPA 4090 and VETMI 4090. helminth parasites of public health importance, with emphasis on epidemiologic, clinical, and zoonotic aspects of these parasitisms. Systematic with of arthropod, protozoan, and Cross-listed with VETMI 4310. This interdisciplinary course is intended for any student with concern for the global crises we collectively face. During this course you will be introduced to current data and engaged in analysis of those data, establish a global context for your specialized education, and provided a toolbox to bring awareness, analysis and action to your lives and careers beyond graduation. An analysis of current issues of biological relevance and the biological science behind these issues. Topics will include issues such as food and nutrition, antioxidants, organic produce, disease prevention, athletic enhancers, genetic testing, cancer, stem cells and animal cloning, genetically modified crops, bacteria and antibiotics, viruses, risk, statistics and epidemiology, photosynthesis and global warming, extinction and overpopulation, invasive species, resource over-utilization. The topics will vary according to current issues. This course is an introduction to two aspects of ethnomedicine/ethnohealth: (1) the study of biology of health disparities like diabetes, cancer, and infectious diseases in Latinos/as, African Americans and American Indians in the United States, (2) and the botany, culture, and medical anthropology of plants and other natural remedies used by ancient cultures in the Americas and also currently used throughout the United States and the Americas. Human diseases transmitted by insects and related forms (arthropods) have affected human lives and society through history. This course focuses on the pathogens, parasites, and arthropods causing human plagues. Those plagues that have had the greatest impact on human culture and expression are emphasized. Lectures are supplemented with readings and films. Also addresses emerging diseases, bioterrorism, and future plagues. Students taking the course for 3 credits participate in readings, presentations/discussions each week (on Fridays), weekly readings, and quizzes and have a comprehensive final project. Cross-listed with ENTOM 2100. Meets with CEE 4550 and offered for non-engineering studnets, or those not enrolled in an engineering class concurrently. Analysis of contemporary threats to human health from water supplies. Covers criteria and standards for potable-water quality; water-quality control theory; design of water supply facilities. Not offered 2008-2009. This course covers the design and analysis of small-scale drinking water supply systems. We explore the technical, economic, and social constraints that form the sustainable space—i.e., the set of viable technologies that could be adopted progressively to improve the availability and quality of water. Students work in teams to design water supply and treatment systems. Student teams conduct research, build working models, design full-scale prototypes, create design algorithms, and create educational materials for technology transfer to improve drinking water quality in Honduras. For more information see aguaclara.cee.cornell.edu. If you are not an engineer or taking an engineering class concurrently, enroll group service projects offer real-life engineering research and design experience, from problem formulation through implementation. They may be international or local, and may relate to any kind of Engineering-based in CEE 2550. engineering. Students work on interdisciplinary teams with a project supervisor and a partner community organization. Course readings and a writing assignment cover the relationship between engineering and international development, the philosophy and politics of technology, and ethics in engineering practice. Critical look at the physical and social development of giant cities in the Third World. Their origins, roles, contributions, and shortcomings are examined. Their place in world political economy is evaluated. Policy prescriptions for their principal problems are discussed. Description This course invites students to think globally about gender issues and to trace the connections between global, national and local perspectives. Emphasis will be given to: understanding processes of globalization (economic, political, cultural); discussing ways in which these processes interact with the dynamics of gender differentiation; understanding how globalization affects women’s and men’s paid and unpaid work; discussing the significance of women’s location in global markets; looking at the importance of culture and social construction of gender in shaping the ways in which globalization affects people’s lives and gender relations; introducing regional differences and similarities; discussing the gender dimensions in the debates on ―the clash of civilizations‖; introducing questions of global governance and examining cases that illustrate women’s role in the shaping of international Comprehensive survey of Italian society today, starting with Italy’s geography and the historical forces that shaped the nation. Discussion includes north-south tensions and such broad features of Italian social life as debates. Cross-listed with FGSS 3600. community structure, urban development, and family forms. The course also reviews selected institutional issues, such as gender, the system of education, problems of criminality and justice, economic reform, social class, This course politics. religion, andoffers students an opportunity to understand urban dynamics in a rapidly changing region of the world. We ask how colonial powers, the nation-state, and global economic forces have shaped Latin American urban landscapes and the patterns of daily life in the city. The first part of this course explores the social, political, and spatial rural-urban flows, socio-spatial segregation, housing environment and employment. The second half of the course focuses on responses to these social and economic transformations; violence and repression, coping strategies, social movement, and transmigration. Cross-listed with LATA 6740. Examines a broad range of critical concerns in contemporary Africa including food production, human resource development, migration, urbanization, environmental resource management, economic growth, and policy guidance. The weekly presentations are made by invited specialists. Students are required to write a term paper. The four main objectives are to (1) analyze the location of women in development processes and to understand the centrality of gender in each case; (2) examine theoretical and conceptual frameworks for the analysis, including an understanding of gender divisions and their interaction with other forms of inequality such as class, race, and ethnicity; (3) reflect upon the linkages between the global economy and the macro and micro processes of development from a gender perspective; and (4) provide a basis for research, practical action, and policy formulation and for evaluating directions and strategies for social change. Not offered 2009-2010. Cross-listed with FGSS 6140.traditional shifting cultivation; lowland rice-based systems; upland cereal-based systems; smallholder mixed farming including root crops and livestock; plantation fruit and oil crop systems; and Characterizes and discusses agroforestry. In addition to species diversity and domestication, factors such as climate, land quality, soil management, land tenure, labor, and markets are considered. Evaluates the impact of tropical cropping systems on the environment. Cross-listed with SOC 2202. Cross-listed with IARD 4140. Cross-listed with SOC 2206. Discusses the health status of minorities in the United States. Explores intragroup diversity such as migration, economic status, and the influence of culture and the environment on health status and access to health care. Although special attention is given to Latino populations, discussion encompasses other minorities who face similar problems. Cross-listed with LSP 2200. Changing food and agricultural systems reflect the development patterns and social organization of an increasingly global society. Sociological questions include: What are major trends? What drives them? What benefits and costs accrue to people, communities, and ecosystems? How do we evaluate issues? What development strategies might better manifest shared values? Cross-listed with SOC 4100 and FGSS 4100. Cross-listed with SOC 4210 and FGSS 4210. Reviews and discusses issues concerning global development and its relationship to conflict and terrorism. Each class session focuses on a specific topic presented by either a faculty member or a guest speaker leading the discussion and actively engaging the students. The weekly discussion section focuses on discussing in greater depth the reading assignments. Familiarizes students from a range of disciplines with such contemporary issues in climatology as global warming and El Niño. Introduces the natural greenhouse effect, past climates, and observed and projected climate changes and impacts. Also covers natural climate variations (e.g. El Niño) and their consequences and predictability. Weekly student-led discussions of issues appearing in journals such as Nature. Studies the problem of sustaining accelerated economic growth in less-developed countries. Emphasizes trade-offs between growth, welfare, and equity; the legacy of colonialism; relevance of history and economic theory; problems of capital formation, economic planning and international specialization; and the interaction of industrialization, agricultural development, and population change. Cross-listed with ILRLE 4450 and FGSS 4460. Cross-Listed with AEM 4640. Focuses on the analysis of global hunger and malnutrition. Students analyze the dimensions, causes, and solutions to hunger and malnutrition, particularly in developing countries. Grades are based on a midterm and a final exam, a term paper, and class participation. Cross-listed with NS 4570. Cross-listed with BEE 2510. Human diseases transmitted by insects and related forms (arthropods) have impacted human lives and society through history. This course focuses on the pathogens, parasites and arthropods causing human plagues. Special attention is paid to those plagues that have had the greatest impact on human culture and expression. Lectures are supplemented with readings and videos. Emerging diseases, bio-terrorism, and future plagues are addressed. Cross-listed with BSOC 2101. This course can be taken with the lab (ENTOM 353) or lecture (ENTOM 352) separately. The course offers a contemporary overview of insects and related forms and how they impact human and animal health.Concepts in medicine, entomology, genetics and evolution will be discussed within the context of public health.This is a good course for students interested in vector biology, medical school or careers in veterinary medicine Acquaint students with the major issues and problems in international agriculture and rural development and to demonstrate how problems in development are being addressed in the Gulf Region of Mexico and India. The lectures/discussions establish the global and regional contexts for sustainable agricultural development and focus on development challenges in Latin America and Asia through cases in southern Mexico and India. This course may be taken as a stand-alone survey course in international agriculture and rural development. However, it is primarily a preparatory course for participants selected to participate in the spring semester course Agriculture in the Developing Nations II (IARD 6020), which includes concurrent field trips to the Gulf Region of Mexico and India during the January intersession. Cross-listed with IARD 4020. Introduction to the study of sex roles cross-culturally and to anthropological theories of sex and gender. Examines various aspects of the place of the sexes in social, political, economic, ideological, and biological systems to emphasize the diversity in gender and sex-role definitions around the world. Cross-listed with ANTHR 3421. Cross-listed with PAM 3500. Cross-listed with CRP 3650. Description Cross-listed with DSOC 4100 and SOC 4100. Cross-listed with DSOC 4210 and SOC 4210. Cross-listed with CRP 6140. Marriage was the widely expected norm within African societies. The institution was an important marker of adulthood, linking individuals and lineages in a network of mutual cooperation and support. Marriage practices and their concomitant gender expectations varied significantly between societies, and over time. As a result, marriage and divorce are especially rich terrain for exploring social history, women’s agency, discursive constructions of ―woman,‖ masculinity, and gender relations of power. This course explores some of the newest scholarship on marriage by Africanist scholars. The readings demonstrate the wide cultural variety in marriage as well as the dynamic relationship between marriage and historical change. They especially highlight women’s roles and expectations in marriage, masculinity and the ways men and women negotiated the rules and boundaries of marriage. Cross-listed with ASRC 6304. Existing nation-states face many challenges that cross their borders, including environmental degradation, international terrorism, and global market forces. This course considers the possibility and desirability of a world government. Students evaluate the practical achievability of different world-level political structures, paying particular attention to contemporary theories of international relations, and to related questions of social-scientific evidence. Students also evaluate the ethical status of potential world-level political structures, evaluating the normative value of existing states compared to the likely dangers and benefits of several visions of world government.serves as an introduction to the study of war, peace, and peacemaking. We will study different theories of peace and war from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. The course will cover definitions of peace and This course (IR) Cross-listed with PHIL 1940. war, causes of conflict, and modes of conflict prevention and resolution. The concepts will be applied to a range of historical and current conflicts. Students will prepare analyses of specific conflicts or instances of peacemaking for class presentation. (IR)physical and psychological growth and development in humans during infancy. Considers intrinsic and extrinsic causes of variations in growth, including various forms of stimulation. Concerned with the interrelationships of Also examines the consequences of early growth and its variations for current and subsequent behavioral, psychological, and physical development are examined. The interaction between physical and behavioral or psychological factors is emphasized throughout the course. Cross-listed with NS 3470 and BSOC 3470. This course is an introduction to physical and mental health inequalities in the United States, the causes of these inequalities, and their impact on individual development across the life course. Lectures will focus on the relationship between socioeconomic status and rates of physical and mental illness in social groups, exposure to psychosocial stress across the life course, and the protective role of social integration. This seminar takes an interdisciplinary approach to address the central role of culture in human development. It draws on diverse theoretical perspectives, including psychology, anthropology, education, ethnography, and linguistics, to understand human difference, experience, and complexity. It takes empirical reflections upon major developmental topics such as cultural aspects of physical growth and development; culture and cognition; culture and language; culture, self, and personality; cultural construction of emotion; culture issues of sex and gender; and cultural differences in pathology. This course is part of the Urban Semester Program in New York City. Students learn through a cycle of experience and reflection. Over the course of eight weeks, students learn how to implement experience-based learning techniques and perspectives to enhance their competencies as initiates of professional practice. Students spend four days each week in an internship of their own choosing. One day each week, students have discussions with professionals who represent different aspects of the New York City economy. This exposure enables students to explore a variety of professional perspectives and practices. Students participate in reflections seminars with the director of the program to explore student internship experiences and learning. Concerned with the interrelationships of physical and psychological growth and development in humans during infancy. Considers intrinsic and extrinsic causes of variations in growth, including various forms of stimulation. Also examines the consequences of early growth and its variations for current and subsequent behavioral, psychological, and physical development are examined. The interaction between physical and behavioral or This course is part of the Urban Semester Program course. psychological factors is emphasized throughout the in New York City. Students explore the intersection of organizational culture with issues of diversity. They investigate the nature of organizational culture and how it engages and includes or does not include diversity. Students report back in seminars their understanding and analysis of their internship organizations and their industry’s role in creating conditions and environments of inclusion or exclusion. The course explores the conditions and processes that have brought about inclusion or exclusion. This course is part of the Urban Semester Program in New York City. Students participate in several experiential learning environments related to medicine over the course of the semester. Students rotate in a four-week unit, supported by Pastoral Care and ER, as well as several other choices through the semester. Medical and health-related practitioners make presentations throughout the semester. This course provides an historical overview of the Caribbean beginning with a brief examination of indigenous society and the impact of European colonization. Most of our attention will focus on the development of the plantation economy, slavery, post-emancipation and post-colonial society. Readings pay particular attention to the ways in which race, gender, and ethnicity shape the histories of the peoples of the region. The course uses a pan-Caribbean approach by focusing on three islands—Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica—that belonged to competing empires. Although their histories are shaped in distinct ways by their former metropoles, they share certain common This course studies we examine the differences and similarities activities from their origins to the present. The ideological and social roots of humanitarian thought and action receive attention, as does the often-overlapping, features. Therefore, international humanitarian and human rightsof their histories as they evolved from plantation based colonies to independent nations. Cross-listed with ASRC 2308 & LATA 2308. sometimes conflictual relationship between humanitarianism and human rights advocacy. Case studies will include the anti-slavery movement, the activities of faith-based groups, biographical studies of pioneering individuals, and theto discuss both contemporary and genocides. (EM) issues and the need for an integrated, multidisciplinary team approach in helping farmers and rural development planners adjust to the ever-changing food needs of Forum international response to various future world food Cross-listed with CSS 4140. Acquaint students with the major issues and problems in international agriculture and rural development and to demonstrate how problems in development are being addressed in the Gulf Region of Mexico and India. The lectures/discussions establish the global and regional contexts for sustainable agricultural development and focus on development challenges in Latin America and Asia through cases in southern Mexico and India. This course may be taken as a stand-alone survey course in international agriculture and rural development. However, it is primarily a preparatory course for participants selected to participate in the spring semester course Agriculture in the Developing Nations II (IARD 6020), which includes concurrent field trips to the Gulf Region of Mexico and India during the January intersession. Cross- listed with FDSC 4020.to development pressures that have increasingly disrupted natural systems leading to widespread concerns about the long-term viability of important environmental services, including those critical to Modernization has led food security worldwide. This multidisciplinary course uses case studies to explore interrelationships among social, economic, and environmental factors basic to sustainable development. Cases examine contemporary issues such as population growth, genetically modified foods, biodiversity, sustainable marine fisheries, tourism, global warming, and global responsibility. Cornell faculty members lead discussions in each of the major topic areas. In addition, students participate in discussions and debates with students from Sweden, Costa Rica, Honduras, South Africa, and Australia through live interactive videoconferences and electronic discussion boards. Cross-listed with also FDSC/NTRES 4800.with an opportunity to observe agricultural development in tropical Mexico or India and to promote interdisciplinary exchange among faculty, staff, students and their Mexican and Indian Designed to provide students counterparts. A two-week field-study trip in January is followed by discussions, written projects and oral presentations dealing with problems in food, agriculture and livestock production in the context of social and economic conditions of the Gulf Region of Mexico and India. Cross-listed with LATA 6020. Provides basic education and training in workplace safety and health. Focuses on applicable federal and state laws, standards for safety and health, industrial hygiene, and such health concerns as asbestos, radon, and AIDS. Practical experience is provided through workplace walk-through safety and health inspections and in use of industrial hygiene equipment to measure noise, temperature, humidity, airflow, and airborne toxins. Description Provides an introduction to how globalization is changing the nature of work, labor, and capital. It examines both contemporary and historical debates about globalization, but also covers a number of interrelated issues, including the regulation of labor standards, the mobility of capital, the rise of global production systems, and international labor migration. Lectures and discussion for the topics mentioned above will be grounded in the experiences of different countries, firms, workplaces, industrial sectors, and individuals. Examines the changing economic roles of women and men in the labor market and in the family. Topics include a historical overview of changing gender roles; the determinants of the gender division of labor in the family; trends in female and male labor force participation; gender differences in occupations and earnings; the consequences of women’s employment for the family; and a consideration of women’s status in other countries. Cross-listed with ECON 4570to acquire and transform raw information into social and economic data. Legal, statistical, computing, and social science aspects of the data ―manufacturing‖ process are treated. The formal U.S., Teaches the basics required and FGSS 4460. Eurostat, OECD, and UN statistical infrastructure is covered. Major private data sources are also covered. Topics include basic statistical principles of populations and sampling frames; acquiring data via samples, censuses, administrative records, and transaction logging; the law, economics, and statistics of data privacy and confidentiality protection; data linking and integration techniques (probabilistic record linking; multivariate statistical matching); analytic methods in theoverview of the Caribbeanis based onwith a brief examination of indigenous society and the impact of European colonization. Most of our attention will focus on the development of the This course provides an historical social sciences. Grading beginning a group term project. plantation economy, slavery, post-emancipation and post-colonial society. Readings pay particular attention to the ways in which race, gender, and ethnicity shape the histories of the peoples of the region. The course uses a pan-Caribbean approach by focusing on three islands—Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica—that belonged to competing empires. Although their histories are shaped in distinct ways by their former metropoles, they share certain common features. Therefore, we and the post-colonial political similaritiescontinually reshaping urban societies and landscapes in colonies toSouth, often by relegating everydaywith to the margins HIST 2308. Economic globalization examine the differences and order are of their histories as they evolved from plantation based the global independent nations. Cross-listed life ASRC 2308 & and shrouding it in illegality. This course focuses on the spatial, social, and political dimensions of urban transformations, paying particular attention to such topics as competition among cities for international capital and its implications for sociospatial organization; dynamic interrelations between informality in labor markets and in housing urban environmental challenges and municipal efforts to address them; and issues related to governance, social movements, and new formulation of citizenship. Cross-listed with CRP 4740. Cross-listed with IARD 6020. The course comprises two segments: (a) international organizations and (b) International Human Rights. In the first segment, the course provides a comprehensive legal analysis of problems concerning membership, the structure of the United Nations organization, and its functions in the context of the United Nations Charter. It also considers the use of force under international law with specific reference to the United Nations Charter. The course further considers the structure, jurisdiction, and functions of the International Court of Justice. The objective of the second segment is to introduce the theory, norms, and institutions central to the international human rights legal regime. The course explores the emergence and the enforcement of international human rights norms, the international machinery for the protection of human rights in the world community including the United Nations Human Rights Committee, the European Court of Human Rights, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, and learn to describe Criminal Court. Relevant decisions of these courts using human rights accountability In this clinic students learn substantive human rights law as well as human rights lawyering and advocacy skills. Students the International issues in human rights terms, formulate demands and of municipal courts are studied tools, and develop strategies that utilize key features of human rights law. Students develop their international research and writing, and communication skills by working in teams on projects for international NGOs, particularly in South Asia. The projects may involve legal action such as impact litigation, legal assistance and counseling, or legislative advocacy or be geared towards community education, media outreach, fact-finding, and reporting. Note: This course may require off-premises travel. The student is responsible for travel to and from the sites. Cross-listed with DSOC 2200. This one credit eight-session course will give the student an overview of the emerging sustainable business model. Using the teacher’s business as an example along with appearances from other business leaders, the class focuses on principles of Sustainability and how leaders are transforming their own organizations. While the U.S. version of capitalism has succeeded in providing unprecedented wealth throughout the 20th century, this class will evaluate the potential of ―tweaking‖ capitalism to benefit not only the owners but the whole of society in a manner different than ―trickle‖ economy. Using the Hegelian notion of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis, this class will explore capitalism as practiced today as the thesis. The antithesis will be from environmental and social movement concepts. The principles of sustainability will be synthesized as the potential ―new normal‖ for business in the future. Students will learn that in addition to traditional financial analysis, business decisions can benefit from taking into account the impacts of social capital and ecological capital as well. Students will learn using dialogue and presentations about actual cases and sustainability‖ and business strategy—the model is being constructed. Explores the connections between ―global the logic of how the sustainable business unlimited business opportunities in solving the world’s most difficult problems. Through a combination of cases, readings, lectures, videos, and simulations, class sessions will engage students in discussions aimed at developing strategy models and applying new strategy tools that incorporate principles of environmental management and social performance. Focuses on the biological bases of nutritional requirements in pregnancy, lactation, infancy, and childhood through adolescence. Stresses critical analyses of beneficial and adverse outcomes of diverse nutrient intakes and dietary patterns, assessment of nutritional status, and the integration of nutrition, other life sciences, and social conditions in understanding nutritional needs during these life stages. Topics include oral contraception and health; relationships between maternal diet and pregnancy outcomes; breast- and formula feeding; childhood and adolescent obesity; and the nutritional needs of young children and adolescents. Students gain an overview of the most important nutrition problems facing developing countries today and an in-depth understanding of the nutrition problems of one country, chosen as a case study for the course. The course uses the health/care/nutrition framework to analyze the causes of these nutrition problems. Instruction is through lectures and readings. Evaluation is through individual assignments, a group project, and exams. Cross-listed with HD 3470 and BSOC 3470. Provides the conceptual tools to critically analyze the controversies related to a wide range of contemporary health and social issues in the United States and global context. Basic principles of epidemiology are illustrated via case studies of nutritional and biomedical interventions, environmental toxins, and social issues. Comprehensive presentation and discussion of policy options for a sustainable global food system, with focus on developing countries. Topics include economic policy related to nutrition, health, consumption, production, natural resource management, trade, markets, gender roles, armed conflict, and ethics. A social entrepreneurship approach based on case studies and active participation by students will be used. Cross-listed with AEM 4450. Public health nutrition is the major professional career track for nutritionists outside of dietetics. It deals with efforts to improve the diets and nutritional status of whole populations by working at the community, state, and national levels. Course helps prepare students to work in public health nutrition by describing methods used in the assessment of nutrition problems, the development of nutrition-related policies, and the delivery of health, nutrition, and food assistance programs. Cross-Listed with ECON 4740. Engages Global Health minors, IARD majors, and Tanzanian medical students in problem-based learning in a cross-cultural small group context in Tanzania. Develop and justify policy recommendations to address a current issue related to global health, nutrition, food safety, or agriculture. Students will work in assigned teams of three to four, designed to mix Cornell and Tanzanian students. Covers principles of nutritional epidemiology, impact assessment of nutrition intervention programs, and nutritional surveillance. Presents principles of using nutritional information in decision making. Shows how the biochemistry and physiology of nutrition can be related to epidemiological assessment and research strategies. Directed readings course with a weekly 50-minute discussion session. The course is aimed at graduate students in nutrition, agricultural economics, and other relevant fields, who wish to explore how globalization may affect poverty, food security, and nutrition in developing countries and how national policies and international agreements and institutions may influence the outcome. The discussion sessions are based on assigned readings for each week. Cross-listed with NS 6420. The subjects of biogeography, ecology, and biodiversity have patterns and processes that emerge only at the global scale. Recognizing the global importance of these patterns and processes is even more imperative in light of the tremendous increase in the human population size and the effects of humans on the Earth. This course is an introduction to the field of global ecology. Topics include comparative ecology and biogeography, community ecology, island biogeography, and ramifications of global climatic change. Description Examines the experiences and challenges of low-income families in the contemporary United States as documented in qualitative and policy research. Also looks at policies designed to assist these families. Considers such topics as the characteristics and causes of poverty, changes in family structure and the emergence of ―fragile families,‖ nonresident fathers’ relationships with their children, families’ participation in the welfare system and low- wage labor market, and socioeconomic variations in parenting and child well-being. Deals with the history of women in medicine and the historical and cultural treatment of women’s health problems. Also addresses health care research and the exclusion of women from research trials and protocols. Reproductive issues, alternative approaches to treatment, medical problems, ethical issues, cancers, factors that contribute to post-traumatic stress disorders, health promotion behaviors, political issues, and routine medical recommendations are also discussed in depth. Students may take the course for a fifth credit, which requires attending a discussion section every other week and observing 12 facilities (e.g., birthing center, mammogram, and ultrasound center, wellness center, hospital labor and delivery unit, La Maze class, women’s self-defense class) that provide a variety of women’s health care. Some of these visits will be virtual visits available through the This new course will focus require on domestic reproductive health policies, although limited international reproductive health policies will be addressed (such as the one-child-policy in China). Emphasis will be placed on course web site, others willprimarilyin-person attendance. Cross-listed with FGSS 3500. structural issues that impact reproductive health policies, health care reform, regulations that influence reproductive health policies, reproductive health services, scientific advancements, medical approaches, insurance, health disparities, organizations that provide reproductive health, and demographic issues relating to reproductive health (such as teenage pregnancy, infant mortality, etc). Introduction to the U.S. health care system. Covers the interrelatedness of health services, the financing of health care, and the key stakeholders in health care delivery, including regulators, physicians, hospitals, health plans, employers, the pharmaceutical/biotech and medical device industries, and consumers. Describes the history and organization of health care, behavioral models of utilization, issues of health care reform, and current trends. Provides an overview of key policy issues, including the uninsured, the rising cost of medical care, the value of medical care, and inadequate or variable quality of care. Uses the economic tools of policy analysis to understand the health care system and critically evaluate current policy debates. In the past decade, some of the most controversial policies considered by state and federal governments have involved issues that have been studied by health economists and health services researchers. Uses the United States as its main institutional framework but also pays attention to health care topics of Uses the economic approach the AIDS epidemic. international concern, such asto study public health policies. Public health policies focus on tobacco, obesity, alcohol, illicit drugs, gun violence, sexually transmitted diseases, and other major causes of death and disease. Students will apply the concepts of market failures and the principles of cost-benefit analysis to public health problems. Students will examine how private sector advertising and public information campaigns, taxation, regulation, prohibition, and litigation affect public health. The course alarming examine policiesagainst women both domestically andto socioeconomic status. the impact of legislative, public, social, or religious policies on the Focuses on the historical and current reasons for and impact of the will also rate of violence to address health disparities related internationally. Considers incidence of such violence. Considers rape, child sexual abuse, homicide, battering, hate crimes, gay bashing, kidnapping, ethnic cleansing, war crimes, forced prostitution, female genital mutilation, honor killings, public beating, lashing, stoning, torture, female infanticide, trafficking of women, forced abortions, acid attacks, sexual slavery, and sati (self-immolation). Each student is required to evaluate the impact of one current policy and critique the potential value of one pending policy relating to violence against women. Not offered 2009- 2010. course we will examine several contemporary moral problems, including abortion, capital punishment, euthanasia, affirmative action, and world hunger. We will approach these issues from a philosophical perspective by In this learning how to create and evaluate publicly accessible arguments and apply general moral principles to particular cases. Cross-listed with GOVT 2947. An introduction to the philosophical study of ethical problems that arise from the practice of medicine as such or that arise in response to developments within medicine and the larger world. Does it require that all have access to approximately the same level of health care? In addition to learning how to arrive at and defend ethical positions, we reflect on the techniques and methods we use. Cross-listed with BIOMI 4090 and VETMI 4090. This is an advanced undergraduate course focused on the emerging field of disease ecology. The first offering of this course is planned for Fall semester, 2009. The course focuses on the nature and properties of infectious agents and their environmental interactions as well as the transmission dynamics of pathogens within and between animal and plant populations. The course draws heavily upon concepts of population and community ecology, vector biology, behavioral ecology, and environmental biology appropriate to the understanding of disease development among humans, plants, and animals in aquatic, terrestrial, and marine systems and how diseases influence biodiversity in plant and animal communities. Emphasis is placed on new and emerging diseases and the impact of large scale environmental changes on disease transmission, especially on zoonotic diseases. The course should be of interest to students in pre-med and pre-vet programs as well as those interested in wildlife biology, entomology, parasitology, microbiology, virology, fungal biology, plant and animal pathology, and ecology. Cross-Listed with BSOC 2051 Provides an introduction to the ways in which medical practice, biomedical technology, and the medical profession are embedded in society and shaped by social phenomena. Accountability to patients and the public, and struggles over the control of medical practice in a world where medicine is connected to gender, class, race, and personal autonomy are important overarching themes. This course examines the structure of the medical profession; medical training and professional socialization; the social organization of the hospital; and doctor–patient interactions. Also explores how biomedical knowledge and technology are produced, assessed, and This course will examine how social factors include the intensive-care health. training will review social scientific of pharmaceuticals, AIDS and breast cancer activism, characteristics, neighborhood and residential context, introduced into clinical practice. Topics mayshape physical and mental unit, theFirst, we of surgeons, the regulationresearch on the relationship between health and status genetic testing, and priority setting in biomedical science. Cross-listed with SOC 3130. employment, social relationships and support, religion, and health-related behaviors. We will devote particular attention to the development of research questions and methodological approaches in this work. Next, we will directly examine the relationship between health and social factors using data from a nationally representative survey. Course instruction will include statistical analysis of survey data and social scientific writing. Students will develop their own research exploring how social factors contribute to health. Introduction to population studies. First reviews basic concepts and demographic principles and techniques, then focuses on how demographic processes (fertility, mortality, and migration) affect social and economic outcomes. Discussions cover special topics related to population growth and distribution, including mass education, marriage and family formation, labor force participation, inequality and poverty, women’s status, resource allocation, and the environment. Cross-listed with DSOC 2010. Examines new questions concerning development models in the post–Cold War era from a comparative and global perspective on North-South relations. While the focus is the ―Third World,‖ the issues confronting it are often global, even when they concern the most basic issue of food security. Using films and various theoretical perspectives, the course examines Southern societies (economies, ecologies, class/gender relations) and the impact of global forces on Southern resources. Such forces include global food systems, new forms of export production, development agencies, multilateral institutions, local bureaucracies, transnational corporations, the debt crisis, and new technologies. Also examines the new global justice movements, such as environmentalism, feminism, and landless workers, peasant, and grassroots activism. Cross- listed with DSOC STS 3111. Cross-listed with 2050. Reviews the ways of measuring such inequalities (life expectancy, age-specific death rates, cause specific mortality and morbidity, disability and so on) and some of the historical and contemporary socioeconomic markers of such inequalities, including region, class, race, gender and age. Then examines some of the determinants of these differences, paying particular attention to notions of biology, poverty, and politics. Also considers the role of medical advances in promoting or reducing health inequalities. Besides looking at macro-level determinants, the course covers some of the growing literature on individual and family behaviors that impinge on inequality in health and survival—both unintentional (e.g., through differences in lifestyle) as well as deliberate (e.g., through active discrimination against certain categories of individuals, girls in parts of Asia). Policy prescriptions arising from thesethe changingevaluated for feasibility and effectiveness and new innovative approaches proposed. any, few, and many children. The course begins with theoriesCross-listed with DSOC growth and changing fertility Examines studies are nature of the debate on what makes populations grow and what makes families have of historical population 4100 and FGSS 4100. and then moves on to consider the economic, social, cultural, political, and biological theories applied to fertility and changing fertility in contemporary populations. Demographic concepts and factors believed to account for the high fertility of many developing country populations and the extremely low fertility in many parts of the developed world are examined. Emphasis is given to ―sociocultural‖ and ―gender-based‖ explanations of reproductive behavior, which activist groups and organizations have used to push political and social agendas. The course pays particular attention to the role of the state in population growth and its place in women’s lives. Cross-listed with DSOC 4210 and FGSS 4210.
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