THE ANALYZING PRONUNCIATION OF A CONVERSATION IN THE FILM “SCHOOL OF ROCK” by luckykey

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									THE ANALYZING PRONUNCIATION OF A CONVERSATION IN THE
               FILM “SCHOOL OF ROCK”


                          LLRM




                           BY:

                   Dwi Ratnasari Hartono

                         07004118




         ENGLISH EDUCATION STUDY PROGRAM

      FACULTY of TEACHER and TRAINING EDUCATION

              AHMAD DAHLAN UNIVERSITY

                           2010
TITLE: THE ANALYZING PRONUNCIATION OF A CONVERSATION IN
       THE FILM “SCHOOL OF ROCK”

FIELD: LINGUISTIC




A. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

       People speak use language. They use language as a means of communication one to

  another, as a tool to express an ideas. Generally, the study of language is called linguistic,

  which divided into phonology and grammar. Phonology is the study of phone or speech

  sound, while grammar is the study of the meaningful units of sound and their arrangement

  into longer utterances (Ramlan: 1985:3).

       English as an International language used widely throughout the word. English placed

  in important role in many fields. Much information can be getting in every field by using

  English. In the film English is one of the languages used by an actor’s film . English

  language ability is an important thing for a communication. Especially for actor’s film, they

  should understand practice.

       To make the speaking meaningful, the actor’s film as the speaker should have good

  pronunciations. Good pronunciations can avoid misunderstanding between the actors and the

  viewer. Bad pronunciation could be affected by the speaker’s lack of comparison on

  pronunciation. Therefore comprehending pronunciation is very important for English speaker

  to make information he or she transfer when speaking accepted and understood by listener.

  Bad English pronunciation may confuse people even if you used advanced English grammar.
       Using simple words and simple grammar structures that make people understand. But

in pronunciation there is not "simple pronunciation”. On the other hand, good English

pronunciation will make people understand easily and be willing to listen. Learn English just

for communication, although speak English with a strong accent; native speakers can

understand. But it is not pleased to listen to the bad pronunciation. Also, one will change the

channel when a journalist covers a person who speaks English without good pronunciation,

because that makes the viewer feel uncomfortable although he/her can't pronounce English

fluently as well.


       There are three levels of good English pronunciation:          (1) People often don't

understand what you want to say. You use the wrong sounds in English words, (2) People

understand what you want to say, but it is unpleasant to listen to you. (3) People understand

you, and your English is pleasant to listen to (www.antimoon.com).
B. IDENTIFICATION OF THE PROBLEM

         The successful of actor’s film in the conversation in a film influenced by many

  factors. Such as self confident, clarity, intonation, articulator, stress, language

  communication, and the other factors in sentence interpretation. They should be completing

  each other.

     1. The actor’s film doesn’t have self confident

     2. The actor’s film has different background of the first language like dialect

     3. The actor’s film doesn’t have competency in speaking

     4. The actor’s has different speech organ



C. LIMITATION OF THE PROBLEM

       In conversation, language has important role in conveying message from somebody to

  others. It is true that most people make conversation use language during their lives. Every

  language consists of sounds and sound pattern, basic unit of meaning or words, and rules to

  combine them to form new sentences.



D. FORMULATION OF THE PROBLEM

         Based on the previous discussion that is in the background and limitation of the

  problem, the writer tries to formulate the problems as follow.

  1. How the good pronunciation is should be there in a conversation?

  2. Why good pronunciation is important?
E. OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH

  Based on the formulation above, the objectives of the research is to know:

  1. The good pronunciation should be have for the news broadcaster or reporter

  2. The reason why the good pronunciation is important



F. SIGNIFICANT OF THE RESEARCH

  1. For the actor’s film

     This study is expected to give a new strategy especially in the pronunciations mastery to

     talk in a conversation in a film.

  2. For the teacher

     It is expected that this study can be a source of information for English teacher to teach

     speaking well for the students especially in the pronunciation active.

  3. For the students

     This study is expected to give some information how to learn English hoe to speak well

     in conversation.

G. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

         This chapter contains of theories and references that can support this study. In this

  part the writer talk about comparative linguistic, pronunciation problems, and

  1. Comparative Linguistic

             According to Hornby (1995: 686) linguistic is a scientific study of language or

     particular language. Lyons in Muhammad (2004:2) defines that linguistic is the science

     of language or alternatively as the scientific study or language, so the object of linguistic

     is human language.
             Language is often called general linguistic, meaning that it does not analyze one

   language, but also language in general (vernarr, 1991:4). General linguistic is concerns

   with universal human language and recognizable part of human behavior and capability.

   General linguistic has a number of related subjects involved in the study of language.

   Robins (1964: 4) states that the most important and intermediate subject are descriptive

   linguistic, historical linguistic, and comparative linguistic.

             Comparative linguistic is concerned with language comparison. The comparison

   between two or more languages has the same age as the study of languages. The purpose

   of comparative linguistic study is to study the development of phonological,

   morphological and other linguistic systems and to confirm or refuse hypothesized

   relationships between languages. (http: // en. wikipedia.org/ wiki/category.language-

   comparison).

2. Pronunciation

             Pronunciation has an important role in communication especially in production

   skill. Speaking and listening without good pronunciation, the communication will be

   incorrect and ineffective, and maybe the listener will be misunderstanding. The most

   important thing in speaking is pronunciation. According to Lado (1977: 70)

   pronunciation is the sound system in speaking and listening to communicate to other

   people.

             Pronunciation proficiency takes a role in developing skill in ability especially for

   controlling accurately the sound system and structure. According to Fries (1945: 3) the

   mastery of pronunciation here is not only correctness in isolation but the correctness
   based on the accuracy through practice in conversation like how native speaker utters the

   utterance in affair to other people.

3. Pronunciation Problems

            Language and speech are so closely linked. Speaking is a matter of habit. The

   acquisition of any habit is accomplished through repeated and untiring practice. One

   theory from Ramlan (1985: 7-8) stated that differences in pronunciation between one

   speaker and another are caused by geographical, social, and historical factors; or they

   may also be caused by individual peculiarities such as stuttering, lisping, or other speech

   deficiencies.

            In addition to the theories o the ways of producing English speech sounds is

   should always be borne in mind that the goal of learning foreign language is to master it

   in such a way to produce and speak it easy and facility. So, for the speaker will get some

   advantages if he/she having mastery of pronunciation.( www.champs-elysees.com).

   Those are:

   1.       It will influence the effective or in effective speaking. The bad pronunciation will

   make misunderstanding in communication or correct pronunciation will make the speech

   clear.

   2.       The mastery of pronunciation first before master other components of language

   will give fluency in speaking.

   3.The good pronunciation will make the speech more beautiful and not monotonous and

     many people will believe or get attention.
H. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

  1. Research Design

              The method used in this research is an experimental research. Sellinger and
     Sahomy (1989:136-137) say that the experimental research is concerned with studying in
     the effects specified and controlled treatments given to subjects usually formed in groups.



  2. Research Object


              The research object of this study is the analyzing pronunciation of a convercation
     in the film “SCHOOL OF ROCK”
              .
  3. Data Source

              The data source is usually called the subject of the research. Arikunto (2002: 107,

     in Herin 2004: 30) explains that the data source can be the form of thing, person, action,

     sound, etc.

              To collect the data, the writer searches material taken from the film “school of

     Rock”.



  4. Data Collecting Technique

              Recording technique (teknik rekam) is a technique that uses recording instrument.

     Noting technique is the strategy which uses card, book note, and other documents to

     collect the data of the research. Separating technique is the strategy to separate the

     similarities and differences in the distribution, while transferring technique is the strategy

     to transfer the data to other data or another book. The last is changing technique. It is the

     strategy to change the data to other data that are equivalent.
5. Data Analyzing technique

          After the researcher has been collecting data, the next phase of this research is to

   analyze those data. Data analysis refers to shifting, organizing, summarizing,

   synthesizing the data so as to arrive at the result and conclusion of the research ( Surono,

   2010). According to Maleong (2002: 103) data analyzing technique is a process that

   organizes and put the data into the units.

          In this research, in doing the analysis the researcher goes through the procedure as

   follows:

   a. Identifying the pronunciation of conversations in film “school of Rock”

   b. Finding the problems of pronunciation in a conversations in the film “school of

      Rock”

   c. Drawing conclusions
I. BIBLIOGRAPHY

  Arikunto,suharismi.2002.Prosedur Penelitian Praktek. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta

  Hornby,A.S.1995. Oxford Advance Learners Dictionary of Current English.Walton Street:

         Oxford University Press

  Maleong. 1998. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University.

  Ramelan, 1985. English Phonetic. Semarang: IKIP Semarang Press

  Selinger, H.W. and Sahomy, E. 1989. Second Edition. Language Research Method. Oxford:
         University Press.
  Verhaar,2001.Asas- Asas Linguistik Umum.Yogyakarta. Gajah Mada University Press

  --------1981.Pengantar Linguistik.Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press

  http: // en. wikipedia.org/ wiki/category.language-comparison).

         www.antimoon.com

         www.champs-elysees.com

								
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